Kisah Princess Korea Terakhir Deokhye

Princess Korea Terakhir

PRINCESS DEOKHYE

OF KOREA

HISTORY COLLECTIONS

CREATED BY

Dr Iwan suwandy

Copyright@2012

 

 

THE LAST  PRINCESS DEOKHYE OF KOREA

HISTORIC COLLECTIONS

 

.

CREATED BY

 Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Private Limited Edition In CD-ROM

Copyright@2012

THIS THE SAMPLE OF CD_ROM,THE COMPLETE INFO EXIST,BUT ONLY FOR PREMIUM MEMBER,PLEASE SUBSCRIBED VIA COMMENT

 

 

 

 

Deokhye, Princess of Korea

 

 

 

   

 

Princess Deokhye

 

Spouse

Count Sō Takeyuki

Issue

Countess Sō Masae

Father

Gojong of Korea

Mother

Lady Bongnyeong

Born

25 May 1912(1912-05-25)
Changdeok Palace, Seoul

Died

21 April 1989(1989-04-21) (aged 76)
Sugang Hall, Changdeok Palace, Republic of Korea

Burial

Hongryureung, Namyangju, Republic of Korea

 

Deokhye, Princess of Korea

Hangul

덕혜옹주

Hanja

德惠翁主

Revised Romanization

Deokhye Ongju

McCune–Reischauer

Tŏkhye Ongju

Princess Deokhye of Korea (25 May 1912 – 21 April 1989) was the last Princess of Korea.KISAH  PRINCESS TERAKHIR DEOKHYE DARI KOREA

DIBUAT OLEH
Dr Iwan Suwandy, MHA
Private Limited Edition Dalam CD-ROM
Copyright @ 2012
 

 

 

THIS THE SAMPLE OF CD_ROM,THE COMPLETE INFO EXIST,BUT ONLY FOR PREMIUM MEMBER,PLEASE SUBSCRIBED VIA COMMENT

 

Gojong dan Kekaisaran Korea
26 raja dari Dinasti Joseon, Raja Gojong,
pindah ke istana pada tahun 1897,
dimana dia memproklamirkan Kekaisaran Korea Agung dalam upaya untuk menyatakan kemerdekaan bangsa dari China, Jepang, dan Rusia. Namun, bukan benar-benar memperkuat militer negara itu, Kaisar Gojong (1852-1919) malah akan menghabiskan banyak waktu dan energinya merenovasi dan memperluas istana ini.
Dia tinggal di sini sampai turun tahta kepada putranya, Kaisar Sunjong, pada tahun 1907, saat istana ini berganti nama Doeksugung. Ketika pendudukan Jepang dimulai pada tahun 1910, Kaisar Gojong dikenakan tahanan rumah di Doeksugung, di mana ia akhirnya meninggal pada tahun 1919.
Kaisar Gwangmu
Kita kembali empat generasi karena kematian keluarga kerajaan Korea bisa dibilang dimulai pada tahun 1907. Sementara Korea secara resmi menghilang pada tahun 1910, dalam kepraktisan Korea hilang adalah kedaulatan pada tahun 1905, ketika Jepang-Korea Perjanjian tahun 1905 disepakati. Di bawah perjanjian itu, Korea menjadi Jepang “protektorat”, dan kehilangan kemampuan untuk melakukan urusannya sendiri asing. Seorang gubernur dari Jepang dikirim ke Korea untuk melakukan urusan luar negeri Korea gantinya. Tak perlu dikatakan bahwa perjanjian itu tidak masuk ke dalam dengan cara yang adil – puluhan tentara Jepang yang bersenjata menatap kaisar dan para pejabat ketika perjanjian itu ditandatangani.

 

 

Emperor Gwangmu

(Source)

Kaisar Gwangmu
(Sumber)
Kaisar Gwangmu (juga dikenal sebagai Gojong) Korea dengan jelas bisa melihat di mana pembicaraan ini. Meskipun Perjanjian 1905 dilucuti kemampuannya untuk melakukan urusan luar negeri, kaisar mengirim utusan rahasia untuk 17 negara besar, termasuk Inggris, Perancis dan Jerman, untuk memprotes penandatanganan paksa Perjanjian 1905. Puncak dari usaha ini adalah pada tahun 1907, ketika tiga utusan Korea dikirim ke Konvensi Perdamaian Internasional Kedua di Den Haag. Meskipun Jepang membekukan keluar utusan dari menghadiri konvensi tersebut, Yi Wi-Jong, salah satu dari tiga utusan, berhasil memberikan pidato memohon bantuan dalam konferensi terpisah. (
Susah Pidato karena telinga tuli.)

 

 

 

Tiga rahasia utusan ke Den Haag:
Yi Sang-Seol, Yi Joon, Yi Wi-Jong
(Sumber)
Meskipun upaya kaisar tidak menciptakan hasil, Imperial Jepang tidak menyukai aktivitas ekstrakurikuler Kaisar Gwangmu, dan menuntut agar ia melepaskan tahtanya. Kaisar setuju, memberikan cara untuk putranya, Kaisar Yunghui (juga dikenal sebagai Soonjong) – yang akan menjadi kaisar terakhir dari Kekaisaran Korea. Mantan Kaisar Gwangmu meninggal pada 1919. Meskipun hal ini tidak tertentu, ada begitu banyak bukti bahwa ia diracun.
.

Generasi Kedua: Kaisar Yunghui, Raja Euichin, Raja Yeongchin, Putri Deokhye
Kaisar Gwangmu memiliki 13 anak, tetapi hanya empat hidup hingga dewasa – tiga putra dan seorang putri. Dan mereka yang selamat dalam arti sebenarnya. Bahkan sebagai kekaisaran berada dalam kemunduran terjal, intrik istana tidak berhenti. Putra Kaisar Gwangmu tertua, lahir dari istri ketiganya, dikabarkan telah diracuni oleh Ratu Ibu Suri, istri utama kaisar. Putra kedua, lahir dari Ratu Ibu Suri, mati muda.

Sang ayah Kaisar mungkin telah meracuni dia. Putra mahkota – anak ketiga yang akan menjadi Kaisar Yunghui-juga diracun di masa mudanya, tapi hampir tidak selamat. Ada rumor bahwa karena efek tersisa dari keracunan, putra mahkota tidak memiliki kapasitas mental penuh.

 

 

Keluarga kerajaan terakhir.

 Dari kiri: Raja Euichin, Kaisar Yunghui,
Raja Yeongchin, Kaisar Gwangmu, dengan Putri Deokhye di depan
(Sumber)
Pada tahun 1910, Kaisar Yunghui ditandatangani di atas kerajaannya ke Imperial Jepang, mengakhiri dinasti 600 tahun dipimpin oleh keluarganya. Kaisar Yunghui diturunkan untuk seorang raja, bawahan kepada kaisar Jepang. Keluarga kerajaan Korea secara keseluruhan menjadi bangsawan Jepang. Kebijakan Kekaisaran Jepang terhadap keluarga kerajaan Korea jelas: keluarga kerajaan akan bisa jadi telah berasimilasi atau dibunuh. Yang pertama pergi adalah Gwangmu Kaisar, seperti dijelaskan di atas. Kaisar Yunghui tidak berlangsung lebih lama lagi – dia meninggal pada tahun 1926, pada usia 53.
Mungkin tokoh paling menarik dalam drama ini adalah Yi Gang (juga dikenal sebagai Raja Euichin,) kedua yang masih hidup anak Gwangmu. Yi Gang belajar di Roanoke College di Virginia dan seorang perwira militer kekaisaran Korea ketika kakaknya ditandatangani di atas kekaisaran. Yi Gang diam-diam membantu gerakan kemerdekaan Korea, menandatangani petisi dan mengirim dana untuk mendukung pejuang kemerdekaan Korea dan sekolah. Dia berusaha melarikan diri Korea dan bergabung dengan pemerintahan sementara di Shanghai, tapi ditangkap dalam proses dan kehilangan status bangsawan itu. Sejak itu, ia menghindari pengawasan Imperial Jepang dengan terlibat dalam melacur berlimpah boozing dan sambil terus mendukung gerakan kemerdekaan. Selama gerakan kemerdekaan, ia menyatakan bahwa ia akan melepaskan statusnya kerajaan dan tunduk pada aturan pemerintah demokratis. Dia memimpin hidup tenang setelah kemerdekaan, dan meninggal pada tahun 1955 pada usia 79.
Kaisar Yunghui meninggal tanpa anak, dan Raja Euichin tidak disukai oleh orang Jepang karena keterlibatannya dalam gerakan kemerdekaan Korea. Oleh karena itu, putra bungsu Gwangmu yang masih hidup, Raja Yeongchin, berhasil takhta. Yi Eun, juga dikenal sebagai Raja Yeongchin, lahir pada tahun 1897. Pada usia sepuluh, ia dibawa ke Jepang untuk “belajar” di bawah perlindungan Gubernur Jepang Korea – dasarnya ditahan sebagai sandera. Sebagai bangsawan Jepang kontemporer lakukan, Eun Yi terpaksa menghadiri akademi militer. Ia menjadi pejabat militer Jepang, dan dipaksa untuk Masako Nashimotonomiya menikah, seorang anggota keluarga kerajaan Jepang. Ia menjadi raja Korea setelah ayahnya meninggal pada tahun 1926, tetapi hanya mengunjungi Korea sebentar untuk menerima mahkota. Ia menjadi seorang jenderal dari tentara Jepang pada tahun 1938. Dia akan melihat akhir Perang Dunia II di Jepang.

.

 

 

Young Yi Eun with his Japanese “patron,”

Governor-General Ito Hirobumi

 

 

 

Setelah perang, Yi Eun kehilangan status bangsawan,

 yang mendorong keluarganya ke dalam kemiskinan yang parah. Dia akan mengikis oleh dengan bantuan keuangan dari kaum royalis yang tersisa sangat sedikit Korea. Istrinya juga harus bekerja, meskipun status keluarga kerajaan itu. Ia berusaha untuk kembali ke Korea, tapi ditolak – bahwa ia bertugas di militer Jepang dan menikah dengan keluarga kerajaan Jepang tidak bermain dengan baik dengan pemerintah Korea yang baru didirikan. Dia menderita stroke pada tahun 1961 di Hawaii saat mengunjungi putranya, ia diizinkan untuk kembali ke Korea pada tahun 1963, dan tinggal di Istana Changdeok dengan bibinya. Dia meninggal pada tahun 1970.
 
Ini adalah ironi yang kejam dari sejarah bahwa satu-satunya orang yang keluar dari drama ini dengan sedikit pun martabat adalah istri Eun Yi, Masako. Setelah kembali ke Korea pada tahun 1963, ia mengganti namanya menjadi nama Korea-gaya Yi Bang-Ja dan terfokus energinya pada kegiatan amal, mendirikan sekolah untuk anak cacat meskipun hidup dari pensiun pemerintah sedikit. Ia menerima medali banyak dan penghargaan untuk pekerjaan relawan. Dia meninggal pada tahun 1989.

Putri Deokhye,

putri Gwangmu bungsu yang lahir pada tahun 1912,

 mungkin adalah tokoh yang paling tragis.

Dia dipaksa pindah ke Jepang ,pakaian yang dikenakan saat dibawa ke Jepang masih ada dimueum Jepang lihat illustrasi.

 

 

dan menghadiri universitas, di mana dia mengembangkan skizofrenia. Pada tahun 1931, ia menikah dengan seorang bangsawan Jepang di perjodohan, dan memiliki seorang putri.

 Dia selamat perang, namun kalah putri satu-satunya dalam proses. Dia ditinggalkan oleh suaminya pada tahun 1953 sebagai skizofrenia memburuk. Untuk sembilan tahun ke depan, dia akan pergi dari rumah sakit jiwa ke rumah sakit jiwa di Jepang.

