Driwan Masterpiece Cybermuseum:”The Value Of Propaganda Label collections “

 Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 048

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

 

                    Please Enter

                   

              DMC SHOWROOM

(Driwan Masterpiece  Cybermuseum)Showcase:

The Value Of Propaganda Label  collections

 

Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 034
034/ Social development – the people’s right    €284 (original)      ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 035silk
035/ silkscreen Hatuey El Primero  €498 Thick paper, hand-printed original  by Gladys Acosta, OSPAAAL    :: From Wikipedia:
Hatuey (d. February 2, 1512) was a Taíno Cacique (chief) from the island of Hispaniola, who lived in the early sixteenth century. He has attained legendary status for leading a group of natives in a fight against the invading Spanish, and thus becoming the second fighter against colonialism in the New World after Anacaona. He is celebrated as “Cuba’s First National Hero.
s177.jpg (8561 bytes)
177/ Che Guevara. Warning: this is not a Cuban original, it is a reprint! 
Buy thru other site:
normal size 24″x34″   $ 7,99
giant size cca 40″x60″   $16,99
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 036
036/ For a Vietnam ten times more beautiful (Ho-Chi-Minh)   €317 (original, 1980)      ::
From Wikipedia:
(19 May 1890 – 2 September 1969) was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary and statesman who was prime minister (1946–1955) and president (1945–1969) of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam).
Hồ led the Viet Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the communist-governed Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at Dien Bien Phu. He lost political power inside North Vietnam in the late 1950s, but remained as the highly visible figurehead president until his death. The former capital of South Vietnam, Saigon, after the Fall of Saigon, was renamed Hồ Chí Minh City in his honor.
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 039
039/ South Africa. Against apartheid €249 (original, 1982)     :: design: Morante
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 040
040/ Central America: No to imperial bases   €187 (original, 1983)      ::
Czech propaganda posters.....   click to enlarge
889/ The socialism opened the path to the liberation of the nations from colonies. Fidel Castro marching with some communist leaders from Asia.
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 038
038/ Freedom now! For the Wilmington 10. €189 (original, 1979)     :: From Wikipedia:
The Wilmington Ten were a group of civil rights activists who spent nearly a decade in jail after being convicted of arson and conspiracy in 1971. The case became an international cause celebre amidst widespread beliefs that the individuals in the case were only guilty of holding dissenting political beliefs.[1] Amnesty International took up the case in 1976 and the convictions were finally overturned on a technicality in 1980.
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045/ Coated paper   World solidarity with Cuba.  €169 (original, 1980)      ::
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043/ Camilo Torres    €326 (original, 1981)     :: From Wikipedia:
Father Camilo Torres Restrepo (born in Bogotá, Colombia on 3 February 1929 – died in Santander on 15 February 1966) was a Colombian socialist, Roman Catholic priest, a predecessor of liberation theology and a member of the National Liberation Army (ELN) guerrilla organisation. During his life, he tried to reconcile revolutionary Marxism and Catholicism.
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 042
042/ South Africa. The writing Whites Only in his eyes €337 (original, 1983)      ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 048
048/ Che Guevara €339 (original, 1968)     ::
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049/ US president Nixon presented as vampire (we will cite one of the visitors to this page: “Nixon is best and most fondly remembered for his overwhelming paranoia, secret bombings of Laos & Cambodia during his massive escalation of the Vietnam war (note poster 049 shows the “hawkish” Nixon sinking his talons into southern Laos)” . Thin paper, folded. €375 (original, 1971)design: Mederos     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 046
046/ No economic blockade of Cuba! Foreign exchange, petroleum, medicaments, imported and exported goods (disappearing in the US hat) €174 (original, 1991)      ::
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047/ He who plunders… …always lives in terror €208 (original, 1982)      ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 051view1
051/ US president Nixon. Poster that was originally made for an attachment to a magazine. It unfolds dramatically…     ::
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051/ next view     ::
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051/ next view     ::
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051/ full view    €540 (original, 1972)     ::
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052/ Tricontinental conference anniversary  €283 (original)      ::From Wikipedia: The OSPAAAL was founded in Havana in January 1966, after the Tricontinental Conference, a meeting of leftist delegates from Guinea, the Congo, South Africa, Angola, Vietnam, Syria, North Korea, the Palestine Liberation Organization, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Chile and the Dominican Republic. Mehdi Ben Barka, the Moroccan leader of the Tricontinental Conference, was murdered the year before, allegedly with complicity of the CIA.
One of the main purposes of the organisation is to promote the causes of freedom fighters in the Third World; for example, OSPAAAL strongly supports Hugo Chávez and demands that the Cuban Five be released. Social development is a recurring theme in OSPAAAL publications, it is called a human right by the organization.
s193.jpg (12557 bytes)
193/ Che Guevara. Warning: this is not a Cuban original! 
Buy thru other site:
normal size 24″x34″   $ 8,99
giant size cca 38″x54″   $17,99
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 057
057/ Central America has said: enough! (Salvator Allende)   €167 (original, 1989)      ::  From Wikipedia: Salvador Isabelino Allende Gossens (Spanish pronunciation: (June 26, 1908 – September 11, 1973) was a physician and the first democratically elected Marxist socialist to become president of a state in the Americas.
Allende’s involvement in Chilean political life spanned a period of nearly forty years. As a member of the Socialist Party, he was a senator, deputy and cabinet minister. He unsuccessfully ran for the presidency in the 1952, 1958, and 1964 elections, but was appointed in 1970.
Allende served as the President of Chile from November 4, 1970 until the U.S.-backed September 11, 1973 coup d’état that ended his democratically elected Popular Unity government. During the air raids and ground attacks that preceded the coup, Allende gave his last speech where he vowed to stay in the presidential palace. The cause of death was suicide.
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 059
059/ Silkscreen Lebanon. Unity is victory.   €389 (original, 1978)   Thick paper, hand-printed original   ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 056
056/ Vietnam is winning. 2000. This number relates to the number of US planes shot down in Vietnam. Every round number was celebrated…  €331, very bad condition of the poster (original, 60’s)     ::
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053/ Grenada   €244 (original, 1984)From Wikipedia: The Invasion of Grenada, codenamed Operation Urgent Fury, was an invasion ordered by U.S. President Ronald Reagan of the nation of Grenada, an island in the Caribbean Sea, 100 miles (160 km) north of Venezuela, and over 1,500 miles (2,400 km) southeast of the United States. After an internal power struggle on the island (which has a population of just over 100,000) ended with the deposition and execution of Grenadian Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, the invasion began on October 25, 1983. A combined force of troops from the United States (nearly 10,000 troops), Jamaica and members of the Regional Security System (RSS) (approximately 300 troops) defeated Grenadian resistance and the military government of Hudson Austin was deposed.
The invasion was criticised by the United Kingdom, Canada and the United Nations General Assembly, which condemned it as “a flagrant violation of international law”.     ::
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058/ silkscreen Fidayin €485 (original, 1968)   Thick paper, hand-printed :: From Wikipedia:
Fedayeen are a group of people known to be volunteers, not connected to an organized government or military, in the Arab and Muslim world. They are usually deployed for a cause where the government has been viewed as failure or non-existent. They are associated with the role of resistance against occupation or tyranny. The name “fedayeen” is used to refer to armed struggle against any form of enslavement basing their actions on resistance. Armed militias known as the fedayeen, grew from militant elements within the Palestinian refugee population.The Fedayeen made efforts to infiltrate and strike against Israelis and their allies due to the Israeli occupation of their lands. Members of these groups were largely based within the refugee communities living in Egyptian-controlled Gaza, Jordanian-controlled West Bank, or in neighboring Lebanon, and Syria.
During this time (1948-c.1965), the word entered international usage and was frequently used in newspaper articles and political speeches as a synonym for great militancy.
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 050
050/ Palestina. Solidarity with the struggle of the people of Palestine. €187 (original, 1979)  Poster was originally distributed folded => creases. But we also have one that was collected BEFORE the folding.   ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 062
062/ Solidarity with Syria   €359 (original, 1971)     ::
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060/ Day of solidarity with the people of Palestine. May 15th. €366 (original, 1968)      ::
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063/ Unity of the Arab people. Nationalization of oil. €269 (original, 1972)      ::
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064/ IMF-WB [International monetary fund – World bank]. Neoliberalism, plunder and unemployment. €188 (original, 1994)     ::
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066/ Chile: will win The swastika is crumbling…  €228 (poster was folded originally – so it has creases from that) (original, 70’s)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 067
067/ World day of solidarity with the struggle of the people of Puerto Rico. September 23rd. €287 (poster was folded by OSPAAAL since it was distributed by shipping, that means creases.  price after  €244(original, 1974)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 065
065/ Haiti. Solidarity with the suffering people.   €230 (original, 1983)      ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 070
070/ No to the Guantanamo naval base  €268 (original, 1971)     ::
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071/ Portrait of Amilcar Cabral, coated paper  €329 (original, 1978)     ::
From Wikipedia: Amílcar Lopes Cabral (12 September 1924 – 20 January 1973) was an African agronomic engineer, writer, Marxist and nationalist guerrilla and politician. Also known by his nom de guerre Abel Djassi, Cabral led African nationalist movements in Guinea-Bissau and the Cape Verde Islands and led Guinea-Bissau’s independence movement. He was assassinated in 1973 by Guinea-native agents of the Portuguese colonial authorities, just months before Guinea-Bissau declared unilateral independence.
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 073
073/ Undertaking history. €173 (original, 1993)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 068
068/ (these posters were folded originally to be distributed with the Tricontinental magazine – that left creases on them) July 26th. The day of world’s solidarity with the cuban revolution. €252 (original, 1975)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 069.jpg (102955 bytes)
069/ No to militarism and hunger   €178 (original, 1982)     ::
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072/ “CHILE. A people in struggle” €248 (original, 1983)     ::
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076/ Korea   €224 (original, 1988)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 074.jpg (62926 bytes)
074/ Comandante Carlos Fonseca (Nicaragua)   €198 (original, 1986)      ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 079.jpg (73050 bytes)
079/ Guatemala. Solidarity with guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity, URNG    €264 (original, 1982)      :: From Wikipedia:
The Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity (in Spanish: Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca, URNG-MAIZ or most commonly URNG) is Guatemalan political party that started as a guerrilla movement but laid down its arms in 1996 and became a legal political party in 1998 after the peace process after the Guatemalan Civil War .
The URNG was formed as guerrilla umbrella organization on February 7 by four revolutionary groups active in Guatemala: the Guerrilla Army of the Poor (EGP), the Revolutionary Organization of the People in Arms (ORPA), the Rebel Armed Forces (FAR), and the National Directing Nucleus of PGT (PGT-NDN).
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 080.jpg (113130 bytes)
080/ Stop repression in Guatemala  €191 (original, 1980)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 077.jpg (84132 bytes)
077/ Afghanistan defends its revolution   €378 (original, 1983)      ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 078.jpg (87157 bytes)
078/ We’ll create two, three, more Vietnams….   Little pictures of Che Guevara  €427 (original, 1967)     ::
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075/ …. Puerto Rico   €394 (original, 1967)     ::
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082/ €177 (original, 70’s)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 083silk.jpg (97949 bytes)
083/ Silkscreen  El Salvador. €430   Thick paper, hand-printed original, 1981   ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 084.jpg (83562 bytes)
084/ Sandino is alive   €325 (Also smaller and much cheaper version is available – see below) (original, 1984)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 085.jpg (91397 bytes)
085/ Farabundo is El Salvador. €227 (original, 1982)     :: From Wikipedia: Augustín Farabundo Martí Rodríguez (May 5, 1893 – February 1, 1932) was a social activist and Communist leader in El Salvador. He helped start a guerrilla revolt of indigenous farmers. In the government reprisals against the movement, over 30,000 indigenous people were killed in 1932, which became known as La Matanza (The Slaughter). The peasant uprising against dictator Maximiliano Hernández Martínez was crushed by the Salvadoran military ten days after it had begun. The Communist-led rebellion, fomented by collapsing coffee prices, enjoyed some initial success, but was soon drowned in a bloodbath. President Hernández Martínez, who had himself toppled an elected government only weeks earlier, had the defeated Martí shot after a perfunctory hearing. Martí remains a martyr figure for El Salvador’s Left, and he is the namesake of the leftist Salvadoran political party Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) (Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional), which fought a bloody guerrilla war against the Salvadoran military government (backed by the U.S.) in the 1980s. That war is to this day renowned for grave human rights violations committed by both sides. The FMLN is today one of El Salvador’s two major political parties.
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 089.jpg (110079 bytes)
089/ …The day of world solidarity with the struggle of people of Palestina  €229 (original, 1975)      ::
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087/ Long live free Zimbabwe   €305 (original, 1980)     ::
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081/ The 25th anniversary of International solidarity. €186 (original, 1991)      :: From Wikipedia: The OSPAAAL was founded in Havana in January 1966, after the Tricontinental Conference
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 090.jpg (120786 bytes)
090/ Che Vive    €377 (from Cuba, possibly reprint –  but definitely Cuban made, before 1997)     ::
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086/ Nasir… Egypt    €181 (original, 1982)     ::
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088/ The 5th anniversary – F. Polisario   €212 (original, 1981)      :: From Wikipedia:
The Polisario, Polisario Front, or Frente Polisario, from the Spanish abbreviation of Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro (“Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro”) is a Sahrawi rebel movement working for the independence of Western Sahara from Morocco. The Polisario is an observer member of Socialist International.
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 095.jpg (80643 bytes)
095/ World solidarity with the Cuban revolution   €316133
 (original, 1980)      ::
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091/ Silkscreen. Apartheid – no. €239 (original, 1977)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 093.jpg (74986 bytes)
093/ …January 1975. Second anniversary of his assassination  €189 (original, 1975)      :: Assassination of Amilcar Cabral, leader of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) on January 20, 1973
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 094.jpg (78474 bytes)
094/ International campaign of solidarity with the people of Korea  €395 (original, 1973)      ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 096.jpg (104353 bytes)
096/ Vietnam Build and defend the new life  €287 (original, 1982)      ::
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099/ For The Falklands / Malvinas €195 (original)     :: design: Morante
From Wikipedia:
The Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas/Guerra del Atlántico Sur), also called the Falklands Conflict/Crisis, was fought in 1982 between Argentina and the United Kingdom (UK) over the disputed Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. The Falkland Islands consist of two large and many small islands in the South Atlantic Ocean east of Argentina; their name and sovereignty over them have long been disputed.
The Falklands War started on Friday, 2 April 1982 with the Argentine invasion and occupation of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia, and ended with the Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982. The war lasted 74 days, and resulted in the deaths of 255 British and 649 Argentine soldiers, sailors, and airmen, and three civilian Falklanders.
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 098.jpg (78624 bytes)
098/ Sandino presente   €215 (original, 1989)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 092.jpg (65313 bytes)
092/ Che Guevara   €272 (coated paper)    Printed in Cuba in 90’s. Very representative portrait of Che   ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 101.jpg (63397 bytes)
101/ OSPAAAL The 30th anniversary  €232 (original)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 100.jpg (68749 bytes)
100/ Solidarity with the people of Haiti  €193 (original, 1983)      ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 104.jpg (81974 bytes)
104/ Panama: to resist is to win   €149 (original, 1989)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 097.jpg (82767 bytes)
097/  Stop Yankee attacks on Nicaragua.  €170 (original, 1985)      ::
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106/ El Salvador. €279 (original, 1984)     ::
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107/ This poster is too rare ,still could not to estimate the valeu. (original)    
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103/ International solidarity with the Lebanese people’s struggle.  €212 (original)      ::
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105/ OSPAAAL. 15 years of tricontitental solidarity   €324 (original)      :: From Wikipedia: The OSPAAAL was founded in Havana in January 1966, after the Tricontinental Conference
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858/ We greet the heroic Cuban nation. Slovakian poster. More still couldnot estimate the value
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112/ et cette… Nothing will stop the march of gigants  €175 (original, 60’s)     :: From Wikipedia: Les Géants is the title of a novel by Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio (born 13 April 1940), usually identified as J. M. G. Le Clézio – a globetrotting French author, professor, and Nobel laureate. The author of over forty works, he was awarded the 1963 Prix Renaudot for his novel Le Procès-Verbal.
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110/ €553 (original, 1971)     ::
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102/ Uruguay. Freedom for political prisoners. €182 (original, 1980)     ::
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108/ Giron. 20th anniversary  €188 (original, 1981)     :: From Wikipedia: The Bay of Pigs Invasion (known as La Batalla de Girón, or Playa Girón in Cuba), was an unsuccessful attempt by a CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southern Cuba with support from US government armed forces, to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro.
The plan was launched in April 1961, less than three months after John F. Kennedy assumed the presidency in the United States. The Cuban armed forces, trained and equipped by Eastern Bloc nations, defeated the exile combatants in three days. Bad Cuban-American relations were made worse by the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis.
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884/ Homeland or death. We will win. Czech poster. value caanot estimate
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 114.jpg (90296 bytes)
114/ International campaign of solidarity with the people of Korea. June 25 – July 27    €322 (original, 1968)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 115.jpg (90922 bytes)
115/ Korea. Month of solidarity with Korea. June 25 to July 27.  €309 (original, 1968)      ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 113.jpg (113116 bytes)
113/ Victory or death   €390 (original, 1971)     ::
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120/ 4000. Vietnam. Tomb of imperialism. €430 (original, 1972)     ::
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109/ Power to the people. George.   (original, 1971)   €590  :: From Wikipedia:
In 1966, George Jackson formed the Black Guerilla Family in the California prison of San Quentin. The goal of this group was to overthrow the white-run government in America and the prison system in general. In 1970, this group displayed their dedication after a white prison guard was found not guilty for shooting three black prisoners from the prison tower. The guard was found cut to pieces, and a message was sent throughout the whole prison of how serious the group was.
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 117.jpg (86444 bytes)
117/ Guinea. €330 (original, 1972)     ::
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119/ Zimbabwe   €328 (original, 1972)     :: From Wikipedia: The white-minority government declared itself a “republic” in 1970. A civil war ensued, with Joshua Nkomo’s ZAPU and Robert Mugabe’s ZANU using assistance from the governments of Zambia and Mozambique. Although Smith’s declaration was not recognised by the United Kingdom nor any other significant power, Southern Rhodesia dropped the designation ‘Southern’, and claimed nation status as the Republic of Rhodesia in 1970. The Smith administration declared itself a republic in 1970 which was recognised only by South Africa, then governed by its apartheid administration. Over the years, the guerrilla fighting against Smith’s UDI government intensified…
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 121.jpg (90436 bytes)
121/ Solidarity with… Palestina   €226 (original, 1979)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 123.jpg (63963 bytes)
123/ Apartheid cannot be reformed. It has to be eliminated. Olof Palme. €76 (original, 1986)   (Swedish prime minister killed possibly for political reasons. Palme said, “Apartheid cannot be reformed, it has to be eliminated.” on February 21, 1986 — a week before he was murdered, but no evidence was found by Swedish police investigators to support this theory)      ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 118.jpg (49821 bytes)
118/ Day of solidarity with The Congo. February 15th.  (Note that the English and French translations on the poster got partially switched.)  €259 (original, 1972)      ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 125.jpg (117138 bytes)
125/ Unity in the face of imperialist aggression against Nicaragua. Central Intelligence agency. United States of America.  €178 (original, 1985)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 116.jpg (109047 bytes)
116/ Month of solidarity with the people of Korea…  €580 (original, 1972)      ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 122.jpg (102434 bytes)
122/ Nelson Mandela. €246 (original, 1986)     :: From Wikipedia:
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela; born 18 July 1918 in Transkei, South Africa)[1] is a former President of South Africa, the first to be elected in a fully representative democratic election, who held office from 1994–99. Before his presidency, Mandela was an anti-apartheid activist, and the leader of the African National Congress’s armed wing Umkhonto we Sizwe. The South African courts convicted him on charges of sabotage, as well as other crimes committed while he led the movement against apartheid. In accordance with his conviction, Mandela served 27 years in prison, spending many of these years on Robben Island. He is currently a celebrated elder statesman who continues to voice his opinion on topical issues. In South Africa he is often known as Madiba, an honorary title adopted by elders of Mandela’s clan. The title has come to be synonymous with Nelson Mandela.
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 124.jpg (71519 bytes)
124/ Sandino vive   €144 (original, 1984)     :: From Wikipedia:
Augusto Nicolás Calderón Sandino (May 18, 1895 Niquinomo – February 21, 1934 Managua) was a Nicaraguan revolutionary and leader of a rebellion against the U.S. military presence in Nicaragua between 1927 and 1933. He was labeled as a bandit by the U.S. government, and his exploits made him a hero throughout much of Latin America, where he became a symbol of resistance to U.S. domination. Drawing the United States Marines into an undeclared guerrilla war, his guerrilla organization suffered many defeats, but he successfully evaded capture. US troops withdrew from the country after overseeing the inauguration of President Juan Bautista Sacasa. Sandino was assassinated by General Anastasio Somoza García, who went on to seize power in a coup d’état two years later, establishing a family dynasty that would rule Nicaragua for over forty years. Sandino’s legacy was claimed by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), which overthrew the Somoza government in 1979.
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 129.jpg (99111 bytes)
129/ Namibia. Power to the people. €238 (original, 1981)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 130.jpg (86982 bytes)
130/ Israel: a wound in Lebanon’s side  €179 (original, 1983)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 127.jpg (83017 bytes)
127/ Solidarity with the African Northamerican people. August 18th, 1968     977 (original, 1968)     €594::
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132/ Apartheid   €214 (original, 1984)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 131.jpg (83742 bytes)
131/ Africa  €223 (original, 1973)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 128.jpg (76531 bytes)
128/ Day of the world solidarity with the people of Mosambique   €187 (original, 1973)      ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 133.jpg (133235 bytes)
133/ Namibia. For its total independence    €274 (original, 1986)      :: From Wikipedia:
In 1966, uprisings and demands by African leaders led the United Nations to assume direct responsibility over the territory, changing the name to Namibia in 1968 and recognizing South West Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO) as official representative of the Namibian people in 1973. Namibia, however, remained under South African administration during this time. Following internal violence, South Africa installed an interim administration in Namibia in 1985. Namibia obtained full independence from South Africa in 1990
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191/ Che Guevara. Many faces of his. Warning: this is not a Cuban original!   
24×36″…..   $7.99
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 135.jpg (76554 bytes)
135/ Fidel Castro. One of the few posters with his face… There is reportedly a law in Cuba that prohibits making posters with images of the politicians that are still in the office. So the frequently depicted guy on the Cuban posters is not Castro, but Che Guevara. €822 (original, 1985)     €457::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 134.jpg (87871 bytes)
134/ Libya   €216 (original, 1983)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 138.jpg (111602 bytes)
138/ €199 (original, 1971)     ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 142.jpg (78682 bytes)
142/ On saving herself, she saves. Jose Marti.  €164 (original, 1992)      :: From Wikipedia: José Julián Martí Pérez (January 28, 1853–May 19, 1895) was a Cuban national hero and an important figure in Latin American literature. In his short life he was a poet, an essayist, a journalist, a revolutionary philosopher, a translator, a professor, a publisher, and a political theorist. Through his writings and political activity, he became a symbol for Cuba’s bid for independence against Spain in the 19th century, and is referred to as the “Apostle of Cuban Independence”. He also fought against the threat of United States expansionism into Cuba. From adolescence, he dedicated his life to the promotion of liberty, political independence for Cuba and intellectual independence for all Spanish Americans.
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 139.jpg (91513 bytes)
139/ Solidarity with the people of Palestine   €189 (original, 1971)      ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 154ads.jpg (74545 bytes)
154/ doublesided Sabra y Chatila  (€179) (original, 1983)      :: This refers to Sabra and Shatila Massacre, 1983, Lebanese Civil War
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 154bds.jpg (100932 bytes)
154/ doublesided Sabra y Chatila  (original, 1983)      ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 037
037/ Solidarity with the people of South Africa. APARTHEID.  €229 (original, printed 1978)      ::
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 054
054/    €199 (original, 1971. These posters were originally distributed folded = creases)     ::
s180.jpg (11637 bytes)
180/ Till the victory, always! Che Guevara. Warning: this is not a Cuban original!                 
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 137.jpg (66834 bytes)
137/ €274 (original, 1970)     ::
Che Guevara original poster
190/ Che Guevara. (Czech original, recent) 12      ::

AFTER NOW THE VALUE OF PROPAGANDA POSTER, PLEASE STARTING

TO BUILT YOUR COLLECTIONS.

Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 041
041/ [Patricio] Lumumba. 20th anniversary.  €205 (original, 1981)      :: From Wikipedia:
Patrice Émery Lumumba (2 July 1925–11 February 1961) was an African anti-colonial leader and the first legally elected Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo after he helped win its independence from Belgium in June 1960. Only ten weeks later, Lumumba’s government was deposed in a coup during the Congo Crisis.[1] He was subsequently imprisoned and murdered in circumstances suggesting the support and complicity of the governments of Belgium and the United States.
THE END @ COPYRIGHT Dr IWAN SUWANDY 2011
Click on the image to enlarge it. Poster # 033
033/ Nguyen Trai 1380-1980. 6th century.  Vietnamese motiff €177 (original, 1980)      :: From Wikipedia:
Nguyen Trai – an illustrious Vietnamese Confucian scholar, a noted poet, a skilled politician and a master tactician. He was inspiring the Vietnamese populace to support open rebellion against the Ming Dynasty rulers. He is also the author of the declaration of independence from China

DrIWAN VIETNAM WAR CYBERMUSEUM:”THE VIETNAM WAR 1968-1975″

 
 
 
 
 

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

 

                    Please Enter

                   

              DVWC SHOWROOM

(Driwan Vietnam War  Cybermuseum)Showcase:

The Vietnam War Document

       and

    Postal History

       1968-1975

The US troops pulled out of Vietnam by Congressional Order in 1972. The war continued without the US until 1975.

 

In 1972 Nixon, in order to gain reelection, offered the Communists a deal they could not refuse. In exchange for an immediate cease fire and bombing halt, the US would promise that no US planes, ships or troops would ever land, fly, sail off the coast, or provide any support whatsoever to South Vietnam. This is down to a single bullet or can of gasoline.

The agreement was voted into law called the Chase-Church Act.

Congress ordered…ORDERED…all US troops to come home immediately. The war ended for the US with a whimper.

The Communists were leery of Nixon and his fondness for B-52 strikes and just waited, making no really aggressive moves that might trigger a response from someone they feared not very stable.

Nixon’s resignation in Aug. 1974 and the appointment of Gerald (candy-ass) Ford was all the assurance the Communists needed.

The Communists had spent the time massing troops’ tanks and equipment along the Laos and Cambodian border. When they were sure Nixon was gone they attacked with 9 divisions in Dec. 1974.

The South Vietnamese had no longer been receiving supplies from the US while North Vietnam was building up with help from Russia and China. The South had 352 tanks but no spare parts and little fuel. The Communist had over 700 Russian tanks and all the support they could carry.

On 17 Mar 75 the NVA Sixth and Seventh Divisions attacked Xuan Loc but were repulsed by the ARVN 18th. On 9 Apr 75 the NVA 341st Division joined the attack. After a four-thousand round artillery bombardment, these three divisions massed, and, spearheaded by Soviet tanks, assaulted Xuan Loc; but again the ARVN 18th held its ground. The NVA reinforced with their 325th Division and began moving their 10th and 304th Divisions into position. Eventually, in a classic example of the military art of “Mass and Maneuver” the NVA massed 40,000 men and overran Xuan Loc.

During this fight, the ARVN 18th had 5,000 soldiers at Xuan Loc. These men managed to virtually destroy 3 NVA Divisions, but on 17 Apr 75 they were overwhelmed by sheer numbers and the weight of the “Mass.” Before overrunning Xuan Loc the NVA had committed six full divisions, plus a host of various support troops.

There were no AMERICAN COMBAT TROOPS in Vietnam. The 5,000 men of the 18th ARVN of the South Vietnamese Army nearly destroyed 3 NVA Divisions by themselves. They had no US support whatsoever, but they couldn’t last.

How could American troops lose the war when they weren’t even there?

At the peak of involvement US troops only had a maximum of 43,000 actual combat troops in the field on any given day. Only one, ONE out of 10 men who served in Vietnam was ACTUALLY a “combat soldier” who, by design, is one who hunts and kills the enemy as his only job in the service.

While the US had a maximum average of around 40,000 troops in the field on any given day, the enemy had 500,000 troops with 370,000 Red Chinese troops in North Vietnamese uniforms. When the US troops found the enemy, the battles were fast and furious as depicted in Mel Gibson’s “We Were Soldiers.”

27,000 US troops died in combat.

 

300,000 were wounded.

AVRN and USA  killed approximately 1.5 million of the enemy.

To justify their cowardice, those who ran from their country’s call had to vilify the noble sacrifice of those in whose shadow they will forever stand. Today we see the same traitors in Cindy Sheehan, who never raised her son, has never been to Iraq, but spits on the grave of her son and his courage and sacrifice. She takes the insurance money from his death and promotes her communist agenda, but won’t take the time to pick up the headstone provided by the US Army for free to mark her son’s grave.

The morals of Vietnam are debatable. The facts are not.

The sacrifice and courage exhibited by US troops and the humiliation and insult heaped upon them by the traitors of this country will forever be a stain on this country’s character.

AND TODAY THEY ARE DOING THE EXACT SAME THING AGAIN. YOU CANNOT PROTEST THE WAR AND SUPPORT THE TROOPS. THE TWO CANNOT BE SEPARATED.

TRAITORS GAVE US THE CHASE-CHURCH ACT.

TRAITORS GAVE US UNREASONABLE RULES OF ENGAGEMENT.

 

TRAITORS ALWAYS FIND FAULT WITH THE BEHAVIOR OF THE AMERICAN TROOPS WHILE GIVING A PASS TO THE BARBARIANS.

TRAITORS KEEP OUR BORDERS OPEN IN A TIME OF WAR.

TRAITORS LIE TO THE AMERICA PEOPLE.

TRAITORS HOLD OUR TROOPS BACK FROM VICTORY FOR POLITICAL GAIN.

 

TRAITORS ALLOWED ALMOST 20 MILLION MUSLIMS TO SET UP SANCTURIES IN OUR COUNTRY.

TRAITORS PERMIT ANTI-AMERICA PROTESTS IN THE CITY OF DEARBORN AND CALL IT FREEDOM OF SPEECH.

TRAITORS ALLOW KNOWN TERRORIST SYMPATHIZERS TO COME TO AMERICA AND TEACH IN OUR COLLEGES.

IT’S TIME WE CALL IT WHAT IT IS….TREASON.

AND TREASON HAS ONLY ONE PUNISHMENT…DEATH.

THE VIETNAM WAR

                IN

             1968

_____________________________________

 

a. TET OFFENSIVE  , Vietcong attack  in 1968.

________________________________

1)January 1968

(1)Sihanouk tells  Johnson ‘s emissary, ester Bowles,that he will not stop American forces from pursuing the Vietcong over the Cambodian border.(D)

 

(2) January,15th. 1968

BIEN VIEN SO 307 /Q6.QV STENCIL CETRIFICATE, SIGN BY NGUYEN THANH TRACH , TUNG-QUNG(?) THRUONG QUAN SAU FOR Toa So Tham Saigon, Luc Tinh Cholon knom 13 gia 8 Phuong Bien vien. With finger print without photo on ..nhon Tay Tro columm.(OD)

 

(3)After a decade of American tactics the communist planned a devasting blow “The Tet Offensive” against town in South Vietnam, was design as an all out effort to impress on American that the Vietcong were far stronger that they had supposed.

In preparation for Tet , was design as all-out effort and the North Vietnam had endeavoured to draw US troops from the towns by a diversionary attack on a nothern US base at Khesan .

 

(4)31th January 1968

(a)On Tet Holidays, the Vietcong and Vietminh launched “The Tet Offensive” against the town of South Vietnamm and mounted a huge offensive, penetrating several town s in an attempt to destroy the morale of the South Vietnamese and Americans , who believed  that their power was confined  to the countryside.

 

(b)It caught the Americans and the South Vietnamese completely by Suprise, because Tet was the National New Year Holiday period, dureing which a truce had always been observed, and because the town of South Vietnam had hierto been thought secure against the largely rural Vietcong.

