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Driwan Cybermuseum Home office galery

The Chronology y Chinese Overseas In DEI History Collections

1840

In 1840

 

 

Lie Ma Say with his wife were ordered by the Qing Dinasty Fujian government to visit Priaman City west Sumatra as the Trade Mission officer.Li Ma say started from Amoy(no Xiamen) by ship to Indonesia.

Hadirnya Pasar

Perkembangan kota me­nga­­kibatkan beberapa pe­dagang Tionghoa yang ada di Padang mendirikan sebuah Pasar di Kampung Tionghoa dekat Kelenteng di atas tanah milik Kapten Tionghoa, Lie Maa Saay dan dikelola Poa Leng. “Sekarang pasar itu terkenal dengan nama Pasar Tanah Kongsi,” kata Erniwati.

Pasar Tanah Kongsi ini berdekatan dengan Pasar Mudik yang berdekatan de­ngan pasar yang dibangun orang Minangkabau.

1855

Chinese Captau   Li say was the first Tionghoa padang captain ,

Info from Lie swan hauw

Lie Saaij or Lie Ma Saaij must be spelled in Dutch colonial spelling, as this was his name as entered in official legal documents.
\Furthermore he was not the first chinese captain ( 1855)


Before Lie Say there were among others Lie Piet as captain of the chinese with Lie Kee as lieutenant. ( ±1855 )

1856

 

Chinese man

1856

 

 

 

 

Chinese tionghoa batavia(two pictures)

 

Kapitan (lieutenant Rank) Batavia in 1856

 

 

 

Chines ejava tyrader in 1856

 

Chinese women and kid of Java in 1856

 

 

 

 

 

Chinese java family in 1856

 

 

 

 

Chinese Java in 1856(four pictures)

1857

 

Vrouw van de kapitein der Chinezen te Batavia en een meisje

In 1858,

the Tionghoa People(Chinese overseas) in Priaman west Sumatra : 216,consist 101 man,34 women and 81 children.

1858

in Padang City only 1564 people

consist 677 man,264 women and 605 children

(source verslag Sumatra’s Westkust,1858 no 122/6,page 101)
1859

 

CHEONG FATT TZE 張弼士

 

Cheong Fatt Tze as he is known today was born in 1840 in Dapu, Guangdong. He was a Hakka, with birth name Chang Chin Hsun, and when he lived in Batavia and Penang, he was then known by his Hokkien name, Thio Tiauw Siat. His Cantonese name, Cheong Fatt Tze is much popular in today’s history.

 

Cheong Fatt Tze was born to a very poor family in China, at the age of 17 years, he left his native and lived in several places under the Dutch East Indies empire.

He did some odd jobs before landed at Batavia

and worked at a provision shop. As time passed, he married his employer’s daughter, Choo Neo (b. 1867). It was through the marriage, he was given financial support by his father-in-law to commence business on his own account and used Thio Tiauw Siat as his signature.

His name Thio Tiauw Siat was spelled in a Dutch way, and was used in the Dutch and British colonies throughout his entire business life. However, he was commonly known in China as Chang Chin Hsun.

 

In 1859,

he secured a government contract in supplying food and daily provisions to the Dutch army and navy forces in Batavia.

Through these contracts, he was then a well-known figure in the Dutch East Indies, and from Batavia he moved to Aceh when he was 35 years old, where he secured another contract in in supplying food and daily provisions to the Dutch army and navy forces in Aceh.

Because of his articulate social life with the Dutch elites, he successful obtained the Opium, Liquor and Pawnbroker Farm in Aceh and by 1877, his farming interest had extended to half of the northern region of Sumatra, with vast interest in Government Farms in Edi, Temiang, Deli and Bengkalis, and in 1893 expanded to Rhio and Indragiri.

1859

 

Cheong Fatt Tze(Thio Tiauw Siat.)

Cheong Fatt Tze as he is known today was born in 1840 in Dapu, Guangdong. He was a Hakka, with birth name Chang Chin Hsun, and when he lived in Batavia and Penang, he was then known by his Hokkien name,

 

Thio Tiauw Siat. His Cantonese name, Cheong Fatt Tze is much popular in today’s history.

Cheong Fatt Tze was born to a very poor family in China, at the age of 17 years, he left his native and lived in several places under the Dutch East Indies empire.

He did some odd jobs before landed at Batavia

and worked at a provision shop. As time passed, he married his employer’s daughter, Choo Neo (b. 1867). It was through the marriage, he was given financial support by his father-in-law to commence business on his own account and used Thio Tiauw Siat as his signature.

His name Thio Tiauw Siat was spelled in a Dutch way, and was used in the Dutch and British colonies throughout his entire business life. However, he was commonly known in China as Chang Chin Hsun.

 

In 1859,

he secured a government contract in supplying food and daily provisions to the Dutch army and navy forces in Batavia.

Through these contracts, he was then a well-known figure in the Dutch East Indies, and from Batavia he moved to Aceh when he was 35 years old, where he secured another contract in in supplying food and daily provisions to the Dutch army and navy forces in Aceh.

Because of his articulate social life with the Dutch elites, he successful obtained the Opium, Liquor and Pawnbroker Farm in Aceh and by 1877, his farming interest had extended to half of the northern region of Sumatra, with vast interest in Government Farms in Edi, Temiang, Deli and Bengkalis, and in 1893 expanded to Rhio and Indragiri.

1867

 

 

 

The Riau linnga Sultan soelaiman take picture in Batavia 1867(two Pictures)

 

1870

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chinse bride Batavia(three pictures)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chinese Batavia key repaireman in 1870

 

 

 

 

 

Chinese Batavia linen cloth trader in 1870(two pictures)

 

 

 

Pernnakan tionghoa women  Batavia in 1870

 

 

in 1875,

 

Cheong Fat Tze commenced business in Penang in partnership with

Lee Ah Ghee (Captain of Batavia)

and Wong Boon Sin, under the name Chop Thio Joo Hoe at 15 Pitt Street.

And ten years later he managed to obtain the Penang Pawnbroker Farm and became the Chinese Consul-General in Singapore, where another three years later he secured the Opium and Liquor Farm of Penang and Singapore.

