FORUM KOMUNIKASI PURNADOKKES: KARYA TULIS ILMIAH

 

editor

Kombespol(p) Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA

email editor

iwansuwandy@gmail.com

HALO PARA PURNADOKKES HARAP KESEDIAAN ANDA UNTUK MENGIRIMKAN KARYA TULIS ILMIAH YANG TERKAIT DENGN KESEHATAN PARA MENULA, SEBAGAI CONTOH SAYA TAMPILKAN  KARYA TULIS SINGKAT SAYA  DIBAWAH INI

 

The Study report

Of

Diabetic Type 2

 

 

Created by

Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA

copyright@2012

This Study  dedicated

To my wife, sons and also my brother

Introductions

Seseorang dengan diabetes tipe 2 dapat menggunakan latihan untuk membantu mengendalikan kadar gula darah mereka dan memberikan energi otot mereka perlu untuk berfungsi sepanjang hari.


Dengan mempertahankan diet sehat dan olahraga yang cukup, seseorang dengan
diabetes tipe 2
NON Insulin dependend diabetes melittus (NIDDM)
  mungkin dapat menjaga gula darah mereka dalam rentang non-diabetes normal tanpa pengobatan.

 

Original info

 

A person with type 2 diabetes can use exercise to help control their blood sugar levels and provide energy their muscles need to function throughout the day.

By maintaining a healthy diet and sufficient exercise, a person with

type 2 diabetes

NON Insulin Dependend diabetes melittus(NIDDM)

 may be able to keep their blood sugar in the normal non-diabetic range without medication.

 Sehubungan dengan kenyataan tersebut diatas,perlu dilakukan studi kepustakaan terkait dengan kelainan diabetes type 2 ini karena banyak tulisan yang memberikan informasi keliru dan sering dimanfaatkan secara keliru oleh para pedagang obat dan malah juga oleh sejawat dokter nakal yang merugikan penderitanya

bERDASARKAN PENGALAMAN PRIBADI SELAMA HAMPIR 50 TAHUN DI KLINIS, BANYAK PASIEN DIABETES TYPE 2 TIDAK MENGERTI KELAIANAN YANG TERJADI PADA DIRINYA SEHINGGA MERASA SEPERTI PENDERITA DIABETES TYPE 1 YANG TERGANTUNG DENGAN iSNULIN KARENA PANCREASNYA RUSAK DAN TIDAK MENGHASILKAN INSULIN, MALAH MEREKA MEMINUM OBAT YANG MENGHABTA HATI MEMPRODUKSI GLUCOA SEHINGGA TIMBUL KERUSAKAN HATI.

SEHUBUNGAN DENGAN HAL T INI STUDI KEPUSTAKAAN INI DIHARAPKAN DAPAT BERMANFAAT BAGI PARA MANULA YANG UMUMNYA MEMILIKI RESIKO TINGGI

HASIL STUDI KEPUSTAKAAN

Diabetes tipe 2


Definisi


Diabetes tipe 2 adalah penyakit (kronis) seumur hidup di mana ada gula tingkat tinggi (glukosa) dalam darah. Diabetes tipe 2 adalah bentuk paling umum diabetes.

Alternatif Nama
Noninsulin-dependent diabetes; Diabetes – tipe 2;

tIMBULNYA (ONSET)

Diabetes  saat  dewasa

Penyebab, kejadian, dan faktor risiko
Diabetes disebabkan oleh masalah dalam cara tubuh Anda membuat atau menggunakan insulin. Insulin dibutuhkan untuk memindahkan gula darah (glukosa) ke dalam sel, di mana disimpan dan kemudian digunakan untuk energi.

 

Pathogenesis
Pada  diabetes tipe 2, lemak, hati, dan sel-sel otot tidak merespon dengan benar terhadap insulin.

Hal ini disebut resistensi insulin.

 Akibatnya, gula darah tidak masuk ke sel-sel ini untuk disimpan untuk energi.

Bila gula tidak dapat memasuki sel, gula tingkat tinggi membangun dalam darah. Hal ini disebut hiperglikemia.

Diabetes tipe 2 biasanya terjadi perlahan-lahan dari waktu ke waktu.

 

Kebanyakan orang dengan penyakit kelebihan berat badan ketika mereka didiagnosis. Peningkatan lemak membuat lebih sulit bagi tubuh Anda untuk menggunakan insulin cara yang benar.

Diabetes tipe 2 juga dapat mengembangkan pada orang yang tipis. Ini lebih umum pada orang tua.

Riwayat keluarga dan gen memainkan peran besar pada diabetes tipe 2. 

Kegiatan tingkat rendah, pola makan yang buruk, dan berat badan berlebih di sekitar pinggang meningkatkan risiko Anda.

Gejala


Sering kali, orang dengan diabetes tipe 2 tidak menunjukkan gejala pada awalnya. Mereka mungkin tidak memiliki gejala selama bertahun-tahun.


Gejala-gejala awal diabetes meliputi:

• Kandung kemih, ginjal, kulit, atau infeksi lain yang lebih sering atau menyembuhkan perlahan
• Kelelahan
• Kelaparan
• Meningkatnya rasa haus
• Peningkatan buang air kecil
Gejala pertama mungkin juga:
• kabur visi
• Disfungsi ereksi
• Nyeri atau mati rasa pada kaki atau tangan

Tanda dan tes
Dokter mungkin menduga bahwa Anda memiliki diabetes jika kadar
gula darah Anda lebih tinggi dari 200 mg / dL.

 

Untuk memastikan diagnosa, satu atau lebih dari tes berikut harus dilakukan.

 Tes darah Diabetes :
kadar glukosa darah puasa

diabetes didiagnosis jika lebih tinggi dari 126 mg / dL dua kali


 Uji Hemoglobin A1c
o Normal: Kurang dari 5,7%
o Pra-diabetes: 5,7% – 6,4%
o Diabetes: 6,5% atau lebih tinggi


• tes toleransi glukosa oral – diabetes didiagnosis jika kadar glukosa lebih tinggi dari 200 mg / dL setelah 2 jam


Skrining diabetes dianjurkan untuk:
• Kegemukan anak yang memiliki faktor risiko lain untuk diabetes, dimulai pada usia 10 dan diulang setiap 2 tahun
• Kegemukan dewasa (BMI lebih besar dari 25) yang memiliki faktor risiko lain
Dewasa di atas usia 45 setiap 3 tahun

 

Anda harus KONSULTASI  dokter (BILA ANDA BUKAN DOKTER) setiap 3 bulan. Pada kunjungan ini, Anda dapat mengharapkan dokter untuk:
• Periksa tekanan darah Anda
• Periksa kulit dan tulang pada kaki dan kaki
• Periksa apakah kaki menjadi mati rasa
• Periksa bagian belakang mata dengan alat khusus yang disebut terang ophthalmoscope
Tes berikut akan membantu Anda dan dokter Anda memantau diabetes Anda dan mencegah masalah:
• Apakah tekanan darah Anda diperiksa setidaknya setiap tahun (darah tujuan tekanan harus 130/80 mm / Hg atau lebih rendah).
• Memiliki hemoglobin A1c Anda uji (HbA1c) setiap 6 bulan jika diabetes Anda terkontrol dengan baik, jika tidak setiap 3 bulan.
Apakah kolesterol dan trigliserida diperiksa tahunan (mencapai tingkat LDL di bawah 70-100 mg / dL).
• Dapatkan tes tahunan untuk memastikan ginjal Anda bekerja dengan baik (mikroalbuminuria dan serum kreatinin).
• Kunjungi dokter mata Anda setidaknya sekali setahun, atau lebih sering jika Anda memiliki tanda-tanda penyakit mata diabetes.
• Lihat dokter gigi setiap 6 bulan untuk membersihkan gigi menyeluruh dan ujian. Pastikan dokter gigi dan ahli kesehatan tahu bahwa Anda memiliki diabetes.
Pengobatan

Tujuan pengobatan pada awalnya adalah untuk menurunkan kadar glukosa darah tinggi. Jangka panjang Tujuan pengobatan adalah untuk mencegah masalah dari diabetes.

Pengobatan utama untuk diabetes tipe 2 adalah olahraga dan diet.

 

BELAJAR KETERAMPIL

Diet yang direkomendasikan oleh American Diabetes Association: Diet yang direkomendasikan oleh American Diabetes Association adalah semua tentang membuat pilihan makanan sehat.

 

 

Diet diabetes tipe 2:

Dengan lebih dari 14,6 juta orang Amerika menderita diabetes, telah menjadi masalah kesehatan utama di Amerika Serikat saat ini.Hal yang sama juga di indonesia baca artikel dibawah ini

PELATIHAN NASIONAL EDUKATOR DIABETES INDONESIA

Jakarta, 21 April 2012

 

Menteri Kesehatan, diwakili oleh Direktur Jenderal Pengendalian Penyakit dan Penyehatan Lingkungan (PP dan PL), Prof. dr. Tjandra Yoga Aditama, Sp.P(K), MARS, DTM&H, DTCE

 membuka secara resmi Pelatihan Nasional Edukator Diabetes Indonesia yang ke 10 yang diselenggarakan oleh Perhimpunan Edukator Diabetes Indonesia (PEDI) di Jakarta (20/4/12).

Kementerian Kesehatan  menyambut baik pelatihan ini, karena 4 hal, yang pertama Diabetes Mellitus (DM) merupakan masalah kesehatan penting di Indonesia, sebab DM merupakan penyebab kematian ke 6, prevalensi DM perkotaan 5,7%, dan prevalensi Toleransi Glukosa Terganggu 10,2%.

Diet Diabetes Tipe 2  perlu dibarengi dengan gaya hidup sehat dalam rangka untuk menempatkan cek pada diabetes tipe 2.

Diet diabetes Tipe 2  bersama dengan olahraga teratur, dapat membantu signifikan dalam mengendalikan gula darah Anda dan mengelola diabetes Anda.
Dengan mengurangi asupan kalori dan termasuk latihan rutin Anda, Anda dapat membuat tubuh Anda lebih sensitif terhadap insulin nya.

  Idealnya, Anda harus mengikuti rencana diet yang mengurangi asupan gula sederhana dan karbohidrat olahan.


  Diet kaya karbohidrat serat dan kompleks direkomendasikan untuk pasien diabetes tipe 2.
Karbohidrat kompleks yang ditemukan dalam buah-buahan, biji-bijian, dan sayuran dipecah sangat lambat akibat yang pelepasan glukosa dalam aliran darah diperlambat.

  Sebaliknya, karbohidrat sederhana dipecah dalam tidak ada waktu yang mengarah ke peningkatan pesat dalam tingkat gula darah.

Pasien diabetes tipe 2 dapat mencakup lebih sedikit lemak jenuh dalam makanan mereka.

 Rencana diet Diabetes type 2:

Sebuah rencana diet diabetes harus diikuti hanya setelah berkonsultasi seorang dokter ahli. Dokter Anda juga akan mempertimbangkan masalah kesehatan lainnya, jika ada, sebelum resep Anda rencana diet diabetes.

 

Original info

Type 2 diabetes diet: With more than 14.6 million Americans suffering from diabetes, it has become a major health concern in the United States today.

 

Type 2 diabetes diet needs to be coupled with a healthy lifestyle in order to put a check on type 2 diabetes.

 

Type 2 diabetes diet along with regular exercise, can be of significant help in controlling your blood sugar and managing your diabetes.

By reducing your calorie intake and including exercise in your routine, you can make your body more sensitive to its insulin.

 

 Ideally, you need to follow a diet plan that reduces your intake of simple sugars and refined carbohydrates.

 A diet rich in fiber and complex carbohydrates is recommended for type 2 diabetes patients.

Complex carbohydrates found in fruits, whole grains, and vegetables are broken down very slowly as a result of which the release of glucose in the bloodstream is slowed down.

 

 On the contrary, simple carbohydrates are broken down within no time leading to a rapid rise in the blood sugar levels.

 

Type 2 diabetic patients can include less saturated fat in their diet.

 

Diabetes diet plan: A diabetes diet plan should be followed only after consulting an expert physician. Your doctor will also take into account any other health problems, if any, before prescribing you a diabetes diet plan.

Diet meletakkan lebih menekankan pada buah-buahan, non – sayuran bertepung

(wortel, bayam, kacang hijau, brokoli),

 kacang kering, dan lentil.

Anda dapat memilih untuk makan makanan gandum bukan produk gandum olahan dan juga termasuk beras merah dalam diet Anda.

Diet yang disarankan oleh American Diabetes Association dapat membantu Anda mengelola diabetes Anda secara efektif asalkan Anda menonton ukuran porsi saat makan.

Bahkan makanan sehat, jika dimakan dalam jumlah besar, dapat meningkatkan berat badan Anda membuat manajemen diabetes lebih sulit.

 

Original info

Diet recommended by American Diabetes Association: The diet recommended by American Diabetes Association is all about making healthy food choices.

 

The diet lays more emphasis on fruits, non – starchy vegetables (carrots, spinach, green beans, broccoli), dried beans, and lentils.

 

You may choose to eat whole grain foods instead of processed grain products and also include brown rice in your diet.

 

The diet recommended by American Diabetes Association can help you manage your diabetes effectively provided that you watch the portion sizes while eating.

 

Even healthy foods, if eaten in large quantities, can increase your weight making diabetes management more difficult.

 

 

 

An Excellent Type 2 Diabetes Diet program

 

Rencana makan sehat Diabetes Tipe 2 adalah hanya untuk mereka yang memiliki tipe yang paling khas dari diabetes, tipe 2.

 

Hal ini terjadi ketika tubuh Anda tidak dapat mengembangkan insulin yang cukup, yang penting untuk membantu Anda menyerap glukosa dalam sel sampai kembali atau keperluan energi.

Apa yang menghentikan insulin dari fungsi ini seringkali dibangun lemak, itu sebabnya rencana diet mutlak diperlukan untuk membantu Anda mengendalikan penyakit dan kemudian menghentikannya dari semakin buruk.

Maka persis bagaimana seharusnya setiap orang memulai / nya nya 2 rencana diabetes makan agar benar-benar akan menghasilkan efek?

1. Mencatat segala macam hal yang terutama mengkonsumsi dan minum.

Tanpa diragukan lagi, kebenaran menyakitkan, tetapi banyak kali orang harus telah mengungkap semua dari mereka dan menghadapi mereka sehingga kami dapat melampaui semua masalah ini.

 

 Membuat daftar hanya apa yang Anda sering makan pasti akan membuat Anda menemukan bahwa kita satu-satunya yang dapat tetap mengontrol kesehatan kita sendiri dan kesehatan dan kita dapat melestarikan atau merusaknya. (Menyembuhkan diabetes tipe 2)

2. Temukan produk yang lebih sehat.
Sekarang ada tentu akan menjadi pengganti bahkan jika pada awalnya, mereka mungkin tampak tidak mudah untuk menemukan. Misalnya, sangat sangat mudah untuk hanya memindahkan dari roti normal untuk

roti gandum!

 

Apa yang perlu Anda lakukan adalah memiliki sedikit kesabaran pada eksplorasi tentang alternatif signifikan lebih sehat yang akan memberikan kesehatan yang lebih baik dalam jangka panjang.

3. Hilangkan Praktik Negatif resep diet diabetes
Gula pemanis soda bersama-sama dengan minuman dapat dengan mudah menyebabkan kondisi lebih buruk, jadi tinggal dengan

air dan teh sehat.

Ketika Anda minum soda terlalu banyak, hal ini dapat meningkatkan gula darah, yang tidak akan menstabilkan perkembangan insulin darah.

Demikian juga, daripada makan junk food serta makanan cepat saji, kenapa tidak mencoba

buah dan sayuran sebagai camilan?

 Anda juga bisa mencoba popcorn bebas lemak. Berkaitan dengan saus, Anda juga dapat mencoba mustard bukan mayones terlalu banyak.

Mencoba mengatakan pelayaran bon untuk produk makanan goreng hanya karena benar-benar diisi dengan lemak dan kalori.

Anda mungkin dapat mencoba

 memanggang, mengukus, panas sekali, atau panfrying menggunakan sedikit minyak zaitun sebagai pengganti.

 

Tak bisakah kau melihat bahwa ada begitu banyak pilihan?

Perlu diingat bahwa tidak ada diet mudah. Jika ingin melihat hasil yang baik, maka Anda benar-benar perlu melalui diet diabetes tipe 2 yang sulit.

 

Original info

Type 2 Diabetes Healthy eating plan is just for those who have the most typical type of diabetes, Type 2. This happens when your body cannot develop enough insulin, that is important to help you absorb glucose in the cells for back up or energy purposes. What stops insulin from functioning is oftentimes built up fat, that is why a diet plan is definitely needed to help you control the illness and then stop it from getting worse.

And so exactly how should everyone start up her / his 2 diabetes meal plan in order that it’ll really yield effects?

1. Take note of all kinds of things you mainly consume and drink.
Without a doubt, the truth hurts, but many times people have to have uncover all of them and face them so that we’re able to go beyond all these issues. Creating listing just what you frequently eat will definitely make you discover that we’re the only ones who can keep control of our own health and wellness and we can conserve it or wreck it. (cure for type 2 diabetes)

2. Discover more healthy products.
Now there will certainly be substitutes even if in the beginning, they might seem not easy to discover. For instance, it is very very easy to just move from normal bread to whole wheat bread! What you need to do is to have a little patience on exploring regarding significantly more healthy alternatives which will give you a better health in the long run.

3. Eliminate Negative Practices for the diabetes diet recipes
Sugar sweetened sodas together with drinks can easily cause the condition even worse, so stay with waters and healthful teas. When you drink too much soda, this could increase the blood sugar, which will not stabilize the blood insulin development.

