Driwanmasterpiece Cybermuseum:”Lukisan sketch Pastor katolik semarang Saat dalam Kamp internir Jepang 1943 (Dai nippon Internering camp painted by Catholic Priest)

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

 

                    Please Enter

                   

              DMC SHOWROOM

(Driwan Masterpiece  Cybermuseum)Showcase:

The Japanese Internering Camp book sketch illustration Collections 

Frame One:

The front Cover Sketch

Front page

Foeword

The sketch of Dai Nippon Ship Landing at Tandjong Priok

Last Page (the painter profile)

Frame Two: The Kesilir

1)The sketch of Kesilir bridge over Kali baroe

2) The map of Kesilir at East Java

The Dutch Priest bring to the Kesilir Camp east Java by dai Nippon Military from semarang

3)At Kesilir the priest worked as

 irrigation “mandoer”

,Cutting Coconut tree

,made the bread

, smoking

,made Nasi goreng

 coocking

Menumbuk Padi (rice paddle)

Witte Donderdaag(Kemis Putih)

Bruder Kloster at Kesilir

Frame  Three :

Bandoeng and Tjimahi

Work at the railway built project

Frame Four:

Sketch during Internering(POW camp) at Jogya and Bara

The old “sandal”

In the Djogja Fort

Frame Four

Tjimahi and Baros

This exhibition special for the remam brance of the Catholic priest family which their have been in the interner (prison of War) by the Dai Nippon Military in Java in 1943-1945.Please they send their comment and more infor about them.

FRAME SIX.

THE JAPANESE POW CAMPS

Please look the picture of Japanese Prisoner oF war Below:

Tenko

Follow the experiences of a group of British, Australian and Dutch women captured in Singapore during 1942. The 1980s captivating drama series portrays the hardship of life in a Japanese Prisoner-of-war camp.

Prisoner of War

An Allied prisoner of war lies weakly on his cot, almost reduced to a bundle

An Allied prisoner of war lies weakly on his cot, almost reduced to a bundle

Japanese Prisoner of War Bathing

Japanese Prisoner of War Bathing

Featherston prisoner of war camp

Featherston prisoner of war camp

 

Photo of POWs taken in 1945

Extracts from NO SURRENDER

p 113
‘B’ Garage Party was notorious for the punishments meted out, and became known as the poko, or ‘beating-up’, party. Men came back from work bleeding and sick, not as a result of the hard work-Lord knows, that was bad enough-but of the general beatings they had suffered during the day. The party was in charge of a Nip Chief Petty Officer, with a PO second in command, ad an appropriately cruel and mean set of ratings who never missed an opportunity of savaging a prisoner.
At the end of the working day the prisoners, physically exhausted after non-stop cement-mixing, or carrying heavy loads, were told to fall in, while grinning with delight, the Nip guards would rush off to fetch their implements. The POWs would wait apprehensively in rows of five for the proceedings to begin.
The Chief would then walk along the front row asking questions in Malay. If answered correctly he would repeat the question in Japanese. If no answer was forthcoming the unfortunate individual would then be pulled from the ranks and literally thrown to the waiting guards, who would start beating and kicking him, then throwing him judo style until either he lapsed into unconsciousness or his limbs gave under the assault.
On other occasions we would be drilled, with the orders rapped out in Japanese. Soon chaos would ensue, as none of us knew any but the basic commands. A mass beating would then take place, no one being excused. Tools for this beating would include baseball bats, bamboo canes split so that they cut the flesh, the occasional horsewhip, which usually managed to churn out pieces from flesh was left on our bodies. The most cruel and terrible weapon was a solid one-inch-diameter iron bar, whose owner was known as the ‘Iron-Bar Merchant’. Such treatment was to say the
least, poor recompense for a hard days work.

p 115
. . .This in many case would be the last straw for men who had literally slaved all day, been beaten up savagely, and wearily walked back to camp then to be savaged again by Yoshida and his sadistic guards. The example set by Yoshida to his ape-like guards made sure that a tyrannical standard of toughness and unveiled cruelty was maintained. and punishment was only a portion of the cross we had to bear-there was in addition hunger, disease, backbreaking toil, and the complete severance from our homes and loved ones. to them we were now the legion of the dead.

p 158
For many POW’s survival was linked to their initial physical condition and the amount of hardship and punishment they were able to withstand. Those who were tough and strong when they first marched through the gates of Macassar camp had a head start on their less fortunate brethren, and though nearly all of us eventually fell sick, those who had the initial reserves of strength managed to weather those critical
years of imprisonment. . .

p 184
. . .As the third year of our captivity drew on, the deaths mounted. It seemed a long while since we had been shocked by the news of five men dying in one day. Now the death cart was kept waiting at the end of each day, waiting just in case of a ‘late departure’. Then it would be rushed off to the burial ground, where the prisoners were interred with indecent haste and virtually unmorned. It made my blood boil to realise that in the hospital less than a mile away were medical supplies that could have put the cart out of business.
Such was the apathy at this stage that as the grim burial party passed through the camp entrance only one question was asked: How many today?
The eerie parting note of the bugler sounding the ‘Still’ was the only record of their departure; but they had gone beyond the walls of the camp and the guards would
molest them no more. . .

