DrIWAN VIETNAM WAR CYBERMUSEUM:”THE VIETNAM WAR 1968-1975″

 
 
 
 
 

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

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    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

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Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

 

                    Please Enter

                   

              DVWC SHOWROOM

(Driwan Vietnam War  Cybermuseum)Showcase:

The Vietnam War Document

       and

    Postal History

       1968-1975

The US troops pulled out of Vietnam by Congressional Order in 1972. The war continued without the US until 1975.

 

In 1972 Nixon, in order to gain reelection, offered the Communists a deal they could not refuse. In exchange for an immediate cease fire and bombing halt, the US would promise that no US planes, ships or troops would ever land, fly, sail off the coast, or provide any support whatsoever to South Vietnam. This is down to a single bullet or can of gasoline.

The agreement was voted into law called the Chase-Church Act.

Congress ordered…ORDERED…all US troops to come home immediately. The war ended for the US with a whimper.

The Communists were leery of Nixon and his fondness for B-52 strikes and just waited, making no really aggressive moves that might trigger a response from someone they feared not very stable.

Nixon’s resignation in Aug. 1974 and the appointment of Gerald (candy-ass) Ford was all the assurance the Communists needed.

The Communists had spent the time massing troops’ tanks and equipment along the Laos and Cambodian border. When they were sure Nixon was gone they attacked with 9 divisions in Dec. 1974.

The South Vietnamese had no longer been receiving supplies from the US while North Vietnam was building up with help from Russia and China. The South had 352 tanks but no spare parts and little fuel. The Communist had over 700 Russian tanks and all the support they could carry.

On 17 Mar 75 the NVA Sixth and Seventh Divisions attacked Xuan Loc but were repulsed by the ARVN 18th. On 9 Apr 75 the NVA 341st Division joined the attack. After a four-thousand round artillery bombardment, these three divisions massed, and, spearheaded by Soviet tanks, assaulted Xuan Loc; but again the ARVN 18th held its ground. The NVA reinforced with their 325th Division and began moving their 10th and 304th Divisions into position. Eventually, in a classic example of the military art of “Mass and Maneuver” the NVA massed 40,000 men and overran Xuan Loc.

During this fight, the ARVN 18th had 5,000 soldiers at Xuan Loc. These men managed to virtually destroy 3 NVA Divisions, but on 17 Apr 75 they were overwhelmed by sheer numbers and the weight of the “Mass.” Before overrunning Xuan Loc the NVA had committed six full divisions, plus a host of various support troops.

There were no AMERICAN COMBAT TROOPS in Vietnam. The 5,000 men of the 18th ARVN of the South Vietnamese Army nearly destroyed 3 NVA Divisions by themselves. They had no US support whatsoever, but they couldn’t last.

How could American troops lose the war when they weren’t even there?

At the peak of involvement US troops only had a maximum of 43,000 actual combat troops in the field on any given day. Only one, ONE out of 10 men who served in Vietnam was ACTUALLY a “combat soldier” who, by design, is one who hunts and kills the enemy as his only job in the service.

While the US had a maximum average of around 40,000 troops in the field on any given day, the enemy had 500,000 troops with 370,000 Red Chinese troops in North Vietnamese uniforms. When the US troops found the enemy, the battles were fast and furious as depicted in Mel Gibson’s “We Were Soldiers.”

27,000 US troops died in combat.

 

300,000 were wounded.

AVRN and USA  killed approximately 1.5 million of the enemy.

To justify their cowardice, those who ran from their country’s call had to vilify the noble sacrifice of those in whose shadow they will forever stand. Today we see the same traitors in Cindy Sheehan, who never raised her son, has never been to Iraq, but spits on the grave of her son and his courage and sacrifice. She takes the insurance money from his death and promotes her communist agenda, but won’t take the time to pick up the headstone provided by the US Army for free to mark her son’s grave.

The morals of Vietnam are debatable. The facts are not.

The sacrifice and courage exhibited by US troops and the humiliation and insult heaped upon them by the traitors of this country will forever be a stain on this country’s character.

AND TODAY THEY ARE DOING THE EXACT SAME THING AGAIN. YOU CANNOT PROTEST THE WAR AND SUPPORT THE TROOPS. THE TWO CANNOT BE SEPARATED.

TRAITORS GAVE US THE CHASE-CHURCH ACT.

TRAITORS GAVE US UNREASONABLE RULES OF ENGAGEMENT.

 

TRAITORS ALWAYS FIND FAULT WITH THE BEHAVIOR OF THE AMERICAN TROOPS WHILE GIVING A PASS TO THE BARBARIANS.

TRAITORS KEEP OUR BORDERS OPEN IN A TIME OF WAR.

TRAITORS LIE TO THE AMERICA PEOPLE.

TRAITORS HOLD OUR TROOPS BACK FROM VICTORY FOR POLITICAL GAIN.

 

TRAITORS ALLOWED ALMOST 20 MILLION MUSLIMS TO SET UP SANCTURIES IN OUR COUNTRY.

TRAITORS PERMIT ANTI-AMERICA PROTESTS IN THE CITY OF DEARBORN AND CALL IT FREEDOM OF SPEECH.

TRAITORS ALLOW KNOWN TERRORIST SYMPATHIZERS TO COME TO AMERICA AND TEACH IN OUR COLLEGES.

IT’S TIME WE CALL IT WHAT IT IS….TREASON.

AND TREASON HAS ONLY ONE PUNISHMENT…DEATH.

THE VIETNAM WAR

                IN

             1968

_____________________________________

 

a. TET OFFENSIVE  , Vietcong attack  in 1968.

________________________________

1)January 1968

(1)Sihanouk tells  Johnson ‘s emissary, ester Bowles,that he will not stop American forces from pursuing the Vietcong over the Cambodian border.(D)

 

(2) January,15th. 1968

BIEN VIEN SO 307 /Q6.QV STENCIL CETRIFICATE, SIGN BY NGUYEN THANH TRACH , TUNG-QUNG(?) THRUONG QUAN SAU FOR Toa So Tham Saigon, Luc Tinh Cholon knom 13 gia 8 Phuong Bien vien. With finger print without photo on ..nhon Tay Tro columm.(OD)

 

(3)After a decade of American tactics the communist planned a devasting blow “The Tet Offensive” against town in South Vietnam, was design as an all out effort to impress on American that the Vietcong were far stronger that they had supposed.

In preparation for Tet , was design as all-out effort and the North Vietnam had endeavoured to draw US troops from the towns by a diversionary attack on a nothern US base at Khesan .

 

(4)31th January 1968

(a)On Tet Holidays, the Vietcong and Vietminh launched “The Tet Offensive” against the town of South Vietnamm and mounted a huge offensive, penetrating several town s in an attempt to destroy the morale of the South Vietnamese and Americans , who believed  that their power was confined  to the countryside.

 

(b)It caught the Americans and the South Vietnamese completely by Suprise, because Tet was the National New Year Holiday period, dureing which a truce had always been observed, and because the town of South Vietnam had hierto been thought secure against the largely rural Vietcong.

 (c)Score of Vietnamese towns were assault by  some  70.000 Vietcong and Vietminh , who created wide spread destruction  and even penetrate the heavily fortified US Embassy compaound in Saigon.

 

 

(d)The carnage was worst in the ancient city of Hue in central Vietnam, there the Vietcong overhelmed the South Vietnam Garrison . look at the vintage photo(ibid S,karnow)  ‘a wounded  GI helped by  his buddies  during the battle of Hue. The  toughtest  fighting occured  at the Citadel, which the Vietcong  held tenaciously American artillary  and aircraft also bombed and shelleted this city.”      

 

(e)In the end the communists were bloodily repulsed, but the terrible scenes of fighting shown on American television  screens conviced most Americans that US soldiers should be brought home.

