MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.
Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM
THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM
MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA
PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE
Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA
The Driwan’s Cybermuseum
(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)
His Master’s Voice Record found in Indonesia
Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA
|His Master’s Voice|
|Parent company||EMI (British Commonwealth except Canada)
RCA (western hemisphere)
|Status||Defunct (fate: trade mark sold to HMV Group)|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
His Master’s Voice is a trademark in the music business, and for many years was the name of a large record label. The name was coined in 1899 as the title of a painting of the dog Nipper listening to a wind-up gramophone. In the photograph on which the painting was based, the dog was listening to a phonograph cylinder.
The trademark image comes from a painting by English artist Francis Barraud, A.R.A. and titled His Master’s Voice. It was acquired from the artist in 1899 by the newly-formed Gramophone Company. According to contemporary Gramophone Company publicity material, the dog, a fox terrier called Nipper, had originally belonged to Barraud’s brother Mark. When Mark Barraud died, Francis inherited Nipper, along with a cylinder phonograph and a number of recordings of Mark’s voice. Francis noted the peculiar interest that the dog took in the recorded voice of his late master emanating from the trumpet, and conceived the idea of committing the scene to canvas.
In early 1899, Francis Barraud applied for copyright of the original painting using the descriptive working title Dog looking at and listening to a Phonograph. He was unable to sell the work to any cylinder phonograph company, but The Gramophone Company purchased it later that year, under the condition that Barraud modify it to show one of their disc machines. The image was first used on the company’s publicity material in 1900, and additional copies were subsequently commissioned from the artist for various corporate purposes.
Later, at the request of the gramophone’s inventor Emile Berliner, the American rights to the picture became owned by the Victor Talking Machine Company. Victor used the image more aggressively than its UK partner, and from 1902 on all Victor records had a simplified drawing of the dog and gramophone from Barraud’s painting on their label. Magazine advertisements urged record buyers to “Look for the dog”.
The Gramophone Company becomes “His Master’s Voice”
In Commonwealth countries, the Gramophone Company did not use this design on its record labels until 1909. The following year the Gramophone Company replaced the Recording Angel trademark in the upper half of the record labels by the picture painted by Frances Barraud, commonly referred to as Nipper or The Dog.
The company was not formally called “HMV” or His Master’s Voice, but was identified by that term because of its use of the trademark. Records issued by the Company before February 1908 were generally referred to as “G&Ts”, while those after that date are usually called “HMV” records.
Dr Iwan Collections HMV found in Indonesia
1.Chinese Opera Record
Welcome back, Dear Reader, for another dose of of exceedingly obscure Chinese Opera. This time we have an example of Amoy Opera on the His Master’s Voice label. Amoy (aka Hokkien) is a language/dialect from the Southern Chinese province of Fujian, which neighbors the Guangdong province, the origin of our last posting of Teochew Opera. Amoy is directly across the strait from Taiwan and the language and music are basically the same. Like the Teochew people, the Fujian people emigrated to many parts of Southeast Asia, taking their music and language with them. Forms of this opera style are still popular in the region today.
i HAVE JUST FOUND NEW COLLECTION IN OCTOBER 2011, AND i WILL COMPARE WITTH THE COLECTION WHICH i HAVW FOUND VIA GOOGLE EXP-LORATIONS, i HOPE CHINE NATIVE AND COLLATECTORS WILL HELP ME TO TRANLATE AND SEND ME MORE IN INFO VIA COMMR4NT THANK YOU(DR IWAN NOTE)
a.His Master Voice record
2. Ce Momo Latiff before memebr of Miss riboet Oreon
The music record from singapore had told me that one of the player of Mist Riboet Orion when played at Singapore, still live there ,his name Momo latief, two days ago i found the music record of Ce Momo, I think the same singer,please comment and corrections
His Master Voice record
Singer : Ce Momo
Song:1. Rayuan Pulau Kelapa 2.Pulau Bali
the information of Miss riboet Orion Record and Momo Latief
new info from Mr Azmosa Singapore that one of Dardanella Singer and comedian still stayed at singapore until now ,her name Momo Latiff or Momo Makarim and still alive age 88 years old, please read mr Azoma comment in Indonesian Languguae :
Regards, Mr Iwan.
I’m from Singapore and was very impressed with the collection of Mr. Iwan, particularly about the history of art as a collection of Miss Riboet Orion and the Dardanelles. Both these sets are quite popular in Singapore and Malaya in the 1930s. One expert on collection of the Dardanelles had been living in Singapore and became a famous artist in sisni since 194oan. He is Momo Latiff derived from Batavia, and is now 88 years old.
Momo Latif has become one of the Balinese dancers Dancers in a collection of the Dardanelles. After the Dardanelles divided in the mid-1930s, he has entered a collection of nobles who headed by Raden Sudiro. On the one offering held in Melaka, Raden has told Momo that Syarikat Shaw Brothers films in Singapore want to take Momo as a heroine in a film titled Mask Shaitan published in 1939. Momo then have recording vote in 1941 along with the singing lagu2 HMV Sakura Flower, the Banyan Tree and the island of Bali.
