Hari-hari terakhir Peralihan Kekuasan antara Belanda dan Dai Nippon 1942.

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I.KATA PENGANTAR DARI PENULIS

II. DAFTAR ISI

III. KISAH MENJELANG  PENDARATAN TENTARA DAI NIPPON

III. KISAH PENDARATAN TENTARA DAI NIPPON DIPULAU JAWA

1. 1 Maret 1942

UCMMarch1st’10:”Dai Nippon Occupation Indonesia This Day”

March 1, 2010 by uniquecollection 

Gen.Immamura&staff. 

Dai Nippon landing 

Banten attack Map 1942 

Indramajoe Landing Map 1942 

Front Capitulation cover 1942 

Back Capitulation cover 1942 

DEI Marines 1942 

THE DAI NIPPON MILITARY OCCUPATION IN INDONESIA COLLECTION 

1.MARCH 1st 2002 

(1) Early in the morning this day, Dai Nippon forces landing in Java and succeeded withou any struggle by DEI forces(KNIL) and Indonesia Native people accepted DN Frces with up the DN and Indnesian national flag because Dai Nippon propaganda before the war that Indonesia will Independent when they occupied Indonesia,
Three Dai Nippon Forces Landing area in Java:
(a) Banten Beach at Merak with route Merak-Serang-Rangkasbitung-Leuwiliang-Buitenzorg(Bogor)-Kragilan-Tanggerang-Batavia under the command of the commander-in-chief 16th Dai Nippon forces Lt.Gen.Hitoshi Immamura, with the 2nd Division under Commander May.Gen. Maruyama, and the 49th Division under Commander May.Gen Tsuchi Hashi , also Brigade under commander May gen.
Sakaguchi and one Resimen under commander Col, Shoji.
Three Illustrations:
(ill.1) Gen.Immamura profile
(ill.2) Dai Nippon Landing
(1ll.3) The Vintage Dutch Map of Banten 1942: Merak beach landing area, and the route attack Searanf-Rangkasbitung,Leiwilliang Buitenzorg, Tanggerang- Batavia.
Caption : DN route map Banten 1942
(b) Eretan Wetan near Indramajoe
(ill 4) The Vintage Dutch Map of Indramjoe Dai Nippon landing area 1942,caption Indramajoe map 1942
(c) Krangan Rembang middle Java,
The fleet of Dai Nippon Naval Forces reach the Krangan coast ,a village between Rembang and Lasem, about 160 km west of Soerabaja.
The Sakaguchi detachment from Balikpapan joined this invasion fleet. After landing divided into 3 units with 1 battalion of 124th Infantry Regiment :
(c.1) Col.Yamamoto,1st Battalion unit.
(c.2) Mayor Kaneuji, 2nd Battalion unit.
(c.3) Let.Col.Matsimoto,3rd battalion unit.
In one week ,they advanced rapidly and overcome all Dutch army defended in Blora ,Solo ,Bojolali-Yogja ,Magelang and Ambarawa
the Map will illustrated 

(2) All of the West Java Postal office were closed not opretated inculding Tjiandjoer.
(1ll.5) Postally free postally used Geadvisers (Registered) cover with Commander of the forces and the Departmen of War’s chief (Commandant Leger en hoofd departement van Oorlog ) official Headquaters Stamped send from The Dutch East Indie Forces Head Quaters Bandoeng CDS Bandoeng Riaow Str 27.2.42, arrival Cds Tjiandjoer 28.2.42 and after that the post office closed, open after capitulaition CDS Tjiandjoer 4.4.42 Onafgeh. and ret.afzd handwritten postmark (Cann’t delivered and return to sender) , arrived back CDS Bandoeng 6.4.42 (during dai nippon occupation0 to Dai Nippon Forces Headquaters in java .(The very rare Dai Nippon capitulation Postal History collection from the DEI forces headquaters back to Dai nippon forces Bandoeng Headquaters only one ever seen, if the collecters have the same collectins please send information via comment-Dr iwan S.)
Caption : capitulation cover 1942 

(3) DEI Marine Defendwork Offive Letter during DN landing at west and Central Java.
Veryrare Letter from Marine Defensiewerk (Defense Worl office) sign by the chief van Schooninveld. the conduete latter of B Kasiman who work as opzichert (civilian official) at the Soerabaya Marine office from Augist 1941 to March 1942, the letter date April 1st 1942.
(Ill.6) The DEI Marine Soerabaya letter during DN landing west java, caption DEI Marine letter 1942 

5. March.14th 1942
The rare Dai Nippon handoverprint DEI Overtoon document
(very rare document, overtoon was DEI Leasing form, was handwritten overprint Pemerintah Balatentara Dai Nippon-Dai Nippon Military administration on Pemrerinatah Ollanda-Nederland -the DEI government (please the collectors whohave the same collection please report via comment-Dr Iwan S.)
__________________________________________________
No.
Besarnja F 50,= Oewang
handwritten overprint
Indonesia on Hindia Belanda
OVERTOON

Pada waktoe kapan sadja datang penagi minta oewang kepada saja jang bertanda tangan di bawa ini bernama Adam
soedagar di Masasan(Tadjenan) kampoeng Wadjok
misti lantas bajar kepada Ripp Tjhoen Gwan
di Malang atawa pada kwasanja
Banjaknja Oewang Lima Poloeh roepiah

oewang jang lakoe di ..hand overprint Indonesia on Hindia Nederland..
harga dari barang dagangan jang saja soedah trima betoel.
Atas ini oetang saja soeka di tagi menoeroet et -handwritten overprint Balatentara Dai Nippon on Ollanda- jang berlakoe di Hindia-Nederland.
Apa jang terseboet dalam ini soerat hoetang saja soedah mengerti betoel

Malang , den 14 / 4 1942
vor a val DEI revenue
_.15
Hand thumb fingerprint
signed
date. 14/4-1942

6.MARCH,7th 1942

1. Dai Nippon Government issued Dai Nippon Military order (Osamu Serei) no 1 About how to administrated the Dai Nippon Military Government.
OENDANG-OENDANG No. 1
Tentang mendjalankan Pemerintarahan Balatentara
Pasal 1 until pasal 6.

