Sjair-Sjair Strategi Perang Vietnam Mengusir Penjajah Tiongkok Abad ke-15

Sjair-Sjair Strategi Perang Nguyen Trai untuk Mengusir Penjajah Tiongkok

Kreasi dr Iwan Suwandy dari Koleksi Buku Lama Vietnam

                                           *ill

*ill C-001 buku e C-001disi terbaru tentang Nguyen Trai, edisi lama yang dijadikan dasar tidak ditampilkan hanya untuk karya tulis yang akan diterbuitkan.

PENDAHULUAN.
1.Setelah Kerajaan Vietnam kecapaen oleh perperangan terhadap Kerajaan Campa, Kerajaan Vietnam mengalami perang lagi dengan Kerajaaan Tiongkok Dinasti Ming, yang menguasai Vietnam dan mungkin adalah hal yang sangat mengenaskan dalam sejarah Vietnam.
(1)Pasukan kerajaan Tiongkok memaksa penduduk Vietnam bekerja ditambang Emas dan mineral lainnya, memotong Pohon yang langka dan menanam tanaman rempah, seluruhnya diekspor ke Tiongkok bersama dengan Gading dan tanduk badak,mutiara dan batu mulia.

.(2)Secara drastis mereka menerapkan kultur Tiongkok, menghancurkan literatur bahasa Vietnam dan bahasa pengantar disekolah  bahasa Tiongkok, menghilangkan  adat istiadat Vietnam dan hanya diizinkan hanya untuk menyembah Tuhan Tiongkok.

.(3)Mereka menetapkan pakaian traditional  Tiongkok untuk wanita Vietnam , melarang pria memotong rambut dan melanggar hukum makan pinang kapur sirih, bangsa vietnam sama seperti gula-gula karet untuk dikunyah bangsa Tiongkok.

.(4)Mereka menbuat suatu administratif khusus, menerbitkan kartu identitas famili,sebagian dikontrol mereka dan sebagian sebagai dasar pemungutan pajak. (sampai akhir perang pembebasan Vietnam tahun 1975 kartu identitas family dan kartu pungutan pajak teap ada di Vietnam, terutama pada orang Tiongkok perantauan yang dapat menjadi suatu koleksi yang menarik-penulis)

2. PENDUDUKAN KERAJAAN MING

Pendudukan Ming memicu pemberontakan di prakarsai oleh Le Loi dan pembantunya, Penyair Nguyen Trai yang menyusun strategi dengan syairnya.

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*ill nguyen Trai kemudian malah ditangkap dan dihukum mati karena dituduh merencanakan pembunuhan Kaisar yang ia perjuangkan dan bebaskan dari penjajahan kerajaan Ming Tionkok,baca dala cerita lengakp berjudul Perang Pertahanan Vietnam Terhadap Dominasi Kerajaan Tiongkok Abad ke-15.  

3. Sehubungan denga hal tersebut diatas penulis berpendapat  Syair Nguyen trai sangat indah, patriotik dan dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai contoh oleh bangsa-bangsa didunia yang di jajah oleh bangsa ading maupun dijajah oleh ethins lain dari bangsa sendiri, sehingga kartya tulis ini disusun dalam bahasa Indonesia ,setelah terlebih dahulu diterjemahkan kedalam bahasa Inggris oleh Teman dari etnis asli vietnam, oleh karean itu pasti masih banyak kesalahan dan kekurangannya,sehingga komentar dan koreksi dari pembaca Indonesia,ddan khususnya dari etnis asli Vietnam yang mampu berbahasa Inggris, agar berkena mengirimkan masukan dan koreksi yang amat berguna dan diterima dengan senang hati agar karya tulis ini dapat bermanfaat bagi bangsa Indonesia.

(DOKTRIN VIETMINH SAM DENGAN STARTEGI NGUYEN TRAI SEBAGAI DASAR AKSI MILITER PADA AKSI POLITIK DAN MORAL PERJUANGAN YAITU :”Better to conquer heatrs than citadel” Lebih Baik Merebut Hati dari Benteng)

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BAB DUA : PERANG PERTAHANAN NGUYEN TRAI -LE LOI TERHADAP DOMINASI KERAJAAN TIONGKOK DINASTI MING

1.1418

Pada tahun ini Le Loi memprolamirkan dirinya sebagai pangeran Ketenangan.( Pacification) dan ia mengibarkan bendera Revolusi. Ia mengungsi ke Gunung bersama pengikutnya, teman-teman juga pejuang lokal, melatih mera taktik gerilya yang dapat dimanfaatkan terhadap kaisas Tran Hung Dao yang bergabung dengan tentara kerajaan tiongkok mongol.Pasukan kerajaan Tiongkok menjadi tidak aman akibat menyebarnya , mereka ahnya bertahan dikota dan hanya muncul pada siang hari, Batalion mereka yang besar berada di jalan besar dan pemberotak membuat anjungan pertahanan sepanjang jalan. strategi ini ditiru para perang Vietminh dan vietkong pada abad ke-20.

Secara berangsur-angsur setelah angkatan bersenjatanya seimbang, Le Loi menyerang pasukan kerajaan Tiongkok secara langsung,menyusun peleton gajah bersama kavaleri berkudanya.Penasehatnya,penyair Nguyen Trai*ill

 menyusun startegy dalam bentuk syair yang terkenal dengan “LEBIH BAIK MENAKLUKAN HATI DARI PADA BENTENG”

.2. 1426
Pada akhirnya Pasukan rakyat Vietnam bertempur dengan pasukan Kerajan Tiongkok dinasti Ming di  lapangan Tot Dong.

3.1428
1)The Chinese recognized Vietnam’s independence and Le loi resumed the tributary tie to China as insurrance.
Le loi established his capital at Hanoi, calling the city Dong Kinh – hence the name Tonkin, North Vietnam.
( We now understand the name of Vietnam ancient area, Tonkin from Dong Kinh (name by Le Loi), Annam from the pacified countries, and Cochinchina from Caochi the Han dynasty name vietnam, and the Portuguese name Cochi and added China to make the different with their area in India Cchine – that were historical name still use by French “Cochinchine” later rename , Etat du Vietnam quoc Gia, Vietnam Cong Hua (Republic of Vietnam), now became several province in united country Republic Socialist Vietnam-auth

Gradually, as the balance of forces tilted his way, Le loi struck at the Chinese directly. Deplying platoons of elephants against their horse cavalary.
His adviser , the poet Nguyen Trai. Set down the Vietnamese strategy in an assay that show remarkable similarities to the twentieth-century Communist doctrine of insurgency. Subaordinate military action t the political and moral struggle, it stated “ Batter to conquer hearts than citadels.”There were two version of Le Loi and Nguyen Trai rebellion : Stanley Karnow version and Hanoi’s version, (the legend or fact, please comment-auth)

BAB TIGA : .  PERANG LELOI*ill DAN NGUYEN TRAI (versi Stenley Karnow version ,Vietnam A History,page 115-116,1997)

1.The Myth of Le loi ,like the Arthurian legend of Excalibur,depicts him as a simple fisherman who one day cast his net into lake, only to bring up a magic sword that made him superhuman.

