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The Adventur Of Wanlison

Part 4

Vietnam,Laos @Cambodge

Creayed By

Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA

Special For Wanlison Family

Copyright @ 2013


 First Visit

Thailand,Cambodgr,Vietnam Hochimin Citry,Hanoi and Nannaning South china

Dr Iwan S. in the Swarnabhumi Airpot Bangkok during traveling from Bangkok to Phom phen Cambodge 2007@copyright Dr Iwan S. 2009

Bangkok Post office, unique collections flea market around this post office like stamps,coin,stone etc.I suggest you to visit this area.

My first Thai unique collection , the sukhothai coverbox ceramic, was found during travel around Bukittinggi west Sumatra in 1969. During my first visit to Bangkok in 1974  by flight fromPenang because by bus and train not secured, arrive at the old airport, I have met Mr Le Loi  phillatelic shop trader at Isetan Trade center and found some unique Thailand postal history , and also during my Police Hospital comperative study in 1994, but during my last visit 2007 by flight straight from Jakarta to Bangkok’s new swarnabhumi airpot , I didn’t met him again , they told he was passed away(In Memoriam) my god bless my friendly friend, someone gave me information to seeking unique collection around the Bangkok Post office.

The Thai unique collection found during travel around Indonesia and thailand will put in My Blog ,please click “unique” and please choose the collection to pu in my IMUCS cybermuseum.

Greating from Dr iwan S.


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My profile and mekong river in the front of Royal palace Phnom Phen 2007 @copyright Dr Iwan s.

Russian Market, the Phomphen Flea market.

I started to collect Cambodge stamps with another Indochine area when I have found a collection bring by the Indonesian Police Mission at Cambodge  , and during my first visit Phom Phen 2007 ,with mr Oke by his motorbike I found some unique collections at the Russian flea market coins,papermoney ,medal . W hen backhome I found another unique collections and i will put in my  “Uniquecollection Blog by Dr Iwan S. I hove the collectors chooese the best collection to put in IMUCS Cyber museum.

I want to say hello and thankyou verymuch to Mr Oke for his verykind to be my best guide in Phom Phen. Greating from Dr Iwan S.








Map of Vietnam


Map of Vietnam

The Driwan’s Indochina Travel first and second days



a.DEPATURE FROM Jakarta indonesia(  Berangkat dari Jakarta airpot SUTA)

b.Arrive(Tiba di )Airport Tan son Nhat Ho Chi Minh City


Saigon – Ho Chi Minh City


1)Exchange money to dong(Tukar uang 100 dolar menjadi Dong)

2)Buy ticket to Hue(Beli Tiket Pesawat Ke Hue tgl 18 Juni pagi)


Departure Flight Options

Ho Chi Minh City , VN To HUE , VN Saturday, June 18

15 Jun


From 1,181,000 VND

16 Jun


From 1,181,000 VND

17 Jun


From 1,181,000 VND

18 Jun


From 1,181,000 VND

19 Jun


From 1,181,000 VND

20 Jun


From 1,181,000 VND

21 Jun


From 1,181,000 VND






Departure Flight Options

Ho Chi Minh City , VN To Siem Reap , KH Saturday, June 18

15 Jun


From 3,494,000 VND

16 Jun


From 3,494,000 VND

17 Jun


From 3,494,000 VND

18 Jun


From 3,494,000 VND

19 Jun


From 3,494,000 VND

20 Jun


From 3,494,000 VND

21 Jun


From 3,494,000 VND




, if not possible ,other alternative by ticket to (bila tidak ada tiket)alternative

By Ticket to(Beli tiket ke): Phon Phem. Or Siem riep Cambodia

3) Out of Airport(keluar airport) Get the best Taxi Vietnam Tourist Taxi



Vios Club

Toyota Vios’ taxis run amok in Ho Chi Minh City. Vehicles here are left hand drives.

Taxi Rate(Naik Taxi ,biaya) 80.000-120.000 dong(sekitar us $ 10.-).or by bus n0 152 to saigon bus station at the front of Benh than market HCM city

c.Go to Hotel(Perjalanan menuju   )Phi Vu hotel


3) Out of Airport(keluar airport) Get the best Taxi Vietnam Tourist Taxi

Vios Club
Toyota Vios’ taxis run amok in Ho Chi Minh City. Vehicles here are left hand drives.

Taxi Rate(Naik Taxi ,biaya) 80.000-120.000 dong(sekitar us $ 10.-).or by bus n0 152 to saigon bus station at the front of Benh than market HCM city

c.Go to Hotel(Perjalanan menuju )Phi Vu hotel,location at corner (lokasi persimpangan) Nguyen trai dan Lel Loi ,

look the map

didepannya ada patung Le Loi naik kuda.

Address(Alamat) 7 Nguyen Trai Street Ben Thanh Ward District 1 HCM City,tel (84.8)839 8479, email:

Via pengurus Hotel, bila tidak berhasil di airport dapt diurus tiket Vietnam airlines dari HCM city ke Hue hari ke tiga atau ke Phom phen

From the hotel, it takes just 15 minutes to walk to the Ben Thanh Market, and 10 minutes to the Reunification Palace, Notre Dame Cathedral, and the central post office.

Address: 7 Nguyen Trai St, Ben Thanh Ward, Ho Chi MinhTel: 84.8.28298479 email:

Ben Thanh Market – Number one on any trip to Saigon Vietnam should be the historic Ben Thanh Market; located in District one, this market once the main market for locals is now focused squarely at the countries ever expanding international visitors, shoppers still get a feel for how the market was pre 1990 when Vietnam opened its doors to the west and international tourists. The variety of items for sale at Ben Thanh market is quite staggering with the sale of everything from Clothing, fabrics, cosmetics, fake Rolex and coffee thru to fruit vegetables and live animals.

Some facts about: Ben Thanh market dates back to the 17th century when it was an uncovered muddy market located near the Saigon wharf (Ben) and the Turtle Citadel (Quy Thanh) Ben Thanh Market has moved and been rebuilt twice with its current location/building being opened in March 1914, the buildings landmark clock tower is the symbol of Saigon

d. walking to market to night food (Jalan kaki ke pasar) ben than market ,for night shopping and food.(shoping dan makan malam,kepitingnya murah dan lezat)

Ben Thanh Market – Number one on any trip to Saigon Vietnam should be the historic Ben Thanh Market; located in District one, this market once the main market for locals is now focused squarely at the countries ever expanding international visitors, shoppers still get a feel for how the market was pre 1990 when Vietnam opened its doors to the west and international tourists. The variety of items for sale at Ben Thanh market is quite staggering with the sale of everything from Clothing, fabrics, cosmetics, fake Rolex and coffee thru to fruit vegetables and live animals.

Some facts about: Ben Thanh market dates back to the 17th century when it was an uncovered muddy market located near the Saigon wharf (Ben) and the Turtle Citadel (Quy Thanh) Ben Thanh Market has moved and been rebuilt twice with its current location/building being opened in March 1914, the buildings landmark clock tower is the symbol of Saigon

Back from market to phivu hotel II.through the beautiful garden and many native vietnamese sold fruit there.

THE SECOND DAY (Hari Kedua )

Pagi (morning)

1.breakfest broilled roaster(ayam bakar) at the small street in the front phivu hotel(makan pagi) ayam pangang dijalan depan phi vu hotel ) and the to the back to binh than market after turn to the right(menuju belakang Pasar Binh Than setelah belok kanan )

2.After that to Remant vietnam war museum look my profile in the front of museum

also the war remmant

at the left then walking to Pasteur street Đường – Pasteur – Street

in 6th Ward, District 3, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
,turn left to basilica Notre Dam

and the old saigon post office

(Selanjutnya ke Museum Perang HCM city dan Museum HCM city dan Cathedral Basilica serta Kantor pos Saigon)

Notre Dame Cathedral: Site of an old Pagoda
In 1959 with the approval of the Vatican the cathedral was named Notre Dame. It is supposed to sit on the site of an old pagoda. The neo-Romanesque architecture is complete with two-40m square bell towers. The garden outside is a popular gathering place.FROM THE NOTREDAM BASILICA TO THE OLD SAIGON POST OFFICE IN THE LEFT OF THE BASILICA.Address:Notre Dame Cathedral, 1 Commune of Paris, Dist. 1 FROM BASILICA KE OLD SAIGON POST OFFICEAND THEN BY BUS TO SAIGON BUS STATION IN THE FRONT OF BINH THAN MARKET.
Then Central Market or Ben Thanh Market is the biggest of the markets found in the city The building was formerly the main railway terminal. The market sells a large variety of goods from imported electronics and imported perfumes to local souvenirs, clothing and produce.

Ben Thanh market: Markets

While the crafts and other goods are on the inside of the market, the produce, flowers, and meats are generally sold on the pavements and alleys surrounding the building.Address: Ben Thanh Market, Le Loi St., Dist.1
Right outside the Ben Thanh Market on Le Loi Circle is the statues of General Tran Nguyen Han, a 15th-century warrior. The Circle is a busy roundabout for traffic.Address: Le Loi Blvd.
3.Take Bus to Saigon Bus Station(Naik Bus jurusan stasiun Saigon)

4.makan siang nasi campur(midday food pork rice at the front of bus station.

5.pasar antik(antique market)

6. shopping di pasar binh than sampai malam

Then Central Market or Ben Thanh Market is the biggest of the markets found in the city The building was formerly the main railway terminal. The market sells a large variety of goods from imported electronics and imported perfumes to local souvenirs, clothing and produce.
Ben Thanh market: Markets
While the crafts and other goods are on the inside of the market, the produce, flowers, and meats are generally sold on the pavements and alleys surrounding the building.Address: Ben Thanh Market, Le Loi St., Dist.1

Right outside the Ben Thanh Market on Le Loi Circle is the statues of General Tran Nguyen Han, a 15th-century warrior. The Circle is a busy roundabout for traffic.

Address: Le Loi Blvd.

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011


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Showroom :
The Driwan’s Cybermuseum

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Please Enter

(Driwan Vietnam War Cybermuseum)Showcase:

The Vietnam War Document
Postal History
Vetnam War in 1974

DI Driwan Cybermuseum , bila belum segera klik
lihatlah salah satu frame pameran perang vietnam 1974. dibawah ini

January 1974

(a)Nguyen Cong Hoan story :

“While the 1973 Paris agreement was going on,the Communist were stepping up their military attack.By 1974 there really wasn’t anything left of that agreement.There was just no hope.There was no move the regime and no way to stop the Front.

(b)American service men , 110.000 had burnst their draftcard and 40.000 young men had evaded call-up by leaving for neighbouring Canada and for Europe.(D)


(a)Air mail covers from Indonesian KONGA V/ICCS Region V Saigon send to SKOMDAK III (West Sumatra Police Headquaters ) Padang-Sumbar, overprint INDONESIA , with stamps rate 81 Dong (7 stamps) with CDS TAN AN 30-1-1974 ( My first Postal History of Vietnam war was Given by Police Mayor. Suroto to me as Medical Police Inspectur in 1975, from this postal history I started to collect Vietnam war Postal history –auth)

(b) ICCS Communications Center Ton Son Nhut, the photo of Indonesian Garuda Mission army and Police in the front of that centers (This photo was given to me from Indonesia national Police Captain “red arrow” who joined the Garuda IV Indonesia ICCS Vietnam auth)

(c) Unused Free Port Special letter sheet Garuda IV Indonesia ICCS Vietnam, Garuda was “Eagle” Indonesia National emblem.(PH)

(d)Indonesian Mayor General Wiyogo Atmodarminto , commander of the Ivth Garuda Mission to Vietnam inspecting his men

(e)The Indonesia participation in Upholding World Order ICCS in Vietnam 1973.-1975 under Garuda IV,V and VII.

In performing its task, ICCS met many difficulties due to the fact that certain points of the parisb Agreement on ending the war between the US and Vietnam, were conraversial. This led Indonesia to pull out GARUDA VII from Saigon in April,27,1975 the annexation of South Vietnam by North Vietnam waas the reason for the first Asean Summit in Bali to stress again the urgency to preserve political stability in South east Asia.

(f) The ICCS Vietnam plaque of Garuda IV Mission in Vietnam (Memorabilia)


March 1974

March,8th 1974. Trich Luc Bo Khai San Saigon Documenty with local Saigon minh thue revenue 1974 5 D and 10 D.

You will seen another collections like :
1.The President south vietman Nguyen van Thiue Stamp used on cover

2.The war pictures

the ned @ copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2011


1.pagi jalan sekitar hotel(walking around hotel)

2.7.30 AM. Tour to  perfume river  , Annam  Emperor Tomb Tu Duc, Minh Mang an Khai Dinh,also the Annam emperor citale.

1Tur Hue        Hue Imperial City (The Citadel)


3.Hari keTIGA MALAM  (THIRD day,  18 june )

HUE-HONAI BY NIGHT Sleeping Bus ,12 hours arrive Hanoi the other days at 6.00 AM.



1.At. 6.00 AM ARRIVE HANOI by night sleeping bus , and taxi TO Hotel area NEAR hoan kiem lake,Hotel Nam Putao. ,aksing the tickret for Hanoi city tour.  8.30 AM Hanoi CVity Tour:

1) Hanoi Bigger Lake

2) Hanoi Vietnam ethnic museum

3)Ho Chi Minh Museoleum (We cannot enter  because too many visitors)

4)Lunch et Lonely Planet restaurant


6) back to Hotel

7) 6.30 PM walking around hoan kiem hotel





HARI KE 5(20 Juni)

1.HANOI-VIENTINE BY Vietnam aerlines one hours(8.00_9.00) , arrive airport by ticket to Siem riep by Laos airline tomorrow.and also by some postcard with stamps at airport post office

2. By taxi from airport to  Vientine US$7.- (US 1.-=3000 Kiep) only 15 minutes, to Guest House hotel ,info from the Laos Airlines officer.

3.arrive Guest House Hotel,asking taxi for city tours.

4. city tour by taxi ,US 15,-

1)Vientine museum

2) Temple

3) Vientiene morning market

4) 40 kim from vientine to look contemporary bigger Buddha statue , near the border between Thailand and Laos.

5)Monument Laos

6)back to Vientiene Morning market


HARI KE 6 (21Juni)

From SIEMRIEP  to Phon Phen by bus 270 km (4 hours)



Hari ke 7(23Juni)

Depature from Pnom phen Cambodia to Ho chi minh city BY BUS  six hours, arrive HCM city 3.00 PM back to Phivu hotel, then went to cho Ben Than market, get information about HCM city Tours, and booking via hotel for Bac Gia and Vinlong Mekong Delta tour tomorrow morning.


Hari ke 8. Ho Chi Minh City ( june,24th)

  • Bac Gia and Vinlong Mekong Delta tour,AMIZING TOUR  by bus 1 1/2 hour, by boat and small canoe to bac gia look the village producing  traditional cake and lunch village food and fruit, then by boat to Vinlong city at Mekong Delta.
  • Hari ke 9  25 juni ,Sabtu
  • 1) morning
  • (1) War Remnant Ho chi minh city Museum
  • (2) Shopping Cho Ben Than Market
  • (3) Antique hunting market near saigon bus station
  • (4) Ho Chi Mint art Museum
  • (5) Depature from Hcm city by airoplane back home to   Jakarta Indonesia
  • .

Map of Vietnam


Map of Vietnam

The Driwan’s Indochina Travel first and second days



a.DEPATURE FROM Jakarta indonesia(  Berangkat dari Jakarta airpot SUTA)

b.Arrive(Tiba di )Airport Tan son Nhat Ho Chi Minh City


Saigon – Ho Chi Minh City


1)Exchange money to dong(Tukar uang 100 dolar menjadi Dong)

2)ticket to Hue had bought in indonesia before (Tiket Pesawat lokal Vietnam airlines Ke Hue tgl 17 Juni malam sudah dibeli dari Jakrta  liwat internet vietnam airlines .com) 3) Out of Airport(keluar airport) Get the best Taxi Vietnam Tourist Taxi



Vios Club

Toyota Vios’ taxis run amok in Ho Chi Minh City. Vehicles here are left hand drives.

Taxi Rate(Naik Taxi ,biaya) 80.000-120.000 dong(sekitar us $ 10.-)

when Arrived now rthe best meter taxi is Vina sun innova car taxi.

c.Go to Hotel(Perjalanan menuju   )Phi Vu hotel


,location at corner  (lokasi persimpangan) Nguyen trai dan Lel Loi ,look the map


didepannya ada patung Le Loi naik kuda.


Address(Alamat) 7 Nguyen Trai Street Ben Thanh Ward District 1 HCM City,tel (84.8)839 8479, email: the price up now US.30,- before US.20.- (the best cheapest hotel now ,near ben than Market with same price)

From the hotel, it takes just 15 minutes to walk to the Ben Thanh Market, and 10 minutes to the Reunification Palace, Notre Dame Cathedral, and the central post office.


Address: 7 Nguyen Trai St, Ben Thanh Ward, Ho Chi MinhTel: 84.8.28298479 email:






.After put the baggage at Phivu Hotel, wlaking to Benthan Market, at night at the stree there were night market(Ben than market close 6.00 PM) . we eat there,many type of food ,and also many souvenier there.

Ben Thanh Market – Number one on any trip to Saigon Vietnam should be the historic Ben Thanh Market; located in District one, this market once the main market for locals is now focused squarely at the countries ever expanding international visitors, shoppers still get a feel for how the market was pre 1990 when Vietnam opened its doors to the west and international tourists. The variety of items for sale at Ben Thanh market is quite staggering with the sale of everything from Clothing, fabrics, cosmetics, fake Rolex and coffee thru to fruit vegetables and live animals.

Some facts about: Ben Thanh market dates back to the 17th century when it was an uncovered muddy market located near the Saigon wharf (Ben) and the Turtle Citadel (Quy Thanh) Ben Thanh Market has moved and been rebuilt twice with its current location/building being opened in March 1914, the buildings landmark clock tower is the symbol of Saigon

d. walking to market to night food (Jalan kaki ke pasar) beh than market ,for night shopping and food. at night market,ben than closed 6.oo PM

(shoping dan makan malam,kepitingnya murah dan lezat)


Ben Thanh Market – Number one on any trip to Saigon Vietnam should be the historic Ben Thanh Market; located in District one, this market once the main market for locals is now focused squarely at the countries ever expanding international visitors, shoppers still get a feel for how the market was pre 1990 when Vietnam opened its doors to the west and international tourists. The variety of items for sale at Ben Thanh market is quite staggering with the sale of everything from Clothing, fabrics, cosmetics, fake Rolex and coffee thru to fruit vegetables and live animals.

Some facts about: Ben Thanh market dates back to the 17th century when it was an uncovered muddy market located near the Saigon wharf (Ben) and the Turtle Citadel (Quy Thanh) Ben Thanh Market has moved and been rebuilt twice with its current location/building being opened in March 1914, the buildings landmark clock tower is the symbol of Saigon

Back from market to phivu hotel II.through the beautiful garden and many native vietnamese sold fruit there.


THE SECOND DAY (Hari Kedua )

Pagi (morning)

1.breakfest broilled roaster(ayam bakar)  at the small street in the front phivu hotel(makan pagi) ayam pangang dijalan depan phi vu hotel ) and the to the back to binh than market after turn to the right(menuju belakang Pasar  Binh Than setelah belok kanan )

2.After that by taxi vina sun to Notre Dam Basilica cathedral















in 6th Ward, District 3, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam


and the old saigon post office





Notre Dame Cathedral: Site of an old Pagoda


In 1959 with the approval of the Vatican the cathedral was named Notre Dame. It is supposed to sit on the site of an old pagoda. The neo-Romanesque architecture is complete with two-40m square bell towers. The garden outside is a popular gathering place.FROM THE NOTREDAM BASILICA TO THE OLD SAIGON POST OFFICE IN THE LEFT OF THE BASILICA.Address:Notre Dame Cathedral, 1 Commune of Paris, Dist. 1 FROM BASILICA KE OLD SAIGON POST OFFICEAND THEN BY BUS TO SAIGON BUS STATION IN THE FRONT OF BINH THAN MARKET.


Then Central Market or Ben Thanh Market is the biggest of the markets found in the city The building was formerly the main railway terminal. The market sells a large variety of goods from imported electronics and imported perfumes to local souvenirs, clothing and produce.


While the crafts and other goods are on the inside of the market, the produce, flowers, and meats are generally sold on the pavements and alleys surrounding the building.Address: Ben Thanh Market, Le Loi St., Dist.1


Right outside the Ben Thanh Market on Le Loi Circle is the statues of General Tran Nguyen Han, a 15th-century warrior. The Circle is a busy roundabout for traffic.Address: Le Loi Blvd.

3.Take Bus to Saigon Bus Station(Naik Bus jurusan stasiun Saigon)


4.makan siang nasi campur(midday food pork rice at the front of bus station.


5.pasar antik(antique market)


6. shopping di pasar  binh than sampai malam





Then Central Market or Ben Thanh Market is the biggest of the markets found in the city The building was formerly the main railway terminal. The market sells a large variety of goods from imported electronics and imported perfumes to local souvenirs, clothing and produce.


Ben Thanh market: Markets


While the crafts and other goods are on the inside of the market, the produce, flowers, and meats are generally sold on the pavements and alleys surrounding the building.Address: Ben Thanh Market, Le Loi St., Dist.1


Right outside the Ben Thanh Market on Le Loi Circle is the statues of General Tran Nguyen Han, a 15th-century warrior. The Circle is a busy roundabout for traffic.

Address: Le Loi Blvd.



Bus Station HCM city

Getting to Ho Chi Minh City: By bus

If you take a bus, you will end up at one of the following bus stations:

Cho Ben Thanh Bus Station – This is right in the centre of HCMC, in walking distance of the tourist sites and accomadation

8.jalan kaki kelbali ke phi Vu hotel kurang lebih 15 menit liwat taman.9. jam 12.00  setelah mandi, check out dari hotel., titip koper dan jalan pasar Cho Ben Thant sampai jam 15.00  10. jam 15.00 .naik taxi ke Air port sampai jam 15.30 , By a ticket Vietnam Airlines di intrenationakl airport than so nhat from  Hanoi to Vientine Laos before  check In flight to Hue 11.. Jam 18.30 wib departure to  Hue by flight Vietnam airlines( tiket sudah dibeli liwat internet di Jakarta ).12. Jam  19.30 arrive hue

13By taxi to  Hue , Hong Thien Hotel 2 (US$17,-), Hue address: 35/6 Chu Van An Road Hue 054(sudah dibeli liwat internet di Jakarta),taxi expensive 400.000 Dong(US$20) and by the Hue perfume river, emperor tomb and citadel tour tikects and night sleeping bus to HanoiIII.HARI KETIGA  (THE THIRD  Day )

1.pagi jalan sekitar hotel(walking around hotel)



2.7.30 AM. Tour to  perfume river  , Annam  Emperor Tomb Tu Duc, Minh Mang an

Khai Dinh Tomb


3.Hari keTIGA MALAM  (THIRD day,  18 june )

HUE-HONAI BY NIGHT Sleeping Bus ,12 hours arrive Hanoi the other days at 6.00 AM.


1.At. 6.00 AM ARRIVE HANOI by night sleeping bus , and taxi TO Hotel area NEAR hoan kiem lake,Hotel Nam Putao. ,aksing the ticket for Hanoi city tour. and wnet to franciscus xaverius cathedral beside the hotel


  •  8.30 AM Hanoi CVity Tour:1) Hanoi Bigger Lake

2) Hanoi Vietnam ethnic museum

3)Ho Chi Minh Museoleum (We cannot enter  because too many visitors)

4)Lunch et Lonely Planet restaurant

5)around the hoan kiem lake

6) back to Hotel

7) 6.30 PM walking around hoan kiem lake ner Nam Phoung Hoyel whe we stayed.

HARI KE 5(20 Juni)

1.HANOI-VIENTINE BY Vietnam aerlines one hours(8.00_9.00) , arrive airport by ticket to Siem riep by Laos airline tomorrow.and also by some postcard with stamps at airport post office

2. By taxi from airport to  Vientine US$7.- (US 1.-=3000 Kiep) only 15 minutes, to Guest House hotel ,info from the Laos Airlines officer.

3.arrive Guest House Hotel,asking taxi for city tours.






4. city tour by taxi ,US 15,-

1)Vientine museum

2) Temple

3) Vientiene morning market

4) 40 kim from vientine to look contemporary bigger Buddha statue , near the border between Thailand and Laos.

5)Monument Laos

6)back to Vientiene Morning market

HARI KE 6 (21Juni)

Vientiene Laos via Pakse laos to Siem Riep by Laos Aoirline,the ticket buy at vientiene airport.


arrived siem riep airport 9.00 Pm, by taxi ,15 menit arrive Siem riep,stayed at Angkor Wat Hotel, and the by the same taxi we went to Angkor Wat temple







, and the angkor ancient city





the 8th day:(22 June) From SIEMRIEP  to Phon Phen

by traVEL CAR(12 PASSENGER) AT MORNING  8.00 -arrived phnom phen 11.00 AM.



Hari ke 9(23Juni)

Depature from Pnom phen Cambodia to Ho chi minh city BY BUS  six hours, arrive HCM city 3.00 PM back to Phivu hotel, then went to cho Ben Than market, get information about HCM city Tours, and booking via hotel for Bac Gia and Vinlong Mekong Delta tour tomorrow morning.


Hari ke 8. Ho Chi Minh City ( june,24th)

  • Bac Gia and Vinlong Mekong Delta tour,AMIZING TOUR  by bus 1 1/2 hour, by boat and small canoe to bac gia look the village producing  traditional cake and lunch village food and fruit, then by boat to Vinlong city
  • at Mekong Delta.

Hari ke 9

25 juni ,Sabtu

1) morning

  • (1) War Remnant Ho chi minh city Museum
  • to Remant vietnam war museum look my profile in the front of museumalso the war remmant at the left

then  walking to Pasteur street

Đường – Pasteur – Street




  • (2) Shopping Cho Ben Than Market
  • (3) Antique hunting market near saigon bus station
  • (4) Ho Chi Mint art Museum

2) Depature from Hcm city by airoplane back home to   Jakarta Indonesia


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The Adventure Of



Iwan Lily @ Sons

Around the World To see or get


Part two

Created By

Dr Iwan Suwandy





Korea adventure

Korea Unique Collection(Intro)


Dr Iwan Travel unique collectio(Kisah perjalanan) in Korea

will be illustrated with some photos during I joined My wife Lily W.MM as official Indonesia Health and medical record federation(Formiki) t joined the inetrnational federation Record orgnational meeting at COEX building Seoul Korea June 2006 with another delegation.

(look at Our famiy photo at Namu island where many Korean love stroy film were shooting). I am not joined the meeting, during the delegation joined the meeting

 I have made the uniquecollection hunting around Seoul about six days from flea market Insaodng to the Uniquecollection shop -Nam Dai Moon market n order to find the Korea unique collections, because ery difficult to find in Indonesia, my first Korea Stamps and reveneu were found in 1974 from an old chineseman collections, after camehome to Jakarta


I found another Korea unique collection including Book,stamps,revenue and another type of collection and put in this blog. I am sorry that many false written because I write by my laptop straight to the internet via wordpress facility, but I think the collectors will understand and be patient if the ther information not to fast , many info everyday I put alone according with collector’s choice, minimal two new information will put in the blog,please send your comment and your collector choice via comment or my e-mail ,Greatings fromDr iwan S.@copyright Dr Iwan S-2010.another info this day was the next Chinese Unique Collections.


In the Front of International children Book exhibition at Namu Island, I have seen many children book fromall over the world, very lucky I have found some old vintage Koren book at the Book flae market beside the exhibition room, the unique book about Koren ceramic, and the history of Koren Christian with many illustration . This unique book illustration will put in my Blog”” with another vintage book i have found at Insadong seoul flea market ,please choose the best collection to put in IMUC cybermuseum.



me and the traditional korean children statue in the front of International Children book exhabition at nami Island, I joined the Indonesian embassy delegation by bus to showed the Indonesian traditional art dancing and song at the exhibition.



Dr Iwan S inthe front of ancient Nam Dai Moon(South Great Gate) Seoul , beside this monument I found Nam Dai Moon market, two days I am seeking the unique collection shop because at the Insadong flea market I didn’t found the collection, at the end I found under the ground between this market and seoul Post Office.



During this Indonesian Helath and medical record Federation(FORMIKI) Dr Iwan S. joined aparrt beside his wife -the President of that organization in the meeting of IFRO -International Federation Of Record Organization meetin at COEX building, also DR Gemala Hatta and Siswati M>Kes -the past president and two another delegation, we stayed at Indonesian Embassy Guest House “Wisma Indonesia” about one weeks, one night after came to Seoul Dr Iwan S and his Wife walked around and came to very beautiful Bridge shining with thousand lamp across the Han River-look the photo. I want to send my thank verymuch to all the Indonesian embessy man who gave us very well and free friendly Indonesian tour to nami island by bus. During the official FORMIKI leader joint the conference, I have made the Unique collections hunting around Seoul from Insadong flea market to Nam Dai Mon Market , I found many Stamps , revenue,coins and phonecard ‘s shops at underground between Nam Dai moon market and Seoul Post office. The best unique collection wer found during this travelling will put in the blog ,the complete informations read at Dr Iwan Travelling Unqie Collection(Kisah Pedjalan Dr Iwan)@Copyright Dr Iwan S.2011




The Adventure Of Driwan

China tour




Dr Iwan S. at the middle of chinese great wall, I have finish until the top and i could a special great wall medal. This illustration with another below were for the collector who read “Dr Iwan Travel Unique collection(Kisah perjalanan Dr Iwan)”. Not many unique collection found during my visit China in 2008 Xianmen and Beijing, my friend told me the coolections many at Shanghai and foochow (I didn’t visit), but during my visit south china (Nanning) from Hanoi by train and back by Bus I found some Chinese Nationalist Medal and Mao Cultural revolution medal,poster and book. The collection will showed with my collection found in the Chineseoverseas and Tionghoa ethic area in Indonesia in this blog look at Chinese Unique Collection (Cultural revolution), Chinese Postal History (rare stamps), Artefact Ceramic (Yuan/Ming) etc.@copyright Dr iwan S.2010.


Dr Iwan S at the bottom of the great wall.



My profile at Empress Szu Chi Qing Dynasty summer palace. all the collection fromthi spalace will showed at this blog “China Unique collection (Qing dynasti imperial ceramic/painting etc)



My profile at the China emperor palace in the forbidden city, all imperial collection will showed at “China Unique collection(Imperial ceramic/picture”



My profile in the front of Forbidden city with Mao photo.



