The Brasil Phillatelic Gems Collection (Prangko Brasil Yang Paling Langka DiDunia)




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The Brasil Phillatelic Gems Collections

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During Phillanippon 2011 , THE NEW DIRECTOR FIP(Federation International Phillately)  had annouced that Dir FIP Mr Paulo Comelli, RDP was Pass Away:

Message of the FIP President for PHILANIPPON 2011

Mr Tay Peng Hian, FIP President


It was unfortunate that Japan was recently hit by a chain of disastrous events that has had a huge impact on the country in many aspects. My heart goes out to the Japanese who have shown the world that they can weather storms of enormous magnitude with dignity and calm.

The PHILANIPPON 2011 Organising Committee was not deterred by the recent events and has continued to ensure that PHILANIPPON 2011 will go ahead without any glitches. My latest update to you is that the competitive exhibits from 74 FIP member federations have been shortlisted, 45 FIP Jury and Expert Group members will serve during PHILANIPPON 2011 Exhibition.

I am looking forward to PHILANIPPON 2011 with much anticipation. See you soon in Yokohama!

Tay Peng Hian AMN RDP



Mr Paulo Comelli, RDP

It is with deep sorrow to announce the demise of Dr Paulo Comelli RDP, FIP Director and world renowned philatelist, on May 9, 2011 in Belo Horizonte City, Estate of Minas Gerais, Brazil, at the age of 68. 

After returning home from New Delhi having attended the FIP World Philatelic Exhibition ‘INDIPEX 2011’ (New Delhi, India, February 12-18, 2011), he was admitted to the hospital in Belo Horizonte due to pulmonary infection (pneumonia) which subsequently led him to other serious medical complications. 

We have lost a capable Director in the FIP Board and the world has lost a great philatelist and researcher.  He had just received the coveted FIP Grand Prix International award in INDIPEX 2011 for his fabulous collection “Brazilian Mail to Foreign Destinations – From Correio – MOR to UPU”.

His website will be maintained by his family members in order to continue sharing Paulo’s philatelic knowledge with the world.


Dear guests, with great sadness we announce the death of Mr. Paulo Comelli on May 9, 2011. It was a great loss to Philately and his family will maintain his site in order to make possible the continuous sharing of his knowledge.

Sítio dedicado à Filatelia Brasileira.
Apresenta artigos, pesquisas e estudos produzidos pelo autor.

Website dedicated to the Brazilian
Philately. It shows articles, researches and studies written by the author.

The only Brazilian cover known mailed on inaugural voyage the Messageries Impériales Line (1860). A única carta brasileira conhecida postada na viagem inaugural da Linha Messageries Impériales (1860). » Clique para ampliar/Click to enlarge «  A mais antiga carta do Brasil conhecida com uma marca postal (1795). The oldest cover known from Brazil bearing a postal mark (1795). » Clique para ampliar / Click to enlarge «

Paulo’s philatelic curriculum:

Vice President of the Brazilian Federation of Philately (FEBRAF) 1997-2001

Vice President of the Inter-American Federation of Philately (FIAF) 1998-2001

Director of Association Internationale des Experts en Philatélie (AIEP) 2006-2011

Director of Fédération Internationale de Philatélie (FIP) 2008-2012

May his soul rest in peace.


The untimely demise of our FIP Director, Mr Paulo Comelli, RDP, on May 9, 2011, is a great loss to us, not only on the FIP Board, but also to world philately. His responsibilities will be temporarily taken over by me until further notice. An obituary of Mr Comelli appears in this issue.

 indonesian version:

Hal ini dengan kesedihan mendalam  mengumumkan kematian Dr Paulo Comelli RDP, Direktur FIP dan pengumpul perangko terkenal di dunia, pada tanggal 9 Mei 2011 di kota Belo Horizonte , Real Minas Gerais, Brasil, pada usia 68.

Setelah pulang dari New Delhi memiliki dihadiri FIP Filateli Dunia Pameran ‘INDIPEX 2011’ (New Delhi, India, 12-18 Februari, 2011), ia dirawat di rumah sakit di Belo Horizonte akibat infeksi paru (pneumonia) yang kemudian menyebabkan dia meninggal dunia untuk komplikasi medis lainnya yang serius.

Kita telah kehilangan seorang Direktur yang  mampu dalam Dewan FIP dan dunia telah kehilangan penggemar perangko yang besar dan peneliti. Dia baru saja menerima Grand Prix FIP  penghargaan Internasional INDIPEX 2011 untuk koleksi luar biasa nya “Surat Brasil Destinasi Asing – Dari Correio – MOR untuk UPU”.

Web sitenya akan dipertahankan oleh anggota keluarganya dalam rangka untuk terus berbagi pengetahuan filateli Paulo dengan dunia.

Paulo filateli kurikulum:

Wakil Presiden Federasi Brasil Filateli (FEBRAF) 1997-2001

Wakil Presiden Inter-Amerika Federasi Filateli (FIAF) 1998-2001

Direktur Asosiasi Ahli Internationale des en Philatélie (AIEP) 2006-2011

Direktur Fédération Internationale de Philatélie (FIP) 2008-2012

Semoga jiwanya beristirahat dalam damai.

Presiden FIP

Tay Peng Hian, RDP, AMN, Presiden FIP

Sebelum kematiannya ia adalah  Direktur FIP kami, Mr Paulo Comelli, RDP, pada tanggal 9 Mei 2011, merupakan kehilangan besar bagi kami, tidak hanya di Dewan FIP, tetapi juga untuk dunia filateli. Tanggung jawabnya akan diambil alih sementara oleh saya sampai pemberitahuan lebih lanjut. Obituari Mr Comelli muncul dalam masalah ini.



B.Comelli ‘s Brasil Gems  Phillatelic Collections


This article was originally published in London from collecting stamps
Royal Philatelic Society, London in 1306 the number of editions in June 2003
and at Mosaico magazine, Year XIII, nr 37 – August 2003, from
Camara Brasileira de Filatelia – Belo Horizonte – Brazil.

Cap is concerned Bulls Eye 30rs 60rs plus, in vertical pairs ‘se-tenant’, from the second composite plate, the state B (reengraved plate), 30rs (position 18 – of the top panel), and 60rs (position 6 – of the panel medium). Large margin, showing both the outside and framelines line dividing panels. 60rs 30rs is uncancelled and cancellation of a pen the script has browned on the left. 30rs has been restored at the top right corner.

One of the most important philatelic items and valuable from Brazil – UNIQUE.

Provenance: Ex. Moscoso, Pack, Sanchez, Pedroso, Moraes Júnior, Meyer, Ferreira da Costa, Ferreira Araujo, Benevides.


First period: 1843-1911
Philatelic section, GAZETILHA TIMBROLÓGICA, signed by Thome de Saboya, from magazine POS BRAZIL 4, issued in October 1890, Rio de Janeiro, said that Mr. Isidro Moscoso, resident in the State of Bahia, is the owner of the ‘post curiosity’, described as a pair of vertical 30 and 60 Reis, Brazil’s Bulls Eye, printed on the same sheet.

This is the first reference about the existence of these couples ‘se-tenant’. From 1890 to 1897, this section remains in obscurity, although a partial mention 1890.

Exactly one month after the first notification of the discovery Line Package (1), an article was published on 1 November 1897 at the Jornal Philatelico, São Paulo, pages 181 and 182, under the ‘Curiosity’ title, which was written: “according to what Mr. Bernardo Alves Pinheiro said of the Bulls Eye problems, there are other couples besides what we’ve seen ….”. The phrase ‘one we’ve seen’ refers to ‘Track Pack’. From 1897 until 1911, PAIR XIPHOPAGUS back into the obscurity.

The use of the word MATE to both pieces can be easily explained: each piece has a pair, as previously said, to be 30 + 60, although the Gaza Pack has 30 seconds Reis Bulls Eye. Currently in Brazil, to distinguish the two pieces, they are called: THE PAIR XIPHOPAGUS and triplet XIPHOPAGUS.

Second Period: 1911-1918

Stanley Gibbons Monthly Journal, September 30, 1911, has published a list of awards in Vienna Philatelic Exhibition, held 7 to 17 September 1911. One award winner was Charles Lathrop Pack, distinguished by the Great Gold Medal for his presentation of Brazil’s stamp collection. Endangered list included in the collection are also mentioned, such as: a full sheet 90rs Bull’s Eye, a multiple of 8 (eight) eyes 60rs 30rs Bull and a pair of vertical and 60rs Bull’s Eye.

It was not stated whether used or unused rare. In addition, it is impossible to know who the father of this rare Pack buy from, whether the price paid or the date of purchase.

Third Period: 1918-1920
In 1918 Sanchez Heitor obtained XIPHOPAGUS couples. In a letter of July 29, 1965 to Áureo G. Santos, Mr. Sanchez told the whole history of the couple. He did not mention who he bought a piece of, but said: “I get this part at home table philately ‘J. Proved’, which belongs to me, at Barão de Itapetininga street, number 69, with several other stamps of the Brazilian Empire by some 200 $ 000.00 (two hundred thousand Reis), which I borrowed from a neighbor, Mrs. Hortense, the owner of a women’s clothing store. Cap 30 Reis has a large tear in the upper right corner, reaching nearly a quarter of the cap “. Values ​​are similar to FFR 570 (five hundred and fifty French francs) or U.S. $ 420 (four hundred and twenty dollars) based on the exchange rate at that time.

It is reasonable to believe that Mr. Pack has decided to sell the couple Xiphopagus, because it has a serious flaw, and he bought a piece of new philatelic and beautiful Brazilian Xiphopagus Triplet.

And Mr. Sanchez added: “I saw the need to send a stamp for FBTurpin homes in England will be restored … Immediately after receiving the discount will be refunded Mr. Turpin sent cables to ask the price for it. I can not answer, but negative. I’m not interested in selling . When the parts recovered from FBTurpin I sold it to a close friend of mine, the most important collectors in Sao Paulo, at that time Dr. Arnaldo Moraes Pedroso, with 600 $ 000.00 (six hundred thousand Reis) “. FFR value is equal to 1.710 (one thousand, 710 French francs) or U.S. $ 720 (seven hundred twenty dollars).

Mr. Sanchez continued: “Unfortunately my friend, Mr. Pedroso, suddenly lost all his fortune at the gaming table and had to sell all important stamps from the collection to resolve his debts. Not being myself in good financial condition to buy them I would suggest that My friend sells stamps at auction and I was appointed to prepare and arrange everything. ”

The PAIR XIPHOPAGUS offered as lot number 23 in the auction Casa Filatélica J. Proven ‘s on June 12, 1920. Catalog they have a thirty-two pages, sixteen with descriptions and photos showing sixteen of all the pieces to be auctioned. There are 114 pieces and 33 pieces of foreign registered Brazil they all belong to Mr. Pedroso.

Description states: “Lot numbers 23-30 and 60 Reis 1 and 2 se-tenant. The only known example. Cap Reis 30 was restored in the upper right corner.

Pieces sold by 1:000 $ 000.00 (one million Reis), together with the FFR 2.850 (two thousand, eight hundred and fifty French francs), for Brazil’s most prominent collectors of the time, Luiz de Moraes Júnior, from Rio de Janeiro.

Fourth Period – 1920-1954 Moraes Júnior, who was born in Portugal, is an entrepreneur, building houses and buildings in Rio de Janeiro. The PAIR XIPHOPAGUS lives in his hands for more than 34 years. Scarcity is exhibited nationally for the first time in the National Philatelic Exhibition, in Rio de Janeiro in 1934.

The Filatélico Brazil, from June 1946 issue, page 66, published an advertisement offering couples a stamp dealer for sale, including his photo. The ad says as a whole: “Stamp Collectors Brazil! Be prepared for the International Philatelic Exhibition in New York, in May 1947. This is the opportunities I offer you all. Two values, 30 and 60 Reis ‘se-tenant’! Only two known examples! For more information and prices please contact A. Pereira da Silva, PO Box 2741 – Rio de Janeiro “. It seams that Mr. Morais Júnior has authorized Mr. Pereira da Silva as a broker to try to sell Pairing. Business did not prosper.

Mr. Morais has always received many offers to sell the pieces. He never accepted. He is famous for not accept payment by check. On December 21, 1954 in Petropolis, near Rio de Janeiro city, philatelic dealer Rolf Harald Meyer, from São Paulo, after three weeks of hard bargaining, managed to buy a PAIR XIPHOPAGUS to Cr $ 200,000.00 (two hundred thousand cruzeiros) cash , equivalent to U.S. $ 3,000 (three thousand dollars). Mr Moraes asked prices considered above market value for the time. It is said that Mr. Meyer, without wincing, taking money out of pocket paid at once.

A few months after selling XIPHOPAGUS Luiz de Morais Júnior died.

Fifth Period – 1954-1972
The piece remains in the hands of Mr. Meyer from December 1954 until March 1955. I spoke with Mr. Meyer on the phone, in March 2002 and he says that “part of it is sold immediately, still in December 1954, to Ivo Ferreira da Costa, doctors and farmers living Alegrete, Rio Grande do Sul State for Cr $ 250,000.00 (250 000 cruzeiros) “, equivalent to U.S. $ 3.750 (three thousand, seven hundred fifty dollars).

Mr. Meyer continued: “Actually, Mr. da Costa to purchase and pay ‘Xiphopagus’ in December 1954, but we made an agreement that part will be submitted only in April 1955, because it is not a stamp dealer has not famous, I want to make publicity about this acquisition to promoting my financial ability to do business with the stamp “.

Mr. Ferreira da Costa in a letter of July 26, 1965 to Áureo G. Santos told that the pieces were purchased on 21 December 1954 and confirmed the price paid.

Mr. da Costa collections on display for the first time in PHILYMPIA70, London, 18 to 26 September 1970, and received the Great Gold medal. It is this rare debut in an international exhibition. Then in LUBRAPEX’70, in Rio de Janeiro, October 24 to 31, he received the Grand-Prix Exhibition. In EXPHILCA70, in Caracas, Venezuela, from November 27 to December 6, he received the Gold Medal and Special Prize ‘Presidente da República da Venezuela.

Sixth Period – 1972-1997
Mr. da Costa to sell the entire collection privately to Mr. Maurino Ferreira de Araujo, an owner of an advertising agency, on January 29, 1972. Mr. Ferreira went, personally, to Alegrete, and buy the whole collection of Mr. Ferreira da Costa with the amount of Cr $ 500,000.00 (five hundred thousand cruzeiros), equivalent to U.S. $ 90,000 (ninety thousand dollars). Years later, Mr. Maurino Ferreira said that as long as the transaction price is forecast to PAIR XIPHOPAGUS Cr $ 130,000.00 (130,000 cruzeiros), equivalent to U.S. $ 23.300 (twenty-three thousand three hundred dollars) but even so he decided to pay amount requested. That is the most important private sales that have occurred in Brazil until that date.

The Maurino Ferreiras Collection awarded as follows: EXFILBRA72 – Brazil – Large Gold Medal and Grand National-Prix; LUBRAPEX72 – Portugal – Large Gold Medal and Grand-Prix Exposition; IBRA MUNCHEN73 – Germany – Great Gold Medal; ESPAÑA75 – Spain – Large Gold medals and ‘America Honorary Grand-Prix’; ARPHILA75 – France – Great Gold Medal and ‘Four Continents and Grand-Prix LONDON80 – UK – Class Honorary.

In 1975, Mr. Ferreira said that he had sold a parcel of land in Brazil is in a position to buy the whole collection of Mr. Ferreira da Costa. He also mentioned that the market appreciates Xiphopagus couples in Cr $ 80,000.00 (eighty thousand cruzeiros) and sellers to ask more. That’s very expensive, but he decided to pay. Many of the competitors in the international auction millionaire who used to say about him: “You can not face Maurino! He did not give you the smallest chance … He’s always the devil!”.

Mr Ferreira died in 1991. In 1994, the family decided to auction PAIR XIPHOPAGUS and Christie’s auction house selected is New York. Auction held on 15 November and this scarcity is registered under number 2120 reserved lots at prices of U.S. $ 175,000 (175,000 dollars), although expressed in a catalog on request. I attended the auction as a translator for the family and there is a telephone bid from a Brazilian collector who is important, from Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Orestes M. Cruz, which offers U.S. $ 135.0000 (one hundred thirty five thousand dollars), which was not accepted by the family.

A few years later, in 1996, another auction house to take care of sales XIPHOPAGUS SPOUSE ‘Ferreiras – Antonio Torres, from London. Auction held on October 11 and that part a lot listed as 3013. Catalog expressed as an estimated value between $ 125,000 and $ 175,000. Again, the scarcity is not sold through public auction.

Seventh Period – 1997-2002
In late 1997, Mr. Antonio Torres Ferreiras on behalf of ‘SPOUSE XIPHOPAGUS sell directly to collectors Brazil, from Rio de Janeiro, Roberto Seabra Benevides. Trade is based on the exchange material. Mr. Torres received important collections from Macao and Mr. Benevides Pair Bull Xiphopagus and several other pieces of the Brazilian currency. No details were released trade. However, it is said that the assessments for couples Xiphopagus rose to U.S. $ 150,000 (one hundred fifty thousand dollars) for the total trade of U.S. $ 250,000 (two hundred fifty thousand dollars).

Mr. Benevides his collection exhibition Brazil: First issue only once in the Brazil-Portugal Exhibition named LUBRAPEX’2000, where he earned the Grand-Prix Exhibition. But unfortunately, when I could see, he did not indicate his or couples Xiphopagus 60rs Bull’s Eye Entire Sheet.

During my long stay in Houston, in the last months of 2001, I was told that Mr. Benevides delivered his entire collection ‘Brazil: Issues First’ for sale by Mr. Torres, stamp dealers and auction in London. Mr. Torres produces catalogs, exclusive beautiful and colorful, in which he announced Treat your personal business to the fall of 2001.

It shows some of the rare Brazilian like: The Pet Xiphopagus, unused sheet of 60 stamps All Eye Bull’s 60rs, unused blocks of four 30rs Bull’s Eye (only three are known), a letter from the city of Rio de Janeiro to Rio Grande bearing horizontal strip four eyes 60rs Bull, a letter from Rio de Janeiro to Cachoeira (RS) bearing horizontal strip of four single-30rs 60rs plus both Bull’s eyes, and a complete panel (18 stamps) from Bull’s Eye 90rs canceled with the postmark “Cidade de Nicteroy”. Among the ‘Cap Figures tilt’ it shows: the block used 6 (3×2) from 180rs, vertical strips of unused 3 of 300rs, a block used 6 (2×3) from 600rs, in addition to the four blocks used and unused vertical strip of 4 600rs the second stamp. The latter are some of the largest known unused. Really it is an impressive collection. Catalog does not say anything about the value.

Eighth period – from 2002 on
In a conversation with an international philatelic dealers, collectors and exhibitors say that the collection can be bought between the value of U.S. $ 1,000,000 and $ 1,200,000 (1 million to one million and two hundred thousand dollars). Spoke with Mr. Torres, on the phone, he either condoned provide details about the trade. He just mentioned that business was done and he did not think about it anymore.

So, PAIR XIPHOPAGUS leave the territory of Brazil for the second time, after there for more than eighty years. It is said in the international philatelic market that the entire collection was sold to collector Spain is currently the most important and the participants, Mr. Luiz Alemany. Total transaction is approximately U.S. $ 1,200,000 (one million two hundred thousand dollars). It also said that the couple Xiphopagus worth U.S. $ 200,000 (two hundred thousand dollars). Mr. Alemany holds more than one hundred Gold and Large Gold Medal and also holds exhibitions FIP forty level.

(1) Comelli, Paulo, ‘History of Triplet Xiphopagus’ – see article elsewhere in this site.

Indonesian version:


Paulo Comelli
Artikel ini awalnya diterbitkan dalam pengumpul perangko London dari
Royal Philatelic Society, London pada 1306 jumlah edisi Juni 2003
dan di Mosaico majalah, Tahun XIII, nr 37 – Agustus 2003, dari
Camara Brasileira de Filatelia – Belo Horizonte – Brasil.

Cap yang bersangkutan adalah Bulls 30rs 60rs ditambah Mata, dalam pasangan vertikal ‘se-penyewa’, dari pelat komposit yang kedua, negara B (reengraved piring), 30rs (posisi 18 – dari panel atas), dan 60rs (posisi 6 – dari panel menengah). Besar margin, menunjukkan baik framelines luar dan garis panel membagi. 30rs adalah uncancelled dan 60rs memiliki pembatalan pena naskah kecoklatan di sebelah kiri. 30rs telah dipulihkan di pojok kanan atas.

Salah satu item filateli yang paling penting dan berharga dari Brasil – UNIK.

Provenance: Ex. Moscoso, Pack, Sanchez, Pedroso, Moraes Júnior, Meyer, Ferreira da Costa, Ferreira Araujo, Benevides.


Periode pertama: 1843-1911
Bagian filateli, GAZETILHA TIMBROLÓGICA, ditandatangani oleh Thome de Saboya, dari majalah POS BRASIL 4, dikeluarkan pada bulan Oktober 1890, Rio de Janeiro, menyatakan bahwa Mr Isidro Moscoso, penduduk di Negara Bagian Bahia, adalah pemilik dari ‘pos rasa ingin tahu ‘, digambarkan sebagai sepasang vertikal 30 dan 60 Reis, Brasil Bulls Mata, dicetak pada lembar yang sama.

Ini adalah referensi pertama tentang keberadaan pasangan ini ‘se-penyewa’. Dari 1890 ke 1897, bagian ini tetap dalam ketidakjelasan tersebut, meskipun yang menyebutkan parsial 1890.

Tepat satu bulan setelah pemberitahuan pertama tentang Paket Jalur penemuan (1), sebuah artikel diterbitkan pada tanggal 1 November 1897 di Jornal Philatelico, São Paulo, halaman 181 dan 182, di bawah ‘Keingintahuan’ judul, di mana ditulis: “menurut apa Mr Bernardo Alves Pinheiro mengatakan tentang masalah Bulls Mata , ada pasangan lain selain yang kita sudah melihat ….”. Ungkapan ‘satu kita sudah melihat’ mengacu pada ‘Jalur Pack’. Dari 1897 sampai 1911, PAIR XIPHOPAGUS kembali ke ketidakjelasan tersebut.

Penggunaan PASANGAN kata untuk kedua potongan dapat dengan mudah dijelaskan: setiap potongan memiliki sepasang, seperti yang sebelumnya mengatakan, menjadi 30 + 60, meskipun Jalur Pack memiliki 30 detik Reis Eye Bulls. Saat ini di Brasil, untuk membedakan kedua potongan, mereka bernama: THE PAIR XIPHOPAGUS dan triplet XIPHOPAGUS.

Kedua Periode: 1911-1918

Stanley Gibbons Jurnal Bulanan, tanggal 30 September 1911, telah menerbitkan daftar penghargaan di Pameran Filateli Wina, yang diselenggarakan 07-17 September 1911. Salah satu pemenang penghargaan adalah Charles Lathrop Pack, dibedakan dengan Medali Emas Besar untuk presentasi koleksi perangko Brasil nya. Daftar langka termasuk dalam koleksi itu juga disebutkan, seperti: satu lembar penuh Mata 90rs Bull, kelipatan dari 8 (delapan) Mata 60rs Bull dan 30rs sepasang vertikal dan Mata Banteng 60rs itu.

Itu tidak dinyatakan apakah langka atau tidak terpakai digunakan. Selain itu, mustahil untuk mengetahui siapa Bapak Kemas membeli ini langka dari, baik harga yang dibayarkan atau tanggal pembelian.

Periode Ketiga: 1918-1920
Pada tahun 1918 Heitor Sanchez diperoleh Pasangan XIPHOPAGUS. Dalam sebuah surat dari 29 Juli 1965 untuk Áureo G. Santos, Mr Sanchez menceritakan seluruh sejarah dari pasangan. Dia tidak menyebutkan siapa dia membeli sepotong dari, tetapi mengatakan: “Saya mendapatkan bagian ini di meja rumah filateli ‘J. Terbukti ‘, yang milik saya, pada Barão de Itapetininga jalan, nomor 69, dengan beberapa perangko lainnya dari Brazil Kekaisaran oleh sejumlah 200 $ 000,00 (dua ratus ribu Reis), yang saya pinjam dari tetangga, Mrs Hortense, pemilik seorang wanita toko pakaian. Cap 30 Reis memiliki air mata besar di sudut kanan atas, mencapai hampir seperempat dari cap “. Nilai di atas sama dengan FFR 570 (lima ratus lima puluh franc Prancis) atau US $ 420 (empat ratus dua puluh dolar) berdasarkan kurs waktu itu.

Hal ini masuk akal untuk percaya bahwa Mr Kemas telah memutuskan untuk menjual Pasangan Xiphopagus, karena memiliki cacat serius dan dia membeli sepotong filateli baru dan indah Brasil yang Triplet Xiphopagus.

Dan Mr Sanchez menambahkan: “Saya melihat kebutuhan untuk mengirim cap untuk FBTurpin rumah di Inggris akan dipulihkan … Segera setelah menerima potongan akan dikembalikan Mr Turpin dikirim kabel meminta harga untuk itu. Jawaban saya bisa tidak, tapi negatif. Saya tidak tertarik dalam menjual. Ketika bagian dipulihkan kembali dari FBTurpin Aku menjualnya kepada seorang teman dekat saya, kolektor yang paling penting di Sao Paulo, pada waktu itu Dr Arnaldo Moraes Pedroso, dengan 600 $ 000,00 (enam ratus ribu Reis) “. Nilai ini sama dengan FFR 1,710 (seribu, 710 franc Perancis) atau US $ 720 (tujuh ratus dua puluh dolar).

Mr Sanchez melanjutkan: “Sayangnya sahabat saya, Mr Pedroso, tiba-tiba kehilangan semua kekayaannya di meja judi dan harus menjual semua prangko penting dari koleksi untuk menyelesaikan utang-utangnya. Tidak menjadi diriku sendiri dalam kondisi keuangan yang baik untuk membeli mereka saya menyarankan agar teman saya menjual perangko melalui lelang dan aku ditunjuk untuk mempersiapkan dan mengatur segala sesuatu “.

Para PAIR XIPHOPAGUS ditawarkan sebagai nomor lot 23 di lelang Casa Filatélica J. Terbukti ‘s pada tanggal 12 Juni 1920. Katalog mereka memiliki tiga puluh dua halaman, enam belas dengan deskripsi dan foto yang menunjukkan enam belas dari semua potongan yang akan dilelang. Ada 114 buah dan 33 buah Brasil asing terdaftar mereka semua milik Mr Pedroso.

Deskripsi menyatakan: “Lot 23-30 dan 60 angka Reis 1 dan 2 se-penyewa. Contoh hanya dikenal. Cap Reis 30 dipulihkan di pojok kanan atas.

Potongan dijual oleh 1:000 $ 000,00 (satu juta Reis), sama dengan FFR 2,850 (dua ribu, delapan ratus lima puluh franc Prancis), untuk kolektor Brasil yang paling menonjol pada waktu itu, Luiz de Moraes Júnior, dari Rio de Janeiro.

Periode Keempat – 1920-1954 Júnior Moraes, yang lahir di Portugal, adalah seorang pengusaha, membangun rumah dan bangunan di Rio de Janeiro. Para PAIR XIPHOPAGUS tinggal di tangannya untuk lebih dari 34 tahun. Kelangkaan ini dipamerkan secara nasional untuk pertama kalinya selama Pameran Filateli Nasional, di Rio de Janeiro pada tahun 1934.

Para Filatélico Brasil, dari edisi Juni 1946, halaman 66, diterbitkan sebuah iklan cap agen menawarkan Pasangan untuk dijual, termasuk foto nya. Iklan tersebut dikatakan sebagai keseluruhan: “Kolektor perangko Brasil! Bersiaplah untuk Pameran Filateli Internasional New York, pada Mei 1947. Ini adalah kesempatan saya menawarkan Anda semua. Dua nilai, 30 dan 60 Reis ‘se-penyewa’! Hanya dua contoh yang dikenal! Untuk informasi lebih lanjut dan harga hubungi A. Pereira da Silva, POBox 2741 – Rio de Janeiro “. Ini jahitan yang Mr Morais Júnior telah resmi Mr Pereira da Silva sebagai broker untuk mencoba untuk menjual Memasangkan. Bisnis tidak makmur.

Mr Morais selalu menerima banyak tawaran untuk menjual potongan. Dia tidak pernah diterima. Dia terkenal karena tidak menerima pembayaran dengan cek. Pada tanggal 21 Desember, 1954 di Petropolis, kota terdekat Rio de Janeiro, dealer filateli Rolf Harald Meyer, dari São Paulo, setelah tiga minggu tawar-menawar keras, berhasil membeli PASANGAN XIPHOPAGUS untuk Cr $ 200.000,00 (dua ratus ribu cruzeiros ) kas, setara dengan US $ 3,000 (tiga ribu dolar). Harga Mr Moraes bertanya dianggap di atas nilai pasar untuk waktu. Dikatakan bahwa Mr Meyer, tanpa meringis, mengambil uang dari saku dibayar sekaligus.

Beberapa bulan setelah menjual XIPHOPAGUS Luiz de Morais Júnior meninggal.

Periode Kelima – 1954-1972
Potongan tetap di tangan Mr Meyer dari Desember 1954 sampai Maret 1955. Saya berbicara dengan Mr Meyer di telepon, pada Maret 2002 dan ia mengatakan bahwa “bagian itu dijual segera, masih pada bulan Desember 1954, untuk Ivo Ferreira da Costa, hidup dokter dan petani Alegrete, Rio Grande do Sul Negara untuk Cr $ 250.000,00 (250000 cruzeiros) “, setara dengan US $ 3,750 (tiga ribu, tujuh ratus lima puluh dolar).

Mr Meyer melanjutkan: “Sebenarnya Bapak da Costa membeli dan membayar ‘Xiphopagus’ pada bulan Desember 1954, tapi kami membuat kesepakatan bahwa bagian akan disampaikan hanya pada bulan April 1955, karena tidak menjadi agen cap belum terkenal, aku ingin membuat publisitas tentang akuisisi ini untuk mempromosikan kemampuan keuangan saya melakukan bisnis dengan prangko “.

Mr Ferreira da Costa dalam sebuah surat dari 26 Juli 1965 untuk Áureo G. Santos diberitahu bahwa potongan itu dibeli pada tanggal 21 Desember 1954 dan dikonfirmasi harga yang dibayarkan.

Mr da Costa koleksinya dipamerkan untuk pertama kalinya di PHILYMPIA70, London, 18-26 September 1970, dan mendapat medali Emas Besar. Ini adalah debut ini langka dalam sebuah pameran internasional. Kemudian pada LUBRAPEX’70, di Rio de Janeiro, 24-31 Oktober, ia mendapat Pameran Grand-Prix. Pada EXPHILCA70, di Caracas, Venezuela, dari 27 November – 6 Desember, ia mendapat Medali Emas dan Hadiah Khusus ‘Presidente da República da Venezuela.

Periode Keenam – 1972-1997
Mr da Costa menjual seluruh koleksinya pribadi kepada Mr Maurino Ferreira de Araujo, seorang pemilik biro iklan, pada tanggal 29 Januari 1972. Mr Ferreira pergi, pribadi, untuk Alegrete, dan membeli seluruh koleksi Mr Ferreira da Costa dengan jumlah Cr $ 500.000,00 (lima ratus ribu cruzeiros), setara dengan US $ 90,000 (sembilan puluh ribu dolar). Bertahun-tahun kemudian, Mr Maurino Ferreira mengatakan, bahwa selama transaksi harga perkiraan untuk PAIR XIPHOPAGUS adalah Cr $ 130.000,00 (130000 cruzeiros), setara dengan US $ 23,300 (dua puluh tiga ribu tiga ratus dolar) tetapi bahkan jadi dia memutuskan untuk membayar jumlah yang diminta. Itu adalah penjualan pribadi yang paling penting yang pernah terjadi di Brazil sampai tanggal tersebut.

Para Maurino Ferreiras Koleksi mendapat penghargaan sebagai berikut: EXFILBRA72 – Brasil – Medali Emas Besar dan Grand National-Prix; LUBRAPEX72 – Portugal – Medali Emas Besar dan Grand-Prix Exposition; BPPN MUNCHEN73 – Jerman – Medali Emas Besar; ESPAÑA75 – Spanyol – Emas Besar medali dan ‘Amerika Kehormatan Grand-Prix’; ARPHILA75 – Perancis – Medali Emas Besar dan ‘Empat Benua Grand-Prix dan LONDON80 – Inggris – Kelas Kehormatan.

Pada tahun 1975, Mr Ferreira mengatakan bahwa dia telah menjual sebidang tanah di Brasilia berada dalam posisi untuk membeli seluruh koleksi Mr Ferreira da Costa. Dia juga menyebutkan bahwa pasar menghargai Pasangan Xiphopagus dalam Cr $ 80.000,00 (delapan puluh ribu cruzeiros) dan penjual bertanya lebih banyak. Itu sangat mahal, tetapi dia memutuskan untuk membayar. Banyak dari pesaing jutawan di lelang internasional yang digunakan untuk mengatakan tentang dia: “Anda tidak bisa menghadapi Maurino! Pria itu tidak memberikan Anda kesempatan terkecil … Dia selalu setan! “.

Mr Ferreira meninggal pada tahun 1991. Pada tahun 1994, keluarga memutuskan untuk lelang PASANGAN XIPHOPAGUS dan rumah lelang Christie yang dipilih adalah New York. Lelang diselenggarakan pada tanggal 15 November dan kelangkaan ini terdaftar di bawah nomor lot dengan harga 2120 reserved US $ 175,000 (175,000 dolar) meskipun dinyatakan berdasarkan permintaan dalam katalog. Saya menghadiri lelang sebagai penerjemah untuk keluarga dan ada tawaran telepon dari seorang kolektor Brasil yang penting, dari Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul Negara, Orestes M. Cruz, yang menawarkan US $ 135.0000 (seratus tiga puluh lima ribu dolar), yang tidak diterima oleh keluarga.

Beberapa tahun kemudian, pada tahun 1996, lain rumah lelang merawat penjualan PASANGAN XIPHOPAGUS untuk ‘Ferreiras – Antonio Torres, dari London. Lelang diselenggarakan pada 11 Oktober dan bagian itu banyak terdaftar sebagai 3013. Katalog dinyatakan sebagai nilai perkiraan antara US $ 125,000 dan US $ 175,000. Sekali lagi kelangkaan ini tidak dijual melalui lelang umum.

Periode Ketujuh – 1997-2002
Pada akhir tahun 1997, Mr Antonio Torres atas nama Ferreiras ‘menjual PASANGAN XIPHOPAGUS langsung ke kolektor Brasil, dari Rio de Janeiro, Roberto Seabra Benevides. Perdagangan dilakukan berdasarkan pertukaran materi. Mr Torres menerima koleksi penting dari Macao dan Mr Benevides Pasangan Xiphopagus dan Bull beberapa Brasil Mata potongan lain. Tidak ada rincian perdagangan dibebaskan. Namun demikian, dikatakan bahwa penilaian untuk Pasangan Xiphopagus naik menjadi US $ 150,000 (seratus lima puluh ribu dolar) untuk jumlah total perdagangan US $ 250,000 (dua ratus lima puluh ribu dolar).

Benevides Mr pameran koleksi nya Brasil: Masalah Pertama hanya sekali di Brasil-Portugal Pameran bernama LUBRAPEX’2000, di mana dia mendapat Grand-Prix Pameran. Tapi sayangnya, saat aku bisa melihat, dia tidak menunjukkan Pasangan Xiphopagus nya atau Mata Bull 60rs itu Lembar Keseluruhan.

Selama saya tinggal lama di Houston, dalam bulan terakhir tahun 2001, saya diberitahu bahwa Mr Benevides disampaikan seluruh koleksinya ‘Brasil: Masalah Pertama’ untuk dijual oleh Mr Torres, dealer perangko dan lelang di London. Mr Torres menghasilkan katalog, eksklusif yang indah dan berwarna-warni, di mana ia mengumumkan Perlakukan bisnis pribadi untuk musim gugur 2001.

Ini menunjukkan beberapa langka Brasil seperti: The Pasangan Xiphopagus, Lembar Seluruh terpakai dari 60 perangko Mata Bull 60rs itu, blok yang tidak terpakai dari empat Mata Bull 30rs (hanya tiga yang diketahui), surat dari Rio de Janeiro ke kota Rio Grande bantalan strip horizontal empat Mata 60rs Bull, surat dari Rio de Janeiro untuk Cachoeira (RS) bantalan strip horizontal empat 60rs ditambah 30rs tunggal Mata kedua Bull, dan panel lengkap (18 prangko) dari 90rs Mata Bull dibatalkan dengan cap pos “Cidade de Nicteroy”. Di antara ‘Cap Angka miring’ itu menunjukkan: blok digunakan 6 (3×2) dari 180rs, strip vertikal yang tidak terpakai 3 dari 300rs, sebuah blok digunakan 6 (2×3) dari 600rs, selain blok yang digunakan empat dan strip vertikal yang tidak terpakai dari 4 prangko kedua 600rs tersebut. Yang terakhir adalah beberapa terpakai terbesar yang dikenal. Sungguh itu adalah koleksi mengesankan. Katalog tidak mengatakan apa-apa tentang nilai.

Periode Kedelapan – dari 2002 tentang
Dalam percakapan dengan dealer internasional filateli, kolektor dan peserta pameran dikatakan bahwa koleksi bisa dibeli antara nilai US $ 1.000.000 dan US $ 1.200.000 (1.000.000-1.000.000 dan dua ratus ribu dolar). Berbicara dengan Mr Torres, di telepon, dia baik dimaafkan memberikan rincian tentang perdagangan. Dia hanya menyebutkan bahwa bisnis itu sudah dilakukan dan ia tidak memikirkannya lagi.

Jadi, PAIR XIPHOPAGUS meninggalkan wilayah Brasil untuk kedua kalinya, setelah di sana selama lebih dari delapan puluh tahun. Dikatakan di pasar filateli internasional bahwa seluruh koleksi dijual kepada kolektor Spanyol saat ini yang paling penting dan peserta, Mr Luiz Alemany. Jumlah total transaksi ini adalah sekitar US $ 1.200.000 (satu juta dua ratus ribu dolar). Hal itu juga mengatakan bahwa Pasangan Xiphopagus senilai US $ 200,000 (dua ratus ribu dolar). Mr Alemany memegang lebih dari seratus Emas dan Medali Emas Besar dan juga memegang pameran FIP empat puluh tingkat.

