SEPULUH MISTERI YANG HANYA DAPAT DITERANGKAN DENGAN LOGIKA

 

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom : 

 

Dr Iwan Mystery  Cybermuseum

Showcase:

SEPULUH MISTERI YANG HANYA DAPAT  DITERANGKAN DENGAN LOGIKA

1.INCORRUPTIBLE CORPSES

Incorruptible Corpses are corpses that have been ‘preserved without embalming or any other artificial means’. The most famous is St. Bernadette Soubirous (above), who died in 1879. Her face and hands are made out of wax. The wax was added because her face was emaciated when she was first dug up. Other incorruptible corpses give off a sweet odor, similar to embalming fluid. Others still are due to how they were buried, in alkaline soil, with a lack of oxygen and bacteria and worms.

2.ASTROLOGY

Astrology is the practice of examining the stars to tell us about our future. People born at a certain time of month have certain star signs, for example, Leo, born in July/August. Where some daily star signs might be accurate, this is coincidence. There isn’t any way a lot of old, probably dead stars can tell us about the future. Daily Star Signs are kept vague enough that they could apply to anything. For example, “You will meet someone new today”, we meet some one new every day, at the shop, the bus driver, in any day you will meet some one new.

3.THE SHROUD OF TURIN

The Shroud of Turin is supposedly the cloth that was used to wrap Jesus after his death. The face of Jesus was miraculously imposed onto the cloth. Some blood, type AB was found on the cloth. Firstly, the AB type blood was found on the tape that was used to lift fibrils on the shroud and not on the shroud itself. Secondly, it could be anyone’s blood, from anyone who ever handled the shroud. Lastly, dried old blood is black and the stains on the shroud are red. One theory is that a male model was painted and wrapped in the shroud to create the figure of Christ. Vermillion paint was splashed on the models wrists, feet and body to create the blood. Analyzing the shroud has shown 2 common paint pigments used in the 14th century

4.BIG FOOT

Bigfoot is a prehistoric ape like animal. It is tall, hairy and has big feet. As with the Loch Ness Monster, there are only (hard to see) photographs and questionable footprints to prove its existence. Just like the Loch Ness Monster, there is no actual proof of the existence of Bigfoot. No scat, no bones, no artifacts. Nothing, except a lot of sightings. Ultimately, he is probably a figment of a few wild imaginations.

5. THE MONSTER OF LOCH NESS

The monster of Loch Ness, allegedly a plesiosaur which is all that is left of the dinosaur period. There have been sonar’s which have seen ‘something’, photographs etc. to support the existence of the Loch Ness Monster. What there hasn’t been, is a lot of common sense. The Loch Ness monster story has been around for more then 1500 years. That is one very old monster. Of course, it could have bred, but that would mean a family of monsters. How come with that many monsters there is no definite proof? A clear photograph that can’t be argued with? A carcass? But there is nothing except a lot of tourism

6.MAYAN LONG COUNT CALENDER

The only mysterious thing here is the Mayans themselves, and how did they come up with the calendar. The calendar looks like this , 12.18.16.2.6, though this isn’t todays date. The end number counts up one day, when it reaches a certain number it will reset to zero and the number next to it will count up one. It ends on the year 2012, so people predict the world will end too. The world isn’t going to end. Think of the Mayan calendar as a odometer, when the numbers reach zero, they will start counting up from one again. No mystery.

7.BERMUDA TRIANGLE

The Bermuda Triangle is a triangular area in the Atlantic ocean where a large amount of ships and planes have crashed, or disappeared, without a trace. However, many of the ships and planes that disappeared over the Bermuda Triangle were not actually in the Bermuda Triangle. Also, the amount of disappearances and crashes are not unusual for an area that size. The story of the Bermuda Triangle has developed due to media hysteria and authors wanting to be published.

8.THE MARY CELESTE

The Mary Celeste was a ship discovered floating in the sea minus its crew. Stories range from finding meals, still hot and ready to eat, to the ship being found abandoned but with no personal items taken, with strange circular burns on the deck – indicating alien abduction. The truth is much more boring. The ship that discovered the May Celeste saw signs that the crew had left in a hurry. The also noted the ship was making strange noises. The captain probably thought his ship was sinking, so he left with the crew.

9.THE ICA STONES

The Ica Stones are stones which were discovered in a cave in Peru. The cave was never identified. The Stones have engravings on them such as Aztec men fighting dinosaurs, extinct fish, open heart surgery and other things that show an advanced civilization. A farmer was arrested for selling these stones to tourists, when he admitted to making them himself. To get that ancient look, he says he left the stones in his chicken coop, and let the chickens do the rest. Others have also made and sold Ica Stones. There is no evidence of a civilization in that area, no ruins, bones or anything.

10.CYDONIAN REGION ON MARS PLANET

The Cydonian region on Mars attracted a great deal of attention because one of the hills in that region looked remarkably man made. The region was first imaged in detail by the Viking 1 orbiter, which was launched in 1975. Several images were taken by the Viking, including one taken in 1976 showing that one of the Cydonian mesas had the appearance of face. Scientists dismissed the face as a trick of light and shadow, but then a second image also showed the face at a different sun-angle. This caught the attention of organizations interested in extraterrestrial intelligence, and some talk show hosts who believed the Face was a long-lost Martian civilization. Most scientists still held the belief that the face was just a consequence of viewing conditions. In 2003, when the European space agency launched Mars Express, it was able to combine data from a high resolution stereo camera and create a 3D representation of the “Face on Mars”. The most recent image (bottom) I think would silence even the most faithful believers. The image shows a remnant massif, thought to have formed from landslides and an early form of debris apron formation, but no face in sight.

THE END @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

Posted in DrIWAN MYSTERY CYBERMUSEUM | Leave a comment

MetodaTradisional Kuno Untuk Kontrasepsi (PENCEGAHAN KEHAMILAN)

 

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom : 

 

Dr Iwan Health Cybermuseum

Showcase:

 Methoda Tradisional Kuno Untuk  Kontrasepsi(PENCEHGAHAN KEHAMILAN)

Indonesian Version:

     1.MERCURY(Air Raksa)

Peradaban di seluruh dunia, dari Asiria kuno dan Mesir ke Yunani, terpesona oleh merkuri dan yakin bahwa itu nilai obat dan sifat kuratif khusus, menggunakannya untuk mengobati segala sesuatu mulai dari ruam kulit sifilis. Di Cina kuno, wanita disarankan untuk minum merkuri panas untuk mencegah kehamilan. Itu mungkin cukup efektif meyakinkan tubuh wanita yang dia tidak cocok untuk membawa anak, menyebabkan keguguran, sehingga dalam arti itu, bekerja sebagai kontrasepsi. Namun, seperti yang kita kenal sekarang, raksa sangat beracun, menyebabkan kegagalan ginjal dan paru-paru, serta kerusakan otak dan kematian. Pada saat itu, kehamilan mungkin akan menjadi paling sedikit kekhawatiran Anda.

2.SILPHIUM

Silphium adalah anggota dari keluarga adas yang tumbuh di tepi Cyrenaica (di Libya saat ini). Itu sangat penting bagi perekonomian Cyrenean yang menghiasi koin bahwa kota kuno. Silphium memiliki sejumlah kegunaan dalam masakan dan obat-obatan, dan Pliny the Elder direkam menggunakan ramuan sebagai kontrasepsi. Hal itu dilaporkan efektif untuk kontrasepsi bila diambil sebulan sekali tinktur. Hal ini juga dapat digunakan sebagai kontrol darurat kelahiran, baik secara lisan atau vagina, sebagai sebuah abortifacient. Pada abad kedua CE, pabrik sudah punah, mungkin karena lebih dari panen

3. pepaya

Di Asia Selatan dan Asia Tenggara, pepaya muda digunakan untuk mencegah atau mengakhiri kehamilan. Setelah pepaya matang, meskipun, itu kehilangan phytochemical yang mengganggu dengan progesteron dan dengan demikian sifat-sifatnya kontrasepsi dan abortifacient. Bibit-bibit pepaya benar-benar bisa berfungsi sebagai kontrasepsi pria yang efektif. bibit Pepaya, diminum setiap hari, bisa memotong jumlah sperma seorang pria ke nol dan aman untuk penggunaan jangka panjang. Terbaik dari semua, kemandulan itu reversibel: jika orang itu berhenti mengambil biji, jumlah sperma itu akan kembali normal.

4.Kapas,(COTTON (DATES Grind, POHON Akasia KULIT DAN MADU BERSAMA)

Dalam naskah kuno medis Ebers Papyrus (1550 SM), wanita disarankan untuk menggiling kurma, pohon akasia kulit, dan madu bersama-sama ke dalam pasta, campuran ini berlaku untuk wol benih, dan masukkan biji wol vagina untuk digunakan sebagai sebuah alat pencegah kehamilan. Memang, itu apa yang ada dalam kapas daripada kapas itu sendiri yang dipromosikan sebagai ferments efektivitas pengendalian kelahiran-akasia menjadi asam laktat, yang terkenal spermisida-tapi wol benih itu berfungsi sebagai penghalang fisik antara ejakulasi dan leher rahim. Menariknya, meskipun, perempuan selama masa perbudakan Amerika akan mengunyah pada kulit akar kapas untuk mencegah kehamilan. Kapas kulit akar mengandung zat yang mengganggu korpus luteum, yang merupakan lubang tersisa di ovarium saat ovulasi terjadi. Corpus luteum mengeluarkan progesteron untuk mempersiapkan rahim untuk implantasi telur yang dibuahi. Dengan menghambat tindakan corpus luteum, perhentian kulit akar kapas produksi progesteron, tanpa yang kehamilan tidak dapat dilanjutkan.

5.COMMON RUE

Rue, ramuan biru-hijau dengan daun berbulu, ditanam sebagai tanaman hias dan disukai oleh tukang kebun untuk tahan banting nya. Hal ini agak pahit tetapi dapat digunakan dalam jumlah kecil sebagai bahan penyedap dalam masakan. Soranus, dokter kandungan dari Yunani 2-abad, dijelaskan penggunaannya sebagai abortifacient kuat, dan perempuan di Amerika Latin secara tradisional dimakan rue dalam salad sebagai teh rue kontrasepsi dan diminum sebagai kontrasepsi darurat atau untuk menginduksi aborsi. Tertelan secara teratur, aliran darah ke rue menurun endometrium, pada dasarnya membuat lapisan rahim non-gizi untuk telur dibuahi.

6.DONG QUAI

Dong quai, juga dikenal sebagai angelica China, telah lama dikenal untuk efek yang kuat pada siklus wanita. Perempuan minum tonik diseduh dengan akar dong quai untuk membantu mengatur haid tidak teratur, mengurangi kram menstruasi dan membantu tubuh beregenerasi setelah menstruasi. Diambil selama awal kehamilan, bagaimanapun, dong quai memiliki efek menyebabkan kontraksi rahim dan mendorong aborsi. spesies Eropa dan Amerika angelica memiliki sifat yang serupa tetapi tidak banyak digunakan.

7.BLUE cohosh

Blue cohosh, digunakan secara tradisional untuk kontrol kelahiran oleh penduduk asli Amerika, mengandung setidaknya dua zat abortifacient: satu meniru oxytocin, hormon yang dihasilkan selama proses persalinan yang merangsang rahim berkontraksi, dan substansi yang unik untuk biru, caulosaponin cohosh, juga mengakibatkan kontraksi rahim . hari ini Bidan dapat menggunakan cohosh biru pada bulan terakhir kehamilan untuk nada rahim dalam persiapan untuk tenaga kerja. The black cohosh sama sekali tidak berhubungan, tetapi juga bernama juga mempunyai sifat estrogenik dan abortifacient dan sering dikombinasikan dengan cohosh biru untuk mengakhiri kehamilan.

8.PENNYROYAL

Pennyroyal adalah tanaman dalam genus mint dan memiliki aroma yang mirip dengan spearmint. Orang-orang Yunani dan Roma kuno menggunakannya sebagai ramuan memasak dan unsur rasa dalam anggur. Mereka juga minum teh Pennyroyal untuk menginduksi menstruasi dan dokter aborsi Dioscorides-1-abad catatan ini penggunaan Pennyroyal di ensiklopedia besar lima volume di atas jamu. Terlalu banyak teh bisa sangat beracun, namun, menyebabkan kegagalan organ multiple.

