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Bali In

15th  Century

In the 5ear 1489, Nirartha
is a Buddhist priest who was then a priest Shiva. He was also named MPU Dwijendra and dubbed Rauh Wawu Rawuh, he is also known as a man of letters.

 
In Dwijendra Tattwa recounted as follows:

“In The Kingdom of Majapahit in East Java, there was a Bhagavan named

 
Dang Hyang Dwi Jendra.
He was honored for his dedication to a very high against the king and the people through spiritual teachings, increase prosperity and tackle the problems of life.

 
He is known in spreading the teachings of Hinduism with the name “Dharma Yatra”.

 
 In Lombok he called “Mr. Sumeru” or teacher of Semeru, the name of a mountain in East Java. “
With supernatural abilities and his heart’s eyes, he saw the seeds of the collapse of the Hindu kingdom in Java.
 Intentions about to break up the warring parties, but will not be able to resist the will of the Creator, is characterized by a variety of natural disasters that allegedly participated in the collapse of the Majapahit kingdom contribution (one of which is a natural disaster “Newer Mountains”).

Finally he got a clue to move to an island that is still under the control of Majapahit, the island of Bali.

Before going to the island of Bali, Dang Hyang Nirartha moved to Daha (Kediri), then to Pasuruan and then to Blambangan.

 
He first arrived in Bali from Blambangan Caka circa 1411 or 1489 AD when the Kingdom of Bali Dwipa led by Dalem Waturenggong.

He was a revelation in
 
 Purancak,

 
 Jembrana

that need to be developed in Bali Tripurusa understand that worship Hyang Widhi in his manifestation as Shiva, Sada Shiva, and Parama Shiva.

Dang Hyang Nirarta also nicknamed Rauh Wawu Rawuh because he has the supernatural ability that makes Dalem Waturenggong was amazed that he was appointed as Bhagawanta (royal priest).

When it reaches the golden era Dwipa Bali, because all areas of people’s lives is well laid out.

Rights and obligations of the nobility regulated, legal and judicial customary / religious enforced,

 inscriptions containing the ancestral lineage of each Soroh / bali organized clan.

Awig awig Pekraman Balinese traditional village is created, fostered and promoted subak organizations and religious activities improved. In addition, he also encouraged the creation of literary works of high quality in writing manuscripts, chanting or kekawin.

Pretends to adore him in the place where he never lived to guide the people are: Purancak, Hair siwi, Pakendungan, Ulu Watu, Bukit Gong, Mount Umbrella, Sakenan, Air Oranges, Tugu, Tengkulak, Gowa Lawah, Ponjok Stone, Suranadi (Lombok ), Pangajengan, Masceti, Peti Tenget, Amertasari, Melanting, Pulaki, Bukcabe, Dalem Gandamayu, Pucak asp, and others.
 
Dang Hyang Nirartha finally disappeared unseen (moksha) at Uluwatu Temple. (Moksha = union of Atman with Brahman / Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa, died without leaving a body).

 .

original info

1489

Danghyang Nirartha

adalah seorang pendeta Budha yang kemudian beralih menjadi pendeta Syiwa. Beliau juga diberi nama Mpu Dwijendra dan dijuluki Pedanda Sakti Wawu Rawuh, beliau juga dikenal sebagai seorang sastrawan.

Dalam Dwijendra Tattwa dikisahkan sebagai berikut :

 

“Pada Masa Kerajaan Majapahit di Jawa Timur, tersebutlah seorang Bhagawan yang bernama

Dang Hyang Dwi Jendra.

Beliau dihormati atas pengabdian yang sangat tinggi terhadap raja dan rakyat melalui ajaran-ajaran spiritual, peningkatan kemakmuran dan menanggulangi masalah-masalah kehidupan.

Beliau dikenal dalam menyebarkan ajaran Agama Hindu dengan nama “Dharma Yatra”.

Di Lombok Beliau disebut “Tuan Semeru” atau guru dari Semeru, nama sebuah gunung di Jawa Timur.”

Dengan kemampuan supranatural dan mata bathinnya, beliau melihat benih-benih keruntuhan kerajaan Hindu di tanah Jawa. Maksud hati hendak melerai pihak-pihak yang bertikai, akan tetapi tidak mampu melawan kehendak Sang Pencipta, ditandai dengan berbagai bencana alam yang ditengarai turut ambil kontribusi dalam runtuhnya kerajaan Majapahit

 

(salah satunya adalah bencana alam “Pagunungan Anyar”). Akhirnya beliau mendapat petunjuk untuk hijrah ke sebuah pulau yang masih di bawah kekuasaan Majapahit, yaitu Pulau Bali. Sebelum pergi ke Pulau Bali, Dang Hyang Nirartha hijrah ke Daha (Kediri), lalu ke Pasuruan dan kemudian ke Blambangan.