The onerous duties of this responsible Chinese diplomat position he fulfilled for five years and in return for his services was created a Mandarin of the Highest Order (First Rank Officer).

 

 

1876

 

 

Chineseman kwee khe foan

 

Two chineseman

Chinese Captain Lie Say

Lie Ma Say

 

 

 

Seorang Mayor Tionghoa Lie Say

yang diangkat oleh Belanda sampai mendatangkan pekerja-pekerja dari Cina untuk kembali membangun rumah suci itu. “Orang Islam kemana pergi juga mencari masjid, kan?” ujar Erniwati.

 

Teori lain mengatakan Tionghoa Padang berasal dari Pariaman. Ernawati, yang menulis buku Asap Hio di Ranah Minang, Komunitas Tionghoa di Sumatera Barat, memperkirakan Orang Cina sudah berada di Pariaman pada abad 13. Saat Aceh masuk ke Pariaman.

 

Tidak mengherankan sebenarnya. Pariaman adalah surga bagi kaum pedagang di zaman itu. Pariaman menjadi pusat dagang di pesisir. Tak heran, pada 1630, Christine Dobbin, penulis buku Gejolak ekonomi dan Kebangkitan Islam dan Gerakan Paderi, Minangkabau 1784-1847, memperkirakan perkampungan Cina sudah ada di Pariaman.

Sayang, sebuah peristiwa mengenaskan menjadi pemicu hengkangnya orang Cina dari Pariaman. Pada masa pendudukan Jepang, seorang Cina membawa dua anak gadisnya ke kantor Jepang.

Penglihatan itu ditanggap lain oleh para pemuda yang kebetulan melihatnya. Bisik-bisik pengkhianat merebak segera. Dua anak gadis itu langsung di bawa ke pantai dan dibelek dengan kangso (alat yang terbuat dari kaleng alumunium).

 

Menurut Erniwati, serangan itu dilakukan tanpa perencanaan. Makanya, alat yang disiapkan bukan senjata tajam biasanya untuk membunuh. “Lagi pula, itu hukuman bagi pengkhianat. Tidak orang Cina saja yang merasakan hukuman itu, pemuka masyarakat yang juga ikut menjadi mata-mata Jepang, mendapat hukuman yang sama.,” ujar sarjana S-2 jurusan Sejarah UNP ini.

Ketakutan merayapi masyarakat Cina. Berangsur-angsur mereka mulai meninggalkan Pariaman.

Sampai 1965 beberapa orang Cina masih berdiam di sana. Tapi, memasuki 1967 agak sulit menemukan kaum bermata sipit di Pariaman. “Karena kejadian PKI atau PRRI,” terang Erniawati. Perlahan orang Cina berangur pindah ke Padang. Tepatnya, di kawasan pondok saat ini.

Namun, alasan ekonomi bisa juga dijadikan dasar. Pariaman tidak lagi dianggap ladang yang subur bagi perdagangan mendekati abad ke 19. Sehingga tidak saja pedagang Cina yang meninggalkan, tapi juga pedagang dari daerah lain.

READ MORE INFORMATION

Dr Iwan note

Saya memperoleh informasi dari putranya Lie Tjoe yang grand-grand  son(cicit) dari Lie Ma Say,

 

 

Lie Ma Say dating dari Tiongkok masa dinasti Qing pada akhir abad ke-19 sekitar tahun 1830-1840 besama istri sebagai Utusan dagang Kerajaan Qing di Pariaman,kemudian ia pindah ke Padang Panjang dan Batusangkar disini ia menikah lagi dan memiliki  putra yaitu Lie Tong  Soan  yang memiliki dua putra Li Sam dan Lie Lin. Lie sam memiliki putra Lie Djoe Tong  yang  memiliki beberapa putra putri yaitu Lie Tjoe Yang,isterinya Tjan Tjeng hay(kakak ibu mertua saya),dan teman saya pastor Lie Tjoe san(Sandarma Akhbar SH).

Menurut kakak saya Dr Edhie Johan utama, suami adik kakek saya Ie Po Tjoa Bun Tak menikah dengan putranya mayor pariaman (mungkin lie lin) bernama Lie Seng Hok(mereka tidak memiliki anak,meangkat anak saudara Ipo Tjoa  Bun Tak Kang Sung Him yang isterinya adik Tjoa Gin toen yang paling tua  ,

 

 

saudaranya Kang kim Bwee(no1) .kim lian.tjabo kang dan kang sim poe,  Kang Kim Mua(no 3) yaitu ibunya drg Lie Tjoe Heng-isterinya Ben Pangabean bernama Kang kim hwa,serta isteri adik ayah saya Djintjek Gho Ie keng yang bernama Lie Kim giok-ibunya Go siei Hong,G.S.lan ,Gho soei ing.bersaudara Sembilan orang.(Dr iwan note)

In 1879,

 

Cheong Fat Tze purchased a steamer, the Raja Kongsi Aceh, which plied between Penang and Aceh.

 

 

 

1870

 

Tionghoa klenteneng temple at Padang in 1870

 

Tionghoa merried women in 1870

 

 

in 1875,

 

Cheong Fat Tze  commenced business in Penang in partnership with Lee Ah Ghee (Captain of Batavia) and Wong Boon Sin, under the name Chop Thio Joo Hoe at 15 Pitt Street.

 

 

 

DEI Indonesian Tionghoa women in 1875(three pictures)

 

In 1879,

 

Cheong Fat Tze purchased a steamer, the Raja Kongsi Aceh, which plied between Penang and Aceh.

1880

According to the magazine in 1880, the city of Pariaman were the ship port, like  the Port of Bengkulu and Sibolga sebaigaiman

(Said Zakaria,1930,Handwritten Document Book)

 

Chinese Batavia kid during tjap Go Meh in 1880

 

 

 

Klenteng padang In 1880

 

 

Chinese prostitute at Laboehan deli in 1880

 

Kapitan cina Laboehan deli 1880

 

1880

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kelenteng(wihara) Padang CHINESE TEMPLE  1880

 

 

Klenteng Padang 1880. Beside this Klenteng(Tionghoa temple)

This building maybe beside the Tionghoa Kelenteng which before the Major Tionghoa Lie say house(Dr Iwan)

And in the front the small street

 

pasar borong

 

 

Mak Pak soen,OPIUM TRADER  pADANG 1880

 

 

Tionghoa gambling in 19th century

 

1885

 

Cheong Fat Tze managed to obtain the Penang Pawnbroker Farm and became the Chinese Consul-General in Singapore,

In 1886,

 

Cheong Fat Tze established the Ban Joo Hin in Penang, and took great interest in steamship, tin mining, coconut, sago, fruit and pepper plantations, all distributed over Province Wellesley, Perak and Selangor.