9.QUEEN ANNE LACE

Queen Anne’s Lace juga dikenal sebagai wortel liar, dan biji-bijian yang telah lama digunakan sebagai kontrasepsi-Hippocrates dijelaskan ini menggunakan lebih dari dua ribu tahun lalu. Benih blok sintesis progesteron, mengganggu implantasi dan yang paling efektif sebagai kontrasepsi darurat dalam waktu delapan jam paparan untuk mengurutkan sperma-a “pagi setelah” bentuk kontrol kelahiran. Mengambil Queen Anne’s Lace menyebabkan efek samping atau ringan (seperti sedikit sembelit), dan wanita yang berhenti minum bisa mengandung dan belakang anak yang sehat. Satu-satunya bahaya, tampaknya, itu membingungkan tanaman dengan hemlock racun yang mirip tetapi berpotensi mematikan dan hemlock air.

10.LEMON

Asam sitrat dikatakan memiliki sifat spermisida, dan perempuan digunakan untuk merendam spons dalam jus lemon sebelum memasukkan mereka vagina. Disebutkan dalam Talmud, ini adalah metode yang disukai pengendalian kelahiran di masyarakat Yahudi kuno. Spons itu sendiri akan bertindak sebagai penghalang-alat pencegah kehamilan fisik antara sperma dan leher rahim. casanova ini Casanova besar itu dikatakan telah memasukkan kulit setengah lemon ke pecinta sebagai penutup serviks primitif atau diafragma, jus lemon berfungsi untuk memusnahkan sisa sperma. Lemon-dan-jus jeruk douche coitus berikut ini juga direkomendasikan sebagai bentuk kontrol kelahiran, tapi metode ini mungkin kurang efektif, karena sperma bisa masuk ke leher rahim-dan karenanya keluar dari jangkauan setiap douching-dalam beberapa menit dari ejakulasi. Kebetulan, beberapa praktisi pengobatan alternatif saat ini menunjukkan bahwa dosis tinggi vitamin C (6 sampai 10 hari ga) bisa menyebabkan aborsi pada wanita di bawah 4 minggu kehamilan, tetapi tidak ada bukti bahwa buah jeruk yang digunakan dalam cara ini di zaman kuno.

english version :
               

1.MERCURY

Civilizations the world over, from the ancient Assyrians and Egyptians to the Greeks, were fascinated by mercury and were convinced that it had medicinal value and special curative properties, using it to treat everything from skin rashes to syphilis. In ancient China, women were advised to drink hot mercury to prevent pregnancy. It was likely pretty effective at convincing a woman’s body that she wasn’t fit to carry a child, leading to miscarriage, so in that sense, it worked as a contraceptive. However, as we know today, mercury is enormously toxic, causing kidney and lung failure, as well as brain damage and death. At that point, pregnancy would probably be the least of your worries.

2.SILPHIUM

Silphium was a member of the fennel family that grew on the shores of Cyrenaica (in present-day Libya). It was so important to the Cyrenean economy that it graced that ancient city’s coins. Silphium had a host of uses in cooking and in medicine, and Pliny the Elder recorded the herb’s use as a contraceptive. It was reportedly effective for contraception when taken once a month as a tincture. It could also be used as emergency birth control, either orally or vaginally, as an abortifacient. By the second century CE, the plant had gone extinct, likely because of over harvesting

3.UNRIPE PEPAYA

In South Asia and Southeast Asia, unripe papaya was used to prevent or terminate pregnancy. Once papaya is ripe, though, it loses the phytochemicals that interfere with progesterone and thus its contraceptive and abortifacient properties. The seeds of the papaya could actually serve as an effective male contraceptive. Papaya seeds, taken daily, could cut a man’s sperm count to zero and was safe for long-term use. Best of all, the sterility was reversible: if the man stopped taking the seeds, his sperm count would return to normal.

4.COTTON(GRIND DATES,ACCASIA TREE BARK AND HONEY TOGETHER)

In the ancient medical manuscript the Ebers Papyrus (1550 BCE), women were advised to grind dates, acacia tree bark, and honey together into a paste, apply this mixture to seed wool, and insert the seed wool vaginally for use as a pessary. Granted, it was what was in the cotton rather than the cotton itself that promoted its effectiveness as birth control—acacia ferments into lactic acid, a well-known spermicide—but the seed wool did serve as a physical barrier between ejaculate and cervix. Interestingly, though, women during the times of American slavery would chew on the bark of cotton root to prevent pregnancy. Cotton root bark contains substances that interfere with the corpus luteum, which is the hole left in the ovary when ovulation occurs. The corpus luteum secretes progesterone to prepare the uterus for implantation of a fertilized egg. By impeding the corpus luteum’s actions, cotton root bark halts progesterone production, without which a pregnancy can’t continue.

5.COMMON RUE

Rue, a blue-green herb with feathery leaves, is grown as an ornamental plant and is favored by gardeners for its hardiness. It is rather bitter but can be used in small amounts as a flavoring ingredient in cooking. Soranus, a gynecologist from 2nd-century Greece, described its use as a potent abortifacient, and women in Latin America have traditionally eaten rue in salads as a contraceptive and drunk rue tea as emergency contraception or to induce abortion. Ingested regularly, rue decreases blood flow to the endometrium, essentially making the lining of the uterus non-nutritive to a fertilized egg.

6.DONG QUAY

Dong quai, also known as Chinese angelica, has long been known for its powerful effects on a woman’s cycle. Women drank a tonic brewed with dong quai roots to help regulate irregular menstruation, alleviate menstrual cramps and help the body regenerate after menstruation. Taken during early pregnancy, however, dong quai had the effect of causing uterine contractions and inducing abortion. European and American species of angelica have similar properties but were not as widely used.

7.BLUE COHOSH

Blue cohosh, traditionally used for birth control by Native Americans, contains at least two abortifacient substances: one mimics oxytocin, a hormone produced during childbirth that stimulates the uterus to contract, and a substance unique to blue cohosh, caulosaponin, also results in uterine contractions. Midwives today may use blue cohosh in the last month of pregnancy to tone the uterus in preparation for labour. The completely unrelated but similarly named black cohosh also has estrogenic and abortifacient properties and was often combined with blue cohosh to terminate a pregnancy.

8.PENNYROYAL

Pennyroyal is a plant in the mint genus and has a fragrance similar to that of spearmint. The ancient Greeks and Romans used it as a cooking herb and a flavoring ingredient in wine. They also drank pennyroyal tea to induce menstruation and abortion—1st-century physician Dioscorides records this use of pennyroyal in his massive five-volume encyclopedia on herbal medicine. Too much of the tea could be highly toxic, however, leading to multiple organ failure.

9.QUEEN ANNE LACE

Queen Anne’s Lace is also known as wild carrot, and its seeds have long been used as a contraceptive—Hippocrates described this use over two millennia ago. The seeds block progesterone synthesis, disrupting implantation and are most effective as emergency contraception within eight hours of exposure to sperm—a sort of “morning after” form of birth control. Taking Queen Anne’s Lace led to no or mild side effects (like a bit of constipation), and women who stopped taking it could conceive and rear a healthy child. The only danger, it seemed, was confusing the plant with similar-looking but potentially deadly poison hemlock and water hemlock.

10.LEMON

Citric acid is said to have spermicidal properties, and women used to soak sponges in lemon juice before inserting them vaginally. Mentioned in the Talmud, this was a preferred method of birth control in ancient Jewish communities. The sponge itself would act as a pessary—a physical barrier between the sperm and the cervix. The great womanizer Casanova was said to have inserted the rind of half a lemon into his lovers as a primitive cervical cap or diaphragm, the residual lemon juice serving to annihilate the sperm. Lemon- and lime-juice douches following coitus were also recommended as a form of birth control, but this method was likely less effective, since sperm can enter the cervix—and hence out of reach of any douching—within minutes of ejaculation. Incidentally, some alternative medicine practitioners today suggest that megadoses of vitamin C (6 to 10 g a day) could induce an abortion in women under 4 weeks of pregnancy, but there’s no evidence that citrus fruits were used in this way in ancient times.

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

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The Most Shocking News In The Web ‘s pictures

 

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :

 

Dr Iwan Breaking News

 

Frame One :

The Most Popular and Shocking

News On The Web.

 

 

They Are Actually Real!
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Posted in shocking news in web | Leave a comment

Profile Penguasa Wanita Abad ke 20 dan 21

 

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom : 

Dr Iwan rare Book Cybermuseum

Showcase:

                     

   PROFILE PENGUASA WANITA ABAD KE-20 dan 21

                             OLEH

                      Dr IWAN S.

  Edisi Buku elektronik Terbatas 100 ekpl 

    Khusus Untuk Anggota Premium 

           Jakarta 2011

hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

_____________________________________________________

Kata Pengantar

Buku ini ditulis untuk menjadi acuan kepada para wanita di Indonesia agar tidak hanya jadi ibu rumah tangga pasif, ayo mulai aktif meningkatkan kemampuannya . Selain itu nama dari penguasa wanita ini dapt dijadikan acuan bagi nama putri anda agar nantinya dapt menjadi wanita yang ternama dan memiliki power.

Buku ini diterbitkan mulai dari abad ke 14 sampai abad ke 21, silahkan membaca edisi abad ke 20 ini, bila menarik silahkan baca edisi lainnya.

Jakarta Mei 2011

Dr Iwan Suwandy.

__________________________________________

Profile Penguasa Wanita Abad ke-20, disusun menurut abjad

 A B C D E F

G

1.GOLDA MEIR

Golda Meir had many accomplishments even from the start of her childhood. No matter where she was or what the conditions were she succeeded in leading and helping others. It was clear from the beginning she was born to be a leader. This is an overview of her lifelong accomplishments.
She attended the Fourth Street School and organized a fundraiser to buy textbooks for her classmates. While raising the money she formed the American Young Sisters Society. She became valedictorian of her class even though she did not speak English well. In 1928, Golda was elected

Golda_Meir.jpg

secretary of Moetzet HaPoalot (Working Women’s Council). She then joined the Executive Committee of the Histadrut and moved up the ranks to become head of its Political Department. She became the principal negotiator between the Jews in Palestine and the British Mandatory authorities. Meir was one of twenty-four signatories (two of them women) of the Israeli declaration of independence on May 14, 1948. She was appointed Israel’s first ambassador to the Soviet Union. In 1949, Meir was elected to the Knesset as a member of Mapai and served continuously until 1974. In 1956, she became Foreign Minister under Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion. After Levi Eshkol’s sudden death on February 26, 1969, the party elected Meir as his successor. In August 1970, Meir accepted a U.S. peace initiative that called for an end to the War of Attrition. In 1975, Meir was awarded the Israel Prize for her special contribution to the State of Israel.

 

 

 

FRAME TWO : The Most Powerful Women in 20th Century

 

 
 
Top 10 Most Powerful Women in 20th century

1. Jane Addams Jane Addams thumb Most Powerful Women in 20th century
(September 6, 1860 – May 21, 1935)
Jane Addams was the first American woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.she was a pioneer settlement worker and founder of, Hull House in Chicago, public philosopher , sociologist, author, and leader in woman suffrage and world peace.


2. Corazon AquinoCorazon Aquino Arlan thumb Most Powerful Women in 20th century
(January 25, 1933 – August 1, 2009) was the 11th President of the Philippines and the first woman to hold that office.


3. Rachel Carson rachel carson thumb Most Powerful Women in 20th century (May 27, 1907 – April 14, 1964) was an American marine biologist and nature writer whose writings are credited with advancing the global environmental movement.


4. Coco Chanel Coco Chanel thumb Most Powerful Women in 20th century (19 August 1883 – 10 January 1971) was a pioneering French fashion designer whose modernist philosophy, menswear-inspired fashions, and pursuit of expensive simplicity made her an important figure in 20th-century fashion. She was the founder of the famous fashion brand Chanel. Her extraordinary influence on fashion was such that she was the only person in the couturier field to be named on Time 100: The Most Important People of the Century.