2.In reality , he was a wealthy Landowner from Thanh Hoa province who rebelled against Chinese after having served them.
“Every man on earth” he said “ ought to accomplish some great enterprise so that he leaves the sweet scent of his name to later generations. How,the, could he willingly be the slave of foreigners?”

3.1418
In this year , proclaiming himself the Prince of Pacification, le Loi raised the banner of revolt.
He withdrew to the muntains near his home and rallied relatives, friends, villagers and even local brigands to his cause, teaching them The Guerilla Tactics that had worked for Tran Hung Dao, who had vanquished the Mongols.
The Chinese became increasingly insecure as the insurrection spread. They clung to the towns, venturing out only by day, their big battalions sticking to the roads and they build fortified towers along main road (adopting during Vietminh war vs French in 20th century-auth)

Gradually, as the balance of forces tilted his way, Le loi struck at the Chinese directly. Deplying platoons of elephants against their horse cavalary.
His adviser , the poet Nguyen Trai. Set down the Vietnamese strategy in an assay that show remarkable similarities to the twentieth-century Communist doctrine of insurgency. Subaordinate military action t the political and moral struggle, it stated “ Batter to conquer hearts than citadels.”

3. 1426
In this year, fighting in rain and mud, the Vietnamese finally ruted the Chinese on a field at Tot Dong, west of Hanoi. In an accord signed two years later, the Chinese recognized Vietnam’s indepnedence and Le loi resumed the tributary tie to China as insurance.
He generously furnished the Chinese with five hundreds junks and thousands of horses to carry them home, and apart from a last abortive attempt in 1788, China never again launched a full-scal assault against Vietnam.
Nguyen Trai celebrated the victory with a poem of hope:

Henceforth our country is safe
Our mountain and rivers begin life a fresh
Peace follows war as day follows night
We have purged our shame for a thousand centuries.
We have regained tranquillity for ten thusand generations

Le Loi established his capital at Hanoi , calling the city Dong Kinh- hence the name Tonkin, nothern Vietnam. He distributed land to poor peasant and rewarded loyal nobles with big estates , and he set up agencies to construct dikes, dam, irrigtion systems and other projects desihned to incraese agricultural production, which had been cripple by year of war. But one of his sucessors,

4. 1460
Le Thanh Tong, who ascended to the throne in 1460 and ruled for thirty-eight years, lifted Vietnam into its golden age.
(The first version completely told us about le Loi, but a little about Nguyen Trai, it will be told in the second version in the book was written in commemrate Nguyen Trai, I found at Hanoi in 2007 visit, please comment after read it-auth)

BAB EMPAT :. PERANG PERTAHANAN LE LOI DAN NGUYEN TRAI Versi Hanoi  (Nguyen Trai one of the greatest figures of vietnamese History and literature,published for the 600th anniversary of Nguyen Trai ,Red River production ,Hanoi,1980)*ill kulit buku *illustrasi Nguyen Trai halaman dalam buku”

(a) Biography

*Foto Patung Nguyen Trai di Ho Chi Minh City ,persis didepan hotel langanan saya Phivu Hotel yang terletak disimpang jalan Le Loi dan Nguyen Trai

*IDENTITY:
.Born at: Thang Long, the city of rising dragon,present day Hanoi.

.Father: Nguyen Phi Khanh,title Ban Nhan ( one of three highest title award-ed at the three-yearly doctorate examination), but he couldnot become a mandarin because he came from the cammon people and had married the daughter of a member of the royal family in contravention of the regulations. He was compelled to return to his native village where he opened a school and became a teacher.

.Grandfather: the great Minister Regent Tran Nguyen Dan.

.Period : during the period of anarchy and unease which characterized the decline of the Tran dynasty.

.Village : Nhi Khe, 20km south of
Hanoi.

(b) Basic History

1)During Childhood

(1)When he was five years old Nguyen Trai followed his grandfather to Co Son (present day Chi Linh districh, Hai Hung province) where the old grandpa spent his retirement.

(2)After the death of his tutor (grand-pa) five year later, Nguyen Trai returned to his native village, where his father was to give him and hisnthree brothers a solid classical education.

2) During youth

(1)During his childhood and youth he patiently built up his knowedge and matured his thought.
(2)He carefully studied the national literary heritage : General Tran Quoc Tuan’s military science (13th century), Tueh Tinh’s medicine (14th century), the Thien (Zen) theory of King Tran nhan Tong(13th century), Truong Han sieu’s and Chu Van An’s Confucian thought.

(3)With the help of his father and grandfather he studied the classic and Chinese society from the Chou to the Sung dynasty. He compared the
traditions of his own nation with those of the Middle Kingdom.

3) During manhood

(1)When Ho Quy Ly founded the Ho dynasty, Nguyen Trai was twenty years old. He sat for the first Mandarin examination held by the new King.
He recieved the title “That hoc Sinh (Doctor) and appointed “Ngu su dat chanh truong (Head of the supervision and censure office of the royal of court), while his father was invited to assume the functions of Thi Lang ( Vice-menister) and of Tu nghiep (Deputy Director) at the Royal Collage, the oldest Vietnamese university which dates back to the 11th century.

(2)The Ho dynasty lasted only seven years. Without popular support it could not confront the Chinese feudalists who started attacking Vietnam in 1406.
The King , his family and a great number of his mandarin were arrested and taken off to China.

(3)Nguyen Trai followed his father Nguyen Phi Khanh into exile. At the border, according tonlegend, his father told him , “ Son you are an able scholar. Do you utmost to wash to be a worthy son. What avenge me if you want to be aa worthy son. What is the good of followeing me and weeping like a little girl ?”

(4)Nguyen Trai turned back. In the occupied capital, he was too well known to be able to escape the vigilant Chinese administration which vainly attempted to win him over by threats and corruption, for ten years he led a secluded frugal life.

4)The Ming were resolved to turn Vietnam into a Chinese province.

(a)Their rule was characterized by a policy of assimilation and cruel but refined meaasures of exaction.
(b)For two decades they tried to erase the national memory and practise pure obscuranstism.

(c)The administration was entrusted to senior official from China. Low ranking officials were recruited among the local population. Close surveillance was assured by important garrisons linked by numerous realy-posts.

(d)Chinese traditions and customs were imposed by force : Long Hair and for women short jackets and trousers.

(e)“Once in Vietnam” said a dispatch from the Ming Emperor to the expeditionary corps commanded by Tchang Fou:
(*) “You must burn all books, all xylographic plates, all papers and document, including classical text-books for student.. burn the smallest sheet of paper bearing characters, burn everything except canonical books and plates for printing book of Buddhism and Taoism” The best Vietnamese works were the object of official autodate.
( Some of the Vietnamese calligraphy write in Chinese character still keep by vietnamese and Chineseoverseas in Vietnam at Haiphong and Cholon area, and some have translate to Vietnamese but many still in chinese caligraphy as vintage collections , I found that vintage original document at Hanoi and Ho chi Minh city , and I will write in the special book “The Unique’s Chineseoverseas collections in Vietnam”-auth)

(**)All historical and artistic treasures were carried off to China. Education had to be given in Chinese and drastic limitations were imposed : each subprefecture could have only one student per year and each prefecture two.