During his stay in Singapore

when he was the Chinese Consul, his business was left to his attorneys and agents who were Cheah Chen Eok and Lee Ah Kam, with headquarters at Penang.

It was not known why Cheong Fatt Tze drastically shifted his interest from the Dutch colonies to the British ones.

He also owned a settlement called Karatan near Batavia, the place with a population of 8,000 with the length about 10 miles and width about 8 miles. This place was planted with paddy and fish was amongst the products. In partnership with a Dutch company, he owned various farms in Tjebaraosa, Tjelengsa, Klapa Moengal, Kongbong and Boyoung.

The total area of all these districts was 60 miles in length and 305 miles in width and had over 100,000 populations. Where the principal produce was rice, birds’ nests and coffee.

 

 

 

In 1886,

 

Cheong Fat Tze established the Ban Joo Hin in Penang, and took great interest in steamship, tin mining, coconut, sago, fruit and pepper plantations, all distributed over Province Wellesley, Perak and Selangor.

During his stay in Singapore

when he was the Chinese Consul, his business was left to his attorneys and agents who were Cheah Chen Eok and Lee Ah Kam, with headquarters at Penang.

It was not known why Cheong Fatt Tze drastically shifted his interest from the Dutch colonies to the British ones.

He also owned a settlement called Karatan near Batavia, the place with a population of 8,000 with the length about 10 miles and width about 8 miles.

This place was planted with paddy and fish was amongst the products.

In partnership with a Dutch company, he owned various farms in Tjebaraosa, Tjelengsa, Klapa Moengal, Kongbong and Boyoung.

The total area of all these districts was 60 miles in length and 305 miles in width and had over 100,000 populations. Where the principal produce was rice, birds’ nests and coffee.

 

 

 

1888

 

Cheong Fat Tze secured the Opium and Liquor Farm of Penang and Singapore.

The onerous duties of this responsible Chinese diplomat position he fulfilled for five years and in return for his services was created a Mandarin of the Highest Order (First Rank Officer).

1888

 

Emma Haven in 1888 (now teluk Bayur)

 

1888

 

 

Liem Kie Djwan, kapitein der Chinezen te Jogjakarta, op 40-jarige leeftijd and wife oei tin nio

1890

 

Chineseman 1890

 

1890

 

Mr Cheong Fat Tze  From penang The Sek Tong Cheah Si She Tek tong datang ke Padang mendirikan Ho Tek Tong tahun 1890.

Banyak penduduk Tionghoa Padang berasal dari Penang seperti nenek isteri  Dr Iwan  Khoe Kim Lian(saudara ayah Ibu Lena Khoe) lahir di Penang dan keluarga ibu Dr Iwan  ada yang masih berada di Penang,dulunya anaknya jadi Kepala Polisi Kota Penang dan salah seorang anaknya mendapat bea siswa ke Australia.(Dr Iwan)

Lim A King yang mempelopori perhimpunan baru ini dengan nama Heng Beng Tong pada tahun 1890. Ia lalu menjadi toako pertama HBT.

Pada tahun 1895 organisasi ini disahkan secara hukum dengan AD/ART yang resmi dengan masa bakti pengurus tahun 1895-1901.

Info dari Tnbeng penasehat HBT 2006 kepad Lisasuroso

 

 

 

Cheong Fat Tze

The Founer Of HTT Padang City

Thio Tiauw Siat. His Cantonese name,

Cheong Fatt Tze is much popular in today’s history

 

1890

Until 1890,because quite a lot of difficulties in taking care of the needs of ethnic Chinese, formed a new association or joint venture. Organization formed

Heng  Beng  Tong (HBT).

Old HBT picture not yet found

 

HBT now

The two organizations have different procedures and features of the relations among its members.

Each member of the HBT, for example, regardless of religion, are required to perform prayers Kwan Tee Koen and ancestral spirits by lifting incense.

 

While HTT members must meet a summons and is responsible for the implementation of the cemetery.

Although in some areas of Indonesia such as Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and others, there is a foundation or organization of ethnic Chinese, but Chinese organizations that exist in West Sumatra to say unique, because there are only born and West Sumatra alone and not in other areas.

In these organizations also embraced the membership of all the tribes and clans of existing ethnic Chinese.

 

Another plus is that they are able to maintain the original Chinese culture from generation to generation like a funeral that is still practiced in ancient China. Cemetery organization is even listed as the organization’s first funeral is present in the archipelago.

The formation of this cemetery organization need not be separated from Chinese ethnic Padang worked together when they wanted to bury the corpses.

They must carry the coffins of a hollowed piece of wood logs up the mountain that overlooks the sea. The process of carrying crates weighing up to hundreds of pounds is to be done with the stretcher. Without cooperation, the family would be impossible to do it alone

What is interesting is that although they managed to maintain their cultural identity, very few of the residents of Padang Chinese who can speak Mandarin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1893

 

 

Installatie van Tjong Yong Hian als kapitein en Tjong A Fie als luitenant der Chinezen te Medan

Who were them with Kapitan Tjong Yong HIan ?

 

 

 

 

Kaptan cina Medan guard in 1893

 

 

 

 

 

In May 1893,

 

Cheong Fat Tse became the Honorary Vice-Consul of China in Penang.

Followed by his business success in the Dutch colonies,

1890

 

 

Mr lCheong Fat Tze From penang The Sek Tong Cheah Si She Tek tong datang ke Padang mendirikan Ho Tek Tong tahun 1890.