 (c)Score of Vietnamese towns were assault by  some  70.000 Vietcong and Vietminh , who created wide spread destruction  and even penetrate the heavily fortified US Embassy compaound in Saigon.

 

 

(d)The carnage was worst in the ancient city of Hue in central Vietnam, there the Vietcong overhelmed the South Vietnam Garrison . look at the vintage photo(ibid S,karnow)  ‘a wounded  GI helped by  his buddies  during the battle of Hue. The  toughtest  fighting occured  at the Citadel, which the Vietcong  held tenaciously American artillary  and aircraft also bombed and shelleted this city.”      

 

(e)In the end the communists were bloodily repulsed, but the terrible scenes of fighting shown on American television  screens conviced most Americans that US soldiers should be brought home.

         

(f)The ability of the communists to pene-trate  and even to hold their positions in a number of South Vietnamese town hitherto believed to be fitmly in South Vietnamese and American hands succeede in undermining American morale in their longest and most succesful war,

         

(g)The US President ‘s assurances that The Tet Offensive was the most disastrous Vietnam defeat of the war were perfectly true, but they carried little connection.(D)

 

(h)Tet offensive of 1968 was a campaining  “Liberate” the South before Ho ‘s death (ibid Stanley Karnow)

 

(b) Tet offensive Map (P)

2) february 1968

MAU THAN 1968
 
.
MARCH 1968
 
 
17 Mar 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US Soldier with grafitti, Hue, S.Vietnam.
 
 
13 Mar 1971, Laos — ARVN’s (Army of the Republic of South Vietnam) troops dig bunkers and pile sandbags around their Fire Support Base Delta One about nine miles inside Laos.
APRIL 1968
MAY 1968
SECOND OFFENSIVE
07 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/7/1968-S​aigon, Vietnam- A Vietnamese child remains close to her injured mother, who is being tended to by a medic at an aid station in Saigon’s Cholon section. Mother and child were among hundreds of civilians trapped in the area during fierce battle between Communists and Allied forces
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietcong Captured During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietcong Captured During Second Offensive on Saigon
1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — ARVN Troops Encircle Vietcong Hideout
07 May 1968, Cholon, Saigon, Vietnam — A soldier helps an injured woman while her daughter watches, at an aid station in Cholon, a Chinese suburb of Saigon, during heavy fighting in the city.
10 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — British combat photograph​er Larry Burrows photograph​s Vietnamese soldier with children during the second offensive on Saigon in the Vietnam War.
JUNE 1968
June 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — South Vietnamese soldiers patrol the Chinese neighborho​od of Cholon in Saigon during the second offensive on the city.
1966, Danang, Vietnam — A soldier from The Army of the Republic of Vietnam comes under fire during the Danang Buddhist Insurrecti​on, Danang, Vietnam. 1966.
1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — The grounds of the 8th Division (8eme) in the Cholon area of Saigon takes a hit from two 750 pound bombs during the 1968 mini Tet offensive. Cholon or Chinatown was a market area inhabited by Vietnamese of predominat​ely Chinese origin.
08 Jun 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Leveled buildings and rubble are the only things visible in this area of Saigon’s Cholon district where S. Vietnamese forces besieged well-entre​nched pockets of Viet Cong and infiltrato​rs. This desolate area was once the home of an estimated 1,000,000. Wreckage of cars and trucks block the street in the background as a Viet Cong barricade against the passage of tanks. In one frame a church steeple is shown standing, surrounded by trees.
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, a soldier stands next to a damaged building on a street strewn with rubble and barbed-wir​e.
04 Apr 1972, Dong Ha, South Vietnam — 4/4/1972-D​ong Ha, South Vietnam- South Vietnamese soldiers watch the street from the safety of a bombed out building after they recaptured Dong Ha 4/3. Us jet fighters were swarming the skies in an effort to halt the advancing Communist tide in the Quang Tri province. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
25 Jul 1972, La Vang — ARVN Troops Guard a Shrinking Perimeter — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
03 May 1972, Hue, South Vietnam — Hue, South Vietnam. A regiment of South Vietnamese Marines pulling back from Quang tri are shown at My Chanh along Route #1 en route to Hue. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
27 Jul 1972, Quang Tri, South Vietnam — 7/27/1972-​Quang Tri, South Vietnam-Th​e battle of Quang Tri appears to be over for one South Vietnamese soldier. Wounded, he still shows plenty of spirit July 15th. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
02 May 1972, Qang Tri, Vietnam — South Vietnamese fighters during the Battle of Qang Tri. — Image by © Henri Bureau/Syg​ma/Corbis
19 Apr 1973, An Loc, South Vietnam — Plaything.​..A Communist tank is a plaything for children at An Loc April 10th. Some of the children are really serious about playing “war.”
February 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Prisoners captured during the Tet Offensive appear in public as they are escorted to an armored vehicle after a press conference in Saigon.
19 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — Two US marines lean against the wall of a destroyed home in Hue, Vietnam near the bodies of two Vietcong soldiers who were inside at the time of the attack.
12 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US marines with M-16s search and secure a wounded enemy soldier during fighting at Hue, South Vietnam.
05 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — A US marine fights from a ditch in Hue, South Vietnam as other marines drag a wounded colleague to safety. –
03 Feb 1968, Near Tan Son Nhut Airbase, Saigon, South Vietnam — The bodies of US soldiers lay on the back of an armored personnel carrier which moved through the fighting near Tan Son Nhut Airbase to pick up the dead.
 
 
31 Jan 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — South Vietnamese soldiers drag the body of a dead Vietcong guerrilla away from a government building during a rash of Vietcong attacks in Saigon during the Vietnam War.

(1) Early 1968

After Tet offensive, Whasington was forced  to awful conclusion  that US could  no longer win the war(D)

(IMNAHA report a bogus fake first day cover with ilagalizes too sharp postal cancel Quan Buu 1.2.1968 on the second type Miltitary non nominal value, and fake  postmark” kho tet mau than de phong xuan ky dau.”

I have found the 2nd type Military stamp not cancelled by Quan Buu in sept 1968, but Quan buu cancelled on military stamps type 1 at april 1968, we can made comparative studies about the original quan buu cancelled-aut)

 

(2) February,25th. 1968

After twenty six days of Fighting, American and South Vietnamese troops recapture Hue.

 

3) March 1968

The issued “ should another  206.000 troops be sent to Vietnam, bringing numbers there to almost three quaters of a million? The new secretary of Defense Clifford and the president rejected the increase.

 (2)March ,13th .1968

 
 
 
 
 

13 Mar 1971, Laos — ARVN’s (Army of the Republic of South Vietnam) troops
dig bunkers and pile sandbags around their Fire Support Base Delta One about nine miles inside Laos

 

(3)March,17th.1968

 
 
17 Mar 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US Soldier with grafitti, Hue, S.Vietnam.
 
 

(2) March ,21th .1968

(a)   After three weeks Vietcong occupation at Hue,  massacre 3000 people and buried them in hastily dug mass graves.      

 

(b) Before American and South Vietnamese troops regained control, the Tet offensive had caused them 6000 combat death. Thousand more Vietnamese civilian died, caught up in the fighting. For the Vietcong, the casuaties amounted to a devasting 50.000. AS a fighting force they was never recovered.

 

(c)The weakening of the Vietcong was not unwelcome in Hanoi. Indeede, in as Tet was a double victory for North Vietnamese because it undermined American confidence that the war would ever be won and it prevented the independent communist in the South Vietnam  from being able to challenge the nothern communist regime. The Vietminh henceforth played the major military role and so gained the upper hand in determining the future of vietnam.

 

 

(3)  March,31th. 1968

 

(a) Johnson announced his decision  not to seek re-election; he also indicated that there  would be a measure of disengagement from the war, reflecting the new consencus among his advisers, including former hawks, That at least freed his hand from the inevitable political infighting as the election loomed nearer and anabled him to concentrate on finding a viable alternative strategy in Vietnam .

 

(b)He also announced a partial bombing halt and invitee the North Vietnamese to begin peace talk.

 

(c) He says that he will not run for re-election(D)

(d) Propaganda picture anti Vietnam war, Presiden Johnson bring back home” daddy skull and bone” to his son (P)

 

4) April 1968

 

5) MAY 1968 

 

      (1) May, 22th 1968

A very rare KHAI SANH’s certificate  signed by  Nhan chung, Ho lai and Tran-Hoc-lung in 22-05-1968. without revenue

(the rare collection after four month tet offensive without revenue,military free tax  dan used military area number Ku Buu chin(KBC) 3014(An Duc-Vinh Long) , please comment the complete form of Khai Sanh,s certifiacte below-auth)

 

 

 

 

                     KHAI SANH

:So hieu  250

 

:                                       ________________________________________________

     :                                        :Ten,ho au-nhi              TRAN-TUAN-TAI

     :                                    hai :                              NAM                                    :

            :                  :            Ngay hai muoi mot thang nam duong       :

     :                                       :            chin tram sau muoi tam(21-05-1968)          :

     :    SAU-Y-THONG-BO: Sanh: (ngay,thang,nam)…………………………………..:

            : AN-Duc 25/05/1968:  Tai   :…………………Xa An-DUC……………………………:

     : Chu-Tich K/Ho-Tich:   Cha:………………….Tran-Hoc-Luong……………………:

            :                                  :  Tuoi :………………….Hai muoi tam tuoi. ………………..:

            :     Signed &              :  Nghe-nghiep:…….Quan nhan……………………………:

            :       Stamped            :  Cu tru tai  :…………KBC 3014………………………………:

            :Vietnam conghoa         :  Me :…………………..TRANH-LINH…………………………..:

            :Vinh Long Chau.?,,        :  Tuoi :………………….Hai Moi hai tuoi……………………..:

            : UY-BAN  MINH CHANH :  Nghe-nghiep:……Noi Tro…………………………………..:

            : Nguyen-Tam-the    :  Cac tru trai………..Trai gia binh Trong doan 16BB..:

     :   CHUNG NHAN      : Vo :……………………Vo chanh……………………………….:

            :Chu ky cua UY Ban hanh chanh Nghe-nghiep:……..Quan Nhan………………………………..:

            : Xa An-Duc tren day :  Cu tru tai :…………….K.B.C.3014………………………………….:

            :Vinh-Long ngay 25/5/1968    :  Ngay Khai:……………Ngay 22 thang 5 DL 1968…………….:

            : TL Quan Truong CT    :  Nguoi chung thu nhirt: ..LE-HOANG-MINH………………………..:

            HO QUAN TRUONG  : Tuoi :……………………..Hai muoi chin tuoi………………………:

            :                                     : Nghe-nghiep:……….Quan nhan…………………………………:

            :    signed & stamped : Cu tru tai :………………K.B.C.3014………………………………….:

            :                                      : Nguoi chu thu nhi :..LE-HUU-HANH……………………………..:

            : TRAN-VAN-LAN         : Tuoi:……………………….Hai muoi lam tuoi………………………:

            :                                     : Nghe-nghiep:…………Quan Nhan………………………………..:

            :                                     : Cu tru tai :………………K.B.C. 4014………………………………… :

            :                                    :_____________________________________________________:

            :                                                                                                                                               :                       Lam tai ….AN-DUC…………..ngay 22….thang…05…nam..1968……..:

            :                                   Nguoi khai                   Ho lai                      nhan chung        :

            :                            TRAN-HC-LUONG     NGUYEN-VAN-THE    LE-HOANG-MINH

            :                                   (KY TEN)                   (KY TEN)                     (KY TEN)          

                ::                                                                                                                                                                                  :

                :                                                                                                                                      LE-HUU-HANH

            :                                                                                                           (KY TEN)              :

            :_________________________________________________________________________:_     

6) June 1968

(1)  June,5th. 1968

Robert Kennedy was assasination while celebrating his victory in California elections .

(2) The Vietnamese war may become the biggest question mark in airpower history. Even when the full records of the war become available, judgment of airpower effectiveness atill will be a matter of opinion as weel as fact.

The restrictions that always accompany a limited conflict have clouded  the vietnamese situation throughly, and it will be difficult for anyone to appraise the true worth of airpower in this war objectively.(D)

 

(3) A USAF helicopter airlift supplies to a Special Forces camp in the central highland of Vietnam (P), A foward air control (FAC) ground team keeps in radio contact with an airborn 0-1 Bird Dog(P), and Vietnamese Air Force A-1 H Skyraiders over Bien Hoa air Base

( I have the postal history sent from this base , keep reading you will find that-auth)(P)

 

7) July 1968

(1)July,1st.1968

Finally in this day With some nudging from Bill Colby, then chief of MACV CORRD, President Nguyen van Thieu put his official stamped of approval on the program.

 

 

 

August 1968

(1)     Ho Chu tjeh da tang co thu’ong cho nganh xe quan su nhan dip Hoi ngi lai xe gi’o’i va tho sua chua gioi toan quan thang 8 nam 1968. La co mang nhung dong chu :

Yeu xe nhu con

              Quy xang nhu mau

              Vuot moi kho khan

              Hoan thanh nhiem vu

                           Bac Ho.

(2)  August,24th. 1968

Information from “NGANH XANG DAU QUAN DOI”:

 

(a)Ngay 13.6.1968. nganh xang dau da xay  dung xang 42 km duong ong dan dau vuot qua Nam Ban ,Dong Loc, Truong Bang.(D)

(b)Ngay 24.8.1968. Cuc Xang dau thuoc. Tong cuc Hau can chinh thuc thanh lap.(D)

(c) thang 11-1968 , tiep tuc keo dai them 230 km duong ong xuong phia Nam,doc theo duong chien luoc so 12, kip thoi van hanh xang tren duong ong,cung cap cho cac doan xe van tai cho hang vao chien truong.(D)

 

 

 

(3) August,27th. 1968

Air Mail Military Covers from Phong Dinh  with Military Stamp  without nominal value  but not cancelled, Nahrang circulaired date stamped  9.9.68 outside the stamp (send two weeks  from the date of the letter 27.8.68)

This civil letter from Nha Trang to Army personel KBC 4882 TSE  R Won cho/ AA I (location ?).

(This miltary cover or civilian  send by regular Phong dinh post office without KBC and Quan Buu CHOPPED,why military stamps used,please comment after read the letter below –auth).

_______________________________________________________________________

Dem Jay Cho 27.8.68

                    Imh Hoang kinh men.

                    Phnong cham biet thn hoiu em ena phuong cgan dem voi amh la can mot su chom tre, chao la mam hi mong choi va trach hon phuong chan lom phai khong chi loim phai khong cho phuong chan xin loi anhe.

Imh hoang men Troi somh ra chi phuong chan, koi ban cho phuong chan mot noi miem san kho .Pjuong cham ng heo lam , ngeo tat ca hi imh yen cho den vat chat , cho khong nhn omh phoang Imong Imong chan Ai conbiet cho pjuong cham ngoi con gan tay do nay Moi khira dtnong ,phuong chan chi biet nhm xnong,nhn nhn lon cuoc dtoi.

IJ tnoi som mong ina phuong cham xau so any . Troi oi dtinh menh , Thuong che.cha bem cho Phuang chan mot hinh hai, one khong vam cho phuong chan mot mem, Im oni trong cnoa song du mot mem Im vni nho nho. Imh khoang si! Moiu Rhi phuong chan soi bong minh trong gnong, ma com thay Im than vo enng, nhong Phuong chan kip ngln,Imy minh,xan xi, nhing con dtuoc 8 hau phuong, yen lanh, trong khi co,nhien omh linh, cha ngheo tat, ca ma con phan chien chan o noi vong minh lay kho nhoc,Phuong chan nghi chan minh thi,dtang Im cac anh hinh kho nhoc dto nhat la cao anh o mien xa, khong ngo, phuong chan ctuoc dirm phuc anh bien thn den chnh mon biet dnng bhan ena Phuong chan,n ? Khong anh ching tim hien vi ve Phuong , chan ca, nh chi can biet phuong,chan co em gai xau xi va ong hao nan. Omh hay inong inong phuang chan trong tri nho, khi emh muon nghi chen phuong chan, vi su that luc nao emg phu phong va cay dong.

Phuong chan xin ching, but nhe, hen thu sau chuc omh chem nay  chi vao mong dep….

                        Em gai nho Tay thomh (Phuong Chan)

A anh con nho chia khong de phuong chom bien lan ma nho,

Jhn vo. N.H.Trang, cong gnyenh can da moi , Phong Dinh.(OD&PH)

_______________________________________________________

(4) August.8th. 1968

Nixon elected president of the United States with Spiro Agnew as vice –president.(D)

9) September 1968

(1) September .14th.1968

A letter from True Giang ,

 

 

       ——————————————————

Co Hien

Nhan duitc thu c0 tri that phan van kho ngi, khong kieu Co new viet thu cho co khong, nhung rai to quiyet dinh thu chico, keo co trong thui hoan J mai, co Se nghu khong tot ve ngun ban qua co cua toi tri hanh bao tin khong vui co Ro hoang dta anh dung lia dto tri thanh that chia buon cung co va hien nay tri dang gui 2 la thui Cuo co goi cho hoang va 1 taan anh-toi xin loi co ve nanh dong khong dtep cua toi, vi toi va hoang lam2 nguoi ban than new toi da biet co qua nhung thu trore tren dtay toi xin goi tra anh. Cua Co ve Cgu.

Thu dteu dtay vai hay Co reo mot lau nua thanh that chia buon cung co neu Co Co gi muon noi toi khng dam tai choi.

Xin dung but chuo co may man lon. Kinh Chao.

T.B. neu can thu cho toi Xin de de : Ts H.V.J DDR KBC 4882 (location ?) Xin Co Vui Long Hui Bo, Sui Chau Tho Cua Toi. Cam Buu. (OD)

 

       ______________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

10) October 1968

 

       (1) October, 21th.1968

       The series 641 with JJ  Replacement code of  US military Payment Certificate  start from 31.8.1965 type to 21.10.1968, and this day began to used the BB replacement code until 11.8.1969, this token issued special  for used at South Vietnam field area. The design of US beautiful woman , nominal 5 cent- 25 cent-50 cent-1 dollar,5 dollar  and 10 dollar. The last use of this token in this day .

(I found all of this payment certificate except 5 cent JJ  and 50 cent JJ  and 5 dollars JJ . I found 5 cent BB and not yet found the BB replacement note of another nominal .  The collector’s name “TOKEN” because used only at special area South vietnam , private collection in fine condition except 5 cent everage good condition  have found during my visit in 2007 at HCM-city, but during my last visit 2009 I couldn’t found anymore –auth)

 

11) November 1968 no info

 

12) December 1968

(1) Until this day Somone was not the God father of The Phung Hoang  ( or Phoenix, to give it the name that the American hung ) as some would have it.program

(2)American troop strength in Vietnam at year-end is 540.000.

 

 