(***) By virtue of administrative decrees,the population had to build new temples for the cult of genii of mountains, rivers, wind and clouds.

(*****) By the thousands, good artisans and able scholars were deported to China, among them Nguyen An, who was to build the Imperial city of Beijing.
Land Tax on private rice-field trebled

( I found the Rice-field tax Vietnam’s village document in from 1920-1955 , the regulation stillused until Indochine, Vietnam Cong Hoa –auth)

(******) The Chinese administration monopolized salt and sold it to gold traffickers who resold it to the population at an exorbitant price.

(f) The cruelty of the Chinese proconsuls was t give rise to uprising from the year of their administration (1407) . In particular, two descendants of the ousted Tran dynasty succeesed in gathering forces in several provinces to build up resistance bases, win some battles and even threaten the capital. But they finally defeated by Ming Court which sent major reinforcements to Vietnam.

(g)The uprisings didnot arouse much support from the population, as the Tran kings were too discredited for having led the country into economic and social impasse.

(h) Meanwhile , Nguyen Trai , who was put under house arrest in the capital, was anxious to save his country.
However, he didnot join any of the various movements of struggle, as he doubted their motivation and the capacity of their leader.

5)Nguyen Trai Jaoint le Loin in the Lam Son mountain.

(1) 1417

(a)At age of 37, Nguyen Trai decided to flee the capital to join le loi in the Lam Son mountains ( Thanh Hoa province) south of the Red River delta.

(b)Le Loi five years younger than Nguyen Trai, was a landlord and local notable who had succeeded in rallying a thousand people under his banner of revolt.
(in 2007, I stay at Phi Vu hotel , located in the central of the Ho Chi Min City, corner between the Le Loi and Nguyen Trai road, and I also passed by electric golf car through the border between South China province Quanshi and North Vietnam province Thanh Hoa, I have seen the very strong and high mountan at the Lamson border , the called “Frienship border”, many native worker from vietnam or China walkingback home from Vietnam or quanshi at Sunday- I felt the historic ancient vietnam vs Ming war area and pray to get the fortune from Le Loi and Nguyen Trai- auth)

(c) Living through a period of serious trouble, Nguyen trai armed himself with patience. He hid in the forest and mountains and cultivated the soil. His indignation was aroused by the tyranny of the aggresors.
He became absorbed in the study of Military theory and squandered his fortune on entertaining guests.

(d) The forces of reistance finally rallied around Le Loi and Nguyen Trai became his chief adviser.

c) The Nguyen Trai’s Strategy .
(Nguyen Trai ‘s principle)
The strategy to Defeat the Chinese invaders (Binh Ngo Sach) convcie-ved by Nguyen Trai strated started from the priciple of
“Winning people’s hearts” were Peace for the people and Eliminating violence
(the action read the poem-auth)

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d)The resistance (1417-1427) can be divided int three phase:
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(a) The First Phase(1417-1423)
The first phase, mainly took place in the mountains of Thanh Hoa and was marked by guerilla warfare.
The Ming launched major operation against the rebels,often using as many as 100.000 men. Vietnamese fighter, take advantage of the rugged terrain and the supprt of the population, inflicted losses on the enemy.
However, they (Ming soldier) often found themselves in critical situations. Vienamese forces were encircled and reduce right down to only one hundred men.
Difficultties piled up but they have priciple against that situation as strategy and tactics abut Leaders and men relationship and Turning the Hpeless situatin into good one, read the poem strategy to win the people heart and tactic to change the situation.
In 1423, worn out by continual harassment and undecided battles, the Ming accepted the truce proposed by Le Li and Nguyen Trai. The truce enabled the rebel side to strengten its positions.

(b) The Second Phase(1423-142
The resumption of hostilities marked the second phase of the second phase of the resistence, which was characterized by the building of an important rear base.
The insurrectionary troops advanced southwards, occupied Nghe An province, and turn it into a new resistance base. Enthusiastically welcomednby the population they continued to spread their control northwards over the whole province of Thanh Hoa and to many province south of Nghe An.

(c) The Third Phase (1427)
`(1)The third phase of the resistance was that of the nationwide liberation war which resulted in resounding victory.
(2) 1426
In order to forestall large-scale offensives, the Ming hurriedly sent 50.000 strong reinforcements commanded by Wan Tung .

Meanwhile, 10.000 of le Loi ‘s men pushed towards the North in three thrusts to encircle the Red River delta and intercept the Chinese reinforcements.

(3)The thanks to the enthusiastic at an accelerated pace population, entangled the enemy.

(4)The occupying troops , forced onto the defensive, locked them-selves in their cidatels and posts.
The hundreds thousand holding the capital, including Wang Tung’s reinforcements, were stupefied by the debacle at Tot Dong, west of the city, where they lost 60.000 men (according to the Ming Anaals 20.000-30.000 men) .
The Chinese High Commandand resorted to delaying tactics : they proposed a truce and waited for reinforcements from China.
While Vietnamee fighters maintained the siege and pressed harder at every point, Nguyen Trai chosen to negotiate with the enemy.
He made use of this opportunity to undermine the enemy morale and in particular wrote a great numbers of letters to the Chinese official pointing out the futility of their resistance and the inevitability of teir defeat. He promised them an honourable retreat.

(5) October,1427
A 100.000 strong Ming army under the command of General Liou Tcheng and another 50.000 strong led by Mou Tsing entered Vietnam through lam Son and the Red River valley respectively.
The first fell into an ambush at Chi Lang pass, Lam Son province, and lost 10.000 men,
General Liou Tcheng was killed during fighting. Pushing southwards, it suffered heavy casualities during brief engangements. Yan Ming , the commander, was killed and the menister Li Sing took his own life.
Stoppedin its advance at the Xuong Giang citadel, it was split into fragments while all its generals were captured.
The Mou Tsing reinforcxement retreated, victory followed victory for the Vietnam site.
Completely isolated in the capital, the Chinese general Wang Tung sued for peace

(6)The National Liberation war lasted ten years. Le Loi and Nguyen Trai were able to defeat a more numurous and better equipped enemy. They exploited all the resources of “people war “ , combining political action with armed struggle.
The strategy with the consent of le Loi, he demobilized a large part of the army to free peasants for pro-duction.
(many other country used the same people power, but they never demobilized a large part of the army and many problem and rebellion after that ,like in Indonesia after Indonesia Independence War, many rebellion by the ex army whon didn’t accepted the new political situation ,-auth)

(6)But the king looked with suspicion on the growing prestige of Nguyen Trai and other heroes of the resistance.
The brilliant general Tran Nguyen Han was suspected of treason and committed suicide by drowing and Nguyen Trai , his close companion was thrown into prison.
He finally proved innocent and realsed but continued to live in semi-disgrace, sharing his time betweencapital and his retreat at Con Son.

(7)Nguyen Trai was restored to favour under Le Thai Ton, Le Loi’s successor, who was crowned at the age of eleven. But soon he ran up against the hostility of the decadent court and the sly manoeuvres of courtiers jealous of his competence and his moral authority. He retired once more to Co Son, aware that he was unable to redress matters.

(8) While the old scholar was living at Con Son, his concubine Nguyen Thi Lo, herself a scholar, remained in the capital to take care of the women in the royal harem and assuming the functions of Professor od Rites.