Djakarta,tanggal 7,boelan 3,
tahoen Syowa 17 (2602)
PEMBESAR BALATENTARA
DAI NIPPON
(look the illustration of the original book issued by the Dai Nippon military Government about the Dai nippon Military administration in Indonesia Language , caption : DN order no1 7th, and the complete order read “Dai Nippon Administratin Java” in this blog. Dai Nippon have made the best occupation’s planning included the Osamu Serei or Regulations, collectors will seen some very interesting Osamu Serei collection laters)

7.Dai Nippon army in West Java
In this day DN Forces occupied lembang,and the meeting between DEI army and DN army (Shoji) at Hotel Isola lembang (ex villa Barrety, ex IKIP Institute and now Faculty Educated) .
Dai Nippon Ultimatum to DEI army too surrender in 2x 24 hours , if not Bandung will boombing until destroy or surrender.

3.Dai nippon army in middle Java
DN Forces advanced rapidly and overcome all Dutch Army defense in Blora ,Solo ,Bojolali ,Jogya ,Mage-lang ,Salatiga ,Ambarawa and Poerworedjo

1. BULAN MARET 1942

UCMMarch8th’10:”The Dai Nippon Occupation Java Today”

March 7, 2010 by uniquecollection 

Osamu Serei No.1 7th 
DN Order no.1 7th 
Let.Gen Hitoshi Immamura 
EX Gov.Gen.Tjarda 
Let.Gen Ter Poorten 
DN enter Batavia 7th 
DN attack Wangon 
DEI Forces surrender 8th 
Ter Porten at Kalidjati 9th 
Kalidjati March 9th 
Kalidjati now 
DN landing Krangan Map 
KNIL Resisted Wangon Map 
Capitulation Kalidjati Map 

THE DAI NIPPON OCCUPATION JAVA
@Copyright Dr Iwan S.2010 

I.MARCH 4th 1942
The 48th Division Army of Dai Nippon Forces Landing at Merak Banten Coat lead by May.Gen.Tsuchihashi, Brigade sakaguchi led by May Gen Sakaguchi, and Resimen lead by Col Shoji, under the Commander-in-Chief Let.Gen. Hitoshi Immamura. 

II,March 5th 1942
(1)Dai Nippon army which landing ar Krangan, after occupied Tjepoe (march 2nd), and Bojonegoro , the DN proceed futher and overhelm by The Dutch defense at Ngawi regency, after this regency occupied Dai Nippon occupied Tjaroeban,Ngandjuk,Kertosono, Kediri and Djombang (east Java). 

(2)Dai Nippon attacked Dutch army at the route Serang,Rangkasbitung,Leuwiliang,Buuitenzorg(now bogor) and straight attacked and occupied north Subang and tjiater ,also Tanggerang city in this day. 

III.March.6th 1942 

1..Dai Nippon infiltrated and occupied Solo and Jogya. 

2.. Dai nippon enter Batavia in this day 

(1)The illustration of Dai Nippon enter Batavia(now Jakarta) picture illustration by The Dai Nippon Soldier sketch . caption “DN enter Batavia “ 

(2) The vintage book “The Last Day of Batavia”
(Meeting The Teacher by Soelaiman,Setyawati) 

From Mei 1940, Many Dutch Proffesor in Batavia couldn’t communicated with Dutch Homeland, after the Pacific war begun ,the DEI government have prepared to Dai Nippon attacked, The Batavia coast around Tandjong Priok harbour have upgrading the protecting . The Civil Stadwacht (City watcher)and Land Wacht(Landwatcher) have builded to prtect the cicil citizen. and after that they trained the First aid.The proffessor also join this Civil defense and during teaching they wear the Citywatcher uniform.
After several times the Kemajoran Airport were boombing by Dai Nippon aircrafts, All the Literature Books were moved into the Main University Building which added Beton cement protected, the student of Anthrophology University of Indonesia were helping to move the Literature Books. 

During boombing, the High School’s teaching were stopped and the student must secures theirself under the stairs after the Sirene stop. Although in the war situations the Teaching still go on, except some student had led to their village. 

One day our Professor had shaked hands to farawell , we are the student very sad .(after Dai Nippon Occupation all the Faculty closed except Medical and Technical Faculty, I heard when the University occupied by The Dai Nippon soldier, all the Books from Libbrary were through out of the windows,when Mrs DR de Jong want to keep the literatur, Mr Prijono said ” Mrs, remember Your life”, after that we moved to intern Village) 

I still remember at the time in the afternoon, when Batavia attacked by The Dai Nippon Army. I still at the Archeology Faculty building and saw some student learning in the room (now the library of Art science-Sastra Faculty). I saw Prof. Soepomo with traditional Java Sarong and Blankon , he was the Dean of law faculty , and he met the Dai Nippon soldiers during the Indonesia university were occupied. 

In afternoon on March 8th 1942, I saw the Dai Nippon truck stopped ,and I have seen Prof.Bernet Kempers (The famous Dutch expert of Anrkeologist) , Prof Ertheim and other Dutch professor at the truck, they up their hand and said Good by till we meet again. All the Dutch, British and Australian army were put in Jailed 9as the Prisoner of War) . 

