Driwan Vietnam War Cybermuseum:”The Vietnam War 1966″(Operasi Penyergapan Senjata Vietcong)












Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum


(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)


                    Please Enter


              DVWC SHOWROOM

(Driwan Vietnam War  Cybermuseum)Showcase:

The Vietnam War Document

       and Postal History



c) AVRN and USarmy  vs Vietcong in 1966


(1)January 1966


(1) Backbone of Airlift  is a group of less than 250 four engine Lockheed C-130 transport and twin engine Fairchild C-130’s. These are supplemented by a smaller number od de Haviland VC-2 Caribou which were transferred from the Air Force in this year.(D)



The receipt of Bien-Lai Tien(future purchase?) Muon Pho-Cholon (chinese area Saigon) 991$10 , tien thue pho 900$ and tien thue 1.2% ,tue cong ve rac 81&  With revenue Vietnam Cong Hoa Con Niem 2$00.

(The earliest VCH-Con Niem revenue collection for future purchase added for credit interest and country?,please comment–auth) 

(3)  January,31th. 1966

        Johnson resumes Bombing.


2) February 1966

 (1) Feb.1st.1966

Koan tra tien muon dat a duong (Land tax) recieved with sugar cane vietnam conghoa revenue.( Ihave the same document fromMarch to Dec 1966)

 (2)February,8th. 1966

Johnson and South Vietnam leaders issue a communique, in Honolulu , emphazing need for pacification in Soutrh Vietnam(D)

(2)February 24, 1966

Battle of Tan Binh. As part of operation Rolling Stone, the 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, specifically the 1/26 Inf and B-1/4 Cav, were supporting a road construction mission by the 1st Engineer Battalion to provide an all-weather road between QL 13 and 16 south of Lai Khe when they came under attack. The VC attacked from three directions in groups of 30 and 40. These assaults were repulsed with small arms, mortars, and arty often used in a direct fire mode. The VC left 142 dead on the battlefield.

(The body of a Viet Cong soldier is dragged behind an armored vehicle en route to a burial site after fierce fighting on February 24, 1966.)

3) March 1966

(1)March 4-8, 1966

Operation Utah/Lien Ket 26 begins as a joint effort with one battalion from the 7th Marines and one from the 2d ARVN Division based on intelligence that the 21st NVA Regiment had recently moved into a region seven miles northwest of Quang Ngai City. The NVA used several 12.7mm antiaircraft weapons to oppose the helicopter assaults though the ground units initially received on light resistance. Both the ARVNs and the Marines added more infantry and artillery units. There were several major battles. Artillery and tactical air strikes were used sometimes on a continuous basis. This was the first USMC contact with the NVA. By the end, the allied forces claimed to have killed nearly 600 NVA, captured five and 49 weapons including three 12.7mm machine guns and two mortars. They found two huge cave complexes that had been used by the NVA. The Marine casualties were 98 dead and 278 wounded, while the ARVN lost 30 killed and 120 wounded. At least one F-4 and several helicopters were shot down.

(Wounded grunts of India 3/7 during Operation Utah)

(2)March ,10th.1966

Buddhist demonstrators against Saigon regime in Hue and Danang(D)

4) April 1966

April 26-30, 1966

The 3/1 and 2/5 Marines conduct a search & destroy operation named Wyoming 15 klicks northwest of Chu Lai in Quang Tin Province, I CTZ.


5)May 1966

(1) May,23th 1966

Government troops take over Danang (D)

 (2).May 24, 1966

Phase I of Operation HARDIHOOD starts in Phuoc Tuy province. The operation is a joint Australian-American brigade clearing operation to destroy VC in the area to be occupied by the ATF base in Phuoc Tuy province, 5 RAR being a maneuver element under operational control of the US 173rd Brigade. The battalion AO is approximately 14 sq km. The VC force operating in the area is believed to be the D445 Provincial Mobile Battalion deployed in platoon to company-sized elements. 274 and 275 Main Force Regiments are believed to be located in the NE and NW of the province. In Phase 1, the province chief is requested to move all inhabitants(approx. 4,000 villagers of Long Phuoc and Long Tan, both known VC strongholds) from within a 4,000 meter radius of Nui Dat and resettle them elsewhere. The clearance of civilians in this area is to create a protective zone in which close patrols can operate freely and permit the Task Force to defend of the base without fear of hitting civilians. The buffer zone is also meant prevent enemy forces from firing mortars from an inhabited area. The boundary of this buffer zone is known as Line Alpha.