Beliau pertama kali tiba di Pulau Bali dari Blambangan sekitar tahun caka 1411 atau 1489 M ketika Kerajaan Bali Dwipa dipimpin oleh Dalem Waturenggong. Beliau mendapat wahyu

di Purancak,

Jembrana

bahwa di Bali perlu dikembangkan paham Tripurusa yakni pemujaan Hyang Widhi dalam manifestasi-Nya sebagai Siwa, Sadha Siwa, dan Parama Siwa. Dang Hyang Nirarta dijuluki pula Pedanda Sakti Wawu Rawuh karena beliau mempunyai kemampuan supra natural yang membuat Dalem Waturenggong sangat kagum sehingga beliau diangkat menjadi

Bhagawanta (pendeta kerajaan).

 

Ketika itu Bali Dwipa mencapai jaman keemasan, karena semua bidang kehidupan rakyat ditata dengan baik.

Hak dan kewajiban para bangsawan diatur, hukum dan peradilan adat/agama ditegakkan, prasasti-prasasti yang memuat silsilah leluhur tiap-tiap soroh/klan disusun. Awig-awig Desa Adat pekraman dibuat, organisasi subak ditumbuh-kembangkan dan kegiatan keagamaan ditingkatkan. Selain itu beliau juga mendorong penciptaan karya-karya sastra yang bermutu tinggi dalam bentuk tulisan lontar, kidung atau kekawin.

Pura-pura untuk memuja beliau di tempat mana beliau pernah bermukim membimbing umat adalah : Purancak, Rambut siwi, Pakendungan, Ulu watu, Bukit Gong, Bukit Payung, Sakenan, Air Jeruk, Tugu, Tengkulak, Gowa Lawah, Ponjok Batu, Suranadi (Lombok), Pangajengan, Masceti, Peti Tenget, Amertasari, Melanting, Pulaki, Bukcabe, Dalem Gandamayu, Pucak Tedung, dan lain-lain. Akhirnya Dang Hyang Nirartha menghilang gaib (moksa) di Pura Uluwatu. (Moksa = bersatunya atman dengan Brahman/Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa, meninggal dunia tanpa meninggalkan jasad).

 

 (Ten) message from him Dang Hyang Nirartha follows:
1. There Tuwi ucaping Hajj, the main ngwangun tlaga, satus they saliunnya, an entomologist for insects kasor utamannya, ring the ngangun yadnya linings, kasor Buin yadnyane satus, baan suputra satunggal. (Verse 5)
There are real speech science, the main person who built the lake, many hundred, it lost its primacy, the person doing so sacrifices, sacrifices that this hundred, defeated by seorang.2 good kid. Father mituduhin cening, tingkahe menadi pyanak, eda sons kawitan ring, the sampun kaucap garwa, telu ne maadan garwa, their teachers, teachers prabhu, teachers tread tui he added.

(Verse 6)
Ayahnda tell my son, a child’s ordinances, do not disobedient to the ancestors, those who are called teachers, three of the many so-called teachers, their teachers, teachers prabhu, and tread teachers (who teach) itu.3. Melah pelapanin mamunyi, ida ring dane Samian, wangsane kaletehan tong, tong there ngupet manemah, melah alepe magazine, batise twara katanjung, rotten tuara ingsak talent.

 

(Verse 8)

Better be careful in talking, to everyone, there would be tainted offspring, no one will berate, better be careful in walking, because the foot will not stumble, and will not step on kotoran.4.

 

 Uli jani JWA kardinin, invite dadwa gawenang nah, should tingkahe buatang, tingkahe mangelah eyes, gunannya anggon malihat, mamedasin ane worth, da nevertheless act malihat.

 

(Verse 10)

From now on do, do both, should prioritize the right behavior, such as using eye, good to look at, pay attention to correct behavior, not just melihat.5. Tingkahe mangelah ears, good luck anggon maningehang, ningehang raose melah, resepang pejang in manah, da starch dingeh-dingehang, kranannya mangelah cunguh, anggon ngadek twah use.

 

 (Verse 11)
Usability has ears, to hear the truth, hear the words correct, mark and store in the heart, not everything didengarkan.6. Nanging da starch adekin, mangulah maan madiman, nevertheless patutang agrasayang, Apang could JWA ningkahang, gunan bibih twah mangucap, de mangucap starch kacuh, ne should JWA ucapang.

