This information is encoded as DNA sequences within the 23 chromosome pairs in cell nuclei and in a small DNA molecule found within individual mitochondria. Human genomes include both protein-coding DNA genes and noncoding DNA. Haploid human genomes (contained in egg and sperm cells) consist of three billion DNA base pairs,
while diploid genomes (found in somatic cells) have twice the DNA content. While there are significant differences among the genomes of human individuals (on the order of 0.1%), these are considerably smaller than the differences between humans and their closest living relatives, the chimpanzees (approximately 4%) and bonobos.
Graphical representation of the idealized human diploid
centromeres. The mitochondrial DNA is not shown.
|NCBI Genome Id.||51|
|Genome size.||3,234.83 Mb|
|Number of chromosomes.||23 pairs|
The Human Genome Project produced the first complete sequences of individual human genomes. As of 2012, thousands of human genomes have been completely sequenced, and many more have been mapped at lower levels of resolution. The resulting data are used worldwide in biomedical science, anthropology, forensics and other branches of science. There is a widely held expectation that genomic studies will lead to advances in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, and to new insights in many fields of biology, including human evolution.
Although the sequence of the human genome has been (almost) completely determined by DNA sequencing, it is not yet fully understood. Most (though probably not all) genes have been identified by a combination of high throughput experimental andbioinformatics approaches, yet much work still needs to be done to further elucidate the biological functions of their protein and RNA products. Recent results suggest that most of the vast quantities of noncoding DNA within the genome have associated biochemical activities, including regulation of gene expression, organization of chromosome architecture, and signals controlling epigenetic inheritance.
The haploid human genome contains approximately 20,000 protein-coding genes, significantly fewer than had been anticipated.Protein-coding sequences account for only a very small fraction of the genome (approximately 1.5%), and the rest is associated with non-coding RNA molecules, regulatory DNA sequences, LINEs, SINEs, introns, and sequences for which as yet no functionhas been elucidated.
This will depend on the type of degenerative condition you have.
A specialist will evaluate you and discuss whether you’re a potential candidate for stem cell therapy.
If after you’ve been recommended for treatment, had an opportunity to understand the potential risks and benefits, and decided on your own that you would like to explore this avenue of treatment, then you can be considered for treatment.
Of course, even though it’s a minimally invasive procedure, you will still need to be medically cleared for the procedure.
a potential candidate for stem cell therapy.
Cell therapy is simply helping your body do what is does naturally.
If you get a cut on your skin, stem cells in your blood go to that cut. They lodge in the damaged tissue and receive signals from the adjacent damaged tissue.
The stem cell responds
by sending out it own signals to the body.
It requests materials,
to rebuild what was damaged,
to regenerate the tissue,
the natural healing process.
Modern stem cell therapy is the process of finding the adult stem cells that are best at repairing specific damaged tissue, be it vascular, heart, neurological, pancreas, etc.
These specific cells are isolated in the lab, cultured, multiplied and activated.
They are your repair cells, your DNA and know how to fix you.
Then the doctor puts them back into your body, targeted to the damaged tissue.
This can be by IV, direct injection into the heart muscle, direct injection into damaged spinal cord, direct injection into the pancreas or direct injection into the area of the brain damaged by stroke.
The stem cells can do two things. Differentiate and mature into that type of tissue – a nerve cell, heart muscle, cartilage or whatever.
They can also help support other cells resident in that tissue to mature into healthy cells. In some case both situations may occur. This process is still being investigated and holds the key to future medical treatments. One thing for sure is that adult stem cell therapy is being used today to treat somebody with a similar condition you are concerned about. Contact us and we can help guide you to the best available therapy today
Yes, autologous stem cell procedures for adult stem cell therapy are totally safe as the cells come from your own body.
There cannot be any problems of rejection because they carry the patient’s own DNA.