5. Julia Child jason julia child thumb Most Powerful Women in 20th century (August 15, 1912 – August 13, 2004) was an American chef, author, and television personality. She is recognized for introducing French cuisine to the American public with her debut cookbook, Mastering the Art of French Cooking, and her subsequent television programs, the most notable of which was The French Chef, which premiered in 1963


6.Hillary Clinton 03hillary190.1a thumb Most Powerful Women in 20th century October 26, 1947 Hillary  is the 67th United States Secretary of State, serving in the administration of President Barack Obama. She was a United States Senator for New York from 2001 to 2009. As the wife of the 42nd President of the United States, Bill Clinton, she was the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001. In the 2008 election, Clinton was a leading candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination.


7.Marie CurieMarie Curie thumb Most Powerful Women in 20th century (7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934) was a Polish-born French physicist and chemist famous for her work on radioactivity. She was a pioneer in the field of radioactivity and the first person honored with two Nobel Prizes[1]—in physics and chemistry. She was also the first female professor at the University of Paris.


8. Aretha Franklin

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 9.Indira GandhiIndira Gandhi thumb Most Powerful Women in 20th century 19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was the Prime Minister of the Republic of India for three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977 and for a fourth term from 1980 until her assassination in 1984, a total of fifteen years. She is India’s only female prime minister to date. She is the world’s all time longest serving female Prime Minister.


10.Estée Lauder 500x internet history thumb Most Powerful Women in 20th century Co-founder, with her husband Joseph Lauder, of Estée Lauder Companies, a pioneering cosmetics company. Lauder was the only woman on TIME magazine’s 1998 list of the 20 most influential business geniuses of the 20th century. She was the recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. She was inducted into the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame in 1988

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Orang Yang Terkenal Abad ke-17

 

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom : 

Dr Iwan Icon Cybermuseum

Showcase:

Orang  Terkenal Abad ke 17

 
1. (TIE) John Locke & Hobbes Thomas (Inggris)
Kedua filsuf Inggris adalah pendiri filsafat Barat modern berdebat tentang sifat sejati manusia.

(Hobbes)

 (Locke)

2. Miyamoto Musashi (Jepang)

Jepang pedang terkenal dan penulis buku terkenal tentang strategi dan filosofi, “Kitab Lima Lingkaran”, yang sangat terkenal dalam budaya bisnis modern. Legenda besar bela diri pasangannya keterampilan seni dengan lukisan yang luar biasa untuk membuat Musashi salah satu hebat sejarah Jepang.

 3. Rene Descartes (Prancis)


Sebagai “Bapak Filsafat Modern” juga seorang ahli fisika terkenal dan matematika. Descartes memainkan peran besar dalam Revolusi Ilmiah yang terjadi pada abad 16-17, dengan prestasi tak terhitung di masyarakat matematika dan ilmiah.

 4. Rembrandt van Rijn (Belanda)


Seorang pelukis terkenal dari Belanda Golden Age yang dianggap salah satu yang hebat sepanjang masa.

 5. Ratu Elizabeth I (Inggris)


Ini, ratu berambut merah tebal yang membawa bersama suatu bangsa penuh dengan gejolak keagamaan. menang besar nya sebagai seorang ratu, dan pengabdian ke orang-nya (menjauhkan pernikahan bagi mereka) membuat salah satu nya penguasa yang paling populer di Inggris … atau sejarah Eropa.

 
(Benar bahwa sebagian besar pemerintahan Elizabeth berada di abad ke-16, tapi ia memerintah dan mengubah wajah Eropa dalam tiga tahun pertama abad ini … dan dia salah satu favorit pribadi saya sepanjang masa dari sejarah, jadi dia membuat daftar)

6. Raja Louis XIV (Perancis)


“Raja Sun” memerintah Perancis untuk periode berturut-turut terpanjang dari setiap penguasa Eropa lainnya – selama lebih dari 72 tahun. Dia memimpin negaranya melalui 3 perang besar dan ini dapat menstabilkan Prancis dan membuatnya menjadi kekuatan dunia dominan. Namanya identik dengan budaya, keindahan, dan halus.

7. Peter Agung (Rusia)

Seorang pemimpin transformatif besar dalam sejarah Rusia, Peter mendirikan Angkatan Laut Rusia, membangun kembali struktur militer, sekolah dibangun, dan membawa Pencerahan Gerakan Eropa Barat ke Timur.

 8. William Shakespeare (Inggris)

 
Penyair dan dramawan yang karya-karyanya mengubah wajah sejarah sastra. Meskipun Shakespeare lebih dikenal untuk pekerjaan ini abad 16, sebagian dari berperan penting, termasuk Twelfth Night, Hamlet, Othello, Macbeth dan yang lainnya ditulis pada awal abad ke-17.9. Isaac Newton (Inggris)

Astronom, teolog,, matematika, filsuf, dan ilmuwan brilian secara keseluruhan. Sir Isaac Newton adalah salah satu yang hebat sejarah, dengan penemuan yang tak terhitung jumlahnya, penemuan, dan pendirian prinsip-prinsip ilmiah dan matematika banyak (termasuk kalkulus).10. Galileo Galilei (Italia)
 

julukan Nya termasuk “Bapak Astronomi Modern”, “Bapak Sains Modern”. Galileo juga ayah dari heliosentris – kepercayaan bahwa Matahari, bukan Bumi, adalah pusat alam semesta kita. Dia juga petir tongkat untuk fraksinasi ilmiah dan agama. Sangat sedikit, jika ada, tokoh-tokoh sejarah bisa paralel ini orang besar. .11.Elena Lucrezia Cornaro Piscopia – Venesia, Italia 1646-1684

 
Dia adalah wanita pertama yang menerima gelar doktor. Nya mencintai adalah filsafat dan teologi, tapi dia berbakat dan berbakat dalam berbagai mata kuliah. Dia awalnya diterapkan untuk gelar doktor dalam teologi, tapi ditolak oleh gereja roman Katolik. Namun dia akhirnya meraih gelar di filsafat di Universitas Padua untuk kelompok penonton terbesar dalam sejarah.12.Mary Beale – Suffolk, Inggris 1633-1699
Maria adalah salah satu yang paling penting ‘profesional’ seniman potret dari abad ke-17, dan salah satu wanita pertama yang mendominasi area ini dalam seni.
Apa yang banyak menemukan menarik dengan dia, adalah bahwa setelah dia menetapkan dirinya dan menjadi lebih terkenal, ditinggalkan suaminya bekerja sendiri untuk menjadi asisten dan akuntan.
(Sangat bangga potret dirinya – 1685)13.Madame De Saint Baslemont De Neuville – Neuville, Perancis 1606-1660
 

Barbara d’Ernecourt adalah seorang pejuang dan pahlawan bagi rakyat Prancis.
Dia menikah pada usia muda kepada manusia yang mencintai perang dan kuda, dan sementara ia pergi berperang di Jerman, ia membela harta dan tanah selama perang tiga puluh tahun. armor nya dan pengetahuan militer membuat abad nya pantat 17 buruk. 
14.ERZEBET Bathory
 
Seorang tokoh perempuan yang sangat penting muncul pada awal abad ke-17. kejahatan nya didokumentasikan pada tahun 1610 dan dia telah menjadi daya tarik pengikut pengetahuan vampir sejak saat itu. Erzebet Bathory juga dikenal sebagai Elizabeth Bathory adalah putri Raja Stephen Bathoryof Poland.She lahir di 1560. Lalu menikah pada usia 15. Dia menikah dengan seorang prajurit dan menjadi wanita yang mengelilingi kastil Csejthe (Čachtice) yang berada di jantung Carpathians. Transylvania Sangat dekat.
Her kejahatan:
Darah untuk Kecantikan. Pada 1609 Elizabeth Bathory membuka sebuah sekolah untuk pendidikan perempuan muda. Orang tua dari wanita ini memiliki posisi sosial dan ingin putri mereka untuk dididik dalam kemuliaan sosial dan etiket. 25 wanita itu dibawa ke sekolah.
Dorotta Szentes dan Anna Darvulia dua perempuan dalam pekerjaan yang Bathory. Dengan bantuan para wanita semua 25 mahasiswa dibunuh. 4 yang dilemparkan dari dinding benteng untuk kematian mereka.

Alasan (spekulasi): Bathory pikir darah yang memegang jawaban untuk pemuda kekal. Dalam meludah sekali ia menggaruk darah dari seorang hamba muda miliknya. Menggosok di wajahnya ia mengklaim memiliki sifat pemuda memperbarui. Dikatakan bahwa Bathory bermandikan darah perawan untuk menjaga penampilan muda nya. Dia juga bekerja alkemis untuk datang dengan ramuan untuk membantunya menjaga vitalitas muda.

Hukuman:
Raja Matthias II dari Hongaria menghukum Countess Elizabeth Bathory yang akan dikirim ke pengadilan. Sidang berlangsung pada tahun 1610 di mana dia dinyatakan bersalah melakukan kejahatan dia bersama dengan dua kaki.
Hukuman:
Bathory dipenjarakan pada tahun 1610 untuk sel isolasi di mana dia akhirnya meninggal dunia pada tahun 1614. kaki nya Dorotta Szentes dan Anna Darvulia dibakar hidup-hidup di tiang pancang. Ini akan nasib Bathory juga tapi dengan berdiri mulia di masyarakat ia tidak dapat dieksekusi.

Dia adalah seorang tokoh terkenal karena begitu banyak legenda dan mitos di sekitar nya. Dia adalah sebagai nyata seperti Vlad Tepes. Sebagian orang mengatakan bahwa legenda Dracula mungkin berasal dari kedua tokoh-tokoh sejarah.

Elizabeth Bathory juga penggemar penyiksaan. Ketika memukul budak nya dengan cambuk ia lebih suka melakukan hal ini ke depan tubuh telanjang sehingga ia bisa melihat bagaimana wajah berkerut ngeri.

   Selesai  @ Copyright  Dr Iwan Suwandy.2011

 
 
 
Posted in Driwan Icon Cybermuseum | Leave a comment

THE CHINA CIVIL(RESISTANT) WAR 1914-1940(PERANG KEMERDEKAAN TIONGKOK ERA KOUMINTANG)

 

       

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom : 

Dr Iwan rare Book Cybermuseum

Showcase:

                     

   THE CHINA CIVIL WAR 1914-1940

                             BY

                      Dr IWAN S.

  Limited private E-book  edition 

     Special for Premium Member

           Jakarta 2011

hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

PREFACE.

This book based on several rare books

1. The 50 Years of Postal administartion In China

.a. POSTAL ADMINISTRATION IN CHINA (1896-1946)
“A letter from home is worth a million dollars” so runs an old Chinese saying. Today(1946), the entire concept is,perhaps,changed. After over half a century of postal service, million of such letter are being transmitted daily through China’s postal network. Peple recieve long-awaited messages from their relatives and friends so frequently and speedily that they no longer regard letters as having any pecuniary value
(Now we can communicate very fast by Digital SMS only in second,that is why not many postcard send anymore and not many pstcard or cover with stamps fund anymore, but postal history collection still exist because this collections were the History fact relaeted with the Humanlife heritage but became difficult to found that is why the collectors must keep the postally used covers-Dr Iwan S.)

To trace the origin of Postal service in China, one has to dig into Chinese history books which tell of the I Chan or Imperial Government courier services and the Minchu or native posting agencies as early as the Chow dynasty in 1122 B.C.
The I Chan, maintained only at the Imperial palace, ran errands between the state and the provincial authorities, while the Minchu was operated for the general public with varying charges paid by the sender and the adressee.Both the I CHan and the Minchu were well-equipped and efficiently organized,covering the greater parts of Szechwan,Shensi ,Kansu and the far west. 

GENERAL POSTAL SERVICE BEGUN IN 1896 AND GENERAL POST OFFICE FORMED IN 1911.
In 1861, an Englishman, named Robert Hart,started an experimental postal service in China along modern line
(Some of the Robert Hart postal used cover have found this day, all the cover had his initial RH -look illustration. The UCN&UCM founder have done the same in 1985 from Indonesia to all over the world one a liitle send back to sender because the country have independence, this rare collections postally used covers from all over the world to indonesia will showed later in this Blog. In 1896″The travel around the world 25 years ago with postal history collections”Dr Iwan S.).