Pemerintah Korea mendengar tentang dirinya pada tahun 1962. dan Presiden Park Chung-Hee lulus hukum untuk menyediakan pensiun bagi mantan keluarga kerajaan di respon. Putri Deokhye kembali ke Korea, dan tinggal di Istana Changdeok sampai 1989 ketika dia meninggal.
Ketiga dan Keempat Generasi: Gu Yi dan 21 Raja Euichin Anak-anak
Yi Eun dan Masako memiliki dua putra, tetapi anak yang lebih tua meninggal kurang dari satu tahun. Pejabat putra mahkota terakhir dari keluarga kerajaan Korea Yi Gu, lahir pada tahun 1931. Dia telah menghabiskan seluruh hidupnya di Jepang, dan dia bekerja sebagai juru tulis untuk sebuah perusahaan di Tokyo setelah Perang Dunia II. Pada tahun 1953, ia pindah ke luar negeri untuk belajar di MIT, dan bertemu dengan calon istrinya – seorang wanita kulit putih Amerika bernama Julia Murlock. Gu Yi menikah Murlock pada tahun 1959 di New York, dan dia bekerja untuk perusahaan arsitektur IM Pei.
Dia juga diizinkan kembali ke Korea pada tahun 1963, dan kuliah arsitektur di universitas. Tapi ia tidak bisa menyesuaikan diri dengan kehidupan di Korea. Meskipun Korea tidak lagi monarki, Yi Jeonju (Lee) masyarakat keturunan mengambil (dan masih membutuhkan) garis keluarga kerajaan yang sangat, sangat serius. Gu Yi menerima tekanan sebagai putra mahkota dalam keluarganya, dan bahwa ia menikah dengan seorang wanita kulit putih yang tidak bisa hamil hanya mengintensifkan tekanan. Gu Yi dipisahkan dari Murlock pada tahun 1977, dan kembali ke Jepang pada 1979. Ia akan mengunjungi Korea dari waktu ke waktu, tetapi menolak untuk menetap di Korea. Dia meninggal sendirian pada tahun 2005 di sebuah hotel di Tokyo, ternyata Yi Gu disukai hotel karena diabaikan tempat kelahiran lamanya. Dia dikuburkan dalam pakaian kerajaan; pemakamannya dihadiri oleh perdana menteri Korea (setara dengan wakil presiden Amerika) dan 1.000 orang.

 

 

Yi Gu’s funeral

(Source)

Pemakaman Yi Gu

Pemakaman Yi Gu Ini berarti bahwa keluarga kerajaan hanya hidup di Korea adalah keturunan Raja Euichin, pangeran pemberontak. Hebatnya, ia memiliki 12 putra dan 9 putri dari 13 perempuan berbeda – sejauh yang kami tahu. Nasib tidak baik kepada mereka juga. Sebagai contoh, Yi Geon, putra tertua Raja Euichin, menjadi warga negara naturalisasi Jepang pada tahun 1947 dan memutuskan hubungan dengan Korea sepenuhnya. Kabarnya, sebelum ia naturalisasi, ia membawa semua nya (langkah-) saudara-saudara bersama-sama dan meminta mereka semua untuk melupakan fakta bahwa mereka milik keluarga kerajaan. Dia meninggal pada tahun 1991. Wu Yi, anak kedua, meninggal di Hiroshima sebagai petugas militer Jepang ketika kota dilanda bom nuklir. Sisanya tersebar ke Korea dan Amerika, dan menjalani kehidupan biasa-biasa saja lebih atau kurang. Dari 21 anak Raja Euichin, sepuluh (empat putra, enam putri) masih hidup. Mereka tinggal di Korea, New York, Los Angeles dan San Jose. Setelah Gu Yi meninggal, Jeonju Yi garis keturunan masyarakat yang didirikan putra putra kesembilan Raja Euichin untuk menjadi putra mahkota – seorang pria bernama Yi Sang-Hyup, 50 tahun.
***
 
Apa Korea kontemporer berpikir tentang keluarga kerajaan? Kematian Yi Gu pada tahun 2005 menjabat sebagai pengingat bagi orang Korea bahwa Korea sebenarnya memiliki keluarga kerajaan. Ini bertindak sebagai katalis untuk iseng keluarga kerajaan di Korea. Dalam survei yang dilakukan pada tahun 2006, 54,4% yang mengabulkan gugatan “memulihkan keluarga kerajaan,” meskipun tidak ada orang di Korea yang tahu pasti apa artinya. Dalam survei yang dilakukan pada tahun 2010, jumlahnya menurun tajam menjadi 40,4% mendukung, tetapi masih melampaui 23,4% terhadap. Tapi akan lebih bijaksana untuk tidak menempatkan saham terlalu banyak angka-angka, karena pemulihan keluarga kerajaan adalah mimpi pipa seperti yang sekarang. Angka-angka kemungkinan akan berubah secara dramatis ketika orang mulai berpikir tentang rincian beton – misalnya, akan keluarga kerajaan memiliki jenis kekuasaan politik? Apakah mereka akan mengambil kembali sebagian dari harta mereka sebelumnya luas seluruh bangsa?
________________________________________

SEJARAH
Joseon Modernisasi
 Korea Pertama Eclectic
§ Lampu
Lampu listrik pertama Korea itu menyala di Geoncheonggung itu, Gyeongbokgung Palace pada tahun 1887 [18].

 

Korea’s first electric lamp by Edison Electric Light Company (Mar., 1887)

  • Newspapers
 

A newspaper advertisement for Rohan Bank (Mar., 15th, 1898. The Independent)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Joseon people

     
Prince Yi Woo (1912-1945) Princess Deokhye
     
     
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

Life of Joseon’s Last Princess Revisite

 

 

Top of Form

Tahun ini menandai peringatan 100 tahun

 aneksasi Jepang terhadap Korea.

 Korban tak bersalah yang tak terhitung jumlahnya dan pejuang heroik yang menderita kekejaman kolonial Jepang diingat pada kesempatan ini, dan begitu juga keluarga naas kerajaan Kerajaan Joseon (1392-1910).

Raja Yeongchin (Putra Mahkota Uimin),

anak ketujuh dari Raja Gojong, dibawa ke Jepang dengan dalih belajar di usia 11 tahun, dan menikah secara wajib Putri Masako Nashimotonomiya. Dia hanya bisa kembali ke Korea lama setelah pembebasan dan hanya ketika dia berada di tahun-tahun terakhirnya.

Putri Deokhye (1912-1989),

 sang putri terakhir dari Kerajaan Joseon, juga salah satu ahli waris kerajaan yang menentukan tapi lupa dalam memori rakyat.
Kisah hidup yang tragis dan tak terhitung nya datang ke dalam sorotan dalam novel baru “Putri Deokhye” yang ditulis oleh Kwon Bi-muda.
Penulis naik terinspirasi untuk menulis tentang nasib sedih setelah ia mengunjungi Pulau Tsushima di mana sang putri lalu menikah Hitungan Jadi Takeyuki, pewaris klan Jadi yang nenek moyangnya telah memerintah pulau untuk waktu yang lama.
Cerita dimulai dengan adegan di mana Bok-sun, pengadilan wanita sang putri, dibantu oleh beberapa aktivis independen Korea, membantu pelarian Deokhye dari rumah sakit jiwa Jepang ke Korea.
Deokhye lahir pada tahun 1912 di Istana Changdeok di Seoul sebagai putri bungsu dari Raja Gojong dan selir. Dia sangat dicintai oleh ayahnya yang berusia 60 tahunan ketika dia lahir.
Ia mendirikan TK Deoksu Palace untuknya di Jeukjodang, Hamnyeong Aula untuk melindunginya dari yang dikirim ke Jepang seperti saudara-saudaranya.
Untuk menyelamatkannya dari skema Jepang untuk memutuskan garis pewaris kerajaan, Raja Gojong memiliki putrinya diam-diam bertunangan dengan Kim Jang-han, keponakan Kim Hwang-jin, seorang bendahara pengadilan.
Tetapi raja tiba-tiba dan tak berdaya curiga meninggal dan dia dibawa ke Jepang dengan alasan untuk melanjutkan studinya.
Di Jepang, putri muda mengalami pengucilan dari kaum bangsawan Jepang dan Count bahkan tanpa sadar menikah Jadi Takeyuki yang sama sekali tidak kuat atau berpengaruh.
Pernikahan ini menunjukkan bahwa royalti Korea jatuh ke tingkat yang sama dengan aristokrasi lokal Jepang dan Japanization dari royalti mantan bawah pengawasan yang ketat, sebagai pemerintah kolonial takut bahwa keluarga kerajaan Joseon bisa menjadi fokus bagi gerakan independen.
Takeyuki bagus dan lembut padanya tapi ia tidak membuka hatinya sebagai kesehatan mentalnya terluka parah oleh kesunyian, dan kerinduan untuk tanah airnya.
Takeyuki adalah seorang penulis dari banyak puisi yang didedikasikan untuk istri dan putrinya Korea dan seorang guru berbakat dan populer.
Meskipun ia sudah berusaha untuk membuat pernikahan yang baik, dia akhirnya mengembangkan penyakit mental dan didiagnosa Tapi “dewasa sebelum waktunya demensia.” Di tengah ini, ia melahirkan seorang putri yang bernama Masae, atau Jeonghye di Korea, pada tahun 1932.
Deokhye bermimpi membawa putrinya kembali ke Korea dan meningkatkan sebagai Korea dia tidak Jepang. Tapi seperti anak itu dewasa, dia menderita krisis identitas – menjadi setengah marah setengah Korea dan Jepang dan memendam terhadap ibunya.
Pada tahun 1945, akhirnya pembebasan datang dan ambisi kekaisaran Jepang hancur. Tapi penderitaan Jeonghye dan trauma mencengkeram Deokhye yang obsesi dengan putrinya semakin kuat.
Suaminya mengirimnya ke sebuah “rumah sakit jiwa” dan putrinya hilang setelah meninggalkan catatan mengisyaratkan ia bunuh diri. Setelah pernikahan yang tidak bahagia, kesedihan meledak dengan kematian putri satu-satunya. Kemudian, kondisinya memburuk, dan akhirnya dia bercerai dengan suaminya pada tahun 1953.
Sementara terjebak di rumah sakit selama 15 tahun, Deokhye menjadi tidak ada, wanita sengsara lupa peduli atau diakui. Tapi anak tunangannya, Jang-han, pergi untuk menyelamatkannya dengan bantuan wanita-wanita menunggu di-, Bok-matahari.
Akhirnya, 37 tahun setelah meninggalkan Korea, ia kembali ke rumah atas undangan pemerintah Korea pada tahun 1962. Dia menangis ketika dia tiba di tanah air nya, dan meskipun kondisi tidak stabil mentalnya, ia secara akurat ingat sopan santun pengadilan.
Sang putri tinggal di Nakseon Hall, Changdeok Palace dan meninggal di Sugang Balai pada tanggal 21 April 1989, juga di istana.
cerita tentang Deokhye begitu aku mengenalnya. Aku tidak bisa berhenti berpikir tentang putri yang lahir dari klan kerajaan tapi tidak bisa hidup mulia dan dilupakan dalam sejarah, “kata penulis dalam bukunya.
Kwon mengatakan bahwa hanya ada satu buku tentang sang putri yang diterjemahkan dari Jepang ke Korea.
“Pembaca dapat menemukan sang putri yang berusaha keras untuk tidak kehilangan identitas kerajaan dan bangsanya dan mengalami semua penindasan dan penghinaan tapi tidak kehilangan martabat sebagai putri terakhir dari Joseon. Kata-kata terakhir Deokhye itu, ‘saya tidak terjawab saya ibu pertiwi bahkan saat saya berada di negara saya, “mengatakan segalanya,” kata penulis.
“Dia terlalu cerdas dan memendam kerinduan terlarang baginya ibu pertiwi sebagai putri negeri. Sekarang dia adalah seorang wanita lupa dan bahkan bangsanya telah mengabaikan sementara dia menderita di kamar rumah sakit dingin. Siapa yang ingat namanya? “Kata dia.
Penulis menambahkan elemen dramatis untuk beberapa karakter di sekitar sang putri sambil menjaga keseimbangan antara fiksi dan fakta sejarah.
Novel ini tampaknya lebih memilukan karena dia benar-benar hidup seperti kerinduan hidup sengsara untuk negaranya.
Buku ini menduduki puncak daftar terlaris selama empat minggu berturut-turut di toko buku besar, mendorong “1Q84” oleh Haruki Murakami, yang telah berada di atas daftar selama 19 minggu berturut-turut, ke tempat ketiga.
Panjang terlarang untuk umum, permata Changdeokgung Palace baru dibuka menyoroti ke akhir dynastyPhotographs oleh Ryu Seunghoo
Changdeokgung, yang dibangun tahun 1405 sebagai istana sekunder di sebelah timur Gyeongbokgung (Palace), ini terkenal karena arsitektur yang menarik tdk simetris dan Secret Garden, salah satu pengaturan yang paling mempesona di Seoul. Untuk menambah daya tarik, pintu Nakseonjae, suatu senyawa dalam istana kerajaan, dibuka untuk umum untuk pertama kalinya lebih dari sebulan lalu.
Nakseonjae (Mansion of Joy dan Kebaikan) pertama kali dibangun pada tahun 1847 atas perintah Raja Heonjong, raja ke-24 dari Dinasti Joseon (1392-1910) selama empat belas tahun Kim gundik Gyeongbin. Pada saat itu, Raja Heonjong, yang meninggal di dua puluh dua tahun 1849, menikah dengan istri keduanya, Ratu Hon. Rupanya dia tidak tergila-gila dengan dia, karena Nakseonjae dibangun untuk
Selir Kim