         

(f)The ability of the communists to pene-trate  and even to hold their positions in a number of South Vietnamese town hitherto believed to be fitmly in South Vietnamese and American hands succeede in undermining American morale in their longest and most succesful war,

         

(g)The US President ‘s assurances that The Tet Offensive was the most disastrous Vietnam defeat of the war were perfectly true, but they carried little connection.(D)

 

(h)Tet offensive of 1968 was a campaining  “Liberate” the South before Ho ‘s death (ibid Stanley Karnow)

 

(b) Tet offensive Map (P)

2) february 1968

MAU THAN 1968
 
.
MARCH 1968
 
 
17 Mar 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US Soldier with grafitti, Hue, S.Vietnam.
 
 
13 Mar 1971, Laos — ARVN’s (Army of the Republic of South Vietnam) troops dig bunkers and pile sandbags around their Fire Support Base Delta One about nine miles inside Laos.
APRIL 1968
MAY 1968
SECOND OFFENSIVE
07 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/7/1968-S​aigon, Vietnam- A Vietnamese child remains close to her injured mother, who is being tended to by a medic at an aid station in Saigon’s Cholon section. Mother and child were among hundreds of civilians trapped in the area during fierce battle between Communists and Allied forces
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietcong Captured During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietcong Captured During Second Offensive on Saigon
1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — ARVN Troops Encircle Vietcong Hideout
07 May 1968, Cholon, Saigon, Vietnam — A soldier helps an injured woman while her daughter watches, at an aid station in Cholon, a Chinese suburb of Saigon, during heavy fighting in the city.
10 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — British combat photograph​er Larry Burrows photograph​s Vietnamese soldier with children during the second offensive on Saigon in the Vietnam War.
JUNE 1968
June 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — South Vietnamese soldiers patrol the Chinese neighborho​od of Cholon in Saigon during the second offensive on the city.
1966, Danang, Vietnam — A soldier from The Army of the Republic of Vietnam comes under fire during the Danang Buddhist Insurrecti​on, Danang, Vietnam. 1966.
1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — The grounds of the 8th Division (8eme) in the Cholon area of Saigon takes a hit from two 750 pound bombs during the 1968 mini Tet offensive. Cholon or Chinatown was a market area inhabited by Vietnamese of predominat​ely Chinese origin.
08 Jun 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Leveled buildings and rubble are the only things visible in this area of Saigon’s Cholon district where S. Vietnamese forces besieged well-entre​nched pockets of Viet Cong and infiltrato​rs. This desolate area was once the home of an estimated 1,000,000. Wreckage of cars and trucks block the street in the background as a Viet Cong barricade against the passage of tanks. In one frame a church steeple is shown standing, surrounded by trees.
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, a soldier stands next to a damaged building on a street strewn with rubble and barbed-wir​e.
04 Apr 1972, Dong Ha, South Vietnam — 4/4/1972-D​ong Ha, South Vietnam- South Vietnamese soldiers watch the street from the safety of a bombed out building after they recaptured Dong Ha 4/3. Us jet fighters were swarming the skies in an effort to halt the advancing Communist tide in the Quang Tri province. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
25 Jul 1972, La Vang — ARVN Troops Guard a Shrinking Perimeter — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
03 May 1972, Hue, South Vietnam — Hue, South Vietnam. A regiment of South Vietnamese Marines pulling back from Quang tri are shown at My Chanh along Route #1 en route to Hue. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
27 Jul 1972, Quang Tri, South Vietnam — 7/27/1972-​Quang Tri, South Vietnam-Th​e battle of Quang Tri appears to be over for one South Vietnamese soldier. Wounded, he still shows plenty of spirit July 15th. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
02 May 1972, Qang Tri, Vietnam — South Vietnamese fighters during the Battle of Qang Tri. — Image by © Henri Bureau/Syg​ma/Corbis
19 Apr 1973, An Loc, South Vietnam — Plaything.​..A Communist tank is a plaything for children at An Loc April 10th. Some of the children are really serious about playing “war.”
February 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Prisoners captured during the Tet Offensive appear in public as they are escorted to an armored vehicle after a press conference in Saigon.
19 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — Two US marines lean against the wall of a destroyed home in Hue, Vietnam near the bodies of two Vietcong soldiers who were inside at the time of the attack.
12 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US marines with M-16s search and secure a wounded enemy soldier during fighting at Hue, South Vietnam.
05 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — A US marine fights from a ditch in Hue, South Vietnam as other marines drag a wounded colleague to safety. –
03 Feb 1968, Near Tan Son Nhut Airbase, Saigon, South Vietnam — The bodies of US soldiers lay on the back of an armored personnel carrier which moved through the fighting near Tan Son Nhut Airbase to pick up the dead.
 
 
31 Jan 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — South Vietnamese soldiers drag the body of a dead Vietcong guerrilla away from a government building during a rash of Vietcong attacks in Saigon during the Vietnam War.

(1) Early 1968

After Tet offensive, Whasington was forced  to awful conclusion  that US could  no longer win the war(D)

(IMNAHA report a bogus fake first day cover with ilagalizes too sharp postal cancel Quan Buu 1.2.1968 on the second type Miltitary non nominal value, and fake  postmark” kho tet mau than de phong xuan ky dau.”

I have found the 2nd type Military stamp not cancelled by Quan Buu in sept 1968, but Quan buu cancelled on military stamps type 1 at april 1968, we can made comparative studies about the original quan buu cancelled-aut)

 

(2) February,25th. 1968

After twenty six days of Fighting, American and South Vietnamese troops recapture Hue.

 

3) March 1968

The issued “ should another  206.000 troops be sent to Vietnam, bringing numbers there to almost three quaters of a million? The new secretary of Defense Clifford and the president rejected the increase.

 (2)March ,13th .1968

 
 
 
 
 

13 Mar 1971, Laos — ARVN’s (Army of the Republic of South Vietnam) troops
dig bunkers and pile sandbags around their Fire Support Base Delta One about nine miles inside Laos

 

(3)March,17th.1968

 
 
17 Mar 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US Soldier with grafitti, Hue, S.Vietnam.
 
 

(2) March ,21th .1968

(a)   After three weeks Vietcong occupation at Hue,  massacre 3000 people and buried them in hastily dug mass graves.      

 

(b) Before American and South Vietnamese troops regained control, the Tet offensive had caused them 6000 combat death. Thousand more Vietnamese civilian died, caught up in the fighting. For the Vietcong, the casuaties amounted to a devasting 50.000. AS a fighting force they was never recovered.

 

(c)The weakening of the Vietcong was not unwelcome in Hanoi. Indeede, in as Tet was a double victory for North Vietnamese because it undermined American confidence that the war would ever be won and it prevented the independent communist in the South Vietnam  from being able to challenge the nothern communist regime. The Vietminh henceforth played the major military role and so gained the upper hand in determining the future of vietnam.

 

 

(3)  March,31th. 1968

 

(a) Johnson announced his decision  not to seek re-election; he also indicated that there  would be a measure of disengagement from the war, reflecting the new consencus among his advisers, including former hawks, That at least freed his hand from the inevitable political infighting as the election loomed nearer and anabled him to concentrate on finding a viable alternative strategy in Vietnam .

 

(b)He also announced a partial bombing halt and invitee the North Vietnamese to begin peace talk.