My profile in the front of Bird’s nest olympic games Beijing 2008, some memorabilia of the olypic Beijing will showed in this blog “Chinese Unique collection(memorabillia Beijing Olypic games 2008)



One of the qing Emperor religious was Budha lama tibet, I joined with another Lama Budha praying for the healty lng life, happyness and mercy to all collectors in the world ( I am chriastian , but I think no problem to pray hear for our future life)



My profile at Templeof heaven Beijing, this temple during Ming and QIng dynasty only used by the emperor of China to prayed. All the collection in this temple will showed at “China Unique Collection (Imperial ceramic /Pictures etc)



From Quanzhou (Tjiang Tjioe) Bus station (look photo below) by taxi I went to the very exciting Pagoda temple with many ancient statue collection, old wooden tree (400 years old) , look my profile in the Kaiyuan temple gate, all the ancient collections will showed in my blog “Chinese unique collection(ancient statue)”



Walked fron the Kaiyuan temple to the left and from here at least i saw my grandpa home area, the old Hokian House same with in indonesia chinese area(Tionghoa), in my Granpa homeland I found some interesting collections like vintage mao era ID, the Cultural revolution books,near same I found during visit at nanning -south china fromHanoi I cann’t show nanning photo because i took video theremay be if wordpress gave me facility the Video fromHanoi and Nanning will put in the blog. I am very happy to came the area where my grandpa was born, tall my family this our grandpa city (he called Tjiangtjioe)



After asking many times at Xianmen(Amoy) city, at least I came to my grandpa homeland by bus from Xiamen to Quanzhou( before called by grandpa Tjiangtjioe, from this city many Indonesian ‘s Fukien or Hokian by ship went to Indonesia . I am seeking my Grandpa home area near the kaiyuan temple by Taxi. Many native Chinese have wrong interpretation when I asked them, they always say Guanzhou or Canton in the south.



Namputao temple xianmen (before Szemin, Emui or Amoy)



Dr Iwan Advanture at Forbidden City and Summer Palace Baijing 2008


info@copyright Dr Iwan S 2010



In the front of Ming-Qing Palace 2008


(1) The Forbidden city Gate


(2) The Ming-Qing Palace Gate


(3) The Palace field area


(3a) The Palace Museum






(4) The Copper and Iron Vats



The Gate of Palace



Palace Museum


Palace Museum info


Copper&Iron Vats info


Chillin copper vats



Turtle copper vats


Bird Copper vats




INcense Burner



Imperial dragon staircase


The hall of Supreme Harmony


Supreme Harmony hall info


The field of Supreme hall


The Roof of Supreme Hall


The Wall’s tiles of Supreme Hall


The Window of Supreme Harmony Hall


The Door Of Supreme Harmony Hall


Sundial (Ri Gui) info


Sundial (Ri Gui)


Central Harmony info


Hall of Central Harmony


Preserved Harmony info


Hall of Preserved Harmony


Heavenly Purity info


The Palace of Heavenly Purity


Heavenly Purity info


The Hall of Union and Peace


Union and Peace info


The Magic Door


The Magic door info


The Imperial Garden


Imperial garden info


Branch interlocked info


The Branch Interlocked


Crimson Snow info


av.of Crimson Snow


Pav. of Spring Seasons


av. of Ten Thousand info


Floating Greenary info


Pav. of Floating Greenary


Hill of Elegance info


Hill of Accumulated Elegance


Platycladus garden info


Platycladus Orientalis garden


Shenwu gate info


Gate of Devine Prowers


Good By Forbidden City







Summer Palace Introduction


The gate of Summer Palace


The God of Longevity info,the stone brought from Morgan Garden(now inside Peking University), When the summer Palace was being reconstructed in 1886.This rock,buck,stone in shaped like God of Longevity hance its name.


The stone of the Longevity’s god


Hall of Longevity info


Guidance Map


Garden of harmony info


Garden of Harmony


The Eastren Varanda Info,precious d jujyi and high ranking offosix used to which to jing sper face of instation of Empress Dowager Cuxi  of the Qing court are displayed.


Eastern Veranda


Grand stage info


Grand Stage



Hall of Nourishing Pleasure(Yile Dian)info.

Built during Emperor Guangxu’s reign (1875-1908),this hall was used as a theater for the Empress Dowager to watch Beijing Opera.Her throne was placed in the center of the hall



Hall of Nourisly Pleasure


hall of jade info.During quarters for Emperor Guangxu while he was in the Summer Palace.Emperor submission to the throne and conduct court affair in the central room,which desk made of red sandalwood is with eaglewood,glass screens decorated. And fare made of emerald green feathers of symbols of imperial power.Emperor Guangxu summoned Yuan Sinkai,who then had control over an imperial,in hope Yuan would support his reforms.The room in the emperor bedroom.


Hall of Jade Riples


Yiyun Hall info


Yiyun Hall at the Top


Yiyun Hall info


Yiyun Hall


Chang lang info


Long coridor Summer palace


The Summer Palace lake 2008




Kisah Pertualangan Dr Iwan S.
@copyright Dr Iwan S. 2010

A.Dr Iwan S. Notes (Catatan )
This story was CREATED FROM THE INFORMATIONS AND COLLECTION WERE FOUND DURING Dr Iwan S. adventured in South China , the first visit 2007 and the lattest visit 2010.(Kisah pertualangan dengan illustrasi koleksi yang ditemui berdasarkan kunjungan pertama 2007 and terakhir 2010).
This story and illustrations were dedicated to my friend from Dutch during first visit Namning by train and bus from Hanoi, and the lattest visit by flight frm Jakarta to GuanZhou, and by bus to ZhngQing, HangZhao-Guillin-Yangshuo-HeZhou-Wuzhuo-GuanZhou-by flight to Jakarta.
Thankyou very much to all my travelling friend ,the Dutch man, and the lattest adventure Mr Heri with all his family Mr Sasmita, Panteksta priest, Heris wife,son and daughter, Mr Kurn and wife from Bandung also Miss Lily A. with her grandma, Mr sony, also Mr new friend from bandung, Mr Alimin from Palembang , Mrs Sonya and her husband, etc. without them I cannot finished my adventure in the Crwn cave.
I will write the story with the illustrations of landscape and collection which found during the adventure.



1.Dr Iwan S Video collections
Look at the video from Hanoi and Nanning South China during my adventure in 2007 at my facebook iwansuwandy, asked as my friend,jion my group before,and look at the vide there:
(1) The Hanoi landscape Hoan Kiem Hanoi
(2) The Anciet Temple Ngo San Hanoi
(3) The old Indochina building in Hanoi
(4) The Vietnam Independent Day annyversary 2007,Vietnam native patriotic singging and dancing

2. Medal collections found in Nanning 2007
(1) Kumintang Medal
(2) Mao Medal

3. Cultural revolutions Book found at Nanning and my collections found in Indonesia., look also the video of the collections in my facebook

4 Mao Postal history found in Indonesia and Ma cultural revolution stamps from cultural revolution stamps catalogue 1979, also look the video of my rare mao era stamps at my facebook.iwansuwandy
(1) Mao Era Stamps found in Indonesia





(2)Postal History from China to Indnesia 1953











(3)Mao Cultural revolution stamps book illustration

(from Vintage catalgue 1970)


Very rare error printing

China Is Red,but Taiwan forgoten



5. The vintage Heaven money found in Indonesia, Vietnam and china.











(1) The Guillin and realted area Rocks collections


(1a) The Phenix bird design rock


(1b) The Dog design rock

(1c) The Clown design Rock

(1d) The Fish design Rock


(1d) The Guillin Hill design Rock

(2) The Native Guillin Ballet Acrbatic show (entre card label)


(3) The Original Chinese ID during Mao era 1953


(a) The Cover with red star




(b) the inside of ID card
(b1) Mao Picture BW.








(b3)identity but picture off change with Miao picture




(b4) Official PRChina Red Stamped






(b2)native photo (miao ethnic)




(4)The Lottery label with Guillin Landscape pictures
During visit HeZhou I found Lottery label with Guillin landscape hill pictures,.


(a)The elephent Hill,the Symbol of Guillin City

(b)Interesting Hill in the Guillin City




(c)Guillin three lake and three river, we cruise at the night to see the pagoda, anciet bridge,red bridge and the Miao capture the fish

with eagle duck








(d) The Guillin hill

(e) The Guillin Night Antique Market beside the Hotel where I fund repro fake medal and a original Chinese bonds.


(5) Mao Medals
The vintage repro fake medals compare with the original one
from cultural revlolution Book illustrations.

(a) original Mao medal book illustrations



(b) Vintage repro fake Mao medal found in Guillin antique market 2010.







During my visit South China in 2010, I have found the unique lottery , promtin label and related picture at Zhong Qing and HeZhou which show the informatif picture of turrisme sites.



















The Mother of Dragon was the mother of Chinese emperor, the statue at the top of ,very difficult to take the picture, but the Label will show us the Mother still in Younger profile look below





The statue situated at the top of Hill, very difficult to take this picture, we must climb the hill with thousand circle staircase, I cannot climb the hill also my wife, very lucky I found this Label promotion which clear picture of the statue, one of our frien MR Sonny have climbed the Hill and take the potrait, I hope he will send the picture to my facebook later.






The praying ceremony lead by a Budhist monk and at the praying table a Bigger Ming Imperial Cup, the native chinese people praying.







During Back from Guillin, at He Zhou city market , I found the modern Chinese Heaven Money , credit card, handphone, House,Flight , Ship heaven collections which burn in order to send to new life of ancetors, Illustrated only heaven Credit card and heaven Money, the compleet collections will written and illustrated with the other Heaven Money have found in Indonesia,Vietnam, and Nanning IN CAPTION ,THE HEAVEN MONEY AND REALTED COLLECTIONS.


He Zhou Heaven Money



He Zhao Heaven Credit Card collections

(2) The Lottery Label,entre card label and picture photo of The Crown Cave.

(a) The Photo of Indonesian Tourist in the Crown cave

(a1)Row left
Heri Father and mother(Mr Sasmit and wife), Sonny wife and mother etc.














(a2)Row Center
Lily A grandma, Sonny wife.etc







(a3)Row Left.
The tour leader and the Boss, Heri , My Wife Lily W. and Lily A (with her grandma), behind Mrs Sonya with Husband, The panteksta Priest (father in Law of Heri) with amizing landscape.



(b) The Lottery Label and entre card of Crown Cave
the picture of Amizing cave, enter by sliding car on the rel, climbing thousand staircase, many beautiful stone and stallactite , also in the Cave there were the river inside the cave and we can cruise.also the waterfalls.


To enter the cave with sliding car on the rel with private stiring upward rem and downward made faster, many didnot now how to handle which made many Slidding car stop and the car was pushed the front car, I suggest before used the slidiing car better have the practise before

(3) The label and postcard of the Impression Lie San Jie Show.
The lottery label found at He Zhou and the Postcard found at Guillin.


(a) Native Etnic Guillin Miao picture postcard
The Etnic Miao some of the 600 dancers in the impression Lie San Jie show, the traditination hair washer and catching the fish with their eagle duck.
(the photo of the show look at part III. Yang Zhuo)


(b) Yang Shou Impression Liu San Jie show card
(look the photo of this show below at part III)



(4) He Zhou city emblem Fubo Hill label picture
The label loterry with the famous city emblem Fubo Hill picture (look at part III the landscpae photo my profile in the front of Fubo Hill below)


(5) Native Chinese picture on Label Collections
During my adventure in He Zhou, I have found several Lottery with native Pictures, the China Turisme were used the lottery for label promtions, This were the first report @copyright Dr Iwan S. 2010.









3. Zhong Qing Local Phonecard Collections
During my adventure in Zhng Qing,tw hurs by bus frm Canton(nw Guan Zhou) beside the admizing landscape the star lake, I have found unique local phonecard :

(1) Native Dancer local zhong Qing Phonecard





(2) Zhong Qing Hotel promotional Phonecard







II. The Exciting Landscape

(1) The Guillin lake cruiser

(2) The Guillin million Hill


The spectacular on river and 12 hill background show of Impression Lie San Jie creted by Zhang Yi Mou (he have creted the Beijing lympic games show 2008) with the best light and music background used the 600 native Dancer like Miao etc, the light played made the very exciting moving, the dancer with native gown. The story about a native lady with the native bamboo ship(rakit) went to met his husband, she float over the fisherman just catching the fish, and before met his husband she and many friends bathing undress, and washed her hair (they nly wash their hair three time ,fist during born , wed-ding and died). One fairy lady dancing on the moon, also show the native catching the fish with the special duck bird, and other native works, the stadium near the river , during small raining, the picture still could took by the best camera. Please look some of the pictures below.



The common waterfall was decorated with Handmade lake, beautiful and clean road to the waterfall which made the exciting landscape . the clever decrated area must be copy by many countries like Indonesia where more exciting waterfall still in the riginalsituations the same with another place , if the landscape were ddecrated like the picture below , I think will be more beautiful an interesting area.








The temple of the mother of China Emperors Prince Crown was from Wu Zhou, in this temple there were the Statue of the China Empires Prince Crown during the ancient Emprire Before Christ, at the top of the hill beside the Yuanyang River was the Dragons Mother statue. Dragon was the symbols of the China Emperor, I think She was a concubine and his son became the crwn prince because the Empress didnot have the sons (the same as the Empress Dwager Xi Cie). Look at the paintings and the monument below (the Mother and crown prince will illustrated at the unique collections from WuZhou.






This beautiful and exciting park sitatuated at YueXiu Hill in the Guan Zhou (before Canton), consist seven hill, three builded Lake and The Goat Statue of Guan Zhou city emblem ,look at that city emblem photo illustrations below.






a. The First Adventure to South China 2007 (from Hanoi to Nanning)

1.Nanning and Langson friendly Border Map


(1) Hanoi before and after back to Hanoi (look at my facebook iwansuwandy in the uniquecollection Blog Collectors Group and Asian uniquecollectins discussion Group.

(2).Video Nanning(look at my facebook)

3. Uniquecollections
(1) Mao Unique Collections
(a) Mao Medals
(b) Mao Coins
(c) Mao Stamps
(d) Vintage Cultural Revolution Books

(2) Ancinet Collections

(3) Modern Collections

II. The Adventure to Guillin and related area

1. The HudZhao City emblem Hill

2. The Guillin Million Hill

3. The Guillin Thousand Cave

4. The Guillin Shahu and Ringhu lake

5 The Guillin Modern traditional Dance

6. The Guillin city emblem Elephent Hill

7.The Crown Cave

8. The River traditional opera at the Lie river at Yangshou (600 native people like Miao and Yao
impression Liu San Jie dancing on the traditional bamboo ship which float n the Lie river with original 12 hill at the background, arrangement by Zhang Yi Mou ,who was made the Beijing Olympic Games 2008 arrangement show (the video look at my facebook)

III. The Adventure to Guanzhou and related area

1. The Sunset at Star lake ZhngQing

2. The GuanZhou city emblem, Goat Hill

3. Unique Collections
(2)Vintage Books Illustration (found at Canton ,nw GuanZhou)
(a)Rare Papermoney collections (Ming &Qing)
(3).Rare Ceramic illustrations
(4).Rare Jade Collections
(5) Rare Ancient Collections








Driwan Adventure  in Korea

Namu Island

will be illustrated with some photos during I joined My wife Lily W.MM as official Indonesia Health and medical record federation(Formiki) in order visit  the international federation Record organizational meeting at COEX building Seoul Korea June 2006 with another delegation. look at my profile and wife   photo at Namu island *001


The namu Island very popular and where many Korean love story film were shooting, the letest info that the film actor  was homesuicide.oh so pity .

hall.   We went with the Indonesian Embessy team which be making an Indonesia Day show at the The International Children Book exhibition in the Namu Island, look the picture in the front of the exhibiiton buiding *002.



In the Front of International children Book exhibition at Namu Island, I have seen many children book from all over the world, very lucky I have found some old vintage Korean book at the Book flae market beside the exhibition room, the unique book about Korean ceramic*004, and the history of Korean Christian*005 with many illustration . In this exhibition I found many vintage  korean books  and also at Insadong seoul flea market ,.


Look at my profile with   the traditional korean children statue*006 in the front of International Children book exhabition at nami Island, I joined the Indonesian embassy delegation by bus to showed the Indonesian traditional art dancing and song at the exhibition.




I am not joined the IFRO meeting, during the delegation joined the meeting I have made the adventure aslone with public bus  in order to hunting the uniquecollection  around Seoul about six days from flea market Insadong I found an ancient handwritten Chines overseas Korean handwritten book *006

After two day seeking the   Uniquecollection shop , at least I found at Nam Dai Moon(nam means south ,Dai means great ,Moon mean gate) market look at my profile at that gate (moon)*007


,  at  Underground the road between Nam dai Mon and the The Korean Bank Museum.,  I found the Korea phillatelic collection, postal used cover and dai nipppon military Cover which  very difficult to find in Indonesia

, my first Korea Stamps and reveneu were found in 1974 from an old chineseman collections*008






During this Indonesian Helath and medical record Federation(FORMIKI) Dr Iwan S. joined aparrt beside his wife -the President of that organization in the meeting of IFRO -International Federation Of Record Organization meetin at COEX building, also DR Gemala Hatta and Siswati M.Kes -the past president and two another delegation, we stayed at Indonesian Embassy Guest House “Wisma Indonesia” about one week. At  night after came to Seoul I   and my Wife walked around and came to very beautiful Bridge shining with thousand lamp across the Han River-look the photo*009 *009 .

hank verymuch to all the Indonesian embessy man who gave us very well and free friendly Indonesian tour to Nami island by bus. During the official FORMIKI leader joint the conference, I have made the Unique collections hunting around Seoul from Insadong flea market to Nam Dai Mon Market , I found :

Driwan Adventure In Sarawak,Brunei and North Borneo(Sabah)


Posted on July 15, 2010 by iwansuwandy



*ill The Kapuas river near Pontianak flea market*ill,




during my duty in 1990-1994, I found many small uniquecollection object like chine cermic-pipe, jade, artifact ceramic, coins when the hot nonraining dry seasons we could walking in the beach of that river, but in my last visit no collection found anymore because all that area were clean.



*ill After back to Pontianak by bus fromKuching Sarwak I stay one night and the last day of the journey 6.00 AM by citycar (oplet) I went alone to the Pontianak flea Market near Kapuas river*ill , I found unique collections Montrado and other kongsi Local chinese Kongsi tin coins(Cash coin) , and very rare James Brooke 1/2 cent 1841 coin (now put in Blog as Aung Aung rare sarawak coin), 12.00 AM Dr Sugeng Specialist Orthopaedi ex my younger medical doctor staff during my duty as the chief of WestBorneo helath and Medical National Police 1980-1994 during this time I have visit Kuching several time and found many interesting unique collection to put inblog. He came with the latest chief of Health and medical Police West borneo Dr Priok, after seeing the Police Hospital I builded in 1990-1994, many development and nostalgia for me to meet my ex staff there, Thank You very much Dr Priok and Dr Sugeng for your very kind helping me during my long journey in 2008. Dr Sugeng you always remember me during your first job at west borneo when I guided you to Sintang job with my car .I hope you will success in the future.



*ill  After stay one night at Kuching, Mr Chan took me around Kuching, the photo of Chinese temple near uniquecollection shop*ill , where I found some unique coolection during my first visit 1994 and in this visit only found not much, Mr Chan please apoligized me because to long waiting and not on time because the shop not open must waiting, from here at 12.00 AM the journey continieu by Bus to Pontinak cross the border 4.00 PM and came to Pontiank 8.00 PM. THankyou verymuch Mr Chan for your very kind and phillatelic friendly help to me, I hope one day you will came to Jakarta during International Phillatelix exhibition and I will take you greetings also to the other Sarawak Phillatelist Dr Francis H.H.Ngu.



*ill *ill labuan poster of boat transportation from labua to Kotakinibalu and Muara brunei. After continue long journey from jakarta to Pontianak by flight to Pontianak and frome here at night 9 PM by bus to the village near the entikong border rest a while 4.00-6.00 PM at restaurant to wait the border open, I starting again 6.00 PM cross the Entikong border gate throung Indonesian immigration-Malaysia immigration , the journey by road about four hours came at Kuching Sarawak Bus Station out the city and by Taxi I went the Kuching Post Office in August.31st.2008 Malaysia Independence day, when I am asking the Malaysia Stamps catalogue at the Phillatelic section of the postoffice I met Mr Chan Kee Tex -vicepresident Sarawak Specialist,s Association ,ex the Kuching Postmaster, He took me around with his BMW car around sight seeing, no uniquecollection,s shop open this day, Mr Chan Suggest me to continue my journey by Bus at 4.00 PM to Miri in the next day 6.00 AM from there by non official Toyota Kijang car cross the brunei border to see the very clean and modern rich country Brunei, I travel around Brunei and the capital city Bandar Sribengawan look at sultan Bolkiah out of his Palace until 2.00 PM ,the journey continue from the ferry Port by the speed ferry boat about one hours to Labuan (ex victoria city) ,looke at the ferry Brunei-Labuan ephemera, In Brunei I didn,t found the Uniquecololection shop /fleamarket, no bus and Motorbike here,the continue jouney read below.



*ill  After stay one night in Labuan Island port (ex vixtoria city, the British Borneo Gouvernor General office there before the World War II), beautiful city with excellent and exciting sea side and seafood, thank you to the Malaysia-Indian man who helpme during seeking the Hotel and also the Hotelman who helme to contact me Wife by Malaysia Phonecard, I didin’t fine any uniquecollection shop or flee market there, early in the morning I take a photo of my two bags in the front of Labuan Ferry port*ill to continue my journey by Speedferry boat to Kota Kinibalu Sabah (before jesseltown North Borneo) about four hours.



*ill KK  After long journey by speedferry boat from Labuan island I came at the KK(kota Kinibalu) Sabah (before JesseltownNorth Borneo), the photo was the gate of KK Port*ill KK , from here by taxi to the very nice city , I stayed here three days for unique collections hunting and I found some unique collections at KK PLaza like MR Chan kee Tex suggestme , stampd dom and also at the other place some best collections will illustrated , the complete information read at Sarawak Unque collection in this blog

THE END@copyright Dr IWANS 2010.

Sabah Labuan adventure


August,31rth.2010 at 2.00 PM ,the journey continue from the ferry Port by the speed ferry boat about one hours to Labuan (ex victoria city) ,looke at the ferry Brunei-Labuan ephemera, In Brunei I didn,t found the Uniquecololection shop /fleamarket, no bus and Motorbike here,the continue jouney read below.


After stay one night in Labuan Island port (ex vixtoria city, the Brtish Borneo Gouvernor General office there before the World War II), beautiful city with excellent and exciting sea side and seafood, thank you to the Mlayasia-Indian man who helpme during seeking the Hotel and also the Hotelman who helme to contact me Wife by Malaysia Phnecard, I didin’t fine any uniquecollection shop or flee market there, early in the morning I take a photo of my two bags in the front of Labuan Ferry port to continue my journey by Speedferry boat to Kota Kinibalu Sabah (before jesseltown North Borneo) about four hours.


After long journey by speed ferry boat from Labuan island I came at the KK(Kota  Kinibalu) Sabah (before Jesseltown North Borneo), the photo was the gate of KK Port, from here by taxi to the very nice city , I stayed here three days for unique collections hunting and I found some unique collections at KK Plaza like MR Chan kee Tex suggest me ,and  Stampdom stamp trade at the from of Air Asia office  at another plaza and also at the other place some best collections will illustrated .

Look some pictures from Kota Kinibalu. And  the North Borneo and sabah , also Labuan Postal History arrange from My collections and other friend collections.


Jakarta September 2011


Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA


@copyright Dr Iwan  S.  2011




The North Borneo Postal History

1883 2c red



The typical first issued north borneo was the negative printing of north borneo.,no postage and revenue.







Very rare Imperfect between



1883 50 cent first serial




overprint 8 cent on 2c first issued










The   Overprint eight cents


Used on fragment CDS Sandakan



 The largest multiple block eight











 perf 12 4c and 8c




Used cds sandakan 1892





overprinted” and/revenue”



Surcharge 3 cents




Invert overprint 5 cents 












1886-1887 ISSUED


The second series indentification negative printing postage north borneo.

Used CDS Sandakan


 Used 12 thin line tumb postmark bar



Original 12 thin line thumb CDS on British north Borneo Postage (second series 1886-1887) please information this CDS from what city?. All the rare North Borneo stamps found in Indonesia from senior collector , one from Sumatra and two from Java.@Copyright Dr Iwan S.2011.

The stamp in the 1st picture is the 1886-87 (third version). The postmark has 13 bars (rather than 12 as you noted) with some obscured mark at the lower right corner. This may indicate postal use and is quite consistent with Sandakan town. In general the stamp is fairly common with CTO mark but sufficiently rare if it’s postally used.

Thr typical of the third definitive issued was the negative printing British noreth borneo at top and Postage and revenue at bottom.



Another thin line thumb podtmark


Used CDS  sandakan


Sandakan CDS 5 Jan (year ?) on British North Borneo second edition compare with the first editionabove. I hope the expert of Sarawak Speciaiist association will kind to comment my opinion on the rare North Borneo stamps. Thank You very much.


The 3rd picture shows a red postmark on blue 10 cents stamp of 1888-92 edition. The stamp itself is quite common but the postmark is quite difficult to find. Unfortunately, the postmark on the stamp is not very clear, and therefore, would not increase its value significantly


Rare red CDS Sandakan 3.8.1898 on British North Borneo Postage Revenue , please comment this CDS original or CTO ? I think original.



Be careful many fakes stamps like this with soft or dark color with CDS sold at KK-Kota Kinibalu, compare with the guinine overprint stamps below and non overprint with original CDS above.


Driwan Adventure In Mentawai Island

(Silabu north Pagai)






1. Kisah pertualangan Dr Iwan Ke Pagai UtaraDi kepulauan Mentawai 1971(Dr IWAN ADVENTURE AT PAGAI ISLAND 1971).


1) english version

Dr Iwan adventure to Pagai Island with small boat “Semangat” fromTeluk Bayur padang city ship port ,starting at afternoon but because the raining and bigger oceoan waves taht night the boat hide at the Cingkuk Island near painan,and one of the student vomining due to the motion sickness, in the next moening the weater more comfertable. Dr Iwan and friend haved “mancing” the bigger tuna fish, and at afternoon after eight hours from cingkuk ilsand the team arrived at Sipora Island, and Kian the moving sickness student dro there, and Dr Iwan and three team dropped at Siakakap at the north pagai Island. After two days one team lead by Dr Iwan as the senior intership Doctor as the lead with two yunior student and one native Silabu north Pagai island cops with the semangat boat which have dropping another team to siberut Island, bring the Dr iwan team via pagai straight between the north and south pagai island, very beutiful journey until came to small dusun at South Pagai (now there were  biggere arthquacueke 7,2 skaca Richter and Tsunami,many people died and loss, President and vice presiden of Republic Indonesia this day visit that location by helicopter from Padang city,  also the POLRI and Indonesian Armed forced by ship get helping persons and foods), after that went to silabu the center village of nothern pagai island Dr iwan didnot want back by Boat because  very afriad og the high and bigger wave of Hindia Ocean, then walk in the rain forest


and at leat by native canoe back to sikakap


, more detail story read the Dr iwan Adventure in Pagai island at hhtp:// and hhtp:// search Dr Iwan Adventures at mentawai island.)


2) Indonesian version

Tahun 1971 satu tim mhasiswa Kedokteran bekerja sama dengan bagian parasitlogi berangkat ke Pulaua mentawai untuk survey plasmodium malaria pada pendudk asli disana. Dr iwan saat itu sedang pratek akhir di RS ,bersama satu mahasiswa tingkat III dan satu tingkat I, dikawal oleh seorang polisi suku asli Mentawai asla pagai utara, ,memperoleh tugas ke daerah pagai utara ke desa Silabu. Rombongan terdiri dari  enam tim (18 orang) dan satu rombongan admisnsitrasi berangkat dari Teluk bayurt dengan kapal kecil bernama “Semangat” . baru saja berbunyi tanda bernagkat dari kapal tersebut, seorang anggto tim langsung muntah-muntah bernama Kian (saat ini sudah pensiun dokter kanwil SUMBAR), rternyata malam itu hujan sangat lebat dan gelombang ombak samudra  Indonesia sangat tinggi, sehingga terpaksa berlindung dipulau cingkuk didepan kota Painan di pesisir Selatan Sumbar. Keesokan harinya udara cerah dan banyak kesempatan mancing ikan tuna, tetapi Kian tetap muntah-muntah sehingga terpaksa dsiturunkan di Pulau Sipora, kemudian rombongan berangkat ke desa Sikakap di Pulau Pagai Utara, disana istirahat dua hari sambil makan duren dan ikan pangang,bertemu pastor italia yang sudah lama disana,gereja berada diatas bukit. Kemudian tim Dr Iwan dengan dua teman yang saru Sifudin,dan yang lainnya namanya sudah lupa disebut saja Kamil, dikawal oleh seorang sersan POLRI berasal dari pagai Utara Silabu,namanya juga sudah luap dsiebut saja Sinumbing. Sore hari berangkat dengan kapal semangat meliwati selat anatar pagai utara dan Pagai selatan, mlamnya ke Pagai selatan (saat ini sdedang ada gempa 7.3 skala richter dan tsunami-baca info selanjutnya). Sunggup sangat lucu,keesokan hari kami mendarat di sebuah desa dari tengah lautan, dengan naik perahu penduduk asli tanpa ada cadik -imbnagan ,sehingga sangat labil, hampir seluruh rakyat tertawa terbahak-bahak melihat Dr Iwan sangat takut jatuh terpaksa ambil posisi  duduk selonjor kaki lurus agar tidak jatuh kelaut. Setelah memberikan pengobatan gratis kepada beberapa masyarakat disana, yang anntre karena belum pernah berobat kedokter.

Selanjutnya perjalanan diteruskan menuju Silabu di Pagai Selatan.Gelombang lautan Hindia yang sangat tinggi lebih kurang lima meter, terasa seperti naik jet coster bergelombang dari bawak ketas,sungguh terasa mulai mau mabuk dan badan diikat ketiang kapal agar tidak jatuh. Para kelasi kapal semangat enak saja memancing ikan tengiri dengan ukuran sangat besar.

Sore hari tiba di sebuah pulau kecil di depan muara sungai menuju silabu, sangat banyak nyamuk kecil disana, namanya sinyitnyit. Tiba-tiba terdengar teriakan seperti dalam cerita indian saja, puluhan perahu traditionil menjemput Dr Iwan dengan Tim, rakyat silabu snagat gembira untuk pertamakali bertemu dengan seorang dokter. Menyurut cerita kepala desa silabu,seorang purnawirawan sersan TNI AL, dulu pernah terdampar kapal perang dari eropa, sehingga ada yang menikah disana dan saat ini ditemui beberapa turunannya yang cantik-cantik seperti noni bule, mungkin portugis.Beliau juga bercetita bahwa menurut nenek moyang mereka pulau pagai pernah gempa besar diikuti gelumbang air laut yang sangat besar menhancurkan desa mereka,karena itu mereka memilih tinggal di perdalaman dekat bukit-bukit (kemudian Dr iwan baru memeahi peristyiwa tersebut dinamakn Tsunami,sangat sayang tempat ini sangat indah dancocock unrtuk kegiatan berselancar disana,dan dipingir pantai sangat banyak kerang-kerang laut yang indah-indah,tetapi tak dapat dibawa karena perjalana sangat jauh liwat darat)

Dr Iwan dan tim menginap dirumah kepala desa, malamnya memberikan ceramah tentang kesehatan Lingkungan yang diterjemahkan kedalam bahasa mentawai oleh kepala desa diringi dengan tepuk tangan penduduk.

*rumah-rumah sudah semi eprmanen,terlihat ibu kepala desa menapis beras di sungai yang terletak dibelakang rumah di Silabu,dimana Dr iwan s menginap

Dr Iwan yang dianggap sebagai tamu terhormat,diberikan tempat tidur disebelah kamar putri kepala desa, Dr Iwan dapat menjaga diri sehingga tidak tergoda untuk melakukan hal yang melangar adat, sebab bila menganggu putri Pagai,hukumannya nikah adat atau ganti rugi sepuluh ekor babi. Pagi hari dilakukan pengobatan gratis dan pengambvilan sample darah untuk pemeriksaan kuman malaria. Hapir 80 % penduduk silabu sudah menderita malaria dengan pembesaran limpa .