Likewise, rather than of eating junk food as well as fast food, why not try fruits and vegetables as snacks? You could likewise try fat free popcorn. Relating to sauces, you can also try mustard instead of too much mayo.

Attempt saying bon voyage to fried food products simply because these are really stuffed with fats and calories. You possibly can try grilling, steaming, broiling, or panfrying using a bit of olive oil as a substitute. Cannot you see that there are so many choices?

Keep in mind that there is no effortless diet. If you’d like see the good results, then you really need to go through a difficult type 2 diabetes diet.

Resource: EzineArticles.Com

AN-KETERAMPILAN
Anda harus belajar keterampilan diabetes manajemen dasar. Mereka akan membantu mencegah masalah dan kebutuhan untuk perawatan medis. Keterampilan ini meliputi:
• Bagaimana menguji dan merekam glukosa darah Anda (Lihat: pemantauan glukosa darah)
• Apa yang harus makan dan kapan
• Bagaimana untuk mengambil obat, jika diperlukan
• Bagaimana mengenali dan mengobati gula darah rendah dan tinggi
• Bagaimana menangani hari sakit
• Dimana dapat membeli persediaan diabetes dan bagaimana menyimpannya
Ini mungkin membutuhkan beberapa bulan untuk mempelajari keterampilan dasar. Selalu terus belajar tentang diabetes, komplikasi, dan bagaimana mengontrol dan hidup dengan penyakit. Tetap up-to-date pada penelitian baru dan perawatan.

MENGELOLA GULA DARAH

Pengujian diri berarti bahwa Anda memeriksa gula darah Anda di rumah sendiri. Memeriksa kadar gula darah Anda di rumah dan menuliskan hasilnya akan memberitahu Anda seberapa baik Anda mengelola diabetes Anda.

Perangkat yang disebut glucometer bisa memberi Anda membaca gula darah yang tepat.

Ada berbagai jenis perangkat. Biasanya, Anda menusuk jari Anda dengan jarum kecil yang disebut lanset. Ini akan memberikan Anda setetes kecil darah. Anda menempatkan darah pada strip tes dan menempatkan strip ke dalam perangkat. Hasil yang diberikan dalam 30 – 45 detik.

Sebuah perawatan kesehatan atau pendidik diabetes akan membantu mengatur jadwal di rumah pengujian untuk Anda. Dokter akan membantu Anda menetapkan tujuan darah gula.
• Kebanyakan orang dengan diabetes tipe 2 hanya perlu memeriksa gula darah mereka sekali atau dua kali sehari.
• Jika kadar gula darah Anda berada di bawah kontrol, Anda mungkin hanya perlu memeriksa mereka beberapa kali seminggu.
• Anda dapat menguji diri sendiri ketika Anda bangun tidur, sebelum makan, dan sebelum tidur.
• Anda mungkin perlu menguji lebih sering ketika Anda sakit atau sedang stres.

Hasil tes dapat digunakan untuk mengubah makanan Anda, aktivitas, atau obat-obatan untuk menjaga kadar gula darah dalam kisaran yang tepat. Pengujian dapat mengidentifikasi kadar gula darah tinggi dan rendah sebelum Anda memiliki masalah serius.

Mencatat gula darah Anda untuk diri sendiri dan penyedia layanan kesehatan Anda. Ini akan membantu jika Anda mengalami kesulitan mengelola diabetes.

DIET DAN PENGENDALIAN BERAT
Bekerja sama dengan dokter, perawat, dan ahli diet untuk mengetahui berapa banyak lemak, protein, dan karbohidrat yang Anda butuhkan dalam diet Anda. Rencana makan Anda harus sesuai dengan gaya hidup sehari-hari dan kebiasaan, dan harus mencoba untuk memasukkan makanan yang Anda sukai.

 

Mengelola berat badan dan makan makanan yang seimbang adalah penting.

 

Beberapa orang dengan diabetes tipe 2 dapat berhenti memakai obat setelah kehilangan berat badan (meskipun mereka masih memiliki diabetes).
Lihat juga:
• Diabetes diet
• Ngemil bila Anda memiliki diabetes


Pasien sangat gemuk yang diabetes tidak dikelola dengan baik dengan diet dan obat-obatan dapat mempertimbangkan bariatrik (berat badan) operasi.
Lihat:
• operasi pintas lambung
• Laparoskopi gastric banding

KEGIATAN  FISIK REGULER
Olahraga teratur adalah penting bagi semua orang.
 

 Hal ini bahkan lebih penting Anda memiliki diabetes.

Latihan di mana jantung Anda berdetak lebih cepat dan Anda bernapas lebih cepat membantu menurunkan tingkat gula darah Anda tanpa pengobatan. Hal ini juga membakar kalori ekstra dan lemak sehingga Anda dapat mengelola berat badan Anda.

Olahraga dapat membantu kesehatan Anda dengan meningkatkan aliran darah dan tekanan darah. Olahraga juga meningkatkan tingkat energi tubuh, menurunkan ketegangan, dan meningkatkan kemampuan Anda untuk menangani stres.

Tanyakan pada dokter Anda sebelum memulai program latihan. Orang dengan diabetes tipe 2 harus mengambil langkah khusus sebelum, selama, dan setelah aktivitas fisik yang intensif atau berolahraga. Lihat juga: Diabetes dan olahraga

PENGOBATAN UNTUK MENGOBATI DIABETES
Jika diet dan olahraga tidak membantu menjaga gula darah pada tingkat normal atau mendekati normal, dokter mungkin meresepkan obat. Karena obat ini membantu menurunkan kadar gula darah dengan cara yang berbeda, dokter Anda mungkin telah mengambil lebih dari satu obat.


Beberapa jenis yang paling umum dari obat tercantum di bawah ini. Mereka diminum atau injeksi.
• Alpha-glukosidase inhibitor (seperti acarbose)
• Biguanides (Metformin)
• injeksi obat-obatan (termasuk exenatide, mitiglinide, pramlintide, sitagliptin saxagliptin, dan)
• meglitinides (termasuk repaglinide dan Nateglinide)
• Sulfonylureas (seperti glimepiride, glyburide, dan tolazamide)
• thiazolidinediones (seperti rosiglitazone dan pioglitazone). (Rosiglitazone dapat meningkatkan risiko gangguan jantung Bicarakan dengan dokter Anda..)

Obat ini dapat diberikan dengan insulin, atau insulin dapat digunakan sendiri. Anda mungkin perlu insulin jika Anda terus memiliki kontrol glukosa darah yang buruk. Ini harus disuntikkan di bawah kulit menggunakan jarum suntik insulin atau perangkat pena. Hal ini tidak dapat diambil melalui mulut. Lihat juga: Diabetes tipe 1

Tidak diketahui apakah obat hiperglikemia diminum aman untuk digunakan dalam kehamilan. Wanita yang memiliki diabetes tipe 2 dan hamil dapat beralih ke insulin selama kehamilan dan saat menyusui.

MENCEGAH KOMPLIKASI
Dokter mungkin meresepkan obat atau perawatan lain untuk mengurangi peluang Anda untuk mengembangkan penyakit mata, penyakit ginjal, dan kondisi lain yang lebih sering terjadi pada penderita diabetes.
Lihat juga:
• Diabetes – mencegah serangan jantung dan stroke
• Komplikasi jangka panjang diabetes

PERAWATAN KAKI
Orang dengan diabetes lebih mungkin untuk memiliki masalah kaki. Diabetes dapat merusak saraf, yang berarti Anda mungkin tidak merasa cedera pada kaki sampai Anda mendapatkan sakit besar atau infeksi. Diabetes juga dapat merusak pembuluh darah.
Diabetes juga menurunkan kemampuan tubuh untuk melawan infeksi.

Infeksi kecil dapat dengan cepat memburuk dan menyebabkan kematian kulit dan jaringan lain.

Untuk mencegah cedera pada kaki Anda, memeriksa dan merawat kaki Anda setiap hari. Lihat juga: Diabetes kaki
Dukungan Grup
Untuk informasi lebih lanjut, lihat sumber diabetes.


Harapan (prognosis)

Setelah bertahun-tahun, diabetes dapat menyebabkan masalah serius dengan mata, ginjal, saraf, jantung, pembuluh darah, atau daerah lain dalam tubuh Anda.

Jika Anda memiliki diabetes, risiko serangan jantung adalah sama dengan seseorang yang sudah mengalami serangan jantung.

Baik wanita maupun pria dengan diabetes memiliki risiko. Anda mungkin tidak memiliki tanda-tanda normal dari serangan jantung.

Jika Anda mengontrol gula darah dan tekanan darah, Anda dapat mengurangi risiko kematian, stroke, gagal jantung, dan masalah diabetes lainnya.

Beberapa orang dengan diabetes tipe 2 tidak lagi membutuhkan obat jika mereka menurunkan berat badan dan menjadi lebih aktif.
 
Ketika mereka mencapai berat badan ideal mereka, insulin tubuh mereka dan diet yang sehat dapat mengendalikan kadar gula darah mereka.

 


Komplikasi
Setelah bertahun-tahun, diabetes dapat menyebabkan masalah serius:
• Anda bisa memiliki masalah mata, termasuk kesulitan untuk melihat (terutama pada malam hari), dan sensitivitas cahaya. Anda bisa menjadi buta.
• Kaki dan kulit dapat mengembangkan luka dan infeksi. Setelah lama, kaki atau kaki mungkin perlu dihapus. Infeksi juga dapat menyebabkan nyeri dan gatal-gatal di bagian lain dari tubuh.
• Diabetes dapat membuat lebih sulit untuk mengontrol tekanan darah dan kolesterol. Hal ini dapat menyebabkan serangan jantung, storke, dan masalah lainnya. Hal ini dapat menjadi lebih sulit untuk darah mengalir ke kaki dan kaki.
• Saraf dalam tubuh Anda dapat rusak, menyebabkan nyeri, kesemutan, dan hilangnya perasaan.
• Karena kerusakan saraf, Anda bisa memiliki masalah mencerna makanan yang Anda makan. Anda bisa merasakan kelemahan atau kesulitan pergi ke kamar mandi. Kerusakan saraf dapat membuat lebih sulit bagi pria untuk memiliki ereksi.
• gula darah tinggi dan masalah lainnya dapat menyebabkan kerusakan ginjal. Ginjal tidak dapat bekerja dengan baik, dan mereka bahkan dapat berfungsi lagi.
Infeksi pada kulit, saluran kelamin wanita, dan saluran kemih juga lebih umum.

Untuk mencegah masalah dari diabetes, kunjungi dokter anda atau pendidik diabetes setidaknya empat kali setahun. Bicara tentang masalah yang Anda mengalami.

 

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Apa Hubungan antara Trigliserida dan Diabetes?

Trigliserida ini telah disebut sebagai “lemak jelek” tapi itu lebih merupakan respons emosional dari satu yang kukuh berakar pada fakta ilmiah.

Namun hubungannya dengan diabetes tidak bisa diabaikan.

Kolesterol telah diidentifikasi sebagai faktor risiko penyakit jantung. Ada iklan yang tak terhitung jumlahnya dan outlet informasi yang mengkonfirmasi masalah yang berhubungan dengan diet yang tidak terkontrol.

Demikian juga ada pil dan pilihan makanan yang dipromosikan sebagai bagian dari solusi.

Konsumen mendapatkan hasil yang bervariasi tergantung pada genetik dan tahap di mana kondisi ini ditangkap.

Program latihan juga direkomendasikan sebagai bagian dari proses hidup sehat.


Pertanyaannya tetap, apakah semua intervensi ini telah efektif atau apakah mereka hanya cara bagi instansi periklanan untuk membuat lebih banyak uang.


• Kumpulan lemak yang dapat menyebabkan kerusakan: Dengan konsensus, trigliserida adalah bundel kecil lemak yang ditemukan dalam aliran darah. Mereka meningkat jumlahnya setelah kita mengkonsumsi makanan.

 

Tubuh akan memproduksi lemak-lemak dari makanan yang kita makan terutama jika mereka lemak di alam.

 

Diperkirakan bahwa 90% dari seluruh kandungan lemak non-daging tanpa lemak terdiri dari trigliserida.

 

Oleh karena itu kebiasaan belanja dari kelompok risiko harus mencerminkan bahaya.

 

REFRENCESBottom of Form

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 Core Papers 


Label: Dworkin-2003
Title: Advances in neuropathic pain – Diagnosis, mechanisms, and treatment recommendations
Journal: ARCH NEUROL, 60 (11): 1524-1534 NOV 2003
Citations: 274
Authors: Dworkin, RH;Backonja, M;Rowbotham, MC;Allen, RR;Argoff, CR;Bennett, GJ;Bushnell, MC;Farrar, JT;Galer, BS;Haythornthwaite, JA;Hewitt, DJ;Loeser, JD;Max, MB;Saltarelli, M;Schmader, KE;Stein, C;Thompson, D;Turk, DC;Wallace, MS;Watkins, LR;Weinstein, SM
Addresses:
Univ Rochester, Sch Med & Dent, Dept Anesthesiol, 601 Elmwood Ave,Box 604, Rochester, NY 14642 USA
Univ Rochester, Sch Med & Dent, Dept Anesthesiol, Rochester, NY 14642 USA[Back to Map]     Label: Dworkin-2003
Title: Pregabalin for the treatment of postherpetic neuralgia – A randomized, placebo-controlled trial
Journal: NEUROLOGY, 60 (8): 1274-1283 APR 22 2003
Citations: 171
Authors: Dworkin, RH;Corbin, AE;Young, JP;Sharma, U;LaMoreaux, L;Bockbrader, H;Garofalo, EA;Poole, RM
Addresses:
Univ Rochester, Sch Med & Dent, 601 Elmwood Ave,Box 604, Rochester, NY 14642 USA
Univ Rochester, Sch Med & Dent, Rochester, NY 14642 USA
Pfizer Global Res & Dev, Ann Arbor, MI USA[Back to Map]     Label: Ballantyne-2003
Title: Opioid therapy for chronic pain
Journal: N ENGL J MED, 349 (20): 1943-1953 NOV 13 2003
Citations: 162
Authors: Ballantyne, JC;Mao, JR
Addresses:
Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Dept Anesthesia & Crit Care, Pain Ctr, 15 Parkman St,WACC 333, Boston, MA 02114 USA
Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Dept Anesthesia & Crit Care, Pain Ctr, Boston, MA 02114 USA
Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA USA[Back to Map]     Label: Goldstein-2005
Title: Duloxetine vs. placebo in patients with painful diabetic neuropathy
Journal: PAIN, 116 (1-2): 109-118 JUL 2005
Citations: 144
Authors: Goldstein, DJ;Lu, YL;Detke, MJ;Lee, TC;Iyengar, S
Addresses:
Lilly Corp Ctr, Lilly Res Labs, Indianapolis, IN 46285 USA
Lilly Corp Ctr, Lilly Res Labs, Indianapolis, IN 46285 USA
PRN Consulting, Indianapolis, IN USA
Indiana Univ, Sch Med, Dept Pharmacol & Toxicol, Indianapolis, IN 46202 USA
Indiana Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, Indianapolis, IN 46202 USA
McLean Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Belmont, MA 02178 USA
Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA USA

[Back to Map]     

Label: Finnerup-2005
Title: Algorithm for neuropathic pain treatment: An evidence based proposal
Journal: PAIN, 118 (3): 289-305 DEC 5 2005
Citations: 143
Authors: Finnerup, NB;Otto, M;McQuay, HJ;Jensen, TS;Sindrup, SH
Addresses:
Aarhus Univ Hosp, Danish Pain Res Ctr, Dept Neurol, Aarhus Sygehus, Norrebrogade 44, Aarhus 8000, Denmark
Aarhus Univ Hosp, Danish Pain Res Ctr, Dept Neurol, Aarhus Sygehus, Aarhus 8000, Denmark
Odense Univ Hosp, Dept Neurol, Odense 5000, Denmark
Churchill Hosp, Pain Relief Unit, Oxford OX3 7LJ, England

[Back to Map]     

Label: Gilron-2005
Title: Morphine, gabapentin, or their combination for neuropathic pain
Journal: N ENGL J MED, 352 (13): 1324-1334 MAR 31 2005
Citations: 142
Authors: Gilron, I;Bailey, JM;Tu, DS;Holden, RR;Weaver, DF;Houlden, RL
Addresses:
Queens Univ, Dept Anesthesiol, 76 Stuart St, Kingston, ON K7L 2V7, Canada
Queens Univ, Dept Anesthesiol, Kingston, ON K7L 2V7, Canada
Queens Univ, Dept Pharmacol & Toxicol, Kingston, ON K7L 2V7, Canada
Queens Univ, Dept Math & Stat, Kingston, ON K7L 2V7, Canada
Queens Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Community Hlth, Kingston, ON K7L 2V7, Canada
Queens Univ, Dept Psychol, Kingston, ON K7L 2V7, Canada
Queens Univ, Dept Med, Div Endocrinol, Kingston, ON K7L 2V7, Canada
Dalhousie Univ, Dept Med, Div Neurol, Halifax, NS, Canada
Dalhousie Univ, Dept Chem, Halifax, NS, Canada

[Back to Map]     

Label: Rosenstock-2004
Title: Pregabalin for the treatment of painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy: a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
Journal: PAIN, 110 (3): 628-638 AUG 2004
Citations: 141
Authors: Rosenstock, J;Michael, TB;LaMoreaux, L;Sharma, U
Addresses:
Dallas Diabet & Endo Res Ctr, 7777 Forest Lane,C618, Dallas, TX 75230 USA
Dallas Diabet & Endo Res Ctr, Dallas, TX 75230 USA
Palm Beach Neurol Ctr, Palm Beach Gardens, FL USA
Pfizer Global Res & Dev, Ann Arbor, MI USA

[Back to Map]     

