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INDONESIAN PERANAKANS: TIONGHUA CINA PERANAKAN INDONESIA

 

Indonesian traditions and beliefs have exerted a strong influence over those ethnic Chinese migrants who have resided in the country for generations.

Most came to Indonesia during the 12th & 15th centuries thereby making Peranakan settlement & history in Indonesia older than that of Malaya’s.

The long-resident Peranakan, or Straits Chinese, who have settled mostly in Java and other outer islands such as the Riau islands, West Kalimantan and Sumatra, are the earliest examples of assimilation in Indonesian society.

The Peranakans are descendents of Chinese merchants, males who came unaccompanied to the East Indies for the lucrative spice trade.

Many of these immigrants married the local Indonesian women and their descendents are today known as the Peranakan, meaning local born. Peranakan Culture in Indonesia was just as similar and identical to that of Singapore and Malaysian Peranakan Culture in more ways than one.

 

Photo above:

Old Photos of Indonesian Peranakans & an old Peranakan book in Dutch (right).

 

 

After the late 19th century, the invention of the steamship facilitated the flow of Chinese migrants to Indonesia, who this time came accompanied by their wives and families.

Unlike the Peranakans, these Pure Chinese, or Totoks as they were known, had Chinese families and retained the use of the Chinese language, dress and customs.

They kept their mainland Chinese culture for generations and saw to the establishment of Chinese schools, newspapers and most eminently, Chinese business networks.

 

Historians today have largely attributed the prosperous economic activity among the Chinese as the reason for the Dutch colonial policy that segregated the Totoks and Peranakans from the rest of the Indonesian community.

This led to no small measure of misunderstanding and jealousy among the two groups.

The Peranakan Chinese population in Indonesia numbers at 6 million people out of a total Chinese population of 9 million while the Totok or Pure Chinese Community numbers at around 3 million or so.

Making them the largest Peranakan Chinese community in the entire world. Singapore and Malaysia however only have a miniscule 500,000 Peranakan Chinese each.

This explains why the overwhelming majority Indonesian Chinese only converse to each other in local Indonesian dialects and Bahasa Indonesia and not in Mandarin.

The Dutch imposed a policy of seperation that gave powers and trading priveleges to the Peranakan & Totok Communities.

As a result they were known as Chukongs or Kapitan Cina and controlled vast areas of land, plantation, coal and gold mines, diamond & tin mines and the like. Therefore the wealth and prestige of the Peranakan Chinese in Indonesia was similar to that of those in the Straits Settements

 

Above: Indonesian Nonyas dressed in the sarung kebaya for important events and functions. Peranakan Culture in Indonesia has largely died outdue to the numerous and anti Chinese policies that were so prevalent in the past. However in spite of these issues Peranakan Culture in the form of Food and Language has survived till this very day. Ayam Buah Keluak, Kueh Lapis and Kueh Bengka Ambon are just some of the cultural contributions that the Indonesian Peranakans have given to the rest of the Peranakan Communities in Malaya. The lovely sarung kebaya itself as we know it originated in Indonesia itself not in the Straits Settlements as it was invented by the Indonesian Chinese Peranakans themselves.

 

 

PERANAKAN CHINESE POLITICS IN INDONESIA

Indies-Chinese nationalism in the early 20th century was shaped by the transformation of the Chinese community in the Dutch East Indies.

The Chinese community in this period was characterised by the division between the Totok and the Peranakan communities, and by the growing influence of the Totok community.

Skinner views the distinction between the Totok and the Peranakan communities as cultural: the Totok community was characterised by its pure Chinese culture, while the peranakan community was characterised by its cross Chinese-Javanese culture. The construction of a united Chinese community could have been achieved if a single community of Totoks and Peranakans had been constructed. I shall now proceed to explain why this was not achieved.

The expansion of the Totok community at the beginning of the 20th century was a consequence of the inability of the Peranakan community to completely assimilate the new Chinese migrants who had arrived from China to take advantage of the economic development of the Dutch East Indies.

This massive migration of labourers can be identified as belonging to the Huagong pattern. From the 1900s this migration started to include women, and this gave the male migrants the freedom to choose not to settle with peranakan or indigenous women; this weakened one route of assimilation into the peranakan community.

The large proportion of Hakka and Cantonese dialect groups among the migrants also weakened assimilation since the Peranakan community was distinctly Hokkien.

 

Above: Indonesian Nonyas dressed in the sarung kebaya for important events and functions. In 1909 the Qing government issued the Nationality Law which declared all overseas Chinese to be Chinese nationals, this raised Huaqiao consciousness as it gave a legal basis for China-orientation. This consciousness prevented assimilation into the Peranakan community as the new migrants were motivated to maintain and propagate their pure Chinese culture. Indeed, the Totok community actively sought to re-sinicize the peranakan community, as seen in the efforts of institutions such as the Totok press and Totok-dominated Tiong Hoa Hwee Koan (THHK) schools to revive Peranakan interest in Chinese culture and to establish a China-oriented world-view.

Just as the Peranakan community failed to assimilate the Huagong migrants, contributing to the rise of the Totok community, the Totok community failed in its goal of re-sinicizing the Peranakan community. One fundamental reason was that the peranakans perceived China to be an alien land. This was due to the vast difference between peranakan and Chinese culture, and the fact that most peranakans perceived the Dutch East Indies to be their homeland. In the late 1910s a group of peranakan leaders migrated to China; all but one found China to be an alien place to live. Dutch efforts to prevent the re-sinification of the Peranakans also contributed to the continuance of the Indies Dutch-orientation of the Peranakan community.

 

Photo Above: Books on emborideing Nonya Kebaya & Indonesian Peranakan History. The fact that unhappiness with Dutch policy was a central motivation behind the apparent unity between the Peranakan and the Totok communities can be seen in the Dutch Nationality Law (DNL) issue. Apart from dismantling unpopular policies, the Dutch sought to maintain the Indies-orientation of the peranakan Chinese through the establishment of Dutch-Chinese schools, the first of which was established in 1908. These schools were a reaction to the THHK schools, and they were popular with the peranakan community. The Dutch-Chinese schools eventually grew to be more popular than the THHK schools with the Peranakan community, as the latter were seen to be suitable only for those living in China. By the late 1930s, it was clear that the THHK schools serviced the Totok community, while the Dutch-Chinese schools serviced the Peranakan community. [15] The China-oriented nationalist attempt to re-sinicize the Peranakan community through education had failed.

 

Photo above: Indonesian Peranakan Festivasl held yearly at Tangerang and Jakarta with Dondnag Sayang troupe. The failure of the attempt to unify the Chinese community under the China-oriented nationalist movement is most clearly demonstrated by the establishment of the all-peranakan Chung Hua Hui (CHH) in 1927, which was the first of the major all-peranakan organisations.

This marked the peranakan rejection of China-oriented nationalism and the totok-dominated pan-Chinese organisations.

But as Skinner points out, this disunity was already evident in the 1917 Semarang conference.

Suryadinata notes that among the participants of this conference can be identified a small group of Peranakan leaders such as Kan Hok Hoei (H. H. Kan) who did not seek protection from China and who sought collaboration with the Dutch in order to protect their interests. H. H. Kan would eventually help establish the CHH, which was an Indies-oriented organisation. It sought to promote the interests of the Indies-Chinese community through collaboration with the Dutch, as manifested in its participation in the Volksraad. In contrast, the China-oriented nationalist movement rejected involvement in local politics, as seen in the Semarang conference’s declaration that the Indies Chinese should not participate in the Volksraad. The CHH failed to unify the peranakan community, much less the Indies-Chinese community.

 

Above Photo: Shows one of the panels at the Peranakan Festival in Jakarta describing the Sarung Kebaya called Kebaya Encim in Indonesia used by the Nonyas and old Bibiks there. In response to what was seen as the CHH’s pro-Dutch position, a group of Indonesian-oriented Peranakans established the Partai Tionghoa Indonesia (PTI) in 1932. The PTI, seeking political assimilation of the Chinese in the indigenous Indonesian society, was anti-colonial and supported the Indonesian nationalist movement. The establishment of the PTI marked the internal division in the Indies-oriented peranakan community between the pro-Dutch and Indonesian-oriented groups. Like the CHH, the PTI was unable to unite the peranakan community, much less the Indies-Chinese community. Lacking the support of Peranakan big business that the CHH enjoyed, the PTI was politically weaker than the CHH.

In the early 20th century the Indies-Chinese community hence was divided into three groups. The first was the China-oriented group, mainly consisting of the totok community. The second was the Indies-oriented Peranakan pro-Dutch CHH. The third was the Indonesian-oriented Peranakan PTI. This division was manifested in the geographical dispersal of these groups’ centres of power. The China-oriented group was based in Batavia, which was the gateway into the Dutch East Indies for new Chinese migrants. The CHH was based in Semarang, which possessed an old and established Peranakan community and which was also a centre for Peranakan big business. The PTI was based in Surabaya, which was a centre for contact between Indonesian nationalists and Peranakans.

 

Above Photo: Peranakan Cultural Exhibitions & Festivals being held in different parts of Indonesia. The inability of each of these three groups to establish hegemony over the others led to the disunity of the Indies-Chinese community. The China-oriented nationalists failed to reconstruct the Indies-orientation of the Peranakans, largely due to Dutch efforts to prevent the peranakans from becoming China-orientated. The Indies-orientated pro-Dutch CHH was rejected by the anti-colonial Peranakan group. The Indonesian-oriented PTI was politically weak and could not gain political strength beyond East Java. The Chinese community in the Dutch East Indies hence was characterised by disunity prior to the Second World War. After Independence from Holland, anti Chinese Demonstrations, massacres, killings and riots obliterated Peranakan Chinese Associations, Culture and Position. Anti Chinese policies and outright discrimination further worsened Peranakan Chinese influence as many Peranakans immigrated to Holland, Australia and other western countries. This immigration is continuing at quite a considerable scale till this very day.

The situation today however is vastly different & has greatly improved as more Indonesian Nonyas are using the kebaya their grandmothers used to use and having yearly Peranakan Festivals on a simlar scale to that of their Malaysian, Thai and Singapore Peranakans cousins. There has been a revival of Peranakan culture in the last 10 decades in Indonesia ever since Chinese New Year has been declared part of a National Holiday. There has been the numerous openings of Indonesian Peranakan restaurants, cultural & antique shops, musuems, festivals, exhibitions and special events held to showcase and promote Peranakan culture all over the Indonesian islands

 

MAP

 

 

 

Padang Chinese community formed the organization, with the goal of serving the needs of members in the social and cultural fields.

 

Old West Sumatra Map

Look more

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kapitan Cina or Capitan China was originally a Portuguese title for the representative of a Chinese enclave.[1][2] The 15th century rulers of Southeast Asia, such as Melaka (modern day Malacca) and Banten (or Bantam), chose to deal with a single individual from each ethnic group under their rule.[3][4] This administrative method of indirect rule was later adopted by the Portuguese when they took over Melaka in the 16th century, as well as the Dutch in the Dutch East Indies, and the English in British Malaya.[3]

 

Kapitan can Surabaya 1880

Throughout Southeast Asia, Batavia (now Jakarta) arguably boasts the longest continuous history of the institution of Kapitan Cina: see the official website of the Koang Koan Archives at Leiden University. In 1619, the Dutch appointed Souw Beng Kong, formerly Kapitan Cina of Bantam, as the first Kapitein der Chinezen of Batavia. Through Kapitein Beng Kong, then, the Batavian Captaincy succeeded the much-earlier institution of Kapitan Cina of Bantam. Batavia also produced probably Asia’s only female Kapitan Cina, the so-called Nyai Bali, who was appointed officially by the VOC to her post in 1649: see Yuan Bingling, “The Last Resort” in Blussé, Leonard & Chen, Menghong, “The Archives of the Kongkoan of Batavia” (Den Haag, 2003), pp. 30-31). The Batavian Captaincy ended in 1945 with the death of Khouw Kim An, the last Majoor der Chinezen of Batavia, possibly also the last such intermediary rulers in Southeast Asia. The issue of a Luitenant, Kapitein or Majoor der Chinesen are entitled, by Peranakan custom, to the hereditary dignity of Sia.

With the end of the colonial period, the title became purely an honorary one.[3]

Masa-masa awal

 

 

Seorang pria Tionghoa berkuncir (toucang) di jalanan Batavia pertengahan tahun 1910-an.

Orang dari Tiongkok daratan telah ribuan tahun mengunjungi dan mendiami kepulauan Nusantara.

Beberapa catatan tertua ditulis oleh para agamawan, seperti Fa Hien pada abad ke-4 dan I Ching pada abad ke-7. Fa Hien melaporkan suatu kerajaan di Jawa (“To lo mo”) dan I Ching ingin datang ke India untuk mempelajari agama Buddha dan singgah dulu di Nusantara untuk belajar bahasa Sansekerta dahulu. Di Jawa ia berguru pada seseorang bernama Jñânabhadra.

Dengan berkembangnya kerajaan-kerajaan di Nusantara, para imigran Tiongkok pun mulai berdatangan, terutama untuk kepentingan perdagangan. Pada prasasti-prasasti dari Jawa orang Cina disebut-sebut sebagai warga asing yang menetap di samping nama-nama sukubangsa dari Nusantara, daratan Asia Tenggara dan anakbenua India. Dalam suatu prasasti perunggu bertahun 860 dari Jawa Timur disebut suatu istilah, Juru Cina, yang berkait dengan jabatan pengurus orang-orang Tionghoa yang tinggal di sana. Beberapa motif relief di Candi Sewu diduga juga mendapat pengaruh dari motif-motif kain sutera Tiongkok.[8]

Catatan Ma Huan, ketika turut serta dalam ekspedisi Cheng Ho, menyebut secara jelas bahwa pedagang Cina muslim menghuni ibukota dan kota-kota bandar Majapahit (abad ke-15) dan membentuk satu dari tiga komponen penduduk kerajaan itu.[9] Ekspedisi Cheng Ho juga meninggalkan jejak di Semarang, ketika orang keduanya, Wang Jinghong, sakit dan memaksa rombongan melepas sauh di Simongan (sekarang bagian dari Kota Semarang). Wang kemudian menetap karena tidak mampu mengikuti ekspedisi selanjutnya. Ia dan pengikutnya menjadi salah satu cikal-bakal warga Tionghoa Semarang. Wang mengabadikan Cheng Ho menjadi sebuah patung (disebut “Mbah Ledakar Juragan Dampo Awang Sam Po Kong”), serta membangun kelenteng Sam Po Kong atau Gedung Batu.[10] Di komplek ini Wang juga dikuburkan dan dijuluki “Mbah Jurumudi Dampo Awang”.[11]

Sejumlah sejarawan juga menunjukkan bahwa Raden Patah, pendiri Kesultanan Demak, memiliki darah Tiongkok selain keturunan Majapahit. Beberapa wali penyebar agama Islam di Jawa juga memiliki darah Tiongkok, meskipun mereka memeluk Islam dan tidak lagi secara aktif mempraktekkan kultur Tionghoa.

Kitab Sunda Tina Layang Parahyang menyebutkan kedatangan rombongan Tionghoa ke muara Ci Sadane (sekarang Teluknaga) pada tahun 1407, di masa daerah itu masih di bawah kekuasaan Kerajaan Sunda (Pajajaran). Pemimpinnya adalah Halung dan mereka terdampar sebelum mencapai tujuan di Kalapa.

 

 

Ilustrasi pedagang Tionghoa di Banten

Era kolonial

Di masa kolonial, Belanda pernah mengangkat beberapa pemimpin komunitas dengan gelar Kapiten Cina, yang diwajibkan setia dan menjadi penghubung antara pemerintah dengan komunitas Tionghoa. Beberapa di antara mereka ternyata juga telah berjasa bagi masyarakat umum, misalnya So Beng Kong dan Phoa Beng Gan yang membangun kanal di Batavia[rujukan?]. Di Yogyakarta, Kapiten Tan Djin Sing sempat menjadi Bupati Yogyakarta.[12]

 

Pembantaian orang Tionghoa tanggal 9 Oktober 1740 di Batavia

Sebetulnya terdapat juga kelompok Tionghoa yang pernah berjuang melawan Belanda, baik sendiri maupun bersama etnis lain. Bersama etnis Jawa, kelompok Tionghoa berperang melawan VOC tahun 1740-1743.[rujukan?] Di Kalimantan Barat, komunitas Tionghoa yang tergabung dalam “Republik” Lanfong[rujukan?] berperang dengan pasukan Belanda pada abad XIX.

Dalam perjalanan sejarah pra kemerdekaan, beberapa kali etnis Tionghoa menjadi sasaran pembunuhan massal atau penjarahan, seperti pembantaian di Batavia 1740 dan pembantaian masa perang Jawa 1825-1830. Pembantaian di Batavia tersebut [13][14][4] melahirkan gerakan perlawanan dari etnis Tionghoa yang bergerak di beberapa kota di Jawa Tengah yang dibantu pula oleh etnis Jawa. Pada gilirannya ini mengakibatkan pecahnya kerajaan Mataram. Orang Tionghoa tidak lagi diperbolehkan bermukim di sembarang tempat. Aturan Wijkenstelsel ini menciptakan pemukiman etnis Tionghoa atau pecinan di sejumlah kota besar di Hindia Belanda.

 

 

Daerah Pecinan di Banjarmasin.

 

 

Kelenteng Tua Pek Kong di Ketapang.

Pendidikan

Kebangkitan nasionalisme di Hindia Belanda tidak terlepas dari perkembangan yang terjadi pada komunitas Tionghoa. Tanggal 17 Maret 1900 terbentuk di Batavia Tiong Hoa Hwee Koan (THHK) yang mendirikan sekolah-sekolah, seperti di kota Garut dirintis dan didirikan pada tahun 1907 oleh seorang pengusaha hasil bumi saat itu bernama Lauw O Teng beserta kedua anak lelakinya bernama Lauw Tek Hay dan Lauw Tek Siang,dengan maksud agar orang Tionghoa bisa pintar, (kemudian jumlahnya mencapai 54 buah sekolah dan di tahun 1908 dan mencapai 450 sekolah tahun 1934). Inisiatif ini diikuti oleh etnis lain, seperti keturunan Arab yang mendirikan Djamiat-ul Chair meniru model THHK. Pada gilirannya hal ini menyadarkan priyayi Jawa tentang pentingnya pendidikan bagi generasi muda sehingga dibentuklah Budi Utomo.

Perekonomian

Target pemerintah kolonial untuk mencegah interaksi pribumi dengan etnis Tionghoa melalui aturan passenstelsel dan Wijkenstelsel itu ternyata menciptakan konsentrasi kegiatan ekonomi orang Tionghoa di perkotaan. Ketika perekonomian dunia beralih ke sektor industri, orang-orang Tionghoa paling siap berusaha dengan spesialisasi usaha makanan-minuman, jamu, peralatan rumah tangga, bahan bangunan, pemintalan, batik, kretek dan transportasi. Tahun 1909 di Buitenzorg (Bogor) Sarekat Dagang Islamiyah didirikan oleh RA Tirtoadisuryo mengikuti model Siang Hwee (kamar dagang orang Tionghoa) yang dibentuk tahun 1906 di Batavia. Bahkan pembentukan Sarekat Islam (SI) di Surakarta tidak terlepas dari pengaruh asosiasi yang lebih dulu dibuat oleh warga Tionghoa. Pendiri SI, Haji Samanhudi, pada mulanya adalah anggota Kong Sing, organisasi paguyuban tolong-menolong orang Tionghoa di Surakarta. Samanhudi juga kemudian membentuk Rekso Rumekso yaitu Kong Sing-nya orang Jawa.

Pergerakan

Pemerintah kolonial Belanda makin kuatir karena Sun Yat Sen memproklamasikan Republik Cina, Januari 1912. Organisasi Tionghoa yang pada mulanya berkecimpung dalam bidang sosial-budaya mulai mengarah kepada politik. Tujuannya menghapuskan perlakukan diskriminatif terhadap orang-orang Tionghoa di Hindia Belanda dalam bidang pendidikan, hukum/peradilan, status sipil, beban pajak, hambatan bergerak dan bertempat tinggal.

Dalam rangka pelaksanaan Politik Etis, pemerintah kolonial berusaha memajukan pendidikan, namun warga Tionghoa tidak diikutkan dalam program tersebut. Padahal orang Tionghoa membayar pajak ganda (pajak penghasilan dan pajak kekayaan). Pajak penghasilan diwajibkan kepada warga pribumi yang bukan petani. Pajak kekayaan (rumah, kuda, kereta, kendaraan bermotor dan peralatan rumah tangga) dikenakan hanya bagi Orang Eropa dan Timur Asing (termasuk orang etnis Tionghoa). Hambatan untuk bergerak dikenakan bagi warga Tionghoa dengan adanya passenstelsel.

Pada waktu terjadinya Sumpah Pemuda, ada beberapa nama dari kelompok Tionghoa sempat hadir, antara lain Kwee Tiam Hong dan tiga pemuda Tionghoa lainnya. Sin Po sebagai koran Melayu Tionghoa juga sangat banyak memberikan sumbangan dalam menyebarkan informasi yang bersifat nasionalis. Pada 1920-an itu, harian Sin Po memelopori penggunaan kata Indonesia bumiputera sebagai pengganti kata Belanda inlander di semua penerbitannya. Langkah ini kemudian diikuti oleh banyak harian lain. Sebagai balas budi, semua pers lokal kemudian mengganti kata “Tjina” dengan kata Tionghoa. Pada 1931 Liem Koen Hian mendirikan PTI, Partai Tionghoa Indonesia (dan bukan Partai Tjina Indonesia).

 

   
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FAMOUS CHINESE OVERSEAS IN SUMATRA

SUMATRA EAST COAST

MEDAN

 

Chong Yong Tian, elder brother of Chong Yeau Tian

Worked in Cheong Fatt Tze’s company in Medan, Sumatra. Vice president of a Penang foreign trade board, 1895. The Dutch made him Chinese leader in Medan.In 1907 was bestowed as a third rank mandarin by the Qing court for his services to the private railway industry in China. Died 1911. (IS THAT A SUN OR FLAMING WHEEL BEHIND THE BIRD’S WING?)

 

 

Chong Yeau Tian, younger brother of Chong Yong Tian

Brought over to Medan by his elder brother, Chong Yong Tian. Was bestowed as a 4th. rank mandarin by the Qing court, for his services to the private railway industry in China. Took over as leader of the Chinese in Medan after the death of his brother in 1911. Died 1921.                      (ISN’T THAT A FEMALE RANK BADGE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tobacco Platation Deli 1905

 

 

 

TANJUNG BALAI ASAHAN

 

Khoo Chew Tong KAPITAN CINA tanjung Balai Asahan

SUMATRA WEST COAST

LIE MA SAY

 

Major Chinese Say A Lie  who was appointed by the Dutch to bring in workers from China to rebuild the shrine.

In 1840 Lie Ma Say with his wife were ordered by the Qing Dinasty Fujian government to visit Priaman City west Sumatra as the Trade Mission officer.Li Ma say started from Amoy(no Xiamen) by ship to Indonesia.

 

In 1855 Chinese Kapitan    Li say was the first Tionghoa padang Kapitan  ,

Info from Lie swan hauw Lie Say or Lie Ma Say must be spelled in Dutch colonial spelling, as this was his name as entered in official legal documents. Furthermore he was not the first chinese captain ( 1855)

 

History

Another theory is derived from the Chinese Padang Pariaman . Ernawati , who wrote a book on the Hio Smoke Minang , Chinese Community in West Sumatra , estimates The Chinese already in Pariaman in the 13th century . When entering into Pariaman Aceh .

Not surprising actually . Pariaman is a haven for the merchants at that time . Pariaman become a trade center on the coast .

 Not surprisingly , in 1630 , Christine Dobbin , author of the economic turmoil and the Rise of Islam and the Padri Movement , 1784-1847 Minangkabau , Chinese quarter estimates already exist in Pariaman .
Unfortunately, a tragic event to trigger the departure of the Chinese people of Pariaman . During the Japanese occupation , the Chinese brought her two daughters to the Japan office . The other vision ditanggap by young men who happened to see him . Traitor whispers erupted immediately . Two girls were immediately taken to the beach and dibelek with kangso ( a tool made of aluminum ) .
According Erniwati , the attack was carried out without planning . Hence , the tool is not sharp weapons are usually prepared to kill . “Besides , the punishment for traitors . Not only the Chinese people feel the punishment , community leaders who also became a Japanese spy , gets the same punishment . , “Said S – 2 undergraduate majors UNP ‘s history .

Fear creeping Chinese society . Gradually they began to leave Pariaman . By 1965 some Chinese people still dwell there . However , entering the 1967 is rather difficult to find the slant-eyed in Pariaman . ” Because the incidence of PKI or PRRI , ” said Erniawati . Slowly the Chinese berangur moved to Champaign . Precisely , in the cottage at the moment.

However , economic reasons can also be used as a basis . Pariaman no longer considered fertile ground for approaching the trade of the 19th century . So it is not just the Chinese traders who left , but also traders from other regions .

Ethical Trade Platform Minang – China Relations
It is estimated there are 12 thousand Chinese people living in Padang . Hundreds of clan or tribe inhabiting .
However , only eight tribes have a home meetings . GHO is the eighth tribe , Lie – Kwee , Tan , Ong , Tjoa – Kwa , Lim Hwang and Kho . Kho clan is the last clan to build a meeting house . ” Highways are another few in number . So do not build a meeting house , “said Rush of Family Hanura Lie – Kwee . Lie – Kwee currently has 600 members . All were over 17 years old .

As the name implies , the meeting house was used to organize events involving one family . For example, the Lunar ( Chinese New Year ) , Cap Go Meh ( 15th day of the celebration of Chinese New Year ) , Kio , Sipasan or Pek Chun ( the feast that commemorates the height of summer ) .

 In fact , the 140 th anniversary , the family plans to invite Lie – Kwee – Kwee Lie entire tribe residing in Indonesia . ” But , it’s three years away , ” said Lie Kian Guan secretary secretary set of Lie – Kwee family .
Kinship is to be number one for Chinese people . And like the ” indigenous ” people of Central Asia ( Japan and Korea ) , they are maintaining the dignity of the family . If embarrassing , suicide or disposed of families is an appropriate punishment . ” On the field , for example, many families are no longer recognized , to the extent that made ​​the ad in the paper , because it tarnished the large family disgrace , ” said Hanura .

They had great respect for ancestors . This is a fundamental attitude to the Chinese . ” It’s influenced by the teachings of the Tao Confunsius and attached to each of the Chinese , ‘ said Erniwati .

One more is the attitude of the Chinese authorities often approach . In the Dutch period they were considered second-class citizens . While indigenous third grade . So also in Japanese and Sukarno era . Those who do not get the opportunity that many people even though natives .

Only in the Suharto era , tap the China trade a little freedom is limited in view of the public eye . Therefore , some Chinese people become successful entrepreneurs like Sio Liong Liem ( ?) , The owner of Bank BCA . ( Dr Iwan note : Sofyan Wanandi – bian Liem from Padang koen one successful Chinese entrepreneurs )

In the days of the Dutch and Sukarno they are placed with a purpose , economy . Dutch resettle them along the Dutch region , such as in the area to be monitored Kampuang Cino in overseeing their trade . Sukarno Likewise , those in the ” hand over ” in one place and only allowed to trade .

This , according to Hanura , there are pros and cons . On the one hand they fulfilled economically , but on the other hand they can not contribute in other areas . ” How many civil servants who are of Chinese descent ,” he asked .

Jealousy had mastered the natives saw their success in trade . No wonder , if there are riots , the Chinese became targets as the events of 1998. ” Though not all Chinese people rich . Look at Tanah Kongsi market , ” said Hanura .
However , in the crunch Padang Minang ethnic Chinese and does not occur or is not as big as other cities . According Erniwati , unique relationship occurs between the two.
As a fellow tribe strong trade and has a strong culture and religion , it should be frequent collisions . ” It seems , ethical trade makes both respect each other , ” said Erniwati .

Ethical trade that makes both tribes are in a position of a friend . Looks like the trade area is divided into two alone . Trade dominated the national level as well as for international regions Minang , Chinese who became the ruler .

99 % Could not Chinese
Regardless of the Soeharto era , the Chinese became more freely . Government pressure is much reduced . The Chinese are more liberated in the running of worship and culture . No wonder the Chinese New Year or Cap Go Meh feels more festive from year to year . ” The most exciting event was Sipasan . Cap Go Meh At this time the show will take place most festive Sipasan because Sipasan long , “said Xin Xui who trade in front of the HBT .

Even so , alkulturasi quietly been taking place . Long before the Chinese people breathe easier.

‘ The proof , 99 % of Chinese people who live here can no longer Chinese , ” said Hanura . The long distance from the land of the ancestors, as well as limited memory makes Chinese culture slowly began to be forgotten . Many residents in Padang ‘s Chinatown was shocked when Erniwati mention Chinese traditions that had never been heard . Language was impressed that appear funny . Land Market may witness alkulturasi Kongsi language . If you were there , Malay – Chinese sounds here and there . Pigi where lu ( going ) , Telok kecik papaya ( small water large eggs , kind of expression ) , it would ndak o ( he will not) , for example .
To attenuate the distance , ceremonies , religious warnings sought to be implemented properly . Although it was only to write Chinese characters without understanding the meaning . ” Ndak ambo know , do , ” said when asked intent Hanura text contained in lanterns .

When interviewed Hanura palanquin procession is preparing for the event on Thursday (5 /2) . A mystical events like dabuih at Coastal . The goal of the ancestors . Kio marched to the homes of other clans . ” To friendship , ” said Arif Rusdi Rush , Jiko ( representative ) of the Lie and Kwee family .

In addition , Sipasan be unique in the village of Chinese art . In fact according to Hanura , art not found in other Chinatowns in Indonesian .

As Mother’s Day , the Chinese community held a unique competition . Minangkabau marapulai race wear . Similarly diverse variations. There Sawahlunto wedding dress , Bukittinggi , Payakumbuh , “said Hanura who happens to get the wedding dress of Padang .

From there he also learned that culturally there is a very obvious similarities between the Minang culture with Chinese . ” Especially the wedding dress . And Telong said in a poem has similarities with Tenglong ( lanterns ) . “
Erniwati justify the resemblance even call this rather sensitive to the Minang community .

Another change is evident is the Chinese people are now no longer closed to accept members from outside the ethnic . In fact , many players liong or brown skinned lion . ” In fact there is Islam , ” said Hanura

Source :Ernawati(Asap Hio di Minangkabau)

FAMOUS CHINESE OVERSEAS IN JAVA

BATAVIA(JAKARTA)

 

Kapitan Cina or Capitan China was originally a Portuguese title for the representative of a Chinese enclave. The 15th century rulers of Southeast Asia, such as Melaka (modern day Malacca) and Banten (or Bantam), chose to deal with a single inpidual from each ethnic group under their rule. This administrative method of indirect rule was later adopted by the Portuguese when they took over Melaka in the 16th century, as well as the Dutch in the Dutch East Indies, and the English in British Malaya.

Throughout Southeast Asia, Batavia (now Jakarta) arguably boasts the longest continuous history of the institution of Kapitan Cina: see the official website of the Koang Koan Archives at Leiden University. In 1619, the Dutch appointed Souw Beng Kong, formerly Kapitan Cina of Bantam, as the first Kapitein der Chinezen of Batavia. Through Kapitein Beng Kong, then, the Batavian Captaincy succeeded the much-earlier institution of Kapitan Cina of Bantam. Batavia also produced probably Asia’s only female Kapitan Cina, the so-called Nyai Bali, who was appointed officially by the VOC to her post in 1649: see Yuan Bingling, “The Last Resort” in Blussé, Leonard & Chen, Menghong, “The Archives of the Kongkoan of Batavia” (Den Haag, 2003), pp. 30-31). The Batavian Captaincy ended in 1945 with the death of Khouw Kim An, the last Majoor der Chinezen of Batavia, possibly also the last such intermediary rulers in Southeast Asia. The issue of a Luitenant, Kapitein or Majoor der Chinesen are entitled, by Peranakan custom, to the hereditary dignity of Sia.

With the end of the colonial period, the title became purely an honorary one.

Kapiteins and Majoors of Batavia (present day Jakarta)[edit]

  • 1619 – 1644: Kapitein Souw Beng Kong, formerly Kapitan Cina of Bantam
  • Kapitein Lim Lak Tjo
  • Kapitein Phoa Beng Gan
  • Kapitein Gan Djie
  • Nyonya Kapitein Gan Djie, dubbed “Nyai Bali”
  • Kapitein Tjoa Hoan Giok
  • Kapitein Ni Hoe Kong
  • Majoor Tan Eng Goan
  • Majoor Tan Tjoet Tiat
  • Majoor Lie Tjian Tjoen
  • Majoor Tio Tek Ho
  • Majoor Khouw Kim An

 

 

Tionghoa Gambling in Batavia

Di Indonesia permainan judi sudah ada sejak jaman dulu, dalam cerita Mahabarata dapat diketahui bahwa Pandawa menjadi kehilangan kerajaan dan dibuang ke hutan selama 13 tahun karena kalah dalam permainan judi melawan Kurawa.

Sabung Ayam merupakan bentuk permainan judi  tradisional dan banyak dilakukan oleh masyarakat Indonesia. Ketika VOC bercokol, untuk memperoleh penghasilan pajak yang tinggi dari pengelola rumah-rumah judi tersebut, maka pemerintah VOC memberi izin pada para Kapitan Tionghoa untuk membuka rumah judi sejak 1620. Rumah judi itu bisa berada di dalam ataupun di luar benteng Kota Batavia.

Sejak masa Souw Beng Kong, Kapitan Tionghoa pertama di Batavia, rumah judi resmi telah berdiri. Souw Beng Kong tak hanya mengurus tempat judi tapi juga pembuatan koin dan rumah timbang untuk barang-barang orang Tionghoa.

Ia juga diberi hak menarik cukai sebesar 20 persen dari pajak judi yang dikenakan VOC kepada para pemilik rumah judi.

 

 

foto pria sedang berjudi saat jaman penjajahan belanda

Judi kartu dan dadu, atau disebut juga po, cukup beken di kalangan penggemar judi di Batavia. Masyarakat Tionghoa pada masa itu pun juga sudah memperkenalkan judi capjiki.

Sementara itu, untuk permainan lotere ala Eropa atau Belanda baru masuk Hindia Belanda pada pertengahan abad ke-19.

Sumber Artikel: Phesolo || Sumber Gambar: Berbagai Sumber

 

 

 

 

 

 

1619 – 1644:

 

Kapitein Souw Beng Kong, formerly Kapitan Cina of Bantam

 

 

Children look at a grave of Chinese Captain Souw Beng Kong located between houses in Mangga Dua Selatan in North Jakarta. The historical site is managed by the Captain Souw Beng Kong Foundation. JP/P.J

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kaptian cina Souw beng Kong , menurut Nederland Indische company ia tiada bisa harapkan(hareP) pekerjaannya akan menjandi mudah(gampang) dengan dapat segala keterangan dan catatan dari orang-orang tionghoa .Golongan orang-orang Tionghoa yand dulu datang di Hindia Belanda dan tinggal di Batavia tiada ada dalam buku atau tulisan akan catat hal ihwalnya sendiri atau hal ihwal bangsanya dan dengan tiada tulisan peringatan dari ini hal, juga susah diharapkan ,turunannya mereka itu ada  surat-surat dari orang-orang tuannya yang dulu tentang itu pasal (masalah), Pengarang membuat begitu Cuma (hanya) bisa(dapat) keterangan –keterangan buat pekerjaannya dan tulisan-tulisan kelenteng-kelenteng dan itu batu-batu kuburn-Nisan(Bongpai) yang tiada rusak dan tiada ingkar.Maka perlulah orang cari(mencari) tulisan-tulisan itu dan dikumpul menjadi satu..

 

Menanti Taman Wisata Sejarah di Makam Beng Kong

  • Penulis :
    • WARTA KOTA Pradaningrum Mijarto
    • Kamis, 16 April 2009 | 11:30 WIB
 

 

Makam kapitan China pertama di Batavia, Souw Beng Kong, di sebuah gang sempit di kawasan Mangga Dua, Jakarta setelah dipugar | Warta Kota/Pradaningrum

 

 

 

 

 

 

SEBUAH gang sempit di antara permukiman padat di kawasan Mangga Dua kini seakan mencuat. Tepatnya, mungkin, semakin mencuat karena semakin banyak orang mengetahui keberadaan gang ini – sebuah gang yang terbilang istimewa. Gang kecil bernama Taruna di Jalan Pangeran Jayakarta ini menyimpan satu makam kuno dari petinggi Batavia di tahun 1600-an.

Di tahun 1600-an kawasan itu merupakan kebun luas milik seorang kapitan. Kini kebun luas itu sudah berubah menjadi sebuah kawasan padat penduduk. Tak ada  lagi bekas-bekas masa lalu kecuali makam kuno tadi.     

Makam yang disebut-sebut ajaib ini adalah makam kapitan Tionghoa pertama di Batavia, Souw Beng Kong. Ajaib karena makam dari tahun 1644 itu tak tergerus perkembangan kota, tak tergusur bangunan petak di kawasan ini. Makam kuno dengan tiga batu nisan berbahasa Belanda dan China ini sempat terlupakan, tak terurus hingga jadi dasar bangunan kos (hingga sekitar tahun lalu).

Di tahun 1929, Mayor Tionghoa Khow Kim An – pemilik Gedung Candra naya – memugar makam Beng Kong. Khow Kim An juga yang menambahkan dua nisan, berbahasa Belanda dan China, yang menjelaskan riwayat sang kapitan untuk melengkapi makam. Keajaiban lain adalah kenyataan bahwa makam Mayor Kim An yang memugar makam Beng Kong pun belum ditemukan keberadaannya.   

Menurut Hendra Lukito, pengamat bangunan China klasik, keberadaan makam  yang bisa melampaui beberapa zaman, penyerobotan tanah, pembangunan liar sungguh dahsyat. “Bayangkan, makam ini ada di kawasan kumuh. Di atas makamnya malah ada bangunan bertingkat lengkap dengan jamban,” ujarnya.

Di tahun 2002 berbagai kelompok masyarakat dari Universitas Tarumanegara, Matakin (Majelis Tinggi Agama Khonghucu Indonsia), Paguyuban Sosial Masyarakat Tionghoa Indonesia (PSMTI) didukung oleh marga Souw berkumpul hingga pada 2006 makam Souw beng Kong bisa mulai dipugar dan mendapat lahan seluas 200 m2. Padahal, seperti sudah disebutkan di atas, dulu kawasan ini adalah kebun milik Beng Kong – luasnya 20.000 m2 hadiah dari Pemerintah Belanda.

Kini makam itu sudah dikonservasi bahkan diusulkan agar menjadi benda cagar budaya. “Kita sudah usulkan dari tahun lalu, tapi belum ada tanggapan. Kita  tunggu aja, tapi kita juga tetap usahakan terus ke DPRD DKI dan dinas (Dinas Pariwisata dan Kebudayaan DKI – Red),” ujar Hendarmin Susilo, ketua Yayasan Souw Beng Kong . Sementara itu Ernawati Sugondo, anggota komisi B DPRD DKI menyatakan usulan ini mendapat tanggapan positif dari DPRD DKI.   

Total anggaran pemugaran sekitar Rp 400 juta. Kini, anggaran besar diperlukan untuk mewujudkan rencana makam menjadi taman wisata sejarah. Pembebasan tanah di sekitar makam adalah tahap selanjutnya yang harus dikerjakan oleh Yayasan Souw Beng Kong. Upaya pembebasan tanah ini agar makam bisa terlihat dari Jalan Pangeran Jayakarta. Tujuan akhirnya tak lain adalah mewujudkan Taman Wisata Sejarah Kota Tua Batavia. Sebuah upaya yang tak mudah, tapi bukan tak mungkin

Ziarah Kuburan souw beng Kong

 

Hari Minggu (21/8) kemarin pihak Yayasan Kapiten Souw Beng Kong mengadakan ziarah kubur dalam rangka tradisi sembahyang musim gugur di makam Kapiten Souw Beng Kong, Pangeran Jayakarta, Jakarta Pusat.

Kapiten Souw Beng Kong merupakan tokoh sejarah yang hidup pada tahun 1619-1644, masa pemerintahan Belanda di Indonesia. Makamnya dijadikan situs bersejarah.

Menurut pemerhati sejarah dan warisan budaya kolonial dari Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Indonesia,  Dr. Lilie Suratminto, tulisan yang tertera di batu nisan Kapiten Souw Beng Kong—yang ditulis dalam bahasa Belanda dan Mandarin Tradisional—menceritakan silsilah hidup Souw Beng Kong sebagai saudagar hingga turut berperan dalam pemerintahan di Jakarta. “Ia adalah seorang yang cerdas, maju, pemberani,” katanya.

“Souw Beng Kong perlu dikenang atas jasanya. Ia turut mendirikan dan membangun Jakarta,” senada disampaikan Eddy Sadeli, Dewan Pengawas Yayasan Kapiten Souw Beng Kong yang juga ialah anggota DPR RI.

“Pada masa itu Souw Beng Kong sebagai wali bagi warga Tionghoa yang berada di Jakarta, karena pemerintahan saat itu masih diurus masing-masing, belum seperti sekarang,” tambahnya menjelaskan.

Situs makam Souw Beng Kong ini terakhir kali dipugar tahun 2006-2008. Ketika ditemukan oleh beberapa orang yang tim gabungan sekitar tahun 2003, keadaan makam sangat terlantar dan memprihatinkan. Makam terhimpit di antara bangunan-bangunan pemukiman yang agak kumuh. “Bahkan bagian pusara dijadikan bordes tangga untuk naik ke atas loteng,” ujar Eddy.

(Gloria Samantha)

Aswin Hinanto Tjandra, Berharap Makam Souw Beng Kong Jadi Cagar Budaya

Written by admin | 14/11/2012 | 1

BULAN  lalu, tepatnya pada Minggu (23/9), Sembahyang Musim Gugur dilaksanakan di Makam Kapiten Souw Beng Kong (KSBK) di Gang Taruna, Jl. Pangeran Jayakarta, Jakarta. Pada kesempatan itu, Ir. Aswin Hinanto Tjandra selaku wakil ketua Yayasan KSBK turut hadir. Dia mengemukakan bahwa dirinya mewakili Ketua Yayasan KSBK, KRT. Hendarmin Susilo, yang sudah tak mampu lagi menakhodai Yayasan KSBK karena alasan kesehatan.

“Karena keterbatasan fisik, Pak Hendarmin berpesan kepada saya bahwa per Maret 2013, adalah masa akhir kepemimpinannya dan dia tidak mampu lagi mengepalai Yayasam KSBK. Saya pribadi menilai dia sebagai sosok yang memiliki integritas serta bersahaja. Sejujurnya, sulit untuk mencari pengganti dirinya,” ungkapnya ketika itu.

Pemilik nama Mandarin Tjan Tek Hin itu juga berkata, untuk masa kepemimpinan selanjutnya, ketua Yayasan KBSK yang baru tidak hanya mesti berkarakter pemimpin, tetapi juga memiliki kepedulian terhadap sejarah.