Keseokan harinya akan kembali ke Sikakap naik kapal Semangat tetapi Dr Iwan keberatan karena takut kapal akan tengelam, maka perjalan dilakukan dengan jalan kaki didarat, menempuh beberapa desa kecil,kemudian naik perahu ke Sikakap. Pada perjalanan ini Dr iwan diberikan beberapa hadiah pusaka etnis pagai seperti busur dan anak panah , gendrang kayu dan  tempat menyimpang tembakau dengan disain monyet untuk merokok yang dalam bahasa pagai disebut ubek.


(kisah lengkap baca dalm web blog hhtp:// search Kisah Pertualangan Dr Iwan Kepulau mentawai.)

Dr iwan tahun 1980 , pernah memiliki pasien seorang peneliti dari USA, ia ketagihan Luminal, ada surat keterangan dari Kedokteran USa. selama hampir enam bulan menjadi pasien laqnganan Dr iwan di Padang, Pasien tersebut melakukan penelitian untuk thesis S3 tentang monyet kepala putih yang hanya ada di Pulau mentawai.

Selain itu kakak Dr iwan (Dr Edhie) pernah dikirimkan sebuah buku tentang pulau mentawai oleh seorang pastor,mungkin saat ini masih ada, bila ada kesempatan beberapa illustrasi akan dicuplik. Selain itu dr iwan juga meiliki bukukisah perjalanan seornag Belanda ke Pulau mentawai akhir abad ke 19, bebrapa illustrasi lihat di koleski milik Dr Iwan.liwat beberapa koleksi foto dari penuis buku tersebut pastor dari Italai Morini yang diberikan kepada penulis dibawh ini:

1) ceremonial sikere dukun



2) Man Bead jewellery


3) woomen traditional bead jewellery




4) Tattouage traditional ritual


5) Arrow spear ritual


2. Kisah Pulau Mentawai Versi Penulis Asing

(1) the Ducth writer justus van Maurik had published about his adventure   to Indonesia in 1896 , the name of the Book  “INDIE” ,and he visit mentawai island , some of the rare picture book illustrations look below.

a) book cover


b) Mentawai Chief


c) Husband and wife



d) The native mentawai people in the front their  house


(2) The Mentawai Islands by USA reseacher (google exsploration)
The Mentawai Islands lie to the West of Sumatra in the Indian Ocean.
They are composed of over seventy different islands. The islands
straddle the equator, which explains the lush temperate climate that is
associated with Indonesia. The history of the Mentawai Islands begins
between 2000 and 500 BC. The islands where once a part of Sumatra
and during the Pleistocene Era the islands were separated. The culture
of the Mentawai people is distinctly different from their fellow
Indonesians because of how long they’ve been separated from each
other. The islands were have been influenced culturally by the British,
the Dutch, the Germans, and finally by Catholic Italian missionaries.
Currently the Mentawai’s are considered regency within the Suatera

There are over twenty different endemic species spread through
out the seventy islands. There are four endemic primate species on the
islands; the Kloss Gibbon, the Mentawai Macaque, Mentawai leaf-
monkey and the sub-nosed monkey.




In total the Mentawai’s house at least seventeen endemic mammal species. Other common animals (at least in these islands) are sea turtles, dolphins, fruit pigeons, endemic
squirrels, tropical fish like parrotfish, sharks, snakes and many more.
The Mentawai’s are composed of lush tropical rainforests, mangroves,
coral reefs, and beautiful white sand beaches. Some of which are
protected by the government.

The Siberut National Park is one of themost famous protected areas. Not only can you see the beautifulvegetation of the Siberut Island, but you can also experience the lives
of indigenous Mentawai tribes.

The islands lie over one of the most active earthquake zones in the entire world; because of its location the Mentawai’s are very much at risk for tsunamis and earthquakes.

The culture of the Mentawai people is becoming increasingly
difficult to preserve because of rapid globalization. Historically the
people were jungle inhabitants until the Indonesian government forced
people to live in villages, thus becoming more modernized.

Before they lived in the government-run villages, the people lived in umas, which
are traditional long houses where an entire clan would live in.

Before modernization, the people of the Mentawai have lived off of the
tropical rainforests and of the natural resources that were available.
Everyone, including women and children were treated as equals.
Sikeireis or shamans, who shared everything that they knew with their people, led the clans. With modernization came modern life styles,many people renounced their clans and became more concerned withmaterialistic ideals and thoughts.

The government does provide school for the children of the islands, but they tend to ignore the indigenous history and culture of the Mentawai people.

The traditional religion of the Mentawai Islands is a form of
animism called Jarayak. This form of religion isn’t allowed by the
Indonesian government, many people have converted to either Islam
or to Christianity, but at the same time many people still practice

The Mentawai’s have become an incredibly popular surf
destination, not only for professional surfers, but also for surfers of all
skill levels since the mid-1990’s. One of the most popular ways to
enjoy the Islands is to take boat trips that take visitors to surf
locations around all of the islands. Another option is to stay at one of
the many hotels and resorts that are on the islands. These places
accommodate all of a surfer’s needs by providing the best in food and
service with transportation to the best waves. The most popular
islands with the best surf are Siberut, Sipora, and North and South
Pagai Islands. The most well known surfing area is called Playgrounds.
It is one of the worlds greatest spots to surf bringing in top surfers like
Andy Irons, Kelly Slater, and my all time favorite Taj Burrow. Many of

Taj Burrow’s videos are filmed in the Mentawai Islands, especially at
Macaroni’s, North Pagai and Lance’s Left, South Pagai. Surfing became
huge during a period during 1995 and still continues to gain more
fame as surfers continue to go and explore all of the wonders that the
Mentawai’s offer. The surfing industry has greatly expanded the
economy of the islands.

Tourism is now a huge industry. Since the 1980’s luxury resorts
are springing up all around the islands to cater to all a visitor’s wants
and needs. Fishing, surfing, relaxation, snorkeling, canoeing, kayaking,
hiking, learning about the culture and people, and just enjoying the
hospitality of the friendly Indonesian people are some of the things
that attract visitors to the islands.

3.Kisah Tsunami di Pagai Selatan 2010

Indonesia Earthquake and Tsunami Kill 113, Merapi Volcano Eruptions Hours Later j Deep




The disaster-prone expanse of Indonesia has suffered three powerful blows to the region that has left over one hundred people dead Tuesday –and all three disasters were within hours of each other.

The fault that caused one of the world’s largest natural disasters back in December 2004, when a powerful earthquake trembled undersea and sent raging water to 14 countries in Indonesia, killing over 230,000 people, unleashed a strong undersea earthquake late Monday registering 7.7 in magnitude. The quake triggered a 10-foot tsunami that struck Tuesday, killing over 100 people and leaving thousands homeless.

According to officials, the tsunami struck the Mentawai Islands, a chain of about seventy islands and islets off the western coast of Sumatra, Siberut being the largest, that has become a destination popular among foreign surfers. The death toll from the tsunami is currently 113 – but steadily rising. Mujiharto, head of the Health Ministry’s crisis center, expects the toll to rise significantly.

“We have 200 body bags on the way, just in case,” he said. Meanwhile, between 150 and 500 people have been reported missing.


In addition to the killer tsunami were the eruptions of ash from Indonesia’s Merapi Volcano, located on the island of Java, that left one dead and about a dozen injured. Thousands living on the wall of the volcano have evacuated the area due to the smoke.

Indonesia, the world’s largest archipelago that houses approximately 237 million people, is located on a string of fault lines stretching from the Western Hemisphere through Japan and Southeast Asia known as the ’Pacific Ring of Fire’ – making it extremely vulnerable to earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic activity.



Indonesia Earthquake and Tsunami Kill 113, Merapi Volcano Eruptions Hours Later



President Indonesia Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and Wife with the local governement leader visit the Mentawai ‘s tsunami area.



1. Koleksi SMOKING (UBEK in native mentawai languague),koleski untuk merokok

1) Tobacco Box with monkey design


2) foto native mentawai smoking ubek


2.  Weapon collcetions,arrow and spear (Koleski Busur dan anak panah)




3. Koleksi Gendrang dari kayu pakis(Native wooden drum)


4. The Picture Postcard collection 1900



Mentawai Islands

Mentawai Islands Regency
Kepulauan Mentawai

—  Regency  —




Driwan Advanture In East Timor(nowTimorleste)



*ill very rare East timor Top Gun with map postally used cover from Dili East timor to Jakarta Indonesia

Frame One : Introduction

I had collected the East Timor and Timor portugeus collections during my duty in West suamtra at solok City, my friend  Mayor Pol Dr Sundarun when he on duty at Est Timur have send me one document timor portugeus with revenue and hand sign ofcthe last governur of timor portugeus(look at Timor portugues collections exhibition in this cybermuseum) ,also some stamps too.

East Timur never issued  local special stamps, during that time  Republic Indonesia Stam were used. I have found some east timor postal history made by the Indonesia army on duty there,regional Police official cover, also a very historic document leaflet about the east timor fight to integrated to Indonesia(Perjuangan Rakyat TIMITIm untuk Berintegrasi Ke Indonesia) will show in this exhibtion

Also many East Timor political human right protest postcard an letter send to indonesia didnot show in this exhibition, this collection only for premium member.

I have found the best timor portugeus collections during 1994 when I have on duty at Idonesia Police Headquater(MABES POLRI), this collections have show at the Timor Portugeus Collections exhibition in Dr Iwan Cybermuseum.

In 1999, I have on duty during East timor Refendum look at my profile potraits with Let.col.Pol, Dr Mosadeq (now Brigardir Jendral Pol.) in the front of Religious Office which broken to pieces by the native Protest.


, two weeks and back one day after refendum by the last flight from Dili To Bali, some interesting east Timor postal history , refendum document ,local news paper and Indonesia news paper related the east timor last days situation will show too. Please look at the picture of Indonesia otonom  ’s East Timor Referendum propaganda poster  which found at the east timor police sector (Dr iwan peivate collections)


the last day before back from dili Eat timor ,one day after Refendum, mayor Police Silvester had given me some collectionas of timor portugeus (look the timor portugeus exhibtion) and East timor picture during Indonedsia invasion East timors, please look at the pictyure of Indoneisa Army invation the Timor portugeus fort (later be the military east timor Dili Hospital, and now I donnot now the recent info, I hove the Timor Leset citizen from dilli will tell us the info).


I hope the collectors and historical writters will happy to look this rarerest collections of East timor collections, if the want to know more info and collections related to the political collections like  human right protest card or letters please subscribed as the prmeium member and I will show the very rare collections of east timor,becasue in this exhibition only a part of my collections and non political collections.

Jakarta November 2010

Dr Iwan Suwandy,the founder of Cybermuseum.



Frame Two : The East Timor Historic collections


*The leaflet of East timor fight to integrated with Indonesia leaflet from Betao police sector,Manufakti city East Timor which given to dr iwan by the the secor command when he cambact to Brimob Padang Panjang where Dr Iwan on duty in this area in 1981.(Dr Iwan private collections)




East Timor is a small country in Southeast Asia, officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste. It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco. The first inhabitants are thought to be descendant of Australoid and Melanesian peoples. The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied East Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II.

The country declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975,look at the earlist east Timor pictures collections which giver by native east timor Mayor Pol below :

1.the Goverernment building’s pictures during indonesian invasion (Dr iwan Private Collections,given by native East Timor Police in 1999 before he back to Jakarta, after that day there aere chaos at East Timor)


2. The Dili Beach

3. The Dili City

and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of East Timor.

During the subsequent 24-year occupation a campaign of pacification ensued. Between 1974 and 1999, there were an estimated 102,800 conflict-related deaths (approximately 18,600 killings and 84,200 ‘excess’ deaths from hunger and illness), the majority of which occurred during the Indonesian occupation. Look at the east timor collections below :

1.The Postal History Collections

1) The Military Postal history

2) The House of delivery postal history(Rumah Pos)

3) The Police  Postal History

2.The Staue collections

3. The East timor Song casset collections



On 30 August 1999, in a UN-sponsored referendum, an overwhelming majority of East Timor voted for independence from Indonesia. Please look at the illsutartions of Dr Iwan private referendum document colletions below :

1.The dr Iwan Picture before East Timor Refendum

a) at manututo brimob camp

b) at Police Hospital Dilli near marcado

c) The road to old Dili Market(marcado)

c) The dilli Beach

d)The east timor Police Resort office atuaro

2.the picture of East Timor Refendum campaign Posters of CNRT in 1999 at Dili (photografer dr Iwan Suwandy)


2.Refendum promotional and guide poster ,found at east timor  police resort office.



3.The refendum Bailed Out form ‘s sample found at the Police Sector office


Immediately following the referendum, anti-independence Timorese militias — organised and supported by the Indonesian military — commenced a punitive scorched-earth campaign. The militias killed approximately 1,400 Timorese and forcibly pushed 300,000 people into West Timor as refugees. The majority of the country’s infrastructure was destroyed. On 20 September 1999 the International Force for East Timor (INTERFET) was deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. Following a United Nations-administered transition period, East Timor was internationally recognised as an independent state in 2002


Posted on July 19, 2010 by iwansuwandy

UHI-Uniquecollection Heritage Info,free informations@copyright Dr IWAN S 2010









Rumah Pos sudah ada sejak masa penjajahan hindia belanda dengan nama BESTEL HUIS  yang stempel berukuran lebih besar dari stempel pos biasa,tanpatanggal ditengahnya, dan pada masa pendudukan Jepang beberapa stempel rumah pos masa Hindia Belanda masih dipergunakan, dan ada juga yang dengan istilah yubinsyo, koleksi saat ini sudah sangat langka, dan Dr IWAN S hanya memiliki beberapa saja.

Setelah Indonesia Merdeka, Rumah Pos masih tetap beroperasi, dan setlah RIS ,era orde Lama model stempel Rumah Pos hampir sama dengan masa Pendudukan Jepang dan Hindia Belanda, yang kemudian era orde baru  stempel rumah pos bentuknya sudah seragam dengan ditengahnya ada garis-garis.

Pada saat Kantor Pos Besar Kota Padang direnovasi, saya menemukan beberapa dokumen rumah pos yang dibuang dan dibakar, tetapi oleh teman saya pemborong bangunan tersebut Pak Al menyiram api tersebut dan sebagian dokumen Pos dapat diselamatkan termasuk dokumen rumah pos yang dapat dibaca dalam bab pertama Koleksi dokumen Rumah Pos.

Secara terperinci kisah pertualangan ini dapat memebrikan gambaran bagaimana kiprahnya Rumah Pos tersebut, termasuk apa yang dikerjakan dan bagaimana sistem administrasinya rumah pos serta bagaimana bentuknya rumah pos tersebut, semoga hasil pertualangan ini dapat memberikan informasi yang faktual tentang kegiatan dan kerjasama rakyat dengan pihak pos dalam melayani rakyat sampai ditempat yang paling terpencil sepert i dipuncak gunung di sekitar gunung Tua dekat Kota Nopan SUMUT yang namanya sangat keren, rumah pos Seribu Naga, saya beruntung dapat ketemu dengan kepala rumah pos ini kendaipun stempel rumah posnya tidak ada, tetapi saya mendapatkan sampul dinas kantor pos yang ditujukan ke rumah pos tersebut dan kepala  rumah pos berkenan membubuhkankan tanda tanggannya diatas sampul dinas  yang mungkin hanya satu-satunya ada didunia saat ini.

Selain itu pada waktu bertualang memakai mobil .jalan darat, pada setiap kantor pos dan rmah pos secara berurutan saya susun secara sistematis diatas kertas dan diatas kertas meterai sehingg kita dapat mengetahui letak dan jam serta kapan saya tiba ditempat tersebut. Juga ada kisah yang sangat menarik tentang salah satu kepala rumah pos yang kakinya buntung yang sehari-hari profesinya montir radio, bacalah dengan teliti maka pasi para kolektor akan takjub dibuatnya.

Saya sangat senang hati bila pihat Pos Indonesia berkenan menjadi sponsor untuk menerbitkan buku elektronik ini sehingga seluruh informasi dapat dibaca oleh para kolektor filateli Indonesia dan juga khusus bagi generasi penerus untuk memahami betap sulitnya komunikasi dan transportasi saat itu.






1.Berburu koleksi rumah pos dikota Padang

Saya mendengar bahwa kantor pos Kota Padang yang lama akan dipugar, dan saya menghubungi pemborang bangunan  yang saya kenal saat dulu bermain tennis  bersama Pak Al, ia bersedia mengumpulkan arsip-arsi yang dibakar,dengan menyiram dengan air, saya memperoleh beberaopa arsip rumah pos yang saat ini pasti sudah langkan dan  mungkin pihak kantor pospun lupa menyimpan arsip yang b ernilai sejarah tersebut , koleksi yang langka tersebut terdiri dari dokumen asli yaitu :

1).Buku stensil asli Instruksi Untuk Pengurus Rumah Pos enam halaman

2). fotokopi  Jadwal rumah Pos Menurut Abjad, daftar nama rumah Pos seluruh Indonesia  tanun 1977,  dalam urutan pertama rumah pos Abang  kabupaten Karang asam Kecamatan dan kantor pos  abang ,propinsi Bali. dan terakhir Rumah Pos Yemburwo(Kameri) Kantor Pos BIak Irja(sekarang Papua) Kabupaten Teluk Cendrawih Kecamatan Numfor Timur. Melihat daftar ini, sangat mustahil untuk dpat mengumpulkan koleksi yang lengkap dari sekian banyk rumah pos, tetapi bial diusahakan pasti suatu waktu akan lengkap juga,terutama dari rumah pos yang sudah lama ditutup.

3). formulir asli  blanko Adpis yang diisi oleh pihak Rumah Pos dan Kantor pos Pembantu khus untuk daftar wesel pos yang dikirm dan jenis kiriman lainnya.

4) Formulir   PTT Daftar Permintaan yang sudah dipakai , permintaan tahun 1954 dari rumah pos mukomuko kepada kantor pos Tepan (wilayah Jambi)  berisi wesel KW , yang ditantada tangani pengurus rumah pos muko-muko 14 september 1955 nama kosan. Dibagian belakang formulir ini tercantum keterangan sebagai berikut:

Apabila permintaan untuk membeli benda pos dll, dikirimkan kepada Kantor pos atau Kantor Pos Pembantu yaiutu kantor jang mendjadi Kantor penghubung (rumahpos diluar  Djawa dan Madura mengirimkannja bersama-sama dengan adpis) ,daftar permintaan hendaklah dibuat Ragkap dua da. seterusnya……………..Selain kantor pos Muko=muko juga ditemui dokumen yang sma dari Rumapos Indrapura yang juga diwilayah yang sama Tapan,ternyata dalam koleksi saya juga ada rumah pso Indrapura  yang dikirim iwat Tebing Tinggi deli 11/6.57  ke  Bogor  mengunakan prangko seri binatang Banteng 50 sen warna coklat, prango distempeo rumah pos dan kantor pos pengawas dibelakang sampul .Menurut saya ini koleksi romah pos yang sangat langka khususn ya yang benar-beanr postally used , akrena banyak dibuat CTO ,filetis kreasi atas permintaan dengan bantuan rumah pos atau kantor pos pembantu, saya selalu mengirimkan sampul tersebut liwat pos kecuali lokasinya sangat tidak memungkinkan,atau untuk disimpan ebagi arsip..bagaimana pendapat para phillatelist Indonesia ? tentu sama juga atau ada pendapat lain silahkan kontak saya liwat komentar.


Ternyata disepanjang jalan raya di Sumatera Barat dari Padang smapi perbatasan muara siponggi Sumut tidak ditemukan  rumah pos, yang dapat dilihat dalam koleksi dokumen perjalanan Kantor pos Lubuk Sikaping, kemudian kantor Pos Rao   dam terakhir Muara Siponggi. Sumut. Ada suatu koleksi yang unik ditemukan di Rao yaitu meterai padjak Radio 75 rupiah.

Perjalanan dilanjutkan dari Muara Siponggi ke desa Sayur Matinggi ternyata rumah pos sudah tutp karena sudah ada kantor pos pembantu, selanjutnya tiba di desa yang masih memiliki rumah pos yaitu rumh pos Siunggam dengan ketua Rumah Pos Mara Indo Daulay guru SD Neg.Siunggam seteah dibuatkan beberapa sampul dengan stempel ruamh Pos ,saya diberikan sampul pos alamat kepala rumah pos diberikan stempel rumah pos dan tanda tanggan kepala rumah pos tersebut , selanjutnya Rumah Pos Sipupus  dilakuka hal yang sma seperti rumah pos sebelumnya dan alhirnya  tiba di kantor pos pembina yaitu kantor pos Gunung Tua, kepala kantor pos memebrikan informasi jika kembali ke Sumatera Barat nantinya singgah di Kantor Pos pembina Kota Nopan tapanuli Selatan karena ada beberapa rumah pos  disekitar tempat itu yang jauh dari jalan raya terima kasih pak Pos atas informasinya..

Dari Kantor Pos Gunung tua mendaki kepuncak bukit karena ada informasi tentang rumah Pos disana, ternyata namanya Rumah Pos Naga Seribu tetapi stempelnya tidak ada, tetapi beruntung sekali ketua Rumah Pos memberika sampus dinas pos dan giro yang dikrimkan ke rumah pos Naga seribu yang bernama Marah Akim Siregar,profesi kepala SD negeri Nagaseribu, wadung senangnya hati,luar biasa koleksi ini.

Pada saat pertualangan kembali Ke Sumatera Barat, ditemukan rumah pos  Tambangan ternyata  ketua rumah posnya seorang montir radio,tanpa kedua  tungkai bawah dan kaki, ia berjalan naik beca khusus,menuru informasi beliau Rumah Pos angat penting untuk pengesahan tanda tangan untuk penerimaan weselrumah pos ini dibawah pengawasan kantor pos Kotanopan, saat bertemu dengan kepala Kantor Pos tersbut Bp Halim ia berkenan membantu untuk memperoleh stempel rumah pos dibawah pengawasannya saat ada rapat ,kepala rumah pos akan membawa stempelnya, ternya kepala kantor pos Kotanopan,dalam bebrapa minggu mengirimkan sampul dengan stempel rumah pos dibawah pengawasannya .

Situasi rumah pos saat ini tahun 15 Agustus 1981, keadaan bangunan umunya darurat tidak permanent, menumpang tanpa disewa  pada rumah keluarga dari pengurus Rumah Pos, umumnya tanpa papan nama Rumah Pos , apabila di tanya keada penduduk desa umumnya mereka mengetahui lokasi rumah pos tersebut, Seluruh rumah pos itu didirikan secara resmi oleh pemerinta daerah dengan persetujuan pihak kantor  Pos dan Giro wilayah , hampi seluruh rumah pos  memiliki stempel kecuali rumah pos Naga Seribu. Tunjangan untuk biaya  Rumah Pos sangat minim sekali , yaitu Rp 1500. (KURANG LEBIH aatu setngan dollar usa) PER BULAN, SEHINGGA HAMPIR SELURUH PENGURUS RUMAH POS MENGELUH ATAS HAL INI. pENJUALAN BENDA-BENDA POS HANYA DITEMUI PADA SATU RUMAH POS YAITU DI RUMAH pOS TAMBANGAN, LAINNYA HANYA BERFUNGSI SEBAGI PERANTARA SAJA. pEMAKAIAN STEMPEL rYUMAH pOS TERNYATA JUGA DIPAKAI UNTUK WESEL POS  yang berfungsi mengesahkan tand atanggan sipenerima, tanpa itu tidak akan dibayar oleh kantor pos pengawas. Catatan ini diuat saat baru kembali dari pertualangan dan masih tersimpan rapi bersama koleksi yang suatu waktu akan dipamerkan kepada umum, dan dalam buku elektronik yang lengkap.







III.. Daftar koleksi rumah pos Dr Iwan S. disusun berdasarkan wilayah.



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The Adventure Of

Robert L. Ripley

To get


 Robert L. Ripley












Robert LeRoy Ripley (December 25, 1890 – May 27, 1949)[1]

was an American cartoonist, entrepreneur and amateur anthropologist, who created the Ripley’s Believe It or Not! newspaper panel series, radio show, and television show which feature odd facts from around the world.

Subjects covered in Ripley’s cartoons and text ranged from sports feats to little known facts about unusual and exotic sites; but what ensured the concept’s popularity may have been that Ripley also included items submitted by readers, who supplied photographs of a wide variety of small town American trivia, ranging from unusually shaped vegetables to oddly marked domestic animals, all documented by photographs and then depicted by Ripley’s drawings.

Robert L. Ripley

Robert L. RipleyAKA LeRoy Ripley

Born: 25-Dec-1890
Birthplace: Santa Rosa, CA
Died: 27-May-1949
Location of death: New York City
Cause of death: Heart Failure
Remains: Buried, Oddfellows Lawn Cemetery, Santa Rosa, CA

Gender: Male
Religion: Christian
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Curator, Cartoonist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Believe It or Not!

Born LeRoy Ripley, he played semi-pro baseball in his teens, and sold cartoons to Life magazine and the San Francisco Chronicle before dropping out of high school. He worked as a sports columnist in New York, and became ‘Robert Ripley’ when an editor suggested that ‘LeRoy’ did not sound masculine enough. On a slow sports day in place of his next day’s column he submitted a nine-panel drawing called “Champs and Chumps”, about odd but actual sports — a backward running race, an ice jump, etc. That cartoon drew a much more enthusiastic response than his sports columns, and soon he was writing and drawing “Ripley’s Believe It or Not” instead of covering ball games.

In his new beat as chronicler of the unusual, Ripley spun tales and related facts too bizarre to be believed, but always claimed everything he reported was true. After several years with the New York Globe and later the Post, Ripley’s cartoon was syndicated beginning in 1929. He employed a full-time fact-checker who, in that pre-Google era, spent virtually all his working hours at the New York Public Library — so Ripley was rarely proven wrong. He lied about his own life, though, at various times insisting that he was born in 1891, 1892, and 1893, bragging of an extensive education when he was in fact a high school drop-out, and claiming to have visited over 200 countries, including such ‘nations’ as the Garden of Eden.

He did, however, travel widely in his lifelong quest for the peculiar, becoming something of an oddity himself. He kept a pet boa constrictor, routinely dressed in native wear from several continents, and before and after his brief marriage he reportedly shared his 28-room mansion with up to five ladyfriends at the same time. For many years he was one of America’s most well-known celebrities, and regularly received more mail than the President of the United States.

He opened his first “Odditorium” in Chicago in 1933, featuring such attractions as a man who would eat and then regurgitate a rodent. In the movies’ early sound era, Ripley was featured in a series of shorts, screened before the feature attraction in theaters. He published a drawing submitted by 12-year-old Charles Schulz, the “Peanuts” cartoonist’s first paid work. Several books of his collected columns were bestsellers, and he also had a popular nationwide radio program until the late 1940s, when he took his talents to television. Midway through his first season on TV, after filming his thirteenth episode — about the death rituals of different cultures worldwide — he suffered a heart attack and died.

After his death, his long-time radio and television producer took over management of the Ripley empire, and the cartoon, drawn by several different artists over subsequent decades, has never ceased publication in daily papers. Within a year of Ripley’s death the display of his artifacts was spun off as its own company, and he continues to be listed as ‘author’ of new Believe It or Not books. Ripley Entertainments, now owned by Jim Pattison, currently operates dozens of kitschy Ripley’s Believe It or Not museums in ten nations, and also owns several Guinness World Records Museums and Louis Tussaud’s Waxworks attractions. A mid-1980s Believe It or Not TV series was hosted by Jack Palance, with Marie Osmond co-hosting in the show’s last season, and an early 2000s series starred Dean Cain.

Father: Isaac Davis Ripley (b. 1854, d. 1905)
Mother: Lillie Bell Yocka Ripley (b. 1868, m. 1889, d. 1915)
Sister: Ethel Ripley (b. 1893)
Brother: Douglas Ripley (b. 1904)
Wife: Beatrice Roberts (m. 1919, sep. 1920, div. 1926)

    High School: Santa Rosa High School, Santa Rosa, CA (dropped out)

Official Website:

Author of books:
Believe It or Not!:A Modern Book of Wonders, Miracles, Freaks, Monstrosities and Almost-Impossibilities (1929)
The Second Believe It or Not!:1930
The New Believe It or Not! (1931)
Ripley’s Big Book: Believe It or Not! (1934)
The Omnibus Believe It or Not! (1934)
God Rewards Faith and Service (1940)
Robert Ripley’s Double Believe It or Not! (1948)
Ripleys Believe It or Not!: An Odyssey of Incredible Oddities Set Down By a Modern Marco Polo Who Can Prove Every Statement He Makes (1941)


Throughout the 1920s, Mr. Ripley continued to broaden the scope of his work and his popularity increased greatly. He published both a travel journal and a guide to the game of handball in 1925. In 1926, Ripley became the New York state handball champion and also wrote a book on boxing. With a proven track record as a versatile writer and artist, he attracted the attention of publishing mogul William Randolph Hearst, who managed the King Features Syndicate. In 1929, Hearst was responsible for Believe It or Not! making its syndicated debut in seventeen papers worldwide. With the success of this series assured, Ripley capitalized on his fame by getting the first book collection of his newspaper panel series published.



Robert L Ripley

The Believe-It-Or-Not life of Mister Robert L Ripley, millionaire freak fanatic

By Marc Hartzman
February 2006
Frank Foss of St Petersburg, Florida, played banjos made from frying pans at the ripe old age of 92. Ostrich eggs will support the weight of a 280lb man. And, in case you weren’t aware, a guy from St Louis, Missouri, known as ‘Smoky’, could exhale cigarette smoke through a hole in his back. For these fantastically random and wondrous facts, which may or may not be true, we have to thank Robert L Ripley. Ever since Believe It Or Not! debuted on 19 Dec 1918 in the New York Globe, Ripley’s relentless pursuit of anything strange, extraordinary and downright freaky has captured the curiosity of the world. His search led him around the planet to more than 200 countries. One trip alone covered two continents and 39,000km – 1,600 of which were by camel, horse and donkey. No nook or cranny was left unscoured in his constant quest for oddities. How else could he introduce housewives and schoolkids to fascinating folk like Wang the Chinese farmer, who exhibited a 13in horn growing out of his head, and the Monkey Man of India, who vowed never to walk upright?The globetrotting cartoonist became known as the Modern Day Marco Polo. But this was never the life Ripley expected to lead. As a boy, all he ever wanted to do was play baseball.LeRoy Ripley was born on Christmas Day 1893 in the small town of Santa Rosa, California. The bucktoothed and lanky little boy had two passions: sports and art. By the age of 13, he brought both interests together by pitching for a semi-professional baseball team and designing its posters.Though a future in baseball was looking bright, Ripley’s destiny would soon be shaped more by the stroke of his pencil than the swing of his bat. At 14, Life magazine gave him his first big break in the art world when it bought one of his cartoons featuring three young women washing clothes, accompanied by the caption: “The Village Belles Were Slowly Wringing.” It scored him eight dollars, and he was soon making a living as a cartoonist for local San Francisco newspapers. But in 1913, seeking better-paying opportunities, Ripley packed his sketchpad and headed east to the world’s greatest metropolis – New York City.The new New Yorker established himself quickly. He added the more sophisticated-sounding Robert to his name and found the raise he was looking for at the New York Globe, raking in 0 a job as a sports cartoonist. Towards the end of 1918, Ripley was struck with a bout of writer’s block and a deadline fast approaching. Desperate, he turned to a file of bizarre sports facts he’d been compiling and illustrated a few of them, including one about a Canadian fellow named A Forrester, who ran 100 yards backwards in 14 seconds. He called it Champs And Chumps, but while his editor loved the concept, he hated the name. Ripley crossed out the title and scribbled down Believe It Or Not! It was an instant sensation, and the cartoon quickly expanded from sports oddities to a celebration of curiosities from all walks of life.