Label: Rowbotham-2003
Title: Oral opioid therapy for chronic peripheral and central neuropathic pain
Journal: N ENGL J MED, 348 (13): 1223-1232 MAR 27 2003
Citations: 127
Authors: Rowbotham, MC;Twilling, L;Davies, PS;Reisner, L;Taylor, K;Mohr, D
Addresses:
Univ Calif San Francisco, Sch Med, Pain Clin, Res Ctr,Dept Neurol, 1701 Divisadero St,Ste 480, San Francisco, CA 94115 USA
Univ Calif San Francisco, Sch Med, Pain Clin, Res Ctr,Dept Neurol, San Francisco, CA 94115 USA
Univ Calif San Francisco, Sch Med, Dept Anesthesia, San Francisco, CA 94115 USA
Univ Calif San Francisco, Sch Pharm, San Francisco, CA 94115 USA

[Back to Map]     

Label: Arnold-2004
Title: A double-blind, multicenter trial comparing duloxetine with placebo in the treatment of fibromyalgia patients with or without major depressive disorder
Journal: ARTHRITIS RHEUM, 50 (9): 2974-2984 SEP 2004
Citations: 122
Authors: Arnold, LM;Lu, YL;Crofford, LJ;Wohlreich, M;Detke, MJ;Iyengar, S;Goldstein, DJ;Duloxetine Fibromyalgia Trial Grp
Addresses:
Univ Cincinnati, Coll Med, Med Arts Bldg,Suite 8200,222 Piedmont Ave, Cincinnati, OH 45219 USA
Univ Cincinnati, Coll Med, Cincinnati, OH 45219 USA
Eli Lilly & Co, Indianapolis, IN 46285 USA
Univ Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
Indiana Univ, Sch Med, Indianapolis, IN USA
Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA
McLean Hosp, Belmont, MA 02178 USA
PRN Consulting, Indianapolis, IN USA

[Back to Map]     

Label: Kalso-2004
Title: Opioids in chronic non-cancer pain: systematic review of efficacy and safety
Journal: PAIN, 112 (3): 372-380 DEC 2004
Citations: 122
Authors: Kalso, E;Edwards, JE;Moore, RA;McQuay, HJ
Addresses:
Univ Helsinki, Pain Clin, Dept Anaesthesia & Intens Care Med, Cent Hosp, POB 340, FIN-00029 HUS, Finland
Univ Helsinki, Pain Clin, Dept Anaesthesia & Intens Care Med, Cent Hosp, FIN-00029 HUS, Finland
Univ Oxford, Oxford Radcliffe Hosp, Pain Res & Nuffield Dept Anaesthet, Oxford OX3 7LJ, England

[Back to Map]     

Label: Goldenberg-2004
Title: Management of fibromyalgia syndrome
Journal: JAMA-J AM MED ASSN, 292 (19): 2388-2395 NOV 17 2004
Citations: 119
Authors: Goldenberg, DL;Burckhardt, C;Crofford, L
Addresses:
Newton Wellesley Hosp, Dept Rheumatol, 2000 Washington St, Newton, MA 02462 USA
Newton Wellesley Hosp, Dept Rheumatol, Newton, MA 02462 USA
Tufts Univ, Sch Med, Dept Med, Boston, MA 02111 USA
Oregon Hlth & Sci Univ, Sch Nursing, Portland, OR USA
Univ Michigan, Sch Med, Dept Internal Med, Div Rheumatol, Ann Arbor, MI USA

[Back to Map]     

Label: Lesser-2004
Title: Pregabalin relieves symptoms of painful diabetic neuropathy – A randomized controlled trial
Journal: NEUROLOGY, 63 (11): 2104-2110 DEC 14 2004
Citations: 117
Authors: Lesser, H;Sharma, U;LaMoreaux, L;Poole, RM
Addresses:
1415 Portland Ave,Suite 480, Rochester, NY 14621 USA
Univ Rochester, Sch Med & Dent, Rochester, NY USA
Pfizer Global Res & Dev, Ann Arbor, MI USA
Pfizer Global Res & Dev, New London, CT USA

[Back to Map]     

Label: Crofford-2005
Title: Pregabalin for the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome – Results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
Journal: ARTHRITIS RHEUM, 52 (4): 1264-1273 APR 2005
Citations: 110
Authors: Crofford, LJ;Rowbotham, MC;Mease, PJ;Russell, IJ;Dworkin, RH;Corbin, AE;Young, JP;LaMoreaux, LK;Martin, SA;Sharma, U;Pregabalin 1008-15 Study Grp
Addresses:
Kentucky Clin, Room J-503,740 S Limestone St, Lexington, KY 40539 USA
Kentucky Clin, Lexington, KY 40539 USA
Univ Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
Univ Calif San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 USA
Rheumatol Associates, Seattle, WA USA
Swedish Med Ctr, Seattle, WA USA
Univ Texas, Ctr Hlth Sci, San Antonio, TX USA
Univ Rochester, Sch Med & Dent, Rochester, NY USA
Pfizer Global Res & Dev, Ann Arbor, MI USA

[Back to Map]     

Label: Sabatowski-2004
Title: Pregabalin reduces pain and improves sleep and mood disturbances in patients with post-herpetic neuralgia: results of a randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial
Journal: PAIN, 109 (1-2): 26-35 MAY 2004
Citations: 108
Authors: Sabatowski, R;Galvez, R;Cherry, DA;Jacquot, F;Vincent, E;Maisonobe, P;Versavel, M;1008-045 Study Grp
Addresses:
Univ Cologne, Anasthesiol Klin, Dept Anaesthesiol, D-50924 Cologne, Germany
Univ Cologne, Anasthesiol Klin, Dept Anaesthesiol, D-50924 Cologne, Germany
Univ Hosp Virgen Nieves, Pain Clin, Granada, Spain
Flinders Med Ctr, Bedford Pk, SA, Australia
Pfizer Global Res & Dev, Fresnes, France

[Back to Map]     

Label: Goldstein-2004
Title: Duloxetine in the treatment of depression – A double-blind-placebo-controlled comparison with paroxetine
Journal: J CLIN PSYCHOPHARMACOL, 24 (4): 389-399 AUG 2004
Citations: 107
Authors: Goldstein, DJ;Lu, YL;Detke, MJ;Wiltse, C;Mallinckrodt, C;Demitrack, MA
Addresses:
Eli Lilly & Co, Lilly Corp Ctr, Lilly Res Labs, Indianapolis, IN 46285 USA
Eli Lilly & Co, Lilly Corp Ctr, Lilly Res Labs, Indianapolis, IN 46285 USA
PRN Consulting, Indianapolis, IN USA
Indiana Univ, Sch Med, Dept Pharmacol & Toxicol, Indianapolis, IN 46204 USA
Indiana Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, Indianapolis, IN 46204 USA
McLean Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Belmont, MA 02178 USA
Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA
Neuronet Inc, Malvern, PA USA

[Back to Map]     

Label: Freynhagen-2005
Title: Efficacy of pregabalin in neuropathic pain evaluated in a 12-week, randomised, double-blind, multicentre, placebo-controlled trial of flexible- and fixed-dose regimens
Journal: PAIN, 115 (3): 254-263 JUN 2005
Citations: 97
Authors: Freynhagen, R;Strojek, K;Griesing, T;Whalen, E;Balkenohl, M
Addresses:
Univ Klinikum Dusseldorf, Anasthesiol Klin, Moorenstr 5, D-40225 Dusseldorf, Germany
Univ Klinikum Dusseldorf, Anasthesiol Klin, D-40225 Dusseldorf, Germany
Dept Internal Dis Diabetol & Nephrol, Zabrze, Poland
Pfizer Inc, New York, NY USA
Pfizer Global Pharamceut, Freiburg, Germany

[Back to Map]     

Label: Detke-2004
Title: Duloxetine in the acute and long-term treatment of major depressive disorder: a placebo- and paroxetine-controlled trial
Journal: EUR NEUROPSYCHOPHARMACOL, 14 (6): 457-470 DEC 2004
Citations: 89
Authors: Detke, MJ;Wiltse, CG;Mallinckrodt, CH;McNamara, RK;Demitrack, MA;Bitter, I
Addresses:
Eli Lilly & Co, Lilly Corp Ctr, Lilly Res Labs, Indianapolis, IN 46285 USA
Eli Lilly & Co, Lilly Corp Ctr, Lilly Res Labs, Indianapolis, IN 46285 USA
Indiana Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, Indianapolis, IN 46202 USA
McLean Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Belmont, MA 02178 USA
Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, Boston, MA 02115 USA
Neuronet Inc, Malvern, PA USA
Semmelweis Univ Med, Dept Psychiat & Psychotherapy, H-1085 Budapest, Hungary

[Back to Map]     

Label: Richter-2005
Title: Relief of painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy with pregabalin: A randomized, placebo-controlled trial
Journal: J PAIN, 6 (4): 253-260 APR 2005
Citations: 83
Authors: Richter, RW;Portenoy, R;Sharma, U;Lamoreaux, L;Bockbrader, H;Knapp, LE
Addresses:
Beth Israel Med Ctr, Dept Pain Med & Palliat Care, 1st Ave 16th St, New York, NY 10003 USA
Beth Israel Med Ctr, Dept Pain Med & Palliat Care, New York, NY 10003 USA
St Johns Hosp, Dept Neurol, Tulsa, OK USA
Pfizer Global Res & Dev, Ann Arbor, MI USA

[Back to Map]     

Label: Raskin-2005
Title: A double-blind, randomized multicenter trial comparing duloxetine with placebo in the management of diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain
Journal: PAIN MED, 6 (5): 346-356 SEP-OCT 2005
Citations: 78
Authors: Raskin, J;Pritchett, YL;Wang, FJ;D’Souza, DN;Waninger, AL;Iyengar, S;Wernicke, JF
Addresses:
Eli Lilly Canada, Lilly Res Labs, 3650 Danforth Ave, Toronto, ON MIN 2E8, Canada
Eli Lilly Canada, Lilly Res Labs, Toronto, ON MIN 2E8, Canada
Eli Lilly & Co, Lilly Corp Ctr, Lilly Res Labs, Indianapolis, IN 46285 USA

[Back to Map]     

Label: Eisenberg-2005
Title: Efficacy and safety of opioid agonists in the treatment of neuropathic pain of nonmalignant origin – Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Journal: JAMA-J AM MED ASSN, 293 (24): 3043-3052 JUN 22 2005
Citations: 75
Authors: Eisenberg, E;McNicol, ED;Carr, DB
Addresses:
Rambam Med Ctr, Pain Relief Unit, POB 9602, IL-31096 Haifa, Israel
Rambam Med Ctr, Pain Relief Unit, IL-31096 Haifa, Israel
Technion Israel Inst Technol, Haifa Pain Res Grp, Haifa, Israel
Tufts New England Med Ctr, Dept Anesthesia, Boston, MA USA
Tufts New England Med Ctr, Dept Pharm, Boston, MA USA
Tufts New England Med Ctr, Div Clin Care Res, Boston, MA USA
Tufts Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02111 USA

[Back to Map]     

Label: Arnold-2005
Title: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of duloxetine in the treatment of women with fibromyalgia with or without major depressive disorder
Journal: PAIN, 119 (1-3): 5-15 DEC 15 2005
Citations: 68
Authors: Arnold, LM;Rosen, A;Pritchett, YL;D’Souza, DN;Goldstein, DJ;Iyengar, S;Wernicke, JF
Addresses:
Univ Cincinnati, Coll Med, Womens Hlth Res Program, Dept Psychiat, 222 Piedmont Ave,Suite 8200, Cincinnati, OH 45219 USA
Univ Cincinnati, Coll Med, Womens Hlth Res Program, Dept Psychiat, Cincinnati, OH 45219 USA
Lilly Res Labs, Indianapolis, IN USA
Indiana Univ, Sch Med, Indianapolis, IN 46204 USA
PRN Consulting, Indianapolis, IN 46204 USA

[Back to Map]     

Label: Furlan-2006
Title: Opioids for chronic noncancer pain: a meta-analysis of effectiveness and side effects
Journal: CAN MED ASSN J, 174 (11): 1589-1594 MAY 23 2006
Citations: 63
Authors: Furlan, AD;Sandoval, JA;Mailis-Gagnon, A;Tunks, E
Addresses:
Toronto Western Hosp, Comprehens Pain Program, 399 Bathurst St,Rm 4F811, Toronto, ON M5T 2S8, Canada
Toronto Western Hosp, Comprehens Pain Program, Toronto, ON M5T 2S8, Canada
Univ Toronto, Ctr Study Pain, Toronto, ON, Canada
Univ Toronto, Inst Work & Hlth, Toronto, ON, Canada
Toronto Western Hosp, Krembil Neurosci Ctr, Toronto, ON M5T 2S8, Canada
McMaster Univ, Chedoke Rehabil Ctr, Hamilton Hlth Sci Hosp, Hamilton, ON, Canada

[Back to Map]     

Label: Attal-2006
Title: EFNS guidelines on pharmacological treatment of neuropathic pain
Journal: EUR J NEUROLOGY, 13 (11): 1153-1169 NOV 2006
Citations: 50
Authors: Attal, N;Cruccu, G;Haanpaa, M;Hansson, P;Jensen, TS;Nurmikko, T;Sampaio, C;Sindrup, S;Wiffen, P
Addresses:
Hop Ambroise Pare, Ctr Evaluat & Traitement Douleur, EFNS Panel Neuropath Pain, Boulogne, France
Hop Ambroise Pare, Ctr Evaluat & Traitement Douleur, EFNS Panel Neuropath Pain, Boulogne, France
Hop Ambroise Pare, Ctr Evaluat & Traitement Douleur, INSERM, U792, Boulogne, France
Univ Versailles St Quentin, Boulogne, France
Univ Versailles St Quentin, Boulogne, France
Univ Roma La Sapienza, Dept Neurol Sci, Rome, Italy
Helsinki Univ Hosp, Dept Anaesthesiol, Pain Clin, Helsinki, Finland
Helsinki Univ Hosp, Dept Neurosurg, Pain Clin, Helsinki, Finland
Univ Hosp, Karolinska Inst, Dept Mol Med, Stockholm, Sweden
Univ Hosp, Karolinska Inst, Surg Sect Clin Pain Res, Stockholm, Sweden
Univ Hosp, Karolinska Inst, Pain Ctr, Dept Neurosurg, Stockholm, Sweden
Aarhus Univ Hosp, Dept Neurol, DK-8000 Aarhus, Denmark
Aarhus Univ Hosp, Danish Pain Res Ctr, DK-8000 Aarhus, Denmark
Univ Liverpool, Pain Res Inst, Div Neurol Sci, Sch Clin Sci, Liverpool L69 3BX, Merseyside, England
Univ Lisbon, Inst Farmacol & Terapeut Geral, Lisbon Sch Med, P-1699 Lisbon, Portugal
Odense Univ Hosp, Dept Neurol, DK-5000 Odense, Denmark
Cochrane Pain & Palliat Care Review Grp, Oxford, England

[Back to Map]     

Label: Brannan-2005
Title: Duloxetine 60 mg once-daily in the treatment of painful physical symptoms in patients with major depressive disorder
Journal: J PSYCHIAT RES, 39 (1): 43-53 JAN 2005
Citations: 50
Authors: Brannan, SK;Mallinckrodt, CH;Brown, EB;Wohlreich, MM;Watkin, JG;Schatzberg, AF
Addresses:
Eli Lilly & Co, Lilly Res Labs, Indianapolis, IN 46285 USA
Eli Lilly & Co, Lilly Res Labs, Indianapolis, IN 46285 USA
Cyberon, Houston, TX 77058 USA
Stanford Univ, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Stanford, CA 94305 USA

[Back to Map]     

Label: Martell-2007
Title: Systematic review: Opioid treatment for chronic back pain: Prevalence, efficacy, and association with addiction
Journal: ANN INTERN MED, 146 (2): 116-127 JAN 16 2007
Citations: 46
Authors: Martell, BA;O’Connor, PG;Kerns, RD;Becker, WC;Morales, KH;Kosten, TR;Fiellin, DA
Addresses:
Yale Univ, Sch Med, 333 Cedar St,POB 208025, New Haven, CT 06520 USA
Yale Univ, Sch Med, New Haven, CT 06520 USA
VA Connecticut Hlth Care Syst, West Haven, CT USA
Univ Penn, Sch Med, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA

[Back to Map]     

Label: Ballantyne-2007
Title: Opioid dependence and addiction during opioid treatment of chronic pain
Journal: PAIN, 129 (3): 235-255 JUN 2007
Citations: 32
Authors: Ballantyne, JC;LaForge, KS
Addresses:
Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Div Pain Med, Pain Ctr, 15 Parkman St,WACC 333, Boston, MA 02114 USA
Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Div Pain Med, Pain Ctr, Boston, MA 02114 USA
Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA
Univ Helsinki, Finnish Genome Ctr, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland

[Back to Map]     

Label: Ives-2006
Title: Predictors of opioid misuse in patients with chronic pain: a prospective cohort study
Journal: BMC HEALTH SERV RES, 6: art. no.-46 APR 4 2006
Citations: 29
Authors: Ives, TJ;Chelminski, PR;Hammett-Stabler, CA;Malone, RM;Perhac, JS;Potisek, NM;Shilliday, BB;DeWalt, DA;Pignone, MP
Addresses:
Univ N Carolina, Sch Med, Dept Med, Div Gen Internal Med, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 USA
Univ N Carolina, Sch Pharm, Div Pharmacotherapy & Expt Therapeut, Chapel Hill, NC USA
Univ N Carolina, Sch Med, Dept Pathol & Lab Med, Chapel Hill, NC USA
Univ N Carolina Hlth Syst, Ctr Excellence Chron Illness Care, Chapel Hill, NC USA