“Dalam hal ini, saya pun sebenarnya tidak masuk dalam kandidat kriteria ketua Yayasan periode selanjutnya. Berbahasa Mandarin saja tidak fasih. Untuk itu, saya harus sadar diri dengan kapasitas kemampuan yang saya miliki,” ungkapnya sembari tertawa lepas.

Terlepas dari segala keterbatasannya, pria yang sehari-hari berprofesi sebagai dosen di salah satu universitas terkemuka di Jakarta ini memiliki harapan besar. Selain berharap Yayasan KSBK menjadi lebih baik lagi, Aswin juga berharap situs makam KSBK mendapatkan surat keputusan dari pemerintah agar makam tersebut bisa dijadikan cagar budaya sekaligus sejarah yang dapat diingat oleh orang banyak. Willy Suyanto

Filed in: Sosok

 

Yayasan Kapiten Souw Beng Kong (KSBK) menggelar acara sembahyang ceng bersama pada hari Minggu (7/4) yang berlokasi di Makam KSBK yang terletak di kawasan Sawah Besar, Jakarta Pusat. Hadir pada acara tersebut beberapa pengurus Yayasan KSBK diantaranya So Wee Ming, Aswin Hinanto Tjandra, Brigjen TNI Purn Tedy Jusuf, Kamil Setiadi, dan lainnya.

Dalam sambutannya, Warso selaku tokoh masyarakat daerah situs makan KSBK mengemukakan bahwa peringatan ceng beng adalah bukti bahwa manusia menghormati leluhur dan budaya yang telah diwariskan. “Semoga prosesi ini dapat mengilhami kita semua dan saya dapat terus berada disini untuk mendukung acara positif ini,” jelasnya.

Lukito, selaku Anggota Badan Pembina dalam pidatonya berkata, warga Tionghoa di Indonesia masih diwarisi makam Tionghoa yang menunjukkan keberadaan masyarakat etnis Tionghoa telah ada sejak beberapa abad lalu. “Mari kita sama-sama menyelesaikan proyek dan cita-cita almarhum KRT Hendarmin Susilo salah satunya mengajukan situs makan KSBK ke Pemprov agar dijadikan cagar budaya,” ungkapnya.

Perwakilan almarhum KRT Hendarmin Susilo, Ketua Badan Pengurus 2008-2013, Aswin Hinanto, mengemukakan perginya almarhum  KRT Hendarmin Susilo seperti ayam kehilangan induknya. Ia menghimbau dewan pembina agar merekrut badan pengurus baru periode 2013-2018 yang lebih mida mengingat sekarang seluruh anggotanya sudah berusia lanjut.

Acara dilanjutkan dengan penyerahan plakat kenang-kenangan kepada pihak yang memberikan sumbangsih dalam perawatan situs makam KSBK, dilanjutkan dengan foto bersama, sembahyang, dan makan siang bersama para tamu yang hadir di siang itu. (willy suyanto)

Filed in: News

 

Sesudah Candranaya dan SMAN2 Hancur . Lalu ?

Budaya-Tionghoa.Net | ADA sebuah makam kuno yang terlupakan di Gang Taruna, Jalan Pangeran Jayakarta, Jakarta Barat, yaitu makam tokoh pionir perantau Tionghoa bernama Souw Beng Kong (1580-1644) yang diberi jabatan Kapiten Non Militer oleh VOC sejak tanggal 11-10-1619 s/d 8-4-1644. Ketika itu daratan Tiongkok masih berada di bawah kekuasaan Dinasti Ming, jadi orang Tionghoa saat itu belum memakai kuncir di kepalanya. Tempat kelahiran Souw Beng Kong adalah Desa Tongan Provinsi Fujian Tingkok Selatan. Di tempat persinggahannya yang pertama di Banten, ia berhasil menjadi seorang pedagang yang ulung dan tokoh penting.

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Beserta sekitar 200 orang perantauan Tionghoa lainnya, ia meninggalkan Banten pindah ke Batavia. JPZ Coen sangat berterima kasih atas segala jasanya karena turut membangun kota Batavia. Orang Belanda biasa menyebut namanya ”Bencon”. Ia menjadi sahabat karib JPZ Coen dan merupakan tokoh besar yang berjasa bagi kehidupan masyarakat Tionghoa di kala itu. Ia berjasa pula dalam pengembangan persawahan dan perkebunan tebu, dan menjelang akhir hayatnya sempat berlayar ke Pulau Formosa untuk memajukan hubungan niaga langsung antara Formosa dan Batavia.
Sekitar 60 tahun yang lalu makamnya masih tampak utuh dan di mulut Gang Taruna masih berdiri tegak sebuah gapura. Gang Taruna dulunya bernama Gang Souw Beng Kong. Pada bulan Oktober 1929 ”KONG KUAN” (Dewan Perwakilan Masyarakat Tinghoa) menyediakan dana sebesar 2.500 Golden untuk biaya renovasi makam tersebut. Pada saat ini makam SBK, turut terhimpit dengan laju perkembangan kota dan pertumbuhan penduduk DKI Jakarta yang sangat pesat. Namun kita masih sangat bersyukur kalau makam kuno itu masih bisa bertahan dan tidak sampai tergusur walau pada saat ini dalam kondisi sangat terlantar dan nyaris punah.
SBK dimakamkan di atas tanah perkebunan miliknya sendiri dan di sekitarnya sebetulnya masih ada beberapa makam lainnya dari keluarga SBK, tetapi pada saat ini semuanya sudah musnah kecuali masih tertinggal satu saja yang kondisinya serupa dengan makam SBK. Sungguh sayang sekali nama Souw Beng Kong atau Bencon kurang melegenda dalam komunitas suku Tionghoa. Tetapi titik terang sudah mulai terlihat dalam era reformasi dengan adanya beberapa tulisan yang membahas makam kuno yang terlupakan itu, antara lain di Jakarta Post (2/12/2002) dan Mandarin Post (Agustus 2002) serta usaha penelitian pakar sejarah A Heuken, Denys Lombard dan Claudine Salmon.
Beberapa dosen dan mahasiswa Fak Teknik Arsitektur UNTAR yang dikepalai Ir WP Zhong, menyatakan keprihatinannya karena di atas makam kuno itu sudah dibangun rumah tinggal dan lingkungan sekitarnya sudah padat sekali dengan perumahan kumuh. Tulisan ini hendak membangkitkan kesadaran dan rasa kepedulian masyarakat suku Tionghoa terutama sekali kepada Organisasi Paguyuban Sosial Marga TH-Indonesia, INTI, MAKIN, Yin Hua Rhu Shang, Perkumpulan Hakka dan lain-lain untuk mulai memberikan perhatian dan penghargaan kepada makam kuno yang merupakan monumen bersejarah tokoh pionir perantau Tionghoa yang turut membangun kota Batavia ini. Kiranya sudah saatnya untuk mengadakan tindakan konservasi dan renovasi atau sebagai langkah pendahuluan dibangun dahulu sebuah gapura di mulut Gang Taruna itu. Hal itu patut dilakukan demi menghormati leluhur kita agar pendidikan etika moral dan warisan budaya luhur bisa berlanjut terus sampai generasi seterusnya.

2 Desember 2003
Budaya-Tionghoa.

 

30 3 / 2012

 

Pada Tahun 1611, Gubernur Jenderal VOC Pieter Both mengutus bawahannya Jan Pieterzoon Koen ke Tanah Banten untuk membeli Hasil Bumi dan rempah-rempah terutama Lada, di Banten dia berkenalan dengan seorang saudagar Tionghoa yang sangat berpengaruh di wilayah itu serta mepnya tanah perkebunan yang sangat luas yang bernama Souw Beng Kong ( oleh orang Belanda ditulis sebagai BENCON ), Souw Beng Kong sangat dihormati dan dipercaya penuh oleh para petani dan pedagang di wilayah itu, setiap pedagang asing dari Inggris , Portugis dan Belanda yang ingin membeli Hasil Bumi haruslah melakukan pembelian dan negosiasi harga dengan kehadiran pihak Souw Beng Kong .

 

Souw Beng Kong ( selanjutnya disingkat sebagai SBK ) diperkirakan lahir di Tang Oa dekat Kota Pelabuhan Amoy – Propinsi Hokkian, kira-kira Tahun 1580. Istri resminya diperkirakan berdarah Melayu bernama INQUA ( ? ),karena Surat Wasiat terakhir dari SBK harus diterjemahkan dahulu kedalam Bahasa Melayu,SBK mempunyai seorang anak yang masih tinggal di daerah asalnya di Tiongkok, Ia juga mempunyai 2 orang putra anak dari 2 perempuan Bali, seorang putra lagi dari istri lain seorang perempuan Tionghoa dan ada lagi seorang putrid dari istri yang tidak pernah disebut namanya.


Pada masa itu sudah banyak masyarakat Tionghoa yang tinggal mengelompok disuatu tempat yang dikelilingi Poho Bambu yang kelak tempat tersebut dikenal dengan sebutan daerah Bambu Cina. Masa itu Pelabuhan Banten adalah sebuah pelabuhuan yang sangat ramai dikunjungi oleh para pedagang dari mancanegara, terutama pada bulan February sampai bula April banyak pedagang dari Daratan Tiongkok yang dating ntk membeli hasil bumi terutamanya adalah Lada dan Kopra.


Peranan kelompok orang Tionghoa sangatlah penting dalam turut memajukan perdagangan di wilayah Kesultanan Bantensejak Zaman Dahulu , Hal ini terlihat dari hasil penggalian di daerah Banten Girang menunjukan bahwa orang-orang Tionghoa sudah berinteraksi dengan masyarakat Banten sejak Abad ke 7 – 8 dan setidak nya dari hasil penggalian purbakala tersebut terlihat bahwa telah terjadi hubungan yang sangat erat dan saling menguntungkan untuk kedua belah pihak.


Kebanyakan dari orang Tionghoa kala itu datang dari pesisir Daratan Tiongkok Selatan, pada awalnya mereka dating untuk berdagang dan memuat barang-barang dagangan tersebut dengan Jung-Jung ( Kapal China Zaman dulu yang sangat terkenal ) dan kembali ke negeri asalnya , setelah itu banyak dari mereka yang memutuskan untuk tinggal dan mencari penghidupan disini dan pengaruh mereka sangatlah besar kemudian berkembang memasuki hampir semua sektor ekonomi, mulai dari tata cara bertani sampai ke pemasaran hasil bumi, dari berdagang keliling sampai ke perdagangan dengan kalangan internasional, dari Tukang Kayu sampai Pandai Besi, dari pembuatan garam sampai pembuatan batu bata.


Jan Pieterzoon Coen yang datang untuk membeli hasil bumi mulai mencoba mempengaruhi dan menekan SBK, tetapi tidak berhasil karena sebagai pedagang yang piawai SBK tidaklah mudah untuk diintimidasi dan diteka, dalam hal ini Sultan Banten waktu itu merasa sangat senang dan terbantu oleh Pihak SBk dan kelompok Tionghoa lainnya yang dianggap bisa mengadakan negosiasi dagang yang bisa menguntungkan Kesultanan Banten. Orang-orang Tionghoa in juga yang mengajarkan teknologi baru dalam hal bertani sehinga hasilnya bisa melimpah seperti bertani dengan sistim persawahan lengkap dengan pengairannya karena sebelumnya mereka hanya bercocok tanam dengan sistim lading sehingga hasilnya kurang memuaskan.


Ketika Jan Pieterzoon Coen berhasil merebut Jayakarta / Sunda Kelapa pada Tahun 1619, penduduk setempat tidak mau mengadakan hubngan dagang dengan pihak Belanda, demikian juga dengan orang Tionghoa karena sebelumnya Belanda telah membuat perjanjian dengan Pangeran Jayakarta, dalam perjanjian itu disebutkan bahwa orang-orang Tionghoa tidak diperbolehkan membangun rumah disekitar Loji yang didirikan Belanda, padahal waktu sudah banyak orang Tionghoa yang tinggal di sekitar pesisir pantai dimana Belanda banyak mendirikan Loji-loji nya sehingga banyak dari warga Tionghoa yang rumahnya harus dibongkar dan harus pindah ketempat lain untuk menjauhi Loji-loji tersebut.


Untuk merebut hati golongan Tionghoa ini maka akhirnya Coen menghapus peraturan tersebut, namun golongan Tionghoa sudah patah arang dan tidak percaya lagi pada Belanda serta tidak mau lagi berhubungan dagang, menghadapi hal ini Coen teringat pada SBK, pedagang yang sangat dihormati oleh masyarakat Tionghoa.

Pemboikotan yang dilakukan oleh komunitas Tionghoa ini makin lama makin hebat, para pedagang Tionghoa juga tidak mau lagi menjual dagangannya kepada pihak Belanda, bahkan tidak ada orang Tionghoa yang mau memperbaiki sepatu para Serdadu Belanda. Jan Pieterzoon Coen akhirnya sadar akan potensi kerugian lebih besar yang bisa terjadi kalau masalah ini berlarut-larut, akhirnya ia memutuskan untuk menemui SBK dan meminta bantuannya untuk mengatur dan mengurus komunitas Tionghoa di Batavia maupun di Banten.Kepada bawahannya dia memberi perintah bahwa “ Siapapun yang ingin memperluas dan memperkuat perdagangan serta pengaruh Belanda, harus bekerja sama dengan komunitas Tionghoa, karena mereka adalah bangsa yang ulet, rajin dan giat bekerja – ” dan hanya SBK lah orang yang tepat untuk diajak bekerja sama. “ Tidak ada yang lebih cocok untuk tujuan kita selain bekerja-sama dengan komunitas Tionghoa “ demikian laporan J.P. Coen kepada Heeren XVII. Coen juga menyatakan bahwa “ komunitas ini sangat bertentangan dengan penduduk asli yang berwatak pemalas, susah diatur dan tidak dapat dipercaya, orang-orang Tionghoa ini adalah pekerja yang rajin, tidak kenal lelah, sangat terampil dan berdisiplin kuat “. Demikian setelah melalui proses pendekatan dan bersaing dengan pihak Kesultanan Banten dan juga karena Sultan Banten telah melakukan kesalahan fatal dengan menyuruh membongkar semua rumah orang Tionghoa yang terletak dipinggiran pantai Banten karena hal ini dianggap terlalu mengganggu pemandangannya dalam memantau Pantai Banten, maka berangsur-angsur orang-orang Tionghoa dibawah pimpinan Souw Beng Kong dan Lim Lak Co ( Shoemaker van Banten / Pembuat Sepatu dari Banten ) berpindah ke Batavia. Sejak itu pelan-pelan Pelabuhan Banten mulai ditinggalkan oleh para pedagang mancanegara, pusat kegiatan perdagangan pun mulai berpindah ke Batavia. Gelombang pertama perpindahan itu sebanyak 170 Keluarga Tionghoa dari Banten mulai memasuki Batavia, dan SBK harus menampung dan mengurusi mereka . Untuk keperluan mengatur masyarakat Tionghoa tersebut maka Jan Pieterzoon Coen pada tanggal 11 Oktober 1619 mengangkat Souw Beng Kong menjadi Kapiten ( Kapitein ) Tionghoa yang pertama yang diangkat oleh Pihak Belanda, pada masa itu penduduk Tionghoa yang ada di Batavia sudah sekitar 400 Keluarga dan terus bertambah. Souw Beng Kong juga diangkat sebagai sebagai Ketua Kongkoan ( Dewan Tionghoa masa itu ), Dewan itu bertugas untuk mengatur segala keperluan dan kepentingan orang-orang Tionghoa mulai dari Upacara Perkawinan , Upacara dan tempat Pemakaman serta memilih tempat-tempat pemakaman untuk orang Tionghoa di Batavia. Mengenai soal Kongkoan ini sejarahwan dari Universitas Leiden Belanda yaitu Profesor Leonard Blusse menyatakan, Kongkoan ini dipergunakan oleh Pemerintah Belanda selain untuk mengurusi orang Tionghoa, Dewan ini juga bertugas menjadi semacam petugas sensus yg mencatat semua data-data tentang masyarakat Tionghoa dan yang terlebih penting adalah untuk menarik bermacam Pajak dari mereka. Profesor Blusse saat ini dengan Historical Institute ( IGEER ) sedang melakukan pekerjaan besar yaitu menyusun dan membuat microfilm tentang daftar dan data-data dari anggota Kongkoan di Batavia dari mulai didirikan dibawah Pimpinan Souw Beng Kong yang jumlahnya mencapai puluhan ribu orang, data dari para anggota Kongkoan tersebut sa’at ini sudah berada di Universitas Leiden, bila selesai data itu dapat digunakan oleh para orang-orang Tionghoa yang ingin mencari asal-usul dan akar keluarganya.

Sebagai Kapiten , Souw Beng Kong ditugasi untuk mengurusi urusan sipil termasuk harus bisa mengatasi bila ada keributan antar sesama orang Tionghoa. Ketika pada 24 Juni 1620 di Batavia dibentuk College van Schepenen, Souw Beng Kong sebagai Kapiten Tionghoa sa’at itu juga diberi jabatan dalam Dewan tersebut, Jabatan Souw Beng Kong dalam Dewan tersebut bukan hanya memberikan nasihat, tetapi juga memutuskan dan bertanggung-jawab atas segala perkara-perkara yang berkenaan dengan orang Tionghoa yang diajukan kepada Dewan / Majelis tersebut.


Dengan Surat Keputusan Gubernur Jenderal pada 18 Agustus 1620, Souw Beng Kong diberi kekuasaan penuh untuk menangkap orang-orang Tionghoa yang menurut pendapatnya harus ditangkap ( semisal terlibat tindakan Kriminal ) dan menyerahkannya kepada pemerintah Belanda. Pengangkatan Souw Beng Kong dalam jabatannya tersebut juga disetujui oleh Pemerintah Pusat di Negeri Belanda, seperti yang tertera dalam surat kepada J.P. Coen yang antara lain menyatakan “ Pemerintah Kerajaan Belanda menyetujui pengangkatan Tuan BENCON ( Belanda menyebut SBK dengan nama BENCON ) sebagai anggota Dewan College van Schepenen “

Dalam melaksanakan tugasnya, Souw Beng Kong dibantu oleh seorang sekretaris beragama Islam yang bernama Gouw Cay. Kedua pimpinan orang Tionghoa ini tidak diberi gaji tetapi diberi hak untuk menarik cukai sebesar 20 % dari dari Pajak Judi yang dikenakan Pemerintah Belanda kepada para Pachter ( Penyelenggara Rumah Judi ) di Batavia, Rumah Judi ini sengaja dipelihara oleh pemerintah Belanda tujuannya tentu untuk menarik uang pajak dari para para pemain judi yang kebanyakan adalah para Kuli Kontrak dan Budak yang sangat kecanduan judi dimana sering kali uang yang diterima dihabiskan di meja judi. Sebenarnya bukan hal yang mustahil bila Pemerintah Belanda memang mau menghapuskan rumah-rumah judi tersebut tetapi hal ini sengaja dipelihara dan dilindungi oleh para petugas Belanda setempat yang mendapatkan setoran / upeti dari para penyelenggara rumah judi tersebut, rumah judi tersebut harus membayar jumlah yang cukup besar sampai mencapi 6000 Sterling tiap bulannya. Gouw Cay sebagai sekretaris Souw Beng Kong dengan Surat Keputusan Gubernur Jenderal Belanda tertanggap 1 Agustus 1621 diberi sebidang tanah berupa kebun kelapa di Kampung Bebek. Ditempat tersebut pada Tahun 1625 Gouw Cay membangun sebuah Mesjid yang sampai Tahun 1920 an masih berdiri.


Dibawah pimpinan Souw Beng Kong, jumlah penduduk Tionghoa di Batavia meningkat dengan pesat sampai mencapai 1000 keluarga pada Tahun 1622. Mereka pada umumnya hidup dengan berdagang dan bertani, pemboikotan kepada Pemerintah Belanda juga berangsur-angsur dihentikan Karena Pemerintah Belanda telah memberikan kebebasan kepada orang Tionghoa untuk membangun rumahnya dimana saja mereka suka dalam artian tidak lagi dibatasi hanya boleh membangun di daerah tertentu,setiap hari makin banyak saja orang Tionghoa yang berdatangan dan tinggal di Batavia. Daerah perumahan pun berkembang dengan pesat, baik didalam kota maupun daerah pinggiran, demikian juga dengan sektor perdagangan berkembang dengan pesat. Boleh dikata bahwa Souw Beng Kong turut membangun fondasi dalam mengembangkan Kota Batavia yang dimulai oleh Jan Pieterszoon Coen.

Karena jasa-jasanya, dengan Surat Keputusan tertanggal 1 February 1623 Gubernur Jenderal JP Coen member hadiah 2 bidang kebun kelapa kepada Souw Beng Kong diatas tanah tersebut dibangun rumah-rumah batu yang cukup megah atas biaya Pemerintah Belanda, penjagaan 24 jam juga diberikan demi menjaga keamanan Souw Beng Kong dan keluarganya. Dalam catatan “ Kalapaci “ disebutkan bahwa orang-orang dari Tiongkok selatan tidak suka berhubungan dengan Pemerintah Belanda di Batavia karena kapal-kapal Jung mereka yang akan pulang ke Tiongkok sering dicegat dan dirampas diperairan sebelah utara Nusantara ( atas hal ini utusan dari Gubernur penguasa Fukien datang ke Batavia untuk menyampaikan protes atas tidakan perompakan yang dilakukan oleh orang-orang Belanda dibawah pimpinan Cornelis Reyersen ). Barang-barang rampasan diangkut ke Batavia dan awaknya dibui untuk kemudian dijual kepada para hartawan sebagai budak belian dengan harga 60 Real ( ? ) perorangnya kemudian dipekerjakan sebagai budak perkebunan dan pertanian dengan Pajak Kepala sebesar 1,5 Real sebulan. Waktu itu Souw Beng Kong dan Gouw Cay diberi hak untuk membuat mata uangnya sendiri yang terbuat dari timah dan timahnya harus dibeli dari pihak Belanda dengan tidak dikenakan pajak.


Tahun 1628-1629 terjadi perang antara Belanda dengan tentara Sultan Agung di front Timur, dengan tentara Banten di front Barat dan armada tentara Inggris dari laut di front Utara maka Souw Beng Kong menunjukan sikap Netral dan Tidak Memihak, berkali-kali J P Coen dari Pihak Belanda meminta bantuan dan saran tapi ditolak oleh Souw Beng Kong dan Sultan Banten yang pernah punya hubungan baik dengannya juga meminta bantuan Souw Beng Kong tetapi juga ditolaknya dengan halus, ini membuktikan bahwa kedatangan orang Tionghoa di Bumi Nusantara ini tidak punya maksud untuk terlibat dalam Konflik dan ingin menjadi Penguasa tetapi murni karena ingin berdagang dan mencari kehidupan yang lebih baik.
Setelah berhasil melakukan penyusupan kedalam pasukan Sultan Agung dan berhasil membakar ransum serta berhasil mengalahkan pasukan tentara Banten dan juga mengalahkan armada Inggris, maka Pemerintah VOC makin memperkokoh posisinya di Batavia, Pemerintah Belanda memberlakukan peraturan yang ketat, setiap warga dilarang bepergian tanpa Surat Izin dari Pemerintah Belanda.

Souw Beng Kong menjadi tidak senang bekerja sama lagi dengan pihak pemerintah Belanda, ia mengajukan permohonan untuk kembali ke Tiongkok. Setelah permohonannya dikabulkan maka dengan menumpang kapal perang “ de swaen “ dia berangkat ke Tiongkok melalui Taiwan. Namun, ketika di Taiwan dia membaca maklumat dari pemerintah Tiongkok yang menyatakan bahwa barang siapa yang pernah bekerja sama dengan pihak Belanda, maka harta bendanya akan disita dan orangnya akan dikenakan hukuman berat. Karena takut maka Souw Beng Kong membatalkan kepulangannya ke Tiongkok dan selama dua tahun dia tinggal di Taiwan sambil berdagang dan ternyata usahanya tersebut gagal.

Selama di Taiwan Souw Beng Kong akhirnya terlibat dalam sejumlah usaha penyelundupan dan perdangangan gelap, tetapi mengingat akan jasa-jasanya kepada kaum Tionghoa di Batavia maka dia tetap dilindungi oleh para sahabatnya, para pejabat Belanda di Batavia mengirimkan utusan dan surat kepada Gubernur Taiwan sehingga dia lolos dari hukuman pemerintah Tiongkok dan akhirnya ia memutuskan kembali ke Batavia. Pada tahun 1639 , dengan menumpang Kapal perang Belanda “ Brouckoort “ dia pun bersama keluarganya kembali ke Batavia. Ternyata sesampai di Batavia Souw Beng Kong masih tetap dihormati, walaupun kedudukannya sebagai anggota College van Schepenen telah digantikan oleh Phoa Beng Gan ( yang oleh Belanda disebut Binggam), tetapi jasa-jasa Souw Beng Kong masih tetap diingat oleh pihak Belanda. Ketika dibentuk Boedel Kamer atau Balai Harta Peninggalan untuk mengurus dan melindungi harta warisan kaum Hartawan Tionghoa yang tidak mempunyai ahli waris, maka Souw Beng Kong pun mendapat kehormatan dan diangkat untuk mengepalainya ( Boedel Messter ). Kemudian, bersama Lim Lak Co, Souw Beng Kong mengajukan resolusi agar pemerintah Belanda menaruh perhatian khusus dan serius kepada kampung orang Tionghoa untuk menjaga kesehatan dan diperbaiki lingkungannya, tuntutan kedua orang ini dipenuhi oleh pemerintah Belanda dan hasilnya adalah penataan lingkungan pecinan di seputar Pancoran-Kota yang sampai sekarang masih belum banyak berubah, pengaruh Souw Beng Kong pun semakin bertambah kuat. Akhirnya karena telah berusia lanjut Souw Beng Kong mengajukan pengunduran diri dan Lim Lak Co dipilih menjadi pengganti Souw Beng Kong.

Souw Beng Kong meninggal pada 8 April 1644 dan seluruh masyarakat Tionghoa ikut berkabung, pemerintah Belanda juga menyatakan turut bela sungkawa, Phoa Beng Gan sebagai Kapitein pengganti Souw Beng Kong pun mengajukan permohonan agar jenazah Souw Beng Kong boleh disemayamkan di rumahnya, sambil menunggu selesainya pembangunan komplek makam yang memakan waktu dua bulan lamanya.
Upacara pemakamannya dilakukan dengan penuh kebesaran dan penghormatan, masyarakat Tionghoa dari seluruh Batavia dan sekitarnya pun turut mengantarkan jenazahnya ke pemakaman yang jumlahnya mungkin mencapai belasan ribu orang. Pemerintah Belanda pun memberikan penghormatan penuh secara kemiliteran.
Sampai dengan akhir tahun 1960 an Makam Souw Beng Kong tersebut masih bisa dijumpai di Gang Taruna ( dahulu disebut Gang Souw Beng Kong ) di Jalan P. Jayakarta.

Dalam rangka melestarikan peninggalan sejarah dan turut menghargai jasa-jasa almarhum Souw Beng Kong serta sebagai wujud keperdulian terhadap Bangsa dan Negara maka pada 11 Februari 2008 di Jakarta telah didirikan Yayasan Kapitein Souw Beng Kong yang dipimpin oleh KRT Hendarmin Susilo ( So Sien Ming ) yang program pertamanya adalah membebaskan tanah di sekeliling makam Souw Beng Kong yang sudah di dikuasai oleh warga sekitar, bahkan diatas makam Souw Beng Kong tersebut pernah berdiri sebuah rumah lengkap dengan kamar mandinya, Yayasan Kapitein Souw Beng Kong juga sudah merehabilitasi komplek makam tersebut sehingga sekarang ini layak disebut sebagai makam orang ternama dan juga mengadakan upacara-upacara adat sesuai dengan kepercayaan yang dipeluk oleh almarhum Souw Beng Kong. Demikianlah kisah dari seorang Tokoh Marga Souw yang boleh dibanggakan oleh kalangan Marga Souw, karena beliau selain sebagai Kapitein Pertama dari golongan Tionghoa, dia juga sangat besar jasa-jasanya terhadap kaum Tionghoa , dia sangat di hormati dan dicintai oleh kaum Tionghoa pada waktu itu, semoga tulisan bisa menjadi inspirasi dan kebanggaan bersama dari Kaum Keturunan Marga Souw.

 

 

1. Pada tahun 1909 dipugar oleh Kong Koan (Dewan Opsir Tionghoa).

2. Pada bulan Oktober 1929 “KONG KUAN” (Dewan Perwakilan Masyarakat Tinghoa) menyediakan dana sebesar 2.500 Golden untuk biaya renovasi makam tersebut dibawah perintah Majoor der Chineezen Khouw Kim An (1875-1946).

3. Pada bulan April 2006 ini ada yang mengaku keluarganya yang membeli rumah di atas makam itu. Kabarnya, mereka akan memperbaiki makam ini.

 

  • Kapitein Lim Lak Tjo
  • Kapitein Phoa Beng Gan
  • Kapitein Gan Djie
  • Nyonya Kapitein Gan Djie, dubbed “Nyai Bali” [5] [6]
  • Kapitein Tjoa Hoan Giok
  • Kapitein Ni Hoe Kong
  • Majoor Tan Eng Goan
  • Majoor Tan Tjoet Tiat
  • Majoor Lie Tjian Tjoen
  • Majoor Tio Tek Ho
  • Majoor Khouw Kim An

 

 

 

Overseas Chinese Kapitan Sourabaya

 

Painting by Surabaya Overseas Chinece Kapitan Han Jan Pit in 1805

Original info

Tekening van de tuin van de kapitein der chinezen Hanjanpit te Soerabaja vervaardigd door H.J. Wardenaar tijdens een reis naar het oostelijke deel van Java in opdracht van N. Engelhard op 29 augustus 1805.

 

Tekening in aanzicht op het tuinhuis van de luitenant der chinezen Hanzoerik van Soerabaja vervaardigd door H.J. Wardenaar tijdens een reis naar het oostelijke deel van Java in opdracht van N. Engelhard op 28 augustus 1805.

Chinese overseas picture In Java

1890

 

Straat, vermoedelijk te Batavia met op de achtergrond de Amsterdamse Poort

1900

 

Chinese tempel, vermoedelijk op Java

1930

 

“Karbouwenhoeder. Toekang angon kerbo.”

 

 

1935

 

Tionghoa shop at Jogya market

1941

 

Chienese overseas mosque Madjobo Koedoes

FAMOUS CHINESE OVERSEAS IN KALIMANTAN

 

 

 

 

 

FAMOUS CHINESE OVERSEAS IN CELEBES

Overseas Chinese Kapitan  Makassar

 

Kapitan cina makassae Tomb 1900-1920

 

1886

Dansers (Kabesarant), vermoedelijk bij Gorotalo

 

 

FAMOUS CHINESE OVERSEAS IN MOLLUCA

FAMOUS CHINESE OVERSEAS IN LESSER SUNDA(BALI AND EAST ACHIPHELAGO NUSANTARA)

FAMOUS CHINESE OVERSEAS IN PAPUA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HISTORY

6th  Century

Menurut Erniwati, ken­dati sulit menelusuri sejak kapan masuknya orang Tiong­hoa ke Indonesia, namun dari cacatan yang bersumber dari Cina menuliskan tentang ke­da­tangan utusan dari Lang-ya (Malaya) di antaranya, pada awal abad ke-6, yaitu ninik mamak Minangkabau Sultan Balun yang kemudian bergelar Datuk Parpatiah Nan Sa­batang, dari kelarasan Bodi Chaniago.

Datuk Parpatiah Nan Sa­batang dikabarkan me­rantau ke Siam, Indocina, dan ke­negeri Cina, sebelum Datuk Parpatiah Nan Sabatang mempresentasikan konsep adat matrilineal di Minang­kabau.

“Tujuh abad setelah itu, abad ke-13, Pantai Pariaman telah dikunjungi  oleh pe­dagang dari Gujarat, Cina, dan pedagang lainnya, terjalin di pelabuhan ini,” kata Erniwati.

Selain itu, tambah Er­niwati, seorang Raja Tiongkok dahulunya pernah meminang Bundo Kanduang dengan mengirim seperangkat pe­laminan sebagai ikatannya. Tapi rencana itu tak ter­laksana, karena dalam per­jalanan kapal Raja Tiongkok itu mengalami musibah. “Na­mun seperangkat pelaminan sebagai ikatan pertunangan itu sudah diterima Bundo Kanduang.”

Sementara itu, Mely G Tan, dari perkembangan dan masuknya etnis Tionghoa ke Sumatera Barat membaginya berdasarkan dialek bahasa di Cina menjadi tiga ke­lompok dialek yang masing-masing dengan spesialisasi kerjanya, yaitu orang Hokkian berasal dari Fukien Selatan di Cina Selatan, kemudian per­ka­winan campuran dengan pen­duduk lokal yang akhirnya membentuk Tionghoa pe­ra­nakan. Ciri-cirinya berbahasa Melayu.

Sampai kini, tradisi yang masih melekat sejak dulu, hingga kini masih dengan setia dijalankan orang Tiong­hoa. Misalnya, upacara yang dilakukan oleh orang Tiong­hoa di Sumatera Barat pada umumnya berkaitan dengan unsure kepercayaan, seperti penyembahan kepada nenek moyangnya.

Secara umum, orang Tiong­­hoa berprofesi sebagai pe­dagang dan industri, seperti di Piaman. Pabrik minyak kelapa yang terkenal di Pa­riaman adalah milik Tjoa Tjeng Han cap Unta dan minyak kelapa Lam Kiauw di Padang.

Lebih jauh Erniwati men­jelaskan, pusat pemerintahan dan perdagangan di pantai barat Sumatera Barat, Pa­dang menjadi kota penting bagi orang Tionghoa dibandingkan dengan kota lainnya.

1511

Pada tahun 1511, Portugis merajalela di selat Malaka. Imperium Aceh lumpuh dibuatnya. Bersamaan dengan itu, kesibukan lalu lintas perdagangan pun tersendat di kawasan yang sangat sibuk itu.

Kerakusan Portugis membuat kapal-kapal dagang dari negara-negara Asia dan Eropa tak bisa lewat. Akhirnya, pantai barat yang ombaknya dikenal ganas terpaksa dipilih sebagai jalur alternatif perdagangan dunia.

Sepotong pesisir di muara sungai Arau tiba-tiba menjadi persinggahan yang ramai di tepian samudera Indonesia sebelum kapal-kapal dagang melanjutkan pelayaran ke Jawa. Pelabuhan kecil yang awalnya bernama kampung Batung itu kini bernama kota Padang.

 

1511

Kepopuleran pelabuhan Muaro sebagai kota pelabuhan internasional sudah dimulai sejak tahun 1511 saat Portugis memblokade selat Malaka setelah menguasai kerajaan Malaka

Blokade itu untuk melumpuhkan kekuasaan Kesultanan Aceh yang sebelumnya mengendalikan aktifitas perdagangan di selat Malaka.

Akibatnya kapal dagang dari negara-negara Asia dan sebagian Eropa terpaksa memutar haluan, dan menjadikan kawasan pantai barat Sumatera sebagai penghubung ke laut Jawa melalui perairan Sunda.

Pelabuhan Muaro seperti diselamatkan ombak. Mendadak ia ternama sebagai kota pelabuhan karena disinggahi kapal dagang dari Inggris, Perancis dan Cina. .

(Insidesumatra)

1633

Belakangan VOC berhasil mengadu-domba masyarakat Minangkabau dan Aceh, sehingga tercipta Perjanjian Painan pada tahun 1633 yang sekaligus mengakhiri kekuasaan Aceh di Minang. Salah satu poin penting perjanjian Painan adalah, tidak mengakui kerajaan Aceh, dan sebaliknya mengakui Raja Minangkabau sebagai penguasa tertinggi dan mengakui VOC sebagai pelindung serta hanya berdagang dengan mereka. (insidesumatra)

1667

Menindaklanjuti perjanjian ini, pada tahun 1667 VOC menjadikan Padang sebagai pusat perwakilan (headquarter) untuk wilayah pesisir barat Sumatera yang ditandai dengan pembangunan benteng pertahanan atau loji. Pembangunan loji ini atas izin penghulu terkemuka, Orang Kayo Kaciak. Loji berbentuk empat segi dengan setiap sisi sepanjang 100 meter dan tinggi enam meter di sekitar Muaro. Penentangan terhadap VOC muncul dari rakyat Minangkabau di Pauh dan Koto Tangah. Mereka membakar loji pada 7 Agustus 1669. Momen inilah kemudian yang ditetapkan sebagai “Hari Jadi Kota Padang”. Setelah berakhirnya masa VOC yang ditutup karena rugi, pada 20 Mei 1784 Belanda secara resmi mengambil alih Padang dan menjadikannya pusat kedudukan dan pusat perniagaan di wilayah Sumatera. Belanda membangun gudang-gudang untuk menumpuk barang sebelum dikapalkan melalui pelabuhan Muara Padang yang berada di muara Batang (sungai) Arau. Kawasan inilah yang merupakan kawasan awal Kota Tua Padang. Batang Arau yang berhulu sekitar 25 kilometer ke pegunungan Bukit Barisan merupakan salah satu dari lima sungai di Padang. Sungai ini sangat penting karena posisinya sangat strategis dibanding Batang Kuranji, Batang Tarung, Batang Tandis dan Batang Lagan.(insidesumatra)

 

July 6, 1662

Treaty of Painan:

coastal areas of Minangkabau, including Padang, become a protectorate of the VOC, which guarantees them security against raids from Aceh

1663

 

 

 

Portugeus Fort at cingkuk Island

 

 

 Portugeus Fort at cingkuk Island

This town then became an important place since year 1663 when the Dutch, via the Dutch East India Company set-up a trading post in ‘Pulau Cingkuk’, one of many islands offshore the town, according to “Perjanjian Painan” or ‘Painan Treaty’.

 

Cingkuk island now

 

 

cingkuk island now

 

If you go to Painan, West Sumatera, Indonesia, don’t forget to across the sea to Cingkuk Island, the sands are white, so many coral here, and we can see sea animal such as colourful fish, sea cucumber, through the water because the water is very clear. WHAT A BEAUTIFUL ISLAND ever.

It is also cheap to go here. You just need to pay about Rp 10,000 or $ 1 per person to rent a boat to across the sea to the island. At this island you also can play banana boat also only Rp 10,000 0r $1 per person.

 

 It is Very cheap right????

 

Let’s fell the smell of the virgin sea,,,

And not far from Cingkuk Island, there is Langkisau Hill. We can see almost the part of Padang City from there. You will see a very beautiful view here. Oh,,, and the good news is, this tour object is free entering. You just need to climb the ladder till the top of the hill. Nice, huh?!

Unfortunately because do not have much time there, meanwhile, there is still so many thing to find there.

 

 

1670

VOC notch the West Sumatra with the help of local leaders is strong enough.


The problem is the attitude of the people who sulitbdan community leaders are often at odds and dutch memuhak depada one class. But sometimes the Dutch embrace both classes and then over the Dutch rock should be given a token of gratitude for services rendered whether concession

,
Thanks Groenenwegen and Verspreet diplomacy, the Dutch managed to cultivate a small layer of executing the will golongn Company (Company VOC) VOC thus not dealing directly with the people.
One way of securing his pretense with King minangkabau dutch, to accomplish this task charged to Mr. Pits substitute Verspreet.
The skipper White has many followers in the Middle Koto Pariaman much fuss to the Dutch cause problems even though he did not openly oppose the Dutch,

(Rusdi Amran, West Sumatra Plakat Long Until, Sinar Harapan, 1981)

 

1672

Showdown In Pariaman
In 1672 White was appointed skipper of VOCs into regen who was a prince of a rather important in Kototengah, experiencing disturbing the original followers of Kayo Maradjo VII-Koto and he also got into trouble because they do not fit the Commander Radja and Datuk Bandaro In Padang.
Many Penghulu Belnda including Panglimo Radjo and Datuk Maradjo o not happy with skipper White, they asked for it to be replaced. Pits are not quickly replace it because he had many followers among the people of Koto symbolic middle and not overtly anti VOC
Pits on the above resolved without the help of Batavia.
(Rusdi Amran, 1981)

1673
In the year 1673 the conflict between the King of Madjunto by the dead of Sultan Adil Muhammadsyah of Indrapura completed after the sultan’s father, Sultan Malfarsyah Muhammadsyah
(Rusdi Amran, 1981)


1674

1674, King of  Minangkabau world(Rajo Alam Minangkabau) pass away  , this led to disputes as to who will replace it. Children or niece
Finally The four Bandaro (BaSO Ampek Balai ) decides son Raja ruled the western part, while Kemanakan (nephew ) ruled the East.

(Rusdi Amran, 1981)

 

1674
In the Year 1674 then dispute between King Adil of Madjunto with Sultan Sulaiman of Indrapura completed (Rusdi Amran, 1981)


(Rusdi Amra, 1981)

1674
According to the agreement Painan, trade boats containing merchandise from Aceh to Pariaman be banned and arrested
Ibrahim Radjo penhulu of Pariaman has a relationship with skipper White regen Voc in Pariaman, and Suri Naro of Salido.

Until Pariaman Aceh boat loaded with merchandise and by Painan  Agrrement this boat must be captured and impounded but Radjo Ibrahim XII sent  200 people from the north-Koto located Painan and river lime, to mempertahankan In such which a  same boat of brother Ibrahim Radjo of religion, Radjo Mahkota , thousands of people were moving towards the west coast of Sumatra Agam .

 This situation made VOC office Padang confused(binguang) , Koto-Tengah and Pariaman, especially when Radjo Ibrahim and Putih  did not appear when called into the field.
 Apparently there are talks between Eadjo Ibrahim with Radjo Adil and Mahkota Radjo to evict people from the Maradjo Kayo-VII Koto near Pariaman order Radjo Ibrahim to head Pariaman.

If this is successful they will continue into the Middle Koto, and the White Nakhoda Kayo expel Commander of Padang So tidk no immediate danger to the VOC.


Ibrahim action is considered as a defiance VOC and VOC Temangung when an investigator who has a young Valves VOC employees were sent to search the  movement.
Results of search 
A prince named  Nakhoda Putih(skipper White ) Lengang bumi-in-law who does not know the  mass movement plan , carry merchandise bought from VOC Pariaman to  Padang through Koto Tengah . He was beaten out and robbed goods, heard by a white captain(nakhoda Putih)  handed again.

 

Tempers fray against deputy skipper with his followers in the river rotan and  most eager to attack skipper White ( Nakhoda Putih)was Radjo Ibrahim.

 Putih  almost any skipper could captivity, but a successful escape
After learned this  search  report this  VOC. Against  skipper White( Nakhoda Putih)

(Rusdi Amra, 1981)

1675
In August 1675, the VOC in handing out money to catch Regen  Pariaman Nakhoda  Putih.
In December 1675  VOC split-bagikan money again in Pariamna to the prince who gathered there and they swear to the Pits to destroy skipper White( regen Nakhoda  Putih)

 

 


1676
In 1676 occurred the actual Minangkabau People’s Movement spearheaded by pro Dutch  elements, the movement is not addressed to the Dutch but to a party whose leader wants to be changed.