Banyak penduduk Tionghoa Padang berasal dari Penang seperti nenek isteri saya Khoe Kim Lian(saudara ayah Ibu Lena Khoe) lahir di Penang dan keluarga ibu saya ada yang masih berada di Penang anak saudar kakek saya Chua Gim Goe ,named Chuan Ban Boe ,dulunya anaknya jadi Kepala Polisi Kota Penang sekitar tahun 1970 name Robert Ma dan salah seorang anaknya mendapat bea siswa ke Australia.

 

 

 

1892

 

Het sorteren van tabaksbladeren door Chinezen op tabaksonderneming Tandem op Noord-Sumatra

reisfoto
Bootreis van Govert J. van Tets in 1892-1893

 

 

Kpitan cina di aceh with

Koloniale geschiedenis. Indië, Atjeh- oorlog aan het einde van de 19de eeuw. De onderwerping van Panglima Polim. Generaal Van Heutsz spreekt de hoofden toe. Indië

1900

 

 

Kapitein der Chinezen Tjong Yong Hian met zijn vrouw en acht kinderen te Medan

 

Chines women 1900

 

Sekolah Tionghoa Hwee koan di Padang  1900

 

 

 

1901

 

Kapitein der Chinezen met zijn gevolg in Maleisië

 

 

 

 

1903

 

Kapitan cina Bangka lim Woe Sieng

 1905

 

 

 

De Kapitein der Chinezen Tjong A Fie met familie voor zijn woning te Medan 1905

Gerobak ditarik kuda 1917 adalah nara sumber dengan Sapu digunakan untuk membersihkan kota.
1923 Renovasi Balai Kota.
1923 Zhenlian-si (Guangze-zunwang, Yii-dadi) didirikan oleh orang-orang Chaozhou di toko-toko Durian.
1924-1945 Aturan Sultan Amaluddin Al Sani Perkasa Alamsyah
1928 Bermotor kendaraan nara sumber yang digunakan untuk menggantikan kuda mobil untuk membersihkan kota.
1929 Kantor Perusahaan Dagang Belanda (sekarang Bank Exim) telah selesai (digunakan oleh Gunseikanbu Selama pendudukan Jepang).
1936-ting Guanyin (Guanyin) dibangun oleh Hakka perempuan di Medan (Jl. Lahat 54)
1936 Baolian-tang (Guanyin) didirikan oleh perempuan Chaozhou di Medan (Jl. Sun Yat Sen)
Akhir 1942 pemerintahan Belanda. Penduduk = 80.000.
2000 populasi Field = 1.898.013
 
. Cf: Deli Maatschappij – Wikipedia
Deli Maatschappij NV de bedrijf van een adalah Nederlands koloniale oorsprong. Het bedrijf pintu adalah pada tahun 1869 Nienhuys opgericht Yakub als een tabakscultuurmaatschappij Met voor het concessie Sultanaat Deli di Sumatera, Nederlands-Indie. Di Deli Maatschappij voor de 50% geparticipeerd werd pintu de Nederlandsche Handel-Maatschappij. Dalam de eeuw negentiende exploiteerde Deli Maatschappij de 120 000 hektar. De activiteiten vormden Maatschappij voor een van de een impuls sterke groei van de stad Medan. Het toenmalige hoofdkantoor Deli Maatschappij van de di Medan Paleis van het tegenwoordig van de Gouverneur Sumatera.

Terjemahan: Deli Maatschappij NV adalah sebuah perusahaan asal Belanda kolonial. Perusahaan ini didirikan pada tahun 1869 oleh budaya tembakau Nienhuys Yakub sebagai perusahaan dengan konsesi untuk Kesultanan Deli di Sumatera, Hindia Belanda. Di Deli Company ada partisipasi 50% dari Masyarakat Perdagangan Belanda. Pada Abad Kesembilan Belas Deli Company dieksploitasi 120.000 hektar. Kegiatan perusahaan membentuk suatu dorongan untuk pertumbuhan yang kuat dari kota Medan. Markas mantan Deli Company di Medan saat ini istana Gubernur Sumatera. [Lihat foto di bawah ini di sebelah kiri]

English Version

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE HISTORY OF TJONG A FIE

History of The Tjong A Fie Mansion

A prominent home located in the heart of Medan City at Kesawan Square, this beautiful mansion is full of characters and cultures behind its history in Medan.

The History of Tjong A Fie

Tjong Fung Nam, born from Hakka family and more popularly known as Tjong A Fie is born on 1860 in the village of Sungkow, Moyan or Meixien.  He was raised from a simple home, with his elder brother Tjong Yong Hian.  Both have to give up schooling from a young age to help their father in his shop.  Even with limited education, Tjong A Fie quickly learned the business and trading skills and soon pursued his dreams to become independent and successful, hence leaving his village in search for a better life.

 

Tjong A fie

In 1880, after sailing for months, he finally arrived at the port of Deli (Medan).  At that time his brother Tjong Yong Hian had already been living in Sumatra for 5 years and had became a respected merchant in Sumatra.  However, the independent Tjong A Fie wanted to find his own living and went about finding his own work.  Tjong A Fie started to learn and develop business skills from working for Tjong Sui Fo. He developed his social skills interacting with people of all races, Chinese, Melayu, Arab, India, including Dutch.  He began by learning the language Bahasa Melayu which became the national language used in Medan Deli.

 

The Entertaining Hall

Tjong A Fie grew and became a well respected person in Medan Sumatra, where he stayed away from gambling, alcohol and prostitution in the developing town of Medan.  With his strong sense of leadership and fairness, he became the mediator for the Chinese. The Dutch also seek his help when their plantations have problems with labor issues.  His ability to solve these issues earned him to become the Chinese lieutenant. With his outstanding performance, he was elected to become a Captain (Kapiten).

 

The various rooms

Tjong A Fie was known as a respected businessman who has good social networks and has build good relation with the Sultan Deli, Makmoen Al Rasjid Perkasa Alamsjah and Tuanku Raja Moeda.  As they became good friends, Tjong A Fie became his trusted person and helped dealt with many business matters.

Tjong A Fie also became the first Chinese to own a tobacco plantation. He also developed and expanded to tea plantation in Bandar Baroe and large coconut/palm oil plantations.