p 185
. . .Virtually everyone in the camp was now sick. All men who could stand, and many who could not, were forced out of camp to work. . .
. . .The guards showed a sadistic delight in the pain and torture endured by those
poor wretches.

p 196
Inside the camp there was much speculation. One story was that the war was over. . .. . .We waited apprehensively as the Dutch Commandant climbed on to the platform and began to speak in Dutch. We listened without comprehending, but as he spoke we began to sense his meaning, confirmed for us by a Dutchman in the ranks who muttered, ‘The war is over, The war is over’. . .
. . .pandemonium broke loose; tears, shouts, screams, kissing and handshaking.

p 202
Things now began to move, Event followed event, sometimes in bewildering confusion.

p 203
The Australian officer walked slowly down the gangway, preceded by determined Australian guards with rifles at the ready, coolly surveying the Japanese onlookers. The Japanese admiral moved forward with a bunch of flowers which he offered to the Australian.
The officer ignored the Admiral and the reception party, heading instead for the wizened POWs, shaking hands with each member of that special guard. With that clasp of the hand we returned to our own world and our self respect.
To this day I can see the look of disdain on the Australian officer’s face as he tossed the proffered bunch of flowers into the Java Sea.

PERTH
On the way home at last:
HMS Maidstone arrived in Fremantle, the port near Perth, on September 30, 1945, to a rousing welcome from the Western Australian public.

FRAME SEVEN :

THE STORY OF JAPANESE POW CAMPS

Timeline:
22 Oct 1942:
2500 POWs depart Tanjeong Priok (Port of Batavia) on Yoshida Maru.
25 Oct 1942: Arrive Singapore- many depart for Thailand-Burma Railway (Death Railway)
30 Oct 1942: Dainichi Maru departs for Moji
12 Nov 1942: Arrive Takao on Formosa; remain for 3 days
24 Nov 1942: Arrive and anchors off Moji
26 Nov 1942: POWS depart Dainichi in summer clothes
27 Nov 1942-100 British POWS arrive from Singapore on Dainichi Maru. Established as YAHATA Provisional Fukuoka POW CAMP MUKAIJIMA Branch Camp 14 (Fukuoka-14B)
1 Jan 1943– Renamed FUKUOKA POW CAMP MUKAIJIMA Branch Camp
1 Mar 1943-Renamed Fukuoka 11-B
14 Jul 1943– Jurisdictional control transferred to ZENTSUJI POW CAMP
7 Sep 1944- 116 Americans arrive from Philippines on the Noto Maru.
13 Apr 1945
– Established as Hiroshima 1-D (formerly ZENTSUJI POW CAMP 1-D)
Aug 1945 Renamed Hiroshima 4-B
12 Sept 1945 Rescue effected; departed on 15th


Short Overview: per Koshi Kobayashi.
There were over 90 prison camps throughout Japan, and about 32,000 prisoners of war in all. Here in Mukaishima, the Hiroshima Prisoner of War Sub-camp No.4 was set up and the number of prisoners of war, including British and American men, totaled 216. First, in November 1942, 100 British airmen were shipped from Indonesia to Mukaishima on the Dainichi Maru, and put to work in the shipyards. Of these, 23 men died. Later, in September 1944, 116 American soldiers came up from the Philippines on the Noto Maru, and at the end of war all of these returned to their home country (one American died).

Labor: Shipyard labor
Hell Ships:
British:
All 116 (RAF) arrived Dainichi Maru 27 Nov 1942; previously captured on Java
Americans: 100 came from Noto Maru and arrived 7 Sept 1944, majority of men from theNichols Field Detail; Guam men had arrived at Zentsuji on the Argentina Maru (Jan 1942).


American Roster – Source NARA RG 407 Box 103 plus confirmation of name on photograph; 118 men plus one deceased.
British Rescue Roster – Source NARA RG 407 Box 103
Roster of deceased British (From Memorial at camp site)
Special: John Ovens BBC Interview. Notes that he was sent to Australia for several weeks of convalescence (via carrier HMS Ruler) thence flown home to England.
Deceased: (PDF) Developed by Japan POW Network
Data Set: Excel spreadsheet includes much more information


External Link: Japanese school in Mukaishima honors the men of this camp. Developed under the guidance of Koshi Kobayashi. Very detailed and well done. About 1/3rd down the page are group pictures of men on the beach before the rescue.


 

Picture: Major William O. Dorris accepting the surrender of Japanese Camp Commander
80-G-346525: Former Japanese commandant of POW camp, Fukuoka #3, Major Rikatake, yielding sword to Major W.O. Dorris, USA, present commandant of POW camp in Tobata, Kyushu, Japan. [Fukuoka #3] 15 Sep 1945. Major Dorris was leader of the rescue team for the Fukuoka camps. Records indicate he was rescued in the Philippines in early 1945.


