Before XVIth Century

1.Chinese Source ibid 5*)

1) The Dynastic Histories, The twenty-four Historians, 600 large volumes,the history of every dynasty which has reigned in China previous to the present.
2)Mahuan; Ying-yai Sheng-lan;General Account of the shores of the Ocean, 1416.Mahuan sent with Chengho,the celebrated envoy to foreign countries, in his expedition of 1413.
3)Fei Hsin; Hsing-cha Sheng-lan”General Account of Peregrination at Sea”,1436.
4)Hwang Ch’i-tsung;Tung Hsi Yang Kau,Researches on the Eastren and Westren Ocean,1618.
5)Lo Shih ; Tai-Ping Huan-yu Chi, A Geography of the World, published in the period Tai-PingHsingkuo (976-983).
6)Hua Yi Feng-tu Chi, an Acount of custom and product of china and Foreign countries.,1594.

7)Sancai tuhui,1607,Ming Dynasty encyclopedia*10)

2. Indonesia Source ibid *6) and *11)

1) “ Sunda” Anciet Sunda char.,Manuscript ,circa XVI th century
a)We found the information about Sandjaya, he said to be the son of Sena( husband of Sanaha) who was the regent of Galuh. Sandjaya was the Son in Law of Tarusbawa (Tohaan) in Sunda the king “Yang Dipetuan Agung”of Sunda
b) This manuscript very high historical works because the writer, date and years of productions list clearly .
The history aboud The King(Baginda) Rajasanagara with his family in Mojopahit and Sri Rajasanagara was thouht as the incarnation of Siwa and Budha.
Grandmothr of the “Baginda: Rajapatni, the daughter of Kertanegara from Singosari ,named Gayatri ,femous of her beuty.also the history of Mojopahit . (complete story see IUC”The Indonesia Regent ‘s Uniwue Collections-ed)

2) Prapantja; Negarakartagama, manuscript, 1364
The original ancient manuscript on “Lontar”leaf, only a lttle story about The”bubat” war 1357,between Sunda Kingdom and Mojopahit Kingdom at Bubat because Majapahit “Patih”(The high Rank General ) didn’t accept the marriege between the Hayam Wuruk King of Mojopohit with Dya Pitaloka daughter of king of Sunda( Complete story in the IUC book “The Indonesia Regent(“Penguasa”)’s Unique Collections, you will seen their artifact and image illustrations.ed)

2).Pararaton,”Lontar” Leaf manuscript.
The complete history about “Bubat War” between Majapahit during Haya Wuruk Reign with Prabu Maharaja Sunda as short told in Negarakertagama. Above.

3) Kidung Sundayana ,” Lontar”leaf manuscript, also told about the Bubat War .

4)Dewabuda; “Lontar” Manuscript,1435.
Told the history of the people of Sunda Kingdom religious Hindu-Budha (Cmplete story read in IUC limited bok”The Indonesia Regent’s Unique Collections” complete with artifact and image illustrations-ed).

5).Rangalawe of Damar Woelan, 67 Lontar- 52 ½ cm.manuscript.
The War between Suhita with Wikrama-warddhana vs Bhre Wirabhumi was told in folklore “Damarwulan –Mina Jinggo,
During Majapahit Kingdom administration ‘s Te Beautiful (Ayu) Queen (Ratu ) Kencana Wungu(Sauhita) , there were rebellion by Minak Jinggo(Bhre Wirabumi) because Minakjinggo want to merried Suhita, but not accepted by the bad face of Minakjinggo lake “Raksasa”Gigantism.
The Queen have made “Sayembara” if someone could bitten the Menakjinggo , she will gave a special reward. Raden Dawarwulan joined the fighting, almost “kalah” lost the power, but with the helped of Dewi Wahita and Dewi Puyengan , Damarwulan win the fight and Queen Kencana wunggu became the wife of Damarwulan, they were the regent of Majapahit.
This story very popular in middle Java, especially EastJaa, Raffles ever found the manuscript book about Damarwulan, now in the Britis Museum, beautiful colour illustrations list in the book “Gold letters” produced by London museum.
6).Rangalawe Kidung,Manuscript

7)Sivaratrikalpa, manuscript.
The legend’s books about the hunters Nishada and Sivatratri ceremonial to honour the “Siva” will up to Nirwana”Heaven” when he died. .