This situation is favorable for the Dutch VOC, because the organization is not good with not one  goal  and not have one leadership and engage skipper of Koto-White Middle RADJO of Pariaman Radjo Ibrahim Adil of Manjunto, Bandaro Pandjang of Batipuh, Radjo Batuah of Ulakan and Suri Naro of Salido.
The dispute heated up when the son of Batipuh found died  ,assasination  killed by  Bandaro Pandjang  from Ulakan so Bandaro Pandjang dating and his family helped by Lubuk Alung invade and mengusir(shoo)  Datuk Bandaro of this Ulakan.Kota including looted and burned hamlets near Pariaman.
Lubuk Alung participate because before this Ulakan had attacked their village in retaliation, but this plan  canceled after 12 ½  gold thail paid by Pariaman.and  Regen Nakhoda  Putih( skipper White) was a  Ulakan’s friend
In June 1976, Suri Naro of Salido secretly dealing with skipper White (regen Putih) to strike Padang but can be stopped by Panglimo Radjo with his followers of Padang
(Rusdi Amran, 1981)

1680 1695

 Mighty Tuanku Raja Mulia(Holy King ) Stakeholder XXXII

1680
Disputes between  leader in Minangkabau hamper the delivery of gold and relocation pepper the beach.


 Raja  Adil of Manjuto in Tarusan secretly sell  their pepper  to british  in Bencoolen  and Banten not to VOC


After a ten year stint Pits moved to

 

 

Malacca  became the governor there , His place was taken over by Hurdt Melchior who moved

 

 

 

 

from the Cingkuk  island to  Padang .

 

 

 

Portugeus Fort at cingkuk Island

 

 

 

 

 Portugeus Fort at cingkuk Island

 

 

During Hult appointed as the highest vice of VOC in Padang, West Sumatra coast state still troublesome, such disputesbe between lIndigenous leaders and VOCs are generally not intervene,

Only City Pauh often robbed .. flame*dbakar) and people driven to anything and still rebelled.

To overcome this the Panglimo  Radjo in Padang had armed some thousand people to deal with attacks from Pauh.
The Dutch  does not have a lot of forces at this time, while the  Central VOC Government in Batavia  does not want to send an expedition to West Sumatra.

 

The same thing happened in Tarusan, Imagine and Bandar-X South area of Padang, small wars happen because leaders want to have a position.

 


This situation creates difficulties for the VOC trade flows when it rains it is no longer (weak).


In In February 1680,

unexpectedly visited Padang Sultan Ahmadsyah, envoy of King Minangkabau

 

Who came to Padang  is The Son of  king  Minangkabau who ruled the eastern part, the messenger brings a letter addressed to Hurdt and Panglimo Radjo to renew contracts and appointed as the official representative Panglimo Radjo Radja-Alam Minangkabau. And further recommends Radja Minangkabau people that do not disturb the VOC trade and paid tribute to the King of Aceh paid to the Minangkabau King.
On this occasion Hurdt asked King Minangkabau that skipper-WHITE scold naughty. But it was rejected because the King minangkabau not have the power to carry it out. This has led to frustration for Hurdt and central pemeruntah VOC in Batavia.
Vice VOC in Padang are not desperate, he kept trying to reconcile the princes and the representatives of the people are pro belanda.karena could disrupt VOC trade.
Finally Enterprises VOC managed, on 29 August 1680 in the city of Padang skipper gathered from Koto-WHITE-Tangah H with 10 the prince, Sultan Ahmadsyah from Indrapura, and Rajo-FAIR from Madjunto respectively with 20 and 18 penghulu.Panglimo Radjo of Padang carrying 12 penghulunya and Sari-Salido Naro of premises 9 princes and some traditional leaders. Voc along with other companions.
Everyone present signed important agreements and solemnly pledged to support all efforts VOC and renew all contracts ever signed first.

 

 


They also promised not to fussy-fussy and fighting each other again.
Since the conclusion of the agreement on which is the victory diplomatus VOC, VOC trade flows become fluent, but Hurdt
 be called  to Batavia because he was suspected of cheating with finances VOCs. He investigated continuously,Hurdt served only one year in the city of Padang

 

Three follow VOC  Man at Padang also only each served only one year as well, all withdrawn  for the same reason coruption  although isnpector or commissioners sent for investigating  found no results at all.


Corruption continues until the VOC was disbanded at the end of the 18th century. West Sumatra is an area for VOC loss due to costs incurred for the crush of people reversing yidak forever too large profit peradsangan dubanding with VOC.


It is being considered for release VOC Batavia West Sumatra region, but it is always opposed by representatives in the West Suamtera padded seat that benefit himself.

 

 


(Rusdi Amran, 1981)

1679

Deman Emas  Di Salido(sambungan)

Pada tahun  1679 dikirim dari pucuk pimpinan vOC di Amsterdam, 69 orang ahli pertambangan dari euro yang kemudian ditambah lagi. Nafsu vOC ini mungkin disebakan karena pada  tahun ini terjadi perdamaian dengan rakyat Bayang-village dan tambanga emas yang ada disana diserahkan kepada VOC.

Kemudian kepala perwakilan VOC di Padang Tuan Pits dikrim ke Salido untuk memeriksa tambang tersebut dan ia memebrillaporan ke Batavia bahwa masa depan tambang itu baik.

(Rusdi Amran, 1981)

Penduduk Tionghoa datang tidak lama setelah pendirian pos VOC. Orang Tionghoa di Padang yang biasa disebut dengan Cina Padang, sebagian besar sudah membaur dan biasanya berbahasa Minang.[54](wiki)
se­belum abad ke-19, ke­be­radaan orang Tionghoa secara umum dapat dikatakan tidak mem­pengaruhi tatanan sosial dan sistem ekonomi tra­disional yang berkembang dalam masya­­­rakat Minang­kabau di pedalaman Suma­tera Barat.

1680

Cina tahun 1680 datang berdagang ke Inderapura 9 tahun pasca perjanjian pemuka kota pantai dari Ombak Ketaun (Pesisir Selatan) hingga Air Bangis (Pesisir Utara, Pasaman Barat sekarang) ditandatangani (1680) oleh Raja Adil dan Muhammadsyah (sultan Inderapura) sedikit memberi ruang gerak kepada VOC berdagang lada dan emas

1686
In 1686, the Pariaman (Pryaman as written in the notes W. Marsden) start dealing with the British.
As the area is located on the beach, has become a destination Pariaman trade and conquest of foreign nations that do cruise ships a few centuries ago. Ports entreport Pariaman time was very advanced. (Shvoong, 2002)

In the Month August 1686
  EIC English also came to West Sumatra to compete with the VOC for profit., They also try to approach local leaders.
But because of the situation in the Euro, the leader  of  VOC in Batavia always  told  VOC  Padang. To remember that  Avoid looking for an issue with the EIC British., If necessary, native friend who got beat.
To achieve this purpose , in August 1686 gathered again the Penghulu and Followers VOC in Padang city, and they all promised not to seek and facilitate trade relations with British EIC. (East India Company)

Besides that  came  some  the  Representative  of King Minangkabau to West Sumatra coastal regions to levy tribute but  not  successful because the VOC had forgotten terms – terms of skits with former Minangkabau King.
The first vice-king was not able to appease the princes fighting each other.

THE SECOND
In fact, several times thE Viceroy OF  minangkabau Kingdom even participated in the movement against the VOC.

The last Came envoy of Minangkabau King ,named Maharaja Laksmana, he had come to collect tribute  until Singkel  in the north and Ketaun in  the south. He was received with honor by Vice VOC in Padang, but was not given a single cent.
That the state at the end of the 17th century in western Sumatra Padang and peisir time

 

 

(Rusdi Amran, 1981)

 

In 1686,

Amangkurat II sends secret letters to Johore, Minangkabau, English East India Co, even Siam trying to find help against VOC.

1695 1719

Sultan Tuanku Raja Raja Alam Bagewang II Stakeholder XXVII

1696

Sultan Muhammad Syah of Indrapura abdicates and VOC gains influence in the absence of a ruler there.

1697

 

Supervision of Ulama education scholars in Pariaman up in 1697

 

17th Century

In the 17th century Pagarruyung king of the rumored MinangKabhu very charismatic and full power.

  Empire centered in Tanah Datar, famous in those days as a gold mine of the most easily looted, because gold does not have to dig too deep to be found.

  Governor General of Netherlands Cornelis van Quelbergh representative for the Dutch VOC Malacca in 1641 sent Thomas Dias (Portuguese citizens in Malacca, as was previously occupied by the Portuguese) to get to the Siak river and tried to make contact with the King in making trade agreements MinangKhabu gold, pepper and Tin, as well as an envoy to discuss the long-running conflict between the Dutch Malacca Johore, Siak, Jambi and Palembang.

  Researchers reviewed data about the doubting Thomas Dias trip, because Pagarruyung not close to the river in Tanah Datar Selo, but probably farther north near the river between Buo and Kumanis Sinamar

 

VOC membawa orang Nias ke Padang  sebagai budak sejak awal abad ke-17(wiki)

 

1719 1739

Sultan Tuanku Raja Arif Alam Badaeunsyah XXVIII

1739 1780

King Tuanku Raja Alam Alam Muningsyah I XXIX

1766

Top of Form

western part  Pasaman consisting of coastal areas Katiagan starting from the south and ends at aia Bangih in the north has become a haven the merchants of Europe such as Britain and the Netherlands.

Katiagan Masang rod bounded by a separate territory with Tiku Agam area once contained a highly developed commercial center with a major brokerage named Peto Mage ‘, a Minangkabau half of Aceh who have shed a bit into the mouth of the Batang Masang. Christine Dobbin writes as follows;

When the British private traders began entering these waters, the Pasaman can also supply them with pepper and this continues until the end of abat eighteen, when the place is also a regional supplier of rice to the British power on the coast farther.

Pasaman also provide a way out for the export of gold from Rao, the valley immediately to the north Alahan length, which is the area of ​​exporting gold from time immemorial.

British trade with the region’s growing Pasaman so in 1766 the Netherlands was also flying the flag there, but they can only survive until the year 1772.

After developing the ports because of its association with the British people, while the Acehnese traders also came and settled on the coast between Pasaman and Masang River.

Pasaman area thus evolved into part of the coastal trade network developed based on the needs of British private traders.

If we cast a little view of the east, not far from the town center Simpang Ampek, therein lies the area named Mount Ophir. The Minangkabau language vocabulary, does not have the word “Ophir”. Mentioned in the literature that comes from the word Ophir Portuguese vocabulary.

What makes people interested in the Portuguese hills, so they named the Mount Ophir. But we will not discuss this.

This area of ​​Mount Ophir before Indonesia’s independence, one of the Dutch business developing oil palm plantations and that’s when the first foreign plant called palm touching Pasaman.

After the nationalization of Dutch companies under Law no. 56 In 1958, this estate belonged to PTPN VI.

 

 

Raja 1775/xxxx
1775 1810 Marhum Asal (posthumous name)

 

 

1780 1798

King Tuanku Tuanku Raja Alam Basusu Ampek Muningsyah II King of XXX

-Tasik (Kota Pinang)

 

Raja 1785/xxxx
1785 1800 Sultan Rakhmat Syah

Sultanate 1789/1816
1789 1816 Khalifatullah Inayat Syah

1816
extinction of the state and the colonial government of the Netherlands

up

Successor states of Pinangawan

Dates:

1630
status Pinangawan splits:

Bila-
Sungai Taras-
Tasik-

Bila-

Raja 1785/xxxx
1785 1800 Sultan Rakhmat Syah
1800 1835 Sultan Alam II Bidar
1835 1865 Sultan Alam Bidar III
1865 1903 Sultan Alam Bidar IV
1903 xxxx Bidar Sultan Alam V

-Sungai Taras (Kampong Raja)

Raja 1775/xxxx
1775 1810 Marhum Asal (posthumous name)
1810 1835 Marhum Mangkat of Rantau Baru (posthumous name)
The Sultan Muda 1835 1871
1871 xxxx Sultan Muda II

-Tasik (Kota Pinang)

Raja 1795/xxxx
1795 1815

Sultan Bongsa II

1815 1871

Sultan Mustafa

 

1798 1803

King Tuanku Tuanku Rajo Alam Onion Muningsyah III King of the XXXI


-Sungai Taras (Kampong Raja)

 


Sultanate 1789/1816
1789 1816 Khalifatullah Inayat Syah

Raja 1795/xxxx
1795 1815 Sultan Bongsa II

 

 

Raja 1795/xxxx
1795 1815

Sultan Bongsa II

 

 

Sultan bagagaryah Official stamped

19th century


19th Century AD is the most decisive in history and culture of Minangkabau.

 

In this century there has been not only a series of purification and renewal efforts of the creed and practice of traditional and syarak, but also there has been interference of the

colonial Dutch East Indies which pitted indigenous people and religious people, who both embraced Islam.

The term ‘agreement’ is felt more appropriate than the term ‘determination’, therefore in accordance with the principles
‘Sit up straight at the same low-high’ followed by the Minangkabau society.

The term ‘Minangkabau culture’ refers to a whole way of life as one of the Minangkabau ethnic group

ethnic groups in Indonesia between 1072 according to data from the National Census of 2000. Ethnic diversity of Indonesia than is recognized
sesanti Coat in the State, was also recognized by Article 36 a of the Constitution of 1945.

Review of SBK ABS cultivated in this Agreement is comprehensive and actionable, so that

includes not only the teachings of the betsifat normative, but also the institutions that implement these teachings, human behavior
who embrace the teachings, and policies that need to be further considered in the implementation.

A concise review of the history of the concept of ‘Indigenous Basandi Syarak, Syarak Basandi Qur’aan’ can be seen in
Gusti Asnan, 2003, History of Minangkabau dictionary, PPIM, Padang, pages 8-10.

The phrase ‘customary mangato syarak mamakai’ than there is in the range of books on traditional Minangkabau proverb goes, is also

The dictum contained in the Decree of the Great Council of West Sumatra No. IX LKAAM TAP-10/MUBES / IX LKAAM/SB/VI/2005
Dated June 5, 2005 On Application of Customary Basandi Syarak Syarak Basandi Qur’aan.

‘Aspect’ refers to the Province of West Sumatra, while the ‘Overseas’ refers to the tribal areas overseas
Minangkabau people, both in Indonesia, as well as abroad.

As citizens, Minangkabau society has the right to enjoy rights and protections of the Unitary
Republic of Indonesia and shall be subject to the fundamental positive law of the State and the Republic of Indonesia.

This section should be listed as a historical background, to understand the position in Minangkabau society SBK ABS
experiencing a wave of change many times.

 

1800

1800

Notes,
MAK ITAM,
Minang people is the nickname for the air rail LOKKOMOTIF black with steam that has been around since about 1800’s in Minangkabau

This train to pass through the rail serrated ramp area
The dramatic image is visible when the train was passing through the edge of Lake Batur, adjacent vehicle lane

 

1803-1821

After experiencing a prolonged conflict, Followed by a devastating civil war between the years 1803-1821, Followed by
Minangkabau war between the years 1821 – 1838
  to face the armies of the colonial Dutch East Indies,

1810 1835
Marhum died of seacoast New (Posthumous name)

Book ‘lost interest Tuanku Rao’ and Controversies Heroism lord Tambusai
by Suryadi
Compass (Thursday, 10/16/2008) the results of the discussion of the Indonesian version of the second edition (the first in 1992 by the INIS) Christine Dobbin book that is quite classic: Economic turmoil, Islamic Awakening and Padri War (New York: Community Bamboo, 2008) . The book was also discussed again at the Padang on 18 October.

Discussion of the book is a sort of continuation of the polemic about

 

Padri War (1803-1837)
which has been ongoing since last year.
One of the initiators polemic is Basyral Hamidi Harahap (BHH), the author lost interest Tuanku Rao (New York: Community Bamboo, September 2007). In this book the author, among others criticize lord Tambusai (1784-1882), the first national hero of origin Riau based 071/TK/Tahun Presidential Decree No. 1995.
Polemics about sticking Padri War again, with BHH as one of the main propulsion motors, initially triggered by the user republikasi MO Parlindungan, Pongkinangolngolan Sinamabela title Tuanku Rao: Hanbali school of Islamic Terror in Batak, 1816-1833 (New York: LKiS, 2006) the first edition (1964) has criticized Hamka (1974).
Along with that comes a degree of heroism petitions sued Bonjol Tuanku Imam accused of violating human rights because it forces invaded Padri Batak Land (1816-1833) who killed “millions” of people in the area (see: http://www.petitiononline.com/ knurl / petition.html).
Now it seems to go a step further polemic: the title of the report in Kompas dated October 16, 2008 was quite controversial: “Casualties of War Rectification Request Padri History”. Thus, the explicit claims of the children and grandchildren of war casualties that occurred nearly two hundred years ago it was that history Padri War was in the public has been “not correct” to say nothing untrue.
This brief review BHH in lost interest a little view Tuanku Rao (GTR) on the heroic lord Tambusai, the common thread that can be pulled to the discussion that took place in the field as reported by Reuters that.
Although this book is ‘spread’ here and there, less effective, and weak in terms of theory and methodology, but the content that is full of lost interest is clearly focused on criticism of the cruelty and brutality of The Padri when they invaded the Land of Batak. The invasion has joined the ancestors BHH own torment. In GTR BHH questioned the patriotism and heroism Tambusai my lord and my lord Imam Bonjol (hlm.106-7).
Tuanku Tambusai and irony Padri War
It can not be denied that the war had left the memories of heroic Padri well as traumatic to the people in the three regions: West Sumatra, North Sumatra (Tapanuli and vicinity), and Riau (Rokan and vicinity).
For about the first 20 years of the war (1803-1821) was practically a mutually berbunuhan fellow Minangkabau and his brothers from the Land of Batak.
Starting in April 1821
Company involved in the war as “invited” the Indigenous. Furthermore, it is the resistance war repel invaders Netherlands.
Heroism lord Tambusai more associated with the final episode Padri War. After the fortress fell Bonjol

1811

 

Original Lithography Muara Batang arau Padang 1811 By Merseden

(Courtecy dr Iwan suwandy found  in Jakarta)

Compare with he repro below

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ENTRANCE_OF_PADANG_RIVER.jpg ‎(472 × 400 pixels, file size: 60 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)

PLATE 18. ENTRANCE OF PADANG RIVER. With Buffaloes.


From The history of Sumatra, containing an account of the government, laws, customs, and manners of the native inhabitants with a description of the natural products and a relation of the ancient political state of that islandby William Marsden, F.R.S., the Third Edition with corrections, additions, and plates. London. Printed for the Author by J. M’Creery, Black-Horse-Court, and sold by Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, Paternoster-Row 1811

 

VIEW_OF_PADANG_HILL.jpg ‎(472 × 409 pixels, file size: 39 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)

PLATE 18a. VIEW OF PADANG HILL. Published by W. Marsden, 1810.

From The history of Sumatra, containing an account of the government, laws, customs, and manners of the native inhabitants with a description of the natural products and a relation of the ancient political state of that islandby William Marsden, F.R.S., the Third Edition with corrections, additions, and plates. London. Printed for the Author by J. M’Creery, Black-Horse-Court, and sold by Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, Paternoster-Row 1811

 

 

1814

However, the Anglo-Dutch Convention of 1814 was not completely clear, especially on the issue of certain possessions such as Padang.

The Convention of 1814 only returned Dutch territory that was held before 1803, which did not include Padang.

Raffles asserted the British claim personally, leading a small expedition to the Sultanate of Minangkabau.

 

Yet, as Raffles confirmed with the sultan regarding the absolute British influence of the area, he realized that the local rulers had only limited power over the well-cultivated and civilized country, and the treaty was largely symbolic and had little actual force.

 

 

 

1821

The Dutch subjugated the Minangkabau of Sumatra in the Padri War (1821–38)

 

 

Monkey Hill(Gunung Monyet) sketch in 1821

 

 

Sketch Batang Arau 1821

In 1840

 

Lie Ma Say with his wife were ordered by the Qing Dinasty Fujian government to visit Priaman City west Sumatra as the Trade Mission officer.Li Ma say started from Amoy(no Xiamen) by ship to Indonesia.

 

 

Hadirnya Pasar

Perkembangan kota me­nga­­kibatkan beberapa pe­dagang Tionghoa yang ada di Padang mendirikan sebuah Pasar di Kampung Tionghoa dekat Kelenteng di atas tanah milik Kapten Tionghoa, Lie Maa Saay dan dikelola Poa Leng. “Sekarang pasar itu terkenal dengan nama Pasar Tanah Kongsi,” kata Erniwati.

Pasar Tanah Kongsi ini berdekatan dengan Pasar Mudik yang berdekatan de­ngan pasar yang dibangun orang Minangkabau.

 

 

1840

Sekitar tahun 1340, daerah ini hanya dikenal sebagai kampung nelayan. Namanya kampung Batung. Kampung ini di bawah sistem pemerintahan nagari yang diperintah Penghulu Delapan Suku. Cikal-bakal masuknya Belanda di Ranah Minang berlangsung dengan kedatangan VOC (Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie) untuk melakukan transaksi dagang

 

Status sebagai pusat perniagaan kemudian memacu pertumbuhan fisik kota dan semakin berkembang pasca terbangunnya pelabuhan Emma Haven yang sekarang disebut sebagai Teluk Bayur pada abad ke 19.

Kota ini lebih melesat lagi setelah ditemukannya tambang batubara di Umbilin, Sawah Lunto/Sijunjung, oleh peneliti Belanda, De Greve. Namun sentra perdagangan tetap di Muaro. ***

Sejak lama, kota Padang adalah wilayah persaingan pasar yang sengit. Para pesaing muncul berdasarkan etnis tertentu, hingga akhirnya tumbuh berbagai pusat perdagangan seperti Pasar Gadang, Pasar Mudik, Pasar Batipuh, Pasar Tanah Kongsi, Pasar Jawa dan sebagainya. Pasar pertama di Kota Padang adalah Pasar Gadang yang berada di sisi kanan Batang Arau. Pasar Mudik yang jauh dari situ berdiri kemudian.

Lantas pedagang Cina membuat pasar baru dekat Klenteng See Hion Kiong (1861) yang masih berdiri sampai sekarang.

Namun sejumlah kebakaran kemudian menghanguskan pasar. Kawasan kota Padang pada masa itu terbagi dalam kelompok-kelompok bangsa.

Para penduduk keturunan Cina bermukim di sekitar Pasar Tanah Kongsi yang selanjutnya disebut Kampung Cina.

Bagian kota lain didiami pemukim keturunan India, saudagar dari Arabia dan Persia yang kemudian terkenal dengan Kampung Keling.

Ada juga Kampung Jawa yang didiami perantau asal Jawa yang konon sudah ada di Minangkabau sejak zaman Majapahit. Agak ke hulu lagi, berdiam warga keturunan Nias, Melayu dan Bugis. Sementara masyarakat Minangkabau asli bermukim agak di belakang lagi.

 

 

1845

 

 

Padang reede,

DEI Boat arrived at muara Batang Arau Padang City in 1845,painting By Van de Velde

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1855

 

Chinese Captau   Li say was the first Tionghoa padang captain ,

Info from Lie swan hauw

Lie Saaij or Lie Ma Saaij must be spelled in Dutch colonial spelling, as this was his name as entered in official legal documents.
\Furthermore he was not the first chinese captain ( 1855)


Before Lie Saaij there were among others Lie Piet as captain of the chinese with Lie Kee as lieutenant. ( ±1855 )

1851

Chan Yong Chuan

was a merchant at Padang, West Sumatra, who later moved to Penang in 1851 had a son born in Penang nam Chan Kim Boon

My family also move to penang from Payakumbuh (family of Kam Djoe Ho), the son of my grandpa brother Chua Gim Boe named Chuan Ban Boen ‘s son became the chief of Penang Police Departmen,circa 1970 named Albert Ma (DR Iwan note)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chan Kim Boon

Chan Kim Boon was a famous, writer, poet, novelist, translator, and had profound knowledge in Chinese literature and mythology. He was well versed in English, Chinese and Malay. Born in Penang in 1851  to Chan Yong Chuan. His father was a merchant at Padang, Sumatra, who later moved to Penang.

 

 

 

CHEONG FATT TZE 張弼士

 

Cheong Fatt Tze as he is known today was born in 1840 in Dapu, Guangdong. He was a Hakka, with birth name Chang Chin Hsun, and when he lived in Batavia and Penang, he was then known by his Hokkien name, Thio Tiauw Siat. His Cantonese name, Cheong Fatt Tze is much popular in today’s history.

 

Cheong Fatt Tze was born to a very poor family in China, at the age of 17 years, he left his native and lived in several places under the Dutch East Indies empire.

He did some odd jobs before landed at Batavia

and worked at a provision shop. As time passed, he married his employer’s daughter, Choo Neo (b. 1867). It was through the marriage, he was given financial support by his father-in-law to commence business on his own account and used Thio Tiauw Siat as his signature.

His name Thio Tiauw Siat was spelled in a Dutch way, and was used in the Dutch and British colonies throughout his entire business life. However, he was commonly known in China as Chang Chin Hsun.

Sek Tong Cheah Si Seh Tek Tong Hock Haw Kong Kongsi

 

 

 

The Origin Of Surname And Background

The Sek Tong Cheah clan is the descendants of Yan Di Shen Nong. Jiang Zi Ya, the 56th generation grandson of Yan Di, assisted King Zhou Wu to defeat the Zhou of Shang Dynasty in 1122 B.C and he was appointed as “General In Battle and Premier In Court”. Ten generations later, Shen Bo was born. Shen Bo became the brother-in-law of King Zhou Xuan and he was awarded with Xie (Cheah), somewhere around Chen Liu in Henan (presently known as Wan Cheng in Nan Yang District of Henan). He adopted the name of his county as his surname and he became the first original ancestor of the Xie (Cheah) clan.

 

Cheah Beng Him also known as Cheah Tong San, one of the 85th generation grandsons of Shen Bo was born in 1233.  Towards the end of 13th century, he moved to settle down in Sek Tong Village in the subdivision of Sam Toh of Hai Teng District of

Cheang Chew in Fukien

 (presently known as Shi Tang Village of Hai Cheng District, Xiamen City, Fujian Province, China) and he became the progenitor of the Sek Tong Cheah clan.

 

During the late period of Manchu Emperor Qian Long in the 18th century, due to economical stagnation in Southern Fukien including Sek Tong Village, the Cheah clansmen left their village and brave through the stormy seas to look for greener pastures overseas.

 

From a partial record of the Cheah Genealogy compiled in the early reign of Manchu Emperor Tong Zhi, there were 110 clansmen buried in Penang between the 18th century during the reign of

 Manchu Emperor Qian Long

 and mid19th century during the reign of

 

Manchu Emperor, Xian Feng.

 

This reflects the sufferings encountered by the Cheahs during the early development of Penang and that Penang was the important destination of the Cheah clans in their emigration to South East Asia.

 

 

Establishment

The Sek Tong Cheah Si Seh Tek Tong Hock Haw Kong Kongsi also known as Cheah Si Hock Haw Kong Kongsi or in short Cheah Kongsi was formed in 1810 by the Cheah clansmen of Sek Tong Village, Sam Toh Sub-division, Hai Teng District of Cheang Chew, Fukien, who have settled down overseas and their descendants in Penang, later, constructed the present magnificent clan temple.

 

Their clansmen in Penang, besides striving hard to accumulate personal wealth, did not forget the worshipping of their patron saints, the two Hock Haw Kong which they brought along from Liu She An Temple in their village and also at the same time did not forget to explore means to integrate their fellow clansmen for purpose of mutual assistance and self-defence. Initially, they purchased a landed property at T.S. 20 Georgetown in the name of “Jee Oui Hock How Kong” on May 25, 1810. Their pioneer leaders at that time were Cheah Chengin, Cheah Gnow Sooe, Cheah Pang and Cheah Yeam.

 

On 2nd July 1828,

 Cheah Chengin, Cheah Lye Yeam and Cheah (Tai) Pang as Trustees for “Cheah Kay Hock How Kong Kongsi” purchased the site of the present ancestral temple. Since then, under the leaderships of Cheah Yeam, Cheah Soye, Cheah Chow Phan and Cheah Oon Heap respectively until 1860, the Kongsi served as conveyor of traditional patriarchal clan rules in order to promote a rational social order of mutuality and harmony among the Cheah clan and at the same exercised the function of accumulating collective material wealth.

 

In 1858,

 under the leadership of Cheah Chow Phan, Cheah Teow Koh and Cheah Phaik Ee, the clansmen successfully united to erect the ancestral temple to worship their two territorial patron saints, the two Hock Haw Kong, with $12,367 from the common fund of the Kongsi, and it was called Chong Tek Tong Cheah Kay Beow then.

 

In 1891,

Cheah Oon Heap officially registered the Cheah Kongsi with the Registrar of Society and the Board of Trustees was formed from 14 members from the ten sections namely Sai Suah, Chooi Thau, Eh Boey, Tcheng Kow, Ow Kow, Ho Boey, Teng Tang Kheh, Eh Tang Kheh, Eh Choo and Thaw Theah to handle its administration

In 1859,

he secured a government contract in supplying food and daily provisions to the Dutch army and navy forces in Batavia.

Through these contracts, he was then a well-known figure in the Dutch East Indies, and from Batavia he moved to Aceh when he was 35 years old, where he secured another contract in in supplying food and daily provisions to the Dutch army and navy forces in Aceh.

Because of his articulate social life with the Dutch elites, he successful obtained the Opium, Liquor and Pawnbroker Farm in Aceh and by 1877, his farming interest had extended to half of the northern region of Sumatra, with vast interest in Government Farms in Edi, Temiang, Deli and Bengkalis, and in 1893 expanded to Rhio and Indragiri.

1859

 

Cheong Fatt Tze(Thio Tiauw Siat.)

Cheong Fatt Tze as he is known today was born in 1840 in Dapu, Guangdong. He was a Hakka, with birth name Chang Chin Hsun, and when he lived in Batavia and Penang, he was then known by his Hokkien name,

 

Thio Tiauw Siat. His Cantonese name, Cheong Fatt Tze is much popular in today’s history.

Cheong Fatt Tze was born to a very poor family in China, at the age of 17 years, he left his native and lived in several places under the Dutch East Indies empire.

He did some odd jobs before landed at Batavia

and worked at a provision shop. As time passed, he married his employer’s daughter, Choo Neo (b. 1867). It was through the marriage, he was given financial support by his father-in-law to commence business on his own account and used Thio Tiauw Siat as his signature.

His name Thio Tiauw Siat was spelled in a Dutch way, and was used in the Dutch and British colonies throughout his entire business life. However, he was commonly known in China as Chang Chin Hsun.

 

In 1859,

he secured a government contract in supplying food and daily provisions to the Dutch army and navy forces in Batavia.

Through these contracts, he was then a well-known figure in the Dutch East Indies, and from Batavia he moved to Aceh when he was 35 years old, where he secured another contract in in supplying food and daily provisions to the Dutch army and navy forces in Aceh.

Because of his articulate social life with the Dutch elites, he successful obtained the Opium, Liquor and Pawnbroker Farm in Aceh and by 1877, his farming interest had extended to half of the northern region of Sumatra, with vast interest in Government Farms in Edi, Temiang, Deli and Bengkalis, and in 1893 expanded to Rhio and Indragiri.

CHEAH CHOO YEW, CH, JP

Cheah Choo Yew was born in 1841 to Cheah Yam with ancestry in Sek Tong, Fujian. Cheah Yam or also known as Cheah Hun Yam was an early settler in Penang, in around 1750s, when the Colony was founded by Sir Francis Light.

 

Cheah Yam first settled at Bagan Dalam, Province Wellesley as an angler, before moved to Penang. By then he was already a successful merchant. During the early time, he owned two houses and a shop lot in Penang and was then a wealthy man where his property worth 2,700 Spanish dollars.

 

Cheah Yam soon recognized as the leader for the Cheah clansmen, and in 1801 he acquired a building at Armenian Street to form the Cheah ancestral temple and housed the Patron Saints Hock Haw of Sek Tong.

 

In 1820,

the under the name of the Cheah temple, a property was purchased and named the Jee Lye Hock Haw Kongsi. Cheah Yam died in 1845 and was then a well-established man among the Chinese community in the Colony. His active involvement in assisting and concerning the welfare of Cheah clansmen in Penang was passed to his wife, Ong Sin Neoh.

 

In 1858,

Ong Sin Neoh and her son, Cheah Choo Yew founded the Cheah Kay Sek Tong Seah Hock Haw Kong Kongsi (Cheah Clan Temple) at Armenian Street, the establishment of the temple cost 12,367 Spanish dollars. The construction work commenced in 1858 and ended in 1873.

 

 

 

In 1870

Published agrarian laws that prohibit non-indigenous people to own farmland. People initially lived in the port tionghoa priaman, although there are also found in the harbor my heart.

1870

 

 

Batang arau Padang look from the appenberg(gunung Monyet) in 1870

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1872

 

 

 

in 1875,

 

Cheong Fat Tze commenced business in Penang in partnership with

Lee Ah Ghee (Captain of Batavia)

and Wong Boon Sin, under the name Chop Thio Joo Hoe at 15 Pitt Street.

And ten years later he managed to obtain the Penang Pawnbroker Farm and became the Chinese Consul-General in Singapore, where another three years later he secured the Opium and Liquor Farm of Penang and Singapore.

The onerous duties of this responsible Chinese diplomat position he fulfilled for five years and in return for his services was created a Mandarin of the Highest Order (First Rank Officer).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1875

 

 

Padang Beach in 1875

In 1879,

 

Cheong Fat Tze purchased a steamer, the Raja Kongsi Aceh, which plied between Penang and Aceh.

 

1870

 

Padang City seen from the Hill in 1870

1870

 

Tionghoa klenteneng temple at Padang in 1870

 

Tionghoa merried women in 1870

in 1875,

 

Cheong Fat Tze  commenced business in Penang in partnership with Lee Ah Ghee (Captain of Batavia) and Wong Boon Sin, under the name Chop Thio Joo Hoe at 15 Pitt Street.

 

 

In 1879,

 

Cheong Fat Tze purchased a steamer, the Raja Kongsi Aceh, which plied between Penang and Aceh.

1880

According to the magazine in 1880, the city of Pariaman were the ship port, like  the Port of Bengkulu and Sibolga sebaigaiman

(Said Zakaria,1930,Handwritten Document Book)

 

 

 

 

Klenteng padang

In 1880

1880

 

 

Kampong Tionghoa  with Bendi in 1880

Compare with Singapore Tionghoa street in 19th century below

 

 

 

 

 

Chine camp(kampong tionghoa) Street starting from the Kinol Aphotek corner until the Chinese temple.

 

 

Kampong tionghoa during earthquake 2008

The left one,with staircase where my grandfather printing office(later My Father and Uncle) Express.also seen Eng Djoe Bie and at the right the house Mie Yap Kie(noodle restautrant),Lena Khoe my teacher house(his father the brother of My Wife Grandmother at Padang Panjang Mrs Tjan Tjie Seng),no car this time only Bendi(delman ,horse carriage) and pedati.

then the house of the mother of dr Lie Po Tjoe(maria), then the house of Khoe family(mfather of Lena Khoe my teacher at SD Fransikus(low s basic school or Sekolah Dasar),her sister merried Thio Tjoe Liong,

after that I donn’t know, the one gang to Kali Kecil street, the took(shop) Julia  father of dr Itje Juliani, then Toko(shop) Romeo (later became wasserij,now painting Shop Tjia Eng Wan and his his wife mu second uncucle  ,my father brother Gho Ie Keng- name Gho soei Hong, then Hidangan Kita

,then the shoe shop, then Nam Yang  restaurant(father of Bo liong) the corner now became the car shop

then  Kampung sebelah street then  Khoun  Chan foto studio,Hen seng hotel, Toko Murah owner Oei Soei Ho, from his first wife they did not had children and  get step children Oei Djie san and Oei Bok sioe(meeried with my thirs  brother of My Father Gho Ie Hauw(Hardi Firgo), after that the new house before burned, many years this building not finish. I remember only few oner like the father of Eng Liang and Eng Liep and Mak Kim Lian (son of Mak Pak soei) merried  aunt Tjoe she ever played lawn tennis with me their children  Mak Ying Fa,Mak yoek Fa and son Mak Wan Wie.

 

In 1945 live at Kampoeng tionghoa street(now Pondok street) based to dr Iwan collections Road tax registration Book

kampoeng tionghoa,now Pondok street (  Tjan Hoei Nio ,no 21,  Tjoa eng Keng   gold marchant shop at kampoeng Tionghoa  and he had also house  at tepi Bandar Olo where dr Italian and Dr Khamardi thalut practse, Tjoa  tjong Thay, Sho Sien Hien, )

At the leftside of kampong (village)  Tionghoa street were the house of gho (father of dr Gho Tjeng hoen) the fist leader of Gho Famili(marga) Kongsi Padang, then small gang

tanah Kongsi Market At OPadang City (not yet found old illustration)

,

Situation now

Compare with Dr Iwan Grandpa HomelandCZhnagzhou

From Quanzhou (Tjiang Tjioe) Bus station  by taxi Dr Iwan  went to the very exciting Pagoda temple with many ancient statue collection, old wooden tree (400 years old) ,

 

 

 

Kay Yuan Temple beside Dr Iwan Grandpa Homeland

 

 

Walked fron the Kaiyuan temple to the left and from here at least i saw my grandpa home area, the old Hokian House same with in indonesia chinese area(Tionghoa), in my Granpa homeland I found some interesting collections like vintage mao era ID, the Cultural revolution books,near same I found during visit at nanning -south china fromHanoi I cann’t show nanning photo because i took video theremay be if wordpress gave me facility the Video fromHanoi and Nanning will put in the blog. I am very happy to came the area where my grandpa was born, tall my family this our grandpa city (he called Tjiangtjioe)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kelenteng(wihara) Padang CHINESE TEMPLE  1880

 

 

Klenteng Padang 1880. Beside this Klenteng(Tionghoa temple)

This building maybe beside the Tionghoa Kelenteng which before the Major Tionghoa Lie say house(Dr Iwan)

And in the front the small street

 

pasar borong

 

 

Mak Pak soen,OPIUM TRADER  pADANG 1880

 

 

Tionghoa gambling in 19th century

 

1880

 

Klenten in Rembang java

 

In 1883,

 

Cheong Fatt Tze acquired another steamer, the Hock Canton, which also had the same route as the former

 

 

1883

 

the first chinese Major ( Majoor der chinezen ) of Padang City , which appointment was done after he contributed more than 25.000 old dutch guilders to the Krakatau relief fund in 1883.

The pther Major de  cheneesen  of Padang city as told by my mother were Lie Tjay Thai, and Gho goan Tee,

 

In 1883,

 

 

Cheong Fat Tze  acquired another steamer, the Hock Canton, which also had the same route as the former.

After 14 years of experience in running the steamship business, in 1893 he established a steamship company at Penang, known as Kong Hock Kiok Limited Company and had nine steamers running to Perak, Tongkah, Klang, Asahan, and Deli.

 

 

 

 

1885

 

Cheong Fat Tze managed to obtain the Penang Pawnbroker Farm and became the Chinese Consul-General in Singapore,

At the same time in Payakumbuh my grandgrandpa

 

‘Chua Chay Hiok became viceconsult in Payakumbuh,every singkek from china came to payakumbuh report to him and he gave the work included my grandpa Gho Kim thian he cam from Changzhou(Tjiang Tjioe) Fukien,and later he was merried with the daughter of Chua Chay Hiok sister named Chua giok Wan,

 

 

 

 

that is why my father

 

 Djohan Gho

called his father inlaw Chua Gim Toen,uncle

 

(father of my mother Chua Giok Lan,chua Gim toen the son of Chua chay Hiok) uncle.

In 1886,

 

Cheong Fat Tze established the Ban Joo Hin in Penang, and took great interest in steamship, tin mining, coconut, sago, fruit and pepper plantations, all distributed over Province Wellesley, Perak and Selangor.

During his stay in Singapore

when he was the Chinese Consul, his business was left to his attorneys and agents who were Cheah Chen Eok and Lee Ah Kam, with headquarters at Penang.

It was not known why Cheong Fatt Tze drastically shifted his interest from the Dutch colonies to the British ones.

He also owned a settlement called Karatan near Batavia, the place with a population of 8,000 with the length about 10 miles and width about 8 miles. This place was planted with paddy and fish was amongst the products. In partnership with a Dutch company, he owned various farms in Tjebaraosa, Tjelengsa, Klapa Moengal, Kongbong and Boyoung.

The total area of all these districts was 60 miles in length and 305 miles in width and had over 100,000 populations. Where the principal produce was rice, birds’ nests and coffee.

 

 

 

In 1886,

 

Cheong Fat Tze established the Ban Joo Hin in Penang, and took great interest in steamship, tin mining, coconut, sago, fruit and pepper plantations, all distributed over Province Wellesley, Perak and Selangor.

During his stay in Singapore

when he was the Chinese Consul, his business was left to his attorneys and agents who were Cheah Chen Eok and Lee Ah Kam, with headquarters at Penang.

It was not known why Cheong Fatt Tze drastically shifted his interest from the Dutch colonies to the British ones.

He also owned a settlement called Karatan near Batavia, the place with a population of 8,000 with the length about 10 miles and width about 8 miles.

This place was planted with paddy and fish was amongst the products.

In partnership with a Dutch company, he owned various farms in Tjebaraosa, Tjelengsa, Klapa Moengal, Kongbong and Boyoung.

The total area of all these districts was 60 miles in length and 305 miles in width and had over 100,000 populations. Where the principal produce was rice, birds’ nests and coffee.

 

 

 

1888

 

Cheong Fat Tze secured the Opium and Liquor Farm of Penang and Singapore.

The onerous duties of this responsible Chinese diplomat position he fulfilled for five years and in return for his services was created a Mandarin of the Highest Order (First Rank Officer).

1888

 

Emma Haven in 1888 (now teluk Bayur)

1888

Sultan deli membangun istana  Maimoon

 

Kiahnya sebagai berikut:

 

 Beberapa bangunan peninggalan Kesultanan Deli juga menjadi bukti perkembangan daerah ini pada masa itu, misalnya

 

Istana Maimun..(wiki)

Dalam benak gw waktu itu, medan isinya orang batak semua. tnyata gw salah. banyak juga penduduk keturunan melayu disini. salah satu bukti peninggalan kerajaan melayu yang pernah berjaya adalah

 

 Istana Maimun.

