MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.
Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM
THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM
MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA
DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI
PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE
Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA
WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM
SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA
The Driwan’s Cybermuseum
(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)
(Driwan Vietnam War Cybermuseum)
The Vietnam War Document
THE VIETNAM WAR 1975
Vietcong victory war in 1975
1. January 1975
(1) January.6th. 1975
Vietcong capture Phuoc Long province , north of Saigon (D)
Bù Đốp, T. Phước Long
The very rare civil cover from D0 Thanh Cholon Viet Nam CDS 23-1.1975 with rate stamps 25 d (20 +5) , inside the letter and name card in chinese language :
“My letter not sistematic, don’t laugh it. this time the Battle everywhere, the situation didn’t secured. The criminal and the badman everywhere and the price of good s up everyday.
The Gouverment administration very bad and they didn’t gave happiness. My work just finished , the time pass so fast , i didnlt fill that the new year come , I hope in the new year we will happy.
With this letter I send my two photos don’t laugh when you see that .
________ in chinese :
Chuyen mon sua son cac loai We Chi
May may ben le gia tien re Singer machine
So 904/10 Duong Nguyen Trai service
(1) Motorbike Tax
“VIET-NAM CONG-HOA = THUE XE TU DONG= 19975 SO XE EO 2474” in the
BIEN LAI SO : 1218
NGAY : 1-2-75
SO TI’EN : 7500 $
NO’I CAP : GD
round red official stamped”Ty Phep Vu Vietnam Cong Hoa Gia-Dinh
(until February 4th the South Vietnam “Viet Nam Cong Hoa “ still have the power, and they still charged the motorcycle tax-auth)
2)February, 1st.-28th 1975
Very rare and informative collections best for showed,the small pocket dairy’s book ‘Lich Bo Tui 1975” of Trung –Tam Bao-Hiem Cong-Ty Saigon with handwritten information every day froem Saturday February 1st until 28th 1975 .
(very rare document historic collection, never report , only one because this was private handwritten information-auth)
(b,1) Front Cover
The illustrated High Building (?), LICH HO TUI 1975, THANG-2-1975, at the bottom Doang Thuong Ngan Hang
Chung Chuc Tan Xuan
Red round wheel type
68 , Dai-16 Nguyen-Hue (Lau 1)
BAO HIEM va TAI BAO HIEM
TAT CA CAC LOAI
Thoan Thuong Ngan Hang
Cong,TY HAC VON 500.000.000.500 GUE DU
Tre Se Truong Vung :68 Nguyen-Hue Saigon
Dien Tin : DITIBANK
So’ Q.G.D.B : 170-592-21-003
S’ Thuong Moi : 2466 B
Ho’n Thu : 2372
TONG DOC PHUONG :
48-50 Tong Doc Phuong
Saigon 5-01 : 37469
BINH DU’ONG :
1,14 Von Duyet
Binh Duong-DT : 79
– Nhon cac kho a’n ky thac
– Thuc hien moi nghiep vy ngan han’g
– Phuc vy o’n cho’
– Lich su’
VONG THUONG CHA’NH
PHAN CHU’A TA VUAN
#Inside book note
Calender 1975 from january(Janvier ) to December (Decembre) every day ‘s with Heoro or saint day , like 1st January : M Jour De L’AN, 31th December : M.S.Sylvestre, 25th December: Noel(Christmas)., and centimeter schales from 1 cm to 10 cm.
2.dja chi so dien thoai ca nho(may be the list of Military or Quan 1 until 11)
3.Bang Chi Duoang Di Bo Tu Saigon(The distance between Saigon with famous place Like Ankor Cambodge, Cholon,Dalat,Danang, Vinlong etc)
4.Ba’n Te’n Cac Tinh Viet Nam (TheProvince’s capital of Republic Vietnam)
Saturday (thu bay) , 1 , February Thang Hay
Ngay 21 thang Chep du nam GIAP DAN
NAM AT MAO
DOANH THUONG NGAN HANG
KINH CHUC VI THAN CU
MOT NAM MOI HANH PHUC VA THINH VUONG
Sunday 2 February
Chu nhat Thang hai
Ngay 22 thang Chap du nam GIAP DAN
Doi Dai ve Cha
DOANH THUONG NGAN HANG
Monday 3 February
Thu hai Thang hoi
(same as above,after this not included)
11-2-75 Hong cije a quan nua
Thuoac hut au cam roi dti lau
Dten so hu 8-10/ C’ est lache
,de faire le faux.le jauos
C’est la lachee a’ qui de l hac
De faublesse.Thap tu nhat sinh
Nen cun vot.Thap loec chung
Sinh noi bo. Diox ca the
Gran nay ma mot wsec theiu-
Dtay nai co du ich gi?