 

(Verse 12)

Do everything smell, can smell the new self-styled, well-well how to feel, in order to implement, uses her mouth to speak, do not speak carelessly, the right thing should be spoken

 

original info

10

 (sepuluh) pesan dari beliau Dang Hyang Nirartha sbb:
1. Tuwi ada ucaping haji, utama ngwangun tlaga, satus reka saliunnya, kasor ento utamannya, ring sang ngangun yadnya pisan, kasor buin yadnyane satus, baan suputra satunggal. ( bait 5 )
Ada sebenarnya ucapan ilmu pengetahuan, utama orang yang membangun telaga, banyaknya seratus, kalah keutamaannya itu, oleh orang yang melakukan korban suci sekali, korban suci yang seratus ini, kalah oleh anak baik seorang.2. Bapa mituduhin cening, tingkahe menadi pyanak, eda bani ring kawitan, sang sampun kaucap garwa, telu ne maadan garwa, guru reka, guru prabhu, guru tapak tui timpalnya.

( bait 6 )
Ayahnda memberitahumu anakku, tata cara menjadi anak, jangan durhaka pada leluhur, orang yang disebut guru, tiga banyaknya yang disebut guru, guru reka, guru prabhu, dan guru tapak (yang mengajar) itu.3. Melah pelapanin mamunyi, ring ida dane samian, wangsane tong kaletehan, tong ada ngupet manemah, melah alepe majalan, batise twara katanjung, bacin tuara bakat ingsak.

 

( bait 8 )


Lebih baik hati-hati dalam berbicara, kepada semua orang, tak akan ternoda keturunannya, tak ada yang akan mencaci maki, lebih baik hati-hati dalam berjalan, sebab kaki tak akan tersandung, dan tidak akan menginjak kotoran.4.

 

 Uli jani jwa kardinin, ajak dadwa nah gawenang, patut tingkahe buatang, tingkahe mangelah mata, gunannya anggon malihat, mamedasin ane patut, da jua ulah malihat.

 

( bait 10 )

Mulai sekarang lakukan, lakukanlah berdua, patut utamakan tingkah laku yang benar, seperti menggunakan mata, gunanya untuk melihat, memperhatikan tingkah laku yang benar, jangan hanya sekedar melihat.5. Tingkahe mangelah kuping, tuah anggon maningehang, ningehang raose melah, resepang pejang di manah, da pati dingeh-dingehang, kranannya mangelah cunguh, anggon ngadek twah gunanya.

 

 ( bait 11 )
Kegunaan punya telinga, sebenarnya untuk mendengar, mendengar kata-kata yang benar, camkan dan simpan dalam hati, jangan semua hal didengarkan.6. Nanging da pati adekin, mangulah maan madiman, patutang jua agrasayang, apang bisa jwa ningkahang, gunan bibih twah mangucap, de mangucap pati kacuh, ne patut jwa ucapang.

 

( bait 12 )

Jangan segalanya dicium, sok baru dapat mencium, baik-baiklah caranya merasakan, agar bisa melaksanakannya, kegunaan mulut untuk berbicara, jangan berbicara sembarangan, hal yang benar hendaknya diucapkan.

until the year 1524.

read more at

Dr Iwan E Book In CD-ROM

 

Dr Iwan  E-Book In CD-ROM

The Majapahit Java Kingdom During War And Peace( MAJAPAHIT MASA PERANG DAN DAMAI) 1293-1525

Based on

Dr Iwan Rare Old Books Collections

 

Edited By

 

Dr Iwan Suwandy

Limited Private E-Book In Cd-ROM  Publication

special for premium member hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

copyright @ Dr iwan suwandy 2013

TABLE OF CONTENT

 

1.Preface(Kata Pengantar)

2.Madjapahit Rising(Timbul) war 1293-1309

3.Madjapahit Developing(Berkembang) War 1309-1389

4.Madjapahit Declining (Menurun)War 1389-1476

5.Madjapahit Settting (Tengelam)war 1478-1525

 

 

 

Papal Donation of 1493,

 

which had allocated the western hemisphere to Spain and the eastern hemisphere to Portugal.