 

(c) He says that he will not run for re-election(D)

(d) Propaganda picture anti Vietnam war, Presiden Johnson bring back home” daddy skull and bone” to his son (P)

 

4) April 1968

 

5) MAY 1968 

 

      (1) May, 22th 1968

A very rare KHAI SANH’s certificate  signed by  Nhan chung, Ho lai and Tran-Hoc-lung in 22-05-1968. without revenue

(the rare collection after four month tet offensive without revenue,military free tax  dan used military area number Ku Buu chin(KBC) 3014(An Duc-Vinh Long) , please comment the complete form of Khai Sanh,s certifiacte below-auth)

 

 

 

 

                     KHAI SANH

:So hieu  250

 

:                                       ________________________________________________

     :                                        :Ten,ho au-nhi              TRAN-TUAN-TAI

     :                                    hai :                              NAM                                    :

            :                  :            Ngay hai muoi mot thang nam duong       :

     :                                       :            chin tram sau muoi tam(21-05-1968)          :

     :    SAU-Y-THONG-BO: Sanh: (ngay,thang,nam)…………………………………..:

            : AN-Duc 25/05/1968:  Tai   :…………………Xa An-DUC……………………………:

     : Chu-Tich K/Ho-Tich:   Cha:………………….Tran-Hoc-Luong……………………:

            :                                  :  Tuoi :………………….Hai muoi tam tuoi. ………………..:

            :     Signed &              :  Nghe-nghiep:…….Quan nhan……………………………:

            :       Stamped            :  Cu tru tai  :…………KBC 3014………………………………:

            :Vietnam conghoa         :  Me :…………………..TRANH-LINH…………………………..:

            :Vinh Long Chau.?,,        :  Tuoi :………………….Hai Moi hai tuoi……………………..:

            : UY-BAN  MINH CHANH :  Nghe-nghiep:……Noi Tro…………………………………..:

            : Nguyen-Tam-the    :  Cac tru trai………..Trai gia binh Trong doan 16BB..:

     :   CHUNG NHAN      : Vo :……………………Vo chanh……………………………….:

            :Chu ky cua UY Ban hanh chanh Nghe-nghiep:……..Quan Nhan………………………………..:

            : Xa An-Duc tren day :  Cu tru tai :…………….K.B.C.3014………………………………….:

            :Vinh-Long ngay 25/5/1968    :  Ngay Khai:……………Ngay 22 thang 5 DL 1968…………….:

            : TL Quan Truong CT    :  Nguoi chung thu nhirt: ..LE-HOANG-MINH………………………..:

            HO QUAN TRUONG  : Tuoi :……………………..Hai muoi chin tuoi………………………:

            :                                     : Nghe-nghiep:……….Quan nhan…………………………………:

            :    signed & stamped : Cu tru tai :………………K.B.C.3014………………………………….:

            :                                      : Nguoi chu thu nhi :..LE-HUU-HANH……………………………..:

            : TRAN-VAN-LAN         : Tuoi:……………………….Hai muoi lam tuoi………………………:

            :                                     : Nghe-nghiep:…………Quan Nhan………………………………..:

            :                                     : Cu tru tai :………………K.B.C. 4014………………………………… :

            :                                    :_____________________________________________________:

            :                                                                                                                                               :                       Lam tai ….AN-DUC…………..ngay 22….thang…05…nam..1968……..:

            :                                   Nguoi khai                   Ho lai                      nhan chung        :

            :                            TRAN-HC-LUONG     NGUYEN-VAN-THE    LE-HOANG-MINH

            :                                   (KY TEN)                   (KY TEN)                     (KY TEN)          

                ::                                                                                                                                                                                  :

                :                                                                                                                                      LE-HUU-HANH

            :                                                                                                           (KY TEN)              :

            :_________________________________________________________________________:_     

6) June 1968

(1)  June,5th. 1968

Robert Kennedy was assasination while celebrating his victory in California elections .

(2) The Vietnamese war may become the biggest question mark in airpower history. Even when the full records of the war become available, judgment of airpower effectiveness atill will be a matter of opinion as weel as fact.

The restrictions that always accompany a limited conflict have clouded  the vietnamese situation throughly, and it will be difficult for anyone to appraise the true worth of airpower in this war objectively.(D)

 

(3) A USAF helicopter airlift supplies to a Special Forces camp in the central highland of Vietnam (P), A foward air control (FAC) ground team keeps in radio contact with an airborn 0-1 Bird Dog(P), and Vietnamese Air Force A-1 H Skyraiders over Bien Hoa air Base

( I have the postal history sent from this base , keep reading you will find that-auth)(P)

 

7) July 1968

(1)July,1st.1968

Finally in this day With some nudging from Bill Colby, then chief of MACV CORRD, President Nguyen van Thieu put his official stamped of approval on the program.

 

 

 

August 1968

(1)     Ho Chu tjeh da tang co thu’ong cho nganh xe quan su nhan dip Hoi ngi lai xe gi’o’i va tho sua chua gioi toan quan thang 8 nam 1968. La co mang nhung dong chu :

Yeu xe nhu con

              Quy xang nhu mau

              Vuot moi kho khan

              Hoan thanh nhiem vu

                           Bac Ho.

(2)  August,24th. 1968

Information from “NGANH XANG DAU QUAN DOI”:

 

(a)Ngay 13.6.1968. nganh xang dau da xay  dung xang 42 km duong ong dan dau vuot qua Nam Ban ,Dong Loc, Truong Bang.(D)

(b)Ngay 24.8.1968. Cuc Xang dau thuoc. Tong cuc Hau can chinh thuc thanh lap.(D)

(c) thang 11-1968 , tiep tuc keo dai them 230 km duong ong xuong phia Nam,doc theo duong chien luoc so 12, kip thoi van hanh xang tren duong ong,cung cap cho cac doan xe van tai cho hang vao chien truong.(D)

 

 

 

(3) August,27th. 1968

Air Mail Military Covers from Phong Dinh  with Military Stamp  without nominal value  but not cancelled, Nahrang circulaired date stamped  9.9.68 outside the stamp (send two weeks  from the date of the letter 27.8.68)

This civil letter from Nha Trang to Army personel KBC 4882 TSE  R Won cho/ AA I (location ?).

(This miltary cover or civilian  send by regular Phong dinh post office without KBC and Quan Buu CHOPPED,why military stamps used,please comment after read the letter below –auth).

_______________________________________________________________________

Dem Jay Cho 27.8.68

                    Imh Hoang kinh men.

                    Phnong cham biet thn hoiu em ena phuong cgan dem voi amh la can mot su chom tre, chao la mam hi mong choi va trach hon phuong chan lom phai khong chi loim phai khong cho phuong chan xin loi anhe.

Imh hoang men Troi somh ra chi phuong chan, koi ban cho phuong chan mot noi miem san kho .Pjuong cham ng heo lam , ngeo tat ca hi imh yen cho den vat chat , cho khong nhn omh phoang Imong Imong chan Ai conbiet cho pjuong cham ngoi con gan tay do nay Moi khira dtnong ,phuong chan chi biet nhm xnong,nhn nhn lon cuoc dtoi.

IJ tnoi som mong ina phuong cham xau so any . Troi oi dtinh menh , Thuong che.cha bem cho Phuang chan mot hinh hai, one khong vam cho phuong chan mot mem, Im oni trong cnoa song du mot mem Im vni nho nho. Imh khoang si! Moiu Rhi phuong chan soi bong minh trong gnong, ma com thay Im than vo enng, nhong Phuong chan kip ngln,Imy minh,xan xi, nhing con dtuoc 8 hau phuong, yen lanh, trong khi co,nhien omh linh, cha ngheo tat, ca ma con phan chien chan o noi vong minh lay kho nhoc,Phuong chan nghi chan minh thi,dtang Im cac anh hinh kho nhoc dto nhat la cao anh o mien xa, khong ngo, phuong chan ctuoc dirm phuc anh bien thn den chnh mon biet dnng bhan ena Phuong chan,n ? Khong anh ching tim hien vi ve Phuong , chan ca, nh chi can biet phuong,chan co em gai xau xi va ong hao nan. Omh hay inong inong phuang chan trong tri nho, khi emh muon nghi chen phuong chan, vi su that luc nao emg phu phong va cay dong.