Ripley’s many exotic expeditions spawned thousands of Believe It Or Not!s, but blessed with an uncanny knack for twisting the ordinary into the extraordinary, he found fodder just as easily at home. A friend of his described how his mind worked: “You go into a restaurant with Rip and you both order steaks. If you think about the steak at all, you wonder whether it will be properly cooked. Not so with Ripley. He’s probably figuring how many steaks there are in a full-grown steer, how many steers there are in the state of Texas. Then he’ll come up with a statement that there are enough steaks in Texas to feed the entire population of the Gaspé Peninsula for 18-and-a-half years, three times a day.” When he wasn’t developing a convoluted calculation, he was creating shocking statements using simple semantics, such as the time he wrote: “Buffalo Bill never shot a buffalo in his life.” Those who disagreed would have been reminded that the ‘buffalo’ were technically bison.

As the cartoon’s popularity grew, it went from weekly to daily to syndication. But this was only the beginning. In 1929, after much reluctance, Ripley accepted an offer from Max Schuster – of Simon & Schuster – to collect his work in a book. It sold millions, and even the Great Depression couldn’t slow the Ripley phenomenon. Publishing giant William Randolph Hearst Sr soon took notice and wanted in on the act, dispatching his head of King Features Syndicate with a two-word telegram: Sign Ripley. The hiring swelled Ripley’s salary to 0,000 a year and boosted his syndication to 300 publications in 17 different languages. The book also led to a series of movies and a career in radio broadcasting.

Sticking with the theme, many of his radio programmes were aired from unusual locations. One show was live from a Florida snakepit, where Ripley carried his microphone into a pit of 500 poisonous serpents. It was the best way to give his listeners an accurate account of a snake handler extracting venom from a rattler. Another live broadcast starred a skydiver describing his 10,000ft, 160mph freefall. When he finally pulled his ripcord there was a malfunction, and he slammed into the ground and nearly died. But it made for great radio.

In 1933, Ripley brought his cartoons to life on stage at his first Believe It Or Not! Odditorium show at the Chicago World’s Fair. The museum, reminiscent of PT Barnum’s beloved American Museum of the mid-19th century, featured numerous live acts that were guaranteed to shock and amaze. Audiences witnessed Martin Laurello, who painlessly turned his head completely backwards on his shoulders. They squirmed watching Leo Kongee, The Human Pincushion whose “skin never bleeds and seems to be immune to torture”. And they marvelled at young Frieda Pushnik, The Little Half Girl Born Without Arms or Legs, who used her mouth and dextrous stumps to write, thread needles and complete jigsaw puzzles. Contortionists, eye-poppers, sword-swallowers and more added to the entertainment, along with a display of shrunken heads, medieval torture devices and other wondrous artifacts. Odditoriums soon opened across the country.

While Believe It Or Not! had become a household name, Ripley had been living a believe-it-or-not life himself. After a brief marriage in 1919, he shunned monogamy and indulged in women of all kinds – Chinese, Japanese, German, Russian, French and Greek. He even kept his own harem, sometimes stocked with as many as 12 girls. As the world’s first millionaire cartoonist, he blew money on expensive foreign cars, but was afraid to drive them. He wouldn’t use a telephone, fearing he might be electrocuted. He drank heavily, but considered smoking evil. And between the hours of 7am and 11pm, wearing little more than an old robe and slippers, Ripley drew his cartoons upside down – unless he was hungover, in which case assistants handled the inking over his outlines. But perhaps all that was to be expected of the world’s foremost purveyor of the bizarre.

Ripley’s home was equally eccentric, and his New York mansion served as a shrine to his peculiar tastes and treasures – a model of the Eiffel Tower made from 30,000 matchsticks, chastity belts from the Crusades era, and an Iron Maiden from Nuremberg to name a few. He called this live-in museum Bion (for Believe It Or Not! ). One of his personal favourite possessions was a Chinese Foochow riverboat called the Mon Lei, which the Japanese had confiscated during their 1930s invasion of China. Ripley used it to entertain guests in trips along the nearby Long Island Sound estuary.

Despite his colossal collection, Bion amazingly still had room for Ripley’s mail – which was pouring in at the rate of 3,500 letters a day during the ’30s and ’40s. People everywhere inundated his mailbox with claims of the astounding and, in some cases, ridiculous things they could do. Eli Vicellio of Hurley, Wisconsin, wrote of his ability to lift a table and chair weighing 70lb with nothing more than his teeth. Then there was Bill Wausman of Detroit, who boasted about his unique talent for holding a pencil under his ear, instead of above it. Other times the letters merely concerned a strange coincidence, like in 1937 when Mr EE East of West Virginia met Mr EE West of East Virginia at the National Business College in Roanoke, Virginia. The accompanying photo captured the two men shaking hands.

Some of Ripley’s mail was worthy of a Believe It Or Not! just for finding its way to him. Fans challenged the postal system by seeing how obscure an address could get to the cartoonist, but addresses made out in Braille, Morse code and rebuses always got delivered. Even mail that was simply ripped – for Rip – found its way. However, the postal puzzles were put to a stop in 1930 when the US Postmaster General declared that mail with incomplete or unclear addresses would not be delivered because postal clerks were spending too much time “deciphering freak letters intended for Ripley”.

Not all of the mail involved frivolous feats and enigmatic envelopes, and the reaction to a 1929 edition of Believe It Or Not! still resonates in America today. The illustration bemoaned the fact that the US did not have a national anthem, and Ripley received so many letters on the subject he urged readers to flood Congress’ mailbox instead. More than 5million wrote to their Representatives and, as a result, ‘The Star-Spangled Banner’ was adopted as the national anthem. If not for that little cartoon, who knows what song would bring Americans to their feet before the start of every major sporting event?

As beloved as Ripley was, many referred to him as the World’s Biggest Liar. He claimed he felt flattered by this: “It means my cartoon that day contained some strange fact that was unbelievable – and therefore most interesting.” The ‘liar’ took pride in his ability to provide documentation for all his fantastic facts – however, his standard of proof was not particularly high. Ripley convinced himself that any printed word was true, and if he could dig up even one article supporting a story, he claimed his tale was validated. A research team was always on hand, ready to search the New York Public Library to unearth some piece of documentation (though lesser sources must have sometimes sufficed, since Ripley once wrote about a surgeon who lived to be 140 and drank heavily every day since he was 25). He’d read about the drunk in a little-known German publication in 1916. But then, maybe that’s why he always gave his fans the option to believe it or not.

Ripley’s pursuit of the weird and wonderful lasted until the very end. In true Believe It Or Not! fashion, the subject of his 13th – and final – television show was the story behind the writing of ‘Taps’, the bugle call for the dead. Shortly after, Ripley suffered a heart attack. He died on 27 May 1949 at the age of 55. More than 400 people paid tribute at the cartoonist’s funeral. Among his pallbearers were publishing giant William Randolph Hearst Jr, former world heavyweight boxing champion Gene Tunney, and president of Eastern Airlines, Edward Rickenbacker. Ripley was fittingly buried back home in Santa Rosa, in Odd Fellows Cemetery, so it would seem his final resting place was amongst good company.

Death hasn’t hurt Ripley’s popularity in the least. Today, Believe It Or Not! illustrations are still produced daily, and it is the world’s longest-running syndicated cartoon. A TV show and museums across the globe continue to capture the imagination of millions, and in 2007 Ripley is set to be reincarnated as Jim Carrey in a film directed by Tim Burton, with a script written by the men who gave us Ed Wood. Somewhere above, Ripley, along with the horned Chinese farmer, the armless and legless girl, and a human pincushion or two, will be watching proudly with the world’s largest tub of popcorn.


Ripley’s Odditorium in Hollywood

On November 3, 1929, he drew a panel in his syndicated cartoon saying “Believe It or Not, America has no national anthem.”[2] Despite the widespread belief that “The Star-Spangled Banner“, with its lyrics by Francis Scott Key set to the music of the English drinking song “To Anacreon in Heaven“, was the United States national anthem, Congress had never officially made it so. In 1931, John Philip Sousa published his opinion in favor of giving the song official status, stating that “it is the spirit of the music that inspires” as much as it is Key’s “soul-stirring” words. By a law signed on March 3, 1931, by President Herbert Hoover, “The Star-Spangled Banner” was adopted as the national anthem of the United States.

The 1930s saw Ripley expand his presence into other media. In 1930, he began a fourteen-year run on radio and a nineteen-year association with the show’s producer, Doug Storer.[3] Funding for his celebrated travels around the world were provided by the Hearst organization, and Ripley recorded live radio shows from underwater, the sky, caves, snake pits, and foreign countries. The next year he hosted the first of a series of two dozen Believe It or Not! theatrical short films for Warner Brothers Vitaphone, and King Features published a second collected volume of Believe it or Not! panels. He also appeared in a Vitaphone musical short, Seasons Greetings (1931), with Ruth Etting, Joe Penner, Ted Husing, Thelma White, Ray Collins, and others. After a trip to Asia in 1932, Ripley opened his first museum, the Odditorium, in Chicago. The concept was a success, and by the end of the decade, there were Odditoriums in San Diego, Dallas, Cleveland, San Francisco, and New York City. By this point in his life, Ripley had been voted the most popular man in America by the New York Times,[4] received an honorary degree from Dartmouth College, and visited 201 foreign countries.

Personal life

In 1919 Ripley married Beatrice Roberts. He made his first trip around the world in 1922, delineating a travel journal in installments. This ushered in a new topic for his cartoons: unusual and exotic foreign locales and cultures. Because he took the veracity of his work quite seriously, in 1923, Ripley hired a researcher and polyglot named Norbert Pearlroth as a full-time assistant. That same year, his feature moved from the New York Globe to the New York Post.[citation needed]


During World War II, Ripley concentrated on charity efforts rather than world travel, but after the war, he again expanded his media efforts. In 1948, the year of the 20th anniversary of the Believe it or Not! cartoon series, the Believe it or Not! radio show drew to a close and was replaced with a Believe it or Not! television series. This was a rather bold move on Ripley’s part because of the small number of Americans with access to television at this early time in the medium’s development. Ripley completed only thirteen episodes of the series before he became incapacitated by severe health problems. He reportedly passed out during the filming of his final show. His health worsened, and on May 27, 1949, at age 58, he succumbed to a heart attack in New York City. He was buried in his home town of Santa Rosa, in the Oddfellows Lawn Cemetery, which is adjacent to the Santa Rosa Rural Cemetery.


Ripley’s cartoon series was estimated to have 80 million readers worldwide, and it was said that he received more mail than the President of the United States. He became a wealthy man, with homes in New York and Florida, but he always retained close ties to his home town of Santa Rosa, California, and he made a point of bringing attention to The Church of the One Tree, a church built entirely from the wood of a single 300-ft (91.4-m)-tall redwood tree, which stands on the north side of Juilliard Park in downtown Santa Rosa.

Ripley claimed to be able to “prove every statement he made,” because he worked with professional fact researcher Norbert Pearlroth, who assembled Believe it or Not!s array of odd facts and also verified the small-town claims submitted by readers. Pearlroth spent 52 years as the feature’s researcher, finding and verifying unusual facts for Ripley and, after Ripley’s death, for the King Features syndicate editors who took over management of the Believe it or Not!’ panel.[citation needed]

Other employees who researched the newspaper cartoon series over the years were Lester Byck and Don Wimmer. Others who drew the series after Ripley’s death include Joe Campbell (1946 to 1956), Art Slogg, Clem Gretter (1941 to 1949), Carl Dorese, Bob Clarke (1943 and 1944), Stan Randall, Paul Frehm (1938–1978), who became the panel’s full-time artist in 1949; and his brother Walter Frehm (1948–1989).[citation needed] 


Ripley’s ideas and legacy live on in Ripley Entertainment, a company bearing his name and owned since 1985 by the Jim Pattison Group, Canada’s 3rd-largest privately held company. Ripley Entertainment airs national television shows, features publications of oddities, and has holdings in a variety of public attractions, including Ripley’s Aquarium, Ripley’s Believe it or Not! Museums, Ripley’s Haunted Adventure, Ripley’s Mini-Golf and Arcade, Ripley’s Moving Theater, Ripley’s Sightseeing Trains, Great Wolf Lodge overlooking Niagara Falls, Guinness World Records Attractions, and Louis Tussaud’s wax Museums.[citation needed]


1890 Born in Santa Rosa, California

  • 1901 Receives his formal education
  • 1906 Becomes a semi-pro in baseball and sells first cartoon to Life
  • 1908 Quits baseball briefly to support mother
  • 1909 Moves from the San Francisco Bulletin to the San Francisco Chronicle
  • 1912 Creates his last drawing for the San Francisco Chronicle and moves to New York that winter
  • 1913 On January 2, writes his first comic for the New York Globe and tries out for the New York Giants, but an injury ends his baseball hopes
  • 1914 Takes his first trip to Europe
  • 1918 On December 19, publishes Champs and Chumps in the New York Globe
  • 1919 Marries Beatrice Roberts
  • 1920 Takes his first solo trip to Europe to cover the Olympics, held in Antwerp, Belgium
  • 1922 On December 3, takes first trip around the world; writes in installments in his travel journal
  • 1923 On April 7, returns to the U.S. and hires researcher and linguist Norbert Pearlroth; the Globe ceases publication and the series moves to the New York Evening News
  • 1925 Writes travel journal, handball guide
  • 1926 Becomes New York handball champion and writes book on boxing score; divorces Beatrice Roberts after being separated for some time.
  • 1929 On July 9, William Randolph Hearst’s King Features Syndicate features Believe It or Not! in seventeen papers worldwide

King Features Syndicate,

a print syndication company owned by The Hearst Corporation, distributes about 150 comic strips, newspaper columns, editorial cartoons, puzzles and games to nearly 5000 newspapers worldwide. King Features Syndicate is a unit of Hearst Holdings, Inc., which combines the Hearst Corporation’s cable network partnerships, television programming and distribution activities and syndication companies. King Features’ affiliate syndicates are North America Syndicate and Cowles Syndicate. Each week, Reed Brennan Media Associates, a unit of the Hearst Corporation, edits and distributes more than 200 features for King Features.[1] 

William Randolph Hearst (/ˈhɜrst/;[1] April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951)

was an American newspaper publisher who built the nation’s largest newspaper chain and whose methods profoundly influenced American journalism.[2] Hearst entered the publishing business in 1887 after taking control of The San Francisco Examiner from his father. Moving to New York City, he acquired The New York Journal and engaged in a bitter circulation war with Joseph Pulitzer‘s New York World that led to the creation of yellow journalism—sensationalized stories of dubious veracity. Acquiring more newspapers, Hearst created a chain that numbered nearly 30 papers in major American cities at its peak. He later expanded to magazines, creating the largest newspaper and magazine business in the world.

He was twice elected as a Democrat to the U.S. House of Representatives, and ran unsuccessfully for Mayor of New York City in 1905 and 1909, for Governor of New York in 1906, and for Lieutenant Governor of New York in 1910. Nonetheless, through his newspapers and magazines, he exercised enormous political influence, and was sometimes blamed for pushing public opinion with his yellow journalism type of reporting in the United States into a war with Spain in 1898.

His life story was the main inspiration for the development of the lead character in Orson Welles‘s film Citizen Kane.[3] His mansion, Hearst Castle, on a hill overlooking the Pacific Ocean near San Simeon, California, halfway between Los Angeles and San Francisco, was donated by the Hearst Corporation to the state of California in 1957, and is now a State Historical Monument and a National Historic Landmark, open for public tours. Hearst formally named the estate La Cuesta Encantada (“The Enchanted Slope”), but he usually just called it “the r


  • 1930 Begins an eighteen-year run on radio and a nineteen-year association with show producer Doug Storer; Hearst funds Ripley’s travels around the world, where Ripley records live radio shows from underwater, the sky, caves, snake pits and foreign countries
  • 1931 Releases movie shorts for Vitaphone, second book of Believe it or Not!
  • Vitaphone was a sound film system used for feature films and nearly 1,000 short subjects made by Warner Bros. and its sister studio First National from 1926 to 1931. Vitaphone was the last major analog sound-on-disc system and the only one which was widely used and commercially successful. The soundtrack was not printed on the film itself, but issued separately on phonograph records. The discs, recorded at 33 1/3 rpm (a speed first used for this system) and typically 16 inches in diameter, would be played on a turntable physically coupled to the projector motor while the film was being projected. Many early talkies, such as The Jazz Singer (1927), used the Vitaphone system. The name “Vitaphone” derived from the Latin and Greek words, respectively, for “living” and “sound”.
  • The “Vitaphone” trademark was later associated with cartoons and other short subjects that had optical soundtracks and did not use discs.

The Far East is an English term (with equivalents in various other languages of Europe and Asia, Chinese 遠東 yuǎn dōng literally translating to “far east“) mostly describing East Asia (including the Russian Far East) and Southeast Asia,[1] with South Asia sometimes also included for economic and cultural reasons.[2]

The term came into use in European geopolitical discourse in the 12th century, denoting the Far East as the “farthest” of the three “easts”, beyond the Near East and the Middle East. For the same reason, Chinese people in the 19th and early 20th centuries called Western countries “Tàixī (泰西)”—i.e. anything further west than the Arab world. The term is less commonly used than in the past[3] as it allegedly connotes the “orientalism” of the 19th century more explicitly than East Asia. Since the 1960s, terms like East Asia and the Orient have become increasingly common.[4] East Asia remains the most common media term for the region today.[3


  • 1933 First Odditorium opens in Chicago
  • 1934 Does the first radio show broadcast simultaneously around the world and purchases 28-room home in Mamaroneck, New York
  • 1935 Odditorium opens in San Diego
  • 1936 Odditorium opens in Dallas
  • 1937 Odditorium opens in Cleveland; Peanuts creator Charles Schulz’s first published drawing appears in Believe it or Not!
  • 1939 Odditoriums open in San Francisco and New York City; Ripley receives honorary degree from Dartmouth College
  • 1940 Purchases a 13-room Manhattan apartment; receives two more honorary degrees; number of foreign countries visited through funding by Hearst reaches 201
  • 1945 Stops foreign travel to do World War II charity work
  • 1946 Purchases a Chinese junk, the Mon Lei (万里)
  • 1947 Purchases third home, at High Mount, Florida
  • 1948 Radio program ends; the 30th anniversary of Believe it or Not! is celebrated at a New York costume party
  • 1949 Ripley dies of a heart attack on May 27 in New York City, New York, shortly after thirteenth telecast of first television show and is buried in Santa Rosa; auction of his estate is held; estate is purchased by John Arthur.



Historic Time Line of a Company Built from One Single Cartoon in 1918

1890 – Robert Leroy Ripley was born in Santa Rosa, Calif. on Christmas Day.

1893 – Birth of sister Ethel.

1904 – Birth of brother Doug.

1906 – Played semi-professional baseball in Santa Rosa and sold his first artwork locally.

1908 - Robert Ripley quit school before graduating in order to support his widowed mother; made first major sale of a cartoon, “The Village Belles are Wringing,” to LIFE Magazine.

1909 – Joined the staff of the San Francisco Bulletin, then moved over to the San Francisco Chronicle when the rumor came out that he was about to get fired from the Chronicle.

1912 - August 28, Ripley’s last drawing for the Chronicle, moved to New York that winter.

1913 - January 2, landed a job and drew first cartoon for the New York Globe; later in the spring he tried out for the New York Giants, made the team, but got injured in his first game, ending his dreams of a baseball career.

1914 – Took his first trip abroad to Belgium and France.

1918 – December 19, published “Champs and Chumps” cartoon in New York Globe, long regarded as the first Believe It or Not! cartoon; moved into the New York Athletic Club.

1919 – October 16, the first cartoon with the Believe It or Not! headline was published; married Beatrice Roberts on October 21 but separated three months later.

1920 - Took his second trip to Europe (his first solo excursion) to cover the Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium.

1922 - December 3, embarked on his first around the world trip and returned on April 7, 1923; published his travel journal in installment form.

1923 – April 13, divorce from Beatrice was finalized; hired researcher/linguist Norbert Pearlroth as researcher; New York Globe newspaper closed down and Ripley moved to The New York Post.

1923-1929 – While drawing Believe It or Not! for The New York Post, the cartoon was syndicated by Associated Newspapers.

1925 - Took trip to South America, published his travel journal; published a handball guide.

1926 – Became the New York City handball champion representing the New York Athletic Club; published “Boxing Score,” a book on boxing.

1929 – July 9, he joined W. R. Hearst’s King Features Syndicate and the Believe It or Not! cartoon went from being published in 17 papers to world-wide distribution; first Believe It or Not! book was published.

1930 – Began his 14-year run on radio and his 19-year association with radio show promoter Doug Storer (future president of Ripley’s Believe It or Not!); Hearst funded Ripley’s wanderlust, starting a decade of world travel which culminated in Ripley visiting 201 countries by 1940; developed the concept of on-location live radio broadcasts throughout the decade, which became the Ripley radio show trademark with shows broadcast from underwater, in the sky, in caves in snake pits and from foreign countries.

1931 – Created movie shorts for Vitaphone Pictures, later owned by RKO; published his second Believe It or Not! book.

1932 - Took lengthy trip to the Orient; the first, biggest and most successful national Believe It or Not! contest was held.

1933 – July, opened his first Odditorium in Chicago, Ill. at the World’s Fair. It operated for the length of the fair.

1934 - Broadcast the first radio program heard simultaneously around the world; purchased a 28-room home on an island in Long Island Sound, off the shore from Mamaroneck, N.Y. and named it BION (Believe It or Not!) Island.

1935 - Opened odditorium at the California Pacific International Exposition in San Diego, Calif. It operated for the length of the fair.

1936 - Opened odditorium at The Texas Centennial Exposition in Dallas, Texas that operated for the length of the fair; in a national poll of newspaper readers Ripley was voted the most popular man in America, Roosevelt came in second.

1937 – Charles Schulz’s first ever-published drawing, a sketch of a cute little dog that would later become famous as “Snoopy,” appeared in the Believe It or Not! cartoon panel of Feb. 22; opened  odditorium at The Great Lakes Exposition in Cleveland that operated for the length of the fair.

1939 – Opened odditorium at the Golden Gate International Exposition in San Francisco   that operated for the length of the fair; opened odditorium in New York City on Times Square; received Honorary Degree from Dartmouth College.

1940 – Closed Times Square odditorium when invited to move exhibits to the New York World’s Fair in Flushing Meadows in Queens; purchased his second home, a Manhattan studio apartment with 13 rooms; received two more honorary degrees.

1940-45 – Ceased all foreign travel and concentrated on “Seeing America First,” a theme of his radio shows during that time; was busy with World War II charity work, including a Madison Square Gardens baseball game featuring Babe Ruth.

1946 - Purchased his Chinese junk, the Mon Lei.

1947 – Purchased his third home in Hi Mount, Florida.

1948 - Created a TV show pilot; took last foreign trip to the Orient and Hawaii; celebrated 30th anniversary of Believe It or Not! with an elaborate costume party at Toot Shor’s famous nightclub in NYC.

1949 - Starred in his first TV series; died on May 27 from heart failure after collapsing on the set of his weekly television show, live on air while interviewing a man about the military custom of playing Taps at funerals. It was Ripley’s 13th TV show.

1949 – Public auction of the Ripley estate was held; exhibits and artifacts were purchased by circus impresario John Arthur; long time friend and radio producer Doug Storer teamed up with Ripley’s brother Doug Ripley to take over the publication of the Ripley Believe It or Not! cartoon and books; Paul Frehm became the Ripley cartoon artist.

1950 – December 9 – John Arthur opened the first permanent Believe It or Not! museum in St. Augustine, which still operates in its original location, Warden’s Castle.

1950s - John Arthur opened a NYC odditorium on Times Square in 1957 where it operated until 1966; several traveling trailer shows toured the country; rights to Louis Tussaud’s Waxworks acquired for Canada and a few years later for the U.S. and the rest of the world.

1957 - Doug Ripley sold all family interest in the company to Doug Storer who joined with John Arthur to bring both exhibits and publishing back together into one company.

1960 – Doug Storer retired after a 30 year association with Ripley.

1963 – Alec Rigby, a Canadian, became a partner in the company and built the third Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Still in operation, it is located in Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada.

1966 – The company opened a Believe It or Not! museum in San Francisco, which is still in operation.

1968 – Believe It or Not! museum opened in Chicago. It closed in 1986; publication of the 50th Anniversary Edition of Ripley’s Believe It or Not! cartoon took place in December.

1969 - Alec Rigby became sole owner of Ripley’s Believe It or Not! and moved the company headquarters from New York City to Toronto, Canada.

1970-76 – Several Ripley museums opened, including Gatlinburg, Tenn. and Myrtle Beach, S.C.; the first overseas facility opened in Blackpool, England in 1972. It closed in 1976.

1972 – Santa Rosa honored Ripley with a city run memorial in “The Church of One Tree” which closed in 1998.

1973 – Robert Masterson, the future president of Ripley Entertainment was hired to work at the San Francisco museum.

1976 – Head Ripley researcher Norbert Pearlroth retired after 53 years of service.

1978 – Paul Frehm retired as Ripley cartoonist, replaced by his brother Walter Frehm.

1980-1985 – Ripley owner Alec Rigby turned the operation of the company over to John Withers; 1980-1984, successful national television show, Ripley’s Believe It or Not! starring Jack Palance was broadcast.

1985 – January, the company was purchased from Alec Rigby by Canadian entrepreneur Jim Pattison of Vancouver; October 1, the Las Vegas Believe It or Not! opened as the first franchised Ripley museum.

1988 – Ripley’s Believe It or Not opened in Surfer’s Paradise, Australia as a franchise and as the first Asian museum. It was later acquired by Ripley Entertainment Inc. It shut down temporarily in 2007 and is set to reopen in December 2009 in a  new building.

1989 – John Withers retired as company president of Ripley’s Believe It or Not! and Bob Masterson took over that position; Walter Frehm retired as artist and was replaced by Don Wimmer in January 1990; Ripley’s left King Features Syndicate after 60 years and moved to United Media which still syndicates the cartoon to more than 200 newspapers worldwide.

1990-93 – Several franchised museums, domestic and foreign, including Orlando and Korea opened; new museum opened in Blackpool, England.

1991 - The first Ripley’s Moving Theater opened in Gatlinburg, Tenn.

1992 - Ripley’s Moving Theaters opened in Niagara Falls, Canada and Myrtle Beach, S.C.

1993 - Ripley Entertainment Inc. headquarters moved to Orlando, Fla. from Toronto; 75th Anniversary of Ripley’s Believe It or Not! cartoon was celebrated; 90-minute television documentary, “The Life and Times of Robert Ripley” was broadcast on TBS network.

1993-97 – Asian expansion took place with openings of museums in Thailand, Korea, Jakarta and Hong Kong.

1996 – Guinness World Records Museum franchise rights were acquired.

1997 – The first Ripley Aquarium opened in Myrtle Beach, S.C. By 2007, more than 10 million guests had visited the aquarium, which is still the state’s most attended paid attraction.

1999 - First Ripley Haunted Adventure in Gatlinburg, Tenn. opened as a year-round, multi-million dollar haunted house with live actors.

2000 – The first Guinness World Record Experience in Orlando opened. It closed in 2002; Ripley’s Aquarium of the Smokies opened in Gatlinburg, Tenn.; new television show starring Dean Cain premiered. Eighty-eight shows ran over four seasons with the last shown in 2003 before going into successful world-wide syndication.

2001- Ripley’s three Moving Theaters were converted to become 3-D presentations.

2002 – Museums in Genting Highlands, Kuala Lumpur, and Malaysia opened; second Haunted Adventure was opened in Myrtle Beach; Davey Crockett Mini-Golf, the company’s first venture into miniature golf opened in Gatlinburg, Tenn.

2003 – New museums opened in Key West, Fla. and New Orleans, La.; third Haunted Adventure opened in San Antonio.

2004 - In January, Ripley Entertainment Inc. acquired two of its franchised Believe It or Not! museums and two Louis Tussaud’s wax museums from Classic Attractions in San Antonio and Grand Prairie, Texas; St Augustine Sightseeing trains were acquired; Ripley Publishing company was launched with successful the New York Times best seller, Ripley’s Believe It or Not!;  Ripley cartoonist Don Wimmer retired and was replaced by John Graziano, becoming only the fifth artist to ever draw the Ripley cartoon.

2004 - Ripley Entertainment Inc. moved its corporate office to a new location in Orlando, Fla., combining the art department, the exhibit warehouse and administrative offices under one roof for the first time in the company’s history.

2005 – Ripley’s Old MacDonald’s Farm Mini-Golf and Super Fun Zone opened in Sevierville, Tenn.; new Louis Tussaud’s Waxworks opened in Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada, replacing an earlier waxworks that had operated for nearly 40 years; Ripley’s Believe It or Not! opened in Kuwait as the company’s first venture in the Middle East.

2006 – Believe It or Not museums opened in Williamsburg, Va. and Panama City Beach, Fla.; April, Great Wolf Lodge Water Park Resort in Niagara Falls, Canada opened as Ripley’s first venture into the hospitality industry.  The wholly-owned Ripley lodge is, to date, the single largest Ripley investment, encompassing 406 hotel suites and 103,000 square feet of indoor water park fun!

2007 - June, Ripley’s Believe It or Not! museum made a triumphant return to New York City’s Times Square after an absence of 35 years; Ripley’s first Mirror Maze attraction opened in Grand Prairie, Texas.

2008 – January 1, Bob Masterson named chairman of Ripley Entertainment Inc. and Jim Pattison Jr. takes over as president.

2008 – Ripley’s entered India for the first time, opening a Believe It or Not!, a Ripley’s Marvelous Mirror Maze and a Louis Tussaud’s Waxworks, in Bangalore; May, a new Ripley’s Believe It or Not! odditorium replaced the 20-year old museum in San Antonio, Texas, across from the Alamo; August, a Ripley’s Believe It or Not! and a Marvelous Mirror Maze opened in London, England at One Piccadilly Circus; Ripley’s Marvelous Mirror Mazes opened in Gatlinburg, Tenn. and  Myrtle Beach, S.C.; August 1 – 3, World famous Weeki Wachee Mermaids performed for the first time outside of their home waters in Florida in 61 years. Ripley’s Aquarium in Myrtle Beach hosted the finned beauties for nine shows.

2009 – January, Ripley’s Impossible LaseRace opened at Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Museum in Grand Prairie, Texas; February, “Babies” exhibit opens at Ripley’s Aquarium in Myrtle Beach, S.C. for the remainder of 2009; February, “Lethal Weapons” exhibit opens at Ripley’s Aquarium of the Smokies in Gatlinburg, Tenn. for the remainder of 2009; February 28, 23 sword swallowers celebrate International Sword Swallowers Awareness Day at 8 Believe It or Not! Museums – New York City, London, Gatlinburg, Hollywood, Ocean City, Atlantic City, Niagara Falls, Canada and Orlando.