1494

This Donation, ratified in the Treaty of Tordesillas of 1494,

 implicitly established a line of demarcation in the Indies at 129°E, thus partitioning Maluku. Determining longitude in the field, however, was a difficult exercise, and the course of the line remained uncertain

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 Dienstmeisje van kunstschilder Lemajeur, Bali, Indonesie (1947-1953)

 

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Private Limited E-Book In CD-Rom Edition

Special For Senior Collectors

Copyright @ 2013

Bali In

12th Century

Copper plate inscriptions of king Jayapangus, Old Balinese script, 12th century

In the 12th centurydescendant of Airlangga are also known to have ruled over Bali, such as

Jayasakti (1146–50)

 and Jayapangus (1178–81).[13]

1284

in 1284,

the East Javanese king Kertanegara,

 

conquered Bali and ruled over it from Java..

 

The island of Java again started to encroach significantly on Bali with the invasion of Singsrari king Kertanegara in 1284. Kertanegara was then toppled by

 

Raden Wijaya, founder of the Majapahit Empire.[14]

Contacts with China were also important during this period.

Chinese coins, called Kepeng were in use in Bali from the 7th century.

The traditional Barong is also thought to be derived from the Chinese dragon.

 

 

In the 12th century,

king Jayapangus of Bali is known to have married

a Chinese princess.[7]

In 1292,

Kertanegara was murdered and Bali took the opportunity to liberate itself once again

 

The Hindu Majapahit Empire

 (1293–1520 AD)

 on eastern Java founded a Balinese colony in 1343.

 When the empire declined, there was an exodus of intellectuals, artists, priests, and musicians from Java to Bali in the 15th century

to be continued

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Private Limited E-Book In CD-Rom Edition

Special For Senior Collectors

Copyright @ 2013

Bali In

11th Century

 

Pura gunung kawi at Bali built in 11th century

Bali, Gianyar, Gunung Kawi. An 11th century temple complex close to Tampaksiring.The western part of Gunung Kawi

 

It wasn’t until the 11th century that Bali received the first strong influx of Hindu and Javanese cultures.

With the death of his father around AD 1,011, Airlanggha, a Balinese prince, moved to east Java and set about creating unity.

 Having succeeded, he then appointed his brother, Anak Wungsu, as ruler of Bali.

During the ensuing period there was a reciprocation of political and artistic ideas,

and the old Javanese language, Kawi, became the language used by the aristocracy.

With the death of Airlanggha, in the middle of the 11th century, Bali enjoyed a period of autonomy.

During the 11th century,

 

the Gunung Kawi Royal Monuments were built

in order to commemorate

the king Anak Wungsu and his queen Betari Mandul.

This king’s edicts have been found in

Sangsit

on the north coast

and as far as Klungkung in the south, implying that he was ruler of the entire island.

 

 

Pura Tegeh Kuripan

 

 

may have been built to venerate him. Anak Wungsu’s reign, which began around 1025, was a period of close contact with Java. His mother was a Javanese princes, his father was the Balinese king Udayana; and his older brother was the great Airlangga, who ruled a large kingdom in East Java.

A contemporary of Anak Wungsu,

Mpu Kuturan, is thought to have established the tree-temple system common in Balinese villages:

the Pura Puseh(temple of origins),

 

the Pura Desa(village temple),

 

and the Pura Dalem(temple of the dead).

 

 

Sakenan temple located on a small island called the Attack, which can be accessed by road, and is the territory of South Denpasar.


  Goda temple was built by the MPU or MPU Kuturan Rajakertha in the 10th century, along with the construction of several other temples,
  in the reign of King Sri married Masula-masuli Pejeng Icaka began to reign in 1100 (1178 M) for 77 years, the origins Sakenan temple construction is stated clearly in the papyrus of Usana Bali.
MPU Kuturan to Bali before the Majapahit collapsed, bringing the concept pemembangun pretend to Bali, in addition to well Sakenan Besakih temple, Pura Uluwatu, Batukaru, Tampurhyang, Tulukbiyu and several other temples.
 
Sakenan temple dedicated to beg either agricultural land or paddy fields to be freed from pests, and also to appeal to the well-being of Almighty God Yanga, along with the development of the tourism land being eroded, and in Sakenan temple as a place of worship to apply for welfare and safety of residents in the region.
At Pura Sakenan berstana Sandhijaya Hyang (tatmajuja) or Ocean Kertih, guard him as Segara or ocean for peace, salvation and eliminate obstacles.
Sakenan temple consists of beberpa shrines and buildings, which is divided into two parts, namely, Pura Dalem Agung Sakenan and Pura Sakenan congregation. Pura pages divided into 3 sections, namely: primary, intermediate and contemptible mandala all surrounded by a wall complete with temple penyengker minute. Pujawali or temple ceremony in Pura Sakenan coinciding with the Kingdom Brass. The layout is very easy to reach the temple Sakena through access to land, which before could only be reclaimed by sea, since reclaimed the island attack a tourist attraction visited by many travelers who happen to vacation in Bali