Aga disayangkan, sewaktu gw kesana sekitar 2 thn silam, kondisinya sudah seperti rumah hunian yang dipenuhi jemuran dan antena televisi. mudah2an skr sudah kembali seperti layaknya Istana yang dulu pernah berjaya

Berlokasi di Jl. Brigjen Katamso Medan (10 km dari bandara), Istana Maimun merupakan peninggalan Sultan Kerajaan Deli (jadi inget soto deli di deket kesawan, enak banget!!!)bernama Sultan Makmun Al Rasyid Perkasa Alamsyah. pusat kerajaan deli ini didominasi dengan warna kuning (warna khas orang melayu) dan selesai dibangun tahun 1888 dengan arsitek berkebangsaan Italia. kalau diperhatikan, bangunan ini memiliki perpaduan antara budaya Islam dan Eropa, dengan beberapa material (seperti ubin dan marmer) yang memang langung diimpor dari Eropa. Bagunan terdiri dari 2 lantai dengan 3 bagian yaitu bangunan induk, sayap kiri dan sayap kanan. pengaruh budaya eropa agaknya cukup kental tertata di istana ini, dari mulai lampu, kursi, meja, lemari, jendela sampai pintu dorong. sedangkan pengaruh Islam dapat dilihat dari bentuk lengkungan (arcade) di bagian atap yang menyerupai perahu terbalik (lengkungan persia) yang biasanya dijumpai pada bangunan2 di kawasan timur tengah.

salah satu ruang yang ada di dalam bangunan adalah balaiurung. tempat ini biasa digunakan untuk upacara penobatan Sultan Deli dan tempat keluarga sultan sungkem2an di hari raya Islam. selanjutnya terdapat 40 kamar yang terdiri dari 20 kamar di lantai atas (tempat singasana sultan) dan lainnya di bagian bawah. tnyata dilantai bawah ada penjaranya jg lho.

 

Di komplek istana, kita bisa liat sebuah meriam yang agaknya dikeramatkan. meriam ini punya cerita. konon legendanya di jaman kesultanan Deli lama tinggallah seorang putri cantik bernama Putri Hijau. kecantikannya sempat membuat Sultan Aceh jatuh cinta dan hendak melamar tuk dijadikan permaisuri. namun lamaran tersebut ditolak kedua saudara laki2 sang putri.

 Sultan Aceh marah, dan timbullah perang antara kesultanan aceh dan deli. dengan kesaktiannya, seorang saudara sang putri menjelma menjadi ular tangga dan seorang lagi menjadi sepucuk meriam yang tidak pernah berhenti menembak tentara aceh (meriam ini yang skr ada di Istana Maimun). kesultanan deli lama mengalami kekalahan dan putra mahkota yang menjelma menjadi meriam meledak sebagian karena kecewa. ledakan itu konon melontarkan bagian belakang meriam sampai ke Labuhan Deli dan bagian depan ke dataran tinggi Karo.

Sang putri kemudian ditawan, dimasukkan ke peti kaca dan dibawa ke aceh. sampai di Ujung Jamboe Aye membuat permintaan terakhir dengan upacara penyerahan beras dan telur sebelum peti diturunkan dari kapal. saat upacara dimulai, angin ribut berhembus, disertai gelombang laut yang sangat tinggi. dari dalam laut muncul saudara sang putri yang menjelma menjadi ular naga dan dengan rahangnya ia mengambil peti adiknya dan dibawa masuk ke laut(Siertha)

 

Istana Maimun terlihat dari depan

 

Istana Maimun ini didesain atau dirancang oleh arsitek dari Italia yang kemudian dibangun oleh Sultan Deli, Makmun Al Rasyid Perkasa Alamsyah pada taun 1888 silam, Istana Maimun memiliki luas sebesar 2.772 meter persegi dengan jumlah ruangan sebanyak 30 kamar.
Istana Maimun menjadi salah satu tempat tujuan wisata yang sudah cukup populer, bukan hanya karena usianya yang sudah tua, melainkan desain interiornya yang sangat unik dapat mengundang para wisatawan berkunjung ke Istana Maimun ini,

 

dengan memadukan unsur-unsur warisan kebudayaan dari Melayu dan gaya Islam, Spanyol, India dan Italia. namun sayang sekali sekarang keadaanya kurang begitu terurus. Jika kita sedang melewati tempat ini pada waktu sore hari, kita dapat melihat anak-anak bermain sepak bola di halaman istana ini.

Istana Maimun tepatnya terletak di Jl. Brigjen Katamso Kota Medan sekitar 10 km dari bandara, wisata Istana Maimun merupakan sebuah peninggalan dari Sultan Kerajaan Deli Sultan Makmun Al Rasyid Perkasa Alamsyah. Bagunan ini terdiri dari 2 lantai dengan memiliki 3 bagian bangunan induk, sayap kiri dan sayap kanan dan dipengaruhi budaya Eropa yang cukup kental.

 

Istana Maimun penghuni medan lorong atas

 

 

 

Istana Maimun penghuni medan

 

 

 

istana maimun tampak ruangan dalam

 

(josheiwaf)

1889

 

Foto jalan Tjong a Fie (Kesawan ) Medan in 1889

Bandingkan dengan

 

The Kesawan Streen(Tjong a Fie Street) Medan in 1920

 

1890

 

Mr Cheong Fat Tze  From penang The Sek Tong Cheah Si She Tek tong datang ke Padang mendirikan Ho Tek Tong tahun 1890.

Banyak penduduk Tionghoa Padang berasal dari Penang seperti nenek isteri  Dr Iwan  Khoe Kim Lian(saudara ayah Ibu Lena Khoe) lahir di Penang dan keluarga ibu Dr Iwan  ada yang masih berada di Penang,dulunya anaknya jadi Kepala Polisi Kota Penang dan salah seorang anaknya mendapat bea siswa ke Australia.(Dr Iwan)

Lim A King yang mempelopori perhimpunan baru ini dengan nama Heng Beng Tong pada tahun 1890. Ia lalu menjadi toako pertama HBT.

Pada tahun 1895 organisasi ini disahkan secara hukum dengan AD/ART yang resmi dengan masa bakti pengurus tahun 1895-1901.

Info dari Tnbeng penasehat HBT 2006 kepad Lisasuroso

 

 

 

Cheong Fat Tze

The Founer Of HTT Padang City

Thio Tiauw Siat. His Cantonese name,

Cheong Fatt Tze is much popular in today’s history

 

1890

Until 1890,because quite a lot of difficulties in taking care of the needs of ethnic Chinese, formed a new association or joint venture. Organization formed

Heng  Beng  Tong (HBT).

Old HBT picture not yet found

 

HBT now

The two organizations have different procedures and features of the relations among its members.

Each member of the HBT, for example, regardless of religion, are required to perform prayers Kwan Tee Koen and ancestral spirits by lifting incense.

 

While HTT members must meet a summons and is responsible for the implementation of the cemetery.

Although in some areas of Indonesia such as Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and others, there is a foundation or organization of ethnic Chinese, but Chinese organizations that exist in West Sumatra to say unique, because there are only born and West Sumatra alone and not in other areas.

In these organizations also embraced the membership of all the tribes and clans of existing ethnic Chinese.

 

Another plus is that they are able to maintain the original Chinese culture from generation to generation like a funeral that is still practiced in ancient China. Cemetery organization is even listed as the organization’s first funeral is present in the archipelago.

The formation of this cemetery organization need not be separated from Chinese ethnic Padang worked together when they wanted to bury the corpses.

They must carry the coffins of a hollowed piece of wood logs up the mountain that overlooks the sea. The process of carrying crates weighing up to hundreds of pounds is to be done with the stretcher. Without cooperation, the family would be impossible to do it alone

What is interesting is that although they managed to maintain their cultural identity, very few of the residents of Padang Chinese who can speak Mandarin

 

 

 

1891

 

Toekn Perkebunan Soengai Serbangan 1891

In May 1893,

 

Cheong Fat Tse became the Honorary Vice-Consul of China in Penang.

Followed by his business success in the Dutch colonies,

1890

 

 

Mr lCheong Fat Tze From penang The Sek Tong Cheah Si She Tek tong datang ke Padang mendirikan Ho Tek Tong tahun 1890.

Banyak penduduk Tionghoa Padang berasal dari Penang seperti nenek isteri saya Khoe Kim Lian(saudara ayah Ibu Lena Khoe) lahir di Penang dan keluarga ibu sya ada yang masih berada di Penang,dulunya anaknya jadi Kepala Polisi Kota Penang dan slah seorang anaknya mendapat bea siswa ke Australia.

1890

 

 Oranje Hotel (Hotel Muara) in 1890

Compare with in 1935

 

Oranye hotel, after the WWII changed to be Muara hotel

In 1892,

 

 Cheong Fat Tze  founded the Chang Yu Winery in Shangtung, China, producing mainly fine Western wines with some traditional Chinese herbal wines.

In May 1893,

 

Cheong Fat Tze  became the Honorary Vice-Consul of China in Penang.

Followed by his business success in the Dutch colonies,

 

 

1893

//

The Sultang of Deli Mammon Al Rasyid Perkasa alam in 1893

 

in 1896

 

 Cheong Fat Tze founded various Chinese commercial banks and was a well-known banker in China and Dutch East Indies and was on the Board of Directors of the Canton Railway and the Bank of China.

He was also a shareholder in the Sze Hai Tong Banking & Insurance Company Limited in Singapore

 

Silau Onderneming Asahan Token

 

 

 

 

Silau  Asahan Tobacco Factory  Token

 

 

 

 

 Silau Asahan Tobacco Factory Token

 

 

 Kuli Tionghoa memilih tembakau deli dan asahan

Chinese koelies bij het sorteren van tabak

 

 

Pekerja tembakau deli dan asahan

 

 

Memilih tembakau deli dan asahan

 

Abad ke 20

 

1900

 

Klenteng Batavia(Jakarta)

 

 

Jalan utama kisaran tanjung balai asahan 1900

 

Pelabuhan  tanjung balai asahan 1900

1908

Pada Mas pemerintahan Sultan Muhammad Hussain Rahmad shah II Negeri Asahan sangat maju dan sangat dikenal oleh Pedagang dari luar negeri terutama pedagang dari negeri belanda. Banyak maskapai eropah memmbuka perkebunan(onderneming) di Asahan.

Pada masa iniBelanda banyak membangun bberapa gedung pemerintahan  dan membangun akses dari daerah lain menuju Tanjung Balai dengan membangun jalan dan jalur kereta api  serta memperluas pelabuhan

Sukltan Muhammad Husain pernah melawt kenegeri Belanda bersama Tengku Alang Yahya dan tengku Musa dsan pada tahun 1908 beliau menerima anugrah bintang Knight order of the Netherland Lion dari Ratu wihelmina.dan semasa pemerintahannya Rakyat asahan bertambah makmur hidupnya dan beberapa perusahan Eropah menjalankan perniagan dinegeri asahan.

Menurut info teman dr Iwan sat ini ada seorang peagang Tionghoa yang tersohor di tanjung Balai Asahan baca pessannya liwat email

 

Dear Dr. Iwan,

I read your blog on history of Padang , Sumatra and enjoyed the nostalgia…Perhaps with luck, u may know something of other historical TiongHua communities in Sumatra- am interested to know more about  Khoo Cheow Teong who was a active trader from Tanjong Balai, Asahan( east coast, North Sumatra ) in 1900s.  He had two sons; Khoo Sian Wei and Sian Ewe, the former stayed back in Asahan whilst the father and second son, Sian Ewe lived a active biz n social life in Penang. I am a descendant but have no contact or knowledge of their family or biz in Asahan. Now am trying to catchup and wonder if you can kindly share what u may know or refer me to sources

( clan associations? Newspaper reports? Museum? Archives? English, Jawi or Dutch language?? Etc)  and people who may know the Khoo family.Thanks for yr help, rgds robertY

Saya harap ada info buatnya

(Dr Iwan)

During visit Malaysia in November 2013,I found information about kapitan cina Tanjung balai asahan

Khoo Chew Tong

 

 

Khoo Chew Tong KAPITAN CINA tanjung Balai Asahan

 

 

Khoo Cheng Lin born in China from Khoo Wat seng . Khoo Wat seng was among the early Chinese  and founders of the Khoo family clan temple Ee Kok Tong in 1835.

Khoo Cheng Lin elder son was first named Lim Neo in china in which he had two sons Khoo . he later moved to penang to join his father in Penang  and he merried Koh Keng Yean.

The Khoo family was a well established member in Penang an his patnarch Koh Lay HUan was the Kapitan of Penang.The marriage was arranged so as to increase the power of the Khoo-Khoo families in the Straits settlements

Khoo Cheng Lim had four sons through Koh Keng Yean, and

his youngest son Khoo Cheow Teong was a Chinese Kapitan of Asahan

 

Khoo Chew Tong

and was made a Justice of Peace by the british in Penang.

Khoo Cheng Lim’s youngest son through his principal wife in China, Khoo Soo Teong was born in 1883,he merried Quah Neo in China and had four sons.His second son Khoo Ban Seng later moved to Penang and worked for his uncle,Khoo Cheow Teong, Khoo Ban seng merried Yeoh Cheam Neo( 1939) and had a son Khoo Ewe Aik

 

Khoo Ewe Aik

 

source

 

 

 

27 juni 1917

Setelah dikuasai Belanda, Kota Tanjungbalai menjadi suatu gemeenteberdasarkan Besluit Governeur General tanggal 27 Juni 1917 dengan Stbl. no. 284/1917, sebagai akibat dibukanya perkebunan-perkebunan di derahSumatera Timur, termasuk daerah Asahan, seperti H.A.P.M., SIPEF, London Sumatera (“Lonsum”), dan lain-lain.

 Kota Tanjungbalai menjadi kota pelabuhan dan pintu masuk ke daerah Asahan yang penting artinya bagi lalu-lintas perdagangan Hindia-Belanda

 


Tanjung Balai 1900


Istana Kesultanan Asahan di Tanjung Balai. Tinggal Kenangan


TUANKU SULTAN SYAIBUN ABDULJALIL RAHMATSYAH

(5 Oktober 1906 – 6 April 1980).

 PADA PUKUL 11 TGL 19 SYAFAR 1353(15 JUNI 1933),

PEDUKO TONGKU BOSAR SYAIBUN DINOBATKAN & DITABALKAN MENJADI SULTAN NEGERI ASAHAN DI ISTANA KOTA RAJA INDRA SAKTI – TANJUNG BALAI.

KARENA SULTAN DINOBATKAN PADA HARI KAMIS, MAKA PADA JUM’AH MANIS 16 JUNI 1933, DIADAKAN ACARA DULI TUANKU & TEPUNG TAWAR DI SINGGASANA KESULTANAN ASAHAN.

TENGKU NURULASYIKIN BINTI TENGKU PANGERAN BENDAHARA NEGERI BEDAGAI, ESOKNYA KEHADAPAN BALAI PENGHADAPAN NAIK KE ATAS SINGGASANA LEPAS BERIJAB KABUL & DIDAULAT MENJADI TENGKU PERMAISURI NEGERI ASAHAN

 

 

Laurentius klappert

Assisten Resident Asahan

 

 

 

Awal Abad ke 20

Kejayaan Deli pun masih dapat kita saksikan hingga saat ini, yaitu Istana Maimun dan Masjid Raya Al-Mahsun. Kedua bangunan monumental itu didirikan oleh sultan ke-9 Kerajaan Deli, Sultan Ma’mun Al-Rasyid Perkasa Alamsyah, pada awal abad ke-20.



Pada saat itu, Medan telah menjadi kota niaga yang berkembang pesat. Hubungan raja dengan asing (Belanda) untuk membuka lahan tembakau, semakin meramaikan lalu lintas barang di kota ini. Tembakau Deli pun dikenal luas sebagai tembakau kelas 1 karena ditanam di lahan yang sangat cocok, demikian setidaknya papar Profesor Abdul Rauf dari Universitas Sumatera Utara (USU), saat diskusi dengan Tim EGI 2009 Sumatera Utara (Selasa, 19 Mei 2009
).

 

Hingar bingar perdagangan di Medan pun tidak dilakukan sendiri oleh Kesultanan Deli. Selain Belanda sebagai pemilik modal, orang Jawa turut serta didatangkan ke Tanah Deli sebagai tenaga ahli di bidang pertanian tembakau, sedangkan orang China sebagai pemasarannya. Suatu kolaborasi etnis yang hingga kini menjadi bagian dari kehidupan masyarakat Medan.

Tjong A Fie adalah pelopor etnis China untuk membangun Medan. Pada awal abad ke-19, jiwa muda Tjong A Fie membawanya untuk merantu hingga ke Tanah Deli. Di sini, dengan dibantu oleh saudaranya Tjong Yong Hian, A Fie melakukan perdagangan dengan penduduk setempat. Kesuksesannya dalam niaga menarik hati Pemerintah Belanda untuk mengangkatnya sebagai Walikota (semacam itu sekarang-red) yang khusus mengurusi komunitas China di Medan. Selain itu, Kekaisaran China pun memberi kepercayaan kepada A Fie sebagai Duta Besar untuk wilayah Indonesia.

Kemajemukan Medan di masa lalu inilah yang telah menjadi cikal bakal perkembangan Medan dewasa ini. Bukan hanya etnis lokal (Batak) dan Melayu saja, tetapi orang Jawa, China, India dan lainnya, telah bahu membahu membangun Medan, hingga menjadikan kota terbesar ke-4 di Indonesia ini semakin menggeliat.

Catatan kota tua Medan merupakan awal dari perjalanan Ekspedisi Geografi Indonesia ke-6, yang mengambil kajian Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Perjalanan yang diawali pada tanggal 19 Mei 2009, dilakukan untuk mengamati fenomena geografi pada suatu trase atau rute tertentu. Fenomena itu meliput abiotik, biotik, kultur, dan dampak lingkungan yang diakibatkan dari interaksi ketiga unsur tersebut.

Untuk kesekian kalinya BAKOSURTANAL pun memberikan sumbangan nyata kepada daerah untuk mengangkat potensi wilayahnya.

Oleh Agung Christianto

 

read more about Tjong a Fie

 TJONG A FIE History collections

 

 

THE HISTORY OF TJONG A FIE

THE HISTORY OF TJONG A FIE

History of The Tjong A Fie Mansion

A prominent home located in the heart of Medan City at Kesawan Square, this beautiful mansion is full of characters and cultures behind its history in Medan.

 

 

 

 

The History of Tjong A Fie

Tjong Fung Nam, born from Hakka family and more popularly known as Tjong A Fie is born on 1860 in the village of Sungkow, Moyan or Meixien.  He was raised from a simple home, with his elder brother Tjong Yong Hian.  Both have to give up schooling from a young age to help their father in his shop.  Even with limited education, Tjong A Fie quickly learned the business and trading skills and soon pursued his dreams to become independent and successful, hence leaving his village in search for a better life.

 

Tjong A fie

In 1880, after sailing for months, he finally arrived at the port of Deli (Medan).  At that time his brother Tjong Yong Hian had already been living in Sumatra for 5 years and had became a respected merchant in Sumatra.  However, the independent Tjong A Fie wanted to find his own living and went about finding his own work.  Tjong A Fie started to learn and develop business skills from working for Tjong Sui Fo. He developed his social skills interacting with people of all races, Chinese, Melayu, Arab, India, including Dutch.  He began by learning the language Bahasa Melayu which became the national language used in Medan Deli.

 

 

 

The Entertaining Hall

Tjong A Fie grew and became a well respected person in Medan Sumatra, where he stayed away from gambling, alcohol and prostitution in the developing town of Medan.  With his strong sense of leadership and fairness, he became the mediator for the Chinese. The Dutch also seek his help when their plantations have problems with labor issues.  His ability to solve these issues earned him to become the Chinese lieutenant. With his outstanding performance, he was elected to become a Captain (Kapiten).

 

The various rooms

Tjong A Fie was known as a respected businessman who has good social networks and has build good relation with the Sultan Deli, Makmoen Al Rasjid Perkasa Alamsjah and Tuanku Raja Moeda.  As they became good friends, Tjong A Fie became his trusted person and helped dealt with many business matters.

Tjong A Fie also became the first Chinese to own a tobacco plantation. He also developed and expanded to tea plantation in Bandar Baroe and large coconut/palm oil plantations.

Along with his elder brother Tjong Yong Hian, Tjong A Fie joint partner with Tio Tiaw Siat also known as Chang Pi Shih, his uncle as well as consulate of China in Singapore and set up a railway company known as The Chow-Chow & Swatow Railyway Co.Ltd. in China

 

 

The Bedroom

Tjong A Fie, a very active social contributor, donated much of his wealth building many facilities for the welfare of the poor regardless of race, cultural beliefs or nationality including many places of worships such as Chinese & Hindu temple, Mosques and Churches.

As a well respected person in Medan who owns many plantations, palm oil and sugar factories, banks and railway companies, he employed more than 10.000 workers. As recommended by Sultan Deli, Tjong A Fie was appointed member of gemeenteraad (city council) and cultuurraad (cultural council)

4 February 1921, Tjong A Fie passed away from apopleksia or bleeding in the brain, in his home at Jalan Kesawan, Medan.  It shook the city Medan, thousands flock to pay respect from all over including Sumatera Timur, Aceh, Padang, Penang, Malaysia, Singapore and Java. He became a legend known by many in Medan till today.

Four months before his death, Tjong A Fie wrote his will in the presence of notary Dirk Johan Facquin den Grave.

Side  car: this odd name is probably a miss-spelling of Fouquain de Grave–as for instance shown in Pucca’s Blog: Memories of a Nonya Notaris Fouquain de Grave–but either way I would not want to pronounce that eminent name with an American accent.

Written in his will, he wanted all his wealth to be managed by Yayasan Toen Moek Tong which was established in Medan and Sungkow at the time of his death. The Yayasan based in Medan has been given 5 missions. Three of them are to provide financial help to young talented people that wished to complete their education, without no cultural or racial choice. Yayasan will also help the disabled who are no longer able to work including the blind or those with fatal illness.  Thirdly, the Yayasan will also help victims of natural disaster of any race or nationality.

1873-1924 The rule of Sultan Ma’mum Al Rashid Perkasa Alamsyah, “the Builder”.
1878 Zhenjun-miao was erected by Chaozhou people in Tanjung Mulia (between Titipapan & Labuhan)
1880s Guandi-miao (Guandi, Caishen, Dabogong) was erected by Guangdong people in Medan (Jl. Irian Barat 2).
1880s Guanyin-gong (Shakyamuni, Guanyin, Dizang-wang) was erected by Xinghua people in Medan (Jl. Yos Sudarso 46).
1885 The first newspaper “Deli Courant” was published.

 

Side Note: in checking the web for “Deli courant” I came across many fastfood outlets, or deli’s, where they serve ”delicatessen” (Dutch for delicacies) but also a reference to Sutan Sharir–an important early Indonesian statesman–one of that country’s founding fathers in fact, who had roots in Padang and Medan. He had also been a study friend of my Opa Otto at Leiden University, where they both studied law. On the way back to the Indies, Sharir made the long ocean trip as the pro forma ‘babysitter’ of my uncle Ernst (aka Oom Kiddie) since Opa Otto was still on Government pay and entitled to one ‘servant’. He opted to help out his friend Sharir instead.

 

Sjahrir: politics and exile in Indonesia – Google Books Result by Rudolf Mrázek – 1994 – Biography & Autobiography – 526 pages
128 In Gemeente Medan 1909-1934 (Medan: Deli Courant, 1934),  which mentions that Deli was a bit like the East Indies wild west: if you had committed murder in Batavia, you’d still be welcome in Medan–and every Dutch loafer was a potential grand seigneur in Deli. I mentioned Sharir before in my journal entry

 

Now we can continue with the timeline:

1886 Medan became the capital of northern Sumatra.
1886 “Witte Societeit” (“a rather grand club”) was erected next to the post office. [see photo hereunder]

 

1888 Sultan of Deli (Sultan Ma’mum Al Rashid Perkasa Alamsyah) moved from Labuhan Deli [series of pitcures below]

 

 

 

to the Maimoon Palace in Medan. [following two photographs of exterior and interior:]

 

 

 

 

1890 Guandi-gong (Guandi) was erected in Medan (Jl. Pertemburan 81 – near Pulo Brayan)
1891 Shoushan-gong (Guanyin) was erected by Fujianese in Labuhan Deli
1895 Zhenjun-miao was erected by Chaozhou people in Titipapan.
1898 Hotel De Boer was constructed.
1898-1939 Publication of “De Sumatra Post” by Joseph Hallermann, a German.
1900 Tjong A Fie mansion was built.
1906 Tianhou-gong (Mazu temple) was erected in Medan (Jl. Pandu Baru 2)
1907 Sultan Mosque was built [see pictures below]

 

 

1908 City Hall (Hulswit & Fermont Weltevreden + Ed Cuypers Amsterdam)
1909-1911 Construction of post office (Snuyf, architect – head of Ned.Ind.PWD)
1910 Medan was a small city. Population = 17,500.
1910 Javasche Bank (Hulswit & Fermont Weltevreden + Ed Cuypers Amsterdam) [see pictures below]

 

 

 

 

 

 

1913 Tjong A Fie donated the city hall’s clock tower.
1917 Horse drawn carts with brooms were used for town cleaning.
1923 Renovation of City Hall.
1923 Zhenlian-si (Guangze-zunwang, Yuhuang-dadi) was erected by Chaozhou people in Kedai Durian.
1924-1945 The rule of Sultan Amaluddin Al Sani Perkasa Alamsyah
1928 Motorized vehicles were used to replace the horse drawn cars for town cleaning.
1929 Office of Netherlands Trading Company (now Bank Exim) was completed (used by Gunseikanbu during the Japanese occupation).
1936 Guanyin-ting (Guanyin) was erected by Hakka women in Medan (Jl. Lahat 54)
1936 Baolian-tang (Guanyin) was erected by Chaozhou women in Medan (Jl. Sun Yat Sen)
1942 End of Dutch rule. Population = 80,000.
2000 Medan’s population = 1,898,013

 

Cf.: Deli Maatschappij – Wikipedia

De N.V. Deli Maatschappij is een Nederlands bedrijf van koloniale oorsprong. Het bedrijf is in 1869 opgericht door Jacob Nienhuys als tabakscultuurmaatschappij met een concessie voor het Sultanaat Deli in Sumatra, Nederlands-Indië. In de Deli Maatschappij werd voor 50 % geparticipeerd door de Nederlandsche Handel-Maatschappij. In de negentiende eeuw exploiteerde de Deli Maatschappij 120.000 hectare. De activiteiten van de maatschappij vormden een impuls voor een sterke groei van de stad Medan. Het toenmalige hoofdkantoor van de Deli Maatschappij in Medan is tegenwoordig het paleis van de Gouverneur van Sumatra.

Translation: The NV Deli Maatschappij is a Dutch company of colonial origin. The company was founded in 1869 by Jacob Nienhuys as a tabacco culture company with a concession for the Sultanate Deli in Sumatra, Netherlands East Indies. In the Deli Company there was a 50% participation of the Netherlands Trading Society. In the nineteenth century the Deli Company exploited 120,000 hectares. The activities of the company formed an impulse for the strong growth of the city of Medan. The onetime headquarters of the Deli Company in Medan is today the palace of the Governor of Sumatra. [See photo below on the left]

 

1900

 

Klenteng of Chinese tempel, vermoedelijk op Java

1901

.

Cheah Choo Yew commenced his early life at Langkat, Sumatra, and was for about two years trading in small sailing ships from one port to another. He was afterwards the government licensee for Opium Farming in Deli, Sumatra, where he engaged the business for about 17 years.

Cheah Choo Yew partnered with Khaw Joo Choe managed to the Opium and Liquor Farm in Thailand and Penang, and in 1906 he partnered with Lim Ah Siang in the Farm interest. He also managed the Gambling Farm in Siam for three years, a gambling farm at Hong Kong and also the Singapore Gambling Farm for about 12 years.

Cheah Choo Yew was a member of the Penang Advisory Board, Managing Director of Khean Guan Insurance Company Ltd., shareholder of the Eastern Shipping Company. In 1919, he founded a Chinese school in the Cheah Clan Temple, where the school ended its service in 1942.

Cheah Choo Yew was awarded the Certificate of Honour in 1928 for his invaluable public services and was made a Justice of Peace. He died in 1931 in Penang. The family obligation to serve the Cheah Clan Temple was continued by his son Cheah Seng Khim, a prominent politician in Penang during

11 februri 1908

Sultan Muhammad Husain shah II menanda tangani Kontrak  Politik dengan Belanda yang diwakili oleh Jacob ballot  residen Sumatera timur  dan pemrintah belanda juga mengankat Laurentius Klappert sebagai assisten resident  Afdelling Asahan.

Semasa hidupnya sultan Muahammad Husain menikah  6 kali, yang pertama dengan Raja tengah Uteh putri  sulung Raja tengah Muhammad abu Bakar dan isteri kedua  dengan Siti Zainab  seorang wanita keturunan Arab, isteri ketiga encik hitam ,wanita dari penang, isteri ke empat Encik Ungah(ongah) wanita dari sungai Kepayang(mungkin sumbu sama dengan  Hajjah ainon binti Awang atau singapura) yang mungkin ibu tengku Amir,isteri kelima Tengku Zahara putri Tengku uhammad Yusuf  bin Tengku Abdul Djalil atau johor-singapura, isteri keenam  tengku Madariah  dan isteri ketujuh Encik Itam

Dari pernikahan ii sultan memiliki 8 putra dan  4 putri

 

 

Tengku Besar amir

  1. 1.       Tengku amir lahir tahun 1885 di tajung Balai,dan tahun 5 mei 1899 dinobatkan sebagai tengku Besar  anak dari pasangan  Raja Uteh
  2. 2.       Tengku Ibrahim (siti ainab)
  3. 3.       Tengku Usman lahir tahun 1900(dari isteri encik hitam)
  4. 4.       Tengku Muhammad Ishak (dari isteri encik hitam),meninggal dalam  revolusi social maret 1946
  5. 5.       Tengku Haidar Manazir( dari isteri Encik Unga)
  6. 6.       Tengku Zai’bun Yunus(dari isteri tengku Zahara)
  7. 7.       Tengku Muhammad Ali(dari isteri tengku Zahara)
  8. 8.       Tengku Abdul Azis (dari isteri tengku Zahara)

Putri, tengku Darjat,aishah,Khail ul Bannah,Fatimah Badtiyah,Mariam,Jamilah,munal ,slamah,haminah,chantik,kalsum,hasnah,arfah,dan Jawahir.

 

 

Para Pendiri HAPM

Ass resident, tengku alang yaha,regent asahan,cj van kampen dan gouvernour sumastra ooskust

1907

 

“Baba Geo, onze tolk”

1910

Harag karet dunia melambung tinggi sehingga Belanda dan amerika membuka perkebunan karet di Asahanatas persetujuan sultan Muhammad Husain II dengan member konsensi tanah diaerah Kisaran  dengan nama perushaan  Hollandsche-Americaansche Plantange Maatschapij(HAPM)

 

 

1910

 

 

 

Klenteng surabaya

In 1919,

 

Sek Tong Cheah Si Eok Chye School mooted by Cheah Soo Tuan and other clansmen was opened and in the same year, Sek Tong Cheah Si Hock Haw Kong Kongsi commenced to give scholarships and financial aids to the children of Sek Tong Cheah clan to study in Chinese and English Schools in Penang. This encouraged the children of the clan to study and benefit the society and to get ride of illiterateness.

 

In 1933, the ancestral temple underwent a major restoration work and it was named as Sek Tong Cheah Si Seh Tek Tong Hock Haw Kong Kongsi to standardize with the name of the original ancestral temple in the ancestral village.

 

 

 

The annual worshipping rituals are run on rotation among the 10 sections. At the Winter Solstice Festival normally on the 22nd day of Lunar 11th moon each year, the next trustee in charge of worshipping rituals will be appointed in front of Khong Hui Seng Ong by throwing the “poey”. The duty of the newly appointed trustee in charge of worshipping rituals will commence henceforth until the next Winter Solstice Day.

 

The Sek Tong Cheah Si Seh Tek Tong Hock Haw Kong Kongsi continues the many practices of clan laws, religion, education and welfare work as stipulated in its Rules and Regulations. It keeps up with the traditional system of nominating 4 Trustees each with Khoo,Yeoh, Lim and Tan Kongsi (known as the five big clan kongsis in early Penang) to sit on the Board of Trustees of Hokkien Kongsi. Their duties are to oversee the management of five temples namely, Cheng Hoon Giam Snake Temple, Seng Ong Beow, Cheng Leong Keong, Siew Thean Keong/Kim Hoe Keong and Chooi Bee Keong Temples.

 

Besides, Sek Tong Cheah Si Seh Tek Tong Hock Haw Kong Kongsi together with the Khoo clans and Yeoh clans, whose villages are at the foot of Sam Quaye Hill (San Kuai Ning) formed the Sam Quaye Tong Kongsi to settle any disputes, if any, among themselves amicably and also to strengthen their relationship since the 19th century until today. Sek Tong Cheah Si Seh Tek Tong Hock Haw Kong Kongsi has been nominating their trustees to represent the kongsi on the respective Boards of Trustees of Penang Recreation Club, Penang SamToh Bean Lok Keok and Kong Hock Keong Temple, an apex religious organization. This helped in the maintaining good relationship and inter-segmental interactions among the leaders of the Chinese society since the old days.

 

The Sek Tong Cheah Si Seh Tek Tong Hock Haw Kong Kongsi, established in 1810, is the oldest kongsi in Penang. With the esteemed status and experience of their past clansmen of Sek Tong Cheah clan in vitalizing themselves with the solid historical past, it is believed that their new generations of clansmen would be in a better position to explore much wider into the cultural aspect and also to work with other clan societies in achieving a wider social network.

 

1920

 

 

 

Klenteng Bandung

 

1920

 

Rubber plantaion factory Deli sumatra

1922

 

Huizen aan een kanaal of rivier te Koepang

1923

 

Europese man naast een auto op de weg naar Karangnoenggal bij Tasikmalaja

1928

 

Klenteng Koepang west Timor

1930

 

Fotoansichtkaart van het paleis van de gouverneur-generaal te Buitenzorg

 

 

 

 

1934

 

Klenteng toapekong Batavia(Toasebio)

1935

 

Gezelschap met D.O.L. Cornelius (vierde v.l.n.r.) , opzichter bij de BOW (Dienst der Burgerlijke en Openbare werken) en zijn vrouw (tweede v.l.n.r. ) te Tandjoengpinang, Riouw-archipel

1936’

 

Stenen trap naar Bawomataloeo op Nias Or. 435. Aangeboden aan Dr. V.E. Korn, resident van Tapanoeli, door districtsambtenaren in Tapanoeli, als bewijs van erkentelijkheid. Sibolga, den 16en maart 1939. Albumdoos van A.C. Buisson, Noordwijk 10, Batavia-Centrum. In albumdoos een leeg album aanwezig, opgedragen aan V.E. Korn: Disembahkan kehadapan seri padoeka toean Dr. V.E. Korn, resident Tapanoeli, 29 september 1936 – 23 maart 1939. Oleh Boekhandel & Drukkerij Tapiannaoeli Sibolga. Sibolga, 20 maart 1939

1943

 

Kamp Lampersari ‘Een Mary-Gold als verjaarscadeau : aquarellen en schetsen,1942-1945′ / C. Neytzell de Wilde. – Franeker : Wever, 1987

 

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OIL AND GASOLINE ADVERTEISING COLLECTIONS

DEDICATION TO MY SON

ALBERT SUWANDY DJOHAN OETAMA

HAPPY BIRTHDAY

MAY GOD BLESS YOU AND YOUR WORKING

AT OIL EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION

FROM DADDY

Dr IWAN SUWANDY,MHA

 

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Posted in Uncategorized

TOYOTA HISTORY COLLECTIONS

DEDICATED TO

MY SON

ANTON JIMMI SUWANDY

 
 
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Toyota Magazine Advert

Koleksi Mobil Toyota Astra

February 8, 2010 by uniquecollection

My Loving Soluna

Sekali Toyota Tetap Toyota

Kantor Pusat lama

Pabrk lama di Koromo(sekarang Hansa)

Sedan pertama Toyoda AA 1936

Toyopet Crown 1937

Landcruiser generasi pertama 1951

Toyopet crown 1955

Toyopet Crown 1958

Jeep Macho

Toyota Araco

Corona 1974

Toyota Samurai 1980

TAM Kijang generasi pertama 1984

Albert dan Corolla 1974

My Corona 1977

My loving Toyota landcruiser BJ-40

Anton&Landscruiser BJ40 1984

I.PENDAHULUAN
Sebagai pecinta mobil Toyota sejak dari awal saya selalu mempergunakan mobil produksi Toyota Astra Mobil (TAM) umumnya generasi pertama baik dari asembling CKD(complete knock down) seluruh komponen diimpor dan dipasang di Indonesia oleh
pabrik TAM yang saat itu masih bergabung antara pabrik dan pemasaran (saat ini sudah terpisah), merupakan patungan antara Astra dan Toyota Motor Coooperation Jepang .

Mobil pertama adalah Toyota corolla 1000cc green army 1974 . mobil ini kurang kuat nanjak sebab mesinnya kecil ,oleh karena saya bekerja ditempat yang tanjakannya sangat tinggi maka mobil ini dipakai oleh orang Tua , sangat awet tetap masih tokcer sampai tahun 1995 dilego karena ayah sudah meninggal dan ibu sudah tua . Mobil ini tidak pernah macet atau kecelakaan, warnanya masih asli tak pernah turun mesin,benar-benar mesin toyota sangat kuat dan tahan lama asal dirawat dengan baik sayang ccnya rendah sehingga kurang kuat bila dipasang AC, maklum Jakarta panas mana tahan yah sudah lego saja selagi masih ada yang berminat dengan harga cukup lumayan kurang lebih setengah harga corolla baru saat itu.
Mobil pertama ini mobil rejeki karena dibeli saat anak pertama lahir,Albert -photographer uniquecollection blog, lihat illustrasi photo Albert dan corolla 1974.
mengapa mobil Toyota corolla yang dipilih ? jawaban yang sebenarnya inilah mobil paling murah dan bisa dicicil semaunya dengan Bang Ali aceh tanpa pikir mutu,tetapi warnanya military green menarik hati dan transmissi manualnnya sangat mudah dipakai serta sngat irit, walaupun Kakak mertua saya mengatakan pada Isteri saya mengapa Mobil Japang yang dibeli, saat itu semua yang berbau Jepang dianggap murahan, ia memakai mobil Dodge yang saat itu keren, tetapi apa yang terjadi lima tahun kemudian mobil sedan Dodge sudah hilang dari pasaran sedang Toyota Corolla tetap berjaya sampai tahun 1995, dua puluh satu tahun masih mulus dan tokcer, sayang mesinnya kecil 1000cc tak kuat pasang AC, apaboleh buat berikan rang tua yang tinggal dikota, saya ganti mobil yang lebih kuat untuk nanjak.

Mobil kedua , Toyota Corona 1500 ,green apple. Mbil corona ini sangat kuat, dibawa jalan-jalan dari sumatera Barat ke Medan sampai beberapa kali menempuh medan yang cukup parah, aman saja, kuat dan tidak pernah rewel , mesin dan transmisinya luar biasa, hanya sistem remnya harus hati-hati waktu hujan nginjaknya perlu beberapa kali jangan satu kaligus bisa slip, memang rem gaya lama kurang mantep masih pakai sistem karet bukan hidrolik.
Setelah berjalan keliling sumatera Barat dan sumatera utara hampir 9 tahun warnanya mulai luntur diganti cat baru abu-abu jadi mulus lagi, terimakasih WATJE dan HENG catnya hebat juga , saat itu bengkel mereka ATOM jadi service station Toyota Astra,
saat itu dealer Astra belum ada di Padang, mobil pertama dan kedua dibeli secara cicilan semaunya denga Bang Ali Aceh, halo Bang Ali terima kasih
Toyota Corona ini juga mobil rezeki karena waktu dibeli isteri Hamil dan saat hamil jaln dari solok sumatera barat sampai danau toba Medan non stop 20 jam,berhenti hanya untuk makan dan istirahat tetap tokcer kehamilan tak terganggu karena mobil nyaman sekali shckbrekernya, mesih halus bunyinya dan akhirnya Anton lahir dengan selamat sampai sat ini malam kerja di TAM,memang ia dilahirkan dan dibesarkan dilingkungan mobli Toyota astra Mobil sehingga bila ditest ia bisa cerita panjang lebar dan terperinci mengenai mobil produksi Toyta Astra Mobil termasuk bengkelnya, malah ia buat gambar bengkel toyota Astra Padang karena sering kesana ikut saya yang saat itu jadi dokter bengkel Toyota sehingga enak service gratis mobil jadi tetap mulus walaupun karet kopling dan rem perlu juga diganti pada saatnya.
Sebenarnya saya sudah terlanjur jatuh cinta pada mobil corona tersebut, tetpi karena ingin pergi jalan darat ke Jawa dan Bali liwat jalan raya Sumatra dan Jawa, saya lepas mobil tersebut dengan harga yang sama dengan harga beli kurang lebih 3 kilgram Mas harganya, tambah sedikit dengan kredit dapat mobil perkasa nomor tiga.

mobil Ketiga, mobil paling saya sayangi sampai hampir 25 tahun membawa saya keliling Jawa -sumatra dan bali, tokcer, kuat aman dan tetap masih mahal harganya sampai saat ini,pasti kolektor tahu merkanya si Jago jalan offroad si BJ-40 Diesel generasi pertama di Indonesia thun 1983 “LANDCRUISER BJ-40″ diesel warna redwine, sebenarnya mau disimpan sampai usur tapi takut nanti kena aturan ibukota mobil dibawah tahun 2000 tak boleh masuk kota dan saya sudah pensiun tak pernah jalan off road lagi dan sasaran baru adalah trevel around Asia dengan pesawat udara kutukar di jengo merah Toyota lnadcriser denga Toyota Soluna thailand generasi pertama sebelum keluar generasi kedua buat taksi.

Mobil Keempat, saat pindah kejakarta , perlu mobil dua, karena lagi ada rejeki jualan koleksi unik yang masih berlebih dari beli rumah, saya beli Mobil Toyta Twin cam 1989 buat nyonya pergi ngatar Anton dan albert ke Sekolah sebab saya bertugas ke Pontianak empat tahun. Mobilkebangaan dan kesayang nyonya dipakai selama 15 tahun, mesin masih bagus hanya warna wine red pudar akibat dijempur waktu parkir tapi si OYONG pinter juga ganti cat sama sehingga tetap mulus saat dijual karena nyonya ganti mobil baru atas saran Anton yang baru pulang praktek kerja di Kota Toyota Jepang selama satu tahun, tentu sudah tahu itu mbil paling populer dan ekonomis saat ini.
Toyota twin cam kelemahnya adalah sistem kipas dan radiator, kurang cocok buat Indonesia yang sangat panas,otomatnya sering rewel sehingga air habis,untung sistem proteksinya bagus tak terbakar, hanya AC jadi korban bila jalan jauh bisa mongok kepanasan, air-air tolong tambah, radiator dan kipas ganti tokcer lagi, tapi mesinya tetap tokcer.