5-2-75 Sang nay, nong cafe
Thuo lac 150$ ay com roi dti
Laen chau dot so. Den so
8 kem 5.(handwritten)
Ngan Hang cua gioi Doanh thuong
(the complete informations of Lich Bo Tui 1975 will put at the date that written in the that pocket book’s dairy, this collection very interesting and best for showed after copy in the bigger format illustration and translate in English, please someone help me to translate –auth)
February 5th 1975
1)North Vietnam General Van tien Dung goes south to take command of Vietcong (Vietnam revolutionary liberation) forces(D)
2)Info from note book in native vietnamese language
6-2-75 (handwritten) . Deu do’ muon gan 10 g Toi na vi moi o nhen lo nghi vu vo, Co chou Dat dti lu do voi co, ain tria nghi co’ sang bea khu VH choi, au pho ,ga 150, chau dat nong muoi 90$. Lui bon ngoi nghi mot nai nuod phut ma ve , ve lai sang bui HC ngoi nghe ong xuan ve Soan noi ungi mot lac moi toi vo Sang phan TV lam utcc. Buoi chien noi tuyen ong ve ie nho ung roi lif law wei nha thuong.(Lich Ho Tui 1975)
7.2.75(handwritten).Thang pho nec tai vi xe va bo lao, hoi buon au com ra dti law din so.(Lich Ho Tui 1975)
8.2.75(hanwritten) .Hom nay vi law dai biet rat vui ve. Dai so 8-15 C.S. ha? Gray to rat vui ve can thuong, nhung co nga lai thoi khong can, thuef ches chua co suong dai, ve nha. Buoi sang o nha co aia yho bi 150 $. Lai au them 50# Soi cho chau Dat thuoo la Ba tay kang.
Su tat dtuoc 1.2.3 ngay lai di lam nu nha thuong tu hon tha 6, hom nay thue hai chu nhat hoi dti le?, choan chu nhat hoi nga dte chin, thue boy thi lioi gat gong, au banh tuong nhong dtuoc ngon vi gray phai luon sau thuoc thuom. Mang dtuoc nau moi, moi su an lanh xia thieu chua ra em cho gra donh dtuoc moi su lyui am. Va ruong con dtuoc thoe manh. Hom nay thu hai. (lich Ho Tui 1975)
At this page of Lich Ho Tui 1975, handwritten in Vietnamese and Chinese char
“ Nhat loan xuan thuy nhat phuong dtau thuon co danh, nhan tu khoe lai, Bach-tach bau duyai grai-ai lao, Hong hoa bat haong ho-thanh khai. Hiiu tri xuan khu khong dte thu, Sau khiep trau xau co yem dtoi, Lien lo duen chuong die vau su Kim chi hoang kinh co boy lai.”
The chinese charcter tranlate “
“ “ (may be from the friend of the pocket dairy ownwer, because different style written, please comment-auth)
(7) February ,12th 1975
On this two page of Luon HO Tui 1975 pocket dairy, handwritten in two type character Chinese and vietnamese
The Chinese character translete :
The Vietnamese character :
“ Mot ang xuan dtai nuoc chay quan , trai xua du –loch bai tai danh, Tho dte dta trang tho cong loa, canh thien hoa vang chay dtinh, Chien xun goi xuan thuongbla biec,nui kinh nho bui phu rao xang xa loan biet ngu xasa con dau nay thay non bong khaes van tanh”
4.3 native vietnamese language info
February 16th 1975
Weeding through the old to bring forth to new Confucius advocated virtue benevelence and nightmerness as characteristres of the upright rules, and Mencius advicing the conforoa tradition argue for inmate goodness of human nature(The Native Vietnamese during vietanwar write about Confucius and Mencius in the note book.Dr iwan S)
17.2.75(hanwritten).Hom nay hay 17.2.75 u’c dau thon ma nua, nguoi thay lon lang de cgeu, tuy van e am muon viet dtuoc nhien nhung so yui khong chiu no phan cong. Vi vay hoi buon va dti cham tac phan khong viet nhanh dtuoc,Khong buit muoi dto viet cua vau so chuyen nghe co nhu vay khong va ra the nao?
Nho ngay xua tuen lau noi nae khong biet vi con ngoqua.Ta con cholon me noi, luc namg u may boy uic noi.
Thang cu dti voi cau truong Hoang. Thu tu, hom qua ngay ay-2 dti lam nhu thuong buon twa dti choi ve ngua bin Ho, ong K dau chuoc dep, minh noi dto buon la ong An biet K le tuo xua choyen mon.(lich ho tui 1975)
Hom nay thu tui 19.2 moi vuoc vous cua a, bay gao lu dta 11 tuoi mau mat chu khong vi bui , dtat vin voi(Lich Ho Tui 1975)
(10) February, 20th.1975
20.2 Deu so gan 8 –moi, suoc dau thom cho khoe,dten goi viet nay chua ce dtoc gra nao dai 21-Dao gao dten lua thua.
22.Nho Phuong Di loui gre nay moi co mot dtoa gra 9 koi 5, au di but de la con vu satoan, viet la polition phu impotante. It est ga co h de char char a u qui , ous don ne la na’moine u est fauih di char char ce qou vous von lay.(Lich Ho Tui 1975)
Nguyen Cong Hoan Info:” At the beginning of March 1975 the communist attack Ban Me Thout. That was the beginning of the end. After Ban Me the government forces just crumbled.I kew were in the middle of a disaster .Nobody in the opposition had any leverageleft.There was no way to influence events. There was simply nothing to do .I was in totally pasive position- as if I was back in the Nha Trang jail, letting them cause I couldn’t do anything about it.”
