Dr Iwan Book:”The Rare Vintage Picture of South and East Asia tribes”













The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum


(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :


Dr Iwan E_Book :

The Rare Vintage South and East Asia  Tribes Art  Photography

Frame One :

The Indonesian tribes

1.Battaks tribe

Marco Polo claims that the Battaks have been cannibals for a time extending at least as far back as the year 1290 ; and Sir T. Stamford Raffles, who was among them in 1820, found some of their law

In 1866 , Bickmore stories …
Prof. Albert S. Bickmore was traveling in Sumatra, he saw not a little of these people, and he believed then that the place where their aboriginal civilization sprang up was very likely on the shores of that famous Sumatran lake, Lake Toba, and upon the neighboring plateau of Silindung. From this locality they gradually occupied an extensive domain in the in- terior, which was extended upon either side to the seacoast. Eventually, however, the Malays spread along the coast line, and thus confined the Battaks once more to the interior.
The origin of the Battas is doubtful
Battas or Dutch Battaks, the inhabitants of the formerly independent Batta country, in the central highlands of Sumatra, now for the most part subjugated to the Dutch government. The still independent area extends from 9 8 °-99° 35′ E., and 2°-3° 25′ S. North-east of Toba Lake dwell the Timor Batta [ Batak Timur = Simalungun now, red], and west of it the Pakpak [Dairi, red ], but on its north (in the mountains which border on the east coast residency) the Karo Batta [ Batak Karo , red ] form a special group, which, by its dialects and ethnological character, appears to be allied to the Gajus [ suku Gayo , red ] and Alias [suku Alas : red] occupying the interior of Achin [Aceh : red ].
The origin of the Battas is doubtful. It is not known whether they were settled in Sumatra before the Hindu period. Their language contains words of Sanskrit origin and others referable to Javanese, Malay and Tagal influence. Their domain has been doubtless much curtailed, and their absorption into the Achin and Malay population seems to have been long going on.

