MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.
Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM
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Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA
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Dr Iwan E_Book :
The Rare Vintage South and East Asia Tribes Art Photography
Frame One :
The Indonesian tribes
Battas are physically quite different from the Malay type
Battaks have long been notorious for the most revolting forms of cannibalism
The more civilized of them around Lake Toba are good agriculturists and stock-breeders, and understand iron-smelting. They weave and dye cotton, make jewellery and krisses which are often of exquisite workmanship, bake pottery, and build picturesque chalet-like houses of two storeys. They have an organized government, hereditary chiefs, popular assemblies, and a written civil and penal code. There is even an antiquated postal; system, the letter-boxes being the hollow tree trunks at crossroads. Yet in spite of this comparative culture the Battas have long been notorious for the most revolting forms of cannibalism. ( see: Memoirs of the Life, &c., of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, 1830.)
Up to the publication of Dr H. N. van der Tuuk’s essay, Over schrift en uitspraak der Tobasche taal (1855), our knowledge of the Batta language was confined to lists of words more or less complete, chiefly to be found in W. Marsden’s Miscellaneous Works, in F. W. Junghuhn’s Battalander, and in the Tijdschrift van het Bataviaasch Genootschap, vol. iii. (1855). By his exhaustive works (Bataksch Leesboek, in 4 vols., 1861-1862; Batakschnederduitsch Woordenboek, 1861; Tobasche Spraakkunst, 1864-1867) van der Tuuk made the Batta language the most accessible of the various tongues spoken in Sumatra.
The Battas further possess six peculiar or recondite modes of speech, such as the Hata Andung, or language of the wakes, and the Hata Poda or the soothsayer’s language.
A fair acquaintance with reading and writing is very general among them. Battaks’s alphabet is said, with the Rejang and Lampong alphabets, to be of Indian origin.
The language is written on bark or bamboo staves from bottom to top, the lines being arranged from left to right. The literature consists chiefly in books on witchcraft, in stories, riddles, incantations, &c., and is mostly in prose, occasionally varied by verse.’
See also “Reisen nach dem Toba See,” Petermanns Mitteil. (1883); Modigliani, Fra i Batacchi indipendenti (Rome, 1892); Neumann, “Het Paneen Bilastroomgebiad,” Tydschr. Aardr. Gen., 1885-1887; Van Dijk in the same periodical (1890-1895); Wing Easton in the Jaarboek voor het Mynwezen, 1894; Niemann in the Encyclopaedia van Nederlandsch-Indie, under the heading Bataks, with very detailed bibliography; Baron J. v. Brenner, Besuch bei den Kannibalen Sumatras (Wurzburg, 1893); H. Breitenstein, 21 Jahre in Indien, Java, Sumatra (Leipzig, 1899-1900); G. P. Rouffaer, Die BatikKunst in niederlcindisch-Indien and ihre Geschichte (Haarlem, 1899).
2. Kubu Tribe 1921
The Phillipines tribes
|Tobacco Smoking Family – 1911|
|Kalinga Man – 1911|
|Kalinga Woman – 1911|
|Mock Wedding of A Spaniard and a Local (Negritos)|
|Tattooed Bontoc Warrior|
|Bagobo Woman (Mindanao Rgeion) – 1914|
|A Benguet Brave|
|Weaving Cloth Machine In Bontoc Province|
|Ethnic Bamboo Band|
|Ifugao Head Hunter – 1911|
|Native Ifugao Tribe Dance|
|Igorot Tribes Men|
|Igorot Deer and Dog Hunters|
|Igorot Native Rain Coats|
|Moro Soldiers 1909|
|Negrito Cheif with His Family 1909|
|Tattooed Kalinga Man 1911|
Frame Two :
The India Hindustan Tribe- 1868
Frame Three:The Singapore Tribes
Frame Four : The Malaysian Tribes
Frame Five: The Vietnamese Tribes
Frame Six : The Cambodge Tribes
Frame seven :
The Laos Tribes
The Kikuyu (also spelt Gikuyu) hill tribe forms the largest ethnic group in Kenya with about 24% of the country’s population. They migrated to Kenya in the sixteenth century, spread rapidly in it and called it the land of the Kirinyaga (or shining mountains).
According to Kikuyu legend, this hill tribe was founded by a man called Gikuyu. Ngai, the God of the Kikuyu took Gikuyu to the top of the Kirinyaga and asked him to build his home there and gave him his wife Mumbi. Mumbi and Gikuyu had ten daughters – but because the number ten was believed to bring bad luck – the daughters were counted as nine and ‘full nine’. The nine (some say ten) Kikuyu clans – Achera, Agachiku, Airimu, Ambui, Angare, Anjiru, Angui, Aithaga and Aitherandu are descended from these daughters of Gikuyu.
Most of the Kikuyus are farmers. Their main crops are bananas, sugarcane, yams, beans, millet, maize, black beans and other vegetables. They also raise cattle, sheep and goat. Cattle hides are used to make bedding, carrying straps and sandals while sheep and goat are used for religious sacrifice.
Though the Kikuyus are agriculturists by tradition, they are dependable hard-working people, many of whom have turned successfully to business, traveling everywhere for this purpose and even settling down in far-off lands. They are good money managers and often run more than one business successfully. They have a strong thirst for knowledge and believe that every child must be educated.
Frame Eight: The Timor Leste Tribes
Frame Nine:The Brunei tribes
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