Ho Ten : Nguyen Van Thay
Lan Nam : 5 So danh bo 337168
Ngay va noi: sann 03 02 1962
Dieu Hoe : Dinh Tuong
Con on : Nguyen van Noy
Va Ba : Nho thi San
Dia chi :23/73 Nguyen Van hoc Chau
Gia Dinh Ngay 01 Thang 3 Nam 1975
Nam Thi Chy-Hoc Chan Gia
Nay buoi trisa ra sag ngain canh nho chay, nong chai nad oc 100$ ve au them 50$ dau phong (lac0 Din bi lau cvee ce ong o ben TTP phy yledin cua sang muion gap ong PT dti nor tuyen (lich bo tui 1975)
Below a phrase written in Franch character :
“ Une sowice de l’air lec printerps sous l’ear courant d’aeton.
A travers le jachis, le voyage ed l’homase de talent
Le paernu est insen’t sur la piveu blachi,en soullant.
Le spectacle qui pas de fleurs jave ni soent ‘n est pas juli.
Les osseau en se rappelen du joun tengo ons d’ailterce petie’les feuillage government vertes.
Le mortague a peur d’attein du les ponotiene qrasecouvremes avec les plantes orgenses et bleues .
Le routives d’autos reyaux par l’ e’criture nobli soisuteneart das lignes de jadis.
Apparn au gourd d’hai de joyenx montagre le visiteur n’y exeste pas. (lich ho tui 1975)
Xe nhan con nho 6/3/75 (lich ho tui 1975)
Duong loi vo chu nghan cua co so (lich ho tui 1975)
Cong vree dtoc sais and in english :”weeding through the old to bring fourth the new Confusius advocated virtue, benevolence and righteourness no characteristoes of the upright rules, and Mencious advancing the confusian tradition, argued for the innate goodness of human nature”
In another page a letter in vietnamese character
Nguyen cau Mang
Dien mot ben ma Hai mot ben Nho ai non thuy buoi chan lan thu kau suong nhat ba chom cuc, am vang may che niet ngoi dten Linh thay nhin biu com thay cho, Ho thanh ha? Nui dta thay ten.
Dong A kai may om den be .
Huong khoi lang dtay dtuc vung ben.
Minh mong cua dta luc nui vong quanh, Lap vong lo xo dta gap gheuk.
Khe tham hang sau xay tac dtong, Tra xanh muoc biec ve voi tram .
Thuyen buong truong Hbo tam lanh lang buon khaeh dton von boy ai chanh.
Tho tac kheu thay bay dtat kheo, Ha doung ueng mot canh xinh xinh .
Dong chou nguyen hue bien
(lic ho tui 1975)
At Li Ho Tui 1975, page February 20,21,22 23,24 and 25th , another information written in Vietnamese :
“Nua o-at mot tioi tuon dte thai .Gia gam gai, khap dtat quat cong lin.Sam nao dtong ca tuoi may tan-tac .Thoang anh lec, tic chop vu doi dtem.
Khap lang xom nha nha xien toi mai.Nua nhu ten vien vut ban tung hoanh tung hoi oi ve dai trang so hoi, Trung gio gain rui rit huy tre xanh.
Mua xuan lam tam nhe roi troi xuan dtain am long ngui tinh ten.Phat pho may canh hoa dtai,Nhon nho khu nhac tien canh, Lai cang nhu ve tranh tuyen voi.
Qui toi ce heu,co dau, codtan trang,co cau hui tinh. O caydta,co mai dtinh, Co bay thon nu xinh xinh duc dong.
Mua thu co nhung ha lang, co cay dtu buoi xuan sang dap din. Gia vi vu ti erg sao dien, Ru hon nue ta chien chien tien dte Cho lang co lam qua qui :
Banh dta, banh dtuc,banh lac, banh day. Dau thon co tup quan gay Tinh qui nhue bat nuoc dtay du tam ngo tu nhue khoch quo cu oi.
Veon qui tham mat huong nhai,luong cau. Thang tu chanh com goi dtau.Huong seu ngat ca vuon rau ac beo.Thang hai hou buoi roi nhiem, Ong ong ba em haon dap diu tun hoa, Khum khum gran muoyi ao nha,Cau tre lu tre vui dtua tap boi.
Tieng ga tua lang choi va, Tieng chien en gay,buon oi le buon ! Ngay ngau gio ky nua dton, Mai tranh re nhung le buon va vo.Dem dai nhep tuong vong dtua, Loi ru di oi ngau xua vong ve. Nho nhung sau mat le thu,xa xoi nghe day hon qua nao nung.
Cac tinh thuong du
Hoi Ninh , Lang-son, Lao-bang, Bai-lau,Tuyen-quang, Ha grang, San-La, Lai-Chan, Yin Bay, La0-Lai, Hoa-Binh.
Cuc tinh Trung du
Cai ting Trung chau
Bai Minh,hai Duong, Hung Yen, Kiui An, thai Binh,Ham dtong, Ha Nam. Ha Dong, San Tay, Ninh You va Phuc Yai.