[Back to Map]     

Label: Arnold-2007
Title: Gabapentin in the treatment of fibromyalgia – A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial
Journal: ARTHRITIS RHEUM, 56 (4): 1336-1344 APR 2007
Citations: 28
Authors: Arnold, LM;Goldenberg, DL;Stanford, SB;Lalonde, JK;Sandhu, HS;Keck, PE;Welge, JA;Bishop, F;Stanford, KE;Hess, EV;Hudson, JI
Addresses:
Univ Cincinnati, Coll Med, Med Arts Bldg,222 Piedmont Ave,Suite 8200, Cincinnati, OH 45219 USA
Univ Cincinnati, Coll Med, Cincinnati, OH 45219 USA
Newton Wellesley Hosp, Newton, MA USA
Tufts Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02111 USA
McLean Hosp, Belmont, MA 02178 USA
Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA

[Back to Map]     

Label: Vinik-2007
Title: Lamotrigine for treatment of pain associated with diabetic neuropathy: Results of two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies
Journal: PAIN, 128 (1-2): 169-179 MAR 2007
Citations: 28
Authors: Vinik, AI;Tuchman, M;Safirstein, B;Corder, C;Kirby, L;Wilks, K;Quessy, S;Blum, D;Grainger, J;White, J;Silver, M
Addresses:
Eastern Virginia Med Sch, Inst Diabet, 855 W Brandleton, Norfolk, VA 23510 USA
Eastern Virginia Med Sch, Inst Diabet, Norfolk, VA 23510 USA
Palm Beach Neurol Ctr, Palm Beach Gardens, FL USA
Baumel Eisner Neuromed Inst, Bay Harbor, FL USA
COR Clin Res, Oklahoma City, OK USA
Pivotal Res Ctr, Peoria, AZ USA
IMR, Towson, MD USA
GlaxoSmithKline Inc, Res Triangle Pk, NC USA

[Back to Map]     

Label: Raskin-2007
Title: Efficacy of duloxetine on cognition, depression, and pain in elderly patients with major depressive disorder: An 8-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
Journal: AMER J PSYCHIAT, 164 (6): 900-909 JUN 2007
Citations: 17
Authors: Raskin, J;Wiltse, CG;Siegal, A;Sheikh, J;Xu, J;Dinkel, JJ;Rotz, BT;Mohs, RC
Addresses:
Eli Lilly Canada, Lilly Res Labs, 3650 Danforth Ave, Toronto, ON M1N 2E8, Canada
Eli Lilly Canada, Lilly Res Labs, Toronto, ON M1N 2E8, Canada
Eli Lilly & Co, Lilly Res Labs, Indianapolis, IN 46285 USA
Geriatr & Adult Psychiat LLC, Hamden, CT USA
Stanford Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Stanford, CA 94305 USA

[Back to Map]

KEYWORDS: NEUROPATHIC PAIN TREATMENT; RANDOMIZED MULTICENTER TRIAL COMPARING DULOXETINE; DIABETIC PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHIC PAIN; CENTRAL NEUROPATHIC PAIN; NEUROPATHIC PAIN EVALUATED.
[5770: (2002-2008_6) (CLI-NEU: ST Diabetes)]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


• Trigliserida tidak universal buruk:

Diet yang seimbang harus mengandung semua elemen yang relevan. Telah diperkirakan bahwa trigliserida memiliki proporsi 99% dari semua lemak yang tersimpan dalam tubuh manusia.

 

Anda mendapatkan sumber energi jangka panjang dari deposito ini lemak. Mereka benar-benar disimpan dalam lebih padat daripada protein dari otot atau bahkan pati.

 

 Insulin diperlukan untuk membentuk lemak. Antara makan dan semalam, trigliserida diubah menjadi energi.

 

Kadar insulin puasa dan rendah akan memicu reaksi ini. Sel-sel lemak memiliki kapasitas penyimpanan yang sangat tinggi dan ini dapat menyebabkan obesitas pada situasi tertentu.

 

 Jika Anda sedang menjalani puasa luas atau sama sekali tidak ada insulin dalam tubuh maka hati akan mengkonversi produk pemecahan lemak menjadi keton.


• komplikasi kesehatan dan manifestasi mereka:

 

 Hal ini sering terjadi rendahnya tingkat HDL atau kolesterol baik dikaitkan dengan tingkat tinggi trigliserida.

 

Ini kemudian didiagnosis sebagai dislipidemia diabetik. Ini adalah kombinasi dari faktor-faktor yang dapat menempatkan hidup pasien dalam bahaya.

 

Pasien dalam situasi ini akan memiliki kelompok kecil, padat dan akhirnya berbahaya dari LDL atau kolesterol berbahaya.

 

Format yang terakhir ini tidak diinginkan berdasarkan sifat aterogenik nya. Akhirnya orang tersebut akan mengembangkan

obesitas sentral.

Ini adalah salah satu fitur mendefinisikan sindrom metabolik.


• Sekitar 80% dari semua penderita diabetes tipe 2 akan memiliki kondisi ini. Akhirnya orang tersebut meninggal lebih cepat akibat penyakit jantung.
• Menetapkan tolok ukur untuk orang yang sehat: Sangat penting bahwa Anda memiliki beberapa tujuan pada seberapa banyak trigliserida yang Anda akan merekam pada skala standar. Ini merupakan indikator yang mendasari kondisi sehat. Oleh karena itu

 

Anda akan berada dalam posisi untuk menerapkan strategi pencegahan bila diperlukan untuk melakukannya.

 

 Tingkat normal trigliserida adalah 150 mg / dl. Angka batas adalah antara 150 dan 199.

 

 Tingginya adalah antara 200 dan 499 sedangkan apa pun lebih dari 500 adalah hal yang mendesak.

 

Keadaan puasa normal akan memiliki tingkat membaca antara 100 dan 150 mg / dl.

 

Setelah makan yang normal angkanya akan meningkat menjadi 300.

 

Pasien dengan diabetes tipe 2 akan mengalami peningkatan kadar di kedua saat baik  puasa dan maupun sesuah makan.

 

Sebelum tes lipid panel, Anda harus memiliki beberapa puasa semalam setidaknya selama 12 jam.

 

 Demikian juga tidak dianjurkan untuk mengambil alkohol minimal 24 jam sebelum tes.
• Mengelola tingkat trigliserida dalam tubuh Anda:

 

 Hal ini untuk keuntungan Anda bahwa Anda menjaga kadar zat ini relatif rendah.

 

 Pasien dengan diabetes tipe 2 memiliki faktor risiko tinggi dan perlu bekerja sedikit yang ekstra untuk memastikan bahwa tingkat mereka 150 mg / dl atau bahkan lebih rendah. Ini akan membantu mereka mengurangi kemungkinan terkena penyakit kardiovaskular.

 

Beberapa orang dalam kategori ini telah melakukan tingkat yang lebih dari 400. Setelah Anda mulai memukul tanda 1000 maka Anda akan menderita lesi kulit atau xanthomas, kehilangan memori, pankreas dan sakit perut. Intervensi diperlukan pada tahap ini untuk menyelamatkan hidup Anda.


• Respon klinis:

 

Kombinasi obat dan manajemen diet dapat memiliki hasil positif. Pertama-tama Anda harus bertujuan untuk pengendalian glukosa. Sebuah resep khas akan mencakup Statin seperti Zocor, Lipitor, Pravachol, Zetia, Crestor dan Vytorin.

 

 Obat-obat ini dimaksudkan untuk menurunkan kadar kolesterol Anda secara umum. Pasien diabetes tipe 2 mungkin memerlukan terapi kombinasi untuk mencapai tingkat yang aman dari trigliserida.

 

Anda juga harus memikirkan cara-cara menurunkan kadar LDL Anda. Kadang-kadang dokter akan merekomendasikan serangkaian fibrate seperti gemfibrozil Lopid, Trico fenofibrate dan asam nikotinat atau niasin. Hal ini juga dianjurkan untuk memasukkan minyak ikan dalam diet Anda.


Setelah menyadari bahaya yang dapat timbul dari trigliserida dalam kaitannya dengan diabetes, Anda harus datang dengan perubahan gaya hidup praktis yang akan membantu Anda menghindari fase berbahaya.

Dalam beberapa kasus Anda mungkin harus membatasi asupan lemak Anda sepenuhnya. Masalahnya adalah bahwa langkah ini dapat menyebabkan Anda mengambil karbohidrat bahkan lebih dan karena itu meningkatkan tingkat trigliserida dalam aliran darah Anda.

 Beberapa buku merekomendasikan lemak substitusi sehat seperti minyak zaitun dan lemak tak jenuh tunggal lainnya.
 

Tidak meningkatkan asupan produk tepung gula atau putih. Asupan Alkohol harus disimpan ke minimum.

Ambil minyak ikan seperti tuna, sarden, salmon, makarel dan ikan.

Mereka mengandung asam lemak omega-3 yang dikenal untuk mengurangi trigliserida.

 

 

Kelainan genetik seperti hipotiroidisme dapat menggabungkan dengan penyakit untuk memperburuk situasi.

Mengambil obat-obatan seperti steroid, pil KB dan Tamoxifen juga bisa menimbulkan masalah. Anda beresiko jika Anda menderita penyakit ginjal, gagal hati dan tekanan darah tinggi

 

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FORUM KOMUNIKASI PURNADOKKES: BNN INFO

 

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Kombespol(p) Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA

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Badan Narkotika Kota Palembang Meringati Hari Anti Narkoba Internasional

| Jun 24, 2010 | 0 comments

PALEMBANG,Buana Sumsel-Badan Narkotika Kota Palembang meringati Hari Anti Narkoba Internasional (HANI) Tahun 2010, kamis (24/06/2010) bertempat di Ballroom Sriwijaya Hotel Swarna Dwipa No.02 Jalan Tasik Palembang . dengan tema “jauhkan narkoba dari kehidupan dan lingkungan” acara dibuka  oleh Wakil Walikota Palembang H.Romi Herton,Sh.

Tampak hadir pada acar itu .

Kepala Satgas Luhper BNN Jakarta Kombes Pol. Dr.Victor Pudjiadi,Spb.FICS,,DFN,

 

CATATAN EDITOR

dR vICTOR pUDJIADI TELAH NAIK PANGKAT MENJADI bRIGJEN pol, SELAMAT DR vICTOR, SAYA TERINGAT SAAT KITA DULU MELATIH dikjur dokpol PENANGANAN DISASTER ANTARA LAIN triase DAN PERTOLONGAN DISASTER DI LAUT BERSAMA SAT polair polri

 

Ka.Lakhar Badan Narkotika Provinsi Chozali Hanan dan Ka.Lakhar Badan Narkotika Kota Palembang H.Zailani,UD.SIP dan para pelajar SPM dan SPA/SMK se kota palembang.

Dalam kata sambutannya Wakil Walikota Palembang H.Romi Herton, SH pada peringatan HANI Tahun 2010 mengatakan “kita ketahui bahwa tidak ada satu negara di dunia ini yang bebas dari narkoba, sehingga peredaran gelap dan penyalagunaan bukanlah permasalahan suatu negara,bangsa, kota melainkan merupakan masalah nasional dan global yang memerlukan komitmen kuat untuk memeranginya”

“selain upaya pencegahan dan penindakan kejahatan narkoba, perlu dicari solusiyang tepat untuk menekan peredaran dan pemakaian narkoba baik korban dan pelaku tindak kejahatan yang sudah dibina perlu dicari solusi altenatif agar tidak terjerumus lagi dibidang kejatahan narkoba” kata Romi

“dampak yang ditimbulkan sangat luas yang meliputi berbagai aspek kita harus sepakat bahwa penyalagunaan dan peredaran gelap narkoba harus ditanggulanggi bersama”

“perigatan HANI ini bukanlah merupakan perayaan , akan tetapi merupakan wujud keprihatinan dunia terhadap permasalahan narkoba.masyarakat kita juga berharap agar lembaga permasyarakatan tidak dipenuhi oleh nara pidana narkoba,tempat hiburan tidak jjadikan basis peredaran narkoba,pelajar tidak terjerat narkoba dan korban penyalagunaan narkoba dapat terlayani” jelas Romi

“penegakan hukum pengungkapan kasus narkoba mengalami peningkatan yaitu pada tahun 2007 berjumlah 194 kasus,tahun 2008 berjumlah 247 kasus dan tahun 2009 berjumlah 551 kasus”

“rata-rata pertahunnya terjadi peningkatan38,54%. kita patut bangga terhadap kinerja ini, namun kita juga patut prihatin karena ternyata masih banyak yang terlibat narkoba” ujar Romi

“untuk pengobatan dibidang terapi dan rehabilitasi dengan berbagai keterbatasan sarana dan prasarana belum banyak memberikan hasil yang memuaskan contoh di RS.Ernaldi bahar setiap bulan memberikan pelayanan pengobatan untuk warga kota palemabng 53 orang berbulan yang sebagaian pasien kambuhan”

“layanan lain yang diberikan adalah layanan spritual di yayasan ar-rahman tegal binagun pada tahun 2000 jumlah penderita yang dirawat 480 orang dan 215 orang diantaranya pasien rawat jalan saya berharap kedepan berbagai implementasi program ini dapat diteruskan dan ditingkatkan” ujarnya

Diakhir acara HANI Tahun 2010 waktu ditemui  Ka.Lakhar Badan Narkotika Kota Palembang H.Zailani,UD.SIP  mengenai perkembangan narkoba di kota palembang mengatakan “penyalagunaan narkoba dan itu yang tertangkap dari tahun 2008 ke 2009 itu cukup tinggi sampai 80 % yang tertangkap, artinya usaha kita itu berhasil”

“dengan harapan bila itu sudah ditangkap tentu peredaran itu akan berkurang, karena orang-orang yang mengedarannya sudah ditangkap dan sekarang juga untuk hukumannya sudah berat maksimal 10 tahun sekarang tidak ada lagi yang ringan” kata Zailani

“diharapkan dapat memberikan dampak yang positif untuk memberikan efek jera karena dengan undang-undang no 35 tahun 2009 itu hukuman maksimal, dari kasus pidana itu yang memegang rekok itu ganja dan ekstasi, putau tidak banyak shabu-shabu dibawa itu”

“kalau dilihat dari tindak pidana itu usiannya adri 19 tahun samapi 35 tahun keatas. disumsel ini untuk kota palembang pelakunya cukup tinggi ini yang diungkap. artinya kinerja petugas yang didukung masyarakat cukup memuaskan”jelas Zailani

“mudah-mudahan semangkin banyak yang ditindak semangkin banyak yang berkurang daya edarnya dan orang yang memakainya, sekarang hari ini kita kaitkan dengan mereka yang belum tersentuh oleh narkoba, supaya mereka tidak tersentuh narkoba”

“harapan kita dengan momen ini mari kita bangun kembali kalau ini diperlambat dipercepat, kalau yang tadi rendah ditingkatkan, moga-moga ini dapat mempersempit ruang gerak peredaran narkoba”

“kedepan kita akan melakukan pencegahan, penegakan hukum ini yang terus kita lakukan karena visinya BNN tahun 2015 indonesia bebas narkoba jadi tahap ini lah yang kita kerjakan jadi pada tahun 2015 orang tidak akan lagi menggunakan narkoba itu harapan kita”ujarnya

Sementara  Kepala Satgas Luhper BNN Jakarta Kombes Pol. Dr.Victor Pudjiadi, Spb.FICS, DFN, mengatakan, tempat-tempat yang rawan narkona itu diskotik,kantin sekolah, warung sekitarnya, dan faktor penyebabnya itu pendidikan, sosial ekonomi budaya , lingkungan dan  keluarga.  dan dimana di indonesia 15000 pertahunnya  orang yang tewas karena narkoba, ” (Fty

Forum Purna Dokkes :”Koleksi sejarah POLRIdan DOKKES “

FORUM PURNDOKKES

KOLEKSI SEJARAH POLRI

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Kombespol(p) Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA

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Bagi anda yang memiliki koleksi terkait dengan sejarah POLRI dan PUSDOKKES harap berkenan mengupload liwat comment,

sebagai contoh

koleksi Dr Iwan surat Dari ICCS era perang vietnam 1994 berikut dengan foto dan plakatnya,surat ini dikirim oleh kaditlantas Riau ke Sumbar,foto di airport saigon thon so nat dari anggota kes pol (mantan Keuangan Disdokkes era Pak Pamudji) dan plakat ICCS yang ditemukan Dr Iwan dari pasukan yang bertugas disana

harap diklik dua kali pada ilustrasi untuk dapat melihatnya dengan jelas

)January.30th1974

(a)Air mail covers from Indonesian KONGA V/ICCS Region V Saigon send to SKOMDAK III (West Sumatra Police Headquaters ) Padang-Sumbar, overprint INDONESIA , with stamps rate 81 Dong (7 stamps) with CDS TAN AN 30-1-1974 ( My first Postal History of Vietnam war was Given by Police Mayor. Suroto to me as Medical Police Inspectur in 1975, from this postal history I started to collect Vietnam war Postal history –auth)

(b) ICCS Communications Center Ton Son Nhut, the photo of Indonesian Garuda Mission army and Police in the front of that centers (This photo was given to me from Indonesia national  Police Captain of medical health center   “red arrow” who joined the Garuda IV Indonesia ICCS Vietnam auth)

(c) Unused Free Port Special letter sheet Garuda IV Indonesia ICCS Vietnam, Garuda was “Eagle” Indonesia National emblem.(PH)

(d)Indonesian Mayor General Wiyogo Atmodarminto , commander of the Ivth Garuda Mission to Vietnam inspecting his men

(e)The Indonesia participation in Upholding World Order ICCS in Vietnam 1973.-1975 under Garuda IV,V and VII.