At the first day Batavia Chaos, nobody Brave to go out of thei house, because I heard when Dai Nippon occupied Shanghai china many robery and sex saduced, but in Batavia didn’t happened. When The Storage were robery the Dai Nippon solder have shooting the Roberies. The Dai Nippon army also from Korea soldier as the front soldier attacked, they had odered to keep the Car for attacked Bandung, my father’s car also captured too. After the situation more sophisicated, I brave went to my friend home Ida Nasution near Salemba not far from Medical Faculty, they have keep enough Rice before the Dai Nippon attacked, I didn’t know my Father still worked in his office because very difficult to find rice if not work.
Another day I saw many White man with beard,dirty not cleaned, they were the prisner of war order the walking in the road from Glodok prisioners to the Striswijk Prisoner (now Rutan Salemba). 

Not so long, the Europe and Australian womens with their children also put in the Civil Prisoner Camp. in 1943 there were the camp at The Raden Saleh street. Jakarta but The Indo (the son of mixing couple White and Native people ) didn’t put the prisoner Camp.
Mrs Kampers and her son also put in the prisoner camp, they stayed away from their husband , because they have were put in The Java Civil prisone Camps, beside prof. bernet Kempers also another famous Europeaun Archeologist like Bob van Heekern and De Casparis were put in the Burma and Thailand prisners camp to build the railways.( please look the Dai Nippon Military card from Molmein Burma prisoner of Camp at “Dai Nippon Millitary Collection”in this blog.
With the god bless all the archologist Kempers,Bob van Heekeren and de Casparis still alive until the end of the War, and I am very happy to have their guidence and knowledege teaching until finish the bachalor degree , at least I still met Prof Kemper and I write this story special for Him. (UCM have prof Kempers private letters with his own hand signed, -dr Iwan S.) 

IV.MARCH,7th 1942 

1. Dai Nippon Government issued Dai Nippon Military order (Osamu Serei) no 1 About how to administrated the Dai Nippon Military Government.
OENDANG-OENDANG No. 1
Tentang mendjalankan Pemerintarahan Balatentara
Pasal 1 until pasal 6. 

Djakarta,tanggal 7,boelan 3,
tahoen Syowa 17 (2602)
PEMBESAR BALATENTARA
DAI NIPPON
(look the illustration of the original book issued by the Dai Nippon military Government about the Dai nippon Military administration in Indonesia Language , caption : DN order no1 7th, and the complete order read “Dai Nippon Administratin Java” in this blog. Dai Nippon have made the best occupation’s planning included the Osamu Serei or Regulations, collectors will seen some very interesting Osamu Serei collection laters) 

2.Dai Nippon army in West Java
In this day DN Forces occupied lembang,and the meeting between DEI army and DN army (Shoji) at Hotel Isola lembang (ex villa Barrety, ex IKIP Institute and now Faculty Educated) .
Dai Nippon Ultimatum to DEI army too surrender in 2x 24 hours , if not Bandung will boombing until destroy or surrender. 

3.Dai nippon army in middle Java
DN Forces advanced rapidly and overcome all Dutch Army defense in Blora ,Solo ,Bojolali ,Jogya ,Mage-lang ,Salatiga ,Ambarawa and Poerworedjo. 

4. The last flight of KNIL
The DEI Forces (KNIL) last flight DC3 Wielewaal from Andir airport, at Boeah Batoe Street Bandoeng flea Let.Gov.General DR van Mook, The Commandant of KNIL May.Gen. l.H. van Oyen led to Australia(Brisbane) to developed the DEI government there.and Indonesia only have The Dutch Forces commander in chief without Governrur General anymore because Tjarda only ex Gouvernur General of DEI (Vaccum authority) 

V. MARCH 8th 1942 

1. In the morning of this day
The Dai Nippon army (The Kanei and Matsumoto detachment) move through mainland, capture Keboemen, and Purwokerto north Tjilatjap and the Dai Nippon military of Yamamoto detachment move along the beach and mounted a two jungle strong attacked ,entering Tjilatjap. The Dutch had withdrawn to Wangon, a small town between Poerwokerto and Tjilatjap (look at Wangon map illustration cap. DEI forces resisted Wangon map). 

2. In the Afternoon until Night
Dai Nippon military have succeed their campaign when this afternoon Commander In Chief Dutch Forces Let.general Ter Poorten (up his rank to General when the meeting) surrendered to Dai Nippon Army Commander In Chief at This first Kalidjati Calpitulation meeting.
This mysterious Kalidjati Capitulations meeting that made in the very clever Dutch Political strategy, because when the meeting DEI without the authority of Governor General (he had led to Australia yesterday) because Tjarda was ex Governour General, he havenot the authority, that is Why the Dai Nippon Commander in Chief Hitoshi Immamura didnot want to have meeting with him , and Tjarda went back to Bandoeng, the meeting forbidden to made photo ,only a picture painted by japanese soldier with The light on in the night.(no Photo EX Governor general meeting and sign the surrender, look illustration Let.gen ter Poorten surrender at Kalidjati ,this photo in this Night or midday March 9th still confuse because no light on. caption DEI Forces Surrender 8th, If the collectors have the illustration March 8th at Kalidjati with light on please show us via comment,UCM have the painting illustration but still cann’t found in UCM library,please collectors be patient the illustration will installed later if we met that vintage book name Bandoeng old and new-Dr Iwan S.) 