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Bangunan-bangunan elegan gamblang tentang Nakseonjae, Seokbokheon dan Sugangjae disusun dari barat ke timur, dan tempat hamba panjang ‘bertindak sebagai dinding, kolektif membentuk daerah Nakseonjae. Gema Diam dan peninggalan sejarah adalah link hanya tersisa antara Korea progresif modern dan Dinasti Joseon mengesankan. Legenda-sarat, mereka memperkenalkan pengunjung untuk kepribadian kerajaan terkemuka yang hidupnya dipenuhi dengan cinta, tragedi dan nostalgia.
Seokbokhyeon dibangun sebagai tempat tinggal untuk Kim Gyeongbin dengan harapan bahwa ia akan menanggung keturunan untuk Raja Heonjong. “Seokbok” menyampaikan bahwa jika ratu memerintah rumahnya tegak, langit akan melimpahkan dia dengan putra mahkota diisi dengan bakti. Tempat tinggal ini karena itu terletak antara Raja Heonjong itu kamar tidur, Nakseonjae, dan kamar tidur neneknya, Sugangjae, agar Kim dapat menunggu pada raja dengan ibunya pada jarak dekat sehingga untuk memenuhi tugasnya dengan baik.
Pagar kayu Seokbokhyeon yang menampilkan ukiran labu melambangkan kemakmuran keturunan itu. Ironisnya, satu-satunya anak Raja Heonjong miliki adalah dengan selir lain, Kim Suk-ui. Anak perempuan ini meninggal di awal tahun.

 
 
 

Nanakseonjae

terus digunakan oleh ratu kemudian dari Dinasti Joseon. Ratu Yun, istri Sunjong, raja terakhir dari Dinasti Joseon, tinggal di Seokbokhyeon sampai kematiannya pada 1966. Edward B. Adams menggambarkan Ratu Yun sebagai “intelektual dan siap” di Istana Seoul: Istana Dinasti Yi di Ibukota Korea. Sebagai ratu masa depan, ia mengambil hanya dua puluh hari untuk belajar tentang protokol pengadilan dan seni feminin tentang bagaimana merayu raja. Cerita tentang penderitaan heroik ia melahirkan selama Perang Korea dan pertempuran kesepian yang dihadapinya dengan 1947 pemerintah Korea untuk menjaga Nakseonjae ketika monarki dihapuskan menggambarkan jiwanya berani dan berani.
Tidak seperti Nakseonjae dan Seokbokhyeon, Sugangjae dihiasi dalam berbagai warna. “Sugang” berarti berunding kebahagiaan dari umur panjang dan kesejahteraan pada rakyat. Tulisan perayaan untuk menyelesaikan kerangka Sugangjae penuh dengan keinginan baik untuk Ratu Sunwon, nenek Raja Heonjeong, yang diberikan urusan negara dari belakang tirai. Pintu gerbang belakang tempat tinggal ini memiliki desain yang mencolok yang menggambarkan anggur ini kerinduan untuk prosperousness.
Putri Deokhye,
 putri bungsu Raja Gojang, raja 26 dari Dinasti Joseon, juga tinggal di Sugangjae.
 Dia dibawa pergi ke Jepang pada tahun 1925 pada usia dua belas, dan dipaksa untuk menikah dengan seorang bangsawan Jepang pada tahun 1928.
Pada tahun 1962
Putri Deokhye diberi izin untuk kembali ke Korea. Setelah menderita depresi, ia menemukan kedamaian di Nakseonjae, di mana ia menghabiskan tahun-tahun yang tersisa sampai 1989.
Dalam otobiografinya, “adalah Dunia Satu,” berhubungan Putri Lee Bang-ja (Masako) bagaimana, sebagai seorang putri Jepang, ia terbangun suatu pagi untuk membaca di koran bahwa dia menikah dengan putra mahkota terakhir dari Korea, Pangeran Lee Eun, yang lebih muda saudara tiri Raja Sunjong. Keinginan Pangeran Lee terbesar adalah untuk kembali ke tanah airnya dan pada tahun 1963 ia menetap di di Nakseonjae dengan keluarganya.
Tragisnya, kembali Pangeran Lee ke Korea terlambat. Dia adalah seorang yang tidak valid dan menghabiskan tujuh tahun berikutnya di rumah sakit. Beberapa jam sebelum kematiannya pada tanggal 1 Mei 1970 Putra Mahkota dibawa ke Nakseonjae. Pada usia delapan puluh dua, Putri Bang-ja masih mempromosikan pendidikan kejuruan di antara cacat fisik negaranya diadopsi. Dia meninggal pada 1989 di Nakseonjae, bangunan terakhir yang digunakan dalam Chandeokgung.
Di taman ke bagian belakang Nakseonjae, paviliun Chwiunjeong dan Sangnyangjeong, dan Hanjeongdang lampiran disusun selaras dengan topografi. Flowerbeds bertingkat menstabilkan lingkungan dan ruang antara teras dan gedung-gedung penuh dengan pot batu, batu berbentuk aneh dan cerobong asap. Banyak buku ditemukan pada tahun 1969 di perempat utara Nakseonjae, di belakang Sangnyangjeong. Tempat ini mungkin di mana penduduk diizinkan untuk membaca buku dan lukisan menarik, yang disimpan di sini.
Menurut Kim Jin-suk, panduan dan penerjemah bahasa Inggris, “membangkitkan Nakseonjae perasaan unik yang tidak dapat dibandingkan dengan sisa Changdeokgung.” Para kepolosan dan kerenikan dari kamar kayu dan kertas dan pola banyak di ubin dinding dan bingkai pintu berbicara tentang era ketika kebaikan adalah kode moral. “Saya menyukai sejarah kerajaan,” tambah Kim. “Ini sangat menarik, namun sedih pada saat yang sama.”
Drama di balik dinding Nakseonjae belum akan berhenti. Kita sekarang bisa bernapas dan menghidupkan kembali lagi

 

 
     
 
         

 

 

 

 

 

Korea under Japanese rule (1910-1945)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


   

Seoul 1938 (in Color), and Korea 1899

 

     
     
   

Pictures by Elizabeth Keith (1887-1956)

! Gambar oleh Elizabeth Keith (1887-1956)
! Karya-karya oleh Elizabeth Keith berada di bawah domain publik di Republik Korea (Korea Selatan) karena masa tugasnya hak cipta telah berakhir di sana.
Dikutip dari wikipedia:
Menurut Artikel 39-44 dari Undang-Undang Hak Cipta Republik Korea, di bawah yurisdiksi Pemerintah Republik Korea semua karya cipta memasuki domain publik 50 tahun setelah kematian sang pencipta (karena beberapa pencipta, pencipta yang meninggal terakhir) atau 50 tahun setelah publikasi ketika dipublikasikan atas nama organisasi.

Kehidupan akhir Joseon Putri Deokhye mengungkapkan
 
Dia lahir kerajaan,
korban sejarah dan meninggal dalam kesunyian – kehilangan negaranya dan kisah hidup sanity.The dari Deokhye (1912 – 1989)
, Sang putri terakhir Dinasti Joseon, adalah tragedi yang mencerminkan nasib celaka monarki terakhir Korea. Lebih dari 20 tahun setelah kematiannya, hidupnya, sekali ditulis dalam sejarah, adalah membuat cerdas dalam berbagai bentuk ,

National Research Institute Warisan Budaya menerbitkan sebuah buku mencatat sekitar 50 potong pakaian dan barang-barang pribadi yang dikenakan oleh Putri, bersama dengan 150 kostum Korea lainnya dari 19-an sampai pertengahan abad 20. Potongan-potongan yang saat ini dimiliki oleh Bunka Gakuen Costume Museum di Tokyo, potongan Japan. dan artefak termasuk pakaian bayi hanbok kerajaan, berdiri berpakaian, banyak pasangan sendok perak, kantong keberuntungan berlapis emas dan sepasang shoes.It hak tinggi adalah Kim Young-sook, seorang sarjana kostum tradisional, yang pertama kali mengidentifikasi bahwa potongan dulu milik Deokhye ketika ia mengunjungi museum Jepang pada tahun 1982 sebagai bagian dari penelitian pribadinya. “Saya mengenali potongan antara tumpukan kostum dikumpulkan lain dari seluruh dunia; staf museum tidak tahu di mana potongan-potongan berasal dari,”

kata Kim The Korea Herald. “Itu luar biasa menarik dan menyentuh untuk melihat pakaian bayi kerajaan bahwa Putri mengenakan sebagai seorang anak. Aku langsung tahu mereka adalah miliknya – mereka bahkan dicocokkan dengan foto dia, “83 tahun sarjana said.Though Kim mempresentasikan temuan-nya di sebuah forum akademik pada tahun 1980 – sementara menginformasikan museum Jepang sama – tidak banyak diperhatikan. Setelah menjaga penelitiannya bersifat pribadi selama lebih dari 25 tahun, Kim akhirnya bertanya Administrasi Warisan Budaya Korea untuk dukungan beberapa tahun yang lalu, secara resmi melaporkan kepada mereka tentang sang putri dan item nya di Bunka Gakuen. Laporan pakaian Deokhye dan barang-barang adalah hasil kolaborasi dua tahun bersama antara Kim dan pemerintah.

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 I

 

okDeokhye muda,

Putri terakhir Dinasti Joseon,

berpose dengan pakaian Kimono.

Dia terpaksa meninggalkan Joseon untuk Jepang pada usia 12.tahun

kehidupan Najin dan perluasan penindasan dari Korea
pada saat yang sama. Kekristenan berkembang populer di Korea, jadi Najin bisa pergi ke salah satu sekolah misi dan menerima pendidikan yang langka di zamannya. Dia menghindari pernikahan dini, di mana ayahnya telah memutuskan tanpa izin, dengan mencari tempat di istana kerajaan
sebagai pendamping untuk Putri Deokhye
dan dengan terus pendidikan di waktu yang sama. Sang putri memiliki kepribadian melankolis dan Najin cerah hidupnya dimanja dan terlindung. Saudara Deokhye itu, Putra Mahkota Eun Yi (Euimin) telah dikirim ke Jepang ketika dia hanya 10 tahun, diduga untuk studinya.
Menurut Donald Keene di Kaisar Jepang: Meiji dan World Nya 1952-1912,
“Meskipun dia tidak pernah begitu dijelaskan, sang pangeran menjabat sebagai sandera [untuk Jepang], sebagai Kaisar Korea direalisasikan.”
Putri Deokhye juga dikirim ke Jepang melawan keinginannya untuk menikah dengan Jepang, setelah Korea kaisar meninggal secara misterius.
 