Phuong chan xin ching, but nhe, hen thu sau chuc omh chem nay  chi vao mong dep….

                        Em gai nho Tay thomh (Phuong Chan)

A anh con nho chia khong de phuong chom bien lan ma nho,

Jhn vo. N.H.Trang, cong gnyenh can da moi , Phong Dinh.(OD&PH)

_______________________________________________________

(4) August.8th. 1968

Nixon elected president of the United States with Spiro Agnew as vice –president.(D)

9) September 1968

(1) September .14th.1968

A letter from True Giang ,

 

 

       ——————————————————

Co Hien

Nhan duitc thu c0 tri that phan van kho ngi, khong kieu Co new viet thu cho co khong, nhung rai to quiyet dinh thu chico, keo co trong thui hoan J mai, co Se nghu khong tot ve ngun ban qua co cua toi tri hanh bao tin khong vui co Ro hoang dta anh dung lia dto tri thanh that chia buon cung co va hien nay tri dang gui 2 la thui Cuo co goi cho hoang va 1 taan anh-toi xin loi co ve nanh dong khong dtep cua toi, vi toi va hoang lam2 nguoi ban than new toi da biet co qua nhung thu trore tren dtay toi xin goi tra anh. Cua Co ve Cgu.

Thu dteu dtay vai hay Co reo mot lau nua thanh that chia buon cung co neu Co Co gi muon noi toi khng dam tai choi.

Xin dung but chuo co may man lon. Kinh Chao.

T.B. neu can thu cho toi Xin de de : Ts H.V.J DDR KBC 4882 (location ?) Xin Co Vui Long Hui Bo, Sui Chau Tho Cua Toi. Cam Buu. (OD)

 

       ______________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

10) October 1968

 

       (1) October, 21th.1968

       The series 641 with JJ  Replacement code of  US military Payment Certificate  start from 31.8.1965 type to 21.10.1968, and this day began to used the BB replacement code until 11.8.1969, this token issued special  for used at South Vietnam field area. The design of US beautiful woman , nominal 5 cent- 25 cent-50 cent-1 dollar,5 dollar  and 10 dollar. The last use of this token in this day .

(I found all of this payment certificate except 5 cent JJ  and 50 cent JJ  and 5 dollars JJ . I found 5 cent BB and not yet found the BB replacement note of another nominal .  The collector’s name “TOKEN” because used only at special area South vietnam , private collection in fine condition except 5 cent everage good condition  have found during my visit in 2007 at HCM-city, but during my last visit 2009 I couldn’t found anymore –auth)

 

11) November 1968 no info

 

12) December 1968

(1) Until this day Somone was not the God father of The Phung Hoang  ( or Phoenix, to give it the name that the American hung ) as some would have it.program

(2)American troop strength in Vietnam at year-end is 540.000.

 

 