In performing its task, ICCS met many difficulties due to the fact that certain points of the parisb Agreement on ending the war between the US and Vietnam, were conraversial. This led Indonesia to pull out GARUDA VII from Saigon in April,27,1975 the annexation of South Vietnam by North Vietnam waas the reason for the first Asean Summit in Bali to stress again the urgency to preserve political stability in South east Asia.

(f) The ICCS Vietnam plaque of Garuda IV Mission in Vietnam (Memorabilia)

KHUSUS UNTUK IRJENPOL(P) MUSSADEQ KHUSUS SAYA UPLOAD KOLEKSI TIMOR TIMOR SAAT KAMI BERTUGAS SAAT JAJAK PENDAPAT DISANA

foto Dr Iwan dan Kasidokkes Polda TIMTIM  didepan TPS  Dokkes Polda TIMTIM yang setelah jajak pendapat saat chaos dibakar masa,untung Dr Iwan dan Pak Mussadeq telah kembali ke Bali dan Jakarta satu hari setelah jajak pendapat.

The East Timor Collections Exhibition

*ill very rare East timor Top Gun with map postally used cover from Dili East timor to Jakarta Indonesia

Frame One : Introduction

I had collected the East Timor and Timor portugeus collections during my duty in West suamtra at solok City, my friend  Mayor Pol Dr Sundarun when he on duty at East Timor have send me one document timor portugeus with revenue and hand sign ofcthe last governur of timor portugeus(

look at Timor portugues collections exhibition in this cybermuseum) ,also some stamps too.

East Timur never issued  local special stamps, during that time  Republic Indonesia Stamp were used. I have found some east timor postal history made by the Indonesia army on duty there,regional Police official cover,

*ill very rare East timor Top Gun with map postally used cover from Dili East timor to Jakarta Indonesia

 and from my friend Eko Prasetyo the special Timor Timor cover send by indonesian stamp

 also a very historic document leaflet about the east timor fight to integrated to Indonesia(Perjuangan Rakyat TIMITIm untuk Berintegrasi Ke Indonesia) will show in this exhibtion

 Also many East Timor political human right protest postcard an letter send to indonesia didnot show in this exhibition, this collection only for premium member.

I have found the best timor portugeus collections during 1994 when I have on duty at Idonesia Police Headquater(MABES POLRI), this collections have show at the Timor Portugeus Collections exhibition in Dr Iwan Cybermuseum.

In 1999, I have on duty during East timor Refendum look at my profile potraits with Let.col.Pol, Dr Mosadeq (now Inspecteur  Jendral Pol.(p)) in the front of Religious Office which broken to pieces by the native Protest.

, two weeks and back one day after refendum by the last flight from Dili To Bali, some interesting east Timor postal history , refendum document ,local news paper and Indonesia news paper related the east timor last days situation will show too.

Please look at the picture of Indonesia otonom  ’s East Timor Referendum propaganda poster  which found at the east timor police sector (Dr iwan peivate collections)

the last day before back from dili Eat timor ,one day after Refendum, mayor Police Silvester had given me some collectionas of timor portugeus (look the timor portugeus exhibtion) and East timor picture during Indonedsia invasion East timors, please look at the pictyure of Indoneisa Army invation the Timor portugeus fort (later be the military east timor Dili Hospital, and now I donnot now the recent info, I hove the Timor Leset citizen from dilli will tell us the info).

I hope the collectors and historical writters will happy to look this rarerest collections of East timor collections, if the want to know more info and collections related to the political collections like  human right protest card or letters please subscribed as the prmeium member and I will show the very rare collections of east timor,becasue in this exhibition only a part of my collections and non political collections.

Jakarta November 2010

Dr Iwan Suwandy,the founder of Cybermuseum.

Frame Two : The East Timor Historic collections

 

*The leaflet of East timor fight to integrated with Indonesia leaflet from Betao police sector,Manufakti city East Timor which given to dr iwan by the the secor command when he cambact to Brimob Padang Panjang where Dr Iwan on duty in this area in 1981.(Dr Iwan private collections)

 
 
History of East Timor
Coat of Arms of East Timor
This article is part of a serieslook at the East timor Refendum campaign Poster in tetun script  (dr iwan private collections found during Refednum Campaign day at Dilli.) 


Early history (pre-1515)
Portuguese Timor (1515–1975)
Indonesian invasion (1975)
Indonesian occupation (1975–1999)
Vote for independence (1999)
Transition to independence (1999–2002)
Contemporary East Timor (2002–present)
2006 crisis
Timeline

East Timor Portal 

v • d • e
*ill East timor Map on the Indonesian Military ‘Health Assistance ‘s Report 1995(Dr Iwan Private colection)

East Timor is a small country in Southeast Asia, officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste. It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco. The first inhabitants are thought to be descendant of Australoid and Melanesian peoples. The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied East Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II.

The country declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975,look at the earlist east Timor pictures collections which giver by native east timor Mayor Pol below :

1.the Goverernment building’s pictures during indonesian invasion (Dr iwan Private Collections,given by native East Timor Police in 1999 before he back to Jakarta, after that day there aere chaos at East Timor)

2. The Dili Beach

3. The Dili City

and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of East Timor.

During the subsequent 24-year occupation a campaign of pacification ensued. Between 1974 and 1999, there were an estimated 102,800 conflict-related deaths (approximately 18,600 killings and 84,200 ‘excess’ deaths from hunger and illness), the majority of which occurred during the Indonesian occupation. Look at the east timor collections below :

1.The Postal History Collections

1) The Military Postal history

2) The House of delivery postal history(Rumah Pos)

3) The Police  Postal History

2.The Staue collections

3. The East timor Song casset collections

FRAME THREE :

THE EAST TIMOR  REFENDUM HISTORIC COLLECTTIONS

On 30 August 1999, in a UN-sponsored referendum, an overwhelming majority of East Timor voted for independence from Indonesia. Please look at the illsutartions of Dr Iwan private referendum document colletions below :

1.The dr Iwan Picture before East Timor Refendum

a) at manututo brimob camp

b) at Police Hospital Dilli near marcado

c) The road to old Dili Market(marcado)

c) The dilli Beach

d)The east timor Police Resort office atuaro

2.the picture of East Timor Refendum campaign Posters of CNRT in 1999 at Dili (photografer dr Iwan Suwandy)

2.Refendum promotional and guide poster ,found at east timor  police resort office.

3.The refendum Bailed Out form ‘s sample found at the Police Sector office

Immediately following the referendum, anti-independence Timorese militias — organised and supported by the Indonesian military — commenced a punitive scorched-earth campaign. The militias killed approximately 1,400 Timorese and forcibly pushed 300,000 people into West Timor as refugees. The majority of the country’s infrastructure was destroyed. On 20 September 1999 the International Force for East Timor (INTERFET) was deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. Following a United Nations-administered transition period, East Timor was internationally recognised as an independent state in 2002.

[edit] Pre-colonial history

Main article: Pre-colonial Timor (pre-1515)

The island of Timor was populated as part of the human migrations that have shaped Australasia more generally. It is believed that survivors from three waves of migration still live in the country. The first is described by anthropologists as people of the Vedo-Australoid type, who arrived from the north and west approximately 40,000 to 20,000 years BC. Others of this type include the Wanniyala-Aetto (Veddas) of Sri Lanka. Around 3000 BC, a second migration brought Melanesians. The earlier Vedo-Australoid peoples withdrew at this time to the mountainous interior. Finally, proto-Malays arrived from south China and north Indochina. Hakka traders are among those descended from this final group.[1] Timorese origin myths tell of ancestors that sailed around the eastern end of Timor arriving on land in the south. Some stories recount Timorese ancestors journeying from Malay Peninsula or the Minangkabau Highlands of Sumatra.[2]

The Timorese were not seafarers, rather they were land focussed peoples who did not make contact with other islands and peoples by sea. Timor was part of a region of small islands with small populations of similarly land-focussed peoples that now make up eastern Indonesia. Contact with the outside world was via networks of foreign seafaring traders from as far as China and India that served the archipelago. The earliest historical record about Timor island is 14th century Nagarakretagama, Canto 14, that identify Timur as an island within Majapahit‘s realm. Outside products brought to the region included metal goods, rice, fine textiles, and coins exchanged for local spices, sandalwood, deer horn, bees’ wax, and slaves.[2]

Early European explorers report that the island had a number of small chiefdoms or princedoms in the early 16th century. One of the most significant is the Wehali kingdom in central Timor, to which the Tetum, Bunaq and Kemak ethnic groups were aligned.[3]

This section requires expansion.

[edit] Portuguese rule

Main article: Portuguese Timor

The first Europeans to arrive in the area were the Portuguese, who landed near modern Pante Macassar. In 1556 a group of Dominican friars established their missionary work in the area. By the seventeenth century the village of Lifau became the centre of Portuguese activities. In 1702 the territory officially became a Portuguese colony, known as Portuguese Timor, when Lisbon sent its first governor, with Lifau as its capital. Portuguese control over the territory was tenuous particularly in the mountainous interior. Dominican friars, the occasional Dutch raid, and the Timorese themselves provided opposition to the Portuguese. The control of colonial administrators, largely restricted to Dili, had to rely on traditional tribal chieftains for control and influence.[4]

For the Portuguese, East Timor remained little more than a neglected trading post until the late nineteenth century. Investment in infrastructure, health, and education was minimal. Sandalwood remained the main export crop with coffee exports becoming significant in the mid-nineteenth century. In places where Portuguese rule was asserted, it tended to be brutal and exploitative. At the beginning of the twentieth century, a faltering home economy prompted the Portuguese to extract greater wealth from its colonies.[4]

The capital was moved from Lifau to Dili in 1769, due to attacks from the Topasses, an independent-minded Eurasian group. Meanwhile, the Dutch were colonizing the rest of the island and the surrounding archipelago that is now Indonesia. The border between Portuguese Timor and the Dutch East Indies was formally decided in 1859 with the Treaty of Lisbon. The definitive border was drawn by the Hague in 1916, and it remains the international boundary between the modern states of East Timor and Indonesia.

Although Portugal was neutral during World War II, in December 1941, Portuguese Timor was occupied by Australian and Dutch forces, which were expecting a Japanese invasion. When the Japanese did occupy Timor, in February 1942, a 400-strong Dutch-Australian force and large numbers of Timorese volunteers engaged them in a one-year guerilla campaign. After the allied evacuation in February 1943 the East Timorese continued fighting the Japanese, with comparatively little collaboration with the enemy taking place. This assistance cost the civilian population dearly: Japanese forces burned many villages and seized food supplies. The Japanese occupation resulted in the deaths of 40,000–70,000 Timorese.

Portuguese Timor was handed back to Portugal after the war, but Portugal continued to neglect the colony. Very little investment was made in infrastructure, education and healthcare. The colony was declared an ‘Overseas Province’ of the Portuguese Republic in 1955. Locally, authority rested with the Portuguese Governor and the Legislative Council, as well as local chiefs or liurai. Only a small minority of Timorese were educated, and even fewer went on to university in Portugal (there were no universities in the territory until 2000).

During this time, Indonesia did not express any interest in Portuguese Timor, despite the anti-colonial rhetoric of President Sukarno. This was partly as Indonesia was preoccupied with gaining control of West Irian, now called Papua, which had been retained by the Netherlands after Indonesian independence. In fact, at the United Nations, Indonesian diplomats stressed that their country did not seek control over any territory outside the former Netherlands East Indies, explicitly mentioning Portuguese Timor.

[edit] Decolonisation, coup, and independence

After the fall of the Portuguese regime in 1974, independence was encouraged by the new, democratic Portuguese government.

One of the first acts of the new government in Lisbon was to appoint a new Governor for the colony on 18 November 1974, in the form of Mário Lemos Pires, who would ultimately be, as events were to prove, the last Governor of Portuguese Timor.

One of his first decrees made upon his arrival in Dili was to legalise political parties in preparation for elections to a Constituent Assembly in 1976. Three main political parties were formed:

  • The União Democrática Timorense (Timorese Democratic Union or UDT), was supported by the traditional elites, initially argued for a continued association with Lisbon, or as they put it in Tetum, mate bandera hum — ‘in the shadow of the [Portuguese] flag’, but later adopted a ‘gradualist’ approach to independence. One of its leaders, Mário Viegas Carrascalão, one of the few Timorese to have been educated at university in Portugal, later became Indonesian Governor of East Timor during the 1980s and early 1990s, although with the demise of Indonesian rule, he would change to supporting independence.
  • The Associação Social Democrática Timorense (Timorese Social Democratic Association ASDT) supported a rapid movement to independence. It later changed its name to Frente Revolucionária de Timor-Leste Independente (Revolutionary Front of Independent East Timor or Fretilin). Fretilin was criticised by many in Australia and Indonesia as being Marxist, its name sounding reminiscent of FRELIMO in Mozambique but it was more influenced by African nationalists like Amílcar Cabral in Portuguese Guinea (now Guinea-Bissau) and Cape Verde.
  • The Associação Popular Democrática Timorense (Timorese Popular Democratic Association or “Apodeti”) supported integration with Indonesia, as an autonomous province, but had very little grassroots support. One of its leaders, Abílio Osório Soares, later served as the last Indonesian-appointed Governor of East Timor. Apodeti drew support from a few liurai in the border region, some of whom had collaborated with the Japanese during the Second World War. It also had some support in the small Muslim minority, although Marí Alkatiri, a Muslim, was a prominent Fretilin leader, and became Prime Minister in 2002.

Other smaller parties included Klibur Oan Timur Asuwain or KOTA whose name translated from the Tetum language as ‘Sons of the Mountain Warriors’, which sought to create a form of monarchy involving the local liurai, and the Partido Trabalhista or Labour Party, but neither had any significant support. They would, however, collaborate with Indonesia. The Associação Democrática para a Integração de Timor-Leste na Austrália (ADITLA), advocated integration with Australia, but folded after the Australian government emphatically ruled out the idea.

[edit] Parties Compete, Foreign Powers Take Interest

Developments in Portuguese Timor during 1974 and 1975 were watched closely by Indonesia and Australia. Suharto‘s “New Order”, which had effectively eliminated Indonesia’s Communist Party PKI in 1965, was alarmed by what it saw as the increasingly left-leaning Fretilin, and by the prospect of a small state in the midst of the sprawling archipelago serving as an inspiration to independence-minded provinces of the Republic such as Aceh, West Irian and the Moluccas.

Australia’s Labor Prime Minister, Gough Whitlam, had developed a close working relationship with the Indonesian leader, and also followed events with concern. At a meeting in the Javanese town of Wonosobo in 1974, he told Suharto that an independent Portuguese Timor would be ‘an unviable state, and a potential threat to the stability of the region’. While recognising the need for an act of self-determination, he considered integration with Indonesia to be in Portuguese Timor’s best interests.

In local elections on 13 March 1975, Fretilin and UDT emerged as the largest parties, having previously formed an alliance to campaign for independence.

Indonesian military intelligence, known as BAKIN, began attempting to cause divisions between the pro-independence parties, and promote the support of Apodeti. This was known as Operasi Komodo or ‘Operation Komodo’ after the giant Komodo lizard found in the eastern Indonesian island of the same name. Many Indonesian military figures held meetings with UDT leaders, who made it plain that Jakarta would not tolerate a Fretilin-led administration in an independent East Timor. The coalition between Fretilin and UDT later broke up.

During the course of 1975, Portugal became increasingly detached from political developments in its colony, becoming embroiled in civil unrest and political crises, and more concerned with decolonisation in its African colonies of Angola and Mozambique than with Portuguese Timor. Many local leaders saw independence as unrealistic, and were open to discussions with Jakarta over Portuguese Timor’s incorporation into the Indonesian state.

The United States had also expressed concerns over Portuguese Timor in the wake of the war in Vietnam. Having gained Indonesia as an ally, Washington did not want to see the vast archipelago destabilised by a left-wing regime in its midst.[citation needed]

[edit] The Coup

On 11 August 1975, the UDT mounted a coup, in a bid to halt the increasing popularity of Fretilin. Governor Pires fled to the offshore island of Atauro, north of the capital, Dili, from where he later attempted to broker an agreement between the two sides. He was urged by Fretilin to return and resume the decolonisation process, but he insisted that he was awaiting instructions from the government in Lisbon, now increasingly uninterested.

Indonesia sought to portray the conflict as a civil war, which had plunged Portuguese Timor into chaos, but after only a month, aid and relief agencies from Australia and elsewhere visited the territory, and reported that the situation was stable. Nevertheless, many UDT supporters had fled across the border into Indonesian Timor, where they were coerced into supporting integration with Indonesia. In October 1975, in the border town of Balibo, two Australian television crews (the “Balibo Five“) reporting on the conflict were killed by Indonesian forces, after they witnessed Indonesian incursions into Portuguese Timor.

[edit] Break from Portugal

While Fretilin had sought the return of the Portuguese Governor, pointedly flying the Portuguese flag from government offices, the deteriorating situation meant that it had to make an appeal to the world for international support, independently of Portugal.

On 28 November 1975, Fretilin made a unilateral declaration of independence of the Democratic Republic of East Timor (Republica Democrática de Timor-Leste in Portuguese). This was not recognised by either Portugal, Indonesia, or Australia; however, the new state received formal diplomatic recognition from six countries, namely Albania, Cape Verde, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, and São Tomé and Príncipe. Fretilin’s Francisco Xavier do Amaral became the first President, while Fretilin leader Nicolau dos Reis Lobato was Prime Minister.

Indonesia’s response was to have UDT, Apodeti, KOTA and Trabalhista leaders sign a declaration calling for integration with Indonesia called the Balibo Declaration, although it was drafted by Indonesian intelligence and signed in Bali, Indonesia not Balibo, Portuguese Timor. Xanana Gusmão, now the country’s Prime Minister, described this as the ‘Balibohong Declaration’, a pun on the Indonesian word for ‘lie’.