(9) 1442
She accompanied the young king Le Thai Ton and his retinue on a military manoeuverre at Chi Linh.
The Royal suited stopped off at nearby Con Son and on its return spent the night at the Garden of Lychees (Trai Vai), in Gia Luong district.Ha Bac province.
During night the king suddenly died of an attack of fever, Nguyen Trai’s enemies conspired against him and accused him of regicide.
According to the feudal custom, Nguyen Trai was executed* together with all members of his family.
*

Only 22 years after his death did King Le Thanh Ton rehabilitate the great man.Through the generations the people have worshipped him. Outstanding figure of his century, man of action and poet. Nguyen Trai embodied the finest traditions and virtues of the Vietnamese nation :
Profound gumanism based on complete struggle for national independence, peace and the peple’s Happiness (Huu Ngoc and Vu Khieu)

(In indonesia the independent hero aslo executed as the communism and the other put in jail until died, Hatta during the Death ceremonial said : Sjahril very sad because he was jailed by the goverment of country that have joined the struggle to independence, very different when he thown out to Ternate during colonial times, he alway happy because he feel like an hero for the Independence of his country.
Always the Hero didn’t like by hid native’s jelous friend, please comment-auth)

BAB LIMA : SJAIR STRATEGI PERANG KARANGAN Nguyen Trai

(1)Sjair tentang gambaran pemandangan ketika Nguyen Trai mengunjungi Con Son dengan kakeknya, sebagai simbol kehidupannya dikemudian hari, yang muncul dari rasa cintanya kepada Alam

(The poem about the picture landscape when he went with his grandpa at Con Son , as a symbol later in his life, aroused in him a  great love of nature) :

..a spring sings day and night,
The mossy rocks are washed by the rain
Pine trees climb the hills,
Bamboo trees in the forest, over thousand of arces
Take on a green colour.

(2) Sjair pada saat Nguyen Trai melaksanakan studi perbandingan antara bangsanya dengan bangsa dari Kerajaan Abad Pertengahan, sebagai bagian dari sjairnya Proklamasi Kemenangan  liwat Ngo (The poem when he studied the comparative between his own nation with those of the Middle Kingdom,the part of “Proclamatian of Victory over the Ngo”,the complete read below)

Our country Dai Viet has long since been
Land of old culture
With us own rivers and mountain,ways and customs,
Different from those of the North
The Trieu, Dinh, Ly, Tran built upour independence
And stood as equals of the Han,Tang,Sung,Yuan

(3) Sjair Nguyen Trai secara kntiniu tentang  bakti Ilmuwan untuk Tanhairnya(Nguyen Trai continually wondered how a scholar could best serve his nation) dan sjairnya ( and his epoch) :

Have can we arm the country, build up its defence?
How can I make myself useful to the people ?

(4) Pasa saat Nguyen Trai kembali ke ietnam tahun 1406 setelah sepuluh tahun mengembara meninggalkan ayahnya,ia menulis ( When Nguyen Trai for ten year had a secluded frugal life after comeback to vietnam in 1406 , leaving his father in the border , he write ):

In a shack in the South of the city
With plenty of water and very little food.

(5)Pada Pendudukan dinasti Ming ,Nguyen Trai menulis syair “Proklamasi Kemenangan liwat Ngo(During Ming Ocupation , Nguyen Trai write the poem in his Proclamation of Victory over the Ngo)  sebagai berikut :

(a) Rates and taxes drain forest and fiels empty,
Men were sent to shark –infested seas to dive for pearls,
Others into malaria-ridden jungle to sift gold from sand
Everywhere nets and traps were set for pheasants and deer,
Neither plants nor insects were spared,
Wretched was the fate of windows and orphans
The people were lean and hungry, but the blood-suckers were never satified;
Each had to be moved,wood carved,houses and palaces built;
Endless corvees caused the looms to stay idle

(b) To record the oppresors’ crimes all the bamboos of the suthern muntain would not suffice;
it All the water of the Eastern Sea could not clean away the filth.
How could heaven condone such felonies!
The people’s anger had reached peaks.

(5) Nguyen Trai write the poem about his principle of “Winning people’s hearts’ , as the started of strategy to defeat the chinese invader :
Peace for the people : that is the essence of hunamity and justice.
Eliminating vilence : that is the first task of our soldier.

(6) During the difficulties at the first phase of the Vietnamese Resistance war against Ming soldier, Nguyen Trai write the strategy and tactics in poem :

Leaders and men lived together like fathers and sons,sharing weal and woc.
Turning a hopeless situation into a good one: ansewring nine chances of dying with one chance of living, making each obstacle a spring-board for success ; making the best of everything: those are the virtue of a hero

(7) At the news Mou Tsing’s reinforcement retreat, Nguyen van Trai write the poem :

On our first onslaught, all the sharks were externated.
After the second assault , nt a single vulture remained
We were the hurricane which blew a way the dry leaves
And the stubborn ants which caused dykes to collapse.

(8) Nguyen Trai write a poem after the resistance war, when he was thrown into prison :

High tide and low, for fifty years I have satled
“Disowning the springs and rocks of my native mountains
“What a farce ! The honours gained are win , but the misfortunes only too real
“Nany are those to be jealous of the only man who remains loyal, what shame”

(9) Nguyen Trai restored, but the jealous of his competence and his moral authority he rited oncemre to Co Son. And write the poem :

Friend, why shouldn’t I go back there ?
Teman.mengapa saya harus kembali disini?

Why should I struggle in this life of dust ?
Mengapa saya berjuang dalam kehidupan penuh debu?

What use are palaces and coaches ? apagunanya istana dan lapangannya ?

Water and vegetables are quite enough Air dan sauyan cukup tersedia

Of course, a wise man and a stupid one are not equals; tentu seoran manusia biasa dan bodoh tidaklah cukup;

But each is searching for what he disstres-Tetapi setiap orang mencari apa yang mengnyakitinya

Life lasts one hundred years at most.-Kehidupan kebanyakan akan berakhir pada seratus tahun.

And all of us turn again to dust and grass-Dan kita semuan berubah jadi abu dan rumput.

Friend , Listen to my mountain song.Teman , perhatikan laugu gunung saya.