2009 – April 10, Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Museum in Buena Park, Calif. closes after 20 years; May 1-3, Weeki Wachee Mermaids perform 9 shows at Ripley’s Aquarium of the Smokies in Gatlinburg, Tenn.

2009 – Ripley opens new LaseRace at New York City’s Believe It or Not! odditorium;  Louis Tussaud’s Waxworks opens in Pattaya, Thailand; Ripley Radio – An On-Demand Oddcast, premieres in September marking the first time since 1947 that the Believe It or Not! brand had a presence on radio; Ripley’s Believe It or Not! opens in Veracruz, Mexico in December. 

2010 – In January, Ripley’s Believe It or Not! re-opens in Surfers Paradise, South Queensland, Australia following a one and a half year closure for rebuilding of a totally new show; Lethal Weapons exhibit opens in Ripley’s Aquarium in Myrtle Beach for remainder of 2010.

2010 – Ripley Entertainment Inc. purchases two of its successful franchises: Orlando, Fla., and Branson, Mo. in January; Ripley’s Penguin Playhouse opens at Ripley’s Aquarium of the Smokies in Gatlinburg, Tenn. in March; Ripley Entertainment Inc. purchases its two Copenhagen franchises, Ripley’s Believe It or Not! and the Guinness World Records Museum, along with two stand alone attractions – The Mystic Exploratorie and the Hans Christian Andersen’s Wonderful World in April.

2010 – Ripley’s Marvelous Mirror Maze & Candy Factory and Ripley’s LaseRace opens in Ocean City, Md., on May 28. In early June, Ripley’s Marvelous Mirror Maze & Candy Store opens in El Paso, marking Ripley Entertainment Inc.’s first foray into that city.

2010 - Following a six-month, $5 million renovation, Ripley’s Believe It or Not! in San Francisco, Calif., opens on June 30, with its big grand re-opening party being held on July 26. In addition to the major renovation that resulted in nearly 90% of the exhibits being replaced, the company opens a Marvelous Mirror Maze & Candy and Toy Factory as part of the attraction.

2010 - The Weeki Wachee Mermaids perform 12 shows at each of the Ripley Aquariums. They return to Myrtle Beach for the third year, July 23-25; and to Gatlinburg for the second season, August 6-8.

2010 - In its first outing as a trade show exhibitor since 1999, Ripley Entertainment  wins the “Image Award” for best booth at the Nov. 16-19 Attractions Expo of the International Assn. of Amusement Parks & Attractions (IAAPA) held in Orlando. At IAAPA, Ripley unveils new Believe It or Not! franchise opportunity, a new attractions concept for Guinness World Records, and a new wax figure of Erik Sprague, the Lizardman.

2010 - In December,  Ripley’s Aquarium of  The Smokies celebrates its 10th anniversary and Ripley Entertainment celebrates its 40th, in Gatlinburg, Tenn. The new franchised Ripley’s Believe It or Not! opens on Jeju Island, South Korea on Christmas Eve Day, December 24.

2011 - Following a successful three-year world tour, the two Ripley’s Fertility Statues are placed on permanent disply at the Orlando Believe It or Not! Odditorium. It was announced in February that Ripley Entertainment Inc. and Simon & Schuster, Inc. reached a sales and distribution agreement for Ripley’s large annual book to take effect in April. On February 26, more than 30 sword swallowers “drop” swords at 10 Believe It or Not! locations to celebrate the fifth annual Ripley’s sponsored World Sword Swallower’s Day.

2011- iSword, Ripley’s first-ever app, is released for the iPad and the iPhone in July. The oldest boxer to ever win a world championship, Bernard Hopkins spends two days in the Ripley art department having a wax figure created in July. The statue is presented at pre-fight activities in October prior to Hopkins defense of his title. The fight, officially named “Believe It or Not!: Bernard Hopkins Vs. Chad Dawson,” brings huge attention to the Ripley brand.  Ripley’s acquires 97 pieces of the world’s largest collection of micro-sculptures by famed British artist Willard Wigan.

2011 - On July 8, Ripley Entertainment purchases its Key West Believe It or Not! Odditorium. On August, 17, plans to build Ripley’s Aquarium of Canada are officially announced at at press conference in Toronto. The $130 million family attraction will be built at the base of the CN Tower and is set to open in Summer 2013. On September 13, the eighth book in its new annual series, “Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Strikingly True,” is released. A press conference at Ripley’s art department on September 14, features Maria Jose Christerna, known as the Mexican Vampire Woman, as she prepares to have a wax figure created of herself.

2011 - Oct. 10, Ripley’s Believe It or Not! announces licensing agreement with American Gaming Systems to develop casino games. “Ripley’s Scream in the Dark” darkride opens at the Believe It or Not! in Pattaya, Thailand on October 29. All North American Believe It or Not! Odditoriums promote a nationwide “Gimme Five Food Drive” for Nov. 6-10. All who donate five non-perishable food items get into Odditoriums or $5. Seven tons of food is collected.

2012 - Ripley’s Believe It or Not! presents The Lucky Daredevil Thrill Show at The Ohio State University on January 12. “Perfect Predators: SHARKS,” opens at Ripley’s Aquarium of the Smokies. Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Hollywood re-opens after major renovation on January 10. Boxer Bernard Hopkins is presented a personal wax figure for his trophy room during his birthday party in Philadelphia on January 17.

2012 - The Swarovski-covered Mini-Cooper car is lifted by crane out of the London Believe It or Not! Odditorium early in the morning of February 4 through a hole in the fifth floor roof. A Ferrari made of yarn was lifted back in to replace the Mini-Cooper that will be the centerpiece attraction at the new Baltimore Odditorium. On February 13, more than 1,000 people, from seven countries and 36 states gather at Ripley’s Believe It or Not! St. Augustine to renew their wedding vows. More than 30 sword swallowers gather at 12 Believe It or Not! Odditoriums to celebrate World Sword Swallower’s Day on February 25. “Dinosaurs – When Giants Ruled,” opens on March 30 at Ripley’s Aquarium in Myrtle Beach.

2012- Robert Ripley is inducted into the Coney Island Sideshow Hall of Fame at Coney Island USA on April 13. Ripley Entertainment Inc. acquires the Panama City Beach, Fla. Believe It or Not! Odditorium and 3-D Theater at Panama from its franchisee on April 20. To officially announce the new Baltimore Believe It or Not! Odditorium, set to open in June, daredevil Nik Wallenda walks across the Baltimore Harbor on May 9, attracting 10,000 viewers lining the harbor and countless millions on live TV coverage.

2012 - Sultan Kosen, the world’s tallest man, helps Ripley launch its new Guinness World Records Attraction concept during the IAAPA Asian Expo in Hong Kong on June 5.  Following a two-week soft opening, the Baltimore Believe It or Not! Odditorium officially opens on June 26 with a gala party. Ripley’s presents the “Summer Side Show” at Quassy Amusement Park for two weeks starting on July 9.  Ripley’s Aquarium in Myrtle Beach welcomes its 15th million visitor on July 25.

2012 - Ripley’s Aquarium of the Smokies welcomes its 15th million visitor on August 7.  Ripley’s newest annual  ”Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Download the Weird,” goes on sale September 11 and incorporates the latest in technology, allowing the Oddscan app to bring book items to life via video.  Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Orlando celebrates it’s 20th anniversary and Halloween with the first-ever Oddtoberfest on October 6. Ripley’s Believe it or Not! Times Square wins “Franchise of the Year” award from Ripley Entertainment on October 24.

2012 - Robert Masterson, who served as Ripley president for 20 years (1989-2009) and spent 36 years total with the company (1973-2009), is inducted into the Hall of Fame of the International Assn. of Amusement Parks & Attractions (IAAPA) during its annual convention in Orlando on November 13.

Exhibition Review

<NYT_HEADLINE type=” ” version=”1.0″>O, Believers, Prepare to Be Amazed!

Nicole Bengiveno/The New York Times

The Ripley’s Believe It Or Not! Odditorium, which opened on 42nd Street in Manhattan, is “so entertaining and provocative that it’s worth special attention,” Edward Rothstein writes. More Photos >

// //

<NYT_BYLINE type=” ” version=”1.0″>

Published: August 24, 2007
<NYT_TEXT>Before you leave even the first gallery in the Times Square Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Odditorium, which opened on West 42nd Street in June, you have already seen a six-legged cow, a legless acrobat, a car made of wood, the world’s ugliest woman and an albino giraffe. Look up: A bulbous replica of a 1,400-pound man hangs above the main floor, held aloft presumably just as the man himself was when a forklift heaved his body out of his home after he died in 1991.

If you are tempted to say, “Now I’ve seen everything,” believe it or not, you haven’t, because you have yet to see a miniature sculpture of Babe Ruth created from used chewing gum (“ABC Sculpture” it’s called); shrunken heads of an infant, toddler and boy executed by a barbaric Ecuadorean tribe (“No Child Left Behind”); a four-legged chicken bred by a Romanian farmer to produce more drumsticks (“All Fowled Up”); and a fossilized walrus penis used in tribal warfare (“Male Sex Club”).

By the time you pass through all 17,000 square feet of this attraction — museum is too solemn a word — you still won’t be able to say, “Now I’ve seen everything” because (as a character in the film “Team America” points out) you won’t have seen a man eating his own head. But you will have been amazed at many things, and perhaps even cry aloud a few times, asserting how much easier it would be to choose the second alternative in this franchise’s title than the first. This feeling is particularly intense when you are looking at something real rather than a replica — a shrunken head instead of the ugliest woman, an instrument of medieval torture instead of a photograph of a mutant.

And yes, along with the fascination comes a kind of unease, a sense that one is perversely peeping at a natural world immodestly stripped of its decorousness, or gazing luridly at its oddest human inhabitants. Circuses used to have freak shows in which (one cringes to recall) malformed, grotesque and exotic humanity was paraded before paying crowds. The freakish breaks all rules; it seems beyond belief because it fails to make any sense; it upsets comforting notions. The freakish is the ultimate avant-garde, a finger in the eye of the buttoned-up bourgeois vision of ordered life, like a tattoo parlor in the midst of a holistic spa.

The voyeuristic sense of gaining entry to a forbidden, exotic and at times unsettling realm is something Ripley’s shares with a neighboring attraction on 42nd Street: Madame Tussauds. Waxworks, since their origins in the 18th century, have offered a similar window into the world of exceptions, violations, disruptions. Royalty, celebrity and criminality were the great wax subjects. Madame Tussaud (who gave the attraction its now-jettisoned apostrophe) even made wax models from guillotined heads during the Reign of Terror. Waxworks traditionally include a chamber of horrors, even this one, which is more haunted by the personas of J. Lo and Britney than anybody resembling Jack the Ripper. But more about Madame and her institution a little later.

Despite some flaws (and some editing errors in the labels), the new Ripley’s is so entertaining and provocative that it’s worth special attention. Ripley’s hasn’t had a presence in New York since it abandoned Times Square in 1972, when the neighborhood started to become a bit too much like the shadowy world of extravagant desire and freakishness portrayed within. Now, the Odditorium can more comfortably be the exception to the surroundings rather than an extension of it.

But it is still intent on channeling the cartoonist, columnist and amateur anthropologist Robert LeRoy Ripley, whom newspaper readers in 1936 named the most popular man in America. His life could be recounted in the style he perfected for his “Believe It or Not!” feature:

¶Ripley, who came to New York from San Francisco, tried out for the Giants in 1914 and was accepted! But he broke his pitching arm the very first game he played.

¶Ripley began his cartooning career chronicling sports statistics and records, but he got more mileage from noting bizarre achievements! One Toronto man he cited “ran 100 yards backwards in 14 seconds.”

¶Ripley’s feature became so successful that he traveled around the world adding to his collections from exotic locales. But he was terrified of the telephone!

¶For all his tireless energy, Ripley, in 1949 at the age of 55, suffered a fatal heart attack during a live broadcast of his television show … a show about the playing of taps at military funerals!

This was the man who, wearing a pith helmet, knickers and argyle socks, can be seen in videos at the Odditorium gleefully kicking up his heels with an African tribal dancer, or loading camels with memorabilia. His personal collections of beer steins, shrunken heads, tribal masks and “pranks of nature,” like a two-headed calf, are sampled here. They also form the foundation of the other Odditoriums now run by Ripley Entertainment, which continues to add to the oddities. The label style remains a cross between the Coney Island barker and the cultural anthropologist. We are told, for example, that not telling the truth was a capital offense in ancient China, and that violators were tied to a heated stove pipe. Ripley’s label reads: “Liar, Liar, Pants on Fire.”

O, Believers, Prepare to Be Amazed!// //

Published: August 24, 2007
<NYT_TEXT>(Page 2 of 2)You never know just what to make of Ripley’s facts and objects. They are so removed from their contexts that all they can do is amaze: history becomes the domain of adventurer-tourists, prepared for sensations and thrills. That splitting apart — the isolation of the strange to make it stranger — is one of the place’s hallmarks. Ripley’s adores cataclysm. One of John Wilkes Booth’s Derringers is here. (It was a backup in case his first shot at Lincoln missed.) Bizarre abilities are also combined with bizarre disabilities. The man who, lacking arms, does everything with his feet; the man whose skull is pierced by his power drill and lives to tell the tale. And cultural perversities are plentiful. Here can be found the bound feet of Chinese women, along with the torture instruments of medieval Europe, including an iron maiden from 16th-century Austria, which used spikes in a particularly unsettling manner.

It might seem at first that Ripley, exploring the world just as its imperial empires were beginning to disintegrate and accumulating relics of premodern cultures, was condescending, mocking them with his exclamation points. But there is something refreshing about Ripley’s enthusiastic refusal to homogenize humanity’s extremes. And his gaze roamed across his own culture’s peculiarities too, treating them with the same amazement. Perhaps as a form of defense, the point is made explicit: Western viewers don’t have too much to feel superior about, at least here. While African women of the Sara tribe have stretched their lips out nine inches using clay discs, the modern American woman applies Botox with a hypodermic needle. While Padaung women of Burma stretch their necks with brass rings, Western women expand their breasts with silicone.

At any rate, the world is a strange place indeed, even if most of us don’t build a replica of the Spanish armada out of 250,000 matchsticks or find 20,179 four-leaf clovers, as two of Ripley’s contributors did.

If you need more convincing, simply walk a few steps east, to Madame Tussauds. At first there isn’t a hint of anything odd. The waxworks, which from its founder’s death in 1850 until 1970 was a purely British institution, has gone mass market. Tussauds is now part of Merlin Entertainments Group, with attractions in Amsterdam, London, New York, Las Vegas, Hong Kong and Shanghai; in October one will open in Washington. And in the New York version, which claims 850,000 visitors a year, a huge model of the Hulk welcomes you, an “American Idol” room is a mini-theater, Johnny Depp promotes “Pirates of the Caribbean” and an overwrought presentation of Superman guides you to the gift shop. A good number of exhibitions like these are promotional partnerships with other entertainment companies.

So is this just a matter of seeing life-size versions of images already too much with us (and some far too dated as well)? Is this why up to $125,000 and six months of labor are spent on each wax reproduction, some of which also bear too vague a resemblance to the familiar images we know so well? But there is something else here too, even if in its current incarnation it all seems a bit denatured.

Until recently wax figures at Tussauds were mostly shown within tableaus, posed in historical dioramas, roped off from viewers. When I saw the Tussauds in London, decades ago, figures from history gathered for momentous events. When Madame Tussaud trained in 18th-century Paris, waxworks even served as a kind of molten ticker tape, their ever-changing scenes chronicling the French Revolution’s cataclysms.

But in the last generation the ropes have come down. The figures stand or sit among the visitors. They are touched, groped, posed with. They become part of environments: a Broadway opening-night party, a nightclub. One large gallery is reserved for serious celebrities and high achievers: Abe Lincoln, Gandhi, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Leonard Bernstein, Bill Clinton and Albert Einstein literally rub shoulders with visiting schoolchildren and digital-camera-wielding tourists.

As in Ripley’s, history dissolves into sensation; here the thrill is celebrity. The close contact makes these figures seem familiar. They are placed on the same level as their visitors, who are even superior to them in lifelike qualities. But sometimes a wax figure looks out of those glass eyes with unusual intensity, or there is enough of a resemblance to remind the fleshy onlookers of something more mysterious in these curious figures, something existing beyond the wax.

Celebrity always involves a double move: an off-putting superiority felt through the intimacy of vulgar gossip. Here at Tussauds the figures are neither off-putting nor vulgar; they can neither be condescended to nor put on pedestals. Instead we find ourselves looking into fun-house mirrors and through odd lenses, that, believe it or not, disrupt the cool poise of celebrity and leave everything even stranger than it once was


  1. ^ NNDB Biography Of Robert L.Ripley
  2. ^ Robert L.Ripley Bizarre Magazine. February 2006.
  3. ^ Ripley Time Line
  4. ^ Rothstein, Edward (August 24, 2007). Believer ,Prepare To be Amazed   Retrieved 2008-08-14.
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Kisah Pertualangan

HOK Tanzil


Dr Iwan Suwnady,MHA

Khusus Untuk Anggota KISI

Hak Cipta@ 2013


Kisah pertualangan HOK Yanzil keliling Indonesia dan dunia sekitar tahun 1970-1980 yang dimuat dalam majallah Inti sari telah memebrikan inspirasikepada saya untuk melakukan pertualangan yang sama yang sudah di tulis dalam buku Kisah Pertualangan WANLISON (Iwan Lily dan anak-anak) .

Perbedaannya adalah HOK Tanzil selainmemberikan catatan tentang keusliatan perjalanannya dan anyak mengenai Kuliner yang digarap oleh isternia yang kemudian terkenal dengan restaurant NY Tanzil.

Kami sama –sama seorang dokter ,bedanya HOK Tanzil ahli mikrobiologi yang menemukan cara p0ewarnaan pemeriksaan preparat dari ludah penderita untuk menemukan basil than asam alias BTA kuman TBC yang mengabungkan dua tehnik yang lebih sulit sehingga jadi prkatis yaitu Kinyoun dan Gabbet,awalnya Kinyou dn akhirnya Gabbet. Sedang saya ahli strategi administrasi Rumag Sakit yang lebih memikirkan strategi dan tekti menempuh masa depan yang diawali dengan menulis tentang sejarah Indonesia dari sbelum masehi sampai 19999, dan juag memiliki hobi mengumpulkan koleksi langka dan unik yang didapat inspirasi dari pertualng yang lain seperti Columbus,magelhaens dan penulis komik yang terkenal Bielive or Not.

Sat ini akan saya bahas tentang kisah pertualangan HOK Tanzil ,ia smapai saat ini masih hidup dan berumur 90 tahun.

Jkaarta November 2013

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA



HOK Tanzil: Tempat Ini Hanya Satu di Dunia

author : Verena Gabriella
Sunday, 15 September 2013 – 09:03 am

SUMBER :akarrumputadventure

Tanah Toraja yang indah. - Inilah kisah perjalanan H.O.K. Tanzil ke Tana Toraja yang dia tulis di Intisari edisi Oktober 1978 dengan judul asli “Mengunjungi Tana Toraja”.

Desa Kete (2 km) adalah tempat keempat yang kami kunjungi. Kami lihat para penduduk mengukir dinding rumahnya. Gambar langsung diukir dengan sebilah pisau yang sangat tajam tanpa lebih dulu dilukiskan dengan pensil. Di desa inipun nampak ada beberapa peti jenazah yang dipertontonkan.

Setelah mengisi perut, perjalanan dilanjutkan ke Palawa, 9 km ke Utara, ke sebuah desa Toraja tua. Di Marante, sebuah desa Toraja terdapat kuburan yang katanya tertua. Letaknya tinggi sekali, kira-kira 50 m di atas dan sisa sebuah balkon masih nampak. Di gua-gua kecil di bawah tercecer tebela-tebela terbuka berisi kerangka.

Obyek pariwisata terakhir hari itu ialah Nanggala. Katanya, kampung itu dimiliki oleh seorang janda ningrat yang kaya. Ia masih tinggal di situ. Terlihat belasan rumah tinggal khas Toraja berderet rapih dan di depannya ada sederetan lumbung padi. Sawah dan tanah yang ditumbuhi pohon buah-buahan sangat luas.

Sore pukul 16.30 selesailah tour yang sangat menarik tapi melelahkan itu. Akhirnya kami sampai ke hotel di Ujung Pandang pada pukul 4 pagi, setelah 10 jam perjalanan. Patut dicatat bahwa makanan lain yang nikmat dan murah di kota itu ialah ayam goreng dengan sopnya yang banyak dikenal umum di sana.

Paginya sebelum berangkat ke Jakarta kami masih berkesempatan ke Malino, kota di daerah pegunungan pada ketinggian 1050 m. Letaknya 70 km ke timur dari Ujung Pandang melalui Sungguminasa. Kira-kira sepertiga perjalanan sebelum tujuan, jalan mendaki dan berliku-liku dengan lembah dan pegunungan yang cantik. Kota peristirahatan ini tak besar.

Bila mencari ketenteraman di hawa sejuk inilah tempatnya. Keamanan di Sul-Sel baik. Pintu mobil yang diparkir tak perlu dikunci, bahkan jendela kaca tak pernah kami tutup padahal barang belian tetap di mobil. Tidak ada barang yang hilang. Disiplin penumpang bus dan para pengemudi di Sul-Sel patut dicontoh. Sifat toleran dan mau mengakui hak orang lain sangat menyenangkan kami. Tator (Tana Toraja) sebagai obyek pariwisata internasional bernilai tinggi. Buktinya banyak turis asing mengunjungi daerah itu.

Sebagai obyek pariwisata Nasional, menurut saya, mengunjungi Tator termasuk sesuatu yang mewah. Berpiknik ke Tator sangat dianjurkan, karena biayanya ringan. Naik bis selain lebih cepat dan murah (Ujung Pandang-Rantepao biayanya Rp. 1.350,- untuk satu tempat duduk) dapat pula dipesan lebih untuk seorang tanpa kuatir diserobot. Mengenai ongkos makan dan hotel tentu tergantung dari masing-masing selera dan kemampuan.

Yang membuat biaya trip ke Tator jadi tinggi adalah harga tiket p.p. Jakarta-Ujung Pandang yaitu lebih kurang Rp. 85.000,- seorang. Kalau semata-mata hendak pesiar maka orang akan memilih ke Singapura, apalagi untuk orang yang sok luar negeri. Biaya pesawat terbang ke sana p.p. hanya sekitar Rp.55.000,-. Namun untuk kami, mengunjungi Tana Toraja dengan kuburan-kuburan khasnya memberi kepuasan walaupun dengan susah payah karena melihat sesuatu tidak ada di tempat lain di dunia.


HOK Tanzil: Naik Bis Air ke Muara Bengkal

SUMBER : Birgitta Ajeng

Bis air.

Inilah cerita H.O.K. Tanzil saat pergi ke Kalimantan yang dia tulis di Intisari edisi Agustus 1979 dengan judul asli

“Melancong ke Kalimantan”. - Pukul 14.00 tibalah kami di dermaga ferry dan antri sebagai mobil no. 16 untuk menyeberang. Biayanya Rp 1000 untuk jip dan Rp 25 untuk orang.

Ferry satu-satunya mondar-mandir untuk menghubungkan kedua tepi S. Mahakam tiap setengah jam dalam waktu kurang lebih 10 menit penyeberangan. Pengapalan dan pendaratan kendaraan secara “rollon and roll-off” lancar sekali.

Langsung saya menuju ke jurusan pusat kota Samarinda yang lebih kurang 7 km ke hilir S. Mahakam. Dari kota yang saya pernah kunjungi hampir 40 tahun yang lalu ini, yang diingat dan digunakan sebagai patokan adalah batas paling hilir, yaitu Karangmumus.

Bukan nama-nama saja yang berlainan, namun buat saya semuanya berubah. Kota meluas, memadat, tambah cantik dan modern.

Kami menginap di mess PT MS. Pemimpinnya Ir. Yahya begitu baik menemani dan membantu kami lebih mengenali kotanya. Tujuan utama kami ke Kalimantan ialah menelusuri S. Mahakam sedalam-dalamnya dengan bis air.

Menurut koran yang pernah saya baca, hal itu dapat dilaksanakan sampai Long Iram.

Dengan perkiraan ini pada tanggal 25 April 1979 pukul 07.30 kami ke dermaga ferry, untuk memesan tempat di bis air (BA) ke hulu Mahakam. Ternyata ada bis air hanya sampai Muara Muntai sejauh 201 km (Long Iram sejauh 404 km), yang akan berangkat pukul 10.00 (Belum sebulan setelah kami kembali dari Kalimantan, hubungan dengan Long Iram dengan bis air dibuka.

Sayang sekali terlambat! Saya beli 2 helai karcis a Rp 1500 dan mendapat nomor tempat duduk, di antara 42 buah. Konon BA itu akan sampai pukul 12.00 malam, dan kami dapat menginap di sebuah losmen. Saya pikir esoknya akan mencari pengangkutan selanjutnya ke Long Iram.

Kebetulan di dekat loket ada seorang pramugari BA mengatakan esoknya akan ada BA yang akan dicoba ke Muara Bengkal, suatu kota sejauh 368 km ke hulu Samarinda. Langsung saya tanya apakah kami boleh ikut, walaupun harus membayar. Dikatakan agar saya ke kantor (sejauh 7 km) untuk menghubungi bapak kepala.

Mesin jip sudah dihidupkan untuk ke sana, ketika kami dipanggil karena kebetulan Bapak R. Soewarto, Kepala Sub. Proyek ASDF (Angkutan Sungai, Danau dan Ferry) Kaltim, baru datang di situ.

Kepada beliau (kebetulan seorang pembaca Intisari juga) saya utarakan maksud kami. Ternyata, bukan saja tak usah bayar, bahkan kami mendapat undangan resmi untuk mengikuti pelayaran percobaan ke Muara Bengkal pada esok harinya tanggal 26 April 1979 pukul 07.30.

Secara bergurau beliau juga minta agar isteri saya membantu masak selama pelayaran, yang akan memakan waktu sekitar 40 jam itu. Dengan senang hati kami menyanggupinya.

Pada saat yang ditentukan kami tiba di dermaga ferry dengan membawa bahan pangan ala kadarnya untuk sangu.

Ternyata bahwa kami akan ikut serta sudah diberitahukan kepada semua pembantu di dermaga ferry. Penyambutan, keramahan dengan keterangan-keterangan mereka sangat mengesankan kami.

Begitu Pak Soewarto datang, Bis Air 004 siap berangkat memulai pelayaran percobaannya ke Muara Bengkal.


Kisah Perjalanan HOK Tanzil



Kisah Perjalanan HOK Tanzil


Kisah Perjalanan HOK Tanzil





a traveler’s notes – the published version of Mr. Tanzil’s traveler’s notes series run in Intisari monthly magazine.

HOK Tanzil Keliling Australia (1): Ingin Naik Bis Ansett Pioneer

SUMBER  : Birgitta Ajeng

dok. Intisari

Tulisan H.O.K. Tanzil di Majalah Intisari edisi Februari 1980 dengan judul asli - Pengembaraan saya dan isteri di Australia ini berlangsung antara tanggal 30 Mei s/d 19 Juni 1976.

Jauh sebelumnya, waktu di Hong Kong, saya membaca sebuah brosur mengenai kemungkinan membeli Aussieoass untuk berkeliling di Australia dengan bis Ansett Pioneer selama 30 hari. Biayanya AU$140. Karcis ini harus dibeli di luar Australia dan sepengetahuan saya, tidak dapat dibeli di Jakarta.

Karena itu saya minta keterangan dari Ansett Pioneer Office,Oxford Square, Cnr. Oxford & Riley Streets, Sydney, Australia. Mereka memberi balasa: bila kami mengirim biaya sebesar dua kali AU$ 140 untuk kami berdua, mereka akan menyiapkan tiket dan segala yang diperlukan. Kami dapat mengambilnya bila tiba di Sydney. Anjuran itu saya penuhi.

Pesawat DC 10 dari UTA sampai di L.U. Kingsford Smith, Sydney, pada tanggal 30 Mei 1976 pukul 17.00, dari Noumea, New Caledonia. Lama penerbangan 3 jam (Lihat Intisari no. 194, September 1979). Pemeriksaan imigrasi dan Bea Cukai lancar dan cepat. Kami menukarkan uang di bank. Untuk tiap AS$1 diperoleh AU$0.80.

Di bagian penerangan saya tanyakan hotel yang dekat dengan letak kantor Ansett Pioneer, agar kami mudah mengambil ticket bis.

Dengan sebuah taxi kami dibawa ke Hotel Koala, Oxford Square. Biayanya AU$4.50. Hotel Koala yang cukup mewah ini segedung dengan kantor Ansett Pioneer. Segera kami ambil Aisiepass yang sudah tersedia dan langsung memesan tempat untuk esoknya. Kami akan memulai perjalanan dengan bis dari Sydney ke Melbourne.

Malamnya setelah makan dalam kamar hotel kami menikmati siaran TV yang mempunyai 4 saluran.

Bis Ansett Pioneer

Esok paginya pukul 06.30 kami meninggalkan hotel setelah membayar AU$ 28.50. Setasiun bis di bagian belakang hotel sangat memudahkan.

Kami meninggalkan Sydney secepat mungkin dengan pertimbangan akan melihat-lihat kota itu pada akhir perjalanan.

Bis Pioneer Australia sebanding dengan bis Greyhound di AS/Kanada. Suhu dalam bis 22°C. Tempat duduk seperti dalam pesawat udara, dapat disetel. Masing-masing dilengkapi dengan lampu untuk membaca. Di bagian belakang ada kamar kecil. Jendela kaca yang luas dan rendah melapangkan penglihatan.

Kalau pengemudi bis Greyhound AS disebut “operator”, maka di Australiaia dijuluki “captain”. Mereka ini mendapat pendidikan khusus, harus rohani dan jasmani sehat. Ini dikontrol secara periodik oleh dokter. Mereka sangat dapat diandalkan dan ramah. Tiap 4-5 jam perjalanan mereka diganti.

Inilah cerita H.O.K. Tanzil saat mengelilingi Australia yang ditulis di Majalah Intisari edisi Februari 1980 dengan judul asli

“Keliling Australia dengan Bis Ansett Pioneer”.

HOK Tanzil Keliling Australia (3): Buah Apel Kami Disita

SUMBER  : Birgitta AjenG

dok. Intisari 

Tulisan H.O.K. Tanzil di Majalah Intisari edisi Februari 1980 dengan judul asli - Beberapa menit setelah meninggalkan Albury, dilintasilah perbatasan negara-bagian New South Wales masuk ke negara bagian Victoria.

Tadinya hal itu tidak menarik perhatian saya. Di AS melintasi perbatasan pelbagai negara telah kami lakukan kerap kali.

Kini bis kami berhenti di depan sebuah pos: “Fruit and Fly Controle” untuk mencegah pemindahan hama yang dapat merugikan pertanian dan sebagainya. Bis harus berjalan pelahan-lahan melintasi selonjor selang yang ditaruh melintang di jalan depan pos. Selang menyemprotkan obat antihama ke seluruh bagian bawah bis.

Lalu seorang petugas yang berseragam masuk ke dalam bis sambil menanyakan pada setiap penumpang apakah membawa buah-buahan, sayuran dan sebagainya.

Kebetulan kami masih memiliki sebuah apel sisa makan siang. Benda itu masih di pangkuan isteri saya. Tampaknya seperti menantang si petugas. Dengan hormat di “sita”-nya apel tadi, karena kami tak mampu lagi memakannya sampai habis di tempat itu. 