Mobil Kelima , Toyota Soluna red wine ,mobil kreasi Thailand generasi pertama ini, masih saya pakai saat ini, irit, sistem radiator bagus, mesin bagus,transmisi bagus, Ac bagus hanya rusak saat kebenah air banjir, tapi mesin tetap bagus walaupun nerjang air banjir lari ke apartemen dan selamat , sunggup mobil ini bagus, dan tetap awet termasuk catnya ada sedikit gores diterpa sepeda motor. Saya sayang mbil ini,pakainya hanya dalam kta sekali atau dua kali seminggu sehari-hari keliling kelapa gading saja, maunya diantikkan sampai usur, walaupun sudah 10 tahun umurnya , jalannya baru 100.000km, walaupun sedikit was was bila ada aturan buangan gas bila ditest bisa tak lulus biarlah putar-putar dalam kelapa gading saja, anton denga Kinjang Innovanya bisa keluarkota dan dalam kota dengan Toyota Viosnya bantuan tempat kerjanya di TAM.
Anton kurang setuju saya tulis tentang mobil toyota Astra Mobil, mungkin ia takut ada pengarurh buat pekerjaannya, tapi saya pikir ini pengalaman pribadi saya yang ditulis dari hati yang suci tanpa ada pengaruh apa-apa, benar berani sumpah!! saya juga ikut prihatin ada kampanya negatif buat Toyota saat ini,komentar saya , Toyota tetap Jaya, mana ada ciptaan manusia sesempurna ciptaan Tuhan, si Bule Amerika cari peluangan karena kalah bersaing, masa soal karpet nyangkut gas dijadikan msalah, kita di indonesia selalu pasang karpet khusus dibawah gas yang kasat agar tidak nyangkut, rang amerika perlu belajar dari supir Indonesia, nati waktu bama datang bisa diperlihatkan bagaimana Toyota Astra Mobil melindungi Kosumen Indonesia.

Mobil keenam dan ketujuh.milik Nyonya yang punya metode international tiap lima tahun ganti mobil, ternyata mobil Toyota Avanza generasi pertama Tahun 2004 ditaksir diatas harga beli, sehingga dapat ditukar dengan New avanza 2009.
Mobil Avanza benar benar irit, tinggi anti banjir siudah di test lulus cumalude, dan harga purna jualnya lumayan bagus, tetapi saya masih kaku pakai mobil panjang sama dengan Kijang karena takut ekornya tak muat digarase dan kalau mundur kepentok dinding, untung mobil Anton Toyota Vios dan innova sudah pakai alarm parkir tak bisa kepentok, tapi Toyota avanza belum, saya saran supaya generasi mendatang ditambah alrm tersebut biar saya lebih berani memakainya , maklum umur udah tambah uzur.

Saya ucapkan selamat kepada pimpinan Toyota astra Mobil atas prestasinya yang dapat menyelamatkan produk MobilToyota di Indonesia dari segala kemunginan cacat produksi, dan saya usul isitilah Recall diganti dengan recheck atau medical check up kata orang medis kayak saya, kesehatn manusia ciptaan Tuhan saja perlu dicek, deteksi dini tanda-tanda kurang beresnkesehatan, atasi sedini mungkin sebelum jadi rusak dan celeaka, bagaimana boss TAm,okay. Viva Toyota Astra Mobil, kata orang bule “you are still Number One”

Sebagai tanda ucapan terima kasih saya kepada Toyota Astra Mobil (TAM) dan Toyota Astra Cooperation (TMC) atas karya mereka yang telah mebantu saya sehingga dapat bergerak dengan cepat dan selamat selama kurang lebih 36 tahun(1974-2010) , saya mencoba menyusun suatu kronologis perkembangan mobil Toyota Astra dengan judul Kronologi koleksi mobil Toyota Mobil coorperation(TMC) dan Toyoto Astra Mobil,yang dikompilasi dari berbagai informasi yang saya peroleh dari eksplorasi Internet via Google berikut illustrasiny baik dari Internet maupun milik pribadi, mohon maaf jika ada yang kurang berkenan bagi TMC dan TAM, mohon koreksi karena saya bukan penulis profesional, hanya penjalan keliling asia dan kolektor benda unik termasuk Mobil unik Toyota.

II.KOLEKSI MOBIL TOYOTA MOBIL COORPERATION(TMC)

2.1. Awalnya Industri mobil Toyota

(1) 1867
Sakichi Toyoda lahir

(2) 1924
Sakici Toyoda menciptakan model mobil Toyda

(3) 1929
Toyoda automatik dipatentkan

(4) 1930
Kaichio Toyoda (generasi ke-2), mulai meneliti mesin mobil kecil dengan bahan bakar bensin.

(5) 1935
Diproduksi Toyoda automatik

(6) 1936
Diproduksi Mobil Sedan Toyoda AA

2.2. Toyota Mobil Cooperation (TMC)
Dalam bahasa Jepang disebut “Toyota Jidsha Kabushiki gaisa” dikenal sebagai Toyota adalah sebuah perusahaan multinational bermarkas di Jepang.
Ditemukan oleh Kiichiro Toyoda tahun 1937 yang merupakan perunahan dari perusahaan Ayahnya Toyota Industri untuk membuat Mobil.
Untu lebih jelasnya silahkan para kolektor membaca dan melihat illustrasi dari produksi mobil TMC :

(1) 1937
Toyota Industri diganti namanya menjadi TMC(Toyota Mobil cooperation) oleh Kiichiro Toyoda sebagai Toyoda generasi kedua.

(2) 23.8.37
TMC meluncurkan produksi Toyota Corolla generasi pertama.

(3) 1941
Pemerintah militer Dai Nippon menduduki Phillipine dan menemukan moblik amerika merk Bantam MKII, mobil ini dibawa ke Jepang untuk dijadikan contoh untuk membuat mobil jenis sama tetapi dengan model yang berbeda, untuk dapat terwujud maka penguasa militer Dai Njppon di Jepang memerintahkan TMC untuk membuat mobil Jeep tersebut dan TMC menciptakan prototipe mobil model AK yang dikenal tentara Kerajaan Jepang sebagai “Yun ShikiKomatsu-she” atau dalam bahasa Indonesia “Truk Barang era Kerajaan tahun 2604-1944″

(4) 1942
Pemerintah Jepang meminta TMC untuk memproduksi Truk ringan untuk Kampanye Militer Jepang , maka TMC menciptakan Truk AK10 yang dibuat berdasarkan mesin Bantam GP. dengan mesin 2259 cc 4 silinder mesin type C yang sesudah perang menjadi prototipe Toyota Jeep BJ.

(5) 1947
TMC menproduksi Truck model SA dikenal sebagai Toyopet, truk ini tidak kuat dan kecepatannya rendah.

(6) 1950
Pada waktu perang Korea TMC mengalami krisis finansial,sehingga saat diminta Tentara Amerika serikat untuk memproduksi Jeep Willis , TMC membuat produksi Jeep Willis dikenal sebagai jeep Korea kepala Tinggi, penulis memiliki mobil dinas type ini , tetapi kemudian dijual karena sistem rem yang jelek dan koplingnya sangat keras , teapi sangat bagus buat latihan belajar mobil , Isteri ,orang Tua dan adik saya belajar menyetir dengan jeep type ini.

(7) 1951
TMC membuat Jeep BJ type B mirip Landrover inggris 1948 tetapi lebih lebar dan pada bulan july 1951 Jeep BJ dipakai sebagai Jeep patroli Polisi nasional Jepang, hal yang sama juag di indonesia pada tahun 1974.

(8) 1953
Toyota jeep BJ mulai diproduksi di Toyota Honsja

(9) 1954
Nama Landscruiser di ciptakan oleh direktur tehnik Hanji Umehara sebagai saingan Landrver Inggris dengan berbagai type BJ-T, BJ-R, BJ-J dan FJ-7.

(10) 1955
TMC meluncurkan mobil Landscruiser Generasi 2 mesin 3900 cc 6 silider type F .dan Toyopet crown.

(11) 1957
Produksi pertama Toyota Corona

(12)1958
Diluncurkan Statin wagon Landscruiser type F

(13) 1960
Diluncurkan Landscruiser generasi ke-3 3900 cc yang sangat terkenal dengan nama Toyota Macho

(14)1966
Produksi pertama Toyota Corolla

(15)1968
Corolla diproduksi di Amerika Serikat

(16)1969
produksi pertama Corona Mark II (anton pernah memiliki mobil ini)

(17)1971
Corrolla denga 5 kecepatan ukuran besar diproduksi di Amerika serikat

(18) 1973
Produksi pertama Toyota Cressida

(19) 1974
Toyota Foundation didirikan

(20) 1978
Toyota Landscruiser Diesel BJ-40 dijual di Jerman

(21) 1981
diciptakan.Toyota Landscruiser BJ4o dengan Discbrake

(22) 1982
TMC dan Toyota Motr Sales merger menjadi Toyta Motor Cooperation.

(23) 1989
Lexus diproduksi di Amerika serikat

(24) 1997
Prius generasi pertama diproduksi

(8) 1952
TMC meluncurkan Toyopet SD dan SF yang berhasil untuk Taxi

III. KOLEKSI MOBIL TOYOTA ASTRA MOBILE (TAM)
(1)1962
Toyota Corolla pertama di Indonesia, import .
Adiks aya memiliki mobil ini.

(2) 1974
Toyota corolla generasi kedua, asembling Toyota Astra Mobil ( CKD+ complete Knock down), saya memiliki mobil ini.

(3) 1977
Toyota Corona 1977 generasi pertama , assembing TAM (CKD) ,saya memiliki mobil ini. da pada tahun ini buat pertamakali TAM menciptakan Toyota Kijang generasi pertama dengan mesin corolla 1200 cc .Toyota Kijang generasi pertama diproduksi dalam bentuk sederhana pickup kotak yang dikenal denagn nama Kijang Buaya.

(4) 1981
Toyta Kijang generasi Kedua mirip generasi pertama, dikenal sebagai Kijang Doyok.

(5) 1983
TAM assemping CKD Toyota Landscrusier BJ-40 diesel.

(6) 1986
TAM produksi Kijang gerenasi 3 dikenal dengan Kijang super, bisa ngangkut banyak orang mulai dari ayah ibu ,anak sampai kakek nenek. Fullpress body
dengan chassis Panjang.

(7) 1989
TAM memproduksi semi assembling dengan campuran produksi lokal Toyota Corolla Twin Cam dan SE.

(8)1990-1999
TAM meluncurkan mobil sedan yang sangat terkenal dan laris saat itu Toyota Great Corolla, selanjutnya corolla SE yang kena korban banjir dan Tyta Capsul chassis panjang dan Pendek yang amsih alris sampai diluncurkan Toyota Innova.

(9) 1999
Corolla Altis

(10) 2000
Toyota Soluna ex Thailand generasi pertama

 

 
1974 UK
Toyota Corolla 1600 Magazine…
 
30550837
1970s UK
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
 
30550836
1979 UK
Toyota Corolla Magazine Advert
 
 
30550835
1966 UK
Toyota Corolla Magazine Advert
 
 
30550757
1970 USA
Toyota Corona Magazine Advert
 
30550700
1970s UK
Toyota Corolla Magazine Advert
 
 
30539573
2004 UK
Toyota TV Advert (Grab)
 
30535313
2003 UK
Toyota Corolla TV Advert (Grab)
 
30534976
2003 UK
Toyota Vios Magazine Advert
 
30533420
1972 USA
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
30533419
1968 USA
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
30533418
1978 USA
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
30533417
1970s USA
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
 
30533415
1969 USA
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
30533414
1970 USA
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
30533413
1960s USA
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
30533412
1960s USA
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
30530050
1990s UK
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
30530049
2002 UK
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
30524745
2000s UK
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
30522945
1990s UK
Toyota Celica Magazine Advert
 
30522880
1995 UK
Toyota Corolla Magazine Advert
 
30522878
1990s UK
Toyota Corolla Magazine Advert
 
30566869
2010 UK
Toyota Magazine Advert
30566257
2010 UK
Toyota TV Advert (Grab)
 
30566245
2009 UK
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
30566244
2000 UK
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
30566243
2000 UK
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
 
30566187
1970s UK
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
30566186
1970s UK
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
30566152
2010 UK
Toyota TV Advert (Grab)
 
30566149
2010 UK
Toyota TV Advert (Grab)
 
30566148
2010 UK
Toyota TV Advert (Grab)
 
 
30566147
2010 UK
Toyota TV Advert (Grab)
 
30566146
2010 UK
Toyota TV Advert (Grab)
 
 
30514682
2000s UK
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
30512235
2000s UK
Toyota Magazine Advert
30560865
1971 USA
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
30503600
1990s UK
Toyota Magazine Advert
 
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THE COMIC COLLECTIONS

THIS THE SAMPLE OF Dr IWAN COMIC COLLECTIONS cd-rom

THE COMPLETE COLLECTIONS EXIST,TO GET IT PLEASE SUBSCRIBED AS THE KISI MEMEBER VIA

 email iwansuwandy@gmail.com

 

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5   Next   Last

 

 
30577894
USA
Lovelorn Comic Cover
30577892
USA
Men Comic Cover
30577891
USA
True War Stories Comic Cover
30577888
USA
Crime does not pay Comic Cover
30577887
USA
Gangsters Comic Cover
30577868
Giant Comic USA
Comic Cover
30577867
Illustrations Comic Plate
30577764
1941 UK
The Hotspur Magazine Cover
30577577
1947 USA
Is This Tomorrow Comic Cover
30577576
USA
Anti-Communist Comic Plate
30577573
1961 USA
Atomic War! Comic Cover
30577572
1950s USA
Atomic War! Comic Cover
30577570
USA
Atomic War! Comic Cover
30577569
1951 USA
Weird Science Comic Cover
30577563
USA
Atomic Bomb Comic Plate
30577562
USA
Atomic War! Comic Cover
30577524
2013 UK
TW Steel Magazine Advert
30575953
2012 UK
Nissan Magazine Advert
30575922
1950s UK
The Eagle Comic Plate
30575921
1950s UK
The Eagle Comic Plate
30575585
1980s France
Asterix Comic/ Cartoon Plate
30570616
2000s USA
Got Milk? Magazine Advert
30573777
USA
Walt Disney’s Comics Comic/…
30573776
USA
Walt Disney’s Comics Comic/…
30573770
USA
Mickey Mouse Comic Comic/ Annual…
30573763
USA
Eat It Comic/ Annual Cover
30573762
1960s USA
The Complete Crumb Comics Comic/…
30573761
USA
Arcade Comics Comic/ Annual Cover
30573760
USA
Yellow Dog Comics Comic/ Annual…
30573759
USA
Snatch Comics Comic/ Annual Cover
30549792
1920s USA
Unknown Comic/ Cartoon Plate
30572041
2011 UK
Walkers TV Advert (Grab)
30572040
2011 UK
Walkers TV Advert (Grab)
30572039
2011 UK
Walkers TV Advert (Grab)
30572038
2011 UK
Walkers TV Advert (Grab)
30572037
2011 UK
Walkers TV Advert (Grab)
30572036
2011 UK
Walkers TV Advert (Grab)
30535639
1950s USA
X-Ray Specs Magazine Advert
30571867
1968 USA
Wonder Woman Magazine Advert
30571866
1944 USA
Wonder Woman Comic/ Annual Cover
30571857
1965 USA
Green Lantern Comic/ Annual Cover
30571856
1965 USA
Green Lantern Comic/ Annual Cover
30571855
1960s USA
The Flash Comic/ Annual Cover
30571844
1943 USA
Batman Comic/ Annual Cover
30571843
1939 USA
Detective Comics Comic/ Annual…
30571842
1960s USA
Aquaman Comic/ Annual Cover
30571837
1967 USA
Young Romance Comic/ Annual Cover
30571772
1950s USA
Captain America Comic/ Annual Cover
30571759
1961 UK
Southend on Sea
30571620
1950s USA
Cat-Man Cat Man Comic/ Annual Cover
30571609
1940s USA
Palisades Parks Magazine Advert
30571592
1960s USA
Superman Film Poster
30571566
1940s USA
Mr Thirteen Comic/ Cartoon Plate
30571540
1940s USA
Wonder Stories Comic/ Annual Cover
30571539
1960s USA
Heart Throbs Comic/ Annual Cover
30571536
2000 USA
Batman Comic/ Annual Cover
30571535
1960s USA
Falling in Love Comic/ Annual Cover
30571534
1960s USA
Girls’ Love Comic/ Annual Cover
30571524
1954 USA
Captain America Comic/ Annual…
30571523
1952 USA
Exciting War Comic/ Annual Cover
30571487
1940s USA
Flash Gordon Comic/ Annual Cover
30571486
1950s USA
Buck Rogers Comic/ Annual Cover
30571467
1930s USA
Uncanny Tales Comic/ Annual Cover
30570623
2000s USA
Got MilK? Magazine Advert
30570073
1940s USA
Captain America Comic/ Cartoon…
30570072
1940s USA
Uncle Sam Comic/ Annual Cover
30569389
1947 UK
Soldier, The British Army…
30569377
1955 UK
Playbox Comic/ Annual Cover
30569376
1958 UK
Tiger Comic/ Annual Cover
30569368
UK
Sunny Stories Comic/ Cartoon Plate
30569367
1960s UK
Sunny Stories Comic/ Annual Cover
30569363
1956 UK
News of the World TV Comic/…
30569362
1981 UK
The Health Education Council…
30569361
1981 UK
The Health Education Council…
30569273
1950s USA
Pulp Fiction Comic/ Cartoon Plate
30569260
1950s USA
Shock SuspenStories Comic/ Annual…
30569259
1955 USA
Mister Mystery Comic/ Annual Cover
30569251
1971 USA
Tender Love Stories Comic/…
30569250
1971 USA
My Love Comic/ Annual Cover
30569206
1960s USA
Strange Adventures Magazine Cover
30569196
1960s USA
Walt Disney Comic/ Annual Cover
30568933
1960s USA
Bosses and Secretaries Comic/…
30568932
1960s USA
Comic/ Cartoon Plate
30568509
1931 UK
Sports Budget Comic/ Annual Cover
30568508
1921 UK
The Football Favourite Comic/…
30568507
1921 UK
The Football Favourite Comic/…
30568504
1944 UK
The Hotspur Comic/ Annual Cover
30568313
1942 USA
Sensation Comics Magazine Advert
30567755
2010 UK
Premier Inn TV Advert (Grab)
30567754
2010 UK
Premier Inn TV Advert (Grab)
30559722
1960 UK
Today Magazine Cover
30559678
2008 UK
Premier Inn Magazine Advert
30559134
1966 UK
Radio Times Magazine Cover
30558714
2008 UK
Christian Church Comic/ Cartoon…
30558713
2008 UK
Christian Church Comic/ Cartoon…
30558712
2008 UK
Christian Church Comic/ Cartoon…
30558711
2008 UK
Christian Church Comic/ Cartoon…
30558567
1974 USA
The House of Secrets Comic/…
30558566
1992 USA
Superman Comic/ Annual Cover
30558565
1976 USA
Captain America and The Falcon…
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KISAH PERTUALANGAN Dr IWAN AND FAMILY(WANLISON)

INI ADALAH CONTOH BUKU ELEKTRONIK DALAM CD-ROM KREASI Dr IWAN TANPA ILLUSTRASI

THIS IS THE SAMPLE OF Dr IWAN CD-ROM E-BOOK WITHOUT ILLUSTRATIONS

THE COMPLETE CD WITH ILLUSTRATION EXIST,TO GET IT PLEASE SUBSCRIBED VIA COMMENT WITH UPLOAD YOUR ID COPY.

The Adventur Of Wanlison

Part 4

Vietnam,Laos @Cambodge

Creayed By

Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA

Special For Wanlison Family

Copyright @ 2013

 

 First Visit

Thailand,Cambodgr,Vietnam Hochimin Citry,Hanoi and Nannaning South china

Dr Iwan S. in the Swarnabhumi Airpot Bangkok during traveling from Bangkok to Phom phen Cambodge 2007@copyright Dr Iwan S. 2009

Bangkok Post office, unique collections flea market around this post office like stamps,coin,stone etc.I suggest you to visit this area.

My first Thai unique collection , the sukhothai coverbox ceramic, was found during travel around Bukittinggi west Sumatra in 1969. During my first visit to Bangkok in 1974  by flight fromPenang because by bus and train not secured, arrive at the old airport, I have met Mr Le Loi  phillatelic shop trader at Isetan Trade center and found some unique Thailand postal history , and also during my Police Hospital comperative study in 1994, but during my last visit 2007 by flight straight from Jakarta to Bangkok’s new swarnabhumi airpot , I didn’t met him again , they told he was passed away(In Memoriam) my god bless my friendly friend, someone gave me information to seeking unique collection around the Bangkok Post office.

The Thai unique collection found during travel around Indonesia and thailand will put in My Blog ,please click “unique collection.wordpress.com” and please choose the collection to pu in my IMUCS cybermuseum.

Greating from Dr iwan S.

 

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My profile and mekong river in the front of Royal palace Phnom Phen 2007 @copyright Dr Iwan s.

Russian Market, the Phomphen Flea market.

I started to collect Cambodge stamps with another Indochine area when I have found a collection bring by the Indonesian Police Mission at Cambodge  , and during my first visit Phom Phen 2007 ,with mr Oke by his motorbike I found some unique collections at the Russian flea market coins,papermoney ,medal . W hen backhome I found another unique collections and i will put in my uniquecollection.wordpress.com  “Uniquecollection Blog by Dr Iwan S. I hove the collectors chooese the best collection to put in IMUCS Cyber museum.

I want to say hello and thankyou verymuch to Mr Oke for his verykind to be my best guide in Phom Phen. Greating from Dr Iwan S.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Map of Vietnam

 

Map of Vietnam

The Driwan’s Indochina Travel first and second days

THE EX INDOCHINA TRAVELLING (TIPS TOUR INDOCHINA)

1.HARI PERTAMA(FIRST DAYS)

a.DEPATURE FROM Jakarta indonesia(  Berangkat dari Jakarta airpot SUTA)

b.Arrive(Tiba di )Airport Tan son Nhat Ho Chi Minh City

 

Saigon – Ho Chi Minh City

 

1)Exchange money to dong(Tukar uang 100 dolar menjadi Dong)

2)Buy ticket to Hue(Beli Tiket Pesawat Ke Hue tgl 18 Juni pagi)

   

Departure Flight Options

Ho Chi Minh City , VN To HUE , VN Saturday, June 18

15 Jun

Wednesday

From 1,181,000 VND

16 Jun

Thursday

From 1,181,000 VND

17 Jun

Friday

From 1,181,000 VND

18 Jun

Saturday

From 1,181,000 VND

19 Jun

Sunday

From 1,181,000 VND

20 Jun

Monday

From 1,181,000 VND

21 Jun

Tuesday

From 1,181,000 VND

                                                                 

 

 

 

 

Departure Flight Options

Ho Chi Minh City , VN To Siem Reap , KH Saturday, June 18

15 Jun

Wednesday

From 3,494,000 VND

16 Jun

Thursday

From 3,494,000 VND

17 Jun

Friday

From 3,494,000 VND

18 Jun

Saturday

From 3,494,000 VND

19 Jun

Sunday

From 3,494,000 VND

20 Jun

Monday

From 3,494,000 VND

21 Jun

Tuesday

From 3,494,000 VND

                                                                 

 

 

, if not possible ,other alternative by ticket to (bila tidak ada tiket)alternative

By Ticket to(Beli tiket ke): Phon Phem. Or Siem riep Cambodia

3) Out of Airport(keluar airport) Get the best Taxi Vietnam Tourist Taxi

 

 

Vios Club

Toyota Vios’ taxis run amok in Ho Chi Minh City. Vehicles here are left hand drives.

Taxi Rate(Naik Taxi ,biaya) 80.000-120.000 dong(sekitar us $ 10.-).or by bus n0 152 to saigon bus station at the front of Benh than market HCM city

c.Go to Hotel(Perjalanan menuju   )Phi Vu hotel

 

3) Out of Airport(keluar airport) Get the best Taxi Vietnam Tourist Taxi

Vios Club
Toyota Vios’ taxis run amok in Ho Chi Minh City. Vehicles here are left hand drives.

Taxi Rate(Naik Taxi ,biaya) 80.000-120.000 dong(sekitar us $ 10.-).or by bus n0 152 to saigon bus station at the front of Benh than market HCM city

c.Go to Hotel(Perjalanan menuju )Phi Vu hotel,location at corner (lokasi persimpangan) Nguyen trai dan Lel Loi ,

look the map

didepannya ada patung Le Loi naik kuda.

Address(Alamat) 7 Nguyen Trai Street Ben Thanh Ward District 1 HCM City,tel (84.8)839 8479, email: phivuhotel@saigonnet.vn.

Via pengurus Hotel, bila tidak berhasil di airport dapt diurus tiket Vietnam airlines dari HCM city ke Hue hari ke tiga atau ke Phom phen

From the hotel, it takes just 15 minutes to walk to the Ben Thanh Market, and 10 minutes to the Reunification Palace, Notre Dame Cathedral, and the central post office.

Address: 7 Nguyen Trai St, Ben Thanh Ward, Ho Chi MinhTel: 84.8.28298479 email: phivuhotel@saigonnet.vn

Ben Thanh Market – Number one on any trip to Saigon Vietnam should be the historic Ben Thanh Market; located in District one, this market once the main market for locals is now focused squarely at the countries ever expanding international visitors, shoppers still get a feel for how the market was pre 1990 when Vietnam opened its doors to the west and international tourists. The variety of items for sale at Ben Thanh market is quite staggering with the sale of everything from Clothing, fabrics, cosmetics, fake Rolex and coffee thru to fruit vegetables and live animals.

Some facts about: Ben Thanh market dates back to the 17th century when it was an uncovered muddy market located near the Saigon wharf (Ben) and the Turtle Citadel (Quy Thanh) Ben Thanh Market has moved and been rebuilt twice with its current location/building being opened in March 1914, the buildings landmark clock tower is the symbol of Saigon

d. walking to market to night food (Jalan kaki ke pasar) ben than market ,for night shopping and food.(shoping dan makan malam,kepitingnya murah dan lezat)

Ben Thanh Market – Number one on any trip to Saigon Vietnam should be the historic Ben Thanh Market; located in District one, this market once the main market for locals is now focused squarely at the countries ever expanding international visitors, shoppers still get a feel for how the market was pre 1990 when Vietnam opened its doors to the west and international tourists. The variety of items for sale at Ben Thanh market is quite staggering with the sale of everything from Clothing, fabrics, cosmetics, fake Rolex and coffee thru to fruit vegetables and live animals.

Some facts about: Ben Thanh market dates back to the 17th century when it was an uncovered muddy market located near the Saigon wharf (Ben) and the Turtle Citadel (Quy Thanh) Ben Thanh Market has moved and been rebuilt twice with its current location/building being opened in March 1914, the buildings landmark clock tower is the symbol of Saigon

Back from market to phivu hotel II.through the beautiful garden and many native vietnamese sold fruit there.

THE SECOND DAY (Hari Kedua )

Pagi (morning)

1.breakfest broilled roaster(ayam bakar) at the small street in the front phivu hotel(makan pagi) ayam pangang dijalan depan phi vu hotel ) and the to the back to binh than market after turn to the right(menuju belakang Pasar Binh Than setelah belok kanan )

2.After that to Remant vietnam war museum look my profile in the front of museum

also the war remmant

at the left then walking to Pasteur street Đường – Pasteur – Street

in 6th Ward, District 3, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
,turn left to basilica Notre Dam

and the old saigon post office

(Selanjutnya ke Museum Perang HCM city dan Museum HCM city dan Cathedral Basilica serta Kantor pos Saigon)

Notre Dame Cathedral: Site of an old Pagoda
In 1959 with the approval of the Vatican the cathedral was named Notre Dame. It is supposed to sit on the site of an old pagoda. The neo-Romanesque architecture is complete with two-40m square bell towers. The garden outside is a popular gathering place.FROM THE NOTREDAM BASILICA TO THE OLD SAIGON POST OFFICE IN THE LEFT OF THE BASILICA.Address:Notre Dame Cathedral, 1 Commune of Paris, Dist. 1 FROM BASILICA KE OLD SAIGON POST OFFICEAND THEN BY BUS TO SAIGON BUS STATION IN THE FRONT OF BINH THAN MARKET.
Then Central Market or Ben Thanh Market is the biggest of the markets found in the city The building was formerly the main railway terminal. The market sells a large variety of goods from imported electronics and imported perfumes to local souvenirs, clothing and produce.

Ben Thanh market: Markets

While the crafts and other goods are on the inside of the market, the produce, flowers, and meats are generally sold on the pavements and alleys surrounding the building.Address: Ben Thanh Market, Le Loi St., Dist.1
Right outside the Ben Thanh Market on Le Loi Circle is the statues of General Tran Nguyen Han, a 15th-century warrior. The Circle is a busy roundabout for traffic.Address: Le Loi Blvd.
3.Take Bus to Saigon Bus Station(Naik Bus jurusan stasiun Saigon)

4.makan siang nasi campur(midday food pork rice at the front of bus station.

5.pasar antik(antique market)

6. shopping di pasar binh than sampai malam

Then Central Market or Ben Thanh Market is the biggest of the markets found in the city The building was formerly the main railway terminal. The market sells a large variety of goods from imported electronics and imported perfumes to local souvenirs, clothing and produce.
Ben Thanh market: Markets
While the crafts and other goods are on the inside of the market, the produce, flowers, and meats are generally sold on the pavements and alleys surrounding the building.Address: Ben Thanh Market, Le Loi St., Dist.1

Right outside the Ben Thanh Market on Le Loi Circle is the statues of General Tran Nguyen Han, a 15th-century warrior. The Circle is a busy roundabout for traffic.

Address: Le Loi Blvd.

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

 

Posted in Perjalanan/Traveling Dr. Iwan | Leave a Comment »

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

THE FOUNDER

Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM

SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showroom :
The Driwan’s Cybermuseum

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Please Enter

DVWC SHOWROOM
(Driwan Vietnam War Cybermuseum)Showcase:

The Vietnam War Document
and
Postal History
1969-1975
THE VIETNAM WAR 1974
Vetnam War in 1974

_____________________________________
APAKAH ANDA SUDAH MELIHAT PAMERAN PERANG VIETNAM 1968-1975
DI Driwan Cybermuseum , bila belum segera klik
hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com
lihatlah salah satu frame pameran perang vietnam 1974. dibawah ini

January 1974

(a)Nguyen Cong Hoan story :

“While the 1973 Paris agreement was going on,the Communist were stepping up their military attack.By 1974 there really wasn’t anything left of that agreement.There was just no hope.There was no move the regime and no way to stop the Front.

(b)American service men , 110.000 had burnst their draftcard and 40.000 young men had evaded call-up by leaving for neighbouring Canada and for Europe.(D)

(c)January.30th1974

(a)Air mail covers from Indonesian KONGA V/ICCS Region V Saigon send to SKOMDAK III (West Sumatra Police Headquaters ) Padang-Sumbar, overprint INDONESIA , with stamps rate 81 Dong (7 stamps) with CDS TAN AN 30-1-1974 ( My first Postal History of Vietnam war was Given by Police Mayor. Suroto to me as Medical Police Inspectur in 1975, from this postal history I started to collect Vietnam war Postal history –auth)

(b) ICCS Communications Center Ton Son Nhut, the photo of Indonesian Garuda Mission army and Police in the front of that centers (This photo was given to me from Indonesia national Police Captain “red arrow” who joined the Garuda IV Indonesia ICCS Vietnam auth)

(c) Unused Free Port Special letter sheet Garuda IV Indonesia ICCS Vietnam, Garuda was “Eagle” Indonesia National emblem.(PH)

(d)Indonesian Mayor General Wiyogo Atmodarminto , commander of the Ivth Garuda Mission to Vietnam inspecting his men

(e)The Indonesia participation in Upholding World Order ICCS in Vietnam 1973.-1975 under Garuda IV,V and VII.

In performing its task, ICCS met many difficulties due to the fact that certain points of the parisb Agreement on ending the war between the US and Vietnam, were conraversial. This led Indonesia to pull out GARUDA VII from Saigon in April,27,1975 the annexation of South Vietnam by North Vietnam waas the reason for the first Asean Summit in Bali to stress again the urgency to preserve political stability in South east Asia.

(f) The ICCS Vietnam plaque of Garuda IV Mission in Vietnam (Memorabilia)

FEBRUARY 1974 NO INFO

March 1974

March,8th 1974. Trich Luc Bo Khai San Saigon Documenty with local Saigon minh thue revenue 1974 5 D and 10 D.


MORE INFORMATIONS AND COLLECTIONS LOOK AT DrIWANCYBERMUSEUM,PLEASE CLICK
hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com.
You will seen another collections like :
1.The President south vietman Nguyen van Thiue Stamp used on cover

2.The war pictures

the ned @ copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2011

.HARI KETIGA  (THE THIRD  Day )

1.pagi jalan sekitar hotel(walking around hotel)

2.7.30 AM. Tour to  perfume river  , Annam  Emperor Tomb Tu Duc, Minh Mang an Khai Dinh,also the Annam emperor citale.

1Tur Hue        Hue Imperial City (The Citadel)

 

3.Hari keTIGA MALAM  (THIRD day,  18 june )

HUE-HONAI BY NIGHT Sleeping Bus ,12 hours arrive Hanoi the other days at 6.00 AM.

=============================================================

IV.HARI KEEMPAT PAGI.(19 june)

1.At. 6.00 AM ARRIVE HANOI by night sleeping bus , and taxi TO Hotel area NEAR hoan kiem lake,Hotel Nam Putao. ,aksing the tickret for Hanoi city tour.

2.at  8.30 AM Hanoi CVity Tour:

1) Hanoi Bigger Lake

2) Hanoi Vietnam ethnic museum

3)Ho Chi Minh Museoleum (We cannot enter  because too many visitors)

4)Lunch et Lonely Planet restaurant

5)

6) back to Hotel

7) 6.30 PM walking around hoan kiem hotel

 

 

Hotel

 

HARI KE 5(20 Juni)

1.HANOI-VIENTINE BY Vietnam aerlines one hours(8.00_9.00) , arrive  Vientiene.at airport by ticket to Siem riep by Laos airline tomorrow.and also by some postcard with stamps at airport post office

2. By taxi from airport to  Vientine US$7.- (US 1.-=3000 Kiep) only 15 minutes, to Guest House hotel ,info from the Laos Airlines officer.

3.arrive Guest House Hotel,asking taxi for city tours.

4. city tour by taxi ,US 15,-

1)Vientine museum

2) Temple

3) Vientiene morning market

4) 40 kim from vientine to look contemporary bigger Buddha statue , near the border between Thailand and Laos.

5)Monument Laos

6)back to Vientiene Morning market

 

HARI KE 6 (21Juni)

From SIEMRIEP  to Phon Phen by bus 270 km (4 hours)

 


 

Hari ke 7(23Juni)

Depature from Pnom phen Cambodia to Ho chi minh city BY BUS  six hours, arrive HCM city 3.00 PM back to Phivu hotel, then went to cho Ben Than market, get information about HCM city Tours, and booking via hotel for Bac Gia and Vinlong Mekong Delta tour tomorrow morning.

 

Hari ke 8. Ho Chi Minh City ( june,24th)

  • Bac Gia and Vinlong Mekong Delta tour,AMIZING TOUR  by bus 1 1/2 hour, by boat and small canoe to bac gia look the village producing  traditional cake and lunch village food and fruit, then by boat to Vinlong city at Mekong Delta.
  • Hari ke 9  25 juni ,Sabtu
  • 1) morning
  • (1) War Remnant Ho chi minh city Museum
  • (2) Shopping Cho Ben Than Market
  • (3) Antique hunting market near saigon bus station
  • (4) Ho Chi Mint art Museum
  • (5) Depature from Hcm city by airoplane back home to   Jakarta Indonesia
  • .

Map of Vietnam

 

Map of Vietnam

The Driwan’s Indochina Travel first and second days

THE EX INDOCHINA TRAVELLING (TIPS TOUR INDOCHINA)

1.HARI PERTAMA(FIRST DAYS)

a.DEPATURE FROM Jakarta indonesia(  Berangkat dari Jakarta airpot SUTA)

b.Arrive(Tiba di )Airport Tan son Nhat Ho Chi Minh City

 

Saigon – Ho Chi Minh City

 

1)Exchange money to dong(Tukar uang 100 dolar menjadi Dong)

2)ticket to Hue had bought in indonesia before (Tiket Pesawat lokal Vietnam airlines Ke Hue tgl 17 Juni malam sudah dibeli dari Jakrta  liwat internet vietnam airlines .com) 3) Out of Airport(keluar airport) Get the best Taxi Vietnam Tourist Taxi

 

 

Vios Club

Toyota Vios’ taxis run amok in Ho Chi Minh City. Vehicles here are left hand drives.

Taxi Rate(Naik Taxi ,biaya) 80.000-120.000 dong(sekitar us $ 10.-)

when Arrived now rthe best meter taxi is Vina sun innova car taxi.

c.Go to Hotel(Perjalanan menuju   )Phi Vu hotel

 

,location at corner  (lokasi persimpangan) Nguyen trai dan Lel Loi ,look the map

 

didepannya ada patung Le Loi naik kuda.

 

Address(Alamat) 7 Nguyen Trai Street Ben Thanh Ward District 1 HCM City,tel (84.8)839 8479, email: phivuhotel@saigonnet.vn. the price up now US.30,- before US.20.- (the best cheapest hotel now ,near ben than Market with same price)

From the hotel, it takes just 15 minutes to walk to the Ben Thanh Market, and 10 minutes to the Reunification Palace, Notre Dame Cathedral, and the central post office.

 
   
 

Address: 7 Nguyen Trai St, Ben Thanh Ward, Ho Chi MinhTel: 84.8.28298479 email: phivuhotel@saigonnet.vn

 

 

 

 

 

.After put the baggage at Phivu Hotel, wlaking to Benthan Market, at night at the stree there were night market(Ben than market close 6.00 PM) . we eat there,many type of food ,and also many souvenier there.

Ben Thanh Market – Number one on any trip to Saigon Vietnam should be the historic Ben Thanh Market; located in District one, this market once the main market for locals is now focused squarely at the countries ever expanding international visitors, shoppers still get a feel for how the market was pre 1990 when Vietnam opened its doors to the west and international tourists. The variety of items for sale at Ben Thanh market is quite staggering with the sale of everything from Clothing, fabrics, cosmetics, fake Rolex and coffee thru to fruit vegetables and live animals.

Some facts about: Ben Thanh market dates back to the 17th century when it was an uncovered muddy market located near the Saigon wharf (Ben) and the Turtle Citadel (Quy Thanh) Ben Thanh Market has moved and been rebuilt twice with its current location/building being opened in March 1914, the buildings landmark clock tower is the symbol of Saigon

d. walking to market to night food (Jalan kaki ke pasar) beh than market ,for night shopping and food. at night market,ben than closed 6.oo PM

(shoping dan makan malam,kepitingnya murah dan lezat)

 

Ben Thanh Market – Number one on any trip to Saigon Vietnam should be the historic Ben Thanh Market; located in District one, this market once the main market for locals is now focused squarely at the countries ever expanding international visitors, shoppers still get a feel for how the market was pre 1990 when Vietnam opened its doors to the west and international tourists. The variety of items for sale at Ben Thanh market is quite staggering with the sale of everything from Clothing, fabrics, cosmetics, fake Rolex and coffee thru to fruit vegetables and live animals.

Some facts about: Ben Thanh market dates back to the 17th century when it was an uncovered muddy market located near the Saigon wharf (Ben) and the Turtle Citadel (Quy Thanh) Ben Thanh Market has moved and been rebuilt twice with its current location/building being opened in March 1914, the buildings landmark clock tower is the symbol of Saigon

Back from market to phivu hotel II.through the beautiful garden and many native vietnamese sold fruit there.

 

THE SECOND DAY (Hari Kedua )

Pagi (morning)

1.breakfest broilled roaster(ayam bakar)  at the small street in the front phivu hotel(makan pagi) ayam pangang dijalan depan phi vu hotel ) and the to the back to binh than market after turn to the right(menuju belakang Pasar  Binh Than setelah belok kanan )

2.After that by taxi vina sun to Notre Dam Basilica cathedral

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in 6th Ward, District 3, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

 

and the old saigon post office

 

 

 

 
 
 

Notre Dame Cathedral: Site of an old Pagoda

   
 
 

In 1959 with the approval of the Vatican the cathedral was named Notre Dame. It is supposed to sit on the site of an old pagoda. The neo-Romanesque architecture is complete with two-40m square bell towers. The garden outside is a popular gathering place.FROM THE NOTREDAM BASILICA TO THE OLD SAIGON POST OFFICE IN THE LEFT OF THE BASILICA.Address:Notre Dame Cathedral, 1 Commune of Paris, Dist. 1 FROM BASILICA KE OLD SAIGON POST OFFICEAND THEN BY BUS TO SAIGON BUS STATION IN THE FRONT OF BINH THAN MARKET.

 

Then Central Market or Ben Thanh Market is the biggest of the markets found in the city The building was formerly the main railway terminal. The market sells a large variety of goods from imported electronics and imported perfumes to local souvenirs, clothing and produce.

 
 
 

While the crafts and other goods are on the inside of the market, the produce, flowers, and meats are generally sold on the pavements and alleys surrounding the building.Address: Ben Thanh Market, Le Loi St., Dist.1

     
 
 
 

Right outside the Ben Thanh Market on Le Loi Circle is the statues of General Tran Nguyen Han, a 15th-century warrior. The Circle is a busy roundabout for traffic.Address: Le Loi Blvd.

3.Take Bus to Saigon Bus Station(Naik Bus jurusan stasiun Saigon)

 

4.makan siang nasi campur(midday food pork rice at the front of bus station.

 

5.pasar antik(antique market)

 

6. shopping di pasar  binh than sampai malam

 

 

 

     

Then Central Market or Ben Thanh Market is the biggest of the markets found in the city The building was formerly the main railway terminal. The market sells a large variety of goods from imported electronics and imported perfumes to local souvenirs, clothing and produce.

 

Ben Thanh market: Markets

   
 
 

While the crafts and other goods are on the inside of the market, the produce, flowers, and meats are generally sold on the pavements and alleys surrounding the building.Address: Ben Thanh Market, Le Loi St., Dist.1

 
 

Right outside the Ben Thanh Market on Le Loi Circle is the statues of General Tran Nguyen Han, a 15th-century warrior. The Circle is a busy roundabout for traffic.

Address: Le Loi Blvd.

 

ANOTHER ALTERNATIF

Bus Station HCM city

Getting to Ho Chi Minh City: By bus

If you take a bus, you will end up at one of the following bus stations:

Cho Ben Thanh Bus Station – This is right in the centre of HCMC, in walking distance of the tourist sites and accomadation

8.jalan kaki kelbali ke phi Vu hotel kurang lebih 15 menit liwat taman.9. jam 12.00  setelah mandi, check out dari hotel., titip koper dan jalan pasar Cho Ben Thant sampai jam 15.00  10. jam 15.00 .naik taxi ke Air port sampai jam 15.30 , By a ticket Vietnam Airlines di intrenationakl airport than so nhat from  Hanoi to Vientine Laos before  check In flight to Hue 11.. Jam 18.30 wib departure to  Hue by flight Vietnam airlines( tiket sudah dibeli liwat internet di Jakarta ).12. Jam  19.30 arrive hue

13By taxi to  Hue , Hong Thien Hotel 2 (US$17,-), Hue address: 35/6 Chu Van An Road Hue 054(sudah dibeli liwat internet di Jakarta),taxi expensive 400.000 Dong(US$20) and by the Hue perfume river, emperor tomb and citadel tour tikects and night sleeping bus to HanoiIII.HARI KETIGA  (THE THIRD  Day )

1.pagi jalan sekitar hotel(walking around hotel)

 

 

2.7.30 AM. Tour to  perfume river  , Annam  Emperor Tomb Tu Duc, Minh Mang an

Khai Dinh Tomb

 

3.Hari keTIGA MALAM  (THIRD day,  18 june )

HUE-HONAI BY NIGHT Sleeping Bus ,12 hours arrive Hanoi the other days at 6.00 AM.