Along with his elder brother Tjong Yong Hian, Tjong A Fie joint partner with Tio Tiaw Siat also known as Chang Pi Shih, his uncle as well as consulate of China in Singapore and set up a railway company known as The Chow-Chow & Swatow Railyway Co.Ltd. in China

 

The Bedroom

Tjong A Fie, a very active social contributor, donated much of his wealth building many facilities for the welfare of the poor regardless of race, cultural beliefs or nationality including many places of worships such as Chinese & Hindu temple, Mosques and Churches.

As a well respected person in Medan who owns many plantations, palm oil and sugar factories, banks and railway companies, he employed more than 10.000 workers. As recommended by Sultan Deli, Tjong A Fie was appointed member of gemeenteraad (city council) and cultuurraad (cultural council)

4 February 1921, Tjong A Fie passed away from apopleksia or bleeding in the brain, in his home at Jalan Kesawan, Medan.  It shook the city Medan, thousands flock to pay respect from all over including Sumatera Timur, Aceh, Padang, Penang, Malaysia, Singapore and Java. He became a legend known by many in Medan till today.

Four months before his death, Tjong A Fie wrote his will in the presence of notary Dirk Johan Facquin den Grave.

Side  car: this odd name is probably a miss-spelling of Fouquain de Grave–as for instance shown in Pucca’s Blog: Memories of a Nonya Notaris Fouquain de Grave–but either way I would not want to pronounce that eminent name with an American accent.

Written in his will, he wanted all his wealth to be managed by Yayasan Toen Moek Tong which was established in Medan and Sungkow at the time of his death. The Yayasan based in Medan has been given 5 missions. Three of them are to provide financial help to young talented people that wished to complete their education, without no cultural or racial choice. Yayasan will also help the disabled who are no longer able to work including the blind or those with fatal illness.  Thirdly, the Yayasan will also help victims of natural disaster of any race or nationality.

1873-1924 The rule of Sultan Ma’mum Al Rashid Perkasa Alamsyah, “the Builder”.
1878 Zhenjun-miao was erected by Chaozhou people in Tanjung Mulia (between Titipapan & Labuhan)
1880s Guandi-miao (Guandi, Caishen, Dabogong) was erected by Guangdong people in Medan (Jl. Irian Barat 2).
1880s Guanyin-gong (Shakyamuni, Guanyin, Dizang-wang) was erected by Xinghua people in Medan (Jl. Yos Sudarso 46).
1885 The first newspaper “Deli Courant” was published.

 

Side Note: in checking the web for “Deli courant” I came across many fastfood outlets, or deli’s, where they serve ”delicatessen” (Dutch for delicacies) but also a reference to Sutan Sharir–an important early Indonesian statesman–one of that country’s founding fathers in fact, who had roots in Padang and Medan. He had also been a study friend of my Opa Otto at Leiden University, where they both studied law. On the way back to the Indies, Sharir made the long ocean trip as the pro forma ‘babysitter’ of my uncle Ernst (aka Oom Kiddie) since Opa Otto was still on Government pay and entitled to one ‘servant’. He opted to help out his friend Sharir instead.

 

Sjahrir: politics and exile in Indonesia – Google Books Result by Rudolf Mrázek – 1994 – Biography & Autobiography – 526 pages
128 In Gemeente Medan 1909-1934 (Medan: Deli Courant, 1934),  which mentions that Deli was a bit like the East Indies wild west: if you had committed murder in Batavia, you’d still be welcome in Medan–and every Dutch loafer was a potential grand seigneur in Deli. I mentioned Sharir before in my journal entry

 

Now we can continue with the timeline:

1886 Medan became the capital of northern Sumatra.
1886 “Witte Societeit” (“a rather grand club”) was erected next to the post office. [see photo hereunder]

 

1888 Sultan of Deli (Sultan Ma’mum Al Rashid Perkasa Alamsyah) moved from Labuhan Deli [series of pitcures below]

 

 

 

to the Maimoon Palace in Medan. [following two photographs of exterior and interior:]

 

 

1890 Guandi-gong (Guandi) was erected in Medan (Jl. Pertemburan 81 – near Pulo Brayan)
1891 Shoushan-gong (Guanyin) was erected by Fujianese in Labuhan Deli
1895 Zhenjun-miao was erected by Chaozhou people in Titipapan.
1898 Hotel De Boer was constructed.
1898-1939 Publication of “De Sumatra Post” by Joseph Hallermann, a German.
1900 Tjong A Fie mansion was built.
1906 Tianhou-gong (Mazu temple) was erected in Medan (Jl. Pandu Baru 2)
1907 Sultan Mosque was built [see pictures below]

 

 

1908 City Hall (Hulswit & Fermont Weltevreden + Ed Cuypers Amsterdam)
1909-1911 Construction of post office (Snuyf, architect – head of Ned.Ind.PWD)
1910 Medan was a small city. Population = 17,500.
1910 Javasche Bank (Hulswit & Fermont Weltevreden + Ed Cuypers Amsterdam) [see pictures below]

 

 

 

 

1913 Tjong A Fie donated the city hall’s clock tower.
1917 Horse drawn carts with brooms were used for town cleaning.
1923 Renovation of City Hall.
1923 Zhenlian-si (Guangze-zunwang, Yuhuang-dadi) was erected by Chaozhou people in Kedai Durian.
1924-1945 The rule of Sultan Amaluddin Al Sani Perkasa Alamsyah
1928 Motorized vehicles were used to replace the horse drawn cars for town cleaning.
1929 Office of Netherlands Trading Company (now Bank Exim) was completed (used by Gunseikanbu during the Japanese occupation).
1936 Guanyin-ting (Guanyin) was erected by Hakka women in Medan (Jl. Lahat 54)
1936 Baolian-tang (Guanyin) was erected by Chaozhou women in Medan (Jl. Sun Yat Sen)
1942 End of Dutch rule. Population = 80,000.
2000 Medan’s population = 1,898,013

 

Cf.: Deli Maatschappij – Wikipedia

De N.V. Deli Maatschappij is een Nederlands bedrijf van koloniale oorsprong. Het bedrijf is in 1869 opgericht door Jacob Nienhuys als tabakscultuurmaatschappij met een concessie voor het Sultanaat Deli in Sumatra, Nederlands-Indië. In de Deli Maatschappij werd voor 50 % geparticipeerd door de Nederlandsche Handel-Maatschappij. In de negentiende eeuw exploiteerde de Deli Maatschappij 120.000 hectare. De activiteiten van de maatschappij vormden een impuls voor een sterke groei van de stad Medan. Het toenmalige hoofdkantoor van de Deli Maatschappij in Medan is tegenwoordig het paleis van de Gouverneur van Sumatra.