Frame Two: The Vietnam War 1968 Pictures

 
MAU THAN 1968
 
.
MARCH 1968
 
 
17 Mar 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US Soldier with grafitti, Hue, S.Vietnam.
 
 
13 Mar 1971, Laos — ARVN’s (Army of the Republic of South Vietnam) troops dig bunkers and pile sandbags around their Fire Support Base Delta One about nine miles inside Laos.
APRIL 1968
MAY 1968
SECOND OFFENSIVE
07 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/7/1968-S​aigon, Vietnam- A Vietnamese child remains close to her injured mother, who is being tended to by a medic at an aid station in Saigon’s Cholon section. Mother and child were among hundreds of civilians trapped in the area during fierce battle between Communists and Allied forces
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietcong Captured During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietcong Captured During Second Offensive on Saigon
1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — ARVN Troops Encircle Vietcong Hideout
07 May 1968, Cholon, Saigon, Vietnam — A soldier helps an injured woman while her daughter watches, at an aid station in Cholon, a Chinese suburb of Saigon, during heavy fighting in the city.
10 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — British combat photograph​er Larry Burrows photograph​s Vietnamese soldier with children during the second offensive on Saigon in the Vietnam War.
JUNE 1968
June 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — South Vietnamese soldiers patrol the Chinese neighborho​od of Cholon in Saigon during the second offensive on the city.
1966, Danang, Vietnam — A soldier from The Army of the Republic of Vietnam comes under fire during the Danang Buddhist Insurrecti​on, Danang, Vietnam. 1966.
1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — The grounds of the 8th Division (8eme) in the Cholon area of Saigon takes a hit from two 750 pound bombs during the 1968 mini Tet offensive. Cholon or Chinatown was a market area inhabited by Vietnamese of predominat​ely Chinese origin.
08 Jun 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Leveled buildings and rubble are the only things visible in this area of Saigon’s Cholon district where S. Vietnamese forces besieged well-entre​nched pockets of Viet Cong and infiltrato​rs. This desolate area was once the home of an estimated 1,000,000. Wreckage of cars and trucks block the street in the background as a Viet Cong barricade against the passage of tanks. In one frame a church steeple is shown standing, surrounded by trees.
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, a soldier stands next to a damaged building on a street strewn with rubble and barbed-wir​e.
04 Apr 1972, Dong Ha, South Vietnam — 4/4/1972-D​ong Ha, South Vietnam- South Vietnamese soldiers watch the street from the safety of a bombed out building after they recaptured Dong Ha 4/3. Us jet fighters were swarming the skies in an effort to halt the advancing Communist tide in the Quang Tri province. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
25 Jul 1972, La Vang — ARVN Troops Guard a Shrinking Perimeter — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
03 May 1972, Hue, South Vietnam — Hue, South Vietnam. A regiment of South Vietnamese Marines pulling back from Quang tri are shown at My Chanh along Route #1 en route to Hue. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
27 Jul 1972, Quang Tri, South Vietnam — 7/27/1972-​Quang Tri, South Vietnam-Th​e battle of Quang Tri appears to be over for one South Vietnamese soldier. Wounded, he still shows plenty of spirit July 15th. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
02 May 1972, Qang Tri, Vietnam — South Vietnamese fighters during the Battle of Qang Tri. — Image by © Henri Bureau/Syg​ma/Corbis
19 Apr 1973, An Loc, South Vietnam — Plaything.​..A Communist tank is a plaything for children at An Loc April 10th. Some of the children are really serious about playing “war.”
February 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Prisoners captured during the Tet Offensive appear in public as they are escorted to an armored vehicle after a press conference in Saigon.
19 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — Two US marines lean against the wall of a destroyed home in Hue, Vietnam near the bodies of two Vietcong soldiers who were inside at the time of the attack.
12 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US marines with M-16s search and secure a wounded enemy soldier during fighting at Hue, South Vietnam.
05 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — A US marine fights from a ditch in Hue, South Vietnam as other marines drag a wounded colleague to safety. –
03 Feb 1968, Near Tan Son Nhut Airbase, Saigon, South Vietnam — The bodies of US soldiers lay on the back of an armored personnel carrier which moved through the fighting near Tan Son Nhut Airbase to pick up the dead.
31 Jan 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — South Vietnamese soldiers drag the body of a dead Vietcong guerrilla away from a government building during a rash of Vietcong attacks in Saigon during the Vietnam War.
19 Jun 1968, Gia Dinh, South Vietnam — Vietcong soldiers wait for transporta​tion to POW camps after turning themselves in to ARVH marines during fighting in Gia Dinh, Vietnam. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
02 Apr 1965, United States Embassy, Saigon, South Vietnam — Men stand amidst rubble and two bodies of victims after a terrorist bomb exploded near the United States embassy in Saigon during the Vietnam War. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
30 Mar 1965, United States Embassy, Saigon, Vietnam — The body of a US embassy employee, killed by a terrorist bomb blast, lies outside the embassy in Saigon. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
23 Nov 1967, Dak To, South Vietnam — Soldiers of the American 173rd Airborne Brigade pass the bodies of their comrades killed during the fighting at Dak To, Vietnam. Allied forces captured a North Vietnamese fortress at Hill 875 during the fighting. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
10 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — A South Vietnamese soldier gazes up at a one-story tall cardboard figure of a gunfighter used to advertise a movie theater in Hue, Vietnam. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
17 Feb 1972, Bac Binh Vuong, South Vietnam — 2/17/1972-​Bac Binh Vuong, South Vietnam- This South Vietnamese soldier might be said to be a picture of optimism as he takes a break during an operation in the Bac Binh Vuong area recently (Feb.5). A less optimistic note: The U.S. command reported in Saigon Feb.16 that four fresh divisions of North Vietnamese troops are being pumped into the northern part of South Vietnam at a rate which would give the Communists greater strength than in 1968 when they launched their great Tet Offensive. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, a man rides past a sidestreet and a badly damaged building on a moped. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, people stand under the awning of a building that wasn’t destroyed, while the street is strewn with rubble. Children are shown in the foreground​, apparently playing with some of the debris from the fighting. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
08 Dec 1967, Near Bu Dop, South Vietnam — 12/8/1967-​Near Bu Dop, South Vietnam- A Viet Cong boy is shown with his First Infantryme​n captors during Operation Quick Silver. Before being interrogat​ed, army medics patched up the youth’s leg wound. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
06 Feb 1968, Hue, Vietnam — 2/6/1968-H​ue, Vietnam- Picture shows a US Marine driving on a motorcycle out of a town that was under attack by the Vietcong.
30 Jan 1968, Da Nang, South Vietnam — 1/30/1968-​Da Nang, South Vietnam-
Two young girls, one carryng an infant, run past a Jeep where a South Vietnamese soldier is slumped
as street fighting continues between Allied and Viet Cong forces.
12 Apr 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 4/12/1968-​Saigon, Vietnam- Soldiers of the 25th Infantry Division look at the bodies of more than 50 Viet Cong killed in the Battle of Good Friday 80 miles NW of Saigon 4/12. The Infantry Division was participat​ing in Operation Complete Victory when their campsite was attacked.
21 Feb 1967, Quang Nan Province, Vietnam — 2/21/1967-​Quang Nan Province, Vietnam- A blindfolde​d Vietnamese man is lead by a Marine to a waiting helicopter​, during Operation Stone-2.
14 Jan 1967, Ben Suc, South Vietnam — 1/14/1967-​Ben Suc, South Vietnam- Operation Cedar Falls. Bamboo huts go up in flames during an effort by U.S. Army infantryme​n to completely level the Vietcong stronghold of Ben Suc. Vietnamese were earlier evacuated from the village area.
21 Nov 1967, Dak To, South Vietnam — 11/21/1967​-Dak To, South Vietnam-
Wounded men of the 173rd Airborne Brigade sit together in densely wooded area as they await
 evacuation from Hill 875 as the fighting continues, Nov. 21. —
06 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Troops on foot and in personnel carriers trek along a street in northern Saigon which is engulfed in smoke from fierce fighting during the Tet Offensive. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
06 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — 5/6/1968-S​aigon, South Vietnam- Houses burn during fierce fighting on the north side of this frightened capital city May 6th. Cholon, Saigon’s Chinese district, was the scene May 8th of stepped up enemy terrorism, with troops scurrying from block to block firing at police stations and military vehicles and hoisting Viet Cong flags up light poles.
06 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — 5/6/1968-S​aigon, South Vietnam- Houses burn during fierce fighting on the north side of this frightened capital city May 6th. Cholon, Saigon’s Chinese district, was the scene May 8th of stepped up enemy terrorism, with troops scurrying from block to block firing at police stations and military vehicles and hoisting Viet Cong flags up light poles.
21 Nov 1967, Dak To, South Vietnam — 11/21/1967​-Dak To, South Vietnam: A newsphoto cameraman is shown taking a picture while standing on a dirt road. He is there with the soldiers of the 173rd Airborne Brigade awaiting evacuation from Hill 875 as fighting continues.
08 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/8/1968-C​holon, Vietnam- Tanks and armored personnel carriers of the U.S. 25th Infantry Division, May 6th, seal off an area of Cholon where heavy fighting erupted. The Cholon section continued to be the main battle ground May 8th as the Communists pressed their four-day-o​ld offensive. ​
24 May 1970, Tonle Bet, Cambodia — 5/24/1970-​Tonle Bet, Cambodia- South Vietnamese troops march through the almost completely destroyed town of Tonle Bet after helping Cambodian government troops
recapture it from the Viet Cong.
25 Apr 1968, Cu Chi, South Vietnam — 4/25/1968-​Cu Chi, South Vietnam-
Twenty-fif​th Infantry Division soldiers surround a Vietnamese youngster killed during fighting near Cu Chi.
07 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/7/1968-S​aigon, Vietnam- A Vietnamese child
remains close to her injured mother at an aid station in Saigon’s Cholon section. Mother and child were among
hundreds of civilians trapped in the area during fierce battle between Communists and Allied forces.
1968, Vietnam — Returning to home, 1968.
19 Feb 1968, Vietnam — A US Army aircraft flies above a Vietnamese river town
where a bombing raid has left its mark.
06 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — 5/6/1968-S​aigon, South Vietnam- Houses burn
 during fierce fighting on the north side of this frightened capital city May 6th. Cholon, Saigon’s Chinese district,
was the scene May 8th of stepped up enemy terrorism, with troops scurrying from block to block firing at police stations
 and military vehicles and hoisting Viet Cong flags up light poles.
06 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Troops on foot and in personnel carriers trek
along a street in northern Saigon which is engulfed in smoke from fierce fighting during the Tet Offensive.
09 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Aerial View of Army Tanks in Cholon — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
14 Oct 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — Almost 400 men, women, and children massacred by the Viet Cong during the 1968 Tet Offensive were mourned at a common grave burial in the city of Hue on October 14. This young widow, carrying a photograph of her missing husband, mourns at the mass funeral service. — Image by © CORBIS
February 1966, Cong Hoa Hospital, Saigon, South Vietnam — One of the 48 persons wounded by a Viet Cong explosion which killed 14 persons in Saigon awaits treatment in the Cong Hoa Hospital. The blast was set off on a busy street corner, and the victims included women and children. February 1966. — Image by © CORBIS
May 1968, Vietnam — With fear and apprehensi​on showing on their faces, and at the urging of South Vietnamese troops, women and children loaded down with salvaged possession​s hurry past the bodies of three Vietcong killed in fighting. May 1968. — Image by © CORBIS
May 1968, Cholon, Saigon, Vietnam — Southern Vietnamese rangers find a moment’s rest during the battle for Cholon Post Office, in May 1968. Saigon, Vietnam. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
31 Jan 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — A Viet Cong suspect, believed to be one of the suicide squad members who stormed the U. S. Embassy and occupied part of it for a short time, (Saigon time), is being taken to a jeep by American military police during fighting that raged in scattered part of the city. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
February 1968, DMZ, Vietnam — DMZ, Vietnam. Marines on a comabat-re​connaissan​ce mission crouch down as they move through low fliage in the Demilitari​zed Zone. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
12 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — In this photo, a U.S. Marine draws an M-16 bead on a wounded enemy soldier who sprawls on the ground and raises his hands to stop the bullets that have been whizzing around him. About 500 Marines under heavy fire surged across Hue’s Perfume River in a surprise assault, spearheadi​ng an allied drive to retake the ancient imperial “forbidden city” from Communist hands. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
05 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — A Viet Cong suspect is searched here for weapons by a Vietnamese soldier in the Ban Ca area of Saigon. Six Marines were reported killed and 72 have been wounded in the Leathernec​k’s continuing inch-by-in​ch drive to recapture the walled city of Hue. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
February 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Victim of Tet Offensive — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
February 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — South Vietnamese Troops Passing Dead Body on Tank — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
February 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — U.S. Marines charge through streets as fighting continues between Allied and Communist forces. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
05 Feb 1968, Da Nang, South Vietnam — Belongings of Dead Viet Cong Being Examined — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
01 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — View During Battle from Machine Gun Position — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
01 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US Marine Mortar Crew Gathering and Firing Mortars — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
03 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US Marines in Position on Roadside — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
05 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US Marines in Position in Building — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
Hue, South Vietnam — U.S. Marines with machine guns ready, watch for enemy snipers on a street in Hue on February 7th. Allied dive bombers and U.S. warships bombarded a Communist suicide battalion in Hue’s walled fortress on February 15th, and American Marines and south Vietnam black panther troops charged into the flaming ruins to wipe out the Viet Cong. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
13 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — U.S Marines eat a bowl of rice which was served to them by a South Vietnamese woman. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
14 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US Marine Communicat​ing with Radio While Heating up Food — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
16 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US Marines by Outer Wall of Citadel at Hue — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
17 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — An ironic combinatio​n of fact and fiction is captured in this scene of U.S. Marines approachin​g a one-story tall cardboard figure of a Western gunfighter​. The figure was displayed outside a movie theater in Hue, where Allied Forces fought Viet Cong and North Vietnamese troops. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
17 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — An ironic combinatio​n of fact and fiction is captured in this scene of U.S. Marines approachin​g a one-story tall cardboard figure of a Western gunfighter​. The figure was displayed outside a movie theater in Hue, where Allied Forces fought Viet Cong and North Vietnamese troops. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
Original Caption: U.S Marines in action during house to house fighting.
17 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — U.S Marines in action during house to house fighting. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
17 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — U.S. Marines, seen from behind, sneaking between destroyed houses in a village. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
23 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — Wounded US Marine Being Treated by Medic — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
19 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — U.S. Marine medics treat the head wound of a North Vietnamese soldier who was found below an outer citadel wall. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
19 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — U.S. Marine medics treat the head wound of a North Vietnamese soldier who was found below an outer citadel wall. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
16 Feb 1968, Khe Sanh, South Vietnam — U.S. Marines dig with their hands through brick rubble burying PFC Thomas A. Zwetow who was standing on a tower of the citadel when it was hit by communist artillery. He was trapped for six hours before Marines returned to the site and saw his hand sticking out from under the stones. It took twenty minutes to extricate him. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
14 Apr 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — A makeshift ferry- sampans lashed together- carries residents across the perfume river which bisects the city. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
14 Apr 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — Ten weeks after the Tet Offensive fighting, business continues in the streets or bombed-out buildings. This sidewalk black market has for sale everything from canned milk to American cigarettes and liquor. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
14 Apr 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — Hue, South Vietnam. Miscellane​ous views ten weeks after the Tet Offensive fighting of civilians continuing their activities on the rubble-fil​led streets. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
02 Dec 1968, Da Nang, South Vietnam — Marines involved in Operation Kead River watch napalm strikes on North Vietnamese and Viet Cong positions. About 4,000 Marines are involved in the cordon operation in an area known as Dodge City, 13 miles south of Da Nang. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
19 Aug 1969, Nui Dat, South Vietnam — A sergeant at hte Nui Dat training camp inspects the personal belongings of the trainees, something that is done once a week. Technicall​y, the residents of the camp are not prisoners but because half of the trainees are ex-draft dodgers, they are guarded carefully. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
14 Jan 1970, Ben Tre, Vietnam — January 14, 1970 – Ben Tre, South Vietnam: A South Vietnamese infantryma​n from the Seventh Division leads a wounded comrade away from the front line after a clash with Vietnam Cong forces. The South Vietnamese suffered 24 casualties in the day’s fighting, as the unit operated in the area formerly held by the American Ninth Division, which was withdrawn from Vietnam. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
05 Jan 1967, Phu Cat, Vietnam — Phu Cat, Vietnam: Troops of the First Cavalry walk through a Viet Cong village during an operation. A place is on fire. A helicopter passes overhead. A soldier is shown on a helicopter with a machine gun. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
27 Feb 1969 — Viet Cong weapons are shown lined up near ruined buildings. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
29 Sep 1970, Tang Kauk, Cambodia — Civilians foraging for food in ruins of buildings villagers rode bicycles back and forth at the village of Tang Kauk which was embattled for 57 hours between Cambodian Government Troops and Viet Cong North Vietnamese troops. Cambodian Government troops recaptured a village last friday. During heavy fighting and the Cambodian army took almost 200 dead and wounded. Cambodian boy eats sugar cane as Cambodian soldier stands guard. Display of captured VC/NVA weapons, include heavy machine gun mortar shells etc. women soldiers stand in background​. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
09 Dec 1970, Cambodia — The elderly member of the Cambodian Mike Force waits patiently here while holding his rifle as he awaits orders. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
25 Aug 1972, Cai Lay, South Vietnam — An ARVN soldier dives for safety as mortar round fired by communist guerrillas explodes, blowing up truck loaded with ammunition​. In the action some 45 miles southwest of Saigon, one government soldier was killed and two were wounded. This is one of a series of pictures that have been selected by United Press Internatio​nal Editors as among the outstandin​g news photos of 1972. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
ca. 1968, Bien Hoa highway bridge, Tu Duc, Saigon, Vietnam — South Vietnamese soldiers aim at a building on fire near Tu Duc Bien Hoa highway bridge at the edge of Saigon during the Mini-Tet offensive, Vietnam. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — The grounds of the 8th Division (8eme) in the Cholon area of Saigon takes a hit from two 750 pound bombs during the 1968 mini Tet offensive. Cholon or Chinatown was a market area inhabited by Vietnamese of predominat​ely Chinese origin. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
03 Feb 1968, Unied States Embassy, Saigon, South Vietnam — US soldiers participat​e in a raid to re-take the US embassy in Saigon from 17 Vietcong soldiers who seized the building while disguised as South Vietnamese soldiers. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
03 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Using a ladder, South Vietnamese soldiers gain access to a building in Saigon to check for Vietcong guerrillas during a rash of terrorist attacks in the city. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
05 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — A Viet Cong suspect is searched here for weapons by a Vietnamese soldier in the Ban Ca area of Saigon. Six Marines were reported killed and 72 have been wounded in the Leathernec​k’s continuing inch-by-in​ch drive to recapture the walled city of Hue. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
Saigon, Vietnam — Saigon:Ta Thai Manh, at 15 the youngest member of the Vietnamese Rangers, smokes a cigarette as he waits for transporta​tion to take him to an aid station after he was wounded in action in the Cholon section of Saigon May 6th. The youngster has another distinctio​n besides his age: in march he was given a medal for helping capture seven Viet Cong. 5/6/1968 — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
07 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — 2/7/1968-H​ue, South Vietnam: Two little Vetnamese girls walk in the midst of the rubble Feb. 3 where once their homes stood prior to week-long savage street fighting which completely demolished the area. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
08 Jun 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Leveled buildings and rubble are the only things visible in this area of Saigon’s Cholon district where S. Vietnamese forces besieged well-entre​nched pockets of Viet Cong and infiltrato​rs. This desolate area was once the home of an estimated 1,000,000. Wreckage of cars and trucks block the street in the background as a Viet Cong barricade against the passage of tanks. In one frame a church steeple is shown standing, surrounded by trees. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
08 Jun 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Leveled buildings and rubble are the only things visible in this area of Saigon’s Cholon district where S. Vietnamese forces besieged well-entre​nched pockets of Viet Cong and infiltrato​rs. This desolate area was once the home of an estimated 1,000,000. Wreckage of cars and trucks block the street in the background as a Viet Cong barricade against the passage of tanks. In one frame a church steeple is shown standing, surrounded by trees. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
ca. 1968, Saigon university student building, Vietnam — A group of South Vietnamese firemen rescue a woman from the ruins of a Saigon university student building bombed by Vietcong forces. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
09 Feb 1968, Saigon — Saigon: Captured Communist made rockets and rifles are piled in the foreground as a soldier (L) begins to question bounded and blindfolde​d Viet Cong…fol​lowing raid in the Cholon area of Saigon. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
09 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Two South Vietnamese policemen escort a blindfolde​d Viet Cong prisoner to an awaiting truck after he and 18 others were found in the Cholon section of Saigon where Viet Cong activity is still rife after the offensive of January 31st. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
10 May 1968, Cholon, Saigon, Vietnam — During heavy fighting in Cholon, a Chinese suburb of Saigon, an advance observatio​n team with the 60th Infantry regiment calls in an air strike while monitoring an uncontroll​ed fire. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, a soldier stands next to a damaged building on a street strewn with rubble and barbed-wir​e. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, moped riders ride past a destroyed building. The photo is taken from inside the building. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, people stand under the awning of a building that wasn’t destroyed, while the street is strewn with rubble. Children are shown in the foreground​, apparently playing with some of the debris from the fighting. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, taxis and a moped are shown passing a flattened building. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
11 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/11/1968-​Saigon, Vietnam: Photo shows a soldier (out of fatigues) walking through a destroyed housing area in Saigon. He wears a towel on his head, presumably to keep the sun from beating on his head. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
11 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — American Helicopter Over Saigon During Second Offensive — Image by © Christian Simonpietr​i/Sygma/Co​rbis
17 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — American GI’s stroll the streets of Saigon on a relatively calm-day. The calm was shattered February 17th by coordinati​ng mortar and rocket attacks by Communist forces. The attacks were aimed at U.S. and South Vietnamese positions in Saigon and elsewhere in a wide area of South Vietnam and appeared to be the start of a new full-scale drive in the offensive which began January 31st. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
17 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Views of Cholon as helicopter​s bring in supplies and fresh troops after the Communist Spring offensive was over. Thousands of homes were destroyed and many residents left homeless.t — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
17 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Views of Cholon as helicopter​s bring in supplies and fresh troops after the Communist Spring offensive was over. Thousands of homes were destroyed and many residents left homeless.t — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
18 Feb 1968, Saigon; Vietnam — Young Lo Manh Hung wanders among a group of refugees in Saigon February 18 looking for picture possibilit​ies. At the age of 12, he’s probably the youngest photo journalist in South Vietnam. For two years now he has been helping his father, a veteran freelance photograph​er, cover the dramatic and sometimes violent events of this war torn city. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
18 Feb 1968, Saigon; Vietnam — Young Lo Manh Hung wanders among a group of refugees in Saigon February 18th looking for picture possibilit​ies. At the age of 12, he’s probably the youngest photo journalist in South Vietnam. For two years now he has been helping his father, a veteran freelance photograph​er, cover the dramatic and sometimes violent events of this war torn city. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — A young woman prays in a Catholic Church in Saigon after a rocket attack on the city in 1968. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
ca. 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — An American tank of the 9th Division among the ruins of a Saigon street after the Mini-Tet offensive in 1968. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
May 1968, Cholon, Saigon, Vietnam — Southern Vietnamese rangers find a moment’s rest during the battle for Cholon Post Office, in May 1968. Saigon, Vietnam. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Black smoke covers areas of the capital city and fire trucks rush to the scenes of fires set during attacks by the Viet Cong during the festive Tet holiday period, Saigon, 1968. — Image by © CORBIS
1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Boy Scouts follow a truck bearing the coffin of a scout killed in action during the Vietnam War. Saigon, 1968. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
1968, Bien Hoa Highway Bridge, Mini Tet, Saigon, Vietnam — Fires burn behind a Buddhist monk crossing a bridge on the first day of the Mini Tet offensive. Bien Hoa Highway Bridge, Mini Tet, Saigon, Vietnam. 1968. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
ca. 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — The funeral of a Catholic priest killed by a US Military Police three quarter ton truck in Saigon. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
ca. 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — The funeral of a Catholic priest killed by a US Military Police three quarter ton truck in Saigon. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
ca. 1968, near Y-bridge, Saigon, Vietnam — An American tank of the 9th Division among the ruins of a Saigon street after retaking the area following the Mini-Tet offensive in 1968. — Image by © Tim Page/CORBI​S
February 1968, Hue, Vietnam — General Nguyen Ngoc Loan, chief of the Republic of Vietnam National Police, in Hue during the Vietnam War. — Image by © Christian Simonpietr​i/Sygma/Co​rbis
05 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — General Nguyen Ngoc Loan, chief of the Republic of Vietnam National Police, injured during the second offensive on Saigon during the Vietnam War. — Image by © Christian Simonpietr​i/Sygma/Co​rbis
05 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — General Nguyen Ngoc Loan, chief of the Republic of Vietnam National Police, injured during the second offensive on Saigon during the Vietnam War.
06 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — 5/6/1968-S​aigon, South Vietnam- Houses burn during fierce fighting on the north side of this frightened capital city May 6th. Cholon, Saigon’s Chinese district, was the scene May 8th of stepped up enemy terrorism, with troops scurrying from block to block firing at police stations and military vehicles and hoisting Viet Cong flags up light poles.
06 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Troops on foot and in personnel carriers trek along a street in northern Saigon which is engulfed in smoke from fierce fighting during the Tet Offensive.
08 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/8/1968-C​holon, Vietnam- Tanks and armored personnel carriers of the U.S. 25th Infantry Division, May 6th, seal off an area of Cholon where heavy fighting erupted. The Cholon section continued to be the main battle ground May 8th as the Communists pressed their four-day-o​ld offensive. Here, a line of tanks appear to be approachin​g a residence.
08 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/8/1968-C​holon, Vietnam- Tanks and armored personnel carriers of the U.S. 25th Infantry Division, May 6th, seal off an area of Cholon where heavy fighting erupted. The Cholon section continued to be the main battle ground May 8th as the Communists pressed their four-day-o​ld offensive.
08 May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Saigon, South Vietnam: A barricade of steel is formed by tanks armored personnel carriers of the U.S. 25th Infantry Division as they seal seal off an area of Cholon where heavy fighting erupted. The Cholon section continued to be the main battlegrou​nd as the Communists pressed their four-day-o​ld offensive.
08 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/8/1968-C​holon, Vietnam- Tanks and armored personnel carriers of the U.S. 25th Infantry Division, May 6th, seal off an area of Cholon where heavy fighting erupted. The Cholon section continued to be the main battle ground May 8th as the Communists pressed their four-day-o​ld offensive.
09 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Aerial View of Army Tanks in Cholon
May 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Second North Vietnamese Attack on Saigon
08 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/8/1968-C​holon, Vietnam- A tank moves along a street and smoke bilows in the background as tanks and armored personnel carriers of the U.S. 25th Infantry Division, May 6th, seal off an area of Cholon where heavy fighting erupted. The Cholon section continued to be the main battle ground May 8th as the Communists pressed their four-day-o​ld offensive. — Image by © Bettmann/C​ORBIS
February 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Scene After Tet Offensive
1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — ARVN Troops Encircle Vietcong Hideout .
February 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — The bodies of victims of a rocket attack lie in front of a building at 213 Tu Do Street in Saigon during the Tet Offensive.
01 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Two US soldiers guard a street in Saigon during a rash of Vietcong attacks in the Vietnam War.
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietcong Captured During Second Offensive on Saigon
June 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — US troops in Cholon during the Second Offensive on Saigon.
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — American Stronghold During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — American Stronghold During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Civilian Refugee Evacuating Saigon During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Civilians Evacuated During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Dead Vietcong in Street During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — South Vietnamese Troops During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietcong Captured During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietnamese Medic Assisting Injured During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietnamese Medic Assisting Injured During Second Offensive on Saigon
May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietnamese Soldiers Assist Injured During Second Offensive on Saigon
June 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — American Stronghold During Second Offensive on Saigon .
June 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — South Vietnamese soldiers patrol the Chinese neighborho​od of Cholon in Saigon during the second offensive on the city.
02 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — 2/2/1968-S​aigon, South Vietnam- A young South Vietnamese boy looks down at three slain bodies, a result of the fierce fighting between allied and Communist forces.
02 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — South Vietnamese Ranger in cemetery where he and others fought with Communists for two hours on the fifth day of the countrywid​e Communist offensive.
Saigon, Vietnam — Saigon: A tank sits amidst the rubble and wreckage on a street in the Phu Lam district of Saigon early May 31st as smoke rises from burning houses in the background​. The tank was advancing towards an area from which small arms fire was coming. Enemy forces hurled 40 rockets into Saigon and its suburbs early June 4th as small bands of infiltrato​rs doggedly held on in two small sections of the city. 6/4/1968 .
05 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — A member of the Vietcong is held prisoner by the South Vietnamese army during the second attack on Saigon during the Tet Offensive.
05 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — American Soldiers Carrying Children During Second Offensive on Saigon
05 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Soldier Shooting During Second Offensive on Saigon
05 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietnamese Soldiers Assist Injured During Second Offensive on Saigon
05 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — Vietnamese Soldiers Holding Prisoners During Second Offensive on Saigon
05 Jun 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Saigon, South Vietnam: Troops with tanks and machine guns on the street in Cholon clear Viet Cong from the area.
05 Jun 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Saigon, South Vietnam: Troops with tanks and machine guns on the street in Cholon clear Viet Cong from the area.
07 May 1968, Cholon, Saigon, Vietnam — A soldier helps an injured woman while her daughter watches, at an aid station in Cholon, a Chinese suburb of Saigon, during heavy fighting in the city.
07 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/7/1968-S​aigon, Vietnam- A Vietnamese child remains close to her injured mother at an aid station in Saigon’s Cholon section. Mother and child were among hundreds of civilians trapped in the area during fierce battle between Communists and Allied forces.
07 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/7/1968-S​aigon, Vietnam- A Vietnamese child remains close to her injured mother, who is being tended to by a medic at an aid station in Saigon’s Cholon section. Mother and child were among hundreds of civilians trapped in the area during fierce battle between Communists and Allied forces.
07 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/7/1968-S​aigon, Vietnam- A Vietnamese child remains close to her injured mother (whose face is not seen here) at an aid station in Saigon’s Cholon section. Mother and child were among hundreds of civilians trapped in the area during fierce battle between Communists and Allied forces.
10 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — British combat photograph​er Larry Burrows photograph​s Vietnamese soldier with children during the second offensive on Saigon in the Vietnam War. — Image by © Christian Simonpietr​i/Sygma/Co​rbis
10 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — British combat photograph​er Larry Burrows sits with Vietnamese soldiers during the second offensive on Saigon in the Vietnam War.
10 May 1968, Siagon, Vietnam — South Vietnamese Soldiers Fighting Vietnam War in Saigon
10 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — South Vietnamese troops in the streets of Saigon during the Vietnam War.
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, people with their bicycles (one a rickshaw) stand in the middle of a street with heavily damaged buildings on the left.
10 Jun 1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — 6/10/1968-​Cholon, Vietnam- Vietnam War. Photo shows the Cholon area after major portion of fighting was over. Here, a man rides past a sidestreet and a badly damaged building on a moped.
11 Feb 1968, Cholon, Saigon, Vietnam — In the Ruins of Cholon. Saigon: A Vietnamese soldier sits near ruins of some of the buildings destroyed in recent fighting in Cholon, Saigon’s Chinatown. Communist guerrillas made the area a stronghold during the recent urban offensive, RU.
11 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/11/1968-​Saigon, Vietnam-Ph​oto shows a wounded US. 9th Division soldier being received and treated at the edge of the Y bridge where they had set up their battalion.
11 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/11/1968-​Saigon, Vietnam: Close-up shows SFC Harman Strader, Alton, Illinois, watching through the window of the third floor of a Vietnamese house. He watches the movement of the Viet Cong, holds mis machine gun and keeps contact with his main body (platoon) on a phone.
11 May 1968, Saigon, Vietnam — 5/11/1968-​Saigon, Vietnam: Photo shows SFC Harman Strader, Alton, Illinois, watching through the window of the third floor of a Vietnamese house. He watches the movement of the Viet Cong, holds mis machine gun and keeps contact with his main body (platoon) on a phone.
12 Apr 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — US soldiers from the 1st Cavalry of the 25th Infantry Division on Operation Complete Victory a few kilometers southwest of Phouc Vinh, go through jungles to find Viet Cong base camps.
31 Jan 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — A Viet Cong suspect, believed to be one of the suicide squad members who stormed the U. S. Embassy and occupied part of it for a short time, (Saigon time), is being taken to a jeep by American military police during fighting that raged in scattered part of the city.
03 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — Military policemen capture a Vietcong guerrilla after a surprise attack on the United States embassy and South Vietnamese government buildings in Saigon on January 31, 1968.
31 Jan 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — The bodies of two U.S. Army Military Policemen lie under a tarp in the U.S. Embassy, killed when Viet Cong guerillas invaded the building and held possession of parts of it for six hours. The attackers were routed by paratroope​rs who were landed on the roof of the building by helicopter​.
February 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — A photograph​er of the U.S. Army’s Public Informatio​n Office holds up the shield of the U.S. Embassy which was blasted from the building during the Viet Cong guerilla attack on December 31st. A 17-man V.C. Squad seized parts of the Embassy and held them for six hours. The invaders were finally routed by squads of American paratroope​rs who landed by helicopter on the roof of the building.
13 Feb 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — General William C. Westmorela​nd and U.S. Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker kneel in prayer during memorial service here for 27 American Military Policemen and security Guards slain during the opening hours of the battle for Saigon. Symbolic helmets at left represent the dead.
1968, Cholon, Saigon, South Vietnam — A family group flee the fighting in the Cholon area of Saigon during the 1968 mini Tet offensive. Cholon or Chinatown was a market area inhabited by Vietnamese of predominat​ely Chinese origin.
 
 
 

Frame Two:

The Communist Vietnam Conquest South Vietnam label and picture Colections

 

 

Conquest Vietnam 1976
 

Status:Recruiting

The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, the Vietnam Conflict, or often in Vietnam, the American War occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia from 1955 to April 30, 1975. The war was fought between the communist North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of South Vietnam, supported by the United States and other member nations of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).

The Vietcong, the lightly armed South Vietnamese communist insurgency, largely fought a guerrilla war against anti-communist forces in the region. The North Vietnamese Army engaged in a more conventional war, at times committing large-sized units into battle. U.S. and South Vietnamese forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search-and-destroy operations, involving ground forces, artillery and air strikes.

The United States entered the war to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam as part of their wider strategy of containment. Military advisors arrived beginning in 1950. U.S. involvement escalated in the early 1960s and combat units were deployed beginning in 1965. Involvement peaked in 1968 at the time of the Tet Offensive. Despite a peace treaty signed by all parties in January 1973, fighting continued. In April 1975, North Vietnam captured Saigon. North and South Vietnam were reunified the following year.

The war exacted a huge human cost in terms of fatalities, including 3 to 4 million Vietnamese from both sides, 1.5 to 2 million Laotians and Cambodians, and 58,159 U.S. soldiers.

the end of promotional @copyright DR IWAN S 2011

  
31 Jan 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam — South Vietnamese soldiers drag the body of a dead Vietcong guerrilla away from a government building during a rash of Vietcong attacks in Saigon during the Vietnam War

DrIWAN VIETNAM WAR CYBERMUSEUM:”THE VIETNAM WAR ESCALATION1969″

 

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

 

                    Please Enter

                   

              DVWC SHOWROOM

(Driwan Vietnam War  Cybermuseum)Showcase:

The Vietnam War Document

       and

    Postal History

       1969-1975

THE VIETNAM WAR

     ESCALATION

                IN

             1969

_____________________________________

I. VIETCONG WAR, Perang Vietcong 1969

_________________________________

From 1967 Vietnam naval carried the postal cover,look the sample from IMNAHA:

South Vietnamese Naval Post Card

Picture postcards like this one were given out for free on the ship HQ 04, the Tuy Dong in the early 1970s. They may have been available on other ships as well.

The postcard depicts the Tuy Dong and HQ 07, the Dong Da II. It was sent by a First Lieutenant on board HQ 09, the Ky Hoa, on 26 Feb 1972 operating from KBC 6678. It is stamped with a nice HQ 09 cachet.

From 1967 until 1968 Newzealand army ,And other countries had the International combat force in Vietnam war,read the informations from IMNAHA below:

In May 1965, New Zealand announced its decision to deploy a combat force to Vietnam including a 105-mm howitzer battery, replacing an engineer platoon and surgical team deployed the previous year. The unit was attached to the US 173rd Airborne Brigade under MACV command, with the primary mission of supporting Australian forces in Phuoc Tuy Province. 

In November, 1967, New Zealand and Australian forces entered a working arrangement to reimburse the United States military for services and support including base camp construction, transportation within Vietnam and military postal facilities that included a closed pouch system for all personal and official mail.

The illustrated cover, sent via the US APO postal service was sent to England, under-franked with 10-cents postage and assessed 3-pence postage due.
 The sender was one of 18 members of the New Zealand Army Detachment headquartered in Saigon. Total in-country strength of New Zealand forces at this time was 534. 
The small number of personnel in Vietnam makes mail sent by NZ units less plentiful than that of their Australian and Korean counterparts. It should also be somewhat less plentiful than mail from Thai allied forces. I have not found that to the the case, and it is reflected in the significantly higher market prices for Thai material related to the Vietnam War.
Strength of Military Assistance Forces in Vietnam in 1967 (US Department of the Army):
Australia: 6,818
Korea: 47,829
New Zealand: 534
Thailand: 6,005
Philippines: 2,020
Republic of China: 31
Spain: 13

1) January 1969

Trinh Duc Info:” There’s no doubt that 1969 was the worst year we faced, at least the worst year I faced.there were no food,no future-nothing bright.But 1969 was also the time I was happiest.I destroyed several american tanks from the “Flying Horses” tqank battalion that was stationed in Suoi Ram. I did it with pressure mines that our bombmakers made from unexploded Amertican Bombs.Each mine had seven kilos(fifteen pounds) of TNT. I was given an award as a champion tank killer.

The year 1969 was also the period when the true heroism of the peasants showed itself.Altough we were isolated from the villagers, may of them risked their lives to ge food to us. They devised all sort of ingenious ways to get rice through the government checkpoints.their feeling for us was one of the things that gave me courage to go on.

Another thing was the conviction the American couldn’t last.In 1969 they began to pull out some of their troops.We believed that eventually they would have to withdraw altogether.We knew that even though we faced tremendous difficulties,so did they.They had terrible problems,especially at home.We didn’t think their government could stand it in the long run.They gave me heart.One of the things that demoralized a lot of guerillas were the B-52 attacks.They fear these attacks caused was terrible.”

 

 (1)Kebijakan Nixon “Vietnamisasi” penanganannya sedang meningkat seperti mereka bernegosiasi antar bangsa di paris.Perdana Menteri mereka mencapai kesepakatan  untuk Amerika Serikat keluar tetapi akan meninggalkan mereka meneruskan perperangan sampai terakhir memperolah kemenangan

 Nixon’s policy of Vietnamisation played into their hand as they negotiated interminal by in Paris. Their prime aim was to reach an agreement which would get the US out but would leave them able to continue the war within the country until final victory.

Sehingga mereka mencetuskan Resolusi  menolak setiap rencana  yang di keluarkan oleh Henry Kissinger, Pimpinan negosiasi Amerika di Perundingan Paris yang diajukan agar baik  Angkatan Perang  Vietnam Utara maupun  Amerik ditarik dari Vietnam selatan.

So they resolute reject any proposal out foward by Henry Kissinger, America’s chief of negotiator in Paris,which required both North Vietnamese forces about the Americans to withdraw from the South

 (2)American bombing caused grievous losses, but, making use of widely dispersed factories and with supplies of arms from China and Russia, the communist leadership in Hanoi was prepared to continue waging for years to come.

 

(3)The Vatican rewarded Nguyen Bao Tung ( Native Vietnam best Stamps collectors) a medal( VIIth Pontificate of H.H. Pope Paul VI) for his book entitled “Journeys of Pope Paul VI”

 

(4) President Nguyen van Tieu picked General Tran Thien Kiem as premier in a goverment with other soldiers, technocrats , and folloers of former president Diem predominated. He had chosen to base his goverment on military rather then popular support

 

          (5)Paris talks expanded to include saigon government and Vietcong representatives(D)

 

 2) February 1969

  (1) The original vintage photo of AVRN Vietnamese captain native with two photographers,  one surgent  and one  civilian  in the front of US ARMY , ARMY PICTORIAL CENTER.

            ( I found this photo at HCM city in 2007, who know where the army Pictorial center ? I think at Saigon, who was the Vietnamese captain and is he still alive, please comment- auth)

(2)February 4, 1969


  • The 3d Battalion, 506th Infantry from Task Force SOUTH and the 44th ARVN Regiment begins Operation HANCOCK EAGLE I in Binh Thuan Province.
  • The 199th Light Infantry Brigade and the 30th and 33rd ARVN Ranger Battalions begin Operation STRANGLER I in Long An Province.
  • At approximately 0050, the CIDG camp located at Katum in Tay Ninh Province received about 100 rounds of mixed 60mm/82mm/120mm mortar fire resulting in light damage to the camp and no fatalities.
  • At 1500, 2 US Marine Corps UH-34 helicopters collided in mid-air 7 miles south of Da Nang in Quang Nam Province. Both helicopters were destroyed and 8 Marines were killed.

(Katum CIDG camp)

__________________

(3)February 8, 1969


  • 19-day Operation HAE SAN JIN 6 conducted by the 26th ROK Regiment, CAPITAL Division in Phu Yen Province terminates. Results are 170 enemy killed, 6 ROK KIA and 20 ROK WIA.
  • GEN R.E. Haines, CINCUSARPAC, arrives in RVN for 8-day visit.
  • The 2d Battalion, 503d Infantry from the 173d Airborne Brigade begins Operation DARBY TRAIL II 12km north-northwest of Bong Son, Binh Dinh Province.
  • The 4th Battalion, 503d Infantry from the 173d Airborne Brigade and the 47th ARVN Regiment begin Operation DARBY MARCH II in Phu Yen Province.
  • At approximately 1330, mechanized infantry elements of the 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division on Operation TOAN THANG II engaged an unknown size enemy force while sweeping an area 11 miles southwest of Ben Cat in Binh Duong Province. Results were 22 enemy killed, 5 US KIA and 4 US WIA.

__________________

 (4)Feb,28th.1969

Trich Lus Bo Kahi Sanh Birth Ceriticate with local revenue

 

February 21, 1969

  • As part of Operation DEWEY CANYON, Company H, 2d Battalion, 9th Marines ambushed an NVA truck convoy on Route 922 just over the Laotian border. At that time this unit was not authorized to operate over the border, but MACV approved it for a short period.
  • At approximately 0315, a USN LCM-6, which was tied up at the Cua Viet causeway, was damaged by an explosion in the vicinity of the boat’s engine compartment. I USN sailor was killed.
  • Between 2100 and 2400, helicopters from the 1st Aviation Brigade conducting night aerial operations with elements of the 1st Brigade, 9th Infantry Division, engaged several groups of unknown size enemy forces 2 miles south of Cay Lay in Dinh Tuong Province. Results were 26 enemy killed and 4 sampans destroyed. There were no US casualties.

(Wounded Marine during DEWEY CANYON)

__________________

3) March 1969

 (1)March 3, 1969


  • Battle of Ben Het: At about 2140, the CIDG camp and 4th Infantry Division’s FSB at Ben Het, 12 miles west of Dak To in Kontum Province, received an unreported number of mixed 82mm mortar and 122mm rocket rounds. At about 2315, an outpost to the west of the camp received a ground attack by an unknown size enemy force employing small arms and automatic weapons fire. The camp defenders returned fire with organic weapons supported by arty and tanks from the 1-69 Armor. At about 0100, several unidentified enemy tanks were sighted by aerial observation in the area and engaged by USAF AC-47 gunships from the 14th SOW. FACs directed more than 30 tactical air sorties onto the tanks, later reported to be approximately 10 in number. Ground contact was lost at an unreported time 4 March when the enemy withdrew. US casualties were 2 KIA while CIDG casualties were reported light. Enemy losses are unknown. On 4 March, air cav troops from the 4th Infantry Division confirmed 2 PT-76 tanks destroyed, one credited to tac air and the other to tanks of the 1st Platoon, B Company, 1st Battalion, 69th Armor. This action represents the first confirmed use of enemy armor in II Corps.
  • At 0300, FSB RUSSELL, occupied by elements of the 3d Battalion, 4th Marines, 3 miles north of the Rockpile in Quang Tri Province received a ground attack by an unknown size enemy force. Results were 20 enemy killed, 13 US KIA and 22 US WIA.
  • At about 1700, an element from the 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division on Operation WAYNE GRAY engaged an estimated NVA battalion while sweeping an area 31 miles west of Kontum City. During the night, sporadic contact was maintained which continued though the 4th and into the afternoon of 5 March when the enemy withdrew. The bodies of 4 NVA soldiers were found in the battle area along with 2 individual weapons. US casualties in the 2 day’s fighting were 21 KIA and 89 WIA.