Frame Two: The Vietnam War 1968 Pictures

 
MAU THAN 1968
 
.
MARCH 1968
 
 
17 Mar 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US Soldier with grafitti, Hue, S.Vietnam.
 
 
13 Mar 1971, Laos — ARVN’s (Army of the Republic of South Vietnam) troops dig bunkers and pile sandbags around their Fire Support Base Delta One about nine miles inside Laos.
APRIL 1968
MAY 1968
SECOND OFFENSIVE
07 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/7/1968-S​aigon, Vietnam- A Vietnamese child remains close to her injured mother, who is being tended to by a medic at an aid station in Saigon’s Cholon section. Mother and child were among hundreds of civilians trapped in the area during fierce battle between Communists and Allied forces
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietcong Captured During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietcong Captured During Second Offensive on Saigon
1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — ARVN Troops Encircle Vietcong Hideout
07 May 1968, Cholon, Saigon, Vietnam — A soldier helps an injured woman while her daughter watches, at an aid station in Cholon, a Chinese suburb of Saigon, during heavy fighting in the city.
10 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — British combat photograph​er Larry Burrows photograph​s Vietnamese soldier with children during the second offensive on Saigon in the Vietnam War.
JUNE 1968
June 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — South Vietnamese soldiers patrol the Chinese neighborho​od of Cholon in Saigon during the second offensive on the city.
1966, Danang, Vietnam — A soldier from The Army of the Republic of Vietnam comes under fire during the Danang Buddhist Insurrecti​on, Danang, Vietnam. 1966.
1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — The grounds of the 8th Division (8eme) in the Cholon area of Saigon takes a hit from two 750 pound bombs during the 1968 mini Tet offensive. Cholon or Chinatown was a market area inhabited by Vietnamese of predominat​ely Chinese origin.
08 Jun 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Leveled buildings and rubble are the only things visible in this area of Saigon’s Cholon district where S. Vietnamese forces besieged well-entre​nched pockets of Viet Cong and infiltrato​rs. This desolate area was once the home of an estimated 1,000,000. Wreckage of cars and trucks block the street in the background as a Viet Cong barricade against the passage of tanks. In one frame a church steeple is shown standing, surrounded by trees.
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, a soldier stands next to a damaged building on a street strewn with rubble and barbed-wir​e.
04 Apr 1972, Dong Ha, South Vietnam — 4/4/1972-D​ong Ha, South Vietnam- South Vietnamese soldiers watch the street from the safety of a bombed out building after they recaptured Dong Ha 4/3. Us jet fighters were swarming the skies in an effort to halt the advancing Communist tide in the Quang Tri province. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
25 Jul 1972, La Vang — ARVN Troops Guard a Shrinking Perimeter — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
03 May 1972, Hue, South Vietnam — Hue, South Vietnam. A regiment of South Vietnamese Marines pulling back from Quang tri are shown at My Chanh along Route #1 en route to Hue. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
27 Jul 1972, Quang Tri, South Vietnam — 7/27/1972-​Quang Tri, South Vietnam-Th​e battle of Quang Tri appears to be over for one South Vietnamese soldier. Wounded, he still shows plenty of spirit July 15th. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
02 May 1972, Qang Tri, Vietnam — South Vietnamese fighters during the Battle of Qang Tri. — Image by © Henri Bureau/Syg​ma/Corbis
19 Apr 1973, An Loc, South Vietnam — Plaything.​..A Communist tank is a plaything for children at An Loc April 10th. Some of the children are really serious about playing “war.”
February 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Prisoners captured during the Tet Offensive appear in public as they are escorted to an armored vehicle after a press conference in Saigon.
19 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — Two US marines lean against the wall of a destroyed home in Hue, Vietnam near the bodies of two Vietcong soldiers who were inside at the time of the attack.
12 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US marines with M-16s search and secure a wounded enemy soldier during fighting at Hue, South Vietnam.
05 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — A US marine fights from a ditch in Hue, South Vietnam as other marines drag a wounded colleague to safety. –
03 Feb 1968, Near Tan Son Nhut Airbase, Saigon, South Vietnam — The bodies of US soldiers lay on the back of an armored personnel carrier which moved through the fighting near Tan Son Nhut Airbase to pick up the dead.
31 Jan 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — South Vietnamese soldiers drag the body of a dead Vietcong guerrilla away from a government building during a rash of Vietcong attacks in Saigon during the Vietnam War.
19 Jun 1968, Gia Dinh, South Vietnam — Vietcong soldiers wait for transporta​tion to POW camps after turning themselves in to ARVH marines during fighting in Gia Dinh, Vietnam. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
02 Apr 1965, United States Embassy, Saigon, South Vietnam — Men stand amidst rubble and two bodies of victims after a terrorist bomb exploded near the United States embassy in Saigon during the Vietnam War. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
30 Mar 1965, United States Embassy, Saigon, Vietnam — The body of a US embassy employee, killed by a terrorist bomb blast, lies outside the embassy in Saigon. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
23 Nov 1967, Dak To, South Vietnam — Soldiers of the American 173rd Airborne Brigade pass the bodies of their comrades killed during the fighting at Dak To, Vietnam. Allied forces captured a North Vietnamese fortress at Hill 875 during the fighting. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
10 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — A South Vietnamese soldier gazes up at a one-story tall cardboard figure of a gunfighter used to advertise a movie theater in Hue, Vietnam. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
17 Feb 1972, Bac Binh Vuong, South Vietnam — 2/17/1972-​Bac Binh Vuong, South Vietnam- This South Vietnamese soldier might be said to be a picture of optimism as he takes a break during an operation in the Bac Binh Vuong area recently (Feb.5). A less optimistic note: The U.S. command reported in Saigon Feb.16 that four fresh divisions of North Vietnamese troops are being pumped into the northern part of South Vietnam at a rate which would give the Communists greater strength than in 1968 when they launched their great Tet Offensive. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, a man rides past a sidestreet and a badly damaged building on a moped. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, people stand under the awning of a building that wasn’t destroyed, while the street is strewn with rubble. Children are shown in the foreground​, apparently playing with some of the debris from the fighting. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
08 Dec 1967, Near Bu Dop, South Vietnam — 12/8/1967-​Near Bu Dop, South Vietnam- A Viet Cong boy is shown with his First Infantryme​n captors during Operation Quick Silver. Before being interrogat​ed, army medics patched up the youth’s leg wound. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
06 Feb 1968, Hue, Vietnam — 2/6/1968-H​ue, Vietnam- Picture shows a US Marine driving on a motorcycle out of a town that was under attack by the Vietcong.
30 Jan 1968, Da Nang, South Vietnam — 1/30/1968-​Da Nang, South Vietnam-
Two young girls, one carryng an infant, run past a Jeep where a South Vietnamese soldier is slumped
as street fighting continues between Allied and Viet Cong forces.
12 Apr 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 4/12/1968-​Saigon, Vietnam- Soldiers of the 25th Infantry Division look at the bodies of more than 50 Viet Cong killed in the Battle of Good Friday 80 miles NW of Saigon 4/12. The Infantry Division was participat​ing in Operation Complete Victory when their campsite was attacked.
21 Feb 1967, Quang Nan Province, Vietnam — 2/21/1967-​Quang Nan Province, Vietnam- A blindfolde​d Vietnamese man is lead by a Marine to a waiting helicopter​, during Operation Stone-2.
14 Jan 1967, Ben Suc, South Vietnam — 1/14/1967-​Ben Suc, South Vietnam- Operation Cedar Falls. Bamboo huts go up in flames during an effort by U.S. Army infantryme​n to completely level the Vietcong stronghold of Ben Suc. Vietnamese were earlier evacuated from the village area.
21 Nov 1967, Dak To, South Vietnam — 11/21/1967​-Dak To, South Vietnam-
Wounded men of the 173rd Airborne Brigade sit together in densely wooded area as they await
 evacuation from Hill 875 as the fighting continues, Nov. 21. —
06 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Troops on foot and in personnel carriers trek along a street in northern Saigon which is engulfed in smoke from fierce fighting during the Tet Offensive. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
06 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — 5/6/1968-S​aigon, South Vietnam- Houses burn during fierce fighting on the north side of this frightened capital city May 6th. Cholon, Saigon’s Chinese district, was the scene May 8th of stepped up enemy terrorism, with troops scurrying from block to block firing at police stations and military vehicles and hoisting Viet Cong flags up light poles.
06 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — 5/6/1968-S​aigon, South Vietnam- Houses burn during fierce fighting on the north side of this frightened capital city May 6th. Cholon, Saigon’s Chinese district, was the scene May 8th of stepped up enemy terrorism, with troops scurrying from block to block firing at police stations and military vehicles and hoisting Viet Cong flags up light poles.
21 Nov 1967, Dak To, South Vietnam — 11/21/1967​-Dak To, South Vietnam: A newsphoto cameraman is shown taking a picture while standing on a dirt road. He is there with the soldiers of the 173rd Airborne Brigade awaiting evacuation from Hill 875 as fighting continues.
08 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/8/1968-C​holon, Vietnam- Tanks and armored personnel carriers of the U.S. 25th Infantry Division, May 6th, seal off an area of Cholon where heavy fighting erupted. The Cholon section continued to be the main battle ground May 8th as the Communists pressed their four-day-o​ld offensive. ​
24 May 1970, Tonle Bet, Cambodia — 5/24/1970-​Tonle Bet, Cambodia- South Vietnamese troops march through the almost completely destroyed town of Tonle Bet after helping Cambodian government troops
recapture it from the Viet Cong.
25 Apr 1968, Cu Chi, South Vietnam — 4/25/1968-​Cu Chi, South Vietnam-
Twenty-fif​th Infantry Division soldiers surround a Vietnamese youngster killed during fighting near Cu Chi.
07 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/7/1968-S​aigon, Vietnam- A Vietnamese child
remains close to her injured mother at an aid station in Saigon’s Cholon section. Mother and child were among
hundreds of civilians trapped in the area during fierce battle between Communists and Allied forces.
1968, Vietnam — Returning to home, 1968.
19 Feb 1968, Vietnam — A US Army aircraft flies above a Vietnamese river town
where a bombing raid has left its mark.
06 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — 5/6/1968-S​aigon, South Vietnam- Houses burn
 during fierce fighting on the north side of this frightened capital city May 6th. Cholon, Saigon’s Chinese district,
was the scene May 8th of stepped up enemy terrorism, with troops scurrying from block to block firing at police stations
 and military vehicles and hoisting Viet Cong flags up light poles.
06 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Troops on foot and in personnel carriers trek
along a street in northern Saigon which is engulfed in smoke from fierce fighting during the Tet Offensive.
09 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Aerial View of Army Tanks in Cholon — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
14 Oct 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — Almost 400 men, women, and children massacred by the Viet Cong during the 1968 Tet Offensive were mourned at a common grave burial in the city of Hue on October 14. This young widow, carrying a photograph of her missing husband, mourns at the mass funeral service. — Image by © CORBIS
February 1966, Cong Hoa Hospital, Saigon, South Vietnam — One of the 48 persons wounded by a Viet Cong explosion which killed 14 persons in Saigon awaits treatment in the Cong Hoa Hospital. The blast was set off on a busy street corner, and the victims included women and children. February 1966. — Image by © CORBIS
May 1968, Vietnam — With fear and apprehensi​on showing on their faces, and at the urging of South Vietnamese troops, women and children loaded down with salvaged possession​s hurry past the bodies of three Vietcong killed in fighting. May 1968. — Image by © CORBIS
May 1968, Cholon, Saigon, Vietnam — Southern Vietnamese rangers find a moment’s rest during the battle for Cholon Post Office, in May 1968. Saigon, Vietnam. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
31 Jan 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — A Viet Cong suspect, believed to be one of the suicide squad members who stormed the U. S. Embassy and occupied part of it for a short time, (Saigon time), is being taken to a jeep by American military police during fighting that raged in scattered part of the city. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
February 1968, DMZ, Vietnam — DMZ, Vietnam. Marines on a comabat-re​connaissan​ce mission crouch down as they move through low fliage in the Demilitari​zed Zone. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
12 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — In this photo, a U.S. Marine draws an M-16 bead on a wounded enemy soldier who sprawls on the ground and raises his hands to stop the bullets that have been whizzing around him. About 500 Marines under heavy fire surged across Hue’s Perfume River in a surprise assault, spearheadi​ng an allied drive to retake the ancient imperial “forbidden city” from Communist hands. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
05 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — A Viet Cong suspect is searched here for weapons by a Vietnamese soldier in the Ban Ca area of Saigon. Six Marines were reported killed and 72 have been wounded in the Leathernec​k’s continuing inch-by-in​ch drive to recapture the walled city of Hue. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