Namun satu pon buah anggur sebagai persediaan untuk camilan dalam hotel, tidak kami relakan untuk disita. Kami memberanikan diri menyelundupkannya karena tidak dilakukan penggeledahan barang bawaan.

Kemudian dalam 4 jam kami lalui kota-kota Wodonga, Wangaratta, Benalla, Ewioa dan Seymour di jalan raya no. 31. Tepat pukul 19.00 tibalah kami di setasiun bis Pioneer Melbourne.

Di sini kami tinggalkan koper kami dalam sebuah “locker” (lemari-lemari besi yang tersedia untuk menyimpan barang dan dapat dikunci bila memasukkan uang logam 25 sen Australia). Dalam 2 buah travel bags kami tenteng pakaian dan barang seperlunya yang cukup untuk 2 hari menginap di hotel.

Dari bagian penerangan dikatakan ada sebuah hotel YWCA yang katanya dekat hanya sejauh 2 blok! Pengertian “dekat” sangat relatif. Memang untuk saya pribadi tidak jauh, namun untuk isteri saya yang biasa berbecak, walaupun untuk jarak 50 m, alangkah menyiksanya!

Lagipula angin yang menggigilkan pada musim gugur itu membuat perjalanan kami pada petang yang gclap itu lebih memasgulkannya. Untuk menghibur isteri saya, saya katakan bahwa di Melbourne es-krimnya enak, makanan ini sangat digemarinya walaupun ia menderita diabetes! (Hal ini janganlah dicontoh oleh penderita lain!).

Akhirnya pukul 19.30 sampai juga kami di hotel YWCA,489 Elizabeth Street. Berlainan seperti umumnya, di hotel sederhana ini pembayaran harus dimuka, yaitu A$ 30 untuk 2 malam. Langsung kami diberi kunci setelah menerima kwitansi. Kamar 609 harus dicari sendiri di tingkat 6 setelah naik lift.

Ternyata kamar di hotel murah ini walaupun tidak mewah, namun bersih sekali, juga kamar kecilnya. Dua hari di situ tidak membuat kami mengeluh.

Inilah cerita H.O.K. Tanzil saat mengelilingi Australia yang ditulis di Majalah Intisari edisi Februari 1980 dengan judul asli “Keliling Australia dengan Bis Ansett Pioneer”.

HOK Tanzil Keliling Australia (4): Melbourne, Victoria Lalu Ke Adelaide, South Australia

sumber : Birgitta Ajeng

dok. Intisari


Tulisan H.O.K. Tanzil di Majalah Intisari edisi Februari 1980 dengan judul asli - Ibukota negara bagian Victoria berpenduduk ± 2.700.000 jiwa, terletak di teluk Port Phillip. Menurut hemat kami, tiap kota besar di Australia lebih mirip dengan keadaannya di Amerika Serikat daripada di Eropa. Soalnya karena usianya, yaitu lebih “baru”.

Untuk menjelajah kota kami pergunakan trem, yang tentunya ekonomis. Dengan trem tua, berwarna hijau, lebar dan berjalan santai itu kami banyak melihat-lihat. Jalan-jalan lebar dirindangi dengan pohon-pohon.

Collins Streetyang ramai mengingatkan saya pada San Francisco dengan gedung-gedung pencakar langitnya serta rel trem di tengah jalan yang agak menanjak. Di bagian lain menyerupai Paris dengan cafe-cafe di pinggir jalan dan toko-toko kecil.

Di “China-town”, kami menikmati santapan di sebuah restoran Cina, diLt. Burke Street. Sudah agak lama kami makan kurang cocok. “Windou shopping” dilakukan di Royal Arcade, sebuah pusat pertokoan yang sudah lebih seabad usianya.

Tidak kalah indahnya denganCanberra,kotaini juga banyak taman-taman. Katanya, kebun rayanya (Royal Botanic Gardens) di pinggirkota, merupakan yang terbesar di belahan bumi bagian Selatan dimana terdapat 10.000 jenis tanaman.

Ke Adelaide, South Australia

Karena bis Pioneer dari Melbourne ke Adelaide hanya ada sekali sehari (yang berjalan pada siang hari), maka agar tidak kehabisan tempat, kami memesannya sehari di muka.

Esok paginya pukul 07.00 kami sudah berada di terminal bis. Kami masih sempat sarapan pagi dengan memasukkan uang logam AU$0.20 ke dalam “slot machine” untuk memilih sesuatu yang dikehendaki. Buat saya pribadi yang cocok hanya kaldu ayam panas saja.

Pukul 07.45 bis no. 32 jurusan Adelaide meninggalkan tempatnya. Kota sudah mulai ramai dengan kendaraan. Melalui jalan raya no. 8 ke barat kami lalui dusun-dusun Barybrook, Deer Park, Melton, Bacchus Marsh dan Ballan di daerah berbukit yang terlihat banyak “farms” (rumah pertanian).

Kami sampai di kota yang agak besar: Ballarat yang berpenduduk 60.000 jiwa pukul 09.30. Dekat Beaufort kami lewati sebuah danau, Lake B. (maaf, saya tak dapat membaca catatan sendiri, karena tulisan waktu bis berjalan sangat terganggu!). Di sini Campbell, pembalap di air memecahkan recordnya. Konon, di situ pula ia meninggal karena kecelakaan dengan kapal motornya.

Di Ararat (penduduk 8.300) bis berhenti 15 menit. Pengemudi diganti. Perjalanan dilanjutkan melewati daerah datar. Pukul 12.00 bis berhenti selama 45 menit di Horsham (penduduk 10.100) untuk memberi waktu ketika para penumpang makan siang. Mixed grill dan steak seharga AS 7.50 kami pilih, sebab paling cocok dengan selera kami.

Kemudian kami lewati Dimboola, Nhill dan Kaniva di daerah pertanian gamdum. Melintasi perbatasan ke South Australia tidak ada pos “fruit & fly controle”. Di Bordertown bis berhenti agar kami dapat jajan.

Jam di South Australia diundurkan 30 menit dari waktu Victoria. Kini jalan melalui “wild life sanctuary”, di pinggir Kangaroo di alam bebas. Mulai Tailem Bend kami masuki jalan raya no. 1. Pukul 17.00 sampai di Murray Bridge, yang dikenal sebagai kota pertanian terkaya di Selatan. Berhenti di sini seperempat jam.

Setelah Nairne di Princes Highway (no. 1) ini, jalan mulai berliku-liku menurun dari ketinggian ± 600 meter: Mount Lofty Ranges.

Setelah ±11 jam dan menempuh sejauh 744 km dari Melbourne, tibalah bis kami di Adelaide pukul 18.30 waktu setempat.

Inilah cerita H.O.K. Tanzil saat mengelilingi Australia yang ditulis di Majalah Intisari edisi Februari 1980  dengan judul asli

“Keliling Australia dengan Bis Ansett Pioneer”. 

HOK Tanzil Keliling Australia (6):

Coober Pedy, Kota Batu Opal

sumber : Birgitta Ajeng

dok. Intisari


Tulisan H.O.K. Tanzil di Majalah Intisari edisi Februari 1980 dengan judul asli - Pukul 11.00 tibalah kami (terlambat 2 jam) di Coober Pedy, 938 km dariAdelaide, setelah I6 ½ jam. Di sini bis berhenti selama sejam. Di restorannya kami makan steak (melulu!) yang harganya lebih tinggi karena jauhnya jarak dari kota-kota besar lain.

Coober Pedy yang berpenduduk hanya 4.500 terkenal dengan parit batu opalnya. Konon, hasil batu di situ melebihi dari separuh produksi di seluruh dunia. Para penggali dan sebagian penduduk bermukim di gua-gua galian di bawah tanah untuk menghindari panas yang luar biasa di musim panas.

Semua toko dan perusahaan yang kami lihat selalu menjual batu permata itu dalam pelbagai bentuk sebagai perhiasan. Isteri saya hanya membeli beberapa butir untuk oleh-oleh. Harga AU$ 25 tidak kami ketahui apakah mahal atau murah bila dibandingkan dengan harga di Jakarta, karena kami belum pernah memiliki atau membeli barang perhiasan apa pun.

Yang menyolok ialah relatif banyaknya nama-nama berasal dari Italia dan Yunani, khususnya rumah makan. Pemandangan kota kecil itu rasanya seperti dalam film koboi.

Pukul 12.00 bis berangkat. Kami lalui gurun pasir dengan pepohonan yang kering. Pemandangan yang membosankan. Setelah 3 jam tiba di Mt. Willoughby. Yang sangat mengganggu ialah banyaknya lalat!

Kemudian jalan melalui daerah berbukit yang berliku-liku. Karena tak beraspal maka sangat berdebu. Walaupun jendela ditutup tidak dapat dihindarkan bahwa rambut kami memutih seperti menjadi tua mendadak. Sesudah itu, gurun pasir yang tandus. Setelah melewati Welbourn Hill yang dilihat masih itu-itu saja.

Alice Springs, Northern Territory

Akhirnya sampai jugalah bis kami di setasiun terminalAlice Springspukul 03.30, yaitu 5 jam terlambat! Para”captain” menasihatkan penumpang untuk tidur saja dalam bis sampai pagi untuk menghemat ongkos hotel.

Pukul 07.45 dengan bis yang akan masuk bengkel, kami dibawa ke Pines Homestead Lodge. Di sini kami akan menginap hanya semalam karena esoknya akan ikut tour ke Ayers Rock, tujuan utatna kami. Biayanya hanya AU$ 16 semalam.

Walaupun kami “bermukim” di bis sejak dari Melbourne selama 48 jam, dan menempuh 2432 km dalam bis pasar yang brengsek, tidak ada niat untuk beristirahat.

Mandi air panas membuat kami segar untuk berjalan kaki di pusat kota yang kecil itu. Hawanya sekitar 10°C, dingin juga. Alice Springs terletak di pusat benua Australia, dan satu-satunya kota yang beratus-ratus km terpisah dari segala jurusan. Di sini juga basis “Royal Flying Doctor Service” dan “School of the air”.

Karena jarak jauh dan jalan kurang baik ke kota/dusun sekitarnya, maka para dokter berdinas dan dalam keadaan darurat mempergunakan pesawat terbang untuk kewajibannya. Mereka dapat dipanggil melalui radio. Penyiarannya dariAlice Springsini.Kotaini juga menjadi pusat untuk pariwisata dan peternakan.

Daerah pertokoan seperti di Pasar Baru Jakarta, namun sepi. Melihat perumahan di situ rasanya seperti villa-villa di daerah pegunungan tapi di kota.

Siang itu kami makan di Papa Luigi’s Restaurant. Kami pesan oysters, steak dan ice cream, hanya AU$ 10. Cocok juga dengan selera kami, sehingga malamnya kami kembali lagi. Malam itu kami tidur nyenyak setelah 2 malam tidur dalam posisi duduk!

Pukul 08.00 pagi kami sudah berada di setasiun bis Ansett Pioneer Alice Springs. Sejam kemudian bis berangkat menuju Ayers Rock yang jaraknya 480 km, melalui jalan tanpa aspal. Kini bisnya bukanlah bis “pasar”. Umumnya para penumpang wisatawan.

Di antara yang ikut dan telah kami kenal adalah pasangan suami-isteri sebaya kami, Mr & Mrs. Scott yang memulai perjalanan dari Adelaide bersama dengan kami. (Sehingga kini kami saling berkirim kartu Natal setiap tahun).

Jalan ke selatan sudah dilalui pada malam hari kemarinnya sampai Erldunda. Kini terlihat tandusnya dataran yang kering itu. Debunya bukan main! Membuat kami ubanan lagi.

Tengah hari tibalah kami di “Mt. Ebenezer Cattle Station” untuk makan siang.

Selama berhenti di situ kami lihat cukup banyak binatang unta, bahkan ada yang nampaknya berkeliaran sendiri. Heran juga kami melihatnya. Konon, binatang itu diimpor dari Afghanistan dan digembala oleh orang Afghanistan dan India Islam pada akhir abad yang lalu. Maksud kegunaannya (waktu itu) untuk pengangkutan di daerah gurun Australia.

Inilah cerita H.O.K. Tanzil saat mengelilingi Australia yang ditulis di Majalah Intisari edisi Februari 1980  dengan judul asli










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The Adventure Of Amerigo Vespucci

Amerigo Vespucci

Created By

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Copyright @ Dr Iwan 2013



Amerigo Vespucci (1452-1512):



Amerigo Vespucci

Amerigo VespucciBorn: 9-Mar-1454
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: 22-Feb-1512
Location of death: Seville, Spain
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Abbazia Di Ognissanti, Florence, Italy

Gender: Male
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Explorer

Nationality: Italy
Executive summary: American eponym

Merchant and adventurer, who gave his name of Amerigo to the new world as America, was born at Florence on the 9th of March 1451. His father, Nastagio (Anastasio) Vespucci, was a notary, and his uncle, Fra Giorgio Antonio Vespucci, to whom he owed his education, was a scholarly Dominican and a friend of Girolamo Savonarola. As a student Amerigo is said to have shown a preference for natural philosophy, astronomy and geography. He was placed as a clerk in the great commercial house of the Medici, then the ruling family in Florence. A letter of the 30th of December 1492 shows that he was then in Seville; and until the 12th of January 1496 he seems to have usually resided in Spain, especially at Seville and Cadiz, probably as an agent of the Medici. In December 1495, on the death of a Florentine merchant, Juanoto Berardi, established at Seville, who had fitted out the second expedition of Christopher Columbus in 1493, and had also undertaken to fit out twelve ships for the king of Spain (April 9th, 1495), Vespucci was commissioned to complete the contract. As Ferdinand, on the 10th of April 1495, recalled the monopoly conceded to Columbus (this order of April 10th, 1495, was cancelled on June 2nd, 1497), “private” exploring now had an opportunity, and adventurers of all kinds were able to leave Spain for the West. Vespucci claims to have sailed with one of these “freelance” expeditions from Cadiz on the 10th of May 1497. Touching at Grand Canary on the way, the four vessels he accompanied, going thirty-seven days on a west-south-west course, and making 1000 leagues, are said to have reached a supposed continental coast in 16° N., 70° W. from Grand Canary (June 16th, 1497). This should have brought them into the Pacific. They sailed along the coast, says Vespucci, for 80 leagues to the province of Parias (or Lariab), and then 870 leagues more, always to the northwest, to the “finest harbor in the world”, which from this description should be in British Columbia or thereabouts. From there 100 leagues more to north and northeast to the islands of the people called “Iti”, from which they returned to Spain, reaching Cadiz on the 15th of October 1498. Still following Vespucci’s own statement, he, on the 16th of May 1499, started on a second voyage in a fleet of three ships under Alonzo de Ojeda (Hojeda). Sailing southwest over 500 leagues they crossed the ocean in forty-four days, finding land in 5° S. From there, encountering various adventures, they worked up to 15° N., and returned to Spain by way of Antiglia (Española, San Domingo), reaching Cadiz on the 8th of September 1500. Entering the service of Dom Manuel of Portugal, Vespucci claims to have taken part in a third American expedition, which left Lisbon on the 10th (or 15th) of May 1501. Vespucci has given two accounts of this alleged third voyage, differing in many details, especially dates and distances. From Portugal he declares that he sailed to Bezeguiche (Cape Verde), and from there southwest for 700 leagues, reaching the American coast in 5° S. on the 7th (or 17th) of August. From there eastward for 300 (150) leagues, and south and west to 52° S. (or 73° 30′; in his own words, “13° from the antarctic pole”, i.e. well into the antarctic continent). He returned, he adds, by Sierra Leone (June 10th), and the Azores (end of July), to Lisbon (September 7th, 1502). His second Portuguese (and fourth and last American) voyage, as alleged by him, was destined for Malacca, which he supposed to be in 33° S. (really in 2° 14′ N.). Starting from Lisbon on the 10th of May 1503, with a fleet of six ships, and reaching Bahia by way of Fernando Noronha (?), Vespucci declares that he built a fort at a harbor in 18° S., and from there returned to Lisbon (June 18th, 1504). In February 1505, being again in Spain, he visited Christopher Columbus, who entrusted to him a letter for his son Diego. On the 24th of April 1505, Vespucci received Spanish letters of naturalization; and on the 6th of August 1508 was appointed piloto mayor or chief pilot of Spain, an office which he held until his death at Seville on the 22nd of February 1512.

If his own account had been trustworthy, it would have followed that Vespucci reached the mainland of America eight days before John Cabot (June 16th against June 24th, 1497). But Vespucci’s own statement of his exploring achievements hardly carries conviction. This statement is contained (i.) in his letter written from Lisbon (March or April 1503) to Lorenzo Piero Francesco di Medici, the head of the firm under which his business career had been mostly spent, describing the alleged Portuguese voyage of March 1501 to September 1502. The original Italian text is lost, but we possess the Latin translation by “Jocundus interpreter”, perhaps the Giocondo who brought his invitation to Portugal in 1501. This letter was printed (in some nine editions) soon after it was written, the first two issues (Mundus Novus and Epistola Albericii de Novo Mundo), without place or date, appearing before 1504, the third, of 1504 (Mundus Novus), at Augsburg. Two very early Paris editions are also known, and one Strassburg (De Ora Antarctica) of 1505, edited by E. Ringmann. It was also included in the Paesi novamente retrovati of 1507 (Vicenza) under the title of Novo Mondo da Alb. Vesputio. The connection of the new world with Vespucci, thus expressed, is derived from the argument of this first letter, that it was right to call Amerigo’s discovery a new world, because it had not been seen before by anyone. This prepared the way for the American name soon given to the continent. (ii.) In Vespucci’s letter, also written from Portugal (September 1504), and probably addressed to his old school-fellow Piero Soderini, gonfaloniere of Florence 1502-12. From the Italian original (of which four printed copies still exist, without place or date, but probably before 1507) a French version was made, and from the latter a Latin translation, published at St. Dié in Lorraine in April 1507, and immediately made use of in the Cosmographiae Introductio (St. Dié, 1507) of Martin Waldseemüller (Hylacomylus), professor of cosmography in St. Dié University. Here we have perhaps the first suggestion in a printed book that the newly discovered fourth part of the world should be called “America, because Americus discovered it.” Since Alexander von Humboldt discussed the subject in his Examen critique de l’histoire de la géographie du nouveau continent (1837), vol. IV, the general weight of opinion, despite other defenses of Vespucci’s voyages, general consensus has been that he had no share in the first discovery of the American continent.

Father: Nastagio Vespucci
Mother: Lisabetta Mini
Brother: Antonio
Wife: Maria Cerezo (m. 1505)


Amerigo Vespucci detail
Giuseppe Maria Testi (after)
Santi Soldaini (designer of print)
Carlo Lasinio Padre (engraver)
Amerigo Vespucci
Copperplate engraving
Livorno: 1812
18 x 13 inches overall
Sold, please inquire as to the availability of similar items.

Elaborately decorated profile portrait of the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci, who, as the banner at the top proclaims “bestowed his name upon a world.” Vespucci is set within an oval stone frame, garlanded in laurel leaf branches, with an ocean-scape in the background, and in the foreground with various symbols of exploration including a map, navigational instruments, globe, compass, hour glass, octant, anchor, lantern. Below the image are a row of laudatory verses and a brief biography of Vespucci, all in Italian. The extravagantly worded inscriptions demonstrate the great pride Italians took in his achievements.

Print inscriptions are below. Rough translations from the Italian are provided. In some cases archaic words are used that cannot be easily translated.

Text of Banner:

Tu destil nome un mondo e quei del paro, tuo nome rende famoso e chiaro.

Four Verses:

Genio Sublime, Splendor di Flora, Che il vasto Oceano, Sfidaste un oi.
[Sublime genius, splendid flower, who the vast ocean defied.]

Alta Scoperta, Che Festi allora, Dun Mondo incognito, L’olero stupi.
[Great discovery, that was celebrated then, of a then-unknown world, (l'olero) amazed.]

Morte ne tempo La tua findora, Perenne Gloria D’oblio cuopri
[Died in your time, your (findora), perennial glory, of oblivion discovered.]

Vive immortale, Tuo nome ancora, Esempre ai posteri, Vivia cosi.
[Immortal you live, your name still and always will live on in posterity.]


Amerigo dister Nastasio d’Amerigo Vespucci nacque in Firenze il Marzo 1451. Dotato d’un genio sublime ardi tentare le vie dell’Oceano e fece quattro viaggi all sole e Coste de quell vasto Continente, che per consenso di tutte le Nazioni fu dal suo nome chiamato America. _____. Intraprese il primo: viaggio per servizio del Re di. Spagna il di so Maggio 1497. Gli Altri per il re di Portogullo a cui scuopri il Brasiles, e vi fece costruire il primo: Forte ___ Devesi ad Amerigo l’innvenvione dell importante metodo di prendere in mare la longitudine ___. Sell’atto d’intraprendere un quinto viaggio per il Re di Spagna fu sorpreso dalla morte nel 1516, o come altri vagbono nel 1508, e fu sepolto nell’ isole Ferzere restando per sempre il suo gloriosio. Neme che l’incidia e la calungia tentorono invarno di cancellare dalla memoria della grata Posterita, che lo dichiaro uno dei piu gran Navigatori , e dei pui rinomati ingegni del secoto XV.

[The biography explains that Nastasiro d'Amerigo Vespucci was born in Florence in March 1451. "Equipped with a sublime genius," he "burned" with the desire to explore the byways of the ocean and made four voyages "along the coasts of that vast continent, so that with the consent of all nations it was named America." It is said that he undertook his first voyage under the auspices of the King of Spain, on May 1497. (Later on in his life, Vespucci left behind a controversy when he said he did not in fact make that voyage.) The others were made for the King of Portugal, for whom he discovered Brazil. The biography asserts that Amerigo was an innovator in "the important method of navigating the sea using longitude." It also states that he died suddenly in 1516, and was buried in the island of Ferzere, "remaining forever glorious." (The Catholic Encyclopedia gives his date of death as 1512.) The statement concludes, "I declare him one of the great navigators, and the most renowned geniuses of the 15th Century."]


Amerigo Vespucci (born in Florence in 1452), whose name was given to the American continents by Waldsmuller in 1507, worked in Seville (where he died) in the business house which fitted out Columbus’ second expedition. Here he gives an account of the first of his own four voyages. If his claims are accurate he reached the mainland of the Americas shortly before Cabot, and  at least 14 months before Columbus.





Account of His First Voyage, 1497









Letter of Amerigo Vespucci


To Pier Soderini, Gonfalonier of the Republic of Florence

Magnificent Lord. After humble reverence and due commendations, etc. It may be that your Magnificence will be surprised by (this conjunction of) my rashness and your customary wisdom, in that I should so absurdly bestir myself to write to your Magnificence the present so-prolix letter:


knowing (as I do) that your Magnificence is continually employed in high councils and affairs concerning the good government of this sublime Republic.


And will hold me not only presumptuous, but also idlymeddlesome in setting myself to write things, neither suitable to your station, nor entertaining, and written in barbarous style, and outside of every canon of polite literature:


 but my confidence which I have in your virtues and in the truth of my writing, which are things (that) are not found written neither by the ancients nor by modern writers, as your Magnificence will in the sequel perceive, makes me bold.


 The chief cause which moved (me) to write to you, was at the request of the present bearer, who is named Benvenuto Benvenuti our Florentine (fellow-citizen), very much, as it is proven, your Magnificence’s servant, and my very good friend: who happening to be here in this city of Lisbon, begged that I should make communication to your Magnificence of the things seen by me in divers regions of the world, by virtue of four voyages which I have made in discovery of new lands:

 two by order of the king of Castile, King Don Ferrando VI, across the great gulf of the Ocean-sea, towards the west: and the other two by command of the puissant King Don Manuel King of Portugal, towards the south;


 telling me that your Magnificence would take pleasure thereof, and that herein he hoped to do you service: wherefore I set me to do it: because I am assured that your Magnificence holds me in the number of your servants, remembering that in the time of our youth I was your friend, and now (am your) servant:

and (remembering our) going to hear the rudiments of grammar under the fair example and instruction of the venerable monk friar of Saint Mark Fra Giorgio Antonio Vespucci: whose counsels and teaching would to God that I had followed:

for as saith Petrarch, I should be another man than what I am. Howbeit soever I grieve not: because I have ever taken delight in worthy matters: and although these trifles of mine may not be suitable to your virtues, I will say to you as said Pliny to Maecenas, you were sometime wont to take pleasure in my prattlings: even though your Magnificence

be continuously busied in public affairs, you will take some hour of relaxation to consume a little time in frivolous or amusing things: and as fennel is customarily given atop of delicious viands to fit them for better digestion, so may you, for a relief from your so heavy occupations, order this letter of mine to be read: so that they may withdraw you somewhat from the continual anxiety and assiduous reflection upon public affairs:

 and if I shall be prolix, I crave pardon, my Magnificent Lord. Your Magnificence shall know that the motive of my coming into his realm of Spain was to traffic in merchandise: and that I pursued this intent about four years:


during which I saw and knew the inconstant shiftings of Fortune: and how she kept changing those frail and transitory benefits: and how at one time she holds man on the summit of the wheel, and at another time drives him back from her, and despoils him of what may be called his borrowed riches: so that, knowing the continuous toil which main undergoes to win them, submitting himself to so many anxieties and risks, I resolved to abandon trade, and to fix my aim upon something more praiseworthy and stable: whence it was that I made preparation for going to see part of the world and its wonders: and herefor the time and place presented themselves most opportunely to me: which was that the King Don Ferrando of Castile being about to despatch four ships to discover new lands towards the west, I was chosen by his Highness to go in that fleet to aid in making discovery:



and we set out from the port of Cadiz on the 10th day of May 1497, and took our route through the great gulf of the Ocean-sea: in which voyage we were eighteen months (engaged): and discovered much continental land and innumerable islands, and great part of them inhabited: whereas there is no mention made by the ancient writers of them:

I believe, because they had no knowledge thereof: for, if I remember well, I have read in some one (of those writers) that he considered that this Ocean-sea was an unpeopled sea: and of this opinion was Dante our poet in the xxvi. chapter of the Inferno, where he feigns the death of Ulysses, in which voyage I beheld things of great wondrousness, as your Magnificence shall understand.


As I said above, we left the port of Cadiz four consort ships: and began our voyage in direct course to the Fortunates Isles which are called to-day la gran Canaria, which are situated in the Ocean-sea at the extremity of the inhabited west, (and) set in the third climate: over which the North Pole has an elevation of 27 and a half degrees beyond their horizon

[note 1:

That is, which are situate at 27 1/2 degrees north latitude.] and they are 280 leagues distant from this city of Lisbon, by the wind between mezzo di and libeccio.

[note 2:

South-south-west. It is to be remarked that Vespucci always uses the word wind to signify the course in which it blows, not the quarter from which it rises.]

where we remained eight days, taking in provision of water, and wood and other necessary things: and from here, having said our prayers, we weighed anchor, and gave the sails to the wind, beginning our course to westward, taking one quarter by southwest




 [note 3: West and a quarter by south-west.]:

 and so we sailed on till at the end of 37 days we reached a land which we deemed to be a continent: which is distant westwardly from the isles of Canary about a thousand leagues beyond the inhabited region


verpuci arrived at the new world

 [note 4:

This phrase is merely equivalent to a repetition of from the Canaries, these islands having been already designated the extreme western limit of inhabited land.] within the torrid zone:

for we found the North Pole at an elevation of 16 degrees above its horizon, [note 5: That is, 16 degrees north latitude.] and (it was) westward, according to the shewing of our instruments, 75 degrees from the isles of Canary:

 whereat we anchored with our ships a league and a half from land; and we put out our boats freighted with men and arms: we made towards the land, and before we reached it, had sight of a great number of people who were going along the shore: by which we were much rejoiced: and we observed that they were a naked race:

they shewed themselves to stand in fear of us: I believe (it was) because they saw us clothed and of other appearance (than their own): they all withdrew to a hill, and for whatsoever signals we made to them of peace and of friendliness,



Vespucci map

 they would not come to parley with us: so that, as the night was now coming on, and as the ships were anchored in a dangerous place, being on a rough and shelterless coast, we decided to remove from there the next day, and to go in search of some harbour or bay, where we might place our ships in safety: and we sailed with the maestrale wind,

[note 6: North-west] thus running along the coast with the land ever in sight, continually in our course observing people along the shore: till after having navigated for two days, we found a place sufficiently secure for the ships, and anchored half a league from land, on which we saw a very great number of people:

and this same day we put to land with the boats, and sprang on shore full 40 men in good trim: and still the land’s people appeared shy of converse with us, and we were unable to encourage them so much as to make them come to speak with us:

 and this day we laboured so greatly in giving them of our wares, such as rattles and mirrors, beads, spalline, and other trifles, that some of them took confidence and came to discourse with us:

and after having made good friends with them, the night coming on, we took our leave of them and returned to the ships:

 and the next day when the dawn appeared we saw that there were infinite numbers of people upon the beach, and they had their women and children with them: we went, ashore, and found that they were all laden with their worldly goods

 [note 7: Mantenimenti. The word "all" (tucte) is feminine, and probably refers only to the women.]

which are suchlike as, in its (proper) place, shall be related: and before we reached the land, many of them jumped into the sea and came swimming to receive us at a bowshot’s length (from the shore), for they are very great swimmers, with as much confidence as if they had for a long time been acquainted with us:

and we were pleased with this their confidence. For so much as we learned of their manner of life and customs, it was that they go entirely naked, as well the men as the women. . . . They are of medium stature, very well proportioned: their flesh is of a colour the verges into red like a lion’s mane: and I believe that if they went clothed, they would be as white as we: they have not any hair upon the body, except the hair of the head which is long and black, and especially in the women, whom it renders handsome: in aspect they are not very good-looking, because they have broad faces, so that they would seem Tartar-like:

 they let no hair grow on their eyebrows, nor on their eyelids, nor elsewhere, except the hair of the head: for they hold hairiness to be a filthy thing:





vespucci map

they are very light footed in walking and in running, as well the men as the women: so that a woman recks nothing of running a league or two, as many times we saw them do: and herein they have a very great advantage over us Christians:

 they swim (with an expertness) beyond all belief, and the women better than the men: for we have many times found and seen them swimming two leagues out at sea without anything to rest upon.

Their arms are bows and arrows very well made, save that (the arrows) are not (tipped) with iron nor any other kind of hard metal:

and instead of iron they put animals’ or fishes’ teeth, or a spike of tough wood, with the point hardened by fire:

 they are sure marksmen, for they hit whatever they aim at: and in some places the women use these bows: they have other weapons, such as fire-hardened spears, and also clubs with knobs, beautifully carved.

Warfare is used amongst them, which they carry on against people not of their own language, very cruelly, without granting life to any one, except (to reserve him) for greater suffering.

 When they go to war, they take their women with them, not that these may fight, but because they carry behind them their worldly goods, for a woman carries on her back for thirty or forty leagues a load which no man could bear:

as we have many times seen them do. They are not accustomed to have any Captain, nor do they go in any ordered array, for every one is lord of himself: and the cause of their wars is not for lust of dominion, nor of extending their frontiers, no for inordinate covetousness, but for some ancient enmity which in by-gone times arose amongst them: and when asked why they made war,


they knew not any other reason to give than that they did so to avenge the death of their ancestors, or of their parents: these people have neither King, nor Lord, nor do they yield obedience to any one,

for they live in their own liberty: and how they be stirred up to go to war is (this) that when the enemies have slain or captured any of them, his oldest kinsman rises up and goes about the highways haranguing them to go with him and avenge the death of such his kinsman:


and so are they stirred up by fellow-feeling: they have no judicial system, nor do they punish the ill-doer: nor does the father, nor the mother chastise the children and marvelously (seldom) or never did we see any dispute among them:

 in their conversation they appear simple, and they are very cunning and acute in that which concerns them: they speak little and in a low tone: they use the same articulations as we, since they form their utterances either with the palate, or with the teeth, or on the lips:

 [note 8:

 He means that they have no sounds in their language unknown to European organs of speech, all being either palatals or dentals of labials.] except that they give different names to things.