(10) Kendatipun ,selain menemukan konsilidasi dengan alam daan pemandangan saat masa kecil, Nguyen trai gagal menemukan ketenagan pikiran perdamaian dan menulis syair.(However, despite the consolation he found in nature and the Landscapes of his childhood, Nguyen Trai failed to find genuine peace of mind and write the poem)

My country, all I have to give you is my heart-Tanah airku,saya telah memberikan seluruh hatiku
Torments inside me have chased away all repose-menusuk kedalam kalbuku yang telah menghilangkan seluruh reaksiku,
On my pillow I stay awake till dawn.-Pada bantalku I tetap bangun sampai pagi hari

(11) Syair Nguyen Trai yang terbaik adalah “Prolami Kemenangan atas NGO”( The Best of Nguyen Trai poem was “Prclamation of Victory Over The Ngo”-dari Binh Ngo Dai Cao-1428)

(a) dikatakan (It was said) :
Untuk menjamin Perdamian buat rakyat(To ensure peace for the people). Layaknya suatu essensi Kemanusian dan perdamaian (Such is the essence of humanity and peace),

Untuk menghilangkan kekerasan(To eliminate violence), seperti terutama perilaku tentara kita (such is the primary aim of our soldiers)
Tanah Air kita Dai Viet-Vietnam perkasa (Our country Dai Viet) sudah lama sejak masa kebudajaan tuan Tanah yang lama(has long since been Land of old culture),

Dengan sungai dan gunung miliknya, cara dan kostumnya berbeda dari bagian Utara (With its own rivers and mountains, ways and customs,Different from of the North)

Kaisar Trieu, Dinh, Ly, Tran, membangun kemerdekaan kita dan berdiri sederajat deng kasiar Han, Tang ,sung, Yuan (The Trieu, Dinh, Ly, Tran, built up our independence And stood as equals of the Han,Tang,Sung,Yuan)

Kita tahu saat kejayaan dan waktu kemunduran ( We had know both days of greatness and times of decline),
tetapi kita tidak pernah kekurangan pahlawan(But never had lacked heroes)oleh karena itu mengapa kita mengikuti ambisi jahat Luu Chung(That was why we brought to naught Luu Chung’s ambitions)

(b)Dan mimpi Trieu Tie menaklukan dan menduduki Toa dan Ham Tu(And Trieu Tiet’s dreams of conquest
Captured toa and at ham Tu.) and membunuh O Ma di sungai Bach Dang(And killed O Ma on the river Bach Dang)
Contoh peningalan eksploitasi ini (Proof remain of those exploits),
Pada saat mulanya kebijakan yang membawa kekacauan akibat provokasi Ho menyulut kemarah(In the recent past the troublesome policy of the Ho Provoked anger and ressentmen.

(c)Kerajaan Ming mengambil keuntungan dengan memnimbulkan kesengaraan di Tanah air kita(The truculent Ming took advantage of it to bring distress upon our land.)
Dan para traitors menjual tanah air kita untuk uang dan kehormatan(And traitors sold the country for money and honours),
Rakyat dibakar dalam nyala api oleh bangsa barbar atau dikubur dalam kuburan bencana( The people were burnt on the flames of barbarityOr buried in the tombs of disasters.)
Untuk memperoleh Nirwarna dan orang, para insvai mengunakan ribuan amesin perang(To decieved Heaven and men, the invaders resorted to a thousand machinations);
Selama dua puluh tahun mereka membunuh dan menghancurkan (For twenty years they killed and oppressed.)
Kemanusian dan Keadilan dilenyapkan, Tanah diambil alih, kurs dan pajak menguras hutan dan ladang sampai kosong (Humanity and justice were condemned, the land trampled,Rates and taxes drain forests and fields empty)

Penduduk dikirim ke mulut hiu laut saat menyelam mutiara(Men were sent to shark-infested seas to dive for pearls),
Lainnya menderita deman saat mendulang emas dari tanah,(Others into fever-ridden jungle sift gold from sand),
Dimana-mana dipasang jaring dan perangkap oleh penduduk untuk menangkap rusa(Everywhre nets and traps were set for pheasant and deer),
Tanpa perlidungan terhadap tusukan tanaman maupun serangga( Neither plants nor insects were spared.)
Meninggalkan banyak janda dan yatim piatu (Wretched was the fate of widows and orphans).

(d)Rakyat kurus dan kelaparan,tetapi penghisap darah tidak pernah puas(The people were lean and hungry, but the bloodsuckers were never satisfied);
Dunia dipindahkan,kayu diukir,rumah dan istana dibangun(Earth had to be moved, wood carved, houses and palaces built);
Endless corvee caused the looms to stay day idle.
To record the oppressor’s crimes all the bamboos of the Southern Mountains would not suffice ;
All the water of the Eastren Sea could not clean away the filth.
How could Heaven condone such felonics!
The people ‘s anger had reach the peak.

(e)In our retreat on Mount Lam,
We brooded over the wrongs done to our land,
Swearing not tolive under the same vault of heaven as the oppresors,
For years we suffered in our heart and mind’
Tasting gall and lying on thorns.
We hardly touched our meals, devoting our time to studying strategies.
For a time we thought they would repent :
In fact they were only plotting more crimes.

(f)One man’s obduracy created miseries for thousands;
Thisrsting for power and glory, he tutrned himself into a laughingstck.
And so that little tyran Tuyen Duc sent troops after troops,
And the cowards Moc Thanh and lieu Thang tried to put out the fire with oil.

(g)In the 9th moon of the year of the Goat , Lieu Thang moved his army from Khau On ;
In the 10th moon, Moc Thanh came with his troops from Yunnan.
First we stopped them at key spot and crushed their vanguards.
Then we cut off their communications and supplies.

(h) On the 18th, we defeat Lieu Thang at Chi Lang.
On the 20th, at Ma Yen he lst his life.
On the 25th, Count Luoong Minh died ;
On the 28th, Minister Ly Khanh comitted suicide;
Fired by our victories, we rushed foward;
Confused by their defeat, they turned on each other,
On all sides we besieged citadels,
Bent on annihilating them by the middle of the 10th moon.
Cracks troops and officers wdere selected for the task.
Drinking at rivers, our elephants dried the stream;
Whetted on rocks, our swords eroded moountains.

(i)On our first onslaught, all the sharks were exterminated;
After the second assault , not a single vulture remained.
We were the hurricane which blew away the dry leavs.
And Stubborn ants which caused dykes to collapse.

(j)On his knees, Thoi Tu gegged for mercy :
Tying his hands, Hoang Phue struck his flag.
Enemy corpses piled high on the rad t Lang Giang and Lam Son
At Xuong Giang and Binh Than ,their blod tinged the river with red.
Winds and clouds changed colour,
Sun and moon waned.

(k)Conered at Le Hoa, the Yunnan troops went mad with panic;
Defeat at Can Tram, Moc Than’s soldiers trampled on each other in their fight.
The Lang cau stream was clogged with blood, the air filled with mans;
Corpses formed knolls in Dan Xa, amidst clotted grass.
The two relief armies were shattered before they could escape;
All garrisns took off their armour and surrendered.

(l)Captured generals, tigers reduced to impotence implored pardon;
Generous victors, sensitive to the will of Heaven we granted them quater.
For Ma Ky and Phuong Chinh we provided five hundred junks;
Out at sea their faces were still green with fear.
To Vuong Thong and Ma Anh we gave several thousand horses;
Back in their country, their leg still shook with terror.
Fearing death,they asked’for peace;
We preserved our forces and let our people have a rest.

(m)Such was our wisdom
From now on our land is safe
Rivers and mountains will see a new era’calm comes after the storm,
Light has driven away darkness
For ever we have cleansed ourselves of shame,
For ever we shall have peace
Both Heaven and our ancestors helped us in the battle
We took up arms,fought, and won.
All the four seas are now serene, great changes are forthcoming;
Let everybodyeverywhere be so informed.