 
Sebuah puncak upacara (dangui) dikenakan oleh Putri Deokhye sebagai anak dan baru ditemukan di Bunka Gakuen Costume Museum di Jepang / Courtesy of National Research Institute Warisan Budaya
Setelah sang putri meninggalkan istana, Najin kembali ke rumah.
Pada titik ini penindasan terhadap warga Korea yang meningkat ketika penjara dan pajak meningkat dan koran Korea dihentikan. Semua warga negara Korea harus berbicara bahasa Jepang.
Pada tahun 1943,
pemerintah militer Jepang mengirim ratusan ribu warga Korea ke Jepang sebagai calon tentara atau sebagai buruh di pertambangan dan perusahaan, ditambah ribuan wanita muda dibawa ke tumbuh ke depan perang di Asia untuk mengikuti pasukan Sebagai sejarawan sebagai “wanita penghibur.” Andrew C Nahm berhubungan, “berubah Korea banyak selama periode ini, tetapi nasionalisme Korea tidak berkurang dan keinginan untuk bebas dari penjajahan Jepang tetap bertahan.”
Dasan Buku
“Saya menghargai bantuan mereka sangat banyak,” kata Kim. “Itu tidak akan mungkin terjadi dengan anggaran yang terbatas dan sumber daya. Pekerjaan telah sangat berarti. “Park Dae-nam,
peneliti senior dari National Research Institute Warisan Budaya, mengatakan barang-barang milik Putri diyakini telah disumbangkan oleh saudara tiri nya, Imperial Putra Mahkota Uimin, dan istrinya Putri Mahkota Yi Bangja. “Diharapkan pasangan kerajaan menderita secara finansial,” kata Park The Korea Herald. “Mereka bahkan menyumbangkan buah kerajaan sendiri mereka pakaian ke
Museum Nasiona Tokyo

 

 

Princess Deokhye’s infant hanbok jeogori (bottom) and dressing stand are currently owned by Bunka Gakuen Costume Museum in Japan.

 

Pakainan Bayi  Putri Deokhye hanbok jeogori (bawah) dan barang yang berdiri saat ini dimiliki oleh Bunka Gakuen Costume Museum di Jepang

.
Selain dari laporan yang diterbitkan,
Kim Young-sook telah mempersiapkan sebuah buku non-fiksi sendiri,
dikumpulkan dari  semua  penelitian pribadinya secara luas tentang Princess Deokhye.

Buku ini akan mencakup puisi dan lagu yang Putri tulis saat dia bersekolah di Tokyo, yang Kim diperoleh selama melakukan penelitian yang panjang di Jepang. “Putri Deokhye sangat hebat dalam bidang menulis – dia adalah seorang mahasiswa yang sangat cerdas,” kata Kim The Korea Herald. “Sebagian besar potongan nya sekitar negara asalnya dan istana kerajaan, dan betapa ia merindukan mereka,” added.Last dia tahun, “Putri Deokhye,”

 

 

 

Bagian dalam Seokjojeon dapat dilihat di atas kiri, dengan Putra Mahkota Yeongchin, Sunjong, Gojong, Eombi (salah satu istri Gojong) dan Putri Deokhye, duduk dari kiri ke kanan. Diperoleh dari perpustakaan  Universitas Myongji

 
 

 

 

bagian pertama dari fiksi yang pernah ditulis pada mendiang Putri, diterbitkan pada 14 Desember.
Novel historis telah melakukan dengan sangat baik, menjual lebih dari 500.000 kopi dalam delapan bulan terakhir. Itu adalah peringkat sebagai buku terlaris teratas di setiap toko buku kembali diakui pada bulan Januari.

“Bagian penelitian sangat sulit karena ada hampir nol sumber daya yang tersedia,” kata Kwon Bi-muda, penulis buku, The Korea Herald. “Saya senang bahwa informasi lebih lanjut tentang Putri sedang dirilis. Pada saat yang sama, meskipun, saya masih sedih dengan kehidupan yang Deokhye harus hidup “Putri Deokhye lahir pada tahun 1912.,
dua tahun setelah Joseon dianeksasi oleh Jepang. Dipuja dan sangat menyayanginya oleh ayahnya, Kaisar Gojong, putri bungsu dari keluarga kerajaan menghadiri TK di Deoksu Palace, didirikan khusus untuk dia. Pada usia 12, namun hanya enam tahun setelah kematian Gojong itu, Deokhye dibawa ke Jepang dan bersekolah di Tokyo. Di sana, dia menderita bullying dan usia differences.At budaya 19,
ia dipaksa menikah Hitungan Jepang Jadi Takeyuki. Sementara yang menderita penyakit mental dan pernikahan yang tidak bahagia, ia melahirkan putrinya, Masae, pada tahun 1932. Kehidupan sang putri mengambil lagi gilirannya tragis ketika putrinya hilang, dan kondisi kesehatannya memburuk. Dia dikirim ke rumah sakit jiwa, dan akhirnya bercerai dengan suaminya di 1953.She kembali ke Korea atas undangan pemerintah Chung-hee Park di tahun 1962.

 

 

Nakseonjae in Changdeokgung

 

Nakseonjae in Changdeokgung Palace
Nakseonjae was the residence of Princess Deokhye and Yi Bang-ja, queen of King Yeong until she passed away in 1989

 

Nakseonjae di Istana Changdeokgung
Nakseonjae adalah kediaman Putri Deokhye dan Yi Bang-ja, ratu dari Raja Yeong sampai dia meninggal pada tahun 1989

Deokhye memimpin hidup terisolasi di Nakseon Hall,
Changdeok Palace, sampai low-profile kematiannya pada tahun 1989
Putri deukhye dan takeyuki , 1931.JPG

 

 

 

 

Coronation of Korea’s new empress leads to royal family controversy

[IHT] 입력 2006.10.22 20:23 / 수정 2006.10.23 20:09

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Yi Hae-won, who was recently restored as the new empress of Korea. By Choi Jae-young

Penobatan Pemaisuri Korea Yang baru Menimbulkan Kontraversi dalam Kelaurga Kerajaan
[IHT]
입력 2006/10/22 20:23 / 수정 2006/10/23 20:09
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Yi Hae-won, yang baru-baru dikembalikan sebagai permaisuri baru dari Korea. Oleh Choi Jae-muda
Penobatan Korea “baru permaisuri” pada 29 September disampaikan oleh pendukung-nya sebagai alat untuk mempersatukan keturunan kerajaan menyebar di seluruh negeri dan Apa hal itu bukan adalah untuk mengatur anggota keluarga terhadap satu sama lain karena mereka “berbicara dalam satu suara.” sengketa tidak hanya garis keturunan tetapi juga legitimasi dari organisasi swasta yang bernama Yi Hae-won sebagai permaisuri dari Korea Selatan.
Pertemuan Ms Yi sendiri cukup latihan. Pada hari pertemuan, juru bicara dari Asosiasi Keluarga Kekaisaran Daehanjeguk (Kekaisaran Korea) ditunda wawancara selama dua jam, di sebuah tempat tersebut Harian JoongAng diminta untuk tidak mengungkapkan “untuk alasan keamanan,” dan reporter memiliki menunggu dua jam sampai permaisuri tiba. The 88-tahun hanya sekitar 1,3 meter (4 kaki, 3 inci) dan sedikit bungkuk, tapi wanita kecil di hijau hanbok giok tampak tenang dan ulet.
Setelah Ms Yi tiba dan duduk untuk wawancara, organisasi juru bicara Lee Seong-joo meminta wartawan dan beberapa pria yang menemaninya untuk tunduk pada empat kali, membungkuk dari pinggang untuk membuat hampir sudut kanan. “Itu cara yang tepat untuk menyapa seorang permaisuri di kerajaan adat,” katanya. Orang-orang lain di ruangan itu semua diklaim sebagai klan Lee, seperti kaisar pertama dari dinasti Joseon. (Yi dan Lee adalah ejaan berbeda dari nama keluarga yang sama.) Orang-orang tinggal sepanjang wawancara singkat, menyela dan menjawab pertanyaan yang ditujukan kepada Ibu Yi, seperti yang dilakukan juru bicara itu.
“Saya yang sah, tidak peduli siapa mengatakan apa,” kata permaisuri, mengacu pada oposisi terhadap gugatan, terutama dari Jeonju Lee Kerajaan Anggota Family Foundation
.

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Yi Won, front, and Yi Seok, back, at the funeral of Yi Ku on July 24, 2005. By Choi Jae-young

Yi Won, depan, dan Yi Seok, punggung, di pemakaman Yi Ku pada tanggal 24 Juli 2005. Oleh Choi Jae-Young


Dia mengatakan adalah anak tertua dari Pangeran Uichin (1877-1955), putra kelima dari Kaisar Gojong (1852-1919). Catatan resmi menunjukkan bahwa Pangeran Uichin ayah 12 putra dan sembilan putri.
“Saya lahir ke istri disetujui Pangeran Uichin,” lanjut Ms Yi, “Aku akan mengembalikan budaya kekaisaran.”
Tanggal 10 orang anak, adik Ibu Yi Yi Seok, berpikir adiknya dibujuk untuk mengambil judul oleh sekelompok anggota keluarga Lee karena hidup sulit itu.
Setelah pembebasan Korea dari Jepang, pemerintah baru dinasionalisasi nasib kerajaan dan menggulingkan keluarga dari istana. Ibu Yi mengangkat tiga putra dan seorang putri sendirian setelah suaminya diculik dan dibawa ke Utara selama Perang Korea. Dia bilang dia tidak tahu apakah suaminya masih hidup, dan putrinya meninggal pada usia 47 tahun. Dua orang putranya tinggal di Amerika Serikat, di mana dia juga tinggal selama 10 tahun sampai 2002. Sejak itu, Ms Yi, yang menghabiskan 15 tahun pertamanya di istana, telah tinggal di 13,2 meter persegi (142 kaki persegi) ruang di Hanam, Gyeonggi provinsi, dengan anaknya yang kedua.

 

 

 

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Ratu Yi Hae-won pernikahan di 19 sampai Lee Seung-gyu. Diperoleh dari Keluarga Kekaisaran Asosiasi Daehanjeguk


“Saya tidak keberatan jika adikku [Yi Hae-won] mengambil kursi permaisuri atau tidak,” kata Yi Seok. “Namun, anggota keluarga dalam garis langsung tidak menyetujui seperti upacara. Saya diundang untuk penobatan, tapi saya tidak hadir karena saya tidak tahu siapa [anggota asosiasi tersebut]. ”
Apa yang dia lakukan pikiran, dan apa terangsang beberapa kontroversi dalam masyarakat Korea, adalah cara Nn Yi bernama permaisuri. Tidak ada diskusi publik sebelumnya tentang status sebuah kerajaan atau keluarga kekaisaran di Korea, meskipun jajak pendapat Agustus oleh Realmeter, sebuah perusahaan riset, aku masih juga bertanya apa yang orang Korea berpikir tentang memiliki keluarga kerajaan simbolis. Dari 460 warga Korea berusia 19 atau lebih tua yang disurvei, hanya di bawah 55 persen yang mendukung gagasan itu.
“Harus sudah terlebih dahulu menjadi diskusi yang cukup untuk mendapatkan persetujuan masyarakat,” kata Yi Seok. “Ketika saya memberikan kuliah tentang sejarah keluarga kerajaan Korea, saya melihat banyak orang yang kehilangan kekaisaran.” Dia menambahkan, “Saya berencana untuk mengumpulkan tanda tangan dari orang dan jika lebih dari 1 juta ingin mengembalikan kerajaan, bahkan meskipun itu hanya simbolis, saya akan menyajikan daftar itu kepada Presiden dan meminta dia untuk mengembalikan budaya kekaisaran dan memungkinkan beberapa keturunan tinggal di istana Gyeongbok atau Changdeok. ”
Anggota Keluarga Jeonju Lee Anggota Kerajaan Foundation mengatakan keluarga telah terpilih yang harus berhasil Yi Ku terlambat, pewaris langsung terakhir ke tahta dan anak dari Putra Mahkota Yeongchin, anak ketujuh dari Kaisar Gojong.
“[Memiliki permaisuri] tidak masuk akal sama sekali,” kata Lee Jeong-jae, seorang pejabat dari yayasan, dengan kemarahan yang jelas. “Ketika Yi Ku meninggal dunia pada bulan Juli tahun lalu, kami memilih Yi Won sebagai penggantinya,” katanya. Yi Won adalah putra dari Yi Chung-gil, putra kesembilan yang bertahan dari Pangeran Uichin. “Seperti [restorasi] upacara hanya akan membingungkan rakyat Korea,” tambah Lee Yong-kyu, wakil ketua yayasan. “Korea adalah bukan monarki konstitusional, peran keturunan kerajaan terbatas pada bahwa dari seorang imam dan peran wasit yang berkuasa telah dihapus sejak lama,” katanya. Di custom Konghucu, seorang wanita tidak dapat memimpin sebuah ritual untuk menghormati leluhur.