(1) Comelli, Paulo, ‘Sejarah Triplet Xiphopagus’ – lihat artikel di bagian lain dari situs ini.

 china version:
和MOSAICO雜誌,年十三,NR 37 – 2003年8月,從
卡馬拉 Brasileira德Filatelia – 貝洛奧里藏特 – 巴西。  說明:
第關注公牛眼30rs 60rs加,垂直對“SE租戶”,從第二個複合板,國家 B(reengraved板),30rs(位置18 – 的前面板),和60rs(位置6 – 面板中)。大比分,可見無論是外部和framelines分界線面板。 60rs 30rs是未取消,並取消了筆的腳本焦黃在左邊。 30rs已恢復在右上角。其中最重要的,有價值的集郵物品從巴西 – 獨一無二。出處:當然。科索包,桑切斯,佩德羅索,Moraes儒尼奧爾,邁耶,費雷拉達科斯塔,費雷拉阿勞霍,Benevides。
集郵節,GAZETILHA TIMBROLÓGICA,簽署托梅DE Saboya,從雜誌 POS巴西4,發行 1890年10月,里約熱內盧,聖伊西德羅先生說,莫斯科索,居住在巴伊亞州,是業主的“後好奇心”描述為一對垂直李嘉欣30和60,巴西的公牛眼睛,印在同一張紙上。

這是第一個參考的存在對這些夫婦“本身租戶”。從 1890年到1897年,本節仍然在默默無聞,雖然部分提及1890年。

整整一個月後的第一個通知的發現行包(1),一篇文章發表在1897年11月1日在新聞報 Philatelico,聖保羅,181和182頁,在“好奇心”稱號,上面寫著:“根據貝爾納先生阿爾維斯什麼皮涅羅說,公牛眼睛的問題,還有其他夫婦除了我們已經看到….”.這句話“一個我們已經看到了”是指“跟踪包”。從 1897年直到1911年,一對 XIPHOPAGUS回默默無聞。

在使用這個詞的搭檔兩件可以很容易地解釋:每個點都有一對,如前面所說,是30 + 60,雖然加沙包已經30秒李嘉欣公牛眼。目前在巴西,區分兩片,它們被稱為:兩人 XIPHOPAGUS和三重XIPHOPAGUS。


斯坦利長臂猿月刊,1911年9月30日,已公佈的名單獎項集郵展覽在維也納舉行的9月七日至17日1911。一位獲獎者是查爾斯 Lathrop包,尊貴的大金質獎章的介紹巴西的郵票收藏。瀕危名單的收集也提到,如:全張 90rs靶心,多為 8(八)眼60rs 30rs牛和一對垂直和60rs靶心。


1918年桑切斯Heitor獲得 XIPHOPAGUS夫婦。在信1965年7月29日至Áureo G.桑托斯,桑切斯先生告訴整個歷史的情侶。他沒有提到誰,他買了一塊,但他說:“我在家裡得到這部分表集郵”J.事實證明“,這是屬於我的,在巴朗 – Itapetininga街69號,與其他幾個郵票巴西一些帝國 200 $ 000.00(200000李嘉欣),我借了鄰居,霍頓絲女士,主人的女裝店。第30李嘉欣有一個大的眼淚在右上角,達到近四分之一帽“。類似 FFR值570(五百五十法郎)或420美元(四百二十美元)的基礎上,當時的匯率。

這是有理由相信,包先生已經決定出售情侶 Xiphopagus,因為它有一個嚴重的缺陷,他買了一塊漂亮的新集郵和巴西Xiphopagus三重。

桑切斯先生說:“我認為有必要發送印花稅 FBTurpin家在英格蘭將恢復 … …緊接著接到折扣將退還電纜送到圖爾平先生提出的價格為它,我不能回答,但負,我沒興趣出售時收回的部分從 FBTurpin我把它賣給我的親密朋友,最重要的收藏家在聖保羅,當時醫生阿納爾 Moraes佩德羅索,與 600 $ 000.00( 600000李嘉欣)“。 FFR值等於 1.710(千,710法郎)或720美元(720美元)。


兩人 XIPHOPAGUS提供的批號 23日在拍賣卡薩 Filatélica J.成熟的6月12日1920年。目錄他們有一個 32頁,16例的描述和照片顯示所有的十六件被拍賣。有114件和33件國外註冊的巴西,他們都屬於佩德羅索先生。

說明指出:“批號 23-30和60李嘉欣1和2 SE租戶,唯一知名的例子。第30李嘉欣恢復在右上角。

飲片銷售的1:000000.00美元(百萬李嘉欣),連同 FFR 2.850(2000,850法國法郎),巴西的最突出的收藏家的時候,路易斯德Moraes儒尼奧爾,從里約熱內盧。

第四個時期 – 1920年至1954年 Moraes儒尼奧爾,誰是出生於葡萄牙,是一個企業家,建築房屋和建築物在里約熱內盧。兩人住在他的手中XIPHOPAGUS超過 34年。稀缺是展示全國首次在全國集郵展覽,在里約熱內盧,1934年。

該集郵巴西,從 1946年6月發行,第66頁,發布的廣告提供夫婦郵票經銷商出售,包括他的照片。該廣告稱作為一個整體:“集郵巴西!準備為國際集郵展覽在紐約,1947年5月,這是我為您提供的所有機會。兩個值,30日和60 Reis的SE租戶”!只有兩個已知的例子!欲了解更多信息和價格,請聯繫 A.佩雷拉達席爾瓦,郵政信箱 2741 – 里約熱內盧“。它接縫莫賴斯先生儒尼奧爾已授權席爾瓦佩雷拉先生作為一個經紀人,試圖出售配對。企業沒有繁榮。

莫賴斯先生一直接到很多提供出售作品。他從不接受。他是著名的不接受支票付款。在1954年12月21日在Petrópolis,里約熱內盧附近的城市,集郵經銷商羅爾夫哈拉爾邁耶,從聖保羅,經過三個星期的艱苦談判,設法買了一雙 XIPHOPAGUS對 Cr $ 200,000.00(200000 cruzeiros)現金,相當於3,000美元(3000美元)。議員認為 Moraes問價格高於市場價值的時間。有人說,Meyer先生,不畏縮,採取走出口袋裡的錢支付一次。

幾個月後賣 XIPHOPAGUS路易斯德莫賴斯儒尼奧爾死亡。

五期 – 1954年至1972年
這件作品留在手中的Meyer先生從 1954年12月至1955年3月。我與 Meyer先生在電話中,2002年3月,他說:“一部分是立即出售,仍然在1954年12月,以伊沃費雷拉達科斯塔,醫生和農民生活Alegrete,南里奧格蘭德州國家對克魯塞羅250,000.00(250 000 cruzeiros)“,相當於美國3.750美元(3000,750美元)。


費雷拉達科斯塔先生在信1965年7月26日至Áureo G.桑托斯告訴記者,購件1954年12月21日證實付出的代價。

達科斯塔先生藏品展出首次在PHILYMPIA70,倫敦,18日至1970年9月26日,並獲得大金獎。正是這種罕見的國際展覽會亮相。然後在LUBRAPEX’70,在里約熱內盧 10月24日至31日,他收到了盛大的賽車展。在EXPHILCA70,在加拉加斯,委內瑞拉,11月27日至12月6他獲得金獎和特別獎“PRESIDENTE噠噠共和委內瑞拉。

六期 – 1972年至1997年
達科斯塔先生出售整個集合私下向德先生Maurino費雷拉阿勞霍,業主的一家廣告公司,1月29日,1972。費雷拉先生去了,個人,以Alegrete,並購買了整個集合費雷拉先生達科斯塔與量的鉻 $ 500,000.00(五十萬 cruzeiros),相當於 90,000美元(90000美元)。幾年後,先生Maurino費雷拉說,只要交易價格預計將 PAIR XIPHOPAGUS鉻 $ 130,000.00(130,000 cruzeiros),相當於美國23.300美元(23300美元),但即使如此,他決定支付金額要求。這是最重要的私人銷售已發生在巴西,直到該日期。

該 Maurino Ferreiras收藏評為如下:EXFILBRA72 – 巴西 – 大金獎和大國家大獎賽; LUBRAPEX72 – 葡萄牙 – 大金獎和大,大獎賽博覽會; IBRA MUNCHEN73 – 德國 – 大金獎; ESPAÑA75 – 西班牙 – 大金獎與“美名譽大,大獎賽”; ARPHILA75 – 法國 – 大金獎及“四洲和大,大獎賽 LONDON80 – 英國 – 類榮譽。

1975年,費雷拉先生說,他賣了一個包裹在巴西的土地是有能力購買的整個集合費雷拉先生達科斯塔。他還提到,市場讚賞 Xiphopagus夫婦在比賽 $ 80,000.00(80000 cruzeiros)和賣家要求更多。這是非常昂貴的,但他決定支付。許多競爭對手在國際拍賣百萬富翁誰常說他:“你不能面對 Maurino!他沒有給你最小的機會 … …他總是魔鬼!”

費雷拉先生於 1991年去世。 1994年,家人決定拍賣 PAIR XIPHOPAGUS和佳士得拍賣行選擇的是紐約。 11月15日舉行拍賣會,這是稀缺註冊號為 2120的價格保留大量的175,000美元(175,000美元),雖然表示在目錄上的要求。我參加了拍賣作為翻譯為家庭,有一個電話競標從巴西收藏家誰是重要的,從阿雷格里港,南里奧格蘭德州州,奧雷斯特斯 M.克魯茲,這為美國135.0000美元(135000美元),這是不能接受的家庭。

幾年後,1996年,另一家拍賣銷售 XIPHOPAGUS照顧配偶Ferreiras – 安東尼托雷斯,來自倫敦。 10月11日舉行的拍賣和部分很多被列為 3013。目錄表示為估計值介於125000美元美元和175,000。再次,稀缺是不通過公開拍賣出售。

第七週期 – 1997-2002
1997年底,安東尼奧先生托雷斯Ferreiras代表“配偶XIPHOPAGUS直接賣給收藏家巴西,從里約熱內盧,羅伯托塞亞布拉 Benevides。貿易是基於交換材料。托雷斯先生收到重要的收藏品來自澳門和先生Benevides配對公牛Xiphopagus等幾個部分的巴西貨幣。細節沒有公佈交易。但是,據說,評估夫婦 Xiphopagus上升到15萬美元(15萬美元)的貿易總額為 25萬美元(25萬美元)。

他的收藏品展覽先生Benevides巴西:一是只發出一次在巴西 – 葡萄牙展覽名為 LUBRAPEX’2000,在那裡他獲得了盛大的賽車展。但不幸的是,當我看到,他沒有表明他或夫婦 Xiphopagus 60rs靶心整個工作表。


它顯示了一些罕見的巴西這樣的:寵物 Xiphopagus,未使用的板材60郵票全部眼公牛的60rs,未使用的塊四30rs靶心(只有三個已知),信從城市里約熱內盧格蘭德軸承水平條四眼60rs通報,信從里約熱內盧到卡舒埃拉(RS)軸承水平剝奪四個單 30rs 60rs加兩個牛的眼睛,以及一個完整的面板(18枚郵票)從靶心90rs取消以郵戳“Cidade德Nicteroy“。其中的“第數字傾斜”它表明:用6塊(3 × 2)從 180rs,垂直條未使用的3 300rs,用6塊(2 × 3)從 600rs,除了四大塊使用和未使用的垂直地帶4 600rs第二郵票。後者是一些已知的最大利用。這實際上是一個令人印象深刻的集合。目錄不說任何有關的值。

第八時期 – 從 2002年
在對話與國際集郵經銷商,收藏家及參展商說,集合可以買到價值之間的100萬美元和$ 1,200,000(100萬至百萬和20萬美元)。採訪了托雷斯先生,在電話裡,他要么縱容提供詳細有關貿易。他只是提到,生意做,他沒有去想它了。

所以,一對 XIPHOPAGUS溜之大吉巴西第二次後,有超過80年。有人說,在國際集郵市場,整個收集賣給收藏家西班牙是目前最重要和參與者,路易斯先生Alemany。總交易約為 1,200,000美元(120萬美元)。它還說,這對夫婦 Xiphopagus價值 20萬美元(20萬美元)。 Alemany先生擁有超過百金,大金獎,並擁有展覽 FIP forty水平。

(1)Comelli,聖保羅,“歷史的三重Xiphopagus” – 在別處看到的文章在這個網站。


original info:



This article was originally published in the London Philatelist from
The Royal Philatelic Society, London in the edition number 1306 of June 2003
and in MOSAICO magazine, Year XIII, nr 37 – August 2003, from
Câmara Brasileira de Filatelia – Belo Horizonte – Brazil.

  Description:The stamp concerned are the 30rs plus 60rs Bulls Eyes, in ‘se-tenant’ vertical pair, from the second composite plate, state B (reengraved plate), 30rs (position 18 – from upper pane), and 60rs (position 6 – from intermediate pane). Large margins, showing both outer framelines and the pane dividing line. The 30rs is uncancelled and the 60rs has a brownish pen manuscript cancellation at left. The 30rs has been restored on the top right corner.One of the most important and valuable philatelic items from Brazil – UNIQUE.Provenance: Ex. Moscoso, Pack, Sanchez, Pedroso, Moraes Júnior, Meyer, Ferreira da Costa, Araújo Ferreira, Benevides.



First period: 1843 to 1911

The philatelic section, GAZETILHA TIMBROLÓGICA, signed by Thomé de Saboya, from the BRASIL POSTAL 4 magazine, issued in October 1890, Rio de Janeiro, stated that Mr. Isidro Moscoso, resident in the State of Bahia, was the owner of a ‘postal curiosity’, described as a vertical pair of 30 and 60 réis, Brazilian Bulls Eyes, printed on the same sheet.

This is the first reference about the existence of this ‘se-tenant’ pair. From 1890 to 1897, this piece remained in the obscurity, in spite of that partial mention of 1890.

Exactly one month after the first notice about the Pack Strip discovery (1), an article was published on November 1, 1897 in Jornal Philatelico, São Paulo, pages 181 and 182, under the title ‘Curiosity’, where was written: “according to what Mr. Bernardo Alves Pinheiro said about the Bulls Eyes issues, another pair exists besides the one we already noticed….”. The expression ‘one we already noticed’ refers to the ‘Pack Strip’. From 1897 until 1911, the XIPHOPAGUS PAIR returned to the obscurity.

The use of the word PAIR for both pieces can be easily explained: each piece has a pair, as previously said, being 30 + 60, although the Pack Strip has the second 30 réis Bulls Eye. Nowadays in Brazil, to differentiate both pieces, they are named: THE XIPHOPAGUS PAIR and THE XIPHOPAGUS TRIPLET.

Second Period: 1911 to 1918

The Stanley Gibbons Monthly Journal, dated September 30, 1911, had published the list of awards in the Vienna Philatelic Exhibition, held 7 to 17 September 1911. One of award winners was Charles Lathrop Pack, distinguished with the Large Gold Medal for the presentation of his Brazilian stamp collection. A list of rarities included in the collection was also mentioned, such as: one full sheet of 90rs Bull’s Eyes; a multiple of 8 (eight) of 60rs Bull’s Eyes and a vertical pair 30rs and 60rs Bull’s Eyes.

It was not stated whether the rarities were used or unused. Moreover, it was impossible to find out whom Mr Pack bought these rarities from, neither the prices paid nor the date of the purchases.

Third Period: 1918 to 1920

In 1918 Heitor Sanchez acquired THE XIPHOPAGUS PAIR. In a letter from July 29, 1965 to Áureo G. Santos, Mr. Sanchez relates the whole history of the pair. He didnt mention who he bought the piece from, but said: “I acquired this piece on the counter of the philatelic house ‘J. Dolz’, which belonged to me, at Barão de Itapetininga street, number 69, with some other stamps from Brazil Empire by 200$000,00 (two hundred thousand réis), amount which I borrowed from a neighbour, Mrs. Hortense, owner of a ladies’ clothing store. The 30 réis stamp had a big tear on the top right corner, reaching almost one quarter of the stamp”. The above value was equal to FFR 570 (five hundred and fifty French francs) or US$ 420 (four hundred and twenty dollars) based on the exchange rate of that time.

It is reasonable to believe that Mr. Pack had decided to sell the Xiphopagus Pair, since it had a serious defect and he had bought a new and lovely Brazilian philatelic piece the Xiphopagus Triplet.

And Mr. Sanchez added: “I saw the need to send the stamp to F.B.Turpin house in England to be restored… Immediately after receiving the piece to be restored Mr. Turpin sent a cable asking a price for it. My answer could be none but a negative. I wasn’t interested in selling it. When the restored piece returned from F.B.Turpin I sold it to a close friend of mine, the most important collector in São Paulo, at that time Dr. Arnaldo Moraes Pedroso, by 600$000,00 (six hundred thousand réis)”. This value was equal to FFR 1.710 (one thousand, seven hundred and ten French francs) or US$ 720 (seven hundred and twenty dollars).

Mr. Sanchez continued: “Unfortunately my dear friend, Mr. Pedroso, unexpectedly lost all his fortune on gambling tables and had to sell all the important stamps from his collection to settle his debts. Not being myself in good financial condition to buy them I suggested that my friend sell the stamps by auction and I was designated to prepare and organise everything”.

The XIPHOPAGUS PAIR was offered as lot number 23 in Casa Filatélica J. Dolz’s auction on June 12, 1920. Their catalogue had thirty-two pages, sixteen with descriptions and other sixteen showing photos of all pieces to be auctioned. There were 114 Brazilian pieces and 33 foreign pieces listed all of them belonging to Mr. Pedroso.

The description stated: “Lot 2330 and 60 réis numbers 1 and 2 se-tenant. The only example known. The 30 réis stamp was restored on the top right corner.

The piece was sold by 1:000$000,00 (one million réis), equal to FFR 2.850 (two thousand, eight hundred and fifty French francs), to the most prominent Brazilian collector at that time, Luiz de Moraes Júnior, from Rio de Janeiro.

Fourth Period – 1920 to 1954 Moraes Júnior, who was born in Portugal, was a businessman, constructing houses and buildings in Rio de Janeiro. The XIPHOPAGUS PAIR stayed in his hands for more than 34 years. This rarity was exhibited nationally for the first time during the National Philatelic Exhibition, in Rio de Janeiro in 1934.

The Brasil Filatélico, from June 1946 edition, page 66, published a stamp dealer advert offering the Pair for sale, including its photograph. The advert said as a whole: “Brazilian Stamp Collectors! Be ready for the New York International Philatelic Exhibition, in May 1947. This is the opportunity I offer you all. Two values, 30 and 60 réis ‘se-tenant’! Only two examples known! For more information and price contact A. Pereira da Silva, P.O.Box 2741 – Rio de Janeiro”. It seams that Mr. Morais Júnior had authorised Mr. Pereira da Silva as a broker to try to sell the Pair. The business didn’t prosper.

Mr. Morais had always received many offers to sell the piece. He never accepted. He was renowned for not accepting payment by cheque. On December 21, 1954, in Petrópolis, a city nearby Rio de Janeiro, the philatelic dealer Rolf Harald Meyer, from São Paulo, after three weeks of hard bargaining, succeeded in buying the XIPHOPAGUS PAIR for Cr$200.000,00 (two hundred thousand cruzeiros) cash, equal to US$3.000 (three thousand dollars). The price Mr. Moraes asked was considered above the market value for the time. It is said that Mr. Meyer, without wincing, taking the money from the pocket paid at once.

Few months after selling the XIPHOPAGUS Luiz de Morais Júnior died.

Fifth Period – 1954 to 1972

The piece remained in Mr. Meyer’s hands from December 1954 until March 1955. I spoke to Mr. Meyer on the phone, in March 2002 and he said that “the piece was sold immediately, still in December 1954, to Ivo Ferreira da Costa, a doctor and farmer living in Alegrete, Rio Grande do Sul State for Cr$250.000,00 (two hundred and fifty thousand cruzeiros)”, equal to US$ 3.750 (three thousand, seven hundred and fifty dollars).

Mr. Meyer continued: “In fact Mr. da Costa bought and paid the ‘Xiphopagus’ in December 1954, but we made an agreement that the piece would be delivered only in April 1955, because not being a well known stamp dealer yet, I wanted to make publicity about this acquisition to promote my financial capacity of doing business with stamps”.

Mr. Ferreira da Costa in a letter from July 26, 1965 to Áureo G. Santos informed that the piece was bought on December 21, 1954 and confirmed the price paid.

Mr. da Costa exhibited his collection for the first time at PHILYMPIA70, London, from 18 to 26, September 1970, and got the Large Gold medal. It was this rarity’s debut in an international exhibition. Then at LUBRAPEX’70, in Rio de Janeiro, from 24 to 31 October, he got the Exhibition Grand-Prix. At EXPHILCA70, in Caracas, Venezuela, from November 27 to December 6, he got the Gold Medal and the Special Prize ‘Presidente da República da Venezuela’.

Sixth Period – 1972 to 1997

Mr. da Costa sold his entire collection privately to Mr. Maurino de Araújo Ferreira, an advertising agency owner, on January 29, 1972. Mr. Ferreira went, personally, to Alegrete, and bought Mr. Ferreira da Costa’s whole collection by the amount of Cr$500.000,00 (five hundred thousand cruzeiros), equal to US$ 90.000 (ninety thousand dollars). Years later, Mr. Maurino Ferreira said, that during the transaction the estimate price for the XIPHOPAGUS PAIR was Cr$130.000,00 (one hundred and thirty thousand cruzeiros), equal to US$ 23.300 (twenty three thousand and three hundred dollars) but even so he decided to pay the amount asked. It was the most important private sale that ever happened in Brazil up to that date.

The Maurino Ferreiras Collection got the following awards: EXFILBRA72 – Brazil – Large Gold Medal and National Grand-Prix; LUBRAPEX72 – Portugal – Large Gold Medal and Expositions Grand-Prix; IBRA MUNCHEN73 – Germany – Large Gold Medal; ESPAÑA75 – Spain – Large Gold Medal and ‘America Honour’s Grand-Prix’; ARPHILA75 – France – Large Gold Medal and ‘The Four Continents Grand-Prix’ and LONDON80 – England – Honour Class.

In 1975, Mr. Ferreira said that he had to sell a piece of land in Brasília to be in a position to buy Mr. Ferreira da Costa’s entire collection. He also mentioned that the market valued the Xiphopagus Pair in Cr$80.000,00 (eighty thousand cruzeiros) and the seller asked much more. It was extremely expensive, but he decided to pay. Many of his millionaire competitors at the international auctions used to say about him: “You can’t face Maurino! The man does not give you the smallest chance… He has always been a devil!”.

Mr. Ferreira died in 1991. In 1994, the family decided to auction the XIPHOPAGUS PAIR and the auction house chosen was Christie’s New York. The auction was held on November 15 and this rarity was listed under lot number 2120 with a reserved price of US$175.000 (one hundred and seventy five thousand dollars) although it was stated on request in the catalogue. I attended the auction as an interpreter for the family and there was a telephone bid from an important Brazilian collector, from Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Orestes M. Cruz, that offered US$135.0000 (one hundred thirty five thousand dollars), which was not accepted by the family.

A couple of years later, in 1996, another auction house took care of the XIPHOPAGUS PAIR sale for the Ferreiras’ – Antonio Torres, from London. The auction was held on October 11 and the piece was listed as lot 3013. The catalogue stated as an estimate value between US$125.000 and US$175.000. Again this rarity was not sold through public auction.

Seventh Period – 1997 to 2002

In late 1997, Mr. Antonio Torres on the Ferreiras’ behalf sold the XIPHOPAGUS PAIR directly to a Brazilian collector, from Rio de Janeiro, Roberto Seabra Benevides. The trade was done based on exchange of material. Mr. Torres received an important collection from Macao and Mr. Benevides the Xiphopagus Pair and several other Brazilian Bull’s Eyes pieces. No trade details were released. Nevertheless, it is said that the valuation for the Xiphopagus Pair rose to US$150.000 (one hundred and fifty thousand dollars) for the total trade amount of US$250.000 (two hundred and fifty thousand dollars).

Mr. Benevides exhibit his collection Brazil: First Issues only once at the Brazil-Portugal Exhibition named LUBRAPEX’2000, where he got the Exhibition Grand-Prix. But unfortunately, as I could see, he didn’t exhibit his Xiphopagus Pair nor the 60rs Bull’s Eyes Entire Sheet.

During my long stay in Houston, in the last months of 2001, I was told that Mr. Benevides delivered his entire collection ‘Brazil: First Issues’ to be sold by Mr. Torres, a stamp dealer and auctioneer in London. Mr. Torres produced an exclusive, beautiful and colourful catalogue, where he announced the Private Treat business for autumn 2001.

It shows some Brazilian rarities like: The Xiphopagus Pair, the unused Entire Sheet of 60 stamps of the 60rs Bull’s Eyes, the unused block of four of the 30rs Bull’s Eyes (only three known), a letter from Rio de Janeiro to the city of Rio Grande bearing a horizontal strip of four of 60rs Bull’s Eyes, a letter from Rio de Janeiro to Cachoeira (RS) bearing a horizontal strip of four of 60rs plus a single 30rs both Bull’s Eyes, and a complete pane (18 stamps) of 90rs Bull’s Eyes cancelled with “Cidade de Nicteroy” postmarks. Among the ‘Slanted Numerals Stamps’ it shows: a used block of 6 (3×2) of 180rs, an unused vertical strip of 3 of the 300rs, a used block of 6 (2×3) of the 600rs, besides a used block of four and an unused vertical strip of 4 stamps both of the 600rs. The last one is the largest unused multiple known. Really it was an impressive collection. The catalogue didn’t say anything about values.

Eighth Period – from 2002 on

In philatelic conversations with international dealers, collectors and exhibitors it was said that the collection could be bought for between the value of US$ 1.000.000 and US$ 1.200.000 (one million to one million and two hundred thousand dollars). Talking to Mr. Torres, on the telephone, he nicely excused giving details about the trade. He only mentioned that the business was already done and he didn’t think about it any more.

So, the XIPHOPAGUS PAIR left the Brazilian territory for the second time, after being there for more than eighty years. It is said in the international philatelic market that the whole collection was sold to the nowadays most important Spanish collector and exhibitor, Mr. Luiz Alemany. The total amount of this transaction was around US$ 1.200.000 (one million and two hundred thousand dollars). It was also said that the Xiphopagus Pair was valued at US$ 200.000 (two hundred thousand dollars). Mr. Alemany holds more than a hundred Gold and Large Gold Medals and also holds forty FIP level exhibits.

(1) Comelli, Paulo, ‘The History of the Xiphopagus Triplet’ – see the article in other part of this site.

2.Triplet XIPHOPAGUS – Jalur Pack

Este artículo fue publicado originalmente en Londres coleccionar sellos de la Real Sociedad Filatélica de Londres en 1300 y en noviembre de 2002 de la revista Mosaico, Año XIII, n º 37, abril de 2003, Camara Brasileira de Filatelia – Belo Horizonte – Brasil.

Para esta edición revisada de este artículo y también pequeñas modificaciones en el sexto período 1954-1963, en comparación con el original publicado por la Real Sociedad Filatélica de Londres, porque la búsqueda de un artículo escrito por el Sr. Mauriño Ferreira y publicado en el Diario de Noticias, en 02 de junio 1985, Belo Horizonte.

Este artículo fue actualizado por el autor en septiembre de 2008.

 Descripción: Dos más uno 30rs 60rs en el ojo inquilino Bull-sellos en una franja vertical, la placa de composite en segundo lugar, el estado D (re-grabado placas). 30rs (posiciones 11 y 17 – en el panel superior) y 60rs (posición 5 – del panel central). Fue cancelado por dos matasellos sin un marco negro de la ‘Correio da Geral Corte’ (PA1185), en la que casi no puede leer 11. 0,1844 (al parecer de junio). La pieza ha sido lavada. Se ha llegado incluso margen derecho, margen inferior es bastante buena y una izquierda y de arriba son muy buenos. La tapa superior tiene un poco delgado. Pliegue de la luz sólo se menciona “para grabar”. Uno de los pocos más notables de Brasil y América Latina. ÚNICO!
Procedencia: Ex. Lindgren, Mesquita Martins, Lemaire, Pack, Souren, Contini, Díaz Almeida, Gibbons Stanley, Hubbard, Lima Angelo, Hubbard.


En los años treinta el “triplete” famoso sello de coleccionista Charles Lathrop Pack y apodado “El Pack Strip” por la gente en el mundo de la filatelia Inglaterra. Entonces pierde la “s” y acaba de convertirse en “Track Pack”.

Primer Período – 1843-1900

El Xiphopagus triplete sigue siendo desconocido por un poco más de cincuenta años. En octubre de 1897, el Sr. Copenhague publicado en el Jornal Philatélico de São Paulo, el artículo “un error desconocido de Brasil” escrito por el Sr. Rangel Pestana Thadeu. Esta es la primera referencia al triplete.

Sr. Pestana es el presidente del Club Filatélico de Sao Paulo y autor de varios artículos de la filatelia. Aquí están algunas de las palabras:. “Hoy tenemos el placer de dar a los lectores la oportunidad de conocer a uno de la colección de sellos más importantes rara de Brasil, o tal vez el más grande visto en mi vida lo debemos a ofrecer este tipo de fotografía que reproducimos, somos amigos personales y colector principal de Río de Janeiro, el Sr. José Pereira I. Lima. Ellos están vinculados a uno de los dos sellos ojos 30rs Toro 60rs es. Garantizamos que los tres sellos son auténticos, impreso en papel de la misma y no hay parche o cualquier fraude. ”

Al final del artículo, dijo: “El propietario de la joya de la filatelia es la suerte de Mr. Carl Johan Lindgren, un brasileño de origen sueco, que vivió en Bahía, pero ahora vive en Río de Janeiro Tiene una magnífica colección de raros completo es el más importantes coleccionistas de.. nuestro país sigue siendo desconocido por lo que muchos otros siguen. ”

En la comunidad filatélica era conocido como Charles (o Chas) J. Lindgren. Nació en la ciudad de Salvador (Bahía) el 23 de diciembre de 1846. Él, como su padre, Suecia y Noruega, vice cónsul en la provincia de Bahía. Murió en Río de Janeiro el 14 de enero de 1916.

En el mes siguiente al artículo del Sr. Pestana, la edición de noviembre de la misma revista publicó un artículo escrito por el Sr. Bernardo Alves Pereira bajo el mismo título. Y él dijo: “… vi la obra original: dos sellos 60rs 30rs y uno se unieron en una posición vertical, y todos los impresos en la misma hoja de papel … por lo que no, el problema de error …”.

Segundo período – 1900-1906

En 1900, Philatelista Paulistano revista (julio / septiembre de emisión), de Brasil Filatélico Asociación, dijo: “Sr. Teixeira de Figueiredo Felizardo nos dijo que se ha completado la venta de un triplete de sellos interesante y poco común en 1843 Se trata de dos y 30rs un 60rs. , impresos juntos en la misma hoja y cancelado por la oficina de correos. escasez tan hermosa que se vende a un precio de $ 000 2:000 (dos millones de Reis) “. Este valor es equivalente a EE.UU. 800,00 dólares (800 dólares), basado en el periodo de intercambio.

Felizardo de Figueiredo es el mayor traficante de sello en Río de Janeiro en el momento. Su casa filatélica conocida por ofrecer las piezas más raras y hermosas de Brasil. Sete Setembro de que en el camino, casi en la esquina de Largo do Rocio, hoy Plaza Tiradentes.

La revista no informó al vendedor o el nombre del comprador. Sin embargo, en 1963, el Sr. AG Santos entrevista con el Sr. Alfredo Costa, propietario de ‘J. Philatelica Costa e hijo del antiguo dueño, el Sr. J. Costa, en la notificación de su padre, publicado en O Philatelista fecha 15 de agosto de 1908. El Sr. J. Costa afirmó que “el triplete ha sido admirada en la exposición de estampillas raras, que se llevó a cabo recientemente en Francia …” (Precisamente en 1907 – París). También dijo: “Además de esto, otras obras son admiradas: multiplicador utilizado 15 sellos 600R – cifras sesgadas”.

El Sr. Alfredo Costa también informó de que el comprador se ha convertido en un niño de triplete Itacurussá Barón, cuyo nombre no recordaba, pero vive en Río de Janeiro y murió de tuberculosis pulmonar. Llegamos a conocer que el barón Itacurussá (1889), cuyo título se le da a la belleza, es Manuel Miguel Martins (1831 hasta 1911), un hombre muy rico, se convirtió en un terrateniente y el capitalista extensiva en Río de Janeiro. Su esposa la baronesa Elisa Martins de Mesquita Jerónima, hija del conde y marqués de Bomfim nieto Mesquita. Baron es un gran comprador de la subasta de Paço Imperial, donde además de muchos objetos de valor que compró todo el servicio de porcelana de D. D. Pedro I y el matrimonio Amelia de que Leuchtemburg.

Su hijo, José Martins de Mesquita (1874-1916), nacido en Río de Janeiro y murió en Lisboa, es una flautista excepcional, ventilador y el comprador del triplete XIPHOPAGUS correos importantes.

Tercer período – 1906-1916

Sr. Carlos J. Phillips viajó a Brasil (desde octubre 1909 hasta febrero 1910) para una investigación filatélica, porque quería actualizar el catálogo de Universal ya famoso sello. Compró unos 500 de los miles de Brasil por Stanley Gibbons sello filatélico casa, donde fue uno de los propietarios. Asistió a una reunión en el Club de Nueva York coleccionista, en marzo de 1932, en relación con la emisión de sellos postales de Brasil en primer lugar, y él escribió un artículo sobre esto, que fue publicado en la revista filatélica asociación en abril de 1932. Aquí están algunas partes: “… que la colección del Sr. Pack tiene una franja vertical de dos sellos 30rs, vacío, y un sello de 60rs … Y agregó: … que vio a esta parte hace unos 25 años con su amigo Theo Lemaire , de la Avenue de l’Opera de París. Sr. Lemaire vende esta pieza de valor filatélico raro el Sr. Jorge E. Rodríguez, quien vive en Buenos Aires … y … cuando la colección se dividió en 1916, llegó a las manos del señor Pack, un famoso coleccionista …”.

Hace unos 25 años, de acuerdo con el año 1907, cuando la parte se ve en las manos del Sr. Lemaire, el editor francés y el sello de los distribuidores, se encuentra en 16 Avenue de l’Opera.

La explicación de esta obra apareció en Francia puede estar en la conexión de la historia según lo dicho por el Sr. J. Costa y Antonio Pereira da Silva. El Sr. J. Costa ha mencionado en su artículo: “Según lo que sabemos, algún tiempo después, estamos hablando de la filatelia, muy triste con la enfermedad, donó a la telo monjes cas todas las colecciones, donde pasó más de $ 400 000 (400 miles de Reis). Pero el monje, uniformados de la parte valiosa de la colección, dar a la basura o se venden a bajo precio. Por eso la gente parece raro en París “.

En Brasil Filatélico n º 163, de diciembre de 1971, el Sr. Antonio Pereira da Silva habló de principios del siglo 20 en una parte de sus ‘Memorias de Filatelia’, dijo: “… me detuve en la puerta del Sr. Figueiredo Felizardo Sete de Setembro calle, casi en la esquina de la Plaza Tiradentes, para ver lo que sólo puede comprar un millonario. El cliente es el mejor hijo Itacurussá Barón, que más tarde donó la colección a una orden religiosa francesa “.
La palabra “después” puede significar alrededor de 1906 y la donación debe ser incluido Estados Xiphopagus triplete. Se supone que la orden religiosa de los monjes cas telo mismo tiempo, Francia se declaró por el Sr. Pereira da Silva, y que no todas las colecciones o partes de él enviados. La verdad es que el Sr. Lemaire comprar esta parte de la orden religiosa de Francia en 1906, o quizás a principios del 1907, debido a Xiphopagus del trío se muestra en una exposición en Francia a mediados de 1907.

Y como información adicional, en una exposición internacional en París, 21 a 30 junio de 1913, el Sr. Jorge Rodríguez obtuvo el Gran Premio de Exhibiciones, un jarrón de Sèvres, la oferta del Presidente de Francia. La colección ocupa una habitación grande y L’Echo de la revista Timbrologie hablar de ello dice: “… la colección se compone exclusivamente de los sellos utilizados de diferentes países”. En agosto de 1913, el texto íntegro del anuncio publicado en Sao Paulo Philatelico y describió algunos de los sellos en la pantalla, pero no menciona el triplete en la colección del Sr. Rodríguez.

Información proporcionada por el señor Phillips que partes de ella había pertenecido al señor Rodríguez parece haber una carencia básica. Es posible, pero es verdad casi, que era un error, porque como dice unas pocas líneas sobre el Sr. Rodríguez, un coleccionista de sellos sólo para usar. Aún más, para confirmar definitivamente mi culpa el señor Phillips descubrió, durante mi investigación, en la Real Sociedad Filatélica de Stanley Gibbons Mensual Diario, 30 de octubre de 1911, un artículo escrito por el Sr. Pierre Mahé, tiene la suavidad de TH señor. Lemaire, una lista de los Palmares de la exposición de Buenos Aires sello, que se celebró en agosto 28 a septiembre 9 1911.

En la página 15, el nombre del Sr. Theo Lemaire está en la lista como participante y describir algunas de las piezas de Brasil colección: una de usos múltiples 4 de 300rs figuras oblicuas, algunos números no utilizados de 4 600R oblicua; pluma tiempos Toro a 15 de 600R figuras y bandas de ojos rasgados verticalmente desde la 30rs, 30rs y 60rs.

Está claro, o al menos más probable es que todas las piezas filatélicas de Brasil, los dos últimos por cierto, en ese momento bajo la propiedad del Sr. Lemaire, una vez perteneció a la colección del Sr. Mesquita Martins y luego donado a los monjes de Francia.

Cuarto período – 1916-1944

De acuerdo con el Sr. Carlos J. Phillips, en 1916 una colección de Rodríguez fue dividida y vendida. A partir de ese momento, Sello “XIPHOPAGUS triplete” ojo de buey se convierte en manos del coleccionista norteamericano Charles Lathrop Pack. De hecho, el Sr. Lemaire triplete venden directamente al Sr. Pack y permanecer con él durante 28 años. En sus manos puede ser la fama en todo el mundo y el prestigio.

El Brasil Filatélico, a partir de septiembre 1944 edición, publicó un anuncio de la casa de subastas (Harmer, Rooke & Co., Nueva York) en el interior de la contraportada de la revista. Decía: “Subasta de Grandes, el 4 de diciembre de 1944, a partir de paquete de colecciones de famosos … CL Harmer, Rooke & Co. se complace en anunciar la venta en subasta de la famosa colección se estima por EE.UU. $ 500,000.00 (equivalente a diez millones de cruceiros) … Todo el serie de colecciones de Argentina, Brasil y España tienen una pieza única. Rivadávias Magnífico. cuestiones primera y segunda de Brasil, incluyendo la línea de los ojos de toro de 30, 30 y 60 “.

Paquete de carril subastados el 8 de diciembre de 1944 y se registró con 824 lotes. Catálogo de los estados: “colección de sellos raros de la tarde paquete de Charles Lathrop se venderá con el permiso del actual propietario, el Sr. Arturo N., y el Sr. Randolph G. Paquete de Lot 824:.. 30, 30 y 60rs línea con tres sellos: los dos sellos y 30rs la franja inferior 60rs. rodeado por un margen leve y cancelado. tapa superior tiene un poco delgado. paquete de tira es una de las colecciones de paquete de joyas. Es único. Esta es la hermosa (en la foto, la placa de 29). ”

Después de la subasta, la casa Harmer proporcionar una lista de las piezas se venden a un precio que reciben y para muchos en EE.UU. 824 $ 6.250 (seis mil doscientos cincuenta dólares). Hugo Fraccaroli en la Crónica Conversaciones Filatélico Fiada publicado en Brasil, a partir de diciembre de 1944, predijo que los recortes podrían llegar a un precio mínimo de 5.000 dólares EE.UU. como una oferta viene de Brasil. Pero no mencionó que está interesado. Una vez más, en la misma crónica, ahora de marzo de 1945, Hugo Fraccaroli decir que el valor de las ventas de igual a Cr $ 125,000.00 (ciento veinticinco mil cruzeiros).

Quinto Período – 1944-1954
En 1945, esta parte de Brasil se ofreció a varios coleccionistas importantes como Carlos Augusto Seabra y Vianna Niso. Este último, en la memoria del que fue publicado en Brasil Filatélico, dijo: “Eso fue en 1945 que un tal Souren Sr. venir a mi oficina y pedazos de la demostración, pidiendo $ 100 000 (cien mil reales) Este hombre es un adicto a las apuestas que había viajado por todo el mundo. . Cuando tenía dinero, compró los sellos y los venden cuando lo necesitaba. Así que cuando llegó vestido feo y torpe, no creo que la oferta. Sin embargo, a medida que hablábamos me di cuenta de que no hay trucos de miedo de él. Presentó un documento de compra pasado, entre otros, lo que hace que mis sentimientos de sospecha se ha perdido. Yo no compre una pieza porque piensan que el precio es de Figueiredo muy alto “. La cantidad mencionada anteriormente es el equivalente a 5.000 dólares EE.UU. (cinco mil dólares) en ese momento.

Todo el misterio se resolvió. Triplete es el verdadero dueño del Sr. Y. Souren, que lo compró en una subasta Harmer, Rooke & Co..