Translation: The NV Deli Maatschappij is a Dutch company of colonial origin. The company was founded in 1869 by Jacob Nienhuys as a tabacco culture company with a concession for the Sultanate Deli in Sumatra, Netherlands East Indies. In the Deli Company there was a 50% participation of the Netherlands Trading Society. In the nineteenth century the Deli Company exploited 120,000 hectares. The activities of the company formed an impulse for the strong growth of the city of Medan. The onetime headquarters of the Deli Company in Medan is today the palace of the Governor of Sumatra. [See photo below on the left]

 

1908

 

 

Zittend 1e rij v.l.n.r.: dhr. Haase, controleur Coert, dhr. v.d. Hout, dhr. de Vogel, resident de Vogel, assistent-resident Priester, Chef van McNeill & Co. D.M. Campbell, dhr. Cremer. 2e rij v.l.n.r.: assistent-resident Mc.Gillavry, lid van het kraton van Jogjakarta, een jurylid, kapitein der Chinezen, regent, officier van justitie Bouwma

1910

 

Tjong Jong Hian, kapitein der Chinezen te Medan

1911

 

Taocang etnis tionghoa sampai tahun 1911

 

In 1912,

 the Board of Trustees chaired by Cheah Choo Yew successfully acquired the Cheah Sek Tong Family Cemetery and thenceforth the Sek Tong Cheah clansmen have their own land to rest after their passing away.

1913

 

 

 

Tionghoa mortem Upacara traditional Pengoeboeran

 

 

Pemakaman Orang tionghoa di Padang tempo doeloe(mungkin ini Ang Eng Hoat? Keluarha Ang Tjeng Liang harap komentar

 

Dr Iwan ever look the Tionghoa Burial ceremony during his grandpa pass away in 1957.

 

The coffin were get the very big hard wood with the many flower and the coffin bring by hand from his house at Belantung now A Yani street, with parade to the mountain hill about 5 km , there were two type of music one Gambang  and other marching band.

 When the coffin shut by bigger nail the older son Dr Iwan father must hit by martel,the sound very dramatic , all the family get the mourning gown from merkan linen   and when praying all the son must under the praying table,

During praying the HTT kongsi gave medal to the Grandpa with read the letter called Tjay Boen, and many friend gave the mourning  plaque called Liang tek Tjay made by black or white linen

Dr Iwan younger uncle Gho Ie Tong(ntjek Baba) bring the dust of praying hio walking very long,

every bridge His Father must asking his father in Law  Thoa Gin Toen as Tjengke Meong to back home with kneel in the ground road.

 

Batavia Chinese camp in 1913

1918

 

 

Uitreiking van een onderscheiding aan de kapitein der Chinezen, Tan Djoe An, bij zijn aftreden door de resident te Modjokerto

  • E.Q. Lie, I live in Mojokerto and I’m interesting in research of Chineese in Mojokerto. Could you tell me about the Capitain in Mojokerto?

Tan Djoe An: geboren 1857, handelaar in o.a. djatihout en jeruk, eigenaar van de grootste toko van Modjokerto, Luitenant der Chinezen van Modjokerto vanaf 1897,

Kapitein vanaf 1912. Trad in 1917 terug wegens afnemende gezondheid, kreeg wegens verdiensten de Kleine Gouden Ster (zie foto). Plaats van uitreiking was Tan Djoe An’s huis aan de Jl. Kediri, Mojokerto (tegenwoordig Jl. Majapahit 139, de voorgevel bestaat nog steeds, zij het weggestopt achter een toko en de deuren zijn dichtgemetseld).

Tan Djoe An is de Chinees met de onderscheiding. Naast hem Resident Van Aalst van Soerabaja, daar weer naast Assistent-Resident Kern van Modjokerto.

 Op de begane grond Ong Tiang Sing, neef en opvolger van Tan Djoe An. Rechts de Chinese elite van Modjokerto. Het groepje op de onderste trede zijn familieleden van de Kapitein, waaronder minstens 2 zonen.

De corpulente man is vermoedelijk Tan Oen Liang, de laatste luitenant der Chinezen van Modjokerto.

Tan Djoe An overleed omstreeks 1919, 1920

1930

 

 

 

Huwelijk van de dochter van de Kapitein der Chinezen Jap Soen Tjai te Medan 1930

 

 

 

Kapitan Cina medan Jap’s daughter

 

Kapitan cina medan Jap relatives

 

 

 

1933

 

 

 

 

Tjoeng Njan Khin, kapitein-titulair der Chinezen van Boven Langkat;

De gemeenteraadsleden van Bindjai met enkele dames

 

 

 

Van de raad maakten deel uit: W.Ph. Coolhaas, voorzitter; Tjoeng Njan Khin, kapitein-titulair der Chinezen van Boven Langkat; Djalaloedin, landschapsarts van Langkat; Tengkoe Mohamad Jasin, pangeran van Boven Langkat en waarnemend vice-voorzitter van de Karapatan in Langkat; mr J.B. Kan, voorzitter van de Landraden te Bindjai en Langsa; Baharoeddin, fiscaal-griffier van het Landgerecht te Bindjai; W.F. Verrijk, hoofdopzichter van de Afdeling Weg en Werken van de Deli Spoorweg Maatschappij; ir P.M. Visser, inspecteur van de Langkatondernemingen van de Deli Maatschappij; J. Louwerier, chef-geneesheer van het Bangkattan-hospitaal van de Deli Maatschappij; H.J. Lever, waarnemend administrateur van de onderneming Timbang Langkat van de Deli-Batavia Maatschappij

 

J. Louwerier, chef-geneesheer van het Bangkattan-hospitaal van de Deli Maatschappi

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chinese Batavia street house( Batavia China Towan)

1941

Kapitein der Chinesen  Redisdentie west Sumatra 1941

Kapten etnis Tionghoa Padang :

 Liem Tjhoen Goan (sejak  1 April 1937)                

 Letnan etnis Tionghoa Pariaman:

 Ghan Ho Ie (sejak  19 sept.1906)              

Letnan etnis  Tionghoa Bukittinggi(Fort de Kock) dan Padang Panjang   :

Tjoa sin Soe (sejak 4 Maret 1929)    Letnan etnisTionghoa Payakumbuh :

Tjoa Seng Lian (sejak 18 maret 1939),                                                                                                                   putranya Tjoa Tjoan Soei menikah dengan adik mertua Dr iwan Oei Tiong Hien, Oei Soei                                                                                                                                                                                                  Heng dan putranya Ien.