“Keturunan langsung dari kekaisaran mengadakan pertemuan keluarga tepat setelah berita bahwa Yi Ku meninggal dunia, dan memutuskan untuk memiliki Yi Won masuk dalam daftar keluarga Yi Ku sebagai anak,” kata wakil ketua. “Kami hanya mengikuti keputusan mereka.”
Pertemuan keluarga itu sendiri kontroversial. Wakil ketua mengatakan bahwa baik Ms Yi dan adiknya, anggota keluarga kekaisaran, menghadiri pertemuan tersebut. Yi Seok dan Yi Hae-won, bagaimanapun, mengatakan kepada JoongAng Daily bahwa bukan saja mereka tidak pada pertemuan tersebut, mereka bahkan tidak menyadarinya. “Mengadopsi anak setelah kematian tidak masuk akal,” kata Yi Seok marah melalui telepon.
“Saya mendengar bahwa Putri Mahkota Yi Bang-ja [istri dari Putra Mahkota Yeongchin] menulis surat wasiat sebelum meninggal, dan di dalamnya dia menamakan saya sebagai penerus pertama,” tambahnya. Dia kata Kim Sang-Ryeol, yang dekat dengan Crown Princess, adalah dalam kepemilikan yang akan. Kim, bagaimanapun, menolak untuk mengkonfirmasi apa yang akan berisi, tapi mengatakan ia berencana untuk mengungkapkan isinya ke suatu hari nanti publik.
Ditambahkan ke semua pertikaian ini, legitimasi mereka menyebut diri mereka Asosiasi Keluarga Kekaisaran Daehanjeguk tidak jelas. Meskipun anggotanya mengatakan bahwa mereka adalah kerabat dekat keluarga kerajaan, mereka tidak tercantum dalam catatan keluarga langsung kekaisaran.
Asosiasi ini sedang mempersiapkan tempat tinggal dan kantor untuk Ms Yi dalam sebuah bangunan dekat Seoul Station, menggunakan dua lantai dengan luas total sekitar 396 meter persegi. Juru bicara itu mengatakan bahwa pemilik bangunan juga merupakan anggota organisasi, dan mendukung Kekaisaran Korea.
“Kami tidak meminta pemerintah untuk mendukung keuangan kita. Kami akan mengumpulkan dana dari para pendukung keluarga kerajaan, “kata Mr Lee. “Tapi sebagai permaisuri sudah tua, kita tidak punya banyak waktu untuk mengembalikan tradisi kerajaan dan legitimasi, yang akan memberikan kontribusi pada perkembangan sejarah Korea dan budaya,” tambahnya.
Kata-kata terakhir permaisuri berbicara selama wawancara hanya ditambahkan ke pertanyaan orang mungkin memiliki sekitar asosiasi. “Mereka memperlakukan saya seperti boneka,” katanya sambil mengambil cuti nya.


Akar dari perseteruan keluarga saat ini kembali ke zaman kaisar Gojong, yang kehilangan kekuasaan diplomatik pada tahun 1905 oleh Jepang sebelum dijajah Korea pada 1910. Kaisar Gojong memiliki sembilan putra dan empat putri, tetapi hanya empat hidup cukup lama untuk menikah: Kaisar Sunjong, Pangeran Uichin, Putra Mahkota dan Putri Yeongchin Deokhye. Pangeran Uichin sebagai anak tertua kedua, adalah di baris berikutnya, tetapi karena ia berpartisipasi dalam gerakan kemerdekaan Korea, pemerintah Jepang memaksa Kaisar Sunjong, yang tidak memiliki anak, untuk meninggalkan judul untuk Pangeran Yeongchin.
Ito Hirobumi, jenderal penduduk selama dinasti Joseon, mengambil putra mahkota ke Jepang pada usia 11 untuk dididik sana, di mana dia menikah dengan Masako Nashimotonomiya, lebih dikenal sebagai Putri Mahkota Yi Bang-ja, yang adalah anggota Jepang keluarga kerajaan. Sang putri mahkota, yang seorang kandidat untuk menjadi permaisuri Jepang, bercerita dalam otobiografinya bahwa ia telah dipilih sebagai istri Pangeran Yeongchin dalam upaya untuk mengakhiri garis Joseon kerajaan, sebagai dokter Jepang telah didiagnosa dia sebagai subur. Namun, ia melahirkan dua putra, Jin dan Ku. Jin meninggal pada usia delapan bulan, meninggalkan Ku, sebagai anak hanya bertahan dari putra mahkota terakhir, di jalur utama keturunan.
Yi Ku, yang lulus dari Institut Teknologi Massachusetts dan menikahi seorang Amerika Julia Mullock, tidak punya anak. Dia meninggal tahun lalu di sebuah kamar hotel di Jepang, tanpa meninggalkan pengganti yang jelas.
Seni Fotografi

 

VINTAGE ART PHOTOGRAPHY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eight of Prince Uichin’s children , his first wife, Kim Deok-soo, center front, and two court ladies behind her. Second from the right is Yi Hae-won. Provided by the Imperial Family Association of Daehanjeguk

 

Prince Uichin. Provided by the Imperial Family Association of Daehanjeguk

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The Last Princess Deokhye Of Korea Art Photography

 

 

THE LAST PRINCESS DEOKHYE OF KOREA

ART PHOTOGRAPHY COLLECTIONS

 

CREATED BY

 Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Private Limited Edition In CD-ROM

Copyright@2012

THIS THE SAMPLE OF CD_ROM,THE COMPLETE INFO EXIST,BUT ONLY FOR PREMIUM MEMBER,PLEASE SUBSCRIBED VIA COMMENT

THE  LAST KOREA ‘S EMPEROR

1852

Emperor Gojong


Gojong and the Korean Empire

26th king of the Joseon Dynasty, King Gojong,

moved into the palace in 1897,

where he proclaimed the Great Korean Empire in an effort to assert the nation’s independence from China, Japan, and Russia. However, rather than actually strengthening the nation’s military, Emperor Gojong (1852-1919) would instead spend much of his time and energy renovating and expanding this palace.

He resided here until abdication to his son, Emperor Sunjong, in 1907, when the palace was renamed Doeksugung. When the Japanese occupation began in 1910, Emperor Gojong was placed under house arrest in Doeksugung, where he eventually died in 1919.

Emperor Gwangmu

We go back four generations because the demise of Korea’s royal family arguably starts in 1907. While Korea officially disappeared in 1910, in practicality Korea lost is sovereignty in 1905, when the Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905 was entered into. Under the treaty, Korea became Japan’s “protectorate,” and lost the ability to conduct its own foreign affairs. A governor from Japan was sent to Korea to conduct Korea’s foreign affairs instead. It goes without saying that the treaty was not entered into in a fair manner — dozens of armed Japanese soldiers were staring down the emperor and the officials when the treaty was signed.

 
Emperor Gwangmu

Emperor Gwangmu (also known as Gojong) of Korea could plainly see where this was going. Although the 1905 Treaty stripped his ability to conduct foreign affairs, the emperor sent secret envoys to 17 major powers, including United Kingdom, France and Germany, to protest the forcible signing of the 1905 Treaty. The highlight of this effort was in 1907, when three Korean envoys were sent to the Second International Peace Convention at the Hague. Although Japan froze out the envoys from attending the convention, Yi Wi-Jong, one of the three envoys, managed to give a speech imploring for help in a separate conference. (The speech fell on deaf ears.)

The three secret envoys to the Hague: 
Yi Sang-Seol, Yi Joon, Yi Wi-Jong

Although the emperor’s efforts did not create any result, Imperial Japan did not take kindly to Emperor Gwangmu’s extracurricular activity, and demanded that he abdicate his throne. The emperor acquiesced, giving way to his son, Emperor Yunghui (also known as Soonjong) — who would become the last emperor of Korean Empire.  Former Emperor Gwangmu died in 1919. Although this is not certain, there are ample indications that he was poisoned.

More after the jump.

Got a question or a comment for the Korean? Email away at askakorean@gmail.com.


Second Generation:  Emperor Yunghui, King Euichin, King Yeongchin, Princess Deokhye

Emperor Gwangmu had 13 children, but only four survived into adulthood — three sons and a daughter. And they were survivors in the truest sense. Even as the empire was in precipitous decline, the palace intrigue did not stop. Emperor Gwangmu’s oldest son, born from his third wife, is rumored to have been poisoned by Empress Myeongseong, the emperor’s main wife. The second son, born from Empress Myeongseong, died young. The Emperor’s father may have poisoned him. The crown prince — the third son who would become Emperor Yunghui– was also poisoned in his youth, but barely survived. It was rumored that because of the lingering effects of the poisoning, the crown prince did not have full mental capacity.

 
The last royal family. From the left: King Euichin, Emperor Yunghui, 
King Yeongchin, Emperor Gwangmu, with Princess Deokhye in front

In 1910, Emperor Yunghui signed over his empire to Imperial Japan, ending the 600-year dynasty headed by his family. Emperor Yunghui was demoted to a king, subordinate to the Japanese emperor. Korea’s royal family as a whole became Japanese nobility. The policy of Imperial Japan toward Korea’s royal family was clear: the royal family will be either assimilated or killed. The first to go was the Emperor Gwangmu, as described above. Emperor Yunghui did not last much longer — he died in 1926, at age 53.

Perhaps the most interesting figure in this drama is Yi Gang (also known as King Euichin,) second surviving son of Gwangmu. Yi Gang studied in Roanoke College in Virginia and was an officer of Korean imperial military when his older brother signed over the empire. Yi Gang silently assisted Korea’s independence movement, signing petitions and sending funds to support Korean independence fighters and schools. He attempted to flee Korea and join the provisional government in Shanghai, but was arrested in the process and lost his nobility status. Since then, he evaded Imperial Japan’s surveillance by engaging in profuse boozing and whoring while continuing to support the independence movement. During the course of his independence movement, he expressed that he would abdicate his royal status and submit to the rule of the democratic government. He led a quiet life after the independence, and died in 1955 at age 79.

Emperor Yunghui died without a son, and King Euichin was not favored by the Japanese because of his involvement in Korea’s independence movement. Therefore, Gwangmu’s youngest surviving son, King Yeongchin, succeeded the throne. Yi Eun, also known as King Yeongchin, was born in 1897. At age ten, he was taken to Japan to “study” under the patronage of the Japanese governor of Korea — essentially being held as a hostage. As the contemporary Japanese nobility did, Yi Eun was forced to attend the military academy. He became an officer of the Japanese military, and was forced to married Nashimotonomiya Masako, a member of the Japanese royal family. He became the king of Korea after his father died in 1926, but only visited Korea briefly to accept the crown. He became a general of the Japanese army in 1938. He would see the end of World War II in Japan.

 
Young Yi Eun with his Japanese “patron,”
Governor-General Ito Hirobumi
 
After the war, Yi Eun lost his nobility status, which pushed his family into dire poverty. He would scrape by with the financial help from the very few remaining Korean royalists. His wife also had to work, notwithstanding her royal family status. He attempted to return to Korea, but was rebuffed — that he served in the Japanese military and married a Japanese royal family did not play well with the newly established Korean government. He suffered a stroke in 1961 in Hawaii while visiting his son; he was allowed to return to Korea in 1963, and lived in the Changdeok Palace with his aunt. He passed away in 1970.
 