6)June 1966


Trung Hoc Tu Thuc Cong Hoa HO-CHI document with local revenue bold 1966 surcharge.

(2)June,14th. 1966

A Complete document “Giao Keo” Saigon Thuy cuc with South Vietnam green  30 Dong revenue with red double circle Saigon Thuy Duc stamped date 14.6.1966 and Stamps 2 dong with Postal Circulair Date stamped Saigon-cholon 15.10.1966, rare combination never report before (OD&PH)

 (3)June 19, 1966

Nine days after riot police are sent into Hue, and after a four-day campaign by two South Vietnamese airborne and two marine battalions against the “disorganized opposition” of civilian demonstrators and ARVN First Division troops from mostly service units, open resistance from Buddhists and military dissidents in the city collapses.

(Hue imperial citadel from the air)

Government troops take over Hue(D)

(3) June,29th. 1966

American aircraft bomb oil depots near Hanoi and Haiphong (D)


July 6-14, 1966

Operation WASHINGTON begins. It was a reconnaissance of the Do Xa region long suspected to contain the enemy’s Military Region V Headquarters. Marine CH-46s brought 105mm howitzers and the command group to Hau Duc, some 30 miles west of Chu Lai. For the next eight days, “Stringray” recon teams ranged over a 280-square-mile area and all but one were inserted by helicopters. In all 46 sightings were made of 201 VC. The resulting combat and supporting arms counted for 13 VC KIA and four prisoners. With relatively few sightings, the 1st Marine Div ended WASHINGTON on the 14th without inserting an infantry units (other than the recon teams) into the area.

8) August

(a) August ,1st.1966

Three types Local surcharge 1966 saigon revenue on Trich Luc Bo Khai Sanh (Birth Cewrtificate) bold shift,bold and thin surcharge.

 (b)August,18th 1966

On 18 August 1966 D Company of 6RAR was patrolling in the area of the Long Tan rubber plantation when, at about 3.15pm, the lead platoon (11 Platoon, commanded by 2Lt Gordon Sharp, a national serviceman) encountered a small group of Viet Cong who fled leaving one of their number killed by the Australians. The aggressive patrolling continued until, at about 4.08pm, the main body of the Viet Cong 275 Regiment was encountered. The Viet Cong attacked vigorously with mortars, rifle and machine gun fire.

In pouring rain, the Australians returned fire with platoon weapons and artillery which was firing from the Nui Dat base, some five kilometres to the west. Close air support was also called for but couldn’t be used because the target was unable to be identified accurately in the conditions.

At 5pm D Company’s commander, Major Harry Smith, radioed for ammunition resupply. Two RAAF Iroquois helicopters which happened to be at Nui Dat to transport a concert party were tasked and flew at tree top level into the battle area where they successfully delivered the sorely needed boxes of ammunition.

The combination of aggressive fire from D Company soldiers plus devastating artillery fire from Nui Dat had swung the battle in the Australians’ favour but the Viet Cong continued to manoeuvre to gain the upper hand. Meanwhile, A Company of 6RAR had been ordered to move to the support of the beleaguered D Company.

They did so mounted in armoured personnel carriers from 1st APC Squadron which forded a flooded stream and then shortly afterward encountered a substantial enemy force. 2 Platoon of A Company dismounted and advanced on the enemy who fled.

Although the Viet Cong could still be seen massing in failing light at 6.55pm as the relief force arrived in the D Company area, the enemy force melted away as darkness descended. The battle of Long Tan was over.

The Australians consolidated their position for the night and then commenced evacuation of their wounded using the lights from APCs to guide in helicopters. During the night the Viet Cong cleared many of their wounded and dead from the battle field. A number of the wounded Australians lay there all through the long terrifying night, as the Viet Cong moved around them.

Morning revealed that the Viet Cong force, estimated at 2,500, had been badly mauled. 245 Viet Cong bodies were found in the battle area. It was apparent that the Viet Cong commanders had failed to appreciate the effectiveness of artillery fire and had paid dearly as a result.

The Australians had lost 18 killed, 17 from D Company (including the young platoon commander of 11 platoon) and one from 1st APC Squadron, and 24 wounded.


Airmaik Cover with letter inside,send from Truong Dai Hoi Qui Nhon to  Saigon with olympic and flower stamp rarte 4 dong.