1n 1896 ,the Emperor issued a special decree giving official recognation to the “European” postal sysyetm and bringing to end the old I Chan and Minchu postal practices -look the Foreign Post office in China stamp and postmark illustration ( The founder havel writen about the Foreign Posta services in China “The Freign Uniform in China Postal history” will put in this UCN blog later)
This postal system was for many years operated by the Chinese Maritime Customs-look the Customs postmarrk illustration.
It was not until a General Post Office was formed in 1911 that the Postal administration became a separate Government organization
When the Republic (of China) came into existance in 1912, China’s postal administration had already been firmly established, and so on March 1st,1914 , she formally became a party to the international postal convention. 

WARTIME REPUBLIC OF CHINA POSTAL OPERATION
When the Sino-Japanese War br0ke ut in 1937, China’s(ROC) postal
system suffered a heavy blow. Its head office had to be evacuated first from Nanking to Hankow, and then to the hills of Chungking. Score of mail rutes and numerous postal establishments fell into the hands of the Japanese who either set them ablaze or turnedthem into military defense works.-look illustration of Dai nippon overprint on china stamps.
However, unlike wartime Europe where mail service between the enemy or occupied areas and the “free” country was handled by the International Red Cross (same in indonesia,look at Indonesia Independence war,will put in this blog later by The Chinese Hospital Yang seng Ie red cross Batavia-Jakarta-Dr Iwan S.), the postal administration in China had creditably succeeded in keeping
open its major mail links between Free China and the leading occupied area such as Shanghai,canton and Hongkong (also Amoy szeming-now Xianmen , that is why all the ROC stamps postal used during the resistant war have send to indonesia and will illustarted in the China Resistant & Liberation war collections-Dr Iwan s.)

Foreign mail took the formof airmail and was mostly transmitted from Kunming to Calcutta ( UCM have the postal used stamped with CDS Kunming), where made for foreign destinations. Parcel pst service to the United States,canada,England,Russia, and some countries in the middle East was reopened in 1944, after an agreement was made among the Chinese Ministry of Communications, the Indian and the Soviet postal administrations. The volume of domestic mail during the war, as shwn in the year 1944, stood well over 650.000.000 pieces (Where that postalused cover now? why became diddfuct to found in China now, may be many was burn during the war or the collector get the stamps off covers-Dr Iwan s) 

ROC POSTAL REHABILITATION
ROC’s postal service undertook a program of rehabilitation soon after V-J day. Except in the Communist-occupied areas where the branch office had to be abandoned (No,the postal service still open and local stamp still issued by the Communist people liberation army , read the China liberation war collection- Dr iwan S)
The ROC postal service was resumed almost instantly inthe newly recovered areas. An over-all postal rehabilitaion program was carried out, which not only restored the old offices but also established new branches in many remote places.
Up to the end of 1946 , a total of 60.602 general post offices, branch office, stations and agencies had been registered with the postal administration. During that year, 1.027.937.076 letters or two and a half letters for each Chinese, were delivered by more than 100.000 green-uniformed messengers cvering a total distance of 349.383 miles.
Due to the vast sovered by the domestic pstal services, the modes of transmitting letters by the couriers vary in accordance with available types of transportation, ranging from mules and carts in the mountainous regions by the four-engine DC-4s. Ordinary foreign mail winds its way through the Siberian railway to Russia ot through the Hankw-Canton railway to countries in Southeast Asia including Indonesia). Mail for the European or the Americans is usuallyshipped by cean liners (Shipmail or paquebot)through the Pacific Ocean or the suez canal. Airmail is being flown by the Pan American Airways, the British Overseas aviation corporation,the china national aviation copo0ration, the Phillipine Airlinens and the northwest Air lines to various parts of the world. 

THE ROC POSTAL SERVICES DURING THE LIBERATION WAR
During the past year or two China’s postal administration has made rapid strides toward mdernization, and some ofits method and services may be regarded as even revolutionary. A 24-hours services is maintained by some post offices in Nanking and Shanghai, maiking posible the delivery of rdinary letters between the capital and the Metropolis of shanghai within ten hours. Many new methods are now being tried, first in the Shanghai-nanking area and later to be extended to other cities 

2. VINTAGE PHOTO CHINA’S POSTAL SERVICE (1896-1946)
(1) New Post Office at Kulow
(2) Mobile Post Office operating in the bigger Nanking city.
(3) Moror-cyclist postman for special delivery or express
(4) Postmen ready to colect and deliver mail on bicycles
(5) General post office in Shanghai frnts Schw Creek.
(6) Interior of General post Office Building in Sahnghai
(7) Camel Caravan packed with mail on their trek across the Gobi desert.
(8) Sledge carry mail across the frozen Sungari River in the Nortwest
(9) Post office near Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum in Nanking nation’s capital
(10) Postal both, miniature post office,serves public at popular spot 

3. 50th ANNIVERSARY OF THE POST OFFICE 1946 STAMPS
(1) 50 th anniversary of the post office 1946 stamp 100.-yuan
(2) 50th anniversary of the post office 1946 stamp 500 yuan 

II. THE CHINA RESISTANT WAR UNIQUE COLLECTIONS

1.. China Resistant war Banknote collections

1) China Restant war  National Bank Banknote

2) China Resistent war Foreigh Bank Bank Note

3) China Resistent War Military Banknote

2. China Resistant War Coin

1) Chung Hua Minh Kuo cash Coin

2) Chung Hua Minh Kuo silver coin

3. China Resistant War Ceramic

1) Chung Hua Min Kuo Mark

2) Private Mark

4. China Resistant War Pictures

1) Picture Postcard

2) Lithography

3)Poster

4) Label

(1) Matchbox label

(2) revenue label

(3) Cinderella Label

(4) trade card label

(5) other type label

3.. THE CHINA EARLY 20tH CENTURY BOOK

1.The Swedish Travelling from Beijing to Mongol and Russia 1928

2. The travelling by boat through the china river 1936

3.. THE CHINA FIGHT FOR THE WORLD (J.Gunnar,1939) 

(1) SPECIAL INFORMATIONS
After seeking almost two month this day UCN staff found the very rare iinformatif about : 

(2) The Historic of China Resistent war
(a) 1914-1927
The author written very detailed about the Chiang Northward expedition against the China Warlord forces and suthward expedition against the Mao Communist people forces.
The best information read at The China Resistant war collections.
(b) 1936-1938
The author written about the Dai Nippon army strategic” attack and reinforcement” from Manchuria to Shnaghai until the beginning of Dai Nippon war in 1937.
The best informations from this vintage book read at The China Resistance War Collections. 

2.The informations about Geologist Explorations in China between 1914-1937.
(1) 1914
When the author arrived at Peking on May 16th 1914 to take up his appointment as geological adviser to the Chinese Gvernment, he turned a page in his life’s book . A much later page, written fr the most part by other hands than him, was turned when he visited Nanking on December 11th and 12th 1936.
In the year 1911-12 a proud and ancient imperial edifice,time down and wheater-beaten, had fallen to the ground and the new men who were to build a fresh one were still somewhat dazed and bewildered,wondering how to begin. At the head of the department of Mines, to which I (the author) considered myself to belong, was an amiable little mining engineer, trained in France; a well-meaning and conscientiuous man , but scarcely a pioneer in difficult learned man of the times. Above him was the Menister of agriculture, a learned man of old school, famous of his beautiful handwritting and for the model community he had made of his native village, but too was hardly one to use a motor plough.
But after some months had passed there came a man whoose whole type was symptomatic of a new age. This was a yound geologist who had studied first at Cambridge and afterwards with Professor Gregory in Galsgow. He was just back from a tour of exploration in Yunnan and was nominally chief f China’s projected geological survey.but a chief without staff , as he put it rather sarcastically at our first meeting.he was DR V.K.Ting.
(2) 1916
Meanwhile, we Swedish colleagues had achieved a certain success at the very beginning, namely the discovery of the Lung-Yen ores. I(the author) recieved orders from the then President, Yuan Shih-kai, who was aman of a great gifts but hopelessly restricted by the old fashioned ideaa of Imperial times,to go to the Palace and submit a report on what was known of the iron ores of China. After a two hours’demonstration of all our material Yuan summed up the situation in a masterly way, and a few weaks later, in January 1916, he (Yuan Shih-kai ) issued an order for the appointment of a considerable staff for Geological Survey which till then had only existed on paper.
On the completion of the school cource the authorities showed their confidence by inviting me(the author) to examine these youn man (DR Ting) during a week’s field work on one og the great coald-fields of North China and to recommend the best of them for appointment as geologist.
(3) 1919

(a)The May 4th Movement of 1919 is regarded as the ideological origin of many important events in modern Chinese history. Its direct cause was the unequal treaties imposed on China after the First World War. Motivated by strong patriotism, students initiated the movement, and it further developed into a national protest movement involving people from all walks of life. It also marked the introduction into China of various new ideologies, among which the spread of Marxism-Leninism is worthy of special mention. Under the influence of Russia’s October Revolution of 1917, 12 delegates, including Mao Zedong, representing communist groups in different places throughout the nation, held the First National Congress in Shanghai in 1921 to found the Communist Party of China (CPC).  

The Chinese people led by the CPC underwent successively the Northern Expeditionary War (1924-27), the War of Agrarian Revolution (also known as “Ten-Year Civil War,” 1927-37), the War of Resistance Against Japan (1937-45), and the War of Liberation (1946-49). Owing to the cooperation and joint resistance of the CPC and Kuomintang, the Japanese aggressors were defeated but shortly after the anti-Japanese war, the Kuomintang re-launched civil war. After the three-year War of Liberation led by the CPC, the Kuomintang government was finally overthrown in 1949
(b) Nanking-shanghai Information in 1919

When my train(author arrived in the arly morning at the nanking station ) I recognized nothing except that the clenliness and easy poltiness f the railway staff, the representative of the travel bureu and the prters, which I had found in Shanghai were the same here. The dirty colies who formerly swarmed abut platforms and stations were gone. and when an hur later I sat in a car spinning alng the great avanue which runs through the city it struck me that I was looking at a new twn which had suddenly rise out f the grund. n the right hand i the caught sight of a well-proportined brick building within an open yard planted with trees could nt be musch more that a year old. It occured to me that this ought not t be an ordinary government building but was more probably a modern,peacefully situated scientific institution. Hardly had I thougyt this out when my eye caught the Chinese inscription and I found ,I had reached my goal, The Geological survey of China, in this new home in Nanking.
Here I found the haind-painted originalmof the map of China published by Ting and Wong in celebration of the diamond Jubilee of the leading newspaper Shun Pao. This map had been universally admired for the wealth of its cartography of the vast empire, but also for its fine modern production, with graduated colours indicating the altitude.
But let us go back to the museum. We entered first the mineralogical-petrographic section, arranged in two alternate types of show-case, one for inerals and the other for rocks. The suitability of such an arrangement may be open to discussion,but it has a handsome and ingenious appearance.
Then we went up to the top floor where the archeological material is exhibited,with the great, amazingly rich finds from Chou Kuo tien, and here we saw first of all te splendid sepulchral urns fromKansu, which we we had i stockholm for examination and which had now been moved with the reat from Peking. but then we came to finds from Chuo Kou tien, the home of Peking Man.
(4) 1922
When in 1922 DR Ting was placed at the head of a new coal-mining enterprise in Southern Manchuria. 

(5)1935
In December 1935 DR Ting,while on a geological expedition in the province of Hunan, was accidentally posioned by carbon monoxide in his room at Chines hotel and Wong at once secured the best doctor in Nanking and flew to Hunan.later specialist were also summond from the great medical collage in Paking. But on January 5th the ravaged lung ceased to function. China had lost one of her best sons, a man equally admirable for his perspicacity as an organizer, his keen critical acuntences and his unflinching loyality to this those who had once gained his friendship ( I hope the China government gift him the honor as the National China Geolgist hero-Dr Iwan S.)
(6) Nanking,SApril 1937
Regarded purely as a geographical feauture, Nanking possests a neighbour of the first importance, and that is the Yangtze river. Just outside Hsi Kuan, The Maritime Customs, the mighty river rolls its grey andmuddy stream between low banks.
the southerncapital would occupy quite common place situation on the flat plain of the delta, didnot the purple Mountain len a peculiar charm to the surrounding.
If the collectors want to know the complete Geological history of china 1914-1939 written by the sewedish geologyst J.Gunnar anderson in 1939 please asked editor via comment, this the only geologist repor about china ever seen because forbidden to open geologist informations, the secret informations of all counyries in the world ,my son geologist have told me, during DEI in Indonesia Indonesian citizen didn’t allowed to study Geologist at Institute Technology Bandung ,where my son studies there in 1994-1998. Thi story dedicated for my son Alberst S. Uniquecollections photographer , he stayed at Pertamina geologist exploration Sumatra at Prabumulih, also hello to his boss Mr Bambang which I had meet him at bajubang Pertamina camp jambi and now he was the chief of pertamina Sumatra at Prabumulih, thank you for teaching my son Pak Bambang. 