IV.HARI KEEMPAT PAGI.(19 june)

1.At. 6.00 AM ARRIVE HANOI by night sleeping bus , and taxi TO Hotel area NEAR hoan kiem lake,Hotel Nam Putao. ,aksing the ticket for Hanoi city tour. and wnet to franciscus xaverius cathedral beside the hotel

 

  • 2.at  8.30 AM Hanoi CVity Tour:1) Hanoi Bigger Lake

2) Hanoi Vietnam ethnic museum

3)Ho Chi Minh Museoleum (We cannot enter  because too many visitors)

4)Lunch et Lonely Planet restaurant

5)around the hoan kiem lake

6) back to Hotel

7) 6.30 PM walking around hoan kiem lake ner Nam Phoung Hoyel whe we stayed.

HARI KE 5(20 Juni)

1.HANOI-VIENTINE BY Vietnam aerlines one hours(8.00_9.00) , arrive  Vientiene.at airport by ticket to Siem riep by Laos airline tomorrow.and also by some postcard with stamps at airport post office

2. By taxi from airport to  Vientine US$7.- (US 1.-=3000 Kiep) only 15 minutes, to Guest House hotel ,info from the Laos Airlines officer.

3.arrive Guest House Hotel,asking taxi for city tours.

 

 

 

 

 

4. city tour by taxi ,US 15,-

1)Vientine museum

2) Temple

3) Vientiene morning market

4) 40 kim from vientine to look contemporary bigger Buddha statue , near the border between Thailand and Laos.

5)Monument Laos

6)back to Vientiene Morning market

HARI KE 6 (21Juni)

Vientiene Laos via Pakse laos to Siem Riep by Laos Aoirline,the ticket buy at vientiene airport.

 

arrived siem riep airport 9.00 Pm, by taxi ,15 menit arrive Siem riep,stayed at Angkor Wat Hotel, and the by the same taxi we went to Angkor Wat temple

 

 

 

 

 

 

, and the angkor ancient city

 

 

 

 

the 8th day:(22 June) From SIEMRIEP  to Phon Phen

by traVEL CAR(12 PASSENGER) AT MORNING  8.00 -arrived phnom phen 11.00 AM.

 

  •  
  •  
  •  

Hari ke 9(23Juni)

Depature from Pnom phen Cambodia to Ho chi minh city BY BUS  six hours, arrive HCM city 3.00 PM back to Phivu hotel, then went to cho Ben Than market, get information about HCM city Tours, and booking via hotel for Bac Gia and Vinlong Mekong Delta tour tomorrow morning.

 

Hari ke 8. Ho Chi Minh City ( june,24th)

  • Bac Gia and Vinlong Mekong Delta tour,AMIZING TOUR  by bus 1 1/2 hour, by boat and small canoe to bac gia look the village producing  traditional cake and lunch village food and fruit, then by boat to Vinlong city
  • at Mekong Delta.

Hari ke 9

25 juni ,Sabtu

1) morning

  • (1) War Remnant Ho chi minh city Museum
  • to Remant vietnam war museum look my profile in the front of museumalso the war remmant at the left

then  walking to Pasteur street

Đường – Pasteur – Street

 

 

 

  • (2) Shopping Cho Ben Than Market
  • (3) Antique hunting market near saigon bus station
  • (4) Ho Chi Mint art Museum

2) Depature from Hcm city by airoplane back home to   Jakarta Indonesia

 

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

KISAH PERTUALANGAN DrIWAN LILY AND SONS(WANLISON)

INI ADALAH CONTOH BUKU ELEKTRONIK DALAM CD-ROM KREASI Dr IWAN TANPA ILLUSTRASI

THIS IS THE SAMPLE OF Dr IWAN CD-ROM E-BOOK WITHOUT ILLUSTRATIONS

THE COMPLETE CD WITH ILLUSTRATION EXIST,TO GET IT PLEASE SUBSCRIBED VIA COMMENT WITH UPLOAD YOUR ID COPY.

The Adventure Of

 

Wanlison

Iwan Lily @ Sons

Around the World To see or get

THE RARE COLLECTIONS

Part two

Created By

Dr Iwan Suwandy

Special For WANLISON FAMILY

Copyright@2013

 

 

Korea adventure

Korea Unique Collection(Intro)

 

Dr Iwan Travel unique collectio(Kisah perjalanan) in Korea

will be illustrated with some photos during I joined My wife Lily W.MM as official Indonesia Health and medical record federation(Formiki) t joined the inetrnational federation Record orgnational meeting at COEX building Seoul Korea June 2006 with another delegation.

(look at Our famiy photo at Namu island where many Korean love stroy film were shooting). I am not joined the meeting, during the delegation joined the meeting

 I have made the uniquecollection hunting around Seoul about six days from flea market Insaodng to the Uniquecollection shop -Nam Dai Moon market n order to find the Korea unique collections, because ery difficult to find in Indonesia, my first Korea Stamps and reveneu were found in 1974 from an old chineseman collections, after camehome to Jakarta

 

I found another Korea unique collection including Book,stamps,revenue and another type of collection and put in this blog. I am sorry that many false written because I write by my laptop straight to the internet via wordpress facility, but I think the collectors will understand and be patient if the ther information not to fast , many info everyday I put alone according with collector’s choice, minimal two new information will put in the blog,please send your comment and your collector choice via comment or my e-mail ,Greatings fromDr iwan S.@copyright Dr Iwan S-2010.another info this day was the next Chinese Unique Collections.

 

In the Front of International children Book exhibition at Namu Island, I have seen many children book fromall over the world, very lucky I have found some old vintage Koren book at the Book flae market beside the exhibition room, the unique book about Koren ceramic, and the history of Koren Christian with many illustration . This unique book illustration will put in my Blog”uniquecollection.wordpress.com” with another vintage book i have found at Insadong seoul flea market ,please choose the best collection to put in IMUC cybermuseum.

 

 

me and the traditional korean children statue in the front of International Children book exhabition at nami Island, I joined the Indonesian embassy delegation by bus to showed the Indonesian traditional art dancing and song at the exhibition.

 

 

Dr Iwan S inthe front of ancient Nam Dai Moon(South Great Gate) Seoul , beside this monument I found Nam Dai Moon market, two days I am seeking the unique collection shop because at the Insadong flea market I didn’t found the collection, at the end I found under the ground between this market and seoul Post Office.

 

 

During this Indonesian Helath and medical record Federation(FORMIKI) Dr Iwan S. joined aparrt beside his wife -the President of that organization in the meeting of IFRO -International Federation Of Record Organization meetin at COEX building, also DR Gemala Hatta and Siswati M>Kes -the past president and two another delegation, we stayed at Indonesian Embassy Guest House “Wisma Indonesia” about one weeks, one night after came to Seoul Dr Iwan S and his Wife walked around and came to very beautiful Bridge shining with thousand lamp across the Han River-look the photo. I want to send my thank verymuch to all the Indonesian embessy man who gave us very well and free friendly Indonesian tour to nami island by bus. During the official FORMIKI leader joint the conference, I have made the Unique collections hunting around Seoul from Insadong flea market to Nam Dai Mon Market , I found many Stamps , revenue,coins and phonecard ‘s shops at underground between Nam Dai moon market and Seoul Post office. The best unique collection wer found during this travelling will put in the blog ,the complete informations read at Dr Iwan Travelling Unqie Collection(Kisah Pedjalan Dr Iwan)@Copyright Dr Iwan S.2011

 

 

 

The Adventure Of Driwan

China tour

Introductions

 

 

Dr Iwan S. at the middle of chinese great wall, I have finish until the top and i could a special great wall medal. This illustration with another below were for the collector who read “Dr Iwan Travel Unique collection(Kisah perjalanan Dr Iwan)”. Not many unique collection found during my visit China in 2008 Xianmen and Beijing, my friend told me the coolections many at Shanghai and foochow (I didn’t visit), but during my visit south china (Nanning) from Hanoi by train and back by Bus I found some Chinese Nationalist Medal and Mao Cultural revolution medal,poster and book. The collection will showed with my collection found in the Chineseoverseas and Tionghoa ethic area in Indonesia in this blog look at Chinese Unique Collection (Cultural revolution), Chinese Postal History (rare stamps), Artefact Ceramic (Yuan/Ming) etc.@copyright Dr iwan S.2010.

 

Dr Iwan S at the bottom of the great wall.

 

 

My profile at Empress Szu Chi Qing Dynasty summer palace. all the collection fromthi spalace will showed at this blog “China Unique collection (Qing dynasti imperial ceramic/painting etc)

 

 

My profile at the China emperor palace in the forbidden city, all imperial collection will showed at “China Unique collection(Imperial ceramic/picture”

 

 

My profile in the front of Forbidden city with Mao photo.

 

 

My profile in the front of Bird’s nest olympic games Beijing 2008, some memorabilia of the olypic Beijing will showed in this blog “Chinese Unique collection(memorabillia Beijing Olypic games 2008)

 

 

One of the qing Emperor religious was Budha lama tibet, I joined with another Lama Budha praying for the healty lng life, happyness and mercy to all collectors in the world ( I am chriastian , but I think no problem to pray hear for our future life)

 

 

My profile at Templeof heaven Beijing, this temple during Ming and QIng dynasty only used by the emperor of China to prayed. All the collection in this temple will showed at “China Unique Collection (Imperial ceramic /Pictures etc)

 

 

From Quanzhou (Tjiang Tjioe) Bus station (look photo below) by taxi I went to the very exciting Pagoda temple with many ancient statue collection, old wooden tree (400 years old) , look my profile in the Kaiyuan temple gate, all the ancient collections will showed in my blog “Chinese unique collection(ancient statue)”

 

 

Walked fron the Kaiyuan temple to the left and from here at least i saw my grandpa home area, the old Hokian House same with in indonesia chinese area(Tionghoa), in my Granpa homeland I found some interesting collections like vintage mao era ID, the Cultural revolution books,near same I found during visit at nanning -south china fromHanoi I cann’t show nanning photo because i took video theremay be if wordpress gave me facility the Video fromHanoi and Nanning will put in the blog. I am very happy to came the area where my grandpa was born, tall my family this our grandpa city (he called Tjiangtjioe)

 

 

After asking many times at Xianmen(Amoy) city, at least I came to my grandpa homeland by bus from Xiamen to Quanzhou( before called by grandpa Tjiangtjioe, from this city many Indonesian ‘s Fukien or Hokian by ship went to Indonesia . I am seeking my Grandpa home area near the kaiyuan temple by Taxi. Many native Chinese have wrong interpretation when I asked them, they always say Guanzhou or Canton in the south.

 

 

Namputao temple xianmen (before Szemin, Emui or Amoy)

 

 

Dr Iwan Advanture at Forbidden City and Summer Palace Baijing 2008

THE CHINESE IMPERIAL PALACE AT BEIJING

info@copyright Dr Iwan S 2010

 

 

In the front of Ming-Qing Palace 2008

FORBIDDEN CITY

(1) The Forbidden city Gate

 

(2) The Ming-Qing Palace Gate

 

(3) The Palace field area

 

(3a) The Palace Museum

 

 

 

 

 

(4) The Copper and Iron Vats

 

 

The Gate of Palace

 

 

Palace Museum

 

Palace Museum info

 

Copper&Iron Vats info

 

Chillin copper vats

 

 

Turtle copper vats

 

Bird Copper vats

 

 

 

INcense Burner

 

 

Imperial dragon staircase

 

The hall of Supreme Harmony

 

Supreme Harmony hall info

 

The field of Supreme hall

 

The Roof of Supreme Hall

 

The Wall’s tiles of Supreme Hall

 

The Window of Supreme Harmony Hall

 

The Door Of Supreme Harmony Hall

 

Sundial (Ri Gui) info

 

Sundial (Ri Gui)

 

Central Harmony info

 

Hall of Central Harmony

 

Preserved Harmony info

 

Hall of Preserved Harmony

 

Heavenly Purity info

 

The Palace of Heavenly Purity

 

Heavenly Purity info

 

The Hall of Union and Peace

 

Union and Peace info

 

The Magic Door

 

The Magic door info

 

The Imperial Garden

 

Imperial garden info

 

Branch interlocked info

 

The Branch Interlocked

 

Crimson Snow info

P

av.of Crimson Snow

 

Pav. of Spring Seasons

P

av. of Ten Thousand info

 

Floating Greenary info

 

Pav. of Floating Greenary

 

Hill of Elegance info

 

Hill of Accumulated Elegance

 

Platycladus garden info

 

Platycladus Orientalis garden

 

Shenwu gate info

 

Gate of Devine Prowers

 

Good By Forbidden City

 

 

 

2. THE EMPRESS XI-CI SUMMER PALACE

 

 

Summer Palace Introduction

 

The gate of Summer Palace

 

The God of Longevity info,the stone brought from Morgan Garden(now inside Peking University), When the summer Palace was being reconstructed in 1886.This rock,buck,stone in shaped like God of Longevity hance its name.

 

The stone of the Longevity’s god

 

Hall of Longevity info

 

Guidance Map

 

Garden of harmony info

 

Garden of Harmony

 

The Eastren Varanda Info,precious d jujyi and high ranking offosix used to which to jing sper face of instation of Empress Dowager Cuxi  of the Qing court are displayed.

 

Eastern Veranda

 

Grand stage info

 

Grand Stage

 

 

Hall of Nourishing Pleasure(Yile Dian)info.

Built during Emperor Guangxu’s reign (1875-1908),this hall was used as a theater for the Empress Dowager to watch Beijing Opera.Her throne was placed in the center of the hall

 

 

Hall of Nourisly Pleasure

 

hall of jade info.During quarters for Emperor Guangxu while he was in the Summer Palace.Emperor submission to the throne and conduct court affair in the central room,which desk made of red sandalwood is with eaglewood,glass screens decorated. And fare made of emerald green feathers of symbols of imperial power.Emperor Guangxu summoned Yuan Sinkai,who then had control over an imperial,in hope Yuan would support his reforms.The room in the emperor bedroom.

 

Hall of Jade Riples

 

Yiyun Hall info

 

Yiyun Hall at the Top

 

Yiyun Hall info

 

Yiyun Hall

 

Chang lang info

 

Long coridor Summer palace

 

The Summer Palace lake 2008

 

  Dr IWAN ADVENTUR IN SOUTH CHINA

INTRODUCTIONS

Kisah Pertualangan Dr Iwan S.
@copyright Dr Iwan S. 2010

A.Dr Iwan S. Notes (Catatan )
This story was CREATED FROM THE INFORMATIONS AND COLLECTION WERE FOUND DURING Dr Iwan S. adventured in South China , the first visit 2007 and the lattest visit 2010.(Kisah pertualangan dengan illustrasi koleksi yang ditemui berdasarkan kunjungan pertama 2007 and terakhir 2010).
This story and illustrations were dedicated to my friend from Dutch during first visit Namning by train and bus from Hanoi, and the lattest visit by flight frm Jakarta to GuanZhou, and by bus to ZhngQing, HangZhao-Guillin-Yangshuo-HeZhou-Wuzhuo-GuanZhou-by flight to Jakarta.
Thankyou very much to all my travelling friend ,the Dutch man, and the lattest adventure Mr Heri with all his family Mr Sasmita, Panteksta priest, Heris wife,son and daughter, Mr Kurn and wife from Bandung also Miss Lily A. with her grandma, Mr sony, also Mr new friend from bandung, Mr Alimin from Palembang , Mrs Sonya and her husband, etc. without them I cannot finished my adventure in the Crwn cave.
I will write the story with the illustrations of landscape and collection which found during the adventure.

.

 

I.PART ONE
THE SOUTH CHINA UNIQUE COLLECTION 2007
1.Dr Iwan S Video collections
Look at the video from Hanoi and Nanning South China during my adventure in 2007 at my facebook iwansuwandy, asked as my friend,jion my group before,and look at the vide there:
(1) The Hanoi landscape Hoan Kiem Hanoi
(2) The Anciet Temple Ngo San Hanoi
(3) The old Indochina building in Hanoi
(4) The Vietnam Independent Day annyversary 2007,Vietnam native patriotic singging and dancing

2. Medal collections found in Nanning 2007
(1) Kumintang Medal
(2) Mao Medal

3. Cultural revolutions Book found at Nanning and my collections found in Indonesia., look also the video of the collections in my facebook

4 Mao Postal history found in Indonesia and Ma cultural revolution stamps from cultural revolution stamps catalogue 1979, also look the video of my rare mao era stamps at my facebook.iwansuwandy
(1) Mao Era Stamps found in Indonesia

 

 

 

 

(2)Postal History from China to Indnesia 1953

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3)Mao Cultural revolution stamps book illustration

(from Vintage catalgue 1970)

 

Very rare error printing

China Is Red,but Taiwan forgoten


 



 

5. The vintage Heaven money found in Indonesia, Vietnam and china.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

II.PART TWO
THE SOUTH CHINA UNIQUE COLLECTIONS 2O1O

1. THE GUILLIN UNIQUE COLLECTIONS

(1) The Guillin and realted area Rocks collections

 

(1a) The Phenix bird design rock

 

(1b) The Dog design rock

(1c) The Clown design Rock

(1d) The Fish design Rock


 

(1d) The Guillin Hill design Rock

(2) The Native Guillin Ballet Acrbatic show (entre card label)



 

(3) The Original Chinese ID during Mao era 1953

 

(a) The Cover with red star


 

 

 

(b) the inside of ID card
(b1) Mao Picture BW.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b3)identity but picture off change with Miao picture

 

 

 

(b4) Official PRChina Red Stamped

 

 

 

 

 

(b2)native photo (miao ethnic)


 

 

 

(4)The Lottery label with Guillin Landscape pictures
During visit HeZhou I found Lottery label with Guillin landscape hill pictures,.

 

(a)The elephent Hill,the Symbol of Guillin City


(b)Interesting Hill in the Guillin City


 

 

 

(c)Guillin three lake and three river, we cruise at the night to see the pagoda, anciet bridge,red bridge and the Miao capture the fish

with eagle duck

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(d) The Guillin hill


(e) The Guillin Night Antique Market beside the Hotel where I fund repro fake medal and a original Chinese bonds.

 

(5) Mao Medals
The vintage repro fake medals compare with the original one
from cultural revlolution Book illustrations.

(a) original Mao medal book illustrations

 

 

(b) Vintage repro fake Mao medal found in Guillin antique market 2010.


 


 

 

 

 

 

2. THE SOUTH CHINA UNIQUE LABEL COLLECTIONS
During my visit South China in 2010, I have found the unique lottery , promtin label and related picture at Zhong Qing and HeZhou which show the informatif picture of turrisme sites.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.1 THE MOTHER OF DRAGON TEMPLE AT WUZHOU LABEL PROMOTION PICTURES

 

 

 


The Mother of Dragon was the mother of Chinese emperor, the statue at the top of ,very difficult to take the picture, but the Label will show us the Mother still in Younger profile look below





 

 

 

 

(3)THE MOTHER OF DRAGON STATUE
The statue situated at the top of Hill, very difficult to take this picture, we must climb the hill with thousand circle staircase, I cannot climb the hill also my wife, very lucky I found this Label promotion which clear picture of the statue, one of our frien MR Sonny have climbed the Hill and take the potrait, I hope he will send the picture to my facebook later.

 

 

 


 

 

(4) THE PRAYING CEREMONY AT THE MOTHER OF DRAGON TEMPLE
The praying ceremony lead by a Budhist monk and at the praying table a Bigger Ming Imperial Cup, the native chinese people praying.

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5) HE ZHOU HAEVEN MONEY COLLECTIONS
During Back from Guillin, at He Zhou city market , I found the modern Chinese Heaven Money , credit card, handphone, House,Flight , Ship heaven collections which burn in order to send to new life of ancetors, Illustrated only heaven Credit card and heaven Money, the compleet collections will written and illustrated with the other Heaven Money have found in Indonesia,Vietnam, and Nanning IN CAPTION ,THE HEAVEN MONEY AND REALTED COLLECTIONS.

 

He Zhou Heaven Money

 

 

He Zhao Heaven Credit Card collections

(2) The Lottery Label,entre card label and picture photo of The Crown Cave.

(a) The Photo of Indonesian Tourist in the Crown cave

(a1)Row left
Heri Father and mother(Mr Sasmit and wife), Sonny wife and mother etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(a2)Row Center
Lily A grandma, Sonny wife.etc

 

 

 

 

 

 

(a3)Row Left.
The tour leader and the Boss, Heri , My Wife Lily W. and Lily A (with her grandma), behind Mrs Sonya with Husband, The panteksta Priest (father in Law of Heri) with amizing landscape.

 

 


(b) The Lottery Label and entre card of Crown Cave
the picture of Amizing cave, enter by sliding car on the rel, climbing thousand staircase, many beautiful stone and stallactite , also in the Cave there were the river inside the cave and we can cruise.also the waterfalls.

 

To enter the cave with sliding car on the rel with private stiring upward rem and downward made faster, many didnot now how to handle which made many Slidding car stop and the car was pushed the front car, I suggest before used the slidiing car better have the practise before

(3) The label and postcard of the Impression Lie San Jie Show.
The lottery label found at He Zhou and the Postcard found at Guillin.

 

(a) Native Etnic Guillin Miao picture postcard
The Etnic Miao some of the 600 dancers in the impression Lie San Jie show, the traditination hair washer and catching the fish with their eagle duck.
(the photo of the show look at part III. Yang Zhuo)

 

(b) Yang Shou Impression Liu San Jie show card
(look the photo of this show below at part III)

 

 

(4) He Zhou city emblem Fubo Hill label picture
The label loterry with the famous city emblem Fubo Hill picture (look at part III the landscpae photo my profile in the front of Fubo Hill below)

 

(5) Native Chinese picture on Label Collections
During my adventure in He Zhou, I have found several Lottery with native Pictures, the China Turisme were used the lottery for label promtions, This were the first report @copyright Dr Iwan S. 2010.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Zhong Qing Local Phonecard Collections
During my adventure in Zhng Qing,tw hurs by bus frm Canton(nw Guan Zhou) beside the admizing landscape the star lake, I have found unique local phonecard :

(1) Native Dancer local zhong Qing Phonecard

 

 

 

 

(2) Zhong Qing Hotel promotional Phonecard

 

 

 

 

 

 

II. The Exciting Landscape

1.THE GUILLIN EXCITING LANDSCAPES
(1) The Guillin lake cruiser

(2) The Guillin million Hill

2.THE CROWN CAVE OF YANG SHUO

THE IMPRESSION LIE SAN JIE AT YANG SHUO
The spectacular on river and 12 hill background show of Impression Lie San Jie creted by Zhang Yi Mou (he have creted the Beijing lympic games show 2008) with the best light and music background used the 600 native Dancer like Miao etc, the light played made the very exciting moving, the dancer with native gown. The story about a native lady with the native bamboo ship(rakit) went to met his husband, she float over the fisherman just catching the fish, and before met his husband she and many friends bathing undress, and washed her hair (they nly wash their hair three time ,fist during born , wed-ding and died). One fairy lady dancing on the moon, also show the native catching the fish with the special duck bird, and other native works, the stadium near the river , during small raining, the picture still could took by the best camera. Please look some of the pictures below.

 

 

3.THE SHI BA SUI WATERFALL AT HEZOU
The common waterfall was decorated with Handmade lake, beautiful and clean road to the waterfall which made the exciting landscape . the clever decrated area must be copy by many countries like Indonesia where more exciting waterfall still in the riginalsituations the same with another place , if the landscape were ddecrated like the picture below , I think will be more beautiful an interesting area.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.THE TEMPLE OF DRAGON’S MOTHER AT WUZHOU
The temple of the mother of China Emperors Prince Crown was from Wu Zhou, in this temple there were the Statue of the China Empires Prince Crown during the ancient Emprire Before Christ, at the top of the hill beside the Yuanyang River was the Dragons Mother statue. Dragon was the symbols of the China Emperor, I think She was a concubine and his son became the crwn prince because the Empress didnot have the sons (the same as the Empress Dwager Xi Cie). Look at the paintings and the monument below (the Mother and crown prince will illustrated at the unique collections from WuZhou.

 

 

 

 

 

5.YUE XIU PARK GUANZHOU
This beautiful and exciting park sitatuated at YueXiu Hill in the Guan Zhou (before Canton), consist seven hill, three builded Lake and The Goat Statue of Guan Zhou city emblem ,look at that city emblem photo illustrations below.

 

 

 

 

B.THE LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

a. The First Adventure to South China 2007 (from Hanoi to Nanning)

1.Nanning and Langson friendly Border Map

2.Video

(1) Hanoi before and after back to Hanoi (look at my facebook iwansuwandy in the uniquecollection Blog Collectors Group and Asian uniquecollectins discussion Group.

(2).Video Nanning(look at my facebook)

3. Uniquecollections
(1) Mao Unique Collections
(a) Mao Medals
(b) Mao Coins
(c) Mao Stamps
(d) Vintage Cultural Revolution Books

(2) Ancinet Collections

(3) Modern Collections

II. The Adventure to Guillin and related area

1. The HudZhao City emblem Hill

2. The Guillin Million Hill

3. The Guillin Thousand Cave

4. The Guillin Shahu and Ringhu lake

5 The Guillin Modern traditional Dance

6. The Guillin city emblem Elephent Hill

7.The Crown Cave

8. The River traditional opera at the Lie river at Yangshou (600 native people like Miao and Yao
impression Liu San Jie dancing on the traditional bamboo ship which float n the Lie river with original 12 hill at the background, arrangement by Zhang Yi Mou ,who was made the Beijing Olympic Games 2008 arrangement show (the video look at my facebook)

III. The Adventure to Guanzhou and related area

1. The Sunset at Star lake ZhngQing

2. The GuanZhou city emblem, Goat Hill

3. Unique Collections
(1)Map
(2)Vintage Books Illustration (found at Canton ,nw GuanZhou)
(a)Rare Papermoney collections (Ming &Qing)
(3).Rare Ceramic illustrations
(4).Rare Jade Collections
(5) Rare Ancient Collections

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Driwan Adventure  in Korea

Namu Island

will be illustrated with some photos during I joined My wife Lily W.MM as official Indonesia Health and medical record federation(Formiki) in order visit  the international federation Record organizational meeting at COEX building Seoul Korea June 2006 with another delegation. look at my profile and wife   photo at Namu island *001

*001

The namu Island very popular and where many Korean love story film were shooting, the letest info that the film actor  was homesuicide.oh so pity .

hall.   We went with the Indonesian Embessy team which be making an Indonesia Day show at the The International Children Book exhibition in the Namu Island, look the picture in the front of the exhibiiton buiding *002.

.

*002

In the Front of International children Book exhibition at Namu Island, I have seen many children book from all over the world, very lucky I have found some old vintage Korean book at the Book flae market beside the exhibition room, the unique book about Korean ceramic*004, and the history of Korean Christian*005 with many illustration . In this exhibition I found many vintage  korean books  and also at Insadong seoul flea market ,.

 

Look at my profile with   the traditional korean children statue*006 in the front of International Children book exhabition at nami Island, I joined the Indonesian embassy delegation by bus to showed the Indonesian traditional art dancing and song at the exhibition.

 

 

*006

I am not joined the IFRO meeting, during the delegation joined the meeting I have made the adventure aslone with public bus  in order to hunting the uniquecollection  around Seoul about six days from flea market Insadong I found an ancient handwritten Chines overseas Korean handwritten book *006

After two day seeking the   Uniquecollection shop , at least I found at Nam Dai Moon(nam means south ,Dai means great ,Moon mean gate) market look at my profile at that gate (moon)*007

*007

,  at  Underground the road between Nam dai Mon and the The Korean Bank Museum.,  I found the Korea phillatelic collection, postal used cover and dai nipppon military Cover which  very difficult to find in Indonesia

, my first Korea Stamps and reveneu were found in 1974 from an old chineseman collections*008

 

 

.

 

 

During this Indonesian Helath and medical record Federation(FORMIKI) Dr Iwan S. joined aparrt beside his wife -the President of that organization in the meeting of IFRO -International Federation Of Record Organization meetin at COEX building, also DR Gemala Hatta and Siswati M.Kes -the past president and two another delegation, we stayed at Indonesian Embassy Guest House “Wisma Indonesia” about one week. At  night after came to Seoul I   and my Wife walked around and came to very beautiful Bridge shining with thousand lamp across the Han River-look the photo*009 *009 .

hank verymuch to all the Indonesian embessy man who gave us very well and free friendly Indonesian tour to Nami island by bus. During the official FORMIKI leader joint the conference, I have made the Unique collections hunting around Seoul from Insadong flea market to Nam Dai Mon Market , I found :

Driwan Adventure In Sarawak,Brunei and North Borneo(Sabah)

THE ADVENTURE OF Dr IWAN AT BORNEO 2008

Posted on July 15, 2010 by iwansuwandy

UHI-UNIQUE hERITAGE iNFO-FREE INFO@COPYRIGHT dR IWAN S 2010,iwansuwandy.wordpress.com

 

*ill The Kapuas river near Pontianak flea market*ill,

 

 

 

during my duty in 1990-1994, I found many small uniquecollection object like chine cermic-pipe, jade, artifact ceramic, coins when the hot nonraining dry seasons we could walking in the beach of that river, but in my last visit no collection found anymore because all that area were clean.

 

 

*ill After back to Pontianak by bus fromKuching Sarwak I stay one night and the last day of the journey 6.00 AM by citycar (oplet) I went alone to the Pontianak flea Market near Kapuas river*ill , I found unique collections Montrado and other kongsi Local chinese Kongsi tin coins(Cash coin) , and very rare James Brooke 1/2 cent 1841 coin (now put in Blog as Aung Aung rare sarawak coin), 12.00 AM Dr Sugeng Specialist Orthopaedi ex my younger medical doctor staff during my duty as the chief of WestBorneo helath and Medical National Police 1980-1994 during this time I have visit Kuching several time and found many interesting unique collection to put inblog. He came with the latest chief of Health and medical Police West borneo Dr Priok, after seeing the Police Hospital I builded in 1990-1994, many development and nostalgia for me to meet my ex staff there, Thank You very much Dr Priok and Dr Sugeng for your very kind helping me during my long journey in 2008. Dr Sugeng you always remember me during your first job at west borneo when I guided you to Sintang job with my car .I hope you will success in the future.

 

 

*ill  After stay one night at Kuching, Mr Chan took me around Kuching, the photo of Chinese temple near uniquecollection shop*ill , where I found some unique coolection during my first visit 1994 and in this visit only found not much, Mr Chan please apoligized me because to long waiting and not on time because the shop not open must waiting, from here at 12.00 AM the journey continieu by Bus to Pontinak cross the border 4.00 PM and came to Pontiank 8.00 PM. THankyou verymuch Mr Chan for your very kind and phillatelic friendly help to me, I hope one day you will came to Jakarta during International Phillatelix exhibition and I will take you around.my greetings also to the other Sarawak Phillatelist Dr Francis H.H.Ngu.

 

 

*ill *ill labuan poster of boat transportation from labua to Kotakinibalu and Muara brunei. After continue long journey from jakarta to Pontianak by flight to Pontianak and frome here at night 9 PM by bus to the village near the entikong border rest a while 4.00-6.00 PM at restaurant to wait the border open, I starting again 6.00 PM cross the Entikong border gate throung Indonesian immigration-Malaysia immigration , the journey by road about four hours came at Kuching Sarawak Bus Station out the city and by Taxi I went the Kuching Post Office in August.31st.2008 Malaysia Independence day, when I am asking the Malaysia Stamps catalogue at the Phillatelic section of the postoffice I met Mr Chan Kee Tex -vicepresident Sarawak Specialist,s Association ,ex the Kuching Postmaster, He took me around with his BMW car around sight seeing, no uniquecollection,s shop open this day, Mr Chan Suggest me to continue my journey by Bus at 4.00 PM to Miri in the next day 6.00 AM from there by non official Toyota Kijang car cross the brunei border to see the very clean and modern rich country Brunei, I travel around Brunei and the capital city Bandar Sribengawan look at sultan Bolkiah out of his Palace until 2.00 PM ,the journey continue from the ferry Port by the speed ferry boat about one hours to Labuan (ex victoria city) ,looke at the ferry Brunei-Labuan ephemera, In Brunei I didn,t found the Uniquecololection shop /fleamarket, no bus and Motorbike here,the continue jouney read below.

 

 

*ill  After stay one night in Labuan Island port (ex vixtoria city, the British Borneo Gouvernor General office there before the World War II), beautiful city with excellent and exciting sea side and seafood, thank you to the Malaysia-Indian man who helpme during seeking the Hotel and also the Hotelman who helme to contact me Wife by Malaysia Phonecard, I didin’t fine any uniquecollection shop or flee market there, early in the morning I take a photo of my two bags in the front of Labuan Ferry port*ill to continue my journey by Speedferry boat to Kota Kinibalu Sabah (before jesseltown North Borneo) about four hours.

 

 

*ill KK  After long journey by speedferry boat from Labuan island I came at the KK(kota Kinibalu) Sabah (before JesseltownNorth Borneo), the photo was the gate of KK Port*ill KK , from here by taxi to the very nice city , I stayed here three days for unique collections hunting and I found some unique collections at KK PLaza like MR Chan kee Tex suggestme , stampd dom and also at the other place some best collections will illustrated , the complete information read at Sarawak Unque collection in this blog

THE END@copyright Dr IWANS 2010.

Sabah Labuan adventure

Introductions

August,31rth.2010 at 2.00 PM ,the journey continue from the ferry Port by the speed ferry boat about one hours to Labuan (ex victoria city) ,looke at the ferry Brunei-Labuan ephemera, In Brunei I didn,t found the Uniquecololection shop /fleamarket, no bus and Motorbike here,the continue jouney read below.

 

After stay one night in Labuan Island port (ex vixtoria city, the Brtish Borneo Gouvernor General office there before the World War II), beautiful city with excellent and exciting sea side and seafood, thank you to the Mlayasia-Indian man who helpme during seeking the Hotel and also the Hotelman who helme to contact me Wife by Malaysia Phnecard, I didin’t fine any uniquecollection shop or flee market there, early in the morning I take a photo of my two bags in the front of Labuan Ferry port to continue my journey by Speedferry boat to Kota Kinibalu Sabah (before jesseltown North Borneo) about four hours.

 

After long journey by speed ferry boat from Labuan island I came at the KK(Kota  Kinibalu) Sabah (before Jesseltown North Borneo), the photo was the gate of KK Port, from here by taxi to the very nice city , I stayed here three days for unique collections hunting and I found some unique collections at KK Plaza like MR Chan kee Tex suggest me ,and  Stampdom stamp trade at the from of Air Asia office  at another plaza and also at the other place some best collections will illustrated .

Look some pictures from Kota Kinibalu. And  the North Borneo and sabah , also Labuan Postal History arrange from My collections and other friend collections.

 

Jakarta September 2011

 

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

.

@copyright Dr Iwan  S.  2011

 

 

 

The North Borneo Postal History

1883 2c red

 

 

The typical first issued north borneo was the negative printing of north borneo.,no postage and revenue.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Very rare Imperfect between

 

 

1883 50 cent first serial

 

 

1883(june)

overprint 8 cent on 2c first issued

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The   Overprint eight cents

 

Used on fragment CDS Sandakan

 

 

 The largest multiple block eight

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1883(july)

 perf 12 4c and 8c

 

 

 

Used cds sandakan 1892

 

 

 

1886(September)

overprinted” and/revenue”

 

1886(September)

Surcharge 3 cents

 

 

 

Invert overprint 5 cents 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1886-1887 ISSUED

 

The second series indentification negative printing postage north borneo.

Used CDS Sandakan

 

 Used 12 thin line tumb postmark bar

 

 

Original 12 thin line thumb CDS on British north Borneo Postage (second series 1886-1887) please information this CDS from what city?. All the rare North Borneo stamps found in Indonesia from senior collector , one from Sumatra and two from Java.@Copyright Dr Iwan S.2011.

The stamp in the 1st picture is the 1886-87 (third version). The postmark has 13 bars (rather than 12 as you noted) with some obscured mark at the lower right corner. This may indicate postal use and is quite consistent with Sandakan town. In general the stamp is fairly common with CTO mark but sufficiently rare if it’s postally used.

Thr typical of the third definitive issued was the negative printing British noreth borneo at top and Postage and revenue at bottom.

.

 

Another thin line thumb podtmark

 

Used CDS  sandakan

 

Sandakan CDS 5 Jan (year ?) on British North Borneo second edition compare with the first editionabove. I hope the expert of Sarawak Speciaiist association will kind to comment my opinion on the rare North Borneo stamps. Thank You very much.

 

The 3rd picture shows a red postmark on blue 10 cents stamp of 1888-92 edition. The stamp itself is quite common but the postmark is quite difficult to find. Unfortunately, the postmark on the stamp is not very clear, and therefore, would not increase its value significantly

 

Rare red CDS Sandakan 3.8.1898 on British North Borneo Postage Revenue , please comment this CDS original or CTO ? I think original.

 

 

Be careful many fakes stamps like this with soft or dark color with CDS sold at KK-Kota Kinibalu, compare with the guinine overprint stamps below and non overprint with original CDS above.

 

Driwan Adventure In Mentawai Island

(Silabu north Pagai)

1970

 

 

 

FRAME SATU : PENDAHULUAN(INTRODUCTIONS)

1. Kisah pertualangan Dr Iwan Ke Pagai UtaraDi kepulauan Mentawai 1971(Dr IWAN ADVENTURE AT PAGAI ISLAND 1971).

 

1) english version

Dr Iwan adventure to Pagai Island with small boat “Semangat” fromTeluk Bayur padang city ship port ,starting at afternoon but because the raining and bigger oceoan waves taht night the boat hide at the Cingkuk Island near painan,and one of the student vomining due to the motion sickness, in the next moening the weater more comfertable. Dr Iwan and friend haved “mancing” the bigger tuna fish, and at afternoon after eight hours from cingkuk ilsand the team arrived at Sipora Island, and Kian the moving sickness student dro there, and Dr Iwan and three team dropped at Siakakap at the north pagai Island. After two days one team lead by Dr Iwan as the senior intership Doctor as the lead with two yunior student and one native Silabu north Pagai island cops with the semangat boat which have dropping another team to siberut Island, bring the Dr iwan team via pagai straight between the north and south pagai island, very beutiful journey until came to small dusun at South Pagai (now there were  biggere arthquacueke 7,2 skaca Richter and Tsunami,many people died and loss, President and vice presiden of Republic Indonesia this day visit that location by helicopter from Padang city,  also the POLRI and Indonesian Armed forced by ship get helping persons and foods), after that went to silabu the center village of nothern pagai island Dr iwan didnot want back by Boat because  very afriad og the high and bigger wave of Hindia Ocean, then walk in the rain forest

 

and at leat by native canoe back to sikakap

 

, more detail story read the Dr iwan Adventure in Pagai island at hhtp://www.iwansuwandy.wordpress.com and hhtp://www.uniquecollection.wordpress.com search Dr Iwan Adventures at mentawai island.)

 

2) Indonesian version

Tahun 1971 satu tim mhasiswa Kedokteran bekerja sama dengan bagian parasitlogi berangkat ke Pulaua mentawai untuk survey plasmodium malaria pada pendudk asli disana. Dr iwan saat itu sedang pratek akhir di RS ,bersama satu mahasiswa tingkat III dan satu tingkat I, dikawal oleh seorang polisi suku asli Mentawai asla pagai utara, ,memperoleh tugas ke daerah pagai utara ke desa Silabu. Rombongan terdiri dari  enam tim (18 orang) dan satu rombongan admisnsitrasi berangkat dari Teluk bayurt dengan kapal kecil bernama “Semangat” . baru saja berbunyi tanda bernagkat dari kapal tersebut, seorang anggto tim langsung muntah-muntah bernama Kian (saat ini sudah pensiun dokter kanwil SUMBAR), rternyata malam itu hujan sangat lebat dan gelombang ombak samudra  Indonesia sangat tinggi, sehingga terpaksa berlindung dipulau cingkuk didepan kota Painan di pesisir Selatan Sumbar. Keesokan harinya udara cerah dan banyak kesempatan mancing ikan tuna, tetapi Kian tetap muntah-muntah sehingga terpaksa dsiturunkan di Pulau Sipora, kemudian rombongan berangkat ke desa Sikakap di Pulau Pagai Utara, disana istirahat dua hari sambil makan duren dan ikan pangang,bertemu pastor italia yang sudah lama disana,gereja berada diatas bukit. Kemudian tim Dr Iwan dengan dua teman yang saru Sifudin,dan yang lainnya namanya sudah lupa disebut saja Kamil, dikawal oleh seorang sersan POLRI berasal dari pagai Utara Silabu,namanya juga sudah luap dsiebut saja Sinumbing. Sore hari berangkat dengan kapal semangat meliwati selat anatar pagai utara dan Pagai selatan, mlamnya ke Pagai selatan (saat ini sdedang ada gempa 7.3 skala richter dan tsunami-baca info selanjutnya). Sunggup sangat lucu,keesokan hari kami mendarat di sebuah desa dari tengah lautan, dengan naik perahu penduduk asli tanpa ada cadik -imbnagan ,sehingga sangat labil, hampir seluruh rakyat tertawa terbahak-bahak melihat Dr Iwan sangat takut jatuh terpaksa ambil posisi  duduk selonjor kaki lurus agar tidak jatuh kelaut. Setelah memberikan pengobatan gratis kepada beberapa masyarakat disana, yang anntre karena belum pernah berobat kedokter.

Selanjutnya perjalanan diteruskan menuju Silabu di Pagai Selatan.Gelombang lautan Hindia yang sangat tinggi lebih kurang lima meter, terasa seperti naik jet coster bergelombang dari bawak ketas,sungguh terasa mulai mau mabuk dan badan diikat ketiang kapal agar tidak jatuh. Para kelasi kapal semangat enak saja memancing ikan tengiri dengan ukuran sangat besar.