At page Februarym 26,27,28th, information written in vietnamese and France :
Hoi van thon que
O lai qui la noi nguoi sinh tuong,cung dtat dtai,hanh phuc huong lau ben. Gac ngoai tai nhung loi noi huyen thien, Koe thanh thi voi bao niem trang le.Ve ky tu, ron rang chi dtang be.Day xe hoi, thanh lich the ma thoi cheu momang, ao ndoc hao, ban oi. Hua nhiem dtay,nhung cho thoi rat itchi cho bang rung xanh,dtang lua chin, voi co hua, voi nghe nghiep quen roi. Cao quy thay roi ong viec sinh sa laoi ngu coc dte muoi nguoi bon bi.
Paysans, notex aux champs
Aux voix quivous drout la ville et sewervealles. Nou vry pas voty eaur, paysans ,nes a vui os!
A l’appel du cites, n’ouvrez pas vos oxilles. Alles donnent, helas, moius que elles d’out promis.
A vos champs, a vos bois,demeurez doic fidels. Ai mez vos doux valleus, aimez votre miteer!
Auguste est le travarl le vos mains patervelles.C’est de votre labour qui vit le monde entica.
Autran (la vic rural)
On demontre qui la conolition
Necessaire et sufficante pour qu’um fraction irreductible puosse etre nuise seus forme de fraction decimal exacte est qui sou denominateur nei contience pas d’autre factueur premier qeu 2 et 5.
Dien Kim cam va dtu dte’ cho mit phan so khong thi pham hien thuo phan so thiap phan chung kae nghia lomau so xhy co chua nhy gia to tau tie 2 va 5.
GHI CHU-page 1
Kanh dinh I : La agusi Viet Nam
Kanh Dinh II : Khong gi qui hon su suy nghi
Kanh Dinh III : Dung nen lua doi tinh thuong hay tinh yen
Kanh Dinh IV : Doi la mat
Tinh thau cuoc chien dtau
Kanh Dinh V : Doi quan he
Dao dtuc o nhung viec nho, viec nho lam cao dtiep tinh than cua ta.
GHI CHU-page 2
Adress at Hanoi:
Dai Phat Thacks Vietnam 58 Phi Quan sue Hanoi
Dai Phat thanh Vietnam
58 pho Quan Su hanoi.
After three GHI CHU PAGE, we found on the Lich Bo Tui 1975 information :
1) Dia chi, so dien thoai can nhu(telpon-auth)
Canh-sai cu’u cap : 17
So cu’u hoa : 18
Bo Chi Huy CSOG Thi-do :268 Tran-hung-Dao Saigon
DT 20.093,21.376, 23.576, 21.794,21.795.
BCH CSOG Quan 1: 11,Mac-Dinh-Chi-DT 20.029,24.029
“ Quan 2: 73,Bac-si yersin-DT.20.095,20.643
“ Quan 3: 245,Le-vin-Duyet.DT.20.027,24.924
“ Quan 4:24,Doan-nhu-Hai.DT.21.58,24.188
“ Quan 5: 359,Dong-Khanh.DT 36.154,36.595
“ Quan 6:114,Pham-van-Chi.DT 36.141,36.595
“ Quan 7:184,Ben Nguyen Duy,DT 36.138
“ Quan 8:143.Tung-Thien Vuong,DT 36.113
“ Quan 9: DT 40.868(Dac Khu 9)
“ Quan 10: 336. Nguyen-Tri-Phuong.DT.36.896
“ Quan11:270.Binh-Thoi – DT. 50.092
So Canh Sat Lu’u Thong: 341,tran-hung_Dao DT. 23.554
BCH/CSOG Gia Dinh. 18 Chi-Lang – DT 20.802
BA’NG CHI’ DUO’NG DI BO’
TU’ SAIGON :
Angkor 560 cs Long Thanh 90 cs
Ba Ria 110 Long Xuyen 190
Bac Lieu 276 Loc Ninh 135
Banmethout 353 My Tho 71
Ben Tre 86 Nam Vang 240
Bien Hoa 30 Nha Trang 448
Binh Tuy 174 Phan Thiet 198
Chi Mau 344 Phan Rang 321
Can Tho 169 Pleiku 538
Chau Doc 245 Qui Nhon 677
Cho Lon 5 Rach Gia 248
Da Nang 972 Sa Dec 143
Da Lat 302 Soc Trang 231
Gia Dinh 5 Tan An 47
Go Cong 58 Tay Ninh 96
Ha Tien 338 Tay Vinh 198
Ha Noi 1.760 Thu Duc 15
Hue 1.079 Thu Dau Mot 30
Hon Quang 124 Vinh Long 136
Kon Tum 599 Vung Tau 123
Long Hai 116 Xuan Loc 82
BAN TEN CAC TINH VIET NAM
Ten Tinh Ten Tinh Ly
MIEN TAY :
Kien Phong Cao-Lanh
MIEN DONG :
Bien-Hoa Bien Hoa
Phuoc-Long Phuoc Binh
Phuoc-Thanh Phuoc Vinh
Binh Tuy Ham-tan
CAO NGUYEN TRUNG PHAN :
TRUNG NGUYEN TRUN PHAN:
Thi Xa : HUE-DA-NANG- DALAT- CAM-RANH- VUNG TAU.