( Sumber regeering alamanac 1941)

 

 

Orang Tionghoa Pejabat Hindia Belanda tahun 1941(sumber Reegering Almanac 1941)

Batavia

Afdelling Financiele ,Schatkistambtenaar de klasse K.T.Liem

 Dienst Der Oost-Aziatische Zaken

Hooftranslateur voor de Japansche S.Cho(Tsang Tsui Shih) sejak 1 januari 1939

Regenstschap Kediri

Hoofdcommies : Tan tek beng ,10 mei 1940

Major,Kapitein , Letnan der Chinesen

Regenstschap Batavia

Chineesche Raad

Voorsitter Khouw Kim An (Majoor de Chinesen 3 februari 1937)

Sekretaris Tan Boen Sing,11 April 1922,

 Leden

Lie Tjian Tjoen 17 Agustus 1029(kapitein de chinesen)                                                                                         Lie Boen Sin,27 sept 1929(lieutenant)

Niet ambtelijke Leden

Ong Kek Tjiaoe,21 april 1931                                                                                                                           Dr Tjiong Boen Kie, 9 maret 1940

 

Gouvernment Sumatra

Residentie Atjeh

Afdeelling Noordkust van Atjeh (Sigli)

Onderafdeelling Sigli

Luitenant der Chineezen Tjong Tjhi Tjhaij, 31 des. 1926

Onderafdeelling Lho’Seumawe

Luitenant der Chineezen Tan Joe Sin, 19 oct.1922

Onderafdeelling Bireuen

Luitenant der Chineezen Wong Tjiauw ,26 sept 1913

Afdeelling Oostdkust van Atjeh met Alaslanden Gajoloeas en Serbodjadi (Langsa)

Onderafdeelling Idi

Luitenant der Chineezen Chioe Sim Aann, 20 Jan 1918

Onderafdeelling Langsa

Luitenant der Chineezen Tjoeng Ted Joeng, 21 Maret 1918

Onderafdeelling Tamiang(Koealasimpang)

Luitenant der Chineezen Moe Tin Siong

 

 

Residentie Oostkust van Sumatra

Afdeelling Deli en Serdang (Medan)

Onderafdeelling Beneden Deli(Medan)

Major  der Chineezen Khoe Tjin Tek

Luitenant der Chineezen medan Oei han Tiong                                                                                                      Luitenant der Chineezen Laboeandeli : Hsu Hua Chang                                                                                             Luitenant der Chineezen Belawan : Oey Chin Kiat.

Dear Dr. Iwan,

I read your blog on history of Padang , Sumatra and enjoyed the nostalgia…

Perhaps with luck, u may know something of other historical TiongHua communities in Sumatra- am interested to know more about Khoo Cheow Teong who was a active trader from Tanjong Balai, Asahan( east coast, North Sumatra ) in 1900s.

He had two sons; Khoo Sian Wei and Sian Ewe, the former stayed back in Asahan whilst the father and second son, Sian Ewe lived a active biz n social life in Penang. I am a descendant but have no contact or knowledge of their family or biz in Asahan. Now am trying to catchup and wonder if you can kindly share what u may know or refer me to sources ( clan associations? Newspaper reports? Museum? Archives? English, Jawi or Dutch language?? Etc)  and people who may know the Khoo family.

 

Thanks for yr help, rgds robertY

 

Sent from my iPad

Afdeelling Simaeloengoen en De Karolanden(Pematangsiantar)

Onderafdeelling Simaeloengoen (Pematangsiantar)

Luitenant der Chineezen :  Ang Cheng

Residentie Tapanoeli

Afdeelling Sibolga

Luitenant der Chineezen : Lim Hoh Eng

Afdeelling Nias Goenoeng Sitoli

Onderafdeelling Nias en omligende eilanden(Goenoeng Sitoli)

Luitenant der Chineezen :    Lim Eng The

Onderafdeelling Batoe-eilande(Poelau Tello)

Luitenant der Chineezen :     Go Tiauw Hie, 16 juni 1932

 

 

 

Residentie Riouw en Onderhooringheden

Onderafdeelling Selat Pandjang

Luitenant der Chineezen : Kan Tjong Ho ,1 oct 1934

Onderafdeelling Bagan Siapi-api

Luitenant der Chineezen : LOe Tjin Poh

Afdelling Tandjoengpinang

Kapiten de chineesen te Tandjong Pinang : Oei Pit Ship,8 Sept .1930                                                                  Luitenant der chineesen voor Zuid Bintan : Tan Foo Kong,18 Okt.1915                                                            Luitenant der Chineesen voor  Noord-Bintan : Tan Swie Kie,19 juli 1916                                                       Luitenant der Chineesen te Pl,Boeloeh : Tan Joe She,1 aug 1930

Onderafdelling Karimoen (Tandjoengbalai)

Luitenant der Chineesen te                                                                                                                                Tandjoengbalai Oei Kim Hoe,29 Maret 1935                                                                                                          Tandjoeng batoe Wong Seap Par, 27 April 1929

Onderafdelling Linga(Dao Singkep)

Luitenant der Chineesen te                                                                                                                                          Penoeba : Lie Eng Goan,20 dec 1938                                                                                                               Dabo(singkep): Tjoa meng Koei, 15 Sept.1938

Onderafdelling Poelau Toedjoeh(Terempa)

Luitenant der Chinesen terempa : Tjioe Tiong Thin ,Feb 1938

Afdelling Inderagiri (Rengat)