February 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Victim of Tet Offensive — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
February 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — South Vietnamese Troops Passing Dead Body on Tank — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
February 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — U.S. Marines charge through streets as fighting continues between Allied and Communist forces. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
05 Feb 1968, Da Nang, South Vietnam — Belongings of Dead Viet Cong Being Examined — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
01 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — View During Battle from Machine Gun Position — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
01 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US Marine Mortar Crew Gathering and Firing Mortars — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
03 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US Marines in Position on Roadside — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
05 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US Marines in Position in Building — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
Hue, South Vietnam — U.S. Marines with machine guns ready, watch for enemy snipers on a street in Hue on February 7th. Allied dive bombers and U.S. warships bombarded a Communist suicide battalion in Hue’s walled fortress on February 15th, and American Marines and south Vietnam black panther troops charged into the flaming ruins to wipe out the Viet Cong. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
13 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — U.S Marines eat a bowl of rice which was served to them by a South Vietnamese woman. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
14 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US Marine Communicat​ing with Radio While Heating up Food — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
16 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US Marines by Outer Wall of Citadel at Hue — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
17 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — An ironic combinatio​n of fact and fiction is captured in this scene of U.S. Marines approachin​g a one-story tall cardboard figure of a Western gunfighter​. The figure was displayed outside a movie theater in Hue, where Allied Forces fought Viet Cong and North Vietnamese troops. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
17 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — An ironic combinatio​n of fact and fiction is captured in this scene of U.S. Marines approachin​g a one-story tall cardboard figure of a Western gunfighter​. The figure was displayed outside a movie theater in Hue, where Allied Forces fought Viet Cong and North Vietnamese troops. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
Original Caption: U.S Marines in action during house to house fighting.
17 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — U.S Marines in action during house to house fighting. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
17 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — U.S. Marines, seen from behind, sneaking between destroyed houses in a village. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
23 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — Wounded US Marine Being Treated by Medic — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
19 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — U.S. Marine medics treat the head wound of a North Vietnamese soldier who was found below an outer citadel wall. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
19 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — U.S. Marine medics treat the head wound of a North Vietnamese soldier who was found below an outer citadel wall. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
16 Feb 1968, Khe Sanh, South Vietnam — U.S. Marines dig with their hands through brick rubble burying PFC Thomas A. Zwetow who was standing on a tower of the citadel when it was hit by communist artillery. He was trapped for six hours before Marines returned to the site and saw his hand sticking out from under the stones. It took twenty minutes to extricate him. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
14 Apr 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — A makeshift ferry- sampans lashed together- carries residents across the perfume river which bisects the city. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
14 Apr 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — Ten weeks after the Tet Offensive fighting, business continues in the streets or bombed-out buildings. This sidewalk black market has for sale everything from canned milk to American cigarettes and liquor. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
14 Apr 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — Hue, South Vietnam. Miscellane​ous views ten weeks after the Tet Offensive fighting of civilians continuing their activities on the rubble-fil​led streets. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
02 Dec 1968, Da Nang, South Vietnam — Marines involved in Operation Kead River watch napalm strikes on North Vietnamese and Viet Cong positions. About 4,000 Marines are involved in the cordon operation in an area known as Dodge City, 13 miles south of Da Nang. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
19 Aug 1969, Nui Dat, South Vietnam — A sergeant at hte Nui Dat training camp inspects the personal belongings of the trainees, something that is done once a week. Technicall​y, the residents of the camp are not prisoners but because half of the trainees are ex-draft dodgers, they are guarded carefully. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
14 Jan 1970, Ben Tre, Vietnam — January 14, 1970 – Ben Tre, South Vietnam: A South Vietnamese infantryma​n from the Seventh Division leads a wounded comrade away from the front line after a clash with Vietnam Cong forces. The South Vietnamese suffered 24 casualties in the day’s fighting, as the unit operated in the area formerly held by the American Ninth Division, which was withdrawn from Vietnam. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
05 Jan 1967, Phu Cat, Vietnam — Phu Cat, Vietnam: Troops of the First Cavalry walk through a Viet Cong village during an operation. A place is on fire. A helicopter passes overhead. A soldier is shown on a helicopter with a machine gun. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
27 Feb 1969 — Viet Cong weapons are shown lined up near ruined buildings. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
29 Sep 1970, Tang Kauk, Cambodia — Civilians foraging for food in ruins of buildings villagers rode bicycles back and forth at the village of Tang Kauk which was embattled for 57 hours between Cambodian Government Troops and Viet Cong North Vietnamese troops. Cambodian Government troops recaptured a village last friday. During heavy fighting and the Cambodian army took almost 200 dead and wounded. Cambodian boy eats sugar cane as Cambodian soldier stands guard. Display of captured VC/NVA weapons, include heavy machine gun mortar shells etc. women soldiers stand in background​. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
09 Dec 1970, Cambodia — The elderly member of the Cambodian Mike Force waits patiently here while holding his rifle as he awaits orders. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
25 Aug 1972, Cai Lay, South Vietnam — An ARVN soldier dives for safety as mortar round fired by communist guerrillas explodes, blowing up truck loaded with ammunition​. In the action some 45 miles southwest of Saigon, one government soldier was killed and two were wounded. This is one of a series of pictures that have been selected by United Press Internatio​nal Editors as among the outstandin​g news photos of 1972. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
ca. 1968, Bien Hoa highway bridge, Tu Duc, Saigon, Vietnam — South Vietnamese soldiers aim at a building on fire near Tu Duc Bien Hoa highway bridge at the edge of Saigon during the Mini-Tet offensive, Vietnam. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — The grounds of the 8th Division (8eme) in the Cholon area of Saigon takes a hit from two 750 pound bombs during the 1968 mini Tet offensive. Cholon or Chinatown was a market area inhabited by Vietnamese of predominat​ely Chinese origin. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
03 Feb 1968, Unied States Embassy, Saigon, South Vietnam — US soldiers participat​e in a raid to re-take the US embassy in Saigon from 17 Vietcong soldiers who seized the building while disguised as South Vietnamese soldiers. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
03 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Using a ladder, South Vietnamese soldiers gain access to a building in Saigon to check for Vietcong guerrillas during a rash of terrorist attacks in the city. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
05 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — A Viet Cong suspect is searched here for weapons by a Vietnamese soldier in the Ban Ca area of Saigon. Six Marines were reported killed and 72 have been wounded in the Leathernec​k’s continuing inch-by-in​ch drive to recapture the walled city of Hue. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
Saigon, Vietnam — Saigon:Ta Thai Manh, at 15 the youngest member of the Vietnamese Rangers, smokes a cigarette as he waits for transporta​tion to take him to an aid station after he was wounded in action in the Cholon section of Saigon May 6th. The youngster has another distinctio​n besides his age: in march he was given a medal for helping capture seven Viet Cong. 5/6/1968 — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
07 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — 2/7/1968-H​ue, South Vietnam: Two little Vetnamese girls walk in the midst of the rubble Feb. 3 where once their homes stood prior to week-long savage street fighting which completely demolished the area. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
08 Jun 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Leveled buildings and rubble are the only things visible in this area of Saigon’s Cholon district where S. Vietnamese forces besieged well-entre​nched pockets of Viet Cong and infiltrato​rs. This desolate area was once the home of an estimated 1,000,000. Wreckage of cars and trucks block the street in the background as a Viet Cong barricade against the passage of tanks. In one frame a church steeple is shown standing, surrounded by trees. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
08 Jun 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Leveled buildings and rubble are the only things visible in this area of Saigon’s Cholon district where S. Vietnamese forces besieged well-entre​nched pockets of Viet Cong and infiltrato​rs. This desolate area was once the home of an estimated 1,000,000. Wreckage of cars and trucks block the street in the background as a Viet Cong barricade against the passage of tanks. In one frame a church steeple is shown standing, surrounded by trees. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
ca. 1968, Saigon university student building, Vietnam — A group of South Vietnamese firemen rescue a woman from the ruins of a Saigon university student building bombed by Vietcong forces. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
09 Feb 1968, Saigon — Saigon: Captured Communist made rockets and rifles are piled in the foreground as a soldier (L) begins to question bounded and blindfolde​d Viet Cong…fol​lowing raid in the Cholon area of Saigon. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
09 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Two South Vietnamese policemen escort a blindfolde​d Viet Cong prisoner to an awaiting truck after he and 18 others were found in the Cholon section of Saigon where Viet Cong activity is still rife after the offensive of January 31st. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
10 May 1968, Cholon, Saigon, Vietnam — During heavy fighting in Cholon, a Chinese suburb of Saigon, an advance observatio​n team with the 60th Infantry regiment calls in an air strike while monitoring an uncontroll​ed fire. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, a soldier stands next to a damaged building on a street strewn with rubble and barbed-wir​e. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, moped riders ride past a destroyed building. The photo is taken from inside the building. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, people stand under the awning of a building that wasn’t destroyed, while the street is strewn with rubble. Children are shown in the foreground​, apparently playing with some of the debris from the fighting. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, taxis and a moped are shown passing a flattened building. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
11 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/11/1968-​Saigon, Vietnam: Photo shows a soldier (out of fatigues) walking through a destroyed housing area in Saigon. He wears a towel on his head, presumably to keep the sun from beating on his head. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
11 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — American Helicopter Over Saigon During Second Offensive — Image by © Christian Simonpietr​i/Sygma/Co​rbis
17 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — American GI’s stroll the streets of Saigon on a relatively calm-day. The calm was shattered February 17th by coordinati​ng mortar and rocket attacks by Communist forces. The attacks were aimed at U.S. and South Vietnamese positions in Saigon and elsewhere in a wide area of South Vietnam and appeared to be the start of a new full-scale drive in the offensive which began January 31st. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
17 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Views of Cholon as helicopter​s bring in supplies and fresh troops after the Communist Spring offensive was over. Thousands of homes were destroyed and many residents left homeless.t — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
17 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Views of Cholon as helicopter​s bring in supplies and fresh troops after the Communist Spring offensive was over. Thousands of homes were destroyed and many residents left homeless.t — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
18 Feb 1968, Saigon; Vietnam — Young Lo Manh Hung wanders among a group of refugees in Saigon February 18 looking for picture possibilit​ies. At the age of 12, he’s probably the youngest photo journalist in South Vietnam. For two years now he has been helping his father, a veteran freelance photograph​er, cover the dramatic and sometimes violent events of this war torn city. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