[edit] East Timor solidarity movement

An international East Timor solidarity movement arose in response to the 1975 invasion of East Timor by Indonesia and the occupation that followed. The movement was supported by churches, human rights groups, and peace campaigners, but developed its own organizations and infrastructure in many countries. Many demonstrations and vigils backed legislative actions to cut off military supplies to Indonesia. The movement was most extensive in neighboring Australia, in Portugal, and the former Portuguese colonies in Africa, but had significant force in the United States, Canada and Europe.

José Ramos-Horta, current President of East Timor, stated in a 2007 interview that the solidarity movement “was instrumental. They were like our peaceful foot soldiers, and fought many battles for us.”

[edit] Indonesian invasion and annexation

The Indonesian invasion of East Timor began on 7 December 1975. Indonesian forces launched a massive air and sea invasion, known as Operasi Seroja, or ‘Operation Komodo’, almost entirely using US-supplied equipment.[5] Reported death tolls from the 24-year occupation range from 60,000 to 200,000.[6] A detailed statistical report prepared for the Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation in East Timor cited a lower range of 102,800 conflict-related deaths in the period 1974-1999, namely, approximately 18,600 killings and 84,200 ‘excess’ deaths from hunger and illness.[7]

A puppet ”Provisional Government of East Timor” was installed in mid-December, consisting of Apodeti and UDT leaders. Attempts by the United Nations Secretary General’s Special Representative, Vittorio Winspeare-Guicciardi to visit Fretilin-held areas from Darwin, Australia were obstructed by the Indonesian military, which blockaded East Timor. On 31 May 1976, a ‘People’s Assembly’ in Dili, selected by Indonesian intelligence, unanimously endorsed an ‘Act of Integration’, and on 17 July, East Timor officially became the 27th province of the Republic of Indonesia. Although the United Nations had not responded to the Indonesian annexation of West Irian some years previously, the occupation of East Timor remained a public issue in many nations, Portugal in particular, and the UN never recognised either the regime installed by the Indonesians or the subsequent annexation.

[edit] Towards independence

Demonstration against Indonesian occupation of East Timor, September 10, 1999.

Timorese groups fought a campaign of resistance against Indonesian forces for the independence of East Timor, during which many atrocities and human rights violations by the Indonesian army were reported. The Indonesian army is reported to have trained and supplied militias imported from Indonesia to terrorise the population. Foreign powers such as the Australian government worked to prevent the push for independence, and assisted the Indonesian government in obscuring and discouraging media reporting on atrocities committed by Indonesian militias.[8]

[edit] Effects of the Dili Massacre

The Dili Massacre on 12 November 1991 was a turning point for sympathy for pro-independence East Timorese. A burgeoning East Timor solidarity movement grew in Portugal, Australia, and the United States. After the massacre, the US Congress voted to cut off funding for IMET training of Indonesian military personnel. However, arms sales continued from the US to the Indonesian National Armed Forces.[9] President Clinton cut off all US military ties with the Indonesian military in 1999.[10] The Australian government promoted a strong connection with the Indonesian military at the time of the massacre, but also cut off ties in 1999.[11]

The Massacre had a profound effect on public opinion in Portugal, especially after television footage showing East Timorese praying in Portuguese, and independence leader Xanana Gusmão gained widespread respect, being awarded the Portugal’s highest honour in 1993, after he had been captured and imprisoned by the Indonesians.

In Australia, there was also widespread public outrage, and criticism of Canberra’s close relationship with the Suharto regime and recognition of Jakarta’s sovereignty over East Timor. This caused the Australian government embarrassment, but Foreign Minister Gareth Evans played down the killings, describing them as ‘an aberration, not an act of state policy’. Gareth Evans and Prime Minister Keating, along with subsequent Prime Minister John Howard and Foreign Affairs minister Alexander Downer, sought to maintain close relations with Indonesia. Neither Liberal nor Labor ministers challenged the persecution of the East Timorese until the Australian Labor Party member Laurie Brereton spoke out in 1999, and he was quickly discredited by both the Howard Government and Kevin Rudd.[8]

[edit] International lobbying

Bishop Carlos Belo, winner of the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize.

José Ramos-Horta, 1996 Nobel Peace Prize winner, former Prime Minister and present President of East Timor.

Portugal started to apply international pressure unsuccessfully, constantly raising the issue with its fellow European Union members in their dealings with Indonesia. However, other EU countries like the UK had close economic relations with Indonesia, including arms sales, and saw no advantage in forcefully raising the issue.

In 1996, Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and José Ramos-Horta, two leading East Timorese activists for peace and independence, received the Nobel Peace Prize.

In the mid-1990s, the pro-democracy People’s Democratic Party (PRD) in Indonesia called for withdrawal from East Timor. The party’s leadership was arrested in July 1996.[12]

In July 1997, visiting South African President Nelson Mandela visited Suharto as well as the imprisoned Xanana Gusmão. He urged the freeing of all East Timorese leaders in a note reading, “We can never normalize the situation in East Timor unless all political leaders, including Mr. Gusmão, are freed. They are the ones who must bring about a solution.” Indonesia’s government refused but did announce that it would take three months off Gusmão’s 20-year sentence.[12]

In 1998, following the resignation of Suharto and his replacement by President Habibie, Jakarta moved towards offering East Timor autonomy within the Indonesian state, although ruled out independence, and stated that Portugal and the UN must recognise Indonesian sovereignty.

[edit] Referendum for independence, violence

Main articles: East Timor Special Autonomy Referendum and 1999 East Timorese crisis

However in 1999, the Indonesian government decided, under strong international pressure, to hold a referendum on the future of East Timor. Portugal had started to gain some political allies firstly in the EU, and after that in other places of the world to pressure Indonesia. The referendum, held on 30 August, gave a clear majority (78.5%) in favour of independence, rejecting the alternative offer of being an autonomous province within Indonesia, to be known as the Special Autonomous Region of East Timor (SARET).

Directly after this, Indonesian military-supported East Timorese pro-integration militia and Indonesian soldiers carried out a campaign of violence and terrorism in retaliation. Approximately 1,400 Timorese were killed and 300,000 and forcibly pushed into West Timor as refugees. The majority of the country’s infrastructure, including homes, irrigation systems, water supply systems, and schools, and nearly 100% of the country’s electrical grid were destroyed. According to Noam Chomsky, “In one month, this massive military operation murdered some 2,000 people, raped hundreds of women and girls, displaced three-quarters of the population, and demolished 75 percent of the country’s infrastructure” (Radical Priorities, 72).

On 20 September 1999 the Australian-led peacekeeping troops of the International Force for East Timor (INTERFET) deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. Activists in Portugal, Australia, the United States, and elsewhere pressured their governments to take action, with US President Bill Clinton eventually threatening Indonesia, in dire economic straits already, with the withdrawal of IMF loans. The Indonesian government consented to withdraw its troops and allow a multinational force into Timor to stabilize the area. It was clear that the UN did not have sufficient resources to combat the paramilitary forces directly. Instead, the UN authorised the creation of a multinational military force known as INTERFET (International Force for East Timor), with Security Council Resolution 1264.[13] Troops were contributed by 17 nations, about 9,900 in total. 4,400 came from Australia, the remainder mostly from South-East Asia.[14] The force was led by Major-General (now General) Peter Cosgrove. Troops landed in East Timor on 20 September 1999.

[edit] The independent republic

Xanana Gusmão, first President of East Timor and present Prime Minister.

The administration of East Timor was taken over by the UN through the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET), established on 25 October 1999.[15] The INTERFET deployment ended on 14 February 2000 with the transfer of military command to the UN.[16] Elections were held in late 2001 for a constituent assembly to draft a constitution, a task finished in February 2002. East Timor became formally independent on 20 May 2002. Xanana Gusmão was sworn in as the country’s President. East Timor became a member of the UN on 27 September 2002.

On 4 December 2002, after a student had been arrested the previous day, rioting students set fire to the house of the Prime Minister Marí Alkatiri and advanced on the police station. The police opened fire and one student was killed, whose body the students carried to the National Parliament building. There they fought the police, set a supermarket on fire and plundered shops. The police opened fire again and four more students were killed. Alkatiri called an inquiry and blamed foreign influence for the violence.

Relations with Australia have been strained by disputes over the maritime boundary between the two countries. Canberra claims petroleum and natural gas fields in an area known as the ‘Timor Gap’, which East Timor regards as lying within its maritime boundaries.

[edit] 2006 crisis

Main article: 2006 East Timor crisis

Unrest started in the country in April 2006 following the riots in Dili. A rally in support of 600 East Timorese soldiers, who were dismissed for deserting their barracks, turned into rioting where five people were killed and over 20,000 fled their homes. Fierce fighting between pro-government troops and disaffected Falintil troops broke out in May 2006.[17] While unclear, the motives behind the fighting appears to be the distribution of oil funds and the poor organization of the Timorese army and police, which includes former Indonesian-trained police and former Timorese rebels. Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri has called the violence a “coup” and has welcomed offers of foreign military assistance from several nations.[18][19] As of 25 May 2006, Australia, Portugal, New Zealand, and Malaysia have sent troops to Timor, attempting to quell the violence.[19][20] At least 23 deaths occurred as a result of the violence.

On 21 June 2006, President Xanana Gusmao formally requested Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri step down. A majority of Fretilin party members demanded the prime minister’s resignation, accusing him of lying about distributing weapons to civilians.[21] On 26 June 2006 Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri resigned stating, “I declare I am ready to resign my position as prime minister of the government… so as to avoid the resignation of His Excellency the President of the Republic”. In August, rebel leader Alfredo Reinado escaped from Becora Prison, in Dili. Tensions were later raised after armed clashes between youth gangs forced the closure of Presidente Nicolau Lobato International Airport in late October.[22]

In April 2007, Gusmão declined another presidential term. In the build-up to the April 2007 presidential elections there were renewed outbreaks of violence in February and March 2007. José Ramos-Horta was inaugurated as President on May 20, 2007, following his election win in the second round.[23] Gusmão was sworn in as Prime Minister on August 8, 2007. President Ramos-Horta was critically injured in an assassination attempt on February 11, 2008, in a failed coup apparently perpetrated by Alfredo Reinado, a renegade soldier who died in the attack. Prime Minister Gusmão also faced gunfire separately but escaped unharmed. The Australian government immediately sent reinforcements to East Timor to keep order.The end @copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2010

PS. THE COMPLETE SHOW  plese look at Dr Iwan Cybermnuseum, click hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

dan kiriman dari Eko Prasetyo Liwat Face Book Saya

 kisah memilukan dari surat yg dikirim oleh komandan Batalion pasukan perdamaian Garuda Indonesia XII @Kamboja ttg 4 anggotanya yg terkena ranjau(sesuai kliping berita @ Surabaya Post,10 Juli 1993)…luarbiasa.

Surat dari UNTAC Camboja, saat ini salah seorang teman saya saat bertugas di Polad SUMBAR Asjkari kakinya hancur kena ranjau sehinngga terpaksa di amputasiSurat dari ABRI,Angkatan Laut

Editor menunggu kiriman upload photo dan koleksi arsip terkait sejarah polri terima kasih

email editor

iwansuwandy@gmail.com 

The Sport Healing Therapy

 

THE SPORT HEALING THERAPY

Created By

Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA

special for ritired persons.

INTORDUCTION

I have therapy my health with sport everyday, morning 2 hours  and afternoon one hours everyday except sunday, and all the terible I have found during after retired in 65 years old were gone like Rest Leg syndrome,overweight and the deficulty in defecation, but my wife luahging at me she said that this only story you must proef with scientific test like laboratory and other medical examinations. I am a  medical doctor,as the physician I know what happen to me.

I hope she will read this article.

To proff that the sport can healing the geriatry problem, I have made a study and this the report.

I hope comment from other retired people  from all over the world, also from the physisian.

Dr iwan suwandy,MHA

my foot will paraestesia (low feeling) during sleep,especially during cold, and the foot feel low pain and healing with sport,this diferent from RLS, read about RLS below

Restless Leg Syndrome

Restless Leg Syndrome

Restless Leg Syndrome Treatment

Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a sleep and movement disorder characterized by unpleasant feelings in the legs, which causes an urge to move in order to relieve the symptoms.

This leads to difficulty falling sleep. As the result many people with RLS experience chronic insomnia and daytime sleepiness. Only one in five ever get diagnosed due to poor knowledge within the health professionals’ in regards to sleep medicine.

 

Restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movement disorder
Restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movement disorder are common disorders that often may coexist. The primary symptom of restless legs syndrome is insomnia (inability to sleep), whereas periodic leg movement disorder is a well-recognized cause of excessive daytime sleepiness. Nearly all persons with restless legs syndrome have periodic limb movements, and only few persons with periodic limb movement disorder also have restless legs syndrome.Periodic leg movement responds well to Nutritional intervention,  chiropractic and osteopathy.

Restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movement disorder are common disorders that often may coexist. The primary symptom of restless legs syndrome is insomnia (inability to sleep), whereas periodic leg movement disorder is a well-recognized cause of excessive daytime sleepiness. Nearly all persons with restless legs syndrome have periodic limb movements, and only few persons with periodic limb movement disorder also have restless legs syndrome. Periodic leg movement responds well to Nutritional intervention,  chiropractic and osteopathy.

RLS in children can be mistaken with growing pains. Even though there is no such thing as “growing pain.

Growing pains and RLS have shown to be related and not limited to:

  • Magnesium insufficiency. Magnesium is required for muscular relaxation. Its level is the lowest at around 3 am
  • Spinal misalignment at lumbar region
  • Poor cerebellum integration leading to excess lactic acid build up in the muscles
  • Poor higher center of the brain integration
  • Copper toxicity
  • Prolong stress
  • Compromised neurological reflexes

 

Description
I cured my Restless Leg Syndrome, you can too. Cure your Restless Leg Syndrome naturally, anywhere anytime with a 100% success rate.
 
 

 
Advanced site description
Is Restless Leg Syndrome Keeping You Awake At Night? Are you bothered by involuntary sudden movements and spasms in your legs while sitting or trying to sleep? Do restless legs keep you up at night causing discomfort and insomnia?
 
Canadian researcher discovers how to cure restless legs easily any time the condition affects you without tranquilizers, supplements or dietary restrictions–guaranteed.
 
Sleep well tonight! “I cured my Restless Leg Syndrome. You can too! I’ll show you how to cure your Restless Legs anytime anywhere with a 100% success rate.”
 
Dear Internet friends, Until a few years ago, I was a long-time sufferer of Restless Legs.
 
Then I discovered a way to eliminate my Restless Leg symptoms immediately and without drugs or supplements.
 
My name is Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA  and I have some information that will show you how to permanently cure your restless legs.
 
As you know, Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a condition in which your legs feel extremely uncomfortable while you’re sitting or lying down.
 
It usually makes you feel like getting up and moving around.
 
You’ve probably noticed that walking around stops the spasms–until you sit or lie down again.
 
Have a look at this Restless Legs symptoms self-diagnosis checklist. Restless legs affects both sexes, can begin at any age, and unless you do something about it now it could worsen as you get older.
 
Some women experience Restless Leg Pregnancy related symptoms.
 
Restless legs can disrupt sleep, leading to daytime drowsiness, and make traveling difficult but it doesn’t have to.
 
You can learn to take control and solve the problem anytime, anywhere. Over the next few minutes I want to share with you valuable information that you can use to cure your restless legs.
 
I want to share with you something NEW and IMPORTANT that I have DISCOVERED. FACT: Up to 10% of the U.S. population may have this condition.
 
RLS affects the lives of millions of individuals. You don’t have to be one of them starting today.
 
Symptoms of Restless Legs You have a strong urge to move your legs which you may not be able to resist.
 
The need to move is often accompanied by uncomfortable sensations.
 
Some words used to describe these sensations include: “creeping”, “itching”, “pulling”, “creepy-crawly”, “tugging” or “gnawing”.
 
Just the thought of it may make you uncomfortable. Your symptoms start or become worse when you are resting.
 
You might be watching television at night with your feet up or maybe the cat has jumped into your lap for a cuddle.
 
But most likely you are trying to sleep and your legs don’t know it was lights out two hours ago.
 
Your symptoms get better when you move your legs. Walking around seems to help a lot.
 
A quick stretch of the legs and back to bed you might think. But the relief lasts only as long as you’re moving around. Your symptoms are worse in the evening especially when you are lying down.
 
Activities that bother you at night do not bother you during the day. Your quiet restful time is disturbed by the twitching, creepy-crawling, and pulling in your legs.
 
Restless Legs Syndrome can have a significant physical and emotional impact on your daily life.
 
Lying awake at night trying to sleep while your legs spasm can lead to daytime sleepiness and full blown insomnia.
 
This condition can be very tiresome and reduce enjoyment of life. keywords: “restless legs, restless leg, rls, restless leg syndrome, restless legs syndrome, rls syndrome,
 
treatment for rls, requip rls, rls symptoms, restless leg syndrome natural, restless leg syndrome medication, restless leg pregnancy” Consequences of Restless Legs Restless Legs can cause depression and anxiety from feelings of loss of control of one’s own body.
 
You may be struggling with Restless Legs and searching desperately for answers. I can help.
 
I have detailed the true cause of Restless Legs and will show you how to eliminate the tiresome condition whenever it occurs.
 
This condition eventually leads to serious sleep deprivation and insomnia.
 
If it’s 1:00 a.m. right now and you have to be at work in a few hours do yourself a favor and download this e-book.
 
I promise you’ll be asleep in 15 minutes or your money back. Some sufferers may be unable to work full days due to daytime sleepiness.
 