CHUNG CHUC TAN XUAN
Tong Phat Hanh Sach, Bao
Cung cap dung cu Van Phong
Va dung cu Hoc Sinh.
185-187 , Nguyen Thai Hoc
Dien thoai : 23.867
Giam doc : Ba HUYNH THI DU
32 , Lac Long Quan
S A I G O N 2
Dai Ly , Bot mi SAKYBOMI Va
Moi cuoi thang tu 25 duong lich DOANH THUONG NGAN HANG
Kinh tang Lich Bo Tui cho thang sau.Kinh moi Quy vi Than chu den hoi .So Ngan Quy hoac tai can Chi nhanh D.T.N.H.
(Very interesting information have found inside the pocket notes ‘Lich Ho Tui 1975 during the vietnam liberation war in 1975 very difficult to found the unique document collections, please someone help me to translate the vietnamese and Franch character information, please comment-auth)
Postal used cover (one stamp misssing) send from Saigon to military School at Tu Duc 9military code KBC-Ku Bhu Chin 4100)
March, 7th 1975
In early 1975, North Vietnamese military led by General Văn Tiến Dũng launched a massive attack against the Central Highland province of Buôn Mê Thuột. South Vietnamese troops previously anticipated attack against the neighboring province of Pleiku, and were caught off guard. President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu ordered the moving of all troops from the Central Highland to the coastal areas, as with shrinking American aid, South Vietnamese forces could not afford to spread too thin. However, due to lack of experience and logistics for such a large troop movement in such a short time, the whole South Vietnamese Second Corp got bogged down on narrow mountain roads, flooded with thousands of civilian refugees, and was decimated by ambushes along the way. South Vietnamese First Corp near the DMZ was cut off, received conflicting orders from Saigon on whether to fight or to retreat, and eventually collapsed. Many civilians tried to flee to Saigon via land, air, and sea routes, suffering massive casualties along the way. In early April 1975, South Vietnam set up a last ditch defense line at Xuân Lộc, under commander Lê Minh Đảo. North Vietnamese troops failed to penetrate the line and had to make a detour, which the South Vietnamese failed to stop due to lack of troops. President Nguyễn văn Thiệu resigned. The power eventually went to Dương Văn Minh.
Vietcong capture Banmethout(D)
(a)Thieu meet with his commanders at Camranh, orders nothern provinces of South Vietnam abandoned.(D)
(b)The North Vietnamese Army or NVA(Vietminh), had driven the South Vietnamese troops(AVRN), out of Pleiku and down Route 7B to the coast.look at the picture of Pleiku People refugee.
The retreating coliums of civilians and military had been harried and kharrased and ambushed all the way-they’d even run afoul of expertly laid (and inepertly cleared) minefields left bu South Korean forces earlier in the war.
The entire operation,ordered in the incompewtence and panic of the AVRN generals,had been a disaster with only a little over one in three AVRN troops finally arriving on the coast at Thuy Hoa.
(c)Do-Thanh(City) Saigon Document
TRICH-LUC BO’ KHAI-SANH with two local revenue Do Thanh Sai Gon Niem-Thue 5 and 10 Dong sign and official choped of Vien-Chuc Ho Tich Huyen Yan
(10) March.20th 1975
Thieu reverses himself, order Hue held at all cost(D)
GIAY CAM KE’T DOCUMENT SIGNED WITH RED OFFICIAL STAMPED PHUANG TRUONG HUYNH VA’N ANH.with local Bo Than Saigon Ming Thue revenue 1975.
(a)The Hue city falls to Vietcong(D)
(13)March .27 th1975
Hue-Da Nang Campaing
Vietcong capture Danang.
This day, the Danang City had fallen and the soldiers(AVRN) at the airfield had gotten there in time to see the last plane out leave the ground with people clinging to the open stairs in the rear and hiding in the wheel wells.The Soldier who had field glasses or exceptionally good eyess could see several of the desperate fall away from the aircraft to the eground and bounce in that odd way that only the dead can. The soldiers laughed at that and mimicked the panic-stricken people who run desperatetly down the runaway after the big jet.
They were rested bow and well fed.They had refilled their ration bag and their amunition pouches. They had treated their wounds and refilled their ranks. They had listened to the Lectures on the importance of their historic missson.They had learned of the success elswhere and been briefe on their next set of golas and objectives.
They had looked at their’Born in the North to Die in the south. “Tattoos almost without noticing them.
Danang had fallen,the chaos and panic attentant to the final few hours before the enemy captured the place had been horrifying. The last few overloaded planes out of Danang had had people cling to the landing gear and hiding in the baggage compartements.look qat the picture of Danang Refuggee excape to USS Midway
The Ancient capital of Hue and Quan Tri and all the nothern province were gone.
All that was truly left of republic of Vietnam(RVN) on the coast at places like Thuy Hoa,Qui Nhon ,and Nha Trang, and most the mekong delta.(Gerry Carrol Info)
By March 29, 1975, North Vietnamese troops had full control of Hue and Da Nang, while South Vietnam lost all territories in I Corps and most of the units belonging to the ARVN 1st Brigade.