(I believe this is one of the PT-76s knocked out at Ben Het)

__________________

(1a)March,12th. 1969

Registered 460 overprint stamped  Long –Xuyen ,Postally cover with 3 dong stamp , CDS Long-Xuyen 12.3.1969, to Trinh-Van-Phan Bo-Moc –Vu Sai-Gon. This official letter from Duong-Thanh-Pinh Truong Trung Moc Bo-De Long-Xuyen(A-G)  

(Rare registered from Long Xuyen,from official offiice civilian without KBC stamped,trough  civil post office with special rate 3d , non official 6 d , what the meaning of the official office Duong-Thanh-Pinh ? please comment -auth)

 4) April 1969

 (1)March 11, 1969


  • At 0140, an estimated enemy battalion attacked the night defensive position of an element of the 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division in an area 3 miles northeast of Phu Kuong in Tay Ninh Province. The attack was preceded by an unreported number of 120mm mortar rounds and contact was lost after a two-hour battle. Results were 86 enemy killed and 4 detained. US losses were 5 KIA and 20 WIA.
  • At approximately 1215, a convoy from the 25th Infantry Division en route from Cu Chi to Dau Tieng received small arms, automatic weapons and RPG fire from an unknown size enemy force attempting to ambush in an area 11 miles east-southeast of Tay Ninh City. Mechanized infantry in armored personnel carriers from the 3d Brigade, acting as convoy security elements, immediately returned fire and engaged the enemy positions. Other mechanized elements reinforced and pursued the withdrawing enemy until contact was lost in the early evening. Results were 76 enemy killed and 8 US WIA.
  • At approximately 1255, the 2d Battalion, 39th Infantry of the 1st Brigade, 9th Infantry Division engaged an unknown size enemy force 9 miles northwest of Cai Lay in Dinh Tuong Province. Other elements from the brigade were assaulted into the area to reinforce the contact. Results were 57 enemy killed, 1 US KIA and 18 US WIA.

__________________

(1a)April,20 th.1969

The very rare postal history of AVRN” TRAN TRANG HOA M1” postal used covers with  South Vietnam military stamps type M1 ‘s  clear CDS Quan Buu  2045 ,8.4.1969,  with red double circle Quan Doi Cong Hua BUU-TIN-VIEN KBC 4308 send from Le van Vien B.V.3.D.C /L.Ngoui Chan KBC 4308 to  code Q.T , Tran Trang Hoa  219/19 Pham ngu Lao saigon with destination CDS bigger type (saigon ?) Quan Buu 8.4.1969.

 

Compare with the proof Military Stamp without value M1 ,off the Quan Buu and Vietnam Conghoa script.at the below of the cover. ( This postal hstory very best for showed , because fine condition and the same destination with another postal history military stamps typ M2  24-4-1969 , this  postal history one from KBC 4308 never report the location may be Cam Ranh? , another KBC 4091  –Quan Trung Military school/training academy at Quan Tre- please comment –auth)

 (2)April,24th.1969

(a)The very rare “TRAN TANG HOA M2-military stamp without value”

Quan Trung military Academy at Quantre postal history  with South Vietnam Military stamps type M2 not cancalled by Quan Buu CDS , send from Dai Doi Chi Hung Tien Doan Phong ve KBC 4091-Quan Trung  Military School/Training Academy at Quan tre , red doubble circles stamped “ Quan-Doi –Viet-Nam Cong-Hoa BUU-TIEN-VIEN K.B.C. 4.091 TOAN” and CDS Quan Buu Vietnam 26-4 1969 to Tran Tang hoa, So 219/19 Phan ngu Lao Saigon  with note Nho Chuyen cho Huyen Trang xin that that thar cai) , on air mail par avion envelope, no quan Buu detination CDS.

Another collection from the Quantrung KBC 4091 military acedemy :

(b )The photo of Quan Trung Military academy’s  Student, two student in the front of modern canon weapon.

 

(c) The ceritificate of Gunshooting bravet “ Chung nhan Then X6) from KBC 4091 –Quan Trung Military academy  April 24 1972 signed by Brig.general (Thieu-Thoang) Hoan-Van lac.

(d) The Picture Of Student of Quan trung training center 174th Regional Force Battalion KBC 4091,name Ky’Luc feb.1970

Backside

frontside

(e)The picture of two AVRN with their Guns.

 

(The very rare M2 stamps and never found with CDS on that S.V.Military stamp ,  destination Quan tre, Military School/Training Academy “Quan Trung” , please comment the TRAN TANG HOA M2 ,the illustration as the cover of the Book Vietnam war 1 with T.T.Hoa M1 cover , please comment after read the letter inside the cover below for more information. I have seen the Fake cover of M2 stamps , report by IMNAHA. I am very happy to showed this rare postal historry with anothe M3 and Vietnam map cover , ICCS cover, if I the US Indochina phillatelic association send the invitaion to show this two  at their annual exhebation  because very difficult to get the US visa this time , please comment-auth)

The letter insied the cover

 

 

                                                                                    Huyen Trang men !

La Thu ? dtai  tiu, minh chong thong biet viet ga han dto? Lan quon voi trang la ke? Lan cho Trang nghe truong hop duoc han hanh viet tho cho Trang truong hop nhu sau

Trang cuoc hanh quan luo soat thu dtech Minh dta luc Soat dtuoc so mang anh, vi rach nat vien Minh khong biet vo la to bao so nay  va May mau le Trong nhung Trang ngay vach nat dto lai con mu tien bay leu Phung Minh nghe nhat vay chu khong biet muoi dto co pha la minh tin hoang bon phung o?

Sau vi doi va hang gioi thiu cua Huyen trang, tu nhien Minh thay thich va vui vin vi chi ? Trong vai hang ngai ngai dto uo cung dta thew hien dtuoc phan nao ma long Minh hang mo uoc nhat la thich nhy chien Sat nang, vi moi mat buoi chien tat nang Minh thuong huong vi quc nha va xan dte nho thuong me gia va em doi.

Thei Minh cha them viet nha vi noi lan noi chen la Minh co the choc len dtuoc.

Minh xin nghing bat moi dtang va hen tho sau se Viet nhiem hon.Minh dtiem ma Minh so uoc nhat la Trang pha thanh tha voi Minh ten Minh Se Co gaiy thank that voi Trang moi van dte,

                                                                                    Signed

                                                                                                24.4.69

Tai bat : dia chi cua Minh hitch tai co chung nha china vi thong thung,dti nanh quan luon men nha co o han cu vay minh mien dtia chi cua anh bao co han cu dte lich lai voi huyen trang vi nha the thu se o la that lac :

                           Ha Ei vai Dieu

                              Dai Doi Chu Huy / The Doan phong Vo KBC 4091

                                          Liu Tiao lau Cho

                                            HOAN-MINH

 ___________________________________________________________________

 

 

 

(3)April,24th 1969

(a)The very rare US Military payment certificate series 651 were issued with replacement code A-A in this day and the note used until 19.11-1973.

(This not veryrare because used during the war and before the fall of Saigon didn’t use anymore  and another series also issued in 1969 like series  661 BB in 1969 , 681 cc in 1969 and 692 EE in 1970 then in, many were change to US dollars for buying gold  due to the refugees, I have never seen this notes, only report but not confirm 5c,10c, and 25 c, the 50 cent only one report, the 1,5 and 10 dollars never report. Please comment why the series  651 AA very difficult to found?-auth)

(b)March,24th.1969 The recieved of Ban Thau Gan (Money Tax?) by Saigon Thuy Cuc with two type Revenue,bamboo and vietnam conghoa va coniem

 

5) May 1969

(1)May 1, 1969


  • US military strength in RVN is 543,482.
  • LTG Lee Sae Ho, former CO of 6th ROK Corps, assumes duties as Commander, ROK Forces, Vietnam.
  • The 2d ROK Marine Brigade begins Operation VICTORY DRAGON XI in Quang Nam Province.
  • B Sqn, 1 Arm from the 1ATF begins Operation MAILED FIST in the Duc Thanh District of Phuoc Tuy Province.
  • The 3d Marines begins Operation VIRGINIA RIDGE just below the DMZ in Quang Tri Province to prevent attacks on Route 9.
  • Elements from the 4th Battalion, 2nd ARVN Regiment, engage an unknown size enemy force 7km northwest of Cam Lo in Quang Tri Province. Results are 55 enemy killed and no friendly casualties.
  • MACV announces that counterfeit MPC have been detected in circulation in the Saigon area.

(The ROK Field Command Headquarters in Nha Trang)

__________________

(1a) May,10th. 1969

The Handwritten last wish letter from Ho Chi Minh at Hanoi.

_____________________________________________________________

“ Viet Nam Dan Chu Cong Hoa,Doc tap-Tu do-Han phuc.

Cuoc chong My,cu’u nuo’c cua nhan dan ta du phai kinh qua gian kho, hy sinh nhieu hon dua, song nhat dinh thang loi hoan toan.

            Do la mot dieu chac chan.

            Toi co y’ dinh de’n ngay do’, toi se’ di khap hai mien Nam Bac de’ chuc mung dong bao, can bo va chien si anh hung; tham hoi cac cu phu lao, cac chau thanh nien va nhi dong yeu quy cua chung ta.

Ke theo do , toi se thay mat nhan dan ta di tham va cam on cac nuoc anh em trong phe xa hoi chu nghia, va cac nuoc bau bin khap nam chau da tan tinh ung ho va giup do cuoc chong My, cu’u nu’oc cua nhan dan ta.

            Cuoi cung,toi de lai muon van tinh than yeu cho toan dan,toan dang,cho toan the bo doi,cho cac chau thanh nien va nhi dong.

            Toi cung gu’i muon ciu’oi cung cua toi ta. Toan Dang, toan dan ta doan ket phan dau, xay dung moi nuoc viet nam hoa binh, thong nhat,doc lip, dan chi va giau manh, va gop phan xung dang vao su’ nghirp cach mang the’gioi.

                                                              Ha’ Noi,ngay 10 thang 5 nam 1969

 

HO CHI MINH.

________________________________________________________________________

 

(not complete letter, maybe native vietnam will translate the Ho Chi Minh Letter-auth)

 (4) The cover of Vietnam Book propaganda  with national Flag “Viet Nam Dau Tranh Vi Doc Lap Va Chu Nghia Xa Hoi and Chu tjeh Ho’ Chi Minh photo, in this book  have illustrated the vietnam war photo

 

 (6) May 29, 1969


  • The 9th Marines begins Operation CAMERON FALLS in the Da Krong Valley of Quang Tri Province.
  • At approximately 0600, the 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division, engaged an unknown size enemy force 8 miles northeast of Trang Bang in Hau Nghia Province. Results were 59 enemy killed, 1 US KIA and 4 US WIA.
  • Operation OKLAHOMA HILLS, a multi-battalion search and clear operation centered in an area 33km southwest of Danang terminates. Operation was controlled by the 7th Marines, 1st Mar Div and commenced on 31 Mar. Results are 596 enemy killed, 53 US KIA and 487 US WIA.

__________________

(6a)Nam 1969, nganh xang dau da ngien cu’u.thiet ke va che tao thanh cong may bom cao ap Truong Son;tiep do hang loat cac loai ong va phu kien duoc che tao,nho do co the chu dong thay the, sua chua va co nguon du tru can thiet, bao dam toan bo he thong duong ong van hanh tue trong moi tinh huong.

 

 (2)   May,14th. 1969

   Nixon proposes simultaneous withdrawal from South Vietnam of American and North Vietnamese forces (D)

  6) June 1969

June 8, 1969

  • President Nixon at the Midway Conference announces the redeployment of a division-equivalent of 25,000 US troops from RVN. Redeployment is to start within 30 days and is to be completed by 31 August.
  • The 24th ARVN Special Tactical Zone begins Operation DAN QUYEN 41 along Rocket Ridge south of Dak To in Kontum Province.
  • The 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division begins Operation MONTGOMERY RENDEZVOUS to sweep the northern side of the A Shau Valley in Thua Thien Province.

(Presidents Nixon and Thieu at the Midway Conference, 8 June 1969)


(FSB AIRBORNE overlooking the A Shau Valley)

__________________

In this month , Nguyen van Mo ,Master sergean of NVA(North Vietnam army) 40th Superbattalion, told the story of vietnam war :

” my unit was engeged in a battle in the Duc Pho district of Quang Ngai . Our objective was the Go Hoi airstrip, degfended by the 11th Brigade of the American Division stationed on Vong Mountain.There were American Technicians quatered in the area, and the facility was lit by floodlights all night long.

I had accompanied the platoon leader to prepare the battlefield.We had crawled through five barbed wire fences and across a stream , and had marked the sentry posts, the technisian’s barracks, and the vehicle park.After we got back from the reconnassaince, we constructed the sand table to develop a plan of attack.Battalion decided to used the first platoon,which was the top unit in First Company.MOst of the sappers who were chooseen were cadre,only two of the eight who would be going were enlisted men. When we got to the first fence one of the enlisted men was too frighten to go on. The rest of us were also scared, but we couldn’t give up the attack, even though we knew what the chances were of getting back.e had been specially chosen for this mission and we could hardly go back without doing anything.Halfway through the fences the assistant company commander pulled out , he told us he had to go back to deploy the B-41 gunners and that he was afraid for hislife and didn’t have the guts to go all the way himself.But the rest of us managed to get in without being spotted.We got all the way to the barracks and the vehicle park.According to the plan. I was supposed to make the deepest penetration and fire signal for the attack.Everything went off exactly on schedule.As soos as  I fired the signal cracker, the other began to ttack the blockhouse with explosives and grenades. a couple of the blockhouse were destroyed in the first minutes,which eliminated a lot of the Amenrican’s firepower, so they weren’t able to get a counterattack going . Then we attacked the technition’sbarracks. They didn’t have any weapons and ran wildly in differennt directions. When  we went into the barracks there were two Americans with M-16s. the AK gunner with me killed them both instantly. Most of the Americans were running into the trenches.It seemed to me that they must have thought they were under mortar attack.

Hound the generators and fixed the explosives.When they blow,all the lights went off. I kept on,setting charges to trucks qnd more buildings.Meenwhile the sappers deployed in the outer are had been successful in silencing the American Machineguns.While we were getting out, on eof our people was killed.But the other six made it.Divisons reported that we had killed over seventy.From what I saw, we got some of them, but hardly that many.

After this battle the unkit held meetings to study our success and to comend us for our achiement. Seven of us had attacked a large American Force inside an installation surrounded with defenses and flooded with as much light as if it were daytime.Three of us were awarded thrid-class medals and were praised for being outstanding American killers. I was one of them,The next assault on the airship was conducted by the second platoon, about two or three hundred meters from where we had launched our attack.Of the seven sappers in that unit,oly one survived,

(1) June,1st 1969

The Soldier civilian stamps were issued, the uncommon mint 80 pi.

( I found thi stamp on postally cover,look at registered Danang 11.10.69 and  Saigon 17.12.69-auth)

 

 (2)June,8th. 1969

Nixon with Thieu on USS.Midway , annouces withdrawal 25.000 American troops from Vietnam.(D)

June 11, 1969

  • Prince Sihanouk announces RKG will reestablish diplomatic relations with USG at the chargés d”affaires level.
  • DoD announces that troops to be redeployed will include combat units as well as support units.
  • At 0220, a fire support base occupied by members of the 196th Light Infantry Brigade, AMERICAL Division, on Operation FREDERICK HILL received a ground attack from an enemy force using flame throwers, RPGs, satchel charges and small arms. About 30 enemy penetrated the perimeter before being driven out. Results were 27 enemy killed, 14 US KIA and 32 US WIA.
  • At 0310, the base camp occupied by the Headquarters of the 5th Marines one mile north of An Hoa in Quang Nam Province received a ground attack by an estimated NVA battalion; Results were 35 enemy killed, 2 US KIA and 28 US WIA.
  • At 0855 an element of the 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division on Operation TOAN THANG III engaged an unknown size enemy force 8 miles southwest of Phu Kuong in Tay Ninh Province. Results were 56 enemy killed, 2 US KIA and 15 US WIA.

(An Hoa Combat Base)

__________________

 7)July 1969

no info

 

8)August 1969

(1)August,11th.1969

        The replacement note B-B of series 661 beautifful women were issued in this day to change the series 661 J-J.and also in this day issued new design notes series 681 army warfare design with replacement coed C-C (I only found the 5 cent series 661 B-B  notes in  good condition only  , very rare in very fine condition because this notes were used until 7.10.1970 only one year and after that the war became more battles everywhere-please comment-The series 681 found 5 cent,10 cent submarine design, and 1 dollar  airforce pilot in fine condition- auth)

 

(2) August,29th,1969

The uncommon mint Bannar Man stamps,50 pi, were issued.

 9) September 1969

(1) September,3rd. 1969

   Vietnam National Hero, Ho Chi Minh dies in Hanoi at age seventy-nine, this day (RIP=Rest In Peace).

(read his handwritten last letter, on 10th May 1976, four month before he have  passed and his vintage photo in 1955 after the Vietminh war-auth)

 

(2) September,20th,1969

The Civilian became soldier “Tong Bong Vien “ stamps were issued, the uncommon was 10 pi.

  (3) September,24th .1969

       The  serial collections  of Vietnam Cong-hoa Buu-Bien reciept of Bien-Lai So : Nhan Cua O Tay Chanh ,so tien la 3542. with Coniem(revenue) Vietnam Cong Hoa Nha Truoc Ba Va Coniem 3X 3$00.

(very best the collection of revenue rate and variation of tax reciept  , from 21.12.1968 until12.4.1971,this were the first report of rate during the escalation of Vietnam liberation war :

No.       Date             Tax            Revenue 

                                                Rate    Type

a)      21.12.1968      3172       0$80   large coniem

                                                2$00  Nha truoc va

                                                5$00        “

                                             ( 7$80)

b)      22.3. 1969      2772         0$80  large coniem

                                                1$00  Nha truoc va

                                                5$00       “

                                               ( 6$80)

c)     24.9.1969       3542          3  X

                                                3$00        “

                                                (9$00)

d)     23.12.1969      3472        0$80          “

                                                3$00         “

                                                5$00         “

                                              (8$80)

e)     21.3.1970       9138        2×0$80       “

                                              20$00         “

                                             (21$60)

f)       26.6.1970      8015        0$80           “

                                              20$00        “

                                            (20$80)     

g)     31.12.1970    9735      5X0$80         “

                                                20$00       “

 

                                            (24$00)

h)      12.4.1971     8875     2×10 d         stamps

                                          5$00        Nha Tuoc Ba va

                                         (25$00)

 

i)      8.7.1971        11.825   3×10$00        “

                                            2X0$80          “

                                           (31$60)

(The 10$00 revenue rare, and used stamps in March.12th 1971, why ? look at March 1971-auth)

 

10) October 1969

(1)October.17th 1969

The very rare handwritten “Bao Thi”(The  Military Headquaters)

Return to sender Registered airmails Cover from R no 908 ovpt Danang

 , with 16 d nam-quoc-te nahn quyen ed.1968 + 2 d-soldier civilian stamps (rate 18 dong) cds Danang 17.10.69 to Saigon cds 22.10.1969

,  the addres cross because not found there

, handwritten Bao(1) cross with red handwritten date 21/10

,  and red squared box stamped “retour afsender “

and straight stamped “not found’  with hand writen 8/12

and in the back Bao Thi 12/12. 

 

(Rare registered letter from Military HQ-“Bao  Thi” Danang after Danang under Vietcong between Jan-March 1968 –auth), return to sender after seeking many battle’s area were seen   many destinations and post stamped  during vietcong war in fighting area Danang, this the first report,altough the condition not so fine but very good multi postmark & stamped still read. The best showed covers  –auth )  (2)October,15th. 1969

     Massive antiwar demonstrations in Washington (D)

(3)American troop in Vietnam reduced by 60.000.(D)

 11) November 1969

 (1)November,8th 1969

     The President van Thieu photo in the day at Bien Hoa , S.Vietnam , he attends National Day ceremonies at military cementary near Bien Hoa . In most photos Thieu ( wearing dark grey suit)  accompanied by Vice President Cao Ky , who is wearing a Nehru jacket.

( image by Bettmannn/CORBIS)

November 15, 1969

  • Unknown number of enemy penetrate the perimeter of Cam Radcliff at An Khe, Binh Dinh Province, employing satchel charges. Security personnel engage the enemy within the compound. 1 US KIA and 11 WIA.
  • Anti-war demonstrations occur in the United States, the second in a series scheduled during the remainder of the year.

__________________

 12)December 1969

     (1)     December,17th.1969

The postal used cover from the ownwer of VIPITRA SA import-export,88.Le Van Duyet Saigon ,to Kinh giu Bac Si Le Cuu Truong,99 Nguyen Du Saigon, stamp 2d-soldier civilian (rate 2d in city) , CDS SAIGON VIETNAM 17.12.1969.

       Inside a  beautiful “Chinese New year greeting “in chinese char” on American navy boy holding flower and the picture of a habour and a trap lady’s fish tailed  post card.

 

(2)            December, 17th.1969

The AWA aerogram letter sheet without prestamps l, send from Nguyen Hien 374/1 Nguyeng ngoc Suong Phu Nuan saigon Vietnam with  3 stamps 2 x 1,5 d and 1x 3 d (rate 6 d)  to Miss Ho Thi Tuyet Hong , CDS Saigon Vietnam 28.12 1969,as regular civilian postal service , in the back hand written :

 

_________________________________________________

Phu Nhuan                             Thu bay Ngay 27-12-69

                            Hong men,

      Mot canh thi cua Hong da den tay anh va sau do mot

Thiep Noel nua da roi vai Sau tay anh nhung anh thuo vi

Tinh da khong co mot loi than hoi gi ca cho Hong , anh

co loi nhiem , anh an han ve ming , va anh xin hong dung voi goan

lay tho thu cho anh va de anh noi so ly do toi sau anh lai co mot tai di nho  vay.     

sau khi nhan duoc thu cua hong, anh hinh goi diem thoa cho hong hen ngay gap nhung mot phan o  tai dinh phu nuan khong hen doan thoan cong cong hai le o chanh day tung co doan hoa nhung cua may seu chu my anh khong muon phu va vi vay anh da kho goi duoc cho hong……….etc…………………………………………………………….

Va vi vay ma truong tho bay ngoi viet tho hong de ta toi hong lue nay ta sau, chai cong ru van huong . Anh xin loi hong ve ru kang tren lao thu tu hay diem thoi de xen con vrie sa sau toi anh se tiu cho hong sau dung buon ve nua nhe anh biet toi voi, tho cho anh

                                                            Anh

the end @copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

DrIWAN VIETNAM WAR CYBERMUSEUM:”THE VIETNAM WAR 1970″

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

 

                    Please Enter

                   

              DVWC SHOWROOM

                       

                   

(Driwan Vietnam War  Cybermuseum)     Showcase:

The Vietnam War Document

       and

    Postal History

       1969-1975

THE VIETNAM WAR 1970

C.VIETNAM  WAR 1970

 

January 1970

Trinh Duc info:”Early in 1970 I was ambushed along with eight others in jungle clearing. The nine of us were walking single file across a vegetable filed that the Villagers had carved out of the jungle, on our way from one hamlet to another ,It was a cloudy ninght. The moon was partially covered over and no one could see much. I knew I should have taken the line around the clearing,keeping to the jungle,but I was in too much of a hurry.Toward the middle of the clearinh there was a clump of banana trees.Just as I pulled even with them. I realized there were some  shapes in the trees.They saw me at exactly the same instant,and instictively I flattened to the ground. Just at that moment claymore mines fire off on the path behind me,huge explotions.the instant they stopped I crawled back along the path right over where they had gone off. As i crawled I felt some of the bodies,then squirmed off at a right angle toard the jungle. Firing was going on all around. At least two bullets hit my backpack before I got to the tree line>I had to leave the bodies there in the field. I kept thingking how demoralizing it would be for the peasant.”

 (1)January, 10th 1970

The Airforce VNAF free postal airoplane and rocket cover,  send from “KBC 4652 LDPT”VNAF 4th Division Phong Dinh, to Dinh Vu So 332-1 “KBC 3319” Cam Ranh Naval Training center with CDS Quan Buu 10.1.1970. and red KBC 4652 double circle stamped . At the top of cover handwritten “ Thu Ta The Ve Bien Nhatrang mien Cac nay”(what the meaning ?).

Inside the letter in Vietnamese language:

   

              Con Tho ngay 31.12.69

                                                Chu Ngen

Hom nay tap nhan dtuoc Tho Qui, tep Lay Lam Ngung, Vi Qui dta chon dtuoc nganh Hai Phoa theo tap nghi thi Qui se La chanh thuc La nguoi lungcua dai duong.

Vi qui Se dti tau bien Luc Qui nang Khoa nganh hai Phai Xem xen, voi nganh Bom dtau cua nganh H.Q.vey,Khi Ban dtuoc dti tau Bien Bau se dtuoc dti tat ca cac tinh cua V,N.

Tap lat tiet La dta mot Phen tinh nguyen dti nganh Xa thu, De Lau nguoi hung o Giang Nghung tap o toai nguyen dtuoc, vi tap dta La RQ ma o dtuoc tren Trei Anh Ban dtuoc, nhung Ban dti hoi Pkao Eoi Chung Cuoi o co vo dto vi no so Ban thut Sap Nha dto Q suen tap cang quen luc qui dti co gei Lai cho thieu Ba lo noi o?———.

Can dtoi voi tap thi o co nhung noi o co thi o dtuoc ngoi nhung nguo: Qui biet Ra con tiet nhiem nhung tap dtem tu choi vi  tap ho mat cam ve van dte am uong vay le lat ra nhung au o tap cung xen xen voi ban ma thu.

Con phep thi Bi cap roi tai du ky roi nen o duoc ve cuoi thu tep cung chuc qui dtuoc nhiem mai mang ve  suc khoc nan nay tap cung nhu qui au tet tai dton vi cung nhu noel vua roi nhung C.T.cung Vui vui dto ban.

Thoi tap xin tau dtung biet va mong tho qui dtien neu Ban co dti dtan coi tap o mai ta dta chi cu.

                                                            Thau ly

                                    Tap luc nay ngheo quc qui vi

                  _____________________________________________________________

 

(Free  airmail –rocket VNAF 4th Air Division  cover, postally used with red KBC 4652 and Black Quan Buu stamped 10.1.1972  from KBC 4652(Phong Dinh Air Force)  L.D.P.T (?)  to CTTT Chong Thu literaly mean Gouverment Building,Tao Tac literally mean Building & Construc-tion, CTTT means Corps of Engineers , Ve Bien Nha Trang mien Cac Truong, Dinh Vu Sro 332-1(?),KBC 3319(Naval Training center Cam Rahn). The back side of the cover pencil written nhan ngay (arrive) 17.01-1970. one week after postal date stamped auth), and the type letter fron the same sender to “Huyen Trin Qui” from Phong Dinh 20.2.1970. Huyen Trin Qui covers were the best collection for showed because many variations during the war 1969 until 1971-aut)

(2) January,15th.197

The Bird triangle stamps were isuued in this day and  the uncommon mint stamp 30 pi.

 

(3)January,24th.1970

 Banque Francaise De L’Asie (Phap A Ngan Wang) Compte D’Epargne Money  Deposit’s Bank Book:

(a) Front cover

(b) Inside

 

February

(1) February,12th.1972

(a)The postally used cover with vietnamese  US,Phillipine and australia flag stamps, the latter date12/1/69 cross 70, postal cds not clear, hand written recieved 12.02.1970, almost one years no communication, from saigon to KBC 3319 HVHP 12/69, DVS 332-1 tr 73 (Cam Ranh Naval Training center) , without Quan Buu and KBC stamped.

The letter inside in Vietnamese language : 

_______________________________________________________________ 

                                    Cholon ,ngay 12/1/70

Ziu nien,

 

            Toi vua nhan ctuoc thi Zui vaisang nay. Toi ret vui bung va voi

ho an cho Zui ngay dtay.

            Thoat tien, toi in dtoi cam on loi Chiu tung cao qui cua Zui, nhung Zhui a, Chuong trinh dte I nam nay nang lam

Nut la thoi lai theo ban C thi cang Phai nut hon; Vi mon Triet hoy va Sinh Ngu 1 nang ne ghe dti nen toi pha ban tam toi 2 mon nay nhieu hon ca; dtai Biet la mon triet no vua triue tuong lai vua Khi Khan thi lam dao toi co thi ly ho mot cach tron ven dtuoi-toi  phai dti hoc them lop luyen thi  mo vao dtau thang nay vay nue toi tuong cung chua tham  nhuan dtuoc may.

            Nhung du sao dti mia toi cung pha gong cong dtat gioi dti mia, toi …………………………..etc………………………………………….

…………………………………………….etc…………………………………..

Toi man phep dting but noi dtay , hen zui, chui Zui  luon vin kgoe va se huong thu nhung ngay Xuan xap dten mot canh tren ven.

                                                                                    Ban Zui

                                                                                     Ngoy

 

(if someone want the complete letters please comment and translate ,auth)

 (b)February,12th 1970

          The “Nguyen Trinh Qui civil Cholon “ cover, send by Lo Ngoy,5,Kom voi CL ,civil cover without Quan Buu cds and KBC stamped, rolling cds Cholon on South Vietnam Flag with USA-Australia flag,another design not clear send to H.V.H.P 12c/69 DVS 332 -1 tr D3 , KBC 3319-Can Ranh Naval Training Center.

(Nguyen Trinh Qui joined the Naval Training center at Cam Ranh, the other cover always to his station “Vung Tau HQ 503” , together with another Huyen Trinh Qui cover will very intersting collection to show,please comment-auth)   

(2)February.20th 1970

(a)Kissinger begins secret talks in Paris with Le Duc Tho (D)

(b) The vintage B-W photo of the Student of Quan Trung Military academy at Quan Tre  , on the back of the photo ,  handwritten “Ky niem Quang Trung K 1/70 KBC 4091 thang 2/1970 “(This vintage photo will best showed collection with the “Tran Trang Hoa M2” cover because from the same location  during the vietnam liberation war, and also with another “Tran  Tran Hoa M1 “ cover  because the same type military stamps, please comment-auth)

 

(c)Another “Huyen Trinh Qui “ cover, Free airmail flight-rocketvtype cover from KBC 4652 (Phong Dinh VNAF 4th Air Divison) L.H.P.T.(?) to D.V.S.332-1(?)  KBC 3319 (Cam Ranh Naval Training Center ). with KBC and Quan Buu CDS with letter inside :

 

_________________________________________

Phong Dinh ngay 20.2.1970.

                             Qui Neen

Zap nhan duioc zho qui tap nung lam vi do la Bui tho ctan xuan qui van khoe cho con o xon minh cung nhu zhuong zap moi ve e bua truoc.

          Voi Khoan  ctau thang tu hay  cua thang Ba tap moi xin phep ve 7 ngay a qui co Biet anh thai da xung ngay 17 tai cau tha can cu vi q my.

          Cho anh thai cack tap vao A Cay Si Thoi Zan cunc qui cung ve vung Bon Ling Nbgfoi con Viet zap xai doi ve Sai Gon,Theo Tap chua ughi den Viec du ninh chua co gia vinh hon ning Liang ninh chi ca may ngau Ba ma thi nieu tap ve Sai Gon nen tap dtoi Hay o tien thi o nha Phai cho tap so se nhu anh thai tay thi kho nen tap Quyet dinh o lai. Etc………….

Choi tap co toi loi thein qui va chuc qui van Su Nho y muon o8 dtau thi vw dto vua/chua. Ven thu sau, mong bau.  

__________________________________________________

(During joined the Training center at Cam ranh KBC 3119, Nguyen Trinh Qui recived several letter , military and civillian cover, best collection with many different type postal histories covers-auth)

 

 March 1970

(1) March,18th.1970

     Sihanouk overthrown in Cambodia by Lon Nol (D)and his Photo (P)

April 1970

no info

 

May 1970

(1)May,1st.1970

THE CU TRI (Election card) Saigon Quan(military) Truong.with native char : Tua qamp Voang Quan 8 , sign by Quan Truong saigon Nguyen Van Phav  with four A-D in the corner,the A have used. In the below of certificate “ Chu’y ,- Xin giu ky the de co dip dung sau nay. (OD)

(2) May.4th. 1970

     Large antiwar protests spread across the United states. National guardsmen kill four students at Ken State University in Ohio

 (3) May,1st.1970

Trich Luc Bo Khai Tu (birth)certificate

(4)May,21th.1970 Vietnam Conghoa Buu bien  Bien Lai So postal recieved money tax with circulate date stamp and revenue

June 1970

(1)June .2nd.1970

The earliest Travelling Pass( Chung-Chi Hop-Le Quan-Dich certificate) Of   Bo Quac Phong Nha Dong vien” So Dong Vien So 3” with Military and People Emblem.