Sexto Período – 1954-1963

Edición española de la revista Life (a partir de julio de 1954) publicó un informe crítico del ‘Los Más Raros del Mundo Sellos’, con ocho páginas a todo color e ilustradas. En una de ellas hay una fotografía del trío con un precio: 15.000 dólares EE.UU. (quince mil dólares). En esta sección se titula ‘La Crema de las mas Grandes Colecciones “informa:” 43 – Brasil 1843, un par de 30 Reis con uno de los 60, Y. Souren’ s Administración Legacy, New York “.

En Bahía Filatélica n º 29, una revista publicada en marzo de 1955, Edgard Teixeira se refiere a un aviso que informa la Associated Press en un artículo del trío fue vendido por un vendedor de cupones de Nueva York, Robert Lyman, 15.000 dólares EE.UU..

El 16 de mayo de 1968, el Sr. AG Santos envió una carta al Sr. Robert Lyman, comerciantes filatélicos de Boston, para solicitar información acerca de esto. Sr. Lyman respondió:.. “… He comprado” Track Pack “de un activo Y. Souren ‘s en Nueva York como un comerciante filatélico que se lo vendió a la final de la Gálvez Madrid Manuel, quien también se venden a coleccionistas Contini de Florencia Con la difusión de Contini tesoro, la pieza fue adquirida por el Dr. JA Almeida Dias, que puede ponerse en contacto para más información “.

El Sr. Gálvez es un sello importante de los agentes españoles, que murió en 1960. Sr. AG Santos envió una carta a Almeida Dias, médico y coleccionista de Lisboa, solicitar información, pero nunca recibió respuesta. Lo intentó de nuevo a través de un amigo que entregó la carta para él, pero de nuevo no obtuvo una respuesta.

Sin embargo, durante LUBRAPEX’72 Exposición, que tuvo lugar en Aveiro – Portugal, Maurino Ferreira, uno de los mayores expositores de Brasil, 70 y 80 años, recibió la visita del Dr. Almeida Dias en su habitación de hotel. Durante la charla se dijo que algunos detalles de cómo el paquete de Gaza pasó a manos del Dr. A. Dias. Sr. Mauriño Ferreira publicó un artículo titulado “La historia de pack de canciones de Little ‘en el periódico Diario de Noticias, Belo Horizonte, el 2 de junio de 1985, y aquí unas cuantas palabras:” Después de la muerte del conde en Contini, entregó la colección a los herederos distribuidor de Londres, Boajanowicht (polacos, británicos más tarde), que vende Track Pack para el Dr. JA Almeida Dias, en Londres, en junio de 1959, junto con muchos otros relevantes rara excepción, incluyendo a varias figuras importantes lado 90rs, papel grueso. El 30 de noviembre de 1962, el Dr. Almeida Dias vendidos Track Pack, junto con todas las colecciones de gran valor, al distribuidor Michel, Hamer Hooke de Londres, lo que hace una subasta importante en 1963. ”

Como resultado, la fecha de venta Gálvez a Contini, y los precios implicados todavía están desaparecidos.

Desde 1959, la colección del Dr. Almeida Dias ha estado en exposiciones internacionales, donde triplete Xiphopagus siempre se muestran. En SICILIA’59 en Palermo, 16 de octubre al 26 recibió la Medalla de Oro y el Premio Especial. Pada BARCELONA’60, 26 de marzo al 5 de abril, recibió la Medalla de Oro y una voz exposición en el Grand-Prix. En LONDON’60 consigue la medalla de oro.

Séptimo Período – 1963-1969

Londres Harmer, Rooke & Co. Catálogo de la casa le dijo a dos volúmenes (un texto y la imagen de uno) de piezas de subastas filatélicas de la colección del Dr. Almeida Dias, que se celebrará el 7 y 8 de marzo de 1963. Triplete, muchos figuran como 134. Estados descripción: “El paquete de la línea de celebrar consiste en tiras verticales 3 con dos copias de la 30R (NRS 11, 17) y una copia de la 60R (n º 5), todos los márgenes claros redondo, grande en tres lados, de arriba apenas ha 30R. se ve delgado, muy atractivo, además de único este es uno de los más grandes del mundo de la filatelia raros, de Brasil (foto) “.

Valor estimado de una pieza es 8.000 libras (£ 8.000 en Inglés). En la subasta, en esta sección asciende a un total de £ 8.250 (ocho mil, £ 250 Reino Unido), junto con Cr $ 16,000,000.00 (dieciséis millones de cruceiros) en ese momento.

El 28 de agosto de 1965, el Sr. Santos AG consultar el Sr. Rolf Meyer, un sello importante comerciante de Sao Paulo, sobre los resultados de la subasta. Informó que la parte que no se vendió en realidad, pero sus negocios internos, como lo ha sido vendido a un distribuidor sello británico WE Lea. Explicó: “… Resulta que Harmer, Rooke & Co. La casa y el Sr. Lea (a menos que me equivoque) el mismo grupo pertenece a Stanley Gibbons Por lo tanto, la pieza es el comercio interior.”.

El señor Meyer continúa: “Poco tiempo después de la subasta, Ferndinad d’Almeida obtuvo a cambio de una pieza de su colección de Hong Kong y otros sellos, pero como él pidió al Sr. d’Almeida, una obra todavía en Londres, será entregado sólo al final de la transacción del Sr. D. Almeida tiene problemas de salud y dolor, aunque no estaba en peligro de vida. Tal vez esta operación será cancelada, lo que se decide ahora. ”

Ferdinad J. d’Almeida es un reconocido coleccionista de vida en Sao Paulo. A pesar de un ciudadano británico, que nació en Hong Kong, la razón de su especialización filatélicos. Cuando cayó enfermo a mediados de 1965, se embarcó a Londres, cuando tenía la intención de ponerse bien de nuevo en su casa de Inglés.

Sr. G. Áureo Santos escribió a Rolf Meyer, que responde a 22 de marzo 1968 ilumina algunos otros puntos. Se le dijo: “una pieza fue vendida en una subasta por Lea distribuidor sello Almeida Dias en Inglés Esto es lo que dijo el funcionario y fue exhibido en el Centenario muestran Stanley Sello Gibbons como pertenecientes Ferdinad d’Almeida, un coleccionista de sellos de São Paulo Esta operación no es.. materializa, se disolvería después de d’Almeida sufrió un ataque cerebral “.

En Londres filatélico n º 871, de julio de 1965, Stanley Gibbons House publicó un anuncio de página entera con fotos triplete XIPHOPAGUS.

En resumen, la venta de esta escasez del Sr. d’Almeida nunca alcanzado y, de hecho, esto rara vez permanecen en la casa de propiedad del Grupo Filatélico Stanley Gibbons hasta 1969.

Octavo Período – 1969-1986

Stanley Gibbons Catálogo de sellos en 1968, que publicó un anuncio de página entera sobre triplete con sus fotografías, incluidas en el Brasil Actos Jurídicos Documentados.

El año que viene, 4-5 de febrero de 1969, Stanley Gibbons a una subasta internacional de la colección de Lars Amundsen, con los sellos clásicos de Europa, Asia y América del Sur. Después de este catálogo, puedo comprobar que la Xiphopagus triplete incluido entre las piezas ofrecidas. Que aparece en los 185 lotes y se les dijo que ellos tienen el 1967 Real Sociedad Filatélica de certificados. Estimar el valor de esta sección es de £ 8.000 (£ 8,000) o 19,200.00 dólares EE.UU. (19 000, 200 dólares). Por lo tanto, el tipo de cambio en ese momento fue EE.UU. $ 2,40 la libra esterlina.

Stanley Gibbons le dio la impresión de que el trío de Amundsen-conocido filatelista. La verdad es que es sólo un truco de las promociones. La casa en realidad propiedad de la filatélica británica más tarde.

Triplete fue vendido por £ 8,700 (ocho mil 700 libras). Una vez más el sello distribuidor estadounidense Robert Lyman tomaron parte en el negocio, esta vez titulado como corredor y representan el conocido coleccionista norteamericano Norman S. Hubbard, el comprador real.

Excelente conjunto de sellos de Brasil del Sr. Hubbard expuesto en WIPA’81, y recibió la Gran Medalla de Oro. Se compone de los ojos del toro se usa y no se utiliza en pares, tiras y múltiples, además de un montón de cobertura. Todos ellos son piezas excepcionales, entre ellos el famoso triplete XIPHOPAGUS.

Noveno Período – 1986-1994

Mientras AMERIPEX’86 Exposición Mundial en curso en Chicago, desde may 22-jun 1, 1986, Robert A. Siegel subasta Galleries Inc. realizó subastas importantes. El evento se llevó a cabo en el Hyatt Regency O’Hare Hotel, el 25 de mayo, donde “El N. Gordon Colección de clásicos de John Brasil fue subastada. Siegel catálogo filatélico emitido una hermosa casa con 46 páginas y cubierta de oro y negro y fotografías en blanco y negro, especialmente para los ojos sellos de toro, que forma parte de las colecciones mencionadas. En la portada de la famosa fotografía de la Xiphopagus triplete figura como mucho 2024. Descripción dice: “2024 – 30R Negro, Par en la Franja de Gaza tres verticales se-tenant con 60R, el” paquete de medidas “(1a) Las placas compuestas,” D “del Estado, 30R posiciones 11 y 17, 60R-5 posición, de gran tamaño. por un amplio margen, la línea divisoria de la 60R dos exteriores y el centro entre el fondo y el valor de la 30R, 1844 PMKS limpio sin fronteras ‘Correio Geral da Corte, aumento la luz que acabamos de mencionar “para el registro y de ninguna manera disminuye el valor de tesoro único Filatélico. Considerada escasos en el top ten mundial y sin duda en la misma clase que el Reino Unido Magenta 1p Guyana y Mauricio la ‘Oficina de Correos de las cubiertas de Ex Pack, Almeida Dias, Amundsen El valor estimado de EE.UU. $ 250,000.00 -.. EE.UU. $ 300,000.00 “.

Está claro que el mantenimiento de Lars Amundsen como uno de los propietarios del trío anterior, tales como Stanley Gibbons en 1969 hace referencia a una subasta, lo hacen con el objetivo de fortalecer el valor de la pieza. Ni siquiera le pertenecía a él. De la misma manera, hoy en día, dijo que el actual propietario es el Dr. Hubbard y que no se mencionan en el catálogo. Gordon N. Juan es sólo un seudónimo para el efecto general.

Yo asistí a este evento con el Sr. Angelo Lima, tanto de nosotros como expositores en AMERIPEX. No mostró gran interés a la pieza. Durante la subasta no es una batalla de ofertas entre el corredor y el Sr. Peter Meyer, un comerciante de sellos de São Paulo (Brasil). Agentes de mejorar con una oferta de EE.UU. de $ 250,000.00 (doscientos cincuenta mil dólares). Un día, el Sr. Angelo Lima, la naturalización portugués de Brasil y de la industria en Sao Paulo, en la alegría de decirme que tenía el comprador final. Después de 86 años en el extranjero, Triplet Xiphopagus de regreso a Brasil de nuevo.

El Sr. Lima se convirtió en la mayor colección de Brasil y los participantes de todos los tiempos con su colección de la Imperial de Brasil Campeón Nacional 1843-1866 y el más grande también. Recibió varios premios internacionales como el International Grand-Prix y la Medalla de Oro en el Gran PHILEXFRANCE 89, Grand-Prix Campeonato de PHILANIPPON ’91 y dos Medalla de Oro del año anterior.

Décimo Período – 1995-2008

Después de conseguir los dos mayores premios de la filatelia internacional, International Grand-Prix y Grand Prix de Campeones, el Sr. Lima decidió vender su colección. La casa de subastas se seleccionó David Feldman S / A, que en 1993 catálogo de ventas de América Latina (n º 3) del trío Xiphopagus presentado en el mercado filatélico, como muchos de los 30 045. Se describe en la página 11: “par en una franja vertical de tres 60rs 30rs” se-tenant “-” Track Pack “que el famoso de un segundo plato compuesto,” D “del Estado, las posiciones 11 y 17 de 30rs, 60rs posición 5 grandes. por un amplio margen, dos exteriores y una línea central que divide entre el fondo y los 60rs 30rs, cancelada en dos ocasiones por el POM sin fronteras 1844 “Correio da Geral Corte ‘, aumento la luz de la precisión sólo se menciona. Charles Lathrop Pack (1857-1937) fue un Los principales compradores en el Ferrary venta y forma un importante estudio especial de los problemas clásicos del mundo. colecciones de Brasil es una leyenda en vida. Esta banda de gran fama “se-tenant” reunidos se reconoce que los elementos más espectaculares de la colección de paquete y ser aceptado como un …. TOP MUNDIAL rara en todos los filatelia DIEZ expectativa claro que los objetos más valiosos y parte importante de Brasil y América del Sur filatelia Ex señor Almeida Dias, Amundsen y Hubbard valor: SFr1.000.000 “.

Amundsen, una vez más se menciona como un propietario anterior de esta sección. No tiene nada que ver con eso. En la lista se habló de la subasta de los resultados se consideran piezas han sido vendidos por un millón de francos suizos. De hecho, en realidad no es vendido. Luego, en 1995, el mercado filatélico internacional fue informada de que en el negocio de tratamiento privadas, Triplet Xiphopagus a su dueño original, americano, Nornam S. Hubbard.

Hasta ahora no ha habido confirmación oficial de los detalles del negocio. No era sólo la niebla y la niebla, pero se sabe que el Sr. Hubbard había pagado EE.UU. $ 650,000.00 (seiscientos cincuenta mil dólares para “line pack”. Además, también gastó más dinero para comprar bellas de Brasil y otras partes importantes de la antigua colección del Sr. Lima, como el bloqueo no utilizado de los cuatro lados 300rs, un bloque de 18 (dieciocho) sello de ojos oblicuos ditambah 90rs 60rs Bull en un gran trozo de cancelar con el sello postal de Río Grande do Norte, los bloques utilizados 6 (seis) que oblicua 180rs y bloques que no utilizan 4 (cuatro) que 600R cursiva.

Por desgracia, el “Track Pack” para salir de Brasil una vez más.

Undécimo Período – 2008 en

El 5 de junio de 2008, la casa de subastas Siegel Auction Galleries, Inc., con sede en Nueva York, ha informado a la venta de franqueo sello brasileño, a través de una licitación pública, de Islander Collection. El triplete Xiphopagus son parte de esta venta, ha recibido el número 17 en el hermoso catálogo que ha generado y vendido por el récord impresionante de $ 1.900,000.00 (más la prima de 15% de compradores). Era mucho el precio más alto jamás alcanzado por una América Latina y el elemento filatélico no divulgación del nombre del comprador. Se supo de información privilegiada que el agente americano, Irwin Weinberg, compró el 20% de las muchas islas. Algunas fuentes han señalado que el artículo fue comprado como una inversión y del trío otras fuentes Xiphopagus no se vende y se mantuvo en manos de los propietarios de colecciones de las Islas, de América del Norte el Sr. Norman S. Hubbard. Una fuente dijo que el tercer elemento es vendido por ningún postor en $ 1.8 M – El Sr. Armand Rousso – están presentes en la sala. Se vendió a un postor telefónico que quiere, por el momento, permanecer en el anonimato.

indonesian version:

Artikel ini awalnya diterbitkan dalam pengumpul perangko London dari The Royal Philatelic Society, London pada 1300 jumlah edisi November 2002 dan di majalah Mosaico, Tahun XIII, nr 37, April 2003, dari Camara Brasileira de Filatelia – Belo Horizonte – Brasil.

Untuk edisi ini pasal ini direvisi dan juga mengalami modifikasi kecil dalam Periode Keenam 1954-1963, dibandingkan dengan yang asli diterbitkan oleh Royal Philatelic Society, London, karena menemukan sebuah artikel yang ditulis oleh Mr Maurino Ferreira dan diterbitkan di surat kabar Diario de Noticias, pada tanggal 2 Juni 1985, Belo Horizonte.

Artikel ini telah diupdate oleh penulis pada bulan September 2008.

 Description: Dua ditambah satu 30rs 60rs di Mata Banteng prangko di se-penyewa Strip vertikal, dari piring komposit kedua, negara D (re-terukir piring). 30rs (posisi 11 dan 17 – dari panel atas) dan 60rs (posisi 5 – dari panel menengah). Hal ini dibatalkan dengan dua cap pos tanpa bingkai hitam dari ‘Correio da Corte Geral’ (PA1185), di mana hampir tidak dapat dibaca 11??. 0,1844 (tampaknya Juni). Potongan telah dicuci. Ini memiliki marjin bahkan tepat, margin bawah yang cukup baik dan satu kiri dan atas yang besar. Cap atas memiliki tipis kecil. Lipatan cahaya hanya disebutkan ‘untuk catatan’. SATU DARI langka yang paling luar biasa DARI BRASIL DAN AMERIKA LATIN. UNIK!
Provenance: Ex. Lindgren, Mesquita Martins, Lemaire, Pack, Souren, Contini, Almeida Dias, Stanley Gibbons, Hubbard, Angelo Lima, Hubbard.


Dalam tiga puluhan yang “triplet” milik pengumpul perangko terkenal Charles Lathrop Pack dan dijuluki “The Strip Pack” oleh orang-orang di dunia filateli Inggris. Kemudian kehilangan “s” dan hanya menjadi “Jalur Pack”.

Pertama Periode – 1843-1900

Para Triplet Xiphopagus tetap tidak diketahui untuk sedikit lebih dari lima puluh tahun. Pada bulan Oktober 1897, Mr Kopenhagen diterbitkan, dalam Philatélico Jornal dari São Paulo, artikel “Sebuah Unknown Error dari Brasil” yang ditulis oleh Mr Thadeu Rangel Pestana. Ini adalah referensi pertama untuk Triplet tersebut.

Mr Pestana adalah presiden Klub Filateli di Sao Paulo dan penulis beberapa artikel filateli. Berikut adalah beberapa kata-katanya: “Hari ini kami senang untuk memberikan pembaca kesempatan untuk mengenal salah satu langka yang paling penting dari koleksi perangko Brasil, atau mungkin yang terbesar yang pernah terlihat. Kami berutang menawarkan jenis fotografi ini kami mereproduksi, teman pribadi kita dan kolektor terkemuka dari Rio de Janeiro, Mr José Pereira I. Lima. Mereka adalah dua 30rs diikat ke satu perangko 60rs Bull Mata. Kami menjamin bahwa tiga perangko adalah otentik, dicetak pada kertas yang sama dan tidak ada Patch maupun penipuan apapun “.

Pada akhir artikel ia berkata: “Pemilik beruntung dari permata filateli adalah Mr Carl Johan Lindgren, seorang Brazil dari asal Swedia, yang tinggal di Bahia tapi sekarang tinggal di Rio de Janeiro. Dia memiliki koleksi megah penuh langka. Dia adalah kolektor yang paling penting dari negara kita yang masih belum diketahui sejauh banyak orang lain masih “.

Dalam komunitas filateli dia dikenal sebagai Charles (atau Chas) J. Lindgren. Ia lahir di Salvador Kota (Bahia) pada tanggal 23 Desember 1846. Dia, seperti ayahnya, Swedia dan Norwegia wakil konsul di Provinsi Bahia. Dia meninggal di Rio de Janeiro pada 14 Januari 1916.

Pada bulan berikutnya setelah artikel Mr Pestana itu, edisi November majalah yang sama menerbitkan sebuah artikel yang ditulis oleh Mr Bernardo Alves Pereira di bawah judul yang sama. Dan dia berkata: “… Saya melihat potongan asli: dua 30rs dan satu prangko 60rs bergabung dalam posisi vertikal, dan semua dicetak pada lembaran kertas yang sama … Oleh karena itu, bukan masalah kesalahan …”.

Periode Kedua – 1900-1906

Pada tahun 1900, Philatelista Paulistano majalah (Juli / edisi September), dari Asosiasi Philatelic Brasil, melaporkan: “Pak Teixeira de Figueiredo Felizardo mengatakan kepada kami bahwa ia menyelesaikan penjualan dari sebuah triplet menarik dan langka perangko 1843. Mereka adalah dua dan satu 60rs 30rs, dicetak bersama pada lembar yang sama dan dibatalkan oleh kantor pos. Kelangkaan indah semacam itu dijual dengan harga $ 000 2:000 (dua juta Reis) “. Nilai ini setara dengan US $ 800,00 (delapan ratus dolar) berdasarkan kurs periode.

Felizardo de Figueiredo adalah dealer cap terbesar di Rio de Janeiro pada saat itu. Rumah filateli Nya terkenal untuk menawarkan potongan yang paling indah dan langka dari Brasil. Itu pada Sete de Setembro Jalan; hampir di sudut Largo do Rocio, hari ini Tiradentes Square.

Majalah ini tidak menginformasikan penjual atau nama pembeli. Namun, pada tahun 1963, Mr AG Santos mewawancarai Mr Alfredo Costa, pemilik ‘J. Philatelica Costa dan putra mantan pemilik, Mr J. Costa, tentang pemberitahuan ayahnya diterbitkan dalam O Philatelista tertanggal 15 Agustus 1908. Mr J. Costa menyatakan bahwa “triplet telah dikagumi di pameran perangko langka, yang baru-baru dilakukan di Perancis …” (tepatnya pada tahun 1907 – Paris). Ia juga mengatakan: “selain ini, potongan lain dikagumi ada: kelipatan digunakan 15 perangko 600rs – Angka miring”.

Mr Alfredo Costa juga menginformasikan bahwa pembeli Triplet telah menjadi anak dari Itacurussá Baron, yang namanya ia tidak ingat, kecuali dia tinggal di Rio de Janeiro dan ia meninggal karena TBC paru. Kami datang untuk mengetahui bahwa Baron Itacurussá (1889), yang judulnya diberikan dengan keindahan, adalah Manuel Miguel Martins (1831-1911), orang yang sangat kaya, menjadi seorang tuan tanah yang luas dan kapitalis di Rio de Janeiro. Istrinya Baroness Elisa de Mesquita Jerônima Martins, Count putri Mesquita dan Marquis dari cucu Bomfim itu. Baron adalah pembeli besar dari Lelang Paço Imperial, di mana selain banyak barang berharga ia juga membeli semua layanan porselen dari D. Pedro I dan pernikahan D. Amelia de Leuchtemburg itu.

Putranya, José de Mesquita Martins (1874-1916), lahir di Rio de Janeiro dan mati di Lisbon, adalah seorang pemain suling yang luar biasa, penggemar perangko penting dan pembeli dari triplet XIPHOPAGUS.

Periode Ketiga – 1906-1916

Mr Charles J. Phillips perjalanan ke Brazil (dari Oktober 1909 hingga Februari 1910) untuk beberapa penelitian filateli, karena ia ingin memperbarui Katalog Prangko sudah terkenal Universal. Dia membeli sekitar lima ratus ribu perangko Brasil untuk Stanley Gibbons filateli rumah, di mana ia salah satu pemilik. Ia menghadiri sebuah pertemuan di Klub Kolektor New York, pada bulan Maret 1932, tentang perangko dari isu pos pertama Brasil, dan dia menulis sebuah artikel tentang ini, yang diterbitkan dalam majalah asosiasi filateli pada bulan April 1932. Berikut adalah beberapa bagian: “… bahwa pengumpulan Mr Pack memiliki strip vertikal dari dua perangko 30rs, kosong, dan satu cap 60rs … Ia menambahkan: … bahwa dia melihat bagian ini sekitar 25 tahun yang lalu dengan temannya Theo Lemaire, dari Avenue de l’Opera di Paris. Mr Lemaire dijual ini bagian dari nilai filateli langka untuk Mr Jorge E. Rodriguez, yang tinggal di Buenos Aires … dan … ketika koleksi ini terpecah pada 1916, ia datang ke tangan Mr Pack, seorang kolektor terkenal …”.

Sekitar 25 tahun yang lalu sesuai dengan tahun 1907, ketika bagian ini terlihat di tangan Mr Lemaire, editor Perancis dan dealer perangko, terletak di 16 Avenue de l’Opera.

Penjelasan untuk ini bagian muncul di Prancis dapat di koneksi dari sejarah yang diceritakan oleh Mr J. Costa dan Antônio Pereira da Silva. Mr J. Costa disebutkan dalam artikelnya: “Menurut apa yang kita ketahui, beberapa waktu kemudian pengumpul perangko kita berbicara tentang, sangat sedih dengan penyakit itu, disumbangkan kepada biarawan cas telo semua koleksi yang luar biasa, di mana ia menghabiskan lebih dari 400 $ 000 (empat ratus ribu Reis). Namun biarawan, berseragam tentang bagian berharga dari koleksi, memberi mereka pergi atau dijual mereka dengan harga rendah. Inilah sebabnya mengapa orang-orang langka muncul di Paris “.

Dalam º Filatélico Brasil n 163, dari Desember 1971, Mr Antonio Pereira da Silva berbicara tentang awal abad ke-20 dalam sebuah bagian-nya ‘Kenangan Philatelic’ berkata: “… Saya mulai berhenti di pintu Mr Felizardo Figueiredo di Sete de Setembro Street, hampir di sudut Tiradentes Square, untuk melihat apa yang hanya bisa membeli jutawan. Pelanggan yang terbaik adalah Baron putra Itacurussá itu, yang koleksi kemudian disumbangkan ke sebuah ordo religius Prancis “.
Kata ‘nanti’ dapat berarti sekitar 1906 dan di donasi menyebutkan Triplet Xiphopagus dimasukkan pasti. Hal ini seharusnya bahwa biarawan cas telo milik ordo religius yang sama Perancis dinyatakan oleh Mr Pereira da Silva, dan bahwa di sana semua koleksi atau bagian dari itu dikirim ke. Yang benar adalah bahwa Mr Lemaire membeli bagian ini dari ordo religius Perancis pada tahun 1906, atau mungkin awal 1907, karena Triplet Xiphopagus ditunjukkan dalam sebuah pameran di Perancis di tengah-tengah 1907.

Dan sebagai informasi tambahan, dalam sebuah pameran internasional di Paris, dari 21-30 Juni 1913, Mr Jorge Rodriguez mendapat Pameran Grand-Prix, vas Sèvres, tawaran dari Presiden Prancis. Koleksi ini menempati ruangan besar dan L’Echo de la majalah Timbrologie berbicara tentang hal itu mengatakan: “… koleksi diberikan secara eksklusif terdiri dari perangko yang tidak terpakai dari negara yang berbeda”. Pada bulan Agustus 1913, teks lengkap dari pemberitahuan diterbitkan di Sao Paulo Philatelico dan dijelaskan beberapa perangko dipamerkan, tetapi tidak menyebutkan Triplet dalam koleksi Rodriguez Mr itu.

Informasi yang diberikan oleh Mr Phillips bahwa bagian ini sudah menjadi milik Mr Rodriguez tampaknya memiliki kurangnya dasar. Adalah mungkin, tapi hampir benar, bahwa itu adalah kesalahan, karena seperti dikatakan beberapa baris di atas Mr Rodriguez seorang kolektor prangko hanya untuk yang tidak terpakai. Bahkan lebih, untuk mengkonfirmasi definitif kesalahan Mr Phillips saya menemukan, selama penelitian saya, di The Philatelic Masyarakat Royal di Stanley Gibbons Bulanan Journal, 30 Oktober 1911, sebuah artikel yang ditulis oleh Mr Pierre Mahé, telah kelembutan TH Mr. Lemaire, daftar dari Palmares dari Pameran Prangko Buenos Aires, yang diselenggarakan pada 28 Agustus-9 September, 1911.

Pada halaman 15, nama Bapak Theo Lemaire terdaftar sebagai peserta dan menggambarkan beberapa potongan Brasil koleksi: kelipatan digunakan 4 dari Angka miring 300rs, sebuah beberapa yang tidak terpakai dari 4 600rs Angka miring; pena -stroke beberapa 15 dari Angka miring 600rs dan strip Mata Bull vertikal dari 30rs, 30rs dan 60rs.

Hal ini jelas atau setidaknya yang paling mungkin bahwa semua potongan-potongan filateli Brasil, dua terakhir pasti, pada saat itu di bawah milik Mr Lemaire, pernah menjadi milik koleksi Mr Mesquita Martins dan kemudian disumbangkan ke para biarawan Prancis .

Periode Keempat – 1916-1944

Menurut Mr Charles J. Phillips, pada 1916 koleksi Mr Rodriguez dibagi dan dijual. Dari saat itu, “triplet XIPHOPAGUS” perangko Bull Mata berubah ke tangan kolektor Amerika Charles Lathrop Pack. Sungguh, Mr Lemaire dijual Triplet langsung ke Pak Kemas dan tinggal bersamanya selama 28 tahun. Di tangannya itu bisa ketenaran di seluruh dunia dan prestise.

Para Filatelico Brasil, dari edisi September 1944, menerbitkan sebuah rumah lelang iklan (Harmer, Rooke & Co, di New York) di bagian dalam sampul belakang majalah. Dikatakan: “Lelang Besar, pada 4 Desember 1944, dari koleksi terkenal CL Pack … Harmer, Rooke & Co dengan bangga mengumumkan penjualan dengan lelang koleksi terkenal diperkirakan oleh US $ 500.000,00 (setara dengan sepuluh juta cruzeiros) … Seluruh rangkaian koleksi dari Argentina, Brasil dan Spanyol memiliki potongan unik. Magnificent Rivadávias. Brasil pertama dan kedua masalah, termasuk jalur Mata Bull dari 30, 30 dan 60 “.

Jalur Pack dilelang pada tanggal 8 Desember 1944 dan itu terdaftar di bawah 824 banyak. Katalog menyatakan: “Langka dari koleksi perangko akhir Charles Lathrop Pack akan dijual dengan izin pemiliknya yang sekarang, Mr Arthur N. dan Mr Randolph G. Pack. Lot 824: 30, 30 dan 60rs. Jalur dengan 3 perangko: dua atas perangko 30rs dan yang bawah 60rs. Strip dikelilingi oleh marjin dan ringan dibatalkan. Cap atas memiliki sedikit tipis. Strip Pack adalah salah satu permata koleksi Pack. Ini adalah unik. Ini adalah bagian yang indah (lihat foto, piring 29) “.

Setelah lelang, rumah Harmer memberikan sebuah daftar dari potongan-potongan yang dijual dengan harga yang mereka dapatkan dan untuk banyak 824 itu US $ 6,250 (enam ribu, dua ratus lima puluh dolar). Hugo Fraccaroli dalam babad Conversa Fiada diterbitkan di Brasil Filatelico, dari Desember 1944, meramalkan bahwa potongan bisa mencapai harga minimal US $ 5,000 seperti tawaran datang dari Brazil. Tapi ia tidak menyebutkan yang tertarik. Sekali lagi, dalam babad yang sama, sekarang dari Maret 1945, Hugo Fraccaroli mengatakan bahwa nilai penjualan sama dengan Cr $ 125.000,00 (125000 cruzeiros).

Periode Kelima – 1944-1954
Pada tahun 1945, bagian ini ditawarkan kepada beberapa kolektor Brasil penting seperti Carlos Augusto Seabra dan Niso Vianna. Yang terakhir, dalam ingatan yang diterbitkan di Brasil Filatelico berkata: “Itu pada tahun 1945 bahwa Mr tertentu Souren datang ke kantor saya dan menunjukkan potongan, meminta 100 $ 000 (seratus ribu Reis). Orang ini adalah seorang pecandu judi yang telah putaran berkeliling dunia. Ketika dia punya uang dia membeli prangko dan ketika membutuhkannya dia menjual mereka. Jadi, ketika ia tiba buruk dan kikuk berpakaian, aku tidak percaya tawarannya. Namun, saat kami berbicara saya menyadari bahwa tak ada cheat untuk takut padanya. Ia mempresentasikan sebuah dokumen pembelian disahkan antara lain, apa yang membuat perasaan saya dari kecurigaan hilang. Saya tidak membeli sepotong karena mengira Figueiredo harga sangat tinggi “. Jumlah yang disebutkan di atas adalah setara dengan US $ 5,000 (lima ribu dolar) pada waktu itu.

Semua misteri itu terpecahkan. Pemilik sebenarnya dari Triplet adalah Bapak Y. Souren, yang membelinya di Harmer, Rooke & Co lelang itu.

Periode Keenam – 1954-1963

Edisi Spanyol majalah Life (dari Juli 1954) menerbitkan sebuah laporan penting tentang ‘Los Más del Mundo Sellos Raros’ dengan delapan halaman berwarna dan diilustrasikan. Dalam salah satu dari mereka ada adalah foto dari Triplet dengan harga: US $ 15.000 (lima belas ribu dolar). Bagian ini berjudul ‘La Crema de las mas Grandes Colecciones’ menginformasikan: “43 – Brasil 1843, sepasang 30 Reis dengan salah satu dari 60; Y. Souren ‘s Administrasi Legacy, New York”.

Di Bahia Filatélica n º 29, majalah yang diterbitkan Maret 1955, Edgard Teixeira mengacu pada pemberitahuan Associated Press dalam artikelnya menginformasikan Triplet itu dijual oleh seorang pedagang perangko dari New York, Robert Lyman, sebesar US $ 15.000.

Pada tanggal 16 Mei 1968, Mr AG Santos mengirim surat kepada Mr Robert Lyman, dealer filateli dari Boston, menanyakan informasi tentang hal ini. Mr Lyman menjawab: “… Saya membeli ‘Jalur Pack’ dari aset Y. an Souren ‘s di New York. Sebagai dealer filateli saya menjualnya ke Galvez Manoel akhir dari Madrid, yang juga dijual ke kolektor Contini dari Firenze Italia. Dengan penyebaran harta Contini itu, potongan diakuisisi oleh Dr JA Almeida Dias, yang Anda dapat menghubungi untuk informasi lebih lanjut “.

Mr Galvez adalah agen cap penting Spanyol, yang meninggal pada tahun 1960. Mr AG Santos mengirim surat kepada Almeida Dias, dokter dan kolektor dari Lisbon, meminta informasi, tapi ia tidak pernah menerima jawaban. Dia mencoba lagi melalui seorang teman yang disampaikan surat itu untuknya, tapi sekali lagi ia tidak mendapatkan jawaban.

Namun demikian, selama Pameran LUBRAPEX’72, diselenggarakan di Aveiro – Portugal, Maurino Ferreira, salah satu peserta pameran Brasil terbesar dari 70 dan 80, mendapat kunjungan dari Dr Almeida Dias di kamar hotelnya. Selama obrolan itu mengatakan beberapa rincian bagaimana Jalur Kemas datang ke Dr Dias tangan A.. Mr Maurino Ferreira menerbitkan sebuah artikel berjudul ‘Sejarah Little Jalur Pack’ di surat kabar Diario de Noticias, Belo Horizonte, pada tanggal 2 Juni 1985, dan di sini beberapa kata-katanya: “Setelah kematian sang earl Di Contini , ahli warisnya disampaikan koleksi ke dealer dari London, Boajanowicht (Polandia, nanti warga Inggris), yang menjual Jalur Pack untuk Dr JA Almeida Dias, di London, pada bulan Juni 1959, bersama dengan banyak relevan langka yang luar biasa , termasuk beberapa besar 90rs Angka miring, kertas tebal. Pada tanggal 30 November 1962, Dr Almeida Dias dijual Jalur Pack, bersama dengan semua koleksi berharga, ke dealer Michel, dari Hamer Hooke London, yang membuat lelang penting pada tahun 1963 “.

Akibatnya, tanggal penjualan Galvez untuk Contini, serta harga yang terlibat masih hilang.

Sejak 1959, koleksi Dr Almeida Dias telah dalam pameran internasional, di mana Triplet Xiphopagus selalu ditampilkan. Pada SICILIA’59 di Palermo, 16-26 Oktober, ia mendapat Medali Emas dan Penghargaan Khusus. Pada BARCELONA’60, dari 26 Maret-5 April, ia mendapat Medali Emas dan beberapa suara Pameran Grand-Prix. Pada LONDON’60 itu mendapat Medali Emas.

Periode Ketujuh – 1963-1969

London Harmer, Rooke & Co rumah memberi tahu dua katalog volume (satu teks dan foto satu) tentang lelang filateli potongan dari koleksi Dr Almeida Dias, yang akan diselenggarakan pada tanggal 7 dan 8 Maret 1963. Triplet itu banyak terdaftar sebagai 134. Deskripsi menyatakan: “Jalur Paket dirayakan terdiri strip vertikal 3 dengan dua salinan 30R tersebut. (NRS 11, 17) dan salinan 60r (tidak ada 5), ​​margin yang jelas semua bulat, besar pada tiga sisi, 30R atas memiliki hampir tak terlihat tipis, bagian yang sangat menarik; selain unik ini adalah salah satu langka filateli terbesar dalam dunia, tentu Brasil (foto) “.

Nilai sepotong diperkirakan adalah £ 8,000 (£ 8.000 bahasa Inggris). Dalam lelang, bagian ini mencapai total £ 8,250 (delapan ribu, £ 250 Inggris), sama dengan Cr $ 16.000.000,00 (enam belas juta cruzeiros) pada waktu itu.

Pada tanggal 28 Agustus 1965, Mr AG Santos berkonsultasi Mr Rolf Meyer, seorang pedagang perangko penting dari Sao Paulo, tentang hasil lelang. Ia memberitahu bahwa bagian itu tidak benar-benar dijual tetapi mereka bisnis internal, seperti yang telah dijual ke dealer cap Inggris KAMI Lea. Dia menjelaskan: “… Ini terjadi bahwa Harmer, Rooke & Co Rumah dan Mr Lea (kecuali saya salah) milik kelompok yang sama Stanley Gibbons. Jadi, potongan adalah perdagangan internal “.

Mr Meyer melanjutkan: “Beberapa waktu setelah lelang, Ferndinad d’Almeida sepotong diperoleh dalam pertukaran untuk nya Hong Kong Koleksi dan perangko lainnya, tetapi sebagai Mr d’Almeida dirinya bertanya, sepotong tetap di London akan dikirimkan hanya pada akhir transaksi. Mr d’Almeida memiliki masalah kesehatan dan sakit parah, meskipun dia tidak dalam bahaya kehidupan. Mungkin transaksi ini akan dibatalkan, apa yang sedang memutuskan sekarang “.

Ferdinad J. d’Almeida adalah hidup kolektor terkenal di Sao Paulo. Meskipun warga Inggris, ia lahir di Hong Kong, alasan untuk spesialisasi filateli nya. Ketika ia jatuh sakit pada pertengahan tahun 1965, ia mengambil kapal ke London, saat ia dimaksudkan untuk mendapatkan baik lagi di rumah bahasa Inggrisnya.

Mr Áureo G. Santos menulis surat kepada Rolf Meyer, yang jawaban 22 Maret 1968 menerangi beberapa poin lainnya. Dia memberitahu: “sepotong itu dijual di lelang Almeida Dias untuk Lea agen cap bahasa Inggris. Ini adalah apa yang resmi dikatakan dan itu dipamerkan di Show Gibbons Stamp Centenary Stanley sebagai milik Ferdinad d’Almeida, seorang pengumpul perangko dari São Paulo. Transaksi ini tidak terwujud, itu pasti bubar setelah d’Almeida mengalami serangan otak “.

Dalam pengumpul perangko London n º 871, dari bulan Juli 1965, Stanley Gibbons Rumah dipublikasikan sebuah iklan seluruh halaman dengan foto triplet XIPHOPAGUS.

Menyimpulkan, penjualan kelangkaan ini Mr d’Almeida pernah benar-benar dicapai dan pada kenyataannya jarang ini tetap pada properti Stanley Gibbons Grup Philatelic Gedung sampai 1969.

Kedelapan Periode – 1969-1986

Stanley Gibbons, pada tahun 1968 Katalog Prangko nya, yang diterbitkan sebuah iklan seluruh halaman tentang Triplet dengan foto nya, dimasukkan dalam bagian Prangko Brasil.

Tahun berikutnya, 4-5 Februari 1969, Stanley Gibbons mengadakan lelang internasional dari koleksi Lars Amundsen, dengan prangko klasik dari Eropa, Asia dan Amerika Selatan. Setelah katalog ini, saya memverifikasi bahwa Triplet Xiphopagus dimasukkan antara potongan-potongan yang ditawarkan. Itu terdaftar di bawah 185 banyak dan mereka diberitahu bahwa mereka memiliki 1967 Kerajaan Sertifikat Philatelic Masyarakat. Nilai estimasi untuk bagian ini adalah £ 8,000 (£ 8.000) atau US $ 19.200,00 (19.000, dua ratus dolar). Jadi, kurs pada waktu itu adalah US $ 2,40 untuk pound Inggris.