3 The book and author information
(1) The Book Tittle : CHINA FIGHTS FOR THE WORLD
(2) Author : J.Gunnar Anderson, Chinese senior geologist consultant during Chinese Restistant war 1914-1927 and 1936-1938.
(3) First Publishing in England 1939 translate from the wedish by Arthur G.Chater from the first publishing in Stockholm “Under Brinnande Krig,1938. 

The informations still not complete,that is why I hope comment,coreections and suggestion from the historian and collecterors from all over the world  in order the make this book more complete. Tahnk you very much to all my friend which help me with their informations that made this book more fast finished.

Jakarta Mei 2011

Dr Iwan Suwandy.

__________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER ONE

THE CHINA NATIONAL REVOLUTIONARY UPRISING (1912-1929)

A. Dr Sun Yat Sen’s Revolutionary

(1) 1912
(a) The founding Father Dr Sun leaves shanghai station the morning on New year’s day 1912 for his nanking searing-in as the ROC provisional president.
the document of Dr Sun Yat Sen ‘s Declaration and the oat taken by him during the President swearing-in ceremony at Nanking and the photo after the ceremonies still exist now at The Sun Yat-sen Memoriable Museum.
After the ceremony Dr Sun and other leaders went to the Ming Tomb at Nanking for ceremonies informing ancetors that the Alien Qing Manchus had been overthrown and Chinese ruled restored.

four Original vintage smal B-W photo , at the back written in Indonesia and china language :
(a.1). Pemandangan (landscape)Koe Lao
(a.2.) Djalan2 naek koeda pegi Ming Tai Tjoe poenja koeboeran (Travelling by horse went to the Great Ming tombs).
Wah soengoeh seneng sekali!(Oh very much happy!) di ini gambar nyang naek koeda jaitoe (in the pictures which riding horse) Oen Tjiok,Tjoetjoe dari (grandchild of) oen Tjwan.
(a.3)Tionghoa Bin Kok poenja soldadoe ( Chung hwa Min kwo=Kuomintang soldier)
(a.4) Ini satoe koempoelan ponya soldadoe lagi pada brenti didepan koeboeran.(This is a soldier group were rest in the front of Tomb ? in chinese char)

(b)Jan.28th 1912
Dr Sun Yat-sen addressed the first meeting of the Provisional Council

(2) March 1912
(a)In March ,3rd..1912 The Tung men Hui assambled at Nanking and elected Dr Sun the Tsungli or President
(b) In March the government moved its seat North,
Sung Cio-yen brought the tung Meng Hui tofether with other factions and parties in KMT and Dr Sun was elected President in hope that he could bring factionalism to an end.
(3) The Qing Yuan Shih-kai issued the commerative stamps  of the revolution with his profile, consist 12 nomial 1,2,3,5,8,10,16,20,50 c and $ 1,2 & 5.- with same design
(4)ROC issued The Chung Hwa republic papermoney $10,$100, and $1000. gold ,with KMT flag design.
San Hsi Zeng Fun bank issued Ten liang banknote.

2.1913
ROC postal office issued the first definitive stamps printed at London (first Def.London printing =1st DLP.) consist three design:
(1) Chinese Junk 1/2,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 and 10 cents.
(2) Farmer ,15,16,20 ,30 and 50 cent
(3) Palace $ 1,2,5,and 10.-

3.1914
(1)June 1914
(a)In June,23th.1914 Dr Sun assambled his comrades and organized the Chung Hua Ke Ming Tang ( ChineseRevolutionary Party) to defend the provisional constitution against the effort of Yuan Shih-kai, who had seized power, dissolved parliament,scrapped theConstitution and Killed KMT member in his attempt to reestablished the momarchy. Many revolutionaries fled to Japan,
(b) J.Gunar Anderson ,Swedish Geologist have served as mining adviser to the ROC government from 1914 to 1927. He established cordial co-operation with Chinese geologist and mining engineers, and the Central government, at that time located in Peking, as weel as the provincial authorities, extended to him very possible support and facility.
(c) chekiang Provincial Govermant Bond one Dollar Local Currency , value Recieved at Hangchow guaranteed by the Financial Bureu of the Chekiang Province .
4. 1915
(a)ROC postal office issue the first definitive peking printing (1st DPP) with the same design and nominal with the 1st definive london printing(1st DLP) except added one nominal 13 cent farmer.
The different between 1st London and Pepking printing, the design of DLP were the line under the bow of the junk is smooth and didn’t touch the junk , but the 1st DPP the line rough and touch the Junk.
(b) ROC issued the Hung Shian Comerative stamps 5c,10c,50c and overprint Sin Kiang n 50 c.
(c) The Yuan Futteh Bank issued commemrative Banknte In the Memory f The Chnese Repubic Revlution in Yunnan 1916. Ten Yuan.
5.1916
(a)After Yuan shih-kai failure to established a dynasty of his own and his death in misery and solitude in 1916, there remained as his fatal legacy to his people a most poisnous element, the military governors in the procinces, later nicknamed the “war Lords”, some of them men of considerable ability who seriously desired to save their country, but taken as a whole a set of greedy and inefficient generals who, ind order to carry on their endless and fruitless civil wars, exacted exorbitant taxes from the poor peaceful peasantry. The countryside was impoverished and devastated, the rollingstock of the railways became terribly depleted in the hands of the fighting armies,bandity prevailed, the student in their despair turned to Communism as a last resort. Many of the intellectual leaders held the recovery of their country to be question of decades,still distant.
(b)Dr Sun meeting with Naval office in Canton and after the death of Yuan Shih-kai, the KMT’s military campaign was ended and Dr Sun decided to quit the political arena
(c) ROC military bank issued Republic- an China Military banknote at several area ,
(c.1)shanghai five dollar local currency sign m.y.sung
(c.2) Military Bank note five dollars issued by The Republic of China sign Sun Yat-sen guaranteed by the minestry of finance
(c.3) THe Republican China Military Banknote Nanking one Dollar Local Currency, guaranteed by Central Bureu.
(c.4) Republican Govderment of China Military Notes issued by the Menistry of War.One Dollar and five dollar
(c.5) The Republican Military bank-note AN Hwei one dollatr Local Currency
(c.6) The Wang-Ho Bank of the Republic Military Bank Note one dollar Local Currency.
(c.7) The Kang -Se Bank Of The Republic Military Bank Note One Dollar Local Currency
(c.8) Military note of Chekiang Goverment five Dollars

6. 1917
(a)Parliament was dissolved again and Dr Sun decided to send the navy to Canton as a move to safeguard the provisional contiturion
(b) In September 10th , Dr sun established a military government at Canton.

II. Saving The ROC

1. Dr Sun to quit the political arena and Chiang Combatting adversaries (1917-1925)

(1)Chiang Khai-sek stayed with his father and mother in the small village , he have merried the first wife( village lady) but he never love her.

(2)1918

(a)The Agricultural.Industrial and Connercial Trust Company limited at Chang Chow issued Banknote ren cents and one dollar.

(b) In 1918,when Ye Ye moved to Tianjin (Ford Of Heaven), the last Qing Emperor had been deposed and China had fragmented into fieldoms governed by warlords. To the North,Japan already controlled Korea and now sert her sights on China. At the Versailles Peace Conference held after the conclusion of the first World War, Japan was allowede by Britain and her allies to seize and keep Germany’scolonial prossessions in Shandong Province as a reward for having remained neutral. Emboldened,Japan began moving into Manchuria.Japanese soldiers the infiltrated south to Tianjin(Adeline Yen,1997)

(3)1919 no info

(4) 1920

Shanghai in late 1920 was an exhilarating city for a young girl. While the rest of Chila still travelled by push carts, sedan chairs and horse-drawn carriages, in shanghai shining imported motor cars were speeding down well paved roads alongside trams and busses. giant, colourful billboards advertising  British cigarettes , holywood movies and french cosmetic gazed down at crowded pavement teeming with youmgman in suits and ties and girls clacking around in high-heeled shoes and stylish qipaos.(ibid adelin yen 1977)

(5)1921
(a)ROC post Office issued three stamps commemorated 25 years China Post Office 1,5,6,and 10 c. and Famine relief surcharge on the junk stamps 1c on 2c,3c on 4c and 5c on 6c.
Also issued the first Isuued airmail stamps (without KMT emblem) nominal 15,30,45,60,and 90 cents.
(b) THe National Bank of China issued ten cents and ten dollars banknote with Dr Sun profile.

(4)1922
(a)Chen Chun-ming(the chinese warlord) mounted his coup attemp-ted and Dr Sun took refuge abroad the Naval vessel “Yungfeng” at Whampoa and Chiang risked his life to rush to the side of Dr Sun
(b) ROC issued the first black machinal overprint i cent provisional on the junk Stamps
(c) August 1922
Fragment used farmer stamp 20 cent ,CDS Shanghai 21.8.22.
(d) ROC post office issued Provisiional surcharge on Junk and Farmer(Reaper) type stamps

(5) 1923
(a)In this year, Dr Sun sent Chiang to Russia on an inspection tour.
(b) ROC post office issued the second definitive Peking printing stamps (2nd DPP) , same design and nominal, but added $20.- Palace stamps.This 2nd DPP more common that the first DLP and DPP0.
also iisued the First Constitutin commemrative stamp 1,2,4 and 10 cent.
(c) The Central bank Of China issued Dr Sun Yat-sen Banknote sign by LSWong one dolar, 10 dollar and 100 dollars. and this banknote used at Hunan,Kiangsi $Kwansi with official Handchopped in violet ink.

(6) 1924
(a) in the hout of direct need, there emerged a young leader, Chiang kai-sek, a military officer who had acted as Chief of the Staff to Dr Sun Yat-sen ever since the revolution of 1911-12, had established in 1924 under the orders of this “father of the Revlution”, the Whampoa Military academy near Canton and had here created in the space of two years a new type of Military cadets educated to fight, not for any individual War Lord, but for the resistant of China.
(b)Upon Chiang return frm Russia, he was assigned to establish an army academy which opened at Whampoa n June 16,1924.
In his inaugural address Dr Sun said that the task of revolutinary forces would be to assure the continuity of the Republic and carry out the three Principles of the People
Chiang , the first ccommandant of the Academy
The entrance if the famed Whampoa academy in the subburps of Canton
Dr Sun and Chiang have taken photo on the academy’s founding day
The Vintage Picture Photo of Chiang from Book Illustration ‘China national hero ,chiang Kai-sek,
(c)From january 27th to August 24th 1924. Dr Sun gave a series of lectures on the Three Principles of the people at Canton Senior Normal School. He cmplete six lectures each on Nationalism and Democracy and four on the people’s livelihood before going to Shakuan in nothern of Northward Expedition forces.
The vintage picture photo of Canton street from vintage minddleschool history book 1938.
(d) March 1924
In March ,19th.1924,Sven Hedin have written China Travelling book in Stockholm “From Peking to Moscow” the story of his Travel by land with car and another transportation from Beijing to Moscow via Mongolia, with many picture photo illustrations. If the collectors want to know the story and the rare photo picture illustrations please aksed as the collectors choice via comment and we will put in this blog.the vintage picture photo illustration of writes profile, his car and the staff ,Port Hateman Peking,mongol caravan in Peking. Wantsjuan road,the Pas of Hongte, on Horse, Chinese trader,Larson second car at Mongol,Telegraaf station at Ude,Rest the car at Woeastijn,Temple at the high Pas, Mongolnative people,Lama Temple at Oerga, Larson car at Chara, chinese carriage at Pas mengatai, larson car at Selenga , Mongolia Oerga Smiking pipe and the picture photo at Russia.
(e) Used Block four Junk stamps 3 cent , CDS Shanghai 1 .11.24.
(f) The Fuching Bank of Kiangsi issued $1 one yuan banknote

etc……etc………………………………………………..