9) September 1966

 (1)       France President calls American withdrawal from vietnam during his visiting Cambodia.(D)

(2)September 15, 1966

Operation SIOUX CITY is conducted by elements of the 173d Airborne Brigade in the Xom Cat region. They made light contact and uncovered food, weapons and maintenance caches loaded with truck part. This enabled the brigade to terminate a massive VC resupply effort underway in the region.



(3) September,25th 1966

 (a)FREE POSTALLY USED COVER FROM MILITARY ACADEMY/ARMED FORCE TRANING SCHOOL NATHRANG KBC 4311 red airmail COVER from  Hop TD-894 (?, please comment-auth  ) TO So 1/TR 16/lg 4 Nho caiu trao cho me (?) Saigon. And the vintage photo of Nha Trang HQ 505 LST (landing ship Transport )-Phillipine navy , on the back of photo hand written “ Ky niem ngay uo ki he 56 Doa Nu trah quoc gia Su Phan Nha Trang”

Nhatrang   military cover Hop TD 894 KBC 4311with Quan Buu M1(Military Post) Stamp without nominal with not clear CDS of Nha Trang , not clear red double circle official Stamped  to Saigon .

(The earliest postally used  Military stamps type M1 during the Vietnam liberation War ,rare postal history-auth)

     Inside the covers the letter :




Nha Trang 26/9.66

Kinh anh !


Den hom nay mia la con 12 ngay se mau khoa.

            Em thu cho anh hay. “Heart picture” Ngoai Hue, neu  anh  thi ten nha t         hang thinh (ban em) choi thang ay choi dep lam.

Anh dten do choi va co the nho nha no nan com hoai lai dto a nha khoi muon nha.

No co thu cho em. Anh co gap no bao  no lai em co loi hoi ho tham no .

                        Thu anh vai hang, xin tam but Chine anh vui may mau.

            Em via Dah.

TB. Dia chauc thinh, Lunchi thinh 82 Chi Long Hue.(OD&PH)    


(b) Civil postally used cover with Thw Thao The Duc olympic 1 d and flower 3d stamps (rate 4d) send from Qui Nhon to Saigon, CDS Quinon-vietnam (not clear) 15.9.1966. The letter inside:


                                                                        Qui Nhon 22.9.1966

                                                                                    Em Ye’u

Moi nam gio sang anh da thuec day roi. Thoi guen anh tap  dtuoc trong nhung ngay o’ Saigon. Giaa phut nay thuc en hay un ngu trong chau an? Troi Saigon dta lanh  tro em ? han em dtang no nhung giao modtep.

Em oi! Em mo thy gi? Anh, Nghi rang ting yeu cua  chung ta chua dtu dte? Anh nghi? Rang tinh yeu cua chung ta chua dtu dte dti vao nhung gioi ngu than tum ma em tinh yeu cua anh chua dtu manh di chiem tran vin long un? Chung co lo tu hem anh roi ra dten Zui nhon dten nay, anh dta goi dten em toi da thu thu tu,trong khi dto anh chi ? nhon cua em co mat. Mat la thu trang gan thang ! Anh truong thu chuoc dtuoc tinh trang dto. Tinh yeu dtang dtot chay long anh, em but chung ? Anh nho em Kinh phung guea Khung canh vang ve cua in ro trong tins anh. Anh khao khat duoc gap em,dtuoc nhin tan mat em cuoi va nhat la anh muon hon em.

Em yeu mui ,anh lai nho dten truoc phi mot troi dti vao chan nui,………………..etc……………………………………………

(very long latter, if someone will tranlate I will put all letter in the blog, many “Anh” what the meaning ?-auth)

Hay viet tha cho anh den nhe ! Vieyt that nhieu vao ! Bao nhien l         oi em Viet anh cam thay van Chua dtu. Sap dten gio anh phai dte rua mat dte xuong van phong. Ban ngay anh ban lo cho hoc ninh dten bu dtau , Theo sau  so noi nhien hon.

                        Hon Em !



            (3) September,29th 1966

            The vietnamese letter from Phu Nhuan Thu nan :



        Phu Nhuan                            Thu Nam ngay 29.9.66


                                                Anh ve Saigon nhi phepgiao hi 12.9.66

Vi han mot tuyen, nam moi viet  Pho Hong duoi.