To Be Continued

 

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The Bali History Collections

 Dienstmeisje van kunstschilder Lemajeur, Bali, Indonesie (1947-1953)

 

Created By

Dr Iwan Suwandy.MHA

Private Limited E-Book In CD-Rom Edition

Special For Senior Collectors

Copyright @ 2013

10th century

When the  Gujerati traders arrived in the 10th Century, many had converted religions already. Champions of Islam were also arriving.

Most notably, was

Syed Bukhari, who smashed his power  on a stone, so that he would not “think evil thoughts”, was one such Champion.

The stone where he smashed his power  can still be viewed in Pariaman, West Sumatera.

The Minangkabau’s are extremely proud of it, although we do not know anyone who has emulated Syed Bukhari recently.

 

Inter-marriages between

 Java and Bali royalty also occurred, as when

 

 king Udayana Warmadewa of

 the Warmadewa dynasty of Bali married a Javanese princess, sister of the Emperor of Java Dharmawangsa.

It is considered that the dynasty was founded by Sri Kesari Warmadewa in the 10th century.

Sri Kesari Warmadewa is the first Balinese king to have left an inscription with his name, on the Belanjong pillar.

The dynasty prospered for several generations, one of its descendant being the famous king Udayana Warmadewa.[1] Udayana Warmadewa was the father of Airlangga, another famous Balinese king,[2]

who also ruled over the island of Java

Their son became the great ruler of East Java

King  Airlangga, who ruled on both Java and Bali.[13]

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The Bali History Collections

 Dienstmeisje van kunstschilder Lemajeur, Bali, Indonesie (1947-1953)

 

Created By

Dr Iwan Suwandy.MHA

Private Limited E-Book In CD-Rom Edition

Special For Senior Collectors

Copyright @ 2013

8th Century

Archaeological finds of pottery

and

 

other objects

 

confirm that Bali was a port for Chinese and Indian traders as early as the first century CE.

 Hinduism arrived in the eighth century CE, mingling with beliefs in natural gods and ancestor myths, all of which have gone on entwining to the present day

Bali 9th century

Although the rise of

 

 the Sailendra’s

 

 occurred in Kedu Plain in the Javanese heartland, their origin has been the subject of discussion.[3]

Apart from Java itself; an earlier homeland in Sumatra, India or Cambodia has been suggested.

Java

Another theory suggested that Sailendra was a native Javanese dynasty, and there was no such things as

 

 Sanjaya dynasty

 

since Sri Sanjaya and his offsprings belongs to Sailendra family that initially

 

the Shivaist ruler of

Mataram Kingdom.[8]

The association of Sailendra with

Mahayana Buddhism began

after the conversion Panaraban or Panangkaran

to Buddhism.

This theory based on

Carita Parahyangan

that mention about the ailing King Sanjaya ordered his son,

Rakai Panaraban or Panangkaran, to convert to buddhism, because their Shivaistic faith was feared by the people, and in favour to the more pacifist buddhist faith.

 ewad more realted info

Sewu Temple
There are so many temples in Central Java and Yogyakarta. Yet everything is extracted, read, and revealed kesejarahannya background. Wealth of heritage temples suggests that our ancestors in the past has had an advanced civilization.

Unfortunately we are living in today are more civilized than them. And on certain sides of us are even more likely than their uncivilized.

One of the historical relics of the past that we can see is Sewu Bener located in the hamlet, village / Kalurahan Bugisan, Prambanan district, Klaten, Central Java.
At this complex Sewu included in the Prambanan Temple Tourism Park area.
Keletakannya are so close to the DIY as well as assuming the Yogya-Solo made-Sewu Prambanan temple complex is one factor that promotes the DIY tourism. Such Keletakan make the tourism sector can not be managed locally alone.
Sewu complex consists of 1 and 8 of the main temple building temples wedge and 240 ancillary temples, statues Dwarapala 8 pairs facing each other and flanking the entrance to the temple complex.

 

Plan Sewu are concentric, ie candiinduk is in the middle (center) is surrounded by four rows of ancillary temples are placed symmetrically. While the temple is flanked by 8-spouse pairs placed between rows II and III into 4 pairs that flank the entrance to the temple Jalam parent (the main building).
Sewu complexes have been built in the 8th century. This estimate is based on a stone inscription found in the temple complex ever Sewu in 1960.