Extreme tiredness can put you at risk for traffic accidents. Your work may suffer if you are always tired causing you additional anxiety.
 
Download Cure Restless Leg and you’ll see an improvement within hours.
 
Your Restless Legs may be so severe that your spouse has banished you to sleeping in the guest room.
 
This report shows you the exact cause and the all-natural solution to stopping the spasms and convulsions. It’s easy and it works every time–guaranteed.
ScreenShot
Restless Leg Syndrome - Restless Leg Treatment.

 

 

Custom Foot Orthotics (inserts)

Custom Foot Orthotics are specifically designed and fabricated permanent shoe orthotic inserts to assist in restoring normal gait and decreasing the pain of the lower extremity and back associated with poor foot biomechanics.

A detailed gait and foot assessment will determine the need for an orthotic. If prescribed, a non-weight bearing casting technique is used as a mold to provide a customized orthotic shoe insert.

Referral Process:

If referred by a physician a diagnosis should be clearly identified for insurance coverage consideration.

Coverage:

Most custom made orthotic foot inserts are not covered by Manitoba Health, but are covered through many private insurances. Check your individual insurance plans for details.

Benefits:

Orthotics are ideal for patients experiencing pain with walking, running, sporting activities or prolonged standing.

Orthotics are light weight, durable and come in a variety of styles to fit easily into most footwear ranging from dress shoes to work boots to hockey skates.

Orthotics provide accommodation of existing foot deformities, provide superior motion control and support, biomechanical correction and shock absorption where needed.

Conditions Treated:

Many orthopedic conditions require orthotics to improve function. The list is extensive and may include common conditions including arthritis, plantar fasciitis, hallux valgus, pes planus, pes cavus, abnormal pronation and supination, plantar spurs, ligament sprains, achilles and posterior tibial tendonitis, shin splints, metatarsalgia and strains to mention a few. Conditions affecting the knee such as patella femoral syndrome and higher up the kinetic chain including low back pain, can also be improved with customized orthotics. Diabetic patients can also benefit prophylactically to reduce any identified high pressure areas on the plantar foot which can over time lead to skin deterioration, breakdown and possible ulceration

What is Kundalini Yoga And Its Benefits

 
kundalini yoga

Kundalini yoga is a form of physical and meditative yoga that comprises of various techniques using the Prana or life force energy, mind, body and our senses.The Kundalini energy is often represented as a snake coiled at the base of the spine. This yoga gives special consideration to the role of the spine and the endocrine system – both essential parts for yogic awakening.There are several means to this goal – through Mantra, through Diksha ( or transfer of Divine energy from Guru to disciple), Kriya Yog, Prannayam, Ras Vigyan (use of consecrated and Samskarised mercury) and even Ayurvedic herbs and potions.Whatever the mode of activation a Guru is a must for during the process as the divine powers in the body come to life they attack the Sadhak’s weaknesses like greed, jealousy, infatuation, anger, false ego and other negative traits. Sometimes the struggle between these positive (Kundalini) and negative energies can be so intense that a person may lose balance of mind or his evil traits may appear so magnified to him that he may take to wrong ways in life.The Kundalini is untapped spiritual energy at the base of the spine that can be drawn up through the body awakening each of the seven chakras of the body. Full enlightenment occurs when this energy reaches the Crown Chakra (topmost). Kundalini is one of the more spiritual types of yoga.It goes beyond the physical performance of asanas with its emphasis on breathing, meditation, mudras and chanting. However, it can be very physically intense and appeals to those who are up for both mental and physical challenges. Here are some of the benefits one can derive from Kundalini yoga.- Kundalini yoga helps in the better functioning of the digestive, glandular, cardiovascular, lymphatic and nervous system.

– It has a direct bearing with the glandular system and hence can enhance the ability to look and feel great.

– It heightens the senses. So, your ability to taste, smell, feel and see with sensitivity are increased.

– It helps eliminate and get rid of habits such as smoking and alcohol addiction.

– Kundalini yoga helps to enrich your sense of well-being and confidence that comes from the process of self-discovery of your inner self and reaching a relaxed state of mind and body.

– It also helps overcome negative feelings and encourages positive attitude and feelings.

– You can experience better sense of self-control and, overcome anger and resentment to find inner calm and mental peace.

– It strengthens the immune system too and helps you fight off several diseases and keep them at bay. A positive mind is a great weapon against all of them.

Some fundamental practices for activation of Kundalini shakti which every aspirant should put to application-
1. First of all the aspirant should purify his body with the aid of Neti, Dhyoti and Vasti.
2. After that, the aspirant should practice eight kinds of Pranayam (Yogic exercises). He may also practice some other Yogic exercises besides Pranayam.
3. Now the aspirant should learn from his Guru the essential mudras such as Mahamudra, Mahavedha, Mahabandh, Viparitakarani, Taran, Paridhan, Yuktichalan and Shaktichalani.
4. The aspirant, having perfected all Yogic exercises should concentrate his psyche on ‘Chakra’ according to the method of ‘Raj Yog’.

 

Tuesday, July 27, 2010

Spiritual Principles & Laws Of Marriage

 
“Giving love to all, feeling the love of God, seeing His presence in everyone, and having but one desire — for His constant presence in the temple of your consciousness — that is the way to live in this world.”— Paramahansa Yogananda

Two persons who unite their lives to help each other toward divine realization are founding their marriage on the right basis: unconditional friendship.To develop pure and unconditional love between husband and wife, parent and child, friend and friend, self and all, is the lesson we have come on earth to learn.True marriage is a laboratory in which poisons of selfishness, bad temper, and bad behavior may be poured into the test tube of patience and neutralized and changed by the catalytic power of love and constant effort to behave nobly.If there is a habit or quality in your mate that rouses unlovely traits in your disposition, you should realize the purpose of this circumstance: to bring to the surface those poisons hidden within you so that you may eliminate them and thus purify your nature.The greatest thing a husband or wife can wish for the spouse is spirituality; for soul unfoldment brings out the divine qualities of understanding, patience, thoughtfulness, love. But each should remember that the desire for spiritual growth cannot be forced on the other. Live love yourself, and your goodness will inspire all your loved ones.

When the husband serves the wife, and she serves him, each with the desire to see the other happy, Christ Consciousness—God’s loving Cosmic Intelligence that permeates every atom of creation—has begun to express itself through their consciousness.

When two people feel an unconditional attraction for each other, and are ready to sacrifice for one another, they are truly in love.

To wish for perfection for the loved one, and to feel pure joy in thinking of that soul, is divine love; and that is the love of true friendship.

Meditate together every morning, and especially at night….Have a little family altar where both husband and wife, and children, gather to offer deep devotion unto God and unite their souls forever in ever-joyous Cosmic Consciousness….The more you meditate together, the deeper your love for one another will grow.

 

Sunday, July 25, 2010

Kriya Yoga Chakras And Kundalini Shakti

 

Entire Cosmos is in the human body


Yoga scriptures say that the prana-shakti or life force called kundalini dwells at the base of the sushumna, the spinal column, in the muladhara or base chakra of each individual from where it controls the entire physiological system through its network of 72,000 nerves.There are two dimensions to the prana-shakti: at the external level, the life force operates through the sense organs and takes care of our worldly lives; at the internal or spiritual level, usually the kundalini remains dormant.Kriya yoga consists of a number of pranayam-based techniques that help in hastening the process of spiritual evolution through awakening of the dormant kundalini with controlled breathing. The practitioner of kriya yoga endeavours to make the pranic energy revolve upward and downward, around the six spinal centres or chakras situated in the sushumna ^ muladhara, swadhishthana, manipura, anahata, vishuddha and ajna.Within the human body, or what is referred to as the pinda, is contained the entire cosmos or Brahmanda: the first five chakras, from muladhar to vishuddha, are the centres of pancha-bhutas or the five elements ^ earth, water, fire, air and ether. The sixth chakra, ajna, is the seat of the mind, while the seventh, the sahasrara, is located in the brain, and represents Shiva, the supra-causal state of Consciousness. The seven lokas corresponding to the seven chakras are bhu, bhuvah, swarga, maha, jana, tapa and satya.Paramhansa Yogananda says “One-half minute of revolution of energy around the sensitive spinal cord of man effects subtle progress in his evolution; that half-minute of kriya equals one year of natural spiritual unfoldment… One thousand kriyas practised in 8.5 hours give the yogi, in one day, the equivalent of 1,000 years of natural evolution or 365,000 years of evolution in one year.”

Yogananda was ordained by the will of the great Mahavtar Babaji ^ the ever-youthful yogi of the Himalayas ^ to share the ancient kriya yoga technique of attaining Self-realisation with the world.

Through kriya yoga the awakened kundalini renders the pinda pure by piercing the chakras. The seeker is then able to enter into deep meditation spontaneously and begins to experience mystic phenomena associated with higher levels of Consciousness.

A stage comes in meditation when the seeker starts hearing rapturous divine music called anahada nada that manifests in 10 different forms: chin-chin, chinchina, the bell, the conch, the veena, the cymbals, the flute, the mridang, the kettledrum, and finally, thunder or meghanada.

The meghanada, accompanied with the sound of AUM, leads the seeker to nirvikalpa samadhi, the supra-causal state of Consciousness, where the awakened kundalini finally unites with Shiva in sahasrara. The seeker then begins to perceive the scintillating neel bindu, the seed of the universe, which is surrounded by a golden halo tinged with saffron.

This sublime experience bestows upon the seeker spiritual enlightenment and realisation dawns upon him that both the perceived, the external universe, and the perceiver, the individual Self, are manifestations of the same Consciousness and that just as innumerable bubbles and waves of the ocean are inseparable from the ocean, so also the entire universe with myriad names and forms emanates from pure Consciousness and is no different from it.

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forum komunikasi purna dokkes: rumkit Bhayangkara Polri info

Editor

Kombesp[ol(P) Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA

email editor

iwansuwandy@gmail.com 

   

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Rumkit Bhayangkara pus RS. Sukanto

RUMKIT BHAYANGKARA PUSAT RS SUKANTOJl. RS. Polri Kramat Jati, No. 11 – Jaktim

 

K. : 021-8093288

Kepala Rumah Sakit RS Polri Sukanto Brigjen Agus Prayitno (kedua kanan) …

 

 

source Thamrin Kompasiana

 

Upaya Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara Tingkat I RS Sukanto  meningkatkan pelayanan terutama bagi keluarga Besar Polri adalah dengan mencanangkan 3 Zero,  yaitu:

    1. Zero Accident,
  • Zero Complaint
  • Zero Cost.

Rumah Sakit yang dulu dikenal dengan nama Rumah Sakit Polri    terletak di kawasan Kramatjati Jakarta Timur ini merupakan Top Referal (pusat rujukan) bagi tidak lebih dari 40 buah Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara yang ada di   Polda seluruh wilayah Indonesia.

Keinginan untuk me zero kan accident atau lebih dipahami dengan istilah mal praktek sejalan dengan kebijakan Kapolri   melalui upaya meningkatkan kemampuan sumber daya, melengkapi peralatan medis / non medis dan menyusun Stadard Operating Prosedur (SOP).  Dengan kerja keras dibawah pimpinan Karumkit Brigjen Pol dr. S Budi Siswanto , MM  serta dukungan penuh dari segenap personil ,  upaya perubahan itu dilakukan secara simultan dan bertahap dalam setahun  terakhir.  Hasil jerih payah itu membuahkan hasil,  Kementrian Kesehatan sebagai pemegang Otoritas Kebijakan Kesehatan Nasional memberikan pengakuan berupa  Akreditasi kepada  Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara Tk I untuk 16 jenis Pelayanan kesehatan.

Penyerahan Sertifikat Akreditasi 16 Pelayanan tersebut dilaksanakan bertepatan dengan Peringatan Ulang tahun Rumkit Bhayangkara ke 45 hari Senin 23 Mei 2011.  Sertifikat di serahkan langsung oleh Sekjen Ditjen Bina Rumah Sakit Kementerian Kesehatan RI kepada Karumkit Bhayangkara disaksikan oleh para mantan Kapusdokkes Polri dan mantan Karumkit Polri, undangan dari pejabat Rumah Sakit TNI serta stake holders lainnya.

Diharapkan dengan Akreditasi yang telah dimiliki, maka zero complaint dapat di minimalisasi, dalam arti kepuasan pelanggan yang menjadi tujuan utama pelayan prima dapat terwujud di seluruh sektor peklayanan pada Rumah Sakit kebanggaan Keluarga besar Polri.  Zero cost diartikan bahwa anggota Polri dan Keluarganya diberikan pelayanan gratis tanpa biaya dengan dukungan anggaran dari Mabes Polri, dan pembiayaan  ini di dukung  subsidi silang dari pemanfaatan kapasitas lebih untuk pelayanan kesehatan kepada masyarakat umum baik, di pelayanan rawat jalan dan rawat inap.

Keunikan dari Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara di seluruh Indonesia dibanding dengan Rumah Sakit Umum lainnya adalah dukungan kesehatan terhadap tugas operasional Polri. Seperti kita ketahui bersama, dukungan kedokteran forensik dalam kasus kasus Bom, Teroris atau gangguan kemanan dan ketertiban lainnya.

Anda jangan kaget bila  menemukan ruang perawatan khusus untuk pasien dengan status tahanan jaksa atau tahanan  Polri di rumah sakit ini. Dibagian belakang Rumah Sakit    terdapat pula Ruang untuk meng -identifikasi jenazah korban bom atau korban yang berkaitan dengan bencana.

 

 

 

 


 


informasi dari rumkit bhayangkara polda

PADA TAHUN 1995 SAMPAI 1996 SAYA BERKELILING INDONESIA UNTUK MENGUMPULKAN DATA GUNA MENYUSUN SEJARAH PUSDOKKES(SAAT ITU MASIH DISDOKKES) DAN JUGA MEMPERIAPKAN RENCANA PEMBANGUNA RUMKIT BHAYANGKARA SERTA PENGESAHAN RUMKIT BHAYANGKARA NERSAMA SRENA POLRI SAAT ITU PAK bIBIT KE KEDIRI,LUMAJANG DAN NGANJUK , ke aceh,medan,sumbar,jambi ketemu pak sjafrizal,dan Palembang

TERNYATA SEKARANG RUMKIT-RUMKIT TERSEBUT SUDAH BERDIRI SELURUHNYA,

TAHUN 1999 BERSAM bERIJEN POL Dr Pamuji dan Klo Pol Seno melihat pembangunan RUMKIT POLDA SEMARANG

SAYA SUNGUH SANGAT GEMBIRA DAN BANGGA ATAS PERJUANGAN ADIK-ADIK SAYA,SELAMAT RUMKIT BHAYANGKARA,TAK LUPA SALAM UNTUK dRG pETER SAELANGI DENGAN rS mAPAODANGNYA mAKASSAR, JUGA TEBING TINGGI,ACEH DSBNYA. TERKENANG RUMKIT BHAYANGKARA DILI TIMOR  LESTE(SAAT ITU TIMOR TIMOR) YANG HABIS DIBAKAR SAAT PASCA JAJAK PENDAPAT,SAYA MENGUNJUNGGI RUMKIT BHAYANGKARA DILI BERSAMA PAK MOSSADEQ YANG SAAT ITU KADISDOKKES BALI ,DAN SAAT INI SUDAH PURNAWIRA DENGAN PANGKAT IRJEN POL

JUGA dr BOEDIONO DULU DI SOLO,KABARNYA SEKARANG KABIDOKKES JAWA TENGAH BAGAIMANA DENGAN RUMKIT BHARAYANGKARA  SEMARANG, MASIH ADA YANG SAYA TAK DAPAT INFO YAITU dr DIDIET SPTHT YANG SEBELUM INI KETEMU DI MAKASSAR DAN SUMBAR SAAT INI ADA DIMANA?BEGITU JUGA DENGAN RUMKIT BHAYANGKARA JAYAPURA PAPUA BARAT.

SALAM DARI EDITOR

Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara/ Fasilitas Kesehatan Polri seluruh Indonesia

 

 

 

 

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Akpol Semarang

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Selapa Jakarta

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Tk III Secapa Sukabumi

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 Rumkit Bhayangkara Pusdik Gassum Porong

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Brimob Kelapa Dua

8

Rumkit Bhayangkara Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam

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 Rumkit Bhayangkara Tk. II Medan

Tersangka yang Tertembak Tiba di RS Bhayangkara
Tersangka yang tidak mengenakan baju dengan kedua tangan diborgol dibawa ke Instalasi Gawat Darurat (IGD) Rumkit Bhayangkara, Medan.
icon_star_full icon_star_full icon_star_full icon_star_full icon_star_off

Salah satu anggota komplotan bersenjata yang ditembak polisi di Dolok Masihul, Serdang Bedagai, Sumut, dibawa ke Rumkit Bhayangkara, Medan, Sabtu (2/10/2010) sore. Pengawalan ketat dilakukan Brimob di lokasi saat mobil yang membawa tersangka masuk ke rumah sakit.

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 Rumkit Bhayangkara Tebing Tinggi Sumatera Utara

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Rumkit Bhayangkara – Padang, Sumatera Barat

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Bengkulu

Kacab JR Hadiri Bhakti Sosial di RS. Bhayangkara Bengkulu

22 Juni 2012. editor22

Bertempat di depan halaman Bidokes Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara Bengkulu, dilaksanakan Bhakti Sosial dalam rangka menyambut Hut Bhayangkara ke 66 di buka oleh Kepala Biro Adminitrasi Polda Bengkulu, Kombes. Pol. Tabana, yang dihadiri jajaran Polda Bengkulu para Undangan lainnya Termasuk Kepala Cabang Jasa Raharja Bengkulu, Sulistianingtias.