Dai NIppon Commander In Chief also the Governor of Java later, have the meeting two times this night when (Let) General ter Poorten as the Commender in Chief of Dutch Forces surrender to Dai Nippon, and tomorrow the second meeting with complete picture in midday(no light off).
This situation have made a favor for DEI government after the WWII ,DEI led by Let.Gov.general Van Mook have claimed that Indonesia still in the authority of DEI, amd British allied forces must given Back Indonesia to DEI, and DEI didnot accepted NRI Independence proclamations until this day, that time they said NRI as the rebellion or extrimiest govern-ment, and only gave the authority to RIS under union under Netherlands in December 1949, but Indonesia alsways said once Independence always Independence in August 17th 1945.
The detailed information please red in this blog Dai Nippon Mitilary administration Java.were the founder reseached compile with my friend medical collaege now PHD in Historian,DR Rushdy Husein report the Kapitulasi kalidjati ; we haved discuused about this myterious Capitulation in 2000, because the contradiction of Capitulation’s photo in midday without light not at night with light on, after more researched I found that there were two meeting , first in March 8th at night forbidden to photo,only painting the weeting at night with light, and the second meeting in March 9th with complete photo.
The first Meeting in this night with Tjarda not succeed because Immamura didn’t want to meet ex non-authorized Governour Genral OF DEI, and after that the meeting only with Ter Poorten, that is why during Kalidjati capitulations ,only Commander in Chief DEI forces surrender , but The DEI Goverment didn’t surrendered. and also the Caitulation administrations didn’t found anymore after the war,but Immamura written in his memoir that the administration exist.(may be burn why by Whom?? still mystery)
Let.Gen. Ter Poorten in this first meeting accepted to Surrender , in March 9th will informed the Dutch Army surrender to Dai nippon via Dutch Nirom radio and came back to Kalidjati bring the list of DEI army power at 13.50. 

3. In the Midnight
Let.Gen. Ter Poorten order for all the DEI forces to surrendered and put in the news paper of March 9th 1942 early morning printed. 

VI.MARCH 9th 1942 

1.Let.Gen. ter poorten order DEI Radio(NIROM) to announced the DEI Military surrendered to Dai Nippon at Kalidjati Capitulation in March 8th 1942, and order to all Dutch Army commandant to surrender ( but the Marine Soerabaya until April 1st 1942 still not surrender, they issued the official letters-look at April 1st 1942 collection at Dai Nippon occupation Java today .) 

2. The Second Kalidjati Capitulation meeting
Let.Gen.Hitoshi Immamura in his memoir have written that the two side have signed two document about capitulation in Nippon and Dutch language about 13.20. From the DEI Jendral Ter Poorten. Chief of staff May.jen.Bakkers, Let.Col Mantel and Capt. J.D.Thijs as the translater. The Dutch government didn’t confirm this informations, because no surrender capitulation document exist , the same also during japanese capitulation in 1946 ,many document were burne by the Dai Nippon. 

3. In this day Mayor Gen. Pierre A.Cox , the Dutch Central Army distric Commandewr, surrender his troops to The Dai Nippon military . 

4. In this day Mayor Gen.Ilgen. commander of the KNIL in east Java signed the instrument of surrender( still mystery why in April 1st 1942, The soerabaja ‘s Marine
still issued the recommendation latters ,look at the collections illustrations later signed by the Marine Devisionwork’s chief van Schmidt?) 

VII. MARCH 10TH 1942
Let.gen.Hitoshi Immanura became the new Governor of Java and madura ( only eight month until Nov.11th 1942. he was subordinate to Field Marshall Count Hisauchi Terauchi, the Dai Nippon supreme command of Southern Army, headquaters in Saigon, French indochina. He was also the Governor of the so called Southern Territories of Malaya ,Burma ,Philli-pines,Hongkong,Java,Sumatra and Borneo and directly subordinated to the Imperial Headquaters Tokyo 

1)March.14th 1942
The rare Dai Nippon handoverprint DEI Overtoon document
(very rare document, overtoon was DEI Leasing form, was handwritten overprint Pemerintah Balatentara Dai Nippon-Dai Nippon Military administration on Pemrerinatah Ollanda-Nederland -the DEI government (please the collectors whohave the same collection please report via comment-Dr Iwan S.)
__________________________________________________
No.
Besarnja F 50,= Oewang
handwritten overprint
Indonesia on Hindia Belanda
OVERTOON

Pada waktoe kapan sadja datang penagi minta oewang kepada saja jang bertanda tangan di bawa ini bernama Adam
soedagar di Masasan(Tadjenan) kampoeng Wadjok
misti lantas bajar kepada Ripp Tjhoen Gwan
di Malang atawa pada kwasanja
Banjaknja Oewang Lima Poloeh roepiah

oewang jang lakoe di ..hand overprint Indonesia on Hindia Nederland..
harga dari barang dagangan jang saja soedah trima betoel.
Atas ini oetang saja soeka di tagi menoeroet et -handwritten overprint Balatentara Dai Nippon on Ollanda- jang berlakoe di Hindia-Nederland.
Apa jang terseboet dalam ini soerat hoetang saja soedah mengerti betoel

Malang , den 14 / 4 1942
vor a val DEI revenue
_.15
Hand thumb fingerprint
signed
date. 14/4-1942

2)..MARCH,7th 1942

a.. Dai Nippon Government issued Dai Nippon Military order (Osamu Serei) no 1 About how to administrated the Dai Nippon Military Government.
OENDANG-OENDANG No. 1
Tentang mendjalankan Pemerintarahan Balatentara
Pasal 1 until pasal 6.