This image continued to be used as a trademark by Victor in the USA, Canada and Latin America, and then by Victor’s successor RCA. In Commonwealth countries (except Canada) it was used by subsidiaries of the Gramophone Company, which ultimately became part of EMI.
The trademark’s ownership is divided among different companies in different countries, reducing its value in the globalised music market. The name HMV is used by a chain of music shops owned by HMV Group plc, mainly in the UK, Ireland, Canada, Singapore, Australia, Hong Kong, and Japan.
In 1921 the Gramophone Company opened the first HMV shop in London. In 1929 RCA bought Victor, and with it a major shareholding in the Gramophone Company which Victor had owned since 1920.
Dr Iwan RCA Shanghai cover collections
In 1931 RCA was instrumental in the creation of EMI, which continued to own the “His Master’s Voice” name and image in the UK. In 1935 RCA sold its stake in EMI but continued to own Victor and the rights to His Master’s Voice in the Americas. HMV continued to distribute RCA recordings until RCA severed its ties with EMI in 1957 which led EMI to buy Capitol Records.
World War II fragmented the ownership of the name still further, as RCA Victor’s Japanese subsidiary The Victor Company of Japan (JVC) became independent, and today they still use the “Victor” brand and Nipper in Japan only. Nipper continued to appear on RCA Victor records in America (except for a period from around 1968 to 1977), while EMI owned the His Master’s Voice label in the UK until the 1980s, and the HMV shops until 1998.
In 1967, EMI converted the HMV label into an exclusive classical music label and dropped its POP series of popular music. HMV’s POP series artists’ roster was moved to Columbia Graphophone and licenced American POP record deals to Stateside Records.
The globalised market for CDs pushed EMI into abandoning the HMV label in favour of “EMI Classics“, a name they could use worldwide; however, it was revived in 1988 for Morrissey recordings. The HMV trademark is now owned by the retail chain in the UK. The formal trademark transfer from EMI took place in 2003.
Meanwhile, RCA went into a financial decline. The dog and gramophone image, along with the RCA name, is now licensed by RCA Records and RCA Victor owner Sony Music Entertainment from Technicolor SA, which operates RCA’s consumer electronics business (still promoted by Nipper the dog) that predecessor company Thomson SA bought from General Electric in 1986, after GE bought RCA. The image of “His Master’s Voice” now exists in the United States as a trademark only on radios and radios combined with phonographs, a trademark owned by Technicolor subsidiary RCA Trademark Management SA.
With that exception, the “His Master’s Voice” dog and gramophone image is in the public domain in the USA, its United States trademark registrations having expired in 1989 (for sound recordings and phonograph cabinets), 1992 (television sets, television-radio combination sets), and 1994 (sound recording and reproducing machines, needles, and records).
The “His Master’s Voice” logo was used around the world, and the motto became well-known in different languages. In Europe these include “La Voix de son Maître” (France), “La Voz de su Amo” (Spain), “A Voz do seu Dono” (Portugal), “La Voce del Padrone” (Italy), “Die Stimme seines Herrn” (Germany), “Husbondens Röst” (Sweden), “Głos Swego Pana” (Poland) and “Sahibinin Sesi” (Turkey).
The 1958 LP album “Elvis’ Golden Records” shows pictures of various RCA 45s with Nipper on their labels. On the British version, these images were blacked out, for obvious copyright reasons. This editing took place with many other RCA releases in England.
The movie Superman Returns (2006) contains a scene early on set in Kansas, in which a “His Master’s Voice” radio is clearly shown. His Master’s Voice radios have never been sold in the USA, due to RCA holding the “Nipper” copyright. The movie was made in Australia, and the nearest “prop” was obviously used.
In the 2008 film Valkyrie, a Deutsche Grammophon recording of Ride of the Valkyries with Nipper and “Die Stimme seines Herrn” motto on the label was shown spinning on a 78 rpm wind-up gramaphone as the music played in the protagonist’s living room.
Homage is played to the iconic dog and gramophone image in the 1999 feature film Wild Wild West where in a dog resembling Nipper runs to the side of a recently departed character and looks into an ear horn. The film however, is set in 1869, 30 years before Barraud created his work.
HMV Group PLC
The name HMV is still used by the chain of entertainment shops founded by Gramophone Company in the UK and Canada, which continued to expand internationally through the 1990s.
In 2002 it floated on the London Stock Exchange as HMV Group plc, leaving EMI with only a token holding. HMV shops in Australia, Ireland and the UK also use Nipper. HMV applied for trademark status in order to use Nipper at HMV stores in Canada but abandoned the application in 2010, presumably because the rights to Nipper in Canada are part of the RCA brand portfolio now owned by Technicolor SA and licensed to other companies.