Stanley Gibbons memberi kesan bahwa Triplet milik Amundsen pengumpul perangko terkenal. Kebenaran adalah bahwa itu hanya trik promosi. Rumah benar-benar dimiliki filateli Inggris kemudian.

Triplet itu dijual oleh £ 8,700 (delapan ribu, tujuh ratus pon). Sekali lagi cap agen Amerika Robert Lyman mengambil bagian dalam bisnis, kali ini berjudul sebagai broker dan mewakili Amerika kolektor terkenal Norman S. Hubbard, pembeli yang sebenarnya.

Set perangko yang sangat baik dari Brasil dari Mr Hubbard dipamerkan di WIPA’81, dan mendapat Medali Emas Besar. Ini terdiri dari Mata Bull digunakan dan tidak digunakan berpasangan, strip dan kelipatan, selain banyak penutup. Mereka semua potongan yang luar biasa, termasuk triplet XIPHOPAGUS terkenal.

Kesembilan Periode – 1986-1994

Sementara Pameran Dunia AMERIPEX’86 sedang berlangsung di Chicago, dari 22 Mei-1 Juni 1986, Robert A. Siegel Lelang Galeri Inc mengadakan lelang penting. Acara ini berlangsung di Hyatt Regency O’Hare Hotel, pada 25 Mei, di mana ‘The Gordon N. Yohanes Classic Brasil’ koleksi dilelang. Siegel filateli rumah mengeluarkan katalog yang indah dengan 46 halaman, cover hitam dan emas dan foto hitam dan putih, khusus untuk prangko Bull Mata, bagian dari koleksi disebutkan. Pada sampul depan foto dari Triplet Xiphopagus terkenal yang terdaftar sebagai banyak 2024. Deskripsi menyatakan: “2024 – 30R Hitam, Pasangan Vertikal di Jalur Gaza Tiga penyewa Se-dengan 60r, para ‘Paket Jalur’ (1a). Kedua komposit piring, Negara ‘D’, 30R posisi 11 dan 17, 60r posisi 5, besar untuk margin besar, membagi dua garis luar dan sentral antara 30R bawah dan nilai 60r, PMKS 1844 tanpa bingkai rapi ‘Correio da Corte Geral’, cahaya lipatan hanya disebutkan ‘untuk catatan’ dan sama sekali tidak mengurangi nilai dari Harta Philatelic unik. Dianggap berada di sepuluh besar langka Dunia dan tentu saja di kelas yang sama sebagai Magenta Inggris 1p Guyana dan Mauritius yang ‘Kantor Pos’ Meliputi. Ex Pack, Almeida Dias, Amundsen. Perkiraan nilai US $ 250,000.00 – US $ 300,000.00 “.

Hal ini jelas bahwa menjaga Lars Amundsen sebagai salah satu pemilik Triplet sebelumnya, seperti Stanley Gibbons dalam lelang 1969 dimaksud, mereka melakukannya dengan tujuan untuk memperkuat nilai potongan. Bahkan tidak pernah menjadi miliknya. Dengan cara yang sama, saat ini, dikatakan bahwa pemilik hadir adalah Dr Hubbard dan bukan yang disebutkan dalam katalog. Gordon N. John hanya nama samaran untuk efek umum.

Saya menghadiri acara ini dengan Mr Angelo Lima, kami berdua sebagai peserta pameran dalam AMERIPEX. Dia tidak menunjukkan minat yang besar untuk potongan. Selama lelang ada pertempuran tawaran antara broker dan Bapak Peter Meyer, seorang pedagang perangko dari São Paulo (Brazil). Broker mendapat yang lebih baik dengan tawaran sebesar US $ 250.000,00 (dua ratus lima puluh ribu dolar). Suatu hari nanti Mr Angelo Lima, Portugis naturalisasi Brasil dan industri di Sao Paulo, dalam kebahagiaan besar mengatakan kepada saya ia telah pembeli akhir. Setelah 86 tahun di luar negeri, Triplet Xiphopagus kembali ke Brasil lagi.

Mr Lima menjadi kolektor Brasil terbesar dan peserta sepanjang masa dengan koleksi nya Kekaisaran Brasil 1843-1866 dan juga Juara Nasional terbesar. Dia mendapat beberapa penghargaan internasional sebagai International Grand-Prix dan Medali Emas Besar di PHILEXFRANCE ’89, Kejuaraan Grand-Prix di PHILANIPPON ’91 dan dua Medali Emas besar di tahun-tahun sebelumnya.

Kesepuluh Periode – 1995-2008

Setelah mendapatkan dua penghargaan terbesar internasional filateli, International Grand-Prix dan Grand Prix Champions, Mr Lima memutuskan untuk menjual koleksinya. Rumah lelang yang dipilih adalah David Feldman S / A, yang pada tahun 1993 penjualannya katalog tentang Amerika Latin (n º 3) mempresentasikan Triplet Xiphopagus ke pasar filateli sebagai banyak 30045. Itu yang dijelaskan pada halaman 11: “pasangan di strip vertikal 30rs ‘se-penyewa’ tiga dengan 60rs – ‘Jalur Pack’ yang terkenal dari pelat komposit yang kedua, negara ‘D’, 30rs posisi 11 dan 17, 60rs posisi 5. Besar untuk margin besar, dua luar dan satu garis pemisah sentral antara bawah dan nilai 30rs 60rs, dibatalkan dua kali oleh PMKS tanpa bingkai 1844 ‘Correio da Corte Geral’, lipatan cahaya disebutkan untuk akurasi saja. Charles Lathrop Pack (1857-1937) adalah seorang pembeli utama pada penjualan Ferrary dan membentuk studi khusus penting dari masalah klasik dunia. Koleksi Brasil adalah sebuah legenda di masa hidupnya. Strip ini ‘se-penyewa’ berkumpul ketenaran besar diakui sebagai item yang paling spektakuler di seluruh koleksi Pack dan menjadi diterima sebagai salah satu SEPULUH TOP DUNIA langka di semua filateli. Jelas item yang paling berharga dan penting dari Brazil dan Amerika Selatan semua filateli. Ex. Pak, Almeida Dias, Amundsen dan Hubbard. Perkiraan Nilai: SFr1.000.000 “.

Sekali Amundsen lebih disebutkan sebagai pemilik sebelumnya dari bagian ini. Dia tidak ada hubungannya dengan itu. Dalam daftar mereka memberi tahu tentang hasil lelang potongan dianggap telah dijual oleh satu juta franc Swiss. Bahkan itu tidak benar-benar dijual. Kemudian, pada tahun 1995, pasar filateli internasional diberitahu bahwa dalam bisnis memperlakukan swasta, Triplet Xiphopagus kembali kepada pemiliknya semula, Amerika, Nornam S. Hubbard.

Sampai saat ini belum ada konfirmasi resmi dari detail bisnis. Ada kabut saja dan kabut, namun diketahui bahwa Mr Hubbard membayar US $ 650.000,00 (enam ratus lima puluh ribu dolar untuk “Jalur Pack”. Selain itu ia juga menghabiskan uang lebih untuk membeli Brasil indah dan penting lainnya potongan dari mantan koleksi-Mr Lima, seperti: blok yang tidak terpakai dari empat 300rs miring, sebuah blok 18 (delapan belas) perangko dari 90rs miring ditambah 60rs Mata Bull pada sepotong besar dibatalkan dengan Rio Grande do cap pos Norte ; blok digunakan 6 (enam) dari 180rs miring dan blok yang tidak digunakan 4 (empat) dari 600rs miring.

Sayangnya “Jalur Pack” meninggalkan Brazil lagi.

Periode Kesebelas – 2008 di

Pada 5 Juni 2008, rumah lelang Siegel Auction Galleries, Inc, yang berlokasi di New York, telah menginformasikan penjualan perangko Brasil, melalui pelelangan umum, dari Koleksi Islander. Para Triplet Xiphopagus adalah bagian dari penjualan ini, telah menerima jumlah 17 pada katalog yang dihasilkan indah dan dijual oleh nilai catatan mengesankan $ 1.900,000.00 (ditambah premi 15% pembeli). Itu jauh harga tertinggi yang pernah dicapai oleh sebuah item filateli Amerika Latin dan nama pembeli tidak pengungkapan. Itu adalah belajar dari informasi orang dalam bahwa agen Amerika, Irwin Weinberg, membeli sekitar 20% dari banyak Kepulauan. Beberapa sumber telah menyatakan bahwa item tersebut dibeli sebagai investasi dan untuk beberapa sumber lain Triplet Xiphopagus tidak dijual dan masih tetap di tangan pemilik Koleksi Kepulauan, Utara-Amerika Mr Norman S. Hubbard. Sebuah sumber mengatakan bahwa ketiga item tersebut benar-benar dijual karena ada penawar di $ 1,8 M – Mr Armand Rousso – yang hadir di ruangan itu. Itu dijual kepada penawar lewat telepon yang ingin, untuk sementara waktu, untuk tetap anonim.

 original info



This article was originally published in the London Philatelist from The Royal Philatelic Society, London in the edition number 1300 of November 2002 and in MOSAICO magazine, Year XIII, nr 37, April 2003, from Câmara Brasileira de Filatelia – Belo Horizonte – Brazil.

For this edition the present article was revised and also suffered a small modification in the Sixth Period 1954-1963, compared to the original published by the Royal Philatelic Society, London, due to a discover of an article written by Mr. Maurino Ferreira and published in the Diário de Notícias newspaper, on 2 June 1985, of Belo Horizonte.

This article was updated by the author in September 2008.

Description:Two 30rs plus one 60rs Bull’s Eyes stamps in se-tenant vertical strip, from second composite plate, state D (re-engraved plate). 30rs (positions 11 and 17 – from top panel) and 60rs (position 5 – from intermediate panel). It is cancelled with two black rimless postmarks from ‘Correio Geral da Corte’ (P.A.1185), where can be hardly read 11.??.1844 (it seems to be June). The piece has been washed. It has an even right margin, a fairly good bottom margin and a large left and top one. The top stamp has a small thin. Light creases are mentioned only ‘for the record’.ONE OF THE MOST REMARKABLE RARITIES FROM BRAZIL AND LATIN AMERICA. UNIQUE! Provenance: Ex. Lindgren, Mesquita Martins, Lemaire, Pack, Souren, Contini, Almeida Dias, Stanley Gibbons, Hubbard, Ângelo Lima, Hubbard.


In the thirties the “triplet” belonged to the renowned philatelist Charles Lathrop Pack and was nicknamed “The Pack’s Strip” by people in the English philatelic world. Later it lost the “s” and became just “The Pack Strip”.

First Period – 1843 to 1900

The Xiphopagus Triplet remained unknown for a little more than fifty years. In October 1897, Mr. Copenhagen published, in the Jornal Philatélico from São Paulo, the article “An Unknown Error from Brazil” written by Mr. Thadeu Rangel Pestana. It was the first reference to the Triplet.

Mr. Pestana was the Philatelic Club president in São Paulo and author of several philatelic articles. Here are some of his words: “Today we are pleased to give our readers the chance to know one of the most important rarities from the Brazilian stamp collection, or perhaps the biggest one ever seen. We owe the kind offer of the photography we hereby reproduce, to our private friend and eminent collector from Rio de Janeiro, Mr. José I. Pereira Lima. They are two 30rs tied up to one 60rs Bull’s Eyes stamps. We guarantee that the three stamps are authentic, printed on the same paper and there is neither patch nor any deceit whatsoever”.

At the end of the article he said: “The lucky owner of this philatelic jewel is Mr. Carl Johan Lindgren, a Brazilian from Swedish origin, who lived in Bahia but now is living in Rio de Janeiro. He has a magnificent collection full of rarities. He is the most important collector from our country that remained unknown so far as many others still do”.

In the philatelic community he was known as Charles (or Chas) J. Lindgren. He was born in Salvador City (Bahia) on December 23, 1846. He was, just like his father, the Swedish and Norwegian vice-consul in Bahia Province. He died in Rio de Janeiro on January 14, 1916.

In the following month after Mr. Pestana’s article, the November edition of the same periodical published an article written by Mr. Bernardo Alves Pereira under the same headline. And he said: “…I saw the original piece: two 30rs and one 60rs stamps joined in vertical position, and all printed on the same sheet of paper… Therefore, it is not a matter of error…”.

Second Period – 1900 to 1906

In 1900, the Philatelista Paulistano magazine (July/September edition), from the Brazilian Philatelic Association, reported: “Mr. Felizardo Teixeira de Figueiredo told us that he accomplished the sale of an interesting and rare triplet of stamps of 1843. They are two 30rs and one 60rs, printed together on the same sheet and cancelled by the post office. Such beautiful rarity was sold by the price of 2:000$000 (two million réis)”. This value was equal to US$ 800.00 (eight hundred dollars) based on the period exchange rate.

Felizardo de Figueiredo was the biggest stamp dealer in Rio de Janeiro at the time. His philatelic house was famous for offering the most beautiful and rare pieces from Brazil. It was on Sete de Setembro Street; almost on the corner of Largo do Rocio, today Tiradentes Square.

The magazine did not inform the seller’s or the buyer’s name. However, in 1963, Mr. A.G. Santos interviewed Mr. Alfredo Costa, owner of ‘Philatelica J. Costa’ and son of the former owner, Mr. J. Costa, about his father’s notice published in O Philatelista dated as of August 15, 1908. Mr. J. Costa declared that “the triplet had been admired in an exhibition of rare stamps, which was recently carried out in France…” (exactly in 1907 – Paris). He also said: “that besides this, another piece was admired there: a used multiple of 15 stamps of 600rs – Slanted Numerals”.

Mr. Alfredo Costa also informed that the Triplet buyer have been the son of the Baron Itacurussá, whose name he could not remember, except he lived in Rio de Janeiro and he died of pulmonary tuberculosis. We came to know that the Baron of Itacurussá (1889), whose title was granted with magnificence, was Manuel Miguel Martins (1831-1911), a very wealthy man, being an extensive landlord and capitalist in Rio de Janeiro. His wife was the Baroness Jerônima Elisa de Mesquita Martins, Count of Mesquita’s daughter and Marquis of Bomfim’s granddaughter. The Baron was the great buyer of the Paço Imperial Auction, where besides lots of valuable items he also bought all the porcelain service from D. Pedro I and D. Amélia de Leuchtemburg’s wedding.

His son, José de Mesquita Martins (1874-1916), born in Rio de Janeiro and dead in Lisbon, was an extraordinary flutist, important philatelist and the buyer of the XIPHOPAGUS TRIPLET.

Third Period – 1906 to 1916

Mr. Charles J. Phillips travelled to Brazil (from October 1909 to February 1910) for some philatelic researches, as he wanted to update the already famous Universal Stamp Catalogue. He bought about five hundred thousand Brazilian stamps for the Stanley Gibbons philatelic house, where he was one of the owners. He attended a meeting at the New York Collectors Club, in March of 1932, about the stamps from the first Brazilian postal issue, and he wrote an article about this, which was published in that philatelic association magazine in April 1932. Here are some parts: “…that Mr. Pack’s collection has a vertical strip of two 30rs stamps, a blank, and one 60rs stamp… He added: …that he saw this piece about 25 years ago with his friend Theo Lemaire, from Avenue de l’Ópera in Paris. Mr. Lemaire sold this piece of rare philatelic value to Mr. Jorge E. Rodriguez, who lived in Buenos Aires… and … when this collection was split in 1916, it came to the hands of Mr. Pack, a famous collector…”.

About 25 years ago corresponds to the year 1907, when this piece was seen in the hands of Mr. Lemaire, a French editor and stamps dealer, located at 16 Avenue de l’Ópera.

The explanation for this piece appearing in France can be in the connection of the histories told by Mr. J. Costa and Antônio Pereira da Silva. Mr. J. Costa mentioned in his article: “According to what we know, some time later the philatelist we talked about, deeply sad with his disease, donated to the friars of cas telo all his magnificent collection, in which he spent more than 400$000 (four hundred thousand réis). But these friars, uniformed about the valuable pieces of the collection, gave them away or sold them by a low price. This is why those rarities appeared in Paris”.

In the Brasil Filatélico nº 163, from December 1971, Mr. Antonio Pereira da Silva talking about the beginning of 20th Century in a passage of his ‘Philatelic Memories’ said: “…I began stopping at Mr. Felizardo Figueiredo’s door on Sete de Setembro Street, almost on the corner of Tiradentes Square, to look at what only the millionaires could buy. His best customer was the Baron of Itacurussá’s son, whose collection was later donated to a French religious order”.
The word ‘later’ can mean around 1906 and in the mentioned donation the Xiphopagus Triplet was included for sure. It is supposed that the friars of cas telo belonged to the same French religious order stated by Mr. Pereira da Silva, and that over there all the collection or part of it was sent to. The truth is that Mr. Lemaire bought this piece from the French religious order in 1906, or perhaps the beginning of 1907, because the Xiphopagus Triplet was shown in an exhibition in France in the middle of 1907.

And as additional information, in an international exhibition in Paris, from 21 to 30 June 1913, Mr. Jorge Rodriguez got the Exhibition Grand-Prix, a Sévres vase, offer from the French President. This collection occupied a big room and the L’Écho de la Timbrologie magazine talking about it said: “…the awarded collection consisted exclusively of unused stamps from different countries”. In August 1913, the completed text of a notice was published in the São Paulo Philatelico and described several stamps exhibited, but did not mention the Triplet in the Mr. Rodriguez’s collection.

The information given by Mr. Phillips that this piece had belonged to Mr. Rodriguez seems to have a lack of basis. It is probable, but almost right, that it was a mistake, since as said some lines above Mr. Rodriguez was a collector only for unused stamps. Even more, to confirm definitively the mistake of Mr. Phillips I found out, during my researches, at The Royal Philatelic Society, in the Stanley Gibbons Monthly Journal, October 30, 1911, an article written by Mr. Pierre Mahé, been a gentleness of Mr. TH. Lemaire, the list of the Palmarés of the Buenos Aires Stamp Exhibition, held on August 28 to September 9, 1911.

On page 15, the name of Mr. Theo Lemaire was listed as an exhibitor and described some of the Brazilian pieces of his collection: a used multiple of 4 of the 300rs Slanted Numerals; an unused multiple of 4 of 600rs Slanted Numerals; a pen-stroke multiple of 15 of the 600rs Slanted Numerals and the vertical Bull’s Eyes strip of 30rs, 30rs and 60rs.

It is clearly or at least most probable that all these Brazilian philatelic pieces, the last two for sure, at that moment under the property of Mr. Lemaire, had belonged to the collection of Mr. Mesquita Martins and later on donated to the French friars.   

Fourth Period – 1916 to 1944

According to Mr. Charles J. Phillips, in 1916 Mr. Rodriguez’s collection was divided and sold. From then on, the “XIPHOPAGUS TRIPLET” of Bull’s Eyes stamps changed to the hands of the American collector Charles Lathrop Pack. Really, Mr. Lemaire sold the Triplet directly to Mr. Pack and it stayed with him for 28 years. In his hands it got worldwide fame and prestige.

The Brasil Filatelico, from September 1944 edition, published an auction house advert (Harmer, Rooke & Co., in New York) in the inside part of the magazine back cover. It said: “Great Auction, on December 4, 1944, of the famous collection of C. L. Pack… Harmer, Rooke & Co is proud to announce the sale by auction of this famous collection estimated by US$500,000.00 (equivalent to ten million cruzeiros)… The whole set of collections from Argentina, Brazil and Spain has several unique pieces. Magnificent Rivadávias. Brazil’s first and second issues, including the Bull’s Eyes strip of 30, 30 and 60”.

The Pack Strip was auctioned on December 8, 1944 and it was listed under lot 824. The catalogue stated: “Rare stamps from late Charles Lathrop Pack’s collection to be sold by their present owner’s permission, Mr. Arthur N. and Mr. Randolph G. Pack. Lot 824: 30, 30 and 60rs. Strip with 3 stamps: the top two stamps of 30rs and the bottom one of 60rs. The strip is surrounded by margins and it lightly cancelled. The top stamp has a bit thin. The Pack strip is one of the Pack’s collection jewels. It is unique. It is a wonderful piece (see photo, plate 29)”.

After the auction, the Harmer house gave out a list of the pieces sold with the prices they got and for the lot 824 it was US$ 6.250 (six thousand, two hundred and fifty dollars). Hugo Fraccaroli in the chronicle Conversa Fiada published in Brasil Filatelico, from December 1944, foresaw that the piece might reach the minimum price of US$ 5.000 as such an offer came from Brazil. But he did not mention who was interested. Once again, in the same chronicle, now from March 1945, Hugo Fraccaroli said that the value of the sale was equal to Cr$125.000,00 (one hundred and twenty five thousand cruzeiros).

Fifth Period – 1944 to 1954
In 1945, this piece was offered to some important Brazilian collectors such as Carlos Augusto Seabra and Niso Vianna. The latter, in his recollection published in Brasil Filatelico said: “It was in 1945 that a certain Mr. Souren came to my office and showed me the piece, asking 100$000 (one hundred thousand réis). This man was a gambling addict who has travelled round the world. When he had money he bought stamps and when needed it he sold them. So, when he arrived badly and clumsily dressed, I didn’t trust his offer. However, while we were talking I realised that there was not any cheat to fear from him. He presented a legalised purchase document among others, what made my feeling of suspicion disappear. I did not buy the piece because Figueiredo thought the price was very high”. The above-mentioned amount was equal to US$ 5.000 (five thousand dollars) at that time.

All the mystery was solved. The real owner of the Triplet was Mr. Y. Souren, who bought it at Harmer, Rooke & Co’s auction.

Sixth Period – 1954 to 1963

The Spanish edition of Life magazine (from July 1954) published an important report about ‘Los Sellos más Raros del Mundo’ with eight coloured and illustrated pages. In one of them there is a photograph of the Triplet with its price: US$ 15.000 (fifteen thousand dollars). The passage headlined ‘La Crema de las mas Grandes Colecciones’ informs: “43 – Brazil 1843, a pair of 30 réis with one of 60; Y. Souren’s Administration of Legacy, New York”.

In Bahia Filatélica nº 29, magazine issued in March 1955, Edgard Teixeira refers to an Associated Press notice in his article informing the Triplet was sold by a stamp dealer from New York, Mr. Robert Lyman, by US$ 15.000.

On May 16, 1968, Mr. A. G. Santos sent a letter to Mr. Robert Lyman, a philatelic dealer from Boston, asking information about this. Mr. Lyman answered: “…I bought the ‘Pack Strip’ from the late Y. Souren’s assets in New York. As a philatelic dealer I sold it to the late Manoel Galvez from Madrid, who also sold it to the Italian collector Contini from Firenze. With the dispersal of Contini’s possessions, the piece was acquired by Dr. J. A. Almeida Dias, who you can contact for further information”.

Mr. Galvez was an important Spanish stamp dealer, who died in 1960. Mr. A.G. Santos sent a letter to Mr. Almeida Dias, doctor and collector from Lisbon, asking information too, but he never received an answer. He tried again through a friend who delivered the letter for him, but once more he did not get the reply.

Nevertheless, during the LUBRAPEX’72 Exhibition, held in Aveiro – Portugal, Maurino Ferreira, one of the greatest Brazilian exhibitors from the 70’s and 80’s, got the visit of Dr. Almeida Dias in his hotel room. During the chat it was told some details how the Pack Strip came to Dr. A. Dias hands. Mr. Maurino Ferreira published an article named ‘The Little History of the Pack Strip’ in the Diário de Notícias newspaper, of Belo Horizonte, on June 2, 1985, and here some of his words: “After the death of the earl Di Contini, his heirs delivered the collection to a dealer from London, Boajanowicht (Polish, later on British citizen), who sold the Pack Strip to Dr. J. A. Almeida Dias, in London, in June of 1959, together with a relevant lot of exceptional rarities, included a big multiple of 90rs Slanted Numerals, thick paper. On November 30, 1962, Dr. Almeida Dias sold the Pack Strip, together with all his valuable collection, to the dealer Michel, from Hamer Hooke London, who made an important auction in 1963”.

Consequently, the dates of Galvez’s sale to Contini, as well as the prices involved are still missing.

Since 1959, Dr. Almeida Dias’s collection has been in several international exhibitions, where the Xiphopagus Triplet was always shown. At SICILIA’59 in Palermo, from 16 to 26 October, it got the Gold Medal and Special Award. At BARCELONA’60, from 26 March to 5 April, it got the Gold Medal and several votes for the Exhibition Grand-Prix. At LONDON’60 it got the Gold Medal.

Seventh Period – 1963 to 1969

The London Harmer, Rooke & Co house gave out two volumes catalogues (a text one and a photograph one) about the philatelic pieces auction from Dr. Almeida Dias’s collection, to be held on 7 and 8 March 1963. The Triplet was listed as lot 134. The description stated: “The celebrated Pack Strip comprising a vertical strip of 3 with two copies of the 30r. (nrs 11, 17) and copy of 60r (no 5), clear margins all round, large on three sides, top 30r has almost imperceptible thin, an extremely attractive piece; apart from being unique this is one of the greatest philatelic rarities in the world, certainly of Brazil (photo)”.

This piece estimated value was £ 8.000 (eight thousand English pounds). In the auction, this piece reached the total amount of £ 8.250 (eight thousand, two hundred and fifty English pounds), equal to Cr$16.000.000,00 (sixteen million cruzeiros) at that time.

On August 28, 1965, Mr. A.G. Santos consulted Mr. Rolf Meyer, an important stamp dealer from São Paulo, about the auction’s results. He informed that the piece was not really sold but they did business internally, as it has been sold to the English stamp dealer W. E. Lea. He explained: “…It happens that Harmer, Rooke & Co. House and Mr. Lea (unless I am wrong) belong to the same Stanley Gibbons group. So, the piece was trade internally”.

Mr. Meyer continued: “Sometime after the auction, Ferndinad d’Almeida acquired the piece in exchange for his Hong Kong Collection and other stamps, but as Mr. d’Almeida himself asked, the piece remained in London to be delivered only at the end of the transaction. Mr. d’Almeida had a health problem and is seriously ill, even though he is not in danger of life. Probably this transaction will be called off, what is being decided now”.

Ferdinad J. d’Almeida was a well-known collector living in São Paulo. Although British citizen, he was born in Hong Kong, reason for his philatelic specialisation. When he became ill in the mid of 1965, he took a ship to London, as he intended to get well again in his English home.

Mr. Áureo G. Santos wrote another letter to Rolf Meyer, whose answer of March 22, 1968 enlightens some other points. He informed: “The piece was sold in Almeida Dias’s auction to the English stamp dealer Lea. This is what is officially said and it was exhibited in the Stanley Gibbons Centenary Stamp Show as belonging to Ferdinad d’Almeida, a philatelist from São Paulo. The transaction did not materialise, it broke up definitely after d’Almeida suffered a brain attack”.

In the London Philatelist nº 871, from July 1965, Stanley Gibbons House published a whole page advert with the XIPHOPAGUS TRIPLET photo.

Summing up, the sale of this rarity to Mr. d’Almeida never really accomplished and in fact this rarity remained on Stanley Gibbons Philatelic House Group property until 1969.

Eighth Period – 1969 to 1986

Stanley Gibbons, in its 1968 Stamps Catalogue, published a whole page advert about the Triplet with its photo, inserted in the Brazilian Stamps section.

The following year, from 4 to 5 February 1969, Stanley Gibbons held an international auction of Lars Amundsen’s collection, with classic stamps from Europe, Asia and South America. Having this catalogue, I verified that the Xiphopagus Triplet was included among the pieces offered. It was listed under lot 185 and they informed that it had the 1967 Royal Philatelic Society Certificate. The estimate value for this piece was £ 8.000 (eight thousand pounds) or US$ 19.200,00 (nineteen thousand, two hundred dollars). So, the exchange rate at that time was US$ 2,40 for the English pound.

Stanley Gibbons gave the impression that the Triplet belonged to the famous philatelist Amundsen. The truth is that it was only a promotional trick. The English philatelic house really owned it then.

The Triplet was sold by £ 8.700 (eight thousand, seven hundred pounds). Once again the American stamp dealer Robert Lyman took part in the business, this time entitled as a broker and representing the famous American collector Norman S. Hubbard, the real buyer.

The excellent set of Brazilian stamps from Mr. Hubbard was exhibited at WIPA’81, and got the Large Gold Medal. It consisted of used and unused Bull’s Eyes in pairs, strips and multiples, besides lots of covers. They were all superb pieces, including the famous XIPHOPAGUS TRIPLET.

Ninth Period – 1986 to 1994

While the AMERIPEX’86 World Exhibition was taking place in Chicago, from 22 May to 1 June 1986, Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries Inc held an important auction. This event took place at the Hyatt Regency O’Hare Hotel, on May 25, where ‘The Gordon N. John of Classic Brazil’ collection was auctioned. Siegel philatelic house issued a beautiful catalogue with 46 pages, black and gold cover and black and white photos, special for the Bull’s Eyes stamps, part of the mentioned collection. On the front cover a photo of the famous Xiphopagus Triplet that was listed as lot 2024. The description stated: “2024 – 30r Black, Vertical Pair in Strip of Three Se-tenant with 60r, the ‘Pack Strip’ (1a). Second composite plate, State ‘D’, 30r positions 11 and 17, 60r position 5, large to huge margins, two outer and central dividing lines between bottom 30r and the 60r value, neat 1844 ‘Correio Geral da Corte’ rimless pmks, light creases are mentioned only ‘for the record’ and in no way diminish the value of this Unique Philatelic Treasure. Considered being in the top ten of World Rarities and certainly in the same class as the 1p Magenta British Guyana and the ‘Post Office’ Mauritius Covers. Ex Pack, Almeida Dias, Amundsen. Estimated value US$250,000.00 – US$300,000.00”.

It is obvious that keeping Lars Amundsen as one of the Triplet previous owner, as Stanley Gibbons in the 1969 auction referred to, they did it on purpose to strengthen the value of the piece. In fact it never belonged to him. In the same way, nowadays, it was said that the present owner was Dr. Hubbard and not who was mentioned in the catalogue. Gordon N. John was only a pseudonym for public effect.

I attended this event with Mr. Ângelo Lima, both of us as exhibitors in AMERIPEX. He did not show a great interest for the piece. During the auction there was a battle of bids between a broker and Mr. Peter Meyer, a stamp dealer from São Paulo (Brazil). The broker got the better with a bid of US$ 250,000.00 (two hundred and fifty thousand dollars). Some day’s later Mr. Ângelo Lima, Portuguese naturalised Brazilian and an industrial in São Paulo, in great happiness told me he had been the final buyer. After 86 years abroad, the Xiphopagus Triplet came back to Brazil again.

Mr. Lima became the greatest Brazilian collector and exhibitor of all times with his Brazil Empire 1843-1866 collection and also the greatest National Champion. He got several international awards as the International Grand-Prix and Large Gold Medal at PHILEXFRANCE ’89, Championship Grand-Prix at PHILANIPPON ‘91 and two Large Gold Medals in previous years.

Tenth Period – 1995 to 2008

After getting the two greatest awards of the international philately, the International Grand –Prix and the Champions Grand-Prix, Mr. Lima decided to sell his collection. The chosen auction house was David Feldman S/A, that in its 1993 sale catalogue about Latin America (nº 3) presented the Xiphopagus Triplet to the philatelic market as lot 30045. It was described on page 11: “30rs vertical pair in ‘se-tenant’ strip of three with 60rs – the famous ‘Pack Strip’ from the second composite plate, state ‘D’, 30rs positions 11 and 17, 60rs position 5. Large to huge margins, two outer and one central dividing lines between bottom 30rs and 60rs value, cancelled twice by 1844 ‘Correio Geral da Corte’ rimless pmks, light creases are mentioned for accuracy only. Charles Lathrop Pack (1857-1937) was a major buyer at the Ferrary sales and formed notable specialised studies of classic issues of the world. His collection of Brazil was a legend in his own lifetime. This ‘se-tenant’ strip gathered great fame being recognised as the most spectacular item in Pack’s entire collection and became accepted as one of the TOP TEN WORLD RARITIES in all philately. Clearly the most valuable and important item of Brazil and all South America philately. Ex. Pack, Almeida Dias, Amundsen and Hubbard. Estimate value: SFr1.000.000”.

Once more Amundsen is mentioned as previous owner of this piece. He had nothing to do with it. In the list they gave out about the auction’s result the piece was considered to have been sold by one million Swiss francs. In fact it was not really sold. Later, in 1995, the international philatelic market informed that in a private treat business, the Xiphopagus Triplet came back to its former owner, the American, Nornam S. Hubbard.

Up until now there is no official confirmation of the business details. There are only mists and fogs, however it is known that Mr. Hubbard paid US$ 650.000,00 (six hundred and fifty thousand dollars for the “Pack Strip”. Besides, he also spent some more money to buy other beautiful and important Brazilian pieces from Mr. Lima’s ex-collection, such as: an unused block of four of the Slanted 300rs; a block of 18 (eighteen) stamps of the Slanted 90rs plus a Bull’s Eye 60rs on a big piece cancelled with Rio Grande do Norte postmark; a used block of 6 (six) of the Slanted 180rs and an unused block of 4 (four) of the Slanted 600rs.

Unfortunately the “Pack Strip” left Brazil again.

Eleventh Period – 2008 on

On June 5, 2008 the auctioneer house Siegel Auction Galleries, Inc, located in New York, has informed the sale of Brazilians stamps, through a public auction, from the Islander Collection. The Xiphopagus Triplet was part of this sale, has received the number 17 on the beautiful produced catalogue and was sold by the impressive record value of $1.900,000.00 (plus 15% buyer’s premium). It was by far the highest price ever achieved by a Latin America philatelic item and the buyer’s name was not disclosure. It was learned from an inside information that an American dealer, Irwin Weinberg, bought about 20% of the Islander lots. Some sources has stated that the item was bought as an investment and for some other sources the Xiphopagus Triplet was not sold and still remains on hands of the owner of the Islander Collection, the North-American Mr. Norman S. Hubbard. A third source said that the item was really sold because there was an under bidder at $1.8 M – Mr. Armand Rousso – who was present in the room. It was sold to a telephone bidder who wishes, for the time being, to remain anonymous.



This article was originally published in the London Philatelist from
The Royal Philatelic Society, London in the edition number 1319 of October 2004.






The whole sheet with 60 stamps of the 60rs Bull’s Eyes: exceptional multiple with all margins; intermediate print, plate 5, State ‘B’ (re-engraved plate); almost full original gum; some thins, several creases, two of them running horizontally through the stamps; and some imperfections, mainly on the top left corner.


Ex. Lyra, Souza, Kuyas, Kobylanski, Benevides.


First period – up to 1958

The first time this exceptional rarity came into sight, it caused much surprise and emotion in the Brazilian philatelic community. It was 1958 and the well-known CORINPHILA auction house (Zurich – Switzerland) held a stamp auction, number 45, from April 23 to May 3.

The catalogue described the valuable piece under lot 5627 and partially stated: “… the only sheet known in the world and its small imperfections in no way reduce the value of this unique piece”. It gave an estimate value of SFR 40.000 (forty thousand Swiss francs), the equivalent of US$ 10.000 (ten thousand dollars) at the time.

A philatelic item that nobody had ever seen or known about was thus offered for sale. In order to promote this sale, CORINPHILA published a whole page advertisement about this piece, with a photograph in the Revista Filatélica Brasileira, number 1, issued in January 1958 in São Paulo.

This rarity belonged to Heitor Lyra, a member of the Brazilian diplomatic corps, Ambassador to Portugal in 1956 and to Vatican in 1958. Mr. Lyra spent almost all his life abroad and he certainly obtained the Brazilian philatelic pieces of his collection, such as the ‘60rs Entire Sheet‘, in the main European philatelic houses.

He was unknown person in Brazil, as he had never participated in any national or international exhibitions. There were other exceptional Bull’s Eyes philatelic items in Mr. Lyra’s collection put to sale, such as: an unused 60rs block of six (2×3) bottom left sheet corner (est. SFR 2.000); an unused block of eight (2×4) of the 60rs (est. SFR 1.500) and a used 90rs block of eight (4×2) bottom right corner (est. SFR 8.000), with ‘Correio Geral da Corte – 27.10.1844’ postmark, cancelled four times and a “Segura João Antonio…” annotation on the lower margin.

Mr Lyra left no information about the value, trade date or place where he had bought the item. The auction was held but there was no buyer for the lot 5627.

Second Period – 1958 to 1966

On August 2, 1958, during the inauguration of the Sociedade Philatelica Paulista club-house, after the usual speeches, Mario Guimarães de Souza, visiting São Paulo, stated that he bought “The Entire Sheet of 60rs Bull’s Eyes” from Heitor Lyra’s collection. Mario de Souza was a lawyer from Recife and president of the Pernambuco Philatelic Club at that time.

He explained that some time after Lyra’s collection was auctioned he authorized Mr. Abraão Haber, who was a stamp dealer from Rio de Janeiro, to begin a private treat transaction with Mr. Eduard Luder, the owner of CORINPHILA.

He also declared that after exchanging a number of telegrams they agreed a price of SFR 33.000 (thirty three thousand Swiss francs) equal to US$ 8.250 (eight thousand, two hundred and fifty dollars). This notice was published in the Reporter Filatélico magazine, number 8, (pp 148-149), issued in August 1958. The conditions of sale were not made public.

Mr. Mario de Souza’s collection always received the highest awards in national exhibitions, such as at SANPEX’63, in Santos, where he got the Exhibition Grand-Prix. In the international circuit he was awarded: the Gold Medal at FIPEX’56, in New York; and already as the owner of “The Entire Sheet of the 60rs Bull’s Eyes” he showed it and was awarded the EFIMAYO’60 GRAND-PRIX, in Buenos Aires.

Mr. Mario de Souza died suddenly in 1964. It was told, at the time, that his debt with Corinphila was not yet fulfilled. Additional information was received saying the heirs paid the debt only after the auction held by H.R. Harmer Limited of London. Mr Jack Luder, by e-mail, confirmed to me that nothing was found at Corinphila files indicating that the debt is still opened and, moreover, he personally do not believe that his father will allow the existence of this situation.

Third Period – 1967 to 1977

In 1966, Mr. Mario de Souza’s heirs delivered all his collection to H.R. Harmer Limited of London, to be sold in a public auction. It was a magnificent holding that included stamps from the Brazilian Empire as well as Southern Cross, Dyer, Republic Dawn, Airmail, Telegraph Stamps, Official and Commemoratives, as well an impressive set of proofs and essays of a great variety of stamps. The auction was held from 17 to 20 October 1966.

In the sale catalogue this rarity was offered as lot 557 with the estimated value between £ 2.200 and £ 2.500. It realized £ 2.200 (two thousand and two hundred English pounds). Another item which deserves to be highlighted is lot 591 – a whole pane with 18 unused stamps of the 90rs Bull’s Eyes – it was sold for £ 1.200 (one thousand and two hundred English pounds).

The Entire Sheet of 60rs Bull’s Eyes was bought by the famous collector Tevfix Kuyas.

Kuyas was the most important Turkish collector and exhibitor in his time. His Brazilian stamps collection, named the Rio Collection, won the International Grand-Prix at HAFNIA’76. Among the Bull’s Eyes there were 17 blocks, strips and pairs; Also there was an important range of rare postmarks and 9 (nine) Bull’s Eyes covers. His Slanted Numerals set was the most complete and valuable of all time.

Fourth Period – 1978 to 1999

The Stanley Gibbons of London arranged an auction in Frankfurt on May 18, 1978, at which the “Rio Collection” was offered for sale and The Entire Sheet of 60rs Bull’s Eyes was listed as lot 77.

