The Bali History Collections Continued

This The sample Of Dr Iwan CD-ROM To Be Continued

The Bali History Collections

 Dienstmeisje van kunstschilder Lemajeur, Bali, Indonesie (1947-1953)

 

Created By

Dr Iwan Suwandy.MHA

Private Limited E-Book In CD-Rom Edition

Special For Senior Collectors

Copyright @ 2013

8th Century

Archaeological finds of pottery

and

 

other objects

 

confirm that Bali was a port for Chinese and Indian traders as early as the first century CE.

 Hinduism arrived in the eighth century CE, mingling with beliefs in natural gods and ancestor myths, all of which have gone on entwining to the present day

Bali 9th century

Although the rise of

 

 the Sailendra’s

 

 occurred in Kedu Plain in the Javanese heartland, their origin has been the subject of discussion.[3]

Apart from Java itself; an earlier homeland in Sumatra, India or Cambodia has been suggested.

Java

Another theory suggested that Sailendra was a native Javanese dynasty, and there was no such things as

 

 Sanjaya dynasty

 

since Sri Sanjaya and his offsprings belongs to Sailendra family that initially

 

the Shivaist ruler of

Mataram Kingdom.[8]

The association of Sailendra with

Mahayana Buddhism began

after the conversion Panaraban or Panangkaran

to Buddhism.

This theory based on

Carita Parahyangan

that mention about the ailing King Sanjaya ordered his son,

Rakai Panaraban or Panangkaran, to convert to buddhism, because their Shivaistic faith was feared by the people, and in favour to the more pacifist buddhist faith.

 ewad more realted info

Sewu Temple
There are so many temples in Central Java and Yogyakarta. Yet everything is extracted, read, and revealed kesejarahannya background. Wealth of heritage temples suggests that our ancestors in the past has had an advanced civilization.

Unfortunately we are living in today are more civilized than them. And on certain sides of us are even more likely than their uncivilized.

One of the historical relics of the past that we can see is Sewu Bener located in the hamlet, village / Kalurahan Bugisan, Prambanan district, Klaten, Central Java.
At this complex Sewu included in the Prambanan Temple Tourism Park area.
Keletakannya are so close to the DIY as well as assuming the Yogya-Solo made-Sewu Prambanan temple complex is one factor that promotes the DIY tourism. Such Keletakan make the tourism sector can not be managed locally alone.
Sewu complex consists of 1 and 8 of the main temple building temples wedge and 240 ancillary temples, statues Dwarapala 8 pairs facing each other and flanking the entrance to the temple complex.

 

Plan Sewu are concentric, ie candiinduk is in the middle (center) is surrounded by four rows of ancillary temples are placed symmetrically. While the temple is flanked by 8-spouse pairs placed between rows II and III into 4 pairs that flank the entrance to the temple Jalam parent (the main building).
Sewu complexes have been built in the 8th century. This estimate is based on a stone inscription found in the temple complex ever Sewu in 1960.

In the inscription is told about improvements shrine called Manjusrigrha in the year 714 Saka or 792 AD.

The place is called in the tablets was the original name of Sewu. Manjusrigrha can be interpreted as a house or palace Manjusri, which is one god in Buddhism. Based on this it can be concluded that Sewu built by kings of the Ancient Mataram dynasty dynasty who ruled at that time that Pangkaran and Rakai Rakai Panaraban.

A more complete study on Sewu This has been done by the SPSP Central Java since 1981.

The study begins with a feasibility study to prepare for restoration. After that the total restoration of the temple by Project Preservation / Utilization of Historical and Archeological with Fiscal Year 1981/1982 to 1992/1993. The restoration has been done up to 2006 is the main temple building, temple wedge no. 6 and no. 8 and ancillary temples series I no. 3, 7, 20, and 22, series II no ancillary temples. 39, series III no ancillary temples. 49, no ancillary temples IV series. 64 and 8 Dwarapala statues.
Here are photos Sewu contained in the De Oude Ansichten Javaansche Vosrtenlanden published in 1970 in Amsterdam by NV De Bussy Ellerman Harms. It is not known exactly when the photo was taken. Most likely around the year 1914-1918.