Sore hari tiba di sebuah pulau kecil di depan muara sungai menuju silabu, sangat banyak nyamuk kecil disana, namanya sinyitnyit. Tiba-tiba terdengar teriakan seperti dalam cerita indian saja, puluhan perahu traditionil menjemput Dr Iwan dengan Tim, rakyat silabu snagat gembira untuk pertamakali bertemu dengan seorang dokter. Menyurut cerita kepala desa silabu,seorang purnawirawan sersan TNI AL, dulu pernah terdampar kapal perang dari eropa, sehingga ada yang menikah disana dan saat ini ditemui beberapa turunannya yang cantik-cantik seperti noni bule, mungkin portugis.Beliau juga bercetita bahwa menurut nenek moyang mereka pulau pagai pernah gempa besar diikuti gelumbang air laut yang sangat besar menhancurkan desa mereka,karena itu mereka memilih tinggal di perdalaman dekat bukit-bukit (kemudian Dr iwan baru memeahi peristyiwa tersebut dinamakn Tsunami,sangat sayang tempat ini sangat indah dancocock unrtuk kegiatan berselancar disana,dan dipingir pantai sangat banyak kerang-kerang laut yang indah-indah,tetapi tak dapat dibawa karena perjalana sangat jauh liwat darat)

Dr Iwan dan tim menginap dirumah kepala desa, malamnya memberikan ceramah tentang kesehatan Lingkungan yang diterjemahkan kedalam bahasa mentawai oleh kepala desa diringi dengan tepuk tangan penduduk.

*rumah-rumah sudah semi eprmanen,terlihat ibu kepala desa menapis beras di sungai yang terletak dibelakang rumah di Silabu,dimana Dr iwan s menginap

Dr Iwan yang dianggap sebagai tamu terhormat,diberikan tempat tidur disebelah kamar putri kepala desa, Dr Iwan dapat menjaga diri sehingga tidak tergoda untuk melakukan hal yang melangar adat, sebab bila menganggu putri Pagai,hukumannya nikah adat atau ganti rugi sepuluh ekor babi. Pagi hari dilakukan pengobatan gratis dan pengambvilan sample darah untuk pemeriksaan kuman malaria. Hapir 80 % penduduk silabu sudah menderita malaria dengan pembesaran limpa .

Keseokan harinya akan kembali ke Sikakap naik kapal Semangat tetapi Dr Iwan keberatan karena takut kapal akan tengelam, maka perjalan dilakukan dengan jalan kaki didarat, menempuh beberapa desa kecil,kemudian naik perahu ke Sikakap. Pada perjalanan ini Dr iwan diberikan beberapa hadiah pusaka etnis pagai seperti busur dan anak panah , gendrang kayu dan  tempat menyimpang tembakau dengan disain monyet untuk merokok yang dalam bahasa pagai disebut ubek.

 

(kisah lengkap baca dalm web blog hhtp://www.uniquecollection.wordpress.com search Kisah Pertualangan Dr Iwan Kepulau mentawai.)

Dr iwan tahun 1980 , pernah memiliki pasien seorang peneliti dari USA, ia ketagihan Luminal, ada surat keterangan dari Kedokteran USa. selama hampir enam bulan menjadi pasien laqnganan Dr iwan di Padang, Pasien tersebut melakukan penelitian untuk thesis S3 tentang monyet kepala putih yang hanya ada di Pulau mentawai.

Selain itu kakak Dr iwan (Dr Edhie) pernah dikirimkan sebuah buku tentang pulau mentawai oleh seorang pastor,mungkin saat ini masih ada, bila ada kesempatan beberapa illustrasi akan dicuplik. Selain itu dr iwan juga meiliki bukukisah perjalanan seornag Belanda ke Pulau mentawai akhir abad ke 19, bebrapa illustrasi lihat di koleski milik Dr Iwan.liwat beberapa koleksi foto dari penuis buku tersebut pastor dari Italai Morini yang diberikan kepada penulis dibawh ini:

1) ceremonial sikere dukun

 

 

2) Man Bead jewellery

 

3) woomen traditional bead jewellery

 

 

 

4) Tattouage traditional ritual

 

5) Arrow spear ritual

 

2. Kisah Pulau Mentawai Versi Penulis Asing

(1) the Ducth writer justus van Maurik had published about his adventure   to Indonesia in 1896 , the name of the Book  “INDIE” ,and he visit mentawai island , some of the rare picture book illustrations look below.

a) book cover

 

b) Mentawai Chief

 

c) Husband and wife

 

 

d) The native mentawai people in the front their  house

 

(2) The Mentawai Islands by USA reseacher (google exsploration)
The Mentawai Islands lie to the West of Sumatra in the Indian Ocean.
They are composed of over seventy different islands. The islands
straddle the equator, which explains the lush temperate climate that is
associated with Indonesia. The history of the Mentawai Islands begins
between 2000 and 500 BC. The islands where once a part of Sumatra
and during the Pleistocene Era the islands were separated. The culture
of the Mentawai people is distinctly different from their fellow
Indonesians because of how long they’ve been separated from each
other. The islands were have been influenced culturally by the British,
the Dutch, the Germans, and finally by Catholic Italian missionaries.
Currently the Mentawai’s are considered regency within the Suatera
Barat.

There are over twenty different endemic species spread through
out the seventy islands. There are four endemic primate species on the
islands; the Kloss Gibbon, the Mentawai Macaque, Mentawai leaf-
monkey and the sub-nosed monkey.

*macacae

 

 

In total the Mentawai’s house at least seventeen endemic mammal species. Other common animals (at least in these islands) are sea turtles, dolphins, fruit pigeons, endemic
squirrels, tropical fish like parrotfish, sharks, snakes and many more.
The Mentawai’s are composed of lush tropical rainforests, mangroves,
coral reefs, and beautiful white sand beaches. Some of which are
protected by the government.

The Siberut National Park is one of themost famous protected areas. Not only can you see the beautifulvegetation of the Siberut Island, but you can also experience the lives
of indigenous Mentawai tribes.

The islands lie over one of the most active earthquake zones in the entire world; because of its location the Mentawai’s are very much at risk for tsunamis and earthquakes.

The culture of the Mentawai people is becoming increasingly
difficult to preserve because of rapid globalization. Historically the
people were jungle inhabitants until the Indonesian government forced
people to live in villages, thus becoming more modernized.

Before they lived in the government-run villages, the people lived in umas, which
are traditional long houses where an entire clan would live in.

Before modernization, the people of the Mentawai have lived off of the
tropical rainforests and of the natural resources that were available.
Everyone, including women and children were treated as equals.
Sikeireis or shamans, who shared everything that they knew with their people, led the clans. With modernization came modern life styles,many people renounced their clans and became more concerned withmaterialistic ideals and thoughts.

The government does provide school for the children of the islands, but they tend to ignore the indigenous history and culture of the Mentawai people.

The traditional religion of the Mentawai Islands is a form of
animism called Jarayak. This form of religion isn’t allowed by the
Indonesian government, many people have converted to either Islam
or to Christianity, but at the same time many people still practice
Jarayak.

The Mentawai’s have become an incredibly popular surf
destination, not only for professional surfers, but also for surfers of all
skill levels since the mid-1990’s. One of the most popular ways to
enjoy the Islands is to take boat trips that take visitors to surf
locations around all of the islands. Another option is to stay at one of
the many hotels and resorts that are on the islands. These places
accommodate all of a surfer’s needs by providing the best in food and
service with transportation to the best waves. The most popular
islands with the best surf are Siberut, Sipora, and North and South
Pagai Islands. The most well known surfing area is called Playgrounds.
It is one of the worlds greatest spots to surf bringing in top surfers like
Andy Irons, Kelly Slater, and my all time favorite Taj Burrow. Many of

Taj Burrow’s videos are filmed in the Mentawai Islands, especially at
Macaroni’s, North Pagai and Lance’s Left, South Pagai. Surfing became
huge during a period during 1995 and still continues to gain more
fame as surfers continue to go and explore all of the wonders that the
Mentawai’s offer. The surfing industry has greatly expanded the
economy of the islands.

Tourism is now a huge industry. Since the 1980’s luxury resorts
are springing up all around the islands to cater to all a visitor’s wants
and needs. Fishing, surfing, relaxation, snorkeling, canoeing, kayaking,
hiking, learning about the culture and people, and just enjoying the
hospitality of the friendly Indonesian people are some of the things
that attract visitors to the islands.

3.Kisah Tsunami di Pagai Selatan 2010

Indonesia Earthquake and Tsunami Kill 113, Merapi Volcano Eruptions Hours Later j Deep

 

 

 

The disaster-prone expanse of Indonesia has suffered three powerful blows to the region that has left over one hundred people dead Tuesday –and all three disasters were within hours of each other.

The fault that caused one of the world’s largest natural disasters back in December 2004, when a powerful earthquake trembled undersea and sent raging water to 14 countries in Indonesia, killing over 230,000 people, unleashed a strong undersea earthquake late Monday registering 7.7 in magnitude. The quake triggered a 10-foot tsunami that struck Tuesday, killing over 100 people and leaving thousands homeless.

According to officials, the tsunami struck the Mentawai Islands, a chain of about seventy islands and islets off the western coast of Sumatra, Siberut being the largest, that has become a destination popular among foreign surfers. The death toll from the tsunami is currently 113 – but steadily rising. Mujiharto, head of the Health Ministry’s crisis center, expects the toll to rise significantly.

“We have 200 body bags on the way, just in case,” he said. Meanwhile, between 150 and 500 people have been reported missing.

 

In addition to the killer tsunami were the eruptions of ash from Indonesia’s Merapi Volcano, located on the island of Java, that left one dead and about a dozen injured. Thousands living on the wall of the volcano have evacuated the area due to the smoke.

Indonesia, the world’s largest archipelago that houses approximately 237 million people, is located on a string of fault lines stretching from the Western Hemisphere through Japan and Southeast Asia known as the ’Pacific Ring of Fire’ – making it extremely vulnerable to earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic activity.

 

 

Indonesia Earthquake and Tsunami Kill 113, Merapi Volcano Eruptions Hours Later

 

 

President Indonesia Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and Wife with the local governement leader visit the Mentawai ‘s tsunami area.

 

FRAME DUA : KOLEKSI PULAU MENTAWAI MILIK Dr IWAN

1. Koleksi SMOKING (UBEK in native mentawai languague),koleski untuk merokok

1) Tobacco Box with monkey design

 

2) foto native mentawai smoking ubek

 

2.  Weapon collcetions,arrow and spear (Koleski Busur dan anak panah)

 

 

 

3. Koleksi Gendrang dari kayu pakis(Native wooden drum)

 

4. The Picture Postcard collection 1900

 

 

Mentawai Islands

Mentawai Islands Regency
Kepulauan Mentawai

—  Regency  —

 

 

 

Driwan Advanture In East Timor(nowTimorleste)

1999

 

*ill very rare East timor Top Gun with map postally used cover from Dili East timor to Jakarta Indonesia

Frame One : Introduction

I had collected the East Timor and Timor portugeus collections during my duty in West suamtra at solok City, my friend  Mayor Pol Dr Sundarun when he on duty at Est Timur have send me one document timor portugeus with revenue and hand sign ofcthe last governur of timor portugeus(look at Timor portugues collections exhibition in this cybermuseum) ,also some stamps too.

East Timur never issued  local special stamps, during that time  Republic Indonesia Stam were used. I have found some east timor postal history made by the Indonesia army on duty there,regional Police official cover, also a very historic document leaflet about the east timor fight to integrated to Indonesia(Perjuangan Rakyat TIMITIm untuk Berintegrasi Ke Indonesia) will show in this exhibtion

Also many East Timor political human right protest postcard an letter send to indonesia didnot show in this exhibition, this collection only for premium member.

I have found the best timor portugeus collections during 1994 when I have on duty at Idonesia Police Headquater(MABES POLRI), this collections have show at the Timor Portugeus Collections exhibition in Dr Iwan Cybermuseum.

In 1999, I have on duty during East timor Refendum look at my profile potraits with Let.col.Pol, Dr Mosadeq (now Brigardir Jendral Pol.) in the front of Religious Office which broken to pieces by the native Protest.

 

, two weeks and back one day after refendum by the last flight from Dili To Bali, some interesting east Timor postal history , refendum document ,local news paper and Indonesia news paper related the east timor last days situation will show too. Please look at the picture of Indonesia otonom  ’s East Timor Referendum propaganda poster  which found at the east timor police sector (Dr iwan peivate collections)

 

the last day before back from dili Eat timor ,one day after Refendum, mayor Police Silvester had given me some collectionas of timor portugeus (look the timor portugeus exhibtion) and East timor picture during Indonedsia invasion East timors, please look at the pictyure of Indoneisa Army invation the Timor portugeus fort (later be the military east timor Dili Hospital, and now I donnot now the recent info, I hove the Timor Leset citizen from dilli will tell us the info).

 

I hope the collectors and historical writters will happy to look this rarerest collections of East timor collections, if the want to know more info and collections related to the political collections like  human right protest card or letters please subscribed as the prmeium member and I will show the very rare collections of east timor,becasue in this exhibition only a part of my collections and non political collections.

Jakarta November 2010

Dr Iwan Suwandy,the founder of Cybermuseum.

 

 

Frame Two : The East Timor Historic collections

 

*The leaflet of East timor fight to integrated with Indonesia leaflet from Betao police sector,Manufakti city East Timor which given to dr iwan by the the secor command when he cambact to Brimob Padang Panjang where Dr Iwan on duty in this area in 1981.(Dr Iwan private collections)

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

East Timor is a small country in Southeast Asia, officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste. It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco. The first inhabitants are thought to be descendant of Australoid and Melanesian peoples. The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied East Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II.

The country declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975,look at the earlist east Timor pictures collections which giver by native east timor Mayor Pol below :

1.the Goverernment building’s pictures during indonesian invasion (Dr iwan Private Collections,given by native East Timor Police in 1999 before he back to Jakarta, after that day there aere chaos at East Timor)

 

2. The Dili Beach

3. The Dili City

and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of East Timor.

During the subsequent 24-year occupation a campaign of pacification ensued. Between 1974 and 1999, there were an estimated 102,800 conflict-related deaths (approximately 18,600 killings and 84,200 ‘excess’ deaths from hunger and illness), the majority of which occurred during the Indonesian occupation. Look at the east timor collections below :

1.The Postal History Collections

1) The Military Postal history

2) The House of delivery postal history(Rumah Pos)

3) The Police  Postal History

2.The Staue collections

3. The East timor Song casset collections

FRAME THREE :

THE EAST TIMOR  REFENDUM HISTORIC COLLECTTIONS

On 30 August 1999, in a UN-sponsored referendum, an overwhelming majority of East Timor voted for independence from Indonesia. Please look at the illsutartions of Dr Iwan private referendum document colletions below :

1.The dr Iwan Picture before East Timor Refendum

a) at manututo brimob camp

b) at Police Hospital Dilli near marcado

c) The road to old Dili Market(marcado)

c) The dilli Beach

d)The east timor Police Resort office atuaro

2.the picture of East Timor Refendum campaign Posters of CNRT in 1999 at Dili (photografer dr Iwan Suwandy)

 

2.Refendum promotional and guide poster ,found at east timor  police resort office.

 

 

3.The refendum Bailed Out form ‘s sample found at the Police Sector office

 

Immediately following the referendum, anti-independence Timorese militias — organised and supported by the Indonesian military — commenced a punitive scorched-earth campaign. The militias killed approximately 1,400 Timorese and forcibly pushed 300,000 people into West Timor as refugees. The majority of the country’s infrastructure was destroyed. On 20 September 1999 the International Force for East Timor (INTERFET) was deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. Following a United Nations-administered transition period, East Timor was internationally recognised as an independent state in 2002

KISAH PERTUALANGAN Dr IWAN BERBURU STEMPEL RUMAH POS

Posted on July 19, 2010 by iwansuwandy

UHI-Uniquecollection Heritage Info,free informations@copyright Dr IWAN S 2010

PENDAHULUAN

PERTUALANGAN SAYA MEMBURU STEMPEL RUMAH POS DIMULAI SAAT ADANYA PERMINTAAN DARI KOLEKTOR  EXPATRIAT BELANDA DI AMERIKA IN MEMORIAM TOM BLEEKER DENGAN PERANTARAAN ROMO FRANS SIMERIENK P, TERNYTA  UNTUNG RAHARJO JUGA IKUT MEMBANTU MR TOM BLEEKER UNTUK MENGIRIMKAN DANA  MELALUI ROMO FRANS.

SAYA SANGAT GEMBIRA  DAPAT MENGUMPULKAN BEBERAPA STEMPEL RUMAH POS YANG SAAT INI SUDAH TIDAK ADA LAGI, DULUNYA RUMAH POST YANG DALAM BAHASA BELANDA BESTEL HUIS, BAHASA INGGRIS HOUSE OF DELIVERY, BAHASA DAI NIPPON YUBINSYO. MERUPAKAN SUATU KEGIATAN SWASTA PRIBADI YANG MENDAPATKAN PERSETUUAN KANTOR POS UNTUK MEMBANTU PELAYANAN POS DIDAERAH YANG BELUM MEMILIKI RUMAH POS, BAGAIMANA BENTUKNYA DAN BAGAIMANA PELAYANANNYA DAPAT DI BACA DAN DILIHAT SECARA TERPERINCI DALM KISAH PERTUALANGAN Dr IWAN S DIBAWAH INI.

TERIMA KASIH KEPADA BENDARA POS SUMBAR DI PADANG, BP ABUSAMAH ATAS BEBERAPA ARSIP DOKUMEN RUMAH POS YANG  SAY PEROLEH DARI NYA, DAN JUGA KEPALA RUMAH POS PEMBANTU SEBAGAI PEMBINA RUMAH POS DI KOTANOPAN SUMUT TAPSEL DAN SUNGAI RASUA KALBAR, JUGA KEPADA BEBERAPA KEPALA RUMAH POS YANG TELAH MEMBANTU SAYA MEMBUAT SAMPUL DENGAN STEMPEL RUMAH POS DAN KEMUDIAN DISTEMPEL KANTOR POS PEMBANTU YANG MEMBINA RUMAH POS TERSEBUT.

SAMPAI SAAT INI BELUM PERNAH ADA TULISAN KHUSUS TENTANG RUMAH POS, DAN SAYA HARAP BUKU ELEKTRONIK INI MERUPAKAN SUATU KRAYA POSTAL HISTORI INDONESIA YANG DAPAT DIJADIKAN PEDOMAN BAGI PARA KOLEKTOR POSTAL HISTORI RUMAH POS DI iNDONESIA.

JAKARTA JULI 2010

Dr IWAN S.

PENDAHULUAN.

Rumah Pos sudah ada sejak masa penjajahan hindia belanda dengan nama BESTEL HUIS  yang stempel berukuran lebih besar dari stempel pos biasa,tanpatanggal ditengahnya, dan pada masa pendudukan Jepang beberapa stempel rumah pos masa Hindia Belanda masih dipergunakan, dan ada juga yang dengan istilah yubinsyo, koleksi saat ini sudah sangat langka, dan Dr IWAN S hanya memiliki beberapa saja.

Setelah Indonesia Merdeka, Rumah Pos masih tetap beroperasi, dan setlah RIS ,era orde Lama model stempel Rumah Pos hampir sama dengan masa Pendudukan Jepang dan Hindia Belanda, yang kemudian era orde baru  stempel rumah pos bentuknya sudah seragam dengan ditengahnya ada garis-garis.

Pada saat Kantor Pos Besar Kota Padang direnovasi, saya menemukan beberapa dokumen rumah pos yang dibuang dan dibakar, tetapi oleh teman saya pemborong bangunan tersebut Pak Al menyiram api tersebut dan sebagian dokumen Pos dapat diselamatkan termasuk dokumen rumah pos yang dapat dibaca dalam bab pertama Koleksi dokumen Rumah Pos.

Secara terperinci kisah pertualangan ini dapat memebrikan gambaran bagaimana kiprahnya Rumah Pos tersebut, termasuk apa yang dikerjakan dan bagaimana sistem administrasinya rumah pos serta bagaimana bentuknya rumah pos tersebut, semoga hasil pertualangan ini dapat memberikan informasi yang faktual tentang kegiatan dan kerjasama rakyat dengan pihak pos dalam melayani rakyat sampai ditempat yang paling terpencil sepert i dipuncak gunung di sekitar gunung Tua dekat Kota Nopan SUMUT yang namanya sangat keren, rumah pos Seribu Naga, saya beruntung dapat ketemu dengan kepala rumah pos ini kendaipun stempel rumah posnya tidak ada, tetapi saya mendapatkan sampul dinas kantor pos yang ditujukan ke rumah pos tersebut dan kepala  rumah pos berkenan membubuhkankan tanda tanggannya diatas sampul dinas  yang mungkin hanya satu-satunya ada didunia saat ini.

Selain itu pada waktu bertualang memakai mobil .jalan darat, pada setiap kantor pos dan rmah pos secara berurutan saya susun secara sistematis diatas kertas dan diatas kertas meterai sehingg kita dapat mengetahui letak dan jam serta kapan saya tiba ditempat tersebut. Juga ada kisah yang sangat menarik tentang salah satu kepala rumah pos yang kakinya buntung yang sehari-hari profesinya montir radio, bacalah dengan teliti maka pasi para kolektor akan takjub dibuatnya.

Saya sangat senang hati bila pihat Pos Indonesia berkenan menjadi sponsor untuk menerbitkan buku elektronik ini sehingga seluruh informasi dapat dibaca oleh para kolektor filateli Indonesia dan juga khusus bagi generasi penerus untuk memahami betap sulitnya komunikasi dan transportasi saat itu.

BAB SATU : KOLEKSI RUMAH POS  MASA HINDIA BELANDA

BAB DUA : KOLEKSI RUMAH POS  MASA PENDUDUKAN JEPANG

BAB TIGA: KOLEKSI RUMAH POS  MASA PERANG KEMERDEKAAN RI

BAB EMPAT : KOLEKSI RUMAH POS ERA ORDE LAMA

BAB LIMA  : KOLEKSI RUMAH POS ERA ORDE BARU

1.Berburu koleksi rumah pos dikota Padang

Saya mendengar bahwa kantor pos Kota Padang yang lama akan dipugar, dan saya menghubungi pemborang bangunan  yang saya kenal saat dulu bermain tennis  bersama Pak Al, ia bersedia mengumpulkan arsip-arsi yang dibakar,dengan menyiram dengan air, saya memperoleh beberaopa arsip rumah pos yang saat ini pasti sudah langkan dan  mungkin pihak kantor pospun lupa menyimpan arsip yang b ernilai sejarah tersebut , koleksi yang langka tersebut terdiri dari dokumen asli yaitu :

1).Buku stensil asli Instruksi Untuk Pengurus Rumah Pos enam halaman

2). fotokopi  Jadwal rumah Pos Menurut Abjad, daftar nama rumah Pos seluruh Indonesia  tanun 1977,  dalam urutan pertama rumah pos Abang  kabupaten Karang asam Kecamatan dan kantor pos  abang ,propinsi Bali. dan terakhir Rumah Pos Yemburwo(Kameri) Kantor Pos BIak Irja(sekarang Papua) Kabupaten Teluk Cendrawih Kecamatan Numfor Timur. Melihat daftar ini, sangat mustahil untuk dpat mengumpulkan koleksi yang lengkap dari sekian banyk rumah pos, tetapi bial diusahakan pasti suatu waktu akan lengkap juga,terutama dari rumah pos yang sudah lama ditutup.

3). formulir asli  blanko Adpis yang diisi oleh pihak Rumah Pos dan Kantor pos Pembantu khus untuk daftar wesel pos yang dikirm dan jenis kiriman lainnya.

4) Formulir   PTT Daftar Permintaan yang sudah dipakai , permintaan tahun 1954 dari rumah pos mukomuko kepada kantor pos Tepan (wilayah Jambi)  berisi wesel KW , yang ditantada tangani pengurus rumah pos muko-muko 14 september 1955 nama kosan. Dibagian belakang formulir ini tercantum keterangan sebagai berikut:

Apabila permintaan untuk membeli benda pos dll, dikirimkan kepada Kantor pos atau Kantor Pos Pembantu yaiutu kantor jang mendjadi Kantor penghubung (rumahpos diluar  Djawa dan Madura mengirimkannja bersama-sama dengan adpis) ,daftar permintaan hendaklah dibuat Ragkap dua da. seterusnya……………..Selain kantor pos Muko=muko juga ditemui dokumen yang sma dari Rumapos Indrapura yang juga diwilayah yang sama Tapan,ternyata dalam koleksi saya juga ada rumah pso Indrapura  yang dikirim iwat Tebing Tinggi deli 11/6.57  ke  Bogor  mengunakan prangko seri binatang Banteng 50 sen warna coklat, prango distempeo rumah pos dan kantor pos pengawas dibelakang sampul .Menurut saya ini koleksi romah pos yang sangat langka khususn ya yang benar-beanr postally used , akrena banyak dibuat CTO ,filetis kreasi atas permintaan dengan bantuan rumah pos atau kantor pos pembantu, saya selalu mengirimkan sampul tersebut liwat pos kecuali lokasinya sangat tidak memungkinkan,atau untuk disimpan ebagi arsip..bagaimana pendapat para phillatelist Indonesia ? tentu sama juga atau ada pendapat lain silahkan kontak saya liwat komentar.

3.PERTUALANGAN JALAN DARAT SUMBAR-SUMUT

Ternyata disepanjang jalan raya di Sumatera Barat dari Padang smapi perbatasan muara siponggi Sumut tidak ditemukan  rumah pos, yang dapat dilihat dalam koleksi dokumen perjalanan Kantor pos Lubuk Sikaping, kemudian kantor Pos Rao   dam terakhir Muara Siponggi. Sumut. Ada suatu koleksi yang unik ditemukan di Rao yaitu meterai padjak Radio 75 rupiah.

Perjalanan dilanjutkan dari Muara Siponggi ke desa Sayur Matinggi ternyata rumah pos sudah tutp karena sudah ada kantor pos pembantu, selanjutnya tiba di desa yang masih memiliki rumah pos yaitu rumh pos Siunggam dengan ketua Rumah Pos Mara Indo Daulay guru SD Neg.Siunggam seteah dibuatkan beberapa sampul dengan stempel ruamh Pos ,saya diberikan sampul pos alamat kepala rumah pos diberikan stempel rumah pos dan tanda tanggan kepala rumah pos tersebut , selanjutnya Rumah Pos Sipupus  dilakuka hal yang sma seperti rumah pos sebelumnya dan alhirnya  tiba di kantor pos pembina yaitu kantor pos Gunung Tua, kepala kantor pos memebrikan informasi jika kembali ke Sumatera Barat nantinya singgah di Kantor Pos pembina Kota Nopan tapanuli Selatan karena ada beberapa rumah pos  disekitar tempat itu yang jauh dari jalan raya terima kasih pak Pos atas informasinya..

Dari Kantor Pos Gunung tua mendaki kepuncak bukit karena ada informasi tentang rumah Pos disana, ternyata namanya Rumah Pos Naga Seribu tetapi stempelnya tidak ada, tetapi beruntung sekali ketua Rumah Pos memberika sampus dinas pos dan giro yang dikrimkan ke rumah pos Naga seribu yang bernama Marah Akim Siregar,profesi kepala SD negeri Nagaseribu, wadung senangnya hati,luar biasa koleksi ini.

Pada saat pertualangan kembali Ke Sumatera Barat, ditemukan rumah pos  Tambangan ternyata  ketua rumah posnya seorang montir radio,tanpa kedua  tungkai bawah dan kaki, ia berjalan naik beca khusus,menuru informasi beliau Rumah Pos angat penting untuk pengesahan tanda tangan untuk penerimaan weselrumah pos ini dibawah pengawasan kantor pos Kotanopan, saat bertemu dengan kepala Kantor Pos tersbut Bp Halim ia berkenan membantu untuk memperoleh stempel rumah pos dibawah pengawasannya saat ada rapat ,kepala rumah pos akan membawa stempelnya, ternya kepala kantor pos Kotanopan,dalam bebrapa minggu mengirimkan sampul dengan stempel rumah pos dibawah pengawasannya .

Situasi rumah pos saat ini tahun 15 Agustus 1981, keadaan bangunan umunya darurat tidak permanent, menumpang tanpa disewa  pada rumah keluarga dari pengurus Rumah Pos, umumnya tanpa papan nama Rumah Pos , apabila di tanya keada penduduk desa umumnya mereka mengetahui lokasi rumah pos tersebut, Seluruh rumah pos itu didirikan secara resmi oleh pemerinta daerah dengan persetujuan pihak kantor  Pos dan Giro wilayah , hampi seluruh rumah pos  memiliki stempel kecuali rumah pos Naga Seribu. Tunjangan untuk biaya  Rumah Pos sangat minim sekali , yaitu Rp 1500. (KURANG LEBIH aatu setngan dollar usa) PER BULAN, SEHINGGA HAMPIR SELURUH PENGURUS RUMAH POS MENGELUH ATAS HAL INI. pENJUALAN BENDA-BENDA POS HANYA DITEMUI PADA SATU RUMAH POS YAITU DI RUMAH pOS TAMBANGAN, LAINNYA HANYA BERFUNGSI SEBAGI PERANTARA SAJA. pEMAKAIAN STEMPEL rYUMAH pOS TERNYATA JUGA DIPAKAI UNTUK WESEL POS  yang berfungsi mengesahkan tand atanggan sipenerima, tanpa itu tidak akan dibayar oleh kantor pos pengawas. Catatan ini diuat saat baru kembali dari pertualangan dan masih tersimpan rapi bersama koleksi yang suatu waktu akan dipamerkan kepada umum, dan dalam buku elektronik yang lengkap.

2. PERTUALANGAN JALAN DARAT JAMBI MUARA TEMBESI-SOROLANGUN

3. PERTUALANGAN TEMAN DI ACEH

4.PERTULANGAN DI SUMBAR-JAMBI

5.PERTUALANGAN BERSAMA PAK BAGONG

6. PERTUALANGAN KE KANTOR POS PEMBANTU SUNGAI RASAU KALBAR

7. BERBURU STEMPEL RUMAH POS TIMOR TIMUR

III.. Daftar koleksi rumah pos Dr Iwan S. disusun berdasarkan wilayah.

SELESAI @HAK CIPTA Dr IWAN S 2010.

 

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KISAH PERTUALANGAN ROBERT L.RIPLEY

INI ADALAH CONTOH BUKU ELEKTRONIK DALAM CD-ROM KREASI Dr IWAN TANPA ILLUSTRASI

THIS IS THE SAMPLE OF Dr IWAN CD-ROM E-BOOK WITHOUT ILLUSTRATIONS

THE COMPLETE CD WITH ILLUSTRATION EXIST,TO GET IT PLEASE SUBSCRIBED VIA COMMENT WITH UPLOAD YOUR ID COPY.

The Adventure Of

Robert L. Ripley

To get

BELIEVE OR NOT COLLECTIONS

 Robert L. Ripley

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BY

Dr IWANS SUWANDY,MHA

SPECIAL FOR KISI MEMBER

COPYRIGHT @ 2013

Robert LeRoy Ripley (December 25, 1890 – May 27, 1949)[1]

was an American cartoonist, entrepreneur and amateur anthropologist, who created the Ripley’s Believe It or Not! newspaper panel series, radio show, and television show which feature odd facts from around the world.

Subjects covered in Ripley’s cartoons and text ranged from sports feats to little known facts about unusual and exotic sites; but what ensured the concept’s popularity may have been that Ripley also included items submitted by readers, who supplied photographs of a wide variety of small town American trivia, ranging from unusually shaped vegetables to oddly marked domestic animals, all documented by photographs and then depicted by Ripley’s drawings.

Robert L. Ripley

Robert L. RipleyAKA LeRoy Ripley

Born: 25-Dec-1890
Birthplace: Santa Rosa, CA
Died: 27-May-1949
Location of death: New York City
Cause of death: Heart Failure
Remains: Buried, Oddfellows Lawn Cemetery, Santa Rosa, CA

Gender: Male
Religion: Christian
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Curator, Cartoonist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Believe It or Not!

Born LeRoy Ripley, he played semi-pro baseball in his teens, and sold cartoons to Life magazine and the San Francisco Chronicle before dropping out of high school. He worked as a sports columnist in New York, and became ‘Robert Ripley’ when an editor suggested that ‘LeRoy’ did not sound masculine enough. On a slow sports day in place of his next day’s column he submitted a nine-panel drawing called “Champs and Chumps”, about odd but actual sports — a backward running race, an ice jump, etc. That cartoon drew a much more enthusiastic response than his sports columns, and soon he was writing and drawing “Ripley’s Believe It or Not” instead of covering ball games.

In his new beat as chronicler of the unusual, Ripley spun tales and related facts too bizarre to be believed, but always claimed everything he reported was true. After several years with the New York Globe and later the Post, Ripley’s cartoon was syndicated beginning in 1929. He employed a full-time fact-checker who, in that pre-Google era, spent virtually all his working hours at the New York Public Library — so Ripley was rarely proven wrong. He lied about his own life, though, at various times insisting that he was born in 1891, 1892, and 1893, bragging of an extensive education when he was in fact a high school drop-out, and claiming to have visited over 200 countries, including such ‘nations’ as the Garden of Eden.

He did, however, travel widely in his lifelong quest for the peculiar, becoming something of an oddity himself. He kept a pet boa constrictor, routinely dressed in native wear from several continents, and before and after his brief marriage he reportedly shared his 28-room mansion with up to five ladyfriends at the same time. For many years he was one of America’s most well-known celebrities, and regularly received more mail than the President of the United States.

He opened his first “Odditorium” in Chicago in 1933, featuring such attractions as a man who would eat and then regurgitate a rodent. In the movies’ early sound era, Ripley was featured in a series of shorts, screened before the feature attraction in theaters. He published a drawing submitted by 12-year-old Charles Schulz, the “Peanuts” cartoonist’s first paid work. Several books of his collected columns were bestsellers, and he also had a popular nationwide radio program until the late 1940s, when he took his talents to television. Midway through his first season on TV, after filming his thirteenth episode — about the death rituals of different cultures worldwide — he suffered a heart attack and died.

After his death, his long-time radio and television producer took over management of the Ripley empire, and the cartoon, drawn by several different artists over subsequent decades, has never ceased publication in daily papers. Within a year of Ripley’s death the display of his artifacts was spun off as its own company, and he continues to be listed as ‘author’ of new Believe It or Not books. Ripley Entertainments, now owned by Jim Pattison, currently operates dozens of kitschy Ripley’s Believe It or Not museums in ten nations, and also owns several Guinness World Records Museums and Louis Tussaud’s Waxworks attractions. A mid-1980s Believe It or Not TV series was hosted by Jack Palance, with Marie Osmond co-hosting in the show’s last season, and an early 2000s series starred Dean Cain.

Father: Isaac Davis Ripley (b. 1854, d. 1905)
Mother: Lillie Bell Yocka Ripley (b. 1868, m. 1889, d. 1915)
Sister: Ethel Ripley (b. 1893)
Brother: Douglas Ripley (b. 1904)
Wife: Beatrice Roberts (m. 1919, sep. 1920, div. 1926)

    High School: Santa Rosa High School, Santa Rosa, CA (dropped out)

Official Website:
http://www.ripleys.com/

Author of books:
Believe It or Not!:A Modern Book of Wonders, Miracles, Freaks, Monstrosities and Almost-Impossibilities (1929)
The Second Believe It or Not!:1930
The New Believe It or Not! (1931)
Ripley’s Big Book: Believe It or Not! (1934)
The Omnibus Believe It or Not! (1934)
God Rewards Faith and Service (1940)
Robert Ripley’s Double Believe It or Not! (1948)
Ripleys Believe It or Not!: An Odyssey of Incredible Oddities Set Down By a Modern Marco Polo Who Can Prove Every Statement He Makes (1941)

Career

Throughout the 1920s, Mr. Ripley continued to broaden the scope of his work and his popularity increased greatly. He published both a travel journal and a guide to the game of handball in 1925. In 1926, Ripley became the New York state handball champion and also wrote a book on boxing. With a proven track record as a versatile writer and artist, he attracted the attention of publishing mogul William Randolph Hearst, who managed the King Features Syndicate. In 1929, Hearst was responsible for Believe It or Not! making its syndicated debut in seventeen papers worldwide. With the success of this series assured, Ripley capitalized on his fame by getting the first book collection of his newspaper panel series published.

 

 

Robert L Ripley

The Believe-It-Or-Not life of Mister Robert L Ripley, millionaire freak fanatic

By Marc Hartzman
February 2006
Frank Foss of St Petersburg, Florida, played banjos made from frying pans at the ripe old age of 92. Ostrich eggs will support the weight of a 280lb man. And, in case you weren’t aware, a guy from St Louis, Missouri, known as ‘Smoky’, could exhale cigarette smoke through a hole in his back. For these fantastically random and wondrous facts, which may or may not be true, we have to thank Robert L Ripley. Ever since Believe It Or Not! debuted on 19 Dec 1918 in the New York Globe, Ripley’s relentless pursuit of anything strange, extraordinary and downright freaky has captured the curiosity of the world. His search led him around the planet to more than 200 countries. One trip alone covered two continents and 39,000km – 1,600 of which were by camel, horse and donkey. No nook or cranny was left unscoured in his constant quest for oddities. How else could he introduce housewives and schoolkids to fascinating folk like Wang the Chinese farmer, who exhibited a 13in horn growing out of his head, and the Monkey Man of India, who vowed never to walk upright?The globetrotting cartoonist became known as the Modern Day Marco Polo. But this was never the life Ripley expected to lead. As a boy, all he ever wanted to do was play baseball.LeRoy Ripley was born on Christmas Day 1893 in the small town of Santa Rosa, California. The bucktoothed and lanky little boy had two passions: sports and art. By the age of 13, he brought both interests together by pitching for a semi-professional baseball team and designing its posters.Though a future in baseball was looking bright, Ripley’s destiny would soon be shaped more by the stroke of his pencil than the swing of his bat. At 14, Life magazine gave him his first big break in the art world when it bought one of his cartoons featuring three young women washing clothes, accompanied by the caption: “The Village Belles Were Slowly Wringing.” It scored him eight dollars, and he was soon making a living as a cartoonist for local San Francisco newspapers. But in 1913, seeking better-paying opportunities, Ripley packed his sketchpad and headed east to the world’s greatest metropolis – New York City.The new New Yorker established himself quickly. He added the more sophisticated-sounding Robert to his name and found the raise he was looking for at the New York Globe, raking in 0 a job as a sports cartoonist. Towards the end of 1918, Ripley was struck with a bout of writer’s block and a deadline fast approaching. Desperate, he turned to a file of bizarre sports facts he’d been compiling and illustrated a few of them, including one about a Canadian fellow named A Forrester, who ran 100 yards backwards in 14 seconds. He called it Champs And Chumps, but while his editor loved the concept, he hated the name. Ripley crossed out the title and scribbled down Believe It Or Not! It was an instant sensation, and the cartoon quickly expanded from sports oddities to a celebration of curiosities from all walks of life.

Ripley’s many exotic expeditions spawned thousands of Believe It Or Not!s, but blessed with an uncanny knack for twisting the ordinary into the extraordinary, he found fodder just as easily at home. A friend of his described how his mind worked: “You go into a restaurant with Rip and you both order steaks. If you think about the steak at all, you wonder whether it will be properly cooked. Not so with Ripley. He’s probably figuring how many steaks there are in a full-grown steer, how many steers there are in the state of Texas. Then he’ll come up with a statement that there are enough steaks in Texas to feed the entire population of the Gaspé Peninsula for 18-and-a-half years, three times a day.” When he wasn’t developing a convoluted calculation, he was creating shocking statements using simple semantics, such as the time he wrote: “Buffalo Bill never shot a buffalo in his life.” Those who disagreed would have been reminded that the ‘buffalo’ were technically bison.

As the cartoon’s popularity grew, it went from weekly to daily to syndication. But this was only the beginning. In 1929, after much reluctance, Ripley accepted an offer from Max Schuster – of Simon & Schuster – to collect his work in a book. It sold millions, and even the Great Depression couldn’t slow the Ripley phenomenon. Publishing giant William Randolph Hearst Sr soon took notice and wanted in on the act, dispatching his head of King Features Syndicate with a two-word telegram: Sign Ripley. The hiring swelled Ripley’s salary to 0,000 a year and boosted his syndication to 300 publications in 17 different languages. The book also led to a series of movies and a career in radio broadcasting.

Sticking with the theme, many of his radio programmes were aired from unusual locations. One show was live from a Florida snakepit, where Ripley carried his microphone into a pit of 500 poisonous serpents. It was the best way to give his listeners an accurate account of a snake handler extracting venom from a rattler. Another live broadcast starred a skydiver describing his 10,000ft, 160mph freefall. When he finally pulled his ripcord there was a malfunction, and he slammed into the ground and nearly died. But it made for great radio.

In 1933, Ripley brought his cartoons to life on stage at his first Believe It Or Not! Odditorium show at the Chicago World’s Fair. The museum, reminiscent of PT Barnum’s beloved American Museum of the mid-19th century, featured numerous live acts that were guaranteed to shock and amaze. Audiences witnessed Martin Laurello, who painlessly turned his head completely backwards on his shoulders. They squirmed watching Leo Kongee, The Human Pincushion whose “skin never bleeds and seems to be immune to torture”. And they marvelled at young Frieda Pushnik, The Little Half Girl Born Without Arms or Legs, who used her mouth and dextrous stumps to write, thread needles and complete jigsaw puzzles. Contortionists, eye-poppers, sword-swallowers and more added to the entertainment, along with a display of shrunken heads, medieval torture devices and other wondrous artifacts. Odditoriums soon opened across the country.

While Believe It Or Not! had become a household name, Ripley had been living a believe-it-or-not life himself. After a brief marriage in 1919, he shunned monogamy and indulged in women of all kinds – Chinese, Japanese, German, Russian, French and Greek. He even kept his own harem, sometimes stocked with as many as 12 girls. As the world’s first millionaire cartoonist, he blew money on expensive foreign cars, but was afraid to drive them. He wouldn’t use a telephone, fearing he might be electrocuted. He drank heavily, but considered smoking evil. And between the hours of 7am and 11pm, wearing little more than an old robe and slippers, Ripley drew his cartoons upside down – unless he was hungover, in which case assistants handled the inking over his outlines. But perhaps all that was to be expected of the world’s foremost purveyor of the bizarre.

Ripley’s home was equally eccentric, and his New York mansion served as a shrine to his peculiar tastes and treasures – a model of the Eiffel Tower made from 30,000 matchsticks, chastity belts from the Crusades era, and an Iron Maiden from Nuremberg to name a few. He called this live-in museum Bion (for Believe It Or Not! ). One of his personal favourite possessions was a Chinese Foochow riverboat called the Mon Lei, which the Japanese had confiscated during their 1930s invasion of China. Ripley used it to entertain guests in trips along the nearby Long Island Sound estuary.

Despite his colossal collection, Bion amazingly still had room for Ripley’s mail – which was pouring in at the rate of 3,500 letters a day during the ’30s and ’40s. People everywhere inundated his mailbox with claims of the astounding and, in some cases, ridiculous things they could do. Eli Vicellio of Hurley, Wisconsin, wrote of his ability to lift a table and chair weighing 70lb with nothing more than his teeth. Then there was Bill Wausman of Detroit, who boasted about his unique talent for holding a pencil under his ear, instead of above it. Other times the letters merely concerned a strange coincidence, like in 1937 when Mr EE East of West Virginia met Mr EE West of East Virginia at the National Business College in Roanoke, Virginia. The accompanying photo captured the two men shaking hands.