Many are the varieties of tongues: for in every 100 leagues we found a change of language, so that they are not understandable each to the other. The manner of their living is very barbarous, for they do not eat at certain hours, and as often-times as they will:

 and it is not much of a boon to them [note 9: I have translated "et non si da loro molto" as "it is not much of a boon to them,." but may be "it matters not much to them."]

that the will may come more at midnight than by day, for they eat at all hours: and they eat upon the ground without a table-cloth or any other cover, for they have their meats either in earthen basins which they make themselves, or in the halves of pumpkins:

they sleep in certain very large nettings made of cotton, suspended in the air: and although this their (fashion of) sleeping may seem uncomfortable, I say that it is sweet to sleep in those (nettings):

 and we slept better in them than in the counterpanes. They are a people smooth and clean of body, because of so continually washing themselves as they do. . .

Amongst those people we did not learn that they had any law, nor can they be called Moors nor Jews, and (they are) worse than pagans: because we did not observe that they offered any sacrifice:

nor even had they a house of prayer: their manner of living I judge to be Epicurean: their dwellings are in common: and their houses (are) made in the style of huts, but strongly made, and constructed with very large trees, and covered over with palm-leaves, secure against storms and winds: and in some places (they are) of so great breadth and length, that in one single house we found there were 600 souls:

 and we saw a village of only thirteen houses where there were four thousand souls: every eight or ten years they change their habitations: and when asked why they did so:

(they said it was) because of the soil which, from its filthiness, was already unhealthy and corrupted, and that it bred aches in their bodies, which seemed to us a good reason:

their riches consist of bird’s plumes of many colours, or of rosaries which they make from fishbones, or of white or green stones which they put in their cheeks and in their lips and ears, and of many other things which we in no wise value: they use no trade, they neither buy nor sell.

In fine, they live and are contended with that which nature gives them. The wealth that we enjoy in this our Europe and elsewhere, such as gold, jewels, pearls, and other riches, they hold as nothing;

and although they have them in their own lands, they do not labour to obtain them, nor do they value them. They are liberal in giving, for it is rarely they deny you anything: and on the other hand, liberal in asking, when they shew themselves your friends. . . .

When they die, they use divers manners of obsequies, and some they bury with water and victuals at their heads: thinking that they shall have (whereof) to eat:

they have not nor do they use ceremonies of torches nor of lamentation. In some other places, they use the most barbarous and inhuman burial, which is that when a suffering or infirm (person) is as it were at the last pass of death,

his kinsmen carry him into a large forest, and attach one of those nets, of theirs, in which they sleep, to two trees, and then put him in it, and dance around him for a whole day:

 and when the night comes on they place at his bolster, water with other victuals, so that he may be able to subsist for four or six days:

 and then they leave him alone and return to the village: and if the sick man helps himself, and eats, and drinks, and survives, he returns to the village, and his (friends) receive him with ceremony: but few are they who escape:

 without receiving any further visit they die, and that is their sepulture: and they have many other customs which for prolixity are not related. They use in their sicknesses various forms of medicines,

[note 10:

That is, "medical treatment."] so different from ours that we marvelled how any one escaped: for many times I saw that with a man sick of fever, when it heightened upon him, they bathed him from head to foot with a large quantity of cold water:

then they lit a great fire around him, making him turn and turn again every two hours, until they tired him and left him to sleep, and many were (thus) cured:

 with this they make use of dieting, for they remain three days without eating, and also of blood-letting, but not from the arm, only from the thighs and the loins and the calf of the leg:

also they provoke vomiting with their herbs which are put into the mouth: and they use many other remedies which it would be long to relate: they are much vitiated in the phlegm and in the blood because of their food which consists chiefly of roots of herbs, and fruits and fish: they have no seed of wheat nor other grain:

and for their ordinary use and feeding, they have a root of a tree, from which they make flour, tolerably good, and they call it Iuca, and another which they call Cazabi, and another Ignami:


they eat little flesh except human flesh: for your Magnificence must know that herein they are so inhuman that they outdo every custom (even) of beasts; for they eat all their enemies whom they kill or capture, as well females as males with so much savagery, that (merely) to relate it appears a horrible thing: how much more so to see it, as, infinite times and in many places, it was my hap to see it:

and they wondered to hear us say that we did not eat our enemies: and this your Magnificence may take for certain, that their other barbarous customs are such that expression is too weak for the reality:

and as in these four voyages I have seen so many things diverse from our customs, I prepared to write a common-place-book which I name Le quattro Giornate: in which I have set down the greater part of the things which I saw, sufficiently in detail, so far as my feeble wit has allowed me:

which I have not yet published, because I have so ill a taste for my own things that I do not relish those which I have written, notwithstanding that many encourage me to publish it: therein everything will be seen in detail: so that I shall not enlarge further in this chapter:

 as in the course of the letter we shall come to many other things which are particular: let this suffice for the general.

At this beginning, we saw nothing in the land of much profit, except some show of gold:

I believe the cause of it was that we did not know the language: but in so far as concerns the situation and condition of the land, it could not be better: we decided to leave that place, and to go further on, continuously coasting the shore:

upon which we made frequent descents, and held converse with a great number of people: and at the end of some days we went into a harbour where we underwent very great danger:

and it pleased the Holy Ghost to save us: and it was in this wise. We landed in a harbour, where we found a village built like Venice upon the water: there were about 44 large dwellings in the form of huts erected upon very thick piles, and they had their doors or entrances in the style of drawbridges: and from each house one could pass through all, by means of the drawbridges which stretched from house to house:

 and when the people thereof had seen us, they appeared to be afraid of us, and immediately drew up all the bridges: and while we were looking at this strange action, we saw coming across the sea about 22 canoes, which are a kind of boats of theirs, constructed from a single tree:

 which came towards our boats, as they had been surprised by our appearance and clothes, and kept wide of us:

and thus remaining, we made signals to them that they should approach us, encouraging them will every token of friendliness: and seeing that they did not come, we went to them, and they did not stay for us, but made to the land, and, by signs, told us to wait, and that they should soon return: and they went to a hill in the background, and did not delay long: when they returned, they led with them 16 of their girls, and entered with these into their canoes, and came to the boats:

and in each boat they put 4 of the girls. That we marvelled at this behavior your Magnificence can imagine how much, and they placed themselves with their canoes among our boats, coming to speak with us: insomuch that we deemed it a mark of friendliness:

 and while thus engaged, we beheld a great number of people advance swimming towards us across the sea, who came from the houses: and as they were drawing near to us without any apprehension:

just then there appeared at the doors of the houses certain old women, uttering very loud cries and tearing their hair to exhibit grief: whereby they made us suspicious, and we each betook ourselves to arms: and instantly the girls whom we had in the boats, threw themselves into the sea, and the men of the canoes drew away from us, and began with their bows to shoot arrows at us:

and those who were swimming each carried a lance held, as covertly as they could, beneath the water:

so that, recognizing the treachery, we engaged with them, not merely to defend ourselves, but to attack them vigorously, and we overturned with our boats many of their almadie or canoes, for so they call them, we made a slaughter (of them), and they all flung themselves into the water to swim, leaving their canoes abandoned, with considerable loss on their side, they went swimming away to the shore:

 there died of them about 15 or 20, and many were left wounded: and of ours 5 were wounded, and all, by the grace of God, escaped (death): we captured two of the girls and two men:

and we proceeded to their houses, and entered therein, and in them all we found nothing else than two old women and a sick man: we took away from them many things, but of small value:

and we would not burn their houses, because it seemed to us (as though that would be) a burden upon our conscience:

and we returned to our boats with five prisoners: and betook ourselves to the ships, and put a pair of irons on the feet of each of the captives, except the little girls:

and when the night came on, the two girls and one of the men fled away in the most subtle manner possible:

and next day we decided to quit that harbour and go further onwards: we proceeded continuously skirting the coast, (until) we had sight of another tribe distant perhaps some 80 leagues from the former tribe: and we found them very different in speech and customs:

we resolved to cast anchor, and went ashore with the boats, and we saw on the beach a great number of people amounting probably to 4000 souls: and when we had reached the shore, they did not stay for us, but betook themselves to flight through the forests, abandoning their things: we jumped on land, and took a pathway that led to the forest:

and at the distance of a bow-shot we found their tents, where they had made very large fires, and two (of them) were cooking their victuals, and roasting several animals, and fish of many kinds:

where we saw that they were roasting a certain animal which seemed to be a serpent, save that it had not wings, and was in its appearance so loathsome that we marvelled much at its savageness:

Thus went we on through their houses, or rather tents, and found many of those serpents alive, and they were tied by the feet and had a cord around their snouts, so that they could not open their mouths, as is done (in Europe) with mastiff-dogs so that they may not bite:


they were of such savage aspect that none of us dared to take one away, thinking that they were poisonous: they are of the bigness of a kid, and in length an ell and a half:

[note 11:

This animal was the iguana.] their feet are long and thick, and armed with big claws: they have a hard skin, and are of various colours:

they have the muzzle and face of a serpent: and from their snouts there rises a crest like a saw which extends along the middle of the back as far as the tip of the tail: in fine we deemed them to be serpents and venomous, and (nevertheless, those people) ate them:

 we found that they made bread out of little fishes which they took from the sea, first boiling them, (then) pounding them, and making thereof a paste, or bread, and they baked them on the embers:

thus did they eat them: we tried it, and found that it was good: they had so many other kinds of eatables, and especially of fruits and roots, that it would be a large matter to describe them in detail: and seeing that the people did not return, we decided not to touch nor take away anything of theirs, so as better to reassure them:

and we left in the tents for them many of our things, placed where they should see them, and returned by night to our ships: and the next day, when it was light, we saw on the beach an infinite number of people:

and we landed: and although they appeared timorous towards us, they took courage nevertheless to hold converse with us, giving us whatever we asked of them: and shewing themselves very friendly towards us, they told us that those were their dwellings, and that they had come hither for the purpose of fishing:

and they begged that we would visit their dwellings and villages, because they desired to receive us as friends:

 and they engaged in such friendship because of the two captured men whom we had with us, as these were their enemies:

insomuch that, in view of such importunity on their part, holding a council, we determined that 28 of us Christians in good array should go with them, and in the firm resolve to die if it should be necessary:

and after we had been here some three days, we went with them inland:

and at three leagues from the coast we came to a village of many people and few houses, for there were no more than nine (of these):

where we were received with such and so many barbarous ceremonies that the pen suffices not to write them down: for there were dances, and songs, and lamentations mingled with rejoicing, and great quantities of food:

and here we remained the night: . . . and after having been here that night and half the next day, so great was the number of people who came wondering to behold us that they were beyond counting:

and the most aged begged us to go with them to other villages which were further inland, making display of doing us the greatest honour: wherefore we decided to go:

 and it would be impossible to tell you how much honour they did us: and we went to several villages, so that we were nine days journeying, so that our Christians who had remained with the ships were already apprehensive concerning us:

and when we were about 18 leagues in the interior of the land, we resolved to return to the ships:

 and on our way back, such was the number of people, as well men as women, that came with us as far as the sea, that it was a wondrous thing: and if any of us became weary of the march, they carried us in their nets very refreshingly:

and in crossing the rivers, which are many and very large, they passed us over by skilful means so securely that we ran no danger whatever, and many of them came laden with the things which they had given us, which consisted in their sleeping-nets, and very rich feathers, many bows and arrows, innumerable popinjays of divers colours: and others brought with them loads of their household goods, and of animals:

 but a greater marvel will I tell you, that, when we had to cross a river, he deemed himself lucky who was able to carry us on his back:

 and when we reached the sea, our boats having arrived, we entered into them: and so great was the struggle which they made to get into our boats, and to come to see our ships, that we marvelled (thereat):

 and in our boats we took as many of them as we could, and made our way to the ships, and so many (others) came swimming that we found ourselves embarrassed in seeing so many people in the ships, for there were over a thousand persons all naked and unarmed:

they were amazed by our (nautical) gear and contrivances, and the size of the ships:

 and with them there occurred to us a very laughable affair, which was that we decided to fire off some of our great guns, and when the explosion took place, most of them through fear cast themselves (into the sea) to swim, not otherwise than frogs on the margins of a pond, when they see something that frightens them, will jump into the water, just so did those people: and those who remained in the ships were so terrified that we regretted our action:

 however we reassured them by telling them that with those arms we slew our enemies: and when they had amused themselves in the ships the whole day, we told them to go away because we desired to depart that night, and so separating from us with much friendship and love, they went away to land.

Amongst that people and in their land, I knew and beheld so many of their customs and ways of living, that I do not care to enlarge upon them: for Your Magnificence must know that in each of my voyages I have noted the most wonderful things, and I have indited it all in a volume after the manner of a geography:

and I entitle it Le Quattro Giornate: in which work the things are comprised in detail, and as yet there is no copy of it given out, as it is necessary for me to revise it. This land is very populous, and full of inhabitants, and of numberless rivers, (and) animals:

few (of which) resemble ours, excepting lions, panthers, stags, pigs, goats, and deer: and even these have some dissimilarities of form:

 they have no horses nor mules, nor, saving your reverence, asses nor dogs, nor any kind of sheep or oxen:

but so numerous are the other animals which they have, and all are savage, and of none do they make use for their service, that they could not be counted.

What shall we say of others (such as) birds? which are so numerous, and of so many kinds, and of such various-coloured plumages, that it is a marvel to behold them.

 The soil is very pleasant and fruitful, full of immense woods and forests: and it is always green, for the foliage never drops off.

The fruits are so many that they are numberless and entirely different from ours.

This land is within the torrid zone, close to or just under the parallel described by the Tropic of Cancer:

 where the pole of the horizon has an elevation of 23 degrees, at the extremity of the second climate.

 [note 12:

 That is, 23 degrees north latitude.] Many tribes came to see us, and wondered at our faces and our whiteness:

 and they asked us whence we came:

 and we gave them to understand that we had come from heaven, and that we were going to see the world, and they believed it.

In this land we placed baptismal fonts, and an infinite (number of) people were baptised, and they called us in their language Carabi, which means men of great wisdom.

 We took our dhparture from that port:

and the province is called Lariab:

and we navigated along the coast, always in sight of land, until we had run 870 leagues of it, still going in the direction of the maestrale (north-west) making in our course many halts, and holding intercourse with many peoples:

 and in several places we obtained gold by barter but not much in quantity, for we had done enough in discovering the land and learning that they had gold. We had now been thirteen months on the voyage:

and the vessels and the tackling were already much damaged, and the men worn out by fatigue:

we decided by general council to haul our ships on land and examine them for the purpose of stanching leaks, as they made much water, and of caulking and tarring them afresh, and (then) returning towards Spain:

and when we came to this determination, we were close to a harbour the best in the world:

into which we entered with our vessels: where we found an immense number of people: who received us with much friendliness: and on the shore we made a bastion

 [note 13: Fort or barricade]

with our boats and with barrels and casks, and our artillery, which commanded every point:

and our ships having been unloaded and lightened, we drew them upon land, and repaired them in everything that was needful:

and the land’s people gave us very great assistance: and continually furnished us with their victuals: so that in this port we tasted little of our own, which suited our game well:

for the stock of provisions which we had for our return-passage was little and of sorry kind: where (i.e., there) we remained 37 days: and went many times to their villages: where they paid us the greatest honour:

and (now) desiring to depart upon our voyage, they made complaint to us how at certain times of the year there came from over the sea to this their land, a race of people very cruel, and enemies of theirs:

and (who) by means of treachery or of violence slew many of them, and ate them: and some they made captives, and carried them away to their houses, or country:

 and how they could scarcely contrive to defend themselves from them, making signs to us that (those) were an island-people and lived out in the sea about a hundred leagues away:

and so piteously did they tell us this that we believed them: and we promised to avenge them of so much wrong:


and they remained overjoyed herewith: and many of them offered to come along with us, but we did not wish to take them for many reasons, save that we took seven of them, on condition that they should come (i.e., return home) afterwards in (their own) canoes because we did not desire to be obliged to take them back to their country:

and they were contented:

and so we departed from those people, leaving them very friendly towards us: and having repaired our ships, and sailing for seven days out to sea between northeast and east:

and at the end of the seven days we came upon the islands, which were many, some (of them) inhabited, and others deserted: and we anchored at one of them: where we saw a numerous people who called it Iti:

and having manned our boats with strong crews, and (taken ammunition for) three cannon shots in each, we made for land: where we found (assembled) about 400 men, and many women, and all naked like the former (peoples).

They were of good bodily presence, and seemed right warlike men: for they were armed with their weapons, which are bows, arrows, and lances: and most of them had square wooden targets:

and bore them in such wise that they did not impede the drawing of the bow: and when we had come with our boats to about a bowshot of the land, they all sprang into the water to shoot their arrows at us and to prevent us from leaping upon shore:

and they all had their bodies painted of various colours, and (were) plumed with feathers: and the interpreters who were with us told us that when (those) displayed themselves so painted and plumed, it was to betoken that they wanted to fight:

 and so much did they persist in preventing us from landing, that we were compelled to play with our artillery: and when they heard the explosion, and saw one of them fall dead, they all drew back to the land:

wherefore, forming our council, we resolved that 42 of our men should spring on shore, and, if they waited for us, fight them:


thus having leaped to land with our weapons, they advanced towards us, and we fought for about an hour, for we had but little advantage of them, except that our arbalasters and gunners killed some of them, and they wounded certain of our men:

and this was because they did not stand to receive us within reach of lance-thrust or sword-blow:

and so much vigour did we put forth at last, that we came to sword-play, and when they tasted our weapons, they betook themselves to flight through the mountains and the forests, and left us conquerors of the field with many of them dead and a good number wounded: and for that day we’ took no other pains to pursue them, because we were very weary, and we returned to our ships, with so much gladness on the part of the seven men who had come with us that they could not contain themselves (for joy):

and when the next day arrived,

 we beheld coming across the land a great number of people, with signals of battle, continually sounding horns, and various other instruments which they use in their wars: and all (of them) painted and feathered, so that it was a very strange sight to behold them:

wherefore all the ships held council, and it was resolved that since this people desired hostility with us, we should proceed to encounter them and try by every means to make them friends:

in case they would not have our friendship, that we should treat them as foes, and so many of them as we might be able to capture should all be our slaves: and having armed ourselves as best we could, we advanced towards the shore, and they sought not to hinder us from landing, I believe from fear of the cannons: and we jumped on land, 57 men in four squadrons, each one (consisting of) a captain and his company:

and we came to blows with them: and after a long battle (in which) many of them (were) slain, we put them to flight, and pursued them to a village, having made about 250 of them captives, and we burnt the village, and returned to our ships with victory and 250 prisoners, leaving many of them dead and wounded, and of ours there were no more than one killed and 22 wounded, who all escaped (i.e., recovered), God be thanked.



We arranged our departure, and seven men, of whom five were wounded, took an island-canoe, and with seven prisoners that we gave them, four women and three men, returned to their (own) country full of gladness, wondering at our strength: and we thereon made sail for Spain with 222 captive slaves: and reached the port of Calis (Cadiz)


on the 15th day of October, 1498,

 where we were well received and sold our slaves. Such is what befell me, most noteworthy, in this my first voyage.


Translation from Vespucci’s Italian, published at Florence in 1505-6, by “M. K.”, for Quaritch’s edition, London, 1885.


Some great historians like German Arciniegas and Gabriel Camargo Perez think that his first voyage was done in June 1497 with the Spanish Juan de la Cosa.


According to great and famous historians like Martin Fernandez de Navarrete, Germàn Arciniegas and Gabriel Camargo Perez, the first voyage of Amerigo Vespucci took place in 1497, probably in a trip organized by the King Ferdinando, who wanted to clarify if the main land was far away from the Hispaniola Island discovered by the Genoese Christopher Columbus.


The captain of this trip that sailed in May 1497 was possibly Juan Dias the Solis. With Vespucci, there was pilot and cartographer Juan de la Cosa (the then-famous captain who had sailed with Columbus in 1492).

 According to the first letter of Amerigo Vespucci, they landed in a main land at the 16 degrees latitude, probably the coast of La Guajira peninsula in present Colombia or the coast of Nicaragua.

Then they were following the coastal land mass of central America, and they returned to the Atlantic Ocean, crossing the strait of Florida between Florida and Cuba. In his letters, Amerigo Vespucci described this trip, and once Juan de la Cosa returned to Spain, so did the famous world map in which Cuba is represented like an island.

. 1499-1500

In about 1499–1500, Vespucci joined an expedition in the service of Spain, with Alonso de Ojeda (or Hojeda) as the fleet commander. The intention was to sail around the southern end of the African mainland into the Indian Ocean.[2] After hitting land at the coast of what is now Guyana, the two seem to have separated. Vespucci sailed southward, discovering the mouth of the Amazon River and reaching 6°S, before turning around and seeing Trinidad and the Orinoco River and returning to Spain by way of Hispaniola. The letter, to Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de’ Medici, claims that Vespucci determined his longitude celestially

 [3] on August 23, 1499,

while on this voyage. However, that claim might be fraudulent,[3] which could cast doubt on the letter’s credibility

[1] In the 18th century three unpublished “familiar” letters from vdVespucci to Lorenzo de’ Medici were rediscovered.

 One describes a voyage made in 1499-1500 which corresponds with the second of the “four voyages


Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454 -February 22, 1512) was an Italian merchant, explorer and cartographer.


 He played a senior role in two voyages which explored the east coast of South America between 1499 and 1502.

On the second of these voyages he discovered that South America extended much further south than previously known by Europeans. This convinced him that this land was part of a new continent, a bold contention at a time when other European explorers crossing the Atlantic thought they were reaching Asia (the “Indies”).


It describes a voyage to South America in 1501-1502.

Mundus Novus was published in late 1502 or early 1503 and soon reprinted and distributed in numerous European countries.[1] Lettera di Amerigo Vespucci delle isole nuovamente trovate in quattro suoi viaggi (“Letter of Amerigo Vespucci concerning the isles newly discovered on his four voyages”), known as Lettera al Soderini or just Lettera, was a letter in Italian addressed to Piero Soderini. Printed in 1504 or 1505, it claimed to be an account of four voyages to the Americas made by Vespucci between 1497 and 1504.



Another was written from Cape Verde in 1501

 in the early part of the third of the “four voyages”, before crossing the Atlantic. The third letter was sent from Lisbon after the completion of that voyage.`

[1] Some have suggested that Vespucci, in the two letters published in his lifetime, was exaggerating his role and constructed deliberate fabrications. However, many scholars now believe that the two letters were not written by him but were fabrications by others based in part on genuine letters by Vespucci.


His last certain voyage was one led by Gonçalo Coelho in 1501–1502 in the service of Portugal. Departing from Lisbon, the fleet sailed first to Cape Verde where they met two of Pedro Álvares Cabral’s ships returning from India. In a letter from Cape Verde, Vespucci says that he hopes to visit the same lands that Álvares Cabral had explored, suggesting that the intention is to sail west to Asia, as on the 1499-1500 voyage.


[2] On reaching the coast of Brazil, they sailed south along the coast of South America to Rio de Janeiro’s bay. If his own account is to be believed, he reached the latitude of Patagonia before turning back; although this also seems doubtful, since his account does not mention the broad estuary of the Río de la Plata, which he must have seen if he had gotten that far south. Portuguese maps of South America, created after the voyage of Coelho and Vespucci, do not show any land south of present-day Cananéia at 25º S, so this may represent the southernmost extent of their voyages.

During the first half of this expedition in 1501,

 Vespucci mapped the two stars, Alpha Centauri and Beta Centauri as well as the stars of the constellation Crux.

[3] Although these stars were known to the ancient Greeks, gradual precession had lowered them below the European skyline so that they were forgotten

.[4] On return to Lisbon,

 Vespucci wrote in a letter to de’ Medici that the land masses they explored were much larger than anticipated and different from the Asia described by earlier Europeans and, therefore, must be a New World, that is, a previously unknown fourth continent, after Europe, Asia, and Africa.



Vespucci’s voyages became widely known in Europe after two accounts attributed to him were published between 1502 and 1504



Little is known of his last voyage in 1503–1504 or even whether it actually took place. Vespucci’s real historical importance may well be more in his letters, whether he wrote them all or not, than in his discoveries. From these letters, the European public learned about the newly discovered continent of the Americas for the first time; its existence became generally known throughout Europe within a few years of the letters’ publication.


Verpucci attack natives


 [1] In 1507,

Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the new continent “America” after Vespucci’s first name, Amerigo.

In an accompanying book, Waldseemüller published one of the Vespucci accounts, which led to criticism that Vespucci was trying to usurp Christopher Columbus’s glory.

However, the rediscovery in the 18th century of other letters by Vespucci has led to the view that the early published accounts were fabrications, not by Vespucci, but by others.
          Vespucci was born in Florence, as the third child of a respected family. His father was a notary for the Money Changers’ Guild of Florence. Amerigo Vespucci worked for Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de’ Medici and his brother Giovanni and in 1492 they sent him to work at their agency in Seville, Spain.




 It was the publication and widespread circulation of the letters that led Martin Waldseemüller to name the new continent America on his world map of 1507 in Lorraine.

Vespucci used a Latinised form of his name, Americus Vespucius, in his Latin writings, which Waldseemüller used as a base for the new name, taking the feminine form America.

 (See also Naming of America.)

Amerigo itself is an Italian form of the medieval Latin Emericus (see also Saint Emeric of Hungary), which through the German form Heinrich (in English, Henry) derived from the Germanic name Haimirich.

The two disputed letters claim that Vespucci made four voyages to America, while at most two can be verified from other sources. at the moment there is a dispute between historians on when Vespucci visited main land the first time.


A Latin translation was published by the German Martin Waldseemüller in 1507 in Cosmographiae Introductio, a book on cosmography and geography, as Quattuor Americi Vespuccij navigationes (“Four Voyages of Amerigo Vespucci”).






 In 1508,

 after only two voyages to the Americas, the position of pilot major (chief of navigation) of Spain was created for Vespucci, with the responsibility of training pilots for ocean voyages.



 He died of malaria on the date February 22, 1512 in Seville, Spain.

Two letters attributed to Vespucci were published during his lifetime. Mundus Novus (“New World”) was a Latin translation of a lost Italian letter sent from Lisbon to Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de’ Medici.


Returning home in 1512,

 he took part in the Portuguese expedition to Marocco and was severely wounded, leaving him lame for life. Feeling he was not sufficiently rewarded for his services, Magellan left the army without permission, leading to his disgrace with the king.



In 1513, Vasco de Balboa had found an ocean on the far side of the New World discovered by Christopher Columbus. Magellan proposed to the Spanish king an expedition to find a passage through the New World to this ocean and to sail west to the Moluccas, thus proving that the Spice Islands lay on the Spanish side of the line of demarcation. King Charles approved the plan.

 Magellan took the oath of allegiance in the church of Santa Maria de la Victoria de Triana in Seville, and received the imperial standard.

He also gave a large sum of money to the monks of the monastery in order that they might pray for the success of the expedition.



He gave up his nationality and offered his services to King Charles I (later Holy Roman Emperor Charles V), ruler of Spain in 1517








The Stamps Of Amerigo Verpucci Centenary



Italian stamp of Magellan







ITALY – CIRCA 1931: a stamp printed in the Italy shows Training Ship Amerigo Vespucci, 50th Anniversary of Royal Naval Academy at Livorno, circa 1931










 Named after Amerigo Vespucci :

Amerigo Vespucci Airport, Florence, Italy
Amerigo Vespucci (ship), an Italian tall ship
The Americas, geographic region including the continents of South America and North America

 See also
Naming of America

Formisano, Luciano (Ed.) (1992). Letters from a New World: Amerigo Vespucci’s Discovery of America. New York: Marsilio. ISBN 0-941419-62-2. Pp. xix-xxvi.
” On a clear night with calm seas, stars could be identified near the horizon to judge latitude/longitude celestially. Although South America’s continental shelf drops quickly into the deep ocean beyond the Orinoco River, the mouth is on the shelf, avoiding the ocean swells and waves which hinder visibility of stars near the horizon. Seamen who could navigate from Europe to America and back could chart stars on the horizon, especially for a cartographer like Vespucci. “

Amerigo: the Man Who Gave His Name to America by Fernández-Armesto, Felipe; Weidenfeld & Nicolson

Archaeologist has found evidence of De Soto’s expedition

Ethan White, 15, left, uses a screen to sift sand at the circa 1606-1608 San Buenaventura de Potano Spanish mission location at his familyís property in north Marion County while his father, archaeologist Ashley White, feeds sand from one of the many excavation holes at the site, which includes a nearby area where Spanish explorer Hernando De Soto camped in August 1539.
Doug Engle/ Ocala Star-Banner
Ocala Star-Banner
Published: Sunday, July 8, 2012 at 7:56 a.m.
Last Modified: Sunday, July 8, 2012 at 7:56 a.m.

Hernando De Soto’s route through Florida is as elusive to modern archaeologists as the gold the famed Spanish explorer sought throughout the southeastern United States.

Ever since De Soto’s 600 men set foot on the shores of Tampa Bay, arriving from Cuba almost 500 years ago, historians have debated the exact direction of his failed treasure-hunting expeditions as far north as Tennessee and North Carolina.

But in north Marion County, an archaeologist has found what his contemporaries deem rarer than the gold De Soto was seeking — physical evidence of the explorer’s precise journey through Marion County and enough information to redraw Florida De Soto maps and fuel many more archaeological digs based on his findings.

“It gets rid of the guesswork now on the route through Marion County,” said Ashley White, a local archaeologist who found the site. “Now, we know for sure he came up through the Black Sink Prairie to Orange Lake and looped around through Micanopy.”

From the De Soto site, which sits on the one-time Indian town known as Potano, De Soto eventually marched to Utinamocharra in present day Gainesville and later to Tallahassee for the winter.

Archaeologists who study Spain’s settlement of Florida and De Soto’s exploration into the Southeast United States, regard White’s find as priceless and have little doubt as to the site’s authenticity.

“I looked at the archaeological evidence. There is absolutely no doubt that is a De Soto contact site, and I am 99.99 percent sure this is the town of Potano, the major Indian town,” said Jerald Milanich, the author of multiple books about De Soto’s expedition and curator emeritus in archaeology of the Florida Museum of Natural History at the University of Florida.

“Until now, we really had no one location until all the way up to Tallahassee. Now we have a midway place.”


White’s initial discovery was less a product of painstaking exploration than dumb luck.

Historians before White had dug thousands of pits into Florida’s backwoods and sifted tons of dirt in hopes of finding artifacts linked to the explorer, without success. The only confirmed De Soto site in Florida is in Tallahassee, where De Soto’s men wintered for five months.

White himself had walked his family’s property for two years looking for remnants of what he thought was a 17th century Spanish cattle ranch. He found little more than Indian artifacts.

Then in 2005, a series of hurricanes and storms inundated the 700-acre property owned by his wife, Michelle White, a bioarchaeologist.