It is a cruel irony of history that the only person who came out of this drama with a shred of dignity was Yi Eun’s wife, Masako. After returning to Korea in 1963, she changed her name to a Korean-style name Yi Bang-Ja and focused her energy on charity work, establishing schools for children with disabilities despite living off the meager government pension. She received numerous medals and awards for her volunteer work. She passed away in 1989.

Princess Deokhye, Gwangmu’s youngest daughter who was born in 1912, is probably the most tragic figure. She was forcibly moved to Japan and attended a university, where she developed schizophrenia. In 1931, she married a Japanese nobleman in an arranged marriage, and had a daughter. She survived the war, but lost her only daughter in the process. She was abandoned by her husband in 1953 as her schizophrenia worsened. For the next nine years, she would go from mental hospital to mental hospital in Japan. Korean government heard about her in 1962. and President Park Chung-Hee passed the law providing for pension for the former royal family in response. Princess Deokhye returned to Korea, and lived in Changdeok Palace until 1989 when she passed away.

Third and Fourth Generations: Yi Gu and King Euichin’s 21 Children

Yi Eun and Masako had two sons, but the older son died at less than one year old. The last official crown prince of Korean royal family is Yi Gu, born in 1931. He had spent his entire life in Japan, and he worked as a clerk for a company in Tokyo after World War II. In 1953, he moved abroad to study in MIT, and met his future wife — a white American woman named Julia Murlock. Yi Gu married Murlock in 1959 in New York, and he worked for the architectural company of I.M. Pei.

He was also allowed to return to Korea in 1963, and lectured architecture in universities. But he could not adjust to the life in Korea. Although Korea was no longer a monarchy, the Jeonju Yi (Lee) lineage society took (and still takes) its royal family line very, very seriously. Yi Gu received pressure as a crown prince within his family, and that he married a white woman who could not get pregnant only intensified the pressure. Yi Gu separated from Murlock in 1977, and returned to Japan in 1979. He would visit Korea from time to time, but refused to settle down in Korea. He died alone in 2005 in a hotel in Tokyo; apparently Yi Gu favored the hotel because it overlooked his old birthplace. He was buried in a royal garb; his funeral was attended by the prime minister of Korea (equivalent to American vice president) and 1,000 people.

 
Yi Gu’s funeral

This means that the only surviving royal family in Korea are the descendants of King Euichin, the rebel prince. Remarkably, he had 12 sons and 9 daughters from 13 different women — as far as we know. Fate was not kind to them either. For example, Yi Geon, the oldest son of King Euichin, became a naturalized Japanese citizen in 1947 and severed his ties with Korea completely. Reportedly, before he naturalized, he brought all of his (step-)brothers and sisters together and asked them all to forget about the fact that they belong to the royal family. He died in 1991. Yi Wu, the second son, died in Hiroshima as the officer of the Japanese military when the city was hit by the nuclear bomb. The rest scattered into Korea and America, and led more or less unremarkable lives. Out of the 21 children of King Euichin, ten (four sons, six daughters) are still alive. They live in Korea, New York, Los Angeles and San Jose. After Yi Gu passed away, the Jeonju Yi lineage society established the son of King Euichin’s ninth son to be the crown prince — a man named Yi Sang-Hyup, 50 years old.

*                *               *
 
What do contemporary Koreans think about the royal family? Yi Gu’s death in 2005 served as a reminder to Korean people that Korea in fact had a royal family. This acted as a catalyst for the royal family fad in Korea. In a survey conducted in 2006, 54.4% was in favor of “restoring the royal family,” although no one in Korea is quite sure what that means. In a survey conducted in 2010, the number dropped significantly to 40.4% in favor, but still outpaced the 23.4% against. But it would be wise not to put too much stock in those numbers, because the restoration of the royal family is a pipe dream as of now. The numbers will likely change dramatically when people start thinking about the concrete details — for example, will the royal family have any kind of political power? Will they take back any part of their formerly vast property around the nation?

Junghwajeon, the throne hall of Deoksugung Palace. The building burned during the great fire of 1904, and was completely rebuilt in 1906.

        .    
 
  The royal throne inside Junghwajeon. Behind the throne is a screen painting that features five mountain peaks, the sun, and the moon. The painting reinforces the idea that the king is central to the connections between the heaven and the earth and creating a balanced universe. Gilt dragons in the roof above the throne in Junghwajeon. Screens on the windows of Junghwajeon. The back side of Junghwajeon. Junmyeongdang on the left and Jeukjodang on the right. Junmyeongdang was used as a kindergarten for Princess Deokhye (1912-1989). Both buildings were destroyed in a fire in 1904 and rebuilt by Emperor Gojong.
  Seogeodang was the only two story building in Doeksugung Palace until the construction of Seokjojeon. The original Seogeodang building was used as the residence of King Seonjo (1552-1608, reigned 1567-1608) for 16 years following the Japanese invasion of 1592. It is one of the least decorated building in any Korean royal palace, and was intentionally kept that way to remind the kings of the sacrifices suffered by King Seonjo. Deokhongjeon was used as a reception hall for guests of the royal household. Like many other buildings, it burned in 1904 and was only rebuilt in 1911. A gate in one of the interior walls inside Deoksugung Palace. Details on ceiling tiles and support beams above a gate inside the palace. A gnarled old tree.
  Chimneys that vent the underfloor ondol house heating systems in the palace buildings. Hamnyeongjeon, the building where Emperor Gojong lived until his death in 1919. Unlike most traditional Korean buildings, Hamnyeongjeon was L-shaped. Like most of the other palace buildings, it was burned in the 1904 fire and rebuilt soon after. Seokjojeon is a large, three-story stone building built in a western style by Emperor Gojong and used to receive foreign envoys. Construction on the building began in 1900 and was completed in 1909. Following liberation from the Japanese in 1945, Seokjojeon was used by the US-USSR Joint Commission before the country’s partition into two separate governments. The building was later was used to house both the National Museum and then the Royal Museum before they were moved to other locations. Today, it houses government records offices and is not open to the public.     These are the remnants of Borugak Jagyeongnu, one of the world’s oldest water clocks. Water flowed from basin to basin in such a precise way as to be able to strike a bell on the hour. It was built in 1434 during the reign of King Sejong (1397-1450, reigned 1418-1450), and was fine-tuned in 1536 during the reign of King Jungjong (1488-1544, reigned 1506-1544). The water clock was used at night, when sundials were not available.
 
  This large bell was originally in the Heungcheonsa Temple in Seoul, one of the temples favored by Joseon Dynasty royalty, and was used in Buddhist religious ceremonies. The bell was cast in 1462.
  The Singijeon carriage is the world’s oldest multi-rocket launcher for which original schematics remain intact. Each tube in the carriage could launch a rocket, and all the rockets were launched at the same time. The first Singijeon was made by Choe Museon in 1377, who independently invented gunpowder from indigenous materials after being frustrated by efforts of the Chinese to keep it a secret.
  At noon, the palace has a changing of the guards ceremony at Daehanmun Gate. Ceremonial palace guards just inside Daehanmun, the main gate into Doeksugung Palace. The weapons these guards are carrying are probably not very dangerous. A traditional martial band is marching across the wide sidewalk in front of the gate. Across the street is Seoul Plaza, and in the background are some of the modern office buildings of downtown Seoul.
  The band, marching by a Dunkin’ Donuts store.
     

HISTORY 

Joseon’s Modernization

  • Korea’s First Electic Lamp

Korea’s first electric lamp was lighted in the Geoncheonggung, Gyeongbokgung palace in 1887[18].

Korea's first electric lamp by Edison Electric Light Company (Mar., 1887)
Korea’s first electric lamp by Edison Electric Light Company (Mar., 1887)
  • Newspapers
A newspaper advertisement for Rohan Bank (Mar., 15th, 1898. The Independent)
A newspaper advertisement for Rohan Bank (Mar., 15th, 1898. The Independent)

Joseon people

Last_Prince_of_Joseon.jpg Prince_Yi_Woo.jpg Last_Princess_of_Joseon.jpg
Prince Yi Woo (1912-1945) Princess Deokhye
guard.jpg official.jpg korean-noble-wife-1900.jpg
daejusin03.jpg n566326796_442336_8352.jpg lady-1900.jpg
KOREAN_WOMEN.jpg
a-foreigner.jpg

 

 
Life of Joseon’s Last Princess Revisited This year marks the 100th anniversary of Japan’s annexation of Korea. Countless innocent victims and heroic fighters who suffered Japanese colonial atrocities are remembered on this occasion, and so is the ill-fated royal family of the Joseon Kingdom (1392-1910).King Yeongchin (Crown Prince Uimin), the seventh son of King Gojong, was taken to Japan on the pretext of studying at the age of 11, and obligatorily married Princess Nashimotonomiya Masako. He was only able to return to Korea long after the liberation and only when he was in his later years.

Princess Deokhye (1912-1989), the last princess of the Joseon Kingdom, was also one of the fateful royal heirs but forgotten in the people’s memory.

Her tragic and untold life story comes into the spotlight in the new novel “Princess Deokhye” written by Kwon Bi-young.

The rising author was inspired to write about her sad fate after she visited Tsushima Island where the last princess married Count So Takeyuki, the heir to the So clan whose ancestors had ruled the island for a long time.

The story begins with a scene in which Bok-sun, the princess’ court lady, assisted by some Korean independent activists, helped Deokhye escape from a Japanese mental hospital to Korea.

Deokhye was born in 1912 in Changdeok Palace in Seoul as the youngest daughter of King Gojong and his concubine. She was particularly beloved by her father who was in his 60s when she was born.

He established the Deoksu Palace Kindergarten for her in Jeukjodang, Hamnyeong Hall in order to protect her from being sent to Japan like her brothers.

To save her from the Japanese scheme to sever the line of royal heirs, King Gojong had his daughter secretly engaged to Kim Jang-han, a nephew of Kim Hwang-jin, a court chamberlain.

But the powerless king suddenly and suspiciously died and she was taken to Japan with the excuse of continuing her studies.

In Japan, the young princess suffered ostracism from the Japanese nobility and even involuntarily married Count So Takeyuki who was by no means powerful or influential.

The marriage demonstrates that Korean royalty fell to the same level as the local Japanese aristocracy and the Japanization of the ex-royalty under close supervision, as the colonial government was afraid that the Joseon royal family could become a focus for the independent movement.

Takeyuki was nice and gentle to her but she didn’t open her heart as her mental health was seriously hurt by the solitude, and the homesickness for her homeland.

Takeyuki was an author of numerous poems dedicated to his Korean wife and their daughter and a gifted and popular teacher.

Despite his efforts to make a good marriage, she finally developed a mental illness and was diagnosed with “precocious dementia.” But amid this, she gave birth to a daughter who was named Masae, or Jeonghye in Korean, in 1932.

Deokhye dreamed of bringing her daughter back to Korea and raising her as Korean not Japanese. But as the daughter grew up, she suffered from an identity crisis ― being half Korean and half Japanese and harbored anger against her mother.

In 1945, finally the liberation came and Japan’s imperial ambitions were shattered. But Jeonghye’s agony and trauma gripped Deokhye whose obsession with her daughter grew stronger.

Her husband sent her to a “mental hospital” and her daughter went missing after leaving a note hinting she committed suicide. After an unhappy marriage, her grief exploded with the death of her only daughter. Then, her condition deteriorated, and she finally divorced her husband in 1953.

While trapped in the hospital for 15 years, Deokhye became a miserable, forgotten woman nobody cared about or recognized. But her childhood fiance, Jang-han, went to save her with help of her lady-in-waiting, Bok-sun.

At last, 37 years after leaving Korea, she returned home at the invitation of the Korean government in 1962. She cried when she arrived in her motherland, and despite her unstable mental condition, she accurately remembered court manners.

The princess lived in Nakseon Hall, Changdeok Palace and died in Sugang Hall on April 21, 1989, also in the palace. 

the story about Deokhye once I knew her. I couldn’t stop thinking about the princess who was born to a royal clan but couldn’t live a noble life and was forgotten in history,” the author says in her book.