Luitenant der Chineesen Go Koen Sia ,16 jan.1936

(Dr iwan pernah kerumah nya tahun 1985, dan bertemu putranya, dan membeli beberapa koleksi almarhum seperti lukisan Tiongkok,dan medali yang diperolehnya dari gubernur jendral dan juga ada postal history masa revolusi berupa dokumen dengan metera pendudukan jepang)

 

Onderafdelling Inderagirische Benelanden (Tembilahan)

Luitenant der Chineesen tembilahan Lauw Tio Sia,1 jan.1936

 

 Residentie west Sumatra 1941

Kapten etnis Tionghoa Padang :

 Liem Tjhoen Goan (sejak  1 April 1937)                

 Letnan etnis Tionghoa Pariaman:

 Ghan Ho Ie (sejak  19 sept.1906)              

Letnan etnis  Tionghoa Bukittinggi(Fort de Kock) dan Padang Panjang   :

Tjoa sin Soe (sejak 4 Maret 1929)                                                                                                      Letnan etnisTionghoa Payakumbuh :

Tjoa Seng Lian (sejak 18 maret 1939),                                                                                                                   putranya Tjoa Tjoan Soei menikah dengan adik mertua Dr iwan Oei Tiong Hien, Oei Soei                                                                                                                                                                                                  Heng dan putranya Ien.

Residentie Palembang

Onderafdeling Hoofplaats Palembang  en Banjoeasinstreken(Palembang)

Kapiten der Chineesen Kwee Gan Keng, 9 Jan.1934

Residentie Bangka en Billiton

(hofdplaats Pangkalpinang)

Onderafdelling Midden-Bangka(Pangkalpinang)

Kapitein der Chinesen  Bong Joeng Kin ,24 dec 1932 Luitenant der Chinesen Se Siong Men, 24 Dec 1932

Afdelling Biliton(Tandjoengpandan)

Kapitein titulair de chineesen :Phong Jong Fong, 25 Maret 1938

Residentie Westerafdeelling van Borneo(hoofdplaats Pontianak)

Afdeeling Pontianak

Onderafdeelling Pontianak

Kapitein der chineezen Kwee Eng Hoe

Onderafdeelling Singkawang

Kapitein der Chineezen te

 Singkawang :  Theng Soen Teng                                                                                                                  Pemangkat : Lie Kian Nam                                                                                                                              Montrado : Eo Djong Khim

Onderafdeelling Bengkajang

Kapitein der Chineezen Lim A Lak

Onderafdeelling Sambas

Kapitan der Chineezen Tjen Fai Tjong

Onderafdeelling Mempawah

Kapitan der Chineezen Tjang Fen Sen

 

Residentie Zuider en Oosterafdelling van Borneo

Afdelling Bandjarmasin

Kapitein der chineesen  Tjoe Tay An , 5 April 1918

Onderafdellig Martapoera

Kapitein titulair der Chinesen Oey Tay Poen, 24 Agustus 1923

Afdelling Samarinda

Luitenant der Chineesen  voor  de onderafdelling Koetai en Boven Mahakam (standplaats Samarinda) : Ngo Keng Tjoen, 6 sept 1918

Onderafdelling Oost-Koetai

Luitenant der Chineesen te Sanga-sanga Dalam : Tan Keng Ban (voor het onderdistrict sanga-sanga) 21 maret 1928

Onderafdelling Balikpapan

Luitenant der Chineesen Voor het onderdistrict Balikpapan : Wong Thay Hin, 28 Agustus 1933

Afdeelling Boeloengan BN Beroe(Tarakan)

Onderafdeeling Beraoe(Tandjoeng Redeb)

Luitenant der Chineezen  Lim Kim Fen, 3 Juli 1940

Residentie Manado

Berau

Conniezeen redacteur : E.K.Njo,12 sept 1935

Afdeelling Dongala

Luitenant der Chineezen  Tjoa Tiong Hean, 30 Jan 1930

Residentie Timor en Onderhoorigheden

Onderafdeelling Koepang

Kapitein der chineezen  Lie San Njan, 15 feb 1925

Hoof de Chineezen Tjioe Tek Giok,29 april 1925- Tjioe Soen Seng(Babaoe Koepang)-Tjong Soei Tap(Tjamplong Koepang), Tjoeng KIe Seng(Naiklioe-Koepang).

 

 

Onderafdeelling Roti(Baa)

Hoof de Chineezen Djong Kiet Hien,29 Agustus 1940

Onderafdeelling Zuid-midden Timor(Soe)

Hoof de Chineezen Ta A Hin(Niki-niki), Tan Kion Tjeang(Kapan), Sea I Hoat(SoE)

Onderafdeelling Nord-midden Timor(Kofannanoe)

Hoof de Chineezen Tan Foe Djoen

Onderafdeelling Beloe(Atamboea)

Hoof de Chineezen Laij Ko Hie(atamboea)

 

Afdeelling Alor ( Kalabahi)

Hoof de Chineezen Ong Gwan Tjin alias Ong Kie Seng,27 April 1938

Onderafdeelling Ende

Hoof de Chineezen  Lie Siang tek, 12 Juni 1939

Onderafdeelling Maoemere(maoemere)

Hoof de Chineezen  Ong Ka Tjao, 12 Juni 1929

Onderafdeelling Mangarai (Roeteng)

Hoof de Chineezen  Pius The Kie Teng, 14 Maret 1938

Afdeelling Soembawa en Soemba(Raba)

Onderafdeelling Bima(Raba)

Hoof de Chineezen  Oei Si Koan, 28 Nov  1936

Onderafdeelling Soembawa(soembawabesar)

Hoof de Chineezen  Oei Si Moe alias Oei Hok Goei(soembawa besar),

Wong Jat Hwa(Taliwang)

Onderafdeelling Oost Soemba (Waingapoe)

Hoof de Chineezen  Lie Thiauw La,15 Juni 1938

Gouvernment Soerakarta

Afdeelling Soerakarta

Kapitein  der Chineezen soerakarta  Ing Siang Tan

Luitent der chineezen sragen Liem Poo Djong

( Sumber regeering alamanac 1941)

 

 

Chinese in semarang 1941

The end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2013

 

 

 

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