Dalam Laporan yang disampaikan oleh Ka.Bid Dokes, AKBP. Dr. Farid Armansyah, mengatakan bahwa kegiatan ini merupakan kegiatan tahunan, tujuannya adalah untuk memeriahkan perayaan Hut Bhayangkara yang jatuh pada Tgl. 1 Juli mendatang, agenda kegiatan bhakti sosial ini terdiri dari mengkhitankan 75  orang anak yang tidak mampu, melaksanakan donor darah, memberikan kesehatan pengobatan gratis dan melayani pemasangan Spira. Sosok hingga MOP kepada masyarakat yang kurang mampu dalam pelaksanaan bhakti sosial ini polda juga mendapat dukungan dari Jasa Raharja dan BKKBN Bengkulu.

Lebih Lanjut, Dr. Farid, mengatakan ”semua dokter dan para medis Rumah sakit Bhayangkara ikut terlibat dalam pelaksanaan ini, dengan tujuan membantu kepada masyarakat yang kurang mampu sekaligus membantu dan mendukung program pemerintah dalam bidang keluarga berencana ” Ujarnya *( Humas JR Bengkulu )*.

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Pekan Baru

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Tk. IV Dumai, Riau

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\Rumkit Bhayangkara Jambiharap info teman saya di jambi Kol;Pol/drg ali Hanafiah masih disana ?foto siapa ini?

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 Rumkit Bhayangkara PalembangRYMKIT BHAYANGKARA LAMPUNG

teman saya Drg Soekardi masih disana?

Jasa Raharja Beri Bantuan Kepada Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara Polda Lampung Untuk Pengadaan Alkes

9 November 2011. editor15
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Jasa Raharja Cabang Lampung menyerahkan bantuan untuk pengadaan Alat Kesehatan (Alkes) kepada Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara Polda Lampung, Selasa tanggal 8 November 2011.

Bantuan sebesar Rp. 50 Juta diserahkan langsung oleh, Ismail, SE, MM., selaku Kepala Cabang Jasa Raharja Lampung kepada Kabid Dokkes Polda Lampung, AKBP Dr. Rini Mulyawati, MM., di Kantor Jasa Raharja Cabang Lampung. Usai acara penyerahan bantuan, Kepala Cabang Jasa Raharja Lampung yang didampingi oleh beberapa Staff-nya berharap mudah-mudahan bantuan tersebut akan dapat membantu pihak Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara dalam melengkapi sarana dan prasarana dalam rangka meningkatkan pelayanan kepada masyarakat.

Atas nama Jajaran Polda Lampung Kabid Dokkes Polda Lampung, AKBP Dr. Rini Mulyawati, MM., yang saat itu didampingi oleh Kepala Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara Polda Lampung, Kompol Dr. Robert Tanjung, menyampaikan rasa terima kasih dan penghargaan setingginya kepada Pimpinan dan Jajaran Jasa Raharja Cabang Lampung yang telah turut serta berpartisipasi memberikan dukungan maupung bantuan dana guna peningkatan pelayanan kepada masyarakat. Mudah-mudahan apabila kondisi memungkinkan bantuan seperti ini juga akan diberikan oleh pihak Jasa Raharja dimasa-masa mendatang.

Sebagaimana kita ketahui bersama, bahwa Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara Polda Lampung selain melayani kesehatan bagi para Anggota Polri dan keluarganya, juga melayani pasien umum yang ingin berobat di Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara. Bahkan korban kecelakaan lalu lintas juga tidak sedikit dirawat di Rumah Sakit tersebut. Apalagi antara Jasa Raharja dengan pihak Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara memang sudah menandatangi Perjanjian Kerjasama dalam rangka memberikan kemudahan kepada para korban kecelakaan lalu lintas terutama dari kalangan yang kurang mampu.   (Humas JR Lampung /Akhyaruddin)

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Poliklinik  Polda Metro Jaya

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EUMKIT BHAYANGKARA LOSARANG INFDRAMAYU

Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara Losarang – Dinas KB Gelar Operasi Tubektomi Gratis

Kompol dr Asep Hendradianan Sp.an m.kes

INDRAMAYU,Medikom.online ,-

 Kepedulian Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara Losarang Indramayu dalam memfasilitasi kegiatan pengobatan gratis bagi peserta Tubektomi  layak kita berikan apresiasi positif.Pasalnya kepedulian dan perhatian Rumah Sakit  milik Polri  ini dalam memberikan pertolongan dan pengobatan gratis  terhadap masyarakat Indramayu bukan hanya kali ini saja, melainkan kegiatan yang  sama pula sering kali dilakukan .
Seperti yang terjadi pada Rabu ( 2/11) Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara Losarang Indramayu ( RSBI ) kembali menjadi lokasi kegiatan bakti sosial untuk pengobatan gratis bagi peserta Tubektomibekerjasama denganRumah Sakit TNI.AU dr.Salamun Bandung,BKKBN Propinsi dan Dinas Keluarga Berencana (KB) Kabupaten Indramayu,even baksos secara gratis bagi ratusan warga di Kabupaten Indramayu untuk operasi tubektomi khususnya pelayanan Metode Operasi Wanita (MOW)bagi usia subur dan Metode Operasi Pria (MOP).
Kepala Dinas Keluarga Berencana Kabupaten Indramayu Drs.Ari Nurzaman melalui  Kabid Pengendalian
Keluarga Berencana pada Dinas KB Kabupaten Indramayu Tri Nani R.ditengah-tengah kegiatan baksos di RS Bhayangkara Losarang (2/11) menjelaskan, dipilihnya RSBhayangkara Losarang pada kegiatan ini, karena rumah sakit milik Puddokkes Polda Jabar tersebut dinilai memiliki fasilitas lengkap,baik petugas medis yang terlatihmaupun kesiapan dari pimpinan rumah sakit tersebut.
Hal lainnya yang menjadi alasan kami memilih kegiatan ini di RS Bhayangkara,karena  Kekuatan itu
didukung pula dengan adanya alat lavaroskopi untuk sterilisasi alat-alat MOW/MOPmilik RS Bhayangkara bantuan dari BKKBN Pusat.“RSBhayangara itu memiliki segalanya untuk mendukung suksesnya pelayanan KB berkualitas serta mempunyai visi yang sama untuk percepatan pelaksanaan
revitalisasi program KB dalam menekan laju pertumbuhan penduduk.”ujar Tri Nani. Seraya ditegaskan pertumbuhanpenduduk di Indramayu yang begitu cepat harus dikendalikan secara komprenhensif melalui kontinuitas kegiatan pelayanan KB, Ungkapnya.
Dijelaskan kegiatan kali ini, pihaknya menargetkan 2OO akseptor baru MOW dan MOP pasangan dari usia subur yang mempunyai minimal tigaanak. Sebab, mereka penyumbang terbesar
peningkatan angka kelahiran yang akan menambah jumlah penduduk di Indramayu.”Kegiatan baksos kali ini kita harapkan bisa  menekan angka kelahiran dan kematian ibu melahirkan.”terangnya.
Kepala Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara LosarangIndramayu Kompol dokter Asep Hendradiana Sp.An. M.Kes menyatakan, kesiapanya untuk terus mendukung suksesnya program KB daerah, Provinsi
maupun Nasional. Dukungan yang diberikan RS Bhayangkara terhadap kegiatan ini,tidak saja saat diadakannya even-evennasional.Tetapilebih dari itu dengan memberikan fasilitasi dan pelayanan berkualitas secara menyeluruh kepada masyarakat luas sebagai akseptor Keluarga Berencana tandasnya.
Menurut Asep kegiatan baksos yang kita gelar pada saat ini ,adalah salah satu bagian dari kegiatan hari jadi Indramayu yang ke 484 tahun 2O11.Selain itu, kegiatan ini juga masih dalam rangkaian hari kesehatan nasional jelasnya.Seraya ditegaskan,kegiatan bakti sosial semacam ini adalah bagian dari kegiatan rutin kita yang biasa kita lakukan baik dengan BKKBN Provinsi maupun dengan Dinas KB
Kabupaten Indramayu.
Oleh karenanya kata dr. Asep,prinsip kita diminta atau tidak diminta, kita selalu siap untuk mendukung program pemerintah dalam hal pemberdayaan perempuan,untuk membantu masyarakat memberikan pertolongan kesehatan.”Sepanjang kita mampu ,Insya Allah saya siap untuk memberikan pertolongan yang terbaik  terhadap masyarakat Indramayu.”tandas dr.Asep.  (H Yonif)

 

Rumkit Bhayangkara Tk II Sartika Asih

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 Rumkit Bhayangkara Semarang

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Rumkit Bhayangkara D. I. Y

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Samsoeri Mertojoso, Surabaya

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 Rumkit Bhayangkara Tk. III Kediri 

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 Rumkit Bhayangkara Nganjuk-JatimRUMKIT BHAYANGKARA BONDOWOSO JATIM

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 Rumkit Bhayangkara Tulung Agung-JatimRUMKIT BHAYANGKARA MOJOKERTOKarumkit RS Bhayangkara TK.IV Hasta Brata Batu
Diposting tanggal: 14 Juli 2011

dr. SRI HANDAYANI, MMRS

NAMA LENGKAP  dr. SRI HANDAYANI, MMRS 
TEMPAT/TANGGAL LAHIR  UJUNG PANDANG, 13 OKTOBER 1967 
NRP  67100385 
PANGKAT / GOL  KOMISARIS POLISI 
JABATAN  KEPALA RS BHAYANGKARA HASTA BRATA BATU 
ASAL INSTANSI  JL. RA. KARTINI NO.1 KOTA BATU 
    TELP./FAKS : (0341) 597023, 591067
ALAMAT RUMAH  JL. TAMAN SULFAT XIII / 2 KOTA MALANG 
PENDIDIKAN   MAGISTER MANAJEMEN RUMAH SAKIT 

 

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 Rumkit Bhayangkara Lumajang – Jatim

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Trijata – Bali

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Mataram – NTB

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Kupang – NTT

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Pontianak-Kalbar

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Tk. IV Banjarmasin- Kalsel

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Palangkaraya – Kalteng

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Balikpapan-Kaltim

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 Rumkit Bhayangkara Tk. II Mappaoudang-Makassar, Sulsel

Senin, 01 November 2010

HUT Rumkit Mappa Oudang

 

Untuk pertama kalinya dalam sejarah Makassar, Rumkit Bhayangkara Mappa Oudang merayakan hari ulang tahunnya yang ke 45. Acara ulang tahun ini dilaksanakan secara sederhana dengan acara pemotongan nasi tumpeng.
Puncak acara dilaksanakan pembagian door prize “sepeda angin” sejumlah 45 buah dibarengi dengan pelantikan pengurus Perkumpulan rumah sakit Bhayangkara “RBCC” (Rumkit Bhayangkara Cycling Club)…diketuai oleh AKBP dr Imam F Rochman, Sp.PD

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Kendari – Sultra

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Palu Sulteng

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Menado harap info teman saya manatan kadisdokkes polda manado Kristanto Sth apa masih disana kabarnya jadi pendeta,saat bertemu dulu juga dengan mantan Kadisdokkes Sulut Kombespol Dr Rosman SPD ,menurut Kabid Farmasipol Rizal Dr Rosman sudah pensiun pindah ke Bogor dan tahun 2011 telah meninggal dunia, dulu almarhum teman saya main tennis di Medan di kebun Bunga,sungguh satu persatu teman saya telahmendahului saya semoga almarhum diterisa disisi YMK. saya bertelu almarhum tahun 19997 saat ikut kesana saat kunjungan bersama KAPOLRI

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Ambon Maluku

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Rumkit Bhayangkara – Jayapura, Papua

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Lampung

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Rumkit Bhayangkara Ternate

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Poliklinik Bhayangkara Bogor

FORUM KOMUNIKASI PURNA DOKKES:DOKKES POLDA INFO

INFORMASI DARI BID DOKKES POLDA

Editor

Kombespol(P)Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA

 2012

Kabid Dokkes

Kabid Dokkes Polda Jatim , Kombes Pol Budiyono

Bantu Identifasi Korban Sukhoi, Polda Jatim Kirim Tim DVI

Kamis, 10 Mei 2012 16:50

 

Surabaya, Seruu.com – Untuk membantu proses pencarian dan identifikasi korban pesawat Sukhoi di Gunung Salak Bogor Jabar, Polda Jatim mengirimkan anggota Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) Biddokes ke Polda Jawa Barat. 

Kabid Dokkes Polda Jatim , Kombes Pol Budiyono melalui Kabidhumas Polda Jatim, Kombes Pol Hilman Thayib di Mapolda Jatim, Kamis(10/5/2012) mengungkapkan bahwa di Polda Jabar nanti, Dokkes Polda Jatim akan bergabung dengan tim DVI dari Polda lainnya yang sudah dikerahkan oleh Mabes Polri.

”Identifikasi korban kecelakaan pesawat terbang ini lebih mudah identifikasi dibandingkan kecelakaan laut. Kalau penumpang pesawat terbang ada data manives penumpang yang tercatat,” ujar mantan Kapolres Banjarmasin ini

Kombes Pol Hilman Thayib menjelaskan bukan satu kali ini saja Polda Jatim mengirimkan tim DVI ke wilayah lain untuk identifikasi  korban laka angkutan.  

Sama seperti proses identifikasi jenazah korban tenggelamnya kapal imigran gelap di Trenggalek, Polda Jatim mendapat bantuan dari Mabes Polri dan polda sekitar.

“Kemarin kita dapat bantuan kontainer pendingin dari Polda Jateng dan Mabes Polri,” jelasnya.

Sekedar diketahui, sebuah pesawat penumpang Sukhoi Superjet 100 dari Rusia dilaporkan kehilangan kontak dan jatuh di sekitar Gunung Salak, Jawa Barat dalam penerbangannya dari Bandara Halim Perdanakusuma menuju ke Pelabuhan Ratu.Dimana pesawat itu membawa 46 penumpang dan 8 di antaranya berkewarganegaraan Rusia.[Yud]

 
 
   KABID DOKKES POLDA PAPUA
KOMBES POL dr. RAMON AMIMAN

Polda Malut Silatutahmi Ke Kantor JR Ternate

Kabid Dokkes Polda Malut  AKBP  Dr Sanjalah

16 Januari 2012. Cab. Jawa Tengah
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Kepala Perwakilan JR Ternate, Masril Hulima, menerima kunjungan Kabid Dokkes Polda Malut  AKBP  Dr Sanjalah, beserta para dokter kesehatan Polda Malut Malut, Senin pagi (16’01’12). kunjungan silahturahmi oleh kabid Dokkes ke Jasa Raharja merupakan rangkaian untuk memperkenalkan diri sebagai pejabat baru dijajaran polda Malut sekaligus membahas kembali kerjasama dibidang kesehatan, penanganan korban kecelakaan dan membahas program-progran kerja  sama kedepan yang dituangkan dalam bentuk Mou.

Suasana pertemuan cukup  akrab, canda tawa, dan saling tukar pengalaman kerja  mengisi pertemuan yang berlangsung selama satu jam. sebagai balasan kujungan,  kaper Jr Ternate waktu dekat akan mengunjungi  Rumah Sakit  Polda Malut sekaligus melihat fasilitas –fasilitas penanganan korban kecelakaan yang ada. akhir petemuan Kaper Jr Ternate mengucapkan terima Kasih atas kunjungan kabid Dokkes Polda Malut Ke kantor Jasa Raharja Ternate, semoga kemitraan antara Polda Malut dan Jasa Raharja Ternate semakin solid di Tahun 2012. *(Humas JR Ternate/Joko Saputra)*.

Kabid Dokkes Polda Gorontalo, Berkunjung ke Jasa Raharja

9 April 2012. Cab. Jawa Tengah
  • Kabiddokkes Polda Gorontalo, AKBP dr. Sudaryono,

Dalam rangka meningkatkan pelayanan kepada masyarakat, khususnya korban kecelakaan lalu lintas jalan dan penumpang umum didarat, laut, dan udara, serta untuk meningkatkan kerjasama antara Jasa Raharja dan Biddokes Polda Gorontalo, pada hari Senin tanggal 9 April 2012, Kabiddokkes Polda Gorontalo, AKBP dr. Sudaryono, berkunjung ke Jasa Raharja Gorontalo dan diterima langsung oleh Kepala Perwakilan Gorontalo, Salim Cadullah, diruang kerjanya.

Dalam kunjungan tersebut, diawali dengan ucapan terima kasih kepada Kabiddokkes, dimana kunjungan ini adalah kunjungan yang pertama, dan tujuannya adalah untuk meningkatkan kerjasama diantara kedua mitra kerja. Dan dalam pembicaraannya Kabiddokkes menyampaikan bahwa dalam waktu dekat ini, Polda Gorontalo akan membangun Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara Polda Gorontalo, dan nantinya kerjasama dengan Jasa Raharja untuk menangani korban kecelakaan lalu lintas jalan akan ditingkatkan.

Kaper, menyambut baik dengan rencana Kabiddokkes Polda Gorontalo, untuk membangun Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara Polda Gorontalo, dimana dengan adanya Rumah Sakit tersebut, seluruh korban kecelakaan lalu lintas akan semakin mudah teratasi, disamping adanya Rumah Sakit yang lain.

Diakhir kunjungan, Kaper mengucapkan terima kasih atas atensinya, dan kiranya rencana untuk membangun Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara Polda Gorontalo, akan terwujud ..Amin.. *(Humas JR Sulut/Gorontalo/Salim.C)*

2011

Kabid Dokkes Kombes Pol Drg. R. Agus Sriyanto DFM menyerahkan kepada

Kombes Pol Dr Didi Agus Mintadi SPJP DFM.;  

. Kombes Pol Drg. R. Agus Sriyanto DFM akan menduduki jabatan sebagai Kabag Binopsnalmed Pusdokkes