____________________________________

Ho Ten(name)     : Luu Khac Nhon

Sinh(birth)             : 2/2/31

The can-cuoc so : 319334

Cap tai                 : Q5/ 8 / 02 / 1961

Dia-Chi                  : 175 / 17 Nguyen Tri

                                  Phuong Cholon.  825661 SDV3/QD/31     

TINH –TRANG QUAN-DICH

DUOC TAI, HOAN DICH VE LY DO GIA CANH DO DANH SACH SO 528/UBHD/DTS NGAY 24/70 CUA UY BAN HOAN DICH DO THANH SAIGON.

Co bieu-luc den    : 30/06/1971

KBC 4309  NGAY 02 JUNE 1970

Trung Ta nguyen –Van-Koi

Chanh Su-Cu So Dong vien 3

Hand sign. Yo 825661

Guoc gia ban den 30 SEP 1971

KBC 4.309 ngay 01 JUL 1971

Dai ta Nguyen Phuoc Nhung

Chanh Su-Vu So dong Vien 3

Thien To MAI-VAN-BA

Si-Quan Phu Ta- Handsign .

_____________________________________________

(The first KBC with point between 4 and 309. at Saigon area-OD)

 (2)June,6th.1970

The Cu Tri “Election” card,sign by Quan Truong Saigon in this day.

   _________________________________________________________

                                         Viet –Nam Cong-Hoa

        A                              THE  CU  TRI                                                    B

                                               So : 03008398           

 

                  Ho va Ten    :    NGUYEN THI  CHAT

                  Nam va noi sinh :       1927        –         HDG

         Tru quan  :  03 CH      07   03     P  T  GIAN      633-  Z 

        The can cuoc so : 03908762  cap tai     SGN ngay   20.02.70

                                                      Saigon,ngay   01  thang   06 nam 1970

 

                  Chu ky cua Cu-tri                               QUAN TRUONG

 

                                                                                          SIGNED STAMPED

                                          Red official stamped             NGUYEN VAN-PHAV 

                                  “ Viet -Nam Cong-Hoa

                                          Do Thanh Saigon

     C                                 Toa Ranh Vanh                                                    

                                                  QUAN 8”

 

(3)June .14th.1970

The earliest Civil covers send from Qui-Nhon without used KBC number (before KBC  3040) send from CDS Qui Nhon  14-7 1970 to Saigon, with black propaganda Stamped “ Goi thu SAIGON bo de so Quan” (meaning:” Go to Saigon …?… Army”) ,

 ( the earliest military propaganda stamped.inside chinese char. Letter date 31.5.71 two month before ,because the war civil letter delayed send-auth). (PH)

 (4)June,22th. 1970

     The “Huyen Trin Qui M1Military cover with military no value stamp from DAI DOI 3/2 KBC 3396 , RIVER  Mine group  91  Navy Saigon ,WITH RED CIRCLE KBC 3396 STAMPED to  T.T.T.P HQ 503 (HQ 503 was the LST;landing ship Transport at Vung Tau  NVH Navy,TTTP ?-auth) VIA KBC 3328(Naval Fleet Headquaters in saigon -auth), the militeray stamp didnot cancelled (from September 1968-auth) ,and Quan Buu CDS on enveloped .

The B-W vintage photo of two soldiers in the battle field .

 

(The very rare  Huyen Trin Qui M1 NAVN ‘s cover  send from the Battle field, by HQ 503 “LST –Vung Tau” via KBC 3328-Navy Headquaters . This time Nguyen Trinh Qui was back to field area at Vung Tau,  I have several Huyen trin qui Cover from the same persons , but from different type of  free postal cover and  I also  have found five covers with military no value stamp type one green yellow tank and one type two red green guerilla army. The military stamp were only cancelled    26/9-1966  without Quan Buu and KBC stamped ,  postal CDS Quan Buu 2045, 8-4-1968 with  KBC stamped, but the other covers  military stamp wasn’t cancelled with Quan Buu and KBC stamped on eneveloped not on military stamps from September.9th. 1968, Nov.24th 1969 .

 Military stamps cancelled illegalized (CDS or Quan Buu) after 1969 were bogus or phillatelic creation because Military stamps only cancelled by Quan Buu CDS later date found  in March 1968 not after that,   the military stamps type 2, issued in 1969 and never found cancelled CDS quan buu,please comment  because IMNAHA found bogus fake illegal cover ,cancelled in 1968 at tet as first day cover. The six collection’s cover of the military stamps Quan Buu type 1 and 2 were the very best collection for postal history showed, please com-ment and invite us for the show in 2010 -auth).

INSIDE the cover was found   CHINESE CHAR’s Letter written like latin from right to left  different from original native china char:(free translate)

_______________________________________________

This letter was send from the Battle field at border area“TIN” (KBC 3966-2nd Battalion,not known location-changed location due to the operation field.)

 

Are you recived my  letter ? I have joint the battle at the border area “TIN”, we were fight until the Gunshot sound were stop, and we were win, the enemy some died and wounded. This time I just came to the province” Lung Ching” Vietnam.

The Battle very best at “Chup” in the “Chung nan Pantau” area (Chung means Center, Nan mean South , and Pantau mean half , where ? may be someone  will told us –auth), the battle around 21/2  hours and the enemy lossed much  with many died, the battle still exist and our  march foward until the enemy flea away .

I didn’t recieved your letter , may be beacuse the war situation. Where do you now ? at “Tin”border too ? How about the health of your  mother and sister&brother ? 

(The only one  and very rare “Huyen Trinh Qiu M1 “ the battle field ‘s Cover send from his friend  Duong Dinh Son Dai Doi 3/2 KBC 3966- 2nd Battalion , always moving due to operasion field at the battle in the border :Tin” –please comment-auth)

(6)June,26th.1970 The red cross Khai Sanh Certificate issue at Nha Trang,with local blue ship nha trang revenue .

 July 1970

(1)July.3rd.1970

ROK(Republic of Korea ) Forces-Vietnam bronze Medal,AND IN THE BACK :”  presented by LT GEN LEE SAE HO COMDR ROK FORCES,VIETNAM 3 JULY 1970,” GIVEN TO (VERY THIN BECAUSE WAS SCRAPED TO OFF THE NAME   “MR  BA NHGI-AG JNA (?)”

(I have seen the same medal in Rusian market Cambodge in 2007 but very expensived price, and I found at HCM city le Cong Key market with fair price, original because the owner name was scrabbed and still have pattina, please comment why on the front’s center blank ,something missing?–may be ROK military will gave information. Imnaha also have ROK-vietnam postal covers.At the other place I also found a pin with a hand hold flag red-white with one star in the center , Coan Thanh Nien ….Danang Vietnam ? not clear good patina,why two colour ? and a square bronze patina pin”Dai Hoi I Ngia-Binh 1977, please comment -auth).

(2) July,21th1970

Acte Notariete tenant Lieu d’Acte de Naissant(Giay Khai Sinh) certificate  issued at Hanoi with legalization on Hanoi Thue Than Po(local Hanoi Revenue) 3 d (very rare local Hanoi revenue)

 August 1970 

 (1)August,17th.1970

Trich Luc Bo Khai Sanh (birth)Certificate

 

9) September 1970

(1)September,7th.1970

The course of France langue Certificate of Saigon ‘s Francai institute

(2)September.13th. 1970

(a) prepaid Stamped free military letter sheet type light blue, send from  DA 83/8 ND(?) via KBC 3119( airbone 6th Battalion Saigon) to 27/10/2 Huynh Ainh Cua (?)  Tan Dinh Saigon, but without Quan Buu and KBC stamped (may be personal delivary).

     The letter written in native vietnamese char :

 

___________________________________

Mien Gioi  t vien ngay 13/9/70

Khin Phia

Ba, Ma

Nhan sewe phu chi maino qua va doi da dac bat ven say gui ve than gia sing qa chi.

            Ba Ma ngoai ny con van manh va phu dia sinh lam rat monh pin nha, ma’a! Chi hai chi chac dta kha toi phai khong ma, gia Sinh minh pan bang an chu o con qu ma ong hanh to cho lon chac lua roi chu gi phai o ba Ma.Vai hano vo tham Ba ma vo cau chuc na dinh manh khoe bang on.

        Con  cua va ma.(OD&PH)

_____________________________________

     (b) Letter sheet pre stamped M3, send from DD 83/8 ND KBC 3119 (Airbone 8th Battalion saigon) to Saigon, send by courier, no CDS Quan Buu & KBC stamped, M3 type a-light blue colour. The letter :

_________________________________________________________

                                              Mien Gioi tra ven ngay 13/9/70

                                                            Kihn Phua

                                                                        Ba-Ma

            Nhanh tuoc thu  am maino qua va vai da dtac ven say geu ve tham gia sinh va cho. Ba na nguoi nay con van manh va nha na sinh lam nen rat nong tin nha, ma a   ! chi hoi chi chac dta kho toi phai khong ma, gia sinh minh tan bang an chu a con vu na ong thanh to cho con chac lua roi chu gi phai o ba ma

            Vai hang vo tham ba ma va cau chuc gia dinh manh khoe hang on.

                                                                                    Con cua va ma

                                                                                                                                   

Vi trong nguoi tuoc khoe nen con nhay noi dtay

            Ma nho ge cho con xin S lon man ruot thi l

            Kho dtay nha ma dte con dung.

 

 

            (c) Letter sheet pre stamped M3 type 2-drak blue, send from KBC 3043/HQ ( never report,not know location &institution) to  trung si I THAI /TL/QV, KBC 3921(not known institution & location), send by courier , no CDS Quan Buu and KBC stamped. The letter inside :

                        Em Thu !

            Da hon tuan li nay thanh nho pho Tay-Minh Vang Long nguoi tinh nhay-Du. Bon anh dta phai truoc them mot tuoc quan tranh hanh mia, Anh dtat moi hy vong em cha anh sec dtang quoi cho anh nhiem. Nhung roi ! Bon anh dta dti ra.Nhiem Thien –Ngon man lua va mo hoi.

            Em Thuong !

            Mot sai nguoi bon cua anh dta nga giu mot cach dton dtan khi anh va ung bon bi tuoc  lanh tren xa them , theo sat voi cai tien dtoan sat vung trin gioi ta va bon.

            Nhan la thu thu hoi ma em voio chien ngay 26/10/71 trong luc anh tong sap sua dtua hon ve ban mong hom ngay sau nhung dtem thiue trang con mat ma lam viu.

            Em! Anh khong tuong truong chuve anh co thu hong dtem thiu suot , chin trong vov con truon ngu liu nao cung nhu thiu duc mon moi. Hioi dtem la, bon thuoi ,mot ly ca phe sua , ca cao loi thiu an thi khoi noi, ga co , vat co cav dtong co. Dam nao vai ngui trong bon anh thanh phien nhan, nguoc lam viu, ke lam dto om nan chao co, con goi co,..cung vi the tuy…….very long letter……etc………………………………..

            Vai hong cho gia dinh, nha co ranh bim thu cho anh hay va anh cung se tin thu ho em dti em va tinh dto lo phan nao ve anh, goi ve thu cua anh long thung nho cua nguoi chong xa vo, cha xx con,xi gia dinh hanh phuc

                                                                                    Anh

____________________________________________________________________

October 1970

(1) October.7th. 1970

(a)Nixon proposed “Standstill cease-fire” but repeat mutual-withdrawal formula next day(D)

 

(b) American combat death in Vietnam during last week in this month numbered twenty-four.(D)

 

(c) American troops strenght in Vietnam down to 280.000 men at year end.(D)

                   

(d) In this day , the new series 692 with the replacement note EE of US military payment certificate were issue and used until 15.3.1973. This note very difficult to find .

( I have never seen this note, maybe someone will showed us their own collection-auth)

 

(e) The official free postal cover of Bo tai Chanh “Nha Tong Giam Doc  Thue Vu” with the red official stamped, send to Saigon  CDS Saigon Vietnam 7-10 1970 and round E.K Saigon no date round stamped.

(what the meaning “ Bo tai Chan “Nha Tong giam doc Thue Vu”?

      , official cover with official stamped free postal charge.-auth)

(2) October,21th.1970 

Trich Luc bo Khai Sanh (birth)Certificate

November 1970

No Info

December 1970

(1)December.10th 1970

Very rare “Huyen Trin Qui”Free airmail flight and rocket covers, postally used with Postal cds  Pho(ng Dinh) (10).12.1970  and not clear red  official Double circle stamped “Viet-Nam Cong-Hoa NHA TRANG ? “ SEND TO    KBC 3319 (Cam Ranh-Naval Training center/military school) HQ 503 Vung Tau(LST,Landing Ship transport NVH Navy Vung Tau) , but din’t found the postal man made with handwritten in  red ink pen:” cross and  another adress C-KBC 3328 “ (send via Navy Headquaters)

     To open the mysteri of this covers, please read the letter inside that cover :

____________________________________

Xu Biwn Ngay 10.12.1970

Qui Ngen

Cap nhou duoc thi Ban sau ngay tap tro Ve ctun nvi co nguo hen trao lai tap, tap nung lam bei ti tap nhon thu dai ngaoi quc ca co le ban kiet cho vi tep o co han gai, baw trai den cung mot cton vi ca dan mang kho quan du. Con gia Dinh o Ca vi rhi moi thang moi Ve thi tap o la vet ve, kan a kan cu Biet ngay tap ve ctun Vi Bi nhop het mot ctem,roi bi phat lam j dem Ban ngay shi Phai Truc Dien pkoai nen tap o CS Phi gio  hoi cum cho kan, Vi hom nay. Lauc Vi Ce Binh Thuong.

            Bo dong I thang nghi Thi Ve Phong ngu cho cten toi hom sau lai lain Va nhoi lam Buun Vo tan o cu viec nao Viec cho het duoc , cho nen doi tap qua Ben ctay tap moi du luc jauve Thi Lam Ngi Hia thi hoi met ty jhink jhiong moi nghi,com bay gio.  Etc………………

            Thoi yen gio lam roi tap  xin tau tan cting no’r ctay nho meng thu te……. etc(OD&PH)

 

 

(2)  December.12th 1970

     The civil postally used covers without the sender ‘s name send from Saigon CDS 12.12.1970 with rate stamp 6 Dong +3 Dong (9 D) to Parto (Patton ?) Ca USA, Mrs V.J. Eletto, without sencored  , the earliest civil letter to the American’s wife from saigon (PH)

 

(3)Dec.31th.1970 The recieved of Sending tax money by Postal(Buu dien Bien Lai So) with revenue stamped

 

the end @copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

DrIWAN VIETNAM WAR CYBERMUSEUM:”THE VIETNAM WAR 1971″

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

 

                    Please Enter

                   

              DVWC SHOWROOM

(Driwan Vietnam War  Cybermuseum)Showcase:

The Vietnam War Document

       and

    Postal History

       1969-1975

THE VIETNAM WAR 1971

d. Vietnam liberation war in 1971

_____________________________________

1)January 1971

 (1) The native  vietnam best stamps collector , Nguyen Bao Tung best seller book is “20 years of the Vietnamese Philately”(1951-1971) written in four language (Vietnamese, English, French and Chinese) Published by South Vietnamese Ministry of Cultural Affairs in 1971. This book gives a brief  history of philately followed by a  short account old Indochinese stamps from 1886. It lists special flights and cahects before catalogueing the stamp.

Technical and topical are through. Part two in English, it contains a foreword on the Geography, history , religions and customs of Viet-Nam, following which there is a simplified listing of the stamps and their topical motifs. The French parts contains an introduction somewhat similar to english section, and the fourth part is in Chinese . Finally the stamps are list for a third time cross referenced by Scott and Yvert catalogue numbers. ( If somone had this book please comment to compared with my informations because Tung only stamps, no revenue ,photo and document history –auth)

 2) February 1971

(1)A major test of “Vietnamization” took place in South Vietnamese Forces in this month, when South Vietnamese Forces invaded Lao without American adviser .

       They performed poorly . The Life photographer who had been covering Vietnam for a decade , was killed during the operation.

 3)March 1971

no info

 4)April 1971

     (1) April, 12th,1971

     The reciept of Tax by Buu-Bien Vietnam Cong Hoa, Nhan Cua O Ytauy Thai ,so tien la 8875 signed by truong ty, with revenue type Nha truoc va coniem 5$00 and Stamps 2 X 10 d.

(the only one Stamps used as revenue because the shortage of 10$00 revenue, and the situation very bad, -auth)

(2)April ,24th.1971

Trich Luc Bo Khai Sanh certificate with local saigon revenue

 5) May 1971

 (1)May,3rd,1971

Legalization Chung Chi Tinh Trang Quan Dich Certificate with local saigon revenue

(2)May,5th.1971

Giao Keo document with Stamp used as revenue

 (3)May,31th.1971

The rare “Huyen Trin Qui” free military postal vietnam Map with paralel line cover, send from Dai Doi 3/2 KBC 3966 (2nd Battalion, unknown location)  with red KBC Stamped 3966 and Quan Buu date stamped 31-7.1971, send via KBC 3328 (Naval Headquaters saigon) by DVD (?)  HQ 503 ( LST-Landing Ship Transport NVH Navy at Vung Tua),

 inside Chinese langguage latter.

 The same type of cover send  in June,7th.1971 and October ,5th.1971 .

6) June 1971

(1)June,9th.1971

The decision was further reinforced when President Nguyen van Thieu pressed through an election lam on June,9.1971, which would limit the number of presidential candidates.  

The bill-disigned to cut the number of presidential candidates to give the winner a more convincing majority-stilpulated that prospective presidential candidates must have then nomination papers endorsed either by 40 deputies or senators or by 100 members of elected provincial councils.

Presiident Thieu consequently entered the South Vietnamese presidential elections with only one opponent former general Duong van Minh, who later withdrew.

  (2)June,19th.1971

The Military and Naval operation on Vietnam coast stamps were issued , the uncommon mint with ace  40pi ( I found this stamps in HCM city-auth)

(3) June.25th 1971

The Civil covers send  from CDS Qui Nhon 25-6- 1971 with chinese char letter, to Saigon with rate 2×1 dong + 4 dong stamp(6 Dong), with propaganda stamped “In International aid day 22.08.1971”  with  chinese char letter inside,(PH)

 7)July 1971

 (1)July,8th.1971

The reciept of Tax by BuuBien Vietnam cong Hoa, nhan cua O tang Tai, so tien la 11.825 with rare ravenue 3 X 10$00 and common 2X 080 (rate 21$60),

(the last serial reciept of Tax paid via Buu Bien during the escalation of vietnam liberation war-auth)

(2)July 14th 1971

The rare”Huyen Trin Qui “ free military  city’s dot of Vietnamese map cover with  paralel line border trade mark  two peagons and red-blue line via airmail , postally used with Quan Buu cds 14.1.1971, and red KBC 3966 , Free airmail covers from Dai Doi 3/2 KBC 3966 (SECOND ARMY BATTALION LOCATION ?) TO DVH Vung tau HQ 503 (LST –Long Ship transport NVN-Navy) via KBC 3328(Naval fleet Headquaters Saigon) 

 

     (The same type of Covers send with Quan Buu Stamped 14.5.1971 and 31.9. 1971 from the same sander and recievers address.

          From this three cover were found only two letter in chinese character, my  best friend have tranlated

(a) The letter send  31.5.1971

(b)  the letter send 10.7.1971 from chinese native military , Mr Yang Tung San to his vietnamese friend, Mr Huynh Trinh QUI  via LST transport NVN navy at Vung Tau (HQ 503):

 

I am very happy to recieved your letter in July and thank you very much. My friend told me that   letter -writing  will  upgrade our skill . If you don’t mind please asked my girl friend  Lim who stayed at Sikung why she didn’t answer  my letter anymore since 1970, I have send to her two letters but she didn’t answered.

Before she write a letter to me twice per month, she was my girlfriend since at the same  school (classmate).

My girlfriend have said in her letter that I am not handsome, but  onother person told me that I’m not like that.

I hope you will help me to solve this problem ,

I am brokenheart, pessimistist and BO Hoat (Heart Illness) , because many my friends have married and they have their children, I want to be like them.

Your area very beautiful, that is way please help me to buy Picture Postcard from your town, because my brother like that card for send to his friend. Please tell me the price of the card and I will send you money for purchused.”

 

( this the first and last used of the border line Map with blue city ‘s cover. There was a report of this kind of cover used after 1971, that cover bogus, phillatelic creations because after  10 th .11. 1971 the new Map blue city without  paralel borderline  was used with native Han Khong (Air Mail) and blue line- OD&PH) and after that in 1983 another type Map Cover without paralel boderline with red dot city, I have seen this red dot whitout paralel line 83 edition, used by The ICCS –Indonesian garuda Mission Vietnam 1974 with guinine 9 d  Soldier helping wounded ,1972 2dition, but I think this postal history covers from Pleiku,Hue and Danang were fake because the rate to low for foreign country ,Indonesia- I have the original cover  ICCS not official postal history cover , look at 1974-auth)(OD&PH)

August 1971

 (1) August,3rd.1971

                Diep Van Kinh Goi “Stencil official invitation from Viet-Nam Cong-Hoa Bo Chong-chan ,Saigon Thuy-Cuc Khu Cholon red stamped  , stamps 0d50 and other stamp off, CDS Saigon- Cholon Viet-Nam, to Hoang Thi Hoan , ngu tai no 9 h Nguyen Kim.

 

 

_______________________________________________________________ 

VIET-NAM CONG-HOA

   BO CONG-CHANH

            _________                                          Cholon,ngay  3 thang 8 nam 1971

SAIGON THUY-CUC                                                S0………./ STC/KCL

      KHU CHOLON

                                                            D I E P   V A N   

                                                                 Kinh Goi

 

                                    Ong , Ba  …..Hoang Thi Hoan……………………………..

                                    Ngu Tai so:……9h…Nguyen .Kim…………………………

 

            Trivh vau :  V/v gia ho thong quoc  va dau thuy –luong- ke

 

            Thua Ong, Ba

           

                        Tran trong tin ong , da ro :

            Cong tac gan ho thong nuoc ve dat Thuy-Luong-ke  tai

            Dia chi …..Treu……….can phai dao duong noi mat nhua

            Do d’o phai xin gay phep dao duong do Toa Do-chanh cap

                        Hien nay Khu toi da ghi die chi tre’n vao danh sach

            Xin phep dao duong ao …….71…………… ngay  28….4…71….

            Thao thu tu ngay dong tien.

                        Khi nao nhan duoc giay phep tren Khu toi se cho

            Thuc hien ngay cong tao trong vong 1 tua’n 1 e , Nguoi ra

            Ba khong phai dong them mon tien nao ca. Neu co ke mao

Ngay ba’ng Dien thoi so 50.532 hoac 24.683 . Viec lam

Nay khong nhung Ong, Ba khong bi mat tien ma con giup

Cho Saigon Thuy-Cuc bai tru tham nhung.

                        Kinh chao Ong, Ba’

                                                            TRUONMG KHU CHOLON

                                                                        Red stamped

 

                                                                  HONG NOOC DIEN

_______________________________________________________________

9)September 1971

 

(1)         September,3rd.1971

The official cover of Nha-Thuoc Phu-Cat ,Duoc Si Hu-Rac-Huu , Hue send with rate 6d native dancer stamps , rolling CDS Hue Viet-Nam 3-9.1971 to Kinh Goi,Hop-Thinh Cong-Ty Saigon.

(2) Sept.12th.1971

Postal used cover from Saigon to Parton,Ca. USA

 

 

10)October 1971

Nguyen Cong Han Told the story of Vietnam war :

” I went back to university in a different framed of mind. My experience in Nha Trang prison had helped give me a political understanding of life.After all, I was a university student, the only one from Phuoc Giang.I continued studying.In 1969 finished my mastre’s degree in chemistry and started work8ing on my doctorate. I also kept up my social and political activity. But by 1971 we had been going to streets for yeras.The feeling began to set in that we couldn’t go on doing that forever, at least not with anu affect. Now finally,there were elections coming up-this was the October election of 1971. A lot of my friends in the Buddhist youth movementy thought I should run for an Assembly seat from Phu Yen.When the result came in. I had won by ahuge landslide.There were hundred thousand voters in Phu Yen.Even with twenty candidates and the usual government corruption and fraud.I got fiftty four thousand votes. So in October 1971 I went up to the National Assembly.

     (1)October, 5th,1971

The lattest used of free Vietnam Map with paralel line and blue dot city , this the same of “Huyen Trinh Qui free vietnam paralel line map “ cover send from KBC 3966-2nd battallion not know location via Navy headquaters Saigon by” HQ-503” LST navy NVH at Vung Tau.  

  (2)October, 21th.1971

Another rare “Nguyen Trinh Qui civil cover” send by Nguyen Chi My KBC 3402/2 (AVRN Strategic Army corps Military Zone 2 location Cantho) , civillian cover without Quan Buu cds and KBC-stamped , with rolling cds Cantho Vietnam 21-10n1971 on 6d stamps , via KBC 3328 Naval fleet Headquaters Saigon by DVH Vung Tau HQ 503-LST NVH navy.

( The same sander to Nguyen Trin Qui ,in November ,9th 1971, the best collections for show-auth)

 

   (3) October, 25th,1971

          The Gia Bao Thi certificate from Luat-Khoa Dai-Hoc Duong         VIEN DAI-HOC SAIGON of the Laotian ,  signed by Chu ky Doi-Hoc Duang, Nguyen Thuong Kien Doc-Su Hanh chanh.

___________________________________________________________

     VIEN DAI-HOC SAIGON                               so the sinh vien : 2759 bi S

LUAT-KHOA DAI-HOC DUONG                   Mon nhiem y   : phap vau

Noi thi : Truang Suat

Phong Thi : Giang Duong So Phong Doc sach

Cho Ngoi :  3 Nhom 3                                        GIAY BAO THI

 

                  Tran trong bao de ………………………………………………………

      Ong(Co,Ba) ……….VO THI THAO……………………………………………

      SINH NGAY 10-04-52       tai …………..Pak Song (Laos)…………….

      Sinh-vien ban  …Cu Nhan B…………………..Nam thu……I…………..

      Duoc biet ……..Co………………………………..da duoc ghi danh thi

      Khon……II………………………………………Nien-khoa 1970 – 1971…..

      Ong (Co,Ba ) phai co mot tai noi thi ho ……..  1430 …………….

      Ngay ……..17 thang 11 nam 1971………de du thi va mang then

–         The sinh-vien do Truong cap ve nien khoo

                  197 0 – 1971

      –         Giay bao thi nay

      –         But va muc (giay thi va giay nhap bai se do Truong phat)

 

                                                      Saigon , ngay 25  thang  10  nam 1971

                              Stamped

                               Truong Dai Hoc            T.U.N. KHOA TRUONG

                              Luat-Khoa                Thu Ky Doi-Hac Duong

                              (Hoc-Vu)

                                                                                          Signed

 

11) November 1971

 (1)November ,9th 1971

     Another rare “Huyen Trinh Qui Cover Prestamped cover  6d, send by Nguyen Chi Moy-civillian – KBC  3402/2 (ARVN strategic Army corps Military zone 2 ,cantho ?) , civil cover without Quan Buu and KBC stamped,but trough  postal CDS Cantho-Vietnam 11.9.1971 (reinverse CDS) via KBC 3328 –Naval Fleet Headquaters Saigon by HQ 503- LST NVH navy at Vung Tau.

 

(2) November,16th 1971

The first Fish thematic stamps issued, the uncommon stamps 100 pi

(I have two postal History of the fish stamps 2 d , one as revenue with coniem 30$00 revenue 2,12.71  and postalhistory covers 23.3.1973, please look at that interesting information-auth)

(2)  November.19th. 1971

 (a)The earliest used Vietnam Liberation map enveloped without border paralel line, blue city and blue line Han Khong –Via airmail cover.

      The free Han Khong cover with trade mark Cam Tu Son Ha send from Dai Da 3/2 KBC 3996 (2nd Army battalion location ?) by LST NVN  ,Navy, Vung Tau HQ 503 via Naval Fleet HQ Saigon ( KBC 3328) with Quan Buu CDS and red KBC 3966 stamped .(PH)

(This covers was the same sender and recievered of the three border paralel line map blue city , two peagon trade mark, covers above the first earliest report(PH)

also found the Liberation Map Cover without border paralel line  but with Red Dot city, used 1n 8.4.1983 with 2x 20 Xu military stamps ,  from Hue To F-1. QI T/P H.C.M – read at chapter Vietnam after liberation.

 I have found the same Hankong cover but with added stamp 2x 1 dong  but without Quan Buu stamped, date not clear, only red KBC 3119 stamped, send from Dai Doi 83/8 ND-written above cover “Co Quoc Danh Du Traca Nhiem “  KBC 3119 Airborne 8th Battalion saigon  to Tan Dinh(?) Saigon.but with “The rolling & clear type Small Quan Buu clear new CDS” 11.12.1970  (the first military covers send to civillian the military postal rate 2 Dong,  – the first report of this type rolling Quan Buu cds ,  this military Quan Buu new postmark were the earliest used because in november 1970 still used the old not clear Quan Buu post mark. If the old quan Buu postmark used after december 1970, the cover was bogus or fake cover  -auth)

 

(3)November.2nd. 1971

Bo Quoc Phong “Chung Chi Tinh Trang Quan Dich” certificate  sing KBC 4.309 (CHOLON) by Dai Ta Nguyen Phuan Nhung, Chanh –Su-vo S0-Dong-Vien 3.

 

___________________________________________

Emblem       VIET-NAM CONG HOA        : Co hieu luc den: VA MUOI MOT  THANG TAM Soldier &         BO QUOC PHONG                         : NAM MOT NGAN CHIN TRAM BAY MUOI       

Civillian     ______________________          : HAI (31-8-72) .

                          CHUNG CHI                   :                               KBC.4.309, ngay 02 NOV 1972

                TRINH TRANG QUAN-DICH      :                              Dai-ta Nguyen –Phuoc Nhung

                         _______________              :                               Chanh –su-vu So-Dong-Vien3 

Ho Ten          : Luu-Khac-Nhon                :                                                 signed

Sinh : 2-2-31                 Tai : Cholon        :___________________________________________________

Can Cuoc So : 02133550 ngay :12-8-69: Gia han den:

Cap tai           : Quan 5                             :                            KBC,         ngay

Dia Chi : 175/17 Nguyen-Tri-Phuong CL:

            TINH TRANG QUAN-CHI              :

            ______________________              :

-Tai hoan gia canh so 825661, ngay     :

 2-6-70 .Co hieu luc den 30-6-71           :

-Duoc chuyen qua lop tuoi Don Quan :

 “Chung-chi’nay khong co gie tri nreu :

duong . Su co bang cuoc Tu-tai hoac  :

van hong tuong duong ben la.”

Co hieu luc den : Ba Muoi Mot Thang  :

tam Nam Mot Ngan Chin Tram bay Muoi Hai(31-8-72).

 

 

(3)Nov.9th.1971

The Postal used stationer cover from KBC 3112/2 to HQ 503 KBC 3328

(4)November.10.1971

The new Vietnam map free military cover with blu line and three language par avion,Han Kong, and via air mail. send from KBC 3966 to HQ 503 KBC 3328 with Military Post Quan Buu CDS

12)December 1971

(1) December.2nd 1971

Saigon Thuy Cuc “Giao Keo” certicate ,  with red double circle stamped and sign  by Nguoi Yeu Cau Cung mCac Nuoc on 30 Dong Revenue, and added stamps 2 X 0,50 Dong + 2 Dong (rate 3 Dong) with saigon postal date stamped

 ( may be this for legalization by postal , same in Indonesia during Indonesian Independent War-auth)

the end @copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

DrIWAN VIETNAM WAR CYBERMUSEUM:”THE VIETNAM WAR 1972″

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

 

                    Please Enter

                   

              DVWC SHOWROOM

(Driwan Vietnam War  Cybermuseum)Showcase:

The Vietnam War Document

       and

    Postal History

       1969-1975

THE VIETNAM WAR 1972

e.Vietnam Liberation war in 1972

_____________________________________

January 1972

(1)In 1972, after military duty , Nguyen BAO Tung have made weekly phillatelic program on Vietnamese  television , gave the viewers through his collections, the history of Viet Nam, oriental culture.