The description stated: “1-60 Intermediate Impression. The unique sheet of 60rs… On a par for rarity with the Pack Strip and without doubt the most sensational item of Brazilian Philately. Ex. de Souza (photo – opposite and back cover). Estimate: DM 120.000”.

After a battle of bids “The Entire Sheet of 60rs Bull’s Eyes” was bought by Janusz Kobylanski, an Argentinean citizen, but resident in Republic of Uruguay. He paid DM 151.000 (one hundred and fifty one thousand German marks).

This rarity remained in Kobylanski hands for 21 (twenty-one) years.

Fifth Period – 1999 to 2001

In March 1999, this marvellous philatelic item was sold again by the impressive value of US$ 770.000 (seven hundred and seventy thousand dollars). The Brazilian stamps dealer José Alberto Junges, from Porto Alegre, was authorized as agent and sold it by private treat to Roberto Seabra Benevides, from Rio de Janeiro.

Mr. Benevides exhibited his Brazil: First Issues collection only once at the Brazil-Portugal Exhibition – LUBRAPEX’2000, where he was awarded the Exhibition Grand-Prix. Being there I verified that he did not show “The Entire Sheet of 60rs Bull’s Eyes” nor the Xiphopagus Pair, both of which were in his collection at the time.

During my long stay in Houston, USA, in the late 2001, I was told that Mr. Benevides delivered his entire “Brazil: First Issues” collection to be sold by Antonio Torres, a stamp dealer and auctioneer in London. Mr. Torres produced an exclusive, beautiful and colourful catalogue, in which he announced the Private Treat business for the autumn of 2001. It included Brazilian rarities such as: The Entire Sheet of the 60rs Bull’s Eyes; The Xiphopagus Pair; an unused block of 4 of the 30rs Bull’s Eyes (only three known); a letter from Rio de Janeiro to the city of Rio Grande with a horizontal strip of 4 of the 60rs Bull’s Eyes; a letter from Rio de Janeiro to Cachoeira (RS) with a horizontal strip of 4 of the 60rs plus a single 30rs, both Bull’s Eyes; and a complete pane of 18 (6×3) stamps of the 90rs Bull’s Eyes cancelled with Cidade de Nicteroy postmarks.

Among the “Slanted Numerals” was: a used block of 6 (3×2) of the 180rs; an unused vertical strip of 3 of the 300rs, a used block of 6 (2×3) of the 600rs; a used block of 4 and an unused vertical strip of 4 of 600rs (the biggest unused multiple known).

It was a very impressive selection indeed. The catalogue does not give prices realized.

Sixth Period – from 2002 on

In philatelic chats with international dealers, collectors and exhibitors it was said that the complete collection could be bought for between the value of one million dollars and one million and two hundred thousand dollars. Talking to Mr. Torres, on the telephone, he politely avoided giving details about the sale. He only mentioned that the sale had already been made and that he didn’t think about it any more.

So, this splendid philatelic item left Brazil again. It is said in the international philatelic market that the whole collection was sold to the nowadays most important Spanish collector and exhibitor, Luiz Alemany. The total amount of this transaction is believed to have been around US$ 1.200.000,00 (one million and two hundred thousand dollars). It was also said that THE ENTIRE SHEET OF 60RS BULL’S EYES was valued at US$ 750.000,00 (seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars). Mr. Alemany holds more than a hundred Gold and Large Gold Medals and also holds forty FIP level exhibits

frech version:

Cet article a été publié initialement dans le Londres du Philatéliste
La Société royale de philatélie, à Londres en 1319 le numéro d’édition d’Octobre 2004.


La fiche complète avec 60 timbres des yeux du Bull 60rs de: multiples exceptionnel avec toutes les marges; print intermédiaire, plaque 5, ‘B’ Etat (re-graver la plaque); presque plein la gomme originale, certains s’amincit, les plis de plusieurs, deux d’entre eux courir horizontalement à travers les timbres, et quelques imperfections, surtout sur le coin supérieur gauche.

Les plus sensationnelles ITEM BRÉSILIEN philatélique. UNIQUE!

Provenance: ex. Lyra, Souza, Kuyas, Kobylanski, Benevides.


Première période – jusqu’à 1958

La première fois que cette rareté exceptionnelle est entré en vue, il a causé une grande surprise et l’émotion dans la communauté brésilienne philatéliques. Il a été 1958 et la maison bien connue aux enchères CORINPHILA (Zurich – Suisse) a tenu une vente aux enchères de timbres, numéro 45, du 23 avril au 3 mai.

Le catalogue décrit la pièce précieuse dans beaucoup 5627 et partiellement déclaré: «… la feuille uniquement connu dans le monde et ses petites imperfections ne réduisent en rien la valeur de cette pièce unique “. Il a donné une valeur estimée de SFR 40.000 (quarante mille francs suisses), l’équivalent de US $ 10.000 (dix mille dollars) à l’époque.

Un article de philatélie que personne n’avait jamais vu ni connu au sujet a donc été proposés à la vente. Afin de promouvoir cette vente, CORINPHILA a publié une annonce pleine page à propos de cette pièce, avec une photo dans la Revista Brasileira Filatélica, numéro 1, publié en Janvier 1958 à São Paulo.

Cette rareté appartenait à Heitor Lyra, un membre de la brésilienne corps diplomatique, l’ambassadeur du Portugal en 1956 et au Vatican en 1958. M. Lyra a passé presque toute sa vie à l’étranger et il a certainement obtenu les pièces brésiliennes philatéliques de sa collection, comme la feuille entière ’60rs », dans les principales maisons européenne de philatélie.

Il était inconnu au Brésil, comme il n’avait jamais participé à aucune des expositions nationales ou internationales. Il y avait d’autres exceptionnelle de Bull Yeux articles philatéliques dans la collection de M. Lyra mis à la vente, tels que: un bloc inutilisé 60rs de six (2×3), coin inférieur gauche tôle (est. SFR 2.000); un bloc inutilisé de huit (2×4) de l’ 60rs (est. SFR 1,500) et un bloc utilisé 90rs de huit (4×2) en bas à droite (est. SFR 8.000), avec «Correio da Corte Geral – 27/10/1844« cachet, a annulé quatre fois et un “Segura João Antonio. .. “annotation sur la marge inférieure.

M. Lyra laissé aucune information sur la date de valeur du commerce, ou le lieu où il avait acheté l’article. La vente aux enchères a eu lieu mais il n’y avait aucun acheteur pour le lot 5627.

Deuxième période – de 1958 à 1966

Le 2 août 1958, lors de l’inauguration de la Paulista Sociedade Philatelica club-house, après les discours d’usage, Mario Guimarães de Souza, visite de São Paulo, a déclaré qu’il a acheté »la feuille entière des Yeux Bull 60rs” de collecte de Heitor Lyra. Mario de Souza était un avocat de Recife et le président du Club philatélique de Pernambuco à cette époque.

Il a expliqué que, quelque temps après la collecte de Lyra a été vendu aux enchères, il a autorisé M. Haber Abraão, qui était un marchand de timbres de Rio de Janeiro, pour commencer le traitement d’une transaction privée avec M. Eduard Luder, le propriétaire de CORINPHILA.

Il a également déclaré que, après avoir échangé un certain nombre de télégrammes ils ont accepté un prix de 33.000 SFR (33 000 francs suisses) égal à US $ 8.250 (huit mille deux cent cinquante dollars). Cet avis a été publié dans la revue Reporter Filatélico, numéro 8, (pp 148-149), publié en août 1958. Les conditions de vente n’ont pas été rendus publics.

La collection de M. Mario de Souza toujours reçu les plus hautes récompenses dans les expositions nationales, comme à SANPEX’63, à Santos, où il a obtenu l’Exposition Grand-Prix. Dans le circuit international, il a reçu: la médaille d’or au FIPEX’56, à New York, et déjà comme le propriétaire de “la feuille entière des yeux du Bull 60rs de” il l’a montré et a reçu le EFIMAYO’60 Grand-Prix, à Buenos Aires.

M. Mario de Souza est décédé subitement en 1964. Il a été dit, à l’époque, que sa dette avec Corinphila n’était pas encore accomplie. Informations complémentaires ont été reçues en disant que les héritiers payé la dette seulement après la vente aux enchères tenue par HR Harmer Limited de Londres. M. Jack Luder, par e-mail, m’a confirmé que rien n’a été trouvé au Corinphila fichiers indiquant que la dette est toujours ouverte et, en outre, il a personnellement ne crois pas que son père va permettre l’existence de cette situation.

Troisième période – de 1967 à 1977

En 1966, les héritiers de M. Mario de Souza livré toute sa collection à HR Harmer Limited de Londres, pour être vendus dans un encan public. Il était une participation magnifiques qui comprenait des timbres de l’Empire brésilien ainsi que Southern Cross, Dyer, République Dawn, Airmail, télégraphes Timbres, officielles et commémoratives, ainsi un ensemble impressionnant de preuves et des essais d’une grande variété de timbres. La vente aux enchères a eu lieu 17 au 20 Octobre 1966.

Dans le catalogue de la vente cette rareté a été offert comme beaucoup 557 avec la valeur estimée entre £ 2,200 et £ 2,500. Il a réalisé £ 2.200 (deux mille deux cents livres anglaises). Un autre point qui mérite d’être souligné est beaucoup 591 – un volet entier avec 18 timbres non utilisés des yeux du Bull 90rs – il a été vendu pour £ 1.200 (mille deux cents livres anglaises).

La feuille entière de Yeux Bull 60rs a été acheté par le célèbre Kuyas Tevfix collecteur.

Kuyas était le plus important collecteur turc et exposant en son temps. Sa collection de timbres brésiliens, nommée la collection de Rio, a remporté le Grand Prix international au HAFNIA’76. Parmi les yeux du taureau, il y avait 17 blocs, des bandes et des paires; Il y avait aussi une gamme importante de cachets rares et 9 (neuf) Yeux Bull couvre. Ses chiffres Slanted ensemble a été le plus complet et précieux de tous les temps.

Quatrième période – de 1978 à 1999

Le Stanley Gibbons de Londres a organisé une vente aux enchères à Francfort le 18 mai 1978, au cours de laquelle la «Collection de Rio” a été offert à la vente et toute la feuille de Yeux 60rs de Bull a été classé comme étant le lot 77.

La description a déclaré: «1-60 Impression intermédiaire. La feuille unique de 60rs … Sur un niveau aussi élevé de la rareté avec la bande de pack et sans doute l’élément le plus sensationnel de la philatélie brésilien. Ex. de Souza (photo – couverture face et dos). Estimation: 120.000 DM “.

Après une bataille d’offres “toute la feuille de Yeux 60rs Bull” a été acheté par Janusz Kobylanski, un citoyen argentin, mais résidant en République de l’Uruguay. Il a payé 151.000 DM (151 000 marks allemands).

Cette rareté est resté dans les mains Kobylanski pour 21 (vingt et un ans).

Cinquième période – de 1999 à 2001

En Mars 1999, de ce point merveilleuse philatélique a été vendu à nouveau par la valeur impressionnante de US $ 770,000 (770 000 dollars). Le Brésilien José timbres distributeur Junges Alberto, de Porto Alegre, a été autorisé en tant qu’agent et vendus par le traitement privé à Roberto Benevides Seabra, de Rio de Janeiro.

M. Benevides expose ses Brésil: Première collecte de questions une seule fois à l’Exposition Brésil-Portugal – LUBRAPEX’2000, où il a reçu l’Exposition Grand-Prix. Etre là j’ai vérifié qu’il n’avait pas voir “toute la feuille de Yeux Bull 60rs”, ni la paire Xiphopagus, qui étaient tous deux dans sa collection à l’époque.

Pendant mon long séjour à Houston, Etats-Unis, dans la fin de 2001, on m’a dit que M. Benevides a prononcé son ensemble “Brésil: les premiers numéros” collection à être vendus par Antonio Torres, un marchand de timbres et commissaire-priseur à Londres. M. Torres a produit une exclusivité, le catalogue belle et colorée, dans laquelle il a annoncé l’entreprise privée pour l’Traiter l’automne de 2001. Il comprenait des raretés brésiliens tels que: la feuille entière des yeux du Bull 60rs de; La Paire Xiphopagus; un bloc inutilisé de 4 des yeux du Bull 30RS est (seulement trois sont connues); une lettre de Rio de Janeiro à la ville de Rio Grande avec une bande horizontale de 4 des yeux du Bull 60rs de; une lettre de Rio de Janeiro à Cachoeira (RS) avec une bande horizontale de 4 des 60rs plus un 30RS unique, deux yeux de Bull, et un volet complet de 18 (6×3) timbres de Yeux du Taureau 90rs de annulées avec cachets Cidade de Nicteroy.

Parmi les «Chiffres Slanted” était: un bloc utilisé de 6 (3×2) de l’180rs; une bande inutilisée verticale du 3 de l’300rs, un bloc utilisé de 6 (2×3) de l’600R, un bloc utilisé de 4 et une partie inutilisée bande verticale de 4 de 600R (la plus grande multiples inutilisée connue).

C’était une sélection très impressionnante. Le catalogue ne donne pas des prix réalisés.

Sixième période – à partir de 2002

Dans les discussions avec les négociants internationaux de philatélie, les collectionneurs et les exposants, on disait que la collection complète peut être acheté pour entre la valeur d’un million de dollars et un million et deux cent mille dollars. Parler à M. Torres, au téléphone, il a poliment évité de donner des détails sur la vente. Il a seulement mentionné que la vente avait déjà été faite et qu’il ne pense pas plus.

Donc, cet article splendides philatélique quitté le Brésil à nouveau. Il est dit dans le marché philatélique internationale que l’ensemble a été vendu au collectionneur le plus important aujourd’hui, l’espagnol et exposant, Luiz Alemany. Le montant total de cette transaction est soupçonné d’avoir été d’environ US $ 1.200.000,00 (un million deux cent mille dollars). Il a également été dit que toute la feuille de yeux de bœuf 60RS a été évalué à US $ 750.000,00 (sept cent cinquante mille dollars). M. Alemany détient plus d’une centaine d’or et médailles d’or de grande taille et détient aussi quarante expositions niveau de la FIP



Dieser Artikel wurde ursprünglich in MOSAICO Zeitschrift, Jahr XII – Dezember 2002 – Nr. 36,
von Câmara Brasileira de Filatelia – Belo Horizonte – Brasilien.


30rs – Bullaugen – Zwei beigetreten vertikale Paare (ursprünglich ein Block von 4). Platte 3 (erste Platte von 54 Briefmarken 30rs), State “A”, Position 15 und 16 von oben Panel und den Positionen 3 und 4 aus Zwischenwand. Es ist mit abgebrochen “Correio Geral da Corte -.? 26 0,1845” Poststempel. Dieses Stück beweist die Existenz von Multiple Platte von drei Platten, die jeweils mit 18 Briefmarken der 30rs Bull Eyes. Es gibt einige kleinere Mängel: keine untere Rand, links unten Stempel ohne Rahmen Linie; senkrechte Falte in die richtige Paar, kurze seitliche rechten Rand. Die linken und oberen Rand sind in Ordnung.

ONE OF THE MOST wünschenswerter und wertvoller Punkt der BRAZILIAN Philatelie. UNIQUE.

Provenienz: Ex. Figueiredo Filho, Vianna, Pracchia, Lima.

Die erste Periode – 1950 bis 1974

In der Zeitschrift “Brasil Filatélico” n º s 167/168 aus dem Jahr 1974, erzählt Hugo Fraccaroli uns, dass diese Rarität durch die bekannte Philatelist Luiz Figueiredo Filho aus São Vicente, São Paulo (Santos in der Nähe) entdeckt wurde, im Jahr 1950 “, wenn er die Prüfung wurde eine Reihe von brasilianischen Stempel Material fand er heraus, eine vertikale Paar der 30rs Bull Eyes. Gehen weiter, fand er heraus, ein anderes Paar gleich der erste und dann hat er vermutete, dass es von diesem war gerissen. Er kaufte sich beide Paare, legte sie zusammen und überprüft, ob sein Verdacht richtig war. Es war ursprünglich ein Block von vier, die aus irgendeinem Grund in zwei senkrechten Paaren “gerissen worden waren.

Er fährt fort: “Dann ist dieses Stück von dem berühmten Philatelist Niso Vianna gekauft wurde, und jetzt ist es mit seiner Witwe”.

Mr. Niso Vianna (dead in 1971) veröffentlichte seine Erinnerungen in der Zeitschrift “Brasil Filatélico” n º s 141/142 aus dem Jahr 1964, wo er erzählt eine etwas andere Geschichte, zu informieren, wo Luiz de Figueiredo kaufte dieses Artikels: “Unter allen meinen Kauf, ich Ansicht, dass die interessantesten und wertvollsten man durch Figueiredo Filho, der es bei “Coda Philatelic House ‘(unterstrichen durch den Autor) in Rio de Janeiro gekauft wurde. Es war ein Block von vier der 30rs Bullaugen mit einer zehn Millimeter ist Raum zwischen den Marken, welche die Existenz einer Platte unbekannt “Napier” bewiesen. Ist das zu sagen: eine Platte gleich der erste mit dem Stempel der drei Werte wurden in drei verschiedenen Platten befinden, aber dieses Mal mit nur einem Wert Briefmarken – die 30 rs. Es gibt kein anderes Stück wie dieses bis jetzt. Ich bezahlte Cr $ 1.500,00 (Tausend, 500 cruzeiros) für sie. ” Dieser Wert wurde gleich US $ 250,00 (250 Dollar) auf diesen Zeitraum Wechselkurs.

Niso Vianna nahmen an vielen internationalen Ausstellungen und bekam mehrere Goldmedaillen (es gab keine großen Goldmedaillen von damals): bei EXFIRA’50 in Buenos Aires, bei LISBOA’53 in Portugal, bei FIPEX’56 in New York, und bei EXFIMAYO’60 in Buenos Aires, wo er auch bekam die Ausstellung Grand-Prix.

Second Period – 1974 bis 1985
Am LUBRAPEX’74 in São Paulo, war die “Interpanel” zum ersten Mal als Teil des Mr. Reinaldo Bruno Pracchia Sammlung ausgestellt.

Mit herauszufinden, wie diese Rarität an Herrn Pracchia die Hände kam vorschlagen, appellierte ich an Herrn Harald Meyer den Speicher, der zudem noch eine philatelistische Händler in São Paulo, auch eine Live-Legende aus Brasilien Philatelic Geschichte seit den 40er Jahren gewesen.

Im März 2002, Telefon habe ich ihm versucht, den Verkauf von Niso Vianna Witwe gemacht zu erleuchten. Er bitte zu mir gesagt: “dass die Witwe des verstorbenen Herrn Itamar Bopp (ein weiterer wichtiger Paulistan Kollektor) berechtigt, die Bullaugen und D. Pedro ‘s Sammlungen, die Mr. Vianna Freude seit vielen Jahren hatte, zu verkaufen”.

Herr Meyer weiter: “Kurz vor LUBRAPEX’74, verkaufte Herr Bopp die ganze Bullaugen Sammlung an Herrn Pracchia von Cr $ 2.000.000,00 (zwei Millionen cruzeiros), behielt aber die D. Pedro ‘s Kollektion für sich selbst “.

Dieser Wert wurde gleich US $ 290.00,00 (290.000 Dollar) zu dieser Zeit, und es wurde gesagt, dass die Witwe schien nicht sehr mit Herrn Bopp Weg dies zu tun Geschäft zufrieden. Der Preis, den Mr. Pracchia bezahlt und an die Witwe zahlen für beide Sammlungen.

Mr. Pracchia bekam die wichtigsten brasilianischen philatelistische Preise zu dieser Zeit. In der International Circuit gewann er drei große Goldmedaillen, wie zB: bei ESPAÑA’75 in Madrid und am ARPHILA’75 in Paris, die berechtigt ihn, in der FIP-Meisterklasse auszustellen. Im Jahr 1980 gewann er den größten Auszeichnung auf LONDON’80, wo er die Meisterschaft der Klasse Grand-Prix.

In 1986, Mr. Pracchia seinem “Empire Ziffern” die gesamte Kollektion verkauft, um die internationale Briefmarken-Auktionshaus, “Habsburg, Feldman S / A” in der Schweiz. Sie zahlten US $ 550.000,00 (550.000 Dollar) Bargeld. Die “Interpanel Pairs” wurden in die ganze Set enthalten.

Dritten Periode – 1986 bis 1994

Die “Amazon Collection” (Titel von David Feldman gegeben) Auktion wurde in Zürich von 16. bis 21. November 1987 statt. Sie gaben einen exklusiven Katalog mit dem “INTERPANEL” auf der Titelseite. Dieser Artikel wurde als viel 60,009 aufgeführt. Teilweise Beschreibung heißt es: “Diese beiden 30rs Paare sind auch die einzigen, die bestehenden. Die Krönung Stück dieser Sammlung und glaubwürdig zu den wertvollsten in Brasilien Philatelie “. Der geschätzte Wert wurde als SFr angegeben. 200.000 (200.000 Franken).

Ich besuchte diese Auktion zu versuchen, einige Stücke für meine Sammlung und auch einige andere kaufen für Angelo Lima Empire Ziffern Sammlung. Die Mission mein Freund zu mir gab, war eine große Ehre für mich.

Ich habe die Aufgabe sehr gut, wie ich alles Mr. Lima in siegreichen Gebote in seinem Namen wollte kaufen konnte. Zum Beispiel: der verwendete Block 6 (3×2) der 180rs Slanted Ziffer und die verwendeten ganze Gruppe von 90rs Bull Eyes, “Correio Geral da Corte” Poststempel.

Allerdings war die wichtigste Aufgabe, wenn nach einer sukzessiven Schlacht von Geboten, ich habe die “Interpanel” habe das höchste Angebot von SFr 220.000,00 (220.000 Franken). Dieser Wert wurde gleich US $ 100.000,00 (hunderttausend Dollar) zu diesem Zeitpunkt.

Herr Angelo Lima, ein gebürtiger Portugiese und eingebürgerten Brasilianer, war ein Industrieller in São Paulo. Er wurde der größte brasilianische Aussteller aller Zeiten mit seiner “Brazil Reiches 1843-1866” Sammlung und auch die größten nationalen Champion. Er hat die beiden größten internationalen Auszeichnungen: International Grand-Prix und Large Goldmedaille bei PHILEXFRANCE’89 und der Championship Grand-Prix am PHILANIPPON’91. Er bekam zwei Große Goldmedaillen in den Vorjahren.

Vierte Periode – 1995 auf

Im Jahr 1993, nachdem sie die größte internationale Auszeichnungen, machte Mr. Lima seinen Entschluss, seine Sammlung zu verkaufen und lieferte es an David Feldman S / A-Auktionshaus in Genf, Schweiz. Ihr erstes Geschäft war, um es in einer öffentlichen Versteigerung zu verkaufen, aber später endete in einem “Private Treat” Geschäft. Mr. Lima erhielt die beeindruckende Höhe von US $ 2.000.000 (zwei Millionen Dollar) für alle seine Brazil ersten Ausgaben Sammlung, einschließlich der D. Pedro ‘s Briefmarken.

Von 01 bis 6 November 1993, halten David Feldman eine Auktion mit einer erheblichen Anzahl von Mr. Lima Stücke. Die “Pack Strip” war unter den wichtigsten Stücke gezeigt, aber nicht die “Belo Horizonte Letter” noch die “Interpanel”.

Im Januar oder Februar 1995 wurde Herr Hugo Goeggel verbringt seine Ferien in einem Skigebiet in der Schweiz, als er einen Anruf von Mr. Feldman. Mr. Goeggel, gebürtiger Schweizer, ist ein wichtiger kolumbianischen Industriellen, der in Santa Fé de Bogotá lebt. Mr. Feldman bot ihm mehrere Stücke von Herrn Lima Sammlung und sie taten das Geschäft über das Telefon. Der Gesamtbetrag der Transaktion wurde um US $ 550,000 (550,000 Dollar), in denen die “Interpanel” von US $ 200.000,00 (200.000 Dollar) verkauft wurde.

Die “Interpanel” gehört heute zu den außerordentlichen Bullaugen Sammlung von Herrn Goeggel. Neben den Brasilien-Sammlung hat Herr Goeggel auch die beste Sammlung von Kolumbien und Ecuador ersten Ausgaben. Herr Goeggel gilt als das größte kolumbianische Sammler aus allen Zeiten und die wichtigsten südamerikanischen Sammler heute. Er gewann mehrere Große Goldmedaillen mit all seinen Sammlungen.

Mit seinem “Brazil First Issue”-Kollektion bekam er drei große Goldmedaillen: eine auf BRASILIANA’93 (ohne die “Interpanel”), einer auf der PACIFIC’97 und andere an MOSCOW’97, diese bereits mit dem “Interpanel”.

“Belo Horizonte BRIEF”

Paulo Comelli, RDP, AIEP
Dieser Artikel wurde ursprünglich in der MOSAICO Zeitschrift aus
Câmara Brasileira de Filatelia, Jahr XII – August 2002 – in der Ausgabe Nummer 35.

Aktualisiert vom Autor auf April/2008


Es ist ein großes Stück von einem Paket, mit 3,700 reis multiple und komponierte Porto, die mit einem 600R Slanted Ziffer Block 4; einen vertikalen Streifen von drei 90rs Goats Eye (Vertical Issue) und eine weitere vertikale Streifen von drei 10RS Ziegenkäse Eyes ( Vertikale Ausgabe). Die Briefmarken werden von vier Schläge mit Correio Geral da Corte (PA 1609-Typ, aber ein bisschen kleiner mit einem 3cm Durchmesser) Poststempel vom 20. Dezember 1853 aufgehoben. Der Gesamtbetrag der jedem Satz ist handschriftlich neben ihnen und auf der linken Seite des Stückes, auch von Hand geschrieben, ist der Gesamtbetrag der Porto, von 2 700 $ plus 1 $ 000 Prämie und der jeweiligen Gesamtsumme von 3.700 Reis.

Menezes Pacheco war das Post Office Agent, der das Porto Berechnungen schrieb. Dieses Stück ist wie Segura (Wertbrief), Bezeichnung gegeben, alle Briefe und Pakete per Post mit Versicherung geschickt eingestuft. Um die Versicherungssumme von 50.000 reis entspricht einer festen Prämie von 1.000 reis, gemäß § 84 bis 86 des Dekrets vom 5. März 1829 und Artikel 203 des Dekrets 399 von 21. Dezember 1844.

Dieses Stück ist eines von zwei bisher aufgezeichneten Lager Multiples und gemischt Porto mit Slanted Ziffer und Ziegen Eye (vertikal) Briefmarken.

Das größte Vielfache VON 600 REIS ON umfasst bekannte. UNIQUE.

Provenienz: Ex. Saturnino de Freitas, Angelo Lima, Everaldo Santos.

Die erste Periode – bis 1985
BRAPEX 1985 in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais – Dieses Stück wurde zum ersten Mal auf nationaler brasilianischen Ausstellung gesehen. Sein Besitzer war der Philatelisten, Mr. Saturnino Roberto de Freitas, der in der Hütten-Bereich gearbeitet. Ein Geschäftsmann, der von Roheisen Eigentümer der Anlage, in Betim, einer Stadt liegt 30 km von Belo Horizonte, und aus diesem Grund Bekanntschaft von Herrn Paulo R. Comelli, auf diese Zeit kaufmännischer Leiter der wichtigsten Roheisen Produzent auf Minas Gerais Provinz.

Mr. Saturnino ging BRAPEX, an einem Sonntag, mit dem Zweck des Vertriebs von diesem Stück. Es war an mehrere Händler präsentieren auf der Messe, die anscheinend wollen ein gutes Geschäft machen, und sie wurden ein spöttisches Geldbetrag angeboten, zwischen 1,000 bis 3,000 Dollar an Herrn Freitas angeboten. Durch die Möglichkeit, Treffen Paulo Comelli auf einem der Show Korridor, fragte er ihn um Hilfe bei der Suche nach Sammlern, die eine Ziffern-Kollektoren, möglicherweise auf der Messe vertreten war. Comelli sofort stellte ihn Herr Angelo Lima. Das Stück wurde dann zu Mr. Lima zum Preis von US $ 5.000,00 (fünftausend Euro), Vorschlag im Prinzip akzeptiert, aber vorbehaltlich einer Woche eine Bestätigung angeboten.

Herr Angelo Lima geplant, um das Stück zu einem Experten-Prüfung vorzulegen, in São Paulo, und einmal seine Echtheit bestätigt hatte das Unternehmen getan werden. Am folgenden Tag, bereits beschlossen, das Stück zu kaufen, zeigte Angelo Lima an die Spezialisten SantAnna, die sehr zufrieden mit dieser großen Entdeckung war begeistert. Es wird gesagt, dass am zweiten Tag, SantAnna würde, seinen Freund und späten philatelistische Händler Alfredo Abóes kommentiert haben: – Ich habe letzte Nacht nicht geschlafen. Ich habe seit gestern sehr erfreut, als Lima zeigte mir die größten brasilianischen Philatelic in den letzten fünfzig Jahren zu entdecken. Die größten Post-Rarität des brasilianischen Kaiserreichs war in Belo Horizonte vor.

Rückkehr nach Belo Horizonte, am darauf folgenden Samstag, Mr. Lima, nahm das Geld aus der Tasche und bezahlte dafür Bargeld. Nach der Transaktion Herr Freitas erzählt Comelli die Geschichte des Stückes.

Mr. Saturnino de Freitas sagte, dass dieses Fragment war immer mit seiner Familie gewesen. Er fand es in seiner Mutter-Mail-Datei im Jahr 1944, als er 15 Jahre alt war. Ihm wurde gesagt, dass all diese alten Briefe an seine Großmutter gehörte und mit ihr, seit sie ein Teenager war.

Diese Geschichte wurde wieder von Herrn Freitas bestätigt (jetzt mit 73 Jahre alt) in einem Telefongespräch mit Herrn Comelli am 8. April 2002.

Dieses Stück hat bekam den Namen The Letter of Belo Horizonte von Herrn Angelo Lima gegeben, nach seinem Interview für die philatelistische Zeitschrift MOSAICO nicht. 5 (Juli 1992), von Câmara Brasileira de Filatelia ausgestellt. Obwohl es auch der Besitzer des berühmten Pack-Strip (ein vertikaler Streifen von 30 + 30 + 60 reis Bull Eyes), als Ângelo Lima dieses Stück als der Liebling aller seiner Sammlung.

Second Period – 1985 bis 1994

Herr Angelo Lima, ein gebürtiger Portugiese, und eingebürgerten Brasilianer ist ein Industrieller in São Paulo. Er wurde der größte brasilianische Aussteller aller Zeiten mit seiner “Brazil Reiches 1843-1866” Sammlung und auch die größte nationale philatelistische Champion. Mit dieser Sammlung bekam er die beiden größten internationalen Auszeichnungen: International Grand-Prix und Large Goldmedaille bei PHILEXFRANCE’89 und der Championship Class Grand-Prix am PHILANIPPON’91. Er gewann auch zwei Große Goldmedaillen in den Vorjahren.

Nur nach Erhalt der Championship Class Grand-Prix auf PHILANIPPON’91 in Tokio, entschied sich Herr Lima, seine gesamte Sammlung von “Brazil Reich – 1843-1866” zu verkaufen und lieferte es an David Feldman Auktionshaus in Genf, Schweiz. Ihr erstes Geschäft war, um es in einer öffentlichen Versteigerung zu verkaufen, aber später endete in einem “Private Treat” Geschäft. Mr. Lima erhielt mehr als zwei Millionen Dollar für sein ganzes Brasilien Erste Issues Sammlung, einschließlich der D. Pedro ‘s.

Von 01 bis 6 November 1993, halten David Feldman eine Auktion mit einer erheblichen Anzahl von Mr. Lima Material. Die “Pack Strip” war unter den wichtigsten Stücke gezeigt, aber nicht “The Letter of Belo Horizonte” noch die “Interpanneau”. Wahrscheinlich sind diese Elemente wurden für die folgenden und zweite Auktion gewählt!

Dritten Periode – 1995 bis 2006
Auf Zwischenzeit wurde dieses schöne Rarität auf “Private Threaty” verkauft, im Jahr 1995, an Herrn Everaldo Nigro dos Santos durch den Betrag von US $ 80.000,00 (80.000 Dollar). Herr Santos, wohnhaft in São Paulo wurde der Präsident von Alcan für Südamerika zu dieser Zeit.

Im Jahr 1993 erhielt Herr Santos seine erste große Goldmedaille bei BRASILIANA’93 Weltausstellung in Rio de Janeiro. Im Jahr 1995, bereits Besitzer des “Belo Horizonte LETTER” bekam er die große goldene Medaille, plus ein Special Award und die Anzeige als Kandidat für den Exhibition International Grand-Prix am SINGAPORE’95. Im Juni 1996 gewann er seinen dritten großen Goldmedaille bei CPAEX’96, in Toronto.

Als Teil der Everaldo Santos Sammlung, war dieses wunderschöne philatelistischen Element an der AMPHILEX im Waldorf Astoria gehalten, in New York, im November 1996 angezeigt.

Nach drei Siegen Große Goldmedaillen an internationalen Ausstellungen, nahm Herr Santos wieder, aber stellvertretend für die Championship Class: bei PACIFIC’97 bei PHILEXFRANCE’99 und LONDON’2000, wo seine Sammlung bekam die Championship Class Grand-Prix.

Vierte Periode – 2006 auf

Im März 2001, Everaldo Santos, nach Erhalt der Championship Class Grand-Prix in London ‘2000, hat den Verkauf seiner Marke Ziffern ein Vielfaches von Brasilien entschieden und startet eine neue Sammlung von Postgeschichte. Durch Zufall im selben Moment hat Herr Pablo Reim, ein argentinisches Philatelist, so dass in Buenos Aires, beschlossen, eine Sammlung der Ziffern von Brasilien starten. Im Oktober 2006, während der Fußball-Briefmarkenausstellung ESPAÑA, in Málaga, kaufte Herr Pablo Reim von Herrn Santos, in privaten Treat, eine Menge von Slanted Ziffern und Verticals Multiples und umfasst unter ihnen war es das bereits bekannte “The Belo Horizonte Letter “- die mit einem 600R Slanted Ziffer Block 4; einen vertikalen Streifen von drei 90rs Goats Eye (Vertical Issue) und eine weitere vertikale Streifen von drei 10RS Ziegenkäse Eyes (Vertical Ausgabe) .. Der Preis war für die gesamte Partie gegründet und es war nicht die philatelistische Öffentlichkeit freigegeben.

Herr Reim, wenn gefragt, genau informiert: “In 2001 habe ich verliebte mich in den 600 reis Slanted Ziffern-Block von 15 Jahren. Deshalb war ich nicht bereit, es zu kaufen, da die Sammlung war noch am Anfang und würde Unwucht, weil ich hatte nur einige Vielfache, fehlen jedoch die wichtigsten deckt dieser Gegend. Ich sagte zu Everaldo, dass nur, wenn er den Verkauf an mir seine wichtigsten deckt von den hohen Werten von 180 Reis, 300 Reis und den berühmten “Letter of Belo Horizonte” (600 Reis – Block 4) entscheidet werden wir die Verhandlungen zu beginnen. Es hat viele Jahre vergangen, und kurz nach dem Malaga Exhibiion’2006 kamen wir zu einer wirtschaftlichen Einigung über alle Elemente. Ich bin sehr dankbar, Everaldo für das Halten des Wortes und alle diesen Satz von der Slanted Ziffern für mich wie vorher zwischen uns eingestellt. Es war ein fairer Preis für die Qualität und Seltenheit der Stücke auf “.


original version :



This article was originally published in MOSAICO magazine, year XII – December 2002 – nr 36,
from Câmara Brasileira de Filatelia – Belo Horizonte – Brazil.



30rs – Bull’s Eyes – Two joined vertical pairs (originally a block of 4). Plate 3 (first plate of 54 stamps of 30rs), State “A”, position 15 and 16 from top panel and positions 3 and 4 from intermediate panel. It is cancelled with “Correio Geral da Corte – 26.??.1845” postmark. This piece proves the existences of Multiple Plate of three panels, each with 18 stamps of the 30rs Bull’s Eyes. There are some minor imperfections: no bottom margin; left bottom stamp with no frame line; vertical crease in the right pair; short lateral right margin. The left and top margins are fine.


Provenance: Ex. Figueiredo Filho, Vianna, Pracchia, Lima.


First Period – 1950 to 1974

In the magazine “Brasil Filatélico” nºs 167/168 from 1974, Hugo Fraccaroli tells us that this rarity was discovered by the well-known philatelist Luiz Figueiredo Filho from São Vicente, São Paulo (near Santos), in 1950 “when he was examining a set of Brazilian stamp material, he found out a vertical pair of the 30rs Bull’s Eyes. Going further on, he found out another pair equal to the first one and then he suspected that it had been torn from that. He bought both pairs, put them together and checked that his suspicion was true. It was originally a block of four that, for any reason, had been torn in two vertical pairs”.

He continues: “Then this piece was bought by the famous philatelist Niso Vianna, and now it is with his widow”.

Mr. Niso Vianna (dead in 1971) published his memories in the magazine “Brasil Filatélico” nºs 141/142 from 1964, where he tells a slightly different history, informing where Luiz de Figueiredo bought this item: “Among all my purchase, I consider that the most interesting and valuable one was made through Figueiredo Filho, who bought it at ‘Coda Philatelic House’ (underlined by the author) in Rio de Janeiro. It was a block of four of the 30rs Bull’s Eyes with a ten millimetre’s space between the stamps, what proved the existence of a plate unknown by ‘Napier’. Is that to say: a plate equal to the first one with the stamps of the three values were located in three different panels, but this time with only one value stamps – the 30 rs. There is not another piece like this up to now. I paid Cr$ 1.500,00 (one thousand, five hundred cruzeiros) for it”. This value was equal to US$ 250,00 (two hundred and fifty dollars) based on that period exchange rate.

Niso Vianna took part in many of International Exhibitions and got several Gold Medals (there were not Large Gold Medals by then): at EXFIRA’50 in Buenos Aires; at LISBOA’53 in Portugal; at FIPEX’56 in New York; and at EXFIMAYO’60 in Buenos Aires, where he also got the Exhibition Grand-Prix.

Second Period – 1974 to 1985

At the LUBRAPEX’74 in São Paulo, the “Interpanel” was exhibited for the first time as part of Mr. Reinaldo Bruno Pracchia’s collection.

With the propose of finding out how this rarity came to Mr. Pracchia’s hands, I appealed to Mr. Harald Meyer’s memory, who besides still a philatelic dealer in São Paulo, has also been a live legend of Brazil Philatelic history since the 40’s.

In March of 2002, I phone him trying to enlighten the sale made by Niso Vianna’s widow. He kindly told me: “that the widow authorised the late Mr. Itamar Bopp (another important Paulistan collector) to sell the Bull’s Eyes and D. Pedro’s collections that had been Mr. Vianna’s joy for many years”.

Mr. Meyer went on: “A short time before LUBRAPEX’74, Mr. Bopp sold the whole Bull’s Eyes collection to Mr. Pracchia by Cr$ 2.000.000,00 (two million cruzeiros), but kept the D. Pedro’s collection for himself”.

This value was equal to US$ 290.00,00 (two hundred and ninety thousand dollars) at that time and it was said that the widow did not seem very pleased with Mr. Bopp way of doing this business. The price paid by Mr. Pracchia and transferred to the widow paid for both collections.

Mr. Pracchia got the most important Brazilian philatelic awards at that time. In the International circuit he won three Large Gold Medals, such as: at ESPAÑA’75 in Madrid and at ARPHILA’75 in Paris, which entitled him to exhibit in the FIP Championship Class. In 1980 he won the greatest award at LONDON’80, where he got the Championship Class Grand-Prix.

In 1986, Mr. Pracchia sold his “Empire Numerals” entire collection to the international stamp auction house, “Habsburg, Feldman S/A” in Switzerland. They paid US$ 550.000,00 (five hundred and fifty thousand dollars) cash. The “Interpanel Pairs” were included in the whole set.