Pilotbeuro in Hanoi direct General dung to push toward Saigon in the “Ho Chi Minh campaign”(D)
The fall of Hue and Da Nang did not spell the end of the misery suffered by the Army of the Republic of Vietnam. On March 31, ARVN General Pham Van Phu—commander of II Corps Tactical Zone—attempted to form a new defensive line from Quy Nhon to cover the retreat of the ARVN 22nd Infantry Division into the Mekong Delta, but they too were destroyed by the North Vietnamese.
April 1975-The last Month of Saigon US-Vietnam regime.
(1) April,1st.1975(Let Gen .Gerry Carroll Info)
Lt.Tim Boyle,USN, was going through the daily massage trafic when the meeting in the conference room down the hall broke. As one of the assitent air operation officers on the staff of the Navy’s commander in chief,Pacific, he was rarely invited into such august meeting where the red security over the door glowed in the gloom of the central passageway.Boyle,couldn’t care less about that crap.He had learned on his last tour, as a combat Search and Rescue helicopter pilot,what was important and what was not. It has taken him about a month to figure out all the ins and outs of his new job at CINCPAC, and from then on he could usually have all his works done quickly and correctly.He initiated the one he was reading and turned to the next one,which was an unclassified summary od the situation in South Vietnam.
Boyle commandant Hickersons told him that in the afternoon everything was ready for retirement ceremony both at the parade field and at the club.
The soldir sat samll groups by the airfield bounderies.from behind them the distant sounds of the sack of Danang reached them in bits and pieces carried in the stillness of the day’s first light.the unit following behind the front-line troops were searching the city for anything useful to the offensive,shoving aside terrified citizens and refugee from the provinces to west and north who had fled here in the vain hope of avoidng the horrors to come.
Other troops had been rounding up enemies of the revolution who had only hours and days before been pillars of their society-teachers,policemen,clerics-anyone who represented either of the twin threats to the soldier’s ideology,education,or employment by a free government. The enemies (vietcong) were being march out of the city to the west toward death in a labor battalion,or death by the execution squads,or intellectual death in the reeducation camps.
The ordinary citizenry huddled in the doorways or by the side of the road or together in clumps with others,holding their children away from the guns and the hard-eyed squads of armed men. a few sat on the beaches and looked over the empty sea toward the ship that would never come to take them away. They had nowhere else to run.And with the relentless advance of the Communist(Vietminh) divisions from the North,they had no place to hide.
five hours after the Vigilante landed aboard the concord,the photographs taken on on its misssion sat in a jumble with many others on a mahogany conference table in the American headquaters at Tan Son Nut airport outside Saigon. around the table sat the chiefs of whar remained of the American Military presence in the Reoubklic of South Vietnam.With the diminution ot the presence same a frustarting powelessness to do one damn thing aboutbthe disasters these photographs and others yet to be taken where chronicling.
this meeting had been called to assess the speed of the decline in the military situation for south Vietnam without the offtimes confucing qanalyses from whasington.This afternoon there weere no baeurucratic filters or delays between the staffers and the raw informations. There was no analysis’s caviling prose concluding that both sides of the question were rquakky correct and equally likely.There was no countercorroboration.There was no hedging.
There was no channce.No chance at all,to therese eperienced military men,that the South Vietnamese were going to be able to stop the advance of the khaki-and-green-clad mass of Communist”liberators’ from the north(Carrol info)
Le Duc Tho arrives at Vietcong headquaters at Locninh, to oversee offensive
(2)AS the North Vietnam army thrust south, millions of refugees fled in terror toward Saigon .
(3) South Vietnamese refugees are slung into hold of a cargo ship as they anxiously strive to flee the advancing Vietcong.(P
(4) Prior to the Fall of Saigon
Nguyen Bao Tung (Best Vietnamese phillatelist) former captain of the republic of Vietnam’s Army (ARVN) , was the commander of the 34 th MP-CID ( Military Police-Criminal Investigation Detachment) in Saigon.
In his collections contains President Nguyen van Thieu stamps on cover bored the signatures of the president and official seals of Goverment.
In 1975 he wrote about stamps for “ de la Timbrologie”, “ Le Monde des Phillatelie, Bien-Tong Ji-Pao (in Chinese)
( Who was the owner of this very rare covers , please showed us, I have the Thieu stamps 10 Dong, postally covers with KBC stamped, when I have seeking the information via Gogle exploration I found this Nguyen Bao Tung informations –auth)
THE VIETCONG TRANSITION GOVENRMENT AT SOUTH VIETNAM
The Vietcong Government at South Vietnam in 1975
Hue-Da Nang Campaig
The Hue-Da Nang Campaign was a series of military actions conducted by the Vietnam People’s Army (VPA) and the Viet Cong against the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) during the Vietnam War, also known in Vietnam as the American War. The campaign was centred on the cities of Hue (Thua Thien-Hue Province) and Da Nang (Quang Nam Province), with secondary fronts in the provinces of Quang Tri and Quang Ngai. The campaign began on March 5 and concluded on April 2, 1975.