Battas are physically quite different from the Malay type
The Battas are undoubtedly of Malayan stock, and by most authorities are affiliated to that Indonesian pre-Malayan race which peopled the Indian Archipelago, expelling the aboriginal negritos, and in turn themselves submitting to the civilized Malays. In many points the Battas are physically quite different from the Malay type. The average height of the men is 5 ft. 4 in.[± 160-170 cm , red ]; of the women 4 ft. 8 in [± 130 – 140 cm , red ].
The Battas are dirty in their dress and dwellings and eat any kind of food
In general build they are rather thickset, with broad shoulders and fairly muscular limbs. The colour of the skin ranges from dark brown to a yellowish tint, the darkness apparently quite independent of climatic influences or distinction of race. The skulll is rather ovall than round. In marked contrast to the Malay type are the large, black, longshaped eyes, beneath heavy, black or dark brown eyebrows. The cheek-bones are somewhat prominent, but less so than among the Malays. The Battas are dirty in their dress and dwellings and eat any kind of food, though they live chiefly on rice. They are remarkable as a people who in many ways are cultured and possess a written language of their own, and yet are cannibals.
Battaks have long been notorious for the most revolting forms of cannibalism
The more civilized of them around Lake Toba are good agriculturists and stock-breeders, and understand iron-smelting. They weave and dye cotton, make jewellery and krisses which are often of exquisite workmanship, bake pottery, and build picturesque chalet-like houses of two storeys. They have an organized government, hereditary chiefs, popular assemblies, and a written civil and penal code. There is even an antiquated postal; system, the letter-boxes being the hollow tree trunks at crossroads. Yet in spite of this comparative culture the Battas have long been notorious for the most revolting forms of cannibalism.
( see: Memoirs of the Life, &c., of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, 1830.)
Battaks is mainly confined to a belief in three gods concept
The Battas are the only lettered people of the Indian Archipelago who are not Mahommedans. Their religion is mainly confined to a belief in evil spirits, but they recognize three gods, a Creator, a Preserver and a Destroyer, like a trinity suggestive of Hindu influence.
Up to the publication of Dr H. N. van der Tuuk’s essay, Over schrift en uitspraak der Tobasche taal (1855), our knowledge of the Batta language was confined to lists of words more or less complete, chiefly to be found in W. Marsden’s Miscellaneous Works, in F. W. Junghuhn’s Battalander, and in the Tijdschrift van het Bataviaasch Genootschap, vol. iii. (1855). By his exhaustive works (Bataksch Leesboek, in 4 vols., 1861-1862; Batakschnederduitsch Woordenboek, 1861; Tobasche Spraakkunst, 1864-1867) van der Tuuk made the Batta language the most accessible of the various tongues spoken in Sumatra.
Batta is poor in general terms, but abounds in terms for special objects
According to him, it is nearest akin to the old Javanese and Tagal, but A. Schreiber (Die Battas in ihrem Verheiltnis zu den Malaien von Sumatra, 1874) endeavoured to prove its closer affinity with the Malay proper. Like most languages spoken by less civilized tribes, Batta is poor in general terms, but abounds in terms for special objects. The number of dialects is three, viz. the Toba, the Mandailing and the Dairi dialects; the first and second have again two subdivisions each.
The Battas further possess six peculiar or recondite modes of speech, such as the Hata Andung, or language of the wakes, and the Hata Poda or the soothsayer’s language.
A fair acquaintance with reading and writing is very general among them. Battaks’s alphabet is said, with the Rejang and Lampong alphabets, to be of Indian origin.
The language is written on bark or bamboo staves from bottom to top, the lines being arranged from left to right. The literature consists chiefly in books on witchcraft, in stories, riddles, incantations, &c., and is mostly in prose, occasionally varied by verse.’
See also “Reisen nach dem Toba See,” Petermanns Mitteil. (1883); Modigliani, Fra i Batacchi indipendenti (Rome, 1892); Neumann, “Het Paneen Bilastroomgebiad,” Tydschr. Aardr. Gen., 1885-1887; Van Dijk in the same periodical (1890-1895); Wing Easton in the Jaarboek voor het Mynwezen, 1894; Niemann in the Encyclopaedia van Nederlandsch-Indie, under the heading Bataks, with very detailed bibliography; Baron J. v. Brenner, Besuch bei den Kannibalen Sumatras (Wurzburg, 1893); H. Breitenstein, 21 Jahre in Indien, Java, Sumatra (Leipzig, 1899-1900); G. P. Rouffaer, Die BatikKunst in niederlcindisch-Indien and ihre Geschichte (Haarlem, 1899).


2. Kubu Tribe 1921

Frame Two:

The Phillipines  tribes

Tobacco Smoking Family – 1911
Kalinga Man – 1911
Kalinga Woman – 1911
Mock Wedding of A Spaniard and a Local (Negritos)
Tattooed Bontoc Warrior
Bagobo Woman (Mindanao Rgeion) – 1914
Tinguian Woman
Tinguian Women
A Benguet Brave
Weaving Cloth Machine In Bontoc Province
Ethnic Bamboo Band
Head Hunters
Ifugao Head Hunter – 1911
Native Ifugao Tribe Dance
Igorot Tribes Men
Igorot Deer and Dog Hunters
Igorot Native Rain Coats
Moro Soldiers 1909
Negrito Cheif with His Family 1909
Tattooed Kalinga Man 1911

Frame Two :

The India Hindustan Tribe- 1868

The people of India : A series of photographic illustrations, with descriptive letterpress, of the races and tribes of Hindustan, originally prepared under the authority of the government of India, and reproduced. by J. Forbes Watson and John William Kaye between 1868 – 1875.