Djakarta,tanggal 7,boelan 3,
tahoen Syowa 17 (2602)
PEMBESAR BALATENTARA
DAI NIPPON
(look the illustration of the original book issued by the Dai Nippon military Government about the Dai nippon Military administration in Indonesia Language , caption : DN order no1 7th, and the complete order read “Dai Nippon Administratin Java” in this blog. Dai Nippon have made the best occupation’s planning included the Osamu Serei or Regulations, collectors will seen some very interesting Osamu Serei collection laters)

b..Dai Nippon army in West Java
In this day DN Forces occupied lembang,and the meeting between DEI army and DN army (Shoji) at Hotel Isola lembang (ex villa Barrety, ex IKIP Institute and now Faculty Educated) .
Dai Nippon Ultimatum to DEI army too surrender in 2x 24 hours , if not Bandung will boombing until destroy or surrender.

c..Dai nippon army in middle Java
DN Forces advanced rapidly and overcome all Dutch Army defense in Blora ,Solo ,Bojolali ,Jogya ,Mage-lang ,Salatiga ,Ambarawa and Poerworedjo.

c. The last flight of KNIL
The DEI Forces (KNIL) last flight DC3 Wielewaal from Andir airport, at Boeah Batoe Street Bandoeng flea Let.Gov.General DR van Mook, The Commandant of KNIL May.Gen. l.H. van Oyen led to Australia(Brisbane) to developed the DEI government there.and Indonesia only have The Dutch Forces commander in chief without Governrur General anymore because Tjarda only ex Gouvernur General of DEI (Vaccum authority)

V.  KISAH KAPITULASI KALIJATI

1.MARCH 8th 1942

a.. In the morning of this day
The Dai Nippon army (The Kanei and Matsumoto detachment) move through mainland, capture Keboemen, and Purwokerto north Tjilatjap and the Dai Nippon military of Yamamoto detachment move along the beach and mounted a two jungle strong attacked ,entering Tjilatjap. The Dutch had withdrawn to Wangon, a small town between Poerwokerto and Tjilatjap (look at Wangon map illustration cap. DEI forces resisted Wangon map).

b. In the Afternoon until Night
Dai Nippon military have succeed their campaign when this afternoon Commander In Chief Dutch Forces Let.general Ter Poorten (up his rank to General when the meeting) surrendered to Dai Nippon Army Commander In Chief at This first Kalidjati Calpitulation meeting.
This mysterious Kalidjati Capitulations meeting that made in the very clever Dutch Political strategy, because when the meeting DEI without the authority of Governor General (he had led to Australia yesterday) because Tjarda was ex Governour General, he havenot the authority, that is Why the Dai Nippon Commander in Chief Hitoshi Immamura didnot want to have meeting with him , and Tjarda went back to Bandoeng, the meeting forbidden to made photo ,only a picture painted by japanese soldier with The light on in the night.(no Photo EX Governor general meeting and sign the surrender, look illustration Let.gen ter Poorten surrender at Kalidjati ,this photo in this Night or midday March 9th still confuse because no light on. caption DEI Forces Surrender 8th, If the collectors have the illustration March 8th at Kalidjati with light on please show us via comment,UCM have the painting illustration but still cann’t found in UCM library,please collectors be patient the illustration will installed later if we met that vintage book name Bandoeng old and new-Dr Iwan S.)

Dai NIppon Commander In Chief also the Governor of Java later, have the meeting two times this night when (Let) General ter Poorten as the Commender in Chief of Dutch Forces surrender to Dai Nippon, and tomorrow the second meeting with complete picture in midday(no light off).
This situation have made a favor for DEI government after the WWII ,DEI led by Let.Gov.general Van Mook have claimed that Indonesia still in the authority of DEI, amd British allied forces must given Back Indonesia to DEI, and DEI didnot accepted NRI Independence proclamations until this day, that time they said NRI as the rebellion or extrimiest govern-ment, and only gave the authority to RIS under union under Netherlands in December 1949, but Indonesia alsways said once Independence always Independence in August 17th 1945.
The detailed information please red in this blog Dai Nippon Mitilary administration Java.were the founder reseached compile with my friend medical collaege now PHD in Historian,DR Rushdy Husein report the Kapitulasi kalidjati ; we haved discuused about this myterious Capitulation in 2000, because the contradiction of Capitulation’s photo in midday without light not at night with light on, after more researched I found that there were two meeting , first in March 8th at night forbidden to photo,only painting the weeting at night with light, and the second meeting in March 9th with complete photo.
The first Meeting in this night with Tjarda not succeed because Immamura didn’t want to meet ex non-authorized Governour Genral OF DEI, and after that the meeting only with Ter Poorten, that is why during Kalidjati capitulations ,only Commander in Chief DEI forces surrender , but The DEI Goverment didn’t surrendered. and also the Capitulation administrations didn’t found anymore after the war,but Immamura written in his memoir that the administration exist.(may be burn why by Whom?? still mystery)
Let.Gen. Ter Poorten in this first meeting accepted to Surrender , in March 9th will informed the Dutch Army surrender to Dai nippon via Dutch Nirom radio and came back to Kalidjati bring the list of DEI army power at 13.50.

c. In the Midnight
Let.Gen. Ter Poorten order for all the DEI forces to surrendered and put in the news paper of March 9th 1942 early morning printed.

2.MARCH 9th 1942

1).Let.Gen. ter poorten order DEI Radio(NIROM) to announced the DEI Military surrendered to Dai Nippon at Kalidjati Capitulation in March 8th 1942, first meeting with ex Netherland Indie Gouvernur Jenderal Tjarda va Stockenborough and Ter Porten, DR ONG HOK Ham in his desertation writeen that ” Jendral immamura asking Tjarada, “You have the authority to surrender” and Tjarda said’ No” because the newr gounour Jendral DR van Mook now jusd made the Dutch east Indie goverment at Brisbane Australia. Jendral Immamura said : “If you ddonnot have authority, please cameback, I only want the capitulation with the Army General” and the first meeting dismish  and order to all Dutch Army commandant to surrender ( but the Marine Soerabaya until April 1st 1942 still not surrender, they issued the official letters-look at April 1st 1942 collection at Dai Nippon occupation Java today .)