_________________________________________________________________________

II.ROC NEW LIFE MOVEMENT(1930-1937)
(a) Side by side with reapested wars for progressive unifications, Chiang, backed by a great number of active and capable men, succeeded in building up during the short period from 1930 to 1937 a new modern China with a stable financial system, a reformed currency,simplified and unified taxation, important new railways and an immense network of motor roads. A new army was trained and equipped with the very able assintance of German military advisers and an air force was created with the help of America and italian instructors.

1. ROC battle 1930-1933

(1) 1930
(a)The Central China battle 1930
(b) May 1930
In his last will and testament, Dr Sun Yat-sen called fr the convening of a national coyuncil and the scrapping of all enequal treaties. these objectives were attained by Chiang. The first National Council meeting was convened at Naking in May of 1930 and at the same time the government prepared for mobilization against Dai Nippon aggression. These cadres are training at Lushan.
Chiang Government forces engage the Mao Communist in Kiangsi..

etc….etc……etc……

______________________________________________________________________________ 

III. WAR WITH DAI NIPPON (1937-1945)

(1)1937

Japanese troops , which already occupied tianjin and beijing ,were now moving steadily southwards,. they met suprisingly strong resistance in nanking and, in retaliation, went on a terrifying spree of rape,looting and murder. over 3000.000 civilians and prisoners were torrtured and killed during the rape of nanking in 1937.
(a)January 1937
Fragment used Dr Sun singlecircle stamps 2×25 cent and 5 cent(rate 55 cent to indonesia) CDS Shanghai 7.1.37. and fragment Dr sun singlecircle 2x 5 cent with red village transit postmark.
(b)March 1937
fragment postcard Used Dr Sun single circle 25 cent CDS Shanghai 20.3.37.
(c)May 1937
Mao communist local post issued Soldier and fighting stamps three nominal.
(d)july 1937
Chiang and his military adviser tried to postpone the inevitable armed confilct, but in the early part of July 1937 the war broke out over a trifle. The Dai Nippon expected the chinese to yield- as had alwats happened before. But they did not take int account the new national spritit which had spread all over China.The patience of the Chinese was exhausted. In their despair they determined to hold up Dai Nippon aggression at any cost.
(e)August 1937
Two vintage picture Photos “Bloody saterday” in Shanghai in August,14th 1937 (P)
(f) ROC pst office issued provisibal surcharge on Dr Sun single circle stamps and peking martyr type stamps 1c n 4c,8c n 40 c,10c n 25 c, and 4c n 5c stamps.

(2)1938
(a) January 1938
January.7 th.1938
Just before the resistent war against japan strated, a chines immigrant from Fukien by ship from amoy port went to Semarang Indonesia via Hongkong to have visa, The Chinese overseas passport with Nedeland consular revenue 6 gld with 0fficial stamped straight Consulaat general der Netherlandedn and the visa have signed by “De waarbemend Cosul-Geneal voor dezen De Vice Consul with official Consulate General of the Netherland Hongkong coat of arm stamped in vilolet.
(b)The Marcopolo Bridge incident triggered the war of Resistance against Japan in 1938

(c)Early 1938  after the nanking city was captured by the japanese . shanghai fell and chiang kaisek fled westward across china, up the yangtse river, deep into the mountainous province od sichuan. there he set up his wartime goverment in the town of chongqing. it’s not hard to image the tension and turmoil that these monumntous political upheaval imposed on chinese family life.

(d)July 1938
The Kuomintang provinsional congreess at Wuchang in March 20, 1938.and decided to organize a youth corps to give expression to the National cause among the young people and the young corps establish on july 9.
(d) Chiang presided over a military conference at Hengshan to review progress of the war effort . He reiterated that ROC would fight to the finish in November 25,1938.
(e) The famous godown of the four banks in Shanghai where “800 brave Soldier” heroically held out against one Japanese assault after another.
(f) Chiang and his General meeting in Chungking abaot the war capital
(g) Fan Szu-chaou . a 70-yearold guerilla leader fought the Japanese behind enemy lines.
(h) The National Gouvernment Building of ROC at Chungking and Japanese bombing that Temporary capital.
(i) ROC post office issued Palace half Button Chung Hwa printing $ 1 , 2 and 5,- top frame unshade.
I have this $2.- top frame unshade OC used cds Amoy Szeming, the years not clear.
(j) ROC post office issued 150th Anniversary American Constitution with USA and ROC flag with map. nominal 5,25,50 cent and $1.-
…etc….etc……………………………………………………………………….

1939

in 1939, sudenly and without warning, tianjin was drowned in a great flood. the disaster was of staggering propotion. the chinese called it “china’s sorrow” and went to the buddhist temple to burn incense and offewr prayers for relief. pro japanese newspapers printed in tianjin blamed the catastrope on chiang kaisek while the nationalist party press in chongqing accused the japanese

_________________________________________________________________________

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The Vietnam during French Indochine 1900-1940

 

THE VIETNAM DURING fRENCH iNDOCHINE 1900-1940

                                          

                                                       Indochina native vietnam army

CHRONOLOGIC HISTORIC COLLECTIONS

( Compile by Dr iwan s from his own collections added from internet google exploration.)

1.1901

(1) April.3rd. 1901
The Bank Of Indochina issued in saigon and Haipong four kind of note with nominalonly in Frech language (1,5,20 and 100 piastres).

                                                
The notes in Tonkin (haipong) was not allowed to excahnge for Cochinchinese (Saigon) notes and cochinchinese notes had to spent in Cochinchina(Saigon).
(The Haiphong notes very rare difficult to found, I have seen one in the auction, and I have the Saigon notes found in Hanoi – auth)

                                                              

(2)august.6th 1901
Off cover of postally used stamp on two type regular definitives Indochine RF stamp type I standard navigation and commerce orange 4 cent and red 6 cent, CDS Dalat-A(nam) 6.8.01, was found in Indonesia.
(Dalat a historic city for Indonesian people because Sukarno, Hatta and Radjiman meet Field Markal Tarauci to have an authority to Indonesia Independent in August.14th 1945, read the complete story in this block and look “Indonesia Independent War” and look the vintage picture postcard-and vintahe photo/picture in 1964 Vietnam Unique collections- auth)

21) 1902-1904
Not yet info

20)1905
(1)In this year Bank of IndoChina issued 5 Piasters Paper Money

                                                

(2) October.14th 1905
Off cover Indochine first regular deffinitive stamps ,brown,15 cent, postally used cds Dien Bien (phu) 14 Oct 05 ,was found in Indonesia
( The famous city Dien Bien Phu where the Vietminh win the war against Franch, very popular city-unique CDS-auth)

21) 1906
Khai Dinh ascended the throne as the emperor of Annam, during his reign were issued 1 phan cash coins thwo types , machinal struck and traditional struck.(Traditional struch more rare that the macinal struck)

22)1907

(1)Than-Thai vietnam emperor throught out from vietnam to Reunion island by Franch (P)

(2) The attractive native woman design regular stamps were issued in 1907.(PH)

23) 1908-1910
Not yet info

24) 1911
(1) Ho leave Vietnam(D)
(2) October,4th .1911
Off piece Two Blue definitives native women Indochine 1 Piastre ,1000A2000 revenue , used with handwritten 4/10/11 .were found in Indonesia
(the unique earliest 20th century high nominal revenue, because in this time many used in low nominal,because in this year recetion and tax revenue became high, -auth)

25) 1912
(1) January,31.1912
The early off cover postally used CDS Lao Bao –Anam 31.Jan.12 on orange first type definitif Indochine Stamp 10 cent. Found in Indonesia (what the new name of the citry Lao Bao ? rare village postal stamp ?,because didn’t found in later vietnam name, please comment for information-auth)

26)1913
Early twentieth century Indochine Justice Francaise Extract “Extrait du casier judiciare concernant” Tribunal Cantho. Droit de timbre a o$15 en compte avec le Tresor.
Extrait du casier judiciare concernant
Name (nomne) : Nguyen Huee Tam
Fils de Nguyen Huee Vien
Et de Ha thi-Thu
Ne le 21 Fevrier 1925 a Tan quoi (Cantho)
Domicilee au dit lien
Etat civil et de familie Celibataire
Profession ……………………………….
Nationalite Sujet francais de Cochinchine
Pour extrait conforme:

Cantho le 1er December 1913
Le Greffier
Vu au Parquet Signed Lie
De procureui de la Republique Round Stamped
“Procureur De La Republique

Tribunal De cantho”
27) 1914
Some hundred thousand Viet-namese go to French in Labor battalions during WW I.(D)

28) 1916
Emperor Khai Dinh ascended the throne as the emperor of Annam, during his reign issued two kind of 1 phan cash coind “Khai Dinh Thong Bao” Traditinal and mechanical struck. (The mechanical struck more comon coins-auth)

29) 1917
Not yet info

30)1918
Ho arrives in Paris during Russian revolution and remains there for the next seven years.(D)

31) 1919
(1)Ho tries to petition for self determination in Vietnam against President Woodrow Wilson , at the Versailles Peace Conference
(2) A surcharged set of 1919 reccestated by the changeover from centimes to piastres in the present years. And a reprinted set staring 1/10 cent denominated.(PH)

32) 1920

(1)Ho joins newly formed French Communist Party .(D) and the photo of Saigon in this year.(P)

Vietnam was at this time part of French Indochina, with communist and nationalist political activity targeted by the Sûreté, or French national police.

(2) In 1920 the Banknoted issues from Haipong and Saigon could circulated all over Indochinese territory In this year also issued low nominal banknote 10 ,20 and 50 cents.(Haipong issued more difficult to found-auth)

(3) September. 2nd 1920
(1)The earliest Reciept of House land tax Paid sign by Nguoi thau of Cantho, Village du thoi thanh, with red stamped. Franch Liberty Indochina with chine character.(D)( I have the best collection of this land tax reciept from Village Tan –Buoi from 1920-1922, 1930-1934, 1939, 1940-1943, 1946, 1949. This unique document were the factual information that during 1923-1929, 1935-1938, 1944-145, 1947-1948 something happen that the land tax did,t paid and the authority also change by name , may be the conflict and war situations, let we proof that fact with historic informations, let the Historian made the study of this historic collections, let ‘s study together-auth)

33)1921

(1) June.29th1921
The receipt of land house tax paid ?(so hien bien lai ) , nhan lauh cua hua i ngsat, nguoin thau signed Nguoi than and red Franch Liberty stamped Cantho- Village du tan-Buoi

34) 1922
(1)Khai Dinh(1916-1925) Annam’s emperor visit Paris (P)
(2) July.10th 1922
The reciept of Land Tax paid, signed Nguoi Than, redbrown French liberty stamped Cantho, Village du Tan Buoi.
(the last signed Ngoui Than-auth)
And anpther same document but with first signed Vien chuoc thou nhem (new title-auth)

(4) December,17th,1922
The blue paper reciept of Land tax paid, signed by Vien Chuoc thou nhem and lFrench liberty stamped Catho ,Village du Tan Buoi. (D)

35)1923

(1)January 25th 1923
Republique Francaise Indochine 36 cent Revenue Sheet, used added Indochine Dimanston revenue 24 cent USED WITH stamped Annuale , This was the the Francaise Indchine revenue’s letter sheet contract “To ban Chuoc vuon ruong” adress “Nguoi ban le van thiet 45 luoi vo la Nguyen thi Khue 42 tuoi Saigon , for “Gia ban chuoc ban lon Mot Ngan Dong(1000$00)”, between ngoi ban ming and nguoi mua ming , “zoi-giao : Trong bon nam chuoc thi bac co loi nam ba phan ngoai bon nam chuoc lai thi bac nad loi con von J ngay to”( please native Vietnamese t translate this historic revenue sheet-auth)

(2)April ,5th.1923
Bo Dai was born in hue the capital of Vietnam Kingdom ( He was the last emperor of Vietnam-auth)