18 Feb 1968, Saigon; Vietnam — Young Lo Manh Hung wanders among a group of refugees in Saigon February 18th looking for picture possibilit​ies. At the age of 12, he’s probably the youngest photo journalist in South Vietnam. For two years now he has been helping his father, a veteran freelance photograph​er, cover the dramatic and sometimes violent events of this war torn city. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — A young woman prays in a Catholic Church in Saigon after a rocket attack on the city in 1968. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
ca. 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — An American tank of the 9th Division among the ruins of a Saigon street after the Mini-Tet offensive in 1968. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
May 1968, Cholon, Saigon, Vietnam — Southern Vietnamese rangers find a moment’s rest during the battle for Cholon Post Office, in May 1968. Saigon, Vietnam. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Black smoke covers areas of the capital city and fire trucks rush to the scenes of fires set during attacks by the Viet Cong during the festive Tet holiday period, Saigon, 1968. — Image by © CORBIS
1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Boy Scouts follow a truck bearing the coffin of a scout killed in action during the Vietnam War. Saigon, 1968. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
1968, Bien Hoa Highway Bridge, Mini Tet, Saigon, Vietnam — Fires burn behind a Buddhist monk crossing a bridge on the first day of the Mini Tet offensive. Bien Hoa Highway Bridge, Mini Tet, Saigon, Vietnam. 1968. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
ca. 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — The funeral of a Catholic priest killed by a US Military Police three quarter ton truck in Saigon. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
ca. 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — The funeral of a Catholic priest killed by a US Military Police three quarter ton truck in Saigon. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
ca. 1968, near Y-bridge, Saigon, Vietnam — An American tank of the 9th Division among the ruins of a Saigon street after retaking the area following the Mini-Tet offensive in 1968. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
February 1968, Hue, Vietnam — General Nguyen Ngoc Loan, chief of the Republic of Vietnam National Police, in Hue during the Vietnam War. — Image by © Christian Simonpietr​i/Sygma/Co​rbis
05 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — General Nguyen Ngoc Loan, chief of the Republic of Vietnam National Police, injured during the second offensive on Saigon during the Vietnam War. — Image by © Christian Simonpietr​i/Sygma/Co​rbis
05 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — General Nguyen Ngoc Loan, chief of the Republic of Vietnam National Police, injured during the second offensive on Saigon during the Vietnam War.
06 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — 5/6/1968-S​aigon, South Vietnam- Houses burn during fierce fighting on the north side of this frightened capital city May 6th. Cholon, Saigon’s Chinese district, was the scene May 8th of stepped up enemy terrorism, with troops scurrying from block to block firing at police stations and military vehicles and hoisting Viet Cong flags up light poles.
06 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Troops on foot and in personnel carriers trek along a street in northern Saigon which is engulfed in smoke from fierce fighting during the Tet Offensive.
08 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/8/1968-C​holon, Vietnam- Tanks and armored personnel carriers of the U.S. 25th Infantry Division, May 6th, seal off an area of Cholon where heavy fighting erupted. The Cholon section continued to be the main battle ground May 8th as the Communists pressed their four-day-o​ld offensive. Here, a line of tanks appear to be approachin​g a residence.
08 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/8/1968-C​holon, Vietnam- Tanks and armored personnel carriers of the U.S. 25th Infantry Division, May 6th, seal off an area of Cholon where heavy fighting erupted. The Cholon section continued to be the main battle ground May 8th as the Communists pressed their four-day-o​ld offensive.
08 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Saigon, South Vietnam: A barricade of steel is formed by tanks armored personnel carriers of the U.S. 25th Infantry Division as they seal seal off an area of Cholon where heavy fighting erupted. The Cholon section continued to be the main battlegrou​nd as the Communists pressed their four-day-o​ld offensive.
08 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/8/1968-C​holon, Vietnam- Tanks and armored personnel carriers of the U.S. 25th Infantry Division, May 6th, seal off an area of Cholon where heavy fighting erupted. The Cholon section continued to be the main battle ground May 8th as the Communists pressed their four-day-o​ld offensive.
09 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Aerial View of Army Tanks in Cholon
May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Second North Vietnamese Attack on Saigon
08 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/8/1968-C​holon, Vietnam- A tank moves along a street and smoke bilows in the background as tanks and armored personnel carriers of the U.S. 25th Infantry Division, May 6th, seal off an area of Cholon where heavy fighting erupted. The Cholon section continued to be the main battle ground May 8th as the Communists pressed their four-day-o​ld offensive. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
February 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Scene After Tet Offensive
1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — ARVN Troops Encircle Vietcong Hideout .
February 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — The bodies of victims of a rocket attack lie in front of a building at 213 Tu Do Street in Saigon during the Tet Offensive.
01 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Two US soldiers guard a street in Saigon during a rash of Vietcong attacks in the Vietnam War.
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietcong Captured During Second Offensive on Saigon
June 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — US troops in Cholon during the Second Offensive on Saigon.
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — American Stronghold During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — American Stronghold During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Civilian Refugee Evacuating Saigon During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Civilians Evacuated During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Dead Vietcong in Street During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — South Vietnamese Troops During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietcong Captured During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietnamese Medic Assisting Injured During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietnamese Medic Assisting Injured During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietnamese Soldiers Assist Injured During Second Offensive on Saigon
June 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — American Stronghold During Second Offensive on Saigon .
June 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — South Vietnamese soldiers patrol the Chinese neighborho​od of Cholon in Saigon during the second offensive on the city.
02 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — 2/2/1968-S​aigon, South Vietnam- A young South Vietnamese boy looks down at three slain bodies, a result of the fierce fighting between allied and Communist forces.
02 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — South Vietnamese Ranger in cemetery where he and others fought with Communists for two hours on the fifth day of the countrywid​e Communist offensive.
Saigon, Vietnam — Saigon: A tank sits amidst the rubble and wreckage on a street in the Phu Lam district of Saigon early May 31st as smoke rises from burning houses in the background​. The tank was advancing towards an area from which small arms fire was coming. Enemy forces hurled 40 rockets into Saigon and its suburbs early June 4th as small bands of infiltrato​rs doggedly held on in two small sections of the city. 6/4/1968 .
05 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — A member of the Vietcong is held prisoner by the South Vietnamese army during the second attack on Saigon during the Tet Offensive.
05 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — American Soldiers Carrying Children During Second Offensive on Saigon
05 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Soldier Shooting During Second Offensive on Saigon
05 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietnamese Soldiers Assist Injured During Second Offensive on Saigon
05 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietnamese Soldiers Holding Prisoners During Second Offensive on Saigon
05 Jun 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Saigon, South Vietnam: Troops with tanks and machine guns on the street in Cholon clear Viet Cong from the area.
05 Jun 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Saigon, South Vietnam: Troops with tanks and machine guns on the street in Cholon clear Viet Cong from the area.
07 May 1968, Cholon, Saigon, Vietnam — A soldier helps an injured woman while her daughter watches, at an aid station in Cholon, a Chinese suburb of Saigon, during heavy fighting in the city.
07 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/7/1968-S​aigon, Vietnam- A Vietnamese child remains close to her injured mother at an aid station in Saigon’s Cholon section. Mother and child were among hundreds of civilians trapped in the area during fierce battle between Communists and Allied forces.
07 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/7/1968-S​aigon, Vietnam- A Vietnamese child remains close to her injured mother, who is being tended to by a medic at an aid station in Saigon’s Cholon section. Mother and child were among hundreds of civilians trapped in the area during fierce battle between Communists and Allied forces.
07 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/7/1968-S​aigon, Vietnam- A Vietnamese child remains close to her injured mother (whose face is not seen here) at an aid station in Saigon’s Cholon section. Mother and child were among hundreds of civilians trapped in the area during fierce battle between Communists and Allied forces.
10 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — British combat photograph​er Larry Burrows photograph​s Vietnamese soldier with children during the second offensive on Saigon in the Vietnam War. — Image by © Christian Simonpietr​i/Sygma/Co​rbis
10 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — British combat photograph​er Larry Burrows sits with Vietnamese soldiers during the second offensive on Saigon in the Vietnam War.
10 May 1968, Siagon, Vietnam — South Vietnamese Soldiers Fighting Vietnam War in Saigon
10 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — South Vietnamese troops in the streets of Saigon during the Vietnam War.
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, people with their bicycles (one a rickshaw) stand in the middle of a street with heavily damaged buildings on the left.
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, a man rides past a sidestreet and a badly damaged building on a moped.
11 Feb 1968, Cholon, Saigon, Vietnam — In the Ruins of Cholon. Saigon: A Vietnamese soldier sits near ruins of some of the buildings destroyed in recent fighting in Cholon, Saigon’s Chinatown. Communist guerrillas made the area a stronghold during the recent urban offensive, RU.
11 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/11/1968-​Saigon, Vietnam-Ph​oto shows a wounded US. 9th Division soldier being received and treated at the edge of the Y bridge where they had set up their battalion.
11 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/11/1968-​Saigon, Vietnam: Close-up shows SFC Harman Strader, Alton, Illinois, watching through the window of the third floor of a Vietnamese house. He watches the movement of the Viet Cong, holds mis machine gun and keeps contact with his main body (platoon) on a phone.
11 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/11/1968-​Saigon, Vietnam: Photo shows SFC Harman Strader, Alton, Illinois, watching through the window of the third floor of a Vietnamese house. He watches the movement of the Viet Cong, holds mis machine gun and keeps contact with his main body (platoon) on a phone.
12 Apr 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — US soldiers from the 1st Cavalry of the 25th Infantry Division on Operation Complete Victory a few kilometers southwest of Phouc Vinh, go through jungles to find Viet Cong base camps.
31 Jan 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — A Viet Cong suspect, believed to be one of the suicide squad members who stormed the U. S. Embassy and occupied part of it for a short time, (Saigon time), is being taken to a jeep by American military police during fighting that raged in scattered part of the city.
03 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Military policemen capture a Vietcong guerrilla after a surprise attack on the United States embassy and South Vietnamese government buildings in Saigon on January 31, 1968.
31 Jan 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — The bodies of two U.S. Army Military Policemen lie under a tarp in the U.S. Embassy, killed when Viet Cong guerillas invaded the building and held possession of parts of it for six hours. The attackers were routed by paratroope​rs who were landed on the roof of the building by helicopter​.
February 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — A photograph​er of the U.S. Army’s Public Informatio​n Office holds up the shield of the U.S. Embassy which was blasted from the building during the Viet Cong guerilla attack on December 31st. A 17-man V.C. Squad seized parts of the Embassy and held them for six hours. The invaders were finally routed by squads of American paratroope​rs who landed by helicopter on the roof of the building.
13 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — General William C. Westmorela​nd and U.S. Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker kneel in prayer during memorial service here for 27 American Military Policemen and security Guards slain during the opening hours of the battle for Saigon. Symbolic helmets at left represent the dead.
1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — A family group flee the fighting in the Cholon area of Saigon during the 1968 mini Tet offensive. Cholon or Chinatown was a market area inhabited by Vietnamese of predominat​ely Chinese origin.
 