2). The Second Kalidjati Capitulation meeting
DR Ong Hok Ham in his desertation had written that “Let.Gen.Hitoshi Immamura in his memoir have written that the two side have signed two document about capitulation in Nippon and Dutch language about 13.20. From the DEI Jendral Ter Poorten. Chief of staff May.jen.Bakkers, Let.Col Mantel and Capt. J.D.Thijs as the translater. The Dutch government didn’t confirm this informations, because no surrender capitulation document exist , the same also during japanese capitulation in 1946 ,many document were burn by the Dai Nippon.”(DR ONG HOOK HAM disertation, given by my collage Medical Doctor’sFriend and now became PH D in History with his desertation ” Lingarjadi Meeting”-auth )

3). In this day Mayor Gen. Pierre A.Cox , the Dutch Central Army distric Commander, surrender his troops to The Dai Nippon military .

4). In this day Mayor Gen.Ilgen. commander of the KNIL in east Java signed the instrument of surrender( still mystery why in April 1st 1942, The soerabaja ‘s Marine
still issued the recommendation latters ,look at the collections illustrations later signed by the Marine Devisionwork’s chief van Schmidt?)

3.. MARCH 10TH 1942
Let.gen.Hitoshi Immanura became the new Governor of Java and madura ( only eight month until Nov.11th 1942. he was subordinate to Field Marshall Count Hisauchi Terauchi, the Dai Nippon supreme command of Southern Army, headquaters in Saigon, French indochina. He was also the Governor of the so called Southern Territories of Malaya ,Burma ,Philli-pines,Hongkong,Java,Sumatra and Borneo and directly subordinated to the Imperial Headquaters Tokyo.)

V. KISAH SESUDAH KAPITULASI KALIJATI

I.March.20th.1942
After Dai Nippon capitulation Java at March,8th.1942. The Dai Nippon Military Administration have issued several Order (Osamu Serei) :

1. Osamu Serei (Order) No.2 about Keep The Secura and Protect thye Property (Tentang Mengembalikan ketertiban and melindungi Harta-Benda):
(1) About The People Security(Tentang Keamanan masjarakat)
(2) About the Account (Tentangan Keuangan)
For a while The Banks work were Stop (Buat Sementara waktoe bank-bank diperhentikan)
Thus all the banks administrtaor must report to the Dai Nippon Military administration for more information and wainted the order when the work will beginning (Maka sekalian kuasa dari Bank-bank haroes menghadap selekas-lekasnja kekantor Pemerintah Balatentara oentoek menerima keterangan dan menoenggoe perintahnja bekerdja lagi)
In temporary forbidden to take over to another side the unmowedproperties , bonds,Money, deposit money in Bank etc without Dain Nippon Military Administrations permission( Boeat Sementara Waktoe dilarang keras memindahkan ketangan lain harta benda jang tidak bergerak, soerat-soerat berharga, oeang, oeang simpanan dibank dsb dengan tidak mendapat izin lebih dahoeloe dari Balatentara Dai Nippon)
(3)About Paper Money and Small Money( tentang Oeang kertas dan Oeang ketjil)
(a) In all Area had occupied by the Dai Nippon Military administration (Diseloeroeh daerah jang telah didoedoeki Balatentara Dai Nippon)
THe Military papermoney were seven types (Oeang Kerta Militer adalah tujuh matjam ) , f 10 (ten roepiah), F 5 (five roepiah), a half Roepiah, 10(ten) cent, 5 (five) cent and 1 (one) cent.
The Paper Money, form and design ike print below.
Forbidden to used another Paper money beside the Military Papermoneyb and the past Dutch East Indie Government paper Money (Dilarang keras memakai oeang lain dari pada oeang kerta militer dan oeang roepiah pemerintah Hindia Belanda dahoeleoe).
The low nominal paper money issued by the dai Nippon which nominal 10 cent, 5 cent and 1 cent also must used as official money (akan tetapi oeang ketjil jang dikeloearkan oleh Pemerintah Dai Nippon jang berharga 10 cent, 5 sen and 1 sen haroes djoega
digoenakan sebagai oeang sah.)
(b) About The Price of goods
(c) About the trade with foreign country and wessel (Money order)
(d) About the communications and Traffic (Perhoeboengan dan Laloelintas)
Djakarta, Date 8 , Month 3
Syowa year 17 (2603)
The Official of Dai Nippon Military
(Pembesar Balatentara Dai Nippon)
Choped Signed Stamped
Let.general Hitoshi Immamura

2. Order No.3
About Forbidden to meeting etc
Djakarta,date 20,Month 3
Year Sjowa 17(2603)
Pembesar Balatentara Dai Nippon.

3. Order No. 4
About Dai Nippon flag
Djakarta,date 20,Month 3
Year sjowa 17(2603)
Pembesar balatentara dai Nippon

II. April,1st.1946
In this day during the Dai Nippon Military Administration in Java , at Soerabaja ,East java, the Dutch Marine and the Chinese bill to Dutch Lindeteves still issue (very rare DEI document during Dai Nippon Occupations, look at the illustration )

1. Marine Defensie werke Document

MARINE DEFENSIEWERKEN
===========================================
Telefoon No H 2588 SOERABAJA 1 April 1942
No
Onderwerp Bijlagen
Diens Foerklaring ____________________________
: :
: Aan der heer :
: B.Kasiman :
:___________________________ :
Onder geterkende werklaart dat di heer
B. Kasiman
_________________
als tydelijk opzichter by di Marine defensie Werken
heeft gewerk von Augustus 1941 tot Maret 1942
wegens stoking der werkzoon hider kon vas zij diensten
gen verde gebrink worden gemaakt.
Kasiman heaft zisch door kennen als ein yverig er goed
Opsichter dic di hem gsyeddregen toortezaam hedij Zeer Goed
heeft uitgevoerd.
Hie Hoofd Marine Defense Werken
nge di In gemein

hand sign van Schoomveldt

______________________________________________________

2. Dai Nippon Post telegram telephone serabaja office still used The PTT telephone Soerabaja billing cover with DEI revenue 15 cent with date in dai Nippon sjowa April,1st.2602(1942), look at illustrations.