Some of Ripley’s mail was worthy of a Believe It Or Not! just for finding its way to him. Fans challenged the postal system by seeing how obscure an address could get to the cartoonist, but addresses made out in Braille, Morse code and rebuses always got delivered. Even mail that was simply ripped – for Rip – found its way. However, the postal puzzles were put to a stop in 1930 when the US Postmaster General declared that mail with incomplete or unclear addresses would not be delivered because postal clerks were spending too much time “deciphering freak letters intended for Ripley”.

Not all of the mail involved frivolous feats and enigmatic envelopes, and the reaction to a 1929 edition of Believe It Or Not! still resonates in America today. The illustration bemoaned the fact that the US did not have a national anthem, and Ripley received so many letters on the subject he urged readers to flood Congress’ mailbox instead. More than 5million wrote to their Representatives and, as a result, ‘The Star-Spangled Banner’ was adopted as the national anthem. If not for that little cartoon, who knows what song would bring Americans to their feet before the start of every major sporting event?

As beloved as Ripley was, many referred to him as the World’s Biggest Liar. He claimed he felt flattered by this: “It means my cartoon that day contained some strange fact that was unbelievable – and therefore most interesting.” The ‘liar’ took pride in his ability to provide documentation for all his fantastic facts – however, his standard of proof was not particularly high. Ripley convinced himself that any printed word was true, and if he could dig up even one article supporting a story, he claimed his tale was validated. A research team was always on hand, ready to search the New York Public Library to unearth some piece of documentation (though lesser sources must have sometimes sufficed, since Ripley once wrote about a surgeon who lived to be 140 and drank heavily every day since he was 25). He’d read about the drunk in a little-known German publication in 1916. But then, maybe that’s why he always gave his fans the option to believe it or not.

Ripley’s pursuit of the weird and wonderful lasted until the very end. In true Believe It Or Not! fashion, the subject of his 13th – and final – television show was the story behind the writing of ‘Taps’, the bugle call for the dead. Shortly after, Ripley suffered a heart attack. He died on 27 May 1949 at the age of 55. More than 400 people paid tribute at the cartoonist’s funeral. Among his pallbearers were publishing giant William Randolph Hearst Jr, former world heavyweight boxing champion Gene Tunney, and president of Eastern Airlines, Edward Rickenbacker. Ripley was fittingly buried back home in Santa Rosa, in Odd Fellows Cemetery, so it would seem his final resting place was amongst good company.

Death hasn’t hurt Ripley’s popularity in the least. Today, Believe It Or Not! illustrations are still produced daily, and it is the world’s longest-running syndicated cartoon. A TV show and museums across the globe continue to capture the imagination of millions, and in 2007 Ripley is set to be reincarnated as Jim Carrey in a film directed by Tim Burton, with a script written by the men who gave us Ed Wood. Somewhere above, Ripley, along with the horned Chinese farmer, the armless and legless girl, and a human pincushion or two, will be watching proudly with the world’s largest tub of popcorn.

 

Ripley’s Odditorium in Hollywood

On November 3, 1929, he drew a panel in his syndicated cartoon saying “Believe It or Not, America has no national anthem.”[2] Despite the widespread belief that “The Star-Spangled Banner“, with its lyrics by Francis Scott Key set to the music of the English drinking song “To Anacreon in Heaven“, was the United States national anthem, Congress had never officially made it so. In 1931, John Philip Sousa published his opinion in favor of giving the song official status, stating that “it is the spirit of the music that inspires” as much as it is Key’s “soul-stirring” words. By a law signed on March 3, 1931, by President Herbert Hoover, “The Star-Spangled Banner” was adopted as the national anthem of the United States.

The 1930s saw Ripley expand his presence into other media. In 1930, he began a fourteen-year run on radio and a nineteen-year association with the show’s producer, Doug Storer.[3] Funding for his celebrated travels around the world were provided by the Hearst organization, and Ripley recorded live radio shows from underwater, the sky, caves, snake pits, and foreign countries. The next year he hosted the first of a series of two dozen Believe It or Not! theatrical short films for Warner Brothers Vitaphone, and King Features published a second collected volume of Believe it or Not! panels. He also appeared in a Vitaphone musical short, Seasons Greetings (1931), with Ruth Etting, Joe Penner, Ted Husing, Thelma White, Ray Collins, and others. After a trip to Asia in 1932, Ripley opened his first museum, the Odditorium, in Chicago. The concept was a success, and by the end of the decade, there were Odditoriums in San Diego, Dallas, Cleveland, San Francisco, and New York City. By this point in his life, Ripley had been voted the most popular man in America by the New York Times,[4] received an honorary degree from Dartmouth College, and visited 201 foreign countries.

Personal life

In 1919 Ripley married Beatrice Roberts. He made his first trip around the world in 1922, delineating a travel journal in installments. This ushered in a new topic for his cartoons: unusual and exotic foreign locales and cultures. Because he took the veracity of his work quite seriously, in 1923, Ripley hired a researcher and polyglot named Norbert Pearlroth as a full-time assistant. That same year, his feature moved from the New York Globe to the New York Post.[citation needed]

Death

During World War II, Ripley concentrated on charity efforts rather than world travel, but after the war, he again expanded his media efforts. In 1948, the year of the 20th anniversary of the Believe it or Not! cartoon series, the Believe it or Not! radio show drew to a close and was replaced with a Believe it or Not! television series. This was a rather bold move on Ripley’s part because of the small number of Americans with access to television at this early time in the medium’s development. Ripley completed only thirteen episodes of the series before he became incapacitated by severe health problems. He reportedly passed out during the filming of his final show. His health worsened, and on May 27, 1949, at age 58, he succumbed to a heart attack in New York City. He was buried in his home town of Santa Rosa, in the Oddfellows Lawn Cemetery, which is adjacent to the Santa Rosa Rural Cemetery.

Mysteries

Ripley’s cartoon series was estimated to have 80 million readers worldwide, and it was said that he received more mail than the President of the United States. He became a wealthy man, with homes in New York and Florida, but he always retained close ties to his home town of Santa Rosa, California, and he made a point of bringing attention to The Church of the One Tree, a church built entirely from the wood of a single 300-ft (91.4-m)-tall redwood tree, which stands on the north side of Juilliard Park in downtown Santa Rosa.

Ripley claimed to be able to “prove every statement he made,” because he worked with professional fact researcher Norbert Pearlroth, who assembled Believe it or Not!s array of odd facts and also verified the small-town claims submitted by readers. Pearlroth spent 52 years as the feature’s researcher, finding and verifying unusual facts for Ripley and, after Ripley’s death, for the King Features syndicate editors who took over management of the Believe it or Not!’ panel.[citation needed]

Other employees who researched the newspaper cartoon series over the years were Lester Byck and Don Wimmer. Others who drew the series after Ripley’s death include Joe Campbell (1946 to 1956), Art Slogg, Clem Gretter (1941 to 1949), Carl Dorese, Bob Clarke (1943 and 1944), Stan Randall, Paul Frehm (1938–1978), who became the panel’s full-time artist in 1949; and his brother Walter Frehm (1948–1989).[citation needed] 

Legacy

Ripley’s ideas and legacy live on in Ripley Entertainment, a company bearing his name and owned since 1985 by the Jim Pattison Group, Canada’s 3rd-largest privately held company. Ripley Entertainment airs national television shows, features publications of oddities, and has holdings in a variety of public attractions, including Ripley’s Aquarium, Ripley’s Believe it or Not! Museums, Ripley’s Haunted Adventure, Ripley’s Mini-Golf and Arcade, Ripley’s Moving Theater, Ripley’s Sightseeing Trains, Great Wolf Lodge overlooking Niagara Falls, Guinness World Records Attractions, and Louis Tussaud’s wax Museums.[citation needed]

Chronology

1890 Born in Santa Rosa, California

  • 1901 Receives his formal education
  • 1906 Becomes a semi-pro in baseball and sells first cartoon to Life
  • 1908 Quits baseball briefly to support mother
  • 1909 Moves from the San Francisco Bulletin to the San Francisco Chronicle
  • 1912 Creates his last drawing for the San Francisco Chronicle and moves to New York that winter
  • 1913 On January 2, writes his first comic for the New York Globe and tries out for the New York Giants, but an injury ends his baseball hopes
  • 1914 Takes his first trip to Europe
  • 1918 On December 19, publishes Champs and Chumps in the New York Globe
  • 1919 Marries Beatrice Roberts
  • 1920 Takes his first solo trip to Europe to cover the Olympics, held in Antwerp, Belgium
  • 1922 On December 3, takes first trip around the world; writes in installments in his travel journal
  • 1923 On April 7, returns to the U.S. and hires researcher and linguist Norbert Pearlroth; the Globe ceases publication and the series moves to the New York Evening News
  • 1925 Writes travel journal, handball guide
  • 1926 Becomes New York handball champion and writes book on boxing score; divorces Beatrice Roberts after being separated for some time.
  • 1929 On July 9, William Randolph Hearst’s King Features Syndicate features Believe It or Not! in seventeen papers worldwide

King Features Syndicate,

a print syndication company owned by The Hearst Corporation, distributes about 150 comic strips, newspaper columns, editorial cartoons, puzzles and games to nearly 5000 newspapers worldwide. King Features Syndicate is a unit of Hearst Holdings, Inc., which combines the Hearst Corporation’s cable network partnerships, television programming and distribution activities and syndication companies. King Features’ affiliate syndicates are North America Syndicate and Cowles Syndicate. Each week, Reed Brennan Media Associates, a unit of the Hearst Corporation, edits and distributes more than 200 features for King Features.[1] 

William Randolph Hearst (/ˈhɜrst/;[1] April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951)

was an American newspaper publisher who built the nation’s largest newspaper chain and whose methods profoundly influenced American journalism.[2] Hearst entered the publishing business in 1887 after taking control of The San Francisco Examiner from his father. Moving to New York City, he acquired The New York Journal and engaged in a bitter circulation war with Joseph Pulitzer‘s New York World that led to the creation of yellow journalism—sensationalized stories of dubious veracity. Acquiring more newspapers, Hearst created a chain that numbered nearly 30 papers in major American cities at its peak. He later expanded to magazines, creating the largest newspaper and magazine business in the world.

He was twice elected as a Democrat to the U.S. House of Representatives, and ran unsuccessfully for Mayor of New York City in 1905 and 1909, for Governor of New York in 1906, and for Lieutenant Governor of New York in 1910. Nonetheless, through his newspapers and magazines, he exercised enormous political influence, and was sometimes blamed for pushing public opinion with his yellow journalism type of reporting in the United States into a war with Spain in 1898.

His life story was the main inspiration for the development of the lead character in Orson Welles‘s film Citizen Kane.[3] His mansion, Hearst Castle, on a hill overlooking the Pacific Ocean near San Simeon, California, halfway between Los Angeles and San Francisco, was donated by the Hearst Corporation to the state of California in 1957, and is now a State Historical Monument and a National Historic Landmark, open for public tours. Hearst formally named the estate La Cuesta Encantada (“The Enchanted Slope”), but he usually just called it “the r

Vitaphone 

  • 1930 Begins an eighteen-year run on radio and a nineteen-year association with show producer Doug Storer; Hearst funds Ripley’s travels around the world, where Ripley records live radio shows from underwater, the sky, caves, snake pits and foreign countries
  • 1931 Releases movie shorts for Vitaphone, second book of Believe it or Not!
  • Vitaphone was a sound film system used for feature films and nearly 1,000 short subjects made by Warner Bros. and its sister studio First National from 1926 to 1931. Vitaphone was the last major analog sound-on-disc system and the only one which was widely used and commercially successful. The soundtrack was not printed on the film itself, but issued separately on phonograph records. The discs, recorded at 33 1/3 rpm (a speed first used for this system) and typically 16 inches in diameter, would be played on a turntable physically coupled to the projector motor while the film was being projected. Many early talkies, such as The Jazz Singer (1927), used the Vitaphone system. The name “Vitaphone” derived from the Latin and Greek words, respectively, for “living” and “sound”.
  • The “Vitaphone” trademark was later associated with cartoons and other short subjects that had optical soundtracks and did not use discs.

The Far East is an English term (with equivalents in various other languages of Europe and Asia, Chinese 遠東 yuǎn dōng literally translating to “far east“) mostly describing East Asia (including the Russian Far East) and Southeast Asia,[1] with South Asia sometimes also included for economic and cultural reasons.[2]

The term came into use in European geopolitical discourse in the 12th century, denoting the Far East as the “farthest” of the three “easts”, beyond the Near East and the Middle East. For the same reason, Chinese people in the 19th and early 20th centuries called Western countries “Tàixī (泰西)”—i.e. anything further west than the Arab world. The term is less commonly used than in the past[3] as it allegedly connotes the “orientalism” of the 19th century more explicitly than East Asia. Since the 1960s, terms like East Asia and the Orient have become increasingly common.[4] East Asia remains the most common media term for the region today.[3

 

  • 1933 First Odditorium opens in Chicago
  • 1934 Does the first radio show broadcast simultaneously around the world and purchases 28-room home in Mamaroneck, New York
  • 1935 Odditorium opens in San Diego
  • 1936 Odditorium opens in Dallas
  • 1937 Odditorium opens in Cleveland; Peanuts creator Charles Schulz’s first published drawing appears in Believe it or Not!
  • 1939 Odditoriums open in San Francisco and New York City; Ripley receives honorary degree from Dartmouth College
  • 1940 Purchases a 13-room Manhattan apartment; receives two more honorary degrees; number of foreign countries visited through funding by Hearst reaches 201
  • 1945 Stops foreign travel to do World War II charity work
  • 1946 Purchases a Chinese junk, the Mon Lei (万里)
  • 1947 Purchases third home, at High Mount, Florida
  • 1948 Radio program ends; the 30th anniversary of Believe it or Not! is celebrated at a New York costume party
  • 1949 Ripley dies of a heart attack on May 27 in New York City, New York, shortly after thirteenth telecast of first television show and is buried in Santa Rosa; auction of his estate is held; estate is purchased by John Arthur.

 

RIPLEY TIMELINE

Historic Time Line of a Company Built from One Single Cartoon in 1918

1890 – Robert Leroy Ripley was born in Santa Rosa, Calif. on Christmas Day.

1893 – Birth of sister Ethel.

1904 – Birth of brother Doug.

1906 – Played semi-professional baseball in Santa Rosa and sold his first artwork locally.

1908 - Robert Ripley quit school before graduating in order to support his widowed mother; made first major sale of a cartoon, “The Village Belles are Wringing,” to LIFE Magazine.

1909 – Joined the staff of the San Francisco Bulletin, then moved over to the San Francisco Chronicle when the rumor came out that he was about to get fired from the Chronicle.

1912 - August 28, Ripley’s last drawing for the Chronicle, moved to New York that winter.

1913 - January 2, landed a job and drew first cartoon for the New York Globe; later in the spring he tried out for the New York Giants, made the team, but got injured in his first game, ending his dreams of a baseball career.

1914 – Took his first trip abroad to Belgium and France.

1918 – December 19, published “Champs and Chumps” cartoon in New York Globe, long regarded as the first Believe It or Not! cartoon; moved into the New York Athletic Club.

1919 – October 16, the first cartoon with the Believe It or Not! headline was published; married Beatrice Roberts on October 21 but separated three months later.

1920 - Took his second trip to Europe (his first solo excursion) to cover the Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium.

1922 - December 3, embarked on his first around the world trip and returned on April 7, 1923; published his travel journal in installment form.

1923 – April 13, divorce from Beatrice was finalized; hired researcher/linguist Norbert Pearlroth as researcher; New York Globe newspaper closed down and Ripley moved to The New York Post.

1923-1929 – While drawing Believe It or Not! for The New York Post, the cartoon was syndicated by Associated Newspapers.

1925 - Took trip to South America, published his travel journal; published a handball guide.

1926 – Became the New York City handball champion representing the New York Athletic Club; published “Boxing Score,” a book on boxing.

1929 – July 9, he joined W. R. Hearst’s King Features Syndicate and the Believe It or Not! cartoon went from being published in 17 papers to world-wide distribution; first Believe It or Not! book was published.

1930 – Began his 14-year run on radio and his 19-year association with radio show promoter Doug Storer (future president of Ripley’s Believe It or Not!); Hearst funded Ripley’s wanderlust, starting a decade of world travel which culminated in Ripley visiting 201 countries by 1940; developed the concept of on-location live radio broadcasts throughout the decade, which became the Ripley radio show trademark with shows broadcast from underwater, in the sky, in caves in snake pits and from foreign countries.

1931 – Created movie shorts for Vitaphone Pictures, later owned by RKO; published his second Believe It or Not! book.

1932 - Took lengthy trip to the Orient; the first, biggest and most successful national Believe It or Not! contest was held.

1933 – July, opened his first Odditorium in Chicago, Ill. at the World’s Fair. It operated for the length of the fair.

1934 - Broadcast the first radio program heard simultaneously around the world; purchased a 28-room home on an island in Long Island Sound, off the shore from Mamaroneck, N.Y. and named it BION (Believe It or Not!) Island.

1935 - Opened odditorium at the California Pacific International Exposition in San Diego, Calif. It operated for the length of the fair.

1936 - Opened odditorium at The Texas Centennial Exposition in Dallas, Texas that operated for the length of the fair; in a national poll of newspaper readers Ripley was voted the most popular man in America, Roosevelt came in second.

1937 – Charles Schulz’s first ever-published drawing, a sketch of a cute little dog that would later become famous as “Snoopy,” appeared in the Believe It or Not! cartoon panel of Feb. 22; opened  odditorium at The Great Lakes Exposition in Cleveland that operated for the length of the fair.

1939 – Opened odditorium at the Golden Gate International Exposition in San Francisco   that operated for the length of the fair; opened odditorium in New York City on Times Square; received Honorary Degree from Dartmouth College.

1940 – Closed Times Square odditorium when invited to move exhibits to the New York World’s Fair in Flushing Meadows in Queens; purchased his second home, a Manhattan studio apartment with 13 rooms; received two more honorary degrees.

1940-45 – Ceased all foreign travel and concentrated on “Seeing America First,” a theme of his radio shows during that time; was busy with World War II charity work, including a Madison Square Gardens baseball game featuring Babe Ruth.

1946 - Purchased his Chinese junk, the Mon Lei.

1947 – Purchased his third home in Hi Mount, Florida.

1948 - Created a TV show pilot; took last foreign trip to the Orient and Hawaii; celebrated 30th anniversary of Believe It or Not! with an elaborate costume party at Toot Shor’s famous nightclub in NYC.

1949 - Starred in his first TV series; died on May 27 from heart failure after collapsing on the set of his weekly television show, live on air while interviewing a man about the military custom of playing Taps at funerals. It was Ripley’s 13th TV show.

1949 – Public auction of the Ripley estate was held; exhibits and artifacts were purchased by circus impresario John Arthur; long time friend and radio producer Doug Storer teamed up with Ripley’s brother Doug Ripley to take over the publication of the Ripley Believe It or Not! cartoon and books; Paul Frehm became the Ripley cartoon artist.

1950 – December 9 – John Arthur opened the first permanent Believe It or Not! museum in St. Augustine, which still operates in its original location, Warden’s Castle.

1950s - John Arthur opened a NYC odditorium on Times Square in 1957 where it operated until 1966; several traveling trailer shows toured the country; rights to Louis Tussaud’s Waxworks acquired for Canada and a few years later for the U.S. and the rest of the world.

1957 - Doug Ripley sold all family interest in the company to Doug Storer who joined with John Arthur to bring both exhibits and publishing back together into one company.

1960 – Doug Storer retired after a 30 year association with Ripley.

1963 – Alec Rigby, a Canadian, became a partner in the company and built the third Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Still in operation, it is located in Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada.

1966 – The company opened a Believe It or Not! museum in San Francisco, which is still in operation.

1968 – Believe It or Not! museum opened in Chicago. It closed in 1986; publication of the 50th Anniversary Edition of Ripley’s Believe It or Not! cartoon took place in December.

1969 - Alec Rigby became sole owner of Ripley’s Believe It or Not! and moved the company headquarters from New York City to Toronto, Canada.

1970-76 – Several Ripley museums opened, including Gatlinburg, Tenn. and Myrtle Beach, S.C.; the first overseas facility opened in Blackpool, England in 1972. It closed in 1976.

1972 – Santa Rosa honored Ripley with a city run memorial in “The Church of One Tree” which closed in 1998.

1973 – Robert Masterson, the future president of Ripley Entertainment was hired to work at the San Francisco museum.

1976 – Head Ripley researcher Norbert Pearlroth retired after 53 years of service.

1978 – Paul Frehm retired as Ripley cartoonist, replaced by his brother Walter Frehm.

1980-1985 – Ripley owner Alec Rigby turned the operation of the company over to John Withers; 1980-1984, successful national television show, Ripley’s Believe It or Not! starring Jack Palance was broadcast.

1985 – January, the company was purchased from Alec Rigby by Canadian entrepreneur Jim Pattison of Vancouver; October 1, the Las Vegas Believe It or Not! opened as the first franchised Ripley museum.

1988 – Ripley’s Believe It or Not opened in Surfer’s Paradise, Australia as a franchise and as the first Asian museum. It was later acquired by Ripley Entertainment Inc. It shut down temporarily in 2007 and is set to reopen in December 2009 in a  new building.

1989 – John Withers retired as company president of Ripley’s Believe It or Not! and Bob Masterson took over that position; Walter Frehm retired as artist and was replaced by Don Wimmer in January 1990; Ripley’s left King Features Syndicate after 60 years and moved to United Media which still syndicates the cartoon to more than 200 newspapers worldwide.

1990-93 – Several franchised museums, domestic and foreign, including Orlando and Korea opened; new museum opened in Blackpool, England.

1991 - The first Ripley’s Moving Theater opened in Gatlinburg, Tenn.

1992 - Ripley’s Moving Theaters opened in Niagara Falls, Canada and Myrtle Beach, S.C.

1993 - Ripley Entertainment Inc. headquarters moved to Orlando, Fla. from Toronto; 75th Anniversary of Ripley’s Believe It or Not! cartoon was celebrated; 90-minute television documentary, “The Life and Times of Robert Ripley” was broadcast on TBS network.

1993-97 – Asian expansion took place with openings of museums in Thailand, Korea, Jakarta and Hong Kong.

1996 – Guinness World Records Museum franchise rights were acquired.

1997 – The first Ripley Aquarium opened in Myrtle Beach, S.C. By 2007, more than 10 million guests had visited the aquarium, which is still the state’s most attended paid attraction.

1999 - First Ripley Haunted Adventure in Gatlinburg, Tenn. opened as a year-round, multi-million dollar haunted house with live actors.

2000 – The first Guinness World Record Experience in Orlando opened. It closed in 2002; Ripley’s Aquarium of the Smokies opened in Gatlinburg, Tenn.; new television show starring Dean Cain premiered. Eighty-eight shows ran over four seasons with the last shown in 2003 before going into successful world-wide syndication.

2001- Ripley’s three Moving Theaters were converted to become 3-D presentations.

2002 – Museums in Genting Highlands, Kuala Lumpur, and Malaysia opened; second Haunted Adventure was opened in Myrtle Beach; Davey Crockett Mini-Golf, the company’s first venture into miniature golf opened in Gatlinburg, Tenn.

2003 – New museums opened in Key West, Fla. and New Orleans, La.; third Haunted Adventure opened in San Antonio.

2004 - In January, Ripley Entertainment Inc. acquired two of its franchised Believe It or Not! museums and two Louis Tussaud’s wax museums from Classic Attractions in San Antonio and Grand Prairie, Texas; St Augustine Sightseeing trains were acquired; Ripley Publishing company was launched with successful the New York Times best seller, Ripley’s Believe It or Not!;  Ripley cartoonist Don Wimmer retired and was replaced by John Graziano, becoming only the fifth artist to ever draw the Ripley cartoon.

2004 - Ripley Entertainment Inc. moved its corporate office to a new location in Orlando, Fla., combining the art department, the exhibit warehouse and administrative offices under one roof for the first time in the company’s history.

2005 – Ripley’s Old MacDonald’s Farm Mini-Golf and Super Fun Zone opened in Sevierville, Tenn.; new Louis Tussaud’s Waxworks opened in Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada, replacing an earlier waxworks that had operated for nearly 40 years; Ripley’s Believe It or Not! opened in Kuwait as the company’s first venture in the Middle East.

2006 – Believe It or Not museums opened in Williamsburg, Va. and Panama City Beach, Fla.; April, Great Wolf Lodge Water Park Resort in Niagara Falls, Canada opened as Ripley’s first venture into the hospitality industry.  The wholly-owned Ripley lodge is, to date, the single largest Ripley investment, encompassing 406 hotel suites and 103,000 square feet of indoor water park fun!

2007 - June, Ripley’s Believe It or Not! museum made a triumphant return to New York City’s Times Square after an absence of 35 years; Ripley’s first Mirror Maze attraction opened in Grand Prairie, Texas.

2008 – January 1, Bob Masterson named chairman of Ripley Entertainment Inc. and Jim Pattison Jr. takes over as president.

2008 – Ripley’s entered India for the first time, opening a Believe It or Not!, a Ripley’s Marvelous Mirror Maze and a Louis Tussaud’s Waxworks, in Bangalore; May, a new Ripley’s Believe It or Not! odditorium replaced the 20-year old museum in San Antonio, Texas, across from the Alamo; August, a Ripley’s Believe It or Not! and a Marvelous Mirror Maze opened in London, England at One Piccadilly Circus; Ripley’s Marvelous Mirror Mazes opened in Gatlinburg, Tenn. and  Myrtle Beach, S.C.; August 1 – 3, World famous Weeki Wachee Mermaids performed for the first time outside of their home waters in Florida in 61 years. Ripley’s Aquarium in Myrtle Beach hosted the finned beauties for nine shows.

2009 – January, Ripley’s Impossible LaseRace opened at Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Museum in Grand Prairie, Texas; February, “Babies” exhibit opens at Ripley’s Aquarium in Myrtle Beach, S.C. for the remainder of 2009; February, “Lethal Weapons” exhibit opens at Ripley’s Aquarium of the Smokies in Gatlinburg, Tenn. for the remainder of 2009; February 28, 23 sword swallowers celebrate International Sword Swallowers Awareness Day at 8 Believe It or Not! Museums – New York City, London, Gatlinburg, Hollywood, Ocean City, Atlantic City, Niagara Falls, Canada and Orlando.

2009 – April 10, Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Museum in Buena Park, Calif. closes after 20 years; May 1-3, Weeki Wachee Mermaids perform 9 shows at Ripley’s Aquarium of the Smokies in Gatlinburg, Tenn.

2009 – Ripley opens new LaseRace at New York City’s Believe It or Not! odditorium;  Louis Tussaud’s Waxworks opens in Pattaya, Thailand; Ripley Radio – An On-Demand Oddcast, premieres in September marking the first time since 1947 that the Believe It or Not! brand had a presence on radio; Ripley’s Believe It or Not! opens in Veracruz, Mexico in December. 

2010 – In January, Ripley’s Believe It or Not! re-opens in Surfers Paradise, South Queensland, Australia following a one and a half year closure for rebuilding of a totally new show; Lethal Weapons exhibit opens in Ripley’s Aquarium in Myrtle Beach for remainder of 2010.

2010 – Ripley Entertainment Inc. purchases two of its successful franchises: Orlando, Fla., and Branson, Mo. in January; Ripley’s Penguin Playhouse opens at Ripley’s Aquarium of the Smokies in Gatlinburg, Tenn. in March; Ripley Entertainment Inc. purchases its two Copenhagen franchises, Ripley’s Believe It or Not! and the Guinness World Records Museum, along with two stand alone attractions – The Mystic Exploratorie and the Hans Christian Andersen’s Wonderful World in April.

2010 – Ripley’s Marvelous Mirror Maze & Candy Factory and Ripley’s LaseRace opens in Ocean City, Md., on May 28. In early June, Ripley’s Marvelous Mirror Maze & Candy Store opens in El Paso, marking Ripley Entertainment Inc.’s first foray into that city.

2010 - Following a six-month, $5 million renovation, Ripley’s Believe It or Not! in San Francisco, Calif., opens on June 30, with its big grand re-opening party being held on July 26. In addition to the major renovation that resulted in nearly 90% of the exhibits being replaced, the company opens a Marvelous Mirror Maze & Candy and Toy Factory as part of the attraction.

2010 - The Weeki Wachee Mermaids perform 12 shows at each of the Ripley Aquariums. They return to Myrtle Beach for the third year, July 23-25; and to Gatlinburg for the second season, August 6-8.

2010 - In its first outing as a trade show exhibitor since 1999, Ripley Entertainment  wins the “Image Award” for best booth at the Nov. 16-19 Attractions Expo of the International Assn. of Amusement Parks & Attractions (IAAPA) held in Orlando. At IAAPA, Ripley unveils new Believe It or Not! franchise opportunity, a new attractions concept for Guinness World Records, and a new wax figure of Erik Sprague, the Lizardman.

2010 - In December,  Ripley’s Aquarium of  The Smokies celebrates its 10th anniversary and Ripley Entertainment celebrates its 40th, in Gatlinburg, Tenn. The new franchised Ripley’s Believe It or Not! opens on Jeju Island, South Korea on Christmas Eve Day, December 24.

2011 - Following a successful three-year world tour, the two Ripley’s Fertility Statues are placed on permanent disply at the Orlando Believe It or Not! Odditorium. It was announced in February that Ripley Entertainment Inc. and Simon & Schuster, Inc. reached a sales and distribution agreement for Ripley’s large annual book to take effect in April. On February 26, more than 30 sword swallowers “drop” swords at 10 Believe It or Not! locations to celebrate the fifth annual Ripley’s sponsored World Sword Swallower’s Day.

2011- iSword, Ripley’s first-ever app, is released for the iPad and the iPhone in July. The oldest boxer to ever win a world championship, Bernard Hopkins spends two days in the Ripley art department having a wax figure created in July. The statue is presented at pre-fight activities in October prior to Hopkins defense of his title. The fight, officially named “Believe It or Not!: Bernard Hopkins Vs. Chad Dawson,” brings huge attention to the Ripley brand.  Ripley’s acquires 97 pieces of the world’s largest collection of micro-sculptures by famed British artist Willard Wigan.

2011 - On July 8, Ripley Entertainment purchases its Key West Believe It or Not! Odditorium. On August, 17, plans to build Ripley’s Aquarium of Canada are officially announced at at press conference in Toronto. The $130 million family attraction will be built at the base of the CN Tower and is set to open in Summer 2013. On September 13, the eighth book in its new annual series, “Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Strikingly True,” is released. A press conference at Ripley’s art department on September 14, features Maria Jose Christerna, known as the Mexican Vampire Woman, as she prepares to have a wax figure created of herself.

2011 - Oct. 10, Ripley’s Believe It or Not! announces licensing agreement with American Gaming Systems to develop casino games. “Ripley’s Scream in the Dark” darkride opens at the Believe It or Not! in Pattaya, Thailand on October 29. All North American Believe It or Not! Odditoriums promote a nationwide “Gimme Five Food Drive” for Nov. 6-10. All who donate five non-perishable food items get into Odditoriums or $5. Seven tons of food is collected.

2012 - Ripley’s Believe It or Not! presents The Lucky Daredevil Thrill Show at The Ohio State University on January 12. “Perfect Predators: SHARKS,” opens at Ripley’s Aquarium of the Smokies. Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Hollywood re-opens after major renovation on January 10. Boxer Bernard Hopkins is presented a personal wax figure for his trophy room during his birthday party in Philadelphia on January 17.

2012 - The Swarovski-covered Mini-Cooper car is lifted by crane out of the London Believe It or Not! Odditorium early in the morning of February 4 through a hole in the fifth floor roof. A Ferrari made of yarn was lifted back in to replace the Mini-Cooper that will be the centerpiece attraction at the new Baltimore Odditorium. On February 13, more than 1,000 people, from seven countries and 36 states gather at Ripley’s Believe It or Not! St. Augustine to renew their wedding vows. More than 30 sword swallowers gather at 12 Believe It or Not! Odditoriums to celebrate World Sword Swallower’s Day on February 25. “Dinosaurs – When Giants Ruled,” opens on March 30 at Ripley’s Aquarium in Myrtle Beach.

2012- Robert Ripley is inducted into the Coney Island Sideshow Hall of Fame at Coney Island USA on April 13. Ripley Entertainment Inc. acquires the Panama City Beach, Fla. Believe It or Not! Odditorium and 3-D Theater at Panama from its franchisee on April 20. To officially announce the new Baltimore Believe It or Not! Odditorium, set to open in June, daredevil Nik Wallenda walks across the Baltimore Harbor on May 9, attracting 10,000 viewers lining the harbor and countless millions on live TV coverage.

2012 - Sultan Kosen, the world’s tallest man, helps Ripley launch its new Guinness World Records Attraction concept during the IAAPA Asian Expo in Hong Kong on June 5.  Following a two-week soft opening, the Baltimore Believe It or Not! Odditorium officially opens on June 26 with a gala party. Ripley’s presents the “Summer Side Show” at Quassy Amusement Park for two weeks starting on July 9.  Ripley’s Aquarium in Myrtle Beach welcomes its 15th million visitor on July 25.

2012 - Ripley’s Aquarium of the Smokies welcomes its 15th million visitor on August 7.  Ripley’s newest annual  ”Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Download the Weird,” goes on sale September 11 and incorporates the latest in technology, allowing the Oddscan app to bring book items to life via video.  Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Orlando celebrates it’s 20th anniversary and Halloween with the first-ever Oddtoberfest on October 6. Ripley’s Believe it or Not! Times Square wins “Franchise of the Year” award from Ripley Entertainment on October 24.

2012 - Robert Masterson, who served as Ripley president for 20 years (1989-2009) and spent 36 years total with the company (1973-2009), is inducted into the Hall of Fame of the International Assn. of Amusement Parks & Attractions (IAAPA) during its annual convention in Orlando on November 13.

Exhibition Review

<NYT_HEADLINE type=” ” version=”1.0″>O, Believers, Prepare to Be Amazed!

Nicole Bengiveno/The New York Times

The Ripley’s Believe It Or Not! Odditorium, which opened on 42nd Street in Manhattan, is “so entertaining and provocative that it’s worth special attention,” Edward Rothstein writes. More Photos >

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<NYT_BYLINE type=” ” version=”1.0″>

Published: August 24, 2007
<NYT_TEXT>Before you leave even the first gallery in the Times Square Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Odditorium, which opened on West 42nd Street in June, you have already seen a six-legged cow, a legless acrobat, a car made of wood, the world’s ugliest woman and an albino giraffe. Look up: A bulbous replica of a 1,400-pound man hangs above the main floor, held aloft presumably just as the man himself was when a forklift heaved his body out of his home after he died in 1991.

If you are tempted to say, “Now I’ve seen everything,” believe it or not, you haven’t, because you have yet to see a miniature sculpture of Babe Ruth created from used chewing gum (“ABC Sculpture” it’s called); shrunken heads of an infant, toddler and boy executed by a barbaric Ecuadorean tribe (“No Child Left Behind”); a four-legged chicken bred by a Romanian farmer to produce more drumsticks (“All Fowled Up”); and a fossilized walrus penis used in tribal warfare (“Male Sex Club”).

By the time you pass through all 17,000 square feet of this attraction — museum is too solemn a word — you still won’t be able to say, “Now I’ve seen everything” because (as a character in the film “Team America” points out) you won’t have seen a man eating his own head. But you will have been amazed at many things, and perhaps even cry aloud a few times, asserting how much easier it would be to choose the second alternative in this franchise’s title than the first. This feeling is particularly intense when you are looking at something real rather than a replica — a shrunken head instead of the ugliest woman, an instrument of medieval torture instead of a photograph of a mutant.

And yes, along with the fascination comes a kind of unease, a sense that one is perversely peeping at a natural world immodestly stripped of its decorousness, or gazing luridly at its oddest human inhabitants. Circuses used to have freak shows in which (one cringes to recall) malformed, grotesque and exotic humanity was paraded before paying crowds. The freakish breaks all rules; it seems beyond belief because it fails to make any sense; it upsets comforting notions. The freakish is the ultimate avant-garde, a finger in the eye of the buttoned-up bourgeois vision of ordered life, like a tattoo parlor in the midst of a holistic spa.

The voyeuristic sense of gaining entry to a forbidden, exotic and at times unsettling realm is something Ripley’s shares with a neighboring attraction on 42nd Street: Madame Tussauds. Waxworks, since their origins in the 18th century, have offered a similar window into the world of exceptions, violations, disruptions. Royalty, celebrity and criminality were the great wax subjects. Madame Tussaud (who gave the attraction its now-jettisoned apostrophe) even made wax models from guillotined heads during the Reign of Terror. Waxworks traditionally include a chamber of horrors, even this one, which is more haunted by the personas of J. Lo and Britney than anybody resembling Jack the Ripper. But more about Madame and her institution a little later.

Despite some flaws (and some editing errors in the labels), the new Ripley’s is so entertaining and provocative that it’s worth special attention. Ripley’s hasn’t had a presence in New York since it abandoned Times Square in 1972, when the neighborhood started to become a bit too much like the shadowy world of extravagant desire and freakishness portrayed within. Now, the Odditorium can more comfortably be the exception to the surroundings rather than an extension of it.

But it is still intent on channeling the cartoonist, columnist and amateur anthropologist Robert LeRoy Ripley, whom newspaper readers in 1936 named the most popular man in America. His life could be recounted in the style he perfected for his “Believe It or Not!” feature:

¶Ripley, who came to New York from San Francisco, tried out for the Giants in 1914 and was accepted! But he broke his pitching arm the very first game he played.

¶Ripley began his cartooning career chronicling sports statistics and records, but he got more mileage from noting bizarre achievements! One Toronto man he cited “ran 100 yards backwards in 14 seconds.”

¶Ripley’s feature became so successful that he traveled around the world adding to his collections from exotic locales. But he was terrified of the telephone!

¶For all his tireless energy, Ripley, in 1949 at the age of 55, suffered a fatal heart attack during a live broadcast of his television show … a show about the playing of taps at military funerals!

This was the man who, wearing a pith helmet, knickers and argyle socks, can be seen in videos at the Odditorium gleefully kicking up his heels with an African tribal dancer, or loading camels with memorabilia. His personal collections of beer steins, shrunken heads, tribal masks and “pranks of nature,” like a two-headed calf, are sampled here. They also form the foundation of the other Odditoriums now run by Ripley Entertainment, which continues to add to the oddities. The label style remains a cross between the Coney Island barker and the cultural anthropologist. We are told, for example, that not telling the truth was a capital offense in ancient China, and that violators were tied to a heated stove pipe. Ripley’s label reads: “Liar, Liar, Pants on Fire.”

O, Believers, Prepare to Be Amazed!// //

Published: August 24, 2007
<NYT_TEXT>(Page 2 of 2)You never know just what to make of Ripley’s facts and objects. They are so removed from their contexts that all they can do is amaze: history becomes the domain of adventurer-tourists, prepared for sensations and thrills. That splitting apart — the isolation of the strange to make it stranger — is one of the place’s hallmarks. Ripley’s adores cataclysm. One of John Wilkes Booth’s Derringers is here. (It was a backup in case his first shot at Lincoln missed.) Bizarre abilities are also combined with bizarre disabilities. The man who, lacking arms, does everything with his feet; the man whose skull is pierced by his power drill and lives to tell the tale. And cultural perversities are plentiful. Here can be found the bound feet of Chinese women, along with the torture instruments of medieval Europe, including an iron maiden from 16th-century Austria, which used spikes in a particularly unsettling manner.

It might seem at first that Ripley, exploring the world just as its imperial empires were beginning to disintegrate and accumulating relics of premodern cultures, was condescending, mocking them with his exclamation points. But there is something refreshing about Ripley’s enthusiastic refusal to homogenize humanity’s extremes. And his gaze roamed across his own culture’s peculiarities too, treating them with the same amazement. Perhaps as a form of defense, the point is made explicit: Western viewers don’t have too much to feel superior about, at least here. While African women of the Sara tribe have stretched their lips out nine inches using clay discs, the modern American woman applies Botox with a hypodermic needle. While Padaung women of Burma stretch their necks with brass rings, Western women expand their breasts with silicone.

At any rate, the world is a strange place indeed, even if most of us don’t build a replica of the Spanish armada out of 250,000 matchsticks or find 20,179 four-leaf clovers, as two of Ripley’s contributors did.

If you need more convincing, simply walk a few steps east, to Madame Tussauds. At first there isn’t a hint of anything odd. The waxworks, which from its founder’s death in 1850 until 1970 was a purely British institution, has gone mass market. Tussauds is now part of Merlin Entertainments Group, with attractions in Amsterdam, London, New York, Las Vegas, Hong Kong and Shanghai; in October one will open in Washington. And in the New York version, which claims 850,000 visitors a year, a huge model of the Hulk welcomes you, an “American Idol” room is a mini-theater, Johnny Depp promotes “Pirates of the Caribbean” and an overwrought presentation of Superman guides you to the gift shop. A good number of exhibitions like these are promotional partnerships with other entertainment companies.

So is this just a matter of seeing life-size versions of images already too much with us (and some far too dated as well)? Is this why up to $125,000 and six months of labor are spent on each wax reproduction, some of which also bear too vague a resemblance to the familiar images we know so well? But there is something else here too, even if in its current incarnation it all seems a bit denatured.

Until recently wax figures at Tussauds were mostly shown within tableaus, posed in historical dioramas, roped off from viewers. When I saw the Tussauds in London, decades ago, figures from history gathered for momentous events. When Madame Tussaud trained in 18th-century Paris, waxworks even served as a kind of molten ticker tape, their ever-changing scenes chronicling the French Revolution’s cataclysms.

But in the last generation the ropes have come down. The figures stand or sit among the visitors. They are touched, groped, posed with. They become part of environments: a Broadway opening-night party, a nightclub. One large gallery is reserved for serious celebrities and high achievers: Abe Lincoln, Gandhi, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Leonard Bernstein, Bill Clinton and Albert Einstein literally rub shoulders with visiting schoolchildren and digital-camera-wielding tourists.

As in Ripley’s, history dissolves into sensation; here the thrill is celebrity. The close contact makes these figures seem familiar. They are placed on the same level as their visitors, who are even superior to them in lifelike qualities. But sometimes a wax figure looks out of those glass eyes with unusual intensity, or there is enough of a resemblance to remind the fleshy onlookers of something more mysterious in these curious figures, something existing beyond the wax.

Celebrity always involves a double move: an off-putting superiority felt through the intimacy of vulgar gossip. Here at Tussauds the figures are neither off-putting nor vulgar; they can neither be condescended to nor put on pedestals. Instead we find ourselves looking into fun-house mirrors and through odd lenses, that, believe it or not, disrupt the cool poise of celebrity and leave everything even stranger than it once was

References

  1. ^ NNDB Biography Of Robert L.Ripley
  2. ^ Robert L.Ripley Bizarre Magazine. February 2006.
  3. ^ Ripley Time Line
  4. ^ Rothstein, Edward (August 24, 2007). Believer ,Prepare To be Amazed   Retrieved 2008-08-14.
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