Third Period – 1986 to 1994

The “Amazon Collection” (title given by David Feldman) auction was held in Zurich from November 16 to 21, 1987. They gave out an exclusive catalogue with the “INTERPANEL” on the front cover. This item was listed as lot 60.009. Partially the description stated: “These two 30rs pairs are also the only ones existing. The crowning piece of this collection and credibly the most valuable in Brazil Philately”. The estimated value was stated as SFr. 200.000 (two hundred thousand Swiss francs).

I attended this auction to try to buy some pieces for my collection and also several others for Mr. Ângelo Lima’s Empire Numerals collection. The mission my friend gave to me was a great honour for me.

I did the task very well, as I managed to buy everything Mr. Lima wanted in victorious bids in his name. For example: the used block of 6 (3×2) of the 180rs Slanted Numeral and the used whole panel of 90rs Bull’s Eyes, “Correio Geral da Corte” postmark.

However, the most relevant task was when, after a successive battle of bids, I got the “Interpanel” by the highest offer of SFr 220.000,00 (two hundred and twenty thousand Swiss francs). This value was equal to US$ 100.000,00 (one hundred thousand dollars) at that time.

Mr. Ângelo Lima, Portuguese by birth and naturalised Brazilian, was an industrialist in São Paulo. He became the greatest Brazilian exhibitor of all times with his “Brazil Empire 1843-1866” collection and also the greatest national champion. He got the two biggest international awards: International Grand-Prix and Large Gold Medal at PHILEXFRANCE’89 and the Championship Grand-Prix at PHILANIPPON’91. He also got two Large Gold Medals in previous years.

Fourth Period – 1995 on

In 1993, after getting the greatest international awards, Mr. Lima made up his mind to sell his collection and delivered it to David Feldman S/A auction house in Geneva, Switzerland. Their first deal was to sell it in a public auction, but later it ended in a “Private Treat” business. Mr. Lima received the impressive amount of US$ 2.000.000 (two million dollars) for all his Brazil first issues collection, including the D. Pedro’s stamps.

From November 1 to 6, 1993, David Feldman hold an auction with a significant number of Mr. Lima’s pieces. The “Pack Strip” was shown among the important pieces, but not the “Belo Horizonte Letter” nor the “Interpanel”.

In January or February 1995, Mr. Hugo Goeggel was spending his holidays in a ski resort in Switzerland, when he received a phone call from Mr. Feldman. Mr. Goeggel, Swiss by birth, is an important Colombian industrialist who lives in Santa Fé de Bogotá. Mr. Feldman offered him several pieces from Mr. Lima’s collection and they did the business through the telephone. The total amount of the transaction was around US$ 550.000 (five hundred and fifty thousand dollars), in which the “Interpanel” was sold by US$ 200.000,00 (two hundred thousand dollars).

The “Interpanel” now belongs to the extraordinary Bull’s Eyes collection of Mr. Goeggel. Besides the Brazil collection, Mr. Goeggel has also the best collection of Colombia and Ecuador first issues. Mr Goeggel is considered the greatest Colombian collector from all times and the most important South American collector nowadays. He won several Large Gold Medals with all of his collections.

With his “Brazil First Issue” collection he got three Large Gold Medals: one at BRASILIANA’93 (without the “Interpanel”); one at PACIFIC’97 and other at MOSCOW’97, these already with the “Interpanel”.


Artikel ini awalnya diterbitkan di majalah Mosaico dari
Camara Brasileira de Filatelia, XII tahun – Agustus 2002 – dalam jumlah edisi 35.

Diperbarui oleh penulis pada April/2008


Ini adalah sepotong besar dari sebuah paket, dengan prangko 3,700 Reis ganda dan terdiri, bantalan blok Angka 600rs miring dari 4; strip vertikal tiga 90rs Mata Kambing (Edisi Vertikal) dan strip vertikal dari tiga Mata Kambing 10rs s ( Isu vertikal). Perangko dibatalkan oleh empat pemogokan dengan Correio da Corte Geral (PA 1609 jenis, namun sedikit lebih kecil dengan diameter 3cm) cap pos, tanggal 20 Desember 1853. Jumlah total setiap set ditulis tangan di samping mereka dan di sisi kiri bagian, juga ditulis tangan, adalah jumlah total dari prangko, dari 2 premi asuransi $ 700 ditambah 1 $ 000 dan total besar masing-masing 3,700 Reis.

Menezes Pacheco adalah Kantor Pos agen yang menulis catatan ongkos kirim perhitungan. Bagian ini diklasifikasikan sebagai Segura (Surat Tertanggung), denominasi diberikan kepada semua surat dan paket dikirim melalui pos dengan asuransi. Untuk jumlah pertanggungan 50,000 Reis sesuai premi tetap 1.000 Reis, menurut Pasal 84-86 Keputusan 5 Maret 1829 dan Pasal 203 Keputusan 399 dari 21 Desember 1844.

Bagian ini adalah salah satu dari dua kelipatan bantalan sejauh ini tercatat dan ongkos kirim dicampur dengan Angka miring dan Mata Kambing (Vertikal) prangko.


Provenance: Ex. Saturnino de Freitas, Angelo Lima, Everaldo Santos.


Periode pertama – hingga 1985
Potongan ini terlihat untuk pertama kalinya di pameran Brasil nasional – BRAPEX 1985, di Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Pemiliknya adalah penggemar perangko, Mr Saturnino Roberto de Freitas, yang bekerja di bidang metalurgi. Seorang pengusaha yang pemilik pabrik pig iron, di Betim, sebuah kota yang terletak 30 km dari Belo Horizonte, dan untuk itu kenalan alasan Pak Paulo R. Comelli, pada waktu direktur komersial dari produsen pig iron besar pada Minas Gerais Provinsi.

Mr Saturnino pergi ke BRAPEX, pada hari Minggu, dengan tujuan menjual bagian ini. Itu ditawarkan kepada beberapa dealer hadir di pameran, yang tampaknya ingin melakukan transaksi yang baik dan mereka sedang menawarkan sejumlah uang mengejek, antara 1,000-3,000 dolar, kepada Mr Freitas. Dengan kesempatan, pertemuan Paulo Comelli di salah satu koridor acara, ia meminta bantuan dalam menemukan kolektor yang adalah seorang kolektor Angka, mungkin hadir di pameran. Comelli segera memperkenalkannya kepada Mr angelo Lima. Potongan kemudian ditawarkan kepada Mr Lima untuk harga US $ 5.000,00 (lima ribu dolar), usulan pada prinsipnya diterima tetapi dengan konfirmasi waktu satu minggu.

Mr Angelo Lima direncanakan untuk menyerahkan potongan untuk pemeriksaan ahli, di São Paulo, dan sekali keasliannya telah dikonfirmasi bisnis akan dilakukan. Pada hari berikutnya, sudah memutuskan untuk membeli potongan, Angelo Lima menunjukkan kepada Santanna spesialis yang sangat senang dengan penemuan besar. Dikatakan bahwa, pada hari kedua, Santanna, akan berkomentar kepada temannya dan akhir filateli agen Alfredo Abóes: – Aku tidak tidur semalam. Saya telah senang sejak kemarin ketika Lima menunjukkan kepadaku Philatelic terbesar Brasil menemukan dalam lima puluh tahun terakhir. Kelangkaan pos terbesar dari Kekaisaran Brasil ditemukan di Belo Horizonte.

Kembali ke Belo Horizonte, pada Sabtu berikutnya, Mr Lima, mengambil uang dari saku dan membayarnya tunai. Setelah transaksi Mr Freitas mengatakan Comelli sejarah potongan.

Mr Saturnino de Freitas mengatakan bahwa fragmen ini selalu dengan keluarganya. Dia menemukannya di file email ibunya pada 1944, ketika ia berusia 15 tahun. Dia diberitahu bahwa semua surat-surat tua itu milik neneknya dan telah bersama sejak dia masih remaja.

Sejarah ini dikonfirmasi lagi oleh Bapak Freitas (sekarang dengan 73 tahun) dalam sebuah percakapan telepon dengan Mr Comelli pada tanggal 8 April 2002.

Karya ini telah mendapat nama Surat Belo Horizonte diberikan oleh Mr angelo Lima, menurut wawancaranya untuk tidak Mosaico majalah filateli. 5 (Juli, 1992), yang dikeluarkan oleh Camara Brasileira de Filatelia. Meskipun yang juga pemilik dari Jalur Pack terkenal (strip vertikal 30 + 30 + 60 Mata Reis Bull), Angelo Lima bagian ini dianggap sebagai favorit dari semua koleksi.

Periode Kedua – 1985-1994

Mr Angelo Lima, Portugis oleh kelahiran, dan naturalisasi Brasil, adalah industrialis di São Paulo. Dia menjadi peserta Brasil terbesar sepanjang masa dengan koleksi “Brasil Kekaisaran 1843-1866” dan juga juara terbesar filateli nasional. Dengan koleksi yang ia mendapat dua penghargaan internasional terbesar: International Grand-Prix dan Medali Emas Besar di PHILEXFRANCE’89 dan Kelas Kejuaraan Grand Prix di PHILANIPPON’91. Dia juga memenangkan dua Medali Emas besar di tahun-tahun sebelumnya.

Hanya setelah mendapatkan Class Grand Prix Kejuaraan penghargaan di PHILANIPPON’91, di Tokyo, Mr Lima memutuskan untuk menjual seluruh koleksi-nya “Kekaisaran Brasil – 1843-1866” dan dikirimkan ke rumah lelang David Feldman di Jenewa, Swiss. Kesepakatan pertama mereka adalah untuk menjualnya dalam pelelangan umum, tetapi kemudian berakhir dalam bisnis “Perlakukan Pribadi”. Mr Lima menerima lebih dari dua juta dolar untuk seluruh koleksinya Pertama Brasil Isu, termasuk Pedro D. ‘s.

Dari 1-06 November, 1993, David Feldman mengadakan lelang dengan sejumlah besar materi Mr Lima. The “Paket Jalur” ditunjukkan antara potongan-potongan penting, tetapi bukan “Surat Belo Horizonte” maupun “Interpanneau”. Mungkin item ini dipilih untuk lelang berikut dan kedua!

Periode Ketiga – 1995-2006
Pada Sementara itu, kelangkaan ini indah dijual pada “Threaty Swasta”, pada tahun 1995, Mr Everaldo Nigro dos Santos dengan jumlah sebesar US $ 80.000,00 (delapan puluh ribu rupiah). Santos, yang tinggal di São Paulo, adalah Presiden Alcan untuk América Selatan pada waktu itu.

Pada tahun 1993, Santos menerima Medali Emas pertama besar di BRASILIANA’93 Pameran Dunia di Rio de Janeiro. Pada tahun 1995, sudah pemilik “SURAT Belo Horizonte’S” ia Medali Emas Besar, ditambah Special Award dan indikasi sebagai calon Pameran Internasional Grand Prix di SINGAPORE’95. Pada bulan Juni 1996, ia memenangkan Medali Emas ketiga besar di CPAEX’96, di Toronto.

Sebagai bagian dari koleksi Everaldo Santos, item ini filateli cantik dipajang di AMPHILEX, diselenggarakan di Waldorf Astoria, di New York, pada November 1996.

Setelah memenangkan Medali Emas tiga besar dalam pameran internasional, Santos berpartisipasi lagi, tapi berdiri untuk Kelas Kejuaraan: di PACIFIC’97, di PHILEXFRANCE’99 dan di LONDON’2000, di mana koleksi mendapat Kejuaraan Grand Prix Kelas.


Periode Keempat – 2006 tentang


Pada Maret 2001, Everaldo Santos, setelah mendapatkan Kelas Kejuaraan Grand Prix di ‘London 2000, telah memutuskan untuk dijual cap nya kelipatan Angka dari Brasil dan memulai koleksi baru Sejarah Pos. Secara kebetulan, pada saat yang sama, Mr Pablo Reim, seorang pengumpul perangko Argentina, meninggalkan di Buenos Aires, telah memutuskan untuk memulai koleksi Angka Brasil. Pada Oktober 2006, selama Perang Dunia Pameran Filateli España, di Málaga, Mr Pablo Reim dibeli dari Santos, di Perlakukan Swasta, banyak Angka miring dan kelipatan Vertikal dan mencakup, antara mereka itu sudah terkenal “The Belo Horizonte Surat “- bantalan blok Angka 600rs miring dari 4; strip vertikal tiga 90rs Mata Kambing (Edisi Vertikal) dan strip vertikal dari tiga Mata Kambing 10rs ini (Issue Vertikal) .. Harga didirikan untuk seluruh banyak dan itu tidak dirilis ke publik filateli.


Mr Reim, ketika ditanya, cukup informasi: “Pada tahun 2001 saya jatuh cinta dengan 600 Reis miring Angka Blok 15. Oleh karena itu, saya tidak siap untuk membelinya, karena koleksi masih di awal dan akan ketidakseimbangan karena saya hanya punya beberapa kelipatan, kurang, bagaimanapun, mencakup utama daerah ini. Saya disuruh Everaldo bahwa hanya ketika ia memutuskan untuk dijual kepada saya meliputi utamanya dari nilai-nilai tinggi dari 180 Reis, 300 Reis dan “Surat Belo Horizonte” yang terkenal (600 Reis – Blok 4) kami akan memulai perundingan. Ini telah berlalu bertahun-tahun dan hanya setelah Malaga Exhibiion’2006 kita datang ke sebuah kesepakatan ekonomi tentang semua barang-barang. Saya sangat berterima kasih kepada Everaldo untuk menjaga kata dan semua ini set Angka miring bagi saya seperti sebelumnya disesuaikan di antara kami. Itu adalah harga yang wajar berdasarkan kualitas dan kelangkaan potongan “.


THE 600rs angka miring – BLOK DARI 15

Artikel ini awalnya diterbitkan di majalah Mosaico, tahun XII, nr. 35 –
Agustus 2002, dari Camara Brasileira de Filatelia – Belo Horizonte – Brasil.

Diperbarui oleh penulis pada April/2008


Angka miring 600rs; Brasil isu kedua, blok digunakan 15 (3×5), kertas abu-abu tipis. Sudut kiri bawah lembaran, menunjukkan garis bingkai bawah luar dan jejak itu di sebelah kiri. Luar biasa kiri dan margin bawah, margin atas pendek dan satu kanan yang baik. Beberapa ketidaksempurnaan di bagian atas. Pena-stroke pembatalan.


Provenance: mantan Lindgren, Mesquita Martins, Lemaire, Caspary, d’Almeida, Kuyas, Meyer, Santos.



Periode pertama – hingga 1900

Pemberitahuan pertama tentang beberapa ini dicetak di “O PHILATELISTA PAULISTANO” majalah (Oktober / Desember 1900 edition), dari Brasil Philatelic Association. Ini informasi: “Blok 15 perangko – 600 Reis tahun 1844 – Kami menyadari bahwa agen yang penting di Rio de Janeiro sekarang menjual ‘Blok’ sangat indah lima belas 600 Angka miring Reis perangko 1844, disusun oleh lima strip horizontal tiga perangko dan dibatalkan oleh lima pena-stroke. Kami menyesal bahwa kelangkaan ini telah dibatalkan untuk digunakan pos dan membuat kita percaya bahwa itu ditemukan dalam arsip dan digunakan sebagai meterai karena kurangnya sumber daya lainnya. Plain dugaan. Blok ini, dievaluasi oleh Senf, 1900, memiliki nilai perkiraan DM.3, 750, bila digunakan sebagai ongkos kirim!.

Penulis mencatat: Para Angka miring 600 Reis tidak dikeluarkan pada tahun 1844 tetapi pada tahun 1845.

Dalam berkala filateli ini penggemar perangko, pada 15 Agustus 1908 – Rio de Janeiro – diedit oleh dealer J. filateli Costa dan G. Amaral, menunjukkan berita panjang dalam penuh: Dua langka Brazil – Menurut berita yang diterbitkan di tempat lain, dua spesimen mengagumkan dan benar-benar langka dari Brasil terlihat dalam Pameran Perangko Langka yang baru-baru ini diadakan di Perancis. Yang pertama adalah Eye Bulls sepasang 30 dan 60rs, semua dalam satu potong. Meskipun tiga nilai seri yang telah dicetak dalam lembar yang sama, pasangan tersebut sejauh ini merupakan spesimen hanya dikenal sampai sekarang. Kelangkaan kedua adalah sebuah blok dari lima belas perangko 600rs, Angka miring, yang juga bagian yang sangat sulit untuk menemukan saat ini. Ini langka diperoleh di Rio de Janeiro, sekitar 1899 atau 1900, oleh seorang penggemar perangko terkenal yang berdiri keluar untuk semangat filateli, dan membayar dua juta Reis (2.000 $ 000 – dua Contos de Reis) untuk satu dan delapan juta Reis pertama ( 8.000 $ 000 – delapan Contos de Reis) untuk item yang disebutkan kedua. Menurut apa yang kita ketahui, beberapa waktu kemudian berkata penggemar perangko, celaka karena penyakit yang dideritanya, menyumbangkan koleksi megah, di mana ia telah menginvestasikan lebih dari empat ratus juta Reis (400,000 $ 000 – empat ratus Contos de Reis) ke biarawan Castelo. Namun biarawan, tidak menyadari nilai dari potongan-potongan yang terdiri koleksi, semua didistribusikan atau dijual semua dengan harga yang sangat rendah. Inilah sebabnya mengapa orang-orang langka terjadi untuk menunjukkan di Paris ….

Nilai di atas delapan juta Reis adalah setara dengan US $ 3.200,00 (tiga ribu dua ratus dolar) yang didasarkan pada kurs periode.

Artikel yang disebutkan di atas merujuk juga untuk item lain yang terkenal dari Brasil Filateli – “Jalur Pack” – strip vertikal dari tiga Eye Bulls dari Reis 30, 30 dan 60. Kedua potongan erat, setidaknya pada awal sejarah mereka. Potongan tersebut memiliki sejarah yang tercatat dengan baik, karena mereka adalah karya dari tahap awal filateli kita. Dimasukkannya beberapa perangko edisi kedua, Angka miring, dalam konteks ini, meningkatkan keunggulan sendiri.

Dari semua bagian ini jelas lama kita bisa menyimpulkan bahwa ini bagian yang berharga bisa berada di tangan Mr Carl J. Lindgren, seorang kolektor prangko yang tinggal di Rio de Janeiro pada tahun 1900. Dia adalah pemilik “Triplet Xiphopagus” yang terkenal dan dijual dengan dua juta Reis, melalui agen filateli Mr Felizardo Figueiredo dari Rio de Janeiro. Jadi, tampaknya sangat mungkin bahwa kedua langka milik Mr Lindgren, karena mereka muncul dalam periode yang sama dan diperdagangkan hampir pada waktu yang sama.

Dalam komunitas filateli dia dikenal sebagai Charles (atau Chas) J. Lindgren. Ia lahir di Salvador Kota (Bahia) pada tanggal 23 Desember 1846. Dia, seperti ayahnya, Swedia dan Norwegia wakil konsul di Provinsi Bahia. Dia meninggal di Rio de Janeiro pada tanggal 14 Januari 1916.

Untuk berhak dealer prangko untuk melakukan bisnis sangat biasa saat itu, dan itu terjadi dengan kedua potongan. Tentu saja, seperti dapat terlihat dari kutipan di atas, dua langka memiliki pembeli yang sama. Ini adalah anak Barão de Itacurussá itu yang membayar dua juta Reis untuk “Jalur Pack” dan delapan juta Reis untuk “Blok 15”, yang meninggal karena tuberkulosis beberapa tahun kemudian dan yang menyumbangkan semua koleksi ke ordo religius Perancis sebelum kematiannya.

Periode Kedua – 1900-1906

Kami datang untuk mengetahui bahwa Baron dengan bangsawan Itacurussá (1889) adalah Manuel Miguel Martins (1831-1911), orang yang sangat kaya, pemilik teritorial dan kapitalis di Rio de Janeiro. Istrinya Baroness Elisa de Mesquita Jerônima Martins, Count putri Mesquita dan Marquis dari cucu Bomfim itu. Baron adalah pembeli terbesar dari Lelang Paço Imperial, di mana selain banyak barang berharga ia juga membeli semua layanan porselen dari D. Pedro I dan pernikahan D. Amelia de Leuchtemburg itu. Putranya selain seorang pemain suling yang luar biasa adalah pengumpul perangko penting dan pembeli dari “Blok 15 dari Angka miring”. Dia José de Mesquita Martins (1874-1916), yang lahir di Rio de Janeiro dan meninggal di Lisbon.

Sangat menarik untuk menunjukkan bahwa ada saat ketika seseorang memutuskan untuk membayar untuk bagian ini harga empat kali lebih tinggi nilai yang diberikan ke “Triplet Xiphopagus” Bulls Mata. Jika korelasi ini harga masih diadakan hari ini, blok ini akan memiliki nilai sekitar US $ 1.000,000.00 (satu juta dolar), seperti pada tahun 1986 “Triplet” dibeli pada lelang Robert A. Siegel, di Chicago, AS $ 250.000,00 (dua ratus lima puluh ribu dolar).

Pada saat ini, biarkan saya bekerja dengan potongan sehingga saya dapat menyimpulkan apa yang terjadi dengan “Blok 15”, sebagai sejarah dan “Triplet” sejarah sangat tertutup bersama-sama di awal mereka.

Kedua langka ditunjukkan dalam pameran di Prancis pada tahun 1907. Jadi, seperti J. Costa mengatakan, setelah biarawan Castelo menerima sumbangan Mr Mesquita Martins ‘dari koleksinya (mungkin di 1906), mereka dikirim ke ordo religius mereka di Perancis. Para biarawan Perancis dibagi dan menjual dua potong. Pembeli biarawan Perancis atau broker adalah orang yang sama yang membawa dan menjual “Triplet Xiphopagus”, Bapak Theo Lemaire yang adalah editor Perancis dan agen cap dari 16 Avenue de l’Opera.

Periode Ketiga – 1907-1915

Pada penelitian dibuat di perpustakaan Philatelic Royal Society London yang fantastis, selama kunjungan terakhir saya, pada September 2002, saya menemukan, yang diterbitkan oleh Journal Stanley Gibbons Bulanan, dari 30 September 1911, halaman 15, sebuah artikel ditandatangani oleh Mr Pierre Mahé , oleh TH milik Mr. Lemaire, daftar Palmares dari Buenos Aires Pameran Internasional, yang diselenggarakan dari 28 Agustus-9 September, 1911.

Bapak Theo Lemaire bernama sebagai peserta, dan inklusif, disebutkan beberapa potongan yang ditampilkan oleh dia: kelipatan digunakan 4 dari Angka miring 300rs, sebuah beberapa yang tidak terpakai 4 dari Angka miring 600rs; strip vertikal 30rs , 30rs dan Mata 60rs Bull dan pena-stroke beberapa dibatalkan dari 15 dari Angka miring 600rs.

Ini cukup jelas dan hampir benar bahwa semua potongan-potongan ini, pada waktu itu di bawah properti Lemaire Mr, milik ke tumpukan Mr Mesquita Martins, disumbangkan ke para biarawan Perancis, karena dikoreksi bahwa dua terakhir miliknya.

Ini “blok” mungkin pergi ke tangan Alfred Caspary antara tahun 1912 dan 1915. Kita harus ingat bahwa Caspary adalah kolektor 35 tahun saat itu.

Periode Keempat – 1916-1958

Antara tahun 1912 dan 1915 “Block Digunakan 15 dari Angka miring 600rs.” Telah mengikuti dengan cara yang berbeda dari “Triplet” dan melewatkan lebih dari empat puluh tahun. Semua majalah filateli diterbitkan di Brasil pada waktu itu diperiksa dalam mencari beberapa informasi tentang kelangkaan ini. Bahkan tidak sepatah kata pun yang ditemukan. Ia juga mencari berita tentang pameran nasional dan internasional, tetapi bagian ini tidak pernah hadir dalam salah satu koleksi dijelaskan.

Pada tahun 1958, “Block 15” muncul dengan Mr Alfred H. Caspary (1877-1955), tetapi tidak diketahui kapan atau siapa dia membeli dari dan berapa banyak dia dibayar untuk itu. Caspary memulai kegiatan filateli dengan 14 tahun (1891) dan menjadi salah satu kolektor terbesar di dunia. Selama enam puluh tiga tahun ia mengumpulkan banyak perangko tanpa menjual salah satu dari mereka. Untuk memiliki sedikit ide dari kemampuan dan tekad dalam menemukan potongan filateli penting adalah cukup untuk mengatakan, misalnya, tentang apa yang terjadi dalam lelang bagian dari Koleksi Hind yang terkenal di London pada tahun 1924. Dia mengambil sebuah kapal di Amerika Serikat, tiba di London, membeli sebelas prangko Mauritius Island, di lelang, dengan £ 7.000 dan pulang ke rumah dalam kapal yang sama. Dia tidak pernah membiarkan nama aslinya untuk muncul dalam setiap referensi untuk koleksi. Dia selalu berpartisipasi dalam pameran filateli banyak di bawah nama samaran “Pacificus”.

Mungkin ini “blok” pergi ke tangannya antara tahun 1912 dan 1915. Mr Caspary adalah kolektor 35 tahun saat itu.

Lelang diadakan oleh HR Harmer, Inc, di Ruang Crystal Sheraton-East Hotel, New York, dari 2 Juni sampai 5, 1958 untuk penjualan Bagian Amerika Latin Collection Mr Alfred H. Caspary ‘s. Blok “dari 15 yang ditawarkan di bawah 543 Lot. Deskripsi menyatakan: “600rs hitam, sudut bawah kiri blok 15 (3×5). Segar, margin semua sisi, sangat ringan dibatalkan oleh stroke pena; cap uncancelled sudut tetap. Beberapa kesalahan, terutama di blok atas. Sebagai item keseluruhan megah, mungkin unit terbesar di keberadaan 600rs dan salah satu bagian yang paling menonjol dikenal dari masalah ini. Perkiraan harga: US $ 3.750 “.

Rumah lelang memberikan sebuah daftar dengan harga akhir dan untuk banyak itu 543 US $ 3.600,00 (tiga ribu, enam ratus dolar). Blok ini dibeli oleh pengumpul perangko Ferdinand J. dAlmeida, yang juga membeli 542 lot (blok digunakan empat dari Angka miring 600rs) sebesar US $ 1.600,00 (seribu enam ratus dolar), Hugo Fraccaroli informasi tentang transaksi ini di Brasil Filatélico ada. September, 1958, 119, dalam artikel Conversa Fiada (idle Berbicara). Mr Fraccaroli adalah seorang pria baik-informasi dalam hal filateli, dan ia menulis kata pengantar “Latin Amerika Capary” katalog. Dia juga memberitahu bahwa Mr d’Almeida akan menunjukkan koleksi di LONDON’60.

Lima puluh Periode – 1959-1967

Ferdinand J. d’Almeida adalah hidup kolektor terkenal di Sao Paulo, Brasil. Meskipun warga negara Inggris, ia lahir di Hong Kong. Dia dipamerkan koleksi di LONDON’60, di mana ia mendapat Medali Emas, dan itu dipamerkan lagi di Kelas Hormatilah di LUBRAPEX’66 di Rio de Janeiro. Setelah ini, tidak ada yang mendengar tentang “Blok 15” sampai ditunjukkan dalam lelang koleksi Mr Kuyas di Frankfurt pada tahun 1978.

Kami meminta memori Mr Rolf Harald Meyer, yang selain seorang pedagang filateli di Sao Paulo juga memiliki legenda hidup sejarah Brasil filateli sejak 40-an. Pada bulan Maret 2002, saya telepon dia mencoba untuk mencerahkan masa jelas koleksi Almeida’s d’. Dia baik mengatakan kepada saya: “bahwa pada tahun 1967, ia dan Mr d’Almeida membuat kesepakatan komersial untuk memberikan semua koleksi yang akan dijual oleh RHM filateli rumah. Pertama Mr d’Almeida menyampaikan set kecil nya koleksi Classic Brasil prangko. Mr Meyer menyiapkan “Dijual Tawaran” untuk November 22, 1967 dan ditetapkan hanya ada banyak di bawah 1,328 “.

Deskripsi Katalog menyatakan: “Satu set indah potongan langka dari Brasil – Kekaisaran, yang berisi … Nilai: $ 45.000,00 NCR “. “Block 15” tidak disertakan.

Mr Meyer melanjutkan: “Pak Horst Flatau, yang bekerja untuk rumah RHM filateli pada waktu itu, dengan melewatkan perjanjian dilakukan, mulai perdagangan dengan Mr d’Almeida dan menjual potongan terisolasi dari koleksi kepada pembeli akhir. Jadi, “Blok 15” dijual kepada dealer Bahasa Inggris (tinggal di Swiss) Bapak Peter Holcombe oleh SFR 30,000 kesepakatan dibuat frustasi kami dengan Mr d’Almeida sebelum “.

Periode Keenam – 1968-1977

Jelas bahwa Mr Flatau kehilangan pekerjaan dan Mr Tevfix Kuyas membeli “Blok 15”. Mr Kuyas adalah kolektor Turki yang paling penting dan peserta di masanya. Brasil Nya koleksi perangko, bernama “Rio Koleksi”, mendapat Internasional Grand Prix di HAFNIA’76. Di antara Angka miring ada 24 blok, dan satu huruf dalam koleksinya. Seri miring Nya adalah yang paling lengkap dan berharga dari semua kali.

Stanley Gibbons House (dari London) menyelenggarakan lelang di Frankfurt, 18 Mei 1978 untuk dijual “Koleksi Rio” dan “Blok 15” ditawarkan di bawah: Lot 296: Blok 15 (3×5), kertas abu-abu tipis, jelas untuk margin yang besar, bingkai garis-luar di bawah dan jejak di sebelah kiri. Naskah pembatalan tetapi meninggalkan cap kiri bawah tanpa perusakan, beberapa ketidaksempurnaan, terutama di atas. Secara keseluruhan bagian megah yang mungkin terbesar dari satu ada dan tentu 600rs dari yang paling langka dari masalah ini. Ex-Caspary. Perkiraan harga: DM. 50.000 “.

Informasi yang kita punya tentang beberapa setelah lelang menegaskan bahwa itu dibeli oleh dealer cap yang paling penting dan editor Katalog Prangko Brasil – RHM, dari São Paulo, Mr Rolf Harald Meyer. Dia membayar DM 56.000,00 setara, pada saat itu, US $ 26.000,00 (dua puluh enam ribu dolar).

Periode Ketujuh – 1978-1994

Mr Meyer gunakan untuk menunjukkan membeli dengan bangga. Kelangkaan ini tetap bersamanya selama 16 tahun. Sejak tahun 1994 telah bagian dari koleksi Everaldo Nigro dos Santos, yang membelinya dari Mr Meyer di Perlakukan Swasta sebesar US $ 115.000,00 (seratus lima belas ribu dolar).

Delapan Periode – 1994-2006

Pada tahun 1993 Mr Santos menerima Medali Emas pertama besar di BRASILIANA Dunia Pameran di Rio de Janeiro. Tetapi “Blok 15” tidak bersamanya saat itu. Hanya di tahun 1995, ketika kelangkaan ini sudah menjadi miliknya, Pak Santos mendapat Medali Emas kedua besar ditambah Special Award dan dia diusulkan untuk pameran Internasional Grand Prix di SINGAPORE’95. Pada bulan Juni 1996, itu dipamerkan di CAPEX, di Toronto, di mana dia mendapat Medali Emas ketiga besar dan pada bulan November 1996, itu dipamerkan lagi di AMPHILEX itu, diselenggarakan di Waldorf Astoria, di New York. Setelah memenangkan Medali Emas tiga besar dalam pameran internasional, Santos berpartisipasi dalam pameran lainnya berdiri untuk Kelas Championship “di PACIFIC’97, di PHILEXFRANCE’99 dan di LONDON’2000, di mana koleksi memenangkan Kejuaraan Kelas Grand Prix.

Pada bulan Maret 2001, Lelang AFINSA (Madrid) menyelenggarakan lelang “Koleksi Santos”. Sebuah katalog megah menunjukkan kelipatan digunakan dan tidak terpakai beberapa cap pos langka dari tiga isu Brasil pertama Klasik. “Block dari 15 dari Angka miring 600rs” berada di antara mereka. Deskripsi yang menyatakan: “Lot 115 – 600rs. Blok 15; kertas kelabu; rendah bingkai garis luar; pena-stroke pembatalan; beberapa ketidaksempurnaan. Ex Caspary, Kuyas dan Meyer. Kelipatan terbesar diketahui dari masalah ini dan salah satu bagian yang paling spektakuler dari dunia filateli. US $ 125.000,00.


Itu tidak dijual dan tetap pada milik Santos hingga Dunia Pameran Filateli, España 2006 yang diselenggarakan di Málaga.



Kesembilan Periode – 2006 tentang


Pada Maret 2001, Everaldo Santos, setelah mendapatkan Kelas Kejuaraan Grand Prix di ‘London 2000, telah memutuskan untuk dijual cap nya kelipatan Angka dari Brasil dan memulai koleksi baru Sejarah Pos. Secara kebetulan, pada saat yang sama, Mr Pablo Reim, seorang pengumpul perangko Argentina, meninggalkan di Buenos Aires, telah memutuskan untuk memulai koleksi Angka Brasil. Pada Oktober 2006, selama Perang Dunia Pameran Filateli España, di Málaga, Mr Pablo Reim dibeli dari Santos, di Perlakukan Swasta, banyak Angka miring dan kelipatan Vertikal dan mencakup, antara mereka itu adalah 600 Reis Angka miring blok 15, pena-stroke cap pos. Harga didirikan untuk seluruh banyak dan itu tidak dirilis ke publik filateli.


Mr Reim, ketika ditanya, cukup informasi: “Pada tahun 2001 saya jatuh cinta dengan 600 Reis miring Angka Blok 15. Oleh karena itu, saya tidak siap untuk membelinya, karena koleksi masih di awal dan akan ketidakseimbangan karena saya hanya punya beberapa kelipatan, kurang, bagaimanapun, mencakup utama daerah ini. Saya disuruh Everaldo bahwa hanya ketika ia memutuskan untuk dijual kepada saya meliputi utamanya dari nilai-nilai tinggi dari 180 Reis, 300 Reis dan “Surat Belo Horizonte” yang terkenal (600 Reis – Blok 4) kami akan memulai perundingan. Ini telah berlalu bertahun-tahun dan hanya setelah Malaga Exhibiion’2006 kita datang ke sebuah kesepakatan ekonomi tentang semua barang-barang. Saya sangat berterima kasih kepada Everaldo untuk menjaga kata dan semua ini set Angka miring bagi saya seperti sebelumnya disesuaikan di antara kami. Itu adalah harga yang wajar berdasarkan kualitas dan kelangkaan potongan “.




Pasal aslinya diterbitkan dalam Brasileira Sebuah majalah FILATERIA, Tahun I, nomor 2, December/2005,
dari Federasi filateli Brasil – FEFIBRA – Sao Paulo – Brasil.

“Beberapa dari 12 (4×3), tidak terpakai, 90 Reis, hitam, kertas kuning, cetak jelas, 2-5, 8-11, 14-17 posisi, Plat Komposit Pertama, Negara Sebuah margin, yang lebih rendah besar termasuk garis bawah horisontal eksternal panel, garis horizontal membagi eksternal atas panel 60 atas Reis, strip vertikal dari tiga di sisi kanan memiliki ditekan lipat (cap atas memiliki dipotong sedikit).

“Salah satu bagian paling mengesankan dari Brasil Filateli”.
“Para ganda awalnya tidak terpakai terbesar Mata 90 Reis Bull dikenal”.


Panel – ex. Bruck, Bellido, Guinle.

Beberapa dari 12 – mantan. Guinle, Newburry, Hubbard


Mengenai fakta bahwa beberapa awalnya tidak terpakai lengkap Mata 90 Reis Bull tidak tahu, saya punya beberapa informasi tambahan saya baru belajar yang cukup yg menerangkan.

Dalam Newsletter edisi Filateli Volume II, tahun II, nomor 15, diedit oleh M. Kopenhagen, Sao Paulo, 1 Mei 1898, halaman 97, Mr Tadeu Pestana menerbitkan sebuah artikel mengumumkan keberadaan beberapa yang tidak digunakan (digarisbawahi oleh penulis) dari 18 perangko Mata 90 Reis Bull. Dia menulis: “Bulan lalu kami melihat sudut halaman menampilkan kelipatan dari 8 perangko Mata 90 Reis Bull, di mana margin bawah dan kanan adalah garis halus di seluruh panjang. Beberapa hari kemudian, Mr Alphonse Bruck cukup baik untuk menunjukkan kita sebuah beberapa yang tidak terpakai dari 18 perangko Mata 90 Reis Bull. 18 perangko ini dikelilingi oleh garis halus membentuk apa yang tampak seperti seluruh lembar prangko. Di margin atas, bagaimanapun, garis tebal sebagian terlihat, persis seperti pada triplet yang terkenal … ”

The “triplet terkenal” dalam pertanyaan adalah “Paket Jalur”. Selanjutnya ke dalam teks ia memberitahu “kelipatan 18 perangko memiliki margin di keempat sisi, dan hanya pada margin atas ada kelanjutan, yang tidak ditunjukkan dalam salah satu dari tiga margin lain, meskipun lebar margin tidak kecil. ”

Dengan deskripsi Thadeu Pestana, jelas bahwa itu benar-benar mengacu pada beberapa yang berbeda dari 18 dari yang dijelaskan di awal artikel, yang memiliki beberapa penjelasan matematika tulisan tangan, yang kemudian akan muncul di Koleksi Pack, dan bisa dianggap tidak terpakai karena fakta bahwa tidak menanggung cap pos dari Kantor Pos. Perbedaannya adalah bahwa dalam panel sebelumnya tidak ada garis atas lebih tebal memisahkan panel Reis 90 dari panel 60 Reis atas, yang jelas di panel sekarang digambarkan.

Dalam edisi Newsletter Philatelic, Volume II, tahun II, nomor 14, diedit oleh M. Kopenhagen, Sao Paulo, pada 1 April 1898, di halaman 77, koresponden majalah di Rio de Janeiro menerbitkan bahwa “Modal yang ada di kelipatan tidak terpakai dari 18 perangko Mata 90 Reis Bull, dan satu lagi dari 8 dilaporkan digunakan; yang terakhir ini yang dijual. Ini adalah kelipatan terbesar dari prangko ini dikenal sampai hari ini “. Kabar yang sama diterbitkan untuk kedua kalinya pada jumlah, edisi 15 dari 1 Mei 1898, halaman 109.

Saya harus menambahkan bahwa dalam Majalah Philatelic, tahun III, nomor 17, diedit pada bulan Juli 1898 oleh Alphonse Bruck, pedagang tinggal yang terkenal di Rio de Janeiro, di halaman 50, menginformasikan bahwa Mr Remijio de Bellido, editor “Collecionador de Sellos “(Kolektor Stamp), dari Sorocaba, Sao Paulo, telah memperoleh kelipatan dari 18 perangko dari 90 Reis dari tahun 1843, sebesar 1:800 $ 000 (seribu delapan ratus Contos de Reis). Sangat menarik untuk melihat bahwa pedagang sendiri, Mr Bruck, dalam catatan yang dipublikasikan dalam Majalah Philatelic, tidak menginformasikan cuaca panel digunakan atau tidak digunakan. Namun, jumlah yang dibayar mencela hal itu menjadi bagian yang sangat penting, akibatnya memimpin kita untuk percaya itu benar-benar adalah sebuah panel yang tidak terpakai.

Selain itu, cerita ini seluruh penemuan hampir simultan dari dua panel Mata Banteng 90 Reis ‘, dan proses perubahan kepemilikan mereka, yaitu, periode waktu antara penemuan panel yang tidak terpakai, pada bulan April 1898, dan penemuan panel yang digunakan di London, pada bulan September tahun 1898, adalah hanya lima bulan, yang bisa mengarah pada kebingungan interpretatif, percaya akibatnya mereka berhadapan dengan panel yang sama.

Oleh karena itu, secara pribadi, saya percaya itu benar-benar sebuah panel yang berbeda, satu digunakan saat ini.