(1) FRONT COVER
________________________________________
: :
: _____________________ :
: telephon nummer,naam,: :
: :adres,bedrag,abonement: :
: : : :
: : Lauw Djin Tjioe : :
: : Sidodadi gg. 8/12
: : SOERABAJA : :
: :____________________:
: :
: ______________________________________ :
: Maand : Datum : Gesprekskosten : : :
: : : Distr : Interloc: Internat: :
:_______________________________________:
: : 26 : : : : :
: : 27 : : : : :
: : 28 :
: : 29
: : 30
: : 31
: : 1
until
………….: 25 :
: : :
____________________________________________
Total : : : : 12 : 90:
_____________________________________________:
Plakzegel f 0.15

Total f 12.90 de compatabel sambtenssr
v.s Hoofposttelegramtelephone
zagge
Duabelas roepiah DEI Revenue
90 sen 0.15
1 April 2602
Sign Stamped
R.BOENTERMAN
_________________________________________________

(2) bACK COVER
_____________________________________________________
PTT Kantoor te SOERABAJA
HANDWRITTEN
orang nja masi pigi (the man still go)
nanti dibajaR sendiri saja.

KWITANTIE

voor betaal telefoons abonnememt over de maand APRIL 1942
andere aan ommzijde gespeelfleeeerde kosten

Deze kwintantie dient in haar geheel te weorden voldaan Evenruele verschillen later, na ontvangst der reclame worden verevend.
____________________________________________

III APRIL,3rd.1942
The Firma Lindeteves Stovkis Soerabaya bill recieved(rare Ducth firma document during Dai Nippon Occupation Java, maybe this
bill have prepared before DN capitulation and the Dutch firma was under control by Tekisan Kanri -special for control the enemy properties-Dr Iwan S.)
______________________________________________________
Oei Khong Hwa Sorabaja (Java)
Panggoeng no24 Telefoon No 159 N
SOERABAJA (JAVA)
______________________________________________________
Terima dari Firma Lindeteves Stokvis te Soerabia.
________________________________
Banjaknja oewang Limablas 15/100 roepiah
________________________________

Bowat bjara Pembilian 1 riem Brodpapier

SOERABAIA, den 3 April 1942
__________________
Terbilang f 15. Dutch east indie Revenue
Zegel 0.15 15 cent
__________________ Red Stamped P.P. OEI KHONG HOA
F 15.15 3/4 1942

___________________________________________________

4. APRIL, 4th,1942
The Tjiandjoer Postal cancel CDS 4.4.42 On postally used cover
letter from the Commander in Chief DEI Army Bandoeng CDS 27.2.42 to Tjiandjoer, this latter cannot send to the address because Dai Nippon capitulations March,8th 1942, recived date CDS Tjiandjoer 28.2.42 and then the Tjiandjoer post office was closed and in this day open again CDS Tjiandjoer 4.4.42 but the addess Nji Enog Bangbajan desa Waroeng Kandong Tjiandjoer didnot found and the letter retursn to sender with hand written Ongafgeh. ret Afzd BD Riouwstraat back t Dai Nipponmilitary Head quaters Bandoeng, (This is very rare and historic cover during capitulatin dai Nippon in Java, please the collectors who have the DN capitutalions cover, contact me via comment. The illustrations of the cover please look at UCMMarch8th; The Dai Nippon Military administration in Java today-Dr Iwan s)

V. LAMPIRAN

1. KAPITULASI KALIJATI (DR….)

2. AUTOBIOGRAFI DR ONG HOK HAM

I. Autobiografi Dr Ong Hok Ham, penulis “kapitulasi Kailjati 1942” (kompilasi dari tulisan DR dan Herman)

Selaku penyokong proses asimilasi, Hok Ham mengkritik sebagian Tionghoa peranakan yang menurutnya lebih mengedepankan “Bhinneka” tapi melalaikan “Tunggal Ika”.

Siapakah Ong Hok Ham?

Pertanyaan itu boleh jadi terasa usang bila diajukan kepada para sejarawan. Sebab, siapapun yang pernah belajar sejarah Indonesia—terutama yang menyertakan masyarakat Tionghoa sebagai bagian tak terpisahkan—hampir pasti mengenalnya. Di panggung sejarah kita, dia tak kalah meninggalkan jejak dibanding Soe Hok Gie, Harry Tjan Silalahi, maupun PK Ojong.

Tetapi toh tidak semua orang , khususnya yang berdarah daging Tionghoa, mengenal sejarawan yang wafat pada 30 Agustus 2007 ini. Dengan demikian, memperkenalkan kembali Hok Ham bukanlah tindakan mubazir. Walau kita tidak bisa mencicipi masakannya yang konon maknyus itu, setidaknya dapat meresapi perjalanan hidup dan pemikirannya.

Saya ditemani buku Riwayat Tionghoa Peranakan di Jawa (2005) ketika menulis artikel ini. Tionghoa peranakan berarti masyarakat Tiongho yang lahir di Indonesia. Ini berbeda dengan istilah Tionghoa totok yang digunakan untuk menyebut Tionghoa yang lahir di Tiongkok dan kemudian menyeberang ke Indonesia. Tentu saja, Hindia Belanda dan Nusantara diidentikkan dengan Indonesia dalam konteks ini.