During the spring season of 1975, the Vietnam People’s Army High Command in Hanoi made the decision to seize the major South Vietnamese cities of Hue and Da Nang, and also destroy the various South Vietnamese units in I Corps Tactical Zone, led by ARVN General Ngo Quang Truong. Originally, the campaign was planned to take place over two phases; during the seasons of spring-summer and autumn. However, as the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces rolled over South Vietnamese defences on the outskirts of Hue and Da Nang, President Nguyen Van Thieu ordered General Truong to abandon all territories under his control, and pull his forces back to the coastal areas of I Corps. Unfortunately, the South Vietnamese withdrawal quickly turned into a rout, as the North Vietnamese 2nd Army Corps picked off one South Vietnamese unit after another, until Hue and Da Nang was completely surrounded. By March 29, 1975, North Vietnamese troops had full control of Hue and Da Nang, while South Vietnam lost all territories in I Corps and most of the units belonging to the ARVN 1st Brigade.
South China Sea….Crewmen of the amphibious cargo ship USS Durham (LKA-114) take Vietnamese refugees aboard a small craft. The refugees will be transferred later by mechanized landing craft (LCM) to the freighter Transcolorado. Photo taken 04/03/1975.
THE EARLIEST VIETCONG MILITARY ‘S SAIGON GOVERNMENT DOCUMENT IN 1975.(SIX AFTER CAPTURE SAIGON)
The Military “Giay Phep”Dao Biet certificate(Travel Pass Permit ) issued by Chu ky va dau,trung ta by quan tieu Doan truong tien Doan-
THE VIETCONG MILITARY KBC 4709 ID GIAY PHEP
The military ID GIAY PHEH issued by Chu ky vo dau KBC 4.709 signed by Trung Ta Boi Chau.(The earliest Vietcong ID with the eagle army emblem)
(a)Vietcong capture Xuan Loc, last South Vietnamese defense line before Sai-gon (D)
(b) With the North Vietnam army encircling Saigon , President Thieu officially resigned on April,21th 1975
President Ford, speaking in New Orleans , calls the war “finished”(D)
President Ford meets in the Oval Office with Brent Scowcroft, Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs; Graham Martin, United States Ambassador to the Republic of Vietnam; Army Chief of Staff General Frederick Weyand; and Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger to discuss the situation in Vietnam. Photo taken 03/25/1975.
President Gerald R. Ford talks to a woman refugee while holding a Vietnamese baby on a United States Air Force bus. The President after greeted the refugees of the Republic of Vietnam at a California airbase. Photo taken 04/04/1975.
Vice President Nelson A. Rockefeller; Deputy Assistant For National Security Affairs Brent Scowcroft; and Central Intelligence Agency Director William Colby discuss the situation in Vietnam during a break in a meeting of the National Security Council. Photo taken 04/24/1975.
Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger and National Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft stop by the West Sitting Room to apprise President Gerald R. Ford, and Mrs. Ford, on the progress of the evacuation of Americans from Saigon. Photo taken 04/28/1975.
President Gerald R. Ford presides over a meeting of the National Security Council to discuss the situation in Vietnam. (clockwise l-r) William Colby, Director, Central Intelligence Agency; Robert S. Ingersoll, Deputy Secretary of State; Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger; Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger; William Clements, Deputy Secretary of Defense; Vice President Nelson A. Rockefeller; and General George S. Brown, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Photo taken 04/28/1975.
(a)Thieu leaves Saigon for taiwan(D)
(b)President Nguyen van Thieu turned the government over to Vice President Tran Van Huong, but Huong resigned a days later, turning the office over to Duong van Minh, who was acceptable to the North Vietnamese officially surrendered as the North Vietnamese tanks rammed through the gate of the Presidential palace on August 1975.
Look at the Corbis Picture October 31th 1975 when presidet Thiue leave platform following by vice president Tran Van Huong and Prime Menistry below:
(Thieu originally took refugee in Taiwan , but later moved to London, where he lived several years. He had a vary quite life, avoiding the limelight and granting few interviews. He later moved to US living in affluent Boston suburb. Slowly, he began to reemerge, travalling to portion of the world, talking with symphatic groups in 1989-1990.
In an organizing groups to support change in Vietnam , he said that he no longer wanted a leadership position thetre (“I am old too old to take power again’) but wanted to lend hisexperience to those pushing reforms. He said he hoped to return someday to his homeland.
As of 1996, Thieu was still living near Boston, holding to a quiet life. He to the repoter :” I read ( discuss) the work in my home “. Thieu died on Saturday September ,29th,2001 ,in Beth Israel Deaconss Medical Center , caused of death unspecified., he was 78.-auth)
Vice-President Tran van Huong transfers authority as chief of state to General Duong van Minh (D)
(10) April 29th1975
evacuation of last Americans from saigon, begins, Ambassador Martin Depart(D)
a US helicopter evacuated American and a few lucky Vietnam-ese to the safety of a nearby US warship a day before the fall of Saigon (P)
(c)The fall of Saigon as the last Americans and accompanying Vietnamese were lifted from the American Embassy in a frenzied evacuation, seventy helicopters carrying 1000 people to safety on the US warship lying offshore.
(d) But hundreds of thousands of Vietnamese officers and civil servants who had been loyal to the American-backed South Vietnam regime were left behind .