Sejak dari, tidak ada lebih banyak berita tentang panel ini yang tidak terpakai dari 18 perangko Mata 90 Reis Bull. Dan sekarang, lebih dari seratus tahun telah berlalu, masih hilang. Akibatnya orang bisa menganggap itu mungkin telah dibuka.

Asumsi ini lebih dari mungkin, karena pada tahun 1925 Mr Guilherme Guinle pameran koleksi dalam Pameran Nasional 1 filateli, yang diselenggarakan oleh Masyarakat Philatelic Sao Paulo, diresmikan di Sao Paulo pada Desember 2, menyajikan beberapa yang tidak terpakai 12 (4×3) 90

original info


This article was originally published in the MOSAICO magazine from
Câmara Brasileira de Filatelia, year XII – August 2002 – in the edition number 35.

Updated by the author on April/2008


It is a large piece of a package, with 3.700 réis multiple and composed postage, bearing a 600rs Slanted Numeral block of 4; a vertical strip of three of 90rs Goats Eye (Vertical Issue) and another vertical strip of three of 10rs Goat’s Eyes (Vertical Issue). The stamps are cancelled by four strikes with Correio Geral da Corte (P.A. 1609 type, however a bit smaller with a 3cm diameter) postmark, dated December 20th, 1853. The total amount of each set is hand-written next to them and on the left side of the piece, also hand-written, is the total amount of the postage, of 2$700 plus 1$000 insurance premium and the respective grand total of 3.700 réis.

Menezes Pacheco was the Post Office agent who wrote the postage calculation notes. This piece is classified as Segura (Insured Letter), denomination given to all letters and parcels sent by post with insurance. To the insured amount of 50.000 réis corresponds a fixed premium of 1.000 réis, according to Articles 84 to 86 of the Decree of March 5th, 1829 and Article 203 of the Decree 399 of December 21st, 1844.

This piece is one out of two so far recorded bearing multiples and mixed postage with Slanted Numeral and Goats Eye (Vertical) stamps.


Provenance: Ex. Saturnino de Freitas, Ângelo Lima, Everaldo Santos.




First Period – up to 1985

This piece was seen for the first time at national Brazilian exhibit – BRAPEX 1985, in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Its owner was the philatelist, Mr. Saturnino Roberto de Freitas, who worked in the metallurgical field. A businessman who owner of pig iron plant, in Betim, a city located 30 km from Belo Horizonte, and for that reason acquaintance of Mr. Paulo R. Comelli, on that time commercial director of the major pig iron producer on Minas Gerais Province.

Mr. Saturnino went to BRAPEX, on a Sunday, with the purpose of selling this piece. It was offered to several dealers present at the exhibition, who apparently want to do a good transaction and they were being offered a derisive amount of money, between 1.000 to 3.000 dollars, to Mr. Freitas. By a chance, meeting Paulo Comelli on one of the show’s corridor, he asked him for help in finding collectors who was a Numerals collectors, possibly present at the exhibition. Comelli immediately introduced him to Mr. Ângelo Lima. The piece was then offered to Mr. Lima for the price of US$5.000,00 (five thousand dollars), proposal in principle accepted but subject to a week’s time confirmation.

Mr. Ângelo Lima planned to submit the piece to an expert’s examination, in São Paulo, and once its authenticity had been confirmed the business would be done. On the following day, already decided to buy the piece, Angelo Lima showed it to the specialist SantAnna who was very delighted with this great discovery. It is said that, on the second day, SantAnna, would have commented to his friend and late philatelic dealer Alfredo Abóes: – I did not sleep last night. I have been delighted since yesterday when Lima showed me the greatest Brazilian Philatelic discover in the last fifty years. The greatest postal rarity of the Brazilian Empire was found in Belo Horizonte.

Returning to Belo Horizonte, on the following Saturday, Mr. Lima, took the money from his pocket and paid it cash. After the transaction Mr. Freitas told Comelli the history of the piece.

Mr. Saturnino de Freitas said that this fragment had always been with his family. He found it in his mother’s mail file in 1944, when he was 15 years old. He was told that all these old letters had belonged to his grandmother and have been with her since she was a teenager.

This history was confirmed again by Mr. Freitas (now with 73 years old) in a telephone conversation with Mr. Comelli on April 8, 2002.

This piece has got the name The Letter of Belo Horizonte given by Mr Ângelo Lima, according to his interview for the philatelic magazine MOSAICO no. 5 (July, 1992), issued by Câmara Brasileira de Filatelia. Although being also the owner of the famous Pack Strip (a vertical strip of 30 + 30 + 60 réis Bull’s Eyes), Ângelo Lima considered this piece as the favourite of all his collection.

Second Period – 1985 to 1994

Mr. Ângelo Lima, Portuguese by birth, and naturalised Brazilian, is an industrialist in São Paulo. He became the greatest Brazilian exhibitor of all times with his “Brazil Empire 1843-1866” collection and also the greatest national philatelic champion. With that collection he got the two biggest international awards: International Grand-Prix and Large Gold Medal at PHILEXFRANCE’89 and the Championship Class Grand-Prix at PHILANIPPON’91. He also won two Large Gold Medals in previous years.

Just after getting the Championship Class Grand-Prix award at PHILANIPPON’91, in Tokyo, Mr. Lima decided to sell his entire collection of “Brazil Empire – 1843-1866” and delivered it to David Feldman auction house in Geneva, Switzerland. Their first deal was to sell it in a public auction, but later it ended in a “Private Treat” business. Mr. Lima received more than two million dollars for his entire Brazil First Issues collection, including the D. Pedro’s.

From November 1 to 6, 1993, David Feldman hold an auction with a significant number of Mr. Lima’s material. The “Pack Strip” was shown among the important pieces, but not “The Letter of Belo Horizonte” nor the “Interpanneau”. Probably these items were chosen for the following and second auction!

Third Period – 1995 to 2006

On meantime, this beautiful rarity was sold on “Private Threaty”, in the year of 1995, to Mr. Everaldo Nigro dos Santos by the amount of US$80.000,00 (eighty thousand dollars). Mr. Santos, living in São Paulo, was the President of Alcan for South América at that time.

In 1993, Mr. Santos received his first Large Gold Medal at BRASILIANA’93 World Exhibition in Rio de Janeiro. In 1995, already owner of the “BELO HORIZONTE’S LETTER” he got the Large Gold Medal, plus a Special Award and the indication as candidate for the Exhibition International Grand-Prix at SINGAPORE’95. In June of 1996, he won his third Large Gold Medal at CPAEX’96, in Toronto.

As part of Everaldo Santos collection, this gorgeous philatelic item was displayed at the AMPHILEX, held in the Waldorf Astoria, in New York, in November 1996.

After winning three Large Gold Medals in international exhibitions, Mr. Santos participated again, but standing for the Championship Class: at PACIFIC’97, at PHILEXFRANCE’99 and at LONDON’2000, where his collection got the Championship Class Grand-Prix.


Fourth Period – 2006 on


On March 2001, Everaldo Santos, after getting the Championship Class Grand-Prix at LONDON’ 2000, has decided to sale his stamp Numerals multiples from Brazil and starts a new collection of Postal History. By coincidence, at the same moment, Mr. Pablo Reim, an Argentinean philatelist, leaving in Buenos Aires, has decided to start a collection of the Numerals of Brazil. On October 2006, during the World Philatelic Exhibition ESPAÑA, in Málaga, Mr. Pablo Reim bought from Mr. Santos, in Private Treat, a lot of Slanted Numerals and Verticals multiples and covers, among them it was the already well-known “The Belo Horizonte Letter” – bearing a 600rs Slanted Numeral block of 4; a vertical strip of three of 90rs Goats Eye (Vertical Issue) and another vertical strip of three of 10rs Goat’s Eyes (Vertical Issue).. The price was established for the whole lot and it was not released to the philatelic public.


Mr. Reim, when asked for, just informed: “In 2001 I fell in love with the 600 réis Slanted Numerals Block of 15.  Therefore, I was not prepared to buy it, since the collection was still in the beginning and would unbalance it because I only had some multiples, lacking, nevertheless, the main covers of this area. I told to Everaldo that only when he decides to sale to me his main covers from the high values of 180 réis, 300 réis and the famous “Letter of Belo Horizonte” (600 réis – Block of 4) we will start the negotiations. It has passed many years and just after the Malaga Exhibiion’2006 we came to an economic agreement about all those items. I am very thankful to Everaldo for keeping the word and all this set of the Slanted Numerals for me as previously adjusted between us. It was a fair price based on the quality and rarity of the pieces”. 



Paulo Comelli, RDP, AIEP

This article was originally published in MOSAICO magazine, year XII, nr. 35 –
August 2002, from Câmara Brasileira de Filatelia – Belo Horizonte – Brazil.

Updated by the author on April/2008 


Slanted Numerals 600rs; Brazil second issue, a used block of 15 (3×5), thin greyish paper. Left bottom corner of the sheet, showing the bottom outer frame line and trace of it on the left. Exceptional left and bottom margins, short top margin and good right one. Some imperfections at the top. Pen-stroke cancellation.


Provenance: ex Lindgren, Mesquita Martins, Lemaire, Caspary, d’Almeida, Kuyas, Meyer, Santos.



First Period – up to 1900

The first notice about this multiple was printed in “O PHILATELISTA PAULISTANO” magazine (October/December 1900 edition), from the Brazil Philatelic Association. It informed: “Block of 15 stamps – 600 réis of 1844 – We are aware that an important dealer in Rio de Janeiro is now selling a very beautiful ‘Bloc’ of fifteen 600 réis Slanted Numerals stamps of 1844, composed by five horizontal strips of three stamps and cancelled by five pen-strokes. We regret that this rarity has been cancelled for postal use and make us believe that it was found in archives and used as revenue stamps for lack of other resources. Plain supposition. This Bloc, evaluated by Senf, 1900, has an estimate value of DM.3,750, when used as postage!.

Authors note: The Slanted Numeral 600 réis was not issued in 1844 but in 1845.

In the philatelic periodical The Philatelist, on August 15th, 1908 – Rio de Janeiro – edited by the philatelic dealers J. Costa and G. Amaral, shown a long news in full: The Two Rarities of BrazilAccording to news published elsewhere, two admirable and truly rare specimens from Brazil were seen in an Exhibition of Rare Stamps which was recently held in France. The first one was a Bulls Eye pair of 30 and 60rs, all in one piece. Although the three values of that series have been printed in the same sheet, the aforementioned pair is so far the only known specimen up to now. The second rarity is a block of fifteen stamps of 600rs, Slanted Numerals, which is also a very difficult piece to find nowadays. These rarities were acquired in Rio de Janeiro, at about 1899 or 1900, by a renowned philatelist who stood out for his philatelic passion, and paid two million réis (2.000$000 – two contos de réis) for the first one and eight million réis (8.000$000 – eight contos de réis) for the second mentioned item. According to what we know, some time later the said philatelist, wretched on account of an illness he suffered, donated his magnificent collection, in which he had invested more than four hundred million réis (400.000$000 – four hundred contos de réis) to the friars of Castelo. But these friars, unaware of the worth of the pieces that composed the collection, distributed all or sold all of them by very low prices. This is why those rarities happened to show in Paris….

The above value of eight million réis was equal to US$ 3.200,00 (three thousand and two hundred dollars) based on that period exchange rate.

The above mentioned article refers also to another famous item from the Brazilian Philately – “The Pack Strip” – the vertical strip of three Bulls Eye of 30, 30 and 60 réis. Both pieces are intimately connected, at least on the beginning of their history. The aforementioned pieces have a well-recorded history, as they are the masterpieces of the early stage of our philately. The inclusion of a multiple of stamps of the second issue, the Slanted Numerals, in this context, increases its own prominence.

From all this long explanatory passage we can deduce that this valuable piece could have been in the hands of Mr. Carl J. Lindgren, a stamps collector who lived in Rio de Janeiro in 1900. He was the owner of the famous “Xiphopagus Triplet” and sold it by two million réis, through the philatelic dealer Mr. Felizardo Figueiredo from Rio de Janeiro. So, it seems very probable that both rarities belonged to Mr. Lindgren, as they appeared in the same period and were traded almost at the same time.

In the philatelic community he was known as Charles (or Chas) J. Lindgren. He was born in Salvador City (Bahia) on 23 December 1846. He was, just like his father, the Swedish and Norwegian vice-consul in Bahia Province. He died in Rio de Janeiro on 14 January 1916.

To entitle a stamps dealer to do business was very usual by then, and it happened with both pieces. Certainly, as can been seen from the above passage, the two rarities had the same buyer. It was the Barão de Itacurussá’s son who paid the two million réis for the “Pack Strip” and eight million réis for the “Block of 15”, who died of tuberculosis some years later and who donated all his collection to a French religious order before his death.

Second Period – 1900 to 1906

We came to know that the Baron with nobility of Itacurussá (1889) was Manuel Miguel Martins (1831-1911), a very wealthy man, territorial owner and capitalist in Rio de Janeiro. His wife was the Baroness Jerônima Elisa de Mesquita Martins, Count of Mesquita’s daughter and Marquis of Bomfim’s granddaughter. The Baron was the biggest buyer of the Paço Imperial Auction, where besides lots of valuable items he also bought all the porcelain service from D. Pedro I and D. Amélia de Leuchtemburg’s wedding. His son besides an extraordinary flutist was an important philatelist and buyer of the “Block of 15 of the Slanted Numerals”. He was José de Mesquita Martins (1874-1916), who was born in Rio de Janeiro and died in Lisbon.

It is interesting to point out that there was a time when someone decided to pay for this piece a price four times higher the value assigned to the Bulls Eyes “Xiphopagus Triplet”. If this price’s correlation still held today, this block would have an estimated value of US$1.000,000.00 (one million dollars), as in 1986 the “Triplet” was bought at Robert A. Siegel’s auction, in Chicago, by US$250,000.00 (two hundred and fifty thousand dollars).

At this moment, let me work with deductions so as I can infer what happened to the “Block of 15”, as its history and the “Triplet” history are very closed together in their beginning.

Both rarities were shown in an exhibition in France in 1907. So, as J. Costa said, after the friars of Castelo received Mr. Mesquita Martins’ donation of his collection (probably in 1906), they sent it to their religious order in France. The French friars divided it and sold the two pieces. The French friars’ buyer or broker was the same person who brought and sold the “Xiphopagus Triplet”, Mr. Theo Lemaire who was a French editor and stamp dealer from 16 Avenue de l’Ópera.

Third Period – 1907 to 1915

On researches made in the Royal Philatelic Society London fantastic library, during my last visit, on September 2002, I found out, published by the Stanley Gibbons Monthly Journal, from 30 of September 1911, page 15, an article signed by Mr. Pierre Mahé, by courtesy of Mr. TH. Lemaire, the Palmarés list of the Buenos Aires International Exhibition, held from August 28 to September 9, 1911.

Mr. Theo Lemaire was named as an exhibitor and, inclusive, is mentioned some of the pieces displayed by him: a used multiple of 4 of the 300rs Slanted Numerals; an unused multiple of 4 of the 600rs Slanted Numerals; the vertical strip of 30rs, 30rs and 60rs Bull’s Eyes and the pen-stroke cancelled multiple of 15 of the 600rs Slanted Numerals.

It’s quite clearly and almost right that all these pieces, at that time under Mr. Lemaire property, had belonged to the heap of Mr. Mesquita Martins, donated to the French friars, since is corrected that the last two belonged to him.

This “block” went probably to the hands of Alfred Caspary between the years of 1912 and 1915. We must to remember that Caspary was 35 years old collector by then.

Fourth Period – 1916 to 1958

Between the years of 1912 and 1915 the “Used Block of 15 of the Slanted Numerals 600rs.” has followed a different way from the “Triplet” and was missed for more than forty years. All philatelic magazines issued in Brazil at that time were examined in search of some information about this rarity. Not even a word was found. It was also looked for news about national and international exhibitions, but this piece was never present in any of the collections described.

In 1958, the “Block of 15” appeared with Mr. Alfred H. Caspary (1877-1955), but it is not known when or who he bought it from and how much he paid for it. Caspary started his philatelic activities with 14 years old (1891) and became one of the greatest collectors in the world. During sixty-three years he gathered lots of stamps without selling any of them. To have a slight idea of his ability and determination in finding important philatelic pieces is enough to say, for instance, about what happened in the auction of part of the famous Hind Collection in London in 1924. He took a ship in the United States, arrived in London, bought eleven stamps of Mauritius Island, in the auction, by seven thousand pounds and went back home in the same ship. He never allowed his real name to appear in any reference to his collection. He always participated in many philatelic exhibitions under the pseudonym of “Pacificus”.

Probably this “block” went to his hands between the years of 1912 and 1915. Mr. Caspary was a 35–year-old collector by then.

An auction was held by H. R. Harmer, Inc., in the Crystal Room of the Sheraton-East Hotel, New York, from June 2nd through 5th, 1958 for the sale of the Latin America Section of Mr. Alfred H. Caspary’s Collection. The “Block of 15 was offered under Lot 543. The description stated: “600rs black, bottom left corner block of 15 (3×5). Fresh, margins all sides, very lightly cancelled by pen strokes; the corner stamp remained uncancelled. Some faults, mainly in top block. As a whole a magnificent item, probably the largest unit in existence of the 600rs and one of the most outstanding piece known of this issue. Estimated price: US$ 3,750”.

The auction house gave out a list with the final prices and for the lot 543 it was US$ 3.600,00 (three thousand, six hundred dollars). This block was bought by the philatelist Ferdinand J. dAlmeida, who also bought the lot 542 (a used block of four of the Slanted Numerals 600rs) by US$1.600,00 (one thousand, six hundred dollars), Hugo Fraccaroli informed about this transaction in the Brasil Filatélico no. 119, of September, 1958, in the article Conversa Fiada (Idle Talking). Mr. Fraccaroli was a well-informed man in philatelic matters, and he wrote the preface to “The Capary Latin America” catalogue. He also informed that Mr. d’Almeida would exhibit his collection at LONDON’60.

Fifty Period – 1959 to 1967

Ferdinand J. d’Almeida was a well-known collector living in São Paulo, Brazil. Although British citizen, he has born in Hong Kong. He exhibited his collection in LONDON’60, where he got a Gold Medal; and it was exhibited again in the Honour Class at LUBRAPEX’66 in Rio de Janeiro. After this, nobody heard about the “Block of 15” until it was shown in Mr. Kuyas’s collection auction in Frankfurt in 1978.

We appealed to Mr. Rolf Harald Meyer’s memory, who besides a philatelic dealer in São Paulo has also a live legend of Brazil philatelic history since 40’s. In March 2002, I phone him trying to enlighten the obscure period of d’Almeida’s collection. He nicely told me: “that in 1967, he and Mr. d’Almeida made a commercial deal to deliver all the collection to be sold by RHM philatelic house. First Mr. d’Almeida delivered a small set of his Brazil Classic stamps collection. Mr. Meyer prepared a “Sale by Bid” for November 22, 1967 and the only set was there under lot 1.328”.

The catalogue description stated: “A beautiful set of rare pieces from Brazil – Empire, which contains… Value: NCr$ 45.000,00”. The “Block of 15” was not included.

Mr. Meyer went on: “Mr. Horst Flatau, who worked for RHM philatelic house at that time, by passing the agreement done, started trading with Mr. d’Almeida and selling isolated pieces from his collection to the final buyers. So, the “Block of 15” was sold to the English dealer (living in Switzerland) Mr. Peter Holcombe by SFR 30.000 frustrating our deal made with Mr. d’Almeida before”.

Sixth Period – 1968 to 1977

It is obvious that Mr. Flatau lost his job and Mr. Tevfix Kuyas bought the “Block of 15”. Mr Kuyas was the most important Turkish collector and exhibitor in his time. His Brazilian stamps collection, named “Rio Collection”, got the International Grand Prix at HAFNIA’76. Among the Slanted Numerals there were 24 blocks, and one letter in his collection. His Slanted Series was the most complete and valuable of all times.

The Stanley Gibbons House (from London) organised an auction in Frankfurt, May 18th, 1978 for the “Rio Collection” sale and the “Block of 15” was offered under: Lot 296: Block of 15 (3×5), thin greyish paper, clear to large margins, outer frame-line at bottom and trace at left. Manuscript cancellation but leaving lower left stamp without defacement, some imperfections, mainly at top. As a whole a magnificent piece which is probably the largest of the 600rs existent and certainly one of the rarest of this issue. Ex-Caspary. Estimated price: DM. 50,000”.

The information we got about this multiple after the auction confirms that it was bought by the most important stamp dealer and editor of the Brazil Stamp Catalogue – RHM, from São Paulo, Mr. Rolf Harald Meyer. He paid DM 56.000,00 equivalent, at that time, to US$ 26.000,00 (twenty six thousand dollars).

Seventh Period – 1978 to 1994

Mr. Meyer use to show his purchase with pride. This rarity remained with him for 16 years. Since 1994 it has been part of Everaldo Nigro dos Santos‘s collection, who bought it from Mr. Meyer in Private Treat by US$ 115.000,00 (one hundred and fifteen thousand dollars).

Eight Period – 1994 to 2006

In 1993 Mr. Santos received his first Large Gold Medal at BRASILIANA World Exhibition in Rio de Janeiro. But the “Block of 15” was not with him by then. Only in 1995, when this rarity already belonged to him, Mr. Santos got his second Large Gold Medal plus a Special Award and he was proposed for the exhibition International Grand Prix at SINGAPORE’95. In June 1996, it was exhibited at CAPEX, in Toronto, where he got his third Large Gold Medal and in November 1996, it was exhibited again at the AMPHILEX, held at the Waldorf Astoria, in New York. After winning three Large Gold Medals in international exhibitions, Mr. Santos participated in other exhibitions standing for the Championship Class” at PACIFIC’97, at PHILEXFRANCE’99 and at LONDON’2000, where his collection won the Championship Class Grand Prix.

In March 2001, the AFINSA Auctions (Madrid) organised the auction of “The Santos Collection”. A magnificent catalogue showed several used and unused multiples and rare postmarks from the three first Brazil Classical issues. The “Block of 15 of the 600rs Slanted Numerals” was among them. Its description stated: “Lot 115 – 600rs. Block of 15; greyish paper; inferior outer frame line; pen-stroke cancellation; some imperfections. Ex Caspary, Kuyas and Meyer. The largest multiple known from this issue and one of the most spectacular pieces from the world philately. US$ 125.000,00.


It was not sold and it remained on property of Mr. Santos up to the World Philatelic Exhibition ESPAÑA 2006, held in Málaga.



Ninth Period – 2006 on


On March 2001, Everaldo Santos, after getting the Championship Class Grand-Prix at LONDON’ 2000, has decided to sale his stamp Numerals multiples from Brazil and starts a new collection of Postal History. By coincidence, at the same moment, Mr. Pablo Reim, an Argentinean philatelist, leaving in Buenos Aires, has decided to start a collection of the Numerals of Brazil. On October 2006, during the World Philatelic Exhibition ESPAÑA, in Málaga, Mr. Pablo Reim bought from Mr. Santos, in Private Treat, a lot of Slanted Numerals and Verticals multiples and covers, among them it was the 600 réis Slanted Numerals block of 15, pen-stroke postmark. The price was established for the whole lot and it was not released to the philatelic public.


Mr. Reim, when asked for, just informed: “In 2001 I fell in love with the 600 réis Slanted Numerals Block of 15.  Therefore, I was not prepared to buy it, since the collection was still in the beginning and would unbalance it because I only had some multiples, lacking, nevertheless, the main covers of this area. I told to Everaldo that only when he decides to sale to me his main covers from the high values of 180 réis, 300 réis and the famous “Letter of Belo Horizonte” (600 réis – Block of 4) we will start the negotiations. It has passed many years and just after the Malaga Exhibiion’2006 we came to an economic agreement about all those items. I am very thankful to Everaldo for keeping the word and all this set of the Slanted Numerals for me as previously adjusted between us. It was a fair price based on the quality and rarity of the pieces”.




Article originally published in the A FILATERIA BRASILEIRA magazine, Year I, number 2, December/2005,
from Federation of the Philatelists of Brazil – FEFIBRA – Sao Paulo – Brazil.



“Multiple of 12 (4×3), unused, 90 réis, black, yellow paper, clear print, 2-5, 8-11, 14-17 position, First Composite Plate, State A, large lower margin including the lower external horizontal line of the panel, the upper external horizontal line dividing the upper 60 réis panel, the vertical strip of three on the right side has a pressed down fold (upper stamp has a slight cut).

“One of the most impressive pieces of the Brazilian Philately”.
“The largest originally unused multiple of 90 réis Bull’s Eyes known”.


Panel – ex. Bruck, Bellido, Guinle.

Multiple of 12 – ex. Guinle, Newburry, Hubbard

The History

Regarding the fact that a complete originally unused multiple of 90 réis Bull’s Eyes isn’t know, I have some additional information I have recently learned that are sufficiently elucidative.

In the Philatelic Newsletter issue Volume II, year II, number 15, edited by M. Copenhagen, Sao Paulo, in May 1st, 1898, page 97, Mr. Tadeu Pestana publishes an article announcing the existence of an unused multiple (underlined by the author) of 18 stamps of 90 réis Bull’s Eyes. He writes: “Last month we saw a corner of a page showing a multiple of 8 stamps of 90 réis Bull’s Eyes, in which lower and right margins was a fine line in its entire length. A few days later, Mr. Alphonse Bruck was kind enough to show us an unused multiple of 18 stamps of 90 réis Bull’s Eyes. These 18 stamps are surrounded by a fine line forming what looks like an entire sheet of stamps. On the upper margin, however, a thicker line is partially seen, exactly like on the famous triplet…” 

The “famous triplet” in question is the “Pack Strip”. Further into the text he informs “the multiple of 18 stamps has margins in all four sides, and only on the upper margin there is continuation, which is not indicated in any of the other three margins, even though the width of the margins is not small.” 

By the description of Thadeu Pestana, it is clear that it really refers to a different multiple of 18 from the one described in the beginning of his article, which had some handwritten mathematic annotations, which later on will appear in the Pack Collection, and could be considered unused due to that fact that it did not bear any postmarks from the Post Office. The difference is that in the previous panel there was no thicker upper line separating the 90 réis panel from the upper 60 réis panel, which it is clear in the panel now described.

In the Philatelic Newsletter issue, Volume II, year II, number 14, edited by M. Copenhagen, Sao Paulo, on April 1st, 1898, on page 77, the correspondent of the magazine in Rio de Janeiro publishes that “exists in that Capital an unused multiple of 18 stamps of 90 réis Bull’s Eyes, and another of 8 reportedly used; this last one being up for sale. These are the largest multiples of this stamp known to this day”. The same news is published a second time on the issue number 15, of May 1st, 1898, page 109.

I have to add that in the Philatelic Magazine, year III, number 17, edited in July of 1898 by Alphonse Bruck, famous merchant living in Rio de Janeiro, on page 50, informs that Mr. Remijio de Bellido, editor of the “Collecionador de Sellos” (Stamp Collector), from Sorocaba, Sao Paulo, had acquired a multiple of 18 stamps of 90 réis from 1843, for 1:800$000 (one thousand eight hundred contos de réis). It is interesting to notice that the trader himself, Mr. Bruck, in the note published in the Philatelic Magazine, does not inform weather the panel was used or unused. However, the amount paid denounces it being a very important piece, consequently leading us to believe it truly was an unused panel. 

Moreover, this entire story of the almost simultaneous discovery of two panels of 90 réis’ Bull’s Eyes, and the process of change of their ownership, that is, the time period between the discovery of the unused panel, in April of 1898, and the discovery of the used panel in London, in September of 1898, was of only five months, which could have lead to an interpretative confusion, believing consequently they were dealing with the same panel. 

Therefore, personally, I believe it was truly a different panel, an unused one this time.

Since than, there was no more news about this unused panel of 18 stamps of 90 réis Bull’s Eyes. And now, more than one hundred years have gone by, it is still missing. Consequently one can assume it may have been opened. 

This assumption is more than probable, since in 1925 Mr. Guilherme Guinle exhibits his collection in the 1st National Philately Exhibit, hosted by Philatelic Society of Sao Paulo, inaugurated in Sao Paulo on December 2nd, presenting an unused multiple of 12 (4×3) 90 réis Bull’s Eyes stamps, according to news reported by the Petrópolis Philatelic Magazine, year II, number 18, February of 1926.

Could it be that multiple of 12, owned by Mr. Guinle, part of that unused panel, in Rio de Janeiro referred by the correspondent of the Philatelic Newsletter in May of 1898? 

One descriptive characteristic of that panel can be found in this multiple of 12 (4×3): a thicker upper line that separates the panel of 90 réis from the 60 réis, of the First Composite Plate, classified by Napier. 

In an article titled “The Early Postage Stamps of Brazil” published by the Collectors Club Philatelic, in the July, 1943 edition, on page 157, the North American collector Phillip H Ward describes in a part of the text about the 90 réis Bull’s Eyes: “ There are two unused multiples known: one multiple, better yet, a complete panel of 18 (6×3) stamps and a multiple of 12 (4×3). We were told that the multiple of 12 was originally part of the 18-stamp panel that was sold to a very well known South American collector. The stamps on the right and the left side were a little damaged, so the collector used a pair of scissors and separated one vertical strip with 3 stamps from each side, turning it into a multiple of 12 stamps”.

Mr. Fonseca Hermes owned the unused panel of 18 stamps mentioned by Phillip Ward. It was a used panel that had been washed, erasing the existing handwritten notes on them, under Mr. Hermes directions (see the article published on “A Filatelia Brasileira” (The Brazilian Philately), number 1, page 39, titled “Os Painéis de 90 réis Olhos-de-Boi”).

So it is proven that the mentioned panel was really opened and that this multiple of 12 stamps was really part of it once, because it is unknown any proven reference to another unused panel. More so, we can assume, with great measure of certainty, that Mr. Guilherme Guinle acquired the complete panel and he was responsible for dividing it.

The Uruguayan trader Julio Rachitoff was the buyer of Gulherme Guinle’s collection, in1937, for the impressive price of 3.000$000 (three thousand contos de réis), at the time equivalent to US$ 500,000.00 (five hundred thousand dollars). 

Afterwards, Saul Newbury, the most important buyer of the Guinle collection, bought it and kept the multiple of 12 stamps in his possession until his death. In 1967, Norman Hubbard acquired from the nephew and heir, Marcelo Newbury, the Bull’s Eyes collection, almost 20 years after Saul Newbury’s passing. The rest of the collection was acquired by the traders Mr. Rolf Meyer, from Sao Paulo, and Mr. Abraao N. Haber, from Rio de Janeiro.

Years later, during the Worldwide Exhibition AMERIPEX’86, in the city of Chicago, United States, from May 22nd through June 1st, 1986, there was a very important international auction hosted by the Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries Inc. Company. The event took place at the Hyatt Regency O’Hare Hotel, on May 25th, in the United A/B conference rooms, where “The Gordon N. John of Classic Brazil” collection was auctioned off. This was an alias used by Norman Hubbard to sell the collection, since he did not wish to have his name mentioned in auction catalogues. Other informants say that the entire collection was sold to the auctioneers that, afterwards, made up a collector’s name as the owner of such collection. This second possibility was found not true after all. The Siegel Philatelic House produced a beautiful catalogue; forty-six pages long, black and gold cover, with pictures in black and white.

This multiple was listed as lot number 2088 with the following description: “90rs black in yellowish paper fine impression. Multiple of 12, position 2-5, 8-11, 14-17, from the First Composite Plate State A, huge margins including the bottom panel margin, intense color, the right vertical strip of three has neatly pressed-out crease (top stamp has a slight cut), extremely fine, ex-Newbury. Estimated value of US$ 40,000.00”. The multiple was listed as sold for US$ 32,500.00 (thirty two thousand five hundred dollars).  

The biggest buyer of the pieces in this auction was the French Philatelic Trader House “Beher”. They acquired almost all the letters and various other important multiples.

In reality, this multiple was not sold in the auction, returning to Mr. Norman Hubbard’s hands. Currently, the piece is part of the collection of Mr. Hugo Goeggel, who bought it directly from Mr. Hubbard in November of 1987 for US$ 55,000.00 (fifty five thousand dollars). In 1986, this Colombian collector started selecting some Bull’s Eyes pieces, which became later on the amazing collection today in existence.

Therefore, my apologies to the Philatelic Experts, in my opinion, I find the multiple of 12 (4×3) to be legitimate, making it improper any type of polemic issue raised up today. This polemic issue was raised during the International Exhibition BRASILIANA’96 that took place in Rio de Janeiro by an Argentinean trader, still alive until this day, who claimed knowing who the north-American maker of this philatelic “souvenir” was in the 1930’s or 40’s. During the ESPAMER, a few years later, in Buenos Aires, this gentleman was interviewed, and definitely denied making any comments in that matter when asked to discuss, on the record, his declarations made in Rio de Janeiro. It is noticeable in many instances the lack of trustworthiness in commercial trades.

On the other hand, as a result of this polemic issue raised, the Colombian philatelist Hugo Goeggel, his current owner, analyzed the multiple and carefully compared it to many other plates of the 90 réis studied by Napier, concluding the following: “Everything is based on the difference in the position 2 of the multiple. In many multiples the oval shows a great distance to the upper line of the stamp frame (Napier, States B and C). However, in this multiple the stamp in the same position 2 shows the oval almost touching the upper line of the frame (Napier, State A). A careful look on Napier’s plates shows that even though the different  “states” of the plates are normally similar; in some cases spectacular differences may arise. There is no reason to object the difference on the configuration of position 2 on both panels”. 

Technical arguments that definitely prove the authenticity of this multiple may be added, as follows:
a)      This multiple has been exhibited in the 1st Brazilian National Exhibition, hosted in Sao Paulo, in 1925, therefore, many years before the supposed falsification date mentioned by the Argentinean trader.
b)      This multiple is from the first composite plate of the three values (1st Plate), classified by Napier as “State A”, made in 04/29/1843, with 54 stamps divided in three panels of 18 stamps of each value, with horizontal lines separating the upper and lower panels. No later reprinting could be made, since this copper plate had been destroyed when returned, for the first time, from the Printing Division to the Engraving Division of the Mint in July 1st, 1843, for reassembly the plate Napier, afterwards, classified as “State B”. Consequently, no other illegal copies or reprinting could have been done from the first plate.
c)      Never had the steel cylinders, that had the images of the 30, 60 and 90 réis engraved on, been yielded “in totum” or partially by the Mint, to anyone who would have allowed illegal reproduction of these stamps.

Proven the authenticity of this multiple, finding the other parts of the panel is what’s left, that is, the two other unused vertical strips of three stamps, removed by Guilherme Guinle, probably with the margins, one being the left side of the panel, and the other the right side. These are the pieces that fit in to complete the unused panel of eighteen stamps, which I confess I have never seen. 

Back to work, my readers! Try and decipher the enigma, researchers and studious of the Brazilian Philately!


Paulo Comelli

 Article originally published in the A FILATERIA BRASILEIRA magazine, Year II, number 3, June/2005,
from Federation of the Philatelists of Brazil – FEFIBRA – Sao Paulo – Brazil.

Letter from Rio de Janeiro to Cachoeira, Province of Sao Pedro do Sul, with the combined postage of 270 réis, referring to the double maritime rate from Rio to Porto Alegre in the amount of 180 réis (4 to 6 eights of weight) plus the overland double rate between Porto Alegre and Cachoeira in the amount of 90 réis (4 to 6 eights of weight). Postage paid with 2 horizontal pairs of 60 réis, plus a 30 réis stamp, Bull’s Eyes, bearing a circular double frame postmark from the “Correio Geral da Corte – Dec 15th , 1844”. The stamp of 30 réis has a short upper margin and one of the corners broken. Transit postmark from Porto Alegre dated Jan 12th,1845. It was received by the addressee on Jan 28th, 1845 according to annotation on the front side of the cover.

Postal Transit:
This letter was conveyed by sea boat from The Companhia Brasileira de Paquetes a Vapor (Brazilian Steam Packet Boat Company) or by packet boats that belonged to the Imperial Government or to the Imperial Army, between Rio de Janeiro and the city of Rio Grande, which port gives access to the Patos Lagoon, located at the right shore of the Rio Grande Channel, where the postal bag was unloaded. From the city of Rio Grande to Porto Alegre, where postal distribution was done, the distance was covered by the lagoon transport service in the Patos Lagoon, by boat, with rounded off keel, proper for sailing in shallow waters, that belonged to the same Company above mentioned (CBPV), or by a small vapor boat owned by the Imperial Government, that frequently navigated between Rio Grande, Porto Alegre, Pelotas and Sao Jose do Norte. After being distributed by the local post office in Porto Alegre, this letter went by private fluvial transport beginning at the Capital of the state Porto Alegre, going up the river Guaíba, into the Jacuí River until it reached the city of Cachoeira do Sul.

Combined Postage Rate – Land and Sea:
The postage between two Brazilian ports, beginning on Aug 8th, 1843, for a single maritime postal tariff was 120 réis for letters of up to 4/8 in weight; adding 60 réis for each additional 2/8 in weight. In the specific case of the Province of Sao Pedro do Sul, it was considered maritime postal tariff the transport from any Brazilian port to the ports of Rio Grande, Sao Jose do Norte, Pelotas and Porto Alegre, because what happened was simply the transfer of the postal bag, unloaded at the port of Rio Grande, to smaller boats proper to navigate in the Patos Lagoon, to whichever one of these port destinations. The same occurred in the opposite direction with the letters deriving from these four port cities at the Patos Lagoon and the Rio Grande Channel. The overland postal tariff was applied beginning at either one of these port cities going to the small towns of the Province of  São Pedro do Sul, and vice versa, paying 60 réis (single postage) for the letters with weight of up to 4/8, adding 30 réis more for each additional 2/8 of weight. Therefore, even if using the private fluvial transport as the system of postal delivery (which was the case of 90% of letters at that time), the specific overland postage would be charged. This system of combined postal rates lasted until the Decree 3443, of April 12, 1865, which unified the postal rates, the Decree 3675, of July 27, 1866, that established the single tariff of 100 réis (single postage), and the introduction of the Dom Pedro II stamps, in July 1st, 1866.


Provenance: ex. Silva Goulart; C. Leite; F. Barata; Amilcar Angelo; Manfro Cruz; Benevides.


It was the year of 1935, in Porto Alegre, a little bit before the celebrations of the 100th Anniversary of Farroupilha, Mr. Clovis Leite invited Mr. Frederico Barata to go to Cachoeira do Sul, where he mentioned there was a lady from a traditional gaucho family, Silva Goulart, who was believed to own an old archive of correspondences with abundance of stamps from the first Brazilian stamps issued. It was a true fact. Before them was placed a metal box, full of envelopes dated from 1843 on. Unfortunately, almost all of them had their stamps destroyed, removed without any care, in pieces. While examining the disaster deeply saddened, Frederico Barata questioned the elderly lady why that had happened. She answered: The ambassador Joao Neves da Fontoura, while he was just a boy, had started collecting stamps, and every now and than, he was there removing the stamps he needed from the precious box.

When examining the letters one by one, they were able to find a few pieces that were salvaged from the hands of the future ambassador. Clovis Leite agreed to give all that was salvaged to Frederico Barata, to be part of his collection. The pieces from Cachoeira do Sul were exhibited right after the fact at the great Exposition Commemorating the 100th Anniversary of the Farroupilha, winning the Gold Medal.

Here is the list of the main pieces that came from this old archive, all addressed to Mr. Jose Pereira da Silva Gourlat: an envelope with the postage of 270 réis, with 2 horizontal pairs of 60 réis stamps and a single stamp of 30 reis, both are Bull’s Eyes; an envelope bearing a pair of 60 réis, Bull’s Eyes, obliterated with the circular postmark from The General Post Office from Alagoas, dated January 14th, 1845; a vertical strip of three 60 réis stamps, Bull’s Eyes, on piece, bearing a “Correio Geral da Corte postmark , besides many other envelopes bearing Slanted Numerals stamps, two being with 180 réis and another with a pair of 90 réis.