Lewat buku yang berisi kumpulan tulisan Hok Ham tersebut saya hendak memperkenalkan sejarawan yang seumur hidupnya melajang ini. Hok Ham lahir di Surabaya pada 1 Mei 1933 dari keluarga Tionghoa peranakan yang berkedudukan penting dan secara kultural sangat Belanda-sentris. Keluarga ini menaruh minat yang tinggi terhadap pendidikan modern sekolah kolonial Belanda. Saking terlalunya berkiblat pada Belanda, keluarga ini memakai pula nama-nama Belanda. Ibu Hok Ham dipanggil Lies, bapaknya Klaas. Pamannya Piet dan Jan. Kakak Hok Ham masing-masing bernama Freddy dan Olga. Hok Ham sendiri dipanggil Hans.

Tetapi di kemudian hari Hok Ham tumbuh menjadi sosok yang sangat sadar akan ke-Indonesia-an. Seiring dengan tumbuhnya kesadaran tersebut, cita-citanya menjadi diplomat dia lupakan. Pada pertengahan 1950 dia memutuskan pindah dari Fakultas Hukum UI ke Jurusan Sejarah di kampus yang sama. Dia memang jarang terlihat di kampus, namun produktif menulis di mingguan Star Weekly—cikal bakal majalah Intisari. Dari situlah mulai tampak keahlian Hok Ham dalam bidang sejarah.

Hok Ham juga terlibat aktif dalam polemik seputar Tionghoa di Indonesia. Bersama PK Ojong dan kawan-kawannya, dia memilih pendekatan asimilasi ketimbang integrasi. Hal itu ditunjukkannya dengan menjadi salah satu penandatangan Statemen Asimilasi dan Piagam Asimilasi pada Maret 1960. Yang dia maksud asimilasi atau pembauran itu mencakup asimilasi biologis, ekonomis, sosial, politik dan lain-lain.

Selaku penyokong proses asimilasi, Hok Ham mengkritik sebagian Tionghoa peranakan yang menurutnya lebih mengedepankan “Bhinneka” tapi melalaikan “Tunggal Ika”. Diapun menangkal pendapat sebagian kalangan yang pesimis terhadap keberhasilan asimilasi mengingat Yahudi di Eropa dan Negro di Amerika gagal melakukan asimilasi.

Hok Ham yakin, asimilasi Tionghoa peranakan dengan pribumi dapat berjalan dengan baik tanpa perlu ada ‘paksaan’. Menurutnya, Yahudi di Eropa dan Negro Eropa tidak cocok dijadikan contoh. Mengenai hal ini, dia menulis:

Indonesia tak mengenal prasangka rasial, tak mengenal prasangka agama. Pun soal ciri-ciri fisik dari golongan minoritas tak dapat menjadi soal yang besar. Sebab mata sipit, kulit kuning dan lain-lain ciri bangsa Mongol juga dimiliki oleh orang-orang Indonesia “asli”. Yang sebetulnya menjadikan golongan minoritas adalah bukan prasangka rasial seperti di Amerika, juga bukan prasangka agama seperti di Eropa dengan bangsa Yahudi, melainkan politik dan sejarah yang membentuk golongan peranakan ini sebagai suatu golongan tersendiri dalam masyarakat. Dengan merobohkan sisa-sisa zaman lampau ini, dengan menghilangkan ciri-ciri yang nyata, seperti nama-nama, dan lain-lain maka asimilasi dimajukan.

Menurut David Reeve, professor dari Department of Chinese and Indonesian di University of New South Wales, Hok Ham tidak hanya memfokuskan diri pada sejarah Tionghoa. Hok Ham juga berminat pada kebudayaan Jawa dan merasa dapat mencari ‘akar-akarnya’ dalam kebudayaan priyayi atau abangan. Bahkan di kemudian hari perhatiannya lebih banyak ke orang Jawa daripada orang peranakan.

Nama Hok Ham semakin menanjak setelah pulang dari Yale University, Amerika, dan menggondol titel Ph.D pada 1975. Waktu itu, dia menulis disertasi berjudul The Residency of Madiun: Priyayi and the Peasant in the 19th Century.

Selain mengajar di kampus dan melakukan riset, Hok Ham rajin menulis artikel di media massa sebagai intelektual publik. Kumpulan kolomnya di Kompas dibukukan dalam Dari Soal Priyayi sampai Nyi Blorong (2003). Sementara itu, Wahyu yang Hilang Negeri yang Guncang (2003) adalah bukunya yang berisi kumpulan kolom di majalah Tempo.

Sejumlah eseinya dibukukan dalam Rakyat dan Negara (1991), The Thugs, The Curtain Thief, and The Sugar Lord (2003). Sebelum itu, diterbitkan pula buku Runtuhnya Hindia Belanda (1987) yang diangkat dari skripsinya di Fakultas Sastra UI.

Bagi sejarawan JJ Rizal, Hok Ham adalah sosok sejarawan yang punya nilai unik, selain bahwa dia sendiri bernilai sejarah sebagai seorang Tionghoa peranakan.

Dengan demikian, tepatlah kiranya bila generasi muda Tionghoa mengikuti jejak Hok Ham. Anak muda asal Surabaya tetapi lahir di Blitar, Ardian Po Purwoseputro, sudah memulai. Setidaknya dia sedang merancang buku babon tentang jejak sejarah Tionghoa di Indonesia. Namun Ardian tidak bisa sendirian mewujudkan impiannya itu. Masyarakat Tionghoa perlu memiliki Hok Ham-Hok Ham lebih banyak lagi.

Menteng, 21 September 2010@hak cipta Herman Hasyim 2010(atas izin ybs)

PS install masih dalam proses, dari bahasa inggris sedang diterjemahkan kedalam bahsa indonesia, Sebagian illustrasi akan ditampilkan, illustrasi dan info lengkap dalam buku elektronik, khusus dapt dibeli oleh anggota premium dengan harg ayang sangat murah, cpeat daftarkan diri anda liwat comment.

selesai @hak cipta Dr Iwan Suwandy 2010.

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