(2)February 1972

  (1)February,3rd 1972

(a)The native homemade cover with green and red pen strip border , send from Saigon rolling  cds Saigon vietnam 3.2.1972 to TP.Qui HQ 503( Vung Tau), KBC 3328 (unidentified)  in pencil writting, no sender name with stamps 3d native vietnmese lady playing a traditional music.

( the interesting cover ,why no sender name, and The pencil writing, my be the little boy send to his father who joined the military operation at Vung tau? Please comment-auth)

(b) Vietnam Conghoa Bo Giao Duc Vien Dai-Hoc Saigon THE SINH-VIEN ID

 

((2) Feb.11th.1972

Huang buon Viet-Hung Cholon recieved money 79.600 dong with vietnam conghoa coniem revenue 5×30 D and 1x10D(160 D).

 March 1972

(1)March.23th 1972

Air mail cover from KBC 3176 (location unidentified ) to Saigon with KBC 3176 and Quan Buu Stamped, rate stamps 2x 2dong (4 Dong) (no information location of KBC 3276-PH)

April 1972

  (1)April,16th.1972

The uncommon “Plane over Dalat” stamps were issued, especialle in couple two or block four.

(I have found this stamp on postally cover send by express (khanh) label from Vung Tau to Saigon,mixed with the stamps soldier on Vietnam map 10.12.1972-auth)

 (2)April,24th.1972

              The very rare Gunshooting  colt, M16 and M60 ‘s green bravet Sung M16 “CHUNG Nhan Then Xa” from KBC 4091, Quantrung Military Training center at Quantre, after joint the training from 17-22 /4/72 signed by Brigardir General Hoan-Van-Lac.

 

                                                                                 

                                                                                    :                                  *                                             :

                            #          #

:_______________________# Colt     M16  #_______________________________:    :

:    : __________________ #  M 18    M60    #______________________________:     :

:    :____________________#                      #_______________________________:     :

:    :_______________________#######__________________________________:      :

:    :                                               @@

:             :                QUAN LUC VIET NAM CONG HOA                                 :    :

:    :                                     ______________                                                     :     :

:    :                          CHUNG NHAN THIEN XA                                                  :    :

:    :          Chu Huy Truong: TTHL/QUANG-TRUNG                                                     :     :

:     :                 Chieu Biet Nhan Cua  Hoi-Dong Giam kheo Ky                                         :     :

:     :                   thi dua ta…….Sung M 16…………nam 1972                                        :     :

:     :      to chuc ngay ..17-22/4/72 …… Tai..TTHL/QUAN TRUNG                                          :     :

:     :      chung nem…..B2/ND KIM NGOC SON..quoc 73/138.334                          :     :

:     :       da van mung………M 16…………vo song so tem .53.80 so nang                 :     :

:     :       duy cap  huy-hien……Thien –con Uu hang …….                                         :     :

:     :                                                                             KBC…4091 ngay 22/4/72          :     :

:     :  9124/TTHL/QT/KH/KH          Thien –Tuong HOANG –VAN-LAC            :     :

:     :                                                                             SIGNED                                        :     :

_______________________________________________________________________________                                                                                             

   (2)April 20th 1972

do-truo’ng Saigon  document signed and official stamped of  Vietnam Conghoa Bo Thanh Saigon Khoi Chuyen Mon  Thong To Ky

May 1972

 (1) May,1972

     Trong cuoc chien dau chong phong toa thang 5-1972 , nganh xang dau cung cac nganh thep, dien than va nhan dan cac dan toc tinh Lang Son, chi trong 15 ngay dau thang 6-1972 da ti cong xong he thong  kho va tuyen ong tir bien gioi ve de kip thoi tiep nhan mot khoi luong lon xiang dau,cung cap day du cho cac nhu cau quoc phong, dan sinh.

          Sau do, tiep tuc xay dung 6 tuyen ong tu Lan Son.  Quang Ninh toi thu do Hanoi , hinh thanh mot mang luoi ong dan dau lien hoan,vung chac suot tu Bac den Nam.

(2) May ,15th.1972

 

Legalised the Chung Chi Tinh Trang Quan dich Document  with Rveneue 10 D and local revenue 1972  2×10 D.(3) May,17th.1972 PHIEU LANH LUONG ID SIGNED BY CHU SY pHONG lUONG BO’NG.

(3) May,17th.1972

Phieu Lanh Luong Bo tai Chanh NHa Tong Giam Doc Thue Vu ID

(4)Vietnam Conghoa issued the International year of book stamp 5 d,on cover but not cancelled:

(a) Front cover

 

 (b) Inside cover the  S 26 milk promotion label

6)June 1972

(1) June,15th .1972     

     Uncommon mint”Vietnam armed” stamps were isssue

July 1972

(1)July,11 th 1972

“Huyen Trih Qui KBC-4026 ” Free airmail letter from KBC 4026 (location unidentified) to HV/HP 2 c HSQ/CN (?)

Huyun Trinh Qui ,KBC 3319(Cam Ranh Naval Training Center), with red KBC 4029 and Quan Buu 11-7-72 Stamped.

     (Inside the letter from KBC3397 (River Patrol Group 52 ,Navy, Cat Lai ) date 8th June 1972 (may be this letter send from KBC 4026 not yet known location, three day from the  cat lai front, or from another cover, this letter from this location have never report before-auth), the letter

_____________________________________ 

                          

            KBC 3397 ngay 08-07-1972

 

Chin Qui Luong men’

            Lau qua hoim nay  midi ranh dte bien tho tham may cau cui dtay, moy Su Hiong cau ma may cau rat nhien.

            Tu ngay ve dten gio chang noi dan gi may  cau anh dtinh rau quoi coi dtam ra loin bicing moi chuyen vo anahDien nay viet tho ra  cung chi biet mong  loin Sao cac can em cua toi luon manh la  anh vung .

            Sao chuong trinh hoc dten dtai roi nhi qua giai dtoan 1 chuk rang co gang quen tat ca moi cu’c kho binh teu dti roi ve nong ru’o’u voi ong anh nay cho vin nghe may can yei qui ma’tui.

            Be Hong goi toi hiam may can dtay, be’ Hong gai loi Hiam may cau dtay.be Hong Saji loin chi dau cua may cau roi dtay.

            Ham uo anh dau ba ma anh laao cte xin cuoi  Hong vei xon loin t ca lang dteu cleoi voi nhung roi co tai la ruoc co ban toi cung vay thoi phai Khong maij cau en.

            Huh Dien mo cae cau mong sao maij cai Thuong nhan nhu anh em Ruoh ctc cho tin ctu’ot  lain anh ca ngho may cau.

            Mong thu hoi an ma may cau roi nhien ,Ve giang dtoai phe quc chung dti bo deu chi nhung toi tien qua troi na.

            Thoi chuc nay cau em cuo tui luon vui manh cte ngay thang gian Kho Quan truong troi qua man.

            Thruong Nhien. GD 52 TT(?) KBC 3397 ( river patrol group 52 ,Navy, at Cat Lai,.)  Sai-gon van binh thuong HQ 503(Ving Tau navy ?) dao moi dteu nhen qua ghe nay loin buon ghe ven o chang vinh tai nua. (OD&PH)

(2)July,26th.1972

Bank Deposit Book

(a) Cover

 (b) inside

(3)July,27.1972

Vietnam Tuong Tin So Truong Muc Tiet Kiem Book

(a) cover

(b) inside

____________________________________

August 1972

            (1) August , 18th,1972

The rare   taiwan China imprint posatal stationer  aerogram letter sheet, send fromTaiwan China CDS 18.8.72 to Cholon south vietnam, the letter in chinese language:

“I have recieved your letter , say hello to our family. I didn’t fill well because after 29 years married my wife from the village-women , she didn’t the parent , but still have sister. “ this family latters. 

( this aerogram very difficult to find because the People Republic of China didn’t like the name of Taiwan china, they asked to withdraw the aerogram, in Republic of China Taipeh this aerogram didn’t listed.

I also found another aerogram with CDS Taiwan china CDS 8.10.74, please comment from China Taipeh about Taiwan-auth)

 9) September 1972

 The soldier helping wounded “ stamp were issued, the uncommon was mint 100 d.

 

10) October 1972

(1)October,21th.1972

The Vietnamese The Danh Bo ID Card ,So Quoc-Gia Danh-, Bo tai Chanh, Nha Tong Giam-Boc Thue-Vu Signed by Cham Su Vu So Quoc-Gia,stamped Nguyen Vau Hai, Danh-BO 21-10-72 :

_________________________________________

Ten Ho                  : Nguyen Thi Chat

Ngay va noi sinh : 1927 tai Hai Duongt

Nge-nghiep         : Noi Tio

Dia-chi : 633/20 Phan thanh quan Saigon.

So Quoc-Gia,Danh-Bo

27.030.71.014.(OD without photo)

__________________________________________

November 1972 No Info

  December 1972

(1) Dec,10th.1972

 

The “Khan” urgent express mail from  Vung Tau CDS 10.12.1970 to Saigon cds 10.12.1972, rate stamps 3 x 10 Dong (30 Dong), type of stamps  Plane over Dalat (2x10d) and military on Vietnam map(10 d)  stamps.

(Rare civil express covers with uncommon   Plane over Dalat  and soldier on vietnam map -auth)

the end @copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

DrIWAN VIETNAM WAR CYBERMUSEUM:”THE VIETNAM WAR 1973″

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

 

                    Please Enter

                   

              DVWC SHOWROOM

(Driwan Vietnam War  Cybermuseum)Showcase:

The Vietnam War Document

       and

    Postal History

       1969-1975

THE VIETNAM WAR 1973

_____________________________________

January 1973

(a)A ceasefire was finally agreed.

The Americans would withdraw from Vietnam within sixty days and the settlement would be left to the Vietnamese.

(b)The North Vietnamese soon resumed the conflict and despite massive supplies of American arms, the badly led South Vietnamese army crambled completely.

 

(c)         January, 10th.1973

The civillian postal used cover from CDS Saigon 10.1.1973 to Binh To Saigon 11 , rate 9d , stamps soldier help victim.

 Inside letter in chinese language :

“ I have recieved the Chinese new year card, Sin Tjia, from you that made me  very happy , thank you very much.

          Father and mother   always thingking of you, they hope you will be advanced and success.

          The  Ship couldn’t landing at saigon, I don’t know when we can meet agai .

 Are your weight up and became more fatty ?

          There were many  regulation from the Army “,

Inside found the picture photography with written at back Vian Khin Nioi Khanh Thanh and name van lei,luq,Thu,Hung Binh

Vietnam Cong Hoa Bo Gia Thong ve Buu Bien ,Bon Xin Luu Hanh Xe document issued by Toa Hanh kanh Quan 11 with local tanh saigon minh thue revenue 10 D 1973.

 (d) January,16th 1973

Trich Luc Bo Khai-Sanh ID with local revenue 10 D 1973

(e)January,25th.1973

Name card cover with rate Stamp 3 d, send from CDS BAO LOC 25-1.1973 to  saigon, the name card :

 

                   _______________________________________

                   DANG VAN-TU

                        Don Dien Hoang Hue

 

                             Trin Mung nsm moi

                                     Quy Suu

                                                Rap chieu bang HOANG-HUE  

                   Cinema bao Soe   98.THONG-NHUT – DILINH

 

                        _______________________________________________

 

(f) January,25th 1973

A civil postal used cover send from Qaun Vinh minh Vinh long Via Thai  Binh T2H HQ 612 (PGM patrol Gunboat Medium  )  to  KBC 3328 Saigon Navy Naval Fleet Headquaters.

Frontside Cover

Inside chinese new year greeting card

 

February 1973

(a)February.5th 1973

The Military free mail pre-stamped letter sheet type dark blue send from Toan Dai Doi 6 khoa 29 (?) KBC 4027 (National Military Academy Dalat ) to Nguyen van Tai KBC 3790 ( location ?) with “BLACK KBC 4027-Dalat Military Academy (THE ONLY ONE Black KBC  stamped, may be the red ink not availabled) without Quan Buu stamped and not clear CDS, the letter date 5.2.73 to Kinh Yi Trung Ta Nguyen van Tai KBC 3790 (Location ?) , the letter hand written   :

 

KBC 4027 ngay 5.2.73

                        Chua Bhu,

            Hom nay chan xim co vou loi ve tham Bhu Thim va voi em vi thoi gian hep chau xin thu loi ve su cham tin  cau.

            Mai dau xuan da qua chan cung xim kinh chui bhu Thim duoi  luon an khang manh khoe va caiu luon tan toi bhai baih da ra truong roi chu thruong ? bhau xin chu noi voi thay chau dung ban tan nhun ve chau jeo truong lo dio dtay dtu ca nhung gi chau bien ve cho thay chan diu dtung nhung fi chai Viet  Dung ban tam nhim qua vi chau

            Chau chi xin chua noi liom mung 4 tet chau so xin chu noi voi thay chan la chau se viet thu ta loi sau vi su khong y tu va bat can cua chau.

            Vu thoi goan han hep nin phai mot thoi pan cau san thu moi dten thay chau sau thu luon  nay. Mot lan nua chau chui  chi luon manh, Thim va coi em vui tuoi va  chau xin dung but.

            Kinh dton, Tan Khan Sinh dai doi B/29 KBC 4027.

(b)please compare with another type military postal stationer letter sheet type light blue used as enveloped but no Military Quan Buu CDS send by courier from KBC 3043/HQ to KBC 3921.

 

 

(c)February.14th 1973

 

Chung Chi Tinh Trang Quan Dich  KBC 4309(Saigon), Travel Permit Pass issued by VietnamCong Hoa Bo Quoc Phong signed by Dai Tu Nguyen Phuoc Nhung Chanh Su-vu So Dong viet 3, This certificate same with the  certificate 2 nov 1971, belong by the same person , but different type used “ Tai hoan gia canh duoc chuyen lap toui don quan,

Co hiewu luc den : KHI CO LENH MOI (?), (THIS    CERTIFICATE WITHOUT THE LIMITED YEAR USEABLE. Different from the 1971 certificate.OD)

In order to understand how to identified the Military Postal cover with KBC number,read the information from IMNAHA below:

Republic of Viet-Nam Air Force (VNAF) – Indentification  
The key to identifying a Vietnamese Air Force cover is the term “Khong Quan” (abbreviated “KQ”), which means “air force” in Vietnamese. At first glance the preponderance of letters and numbers on the cover shown in Figure 4 may seem overwhelming, but with a bit of patience one can ascertain the cover in the example is a VNAF cover. Vietnamese military covers usually offer little beyond a sender or recipient’s name and a KBC (“Khu Buu Chinh” or military postal zone) number, so it’s a treat to find a cover with this much information.
Marines to VNAF military cover KBC 3011
Figure 4. Cover from Marine to an Air Force trainee in Tan Son Nhut.
This cover was sent 14 September 1974 by a member of the 7th Marine Battalion at KBC 3340, abbreviated “TD7 TQLC,” to an NCO Trainee at the Air Force General Headquarters served by KBC 3011 in Tan Son Nhut.
Note the abbreviation “BTLKQ” in the middle line of the address. These initials stand for “Bo Tu Lenh” (Headquarters) and “Khong Quan” (Air Force). The series of letters in the last line of the address stand for “Technical Training Center at Tan Son Nhut Air Base.” The sender and recipient have the same surname, Huynh – perhaps they are brothers.

The cover was charged postage due – note the upside-down “T” hand stamp, because it was sent through the civilian postal service without any postage affixed. Mail sent between military units could be sent postage free, but only if the military postal service was used.

The following is a short list of terms and abbreviations sometimes found on VNAF covers or in enclosed letters that may help with identification.

Glossary of Vietnamese Air Force Terms & Abbreviations

Doan Vu Ky (DVK) Weapons Group
Huan Luyen (HL) Trainee
Khoa Sinh Ha Si Quan (KSHSQ) NCO Trainee
Khong Doan Tactical Wing
Khong Quan (KQ) Air Force
Phi Co Plane
Phi Co Len Thang Helicopter
Phi Cong Pilot
Phi Doi (PD) Squadron
Phi Hanh (PH) Flight
Phong Khong Air Defense
Su Doan (SD) Division
Trung-Tam Huan-Luyen Khong-Quang (TTHLKQ) Air Force Training Center
Truong Bay Air Field
Truong Bay Air Field
Truong Khong Quan Flight School
TSN Tan Son Nhut

 


VNAF to VNAF military cover KBC 3004
Figure 5. Cover from VNAF 3rd Air Division at KBC 3004 to Air Force Training Center in Nha Trang – KBC 4721.
The cover in Figure 5 was sent through the military postal service in October 1973 between two VNAF personnel. Notice that postage due wasn’t assessed on this cover even though no stamp was affixed. The words at top center that are partially obscured by the postmark read “Quan Thu” meaning “military correspondence.” The blue KBC cachet on this cover is much less common than the red or black colors typically seen.
The sender of this cover is a member of the Vice Military Staff, Human Resources / Training Dept. at the 3rd Air Division in Bien Hoa served by KBC 3004. The recipient is an NCO Specialist at the VNAF Training Center in Nha Trang at KBC 4721. The second line of the address reads “Khoa 20B/73 Phi Co Phan Luc” meaning, “Jet Plane Class 20B of 1973”.
Look Dr Iwan Collection of Picture from VNAF  Training Center gate  in Nha Trang :
The phrase “Chuyen Tuyen” written below the address indicated that the letter should be hand-delivered to someone named Tuyen (a civilian) since the military post office provided faster delivery than the civilian post.
VNAF Organization
By June 1974, the VNAF had become the fourth largest Air Force in the world, with more than 2,000 aircraft and approximately 63,000 personnel comprising six air divisions and fifteen tactical wings.

Tactical wings consisted of several squadrons (Phi Doi or “PD”) that were numbered as follows: Observation Squadrons (100 sequence numbers), Helicopter Squadrons (200), Special Missions Squadrons (300), Transport Squadrons (400), Fighter Squadrons (500), Reconnaissance Squadrons (700), Attack Squadrons (800), and Training Squadrons (900). The 600 sequence was reserved for amphibious squadrons, but was never used for this purpose1.

VNAF 74th Tactical Wing military cover
Figure 6. After 1963, the last digit in a Tactical Wing number indicates military region.
The last digit of a tactical wing number corresponds to the corps / military region of operation. For example, the 41st Tactical Wing operated in I Corps. Figure 6 shows a cover sent to the Weapons Group (Doan Vu Khai or “DVK”) of the 74th Tactical Wing (Khong Doan 74) based at Can Tho in IV Corps. A 3-dong stamp pays the proper rate for mail sent to military personnel during this period (June 1969).

The following table shows the KBC numbers associated with the air bases where the six air divisions were based. These numbers were obtained from military covers and ID cards, as no official list of KBC numbers and locations is known to exist.

Different KBC numbers served some Air Force units from time to time. For example the 6th Air Division underwent training at KBC 6169 – the location of which is not currently known. Please keep in mind that while a cover with one of the following KBC numbers might indicate a VNAF unit, other units may have used these numbers so additional information is needed for conclusive identification.

VNAF Divisions and KBC Numbers

1st Air Division (Da Nang)
    Maintenance & Supply Squadron 1972 Cover >
  – 41st Tactical Wing – Da Nang
    110th Observation Squadron 1973 Cover >
 – 51st Tactical Wing – Da Nang
 – 61st Tactical Wing – Da Nang
KBC 3198
2nd Air Division (Nha Trang)
    2nd Air Division 1970 Cover >
 – 62nd Tactical Wing – Nha Trang (Pleiku 1964)
 – 92nd Tactical Wing – Phan Rang
KBC 3805
3rd Air Division (Bien Hoa)
    3rd Air Division 1973 Cover >
 – 23rd Tactical Wing – Bien Hoa
 – 43rd Tactical Wing – Bien Hoa
 – 63rd Tactical Wings – Bien Hoa
KBC 3004
4th Air Division (Binh Thuy)
 – 64th Tactical Wing – Can Tho
 – 74th Tactical Wing – Can Tho / Binh Thuy
    Weapons Group 1969 Cover >
 – 84th Tactical Wing – Soc Trang
KBC 4652
5th Air Division (Tan Son Nhut)
    Trainee 1973 Cover >
 – 33rd Tactical Wing – Tan Son Nhut
 – 53rd Tactical Wing – Tan Son Nhut
KBC 43241
6th Air Division (Pleiku)
    6th Air Training Division 1973 Cover >
    Air Force Dentist 1974 Cover >
 – 72nd Tactical Wing – Pleiku
 – 82nd Tactical Wing – Phu Cat
KBC 3533/6169
1 KBC 4324 also served the VNAF Training Academy at Tan Son Nhut Air Base. KBC 3011 served the Air Force Headquarters and Technical Training Center at Tan Son Nhut.

 

March 1973

     (a) March,26th .1973

President Nguyen van Thieu holding agrarian reform law were issued due to the third annyversary of that law, the 10d rare in mint and uncommon in used, very rare in block of ten.

( I found this rare stamps on postally cover, send from KBC 6984 to Saigon 3 , Quan Buu military postal date stamped 9.6.1974 without KBC stamped, please look at that postal history discussion at the date chronology  –auth)

 April 1973

 (a)The war unpopularity in the US grew strong, and following the Peace talks, the US agreed to withdraw its forces in April 1973.

     US Secretary General Henry Kissinger  and Vietnam envoy Le Duc To agreed to Chaese fire, and in this Year they had win the peace,s  Nobel prized .

(Although the war still until two years more in 1975, in the year the same US President Barrrack Obama win the peace’s noble prize, the criteria was who first had an idea for peace near same with the Vietnam ceasefire 1973, please  comment-auth) 

May 1973 

Illusration of the 'Paris agreement' document

  • Richard Nixon mounted huge bombing raids on North Vietnam until the North Vietnamese were forced to sign.
  • Nixon told Thieu he had to make peace whether he agreed with it or not, so Thieu was forced to sign too.
  • January 1973: the Paris Peace Agreement was signed, and the Americans left Vietnam

Nguyen Cong Han told the story:” the 1973 Paris Agreement gave all of us tremendous hope. We weren’t sfraid at that point that the NLF would take over.But President Thieu had openly said he was against the agreement and it was clear to everybody that he had only signed it because the United States had forced him to. So we felt that what we had to do was protect the agreement and try to make sure it was carriede out.All the opposition factions in saigon shared this feeling that they had to join in a formal “Third Force”-that is people who wewren’t part of the government and weren’t part on the Front vut who would have a role in the council of National Reconcilliation.Force bracches,arresting journalists frinedly toward us and bribing assemblymen to allow him to run for a third term.

June 1973

June,1oth 1973.

Bien Nhan  document  issued by Ban Chuc So Truong Huong  Giao-Hoi Phat Giao Co Truyen Viet Nam with official buddhist red swastika official stamp Saigon  

 

July 1973

(a) July,7th .1973

THE CU’-TRI Election CARD , ISSUED BY Quen-Truong Quan Saigon with stamped Toa Han Quan 10 Saigon

___________________________________

Ho va ten    : Nguyen Thi Chat

Nom va nai sanh: 1927 Hai Duong

Tru quan : 724/26 Phan Thanh Gian

The can-cuoc so o3908762 cap toi Saigon ngay 1970.

CHU Y: Xin giu ky the de co dip dong sau nay. 9In the corner ,A-D, and the A was used.(OD)

____________________________________

July Until October 1973 no yet  info

November 1973

(a)November.2nd. 1973

ID CARD “THE CONG-CHUC” Bo Quoc Phong, Quan-Luc Vietnam Cong-Hoa, with jellow and three red line armour-ed,issued at KBC 4180 Tan Binh

__________________________________

Ho va Ten       : Trinh Van-Te

Ngach trot      : Thu-ky CN/B2/3

So truac tich   :   blank

Chuc-vu          : Thu-Ky

Dan-vi              : Dai doi THD/Bo TTM

KBC 4180(location Tan Binh ), ngay 02/11/1973

Voc In TRAN LE-TAI

Doi dai Truong Dai Hoi Tone Hanh Dinh

Bo Teng Tham Muu Q.L.V.N.C,H (?)   

12) December 1973

(1)December,8 th. 1973

 

The Green orchid cover send from KBC 4974 (location unknow ?) to Cholon the same adress Cholon with rate stamp 10 Dong , KBC 4974 Quan Buu CDS 8.12.1973 one on Stamps

 (No information the location of KBC 4974 and unsual Quan Buu cds on the stamp ,there was another same cover in December ,21th.1972, rate 7d . Please someone who know the institution and location of that KBC 4974please send the information through comment ,I hope Mr Andrew Crsshow will king to indentified this KBC location ,thanks-auth)

 (b)  December.14th 1973

The  cover from  Nguyen  Loah Sang,  Pres La Cour D’Appel  de Saigon Advocat, to Ong Giam Doc Saigon 2,  CDS Saigon 14.12.73, the stamp off.(PH)

 (c) December,21th 1973

The same Orchid cover, send fromKBC 4974 (unknown institution and location) , the Quan Buu CDS 21.12.1973 on 2x 3d and 1x 1d stamps(rate 7d) ,also Quan Buu CDS on cover, and red KBC 4974 red stamped. To Cholon quan 5.

               (This cover made me crazy because at once I think one cover only because same like the twin with the other one in December.8th 1973, but different rate 1d and 2 x 3d(7d ), and why Quan Buu postal cds on regular stamps, this the only postalhistory like that, May be the regular post office didn’t open because of the battle around that area, please comment-auth)

 (d)December, 24th. 1973

     The rare civil postal cover from Binh Minh , cds Vung Tau  24.12.1973 send via  KBC 3328 Naval fleet Headquater saigon by HQ 612 – PGM –Patrol Gunboat medium to Tai Binh.recieved cds Saigon January,5th 1974.

       (Unusual tranpostation PGM HQ 618 at Tai Binh-auth)

 

 

the end @copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

DRIWAN VIETNAM WAR CYBERMUSEUM:”THE VIETNAM WAR 1974″

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

 

                    Please Enter

                   

              DVWC SHOWROOM

(Driwan Vietnam War  Cybermuseum)Showcase:

The Vietnam War Document

       and

    Postal History

       1969-1975

THE VIETNAM WAR 1974

Vetnam  War in 1974

_____________________________________

January 1974

 

(a)Nguyen Cong Hoan story :

“While the 1973 Paris agreement was going on,the Communist were stepping up their military attack.By 1974 there really  wasn’t anything left of that agreement.There was  just no hope.There was no move the regime and no way to stop the Front.

(b)American service men , 110.000  had burnst their draftcard and 40.000 young men had evaded call-up by leaving for neighbouring Canada and for Europe.(D)

(c)January.30th1974

(a)Air mail covers from Indonesian KONGA V/ICCS Region V Saigon send to SKOMDAK III (West Sumatra Police Headquaters ) Padang-Sumbar, overprint INDONESIA , with stamps rate 81 Dong (7 stamps) with CDS TAN AN 30-1-1974 ( My first Postal History of Vietnam war was Given by Police Mayor. Suroto to me as Medical Police Inspectur in 1975, from this postal history I started to collect Vietnam war Postal history –auth)

(b) ICCS Communications Center Ton Son Nhut, the photo of Indonesian Garuda Mission army and Police in the front of that centers (This photo was given to me from Indonesia national  Police Captain “red arrow” who joined the Garuda IV Indonesia ICCS Vietnam auth)

(c) Unused Free Port Special letter sheet Garuda IV Indonesia ICCS Vietnam, Garuda was “Eagle” Indonesia National emblem.(PH)

(d)Indonesian Mayor General Wiyogo Atmodarminto , commander of the Ivth Garuda Mission to Vietnam inspecting his men

(e)The Indonesia participation in Upholding World Order ICCS in Vietnam 1973.-1975 under Garuda IV,V and VII.

In performing its task, ICCS met many difficulties due to the fact that certain points of the parisb Agreement on ending the war between the US and Vietnam, were conraversial. This led Indonesia to pull out GARUDA VII from Saigon in April,27,1975 the annexation of South Vietnam by North Vietnam waas the reason for the first Asean Summit in Bali to stress again the urgency to preserve political stability in South east Asia.

(f) The ICCS Vietnam plaque of Garuda IV Mission in Vietnam (Memorabilia)

FEBRUARY 1974  NO INFO

March 1974

March,8th 1974. Trich Luc Bo Khai San Saigon Documenty with local Saigon minh thue revenue 1974 5 D and 10 D.

April 1974

 Some Picture in this month (found by Google explorations)

photo

Trên ngực áo có mấy chữ: LCĐB (Lao công đào binh)

April 1974, Vietnam — A North Vietnamese prisoner captured by the South Vietnamese forces during the Vietnam War. –

April,1st.1974 Puoc An Tuong Te Hoi Cholon’s received money 3400 D document with vietnam conghoa min thue revenue 5D and 2D

 M AY 1974

       (1) May, 7th .1974

The very rare President Nguyen Van thieu holding the agrarian law, third commemorative, send from KBC 6984 –uknown location , the Quan Buu cds on stamps and on cover to Saigon.

the same type of cover from unknown location KBC 6984, may be the battle area which no postal service there, the very rare Nguyen van thieu stamps 10 d postally used by Quan Buu postal service without KBC staped, only one ever report, please comment-

 June 1974

   (1) June,3rd.1974

3271354, Getty Images /Hulton Archive
Title:

Vietnam War

Caption: 3rd June 1974: People flee with their belongings from their homes in war-torn Vietnam. (Photo by Evening Standard/Getty Images)

(2)June, 9th,1974

     The very rare postal cover with rare 10d Nguyen van Thieu holding agrarian reform law stamps, send during the liberation war from KBC 6984 (not know area ?) to Saigon-3, Military CDS Quan Buu 9.6.1974 .

(  This is the first report of rare Thieu stamps on postally cover during the year 1974 , if someone have the same  at the year 1975 before the fall of Saigon , please report and show us-auth)

             

September no info

 

August 1974

(a)August 1974

     The Watergate scandal had re-moved Nixon and his successor President Ford knew only too well that the American people wouldnot saction a renewed US involvement in the war

 September 1974

(a)Sept.1974. Student Record booklet, issued by Vietnamese American associations  Saigon(Hoi Viet My)

October 1974

(a) October,8th.1974

     The rare Taiwan China bird fly aerogram letter sheet, send from Taiwan to Cholon south Vietnam CDS K(A) Taiwan China 8.10.1974.

 November 1974

(a) Nov.16th.1974 Trich Luc bo Khai sanh Saigon Document with local saigon Minh Thue revenue 1974.

 

(b)November.27th 1974

The rare regional taxes revenue red brown colour “Gia Binh Mien Thue” ancient building design 40$dong , used for legalized the fotocopy of document” Truong Nu Trung-Hoc Chilang 1 Gia –Dinh. Thanh-Tich BieuHo va tan Hoc sinh : Nguyen –Thi-Nam ,So Danh-Bo: 38/69.

 (rare regional revenue from Gia-Dinh, also look at the pin from Dai Hoi Gia Dinh -1977-auth)

 

(2)Nam 1973-1974, nganh xang dau da khan truong cung co va phat trien tuyen ong voi chieu dai tong cong gan 5000 km, dua xang dau vao den Loc Ninh, Dong Nam Bo; xay dung mot he thong kho tang du tru co suc chua lon voi mang luoi cap phat toa rong ra cac huong chien dich (D)

December 1974

(a)Dec.10th,1974Giay Bao Dong Le-Phi Bien Thoi received 19.284 dong document with Revenue  3D,10 D and  2x 20D(53 D) with Saigon Cholon Vietnam CDS signed by Vient Thong Cholon.

(b)No Date Legalized Document with revenue 50 D added local Than Saigon Min Thue 2x10D

 n the next year 1975, AVRN(south Vietnam Army) still issued ID .read information from IMNAHA about the military ID:

Republic of Viet-Nam Air Force (VNAF) – Related Military Documents  
Related military documents, especially those containing a KBC number such as the 1975 ID card shown front and back in Figure 7, can make an interesting addition to a military postal history collection. In this example, the cardholder Nguyen Van Hoang was an employee at the air base in Da Nang. He was allowed to access the base through the 1st Air Division gate and was assigned to work with the 239th Squadron (“PD 239” seen near the middle of the card). KBC 3198 appears to the left of the photo, documenting its association with the 1st Air Division.