.9th Century

Sailendras in Bali

 

Sri Kesari Warmadewa

sei kestari actor at ubud now

was said to be a Buddhist king of the Sailendra Dynasty, leading a military expedition,[12] to establishing a Mahayana Buddhist government in Bali.[13]

The Belanjong pillar in Sanur dates to 914 CE, and testifies to the contacts between Bali and the Indian subcontinent.

 

This period is generally closely associated with the arrival and expansion of Buddhism and Hinduism in the island of Bali.

 

The Belanjong pillar (“Prasasti Blanjong”) in southern Sanur was inscribed in 914 with the mention of the reign of the Balinese king Sri Kesari.

It is written in both the Indian Sanskrit language and Old Balinese language, using two scripts, the Nagari script and the Old Balinese script (which is used to write both Balinese and Sanskrit).[9]

The pillar testifies to the connections of Bali with the Sanjaya Dynasty in Central Java.[7] It is dated according to the Indian Shaka calendar.[10]

According to the inscription, Sri Kesari was a Buddhist king of the Sailendra Dynasty leading a military expedition,[11] to establish a Mahayana Buddhist government in Bali.[12]

The stone temple of Goa Gajah was made around the same period, and shows a combination of Buddhist and Hindu (Shivaite) iconography.

 

The Belanjong pillar,

also Blanjong pillar (Indonesian: Prasasti Blanjong), is a pillar established in 914 CE in the harbour of Belangong,

 in

 

 

the southern area of Sanur in Bali. 

The alley leading to the Belanjong pillar

in Belanjong temple.

 

Protective enclosure for the Belanjong pillar, in Belanjong temple.

The pillar was established by king Sri Kesari Warmadewa, the first king of the Balinese Warmadewa dynasty and bears a long inscription where the king describes his military campaign in the island. It is located in the Belanjong (Blanjong) Temple, where it is housed under a protective enclosure, and is often decorated and partially covered with devotional cloth.

The inscription is written in both the Indian Sanskrit language and Old Balinese language, using two scripts, the Nagari script and the Old Balinese script (which is used to write both Balinese and Sanskrit).[1]

The Old Balinese in pre-Nagari script in on one side of the pillar, while the Sanskrit inscription in Pallava-derived old Javanese script (also called Kawi script)[2] is on the other side.[3] The mix of language and script suggest that the objective of the inscription was not to communicate locally to the Balinese people, but rather to be established as a symbol of power and authority.[2]

The pillar testifies to the connections of Bali with the Sanjaya Dynasty in Central Java.[4]

According to the inscription,

Sri Kesari was a Buddhist king of the Sailendra Dynasty leading a military expedition,[5] to establish

a Mahayana Buddhist government in Bali.[6]

The inscription also tells about the success of military expeditions of offshore islands,

 

 

either Nusa Penida or faraway Maluku.[2]

 

 

This is the first known inscription in which a Balinese king recorded his name.[3]

Two other inscription by Kesari are known in the interior Bali, which suggest conflicts in the mountainous interior of

the island.[2]

The pillar is dated according to the Indian Saka calendar, in the year 836 saka.[7]

According to French historian

George Coedès:

“These inscriptions reveal a Hindu-Balinese society, independent of Java, making use of a dialect particular to the island, and practicing Hinduism and Buddhism at the same time.”—George Coedès.[2]

The pillar was only discovered in 1932,[8] and has remained where it was initially found And mentioning “Walidwipa”. It was during this time that

 

 the complex irrigation system subak was developed to grow rice.

 

George Coedès (1886-1969),

 doyen of Khmerology, recognized that the Khmer

914 AD

Early Kingdom

There are few written records of Bali and Lombok before the 20th century and none Lombok before 1365, but ancient artifacts tell of Hindu kingdoms and the continuous influence of Java. An inscribe pillar in Belanjong, Sanur, dated to AD 914, implies that relations had been established before that date between Bali and the Buddhist Sanjaya dynasty of Central Java,

 In Central Bali there are relics of a Hindu-Buddhist kingdom, dating from the 10th-13th centuries, whose seat was hear today’s Pejeng and Bedulu

To Be Continued

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