(Nguyen Trai heroic and historic poem from little boy until winning the resistance war very best to learned , very pitty at the years of his life he couldn’t rest in peace, I am very happy to found the very best book about Nguyen Trai after walked almost two hours to found the only one oldbook shop, but I found some antiquarian book there and I will used a sthe basic source of my book , I hope comment from collectors after read the last part of the poem, we will felt the Freedom of Human souls in their own free countries, let not occupations anymore , liberty !!! Liberty !!! Freedom !!! Freedom!!! All the birds will sung the Independence’s Songs together with us -auth)

Selesai @hak cipta Dr IWAN S 2010

==============================================================================

Bagi Pembaca yang masih penasaran, bacalah cuplikan dari cuplikan karyatulis saya  dalam bahasa Inggris dibawah ini, atau lanjutkan membaca karyatulis lengkap berjudul : Perang Pertahanan Vietnam Melawan Dominasi Kerajaan Tiongkok Abad ke -15. ( asal jangan tambah pusing-pen) 

(1)The poem about the picture landscape when he went with his grandpa at Con Son , as a symbol later in his life, aroused in him agreat love of natur :
..a spring sings day and night,
The mossy rocks are washed by the rain
Pine trees climb the hills,
Bamboo trees in the forest, over thousand of arces
Take on a green colour. 

(2) The poem when he studied the comparative between his own nation with those of the Middle Kingdom,the part of “Proclamatian of Victory over the Ngo”(the complete read below) 

Our country Dai Viet has long since been
Land of old culture
With us own rivers and mountain,ways and customs,
Different from those of the North
The Trieu, Dinh, Ly, Tran built upour independence
And stood as equals of the Han,Tang,Sung,Yuan 

Nguyen Trai continually wondered how a schlar could best serve his nation and his epoch : 

Have can we arm the country, build up its defence?
How can I make myself useful to the people ? 

(3) When Nguyen Trai for ten year had a secluded frugal life after comeback to vietnam in 1406 , leaving his father in the border , he write :
In a shack in the South of the city
With plenty of water and very little food. 

(4)During Ming Ocupation , Nguyen Trai write the poem in his –Procla-mation of Victory over the Ngo: 

(a) Rates and taxes drain forest and fiels empty,
Men were sent to shark –infested seas to dive for pearls,
Others into malaria-ridden jungle to sift gold from sand
Everywhere nets and traps were set for pheasants and deer,
Neither plants nor insects were spared,
Wretched was the fate of windows and orphans
The people were lean and hungry, but the blood-suckers were never satified;
Each had to be moved,wood carved,houses and palaces built;
Endless corvees caused the looms to stay idle 

(b) To record the oppresors’ crimes all the bamboos of the suthern muntain would not suffice;
it All the water of the Eastern Sea could not clean away the filth.
How could heaven condone such felonies!
The people’s anger had reached peaks. 

(5) Nguyen Trai write the poem about his principle of “Winning people’s hearts’ , as the started of strategy to defeat the chinese invader :
Peace for the people : that is the essence of hunamity and justice.
Eliminating vilence : that is the first task of our soldier. 

(6) During the difficulties at the first phase of the Vietnamese Resistance war against Ming soldier, Nguyen Trai write the strategy and tactics in poem : 

Leaders and men lived together like fathers and sons,sharing weal and woc.
Turning a hopeless situation into a good one: ansewring nine chances of dying with one chance of living, making each obstacle a spring-board for success ; making the best of everything: those are the virtue of a hero 

(7) At the news Mou Tsing’s reinforcement retreat, Nguyen van Trai write the poem : 

On our first onslaught, all the sharks were externated.
After the second assault , nt a single vulture remained
We were the hurricane which blew a way the dry leaves
And the stubborn ants which caused dykes to collapse. 

(8) Nguyen Trai write a poem after the resistance war, when he was thrown into prison : 

High tide and low, for fifty years I have satled
“Disowning the springs and rocks of my native mountains
“What a farce ! The honours gained are win , but the misfortunes only too real
“Nany are those to be jealous of the only man who remains loyal, what shame” 

(9) Nguyen Trai restored, but the jealous of his competence and his moral authority he rited oncemre to Co Son. And write the poem : 

Friend, why shouldn’t I go back there ?
Teman.mengapa saya harus kembali disini? 

Why should I struggle in this life of dust ?
Mengapa saya berjuang dalam kehidupan penuh debu? 

What use are palaces and coaches ? apagunanya istana dan lapangannya ? 

Water and vegetables are quite enough Air dan sauyan cukup tersedia 

Of course, a wise man and a stupid one are not equals; tentu seoran manusia biasa dan bodoh tidaklah cukup; 

But each is searching for what he disstres-Tetapi setiap orang mencari apa yang mengnyakitinya 

Life lasts one hundred years at most.-Kehidupan kebanyakan akan berakhir pada seratus tahun. 

And all of us turn again to dust and grass-Dan kita semuan berubah jadi abu dan rumput. 

Friend , Listen to my mountain song.Teman , perhatikan laugu gunung saya. 

Kendatipun ,selain menemukan konsilidasi dengan alam daan pemandangan saat masa kecil, Nguyen trai gagal menemukan ketenagan pikiran perdamaian dan menulis syair.(However, despite the consolation he found in nature and the Landscapes of his childhood, Nguyen Trai failed to find genuine peace of mind and write the poem) 

My country, all I have to give you is my heart-Tanah airku,saya telah memberikan seluruh hatiku
Torments inside me have chased away all repose-menusuk kedalam kalbuku yang telah menghilangkan seluruh reaksiku,
On my pillow I stay awake till dawn.-Pada bantalku I tetap bangun sampai pagi hari 

(10) Syair Nguyen Trai yang terbaik adalah “Prolami Kemenangan atas NGO”( The Best of Nguyen Trai poem was “Prclamation of Victory Over The Ngo”-dari Binh Ngo Dai Cao-1428) 

(a) dikatan (It was said) :
Untuk menjamin Perdamiai buat rakyat(To ensure peace for the people). Layaknya suatu essensi Kemanusian dan perdamaian (Such is the essence of humanity and peace), 

Untuk menghilangkan kekerasan(To eliminate violence), seperti terutama perilaku tentara kita (such is the primary aim of our soldiers)
Tanah Air kita Dai Viet-Vietnam perkasa (Our country Dai Viet) sudah lama sejak masakeb ujaan tuan Tanah yang lama(has long since beenLand of old culture), 

Dengan sungai dan gunung miliknya, cara dan kostumnya berb eda dari bagian Utara (With its own rivers and mountains, ways and customs,Different from of the North) 

Kaisar Trieu, Dinh, Ly, Tran, membangun kemerdekaan kita dan berdiri sederajat deng kasiar Han, Tang ,sung, Yuan (The Trieu, Dinh, Ly, Tran, built up our independence And stood as equals of the Han,Tang,Sung,Yuan) 

Kita tahu saat kejayaan dan waktu kemunduran ( We had know both days of greatness and times of decline),
tetapi kita tidak pernah kekurangan pahlawan(But never had lacked heroes)oleh karena itu mengapa kita mengikuti ambisi jahat Luu Chung(That was why we brought to naught Luu Chung’s ambitions) 

(b)Dan mimpi Trieu Tie menaklukan dan menduduki Toa dan Ham Tu(And Trieu Tiet’s dreams of conquest
Captured toa and at ham Tu.) and membunuh O Ma di sungai Bach Dang(And killed O Ma on the river Bach Dang)
Contoh peningalan eksploitasi ini (Proof remain of those exploits),
Pada saat mulanya kebijakan yang membawa kekacauan akibat provokasi Ho menyulut kemarah(In the recent past the troublesome policy of the Ho Provoked anger and ressentmen. 