VNAF Military ID Card
Figure 7. Military ID cards are a good way of identifying KBC numbers.

The vertical boxed hand stamp on the back of the card stipulates that the “card must be worn when entering base until exiting it” and the printed text states “when the card is missing, a report must be filed with the Military Police unit.”

When the collapse of the Republic of Viet Nam became evident, many VNAF personnel and their families flew to US air bases in Thailand. During the final hours of the war, a fleet of VNAF helicopters evacuated some 5,500 South Vietnamese, 2,300 Americans including nearly 1,000 US Marines, and 85 foreign nationals to US ships waiting offshore. In total, less than 200 VNAF aircraft were saved; the rest were pushed into the ocean during rescue missions to clear ship landing areas for incoming flights or the Communist forces captured them.

On 3 May 1975, just three days after the fall of Saigon on 30 April, the Communist Vietnamese government issued “Order Number One” requiring all citizens of the former Republic of Viet Nam to register with the new regime. Military personnel were among those targeted for reeducation or “thought reform” in addition to registration, the length of which depended on Communist perceived degrees of “guilt.”

VNAF Reeducation Camp Certificate
Figure 8. 1975 ex-VNAF Medical Engineer reeducation document

Figure 8 shows a Communist South Viet Nam (Cong Hoa Mien Nam Viet Nam) document ordering a former VNAF Medical Engineer of rank private (“Binh Nhi”) to report for reeducation.

Most noncommissioned officers and privates were generally released after several days of reeducation classes. High-ranking officers and those who had served in intelligence, marine, airborne and ranger units were not so lucky. Those sent to reeducation camps faced hard labor, persistent hunger and daily indoctrination sessions; many ex-military personnel spent more than a decade in the camps and a large number did not survive the duration.

VNAF Military ID Cards

KBC 3198, 1st Air Division, 239th Squadron View Card >
KBC 3004, 3rd Air Division, Political Warfare Unit View Card >
KBC 4324, 5th Air Division, payroll card/receipt View Card >
KBC 4324, 5th Air Division, US civilian advisor ID badge View Card >

 

the end @copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

Driwan Vietnam War Cybermuseum:”The Last Year Vietnam War 1975″

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

 

                    Please Enter

                   

              DVWC SHOWROOM

(Driwan Vietnam War  Cybermuseum)

         

Showcase:

The Vietnam War Document

       and

    Postal History

       1969-1975

THE VIETNAM WAR 1975

__________________________________

Vietcong victory war in 1975

__________________________________

 

1.       January 1975

 

(1) January.6th. 1975

Vietcong capture Phuoc Long province , north of Saigon (D)

photo

Bù Đốp, T. Phước Long

(2)January,23th.1975

The very rare civil cover from D0 Thanh Cholon Viet Nam CDS 23-1.1975 with  rate stamps 25 d (20 +5) , inside the letter and name card in chinese language :

_____________________________________________

“My letter not sistematic, don’t laugh it.  this time  the Battle everywhere, the situation didn’t secured. The criminal and the badman everywhere and the price of good s up everyday.

        The Gouverment administration  very bad and they didn’t gave happiness. My work just finished , the time pass so fast , i didnlt fill that the new year come , I hope in the new year we will happy.

        With this letter I send my two photos don’t laugh when you see that .

                                19.01.75

                                We Siong

______________________________________________–

 

     _____________________________

                  VI-KY

                             ________                                in chinese :

                Chuyen mon sua son cac loai     We Chi

                                     May may ben le gia tien re      Singer machine

                                    So 904/10 Duong Nguyen Trai         service

 

                                                Cholon

        _______________________________________________

 

2.February 1975

1)February,1st.1975

(1) Motorbike Tax

Front

 “VIET-NAM CONG-HOA = THUE XE TU DONG= 19975 SO XE EO 2474” in the

back

 

     BIEN LAI SO     : 1218

        NGAY              : 1-2-75

        SO TI’EN           : 7500 $

        NO’I CAP        :  GD

 TRUONG TY

round red official stamped”Ty Phep Vu Vietnam Cong Hoa Gia-Dinh

________________________________________________________

(until February 4th the South Vietnam “Viet Nam Cong Hoa “ still have the power, and they still charged the motorcycle tax-auth)

2)February, 1st.-28th 1975

      Very rare and informative collections best for showed,the small pocket  dairy’s book  ‘Lich Bo Tui 1975” of Trung –Tam Bao-Hiem Cong-Ty Saigon with handwritten information every day froem Saturday February 1st until 28th 1975 .

(very rare document historic collection, never report , only one because this was private handwritten information-auth)

 

(b,1) Front Cover

#Outside

      The illustrated  High Building (?), LICH HO TUI 1975, THANG-2-1975, at the bottom  Doang Thuong Ngan Hang

 

#Inside:

      Chung Chuc Tan Xuan

              Red round wheel type

     Emblem

  TRUNG-TAM- BAO-HIEM

            CONG-TY

            68  , Dai-16 Nguyen-Hue (Lau 1)

                                    SAIGON

 

                 BAO HIEM va TAI BAO HIEM

                        TAT CA CAC LOAI

(b.2) Backcover

      #outside

            Thoan Thuong Ngan Hang

            Cong,TY HAC VON 500.000.000.500 GUE DU

                         Tre Se Truong Vung :68 Nguyen-Hue Saigon

                      Dien Tin : DITIBANK

                                 So’ Q.G.D.B : 170-592-21-003

             S’ Thuong Moi : 2466 B

                          Ho’n Thu          : 2372

 

                                    CHI  NHANH

 

                   TONG DOC PHUONG :

                                    48-50 Tong Doc Phuong

                                    Saigon 5-01  :        37469              

                  BINH DU’ONG             :

                                    1,14 Von Duyet

                                    Binh Duong-DT : 79

                   – Nhon cac  kho a’n ky thac

                   – Thuc hien moi nghiep vy ngan han’g

                   – Phuc vy o’n cho’

                                                – Lich su’

                                                -Nganh cho’ng

                                                -co’n moi

                        VONG THUONG  CHA’NH

                         PHAN CHU’A TA VUAN

#Inside book note

1.backcover

Calender 1975 from january(Janvier ) to December (Decembre) every day ‘s  with Heoro or saint day , like 1st January : M Jour De L’AN, 31th December : M.S.Sylvestre, 25th December: Noel(Christmas)., and centimeter schales from 1 cm to 10 cm.

2.dja chi so dien thoai ca nho(may be the list of Military or Quan 1 until 11)

 

3.Bang Chi  Duoang Di Bo Tu Saigon(The distance between Saigon with famous place Like Ankor Cambodge, Cholon,Dalat,Danang, Vinlong etc)

 

4.Ba’n Te’n Cac Tinh Viet Nam (TheProvince’s  capital of Republic Vietnam)

(b.3)

______________________________________________

Saturday (thu bay) , 1 , February Thang Hay

                        _____________________

                    Ngay 21 thang Chep du nam GIAP DAN

 

                              NAM AT MAO

                                1975

                           (Handwritten)

         DOANH THUONG NGAN HANG

                 KINH CHUC VI THAN CU

     MOT NAM MOI HANH PHUC VA THINH VUONG

________________________________

 

 

 

 

(b.4)

 

 

     Sunday                           2                    February

    Chu nhat                                               Thang hai

                                    ____________

     Ngay 22 thang Chap du nam GIAP DAN

 

 

 

                           Doi Dai ve Cha

                                    (handwritten)

 

 

 

                        DOANH THUONG NGAN HANG

________________________________________________________________________

 

 

(b.5)

               Monday                3                 February

               Thu hai                                     Thang hoi

                                  _____________             

(same as above,after this not included)

Dai lau-7-40

11-2-75 Hong cije a quan  nua

Thuoac hut au cam roi dti lau

Dten so hu 8-10/ C’ est lache

,de faire le faux.le jauos

C’est la lachee a’ qui de l hac

De faublesse.Thap tu nhat sinh

Nen cun vot.Thap loec chung

Sinh noi bo. Diox ca the

Gran nay ma mot wsec theiu-

Dtay nai co du ich gi?

5-2-75 Sang nay, nong cafe

Thuo lac 150$ ay com roi dti

Laen chau dot so. Den so

8 kem 5.(handwritten)

      Ngan Hang cua gioi Doanh thuong

________________________________________________

 

(the complete informations of  Lich Bo Tui 1975 will put at the date that  written in the that pocket book’s dairy, this collection very interesting and best for showed after copy in the bigger format illustration and translate in English, please someone help me to translate –auth)

 February.4th 1975

February 5th 1975

1)North Vietnam General Van tien Dung goes south to take command of Vietcong (Vietnam revolutionary liberation) forces(D)

2)Info from note book in native vietnamese language

 

 

(3) February,6th.1975

6-2-75 (handwritten) . Deu do’ muon gan 10 g  Toi na vi moi o nhen lo nghi vu vo, Co chou Dat dti lu do voi co, ain tria nghi co’ sang bea khu VH choi, au pho ,ga 150, chau dat nong muoi 90$. Lui bon ngoi nghi mot nai nuod phut ma ve , ve lai sang bui HC ngoi nghe ong xuan ve Soan noi ungi mot lac moi toi vo Sang phan TV lam utcc. Buoi chien noi tuyen ong ve ie nho ung roi lif law wei nha thuong.(Lich Ho Tui 1975)

 

     (4)February,7th.1975

7.2.75(handwritten).Thang pho nec tai vi xe va bo lao, hoi buon au com ra dti law din so.(Lich Ho Tui 1975)

 

 

    (5)February, 8th.1975

8.2.75(hanwritten) .Hom nay vi law dai biet rat vui ve. Dai so 8-15 C.S. ha? Gray to rat vui ve can thuong, nhung co nga lai thoi khong can, thuef ches chua co suong dai, ve nha. Buoi sang o nha co aia yho bi 150 $. Lai au them 50# Soi cho chau Dat thuoo la Ba tay kang.

Su tat dtuoc 1.2.3 ngay lai di lam nu nha thuong tu hon tha 6, hom nay thue hai chu nhat hoi dti le?, choan chu nhat hoi nga dte chin, thue boy thi lioi gat gong, au banh tuong nhong dtuoc ngon vi gray phai luon sau thuoc thuom. Mang dtuoc nau moi, moi su an lanh xia thieu chua ra em cho gra donh dtuoc moi su lyui am. Va ruong con dtuoc thoe manh. Hom nay thu hai. (lich Ho Tui 1975)

 

 February,9th 1975

February,10th 1975

February 11th.1975

At this page of Lich Ho Tui 1975, handwritten in Vietnamese and Chinese char

          “ Nhat loan xuan thuy nhat phuong dtau thuon co danh, nhan tu khoe lai, Bach-tach bau duyai grai-ai lao, Hong hoa bat haong ho-thanh khai. Hiiu tri xuan khu khong dte thu, Sau khiep trau xau co yem dtoi, Lien lo duen chuong die vau su Kim chi hoang kinh co boy lai.”

          The chinese charcter tranlate “

“    “ (may be from the friend of the pocket dairy ownwer, because different style written, please comment-auth)

    

     (7) February ,12th  1975

     On this two page of Luon HO Tui 1975 pocket dairy, handwritten in two type character Chinese and vietnamese

                   The Chinese character translete :

                   The Vietnamese character :

“ Mot ang xuan dtai  nuoc chay quan , trai xua du –loch bai tai danh, Tho dte dta trang tho cong loa, canh thien hoa vang chay dtinh, Chien xun goi xuan thuongbla biec,nui kinh nho bui phu rao xang xa loan biet ngu xasa con dau nay thay non bong khaes van tanh”

            

 February,13th 1975

February,14th 1975

4.3 native vietnamese language info

February,15th,1975

 February 16th 1975

February,16th 1975

Weeding through the old to bring forth to new Confucius advocated virtue benevelence and nightmerness as characteristres of the upright rules, and Mencius advicing the conforoa tradition argue for inmate goodness of human nature(The Native Vietnamese during vietanwar write about Confucius and Mencius in the note book.Dr iwan S)

February 17th.1975

     17.2.75(hanwritten).Hom nay hay 17.2.75 u’c dau thon ma nua, nguoi thay lon lang de cgeu, tuy van e am muon viet dtuoc nhien nhung so yui khong chiu no phan cong. Vi vay hoi buon va dti cham tac phan khong viet nhanh dtuoc,Khong buit muoi dto viet cua vau so chuyen nghe co nhu vay khong va ra the nao?

Nho ngay xua tuen lau noi nae khong biet vi con ngoqua.Ta con cholon me noi, luc namg u may boy uic noi.

Thang cu dti voi cau truong Hoang. Thu tu, hom qua ngay ay-2 dti lam nhu thuong buon twa dti choi ve ngua bin Ho, ong K dau chuoc dep, minh noi dto buon la ong An biet K le tuo xua choyen mon.(lich ho tui 1975)

 

           

 February, 18th.1975

February,19th.1975

 

Hom nay thu tui 19.2 moi vuoc vous cua a, bay gao lu dta 11 tuoi mau mat chu khong vi bui , dtat vin voi(Lich Ho Tui 1975)

         

         

     (10) February, 20th.1975

20.2 Deu so gan 8 –moi, suoc dau thom cho khoe,dten goi viet nay chua ce dtoc gra nao dai  21-Dao gao dten lua thua.

22.Nho Phuong Di loui gre nay moi co mot dtoa gra 9 koi 5, au di but de la con vu satoan, viet la polition phu impotante. It est ga co h de char char a u qui , ous don ne la na’moine u est fauih di char char ce qou vous von lay.(Lich Ho Tui 1975)

February,21th 1975

February,22th.1975

 February,23th.1975

Febraury,24th 1975

 February,25Th1975

February,26th.1975

 February,27th.1975

february,28th.1975

3)March 1976

 Nguyen Cong Hoan Info:” At the beginning of March 1975 the communist attack Ban Me Thout. That was the beginning of the end. After Ban Me the government forces just crumbled.I kew were in the middle of a disaster .Nobody in the opposition had any leverageleft.There was no way to influence events. There was simply nothing to do .I was in totally pasive position- as if I was back in the Nha Trang jail, letting them cause I couldn’t do anything about it.”

(1)March,1st .1975

Civil ID

___________________________

Ho Ten          : Nguyen Van Thay

Lan Nam      : 5 So danh bo 337168

Ngay va noi: sann 03 02 1962

Dieu Hoe      : Dinh Tuong

Con on         : Nguyen van Noy

Va Ba           : Nho thi San

Dia chi         :23/73 Nguyen Van hoc Chau

 

                   Gia Dinh Ngay 01 Thang 3 Nam 1975

                                      Signed

                                  Hieu Truong

                                      With

                              Red Stamped

                  Nam Thi Chy-Hoc Chan Gia

______________________________________________

(2)March,4th.1975

Nay buoi trisa ra sag ngain canh nho chay, nong chai nad oc 100$ ve au them 50$ dau phong (lac0 Din bi lau cvee ce ong o ben TTP phy yledin cua sang muion gap ong PT dti nor tuyen (lich bo tui 1975)

Below a phrase written in Franch character :

“ Une sowice de l’air lec printerps sous l’ear courant d’aeton.

A travers le jachis, le voyage ed l’homase de talent

Le paernu est insen’t sur la piveu blachi,en soullant.

Le spectacle qui pas de fleurs jave ni soent ‘n est pas juli.

Les osseau en se rappelen du joun tengo ons d’ailterce petie’les feuillage government vertes.

Le mortague a peur d’attein du les ponotiene qrasecouvremes avec les plantes orgenses et bleues .

Le routives d’autos reyaux par l’ e’criture nobli soisuteneart das lignes de jadis.

Apparn au gourd d’hai de joyenx montagre le visiteur n’y exeste pas. (lich ho tui 1975)

  

(3)March, 6th.1975

     Xe nhan con nho 6/3/75 (lich ho tui 1975)

 

 

 

(4) March,10th.1975

     Duong loi vo chu nghan cua co so (lich ho tui 1975)

 

(5) March,13th.1975

Cong vree dtoc sais and in english :”weeding through the old to bring fourth the new Confusius advocated virtue, benevolence and righteourness  no characteristoes of the upright rules, and Mencious advancing the confusian tradition, argued for the innate goodness of human nature”

In another page a letter in vietnamese character

________________________________________________

Nguyen cau Mang

Dien mot ben ma Hai mot ben Nho ai non thuy buoi chan lan thu kau  suong nhat ba chom cuc, am vang may che niet ngoi dten Linh thay nhin biu com thay cho, Ho thanh ha? Nui dta thay ten.

Dong A kai may om den be .

Huong khoi lang dtay dtuc vung ben.

Minh mong cua dta luc nui vong quanh, Lap vong lo xo dta gap gheuk.

Khe tham hang sau xay tac dtong, Tra xanh muoc biec ve voi tram .

Thuyen buong truong Hbo tam lanh lang buon khaeh dton von boy ai chanh.

Tho tac kheu thay bay dtat kheo, Ha doung ueng mot canh xinh xinh .

Dong chou nguyen hue bien

__________________________________________________

(lic ho tui 1975)

     At Li Ho Tui 1975, page  February 20,21,22 23,24 and 25th ,        another information written in Vietnamese :

“Nua o-at mot tioi tuon dte thai .Gia gam gai, khap dtat quat cong lin.Sam nao dtong ca tuoi may tan-tac .Thoang anh lec, tic chop vu doi dtem.

Khap lang xom nha nha xien toi mai.Nua nhu ten vien vut ban tung hoanh tung hoi oi ve dai trang so hoi, Trung gio gain rui rit huy tre xanh.
         

Mua xuan lam tam nhe roi troi xuan dtain am long ngui tinh ten.Phat pho may canh hoa dtai,Nhon nho khu nhac tien canh, Lai cang nhu ve tranh tuyen voi.

Qui toi ce heu,co dau, codtan trang,co cau hui tinh. O caydta,co mai dtinh, Co bay thon nu xinh xinh duc dong.

Mua thu co nhung ha lang, co cay dtu buoi xuan sang dap din. Gia vi vu ti erg sao dien, Ru hon nue ta chien chien tien dte Cho lang co lam qua qui :

Banh dta, banh dtuc,banh lac, banh day. Dau thon co tup quan gay Tinh qui nhue bat nuoc dtay du tam ngo tu nhue khoch quo cu oi.

Veon qui tham mat huong nhai,luong cau. Thang tu chanh com goi dtau.Huong seu ngat ca vuon rau ac beo.Thang hai hou buoi roi nhiem, Ong ong ba em haon dap diu tun hoa, Khum khum gran muoyi ao nha,Cau tre lu tre vui dtua tap boi.

Tieng ga tua lang choi va, Tieng chien en gay,buon oi le buon  ! Ngay ngau gio ky nua dton, Mai tranh re nhung le buon va vo.Dem dai nhep tuong vong dtua, Loi ru di oi ngau xua vong ve.   Nho nhung sau mat le thu,xa xoi nghe day hon qua nao nung.

Cac tinh thuong du

Hoi Ninh , Lang-son, Lao-bang, Bai-lau,Tuyen-quang, Ha grang, San-La, Lai-Chan, Yin Bay, La0-Lai, Hoa-Binh.

Cuc tinh Trung du

Quang-yen,Bai-grang,Thai-Nguyen,Phu-Tho,Hanh –binh

Cai ting Trung chau

Bai Minh,hai Duong, Hung Yen, Kiui An, thai Binh,Ham dtong, Ha Nam. Ha Dong, San Tay, Ninh You va Phuc Yai.        

 

At page Februarym 26,27,28th, information written in vietnamese  and France :

Hoi van thon que

O lai qui la noi nguoi sinh tuong,cung dtat dtai,hanh phuc huong lau ben. Gac ngoai tai nhung loi noi huyen thien, Koe thanh thi voi bao niem trang le.Ve ky tu, ron rang chi dtang be.Day xe hoi, thanh lich the ma thoi cheu momang, ao ndoc hao, ban oi. Hua nhiem dtay,nhung cho thoi rat itchi cho bang rung xanh,dtang lua chin, voi co hua, voi nghe nghiep quen roi. Cao quy thay roi ong viec sinh sa laoi ngu coc dte muoi nguoi bon bi.

Aux paysans

Paysans, notex aux champs

Aux voix quivous drout la ville et sewervealles. Nou vry pas voty eaur, paysans ,nes a vui os!

A l’appel du cites, n’ouvrez pas vos oxilles. Alles donnent, helas, moius que elles d’out promis.

A vos champs, a vos bois,demeurez doic fidels. Ai mez vos doux valleus, aimez votre miteer!

Auguste est le travarl le vos mains patervelles.C’est de votre labour qui vit le monde entica.

                                      Autran (la vic rural)

On demontre qui la conolition

Necessaire et sufficante pour qu’um fraction irreductible puosse etre nuise seus forme de fraction decimal exacte est qui sou denominateur nei contience pas d’autre factueur premier qeu 2 et 5.

Dien Kim cam va dtu dte’ cho mit phan so khong thi pham hien thuo phan so thiap phan chung kae nghia lomau so xhy co chua nhy gia to tau tie 2 va 5.

 

GHI CHU-page 1

Kanh dinh I    : La agusi Viet Nam

Kanh Dinh II   : Khong gi qui hon su suy nghi

Kanh Dinh III  : Dung nen lua doi tinh thuong hay tinh yen

Kanh Dinh IV :  Doi la mat

Tinh thau cuoc chien dtau

Kanh Dinh V  : Doi quan he

Dao dtuc o nhung viec nho, viec nho lam cao dtiep tinh than  cua ta.

 

GHI CHU-page 2

Adress at Hanoi:

Dai Phat Thacks Vietnam 58 Phi Quan sue Hanoi

Dai Phat thanh Vietnam

58 pho Quan Su hanoi.

 

 

 

 

 

After three GHI CHU PAGE, we found on the Lich  Bo Tui  1975 information :

 

1) Dia chi, so dien thoai can nhu(telpon-auth)

          Canh-sai cu’u cap  : 17

          So cu’u hoa              : 18

Bo Chi Huy CSOG Thi-do :268 Tran-hung-Dao Saigon

DT 20.093,21.376, 23.576, 21.794,21.795.

BCH CSOG Quan 1: 11,Mac-Dinh-Chi-DT 20.029,24.029

          “          Quan 2: 73,Bac-si yersin-DT.20.095,20.643

          “          Quan 3: 245,Le-vin-Duyet.DT.20.027,24.924

                                                                                      20.787

          “          Quan 4:24,Doan-nhu-Hai.DT.21.58,24.188

          “           Quan 5: 359,Dong-Khanh.DT 36.154,36.595

                                                                                      36.735

               “           Quan 6:114,Pham-van-Chi.DT 36.141,36.595

               “           Quan 7:184,Ben Nguyen Duy,DT 36.138

               “           Quan 8:143.Tung-Thien Vuong,DT 36.113

                                                                                        36.114

               “           Quan 9:   DT 40.868(Dac Khu 9)

               “        Quan 10: 336. Nguyen-Tri-Phuong.DT.36.896

                                                                                           36.991

               “         Quan11:270.Binh-Thoi – DT. 50.092

So Canh Sat Lu’u Thong: 341,tran-hung_Dao DT. 23.554

                                                                                      24.777

BCH/CSOG Gia Dinh. 18 Chi-Lang – DT 20.802

 

BA’NG CHI’ DUO’NG DI BO’       

     TU’ SAIGON :

Angkor            560  cs              Long Thanh            90 cs

Ba Ria              110                    Long Xuyen         190

Bac Lieu          276                    Loc Ninh               135

Banmethout  353                      My Tho                   71

Ben Tre             86                      Nam Vang            240

Bien Hoa          30                      Nha Trang            448

Binh Tuy                   174                      Phan Thiet            198

Chi Mau         344                      Phan Rang           321

Can Tho         169                      Pleiku                    538

Chau Doc      245                      Qui Nhon              677

Cho Lon             5                       Rach Gia              248

Da Nang        972                      Sa Dec                  143

Da Lat             302                      Soc Trang              231

Gia Dinh             5                      Tan An                      47

Go Cong          58                     Tay Ninh                  96

Ha Tien                    338                      Tay Vinh                198

Ha Noi        1.760                       Thu Duc                     15

Hue              1.079                      Thu Dau Mot            30

Hon Quang    124                     Vinh Long               136

Kon Tum         599                      Vung Tau                123

Long Hai        116                      Xuan Loc                  82

 

BAN TEN CAC TINH VIET NAM

Ten Tinh                                       Ten Tinh Ly

MIEN TAY :

An-Giang                                   Long-Xuyen

An-Xuyen                                   Quan-Long

Ba-Xuyen                                   Khanh-Hung

Chau-Doc                                  Chau-Doc

Chuong-Thien                           Vi-Tanh

Dinh-Tuong                                My-Tho

Go-Cong                                    Go-Chong

Kien-Giang                                Rach-Gia

Kien-Hoa                                    Truc-Giang

Kien Phong                                Cao-Lanh

Kien-Tuong                                 Moc-hoa

Long-An                                      Tan-An

Sa-dec                                       Sa-dec

Vin-Binh                                      Pu-Vinh

Vinh-Long                                   Vinh-Long

 

MIEN DONG :

Bien-Hoa                                    Bien Hoa

Long-Khanh                               Xuan-Loc

Phuoc-Long                               Phuoc Binh

Phuoc-Thanh                             Phuoc Vinh

Binh-Duong                                Pu-Cuong

Binh-Long                                   An-Loc

Binh Tuy                                      Ham-tan

Gia-Dinh                                     Gia-Dinh

Hau-Nghia                                 Khiem-Cuong

Phuoc-Tuy                                  Phuoc-Le

Tay-Ninh                                     Tay-Ninh

Con-Son                                     Con-Son

 

CAO NGUYEN TRUNG PHAN :

Dartac                                        Banmethout

Kontum                                       Kontum

Lam-Dong                                  Bao-Loc

Phu-Bon                                      Hau-Bon

Pleiku                                          Pleiku

Tuyen-Duc                                  Dalat

 

TRUNG NGUYEN TRUN PHAN:

Binh-Dinh                                    Qui-Nhon

Binh-Thuan                                 Phan-Thiet

Khanh-Hoa                                Nha-Trang

Ninh-Thuan                                Phan-Rang

Phu-yen                                      Tuy-Hoa

Quang-Nam                              Hoi-An

Quang-Ngai                              Quang-Ngai

Quang-Tin                                  Tam-Ky

Quang-Tri                                   Quang-Tri

Thua-Thien                                 Hue

 

Thi Xa : HUE-DA-NANG- DALAT- CAM-RANH- VUNG TAU.                 

 

CHUNG CHUC TAN XUAN 

                                 

                                  NAM CUONG

                      Tong Phat Hanh Sach, Bao

                   Cung cap dung cu Van Phong

                    Va dung cu Hoc Sinh.

 

                   185-187 , Nguyen Thai Hoc

                                  SAIGON 2

                        Dien thoai  : 23.867   

                                     

 

 

 

                                      TIN THAI

 

      Giam doc     : Ba HUYNH THI DU

                  32 , Lac Long Quan

 

                            S A I G O N   2

 

                                       *

 

               Dai Ly , Bot mi SAKYBOMI  Va

                           VIFLOMICO

 

        Moi cuoi thang tu 25 duong lich DOANH THUONG NGAN HANG

Kinh tang Lich Bo Tui cho thang sau.Kinh moi Quy vi Than chu den hoi .So Ngan Quy hoac tai can Chi nhanh D.T.N.H.

____________________________________________________________________ 

(Very interesting information have found inside the pocket notes ‘Lich Ho Tui 1975 during the vietnam liberation war in 1975 very difficult to found the unique document collections, please someone help me to translate the vietnamese and Franch character information, please comment-auth)

 

(7)March,6th.1975

Postal used cover (one stamp misssing) send from Saigon to military School at Tu Duc 9military code KBC-Ku Bhu Chin 4100)

March, 7th 1975

In early 1975, North Vietnamese military led by General Văn Tiến Dũng launched a massive attack against the Central Highland province of Buôn Mê Thuột. South Vietnamese troops previously anticipated attack against the neighboring province of Pleiku, and were caught off guard. President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu ordered the moving of all troops from the Central Highland to the coastal areas, as with shrinking American aid, South Vietnamese forces could not afford to spread too thin. However, due to lack of experience and logistics for such a large troop movement in such a short time, the whole South Vietnamese Second Corp got bogged down on narrow mountain roads, flooded with thousands of civilian refugees, and was decimated by ambushes along the way. South Vietnamese First Corp near the DMZ was cut off, received conflicting orders from Saigon on whether to fight or to retreat, and eventually collapsed. Many civilians tried to flee to Saigon via land, air, and sea routes, suffering massive casualties along the way. In early April 1975, South Vietnam set up a last ditch defense line at Xuân Lộc, under commander Lê Minh Đảo. North Vietnamese troops failed to penetrate the line and had to make a detour, which the South Vietnamese failed to stop due to lack of troops. President Nguyễn văn Thiệu resigned. The power eventually went to Dương Văn Minh.

 

March,11th.1975

Vietcong  capture Banmethout(D)

(9)March 15th1975

(a)Thieu meet with his commanders at Camranh, orders nothern provinces of South Vietnam abandoned.(D)

 (b)The North Vietnamese Army or NVA(Vietminh), had driven the South Vietnamese troops(AVRN), out of Pleiku and down Route 7B to the coast.look at the picture of Pleiku People refugee.

The retreating coliums of civilians and military had been harried and kharrased and ambushed all the way-they’d even run afoul of expertly laid (and inepertly cleared) minefields left bu South Korean forces earlier in the war.

The entire operation,ordered in the incompewtence and panic of the AVRN generals,had been a disaster with  only a little over one in three AVRN troops finally arriving on the coast at Thuy Hoa.

(c)Do-Thanh(City) Saigon Document

TRICH-LUC BO’ KHAI-SANH  with two local revenue Do Thanh Sai Gon Niem-Thue  5 and 10 Dong sign and official choped of Vien-Chuc Ho Tich  Huyen Yan
(10)  March.20th 1975

Thieu reverses himself, order Hue held at all cost(D)

(11)March,23th.1975

GIAY CAM KE’T DOCUMENT SIGNED WITH RED OFFICIAL STAMPED PHUANG TRUONG HUYNH VA’N ANH.with local Bo Than Saigon Ming Thue revenue 1975.

(12)March .25th1975

 (a)The Hue city falls to Vietcong(D)

 

 

(13)March .27 th1975

Hue-Da Nang Campaing

 
Hue-Da Nang Campaign
Part of the Vietnam War
DaNang75.jpg
A Vietnam People’s Army T-54 tank entering Da Nang in 1975.
Date March 5 – April 2, 1975
Location Huế (Thua Thien-Hue Province), Da Nang (Quang Nam Province), Quang Tri Province, Quang Ngai Province, South Vietnam
Result Decisive North Vietnamese victory.[1]
Belligerents
Vietnam North Vietnam
FNL Flag.svg Viet Cong
 South Vietnam
Commanders and leaders
Nguyen Huu Ann
Le Tu Dong
Chu Huy Man
Le Trong Tan
Ngo Quang Truong
Strength
4 Infantry Divisions
5 Infantry Regiments
4 Infantry Battalions
1 Independent Brigade
1 Armoured Regiment
3 Artillery Regiments
1 Air-Defence Division
1 Combat Engineers Brigade
1 Communication Regiment.
3 Infantry Divisions
1 Airborne Division
1 Marine Corps Division
4 Ranger Groups
1 Armoured Brigade
5 Armoured Squadrons
1 Air Force Division
2 Navy Squadrons.
Casualties and losses
Unknown More than 120,000 were killed or captured
Large quantities of military hardware were also captured.
 

Vietcong capture Danang.

This day, the Danang City had fallen and the soldiers(AVRN) at the airfield had gotten there in time to see the last plane out leave the ground with people clinging to the open stairs in the rear and hiding in the wheel wells.The Soldier who had field glasses or exceptionally good eyess could see several of the desperate fall away from the aircraft to the eground and bounce in that odd  way that only the dead can. The soldiers laughed at that and  mimicked the panic-stricken people who run desperatetly down the runaway after the big jet.