In the inscription is told about improvements shrine called Manjusrigrha in the year 714 Saka or 792 AD.

The place is called in the tablets was the original name of Sewu. Manjusrigrha can be interpreted as a house or palace Manjusri, which is one god in Buddhism. Based on this it can be concluded that Sewu built by kings of the Ancient Mataram dynasty dynasty who ruled at that time that Pangkaran and Rakai Rakai Panaraban.

A more complete study on Sewu This has been done by the SPSP Central Java since 1981.

The study begins with a feasibility study to prepare for restoration. After that the total restoration of the temple by Project Preservation / Utilization of Historical and Archeological with Fiscal Year 1981/1982 to 1992/1993. The restoration has been done up to 2006 is the main temple building, temple wedge no. 6 and no. 8 and ancillary temples series I no. 3, 7, 20, and 22, series II no ancillary temples. 39, series III no ancillary temples. 49, no ancillary temples IV series. 64 and 8 Dwarapala statues.
Here are photos Sewu contained in the De Oude Ansichten Javaansche Vosrtenlanden published in 1970 in Amsterdam by NV De Bussy Ellerman Harms. It is not known exactly when the photo was taken. Most likely around the year 1914-1918.

.9th Century

Sailendras in Bali

 

Sri Kesari Warmadewa

sei kestari actor at ubud now

was said to be a Buddhist king of the Sailendra Dynasty, leading a military expedition,[12] to establishing a Mahayana Buddhist government in Bali.[13]

The Belanjong pillar in Sanur dates to 914 CE, and testifies to the contacts between Bali and the Indian subcontinent.

 

This period is generally closely associated with the arrival and expansion of Buddhism and Hinduism in the island of Bali.

 

The Belanjong pillar (“Prasasti Blanjong”) in southern Sanur was inscribed in 914 with the mention of the reign of the Balinese king Sri Kesari.

It is written in both the Indian Sanskrit language and Old Balinese language, using two scripts, the Nagari script and the Old Balinese script (which is used to write both Balinese and Sanskrit).[9]

The pillar testifies to the connections of Bali with the Sanjaya Dynasty in Central Java.[7] It is dated according to the Indian Shaka calendar.[10]

According to the inscription, Sri Kesari was a Buddhist king of the Sailendra Dynasty leading a military expedition,[11] to establish a Mahayana Buddhist government in Bali.[12]

The stone temple of Goa Gajah was made around the same period, and shows a combination of Buddhist and Hindu (Shivaite) iconography.

 

The Belanjong pillar,

also Blanjong pillar (Indonesian: Prasasti Blanjong), is a pillar established in 914 CE in the harbour of Belangong,

 in

 

 

the southern area of Sanur in Bali. 

The alley leading to the Belanjong pillar

in Belanjong temple.

 

Protective enclosure for the Belanjong pillar, in Belanjong temple.

The pillar was established by king Sri Kesari Warmadewa, the first king of the Balinese Warmadewa dynasty and bears a long inscription where the king describes his military campaign in the island. It is located in the Belanjong (Blanjong) Temple, where it is housed under a protective enclosure, and is often decorated and partially covered with devotional cloth.

The inscription is written in both the Indian Sanskrit language and Old Balinese language, using two scripts, the Nagari script and the Old Balinese script (which is used to write both Balinese and Sanskrit).[1]

The Old Balinese in pre-Nagari script in on one side of the pillar, while the Sanskrit inscription in Pallava-derived old Javanese script (also called Kawi script)[2] is on the other side.[3] The mix of language and script suggest that the objective of the inscription was not to communicate locally to the Balinese people, but rather to be established as a symbol of power and authority.[2]

The pillar testifies to the connections of Bali with the Sanjaya Dynasty in Central Java.[4]

According to the inscription,

Sri Kesari was a Buddhist king of the Sailendra Dynasty leading a military expedition,[5] to establish

a Mahayana Buddhist government in Bali.[6]

The inscription also tells about the success of military expeditions of offshore islands,

 

 

either Nusa Penida or faraway Maluku.[2]

 

 

This is the first known inscription in which a Balinese king recorded his name.[3]

Two other inscription by Kesari are known in the interior Bali, which suggest conflicts in the mountainous interior of

the island.[2]

The pillar is dated according to the Indian Saka calendar, in the year 836 saka.[7]

According to French historian

George Coedès:

“These inscriptions reveal a Hindu-Balinese society, independent of Java, making use of a dialect particular to the island, and practicing Hinduism and Buddhism at the same time.”—George Coedès.[2]

The pillar was only discovered in 1932,[8] and has remained where it was initially found And mentioning “Walidwipa”. It was during this time that

 

 the complex irrigation system subak was developed to grow rice.