Frederico Barata, who died in early 1962, says about this discovery in 1961, in the “Brasil Filatelico” publishing, number 131, on pages 10 through 13: “when I remember the trunk from Cachoeira, what overtakes me is not the joy of what was found, but the sadness of what was lost. Only Clovis Leite and I can measure, by what we saw, what would have been of that trunk, if it wasn’t for the brief moment of interest the ambassador Joao Neves had with Philately in his childhood”.

In mid 1950 approximately, the collector Amilcar Angelo, originally from Ceará, and living in Sao Paulo, acquired the letter directly from Frederico Barata and kept it for almost 50 long years.

In 1997, the Philatelic trader Anisio Kahder, acting as a mediator, sold it to the greatest gaucho collector at the time, Orestes Manfro Cruz, for the approximate amount of US$ 75,000.00 (seventy five thousand American dollars). He was the great Brazilian Champion of Aerophilately, owner of the largest collection of private air transportation stamps ever exhibited in Brazil, and the winner of three FIP Large Gold Medals, in the Aerophilately Class. He intended to put together an important collection of Bull’s Eyes stamps.

However, in 1998 he decided to sell his entire collection of these imperial stamps, among which, besides “the letter of Cachoeira”, were the following: an irregular used multiple of 13 stamps of Bull’s Eyes of 60 reis, bearing “Cidade de Nicteroy” (City of Nicteroy) postmarks (the largest used multiple of 60 reis known); an unused multiple of six, in 2×3 format, 60 reis Bull’s Eyes and an unused block of four 30 reis Bull’s Eyes, besides 3 upright pairs, one being unused and two used ones, bearing the “Porto Alegre Sul” postmark and the “Correio Geral da Corte” postmark. The amount of this sale reached the US$250,000.00 mark (two hundred and fifty thousand American dollars), and “The letter of Cachoeira do Sul” was included for the amount of US$ 100,000.00 (one hundred thousand American dollars).

The buyer of the collections was the collector from Rio de Janeiro, Roberto Seabra Benevides.

Mr. Roberto Benevides exhibited only once his collection named “Brazil: First Issues” at the Binational LUBRAPEX’2000 exhibition, where he won the Grand Award of the exhibition. I was present and could notice that he didn’t show in this exhibition the “Xiphopagus Pair”, or the “Entire Sheet of 60 réis Bull’s Eyes”, both at the time owned by him.

During my long stay in Houston, TX, at the end of 2001, I learned that Mr. Roberto Benevides had delivered his entire collection “Brazil: First Emissions” to Mr. Antonio Torres, trader and auctioneer residing in London, to sell it. Mr. Torres published a beautiful exclusive catalogue, in color, announcing the business was scheduled to close in October, 2001, as a “Private Treat Business ”. The following Brazilian rarities were available on this offer: The “Xiphopagus Pair”, “The Entire Sheet of Sixty Stamps of 60 réis Bull’s Eyes”, the unused block of four 30 réis (only 3 known), a letter from Rio de Janeiro to the city of Rio Grande, with a horizontal strip of 4 stamps of 60 réis, the letter from Rio de Janeiro to Cachoeira (RS) with a horizontal strip of 4 stamps of 60 réis plus one 30 réis isolated, and a complete panel of 90 réis stamps (18 stamps – 6×3) bearing the “Cidade de Nicteroy” (City of Nicteroy) postmark. Among the Slanted Numerals Issue we noticed: a multiple of 6 stamps (3×2) of 180 réis, an unused upright strip of three stamps of 300 réis, an used multiple of 6 (2×3) of 600 reis, besides an used block of four and an unused vertical strip of 4 stamps of 600 reis (largest multiple known). It is truly an impressive collection. There were no prices listed on the catalogue.

In conversations with local traders, international collectors and exhibitors, it was agreed that an offer between one million and one million two hundred thousand dollars would close the deal. When I questioned Mr. Torres over the phone, he denied giving me details about this transaction. He only mentioned that business was done and wasn’t on his agenda anymore.

By this last statement, we can assume that the “Letter of Cachoeira do Sul” has left Brazil for the first time, after remaining in Brazilian hands for over one century. Comments in the international philately market are that the entire collection was sold to the most important Spanish collector currently, Mr. Luiz Alemany, keeper of hundreds of Gold Medals, and owner of over forty FIP collections, appraised at US$ 1,000,000.00 (one million dollars). Comments are that the “Letter of Cachoeira do Sul” was appraised at US$ 100,000.00 (One hundred thousand dollars).




Article published in the Filatelia Brasileira magazine #11, June/2009

Article revised, corrected and updated by the author because of new information found and the discovery of relevant data collected and provided by Brian Moorhouse, England. April/2010.

Article updated by the author due to relevant discover about
the first owner (1898) of this cover. December/2010.


Description: Letter from Rio de Janeiro to Santos bearing a stamp of 30rs, two stamps of 60rs (horizontal pair), and another stamp of 90rs; all Bull’s Eyes Issue. Triple Sea postage of 240rs.  All stamps with large margins, showing the panel dividing line, being the 90rs and the horizontal pair of 60rs with superior margin and the stamp of 30rs with inferior margin and the stamp frame line touched on the right side. Obliterated with the double ring circular postmark of the Correio Geral da Corte – 22 8 1843 in black color.

This is the ONLY KNOWN cover to have all three values present.


Provenance: ex.Guilherme A dos Santos; Eduard Heinze; Ferdinad d’Almeida; Berms; Rolf Meyer.




In the historical philatelic memories of Guilherme Antonio dos Santos (1871-1966), gave when he had already served 90 years of age and published in the Brasil Filatélico No. 129, January/April 1961, page 18, inform some of the few pieces he bought from Alphonse Bruck, who few time later passed away, whose philatelic home’s business worked in Rio de Janeiro between 1896 and 1900, and among them was mentioned: “one cover with the complete Bull’s Eyes set of values, having a pair of 90rs”. It is clear that his memory failed, after all he was already 90 years of age, asserting that the pair was of 90rs, when, in fact, was of 60rs.


On my last visit to Rolf Meyer in 2003, before the accident that disabled him, talking about the Brazilian philately history, he told me that this piece had belonged, for a long time, to Mr. Benjamin Hans Lagerloef (March 29, 1880 – May 5, 1952), Swedish, resident in USA and known throughout the philatelic world as Colonel Lagerloef.


However, he didn’t know when or to whom such acquisition was made. The Colonel was already an active collector in the 1920s. Mr. Lagerloef died at 72 years of age in the United States after having assembled one of the largest collections in the world, with more than 1,200 volumes. When he felt closer to the end, he started to sell parts of the collection and donate others: however; when he died, he still had about 900 volumes remaining. The Postal Museum in Stockholm has become one of the richest and most important philatelic archives in the world thanks to the donations of Mr. Lagerloef of collections from different countries. To have an idea of this amazing collection, in 1952 the Postal Museum of Stockholm had already published eight catalogues resulting from Colonel Lagerloef’s donations; of which the last volume described his 21st donation, including, among others, a specialized collection of Bolivia with four volumes and one from Holland in three volumes. Among his donations are still the first two stamps of Mauritius Island, which he acquired at the then fabulous price of $30,000. These donations have compelled the Postal Museum of Stockholm to acquire a new building to house them. In 1936, during the New York TIPEX (Third International Philatelic Exhibition), Mr. Lagerloef competed with collections from 23 different countries and received medals in all. It was the exhibition in which a single collector most won medals.


Therefore, the story told by Mr. Meyer seems to have lack foundation because the following facts reported lead it to another direction. The Gold Medal collection of Brazil, formed by Colonel Lagerloef, in to two volumes, was offered to be sold in a single lot, in New York, by the auction house HR Harmer, Inc, on October 28, 1942 and the value suggested was between $4,500 and $5,000. Examining the very detailed description of the material and the illustrations contained in the sales catalogue, the cover was not included. It is clearly evident that the cover with three values of Bull’s Eyes never belonged to him.


The first printed image of this piece can be found in 1923 in the Großes Lexikon der Philatelie – Alexander Bungerz – Munchen, page 88, without any reference or explanation in the text.



Image of 1923 

No news about the cover followed until 1944 the National Imprint of Brazil completed the 1942 Yearbook of the Imperial Museum of Petrópolis, where it was published an article entitled Centenary of the First Stamps of Brazil authored by Roberto Thut and, between pages 86 and 87, was inserted an illustration of the cover, noted as Fig. 18, with the following explanatory text: photocopy of a cover franked with three values of “Bull’s Eyes”, which has being part of the collection of the late Consul General Eduard Heinze.

It is interesting to observe that in the same year that the yearbook began to be produced (1942) the intact collection of stamps from Brazil belonging to Colonel Lagerloef was put on sale by HR Harmer. It is another indication that this letter never was his property.

 Image of 1944

Mr. Heinze was German and in my judgment the connection of his name to the 1923 German publication (the image probably was furnished by him) and 1944 Brazilian publication is evident. Thus, it might suggest that the cover was already in his hands since by 1923 or even earlier in the 1920s.

The history of Eduard Heinze in the Bund Deutscher Philatelisten eV, says he was born on December 16, 1863 in Saarbrücken, the son of a railway employee. He moved to Posdam while he was still young where his father was called to work in the Supreme Chamber of Accounts. He was a student in the Victoria-Gymnasium in Potsdamer and studied Law in Berlin. He trained at the District Court in Potsdam and became “adviser” in Werder and then he was sent to a bank in Rio de Janeiro for training. Soon after, he applied to become member of the Foreign Ministry and then came to be designated Deputy German Consul in Hong Kong and later Consul in Taiwan. He created, by imperial order, a German Consulate in Managua, the capital of Nicaragua in 1900, and until 1905 he travelled through almost all Central America and the United States of America. In 1906 he returned to Berlin, where he was married and subsequently became consul in Curitiba, Paraná (Southern Brazil) where two sons and a daughter were born. Shortly, after the First World War, became Consul General in Lemberg (in Austrian Galicia), where two more daughters were born. In 1918 he fled from the Poles and Russians and returned to Potsdam. In 1931 he took up residence in 5 Im Bogen and there he built a country house called ‘Ubersee” in the district of Sonnenland (Land of the Sun) with a small museum with attractions of rare tropical plants and countless treasure in stamps. Besides collecting stamps also collected train tickets and Public Offices marks from the early age.

As a philatelist Heinze was one of the first collectors of stamp on covers and was also one of the first to have avid interest in the postmarks. He was the most important collector of Nicaragua and in 1935 published a small book on postmarks of Nicaragua, in Austria, which is still current and valid. He also dedicated himself to the stamps on covers from old Germany, Italy, Brazil, Mexico and Lombardy-Venice. In 1910 he showed his complete collection of stamps on covers of Eastern Germany and Italy. He was a member of the BSV Potsdam since late 1912 and became its chairman in 1934. Also since 1912 he also became a member of Germania-Ring and corresponding member of Sociedade Philatélica de São Paulo (Brazil). Thanks to him, the great exhibition of stamps held in Berlin had numerous pieces of his property and his contribution was invaluable to the first philatelic associations emerging in Germany.

It has not been possible to determine who put the cover of three values of Bull’s Eys for sale in auction, if it was the Heinze family, or a dealer or a philatelist to whom Mr. Heinze could has sold this piece before he died. This last option seems to be a remote possibility since the description of the “Anuário” says that “has being part of the collection…”. To be honest, the description did not say that it was part or had been part, which leads us to the conclusion that it was sold before his death. The fact is that in the year 1956, in London the auction house H.R.Harner put the cover, which would become one of the treasures of the Brazilian philately in the following years, up for sale.

In the large annual winter auction of 1956 of the famous auctioneers H.R. Harmer, 4 BULL’S EYES on an envelope were sold for 310 pounds sterling. It was a 90rs, a pair of 60rs and one 30rs with the postmark ‘Correio Geral da Corte’ and the date of 22.08.1843”. This was reported by the “Brasil Filatélico” No. 115, on page 34, in the Magazines of Magazines column. The estimated value was between 200 and 300 pounds.

It seems that the buyer in the auction was the collector Ferdinad J. dAlmeida, a British national, resident in São Paulo, because his important collection of the first issues of the Brazilian Empire stamps was exhibited at the LONDON60 and it was further exhibited at the first LUBRAPEX held in Rio de Janeiro, in 1966 and therein, among other notable items, the cover with the three values of Bull Eyes, sent to Santos, was presented. The collection of Mr. dAlmeida was sold from 1967 in a piecemeal manner to various buyers through intermediate traders.

The cover turned up in London during PHILYMIA1970. The German stamp dealer Wilhelm Bartels from Dusseldolf offered it at the significant price of $12,000 to the American collector Norman Hubbard, a Bull’s Eyes major exhibitor, who had the Pack Strip in his collection. Mr. Hubbard declined the offer due to the strong vertical fold that the cover had reaching the 60rs stamp located on the right side of the cover. Thus, it is proved that until 1970 the cover was still with its original features preserved.

Giangiacomo Orlandini recalled events that happened in the early 1970s. He says he bought a Brazilian collection by twelve thousand pounds from Stanley Gibbons, in which the cover with the three values of Bull’s Eyes was contained. Peter Holcombe served as broker to the deal. The collection was basically composed of the material from the Brazilian collection of Saul Newbury, which was bought by Norman Hubbard in 1968 who in early 1970 sold the material in which he was no longer interested to Stanley Gibbons. This batch also included the famous 90rs Bull’s Eyes block of six – cancelled Cabo Frio. It is likely that Stanley Gibbons had bought the cover and then included it in the deal made with Mr Orlandini.

He also adds that he sold the cover and some other Brazilian materials to a German dealer named Hahn, who in turn sold it to the German collector Architekt Berms. It was said that Mr. Berms went bankrupt and it seems that for this reason the cover reappeared at an auction in Basle, Switzerland, in 1975. At the time repaired and with alterations to its original features.

On March 18, 1975 the auction house Robson Lowe & Paul von Gunten held an auction in Basle, Switzerland, under the title “A Superb Collection of Brazil” and that piece there was included under the lot 1.506 in which the catalogue stated: Outstanding letter to Santos posted with 30rs + 60rs (pair) + 90rs. All print and with margins, obliterated by the ‘Correio Geral da Corte – 22 08 1843’, double circle postmark. Amazing exhibition piece. Diena certificate. Estimate of Sfr 60.000”. 


Image of 1975 

Mr. Maurino Araújo Ferreira, one of the greatest Brazilian collectors of his time, received the catalogue and was really interested in purchasing the piece on offer. During the purchase of the collection of the Empire of Brazil belonging to Mr. Ivo Ferreira da Costa, resident in Porto Alegre, at the beginning of 1972, this collector from Minas Gerais made a previous agreement with the philatelic trader Mr. Rolf Harald Meyer, based in São Paulo, with the objective of avoiding trade disputes over the collection. It was agreed upon that the Xiphopagus Pair would stay with Mr. Meyer (he wanted this piece back in his hands, as happened in 1954) and the balance of the collection would stay with Mr. Araújo Ferreira. Once the purchase was made with the visit of Mr. Ferreira to Porto Alegre, the agreement was no longer honored because Mr. Maurino Ferreira, besides having the pair, sold the material that he did not want to Mr. Reinaldo Bruno Pracchia and the Meyers were left on the sidelines.

Few years passed and in March of 1975, Mr. Maurino Ferreira, on his way to Basle to participate in the auction sponsored by Robson Lowe, visited the Meyers and borrowed a jacket to face the harsh cold of Europe. During the visit, between drinks and appetizers, explained the reason for his trip to Europe. That same night, with the borrowed coat, he set off to Switzerland to try to buy the letter posted in Rio de Janeiro to Santos bearing the three values of the BULL’S EYES Issue.

Maurino did not succeed in buying it. A rare event when he participating at international auctions. To dispel the bitterness of the loss, he took the opportunity to be a tourist in Europe where he remained for some fifteen more days. About a month after his return, he traveled to Sao Paulo to return the jacket that he had borrowed. As he entered the Meyers’ living room, there he was astonished to see on the hands of Mrs. Lott (Mr. Meyer’s wife) the Three Bull’s Eyes Cover serving as a fan to calm down the extreme heat. It was purchased on the telephone and offered as a gift to her by the husband. It was the pay-back; the reprisal for the past behavior of Mr. Maurino Ferreira in the episode of the purchase of Mr. Ivo Ferreira da Costa collection.

Years later, at the end of the eighties, Mr. Maurino Ferreira said to this author that “at that time, still he felt the bitter taste of frustration and to never have paid so dearly for a simple loan of a jacket for the cold”.

The purchase price was Sfr. 36,000.00 more fees. This remarkable piece of the Brazilian Philately stayed in the hands of the Meyers between 1975 and 2007, where it acquired fame and prestige, and would then be known as “The Meyers Cover”. It was displayed in the Monaco Club in 1997.

In 2005 the Meyers suffered a burglary at their home, in Sao Paulo, during which Mr. Meyer was violently attacked, which caused damage to his brain and even today he is in the hospital in an irreversible coma.

For this reason in 2007 the family decided put up for sale at auction all the Brazilian Classics material belonging to him. The auction house chosen was David Feldman SA, from Switzerland. On October 4, 2007 David Feldman offered the Meyer’s Collection through an exclusive catalogue and entirely in color. This piece has the number 20.103 and was described as follows:

THE ULTIMATE BULLS EYES COVER. Complete set of three values including pair of the 60r and each showing pane border line above or below, neatly tied by Rio de Janeiro double-circle postmark dated 22 August 1843 (first month usage, 21 days after issue). The combination of all three values and all from marginal positions is statistically one in a million – indeed, this is the ONLY KNOWN cover to have all three values present. Plating: all are early intermediate impressions. – 30r value: 2nd composite plate, state A, pos. 17 – 60r values: 2nd Large plate, state B, pos. 2-3 – 90r value: 2nd composite plate, state A, pos. 2. Expertise: signed Friedl; formerly accompanied by A. Diena certificate. Provenance: First appeared in print in 1923 in the Grosses Lexicon der Philatelie. Sold at auction by Robson Lowe & Paul von Gunten (1975, lot 1506). Exhibited at the Club de Monaco in 1997. This is the earliest cover bearing a ‘complete set’ from anywhere in the Americas; a famous and very fine showpiece, indispensable for a ‘Grand Prix’ collection. Estimate: Euros 500000 – 750000.

A new world record for any Latin America philatelic piece was reached in public auction being sold by the fabulous sum o E 690000, equivalent to US$ 972,900.00 + 19.5% of auction fees. According to David Feldman Company’s website, the auction started at Euros 500’000 and the contest was fierce between two bidders through the telephone and a third one through the Internet, being sold to one of the bidders on the phone, who spoke French, but asked his identity to be kept confidential.


Some philatelists and international philatelic dealers, after the auction, comment that the piece would be a forgery. Others said that the piece was manipulated in some way and/or repaired. And that, for this reason, a certificate of authenticity was requested. I confess not to know if this certificate was issued or not and if so, by whom.

The image, in black and white, found in the 1975 Robson Lowe catalogue is the same image, only this time, presented by David Feldman catalogue in 2007, colorful. Fortunately, I obtained a copy of the page of H.R.Harmer catalogue of 1956 where the picture was published to compare the images in the three catalogues where this piece was offered at public auction.

Well, lets clarify the facts and myths regarding the Meyer’s Cover. As mentioned at the beginning of this article this piece was illustrated in the book Großes Lexikon der Philatelie – Alexander Bungerz – Munchen, page 88, published in 1923. A copy of this book is in the Library of Munich, in the Philately Division, maintained by this German cultural institution. I was able to get access to the publication through a German friend, resident in Munich. I was rewarded for his kindness during his visit to Belo Horizonte in December 2008, in bringing into my hands all the data from the book, including a photocopy of the image as it was then.

The other available image is the one published in “Anuario do Museu Imperial de Petrópolis, in 1944. Both are identical, as well the one in 1956 Harmers Catalogue, all showing the same original characteristics.

I apply myself to study the images and I can list the following facts comparing the two known images: the 1923 and 1944, both in black and white and the current one in color.

The image of 1944

a) There is a clear vertical fold across the letter touching the right stamp of the horizontal pair of the 60r Bull Eyes passing vertically through the ”6 of the number 60”.

b) There is a horizontal black line below the word “Santos” throughout the length of the cover.

c) Above the left postmark of the C.G.C. applied on the stamp of 90rs and the stamp of 60rs (left of the pair), specifically above the word GERAL, are spots of paint or oxide (there is no way to specify what kind of spots because the photo is in black and white).

d) Similarly, there is an identical situation in regard to the right postmark applied on the right stamp of the pair of 60rs and on the stamp of 30rs Bull’s Eyes.

The current color image

a) The clear pre-existent vertical fold has been restored and minimized.

b) The horizontal line below the word “Santos” has been removed by chemical washing.

c) The ink stain above the word “GERAL” of the postmark C.G.C. applied on the 90rs and on the first 60rs left of the pair has been removed chemically removed.

d) The second pre-existing spot of ink above the second postmark, the one on the right side of the cover, remains as in the original images of 1923, 1944 and 1956.


a) Magnifying the image by 200%, signs of the original vertical fold remain perceivable.

b) Magnifying the image by 300%, the horizontal line of paint below the word Santos still can be observed.

c) The stamp of 90rs Bull’s Eyes was lifted off the cover for chemical cleaning.

d) The left stamp of the pair of 60rs has had chemical cleaning on the pre-existing ink stain without being removed from the cover.

e) The expert failed to replace the stamp of 90rs Bull Eyes in the correct place and there has been a small shift from the original position, very slightly at the top and particularly at the bottom of the circular postmark.

The lower part of the double ringed postmark has therefore been fraudulently add to, clearly observed at the junction of the two parts of the postmarks between both stamps due to the greater distance between them, as can be observed:

on the inner ring of the postmark in the image of 1956 (Fig. 1 – at magnification of 200%) as well in the 1923 and 1944 images, there is no indication of the existence of part of the postmark between the two stamps. Now, in the current color image it is possible to see a small addition connecting both parts of the postmark (Fig.2 – magnified by 200%).   

on the outer ring, the addition of the postmark made by the expert (Fig. 2 – magnified by 200%) doesn’t have the same thickness of the postmark originally applied there (Fig. 1 – magnified by 200%). Thereby shows that the original part of the postmark was also removed by the chemical washing, forcing the expert fraudulently to repair it.

between the two circles in the image of 1956 (Fig. 1 – magnified by 200%), there is no indication of the existence of part of the postmark between the two stamps. Now, in the current image (Fig.2 – magnified by 200%) there is a clear attempt to add part of the postmark between the two stamps.

 Fig. 1

 Fig. 2

CONCLUSION: For the above reasons, in my opinion, the cover is authentic and the stamps are genuine; however, the cover has been tainted by poorly made repairs.



Partial published originally in MOSAICO magazine, year III, nr 8,
July 1993, under the title “Before and After”.
Revised and up to dated by the author on September 2006.
   Rewritten by the author on November 2010.


300rs, Slanted Numerals emission. Block of 4 (2 x 2), unused, yellowish paper, late imprint, good margins not touching the frame’s stamp and in fine conditions.

A remarkable item of Brazilian Philately: unique and the largest unused multiple known of the 300rs Slanted Numeral stamps”.

Provenance: ex. Duveen, Guinle, Caspary, Lilly, Boker, Kuyas, Lima, Hubbard.

Due to the discovery of new and relevant information in 2010, on which I counted with the invaluable assistance of Brian Moorhouse, English stamps dealer, I am compelled to revise and re-write the original article of 1993, as the history of this unused block of four changed direction diametrically.


During my most recent visit to his philatelic office, in São Paulo (1993), Mr. Baylongue gave me a photograph of unused multiple of 6 stamps (2 x 3) of the 300 réis Slanted Numerals (Fig. 2 – b&w), the origin of which he couldn’t explain. He couldn’t remember how nor who gave the photograph to him. Such piece was horizontally severed, generating a multiple of 4 (Fig. 1) from the top part and a horizontal pair from the bottom. That multiple of four is unique. No other largest unused multiple of that value is known.


The History

Some old notes indicate that this item had belonged, for sure still as a block of 6 stamps, to Henry J. Duveen (1854-1919), born in Meppel, Netherlands and  died in New York, on 13 of January of the above mentioned year. He was a partner in Duveen Bros., notable art dealers in London, New York and Paris from the late nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century. The business began when Joseph Joel Duveen (1843-1908) and his younger brother, Henry J. Duveen (1855-1919), left their homeland for Hull, England. They opened a London office in 1879 and a New York office followed in 1886, which head office was entrusted to Henry. As philatelist he was one of greatest of his time collecting unused material emissions before 1890. He had preference for multiples of four. Acquired chosen items from the collections Mirabaud, Seybold, Worthington and Earl of Crawford. His motto was nothing but the best. In 1901 he donated the collection to his wife Mrs. Dora Charlotte Duveen and appointed Sir Edward Denny Bacon (1860-1938) curator of the collection, which oversaw multiple purchases to ensure that only good and genuine items could be into the collection.

As information, in 1913, during the International Exhibition of New York, held between October 27 and November 1, the collection of Isle of Mauritius belonging to the art dealer Henry Duveen was the winner of Exhibition’s Grand Prix and was evaluated by over $ 0.25 million (The New York Times).

It has to be noted that no information or news about this block could be found in the Brazilian philatelic literature of the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century. It is possible to infer, with some plausibility, that the block of six stamps was opened at the dawn of the twentieth century, and certainly when still in the ownership of Duveen. The separation must have been promoted by order of Sir Bacon (curator of the collection since 1901) with the full acquiescence of Duveen, who had an irresistible penchant for blocks of four. He certainly ordered to open the block to get the superior block, which has no defect whatsoever. However, another conclusion can also be drawn; the service was done by a professional expert, because the margins of the block were beautifully preserved and adjusted without touching the frames of the stamps.

Clearly the Fig. 1 shows to be the top multiple of four from the unused multiple of six (Fig. 2). It can be seen that the top margin of the multiple of six is broader than that shown in the multiple of four and a diagonal tear can also be noticed in the top right corner of the multiple. And one can see perfectly that the frame line of the bottom right stamp has been touched. Seeking to achieve a perfect multiple of four it is very probable that Mr. Duveen ordered the splitting of the top multiple of four. He should also have ordered to have the upper margin corrected, trimming it to disguise the much accentuated diagonal cut in the top right-hand corner. Nevertheless, a detail calls one’s attention: in the top left-hand corner of both multiples, one can see a small horizontal line or scratch, which looks as it was caused by the slip of the cutter’s tool during the engraving of the plate. It is undoubtedly the same piece.

After “Duveen” has passed away the collection was offered in London on private treaty sale by Charles J. Phillips in 1922 as intact individual country lots and Phillips produced a small non-illustrated catalogue listing of the highlights arranged by country. Prices were not quoted but Phillips did say that they would be in GBP Sterling which suggests that the collection was still in London at that date. There is no written record as to who bought any particular country. From Brazil it is known the part of the lot being offered, as follow: 1843, yellowish paper: 30c, corner, block of 4, unused; 90c, horizontal strip of 5, unused; 1845-6, Slanted figures: 300 and 600 block of 4 each, unused; 1850: large number of blocks, including 600rs in block of 4, 6 and 9, unused (Fig. 3 and 4 – primary source of research).


Fig. 3 

Fig. 4 


Here does need an explanatory note; several auction catalogues as historical reference appoint this piece’s property as ex. Gibson, just after Duveen. That is, as belonging to the American collector and exhibitor Henry C. Mr. Gibson (1885-1987) and as being who have bought the lot of Brazil offered by Charles J. Phillips. Pure folklore! Nothing more than a simple attempt to enhance the block saying it have belonged, at the beginning of the twentieth century, to one of the most important exhibitors of American stamps.

Mr. Guinle in his philatelic reminiscences, published in the “Brazil Philatelico, # 128, November/December 1960, spells quoted: “My best purchase was made to a well known antiques dealer in London, Mr. Duveen; from him I bought by ‘67 contos de réis’ a great set of stamps from Brazil, where there was a block of 300 reis and a block of 600 reis, Slanted Numerals, several isolated stamps, some 100 Bull’s Eyes and where there were two block of four and a few pairs, unused and used”. Thus, it is definitive that this piece never had belonged to Mr. Gibson, but that it was purchased directly by Mr. Guilherme Guinle (1882-1960) to Charles Phillips.

At the National Exhibition held in São Paulo on December 2nd, 1925, an unused 300rs multiple of 4 was displayed in Dr. Guinle’s collection, according to the number 1 of “Boletim da Sociedade Philatelica Paulista”, of January 1926.

After the dispersal of Guinle’s collection, promoted by the Uruguayan philatelic dealer Julio Rachitoff, the buyer in1937, for the impressive price of 3.000$000 (three thousand contos de réis), equivalent to $500,000.00 (five hundred thousand dollars), this block appeared in the “Alfred H. Caspary” (1877-1955) collection, auctioned on June 3rd, 1958, in New York, by H. R. Harmer, as lot 534 and without any estimative value. It was sold by $4,200.00.

The buyer of this block and other major Brazilian pieces at auction was Josiah K. Lilly(1893-1966), whose collection was auctioned in December 1968, by the house Robert A. Siegel Auctions , under lot number 74, with an estimated price of $2,400.00. Fetched by the exceptional sum of $11,000.00.

John R. Boker Jr. (1913-2003) was active at the Lilly sale and he bought most of the Slanted Numerals material including the mint block of 4 of the 300r and the mint block of 600r. He also bought the mint 30r Bulls Eye upper left corner block of 4. At this time John Boker was actually the undisclosed owner of the Mercury Stamp Co. in New York (Herbert Bloch). He was one of the really major American stamp collectors. His “US Postmasters” and his “German States” were legendary and he also put together a quite fabulous collection of Buenos Aires that was sold in a Morhmann auction in Hamburg in the late 1970’s.

Around 1972 Mr. Boker’s Brazilian collection was sold intact, having as agent Robert Lyman, to “Tevfik Kuyas”(1916-1989), a Turkish exhibitor. This material was, in fact, the foundation of the Kuyas collection, named as “Rio Collection”, which was auctioned on May 18th, 1978 by Stanley Gibbons Auctions, in Frankfurt, Germany. This unused block of 4 was listed as lot 280 and was offered by the estimative value of DM72.000. Not sold according to the historical results.

original info:

At the beginning of the 1980s this unused block of 4 appeared in the famous collection of Mr. Angelo Lima, our great champion, title obtained in Philexfrance89 and ratified in Philanippon91.

In 1991 David Feldman S.A. bought intact the entire collection of Mr. Lima after he had got the Championship Class Gran Prix in Japan. Market rumors say that the transaction reached the figure of two million dollars. One fact, however, must be faced; in any of the auctions held by Mr. Feldman from the Lima’s collection this unused multiple was offered.

It‘s evident that after the dispersion of the Mr. Angelo Lima’s collection, in the auctions of 1993 and 1994, Mr. Nornan S. Hubbard purchased the unused block of 4 of 300 reis, Slanted Numerals Issue. The year was 1996 when this multiple left the property of Mr. Feldman sold in private treaty to Mr. Hubbard and still in the year 2010 lies in his hands.

Nevertheless, remains one question to be answered: where is the lower unused horizontal pair from the multiple of six, 300 réis Slanted Numeral stamps?


Algumas anotações bem antigas encontradas indicam que essa peça pertenceu, por certo ainda como um bloco de 6 selos a Henry J. Duveen (1854-1919), nascido em Meppel, Holanda e falecido em Nova York, em 13 de janeiro do ano mencionado. Sócio da “Duveen Brothers”, notáveis negociantes de artes de Londres, Nova York e Paris, no final do século XIX e primeiros anos do século XX. Os negócios iniciaram quando os irmãos trocaram sua terra natal por Hull, na Inglaterra. Estabeleceram uma loja em Londres em 1879 e a seguir em Nova York em 1886, cuja direção foi entregue a Henry Duveen. Como filatelista foi um dos maiores de seu tempo, colecionando material novo das emissões pré 1890. Tinha preferência pelos múltiplos de 4 (quadra). Adquiriu peças escolhidas das coleções Mirabaud, Seybold, Worthington e Earl of Crawford. Sua máxima era “nada, senão o melhor”. Em 1901 ele doou a coleção à esposa Sra. Dora Charlotte Duveen e indicou o “Sir Edward Denny Bacon (1860-1938) curador da coleção, que supervisionou diversas compras para garantir que somente as boas e genuínas peças pudessem fazer parte da coleção.

A guisa de informação, no ano de 1913, durante a Exposição Internacional de Nova York, realizada entre os dia 27 de Outubro e 1 de novembro, a coleção de selos das Ilhas Maurício do negociante de artes Henry Duveen foi a ganhadora do Grande Prêmio da exposição e avaliada por mais de Us$ 0,25 milhões (The New York Times).

A se observar que nenhuma informação ou notícia a respeito desse bloco ou quadra pode ser encontrada na literatura filatélica brasileira do século XIX, e primeiros anos do século seguinte. Pode-se inferir com alguma plausibilidade que bloco de seis selos foi aberto no limiar do Século XX e, por certo, quando ainda na propriedade de Duveen. A separação deve ter sido promovida por ordem de Sir Bacon (curador da coleção desde 1901) com plena aquiescência de Duveen, que possuía uma predileção irresistível pelos blocos de 4. Ele, certamente, mandara abrir o bloco para ficar com a quadra superior, pois era a que não apresentava defeito algum. Entretanto, outra conclusão também se pode tirar: o serviço foi feito por experto profissional, pois as margens do bloco foram magistralmente preservadas e ajustadas, sem tocar os quadros das figuras dos selos.

A Fig. 1 demonstra ser, com total clareza, a quadra superior do bloco de seis selos novos do 300 réis Inclinado conforme mostra a figura 2. Percebe-se na foto do bloco de seis selos que sua margem superior é mais larga que a visualizada na quadra e nota-se um acentuado corte diagonal no canto superior direito do bloco. E, se vê com perfeição que o quadro do selo na lateral direita do par horizontal inferior é tocado. No intuito de obter uma quadra perfeita, é bastante provável que Sir Bacon ordenara a separação da quadra do par inferior e mandara acertar a margem superior, aparando-a para disfarçar o corte diagonal muito acentuado do canto superior direito. Porém um detalhe salta à vista: no canto superior esquerdo tanto do bloco como da quadra visualiza-se um pequeno traço horizontal, parecendo escape do buril do entalhador durante a gravação da chapa. Trata-se sem dúvida da mesma peça.

Depois da morte de Duveen a coleção foi oferecida ainda intacta em 1922 por Charles J. Phillips (Stanley Gibbons), em Londres. Foi separada em lotes por países e com os preços estabelecidos inclusive em Libras Esterlinas. Phillips produziu um catálogo não ilustrado listando os destaques da coleção. Desconhecem-se os compradores de cada um dos lotes. Com relação ao Brasil sabe-se que fazia parte do lote oferecido: um Bloco de 4 novo canto de folha do 30 réis Olho de Boi, uma tira nova de 5 selos do 90 réis Olho de Boi, como também um bloco de 4 novo do 300 Inclinado e uma quadra nova do 600 réis Inclinado, além de muitas blocos do numerais verticais de 1850, incluindo blocos novos de 4, 6 e 9 do 600 réis (Figs. 3 e 4 – Fonte primária da pesquisa).


Fig. 3 

Fig. 4 

Aqui se faz necessário uma nota explicativa; vários catálogos de leilões indicam como referência histórica dessa peça, após a Duveen, a propriedade como “ex. Gibson”. Ou seja, como sendo do colecionador e expositor norte-americano Henry C. Gibson Sr. ( 1885-1987), que teria sido o comprador do lote de Brasil oferecido por Charles J. Phillips. Puro folclore! Nada mais que uma simples tentativa de valorizar quadra dizendo-a pertencer, no início do século XX, a um dos mais importantes expositores de selos americanos.

O Sr. Guinle em suas reminiscências filatélicas, publicada no “Brasil Filatélico” nº 128, novembro/dezembro de 1960, explicita textualmente: “Minha melhor compra foi feita a um conhecido antiquário de Londres, Mr. Duveen; dele comprei por 67 contos de réis um grande conjunto de selos do Brasil, onde havia 1 quadra do 300 réis e uma quadra do 600 réis inclinado, vários isolados, cerca de 100 Olhos e Boi onde havia duas quadra e alguns pares novos e usados”.  Assim, tem-se como definitivo que essa peça nunca pertenceu ao Sr. Gibson e sim que foi comprada diretamente pelo Sr. Guinle a Charles Phillips.

Na exposição nacional realizada em São Paulo, promovida pela Sociedade Philatelica Paulista e inaugurada em 2 de dezembro de 1925, constava na relação das peças do acervo do Dr. Guilherme Guinle uma quadra de 300 réis nova, conforme o histórico desta exposição publicado no “Boletim da Sociedade Philatelica Paulista” de número 1, de Janeiro de 1926.

Após a dispersão da coleção Guinle, promovida pelo comerciante uruguaio Julio Rachitoff que a comprou, em 1937, pela impressionante soma de 3.000$000 (três mil contos de réis) equivalente à época a U$S 500.000,00 (quinhentos mil dólares), essa quadra foi aparecer no acervo de “Alfred H. Gaspary(1877-1955), leiloada em 3 de Junho de 1958, em Nova York por “H. R. Harmer”, sob o número de lote 534 e sem indicação de valor estimado. Foi arrematada pelo valor de Us$ 4.200,00.

O comprador deste bloco e de outras importantes peças brasileiras naquele leilão foi “Josiah K. Lilly(1893-1966), cuja coleção foi leiloada em dezembro de 1968, pela casa “Robert A. Siegel Auctions”, lote número 74 e com preço estimado de US$ 2.400,00. Foi arrematada pelo excepcional soma de US$ 11.000,00.

John R. Boker Jr. (1913-2003) foi um comprador ativo de lotes do leilão Lilly, entre eles a quadra nova do 300rs e a de 600rs dos Inclinados e a quadra nova, canto superior esquerdo da folha, do 30rs dos Olhos de Boi. Há esse tempo John Boker era, na verdade, o sócio oculto da empresa Mercury Stamp Co. (Herbert Bloch), em Nova York. Ele foi um dos maiores colecionadores americanos. Suas coleções de “US Postmaters” e “Estados Alemães” foram legendárias e montou uma fabulosa coleção de “Buenos Ayres”, que foi vendida no leilão Morhmann, em Frankfurt, nos finais dos anos de 1970.  

Por volta de 1972 sua coleção de Brasil foi vendida intacta, tendo como agente a Robert Lyman, para

Tevfik Kuyas(1916-1989), expositor turco. Esse material foi base de fundação da coleção Kuyas, denominada “Rio Collection”, e que foi leiloada em 18 de Maio de 1978 por Stanley Gibbons Auctions, em Frankfurt, Alemanha. Essa quadra tomou o numero de lote 280 e foi oferecida pela soma estimativa de DM 72.000. Não foi arrematada, conforme o histórico de resultados.

No início dos anos de 1980 essa quadra apareceu na famosa coleção do Sr. Ângelo Lima, nosso grande campeão mundial, título este, obtido na Philexfrance’89 e ratificado na Philanippon’91.

A casa Leiloeira David Feldman comprou em 1991 essa coleção intacta após o Grande Prêmio da Classe dos Campeões no Japão obtido por Ângelo Lima. Rumores do mercado falam que a transação alcançou a cifra de dois milhões de dólares. Torna-se evidente que quando da dispersão da coleção de Ângelo Lima, promovida por David Feldman, nos leilões de 1993 e 1994, o Sr. Nornan S. Hubbard adquiriu o bloco de 4, novo, do 300 réis Inclinado, que ainda no ano de 2010 encontra-se nas mãos desse colecionador norte-americano.

Uma constatação, todavia, deve ser enfrentada; em nenhum dos leilões promovidos pelo Sr. Feldman de material oriundo da Coleção Lima essa quadra foi ofertada. Conseqüentemente a venda foi feita ao Sr. Hubbard em trato privado.  

Restam as perguntas. Aonde se encontra o par horizontal inferior oriundo do bloco de seis selos novos? Teria sido aberto e vendido como selos isolados?

 the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011