Da loi khay nhem duoi thi ji cua Hong ca ? ca le doi Hong da co 1 lei gi doi thang….Du sao di nua, Hong vuong nen cho anh biet vien co.

            Thai Hong da nhen duin the ma anh canh dau may thang ?

Hong ha hoi mien gap cho anh yoy Ichi nhan duoi thu nay de anh  yen lan.

Ve Saigon buon nhien va mat ly do phai nan Li that nghiep chua biet lan hay hoc nen thong di dai la toi anh tua.

Hong va manh vi vau di lau nha thung Le lho anh gie than ha vo ca gia guyen.



Doi Thi? 369 Truong Lai Bien 369

            Phu nhuan saigon.



(10) October 1966

(1)American and South Vietnamese leaders conclude conference in Manila. American troops strength in Vietnam reaches nearly 400.000 by year-end(D)

  (2) October ,7th.1966

     The Vietnamese letter used official sheet :

Viet-Nam Cong Hoa

     Bo Noi Thu                                                  7-10-66

 Nha-Vien-Thong                                                 AH


            Em moi lan doc thu A H thay an han vo coy voidto! An han vi H ma chan thu di phai nhien phai tranh hon troy dtoi A A cu tranh h hua Ha , hon phan them nhan h im nhan loi tat ca  loi lam noi guan troy lam vi H o biet lam vui loy A  ma o biet chup them nhien son lai dty len di soi hy dtui dta cho them truong Anh biet vi sao o vi H soisy dthuy dti gua rui ong thien tra ma H …..etc………(very long and bad written latter, what the meaning of “Biet” –auth)

 (3)October 5, 196611) November 1966(1)Each of South Vietnam’s provices  and districts, there would be an Intelligence and operations coordination center (PIOCC or DIOCC)  where captured enemy documents would be read, prisoners interrogated , and dossiers maintained on all suspected members of the Vietcong infrastucture (VCI) .

Mutter’s Ridge: Following another air strike in the morning, 2nd Platoon, Company M, 3 Battalion attacks again and gains the ridge crest at noon. Fleeing into the jungle, the enemy leaves behind ten bodies and numerous blood trails that mark the evacuation of many wounded. The battle for the ridge is over, with the Third Battalion, Fourth Marines driving the NVA 324B Division back into the DMZ, losing twenty dead but killing one hundred enemy.

(It was during the battle of Mutter’s Ridge that photographer Larry Burroughs took this picture, of the most famous of the Vietnam War)



Once adossier became large or convincing enough, the individual would be targeted for arrest by the Vietnamese Police, the military, or one of the provincial reconnais unit (PRU).

Phung Hoang had its origin in November 1966 when the Vietnam Stasion, MACV J-2, and the Vietnamese National Police cooperated to form a combined intelligence staff called CT-4. Its mission was to identification and neutralization of the Vietcong infrastructure in MR-4, which at thzattime corresponded roughlyto Gia Dinh Province plus the Saigon-Cholon metropolitan area.

12)December 1966


December 4, 1966

A Viet Cong unit penetrates the 13-mile defense perimeter around Saigon’s Tan Son Nhut airport and shells the field for over four hours. South Vietnamese and U.S. security guards finally drove off the attackers, killing 18 of them in the process. One U.S. RF-101 reconnaissance jet was badly damaged in the attack. The guerrillas returned that same night and resumed the attack, but security guards again repelled them, killing 11 more Viet Cong during the second battle.

(VC ammos found after the Dec. 4 attack)

 December 25, 1966

In Binh Duong Province 13 milles NNW of Saigon (less than 2 miles N of Bob Hope’s Show at 1st Infantry Division Headquarters at Di An), a 1st Infantry Division reconnaissance squad received small arms fire from a platoon-size enemy force. The US returned fire. Friendly casualties were heavy and one enemy killed.

(Bob Hope’s tour, christmas 1966, here at Qui Nonh

During South Vietnam’s elections, there are 166 Viet Cong acts of terrorism just before and including election day, or about nine times the level of activity four days before election and fifteen times the level of activity on an average day in August. US forces act as a shield to prevent large-scale VC and NVA interference, but South Vietnamese forces lose an estimated 19 KIAs and 120 WIAs between 1800 on September 10 and 1800 on September 11. VC casualties are estimated to be 18 killed, 3 wounded, and 15 captured. Almost 81% of the population turns out to vote.

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

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