MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.
Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM
THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM
MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA
DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI
PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE
Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA
WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM
SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA
The Driwan’s Cybermuseum
(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)
KISAH TAWANAN PERANG DAI NIPPON DI iNDONESIA
k0leksi gambar TAWANAN PERANG DAI NIPPON 1942-1945
THE DAI NIPPON POW Pictures 1942-1945
Camps in Java
Thousands of Dutch women were imprisoned during the Second World War: women embroidered.
They would do their utmost to be able to embroider. They stole needles from the guards, ripped off patches from sheets or clothing, and pulled thread out of coloured headscarves. They embroidered for themselves and for one another. It was something to enjoy, it gave them a sense of security and brought colour to their grey existence.
It depended very much upon prison conditions how much they could embroider, or whether they could keep their work. It had to be smuggled out, or else they finished it after the liberation. Little embroidery done by Jewish women was preserved. In the transit camp Westerbork in Drenthe there were several workplaces that used metal and wood, which was used for their own work, but very little textile was available.
Much of the preserved embroidery in this exhibition is by women who ended up in prison or in concentration camps because of their part in the Resistance. Embroidery by women in the Japanese camps in the Dutch East Indies is also shown.
Wally van Hall 1906 – 1945
|The Dutch East Indies. On the blouse there is embroidery of camp scenes.|
|A stitch a day…Tangerang, 5-12-1944.|
Kamp Tjideng was a prison camp for European women and children who lived in what was then the Dutch East Indies. I visited for the first time in 2005 and even though I have no experiences to call my own, in regard to camp life, the emotion that was generated during my time there was powerful. I have discussed life at Tjideng with my mother and aunts, who were interned in 1942, and have read several accounts from others. I feel I have some knowledge of Tjideng and what went on there however coming to grips with the reality of the ground upon which I walked was difficult. All I assumed, deep inside me, is that the charge of emotion I felt last time would not be repeated during this second visit. I was wrong.
THE TJIMAHI INTERNMENT CAMPS
CHINESE PERANAKAN WAS ALSO INTERNED!
According Nio Joe Lan as the civilian, and interned person, the condition of Tjimahi Camps were better than previous camps (especially for Chinese Camp), such as Boekit Doeri (Batavia) and Serang. At least, in Tjimahi Camp they were not alike prisoner in jail because they lived in a room, different other European Camps.
Within the Tjimahi Camp, they created the division of work: Medische Dienst (of Physician Service), Technisch Dienst (Technisch Service), Voedsel Dienst (Food Service), Financiën Dienst (Financial Service), Bevolking Dienst (Community service), Statistieken Dienst (statistical service for collecting property from the dead person).
The train camp was in the eastern district, north of the railway line, opposite the camp Baros-5. It was first POW camp in Tjimahi.
This camp was in the northern city of Tjimahi bounded by Kampementsweg, Stationsweg (railway), Gedong Delapan (racetrack) and Gedong Empat. Included the barracks of the 4th and 9th Battalion. It was opened for POW (civilian camp) in late January 1944.
Tjimahi IV and IX Battalion by CW Schüller 1944 – 45
Source: GVNL – Koninklijke Bibliotheek
A map in pencil of the internment Tjimahi IV and IX. On the map include the barrack with their different functions, names of laborers and Roman numerals in the distribution of the camp. Block IX was the clinique unit, Block VII was the Chinese Camp. Nio Joe Lan told on his book “Dalem Tawanan Djepang” p.223:
Capt. Takagi (March – April 1944), Capt. Kasahara (April – July 1944), Capt. Takagi (July – August 1945).
Japanese Military, Korean, and Heiho
C.H.V. de Villeneuve (February 1944 – May 1945)
Richel (September 1944 – February 1945)
Heintz Stein (March 1944 – August 1945
The Military Hospital was in the western suburb south of the railroad, it served as a prisoner of war camp hospital and civilian laborers (men and older boys). The camp hospital consisted of some pavilions and was fenced with barbed wire.
In May 1945 the hospital was completely evacuated, it was used for treatment of Japanese soldiers. On 25th of September 1945 the hospital was transferred to the RAPWI Japanese authorities for the treatment of ex-laborers of the Japanese camps.
Capt. Sakai (doctor)
Dr MMG Woensdrecht
Prominent Kamp, Baros camp, Bamboo Camp, Bald-heads camp, 6th Battalion, Depot Camp, Bunsho II Kamp 5 (Japanse administratie)
The camps became more and more overcrowded in the course of the war. The width of a sleeping place was reduced from an average of 1.35 metres to 50 centimetres. Little light or fresh air entered the stuffy barracks. One’s sleeping place was one’s home. Everything was done here. The inmates ate, drank, slept, read, received their guests and tinkered in their sleeping place. Their few belongings stood, hung or lay around the bed. There was no privacy in a dwelling like this.
This camp was in the eastern city of Tjimahi, directly south of the line. The camp was located in the barracks of the emergency barracks for indigenous milic iens. The bamboo huts, total about 27 units, had a cement floor, most had no windows, but over the full length of an open air strip directly beneath the roof, at the ends was a big door. The camp was a sinister impression: gray barracks around a large square, no tree. The camp was surrounded by a bamboo fence (hence the name was Bamboo Camp).
Kunimoto (May – August 1945)
Japan Military, Korean, Heiho
J.Bos (for all camp functions)
Jongenskamp Baros, Bunsho II Kamp 6 (Japanse administratie)
This camp was located in the southern town of Tjimahi, on both sides of the Barosweg and prisoner and young woman camp. The camp consisted of two parts on either side of the Barosweg: to the west the “Williamstraat” and on the east the “Baroskant” through two guarded gates.
Children Camp: Sagami (July – December 1944), Kunimoto (January – May 1945), Shimonya (May – August 1945).
Japanse militairen, Koreanen, heiho’s (ongeveer 50)
Women Camp: Mw R.Minderman
Children Camp: G.A.Schotel
4th and 9th Battalion
Healthcare / Boemikamp
Fort van den Bosch
West Java Central Java East Java
the end (copyright dr Iwan suwandy 2011