(3) April 13th 1923
Francaise Indochine 24 cent Revenue letter’s sheet was used to write the information in Franch & Vietnamese characters :
a) Lang cap duc nam 1866
S-o-160-50 2 Ha 20.00-Rg 2ecl VC-Thong Minh –dao ,S-Re chle , E.-Re .Nguyen Do , O.-Re.Nguyen tac-Yen.
b) 9 Jiullet 1905
212-243-88bNgai-v-Thoi -2.26a.00-Vuon .
NG .-reg Chu , S-Reach hu-Tri , E-V-Vg-Tai-Vang , O.-Re.Le-v-Thanh.
Ngua cua con Hbh-Phai la Hbh van Tbao trans NG0 2908 du 9 Juillet 1905.

c) 17 Aout 1909.
Vendu deft par les heritiers de Thuan Wbai’;t;Do ewught Ngo 2809 du 17 aout 1909. signe Eudel.
d)Emperor Khai dinh at His Palace

d1)5 September 1917
(1)Part attribuee Ngai-v-Thoi survant partage a l’anuable intervenu entre les heririers de Ngai-v-Lo enregt Ngo -2773 du 5 September 1917. Po L’ad’teur adjt Signe Huchard,
(2) Part attribuee Ngai-v-Thoi suivant partage a’ l’annuale inteerheum entre les heritiers de Ngai-v-Do euregt ngo 277e eu 5 September 1917 .P.o L’ad’teur adjt Signe Huchard.
d) Extrait de Diao du Village de3 Thanh Thien, canton de Mhinh-puc
(1)Lang cap duc nam 1866
49-24-49 Diavo actuel -2.000 Ha-Reg 2e-cl : N-Reg chu,S-V-chu,E.-Re Ngai –v-Do, O-Re.Nguyen tacc yen.
Veneu deft per Pham-v-quan ,sanh,Thien,Ngai, Duong, bay, Than,Hoa,Dieu,Thuong, Nham,Cuac, Dat, Chou et Gian, heritiers de Thuan, ai Ngai-v-Do enregt No 2809 du i7 Aout 1909 P.o.eur Sign Eudel.
Part attribuee Ngai –v-Thoi suivant partage a l’annuable intervenu entre les heritiers de Ngai-v-Lo enregt-Ngo 2773 du 5 September 1917. P.o.Ad’teur Signe Huchard.
(2) 71-34-71 Ngai-van-Thoi
2 Ha Reg 1er cl : Ng –reg-Chu, SW.- Vuon chu, E. R-Ng-tac-vang, O-r-Le-v;Thanh,
Ngua duc cua Hbuynh-v-Phai va vo la Nbg Ru Phuong cau chung no 2369ndu 17/7-1901.
Part attribute a Ngai-v-Thoi sui vanpartage l’anuable intervenu entre les heritiers de Ngai van-Do enregtno.2773 du 5 Septembre 1917 Le l’Ad’teur Signe Huchard.
(3) 72-170 -72 Ngai –v-Thoi 280.00 : Thong Minh Dao, S.- reg chu, E.- rg Ng-tac-Vang , O.- reg Le-van-Thanh.
Ngua euc cua thj Phuong la vo Phai cau chung so 2367 du 17 September 1901.
Ngeme partage que le Ngo-3H du bo. P.g.l’Ad’teur adjt Signe Huchard.

P.E. G.
Droit percu : 5 $ 00.-
Quittance No.5511
Bentre, le 13 Avril 1923
P.L’administrateur etfro
Sign by Huchard & Red Bentre Stamped. ( interesting information about ? from 1866 to 1917 and officially sign by Bentre Administrators with offcial stamped. On 12 April 1923, may be this official information about land owner ? from the Bentre Admninistration in 1923. )

36) 1924

(1)Ho leaves Paris for Moscow , becomes full-time Communist agent . Later went to Canton as assistant to Mikhail Borodin , Soviet represen-tative in China.(D)

Ho leave Paris because his communist and nationalist political activity targeted by the Sûreté, or French national police.

(2)In November 1924 Hồ arrived in Guangzhou(canton)  on a boat from Vladivostok.[4] He posed as a Chinese citizen named Lý Thụy (Li Shui) and worked as a translator for Comintern agent and Soviet arms dealer Mikhail Borodin.
(3) December.8.1924
Off cover brown definitive Indochine RF stamp , 12 cent in double circle type -2 stamp, Postally used CDS Hanoi (To)nkin 8.12.24.
 

 

37) 1925


(a)Emperor Khai Dinh was died, he was burried at imperial ‘s tombs, near the purfurmed river. His tomb very best and artistic, like miniature city, with many artistic statue of dragon,gourd and civillian, elephant, horse .

 and interior very artistic


Theorically Bao Dai his elder son became the emperor Of Vietnam, and The young emperor came back from France to ascended the throne under france tottulage.

( I have some original vintage photo of Khai dinh Tomb fro 1930 , 1949, and 1955, the old photo, the childrens were riding the horse and elephant ‘s statues
In the modern times we hav the informations about that Tomb :………………………………………..- auth)
Khai Dinh ‘s elder sons was the last empror of Annam 1926-1945, but he always at Paris, and under Japanese protectorate he came back to Vietnam stayed at Dalat,
( by referendum the last emperor was thrown out by Ngho Dinh Diem in 1955, read another subchapter-auth)

(b)In May 1925, Hồ participated in the founding of Thanh Niên, or Vietnamese Revolutionary Youth Association. This group was a forerunner of today’s Vietnamese Communist Party.
 
 

 

38) 1927

(1) June .13th.1927
Mytho Indentity Card,certifies exaste les reneignaments et-dessus(issue by) Mytho le 13 Juin 1927 Le Directeur, form was printed by Photo-Nadal,120 rue cayinat,saigon. (Nadal-photo have produced many vintage picture postcard-auth)
No. Maticule 372
Nom (name) : Ly Thi Nega
Ne l e(born ) : 13 Juillet(july) 1913
A’ (at) Phu Lun (Sadec)
Eleve de L’Ecole des : Sacuro
Nom,profession : Ly dai Con
Adresse des parents : Proprieclaire a Phu Lun (Sadec). (Sadec an native traibes near the border with ex annam area-auth)

(2) August 18th 1927
Republique Francaise Indochine 12 cent revenue sheet, used at Bentre,by Tong Minh-hue Lang Thanh –thoi,
Bentre Village square official stamped with chinese char. Also thumb –finger print sign.

(3) August,1st 1927
Rare Indochine 40 cent Revenue 300$ A4000$ , used on Document “To Han Mai dat” Bentre le 1er Aout 1927 , handfinger thumb signed of seven persons , legalised by the chief of Bentre Village with square stamped Bentre Village Thanthoi and Province De Bentre Administrateure stamped at 3 Aout 1927.

(4) October.24.1927
The rare and unique Carte D’Indentite (I.D.) Changenebes de Domicile (Change the domicillies) from”D’Outremer Service de Laison avec les originares aries Territoires Francais d’Outra-Mer” (The Service’s laisson of Foreign France teritory area) with the round stamped on blue Republique Francaise Timbre tax d’outra-mer ,very rare Revenue for France Colony, pity the ID card quality poor but useable for historic archived and must restored–auth)
Nom (name) : Luong hoc San
Nationalite: Citayen Union Frnacasie (Cochinchine).
Profession : Efecidiant (not clear ?)
Ne le : 24 octobre 1927
Long Binh Ranch..Cochinchine.(The rare used Franch colony revenue in cochine china, pity the revenue in bad condition,but the photo and card good condition, still interesting Cochine chine ID card during that colonial era-auth)

39)1928
No Collections and no Information, please someone will kind to send the info in 1928-auth.

40)1929

(1)Nguyen Ai –Quoc more knwon Ho Chi Minh have builded Vietnam Communist Party (D&P)

(2)Nearly Mint Picture Postcard Hanoi-Le Jardin Botonique.printed by Grands Magasines Reunie Hanoi(OP)

(3)Republique Francaise Indochina 10 Cent Revenue sheet overprinted Indochine 3 Cent used in chinese char about …. with six square stamped “ “P.Binhoh-h.Phu-Cai”in center chinese char…….(PH)

____________________________________
41) 1930,the economic crisis and rebellion year.
_____________________________________

(1)in 1930 the economic crisis added the social economic conflict between the poor farmer and labourmens ,in Indochine they have made rebellion the same situation in China.

(2)The second type Banknote issued by The bank of Indochina, this notes different from the first type, the name of the issuing bank, which “Banque de I’Indochine (Indochine written jointly without dash, the first type “ Indo-Chine”), while in the transitional period of the two typical categoriethe one-piaster notes bore the bank name of “banque de I’Indo-Chine”, and there was on their back side trilinual letters of Chinese,Vietnamese,cambodian and note emblem.
For these second catagory of notes, on their back side there were lines of Chinese Characters and a legal warning (in French) which have been all writen nratly and lightly. The note values have been written clearly in three letters of chinese,Vietnamese and Cambodian.
The following five-piaster notes were called very popularly by our compatriots as “Con Cong ”(Peacock) papers. On the back side of the twenty piaster notes there was the four-faces statue found at bayon temple (Cambodia). They were called populary as “Giay Qanh”( “Vingt Papers) which come from the french number “Vingt”(twenty).
For one hundred-piaster note, there was rather special thing. The Vietnamese figures (The single vase,The Imperial Temple Gate of Hue,capital city) were shown on the front side, while on their back side was seen the bust of Joseph-Francois Dupleix, a well-kown french colonialist official. ( I have this notes in fine condition, but very difficult to find the veryfine or unc condition, this note were found in Russian market Phonphen Cambodia, in Ho Chi Minh city difficult to find the Indochine papermoney, alway verybad condition maybe because the Liberation ‘s war and many Saigon ntaive vietnamese flea away after the fall of saigon, the only place still found was Cholon area, but the chinese there very carefully to change this high nominal value after the French leave that area, please comment-auth)

The Doc Luc, Giay Qanh and Con Cong(Single vase, twenty piaster pape and peacock) have constituted a triad of big notes which have been used for a rather long time under the French rule.After this three bankonote, issued the same banknote disign but the Baque De I’Indochine and nominal value in Red Colour , the rare banknote was the highest nominal 1000 piastres, the first type in yellow colour ( That is way very rare the very fine conditions , many poor conditions have found –auth).
After this Banque De I’Indochine issued several design cammon banknote, une,cinq,cent,cinq cent with native design.

(3)January,13th .1930
Rare chinese calligraphy bring by chinese immigrant (hoa Kiao or Chinese overseas) to Cholon-Saigon, about Chinese homeland traditional ritual from Tjiang Shi (Quanshi?) , the best time to pray at 10.15 pm , position up above, also about Chinese zodiac good fortune.
(I have found several document ,revenue and postal history written in chinese char during ancient time, francaise Indochine, Bodai’s,diem ‘s and liberation war from the Vienama’s chinese overseas area at Haiphng near Hanoi and Cholon- Saigon. I will write a special book about Vietnam’s Chinese Overseas unique collections- auth)

(4) November,13th 1930
The reciept of Land House tax with Indochine Francaise liberty armour ‘s Cantho Village violet stamped , signed by Ngui Thau, before by Vien Chuc Thau Nhan. (fiscal history-auth)

42) 1931

(1)August,7th 1931.
The reciept of Land House tax paid ,signed Vien Chu thau Nham with Violet French Liberty stamped Cantho village du Tan Buoi (D)
( the change again of official govern-ment system in the village four times from 1920-1939, from Nguoi Thu(1922) – Vien Chuc Thau Nham(1923)- Nguoi Thau(1930)- Vien Chuc thau Nham(1931)-Nguoi thanh(1932)- Vien thau Nhan(1939 )-Nguoi Thau (1939,May)- Vien chuc thau nhan (1940)-Nguoi thau(1941)-Thue (1946)-Nguoi thau (1949), very best informatif set collection So Hien Bien lai , especially the year 1941-1942-1943 – 1946-1nd 1949 as the collection for showed-please comment-auth)

43) 1932

(1)July.10.1932
The Reciept of Land house tax paid, signed Vien Chuc thau nham, with red-brown franch liberty stamped Cantho Village du Tan Buoi (D)

44)1933

(1) December, 17th 1933
The Pink paper reciept of Land House tax, signed Nguoi Than, with Red French liberty stamped Canth, village du Tan Buoi (D)

45) 1934

(1)May 20th 1934
Emperor Bo Dai merried Jeannete Marie (?) at the imperial city of Hue.
And his wife became “Hong Hau Nhan Phuong” or empress of the South.
( I ever stayed at the “Nhan Phuong” Hotel at Hanoi near Hoat kiem lake in 2007-auth)

(2)October, 15.1934
The White paper reciept of Land house tax pai, signed Ngui Thou with red chinese character of the Frech liberty stamped Cantho village du Tan buoi (D)

46) 1935

(1)December.30th 1935
Off cover emperor Bo Dai official stamps send from the capital of Vienam administration office , 5 cent orange Indochine definitive stamps overprint Service, postally used CDS HUE –A(NAM) 30.12.35
(Hue was the capital of the state of Anam . The Service stamps
for official latter of the Annam kingdom adminsitration during the last emperor Bo Dai-auth)

(2) Blue Matches label withe elephant design,”Societe Indochinese des alldmetes-Benthuy-Hanoi” with chinese char.
(Very rare Matches label from Indochine Francaise in the Tonkin village Benthuy –Hanoi found in Indonesia before the World war II , because many collections burns during Vietminth war against Franc in 1952-1955, this is the first reported of that kind collections, were someone had the same collection please comment –auth)

47)1936

(1)In 1936

(a) stamps issue depecting the various native emperor and king in variety of commemorative honouring notable figures.