Cole christians, aboriginal, Chota Nagpoor
Rajpoot christian, from Rajpootana, Chota Nagpoor
Korewah, aboriginal, Chota Nagpoor
Korewah group, aboriginal, Chota Nagpoor
Moonda female aboriginal, Chota Nagpoor
Bhogta, aboriginal, Chota Nagpoor
Chuttro rajah, Hindoo rajpoot, Chota Nagpoor
Rajpoot, Hindoo from Marwar, Chota Nagpoor
Khanti, wild frontier tribe, Assam
Mishmi, hill tribe, Assam
Singhpo, warlike frontier tribe (Laos), Souther
Meeree, hill tribe, Assam
Kanyang, hill tribe, Assam
Moamuria or Muttuck, hill tribe, Assam
Sonai, Assam
Dooaneeah, mixed race, Assam
Kachari, of Tibetan origin, Assam
Rengma Naga, marauding hill tribe, Assam
Hill Naga, marauding tribe, Cachar
Mara Naga, marauding tribe, Munnipore

Frame Three:The Singapore Tribes

Frame Four : The Malaysian Tribes


Frame Five: The Vietnamese Tribes

Frame Six : The Cambodge Tribes

Frame seven :

The Laos Tribes


The Kikuyu (also spelt Gikuyu) hill tribe forms the largest ethnic group in Kenya with about 24% of the country’s population. They migrated to Kenya in the sixteenth century, spread rapidly in it and called it the land of the Kirinyaga (or shining mountains).

According to Kikuyu legend, this hill tribe was founded by a man called Gikuyu. Ngai, the God of the Kikuyu took Gikuyu to the top of the Kirinyaga and asked him to build his home there and gave him his wife Mumbi. Mumbi and Gikuyu had ten daughters – but because the number ten was believed to bring bad luck – the daughters were counted as nine and ‘full nine’. The nine (some say ten) Kikuyu clans – Achera, Agachiku, Airimu, Ambui, Angare, Anjiru, Angui, Aithaga and Aitherandu are descended from these daughters of Gikuyu.

Most of the Kikuyus are farmers. Their main crops are bananas, sugarcane, yams, beans, millet, maize, black beans and other vegetables. They also raise cattle, sheep and goat. Cattle hides are used to make bedding, carrying straps and sandals while sheep and goat are used for religious sacrifice.

Though the Kikuyus are agriculturists by tradition, they are dependable hard-working people, many of whom have turned successfully to business, traveling everywhere for this purpose and even settling down in far-off lands. They are good money managers and often run more than one business successfully. They have a strong thirst for knowledge and believe that every child must be educated.


Frame Eight: The Timor Leste Tribes

Frame Nine:The Brunei tribes

PS.the complete book exist,only for premium member,subscribed via comment add your recent ID and profile photo. Thanks

the end @ Copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2011




6 thoughts on “Dr Iwan Book:”The Rare Vintage Picture of South and East Asia tribes”

  1. Muslih August 18, 2011 / 3:43 am

    Luar biasa. Sangat bagus untuk museumnya Pak Iwan

    • iwansuwandy August 19, 2011 / 1:54 am

      hallo Muslih,
      terima kasih sudah visit web blog saya,apabila anda memiliki koleksi yang bagus dapat bergabung
      untuk diupload disini.

  2. sassy November 26, 2011 / 12:27 am

    I have some of these exact photos in my possession.
    My grandfather was Col Jospeh N Marx and was stationed in the Phillipines and he ran and built the Army Base there during the era … and he owned a photo postcard camera which I still have!
    I have many, many personal photo postcards My grandfather took with his own camera
    I know he took them because he photographed his himself on a horse and he photographed some furniture in his officers suite … and many years later used this furniture at home … I played on it as a child.
    This collection Includes: a photo postcard: Like the one of the head hunters around the fire with the head on the ground.
    area approx 1904-1918
    I have many photos of this era … and I would like to know more about the photos
    Please contact me
    if you have any information you can offer about these photos

    • iwansuwandy November 26, 2011 / 10:25 am

      hallo sassy,
      thanks for visit my cybermuseum, and info about the old picture of your grandpa.
      Many collectors all over the world ejoy to look and the informations.
      If you donnot mind please send me some of your collections,pratice upload to mmy facebook Iwansuwandy,or via my
      email,I will send my email address . We can exchange informations
      Dr Iwan suwandy

    • iwansuwandy December 13, 2011 / 8:07 am

      thanks for visit my blog and informations

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