Iki Takepan daruwen Ida Cokorda I Noma Rai,manuscript 108 Lontar 36 ½ cm .

9).Lawe,Manuscript 79 lontar. With Bali script.

Wayang Semar,manuscript with many beautiful handpainted multicolour potrait of wayang,in old paper, yava and arabic translate char, circa 17th century

9) Serat “Purwaka” The world from start to completely dones, manuscript circa 15th century; rewrite in modern writing book my be in Ixth century.

10)Iki rupane Pamor Keris Kang Kena Digawe Jimat, The character of Keris Pamor(drawing blade) for use as amulet, Yava char. Manuscript with Pamor keris handsketched illustrations circa 15th century, rewrite in modern writing book in XIXth century


1 China Source ibid *5)
1)The History of Yuan Dynasty
a.Book 131, Account of Ike Mese.
b.Book 162, Account of Shipi and Kau Hsing

2)The History of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1643).
a.Book 304. Account of Cheng Ho
b.Book 324.
(1)King Sri Pah-ta-la-po(1370& 1375) , King Pa-te-na-pa-na-bu (1377), King Tu-ma-pa(Tumapel-Mojopahit) in 1403 &1460 and King Put-ling-ta-ha(1403) sent envoy with tribute to the Ming imperial court.
(2) Cheng Ho (1405) sent a massenger from Ming emperor to indonesia arcipelago country.

3)Yingyai Shenlan (1416)

2 Euro Source ibid * 6) and *12)

1)Polo travelling
a)Polo, Fathers and two brothers
Three trevellers into central Asia and china ,The father &Uncle (1266)
b)Marcopolo(1271 &1293)

2)Another travelling follow the Polo
a)Acre(1269 and 1269)
b)Geofrey de Langley(1290)

3) Portugoeus Voyage
a) Vasco de Gama

4)Ibnu Batuta Travellings

5)Francs travelling
a)Bergeron,Pierre ;Les Voyages Fameux du Sieur Vincent Leblac,marseillois qu’il a fait ,quatre parties du monde ,rediges sur ses Memoires ,1649 ,aveg privilage du roy.
The First Francs travelling to East Indie(Verrazane and Pierre Caunay,Jun.15th 1526.
b)Martin de Vitre; Description du premier voyage faict aux Indes Orientales par les marchant Francais de Saiht-Malo,de Vitre et de Laval,Francois, 104,first edition.
c. Voyages du Capitaine Ripon aux Grandes Indes ,Jounal inedit d’un Mercenaire,1617-1627.
d.Beaulieu,Augustin de; Relations de divers voyage curieux qui n’ont point este publies Seconde partie ,Paris,Sebastien Cramoisy,1664.
e)Tavernier,Jean-Baptiste; Jean-Baptiste Tavenier a Batavia (1648) les six voyages de J.B. Tavenier,Euyer Baron d’a uborne en Turquie,en Perse at aux Indes pendant l’espace de quarante ans et par toutes les routes que l’on peut tenir,3 vol,Paris,1679.
f)Thevenot,J ; Voyages en Europe,Asie at Afrique, Paris 1664-1668, Yves Bietskin, 1684.

2.2.3 Indonesia Sources ibid *6 &13*)
*5)Groenevelt; Historical Notes on Indonesia & Malaya compiled from Chinese Souces,1876, reprint in English by Bharata,Djakarta,1960.
*10) Paludan,Ann; Chronicle Of The Chinese Emperors,Thames&Hudson,First Paperback,2008.
*11)Berg,C.C.;Bibliotica Javanica book1 Rangga Lawe, Weltevreden(Cenra Jacatra) ,Albrecht&co ,1930.
*12)Dorleans,Bernard; Les Francais et l’Indonesie du XVIe au Xxe siecle, Indonesian and Francs, 2001.

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