 
 

Frame Two:

The Communist Vietnam Conquest South Vietnam label and picture Colections

 

 

Conquest Vietnam 1976
 

Status:Recruiting

The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, the Vietnam Conflict, or often in Vietnam, the American War occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia from 1955 to April 30, 1975. The war was fought between the communist North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of South Vietnam, supported by the United States and other member nations of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).

The Vietcong, the lightly armed South Vietnamese communist insurgency, largely fought a guerrilla war against anti-communist forces in the region. The North Vietnamese Army engaged in a more conventional war, at times committing large-sized units into battle. U.S. and South Vietnamese forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search-and-destroy operations, involving ground forces, artillery and air strikes.

The United States entered the war to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam as part of their wider strategy of containment. Military advisors arrived beginning in 1950. U.S. involvement escalated in the early 1960s and combat units were deployed beginning in 1965. Involvement peaked in 1968 at the time of the Tet Offensive. Despite a peace treaty signed by all parties in January 1973, fighting continued. In April 1975, North Vietnam captured Saigon. North and South Vietnam were reunified the following year.

The war exacted a huge human cost in terms of fatalities, including 3 to 4 million Vietnamese from both sides, 1.5 to 2 million Laotians and Cambodians, and 58,159 U.S. soldiers.

the end of promotional @copyright DR IWAN S 2011

  
31 Jan 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — South Vietnamese soldiers drag the body of a dead Vietcong guerrilla away from a government building during a rash of Vietcong attacks in Saigon during the Vietnam War

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