Forbes Diary: Excellent diary detailing Tanagawa and this camp- while known at Fukuoka #11.
Special: Article regarding Pvt Edwards testimony against fellow American at Courts Martial. Navy man, Hirshberg, accuse of collaboration and beatings of fellow Americans. (Pending)


The Second  World War – 605 Squadron RAFDerrick William Shouler joined the RAF as a wireless operator in 1940, training at Yatesbury and joining the 605 fighter squadron as volunteer reserve Aircraftsman 1st Class 906113. In February 1940 the squadron moved to Scotland, but returned south in May to fly patrols over northern France for a week before moving back to Drem. It moved south again in September for the closing stages of the Battle of Britain and in December began escorting bombers over northern France. At the end of March 1941, it moved to the Midlands for day and night defensive patrols and in October was posted overseas. It reached Singapore in January 1942, too late to affect the campaign, and was evacuated to Sumatra on arrival in the area, moving later to Java. There it became caught up in the Japanese invasion and after operating a collection of surviving aircraft, was either evacuated in small groups or captured by the Japanese by early March.  Derrick was captured and became a prisoner of war at a Japanese camp in Java.  Below are pictures of an official Japanese POW card, sent home by Derrick, comprising 3 stereotyped, ‘permitted’ sentences and 20 words of ‘his own text’. 

In 1943, the Japanese decided to ship the sick back to Java.  A total of 640 men, including a number of Japanese sick patients, were taken on board the 4,645-ton passenger-cargo ship Suez Maru.  In two holds there were 422 sick British (of which 221 were RAF servicemen, including Derrick William Shouler) and 127 sick Dutch prisoners, including up to twenty stretcher cases, the Japanese patients filled the other two holds. 

Escorted by a minesweeper W-12, the Suez Maru set sail from Port Amboina but while entering the Java Sea and at about 327 kilometres east of Surabaya, Java (Netherlands East Indies – off Kangean Islands North of Bali, 6º 22′ South by 116º 35′ East.) the vessel was torpedoed by the American submarine USS Bonefish.  The USS Bonefish was on her second war patrol and was commanded by Cdr. Tom Hogan. Following the torpedoing, the Suez Maru started to list, and water poured into the holds drowning many, those that managed to escape, so far, swam away from the sinking ship.  The Japanese mine sweeper W-12 then picked up the Japanese survivors, but left between 200 and 250 men in the sea.  At 14.50, the minesweeper, W-12, under orders from Captain Kawano, opened fire on the remaining survivors, using a machine gun and rifles. Rafts and lifeboats were rammed and sunk by the W-12. The firing did not cease till all the prisoners had been killed, the minesweeper then sped off towards Batavia (Jakarta) at 16.30 hours. 

Sixty-nine Japanese had died during the attack, 93 Japanese soldiers and 205 Japanese sick patients were rescued by the Japanese.  Of the 547 British and Dutch prisoners, there is reported to be one survivor, a British soldier, Kenneth Thomas, who was picked up twenty-four hours later by the Australian minesweeper HMAS Ballarat.

No one was ever brought to justice for this war-crime.  The USS Bonefish was later sunk by the Japanese in 1945, becoming the last USS Submarine to be sunk in World War Two.

18th June 1945 – the last USS Submarine to be sunk.

USS Bonefish (Cdr. L.L. Edge) is sunk with all hands by the Japanese escort vessels Okinawa, Kaibokan No.63, Kaibokan No.75, Kaibokan No.158 and Kaibokan No.207 in the Sea of Japan in position 37.18N, 137.55E.

Suez Maru Roll-of-Honour

605 Squadron Roll-of-Honour.

Derrick also has an entry in the RAF memorial book in St. Clement Danes, the RAF church, in the Strand London.


 

 Derrick Shouler and Margaret  605 Squadron emblem.  Report in the Torquay Times 11th. June 1943
  Card sent by Derrick from Japanese POW Camp Java
     
  

the end @copyright Dr iwan suwandy 2011

2 thoughts on “Driwanmasterpiece Cybermuseum:”Lukisan sketch Pastor katolik semarang Saat dalam Kamp internir Jepang 1943 (Dai nippon Internering camp painted by Catholic Priest)

  1. Ian Piper November 13, 2011 / 8:20 pm

    Dear Doctor Suwandy
    I have read your story on Derrick William Shouler with great interest.
    I am the official historian for 605 Squadron.
    I would like to thank you for making Derricks’s story public.
    Kind regards
    Ian Piper
    ian@605squadron.co.uk

    • iwansuwandy November 14, 2011 / 10:48 am

      dear Ian Piper, thanks for visir my blog and I am happy you like the Derrick william Shoulder story, and your welcome.
      I hope more info from you about the 605 squadron
      sincerely yours
      Dr Iwan suwandy

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