(c)Kerajaan Ming mengambil keuntungan dengan memnimbulkan kesengaraan di Tanah air kita(The truculent Ming took advantage of it to bring distress upon our land.)
Dan para traitors menjual tanah air kita untuk uang dan kehormatan(And traitors sold the country for money and honours),
Rakyat dibakar dalam nyala api oleh bangsa barbar atau dikubur dalam kuburan bencana( The people were burnt on the flames of barbarityOr buried in the tombs of disasters.)
Untuk memperoleh Nirwarna dan orang, para insvai mengunakan ribuan amesin perang(To decieved Heaven and men, the invaders resorted to a thousand machinations);
Selama dua puluh tahun mereka membunuh dan menghancurkan (For twenty years they killed and oppressed.)
Kemanusian dan Keadilan dilenyapkan, Tanah diambil alih, kurs dan pajak menguras hutan dan ladang sampai kosong (Humanity and justice were condemned, the land trampled,Rates and taxes drain forests and fields empty) 

Penduudk dikirim ke mulut hiu laut saat menyelam mutiara(Men were sent to shark-infested seas to dive for pearls),
Lainnya menderita deman saat mendulang emas dari tanah,(Others into fever-ridden jungle sift gold from sand),
Dimana-mana dipasang jaring dan perangkap oleh penduduk untuk menangkap rusa(Everywhre nets and traps were set for pheasant and deer),
Tanpa perlidungan terhadap tusukan tanaman maupun serangga( Neither plants nor insects were spared.)
Meninggalkan banyak janda dan yatim piatu (Wretched was the fate of widows and orphans). 

(d)Rakyat kurus dan kelaparan,tetapi penghisap darah tidak pernah puas(The people were lean and hungry, but the bloodsuckers were never satisfied);
Dunia dipindahkan,kayu diukir,rumah dan istana dibangun(Earth had to be moved, wood carved, houses and palaces built);
Endless corvee caused the looms to stay day idle.
To record the oppressor’s crimes all the bamboos of the Southern Mountains would not suffice ;
All the water of the Eastren Sea could not clean away the filth.
How could Heaven condone such felonics!
The people ‘s anger had reach the peak. 

(e)In our retreat on Mount Lam,
We brooded over the wrongs done to our land,
Swearing not tolive under the same vault of heaven as the oppresors,
For years we suffered in our heart and mind’
Tasting gall and lying on thorns.
We hardly touched our meals, devoting our time to studying strategies.
For a time we thought they would repent :
In fact they were only plotting more crimes. 

(f)One man’s obduracy created miseries for thousands;
Thisrsting for power and glory, he tutrned himself into a laughingstck.
And so that little tyran Tuyen Duc sent troops after troops,
And the cowards Moc Thanh and lieu Thang tried to put out the fire with oil. 

(g)In the 9th moon of the year of the Goat , Lieu Thang moved his army from Khau On ;
In the 10th moon, Moc Thanh came with his troops from Yunnan.
First we stopped them at key spot and crushed their vanguards.
Then we cut off their communications and supplies. 

(h) On the 18th, we defeat Lieu Thang at Chi Lang.
On the 20th, at Ma Yen he lst his life.
On the 25th, Count Luoong Minh died ;
On the 28th, Minister Ly Khanh comitted suicide;
Fired by our victories, we rushed foward;
Confused by their defeat, they turned on each other,
On all sides we besieged citadels,
Bent on annihilating them by the middle of the 10th moon.
Cracks troops and officers wdere selected for the task.
Drinking at rivers, our elephants dried the stream;
Whetted on rocks, our swords eroded moountains. 

(i)On our first onslaught, all the sharks were exterminated;
After the second assault , not a single vulture remained.
We were the hurricane which blew away the dry leavs.
And Stubborn ants which caused dykes to collapse. 

(j)On his knees, Thoi Tu gegged for mercy :
Tying his hands, Hoang Phue struck his flag.
Enemy corpses piled high on the rad t Lang Giang and Lam Son
At Xuong Giang and Binh Than ,their blod tinged the river with red.
Winds and clouds changed colour,
Sun and moon waned. 

(k)Conered at Le Hoa, the Yunnan troops went mad with panic;
Defeat at Can Tram, Moc Than’s soldiers trampled on each other in their fight.
The Lang cau stream was clogged with blood, the air filled with mans;
Corpses formed knolls in Dan Xa, amidst clotted grass.
The two relief armies were shattered before they could escape;
All garrisns took off their armour and surrendered. 

(l)Captured generals, tigers reduced to impotence implored pardon;
Generous victors, sensitive to the will of Heaven we granted them quater.
For Ma Ky and Phuong Chinh we provided five hundred junks;
Out at sea their faces were still green with fear.
To Vuong Thong and Ma Anh we gave several thousand horses;
Back in their country, their leg still shook with terror.
Fearing death,they asked’for peace;
We preserved our forces and let our people have a rest. 

(m)Such was our wisdom
From now on our land is safe
Rivers and mountains will see a new era’calm comes after the storm,
Light has driven away darkness
For ever we have cleansed ourselves of shame,
For ever we shall have peace
Both Heaven and our ancestors helped us in the battle
We took up arms,fought, and won.
All the four seas are now serene, great changes are forthcoming;
Let everybodyeverywhere be so informed. 

(Nguyen Trai heroic and historic poem from little boy until winning the resistance war very best to learned , very pitty at the years of his life he couldn’t rest in peace, I am very happy to found the very best book about Nguyen Trai after walked almost two hours to found the only one oldbook shop, but I found some antiquarian book there and I will used a sthe basic source of my book , I hope comment from collectors after read the last part of the poem, we will felt the Freedom of Human souls in their own free countries, let not occupations anymore , liberty !!! Liberty !!! Freedom !!! Freedom!!! All the birds will sung the Independence’s Songs together with us -auth) 

-suckers were never satified;
Each had to be moved,wood carved,houses and palaces built;
Endless corvees caused the looms to stay idle 

(b) To record the oppresors’ crimes all the bamboos of the suthern muntain would not suffice;
it All the water of the Eastern Sea could not clean away the filth.
How could heaven condone such felonies!
The people’s anger had reached peaks. 

(5) Nguyen Trai write the poem about his principle of “Winning people’s hearts’ , as the started of strategy to defeat the chinese invader :
Peace for the people : that is the essence of hunamity and justice.
Eliminating vilence : that is the first task of our soldier. 

(6) During the difficulties at the first phase of the Vietnamese Resistance war against Ming soldier, Nguyen Trai write the strategy and tactics in poem : 

Leaders and men lived together like fathers and sons,sharing weal and woc.
Turning a hopeless situation into a good one: ansewring nine chances of dying with one chance of living, making each obstacle a spring-board for success ; making the best of everything: those are the virtue of a hero 

(7) At the news Mou Tsing’s reinforcement retreat, Nguyen van Trai write the poem : 

On our first onslaught, all the sharks were externated.
After the second assault , nt a single vulture remained
We were the hurricane which blew a way the dry leaves
And the stubborn ants which caused dykes to collapse. 