(b) Old styled chinese char about Chinese School information (difficult to translate, my be someone will help me -auth)

(2)August.21th .1936
The Vaccination card, “ Ville De Cholon” Etat-Civil Indigne(Bo doi Bon Quoc), Bulletin De Naissance (To Bien Lai khai Sanh)
Identification :
Nome et prenom : Law Ngoc
Sexe de l’infant ; Hau um
Ne le (born) :18.8.36
Address :A Cholon Rue Thu Gia De Lam Thong Et de Hua Teich .

Ephemera of The Variolla vaccination ’s law in Vietnamnese and Chinese char:
“ Every newborn child must have variolla vaccination, ifn’t done the parent will have sactions”
Behind the card stamped :
Vaccine contre La variola 21-8-36, Succin 24-8-36, Vaccine per BCG 22-8-36.

(Rare Histroric health vacinnation record collection during Francaise Indochine at Cholon-Saigon Cochinchine in 1936 –auth)

48)1937
No collection and information, why? Please comment -auth

49)1938
No collections and information Why snf what happened ? please comment-auth.

50)1939

(1)29th April 1939
Two vintage document used as the covers of Hand written vintage book:

(a)The Reciept of personal Tax from Village Da ban-Huyen de Yen Binh, paid (Paye) 129$81 , “import personnel and Toncier of” nguyen Quang ,hand sign by “Administrtaeur-Resident”at 29 april 1939 with official stamped
Pour L’annee 1939
Village de Da Ban
Canton de….. Huyen de Yen Binh
1.-Impo’t personnel
. …contribuables a’ 250$00
…..contribuables a’ 200.00
….. contribuables a’150.00
……contribuables a’ 125.00
……contribuqbles a’ 105.00
…..contribuables a’ 80.00
…..contribuables a’ 55.00
…..contribuables a’ 40.00
…..contribuables a’ 25.00
…..contribuables a’ 15.00
…..contribuables a’ 7.00
…..contribuables a’ 5.00
..32contribuables a’ 2.50 80,00
….6contribuables a’ 1.00 6,00—— 86.00
Centimes additionales a’impot personnel 17.20
————–
Total de l.impot personnel et des centiemes additionnales 103.20

2.-Impot Toncter
Riziores de 1’ classe—— Mau a’1$90
– 2’ classe…… Mau a’1,50
– 3’classe……. 11 Mau a1,00…..11,00
Terrains de 1’classe…… Mau a’2$30…
— 2’classe…. Mau a’1.00
— 3’ classe…. 12 Mau a’0,50…..6.00
— 4’classe….. 30 Mau a’0.17……5,10
— 5’classe….. Mau a’0,02…..
Total de L’impot foncier 22,10
3.centiemes additionnels au principal de l’impot
Au profit du Badget provincial…………….. 4,42
4.4/1000 additionels au principal de L’impot foncier
Au profit deLa’Chambre d’Agriculture….0,09——– 26.61
______________
Total de lo’impot a’ verser par le village———- 129.81
________________
Arrete a La somme de Cent vingt reuf pistres ,quatre vingt et un cente.
Nguyen Quang te ………..29 april 1939
Administateur Resident
(b) Versaments Printed Document, The Rice field class no 1 & 2 and Land Tax in chinese char.
Nu du carnet d’enregistre ment ……….831
DATE de versements …………………….3739
VERSEMENTES
En Toutes latters….toen trrs piatres cents
En Piastres ……………………………………….103,20
Hand sign and not clear official handstsaped :
TRESORER’ DU CONTROLUER(?) ..
PLACE DU ECONOMIQUE..(?)..
IN THE CENTER ‘PA………..”

d) Vintage Handwritten Book in Chinese charcter and many Coding pictures about the confucian prayed

(This Unique Imporst Fiscal “ Nguyen or Tunyen(?) Quan ‘s “ Import personnel and Toncier from village Da Ban ,huyen Yen Binh was the first report Fiscal revenue historic collections from Vietnam, I am very lucky to find this very rare document with another documen were used as the cover of an handwritten chinese char vintage books in antique shop near Hoat Kiem lake Hanoi in 2007. auth)

(2) October,30-1939
Off Cover brown native stamp Indochine RF 50 cent, postally used CDS Haipong 30.10.39 (Haiphong was the older capital of Tonkin, the chinese marchant harbor, the rare Haiphong’s picture and ID Card look at the next page, chronologic year 1947 and 1955. auth)

29) 1938
(1)September.4th 1938
THE VERY RARE WESSELS ‘S HANOI TONKIN COVER TO DUTCH East Indie (now Indonesia).
THE UNUSUAL AIRMAIL cover from HANOI TONKIN, FOUR POSTALLED STAMPED DESTINATIONS WITH HANDWRITTEN DESTINATION AND PORTO F 1.
This postally covers was sent from Hanoi Tongkin to Het Postzegelhuis (Post Office) Djogja Indes Neerlandaises (Ned.Indie, now Indonesia) WITH FIVE Rhodes STAMPS , 3 x 5 cent , 6 cent and 18 cent Indochina stamps(rate 39 cent) Par avion WITH INDOCHINA MAP, with ROUND Postmark HANOI P.O.-TONKIN WITHOUT DATE , SENT VIA BANGKOK G.PO.c 4.9.38 , VIA BATAVIA (HANDWRITTEN IN BLUE PARKER INK “HAUR BATAVIA”(NOW JAKARTA) AND ARRIVING POSTMARK DJOKJAKARTA 7.9.38 WITH HANDWRITTEN f 1.- ADDED PORTO ONE GULDEN. (UNSUAL PORTO)
(the photo of this Wessel’s cover will show in this blog. Please comment if anyone have the same collection-auth)

(2)Near mint Indochine Pictured Postcard with the Native village Tonkin Womens sold the flower and fruit “Paysannes Tonkinese revenant du Marche.
This card base on “Cliche No-Nhu_Hoan,MY-Hao Ban-Yen-Nham-Tonkin, pritted by Edition photo NADAL ,Saigon-Imp.Braun(P)

51)1939
(1)March.23th 1939
The blue paper receipt of land House tax paid, signed Vien Chuc Than Nham with red French liberty stamped Cantho Village du Tan Buoi , 23 mars 1939. (D)

52)1940
(1) March.29,1940
The Police D’Abonnement A L’Eau Porable , Cochine Chine polish insurance (?) With very rare overprint 36 on Indochine Francaise 25 cent Timbre fiscal revenue , le abonemen Cathedral De Saigon .RP Eugene Scullard ,Place Pigneu de Boheine.
secteur de saigon, Services Technique, control de Eaux et De Electricite, This contract sign at Saigon 29 Mars 1940 by Vue et propose L’Ingenuer Charge du Controle, L’Abonne, Vue et soumis a L’apprebation de M.L’Administrateur Le chef de services technique sign R.Lachamp, and Vu et accepted Saigon 29 Mars 1940 by Le chef de Service Administratifs with Cholon Region Station Services Technique Stamped.(Very Rare Cathedral de Saigon abbonnement certificate with very rare overprint Yellow-36 on 25 cent Indochine francaise timbre fiscal revenue, only found one pieces this emergencies revenue-auth)

(2)May.22.1940
(b)The Republique Francaise Indochine 15 cent Requete revenue sheet
(a) added “Tonkin -handstamped” R.F.Indochine 3 cent revenue , used with village stamped with chinese character “H.Phu-Cat V.Dai-Hac”, this revenue sheet was the house and land transaction , the house located at the highsociety area, north the village, south Phan Tiu, West Phan Yen, East Kwang chung .
( This revenue sheet found at Hanoi Hoat Kiem area” and the best showed collection to compare between the Tonkin ‘s Phu-Cai Hand-stamped 3 cent, with The Cochinchina’s Mytho- Mechanical overprint 3 cent, wonderful two historic revenue sheet from Tonkin-phut Cai (north) and Cochinchina-Mytho (south) found by Indonesian , especially if showed in USA or French , please comment-auth)

(b)added “ Cochinchina-mechanical overprint” R.F.Indochine 3 cent, used at “Tinh Mytho,Tong Phong vu ,” at Tang Hoa Log. To Ban Dut Dat Ruong”ontract betweeen “Vhu Phua and Chu Ben” date (ngay) 22 Mai 1940, (found at Ho Chi Minh city from Cholon area.-auth)

(3) July.17th.1940
Gouvernement General De L’Indochine, Residence de Thai Binh
“LIVRET DE FAMILLE” Nguyen Van Tan
(Family’s book, inside the book Nguyen Van Tan write in red ink the name and birth date of their family from the first generation born Hanoi,Nguyen van Tan 25.12.1893, 2nd Le thi Mau birth date 22.8.1898 at Hanoi.3rd Le thi Mau birth date 22.8.1898 at Hanoi 4th Nguyen van Kiem birth date 5.10.1922 at Thai Binh , 5th Le thiMInh,10-10-1930 at Ha Dong, 5) Nguyen van Toan 4.12.1954 at Saigon.Nguyen van Thinh 3.12.1956 at saigon and Nguyen Van Tring ,1-12-1957 at Da Nang etc another 11 persons.
(Unique Family birth date book of Governement General the Indochine, rare document from the official France colony administration, better shwed with another Gouvernur General Indchine document-auth)

(4) October,18th 1940
The best chinese overseas in Vietnam peom art calligraphy, as the remambrance for the best freands.
Including in small book more than fifteen poem and phraese about : (a)struggle for Independent
(b) you can have high vision, but must look at the true situations.
(c) Younger people don’t have the thought like a poet writers about old days situations , the Youngerman must made action to pass the threads in futures times.
(d)The Enemy were someone against us, the people were the battles.

(5)October .19th.1940
The Kuomintang flag with Sun Yat Sen photo as the head of Chinese overseas Middle school “Ijazah” , was authentication by Embassy of the republic of China .Saigon. double circle official kuomintang symbol stamped ,with big red squared official choped .
(The rare chinese overseas school document with China kuomintang –cholon ‘s embassy stamped.
I have another collection with the Kuomintang embassy stamped from Haipong and cholon- rare showed item and will list detailed in my another book title “The Unique Vietnam’s Chinese overseas document.revenue and postal history collections” –auth)

(6) December,19th 1940
The Police de’abbonent of General Immobiliere de Saigonm104.Bd Charner sretificate with very rare overprint 36 on 30 cent’s Indochine Francaise Timbre Fiscal (the other one 25 cent) on the Police D’Ambnnemen a L’eau Potable, sign by Directeur de la du Generale Immobiliere de Saigon,

( two very rare revenue onerprint 36 on indochine Francaise Timbre fiscal 25 cent and 30 cent very intersting collection for showed, the abnnement polish of the famous Saigon’s Cathedral and Saigon’s General Immobiliere building.-auth)

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

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