 

George Coedès (1886-1969),

 doyen of Khmerology, recognized that the Khmer

914 AD

Early Kingdom

There are few written records of Bali and Lombok before the 20th century and none Lombok before 1365, but ancient artifacts tell of Hindu kingdoms and the continuous influence of Java. An inscribe pillar in Belanjong, Sanur, dated to AD 914, implies that relations had been established before that date between Bali and the Buddhist Sanjaya dynasty of Central Java,

 In Central Bali there are relics of a Hindu-Buddhist kingdom, dating from the 10th-13th centuries, whose seat was hear today’s Pejeng and Bedulu

To Be Continued

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The Bali History Collections

 Dienstmeisje van kunstschilder Lemajeur, Bali, Indonesie (1947-1953)

 

Created By

Dr Iwan Suwandy.MHA

Private Limited E-Book In CD-Rom Edition

Special For Senior Collectors

Copyright @ 2013

Bali in  5th Century

This temple was built in the 5th century by a monk coming from the east

Other kingdom at south east asia in 6th century

Like srivijaya

Borrobudor (Buddhist) was built n the 6th Century

6th Century Khmer Empire Stone Buddha Head

Compare with

Old African Sculpture from Nigeria

 

 

Angkor (Hindu),

 

was built in the 8th Century.

All these Kingdoms were constantly flipping between Hinduism, and Buddhism.

Depending on the Kings which ruled, their Kingdoms would constantly change from Hinsuism to Buddhism all the time. As such, Temple chandi Prambanan, Chandi Sukkho and Chandi Chetto, and more than 600 Hindu or Buddhist temples were built in Java during the Srivijayan Period alone. The same was true of Angkor.

The Kings often hacked

the statues of Shiva,

Vishnu,

Brahma,

or Ganesan,

and replaced them

 

Buddha

each time the Kings decided to change religions

This situations also happened at Bali until now no evidence found but the ancient bali Art near same with the statue above

Year 618

 

 

Ancient Bali King (modern painting) who sent envoy and tribute to

 

Emperor Qin kwan(Gaozhong) Tang Dynasty.

The first Tang dynasty emperor,

 

 

 

Tang Dynasty Imperial Palace at Xian.

 

 

 

Tang Dynasty Imperial Seals ,

given from Emperor China to his friendly states

-lika Dva-pa-da (Bali) Kingdom.

 This rare Khai Yuan with imperial crecscent moon at the back used at Bali during Dva-Pa.Da (bali) King sent envoy with tribute to Emperor Qin Kwan , the come one coin more bold and withour imperial crescent moon at the back.please comment.

The earliest such Chinese  coins found on the island date to the ninth-century Chinese Tang Dynasty(I ever four Han dnasty Coin at Bali may be repro one,Dr Iwan)

 

Original old History of Tang Dynasty book.

 

Repro Ancient Chinese Map of Dva-Pa.Tan 847 AD vintage Book illustration

( Grooneveldt 1880)

 

 

 

The Chinese Char.

of Dva-pa-Tan

( means Bali)

 

from Vintage book illustration (1880)

 

BALI KINGDOM’S GLORY BEFORE EUROPEAN CAME(3th -13th Century)

From Chinese Sources (ibid .Groeneveldt,1880).

The first China Sailors &  Traders came to Bali

(source :Original Handwritting Old  History of The Tang Dynasty (618-906) Book 197.):

 Ka-Ling (1) means Java Island ( the capital of java Kingdom called Japa-auth) on an island in the southern ocean, it lies on the eastern side of Pa-Li (2) means Sumatra , on the westren sised of Dva-pa-tan(1) means Bali .

( No information about Bali Kingdom and the Date , but at Bali still found Chinese cast coin from Later Han Dynasty, Tang Dynasty to Qing Dynasty some original and the other Old Bali mint cast coin. Many Chinese traders in Bali during that times that is why the currency used the Chinese mint aor Bali mint cast coins until 1951 when all Indonesia money changes to the new currency , small money change 100% nominal value and high nominal value from Rp 5.- to Rp.1000 cutting half the left one change with new money an d the rigght side changd with obligations called “sjafruddin -cutting ” Policies.The complete information look at ‘Bali Numismatic History(cash Coin or Gobok) –Dr Iwan)

 The first Bali Kingdom Sent envoy to China Emperor Tang Dynasty

(source : Original Handwritting New History of the Tang Dynasty .Book.222 part 2.):

622-649 AD,

during rhe period Chin-Kwan (627-649) this country (Kaling )

 sent envoys to bring tribute together with those

Dva-ha-la(Lombok)

 and

Dva-pa-tan(Bali) .