“There is a lot of drainage (on the ranch) … and all this sand broke loose and we had artifacts just lying on top of the ground,” Ashley White said.

One was a coin minted before De Soto’s 1539 expedition. It was in a clump of pines near Black Sink Prairie.

At the time, however, White’s attention was riveted on the remains of a 16th century structure he discovered a couple of hundred yards away.

That structure turned out to be the mission of San Buenaventura de Potano, which was established some years after De Soto came through. There, White’s family found copper coins of the era and brown streaks from what remained of the posts that anchored the church. It was enough to make him put the other site on the back burner.

White didn’t know it at the time, but the first site was what other historians had been looking for: physical evidence of De Soto’s exploration.

Meanwhile, the second site yielded its own archaeological treasure trove — about 100 medieval coins, the largest cache from that era in North America.

“Still, the original thought was that it was a Spanish ranch outpost, and that was our hypothesis for probably two years of the work here,” White said. “(The De Soto) trail, it’s not the first thing on your mind in Central Florida archaeology.”

White’s hypothesis began to change as he examined the scant remains of the building and nearby artifacts and realized they shared similar architectural characteristics with other Florida mission buildings along Indian trails. Among those artifacts were colorful, handmade glass beads from the late 16th century, coins, pieces of pottery and nails.

Gifford Waters, historical archaeology collections manager of the Florida Museum of Natural History and an expert on Spanish missions, said finding the mission remains so close to the De Soto site reinforces the legitimacy of White’s discovery.

Missionaries would have used De Soto’s records to establish their churches along Indian trails and towns, Waters said.

“This (the De Soto site) is an extremely important site, historically and archaeologically,” he said.

With some more archaeology, the White site “will be accepted as strongly as the Martin site in Tallahassee,” Waters said. “It helps us to learn more about the Spanish expedition, but also more about the Indians.”



When White returned to his first site, where he found the oldest coin, he found two more coins. Both were minted before De Soto’s Florida exploration began and were much older than those at the mission site. He also found glass beads, made near present day Venice, Italy, that were more complex and older than those found at the mission site.

Then White found a few links of iron chain mail from Spain, with designs De Soto’s men would have woven onto their garments to protect them from Indian spears and arrows. The way the chain mail was linked predated the mission.

He also unearthed a pig jaw, unique to the domesticated herd of European animals De Soto brought to help feed his men.

There had been other Spanish explorers, such as Panfilo de Narvaez, but they had not brought old world pigs, nor had they traveled as far inland.

Other archaeologists such as Milanich say the collection of artifacts represented a town on the move.

In their book, Milanich and archaeologist Charles Hudson had laid historical groundwork for the De Soto site more than 20 years ago. They attempted to map De Soto’s trail based on written records and artifacts. Hudson is a professor of anthropology and history emeritus at the University of Georgia and author of many books on the history and culture of the Indians of the Southeast.

Those written records, which include at least three accounts written at the time by men who traveled with De Soto, put the explorer at the White site beginning on Aug. 11, 1539, and for the next three weeks.

Thousands of Potano Indians lived in the town and along lakes and rivers up into present day Alachua County. The Potano Indians were a subset of the Timucua Indians who called North Central Florida home.

Milanich based some of his theories about De Soto’s routes on Indian trails, many of which became modern highways and railroads.

“And we knew the trails led to Indian towns and knew De Soto in 1539 traveled on the Indian trails to get food and looking for wealth,” Milanich said.

But the written records of those who traveled with De Soto were difficult to decipher. Geographical locations recorded hundreds of years ago using only descriptions of marshes, rivers and wetlands left many archaeologists like Milanich uncertain.

“As an archaeologist, I’d like to tell you we know everything, but we don’t. We just have bits and scraps of information,” he said.


Like bread crumbs marking a trail, archaeologists have to depend on things explorers left behind, such as the beads and coins.

“Like other Spanish explorers, the De Soto expedition brought trade goods they could give to the Indians to get them to be their friends, to pay them off, to provide bearers to carry their supplies, to get food and even get women, to get consorts,” Milanich said.

It was that search for food that drove De Soto to White’s location in 1539.

“Food was always a problem. If you’re not eating, forget it,” Milanich said. “And it was a huge operation going through central Marion County.”

Unsure when winter would begin in Florida, De Soto was looking for a town to occupy with enough food to feed his troops.

Potano likely had a central communal wooden building, a plaza, a chief’s home and several huts where other Indians lived.

But De Soto and the Indians didn’t always coexist peacefully.

The Spaniard plundered towns that didn’t cooperate and killed Indians who refused to help, often in a spectacle that served as a warning to other Indians.

The Europeans also exposed the indigenous people to diseases against which they had no immunity. Thirty years later, when the French met the Potano, the population had plummeted from as many as 30,000 to about 3,000 people.

Most of the Indians were happy to see De Soto leave, urging him on with tales of gold to the north, Milanich said. As soon as a route was staked out, De Soto sent word to his men scattered in a long trail behind him to follow.

In 1539, the Indians rebelled against De Soto’s brutality and the diseases his expedition spread. They killed De Soto’s men when they could get away with it as the Spaniards marched north. Captured Indian guides made the exploration as difficult as possible, sending the Spaniards wandering aimlessly in the hot, humid Florida summer.

De Soto finally marched to Tallahassee and wintered there into 1540.

“De Soto makes it all the way into Arkansas and they spend the next year running around looking for gold. There is none. There is no wealth,” Milanich said.

“He had invested his fortune, his reputation and that of his family and his relatives and everything else. So he must have felt he couldn’t get out at the time. He couldn’t give up,” Milanich said.

De Soto died in 1542 on the banks of the Mississippi and was interred in those waters.

Sixty-four years after his death, the Spanish built the mission of San Buenaventura de Potano just across a creek from White’s De Soto site.

“The discovery of the (Potano) site is really a beginning, not an end,” Milanich said. “The start of a lot more research, of learning about the area. It helps us to understand what things were like on a summer day in 1539, and I’m sure it’s very exciting for people to realize that they had a very important bit of history right in their own backyard.”

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koleksi sejarah pertualangan(bersmbung)





The Adventure Of

Ferdinand Magellan




Created By

Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA

Copyright @ 2013



Cerita tentang Columbus pertama kali saya dengar saat belajar sejarah dunia di Don Bosco high School Padang tahun 1962, setelah itu saya berusaha mencari informasi tetapi tidak pernah sewcara lengkap,karena kesibukan sekolah dan kemudian berkerja yang snagt sibuk hanya sedikit informasi yang dapat ditemui,baru saat pension tahun 2001 saya punya banyak kesempatan meneruskan hobi sejarah saya menemui sebuah buku ensiklopedia tahun 1952 yang isinya sangat menarik karena dari ksiah tragis menimpa Columbus pada ekspidisi terakhir ia di tangkap, mengapa bisa terjadi seperti itu ? Hal ini perlu menjadi pelajaran bagi generasi penerus ,agar hal yang baik dari Columbus dapat dijadikan pedoman dan diteruskan tetapi hal yang jelek jangan diulang, belajarlah dari sejarah, maka kemudian secara serius saya kumpulkan seluruh informasi terkait Columbus dan akhirnya terjawablah tentang keberhasilan dan kegagalan Columbus.Untuk menambah informasi dalam pengantar ini saya kutip dari ensikopodia indesia tahun 1952 setelah menemukan informasi pertualangan Columbus, menjadi obsesi saya untuk mengetahui pertualangan selanjutnya yang menuju Lautan Pasific termasuk Indonesia, saya sudha mendengar tentang Magellan dan pernah melihat kuburan porrtugis di tepi panta kota padang dan juga membaca kisah pertulangan magellan ke Mluku dan filipina serta amerika selatan, nah saya mulai mengumpulkan informasi dan silahkan membaca kisahnya dibawah ini

Bagian pertama








Ferdinand Magellan

Civilization: Hispanic: Portugal Era Exploration,                                                                                                                Fieldof expoloration:Pacific ocean

Ferdinand Magellan organized the first voyage which successfully circumnaviated the globe, and in the process discovered the Straights of Magellan, the Philippines, and several other important geographical landmarks. His momentous expedition was considred a great success even though only 18 of over 200 crewmen returned alive, and Magellan himself was not one of them. He is credited with being the first person to circumnaviate the globe, however, since he was not killed until after reaching the Far East, and he had traveled extensively in the region on prior voyages.

In 1498 the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama rounded the Cape of Good Hope and established a trade route for the Portuguese to the Far East. Seven years after his return, Ferdinand Magellan joined another Portuguese expedition, led by Francisco Almeida to India. He participated in the Battle of Dui and spent years sailing the region for Portugal under both Almeida and Albuquerque. Eventually, however, Magellan fell out of favor with his superiors due to accusations of illegal trading. Magellan sought to defend himself from these charges, but to no avail. By 1514 he was back in Portugal without employment, and with powerful enemies at the Portuguese court.

In 1513, Balboa had discovered the Pacific Ocean. Magellan was a talented sailor with a broad knowledge of the Far East, and conceived of the idea of sailing to the far east by finding a passage through the new world. After presenting his idea first to the King of Portugal, he proceded to the Court of Charles V, where he gained a much more positive reception. Spain was especially eager to pursue the idea of a western route to the east in order to rival Portugal, which had already established itself in the region.

After several years of preparation, Magellan was provided with five ships and about 250 sailors for his voyage. They embarked from Seville, in August 1519 and by January 1520 reached Rio de la Plata, south of Brazil. At this point, Magellan had to proceed carefully. No passage around the Cape of South America was known at the time, and the waters were rocky and treacherous. One of the ships was lost on a scouting expedition, one returned to Spain, and a minor mutiny was averted. Finally, on November 28, three of the ships successfully negotiated the Straights of Magellan, and entered the Pacific Ocean.

It took only a little over three months to cross the Pacific, and the fleet reached Guam safely in March 1521. From there they proceded to the Philippines, which were unknown to Magellan, since his previous travels in the region had not taken him so far North. It occurred to Magellan to befriend the local king and claim the region for Spain, and so he agreed to aid a local chieftain in one of his battles. This turned into a very costly skirmish—the natives used poison arrows and Magellen and many of the other sailors were killed. The command of the expedition turned to Juan Elcano, who loaded up two of the remaining ships with spices and other valuables before attempting to return to Spain. The return journey was complicated by the fact that the Portuguese were dominant in the region, and were somewhat hostile to the Spanish venture. On of the ships was captured by the Portuguese, and the other was forced to dock at a Portuguese station before returning to Spain. Nevertheless, Juan Elcana piloted the Victoria back to Spain, a little less than the years after beginning the momentous jou

Related informations


This Portuguese-born navigator was one of the great explorers of his era – the first European to cross the Pacific Ocean, he also played a crucial role in the first circumnavigation of the world.

Ferdinand Magellan was born in 1480 into a noble Portuguese family. His parents died when he was still a boy and he became a court page in Lisbon. In 1505, he enlisted in the fleet of the Portuguese viceroy to the Indies, and spent the following years involved in a series of Portuguese expeditions in India and Africa. In 1511, he was with the fleet that conquered Malacca (on the Malay Peninsula), thus gaining control of the most important trade routes in the region. He also explored the islands of present-day Indonesia as far east as the Moluccas (also known as the Spice Islands).

In 1512, Magellan returned to Lisbon, and the following year, he was wounded during an expedition to Morocco, which left him with a permanent limp. After a disagreement with the Portuguese king, in 1517 Magellan went to Spain to try and enlist the Spanish king’s support for an expedition to reach the Moluccas by sailing westwards. The Spanish wanted a share in the valuable spice trade from the Moluccas, but the Portuguese controlled the eastwards route round southern Africa. Magellan was successful and in September 1519 set out with a fleet of five vessels. In spite of a mutinous crew, rough weather, scurvy, a desperate lack of provisions and unknown waters, Magellan managed to cross the Atlantic and navigate through the straits at the southern point of South America which were later named after him.

Now with only three ships, Magellan sailed on into the Pacific with rapidly diminishing supplies, which led to many of the crew dying of starvation and scurvy. After around 14 weeks they reached an island, probably Guam, in the western Pacific. They then sailed on to the Philippines. On 27 April 1521, Magellan was killed there after becoming involved in a battle between two rival local chieftains.

One ship from the fleet eventually reached Spain in September 1522, having completed the first ever circumnavigation of the globe.



Ferdinand Magellan (Portuguese: Fernão de Magalhães, IPA: [fɨɾˈnɐ̃w ðɨ mɐɣɐˈʎɐ̃jʃ]; Spanish: Fernando de Magallanes, IPA: [ferˈnando ðe maɣaˈʎanes]; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who became known for having organised the expedition that resulted in the first circumnavigation of the Earth completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano. He was born in a still disputed location in northern Portugal, and served King Charles I of Spain in search of a westward route to the “Spice Islands” (modern Maluku Islands in Indonesia).

Magellan’s expedition of 1519–1522 became the first expedition to sail from the Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific Ocean (then named “peaceful sea” by Magellan; the passage being made via the Strait of Magellan), and the first to cross the Pacific. His expedition completed the first circumnavigation of the Earth. Magellan did not complete the entire voyage, as he was killed during the Battle of Mactan in the Philippines. (For background see Exploration of the Pacific.)

The Magellanic Penguin was named for him, as he was the first European to note it;[1] other memorials are the Magellanic clouds, now known to be nearby dwarf galaxies; the twin lunar craters of Magelhaens and Magelhaens A; and the Martian crater of Magelhaens.[2]

Souce wiki



A True Hero of Exploration: The Adventures of Magellan

by T. A. Roth

The story of Magellan’s voyage around the world is one of almost uninterrupted adventure and peril.

 His men faced harrowing hardships, storms, mutiny, disease, starvation, sunstroke, shipwreck, cowardice and desertion, treachery, savage warfare, and vicious national jealousies.

Yet at great cost they prevailed over all obstacles and after three year’s one of Magellan’s ships returned to Spain with only 18 of the 250 who set forth.

This book follows one of the greatest adventure stories of all time and accurately portrays the lives of the fascinating indigenous peoples the Spanish encountered in their voyages.

The Adventures of Magellan by George M. Towle
Ferdinand Magellan by Frederick A. Ober


Magellan and his men plant the cross in the Philippines.

Almost every school child manages to learn the basic facts about world exploration. They know that Columbus discovered America, Balboa discovered the Pacific Ocean, and Magellan was the first sailor to lead a crew of Europeans around the entire globe.

But what they often don’t know is that biographies of early explorers are some of the most exciting adventure stories in all of world history,


 and that first hand accounts of the earliest explorers provide fascinating insights into the lives of the indigenous peoples the encountered in their travels.

Many of the most exhilarating adventures of exploration were undertaken by Spanish sea-farers but in spite of their enormous significance, histories written for English Speaking audiences often pass over their achievements too quickly.

Fortunately, Heritage History has an outstanding collection of the biographies of world explorers written for a general audience and based on original sources.

 Two of our authors in particular, Frederick Ober, and George M. Towle, both wrote fascinating series about the lives of world explorers and both series can be found on the Spanish Empire collection.

Instead of featuring these outstanding series, however, today we’re focusing just one hero—the story of Ferdinand Magellan.

The lives of all explorers are filled with peril and adventure, but the personality of the hero and the particulars of the calamities, trials, and difficulties that befall them are very different.

The character of the noble Magellan, for example, could not be more unlike that of the nefarious Pizarro. The one had a true missionary spirit and dealt as fairly with the natives as possible; while the other sought only personal gain through unrestrained violence.

To fully appreciate the audacity of Magellan’s voyage, it is important to remember the date at which it was undertaken.

Magellan’s story is both inspiring and a warning. Magellan was a great leader and an admirable gentlemen who undertook his courageous voyage with noble intentions and dignity of spirit. His combination of intelligence, patience, courage, and unshakeable resolve, allowed him to put down a mutiny and inspire his crew in almost impossible circumstances, and his life story is a refreshing contrast to those of other, more roguish heroes of exploration. But his faith and courage only serve to contrast his character with those of the majority of men he encountered. Duplicitous Moslem kings, treacherous tribal chiefs, cowardly crewmen, and jealous courtiers alike conspired to foil his efforts. The ultimate success of his voyage, in spite of all obstacles, is one of the greatest, and most fascinating, achievements in human history.

We recommend our collection of world exploration biographies primarily for middle school and high school students simply because most are told in a level of detail that is best appreciated by older students. They are, however, a feast of adventure stories for students of any age who are mature

Background: Spanish search for a westward route to Asia

Christopher Columbus‘ 1492–1503 voyages to the West had the goal of reaching the Indies and to establish direct commercial relations between Spain and the Asian kingdoms. The Spanish soon realized that the lands of the Americas were not a part of Asia, but a new continent. The 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas reserved for Portugal the eastern routes that went around Africa, and Vasco da Gama and the Portuguese arrived in India in 1498.

Spain urgently needed to find a new commercial route to Asia. After the Junta de Toro conference of 1505, the Spanish Crown commissioned expeditions to discover a route to the west. Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa reached the Pacific Ocean in 1513 after crossing the Isthmus of Panama, and Juan Díaz de Solís died in Río de la Plata in 1516 while exploring South America in the service of Spain.(wiki)


Funding and preparation

In October 1517 in Seville, Magellan contacted Juan de Aranda, Factor of the Casa de Contratación. Following the arrival of his partner Rui Faleiro, and with the support of Aranda, they presented their project to the Spanish king, Charles I, future Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. Magellan’s project, if successful, would realize Columbus’ plan of a spice route by sailing west without damaging relations with the Portuguese. The idea was in tune with the times and had already been discussed after Balboa’s discovery of the Pacific. On 22 March 1518 the king named Magellan and Faleiro captains so that they could travel in search of the Spice Islands in July. He raised them to the rank of Commander of the Order of Santiago. The king granted them:[12]

  • Monopoly of the discovered route for a period of ten years.
  • Their appointment as governors of the lands and islands found, with 5% of the resulting net gains.
  • A fifth of the gains of the travel.
  • The right to levy one thousand ducats on upcoming trips, paying only 5% on the remainder.
  • Granting of an island for each one, apart from the six richest, from which they would receive a fifteenth.

The expedition was funded largely by the Spanish Crown, which provided ships carrying supplies for two years of travel. Expert cartographer Jorge Reinel and Diogo Ribeiro, a Portuguese who had started working for Charles V in 1518[13] as a cartographer at the Casa de Contratación, took part in the development of the maps to be used in the travel. Several problems arose during the preparation of the trip, including lack of money, the king of Portugal trying to stop them, Magellan and other Portuguese incurring suspicion from the Spanish, and the difficult nature of Faleiro.[14] Finally, thanks to the tenacity of Magellan, the expedition was ready. Through the bishop Juan Rodríguez de Fonseca they obtained the participation of merchant Christopher de Haro, who provided a quarter of the funds and goods to barter.

The fleet



Victoria, the sole ship of Magellan’s fleet to complete the circumnavigation. Detail from a map by Ortelius, 1590.



The Nao Victoria Replica in the Nao Victoria Museum, Punta Arenas, Chile

The fleet provided by King Charles V included five ships: the flagship Trinidad (110 tons, crew 55), under Magellan’s command; San Antonio (120 tons; crew 60) commanded by Juan de Cartagena; Concepcion (90 tons, crew 45) commanded by Gaspar de Quesada; Santiago (75 tons, crew 32) commanded by Juan Serrano; and Victoria (85 tons, crew 43), commanded by Luis Mendoza. (The last ship was named after the church of Santa Maria de la Victoria de Triana, where Magellan took an oath of allegiance to Charles V.) Trinidad was a caravel, and all others rated as carracks (Spanish carraca or nao; Portuguese nau).

The crew

The crew of about 270 included men from several nations: including Portugal, Spain, Italy, Germany, Belgium, Greece, England and France.[15] Spanish authorities were wary of Magellan, so that they almost prevented him from sailing, switching his mostly Portuguese crew to mostly men of Spain. It included about 40 Portuguese, among them Magellan’s brother-in-law Duarte Barbosa, João Serrão, a relative of Francisco Serrão, Estêvão Gomes and Magellan’s indentured servant Enrique of Malacca. Faleiro, who had planned to accompany the voyage, withdrew prior to boarding. Juan Sebastián Elcano, a Spanish merchant ship captain settled at Seville, embarked seeking the king’s pardon for previous misdeeds, and Antonio Pigafetta, a Venetian scholar and traveller, asked to be on the voyage, accepting the title of “supernumerary” and a modest salary. He became a strict assistant of Magellan and kept an accurate journal. The only other sailor to report the voyage would be Francisco Albo, who kept a formal logbook. Juan de Cartageña was named Inspector General of the expedition, responsible for its financial and trading operations.

Departure and crossing of the Atlantic

On 10 August 1519, the five ships under Magellan’s command left Seville and descended the Guadalquivir River to Sanlúcar de Barrameda, at the mouth of the river. There they remained more than five weeks. Finally they set sail on 20 September.

King Manuel I ordered a Portuguese naval detachment to pursue Magellan, but the explorer evaded them. After stopping at the Canary Islands, Magellan arrived at Cape Verde, where he set course for Cape St. Augustine in Brazil. On 27 November the expedition crossed the equator; on 6 December the crew sighted South America.

As Brazil was Portuguese territory, Magellan avoided it and on 13 December anchored near present-day Rio de Janeiro. There the crew was resupplied, but bad conditions caused them to delay. Afterwards, they continued to sail south along South America’s east coast, looking for the strait that Magellan believed would lead to the Spice Islands. The fleet reached Río de la Plata on 10 January 1520.

For overwintering, Magellan established a temporary settlement called Puerto San Julian on March 30, 1520. On Easter (April 1 and 2), a mutiny broke out involving three of the five ship captains. Magellan took quick and decisive action. Luis de Mendoza, the captain of Victoria, was killed by a party sent by Magellan, and the ship was recovered. After Concepcion’s anchor cable had been secretly cut by his forces, the ship drifted towards the well-armed Trinidad, and Concepcion’s captain de Quesada and his inner circle surrendered. Juan de Cartagena, the head of the mutineers on the San Antonio, subsequently gave up. Antonio Pigafetta reported that Gaspar Quesada, the captain of Concepcion, and other mutineers were executed, while Juan de Cartagena, the captain of San Antonio, and a priest named Padre Sanchez de la Reina were marooned on the coast. Most of the men, including Juan Sebastián Elcano, were needed and forgiven.[16] Reportedly those killed were drawn and quartered and impaled on the coast; years later, their bones were found by Sir Francis Drake.[17][18] A replica of the Victoria can be visited in Puerto San Julian(wiki)



Reconstruction Historical Fact Of

 Magellan Adventures


Magellan  voyage began in 1519,

only six years after

Balboa discovered the Pacific Ocean.

 At that time, neither

Cortez nor Pizarro  had yet made their fame as conquistadors and Spanish settlements in the New World were still few.

The full mineral wealth of the Spanish possessions in America was not yet realized and discovering a western trade route to the Far East was foremost in men’s minds.

Absolutely nothing was known of the Pacific Ocean at the time; there were no provisioning stations outside the Caribbean and the men who embarked on the trip were as stalwart as those who first sailed the unknown seas with Columbus.


Magellan set sail from Spain with five ships and 280 men.

 Only one ship, and eighteen men returned from the voyage.

Magellan’s voyage was accompanied by perils of all kinds, from mutiny, to starvation, to tribal warfare.

Like Columbus he had to deal with the jealousy of Royal courts at home as well as tribal wars and rivalries among the natives.

Also like Columbus, Magellan sincerely believed that part of his mission was to spread Christianity among the natives, but on this front, his initial success was undone by treachery and superstition.

Even when his struggling fleet, after enormous sufferings, made its way to a trading port in the Spice Islands, the remaining crew had to deal with perfidious Moslem and Portuguese traders who sought to prevent their return to Spain.

 Although the afflictions of nature; including storms, temperature extremes, disease, and starvation took a heavy toll on the crew, the losses due to human deceit and aggression were even more devastating.





El Nino may have helped Magellan cross the Pacific

El Nino may have helped Magellan cross the Pacific
By RANDOLPH E. SCHMID, AP Science Writer
Fri May 16, 5:23 PM ET
WASHINGTON – The El Nino phenomenon that has puzzled climate scientists in recent decades may have assisted the first trip around the world nearly 500 years ago.

Explorer Ferdinand Magellan encountered fair weather on Nov. 28, 1520, after days of battle through the rough waters south of South America. From there his passage across the Pacific Ocean may have been eased by the calming effects of El Nino, researchers speculate in a new study.

When an El Nino occurs, the waters of the Equatorial Pacific become warmer than normal, creating rising air that changes wind and weather patterns. The effects can be worldwide, including drought in the western Pacific and more rain in Peru and the west coast of South America.


Tree ring data indicate that an El Nino was occurring in 1519 and 1520 and may even have begun in 1518.

After passing through the strait later named for him, Magellan sailed north along the South American coast and then turned northwest, crossing the equator and eventually arriving at the Philippines, where he was killed in a battle with natives.

Magellan was seeking the so-called spice islands, now part of Indonesia, and his course took him north of that goal.

But the route may have been dictated by mild conditions and favorable winds during an El Nino, anthropologists Scott M. Fitzpatrick of North Carolina State University and Richard Callaghan of the University of Calgary, Canada, propose in a new study of his trip.

Their research is summarized in Friday’s edition of the journal Science and is scheduled to be published in full in the August edition of the Journal of Pacific History.

They were studying early exploration trips and were struck by the fact that Magellan sailed unusually far north, Fitzpatrick explained in a telephone interview.

“We had not considered El Nino until afterward, when we were trying to account for why the winds were so calm when he came into the Pacific,” he said. “We knew it was unusual.”

The researchers used a computer to model wind and weather conditions across the Pacific during an El Nino and then compared that to Magellan’s route.

Magellan’s journals show that many of the crew had died or were sick with scurvey, so he may simply have chosen to sail with the existing winds and currents, reducing the number of crew needed to operate his ships, Fitzgerald said.

“It could have been an adept maneuver,” the researchers wrote, allowing him to move west along the past of least resistance.

In his writings, Magellan said he chose the northerly route because of reports of a famine in the spice islands. This also could be accurate, Callaghan and Fitzpatrick say, as El Nino conditions often result in drought in that region.

Magellan had received correspondence from a friend in the spice islands before setting out and so may have known about a famine there, Fitzgerald said. But that cannot be determined for certain, because the correspondence was destroyed in the great Lisbon earthquake of 1755.

While the actual reasons for Magellan’s choice of route remain uncertain, El Nino conditions “may have been largely responsible for structuring the route and extent of what many consider the world’s greatest voyage,” the researchers wrote.

The trip, in fact, may be the earliest record of an El Nino, Fitzpatrick said.

Sir Francis Drake encountered mild conditions in the Strait of Magellan when he sailed through in 1578, but he then faced months of Pacific storms that scattered his ships, sinking one. Captain James Cook seems also to have benefited from El Nino conditions centered on 1769 during his Pacific exploration.
El Niño May Have Been Factor In Magellan’s Pacific Voyage


A new paper by North Carolina State University archaeologist Dr. Scott Fitzpatrick shows that Ferdinand Magellan’s historic circumnavigation of the globe was likely influenced in large part by unusual weather conditions — including what we now know as El Niño — which eased his passage across the Pacific Ocean, but ultimately led him over a thousand miles from his intended destination.

(Credit: iStockphoto)

(May 16, 2008)

— A new paper by North Carolina State University archaeologist Dr. Scott Fitzpatrick shows that Ferdinand Magellan’s historic circumnavigation of the globe was likely influenced in large part by unusual weather conditions — including what we now know as El Niño — which eased his passage across the Pacific Ocean, but ultimately led him over a thousand miles from his intended destination.

Magellan set out from Spain in 1519 with hopes of claiming the wealth of the Spice Islands, or Moluccas, for the Spanish. Two years later the explorer claimed the first European contact with a Pacific island culture when he landed on Guam — 1,500 miles north of the Spice Islands. How did he make it that far? And how did he miss the Spice Islands by that much?

The paper, co-authored by Fitzpatrick and University of Calgary researcher Dr. Richard Callaghan, uses computer modeling and historical data to determine the role oceanographic conditions may have played in Magellan’s smooth voyage after rounding the notorious Cape Horn at the southernmost tip of South America and in his decision to sail far north of the Spice Islands — which Magellan knew lay along the equator.

The paper concludes that unusually benign weather conditions, likely associated with an El Niño event, allowed Magellan to sail north and may have persuaded him to continue in that direction to avoid starvation — making Magellan’s voyage not only the first to circumnavigate the globe, but apparently the earliest historical record of an El Niño event.

Specifically, the paper finds that Magellan likely sailed around Cape Horn and directly into the tail end of an El Niño event, resulting in much smoother sailing than would normally have been the case and allowing him to easily sail to the north along the coast of Chile. Fitzpatrick and Callaghan also hypothesize that, after leaving the Chilean coast, Magellan may have chosen to continue on his northerly route in order to take advantage of prevailing winds and currents that had them moving at a good speed and allowed him to rest his sailors, who were by then suffering from scurvy and other maladies.

Magellan claimed that he sailed far to the north of the Spice Islands due to concerns that the islands had no food, and Fitzpatrick and Callaghan found some evidence to support this hypothesis. Their paper notes that the Pacific region appears to have been experiencing an El Niño event in 1519 and 1520 — during the bulk of Magellan’s voyage — and that an El Niño is often associated with drought and accompanying famines in the area.

Fitzpatrick is an assistant professor of anthropology in NC State’s Department of Sociology and Anthropology, and is founder and co-editor of the Journal of Island & Coastal Archaeology. This researche will also be published in the Journal of Pacific History in August.







Born to a noble family in Portugal.


Traveled with Francisco de Almeida to the far East.


Participated in the Battle of Diu


Balboa discovers the Pacific Ocean.


Accused of trading illegally with the Moors and relieved for service for Portugal.


Presented plan to sail beyond the New World to reach East Asia to the King of Portugal, but was rejected.


Gained audience with Charles 5 of Spain and presented his plan with some success.


Five ships and a crew of over 250 men were commisioned for the journey.


Reached Rio de la Plata in South America in January, 1520.


Passed the Magellan Straights in November, 1520.


Reached the Island of Guam in March, with over 150 crewmen still alive.


Death of Magellan in the Philippines in April, after being shot with poison arrows.


Remainder of Magellan’s crew reach the Spice Islands in November.


The Victoria, under command of Juan Elcano rounds the Cape of Good Hope in May.


The Victoria returns safely to Spain, on September 6.





Image Links

Ferdinand Magellan  in Ferdinand Magellan The ships of Magellan  in Ferdinand Magellan Monument to Magellan on the spot where he was killed  in Ferdinand Magellan
Magellan planting the cross in the Philippine Islands  in Builders of our Country Vol. I Ferdinand Magellan  in Builders of our Country Vol. I Ferdinand Magellan, the first circumnavigator of the world  in Book of Discovery
Magellan  in European Hero Stories Magellan leaving home in Voyages and Adventures of Magellan Magellan wounded. in Voyages and Adventures of Magellan
An attempt to assassinate Magellan in Voyages and Adventures of Magellan The Giant and the mirror in Voyages and Adventures of Magellan Meeting with the Natives. in Voyages and Adventures of Magellan
The baptism of the kings. in Voyages and Adventures of Magellan The Death of Magellan in Voyages and Adventures of Magellan The Reception at Borneo in Voyages and Adventures of Magellansilahkan ke bagian kedua
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