(11) April 8th1975
The Military “Giay Phep” DaoBiet(travel Pass? permitted until 14th 1975)certificate was issued at KBC 4.709 (Cholon) sign y Chu ky va dau , trung –ta boi quan Tieu-doan-Truong tian Doan 5 Nhay –Du .
(a)phan 1 : Don Xin Nghi Phep
Cap bac : Binh-2 Ho vaten : Nguyen Van dong So quan : 67/813418 Don Vi : TD 5 ND/DD53.
So ngay nghi phep : 04 ngay ke tu : 08,10.75 den 14.04.75.
Ly do : An thuong hanh quan
Lam tai KBC : 4.709
Mai nhan don. Chi’huy truong KBC 4.709.
(b) Phan II: Kien Cua Cap Chi Huy Trung Tham Quyen Cap Phep
(c) Phan III : Quyet Dinh Cua Gioi Chuc Tham Quyen Cap Phep
Hiay phep so : 274/ta 5/ DD
Quyet Dinh : duoc q huong them
Duong-su nghi phep
Ngay du duong va phai ve trinh dien ngay 14.04.75.
Cap bac, Ho va Ten,chuc vu va so dien thoai cua
Noi nhun : Duong Su-Dan Vi cao phep, Don vi quan thu ho-so.(OD)
(the latest document issued by the Vietnam Cong Hoa Army (AVRN), 12 days before Vietcong Captured Saigon, best collection for showed ,please comment-auth)
Vietcong Capture Saigon, Colonel Bui Tin have surrender to Vietminh.
(13) April,31th. 1975
(a)Victory, South Vietnam was completely liberated and Vietnam reunified , the stamps issued by Saigon Regime terminated its circulation.(D)
Hundred thousands of Vietnamese officers and civil servant who had beeen loyal to the American –backed South Vietnamese regime were taken to camps and joint the rigid “Re-education”, where some spent months and other years, a Vietnamese Gulag.
(B) Trong cuoc Tong tien cong va noi day mua Xuan 1975, bang he thong duong ong va cac kho chua, bo doi xang dau da cung cap 96 van tan xang, dau, mo, nhanh chong tra nap cac loai nhien lieu cho hang ngan xe phao, may bay, ham thuyen , khi tai may moc cua cac quan chung, binh chung, cac quan doan, su doan, bao dam cho bo doi va binh khi ky thuat co dong than loc, nhanh chong trien khai tien cong dich tren cac huong.
Khoi luong nhien lieu tieu thu nam 1975 gap 25 lan khoi luong nam 1954,gap 16 lan khoi lluong tieu thu trong chien dich Xuan He 1972(D)
(c)The final communist drive to take Saigon in 1975 was officially dubbed the Ho Chi Minh Offensive, and afterward become Ho Chi Minh City (ibid Stanley Karnow-p171)
4) May 1975 no info
5) June 1975 no info
6)July 1975 no info
7) August 1975
(1)August ,7th 1975
Vietcong saigon Rice Distribution coupon from August to December 1975, every month 7/8/75 50 kg, 1/8/75 100 kg and 18/7/75 100 kg.with stamped Ba Thu Thien.
The Stencil coupon were issued by Thanh Pho Saigon Gia Dinh , Uy Ban Nhan Dan Cach Mang Quan 10.
Hieu Mua Dau Lua Han Thang
Cap Cho Dong Bao To Khai Gia Dinh.
Ten Ho Gia Truong : Nguyen ThiChac
Nha o’ :724/26 Phan Thanh Bian Saigon 10.
(Moi lan ban deu,nguoi quen Ly cat o ra giao cho Phuong trach nhiem kiem soat)
(3) Official Cover with Stamped,without stamps, send by courier.
Vietnam Cong Hoa Phu Thu-Tuong,
Nha Tong Ginh Boc Cong-Vu.from Trung Tam Huan Luyen Quan Doc Tu Nghiep , 10 Tran Quoc Toan Saigon to Kinh gui : Ong Tran Hieu Nghia , 30 Nguyen Van Hoc, Gia dinh saigon.
(The earliest official cover and letter ,Porsonal delivered without stamp and postal stamped.)(OD)
9) September 1975 no info
(a) Cholon Recieved Money Document
Phuoc-An Tu’ong -Te’ Hoi Recived money 3250 dong with Vietcong overprint revenue 10 dong. signed by chan Thu Quy at Cholon.
I have the other nominal of mint vietcong overprint revenue surcharge o.o2 on 10 dong
and 0.03 on 4 dong(The biggest Block ever report)
The rare Ho Chi Minh cover with Ho Chi Minh stamp , Khong Co Gi Quy Ho’n Doc Lap Tu Do, send from An Hai to Truong Nong lam Su-bao-Loc but the stamps didn’t cancelled,
the letter inside:
An Hai 27-11-75
Em Truan !
Hom goi cho, con quen nhung mon tau dan, san dac ma auc ten, o nha goi cho env,nhung mon con thieu.
Gia dinh tat ca von binh an, lam an van nhu ngay hao.
Hot ga goi ten env nen hong soi coiu dtuong cho bo. Co gi em nhan voi dac nor ho, Chi.(OD&PH)
4.3.4 The Saigon – Thanh Pho Ho Chi Minh during Unity Vietnam 1976-1980
the end @copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011