The Emperor favoured them with a reply under the great seal and as Dva-ha-la asked  for good horses, these were given to them

BALI KINGDOM’S GLORY BEFORE EUROPEAN CAME(3th -13th Century)

From Chinese Sources (ibid .Groeneveldt,1880).

The first China Sailors &  Traders came to Bali

(source :Original Handwritting Old  History of The Tang Dynasty (618-906) Book 197.):

 Ka-Ling (1) means Java Island ( the capital of java Kingdom called Japa-auth) on an island in the southern ocean, it lies on the eastern side of Pa-Li (2) means Sumatra , on the westren sised of Dva-pa-tan(1) means Bali .

( No information about Bali Kingdom and the Date , but at Bali still found Chinese cast coin from Later Han Dynasty, Tang Dynasty to Qing Dynasty some original and the other Old Bali mint cast coin. Many Chinese traders in Bali during that times that is why the currency used the Chinese mint aor Bali mint cast coins until 1951 when all Indonesia money changes to the new currency , small money change 100% nominal value and high nominal value from Rp 5.- to Rp.1000 cutting half the left one change with new money an d the rigght side changd with obligations called “sjafruddin -cutting ” Policies.The complete information look at ‘Bali Numismatic History(cash Coin or Gobok) –Dr Iwan)

The first Bali Kingdom Sent envoy to China Emperor Tang Dynasty

(source : Original Handwritting New History of the Tang Dynasty .Book.222 part 2.):

622-649 AD,

during rhe period Chin-Kwan (627-649) this country (Kaling )

 sent envoys to bring tribute together with those

Dva-ha-la(Lombok)

 and

Dva-pa-tan(Bali) .

The Emperor favoured them with a reply under the great seal and as Dva-ha-la asked  for good horses, these were given to them

Bali 7th Century

 

 

 the 7th century onwards; the Dragon-like Barong

 

Bali 8th Century

history and art of Bali, with it’s ancient culture basically is the acculturation of local  Indian culture in 8th century

Stupika and artifacts Bali 8th century

 

  • Buddhist model clay stupa (“Stupika“) inside which can be found clay tablets with Buddhist texts and Buddhist images. 8th century Bali.;

    Buddhist model clay stupa (“Stupika“) inside which can be found clay tablets with Buddhist texts and Buddhist images. 8th century Bali.

    8th Century

    Archaeological finds of pottery and other objects confirm that Bali was a port for Chinese and Indian traders as early as the first century CE.

     Hinduism arrived in the eighth century CE, mingling with beliefs in natural gods and ancestor myths, all of which have gone on entwining to the present day

    To be continued

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The Bali History Collections Continued

This The sample Of Dr Iwan CD-ROM To Be Continued

The Bali History Collections

 Dienstmeisje van kunstschilder Lemajeur, Bali, Indonesie (1947-1953)

 

Created By

Dr Iwan Suwandy.MHA

Private Limited E-Book In CD-Rom Edition

Special For Senior Collectors

Copyright @ 2013

Bali In 3rd century

 

During this century Greeks built Amphitheater,

 

 And Roman art Mosaic pictures Ulysses and The Sirene ship

 

 

the ruler Itzamna, Mayan, Mexico, 1st-3rd

 what happened In Bali ?

 Until This day we hadn’t found related artifact from this rea. But some art near same with bali like

 

 

Mask In 3rd Century

 

 

Chicken Hanwa(Japan)

 

 

Bali 4th Century

history and art of Bali, with it’s ancient culture basically is the acculturation of local culture since pre-history, contacted with

 Hindu – Javanese local culture around 4th century

 

Celengan Majapahit

the adoption of Hindu-Buddhist culture.

Elephant Cave

It refers to a 1,000-year-old cave excavated here that houses the Hindu

 

Balinese art is art of Hindu-Javanese origin

 

photographed this statue of guardian

in Tirta Empul Temple, Bali.

I was amazed by the details carved on it. Balinese art is art of Hindu-Javanese origin that grew from the work of artisans of the Majapahit Kingdom, with their expansion to Bali in the late 13th century. This is one good sample of stone carvings of Bali.

To Be Continued

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