Kwon said that there is only one book about the princess that was translated from Japanese into Korean.

“Readers can find the princess who struggled not to lose her royal identity and her nation and endured all the repression and humiliation but didn’t lose her dignity as the last princess of Joseon. Deokhye’s last words, ‘I missed my motherland even while I was in my country,’ say everything,” the author said.

“She was too smart and harbored a forbidden longing for her motherland as the princess of the country. Now she is a forgotten woman and even her nation had neglected her while she suffered in the cold hospital room. Who remembers her name?” she said.

The writer adds dramatic elements to some characters around the princess while keeping a balance between fiction and historical facts.

The novel seems to be more tear-jerking because she actually lived such a miserable life longing for her country.

The book has topped the best-selling list for four consecutive weeks in major bookstores, pushing “1Q84”by Haruki Murakami, which had been on the top of the list for 19 consecutive weeks, to the third spot.

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Reliving Korea’s Last Royalty at Nakseonjae

Long off limits to the public, Changdeokgung Palace’s recently opened gem sheds light onto end of a dynastyPhotographs by Ryu SeunghooChangdeokgung, which was built in 1405 as a secondary palace to the east of Gyeongbokgung (Palace), is renowned for its attractive dissymmetrical architecture and Secret Garden, one of the most enchanting settings in Seoul. To add to its allure, the doors of Nakseonjae, a compound within the royal palace, were opened to the public for the first time just over a month ago.Nakseonjae (Mansion of Joy and Goodness) was first constructed in 1847 by order of King Heonjong, the 24th king of the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910) for his fourteen-year-old concubine Kim Gyeongbin. At the time, King Heonjong, who died at twenty-two in 1849, was married to his second wife, Queen Hon. Apparently he was not infatuated with her, since Nakseonjae was built for the concubine Kim.
 

 
The elegantly stark buildings of Nakseonjae, Seokbokheon and Sugangjae are arranged from west to east, and long servants’ quarters acts as a wall, collectively forming the Nakseonjae area. Silent echoes and historical remains are the only remaining links between modern progressive Korea and the impressive Joseon Dynasty. Legend-laden, they introduce visitors to prominent royal personalities whose lives were filled with romance, tragedy and nostalgia.Seokbokhyeon was built as the residence for Kim Gyeongbin with the hope that she would bear offspring for King Heonjong. “Seokbok” conveys that if the queen rules her home upright, the heavens will bestow her with a crown prince filled with filial piety. The residence was therefore situated between King Heonjong’s bedchamber, Nakseonjae, and his grandmother’s bedchamber, Sugangjae, so that Kim could wait on the king with his mother at a close distance so as to fulfill her duty well.Seokbokhyeon’s wooden railings feature calabash carvings symbolizing offspring’s prosperity. Ironically, the only child King Heonjong had was by another concubine, Kim Suk-ui. This daughter died in her early years.
 

 
Nakseonjae continued to be used by the later queens of the Joseon Dynasty. Queen Yun, wife of Sunjong, the last king of the Joseon Dynasty, lived in Seokbokhyeon until her death in 1966. Edward B. Adams describes Queen Yun as “intellectual and poised” in Palaces of Seoul: Yi Dynasty Palaces in Korea’s Capital City. As future queen, she took only twenty days to learn about court protocol and the feminine art of how to woo a king. The story of the heroic hardships she bore during the Korean War and the lonely battle she fought with Korea’s 1947 government to keep Nakseonjae when the monarchy was abolished portrays her brave and courageous spirit.Unlike Nakseonjae and Seokbokhyeon, Sugangjae is adorned in various colors. “Sugang” means conferring bliss from longevity and welfare upon the people. The celebratory writing for the completion of the framework of Sugangjae is full of good wishes for Queen Sunwon, the grandmother of King Heonjeong, who administered state affairs from behind the curtain. The rear gate of this residence features a striking grape design depicting these longings for prosperousness.Princess Deokhye,

 the youngest daughter of King Gojang, the 26th king of the Joseon Dynasty, also resided at Sugangjae.

 She was taken away to Japan in 1925 at the age of twelve, and forced to marry a Japanese aristocrat in 1928.

In 1962

Princess Deokhye was given permission to return to Korea. After suffering from depression, she found peace at Nakseonjae, where she spent her remaining years until 1989.

In her autobiography, “The World is One,” Princess Lee Bang-ja (Masako) relates how, as a Japanese princess, she woke up one morning to read in the papers that she was to marry the last crown prince of Korea, Prince Lee Eun, younger half-brother of King Sunjong. Prince Lee’s greatest desire was to return to his homeland and in 1963 he settled in at Nakseonjae with his family.

Tragically, Prince Lee’s return to Korea was too late. He was an invalid and spent the next seven years in hospital. A few hours before his death on May 1, 1970 the Crown Prince was taken to Nakseonjae. At the age of eighty-two, Princess Bang-ja was still promoting vocational education among the physically handicapped of her adopted country. She passed away in 1989 at Nakseonjae, the building last used in Chandeokgung.

In the garden to the rear of Nakseonjae, the pavilions Chwiunjeong and Sangnyangjeong, and the annex Hanjeongdang are arranged in harmony with the topography. Terraced flowerbeds stabilize the environment and the spaces between the terraces and buildings are filled with stone pots, oddly shaped stones and chimneys. Many books were discovered in 1969 at Nakseonjae’s northern quarters, behind Sangnyangjeong. This place is presumably where the residents were allowed to read books and draw paintings, which were kept here.

According to Kim Jin-suk, guide and English interpreter, “Nakseonjae evokes unique feelings that can’t be compared to the rest of Changdeokgung.” The plainness and delicateness of the wood-and-paper rooms and the numerous patterns on the wall tiles and door frames speak of an era when goodness was the moral code. “I love the royal history,” Kim adds. “It’s fascinating, yet sad at the same time.”

The drama behind the walls of Nakseonjae has not come to a halt. We are now able to breathe and relive it again

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Photo of Yi Hong, one of last imperial family member that lives in Seoul as actress & model.Source: http://kurapa.com/content-a2038_%EA%B3%B5%EC%A3%BC

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“이홍 공주님”
프로필
1.공주마마의 존함: 이홍 공주마마. (마지막황태자 이석전하의 따님이자 공주)2. 생년월일: 1980년 5월 14일 출생. 올해 28살, 스물여덟 소녀.3. 한국황실의 지위: 대한민국의 공주.4. 결혼유무: 미혼

5. 직업: 영화배우, CF모델

6. 학력: 정신여고 – 한성대 산업디자인과 – 이화여대 국어국문학과 2005년 졸업.

7. 가족관계: 14남 1녀중 장녀.

8. 공주마마의 부친: 마지막 황태자 이석전하(정실부인1명 첩 5명)

9. 공주마마의 모후: 마지막 황태자비 독고정희님(1940년생 68세)

10. 공주마마의 출생지: 대한민국 서울

11. 태어나신 곳: 창덕궁 낙선재에서 출생(2004년 25살때까지 창덕궁 낙선재에서 기거하심)

12. 공주마마의 본적: 서울특별시 경복궁.

13. 공주마마의 증조할아버지: 고종황제 (1852~1919)

14. 공주마마의 증조할머니: 명성황후 (1851~1895)

15. 공주마마의 큰할아버지: 순종황제 (1874~1926)

16. 공주마마의 큰할머니: 순정효황후 (1894~1994)

17. 공주마마의 작은할아버지: 영친왕 전하 (1897~1980)

18. 공주마마의 작은할머니: 이방자 여사 (1901~1989)

19. 공주마마의 친할아버지: 의친왕 전하 (1877~1995)

*공주마마의 첫째남동생: 마지막황태손 이종훈 (1981년생 27세)
*공주마마의 둘째남동생: 이지민왕자 (1983년생 25세)
*공주마마의 셋째남동생: 이민우왕자 (1984년생 24세)
*공주마마의 넷째남동생: 이용훈왕자 (1986년생 22세)
*공주마마의 다섯째남동생: 이영훈왕자 (1987년생 21세)
*공주마마의 여섯째남동생: 이장훈왕자 (1989년생 19세)
*공주마마의 일곱째남동생: 이 민왕자 (1991년생 17세)
*공주마마의 여덟째남동생: 이 희왕자 (1993년생 15세)
*공주마마의 아홉째남동생: 이 용왕자 (1994년생 14세)
*공주마마의 열번째남동생: 이 영왕자 (1995년생 13세)
*공주마마의 열한번째남동생: 이 정왕자 (1996년생 12세)
*공주마마의 열두번째 남동생: 이 기왕자 (1998년생 10세)
*공주마마의 열세번째 남동생: 이 준왕자 (1999년생 9세)
*공주마마의 열네번째 남동생: 이 진왕자 (2000년생 8세)

With her father Yi Seok
 

 


_________________
KS Admin
“Let He Who Is Without Sin Cast The First Stone”

Korea under Japanese rule (1910-1945)

 


   
Seoul 1938 (in Color), and Korea 1899
korean-nobleman.jpg daughter-min.jpg korean-boy-birthday-dress.jpg
korean-children.jpg gossip.jpg new-years.jpg
wedding-guest.jpg country-wedding.jpg
Pictures by Elizabeth Keith (1887-1956)

! These works by Elizabeth Keith are under public domain in the Republic of Korea (South Korea) because its term of copyright has expired there.
Quoted from wikipedia:
According to Articles 39 to 44 of the Copyright Act of the Republic of Korea, under the jurisdiction of the Government of the Republic of Korea all copyrighted works enter the public domain 50 years after the death of the creator (there being multiple creators, the creator who dies last) or 50 years after publication when made public in the name of an organization.

Late Joseon Princess Deokhye’s life revealed

 

She was born royal,
 victimized by history and died in solitude ― having lost her country and sanity.The life story of Deokhye (1912 – 1989)
, the last princess of the Joseon Dynasty, is a tragedy that reflects the wretched fate of Korea’s last monarchy. More than 20 years after her death, her life, once written out of history, is making a comeback in different forms and ways.On Thursday, the National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage published a book chronicling about 50 pieces of clothing and personal belongings worn by the Princess, along with 150 other Korean costumes from the late 19th to the mid-20th century. The pieces are currently owned by Bunka Gakuen Costume Museum in Tokyo, Japan.The pieces and artifacts include royal infant hanbok garments, a dressing stand, many pairs of silver spoons, a gilded fortune pocket and a pair of high heel shoes.It was Kim Young-sook, a traditional costume scholar, who first identified that the pieces once belonged to Deokhye when she visited the Japanese museum in 1982 as part of her personal research. “I recognized the pieces among piles of other collected costumes from all over the world; the museum staff had no idea where the pieces were from,” Kim told The Korea Herald. “It was amazingly fascinating and touching to see the royal infant clothes that the Princess wore as a child. I knew right away they were hers ― they even matched with her photos,” the 83-year-old scholar said.Though Kim had presented her findings at an academic forum in the 1980s ― while informing the Japanese museum of the same ― not many paid attention. After keeping her research strictly personal for more than 25 years, Kim finally asked the Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea for support a few years ago, formally reporting to them about the princess and her items at Bunka Gakuen. The report on Deokhye’s clothes and belongings is the result of a two-year joint collaboration between Kim and the government. 
Young Deokhye, the last Princess of the Joseon Dynasty, poses in a Kimono. She was forced to leave Joseon for Japan at age 12.                                                         

the life of Najin

and the expansion of oppression of the Koreans

at the same time. Christianity was growing popular in Korea, so Najin was able to go to one of the mission schools and received an education that was rare in her time. She avoided an early marriage, upon which her father had decided without her permission, by finding a place in the royal palace

as a companion to Princess Deokhye

and by continuing her education at the same time. The princess had a melancholy personality and Najin brightened up her coddled and sheltered life. Deokhye’s brother, Crown Prince Yi Eun (Euimin) had been sent to Japan when he was only 10 years old, allegedly for his studies.