(8) Nguyen Trai write a poem after the resistance war, when he was thrown into prison : 

High tide and low, for fifty years I have satled
“Disowning the springs and rocks of my native mountains
“What a farce ! The honours gained are win , but the misfortunes only too real
“Nany are those to be jealous of the only man who remains loyal, what shame” 

(9) Nguyen Trai restored, but the jealous of his competence and his moral authority he rited oncemre to Co Son. And write the poem : 

Friend, why shouldn’t I go back there ?
Why should I struggle in this life of dust ?
What use are palaces and coaches ?
Water and vegetables are quite enough
Of course, a wise man and a stupid one are not equals;
But each is searching fr what he drestres
Life lasts one hundred years at most
And all of us turn again to dust and grass
Friend , Listen to my mountain song. 

However, despite the consolation he found in nature and the Landscapes of his childhood, Nguyen Trai failed to find genuine peace of mind and write the poem 

My country, all I have to give you is my heart
Torments inside me have chased away all repose,
On my pillow I stay awake till dawn. 

(10) The Best of Nguyen Trai poem was “Prclamation of Victory Over The Ngo”
( Binh Ngo Dai Cao-1428) 

(a) It was said :
To ensure peace for the people. Such is the essence of humanity and peace,
To eliminate violence, such is the primary aim of our soldiers
Our country Dai Viet has lng since been
Land of old culture,
With its own rivers and mountains, ways and customs,
Different from of the North
The Trieu, Dinh, Ly, Tran, built up our independence
And stood as equals of the Han,Tang,Sung,Yuan
We had know both days of gretness and times of decline,
But never had lacked heroes
That was why we brought to naught Luu Chung’s ambitions 

(b)And Trieu Tiet’s dreams of conquest
Captured toa d at ham Tu.
And killed O Ma on the river Bach Dang
Proof remain of those exploits,
In the recent past the troublesome policy of the Ho
Provoked anger and reseentment. 

(c)The truculent Ming took advantage of it to bring distress upon our land.
And tratitors sold the country for money and honours,
The people were burnt on the flames of barbarity
Or buried in the tombs of disasters.
To decieve Heaven and men, the invaders resorted to a thousand machinations;
For twenty years they hilled and oppressed.
Humanity and justice were condemned, the land trampled,
Rates and taxes drain forests and fields empty
Men were sent to shark-infested seas to dive for pearls,
Others int fever-ridden jungle sift gold from sand,
Everywhre nets and traps were set for pheasant and deer,
Neither plants nor insects were spared.
Wretched was the fate of widows and orphans. 

(d)The people were lean and hungry, but the bloodsuckers were never satisfied;
Earth had to be moved, wood carved, houses and palaces built;
Endless corvee caused the looms to stay day idle.
To record the oppressor’s crimes all the bamboos of the Southern Mountains would not suffice ;
All the water of the Eastren Sea could not clean away the filth.
How could Heaven condone such felonics!
The people ‘s anger had reach the peak. 

(e)In our retreat on Mount Lam,
We brooded over the wrongs done to our land,
Swearing not tolive under the same vault of heaven as the oppresors,
For years we suffered in our heart and mind’
Tasting gall and lying on thorns.
We hardly touched our meals, devoting our time to studying strategies.
For a time we thought they would repent :
In fact they were only plotting more crimes. 

(f)One man’s obduracy created miseries for thousands;
Thisrsting for power and glory, he tutrned himself into a laughingstck.
And so that little tyran Tuyen Duc sent troops after troops,
And the cowards Moc Thanh and lieu Thang tried to put out the fire with oil. 

(g)In the 9th moon of the year of the Goat , Lieu Thang moved his army from Khau On ;
In the 10th moon, Moc Thanh came with his troops from Yunnan.
First we stopped them at key spot and crushed their vanguards.
Then we cut off their communications and supplies. 

(h) On the 18th, we defeat Lieu Thang at Chi Lang.
On the 20th, at Ma Yen he lst his life.
On the 25th, Count Luoong Minh died ;
On the 28th, Minister Ly Khanh comitted suicide;
Fired by our victories, we rushed foward;
Confused by their defeat, they turned on each other,
On all sides we besieged citadels,
Bent on annihilating them by the middle of the 10th moon.
Cracks troops and officers wdere selected for the task.
Drinking at rivers, our elephants dried the stream;
Whetted on rocks, our swords eroded moountains. 

(i)On our first onslaught, all the sharks were exterminated;
After the second assault , not a single vulture remained.
We were the hurricane which blew away the dry leavs.
And Stubborn ants which caused dykes to collapse. 

(j)On his knees, Thoi Tu gegged for mercy :
Tying his hands, Hoang Phue struck his flag.
Enemy corpses piled high on the rad t Lang Giang and Lam Son
At Xuong Giang and Binh Than ,their blod tinged the river with red.
Winds and clouds changed colour,
Sun and moon waned. 

(k)Conered at Le Hoa, the Yunnan troops went mad with panic;
Defeat at Can Tram, Moc Than’s soldiers trampled on each other in their fight.
The Lang cau stream was clogged with blood, the air filled with mans;
Corpses formed knolls in Dan Xa, amidst clotted grass.
The two relief armies were shattered before they could escape;
All garrisns took off their armour and surrendered. 

(l)Captured generals, tigers reduced to impotence implored pardon;
Generous victors, sensitive to the will of Heaven we granted them quater.
For Ma Ky and Phuong Chinh we provided five hundred junks;
Out at sea their faces were still green with fear.
To Vuong Thong and Ma Anh we gave several thousand horses;
Back in their country, their leg still shook with terror.
Fearing death,they asked’for peace;
We preserved our forces and let our people have a rest. 

(m)Such was our wisdom
From now on our land is safe
Rivers and mountains will see a new era’calm comes after the storm,
Light has driven away darkness
For ever we have cleansed ourselves of shame,
For ever we shall have peace
Both Heaven and our ancestors helped us in the battle
We took up arms,fought, and won.
All the four seas are now serene, great changes are forthcoming;
Let everybodyeverywhere be so informed. 

(Nguyen Trai heroic and historic poem from little boy until winning the resistance war very best to learned ,

very pitty at the years of his life he couldn’t rest in peace, I am very happy to found the very best book about

 Nguyen Trai after walked most two hours to found the only one oldbook shop, but I found some antiquarian

 book there and I will used athe basic source of my book , I hope comment from collectors after read the last

 part of the poem, we will felt the Freedom of Human souls in their own free countries, let not occupations anymore ,

liberty !!! Liberty !!! Freedom !!! Freedom!!! All the birds will sung the Independence’s Songs together with us -auth

Habis @hak cipta Dr Iwan S 2010, kali ini benar-benar selesai, anda yang membaca sampai disini,sangat kagum dengan  sjair Nguyen Trai seperti saya  ,saya ucapkan selamat, dan tentunya jangan komentar kepala pusing karena sjair nya diulang-ulang, maksudnya agar meresap didalam hati anda.

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