They were rested bow and well fed.They had refilled  their  ration bag and their amunition pouches. They had treated  their wounds and refilled their  ranks. They had listened to the Lectures on the importance of their historic missson.They had learned  of the success elswhere  and been briefe  on their next set of golas and objectives.

They had looked at their’Born in the North to Die in the south. “Tattoos almost without noticing them.

Danang had fallen,the chaos  and panic  attentant to the final few hours before the enemy  captured the place had been horrifying. The  last few overloaded planes out of Danang had had people cling to the landing gear and hiding in the baggage compartements.look qat the picture of Danang Refuggee excape to USS Midway

 

The Ancient capital of Hue and Quan Tri and all the nothern province were gone.

All that was truly left of republic of Vietnam(RVN) on the coast at places like Thuy Hoa,Qui Nhon ,and Nha Trang, and most the mekong delta.(Gerry Carrol Info)

 

(14)  March,29Th.1975

By March 29, 1975, North Vietnamese troops had full control of Hue and Da Nang, while South Vietnam lost all territories in I Corps and most of the units belonging to the ARVN 1st Brigade.

.(15)March.31th 1975

Pilotbeuro in Hanoi direct General dung to push toward Saigon in the “Ho Chi Minh campaign”(D)

The fall of Hue and Da Nang did not spell the end of the misery suffered by the Army of the Republic of Vietnam. On March 31, ARVN General Pham Van Phu—commander of II Corps Tactical Zone—attempted to form a new defensive line from Quy Nhon to cover the retreat of the ARVN 22nd Infantry Division into the Mekong Delta, but they too were destroyed by the North Vietnamese.

____________________________

April 1975-The last Month of Saigon US-Vietnam regime.

____________________________________

 

(1) April,1st.1975(Let Gen .Gerry Carroll Info)

Lt.Tim Boyle,USN, was going through the daily massage trafic when the meeting in the conference room down the hall broke. As one of the assitent air operation officers on the staff of the Navy’s commander in chief,Pacific, he was rarely invited into such august meeting where the red security over the door glowed in the gloom of the central passageway.Boyle,couldn’t care less about  that crap.He had learned on his last tour, as a combat Search and Rescue helicopter pilot,what was important and what was not. It has taken him about a month to figure out all the ins and outs of his new job at CINCPAC, and from then on he could usually have all his works done quickly and correctly.He initiated the one he was reading and turned to the next one,which was an unclassified summary od the situation in South Vietnam.

Boyle commandant Hickersons told him that in the afternoon everything was ready for retirement ceremony both at the parade field and at the club.

The soldir sat samll groups by the airfield bounderies.from behind them the distant sounds of the sack of Danang reached them in bits and pieces carried in the stillness of the day’s first light.the unit following behind the front-line troops were searching the city for anything useful to the offensive,shoving aside terrified citizens and refugee from the provinces to west and north who had fled here in the vain hope of avoidng the horrors to come.

Other troops had been rounding up enemies of the revolution who had only hours and days before been pillars of their society-teachers,policemen,clerics-anyone who represented  either of the twin threats to the soldier’s ideology,education,or employment by a free government. The enemies (vietcong) were being march out of the city to the west toward death in a labor battalion,or death by the execution squads,or intellectual death in the reeducation camps.

The ordinary citizenry huddled in the doorways or by the side of the road or together in clumps with others,holding their children away from the guns and the hard-eyed squads of armed men. a few sat on the beaches and looked over the empty sea toward the ship that would never come to take them away. They had nowhere else  to run.And with the relentless advance of the Communist(Vietminh) divisions from the North,they had no place to hide.

five hours after the Vigilante landed aboard the concord,the photographs taken on on its misssion sat in a jumble with many others on a mahogany conference table in the American headquaters at Tan Son Nut airport outside Saigon. around the table sat the chiefs of whar remained of the American Military presence in the Reoubklic of South Vietnam.With the diminution ot the presence same a frustarting powelessness to do one damn thing aboutbthe disasters these photographs and others yet to be taken where chronicling.

this meeting had been called to assess the speed of the decline in the military situation for south Vietnam without the offtimes confucing qanalyses from whasington.This afternoon there weere no baeurucratic filters or delays between the staffers and the raw informations. There was no analysis’s caviling prose concluding that both sides of the question were rquakky correct and equally likely.There was no countercorroboration.There was no hedging.

There was no channce.No chance at all,to therese eperienced military men,that the South Vietnamese were going to be able to stop the advance of the khaki-and-green-clad mass of Communist”liberators’ from the north(Carrol info)

(2)April 7th1975

Le Duc Tho arrives at Vietcong headquaters at Locninh, to oversee offensive

(2)AS the North Vietnam army thrust south, millions of refugees fled in terror toward Saigon .

 

(3) South Vietnamese refugees are slung into hold of a cargo ship as they anxiously strive to flee the advancing Vietcong.(P

 

      (4) Prior  to the Fall of Saigon

Nguyen Bao Tung (Best Vietnamese phillatelist)  former captain of the republic of Vietnam’s Army (ARVN) , was the commander of the 34 th MP-CID ( Military Police-Criminal Investigation Detachment) in Saigon.

In his collections contains President Nguyen van Thieu stamps on cover bored the signatures of the president and official seals of Goverment.

In 1975 he wrote about stamps for “ de la Timbrologie”, “ Le Monde  des Phillatelie, Bien-Tong Ji-Pao (in Chinese)

( Who was the owner of this very rare covers , please showed us, I have the Thieu stamps 10 Dong,  postally covers with KBC stamped, when I have seeking the information via Gogle exploration I found this Nguyen Bao Tung informations –auth)

________________________________________________________

THE VIETCONG TRANSITION GOVENRMENT AT SOUTH VIETNAM

The Vietcong Government at South Vietnam in 1975 

_______________________________________________

 

Hue-Da Nang Campaig

Hue-Da Nang Campaign
Part of the Vietnam War
DaNang75.jpg
A Vietnam People’s Army T-54 tank entering Da Nang in 1975.
Date March 5 – April 2, 1975
Location Huế (Thua Thien-Hue Province), Da Nang (Quang Nam Province), Quang Tri Province, Quang Ngai Province, South Vietnam
Result Decisive North Vietnamese victory.[1]
Belligerents
Vietnam North Vietnam
FNL Flag.svg Viet Cong
 South Vietnam
Commanders and leaders
Nguyen Huu Ann
Le Tu Dong
Chu Huy Man
Le Trong Tan
Ngo Quang Truong
Strength
4 Infantry Divisions
5 Infantry Regiments
4 Infantry Battalions
1 Independent Brigade
1 Armoured Regiment
3 Artillery Regiments
1 Air-Defence Division
1 Combat Engineers Brigade
1 Communication Regiment.
3 Infantry Divisions
1 Airborne Division
1 Marine Corps Division
4 Ranger Groups
1 Armoured Brigade
5 Armoured Squadrons
1 Air Force Division
2 Navy Squadrons.
 
   
 
 
 

The Hue-Da Nang Campaign was a series of military actions conducted by the Vietnam People’s Army (VPA) and the Viet Cong against the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) during the Vietnam War, also known in Vietnam as the American War. The campaign was centred on the cities of Hue (Thua Thien-Hue Province) and Da Nang (Quang Nam Province), with secondary fronts in the provinces of Quang Tri and Quang Ngai. The campaign began on March 5 and concluded on April 2, 1975.

During the spring season of 1975, the Vietnam People’s Army High Command in Hanoi made the decision to seize the major South Vietnamese cities of Hue and Da Nang, and also destroy the various South Vietnamese units in I Corps Tactical Zone, led by ARVN General Ngo Quang Truong. Originally, the campaign was planned to take place over two phases; during the seasons of spring-summer and autumn. However, as the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces rolled over South Vietnamese defences on the outskirts of Hue and Da Nang, President Nguyen Van Thieu ordered General Truong to abandon all territories under his control, and pull his forces back to the coastal areas of I Corps. Unfortunately, the South Vietnamese withdrawal quickly turned into a rout, as the North Vietnamese 2nd Army Corps picked off one South Vietnamese unit after another, until Hue and Da Nang was completely surrounded. By March 29, 1975, North Vietnamese troops had full control of Hue and Da Nang, while South Vietnam lost all territories in I Corps and most of the units belonging to the ARVN 1st Brigade.

.

April.3th 1975


South China Sea....Crewmen of the amphibious cargo ship USS Durham (LKA-114) take Vietnamese refugees aboard a small craft. The refugees will be transferred later by mechanized landing craft (LCM) to the freighter Transcolorado. Photo taken  04/03/1975. (National Archives)
South China Sea….Crewmen of the amphibious cargo ship USS Durham (LKA-114) take Vietnamese refugees aboard a small craft. The refugees will be transferred later by mechanized landing craft (LCM) to the freighter Transcolorado. Photo taken 04/03/1975.
 
 
 

 

 April,8th 1975:

THE EARLIEST VIETCONG MILITARY ‘S SAIGON GOVERNMENT DOCUMENT IN 1975.(SIX AFTER CAPTURE SAIGON)

The Military “Giay Phep”Dao Biet certificate(Travel Pass Permit ) issued by Chu ky va dau,trung ta by quan tieu Doan truong tien Doan-

.April,14th.1975.

THE VIETCONG MILITARY KBC 4709 ID GIAY PHEP 

The military ID GIAY PHEH issued by  Chu ky vo dau KBC 4.709 signed by Trung Ta  Boi Chau.(The earliest Vietcong ID with the eagle army emblem)

 (7)April .21th1975

(a)Vietcong capture Xuan Loc, last South Vietnamese defense line before Sai-gon (D)

     

(b) With the North Vietnam army encircling Saigon , President Thieu officially resigned on April,21th 1975 

(7)April.23th 1975

President Ford, speaking in New Orleans , calls the war “finished”(D)

April.24th 1975



President Ford meets in the Oval Office with Brent Scowcroft, Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs; Graham Martin, United States Ambassador to the Republic of Vietnam; Army Chief of Staff General Frederick Weyand; and Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger to discuss the situation in Vietnam. Photo taken  03/25/1975. (National Archives)
President Ford meets in the Oval Office with Brent Scowcroft, Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs; Graham Martin, United States Ambassador to the Republic of Vietnam; Army Chief of Staff General Frederick Weyand; and Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger to discuss the situation in Vietnam. Photo taken 03/25/1975.


President Gerald R. Ford talks to a woman refugee while holding a Vietnamese baby on a United States Air Force bus. The President after greeted the refugees of the Republic of Vietnam at a California airbase. Photo taken  04/04/1975. (National Archives)
President Gerald R. Ford talks to a woman refugee while holding a Vietnamese baby on a United States Air Force bus. The President after greeted the refugees of the Republic of Vietnam at a California airbase. Photo taken 04/04/1975.


Vice President Nelson A. Rockefeller; Deputy Assistant For National Security Affairs Brent Scowcroft; and Central Intelligence Agency Director William Colby discuss the situation in Vietnam during a break in a meeting of the National Security Council. Photo taken  04/24/1975. (National Archives)
Vice President Nelson A. Rockefeller; Deputy Assistant For National Security Affairs Brent Scowcroft; and Central Intelligence Agency Director William Colby discuss the situation in Vietnam during a break in a meeting of the National Security Council. Photo taken 04/24/1975.


Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger and National Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft stop by the West Sitting Room to apprise President Gerald R. Ford, and Mrs. Ford, on the progress of the evacuation of Americans from Saigon. Photo taken  04/28/1975. (National Archives)
Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger and National Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft stop by the West Sitting Room to apprise President Gerald R. Ford, and Mrs. Ford, on the progress of the evacuation of Americans from Saigon. Photo taken 04/28/1975.


President Gerald R. Ford presides over a meeting of the National Security Council to discuss the situation in Vietnam. (clockwise l-r) William Colby, Director, Central Intelligence Agency; Robert S. Ingersoll, Deputy Secretary of State; Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger; Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger; William Clements, Deputy Secretary of Defense; Vice President Nelson A. Rockefeller; and General George S. Brown, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Photo taken  04/28/1975. (National Archives)
President Gerald R. Ford presides over a meeting of the National Security Council to discuss the situation in Vietnam. (clockwise l-r) William Colby, Director, Central Intelligence Agency; Robert S. Ingersoll, Deputy Secretary of State; Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger; Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger; William Clements, Deputy Secretary of Defense; Vice President Nelson A. Rockefeller; and General George S. Brown, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Photo taken 04/28/1975.


 

 

 April,26th 1975

 

(a)Thieu leaves Saigon for taiwan(D)

 

 

(b)President Nguyen van Thieu turned the government over to Vice President Tran Van Huong, but Huong resigned a days later, turning the office over to Duong van Minh, who was acceptable to the North Vietnamese officially surrendered as the North Vietnamese tanks rammed through the gate of the Presidential palace on August 1975.

Look at the Corbis Picture October 31th 1975 when presidet Thiue leave platform following by vice president Tran Van Huong and Prime Menistry  below:

 

 
Nguyen Van Thieu Leaving Stage After Taking Oath
Original caption: South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu leaves platform after taking oath of office for another four-year term, October 31. He is followed by Prime Minister Tran Thiem Khiem (L) and Vice President Tran Van Huong. Seated at right are Justices of the Supreme Court.

Nguyen Van Thieu Leaving Stage After Taking Oath
.
 
 
DATE PHOTOGRAPHEDOctober 31, 1971
 

(Thieu originally took refugee in Taiwan , but later moved to London, where he lived several years. He had a vary quite life, avoiding the limelight and granting few interviews. He later moved to US living in affluent Boston suburb. Slowly, he began to reemerge, travalling to portion of the world, talking with symphatic groups in 1989-1990.

In an organizing groups to support change in Vietnam , he said that he no longer wanted a leadership position thetre (“I am old too old to take power again’) but wanted to lend hisexperience to those pushing reforms. He said he hoped to return someday to his homeland.

As of 1996, Thieu was still living near Boston, holding to a quiet life. He to the repoter :” I read ( discuss) the work in my home “. Thieu died on Saturday September ,29th,2001 ,in Beth Israel Deaconss Medical Center , caused of death unspecified., he was 78.-auth)

(9)April,28th. 1975

Vice-President Tran van Huong transfers authority as chief of state to General Duong van Minh (D)

 

(10)  April 29th1975

 

(a)Option IV

evacuation of last Americans from saigon, begins, Ambassador Martin Depart(D)

 

 

 

(b)Huniation

a US helicopter evacuated American and a few lucky Vietnam-ese to the safety of a nearby US warship a day before the fall of Saigon (P)

 

(c)The fall of Saigon as the last Americans and accompanying Vietnamese were lifted from the American Embassy in a frenzied evacuation, seventy helicopters carrying 1000 people to safety on the US warship lying offshore.

 

(d) But hundreds of thousands of Vietnamese officers and civil servants who had been loyal to the American-backed South Vietnam regime were left behind .

 (11) April 8th1975

The Military “Giay Phep” DaoBiet(travel Pass? permitted until 14th 1975)certificate was issued at KBC 4.709 (Cholon) sign y Chu ky va dau , trung –ta boi quan Tieu-doan-Truong tian Doan 5 Nhay –Du .

______________________________________________________

(a)phan 1 : Don Xin Nghi Phep

Cap bac : Binh-2 Ho vaten : Nguyen Van dong So quan : 67/813418 Don Vi : TD 5 ND/DD53.

So ngay nghi phep : 04 ngay ke tu : 08,10.75 den 14.04.75.

Ly do : An thuong hanh quan

Lam tai KBC : 4.709

Mai nhan don. Chi’huy truong KBC 4.709.

(b) Phan II: Kien Cua Cap Chi Huy Trung Tham Quyen Cap Phep

(c) Phan III : Quyet Dinh Cua Gioi Chuc Tham Quyen Cap Phep

Hiay phep so : 274/ta 5/ DD

Quyet Dinh : duoc q huong them

Duong-su nghi phep

Ngay du duong va phai ve trinh dien ngay 14.04.75.

Cap bac, Ho va Ten,chuc vu va so dien thoai cua

Noi nhun : Duong Su-Dan Vi cao phep, Don vi quan thu ho-so.(OD)

(the latest document issued by the Vietnam Cong Hoa Army (AVRN), 12 days before Vietcong Captured Saigon, best  collection for showed ,please comment-auth)

 

(l2)April,30th.1975

Vietcong Capture Saigon, Colonel Bui Tin  have  surrender to Vietminh.

 

 

 

 

(13) April,31th. 1975

 

(a)Victory, South Vietnam was completely liberated and Vietnam reunified , the stamps issued by Saigon Regime terminated its circulation.(D)

Hundred thousands of Vietnamese officers and civil servant who had beeen loyal to the American –backed South Vietnamese regime were  taken to camps and joint the rigid “Re-education”, where some spent months and other years, a Vietnamese Gulag.

 

(B) Trong cuoc Tong tien cong va noi day mua Xuan 1975, bang he thong duong ong va cac kho chua, bo doi xang dau da cung cap 96 van tan xang, dau, mo, nhanh chong tra nap cac loai nhien lieu cho hang ngan xe phao, may bay, ham thuyen , khi tai may moc cua cac quan chung, binh chung, cac quan doan, su doan, bao dam cho bo doi va binh khi ky thuat co dong than loc, nhanh chong trien khai tien cong dich tren cac huong.

Khoi luong nhien lieu tieu thu nam 1975 gap 25 lan khoi luong nam 1954,gap 16 lan khoi lluong tieu thu trong chien dich Xuan He 1972(D)

 

(c)The final communist drive to take Saigon in 1975 was officially dubbed the Ho Chi Minh Offensive, and afterward become Ho Chi Minh City (ibid Stanley Karnow-p171)

 

4) May 1975 no info

 

5) June 1975 no info

 

6)July 1975 no info

 

7) August 1975

 

(1)August ,7th 1975

     Vietcong saigon Rice Distribution coupon from August to December 1975, every month 7/8/75 50 kg, 1/8/75 100 kg and 18/7/75 100 kg.with stamped Ba Thu Thien.

 

 

 

 

The Stencil coupon were issued by Thanh Pho Saigon Gia Dinh , Uy Ban Nhan Dan Cach Mang Quan 10.

_______________________________________________________

Hieu Mua Dau Lua Han Thang

Cap Cho Dong Bao To Khai Gia Dinh.

Ten Ho Gia Truong : Nguyen ThiChac

Nha o’ :724/26 Phan Thanh Bian Saigon 10.

(Moi lan ban deu,nguoi quen Ly cat o ra giao cho Phuong trach nhiem kiem soat)

________________________________________________________

(OD)

(3)        Official Cover with Stamped,without stamps, send by courier.

___________________________________________

Vietnam Cong Hoa Phu Thu-Tuong,

Nha Tong Ginh Boc Cong-Vu.from Trung Tam Huan Luyen Quan Doc Tu Nghiep , 10 Tran Quoc Toan Saigon to Kinh gui : Ong Tran Hieu Nghia , 30 Nguyen Van Hoc, Gia dinh saigon.

(The earliest official cover and letter ,Porsonal delivered without stamp and postal stamped.)(OD)

____________________________________________

9) September 1975 no info

10) October

(a) Cholon  Recieved Money Document

Phuoc-An Tu’ong -Te’ Hoi Recived money 3250 dong with Vietcong overprint revenue 10 dong. signed by  chan Thu Quy  at Cholon.

I have the other nominal of mint vietcong overprint revenue  surcharge o.o2 on 10 dong

 and 0.03 on 4 dong(The biggest Block ever report)

11)November 1975

(1)November.27th 1975

front cover:

The rare Ho Chi Minh cover with Ho Chi Minh stamp , Khong Co Gi Quy Ho’n Doc Lap Tu Do,  send from An Hai to Truong Nong lam Su-bao-Loc but the stamps didn’t cancelled,

the letter inside:

_____________________________________

                An Hai 27-11-75

                        Em Truan !

Hom goi cho, con quen nhung mon tau dan, san dac ma auc ten, o nha goi cho env,nhung mon con thieu.

Gia dinh tat ca von binh an, lam an van nhu ngay hao.

        Hot ga goi ten env nen hong soi coiu dtuong cho bo. Co gi em nhan voi dac nor ho, Chi.(OD&PH)

 

 

 

 

________________________________

 

4.3.4            The Saigon – Thanh Pho Ho Chi Minh during Unity Vietnam 1976-1980

the end @copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

Driwan Vietnam War Cybermuseum:”After Vietnam War 1976″

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

 

                    Please Enter

                   

              DVWC SHOWROOM

(Driwan Vietnam War  Cybermuseum)Showcase:

The Vietnam War Document

       and

 Postal History

   1969-1975

         Also

  Post Vietnam War

      1976-1980

               THE REPUBLIC

        SOCIALIST VIETNAM

AFTER VIETNAM WAR 1976

The Provisional Revolutionary Government of Republic of South Vietnam 1976.(Vietcong, in republic Socialist Vietnam was called National  Front for Liberation south vietnam 1963-1969)

The Communist Vietnam Conquest South Vietnam label and picture Colections

 

 

Conquest Vietnam 1976
Status:Recruiting

The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, the Vietnam Conflict, or often in Vietnam, the American War occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia from 1955 to April 30, 1975. The war was fought between the communist North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of South Vietnam, supported by the United States and other member nations of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).

The Vietcong, the lightly armed South Vietnamese communist insurgency, largely fought a guerrilla war against anti-communist forces in the region. The North Vietnamese Army engaged in a more conventional war, at times committing large-sized units into battle. U.S. and South Vietnamese forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search-and-destroy operations, involving ground forces, artillery and air strikes.

The United States entered the war to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam as part of their wider strategy of containment. Military advisors arrived beginning in 1950. U.S. involvement escalated in the early 1960s and combat units were deployed beginning in 1965. Involvement peaked in 1968 at the time of the Tet Offensive. Despite a peace treaty signed by all parties in January 1973, fighting continued. In April 1975, North Vietnam captured Saigon. North and South Vietnam were reunified the following year.

The war exacted a huge human cost in terms of fatalities, including 3 to 4 million Vietnamese from both sides, 1.5 to 2 million Laotians and Cambodians, and 58,159 U.S. soldiers.

my friend Andrew Creshow  of IMNAHA send me the postally used cover in 1976.

stamp on cover had a roughly opened edge and a 1978 usage, despite the stamp being issued in 1965 (after the war ended in 1975, the military used reserve stocks of stamps until they were exhausted).

In addition to the contemporary postmark from 1966 and the military return address, the cachet appealed to me as I had not seen in before.

I reached out to my friend, Vinh Nguyen, who quickly translated the cover’s details. The cachet reads, Vừa sản xuất vừa chiến đấu, that translates to “Produce While Fighting”. The central, circular logo bears the phrase, chống mỹ cứu nước, that means, “Fight the US aggressors to safeguard our country.”

The recipient is a traditional medicine doctor at the Thai Binh provincial medical department. This was not a hospital, but rather the medical department of the province.

The hand-written text at the bottom reads, “Medical department, please forward to Doctor Cúc, traditional medicine, to where here department is temporarily evacuated.”

 

__________________________________

 

1. January 1976

 

(1)January,1st.1976

The Cholon Phuoc-An Tu’o’ng Te’Hoi recived money 3250 Dong with Vietcong Ovpt on revenueu 0.20 dong

 

2.Information from Qaaderni UNHCR by Sadako Ogata “An Instrument of Peace”

      In 1976 International public opinion becomes aware of the dramatic exodus by sea from Vietnam

The expression “Boat people” become famous throughtout the world, other people flee by land also from Laos and from Cambodia,look the picture of boatman at Manila Bay above.

February 1976 no info

March 1976 no info

April 1976

 April,22th1976  

President Nguyen Van Thieu speak to his people at Television saying that he  resign.

photo

22 Apr 1976, Saigon, South Vietnam — South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu speaks to his people last 4/21 on TV saying that he resigns. Thieu served as chief executive of South Vietnam 54-days short of 10-years, longer than any other Saigon Leader. The 52-year old President decided to step aside after lead of virtually every military, political and religious block told him they lacked confidence in his leadership. –

May 1976no info

 June 1976

June,28th,1976

Truong Dai Hoc Y Duoc, Than Pho Ho Chi Minh (city) Khoay docunent of Bien Nhan sign by Nguoi Nhen Ho’ So’ Meki.

 

 July 1976

(1) July.2nd1976

     (a)The National Assembly of Vietnam decided to change the name of country into The Socialist Republic Of Vietnam.(D)

      (b)At the moment stamps issued by The Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam and The Democratic Republic of Vietnam  had run their course and merged into the postage stamps of the Socialist republic of Vietnam with the inscription“VIET NAM” . The last set of these two flows of revolutionary stamps feature the map of Vietnam, peaches and apricot in blossom nd the inscription “Vietnam is one, the Vietnamese Nation is one” and “Independence ,Unification and Socialism”.

 

(2) Native Vietnam document with Indonesia information 1975-1976.

     HOAT DONG QUAN SU CUA MY O KHU VUC CHAU ATHAI BINH DUONG SAU VIET NAM.

        Sau that bai tham hai o Viet nam, camp-pu-chia va Lao de quoc . My dang gap rut cung con va dieu chinh cac tuyen chien luoc chua chung o chau A va Thai Binh Duong.

(a). Bam giu nhung vi tri con lai o Dong Nam A.

        Tang vien tro quan su cho In-do-ne-xi-a tu 20 trieu len 42,5 trieu do-la trong nam tai chinh 1976. vien tro quan su cho Phi-lip-pin 35 trie do-la trong tai khoa 1975-1976.dat muc cao nhat ve vien tro quan su cho nuoc nay tu 25 nam nay.

(b). Cung co tuyen”phong thu chien luoc”Dong Bac A,

(c). Co ve lap tuyen ngan chan o”vung Long chao Thai Binh Duong”

(d).Tang cuong lien minh quan su My-Nhat.

(3) Native Vietnam Propaganda:

“TOAN QUAN HANG HAI THI DUA QUYET THANG, RA SUC XAY DUNG QUAN DOI. CUNHG CO QUOC PHONG. XAY DUNG DAR NUOC. VI TO QUOC GIAU MANH. VI HANH PHUC CUA NHAN DAN” (D)

 (4)2nd August 1976

 Pre stamped 60 Dong letter sheet with + 50 % stamped, and handwritten cross line surcharge Thu May Bay Aerogram letter sheet , not postal cancelled, personal deliver  ,here were two date one in february ,may be cannot send,then August still no postal service send by courier.

Front side

Frontside close up compare with the unsurcharge letter sheet

Backside letter

 

 

                Anh Dien

Sue nay anh den nha, em ca dtua co chia anh coi mot cai thu tien quan Doan goi cho em Coi xong em luong anh cuoi nhung khong ngo anh lai co coc mat buon buon (co dtung vay khong anh ) cons buon gi the ?

        Anh oi! Sau keu coi xong anh co’ y’ nghi nhu the nao cho rieng em teh coi xong cai thu ay la con mim cuoi mot nu cuoi khong de soa em dta khong ong an ngai doc cho ma nghe coi ca Vay cai thu sao ma no gia doi den vie, dten khi nho coa nu tkhong het coi lung boc , hoi tham suc khoc ,nhung luc binh ung thi song chet moic bay.

        Anh! So di em muon anh coi voi em khong muon dau anh mot dien gi ca vu cho anh viay so cham lo chu dtai cua cap tien doi coi ban them em !!!!!!!!!! Nhg khong ngo anh lai buon, em mong anh dtung suy nghi va dtung buon vi la thu dto nha anh hua voi em nha anh cu em ?

        Nam nay em thu vew y khoa cho’ khong veo Nha nhei nam yoeu q Su phan nhu y dteonh mo uoc anh vay anh co mon keung ha anh.

        Neu co buon em dtreu gi thu noi cho em met hoeie thong cam cho con cho dtung gian em nha anh, hoac la 1 minh mang lay roi o noi gi dten di coi nho nho nhe anh.

                                Em cua anh

                                Sign Thieng

                                21.55 2/8/76.

August until October 1976 no info

November 1976

(1)November 2nd1976

Jimmy Carter elected president of the United States

 

(2)UNHCR INFO(IBID Sadako Ogata)

     After the Vietnam war , in 1975 a mass exodus of Indochineese began, both by land toward Thailand and by sea ( The fammous Boat people) towards the region near the Indochina pennisula : Malaysia, Indonesia etc.

       More than one million people were involved and clearly the host countries were unable to bear the heavy barden of all those requesting asylum.

As the trime a kind of international resettlement bridge was organized , directing refugees mainly toward the United States,France, Canada and Australia, countries which in their turn successfully organized their integration .(D)

 

12)December 1976

       (1) December,22th. 1976

       A Christmas  card lady with candle, and written in chinese character, send inside the Cover from  Binh Minh(VinhLong) CDS Binh Minh 26.12.1976, the earliest new name with dai Hoi Dang Lan Thu IV stamps to TP Ho Chi Minh,the neww name of Saigon City, CDS small rolling type T.P.Hochi Minh I 27.12.1976. (this was the earlist T.P.Ho Chi Minh CDS,please report who have the earliest one-auth)

front cover

back cover

frontside card

Insidecard

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2011

____________________________________

b. Republic Socialist Vietnam in 1977

_____________________________________

1)January 1977

 

(1)january ,21th 1977

The day after his inauguration, Carter pardons most of 10.000 Vietnam war draft evaders,(D)

2) February 1977 no info

 

3) March 1977

(1) Assistent Secretary of State begins talks with Vietnamese officials to explore US recognition of Vietnam.(D)

(2) The constant stream of refugees from South Vietnam by sea (The Boat People) and overland to Thailand, Malaya and Hongkong also aggravated Vietnam’s neighbours.

     The United States accepted hundres of thousands of Vietnamese , and more recently, numbers of “Amerasians” , the mixed children of US servicemen and Vietnamese.

(3) The Boat Man photo in Indonesia newspaper(OP)

(4)     The Boat Man in Galang Island Indonesia where they were checked before transvered to another country, and the Mobile Brigade from wset Sumatra had tasked in that area, (some document and Postal History will discuss in specialized postal history discussions.auth) 

4)April 1977 no info

5) May 1977

        (1) May,15th.1975

        The beautiful green cover with red flower  send from Tra Vinh CDS 15.6.1977 with Dai Hoi Dang Lan Thu IV stamp of Buu Chinh Viet nam via CDS VINH-LONG 15.6.1977  to Than Pho Ho Chi Minh the new name of Saigon city, cds Bigger CDS  Vietnam *THANH-PHO HO-CHI-MINH* 16-6 1977  small type Vietnam*Tanh Pho Ho Chi Minh I 17.6.1977.

(rare postal history with four cds destination after the Vietnam  liberation War, please report the earliest of Tanh Pho Ho Chi Minh CDS,auth)

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c.Republic Socialis Vietnam in 1978

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1) -5) no info

6) June 1978

     (1)Vietnam Join Comecon, the East European economic community.(D)

7) July 1978

(1)Tension between Vietrnam and Cambodia buil up, relation between Vietnam and China deteriorate (D)

     (2) July,12th.1978

     The Special cover Vietnam Map with Communist flag , Dai Hoi IV Dang Cong San Vietnam with Ho Chi Minh 12 d stamp with red Map , send from cds  TP Ho Chi Minh-15250   to Tran Phu Quan 5 cds rollyng small type 15250.TP Ho Chi Minh.

 

8)-9) no info

10) October 1978

United State postpones plan to normalize relations with Vietnam

11) November 1978

Vietnam and Soviet Union sign a friendship pact, which the Chinese term a “threat to the security” of South east Asia. Vietnam starts to trepress its ethnic Chinese minority, thousand flee the country.(D)

 12) December  1978

(1) December,15th.1978

(a)Carter announces full-scale diplomatic relation between the United States and China(D)

(b)Relations with her nothern neighbour reached their nadir when Vietnam invaded and occupied most of Kampuchea and expelled the Chinese-backed Pol Pot regime. The Vietnamese –installed government was ostracised by the International community and Vietnam was condemed.

(c) Thousand of “Boat people” begin to flee Vietnam (D)

(2)  December, 25th. 1978

Vietnam invaded Cambodia

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the end @copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011