According to Donald Keene in The Emperor of Japan: Meiji and His World 1952-1912,

“Although he never was so described, the prince served as a hostage [for Japan], as the Korean Emperor realized.”

Princess Deokhye was also sent to Japan against her wishes to marry a Japanese, after the Korean emperor died mysteriously.

File:Princess dukhye and takeyuki so, 1931.JPG

A ceremonial top (dangui) worn by Princess Deokhye as a child and recently discovered at the Bunka Gakuen Costume Museum in Japan /Courtesy of the National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage
A ceremonial top (dangui) worn by Princess Deokhye as a child and recently discovered at the Bunka Gakuen Costume Museum in Japan /Courtesy of the National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage

After the princess left the palace, Najin returned home .

At this point the oppression towards the Koreans was heightened when imprisonment and taxes were increased and the Korean newspapers were stopped. All Korean citizens had to speak Japanese.

By 1943,

 the Japanese military government sent hundreds of thousands of Koreans to Japan as army recruits or as laborers in mines and companies, plus thousands of young women were taken to the growing to war front in Asia to follow the troops as “comfort women.” As historian Andrew C Nahm relates, “Korea changed much during this period, but Korean nationalism did not diminish and the desire to be free from Japanese colonialism persisted.”

 Dasan Books

“I appreciate their help very much,” Kim said. “It wouldn’t have been possible with my limited budget and resources. The work has been very meaningful.”Park Dae-nam,
 senior researcher of the National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage, said the belongings of the Princess are believed to have been donated by her half-brother, Imperial Crown Prince Uimin, and his wife Crown Princess Yi Bangja. “It is expected that the royal couple was suffering financially,” Park told The Korea Herald. “They even donated their own royal pieces of clothing to Tokyo National Museum.”

Princess Deokhye’s infant hanbok jeogori (bottom) and dressing stand are currently owned by Bunka Gakuen Costume Museum in Japan.
Apart from the published report,
 Kim Young-sook has been preparing a non-fiction book of her own, assembling all of her personal, extensive research on Princess Deokhye. The book will include poems and songs that the Princess wrote while she was attending school in Tokyo, which Kim obtained during her long research stay in Japan. “Princess Deokhye was extremely talented in writing ― she was a very smart student,” Kim told The Korea Herald. “Most of her pieces were about her home country and the royal palace, and how much she missed them,” she added.Last year, “Princess Deokhye,”

  The inside of Seokjojeon can be seen above left, with Crown Prince Yeongchin, Sunjong, Gojong, Eombi (one of Gojong’s wives) and Princess Deokhye, seated from left to right. Provided by Myongji University-LG Yeonam Library
 the first piece of fiction ever written on the late Princess, was published on Dec. 14.
 The historical novel has been doing extremely well, selling over 500,000 copies in the past eight months. It was ranked as the top bestseller in every recognized bookstore back in January.
 
 “The research part was very difficult because there were almost zero resources available,” Kwon Bi-young, the author of the book, told The Korea Herald. “I’m glad that more information about the Princess is being released. At the same time, though, I am still saddened by the life that Deokhye had to live.”Princess Deokhye was born in 1912,
two years after Joseon was annexed by Japan. Adored and doted on by her father, Emperor Gojong, the youngest daughter of the royal family attended a kindergarten at Deoksu Palace, established exclusively for her. At age 12, however, only six years after Gojong’s death, Deokhye was taken to Japan and went to school in Tokyo. There, she suffered from bullying and cultural differences.At age 19,
 she was forced to marry Japanese Count So Takeyuki. While suffering from mental illness and an unhappy marriage, she gave birth to her daughter, Masae, in 1932. The princess’ life took another tragic turn when her daughter went missing, and her health condition worsened. She was sent to a mental hospital, and finally divorced her husband in 1953.She returned to Korea at the invitation of the Park Chung-hee government in 1962.
 
Nakseonjae in Changdeokgung
Nakseonjae in Changdeokgung Palace
Nakseonjae was the residence of Princess Deokhye and Yi Bang-ja, queen of King Yeong until she passed away in 1989
 
 
 Deokhye led an isolated life in Nakseon Hall,
Changdeok Palace, till her low-profile death in 1989

Princess dukhye and takeyuki so, 1931.JPG

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Coronation of Korea’s new empress leads to royal family controversy

[IHT] 입력 2006.10.22 20:23 / 수정 2006.10.23 20:09

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Yi Hae-won, who was recently restored as the new empress of Korea. By Choi Jae-young

The crowning of Korea’s “new empress” on Sept. 29 was presented by her backers as a means to unite royal descendants spread across the country and “speak as one voice.” What it did instead was to set family members against each other as they dispute not only the line of descent but also the legitimacy of the private organization that named Yi Hae-won as empress of South Korea.
Meeting Ms. Yi was itself quite an exercise. The day of the meeting, a spokesman from the Imperial Family Association of Daehanjeguk (the Empire of Korea) postponed the interview for two hours, at a venue the JoongAng Daily was asked not to reveal “for reasons of security,” and the reporter had to wait another two hours until the empress arrived. The 88-year-old is only about 1.3 meters tall (4 foot, 3 inches) and a little stooped, but the small woman in a jade green hanbok looked composed and tenacious.
Once Ms. Yi arrived and settled herself for the interview, organization spokesman Lee Seong-joo asked the reporter and a handful of men who accompanied her to bow to her four times, bending from the waist to make almost a right angle. “That’s the right way to greet an empress in the royal custom,” he said. The other men in the room all claimed to be of the Lee clan, as was the first emperor of the Joseon dynasty. (Yi and Lee are different spellings of the same family name.) The men stayed throughout the short interview, interrupting and answering questions addressed to Ms. Yi, as did the spokesman.
“I am legitimate, no matter who says what,” the empress declared, referring to opposition to her claim, particularly from the Jeonju Lee Royal Family Members Foundation.

Yi Won, front, and Yi Seok, back, at the funeral of Yi Ku on July 24, 2005. By Choi Jae-young

She said is the oldest surviving child of Prince Uichin (1877-1955), the fifth son of Emperor Gojong (1852-1919). Official records show that Prince Uichin fathered 12 sons and nine daughters.
“I was born to the approved wife of Prince Uichin,” Ms. Yi continued, “I will restore the imperial culture.”
The 10th of those sons, Ms. Yi’s younger brother Yi Seok, thinks his sister was persuaded to take the title by a group of Lee family members because of her difficult life.
After Korea’s liberation from Japan, the new government nationalized the royal fortune and ousted the family from its palaces. Ms. Yi raised three sons and a daughter by herself after her husband was kidnapped and taken to the North during the Korean War. She said she doesn’t know if her husband is still alive, and her daughter died at the age of 47. Two of her sons live in the United States, where she also lived for 10 years until 2002. Since then, Ms. Yi, who spent her first 15 years in a palace, has lived in a 13.2-square-meter (142 square-foot) room in Hanam, Gyeonggi province, with her second son.

Empress Yi Hae-won’s wedding at 19 to Lee Seung-gyu. Provided by the Imperial Family Association of Daehanjeguk

“I don’t mind if my sister [Yi Hae-won] takes the empress seat or not,” Yi Seok said. “However, the family members in direct line didn’t approve such a ceremony. I was invited to the coronation, but I didn’t attend because I didn’t know who [the association members are].”
What he does mind, and what aroused some controversy in Korean society, is the way Ms. Yi was named empress. There was no prior public discussion on the status of an empire or the imperial family within Korea, although an August poll by Realmeter, a research company, did ask what Koreans thought about having a symbolic royal family. Of the 460 Koreans aged 19 or older who were polled, just under 55 percent supported the idea.
“There should have first been enough discussion to get public approval,” said Yi Seok. “When I give lectures on the history of the Korean royal family, I see a lot of people who miss the empire.” He added, “I plan to collect signatures from people and if more than 1 million want to restore the empire, even though it’s just symbolic, I will present that list to the president and ask him to restore the imperial culture and allow some descendants to live in Gyeongbok or Changdeok palaces.”
Members of the Jeonju Lee Royal Family Members Foundation said the family had already selected who should succeed the late Yi Ku, the last direct heir to the throne and the son of Crown Prince Yeongchin, the seventh son of Emperor Gojong.
“[Having an empress] doesn’t make any sense at all,” said Lee Jeong-jae, an official of the foundation, with obvious anger. “When Yi Ku passed away in July of last year, we selected Yi Won as his successor,” he said. Yi Won is a son of Yi Chung-gil, the surviving ninth son of Prince Uichin. “Such [a restoration] ceremony will only confuse the Korean people,” added Lee Yong-kyu, the vice chairman of the foundation. “Korea is not a constitutional monarchy, the royal descendant’s role is limited to that of an officiating priest and his ruling role was removed a long time ago,” he said. In Confucian custom, a woman cannot lead a ritual to honor ancestors.

 
 

“The direct descendants of the empire had a family meeting right after the news that Yi Ku passed away, and decided to have Yi Won entered in the family register of Yi Ku as a son,” said the vice chairman. “We just followed their decision.”
That family meeting is in itself controversial. The vice chairman said that both Ms. Yi and her younger brother, as imperial family members, attended the meeting. Yi Seok and Yi Hae-won, however, told the JoongAng Daily that not only were they not at the meeting, they were not even aware of it. “Adopting a son after death doesn’t make any sense,” Yi Seok said angrily by phone.
“I heard that Crown Princess Yi Bang-ja [the wife of Crown Prince Yeongchin] wrote a will before she died, and in it she named me as first successor,” he added. He said Kim Sang-ryeol, who was close to the Crown Princess, is in possession of that will. Mr. Kim, however, refused to confirm what the will contained, but said he plans to reveal its contents to the public someday.
Added to all the infighting, the legitimacy of those calling themselves the Imperial Family Association of Daehanjeguk is unclear. Although its members say that they are close relatives of the royal family, they are not listed in the direct imperial family records.
The association is now preparing a residence and office for Ms. Yi in a building near Seoul Station, using two floors with a total area of about 396 square meters. The spokesman said that the building owner is also a member of the organization, and supports the Empire of Korea.
“We’re not asking the government to financially support us. We’ll raise funds from supporters of the royal family,” Mr. Lee said. “But as the empress is old, we don’t have much time to restore the royal tradition and legitimacy, which will contribute to the development of Korea’s history and culture,” he added.
The last words the empress spoke during the interview only added to the questions one might have about the association. “They treat me like a puppet,” she said as she took her leave.

 

The root of the current family feud goes back to the time of Emperor Gojong, who was deprived of diplomatic power in 1905 by Japan before it colonized Korea in 1910. Emperor Gojong had nine sons and four daughters, but only four lived long enough to marry: Emperor Sunjong, Prince Uichin, Crown Prince Yeongchin and Princess Deokhye. Prince Uichin as the second-eldest son, was next in line, but as he participated in Korea’s independence movement, the Japanese government forced Emperor Sunjong, who had no children, to leave the title to Prince Yeongchin.
Hirobumi Ito, the resident general during the Joseon dynasty, took the crown prince to Japan at the age of 11 to be educated there, where he was married to Masako Nashimotonomiya, better known as Crown Princess Yi Bang-ja, who was a member of Japan’s royal family. The crown princess, who was a candidate to become Japan’s empress, recalled in her autobiography that she was chosen as Prince Yeongchin’s wife in an attempt to end the Joseon royal line, as Japanese doctors had diagnosed her as infertile. However, she gave birth to two sons, Jin and Ku. Jin died at the age of eight months, leaving Ku, as the only surviving son of the last crown prince, in the main line of descent.
Yi Ku, who graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and married an American Julia Mullock, had no children. He died last year in a hotel room in Japan, leaving no clear successor.

Art Photography

VINTAGE ART PHOTOGRAPHY

 

Eight of Prince Uichin’s children , his first wife, Kim Deok-soo, center front, and two court ladies behind her. Second from the right is Yi Hae-won. Provided by the Imperial Family Association of Daehanjeguk

Prince Uichin. Provided by the Imperial Family Association of Daehanjeguk

MODERN FILM SCENE ART PHOTOGRAPHY

 

the end@copyright dr Iwan suwandy 2012

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